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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, April 26, 1899, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-04-26/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL LIII WINNSBORO. S, V., WEDNESDAY. APRIL 26, 1899. NO. 38. jjj
___ ?? Mm
' ~ ~ ;-3g
nil IN A TRAP.
Lieutenant Giimore and Fifteen
Men ofthe Yorktown
CAPTURED BY THE FILIPINOS.
The Men Were Endeavoring to
Rescue Spaniards Held by the..
Rebels at Safer, Island of
Luzon. Anxiety is reir.
rlhe navy department has given out
the following dispatch from Admiral
Dewey:
Manila, April 18.
Secretary of the Navy, Washington.
The Yorktown yisited Baler, Luzon,
east coast of Luzon, P. I., April 12, for
the purpose of rescuing and bringing
away the Spanish forces consisting of
SO soldiers, three officers and two
priests, which were surrounded by 400
insurgents. Some of the insurgents
armed with Mauser rifles * * * by na:
tives. Lieut. J. C. Gilmore, while
making * * * ambushed, " were fired
upon and captured. Fate unknown as
insurgents refused to communicate afterward.
The following are missing:
The officer previously referred to, Chief
Quartermaster W. W. Walton, Cosswain
J. Ellsworth, Gunner's Mate H.
J. Hogard, Sailmakers' Mate Vendgit,
Seamen W. H. Rynaers and C. W.
Woodbury, Apprentices D. W. A. Yen^
s\ t O T?
viiie, J. Jfeterson, uramary oeameu jc.
Brisolese, 0. B. McDonald, Landsmen
L. T. Edwards, F. Andersen, J. Dillon
and C. A. Morrissey. Dewey.
The dispatch from Admiral Dewey
caused much excitement in naval circles
as soon as its contents became
known. It was received late in the day
and considerable delay was occasioned
by the blindness of some of the cipher
words. It was impossible to completely
decipher it and the asterisks indiflia
ntiinfd 1 ienV>]a wnrda.
v UUAUhViA^4i>/*v (I
The capture of the Yorktown's men
was discussed with much feeling in naval
circles. The misfortune was felt
with added keenness as the navy has
prided itself thus far on immunity
from reverse's". The -admiral's dispatch
was the first knowledge the department
had that the "Yorktown had gone on this
special mission to relive the ^Spanish
trarrisnn at Baler. That the capture
should have been effected"' "while tSef
American forces were on a'mission "bf "
mercy toward the Spaniards, rather
than in the prosecution of a campaign s
led to the belief that Spain would hate .<
no further ground for questioning "the I
good faith with which the Americans
were seeking to relieve the condition..^ .
the Spanish prisoners.
Although the dispatch gave na indication
that Lieut. Gilmore and his men had
lost their lives, yet great anxiety
was aroused by the mystery surround
ing their fate while in the hands of an.
~~ uncivilized' enemy. This is the first
capture of any Americans, military or
naval, so that it is unknown how the
insurgents will treat our men. if civilized
methods were pursued an ex
change could be quickly effected-a.Geo.
(Xis has a large uutube: of Fihpino
prisoners, but the insurgents havt'
been averse thus far to exehan.siina
Spanish prisoners, and this .raises a
question as to what they will do withthe
Yorktown men.
The purpose of officials here is to
spare no effort to secure tbe speedy release
of our men.
THE BALER AMBUSH.
The Story of How tlie York town Men
Disappeared.
A dispatch from Manila under date
of April 19 say-?: Admiral Dewey has
been notified of che strange disappearance
of Lieut. J. C. (xilmore and 14
members of the crew of the United^
States gunboat Yorktown. Oa Saturday
last the York town anchored off
Baler, on the cast coast of the island of
Luzon, and about 200 D;iles from here,
where there was a Spanish garrisDn of
about 50 men which had been defending
itself against several hundred Filipinos
for months past.
Lieut. Gilmore. Eosign W. H. Standley
and a boat's crew were sent up the
river from Baler bay to communicate
with th? Spaniards, the town of Baler
being situated some distance inland.
Ensign Standley, who landed at the
mouth of the river, reports that he
heard three volleys, a bugle call and
cheers from up the river, but that the
automatic gun, which was part of the
quipment of the boat, was not heard
firing. Standley later paddled to- the
Yorktown in a canoe. A search was
made for the Yorktown's boat and her
crew, but no trace of .them was found
and the Yorktown sailed forlloiia, from
which place her commander cabled to
^ -J? 1 ^ AA?*t AC f
^ULLiiXai JL/ertCJi UiS lUCUliso maw I-U.&
Filippinos had captured or sunk the
boat or that the Spaniards had" rescued
the American party.
DA scouting party of American troops
today found a rebel skirmish line more
than a mile long east af Malo.lo^, * A
sharp fusilaae followed, but bo losses
were sustained.
Brig. Gen. Chas. King, who has been
taken suddenly ill and who is unable to
continue in command of. his ^igade,
has been relieved of further duty an$
has been ordered to return to the United
States on the first transport sailing
from here home.
AS -SEEN IN WASHINGTON.
, The navy department having requested
a correction of the portions. of Admiral
Dewey's dispatch of yesterday
which were not decipherable was today
able to furnish the full text of the dispatch
which is as follows:
Manila, April 18.
nf the N'avr Washineton:
The York town visited Baler, Luzon,
east coast of Luzon, P. L, April 12
for the purpose of rescuing and bring'
ing away Spanish forces consisting of
30 soldiers, three officers and two
priests, which were surrounded by 400
insurgents. Some of the insurgents
armed with Mauser rifles as reported by
natives. Lieut. J. C. Gilmore, after,
making an exploration of the mouth of
the river in an armed boat was ambushed,
fired upon and captured. Fate
unknown, as insurgents refused to communicate
afterward. Dewey.
The officials of the navy department
are confident that such of the men of
the Yorktowa as escaped being killed
outright in the Philippine ambuscade
will be well treated by the insurgents.
Sometime ago the war department made
inquiry as to the number of American
prisoners h?ld by the Filipinos. In re
ply Gen. Otis referred to two such soldiers,
and said that they were being
fairly treated by the insurgents, he
s ippring funds .to defray the cost of
th -ir food. The reports made Wilcox,
one of Dewey's officers, who to the navy
department by. Paymaster made a trip
across the island of Luzon from Manila
to the ncrtftcrast. described the condition
of the Spanish officials who were
the prisoners of the insurgents as very
comfortable. In many cases, he said,
the officials were not nominally in confinement,
beiDg allowed the liberty df
the towns. The officials are hopeful
that Gilmore and his men who surTTITT/V/3
S\ O c/^n n n rrill CAmo /1?5T7 TP
V I > cu LUC uUJUUCvttU\u TT lax &vu>v \*MJ AW
gain their liberty,
THERE ARE NO REBELS NOWRear
Admiral Philips Orders the
Word Rebel Painted Ont.
'"The civil w?.r is over," said Rear
Admiral John W. Philip, commandant
of the .Brooklyn .Navy Yard, standing
before a huge chunk of iron in_ tie
yard that was being repainted. "There
are no rebels; there never were any
rebels. Bet's forget the whole matter
and paint it out." Following so closely
upon President MeKinley's utterances
on the same subject in his famous
speech while in the South recently,
when he referred to the line between
the north and south haviDg been erased
in the gallant defense of the flag by the
sons of both, Rear Admiral Philip's
utterance is significant. It was done
on his own responsibility, without any
order from Washington, but the gallant
admiral's order will meet with a responsive
chord in every heart. His words
~ li< 7TT IV/I fAnr^15i! a/n
VYI1X UUUVUU?UI> ? -jproval
of ail citizens. Here is the
story:
For nearly thirty y^ars now there has
been displayed in a prominent place before
the commandant's office at the
navy yard, where thousands of visitors
have seen and inspected and shown
great interest in it, a trophy of the civil
war. It is- a great, massive bulk of
iron, queer in shape, weighing many
tons.-- The inscription; ^stinted on it in
large letters winch all might read, told
ho wit had been the ram of the "rebel"
^vessel - Mississippi, captured by the
.union -naval-forces. . 3'he Mississippi
was one of the most dreaded of the
.Confederate vessels, being, similar to
'the ram, .Tennessee and tne iron-clad
"Merrimai? The big chu ak of iron has
to be repainted about on je.a year in order
to keep it in a presentable condi
tion, ana to prevent tat: accmuuiatiuu
of rust . Workmen engaged in the annual,sprifog
cleaning up about the navy
yard werfc at work last week and in the
ce.urse-of their labor caxne upon the
ram. They had started to repaint it
when Admiral Philip happeued to pass.
The officc-r who ordered his men to
remain quiet when they had just
achieved a great victory over Cervera's
>quadron off Santiago, and uttered
those immortal words, ,:JL)on't cheer.
bo\s', those poor devils are dying,'"
stood siieDt and thoughtful, watching
the painters at work on the ram. His
mind ran back to thirty years to the
tidQj: when,- as a young midshipman, he
had remained l<>yai to his country,
Which was torn b> the bitterest intei
necine strife; to the hard fightiii.tr he
and others had gone through; to the foe
\vho," mistakeu though he mi^ht have
been, yet showed by his courage and
chivalrous acceptance of the inevitable
outcome that he was a biother. "Painter,
"the admiral called out, while traces
of moisture were suspiciously noticeable
about his eyes, "when you repaint
that inscription just leave out that
word 'rebel'; there are nc rebels now."
'The old ranr still lies there at the door
of Jhe-commandant's offiee. It is resplendent
in a new coat of glistening
white paint. No visitor to the navy
yard can miss it. But printed in bold
letters ia black, across the--face, is this
simple inscription: "The Kan) of the
Mississippi."
Heads Like Fiction.
A dispatch from New Orleans .says:
Dr. A. Chapman ot' Courtland, Miss.,
twice reported dead, has arrived here
on the steamer Franklin from Bluefields
Nicaragua. Dr. Chapman, who was a
suigeon in the insurgeat army, tells a
thrilling story of his escape from President
Zelaya's forces. He was captured
on February 24, near Rama, while
in the company of Stephen Powers, an
suyjcwV) auu axov a, lu.-z??AV\SJL V-?*
the revolutionary forces. A courtmartial
followed the capture, the men ^being
tried as spies. They were condemned
to be shot. A strange feature of the
affair was that the sentence was actually
carried out. Stephen Powers fell
dead at the first fire, but Chapman was
merely wounded in the lel't arm. He
fell to the grouud, however, and thinking.they
had killed him, the soldiers
walked oS. Chapman made his way to
Bluefields. Jack Martin, the American-gunner'of
the San Jacinto, who was
captured by Zelaya's soldiers, has been
tried an<J convicted.. Sentence had not
beeft fihdrHy -pronou^ccd.' when Chapman
left. Martin will undoubtedly be
' s&ofc. r * - r.
+ ?0
Extremely Sad.
A drepatoh from from Wichita, Kant
I l . nr* * "l CCTlvi
sas,,qa3ea last imirsaaj, says: >VJaea
Assistant Engineer Ebby of the cruiser
Brooklyn, who is on his way to New
Haven, Kansas, from New York,
reaches that little western town, he will
find* a {^avejnstead of a bride. Engineer
Ebby was -to have been married
this" week io Miss Nina Hall, a prominent
ycun?-lady of New Haven. Tues
day Aliss was accidentally snot
and almdsf-instantly killed by lier little
brother, from whom the unfortunate
girl was attempting to take a revolver
with which he was playing. She was
buried today. Efforts to notify Ebby
of the tragedy hare been unavailing."
A Cotton Tie Trust.
And now there is a cotton tie trust
.sitii a-capital of $33,000,000. It was
organized Monday. Every kind of business
is now organized into a trust and
no man ca$ see the end. The trusts
mnst.be met Qr the farmer? and working
men of this country, especially of
.the South,. will ;_be: .ground, into the
"dust."*"
A BIG MEETING.
4
1
I
| The Workingmen's Dollar Dinner j
in New York.
! !
BRYAN GIVEN AN OVATION j
His Response to the Chief Toast
of "Thomas Jefferson" God
Bless You, Billy
D/sw ?
'BUY.
The second of the "One Dollar"'
Bryan dinners, that under the auspices
of the workingmen, was held in Xew
York Wednesday night at the Grand
Central palace. The dinner was not as
largely attended as the one given by the
Chicago platform Democrats in the
same place last Saturday night, about |
1,500 men and women being present.
The striking difference between these
dinners was the seating of the guests
of- honor tonight on the platform,
where they were plainly visible to
everybody in the hall. Back of the
speakers, painted on a large canvas,
; was the following: _
"A system of political economy will
yet dawn which will perform as well as
promise; which will rain the riches of
nature into the laps of the starving
poor."
Col. Wm. J. Bryan entered the hall
soon after 7 o'clock. He was received
1 rni__ 1
witn great appiause.
were seated as follows:
Presiding Officer John Brisben
Walker, Mr. Bryan to his right, with
N. 0. Xelson of St. Louis; Rev. Dr.
Edward McG-lynn, Charles Frederick
Adams and Thomas Crosby at Mr. Bryan's
right. At the chairmalf s left were
Mayor Samuel M. Jones of Toledo, Oliver
H. P. Belmont and "William Temple
Emmet, great grandson of Robert
Emmet.
A small orchestra discoursed music
from one of the boxes. There were 14
vacant seats at the guests of honor
table. There were few persons in eve!
riincr and mpn in well 'worn suits
of various styles were numerous. The
women, who were about equal in number
to the men, sat at the tables on the
main floor.
The toasts and speakers were as follows;
"Municipal ownership of public
franchises," Mayor S. M.-Jones of Toledo,
0.
"What a just economic system would
do for women," Charlotte Perkins Stetson.
"The foes which beset movements in
intorpsh nf t.hft nfionle." Rev. Ed
ward McG-lynn.
''Practical adjustment of social problems,"
N. 0. Nelson.
' All government derives its powers
from the consent of the governed,"'
William Temple P]mmet.
"Thomas Jefferson," William Jenninss
Bryan.
The menu was of the simplest. It
*as: Vegetable soup; haddock, egg
saucj; roist beef; roast turkey; cranberry
sauce; pickles; ic* cream; cake;
c ff :e.
(Jul Bryan was accompanied by Congressman
William Suizer wheu he entered
the hill
A levee followed, during which hundreds
shook* Mr Bryau's hand
Mayor Jones was the first speaker,
aiid. his-address aroused considerable
enthusiasm. , i.
Dr.-'McG-lynn was given an ovation.
1 ? C-rrtl _
tie said in part: . "mere is ioaay a
slavery worse than chattel slavery.
That is industrial slavery." I believe
that a man should be more than a machine,
more than a -mere brute of the
fields.
"If any one tellsyouthat we reformers
would destroy the -rights of property
tell him that he tells not the truth.
We would give to every industrial corporation
if you will just what it produces.
No government has a right to
give away a right or franchise created
by the people in perpetuity, ana posterity
has a right to spit upon such a
grant."
N. 0. Xelson of St. Louis spoke next
and was followed by William Temple
Einpiet.
Mr. Emmet closed with a reference to
Col. Bryan. It created a tremendous
amount of enthusiasm, and then followed
another demonstration similar to
that given to Mr. .Bryan Saturday
night. It continued for some moments,
and some one shouted: 1 'God bless you,
Billy, boy," whereat the crowd again
got up and yelled ind cheered for minutes.
Mr. Bryan had to raise his hands
many times before Ms admirers would
give way, and they did so only when
tired out. The women particularly
were enthusiastic in their greetings.
" * 1 .1 _! 1
Me also received an entnusiasuc welcome
when he arose to speak.
Mr. Bryan said in part:
"Jefferson was a man of ideas. We
are applying his ideas today to the
questions which arise. They were not
all applied in his day. They have not
all been applied since his day. Sometimes
people think that only on- the
battlefield can a man show his patriotism.
I thank God that I livo in a
land where peace hath her victories as
well as war. A distinguished citizen
of the nation spoke not long ago of the
strenuous life and applied his idea to
a policy that gives tbis nation an opportunity
to go forth with musket and
with cannon and carry its ideas by
force to other nations. I thank God
that peace in this country gives an
opportunity for all the strenuous life
of the people. (Long Cheers and applause.)
If we but began to apply to
our daily conditions the principles
which we all accept, the theories which
we will not contradict, there is room
enough for work for several generations
yet to come. Thomas Jefferson
believed in the people; he was the first
great believer in the people.
"I appreciate the fears expressed by
our toastmakers; no one will deny the
evil tendencies of the times; no one
will deny that there are abuses so intrenched
in government that it is difficult
to dislodge them.
'".But as Jefferson believed in the
J people, so We can believe in the people,
j (Applause.)
"My attention was called Tuesdiv
'I to the language used by Abraham Li?Gcola
in 'oulogy of the Declaration of>in
dependence, aud I want to contribute
to the spirit of the-occasion by Rioting
Ik
what a great Republican ;:aid of the
work of the greatest Democrat "
The audience listened latently as Mr.
Bryan read from a volume of Lincoln's
speeches. When the speaker said that
both Lincoln and Jefierson were repudiated
when the Declaration of Independence
was departed from, he was
greeted with great applause.
'"I sometimes hear people complain
because business is disturbed by the
agitation of public questions. There is
n tt3v tn psp.nnp* it: let us have a mon
archy, and then there will be no disturbance
of any kind of business. We
can simply serve and be happy. But
history has shown that where one or a
few think for all the p'eople, and act
for all the people, they also enjoy the
right to life and liberty and the pursuit
of happiness, our life must be a constant
warfare against wrong.
:'If you elect a public servant and
go to sleep, the danger is that he may
become more watchful of his own interests
than of yours, and when I hear
people complain that our government is
a failure, I generally find them proposing
the wrong remedy. They say our
? * 1 a1_ _
government is a tauure Decause tne
people cannot be trusted. I reply that
insofar as our government has been
disappointing, it is because the people
have not had a sufficient share in their
own government. (Applause; that the
faults of our government are not in the
people, but in those who misrepresent
the virtue, tthe intelligence and the
wishes of the people. (Applause)."
When Mr. Bryan closed there was a
mighty demonstration. Men and women
made frantic efforts to shake him
by the hand, and it required the services
of several policeman to rescue
the speaker and escort him to one of
the reception rooms. He remained until
the crowd had largely dispersed, and
then was driven to the Hotel Bartholdi.
As lie emerged into the'street and got
into his carriage he was greeted again
by cheers, several hundred people waiting
to get a farewell glimpse of him.
Knights of Honor.
The grand lodge of Knights of Honor
for the jurisdiction of Soutn Carolina
was in session in Columbia two days
last week considering the work of the
past year and devisiog ways and means
for the propagation and extension of
its great benefits.
The following are the standing committee
and officers elected and installed
to serve for the ensuing year:
Past Grand Dictator?W. A. Templeton,
Abbeville.
Grand Dictator?J. W. Todd, Sene
ca.
Grand Vice Dictator?M. F. Kennedy,
Charleston.
Grand Assistant Dictator?J. W.
Yernon, Wellford.
Grand Reporter?L. ;N. Zealy, Columbia.
Grand Treasurer?J. T. Robertson,
Abbeville.
Grand Chaplain?A. Buist, Blackvilie.
Grand Guide?J. B. Lewis, Anderson.
Grand Guardian?John B. Bonner,
Pelzer.
Grand Sentinel?Jno. Kennedy.
Grand Trustees?J. G. Tompkins,
Edgefield; H. C. Moses, Sumter; D. A.
Smith, Walhalla.
Representative to supreme lodge for
two yea ?J. W. Todd.
Alteruate to supreme lodge for two
years?L N. Z-aly.
Finance committee?X-W Trump.
W. P. Anderson, J. 0 Ladd.
Laws aud Supervision committee?
C. A. C. Waller, P. B. Waters, C. P.
Quattlebaum.
Bryan on Imperialism.
"V7m. J. Bryan has writien a letter
to the Fresno, Cal., Democrat giving
his views on Imperialism. He says in
part; :'I think it can be shown from a
pecuniary standpoint that it will cost
us more to conquer the Filipinos and
keep them in subjection than we shall
be able to make out of the enterprise,
and that money which does return from
the Philippines will not find its
way to the pockets of those who supply
sons for the army and whose taxation
furnishes the sinews of war. But there
is a higher view to take of it than the
money view. The principle of conquest
is wrong. Our nation has steadily
contended ag?inst it, and it is im nrtoeiklo
flip far-reachinc
effect upon our people of a doctrinc
that would substitute force for reason
in the declaration of the nation's policy
Those who oppose Imperialism plead
not for the Filipinos, but for the Amercan
people. Our nation is strong
enough to do harm, but it ought to be j
too great to do wrong. I feel confident
that the sober second thought of the
American neonle will sustain those who
believe that the Filipinos should be
treated like the Cubans, namely, given
their independence and protected from
outside interference."
Honored Our Noble Dead.
The Columbia Record rightly considers
that a loving patriotic task of Col.
W TT Knansq. whn has iust eonmleted
the planting of Southern trees above
the 2,200 Confederate dead who sleep
at Camp Chase, Ohio. He is a Union
veteran of the civil war to whose mind
came the tender thought that these
boys, whose bones are buried so far
from their kindred, should lie with the
soft sight of their Southland's pines
and willows above them, perpetually
mourning their fate. Confederate veterans
responded promptly to his suggestion
by furnishing the trees, but it
must ever be a pleasing recollection
that Northern hands set them above the
gravis.
*'No more shall the war cry sever.
+1,
\J L lilts niUUiU^ XiTU MV#
They banish our hatred forever,
When they laurel the graves of our
de~d."
Want to Come Home.
Governor Lind, of Minnesota, has received
a telegram from officers of the
Thirteenth Minnesota, dated at Manila
Thursday, saying that the regiment
must be ordered home and mustered
out immediately.
It is said that Chas. T. Yerkes, the
multi-millionaire street car magnate,
having failed to elect his man mayor of
Chicago in the recent election, will
soon remove from that city to New
York. Chicago is to be congratulated
-1 o 1 _ _ I
on getting na 01 sucn a citizen as
Yerkes. Xo doubt he will find Gotham
more congenial.
AS TO LYNCHING.
The Supreme Courts Construction
of the State Constitution.
AVERY IMPORTANT DECISION
The Estate of a Party Lynched
May Obtain Two Thousand
Dollars Damages.
The State supreme court Thursday
rendered a decision which virtually
means that the estate of a party who
comes to his death at the hands of a
mob may obtain damages from the county
of which he was a resident.
xne constitution of ib'Jo contains a
clause which makes an officer guilty of
a misdemeanor who permits a prisoner
to be taken from him and lynched:
Provided, in all cases of lynching where
death ensues the county where lynching
takes place shall, without regard to the
conduct of the efficers, be liable in exemplary
damages of not less than $2,000
to the legal;representatives of the
person lynched;'
The general assembly in 1S9G passed
an act in compliance with this section
- o ^. i.'i.-i:-- rr\
oi me constitution. j.uei~u n<to aiutc
been no demand for damages which has
obtained a judgment thj-oii
courts until the decisip-^med ThursIh
January, 1897, Lawrence Brown,
colored, was by a mob hanged to a telegraph
pole in Orangeburg county. His
estate, through'Isaac Brown, asadmin'
istrator, brought action against the
county to recover damages.
_Tn^<ro AM110V1 in<:frnr>lr>r! t.Vifi inrv to
bring in averdk't in favor of Orangeburg
county, as the State conferred
upon the estate of the deceased no
right to recover damages, as the party
lynched was npt in the custody of an
officer.
The case was appealed to the supreme
court, which reversed the judgment
of the circuit court and remanded
the case for a new trial in Orangeburg
county
The opinion was written by Justice
Gary and concurred;in by Chief Justice
Mclver and Associate Justices Pope
and Jones.
After reviewing the section of the
constitution in connection with the
facts the opinion says:
;'The intention of the constitution
was to prevent the crime of lynching in
two ways: First, by visiting upon the
officers of the law the penalties therein
mentioned when a prisoner, lawfully in
their custody, was lynched by a mob
through their negligence, permission,
or contrivance, and second, to induce
the cooperation or tne taxpayers in
preventing the lynching, in order that
their bounty might not become liable
to the penalty{by way of exemplary
damages of not'less than $2,000 to the
legal representatives of the person
lynchod.
"The lynching of a prisoner and of
one .not in the custody of the law as
such, is murder in both cases. It would
*.1 ~ a* eflAm a f r> cm i P t.hf*
Clidd urc, cibJicaoi owaauqv **. V?*v
framers of the constitution were carefui
to provide in the organic law of the
State a remedy for preventing the
lynching of a prisoner and remained
silent as to the remedy in all other
cases of lynching.
"The constitutional provision, however,
is not confined to the lynching of
nrisnnArs. The words: "without regard
to the conduct of the officers," when
considered in connection with the evil
which -the constitution intended to
remedy, must be construed to mean;
without reference to what has ^een
*aid in regard to the conduct of the
officers, or in other words without reference
to other provisions of the section.
They were inserted for the purpose
of showing that the proviso was to
be construed independently and without
regard to what preceded it. The
word "provided" is omitted in the act,
and this fact shows that the legislature
gave to the words "Without regard to
the conduct of the officers tbe construction
which this court "has placed
upon them.
"It must be remembered that many
of those who were members of the constitutional
convention were likewise
members of the general assembly when
said act was passed. While, of course
a construction placed upon the constitution
by the iecislative branch of the
government would not be binding upon
the courts, still in this case it is well
worthy of consideration.
"The act intended to make the county
liable for damages in those cases only
which fall within the provision of the
constitution and it has correctly construed
the consiitution to make a county
liable for damages when the person
lynched was not in the custody of the
law as a nrisoner.
"This renders unnecessary the con.
sideration of the interesting question
whether the legislature did not have
the power independently of the constitutional
provision to pass the act hereinbefore
mentioned.
"It has been held that statutes making
a community liable for damages in
cases of lynching, and giving a right
of recover? to the leeal representative
of the person lynched, are valid on the
ground that the main purpose is to impose
a .penalty on the community,
which is given to the legal representatives,
not because they have been damaged,
but because the legislature sees
fit thus to dispose of the penalty.
"Such statutes are salutary, as their
effect is to render protection to human
life and make communities law abiding.
;1But, as we have said, our conclusion
renders unnecessary a consideration
of this question.
':It is not necessary to consider the
exceptions in detail as our views clisr>nsp
nf thp main ouestion in the case.
<:It is the judgment of this court that
the judgment of the circuit court be
reversed and the case remanded for a
new trial
Round tne "World in Thirty DaysThe
Ru/sion minister of railroads, it
is announced in a special London dispatch
from St. Petersburg, says that
when the trans-Siberian railroad is completed
it will be possible to go around
the world in 33 days, as follows: Bremen
to St. Petersburg 1J days, St.
Petersburg to Yladivostock 10 days,
Yladivostock to San Francisco by
steamer 10 days, San Francisco to New
York 4-i days, New York to Bremen 7
days.
PRESENTED WITH A SWORD.
Col. Junes Honored by the Men of
His Regiment.
On la?t Wednesday afternoon exer- I
eises which were quite interesting .occurred
in the camp of the Second South
Carolina Regiment in Augusta in front
_j? T i ^^ npi :
oi v,oi. Jones tent. j.ne occasion was
the presentation of a beautiful gold
mounted, embossed sword to Colonel
Wilie Jones by the enlisted men of the
regiment.
On the handsome scabbord were the
words:
Presented to
' COL. WILIE JONES,
"Second South Carolina. U. S. V. I.,
"by the
"Enlisted Men oi: His Regiment,
"April 17, 1S99.:'
The beautiful steel blade alss bore
the colonel's name. Sergeant Major
Frank Frederick, of Orcngeburg. made
the presentation speech in the following
appropriate words:
"Colonel Jones, in behalf of the enlisted
men of your regiment it gives me
the greatest pleasure to extend their
heartfelt thanks to you for your kindDess
to them. We know that the hardships
of the soldiers fell heavily on
your shoulders, l'ou have ever treated
us as soldiers and gentleman- and more
than thisvou^^irfre'e Deenal^rfrrh-W-r
^^^tfTriBffainyourregiment. We present
you this sword as a token to eVer
show that a thousand hearts beat in
gratitude for your kindness."
Colonel Jones thanked the men for
their token, saying it was the handsomest
blade and sci-labard he had ever
seen and that never before had he ap
:_4.j
pi'tJUiaLcu itu?miug as us uiu buxo guv.
That since the enlistment of the men
he had done all in hi3 power for them
and the regiment, and to know that his
efforts had ever been appreciated was
well worth any trouble he had undergone.
When the regiment left for Cuba he
had made a promise to himself to try
and briDg it safely back to Columbia
to be mustered out, and although he
had failed in this he had brought it to
the next best place, Augusta. Several
days ago he saw Governor Ellerbe and
the governor congratulated the regiment
on the record it had made. 1 his
was natural that the men of the regiment,
who were nearly all sons of veterans,
should make a record not excelled
Vsrr QnmrifV ormTT r?r\rna TTp
U 2 OdLkJ ALL iXAVs KJ\*> T VUI.U C4.4. LUJ vw* *av
then read .letters from General Keifer
and General Douglass complimenting
the regiment. He said that he was glad
that not once had he been compelled to
use harsh words to a man in the regiment,
and not once had a maa hesitated
to obey one of his commands. He concluded
by saying; "When I return to
my home, and you all know where it is,
I intend to ask my wife to fix up a
room and put over the door a sign, 'For
the boys of the Second South Carolina.'
This wili be meant for you, every man
in the regimeut, and whenever you come
to stay with us wc will be glad to see
you. If a few come they can use the
room and if the whole regiment comes
we can go out in my oid field aod camp
again like^we have for thc_ last ten'
months. Remember, boys, 1 want you
to come and see me."?Auiusta Herald.
A Heavy Reward.
A dispatch from Atlanta says rewards
aggregating $1,000 are offered for
the arrest and delivery to the sheriff of
Campbell county of Sam Hose, the
murderer and rapist. Gov. Chandler
Thursday doubled the State's reward of
$250 and issued a special proclamation
urging sheriffs and outhorized officers
in the State to make every effort possible
to capture the Negro,' who is now
being pursued by hundreds of men and
the best bloodhounds that can be secured.
The following description of Hose
has been scattered broadcast: Sam Hose
weighs 140 pounds, is 5 feet 8 inches
tall and a mulatto of a coppery tint,
has a small black moustache and holds
his head to one side while talking. He
wears his hat well down over his forehead.
and has an affection which causes
him to jerk his head at intervals.
When last seen he had on a pair of almost
new shoes, No. 7, a pair of gray
jeans pants, brown sick coat and a mottled
hat.
Four Bales to the Acre.
A correspondent writing from Lau
rens recalls the fact that in 186'9 a Columbian
made, without fertilizers, four
bales of cotton to the acre on a lot
within the limits of Columbia. This
surely was a "record" yield. It is also
to be remembered that in 1S57 Dr. Parker
made there 200 bushels and 12
quarts of corn on one acre, a yield never
excelled in the United States until
Mr. Drake made his famous crop in
Marlboro county a few years ago.
A Wise Decision.
Gen. Brooke, it. is announced, will
treat the Cuban troops like ''soldiers
and gentlemen." That is a very proper
way to treat them, pending the aiecovery
of a reason for treating them otherwise.
They will appreciate confidence
and courtesy, we may be sure?no people
are more susceptible to kicdness?
and a great many of them do happen to
be gentlemen?State.
A Bad Outlook.
Gen. Lawton authorizes the statement
that it will take 100.000 troops to
'"pacifv" the Philippines. He can
march through Luzon with a moderate
army, he says,-but ^t will take an immoderate
one to hold th:2 points captured.
It is the story over again of Spain
in Cuba.
Desperation of Poverty.
Penniless, behind on her rent ani
hopeless of the future, Georgiana
Dwerschak, a widow, aged 2G, shot |
herself and two children Wednesday j
night at Daluth, Minn. The three !
bodies were found this afternoon. The j
children were 4 and G years of age, respectively.
Information Wanted.
Mr. John M. Cunningham of Molden
Ma3S.. ius written the secretary of
state for -information concerning one
Edward Cunningham, a wealthy planter
| and an Irishman who once lived in this
I State.
Won Them OverBigamist
Woodruff, of Xew York,
who has married over fifty wives and
has five living ia New York, has rewon
the two who were prosecuting him and
they refuse to testify against him. '
The Weather and Crops.
The week ending Monday, April 17th
averaged about two degrees per day
warmer than usual, although the first
two days were cool, with light to killing
frosts over the entire State, that injured
young corn and truck. The latter
por^'on of the week was yery warm.
.Bright sunshine was the prevailing
condition of the sky, with increasing
cloudiness and very light rain on Saturday
afternoon and night in portions of
the western and central counties. Otherwise
the week was without rain, and
uu:uttii u|Jicu vuuxujr IUI
farm work. Clay bottom lands and
heavy soils generally became somewhat
baked and crusted, iraking a light rainfall
very desirable.
Preparation of lands and planting
progressed rapidly, with a result that
corn planting was, at the close of the
week, nearing completion over-the eastern
portions of the State, and some has
been planted in all except the extreme
portions of the State. Corn that was
up was hurt to some extent- by the
frost. Some complaint of corn rotting
xl. - J - _ J 1 .
in his grouua, aaa m piaces repianung
has already been done.
Much laud for cotton was prepared,
fertilizer listed, and some upland as
well as sea island cotton was planted,
and this work will become general during
the current week.
- Tobacco plants are becoming available
for settTg^' crut, sn4- traiia,~?Zagting- has
beaun in Horry, Marion, Florence, 0>~
angeburg and Darlington counties. A
scarcity of plants is feared in sections
of the latter county.
With few exceptions, wheat and oats
are looking well and growing nicely.
Some rice, cane and truck wr.s planted.
Pasturage very scant for the season.
Unfavorable reports concerning neaches
continue, with a few localities where
half a crop is indicated. Pears, apples
and cherries are as yet but little injured.
J. Yv~. Bauer.
Can't Compete With Texas.
Something The State has been trying
to rub into the farmers of South Carolina's
for years now comes from Liverpool,
via Washington. The Post of
that city quotes a visitor, Mr. A. J. El^ood.
'"connected with one of the big?,-t.
e ~e T ??7 "
Wltuu ill LLLS VU -UlYClJJUUi, do oajring:
"The State of Texas is getting to
be more and more the dominant factor
in the cotton situation. In a very few
years from now she will be producing
5,000,000 bales per annum, or nearly
half of the world's supply. The Texas
cotton, too, brings a higher price in our
markets than that grown in the uplands
of the Carolina's or in Georgia and Alabama:
it is of longer and stronger fiber.
There seem to bo hardly any limit to
the supply this big State can furnish,
but it is always to J)e borne iu mind
that iexa3 is ia the semi-ariaregtoar""
and there is 110 predicting when a bad
drouth may cocao along and cat the
crop down to nothing. Sooner or later
it is probable that the ofeer cotton
States, realizing their inability to coinpete
with the southwest, where- fhe
planters have nothing to expend for
fertilizing their lands, will be forced to
seek some other crop, for it costs at
least 1 cent a pound more to raise cot.ton,
we will say, in Soath Carolina than
ia Texas. The difference seems small
but it is enough to impoverish one and
enrich the.other/' Paste that on your
grocery bills, farmers of South Carolina!?State.
Survivors' Association.
J ust before be'ing mustered out the
men of the Second South Carolina Regiment
organized a survivors' association.
Major Havelock Eaves was called to the
chair and Lieutenant J. W. Caller of
Co. E appointed secretary. A committee
consisting of Major Havelock Eaves,
chairman, and Captain W. W. Wanna
maker, of Co. E. Captain S. J. McCaughrin,
of Co. G-, was appointed to
draft a Constitution and by-la^s, and to
repert at the next meeting, which w:ll
be held at the next State fair at Columbia,
S. C. The following officers were
elected for che first term: ^
. President?Col. "Wilie Jones.
First Vice President?Lieut. Col.
Henry T. Thompson.
Second Vice President?Major Havelock
Eaves.
T7? ? r> J .?j. r T
jlnira vice rresident?-uajor o. o.
Wagener. .
Fourth Vice President?Corporal
Wm. C. Owen, of Co. C.
Secretary?Sergeant Major Frank
Frederick.
Treasurer?Capt. J. L. Perrin.
Executive Committee?Co. A, Lieut.
E. E. Cos; Co. B, Lieut R. Lawton
Dargan; Co. C, Lieut. H. L. Spahr; Co.
D, Lieut. J. Kelley; Co. E, Lieut. J.
W. Culler; Co. F. Lieut. Houze; Co. G,
Lieutenant Dukes; Co. H, Lieutenant
Cheatham: Co. I, Lieutenant C. J.
Epps: Co. K, Sergeant J. A. Berry;
Co. L, Lieut. T. S. Moorman; Co. M,
Lieut. W. T. Ellerbe; Siaff. Capt. L.
M. Haselden; Hospital Corps. Dr. J. E.
Poore; Band. Sergeant Eskew.
Pressley's Parlors.
Mr. D. A. Pressley, of Columbia,
who represents the Ludden & Bates
Southern Music House, has just fitted
up his exhibition parlors. Here may
be found specimens of the standard instruments
which he handles?Mathu-,
shek pianos, Mason & Hamlin and
Sterling Organs. These are first-class
instruments of established reputation.
Mr. Pressley invites lovers of music
and admirers of high grade instruments
to give him a call. He stands ready,
also, to give prompt attention to all
inquiries addressed to him by majl.
See advertisement in another column.
t t +
XliC YCU -LiiVCS ?
The fishing schooner Elisa of Beverly,
Capt. Hopkins, which sailed from
Hyannis last wcc-k for fishing grounds,
struck on Rose aiid Crown shoals and
11 of the crew of 14 men were lost. The
three survivors reached Siasconset
Mass., in the schooner's dory Tuesday.
They report that the schooner is a total
loss. ;
A Hint to Farmers.
More rice has been planted in the
Lexington '"Fork" than ever before and
rice mills have been put up at Chapio
aod Irmo. This is an example wiuchy
of wide emulation. Upland rice is one
of the best crops our people can plant.
Every farmer should have at least a
patch of it.?S'ate
The cruiser Raleuh, one of Dewey's
victorious ships, will be in Charleston
Harbor during reunion week. 1
SECOND REGIMENT.
The Boys Mustered Out m Augut"V
' * *" '
ta Last Wednesday.
MADE A GOOD RECORD*
Men Bshaved Well After Getting
Their Citizen's Papers and
Pay. Summary of The -
Record.
A spscial dispatch to The Sfcatre-'M?
Augusta says ths Second South, i
na voluateer infantry was muster
of service there Wednesday, ace
to the schedule made three week
Three paynusters began work JA
o'clock and the work wa3 all co
in five hoars, and the maj^
the inj'a on their way^SJ
homes. Th* Atlantic Coast
Orangebnrg and Samter, r^^^pecuQ*
train besides its regp&r paesenger
train, and took away probably half the
regiment. The jcwn received in the .
$10,000.
A majority of the lieutenants and
the field and staff officers were paid, but
captains and other officers who had re
ceipted to U ucle bam will get nothing
till accounts are audited and found
correct. - .
Tuesday night 40 or 50 soldiers paraded
around camp, beating tin pans
and exhibiting enthusiasm. This was
kept^u'p till very late. Nothing but
good temper was shown. Two big
camp fires were burned all night.
Up to the time of leaving Wednesday
evening the South Carolina ex-soldiers '
behaved themselves in a very creditable
manner. No complaint had been
VvTT A TXHATTAfff fllA " ^
1CUUCICU v J C1XC piUVUSb gUALVL, ?Uv ?
only arre3t being a man who had his
coat unbuttoned. The special train on
the South Carolina and Georgia took^
the Orangeburg contingent and the
colonel and staff, who were invited to
attend a banquet in that town Wednesday
night. .?
Four companies of the Second South
Carolina regiment marched from the
fair grounds to Shaadon, in Columbia,
21st, last. Thp. rifttefl ftf enlistment
for most of the men being May 5th, in
15 days these den, would have been in
the service one year, the organization,
the independent or first battalion, being
the first from the Slate for the war
with Spain. One company was taken
from it to.fill the first regiment, the
BattalTIon being ^filled a second time
Jane 15th. It was. commanded till/
Aagost 23a, when the"Seec2ftLxeguaeirt^
was organized, by Maj. Henry T.
Thompson who then became lieutenant
colonel, second in command to CoL
Jones. Oq September 15th, we went to
Jacksonville. October 22d. to Savan*
nah, and Jaauary 3d to Cuba," return
ing here three weeks ago. In that
time nearly thirty men have died of
disease.
In Jacksonville as many as 300 men
were on the sick books at the same
time. While the service, for some
months has been a drag on officers and
men, it was with feelings of regret that *
the members of the regiment'- parted.
Friendships have been formed between -officers
and men that will fee iife lasting.
They have not had the opportu
LLLLJ KJX. OiaUUiU^ UUUCl Or vauv
py of smoke, but they volunteered to
meet the fortunes of war, and would
have dune their duty as Carolinians
have done before, had opportunity presented
itself.
The soldiers were of the kind who
nail stand fisrhfcincr better than the mo
notony of camp life. The men of at
least ooe captain came to him this
morning and said th^tjf he "got to go"
to the Philippines to call on them. It
is prpposed to have a reunion of the
regiment in Columbia daring each State
fair, and the event must be a very
pleasureable one.
Guarding Against Disease.
The State board of health of North
Carolina has ordered that all second
hand clothing shipped from New Yerk
must be accompanied by a certificate o
the health authorities of the city from
vhich the shipment is made, that the
clothing has been disinfected JL certificate
should also be required as to
whether the clothing was made in sweat
shops or not. Much of tie cheap clothing
of New York is made in the dirty
homes of people, many of them diseased,
and the new clothing carries germs
and causes contagious diseases to
spread.
Death In a iuarricane.
Advices by the Australian steamer
give details of a hurricane in March, _
previously reported, which cost 404
lives. One colored pearl diver has
.eached dry land with two women after
swimming four days. Many porpoises
were found fifty feet on the beach
thrown up by the waves. Stones were
imbedded in trees to a depth of six
inches. Rocks weighing tons were
thrown up. Two colored women swam
ten hourswith children loaded on their,
back*, but the children were eead when
they landed. The beaches of Queensland
are strewn :with dead fishes and
birds. . .....
Not' Eligible.
A woman cannot be' a notary public,
Such was the reply of the attorney gen.
eral Thursday to a query from Hon. JW.
Ragsdale of. Timmottsville. The
constitution provides that no one shall
hold office except a qualified elector,,
and women cannot vote in this State. ,
The only offices exempted by the con- , >
stitution ara those of librarian and departmental
clerks. '
A Fearful Becord...
According to statistics gathered re;
srnrdinjr the bubonic plague it isestima
ted that there have been 250,000 deaths ^
recorded in India since its begifiaang. - ? ""
These figures, however, are far below
he actual total, as the natives are
known to have concealed quite a number
of deaths.
A Kentucky paper says the election
law in that - state is sure to result in a
Democratic victory "as long as she returning
boards consist of two reliable
Democrats and one unreliable \lepubli*
can."

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