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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, April 12, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-04-12/ed-1/seq-4/

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| AN EASTER SERMON
Dr. Talmage Draws Inspiration
Igijjf;--. .
from the Field.
5 .
p.---*..
ANGELS OF THE GRASS,
Lessons Which the Flowers
>'
Bring to thelAnxious. the
DispiritedTand the Bereaved.
In this Easter sermon Dr. Talmage
* ?A -4.. 4-ltsv wiAff Art-A ATC
interprets tuc nu>vu
era brine to the anxious, the dispirited
and the oereaved; text, Luke xii, 28,
"If then G-oa so clothe tbe crass, which
is today in the held, and tomorrow is
cast into the oven, how much more
will he clothe you, 0 ve of little
* faith?" #
The lily is the queea of Bible flowers.
The rose may have disputed her
throne in modern times and won it, but
*V>,? i-iri<rir>ollv imr? ntllv fiv'P Totals.
< 11^ iV'?^ VWb iUWJiJ ?r ? - ? 4.
It was under the long continued and
intense gaze of the"ivorid th.nt the rose
blushed into its present beauty. Tn
the Bible train, cassia and hyssop and
frankinecense and mjrrhand spikenard
and camphor and the rose follow the
lily. Fourteen times in the Bible is
the lily mentioned, only twice the rose.
The rose may now have wide empire,
but the lily reigned in the time of Esther,
in the time of Solomon, in the
time of Christ. Caesar had his throne
on the hills. The lily had her throne
in the valley. In the greatest sermon
that was ever preached there was only
one flower, ana that a iily. The Bed
ford dreamer, John Bunyac, entered
the house of the interpreter and was
shown a cluster of flowers and was told
to ''consider the lilies."
We may st^Hy or reject other sciences
at our option?it is so with astronomy,
it is so with chemistry, it is so with
jurisprudence, it is so with physiology,
it is so with geology?but the science
of botany Christ commands us to study
when he says, "Consider the lilies."
Measure them from too' to tip of petal.
- Inhale their breath. Notice the gracefulness
of their poise. Hear the whisper
of the white lips cf the eastern
and the red lips of the American lily.
Belonging to this royal family of
lilies are the li y of the Nile, the Japan
Kly, the Lady Washington of the sierras,
the Golden band lily, *.he Giant
ily of Nepaul, the Turk's cap lily, the
African lily from the Cape of Go)d
Hope. All these lilies have the royal
blood in their veins. But I take the
lilies of my text this morning a3 typical
of all flowers, and their voice of
floral beauty seems to address us saying
"Consider the lilies, consider the azaleas,
consider the fuchsias, consider the
geraniums, consider the ivies, consider
the hyacinths, consider the heliotropes,
consider the oleanders." With deferential
and grateful and intelligent and
worshipful souls, consider them. -Net
with insipid sentimentalism or with
sophomoric vaporing, but for grand and
practical and everyday, and, if need be?
homely uses, consider them. ^
The flowers are the angels of tlV
grass. They all have voices. TVhen
the clouds speak they thunder, when
tlae whirlwinds speaic tcey scream,
L- when tie cataracts sjsesk they roar, but
% when the flowers'speak they always
whisper. here to interpret
\tfieir message. vThat have yon to say
tdrnS^O ye angels of the grass? I his
morning I mean to discuss what flowers
aro good for. That is my subject,
What are flowers good for?
I remark in the first nlace, they are
good for lessons of God's providential
care. That was Christ's first thought.
All these flowers seem to address us today,
sayiDg: ' 'God will give you apparel
and food. We have no wheel with
which to spin, no loom with which to
weave, no sickle with which to harvest
no well sweep with which to draw water
but.God slakes our thirst with the dew.
and God feeds us with the bread of the
<?w?_ sunshine, and (rod has appareled us
with more than Solomonic regality. We
are prophetesses of adequate wardrobe.
"If God so clothed ns, the .crass of the
field, will he not much more clothe you,
0 ye of little faith?" Men and women
of worldly anxieties, take this message
home with you! How long has God
taken care of you? Quarter of the
journey of life? Half the journey of
life? Three-quarters the journey of
life? Can you not trust him the rest of
the way? God does not promise you
anything like that which the Roman
emperor had on his table at vase expense?500
nightingales' tongues?but
he has promised to take care of you. He
has promised you the necessities, not
the luxuries?bread, not cake. If God
so luxuriantly c othes the grass of the
c-1 J _m T
ueiu, v?ui iic uuv yiuviue ioi )vu, iiio
living and immortal children? He
? will.
No wonder Martin Lather always bad
a flowei on his writing desk for inspirax
tion! Through the cracks of the prison
floor a flower grew tip to cheer Picciola.
_ Muago Park, the great traveler and explorer,
had his life saved by a flower.
He sank down in the desert to die, but,
seeing a flower near by, it suggested
God's merciful care, and he got up with
a?%/3 yt/^1 i-k/3 a r? f a eo'pafrr
UCW *au wa?uicu j lx ty
I said the lowers are tbi angels of the
grass. I add now they are the evangels
of the sky.
If yon ask me the question, "What
are flowers good for?" I respond, they
are good for the bridal day. The bride
must have them on her brow, and she
must have them in her hand. The
marriage altar must be covered with
them. A wedding without flowers
would be as inappropriate as a wedaiDg
without music. At such a time they
are for congratulation and prophecies of
good. So much of the pathway of life
is covered up with thorns, we ought to
?over the beginning with orange blossoms.
Flowers are appropriate on such occasions,
for in ninety-nine out of a
hundred cases it is the very best thing
that could have happened. The world
may criticise and pronounce it an inaptitude
and may lift its eyebrows in
surprise and think it might suggest
' * r # j _ 1 iiT.. . J i_
sometaiDg Deuer, out me v.ruu who sees
the 20, 40, 50 years of wedded life before
they have begun arranges for the
best. So that flowers in almost all
oases are appropriate for the marriage
day. The divergences of disposition
will become correspondences, rockless
ness will become prudence, frivolity
will be turned into practicality.
There has been many an aged wid"
. owed soul who had a carefully locked
bureau. *nd in the bureau a box. and,
in tjfcie box a folded paper, and in the
folded paper a half blown rose, slightly
agrant, discolored, carefully pressed.
She put it there 40 or 50 years ago. Ob
the anniversary day of her wedding she
will go to the bureau, she will lift the
box, she will unfold the paper, and to
her eyes will be exposed the half blown
bud, and the memories of the past will
rush upon her, and a tear will drop
| nP?n the flower, and suddenly it is
[ tra?sfigTired, and there is t stir in the
! dust of the anther, and it rounds out,
i and it is full of life, and it begins to
! tremble in the procession up the church
I . j ? j _ 1._ii?
j aisie, ana tne aeau music ui ?t nan ueu:
tury ago comes throbbing through the
j aii, and vanished faces reappear and
' right hands aie joined, and a manly
| voice promises, "I -will, for better or
; for worse," and the wedding march
j thunders a salvo of joy at the depart*
I iDg crowd, but a sigh on that aoniver|
sary day scatters the scene. Under
| the deep retonea breath the altar, the
; flowers, the congratulating groups are
! scattered, and there is nothing left but
; a trembling hanu holding a faded rose;
bud, which is put into the paper and
then into the box. and the box carefully
placed iu the bureau, and with a
-1 ?1?u ,i1/v
5>u<ir?J? suuuuu v;nv;a. vi tiiv iu^?v iu\;
! sccne is over.
Ah, my friends, let not the prophej
cies of the fiowcrson your wedding day
be raise prophecies. Be blind to each
I other's faults.- Make the most of each
I other*3 excellences. llemember the
j vows, the ring on the third finger of the
j left hand, and the benediction of the
| calla lil;cs.
I If you ask me the question. "What
I are fiowcrs good for?" I answer, they
! are Jjood to honor and comfort the ohsei
rmios. The worst cash ever made into
| the side oi' our poor tar;h is the cash of
j the grave. It is so deep, it is ?o cruel,
i it is so incurable, that it needs some|
thing to cover it up. Flowers for the
caskct, flowers for the hearse, flowers
for the cemetery. What a contrast between
a grave in a country churchyard,
with the fence broken down and the
tombstone aslant and the neighboring
cattle browsing amid the mullein stalks
and the Canada thistles, and a June
morning in Greenwood, the wave of
roseate bloom rolling to the top of the
mounds and then breaking into foam- ?
-?
liig Uitrsta Ui. uyncio aivuuu
the pillows of dust. It is the difference
between sleeping under rags
and sleeping under an embroidered
blanket. We want old Mortality
with his chisel to go through all
the graveyards in Christendom, and
while he carries a chisel in one hand
we want old Mortality to have some
flower seed in the palm of the 'other
1 J
iia.au.
"Oh," you say, "the dead don't
know; it makes no difference to them."
I think you are mistaken. There are
not so many steamers and trains coming
to any living city as there convoys coming
from heaven to earth, and if there
be instantaneous and constant jommunication
between this world and the
better world, do you not suppose your
departed friends know what you do
with their bodies? Why has God
planted goldenrod and wild Sowers in
the forest and on prairie, where no human
eye ever sees them? He planted
them there for invisible intelligences
to look at and admire, and when invisible
intelligences come to look at the
wild flowers of the woods and the table
lands, will they net make excivslon
and see the flowers which-j^n have
planted in affectionate^membrance of
flaggy? v*
' ssssiSSF
I an* "dead, I would like to
TifVlote?one nn<?
i M - -cv*. v AV/avwm M?Uj v**v
J|^2^RSuck them out of the grass, or
jmw one could lift from 'the edge
the pond a water lily?nothing
rarely expensive, no insane display,
as sometimes at funeral rites, where the
display takes the bread from the childrens'
mouths and the clothes from
their backs, but something from the
great democracy of flowers. Rather
than imperial catafalque of Russian
czar, I ask some one vrhom I may have
helped by gospel sermon or Christian
deed; to bring a sprig of arbutus or a
handful of China asters.
It -was left for modern time.s to spell
respect for the departed and comfort
for the living in letters of floral gospel.
Tk*n o n * o__ .I .
riJiow oi nowers, meaning rest ior tne
pilgrim who has got to the end of his
journey. Anchor of flowers, suggesting
the Christian hope which we have as an
anchor of the soul, sure and steadfast.
Cross of flowers, suggesting the tree oil
which our sins were slain. If I had
my way, I would cover up all the
dreamless sleepers, whether in golden
I handled casket or pine bos, whether
1 a king's mausoleum or potter's field,
with radiant or aromatic arborescence.
The Bible says, "In the midst of the
garden there was a sepulcher." I wish
that every sepulcher might be 111 the
midst of a garde n.
If you asked me the question, "What
are flowers good for?" I answer, "For
religious symbolism." Have you ever
studied Scriptural flora? The Bible is
an arboretum, it is a divine conservatory,
it is a herbarium of exquisite
beauty. If you want to illustrate the
brevity of the brightest human life,
you will quote from Job, "Man cometh
forth as a flower and is cut down." Or
you will quote from the psalmist, "As
the flower of the field, so he peiisheth;
the wind passeth over it, and it is gone."
Or you 'will quote from Isaiah, "All
flesh is grass, and the goodliness thereof
is as the flower of the field." Or
you will quote from James the apostle,
"As the flower of the grass, so he
passeth away.'' TVhat graphic Bible
symbolism!
All the cut flowers will soon be dead,
whatever care you take of them. Though
morning and night you baptize them in
the name of the shower, the baptism
Will UUt UC LU LLLCJLLl <J SCtViU^ UiUIUttiUJC.
They have been fatally wounded with
the knife that cut them. They are
bleediDg their life away; they are dying
now. The fragrance in the air is their
departing and ascending spirits. Oh,
yes! Fiowers are almost human. Botanists
tell us that flowers breathe, they
take nourishme it, they eat, they drink.
They are sensitive. They have their
likes and dislikes. They sleep, they
wake. They live in families. They
have their ancestors and their decend
ants, their birth, their burial, their cradle,
their grave. The zephyr rocks the
one, and the storm digs the trench for
the other. The cowslip must leave its
gold, the lily must leave its silver, the
rose must leave its diamond necklace
of morning dew. Dust to dust. So
we come up, we prosper, we spread
abroad, we die, as the flower?as the
flower!
Change and decay ia all around 1 see;
0 thou who changest not, abide frith me!
Flowers also afford mighty symbolism
of Christ, who compared himself to the
ancient queen, the lily, and the modern
. 1 1 1 ii-r
queen, ine rose, wnen ne said, "I am
the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the
valley."' Redolent like the one, humble
like the other. Like both, appropriate
for the sad who want sympathizers
and for the rejoicing who want
banqueters. Jlovenng over the marriage
ceremony like a wedding bell or
folded like a chalet on the pulseless
heart of the dead, O Christ, let the
perfume of thy name be wafted all
around the earth?lily and rose, lily
and rose?until the wilderness crimson
into a garden and the round earth turn
into one great bud of immortal beauty
laid against the warm heart of GodSnatch
down from the world's banners
eagle and lion aad put on lily and rose,
lily and roie.
i
eS " mam i 'r? nnwao'iri Ti '>' Sm . j
i But, my friends, flowers have no |
grander use than when on Easter morn- j
ing we celebrate the reanimation of j
Chiist from the catacombs. The flow- j
j ers spell resurrection. There is not a j
| nook or corner in ; 11 the building but :
: is touched with the incense. The wo- j
I i.j ; -l. l '
I men carried spices to ine iomo 01
! Christ, ana they dropped spices all
j around about the tomb, and from these
j spices have grown all the flowers of Ka?
; ter mora. The two white robed angels i
I that hurled the stone away from the j
! door of the tomb hurled it with such j
violence down the hill that it crushed :
j in the door of the world's sepulcher, j
| and millions of fragments came forth, j
j However labyrinthine the mausole- j
\ um, however costly the sarcophagus, i
j however architecturally grand the nei
cropolis, however beautifully parterred
| the family grounds, we *ant them all
broken up by the Lord of the resurrection.
The forms that we laid away
with our broken hearts must rise again.
Father and mother, they must come
out. Husband and wife, they must j
come out. Brothers and sister, they ;
must come out. Our darling children,
i they must come out. The eyes that i
! i 11: c .5 i .4. i
j wiiii ueiuuiiiJg uugers v.e ciweu u;u>t
open in the luster of resurrection morn.
The arms that we folded i ndeath must
join ours in embrace of reunion. The beloved
voice that was hushed must bereturned.
The beloved form must
come up without its iofirmities, with
out its fatigues. It must come up.
Ob. how long it seems for some of you!
Waiting, waiting for the resurrection!
How Ion?, how lout! I make vour bro
ken hearts today a cool, soft bandage
of lilies. I comfort you this day with
the thought of resurrection.When
Lord Nelson was buried in St.
Paul's cathedral in London, the heart
of all England was stirred. The procession
passed on amid the sobbing of a
nation. There were 30 trumpeters stationed
at the door of the cathedral, with
instruments of music in hand, waiting
for the signal, and, when the illustrious
dead arrived at the gates of St. Paul's
cathedral, these 30 trumpeters gave one
united blast, and then all was silent.
Vof. t-Tie tminrmof-Q nnf wnl-A t.hf*
dead. He slept right on, But I have
to tell yoa, what 30 trumpeters could
not do for one roan, one trumpeters will
do for all nations. The ages have rolled
on, and the clock of the world's destiny
strikes 9, 10,11, 12, and tiD:e shall
be no longer!
Behold the archangel hoyenng! He
v takes the trumpet, points it this "r-inputs
its lips to his lips and then !.
one long, loud, terrific, thunderoi: reverberating
and resurrectionary blast!
Look, look! They rise! The 6 a?i?
the dead! some coming forth fro:w the
family vault, some from the city cemetery,
some from the country graveyard.
Here a spirit.is joined to its bodv. and
there another spirit is joined to another
body, and millions of departed spirits
are assorting the bodies, and then reclothing
themselves in forms reliant
.'for ascension.
The earth begins to burn?the bonfire
of a great victory. All ready now for
, the procession of reconstructed humanity!
Upward and away! Christ leads,
and all the Christian dead follow, batalion
after battalion, nation after nation.
Up, up! On, on! Forward, ye
ninl-o nf fi-nrl A1 mlaVifw ' Tjift, nrv vnnr
heads, ye everlasting gates and let the
: conquerors come in! Resurrection!
Resurrection!
And so I twist all the festal flowers
of the chapels and cathedrals of all
Christendom into one great chain, and
with that chain I bind the Easter morning
of 1S99 with the closing Easter of
the world's history?resurrection! May
; the God ef pease that brought again
fram the dead our Lord Jesus, that
great Shepherd of the sheep, through
the blood ot the covenant, mate you
perfect in every good work to do bis j
1 -will.
Beauties of Divorce Law.
The more we see of the workings of
1 -i . _ _ ^"L. J
divorce laws in omer states tne prouder
we feel that South Carolina has no
such law on her statute books. Recently
over in Savannah a divorce case
was tried that shows this law up in its.
most disgusting and degrading aspect.
The case was brought against Judge H.
D. D. Twiggs by his wife. Mrs Twiggs
was a Miss Cornelia Dennis, of Charleston,
S. C., and-,,married a man in
Greenville by the name of Harrison,
from whom she got a divorce. According
to the facts as we find them in the
Charleston Evening Post the story of
the marriage and after life of Judge
and Mrs. Twiggs is as sensational and
romantic as Rider Haggard could have
imagined. Judge Twiggs was a prominent
lawyer in Augusta, with a large
and happy family. His fame as a criminal
lawyer permeated the entire country.
Mrs. Twiggs was then a resident
of Charleston, S. C. She wanted a divorce
from her first husband and engaged
the judge as council. He was
successful and the divorce was granted;'
but, Cupid had been at work and Judge
Twiggs emerged from the suit to find
himself in love with his fair client. He
at once set about freeing himself from
his first union; he went to Dakota and
secured a divorce. Then he and his
new love were at once united. They
moved to Americus, Ga., then located
there, remaining two or three years.
Mrs. Twiggs was the social queen of
the tovn. Her beauty, her brilliant
intellect and many accomplishments
gave to her the admiration of all acquaintances.
Then came sensations,
challenges, talked of duds, internal
strife, and so on, until Judge Twiggs
decided to- change his residence to Savannah.
It was thought that they
were living happily together and that
peace and tranquility reigned supreme
in their home. But it transpires that
they haveb^en separted since last fall,
and Mrs. Twiggs seeks a total separation
with alimony, allegiug as her
grounds cruel treatment and brutal
abuse. But behind this divorce suit
there is a story that Mrs. Twiggs has
found a "new love"' in the nerson of a
distant relative?a young man of prominence
and wealth. We can not vouch
for its truth, but we know that it is going
the rounds and is credited by many.
Could anything be worse than this!
How any man who believes in the
sanctity of the home and marriage relations
can favor a divorce law in ihs
face of such facts as above set forth i3
beyond our comprehension.
The navy depaitment is bending
forth every energy to the hurrying of
snips ana sailors to Manila. It is in
answer to a telegram that was received
last week from Admiral Dewey. The
admiral explains that with the force
at hand, it is impossible for him to
patrol the Philippine islands, or even
those on which the war is being waged
with such vigor, sufficiently close to
nnf ormc o tv> tv. n ~ - T*.
~wwr V??v W11U auiUiUUiliUU. 11
seems that the Filipinos have plenty of
money and the conditions are such as
to make the proposition of selling contraband
of war an inviting one. The
probability is that all the available naval
force that can be spared from this
country will be sent to Manila.
i
OUR NOBLE DEAD.
Burial'of the Heroes Who Died
for their Country.
AN EVENT AT ARLINGTON.
Three Hundred and Thirty-Six
Forms Laid to Rest. The
President and Other High
Officials There.
With full honors or' war, upon the
crest of the southern slope of
Arlington cemetery Thursday afternoon,
tie nation, represented by
President MeKiuley, his cabinet and
other high dignitaries of the government,
the commanding general of the
army and other distinguished officers,
all the regular and militia organizations
of the District and a vast concourse of
15.000 people, paid the last tribute of
honor and respect to the bodies of 336
officers and men who gave their lives
on distant battlefields for their country
rlnrinir Snaniifi. Amori.i<in wop on<^
who were Thursday mustered into the
silent army that, sleeps in the last bivouac
of' the brave. The spot selected
is the new addition to the cemetery
looking out upon the broad sweeping
Potomac. In this burial lot, which
covered two acres in extent, in parallel
rows the wooden boxes containing the
caskets were ranged, separated by great
mounds of earth. Over each box an
American Sag was draped. There was
no particular order in the disposition of
remains, though an exception was made
in the ease of officers. The boxes containing
the bodies of Capt. Edgar Hubert,
of the Eighth U. S. infantry;
Lieut. L. I. Darnett, Ninth U. S. infantry;
Lieut. Wm. Wood, Twelfth U.
S. infantry; Lieut. R. S. Turman,
Sixth U. S. infantry, and Lieut. Francis
Creighton, U. S. volunteer signal
corps, were placed at the head of the
line of graves, immediately under the
eye of the presidential party. Of the
others fullv 70 r>er cent, are identified.
About 20 per oent. are wholly unknown
or known by the regiment to which
they belonged. A platform had been
erected, enclosed with flags and draped
in mourning to accommodate the distinguished
personages in case of inclement
weather, but the day was an
ideal one, and the platform was
practically unoccupied. Long before
the arrival of the military thousands .of
people had surrounded the enclosure
where the dead soldiers lay.
At 2:30 the presidential party, which
had been causrht in a iam at the Poto
mac bridge, from which it required a
dozen mounted police to extricate them,
reached the enclosure. They were fol1
lowed by Gre". Miles and his staff, the
military escort. As they arrived the
solemn strains of the Dead March in
Saul silenced the vast assemblage, and
with heads bared the crowd stood at the
fravesidft irhile nrpsi^Anfia] nartv
advanced and the military dispositions
were made. The military -was under
the command of Col. Francis L. Guenther.
and consisted of the District National
Guard, the light battery with two
Hotchkiss guns, a battalion of naval
militia and the regular troops from the
t _ A- TV a
arsenai at x on; luyer.
The troops were formed upon three
sides of a rectangle and files of soldiers
were marchad into the ranks of the
dead. Flanking the open space at the
head of the grass were the red-coated
artillery men who were to fire the last
salute and on the left was stationed the
Fourth artilleiy band.
Thft nresiriAnt ktr Sor?
retary Gage. Secretary Long. Postmaster
General Smith, Secretaries Hay,
Hitchcock and Wilson, Assistant Secretary
Taylor, Gen. Corbin, Gen. John
M. Wilson and Col. Bingham, came
forward with uncovered head and took
his place in the open space facing the
graves. lie was followed by Gen.
Miles and his staff in full uniform and
other distinguished guests, including
some of the representatives of fereign
countries.
Just as the president arrived a pathetic
incident occurred when aged Mr.
and Mrs. O'Dowd pressed through the
lines and placed a bunch of roses on
the casket of their son, John O'Dowd,
of the Seventh infantry. The parents
oi' Lieut. Wood also came forward and
deposited a beautiful wreath of flowers
and the sword of that gallant officer
upon his casket.
Immediately the hand broke cut in
the sweet strains of ; 'Nearer My God
to Thee,'" and Post Chaplain C. W.
Freeland of' Fort Monroe, in the ecclesiastical
rnhr?3 nf hit! office wit-h T?ev
Father McGee of St. Patrick's church,
followed by three purple gowned acolytes,
advanced to the graves and the
funeral services began. They were
very simple but very impressive.
Rev. Freeland read the military committal
service of the Episcopal church
beginning with "Man that is born of
woman:! and concluding with the promise
of heaven contained in the words "I
am the resurrection and the life." As
he pronounced the words i:Dust to dust,
earth to earth,'' the soldiers at the side
of each grave crumbled a clod of earth
upon each casket. The vast concourse
bared their heads to the solemn words ;
and scene and thousands joined in the
Lord's prayer.
Rev. Father McG-ee then consecrated
with the churchly power invested in
him the earth into which the bodies of
the Catholic soldiers were placed.
Meantime from Fort Myer, booming
down the wind, came the dull crack of
a gun every half hour and the national
ensigns on the staffs there and at the
Lee mansion ..ere run down to half
mast. As soon as the religious services
had been concluded flanking detachments
of the Fourth and Fifth artillery
fired three ear-smashing, soul-uplifting
volleys and in the solemn hush that
followed the salute the bugle sounded
"taps." The last religious and military
rites to the dead heroes were over and
the presidential party and the military
departed, living the work of actual interment
to follow. As each of the caskets
weigh some 50.0 pounds and requires
eight men to handle it, it will be
two or three days before all the bodies
are in their graves.
TT7;?^i rr.l -1
tfixcicfis j-eiegiapny.
The United States war department is
to make a test of Marcoci's system of
wireless telegraphy over a six mile space
within a few days. One instrument
will be.located on top of the department
building in Washington, and the
other at Fort Myer, a near-by military
post. Should the experiment prove
successful, it is understood that the
system will be at once adopted by the
signal service of the army. In that
event, it is possible that the new method
of signaling will be employed in the
Fiiiiippines before the end of the campaign
thera.
/
2
PROMISES TO FILIPINO. i
* ' I1
The American Commissioners Issues i
a Proclam ation.
I l
The New York Journal's Manila cor :
j respondent savs the cardinal prinei
j Dies of the Philippine commisssoners' i
J proclamation are:
j First?The supremacy of ihe United '
j States must and will be enforced '
throughout every part of the archipelago,
and those who resist it can accomplish
no end other than their own ruin.
Second?To the Philippine people
will be granted the most ample liberty
and self-government reconcilable with
the maintenance of a wise, just, stable.
effective and economical administration
of public affairs, and compitiblc
with the sovreign and international
rights and obligations of the United
States.
1 hird?lbe .civil rights or tne J Philippine
people will be guaranteed and
protected to the fullest extent; religious
freedom will be assured and all
j persons shall be equal in the eyes of
the law.
Fourth?Honor, justice and friendship
forbid the use of Philippine people
or the island they inhabit as an object
or means of exploitation. The purpose
nf the American government is the welfare
and advancement of the Philippine
people. ;
Fifth?There shall be guaranteed to
the Philippine people an honest and ef- 1
fective civil service in which, to the !
fullest extent to which it is practical,
natives shall be employed.
Sixth?The collection and application
of all taxes and other revenues will ,
Via nnon a nmirirl Af?-innrr:ir>al I
sis, and the public funds will be applied i
only to defray the regular and proper
expenses incurred by and for the establishment-and
maintenance of the Phil- 1
ippine government, and such general im- '
provements as the public may demand.
Local funds will be used for local purposes.
Seventh?A pure, speedy and effective
administration of justice will be established,
whereby may be eradicated
the evils arising from delays, corruptions
and exploitation. '
Eighth?The construction of roads. 1
railroads and similar means of commu- 1
nication and transportation and of J
othr public works, manifestly to the ad- j
vantage of the Philippine people will j
be promoted.
Ninth?Domestic and foreign trade :
and commerce, agriculture and other industrial
pursuits, tending toward the 1
erpnpral rtavplrmmfrnt of the nonntrv. in i
the interest of the inhabitants, shall be
the obj ;cts of constant solicitude and
fostering care.
Tenth?Effective provision will be
made for the establishment of schools.
Eleventh?Reforms in all departments
of the government, all branches i
rv-P cotth/>si ?ani^ !ill cnmrtra. i
tions closely touching the common life i
of the people will be untertaken with- 1
out delay, and effected conformably {
with right and justice in a way to sat j
isfy the well founded demands and the ^
highest sentiments and aspirations of ]
the people.
<
An Arrant Humbug. \
A special di?patch to the Chicago Tri- 1
bune from Omaha, Neb., credits J. *
Sterling Morton, formerly a member of j
Cleveland's cabinet, with the intention {
of forming a new political party, which (
he declares will be the greatest politi- i
cal organization since the formation of
the Republican party. Discussing the
proposed new party and the sidelights i
likely to develop therefrom, Mr. Morton I
says: C4I have the utmost faith in the <
plan. A party will be organized July 4
that will stand for conservatism preeminently.
No doubt the platform will'
contain some elements common to all
parties; but the keynote will be conser- ]
vatism. There is a vast field for the
new party's operations. The late war '
and its monotonous issues, the struggle
of the two great parties over bimetallism,
the rise, the decline and absolute decay i
of Populism, all these elements contribute
to a situation as pregnant as those
which gave birth to the Republican party
on the approach of our civil strife."
If J. Sterling thinks he can humbug (
anybody with his new fangled mana- i
gerie he is mistaken. He was one of T
the most active of the Assistant Re- ^
publicans in 1896, but he sees that the ,
dodge that was used then will not work
? _ T - a _ ?
I again, so ne gels up a new scneme 10 ?
humbug the people in the next election s
with the hope that it will aid as did the ]
gold bug Democratic movement in
1896 in the election of a Republican
President. Of all the political quacks :
and humbugs that have come to the surface
in the last few years J. Sterling
takes the cake. But his race is run,
and he ought to try and reconcile himself
to the fact. Like his old political
boss who dicovered him and imposed
him on the Democracy he is a back
number. He may quack occasionally
as above, but he is a back number all
the same.
A story from Chattanooga. Tenn.,
x"L _ "L * i.
contains details 01 tue uiggest aiuiy
frauds that have yet come to light.
The story is to the effect that thousands
of pounds of beef, hams and bacon
were condemned by both commissioned
and non-commissioned officers,
and people both in the army and outside
lined their pockets with thousands
of dollars. The plan of the swindles
was to buy skippers that were cultivated
for the purpose, principally by Negroes,
place those skippers on meat
that was perfectly sound, have the
meat condemned, and then sold. After
the sale they would shake the skippers
off, and sell the meat at good prices
to wholesale grocery houses in Chat
tanooga. It is possible that the story
may turn out to be a slander; but that
it is true is not improbable.
The government's official deathroll of
the Spanish war shows that in the army
the killed and mortally wounded numbered
only 451, while no less than 5,277,
or nearly twelve times as many,
died of disease. In the navy seventeen
men were killed and one died of wounds,
whiie not a single man died of disease.
The Wisconsin legislature has adopted
a queer sort of bill, evidently for
the purpose of hurrying up justice. The
bill provides that no judge shall receive
his sdary until he has taken an
oath that no case submitted for decision
has remained undecided for a period
of three months. The Wisconsin legislature
evidently thinks more of the
quantity of justice than quality.
U.P-Y. Sam Jones writing to the At
lanta Journal says he has found the saloon
man's paradise in Toledo. Ohio, j
It is very little larger than Atlanta i
and yet has 840 saloons. By the way. !
one Sam M. Jones is mayor of that de- j
lectable city, but it was not upon his [
solicitation the Rev. Sam went to work j
upon the mayor's constituents, it
seems that all the preachers are op- 1
posed to the mayor and hii methods |
and th? saloom ar? for him. 1
Jk
SPAIN'S BLOCK HOUSES. (
Strategic Value Extolled by American j V)
Army Officers. j -]
What is known as the "block bouse j a
system," started throughout nearly the p
/-\1 rt r-v4* PiiVirt fV?A Crinninwlo ?T> tV>0 ! A
?.uvic \jl uuua u^y mc vio tuw . ^
beginning of the trouble with the in- j ?
surgents. called forth the admiration j V
and unstinted praise of the most ex- j ''
perienced officers of our army, par- j j:
ticularly those who were strategic en- ; ^
ough to note the care with which these j C
hnstilv pnnsirnftpf? forts h.irl hppn r,lac- ! C
ed. It was a revelation to many of lis, j (J
says a correspondent to note the mili- j {_'
tary keenness of the Spanish officers (j
who had the work in charge. ( >
Every straight path we rounded into q
and every trail our men entered in the p
province of Santiago de Cuba was , ,
found to be commanded at its extreme j
end by one of these block houses, | ^
perched on a height overlooking the ; U
whole line of advance. Had the Span- j C
iards been possessed of sufficient cour- I b
age to have occupied and attempted to j Q
hold all their block houses situated be- j
tween Siboney and Santiago our nd- \ jvances
would have involved a much ; jJ
greater loss of life and time. Forru- j ^
nately most of them were vacated be- j ^
fore we reached them. ~
Owing to the* peculiar style of "fight- j r
ing" carried on by the Cubans this i K
block house system was found to be j >
the best. and. in fact, the only way of j jl
successfully preventing the insurgent i y
advances and cheeking their depreda- !
tions. If once a small body of men I ^
came down from their caves in tne j ,
hills to a road they were practically at j 1
the mercy of the Spaniards. Retreat j
along the path would bring them under j
the guns of another block house; a
aash up the hills on either side of the x
road would also have been impotent
because every movement of such a %
nature would be covered from one of >
the two forts. . a
The Spaniards found that the great- "a;
est difficulty in the maintenance of p
these block houses was in keeping the
men who occupied them supplied with
food and ammunition. The ammu- j
nition itself came in small quantities ]
on various ships and was distributed '
every few weeks. In getting material
to the scattered block houses the *
greatest danger was run continually, s:
balf a dozen Spanish soldiers probably
forming the sole convoy for a great d
quantity of supplies. The Cubans >
watched for these periodical visits and j
often made short work of the carriers.
While the block house has been de- ^
ifvrlhorl oa <1 it ic in ronlitv
fort of no mean strength when com- j
bated only by rifles. To artillery, of i'
course, such a structure would be a
mere mouthful: b-- in withstanding IJ
rifle shots and in earring out the pur- ?
pose for which it was built there can i
be no question of the great value it |
must have proved to the Spaniards. '
These forts generally range from
fourteen to eighteen feet sauare and
ire built to a height of twenty-six feet
)f the heaviest yellow pine timber obtainable,
backed in most cases with
5ld boiler-plate metal. The main room i
s twelve feet high, with its floor sunk /
'our feet below, along a slit flush with ^
the outside stonework. This slit is
generally from three to four inches
svide, and through it the Spanish solliers
pointed their rifles in every direction.
The upper room, perched on
top of the lower roof in Chinese pa- f
;oda fashion, was used more for lookjut
purposes, hut it was also provid- ^
vl with a slit similnr to thnt hplow r
ivhich, when occasion demanded, could r
ye also used for firing purposes.?
In parts of the country which the in- *
surgents -were known to occupy in o
lumbers a block house contained from c
:wenty-four to thirty men. The four
jides of the lower chamber each hold "
;ix firing stalls, somewhat similar in
juild to the stations used at rifle com)etitions
in our own country. But generally
sixteen men formed the sole
force of each of these forts.
Berlin is one or tne most eosmopun- ^
tan of European cities. Though it is
the capital of Germany, only 37 per
:ent. of its inhabitants are German by
birth.
The Tunnels of the "World. ^
If all the tunnels of the world were ?
placed end to end they would reach ^
i distance of 514 miles. They number c
about 1,142. .
Portuguese Peasants. H
Eighty per cent, of Portuguese peas- j y
ants can. neuaer reau nur write. I a
:?. !a:
Ex-Mayor Strong of New York, told j
;he Credit Men's Association of that ; A
;ity the other day that he had lost less I ^
noney dealing witn firms that were not | f(
Forth anything than with those that | *
vere reported to have large capital, j |j
rhis is but another illustration that j
ifter all, honor and not money is the 3
safest thing to bank on and that in al-!
A + 1*1 O VI t /IV* 1 "1 1 T"l i
U 1/1 LI w lb 10 tliu uuau IcLlllCJL LX^au I
he money which should be looked at.
m i > r ?
w
assess
1; 1_J A&t er
nvn? i_
Ij THIS
jRIgh Arm Sewing J
j Fully guaranteed for ten yeai
i r.ill the latest attachments, bea
| imeitfcod wood work.
Price SI8.0C
2Jloney refunded after 30 days
bs not as good as the $40.00 to $o
sold by agents.
Send for circulars and state w
I XC.o tiro f(vr KnTflif.f1
I -Waitings, earpets, Sewing
Baby Carriages, etc.
I Address
IIIO & III2 Bro<
i "
- . The
Christian Endeavor.
The following reduced rates have
eeu tixed for those "who wish to attend
se meeting of the Christian Eodc-axor i
t Union April 19. from juuctional and '
riocipal points named:
ibbeville $4 30
inderson 4 05
Lugusta 0.50.
ennettsville 2.95
n _ . i_ > AA
nacKsourg o.u'j
'alhoun Falls 4.90
'arnrlen 0.50 j
'arlisle 03 ;
"atawba J unction 2.05
harleston 9.10,
harlotte..' 4.85
heraw 6.70
hester
iinton 2.15 |
olurabia.. 3.25 ;
Arlington 0.70!
'enmark 0.00.
airfax 7.101
reersville o.OU
reeuwood 3 65
tan caster 3.00
aurens 2 85
ewberry 3.25
rangeburg (5.00
'rosperity 2.75
lock Hill 2 45
partanburg 1.50
urnter 5.50
orkville 2.65
Tickets to be sold April i7, 18, 19
nd 20, with final limit April 24, 1899.
ronclad forms not required.
Society's WaysA
Missouri paper announces that a
oman cannot get into society in Kan-.
is City unless the decollete of her;
own extends down to the third knob ;
n her backbone, while she is not ad
iitted in New York society unless it
xtends to the sixth knob. This isimortant
if true.
How to Get Rid of Hawks.?Mr. j
1\T RIoL-oIot nf T.on Herman saw
bat the following plan for killing!
awks is all right, as he has tried it i
ith success for several years: Take a!
mal) quantity of syrup and flour, and '
lake a thick paste of it. For forty or i
fty chickens add to the paste a portion ;
f strychnine about the size of a grain :
f corn.. Take a spliter, pick up the j
hicken rub the paste on the back of its j
ead, and put a little dry flour over the j
aste, which keeps it from sticking to'
I . _ 1 . _ r. _M1 l..i i l-_ I
ne neo. it win jast two orxnree weess. :
Ir. Blakeley says that he has killed
ine hawks a week by this plan.
Write Quick
?TO THfcc;
or catalogue. Free scholar- j
hips oil easy conditions to
hose who write soon. Rail- j
ov, nA
uau XCLi o paiu. vyuLoa.i
^otes accepted. Can pay part
>f expenses by working in the |
ollege office. Address, men-;
ioning course desired,
W. H. NEWBERRY, Prest j
j
I
I
"We are State Agents for and make
PECIAL1Y of equipping improvec
lodern ginneries with the celebrated?
Serray Ginning System, |
?/?* ? ? J
Li^ di.LLipitTDt aiiU UC3H. VUHWU giuu^u
n this system commands a higher mar- j
et price than any other, and the ma- j
hinery itself is a marvel of simplicity i
We control for this State the improved ;
Iurray Cleaning Feeder, which is |
nquestionably the best gin feeder eve !
et invented. Parties contemplating;
purchase of machinery of this kind :
re invited to correspond with ns.
Machinery and Mill Supplies oe ;
ll kinds at lowest manufacturers
rices.
Now is the time to place your order j
)r a threshing machine; buy the best, i
e sell it?the FARQUHAR.
?. H. GIBBES k CO.,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
tate Agents for:?Liddell Co.. Eagle !
Cotton Gin Co., A.. B. Farqnhar Co. 1
i
i
Machine |?
fitted with ^
Machines^
The Padgett Furr
id Street,
* >' - - J':'
/ \ *' : ' "5ci
- J
Machinery.
CONTRACTS TAKEN TO FURNISH COM?PLETE
EQUIPMENT FOR?
Boiler Floor Mills. *
?RE PRESENTING .THE? .
Richmond City ill Works,
One or t'li 1 i 11'i;::;
Flour >IiU .vii.'uaif/ u on :?ncr/-and
fu/ia.j esp ;ri3 i;ii >Iiiiits,
I am prepared to build mills on
the most improved plans and at
prices to compete with any one
in the trade. V s guarantee _
the products of our mills to
equal the grades of the best
Western mills. Before
placing your .orders
write to me.
I also handle a complete line of Wood
Working Machinery: Saw Mills, Eugines
and Boilera, Corn Mills and Machinery
in general.
Having been established in business
here for sixteen years. I have built up
my trade by selling the very highest
class of machinery, and am in a better
position to serve the interest of my
customers than ever before.
V. C. Badham,
Charleston. South Carolina.
?THE?
. '. ' . 1. --;Z
I#- -I-..
neeiey
Institute,
Corner Vandsrhorst & Smitii Sts.
Charleston,
SouthCarolina
THE ONLY
KEELEY INSTITUTE
t*t m;in nm a mn
11M TOTi dT&TA.
0- fi-i-e' Oi-~ecf te Purchaser ,
IA ^goo i '
? &
8 iPlaiio { . |
If rfit I?si a g?
ia? vfc- . ? . . "; il'ftiroe J??
ami give ???
H eo<"?ss ?? U
?s JSst. ' .r..^/"!ra",i S~?-H
?s isssg;^ s*?ya. ? m.
HgA S-I .. 3 , -r... ~ .nr^ A Dan nt?a* oBI
m *
i gutt m
The vexation. g|
I Mathushekl
^ Is always Good, always Rellabloi .?
always Sittirt'uctory, always Lasting.
You take no chances la buy- nM
?2 Inc It. ffil
?? It costs somewhat _.#ore than a aBB
?2 chertp, poor piano, but is much the ^3
?? cheapest in the end.
jjvv Noother Hisb Grade PJanosoldao JSj
3croocAnoKlA. &V?y?fr*rxr tr*TAtft.il m
jftv buyers. Eisy payments. Write n*. ?g
M * LUDDEfJ & BATES, 2g
Samnnah, Go., and >*ew York City* J|fJ
Address: P. A. PKESSLSY
I 1 COLUMBIA. S. 0.
waaJm*
iAINS!
M
THIS ELEGANT .
to. 8 COOKING STOVE
%
cia nn
Has 17x17 oven, four S incli
)t holes: large flues and guaran- I i
ed .1 good baker. We lit this
ov<> up with forty pieces of ware 1;
eluding the latest stove ware.
To advertise our business we If
^ H;
ill sell this No. "8 Cooking Stove, :
;ted with -<0 pieces of ware for
$10.00 CASH. I
liture Co.
Augusta, Ga.

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