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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, May 03, 1899, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-05-03/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL LI 11 " WTNX8BQKO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. MAY 3, 1899. " NO. 39. .J
llgfk . I
A HOT SKIRMISH, j
I
Insurgents in Large Force cn ths j
Banks of the Sagbav.
I
THEY DISPUTE OUR PASSAGE j
/
Several Americans Killed and!
1
Wounded Before the Filipinos
Retreat. They are
*? eu i tiicuAdvices
from Manila say that Gen.
MacArthur's division fought its way to
the Filipino trenches before Calumpit
"Wednesday, advancing four miles, mostly
through woods and jungle and crossing
the Bagbay river. This was accomplished
at a cost to the Americans of
six killed and twenty-eight wounded,
the Firtt South Dakota regiment being
the heaviest loser.
After fording the river the South Dai
kotans pursued the insurgents to the
outskirts of Calumpit, but the town was
found so strsngly protected that Gen.
MacArthur deemed it best to withdraw
_the tired fighters and to go into camp
for a night's rest before making the final
assault. The largest buildints in Calumpit
were being fired by the Filipinos
while the Americans were crossing the
river fully a mile away, indicating the
* enemy's intention to abandon the place.
The insurgents seem to have adopted
- --aaKJ 1 T "PrAm ATIA TlCl
a seiueu puuu.v ?. *.
sition to another, after inflicting the
greates' possible damage upon the advancing
army. Their forces today wore
well drilled. Every foot of the groand
was tenaciously disputed by thoroughly
organized troops "who stood remarkably
firm even before artillery. The enemy
had planned tc wreck our artillery
transport train. This attempt was a
failure, but a span of the iron railway
bridge over the river was destroyed,
hampering the An-erican transportation
for some time. The Filipinos cut the
girders, intending to hate the structure
fall with the train, but it collapsed prematurely
of its own weight.
The Bagbay river ^hich is about a
hundred yards wide at mat point, was
splendidly fortified, ana the Americans
'were compelled to approach across an
open space from which the rebels had
cleared every obstruction to sight. The
bank of the river, a high bluff, was
surmounted with trenches, capped with
rocks, loopboled and partly hidden by
bushes. Gen. Wheaton's brigade ap proached
the river along the railroad,
leaving camp beyond Malolos City.
* Gen. Hale's which started yesterday
was earlier on the march, andsweeping
westward toward the railroad. The armored
train was being pushed by Chinamen,
the Twentieth Kansas regiment
advancing in extended order on the left
and the First Montana regiment, with
the-Utah light artiller^ on the right.
The rapid-firicg guns of the train
? "opened the bail at 11:30 a. m., aDOut
W a mile from the river, their popping alternating
continuously with the boom
of the six pounders. The Montana regiment
and Utah artillery batteries at
the same time entered tbe jacgle, from
which the insurgents, who were occupying
a large, straggling village of huts,
poured heavy volleys. In the course of
an hour the Americans had forced a
pasgage through the woods to the open
space in front of tbe river, and the artillery,
immediately on wheeling into
the open, began shelllnc the Filipino
- - * I
ireuuues.
In the meantime, Co. K, Twentieth
Kansas, led by Capt. Boltwood, performed
one of the mcst brilliant
achievements of the campaign. The
regiment was being held in reserve and
Co. K charged a distance of a quarter
of a mile over a cornfield to the bank of
the river, near the bridge, where the
insurgehts from a trench were peppering
the armored train, then about two
hundred yards down the track. The
company found shelter in a ditch. Col
Pnrictnn for volunteer?
to cros?s the river and the colonel himself,
Lieut Ball, a private of Co. K
a private of Co E, Trumpeter Barsfidd
and Corporal Ferguson of Co. I, crawled
along the iron girders.
WhiJe this was going on the men of
Co. K from the ditch were fusilladin.
the trenches in the endeavor to divert
attention, but the Filipinos got the
range from a trench down the river
and their bullets soo^ spattered the
water under the structure. Having
reached the broken span, the small but
valorous party of Americans slid down
the caisson, swaru a few yards to the
shore and crawled up the bank, the little
colonel leading the way to the
trenches, revolver in hand, whiie tiie
few remaining Filipinos bolted.
Col. Funston said afterward: {iIt
wasn't much to do. "We knew they
could not shoot straight and th&t our
boys would attend to tbeni while we
were cro?sing. Gen. Hale's troops, on
the right, had the hardest fighting.
They followed the north bank of the
river nearest the to^n, from the east,
with ..he First Nebraska regiment on
the left and the First South Dakota
ana the Fifty-first Iowa beyond.
The country traversed was mostly
jungle but tbe Filipinos stood their
ground even in the open spaces.
Gen. Hale's riirht joined Gen. Whea
ton's left soon after neon, a curve in
the river enabling the Americans to
oouran enfilading lire into the enemy's I
r trenches. About this time the cheers
^ of the Kansas troops anuounced that
the Americaos had crossed the river.
Gen. Hale's men began to ford the Chi
co, a branch of the Bagbay, stretching
to the northeast.' The general himself
plunged in up to his neck, and the regiments'
all carrying flags, floundered
across the stream?.. The guns of the
Utah light artiilery were dragged over
nest and formed into an extended iice.
to advance upon the trenches before
Calampit, from which Ihe Filipinus
were pouring continuous voilejs.
The armored car had one man killed
and two wounded. The Kansas regiment
bad three wounded during the
charge md the Utah light srtiilery one
killed and t^o wounded. Most of the
other casualties befell the South Dakota
regiment. It is difficult to estimate
the insurgent losses, but they had no
fewer than 70 killed, many of them by
artillery.
DEATH AND STIItf.
More than a Hundred People Killed
by a Cyclone.
A special from Kirksville, Mo., says:
A gathering storm that had been theater:
ing all afternoon broke upon Kirksville
at 6.30 o'clock Thursday night in
all the fury of a cyclone. A path a
quarter of a wile wide and as clean as
the prairie was swept through the eastern
Dortions of the city and four nun
dred buildings, homes and mercantile,
were leveled to the ground in scattered
rains. In the heavy rain that followed
the people who had escaped turned out
to rescue the injured. For two hours
not much was accomplished as all was
confusion, but by 8 o'clock 26 dead
bodies were taken from the ruiDS. It
is confidently expected that the list of
dead will reach between 50 and 60, if
it does not exceed that. Almost a
thousand people were more or less injured.
Daylight will be necessary before the
adequate estimate of loss of life and
propert} can be had. Each blanched
face reports a new calamity. Intense
darkness prevailed after the cyclone,
nnd the rescurers were at a disadvantage
for a short time until Sre broke out in
a dozen places in the ruin3 and shed
light over the scene. No attempts
were made to extinguish the ?ames.
partly because the rescurers had no
time and partly because of the need of
light. On both sides of the storm's
path the debris was piled high and
burned fiercely. In all probability a
number of bodies have bten incinerated.
The storm first struck the eastern
portion of the city near that part occupied
by the boarding houses of the
students of the American School of
Osteopathj. State Normal school, and
McWard's seminary. It was just supper
time for the students, and it is
thought very probabie the list of - dead
wiil be well filled with students, as a
large number of these boarding houses
were demolished. As far a? known tonight
these three institutions of Jearn'
~ J ct/vrm T'}l0 stftrm
lug cstapcvx HUb OIV/1UI.
then went northwest and wiped out
Patterson's nursery, pulling the trees
out the ground ana hurling them
through the city. A second edition of
the cyclone followed the first 20 minutes
later. It came as an inky black
cloud and covered the whole town but
passed above the houses, doing no material
damage. It undoubtedly struck
the ground a few miles out of Kirksville.
~
THE EACE QUESTION.
A Disturbing Feature at the Sunday
School Convention at Atlanta.
The race question was a disturbing
feature at Thursday morning's session
of the iaternational Sunday school convention.
It made its appearance in
two ways?the endeavor of Georgia and
Soutii Uarolina negroes to place coiorea
men on the committee on nominations
with -whites, and by reason of the fact
that the convention in permitting negro
delegates to be seated with whites is
violating not only the city ordinance
but the State law, which requires that
white and blacks be separated at all
public gatherings.
The trouble came up during the selection
of delegates to form the committee
on nominations. When Geogria
was reached on the roll call a negro
delegate nominated E. R. Garter, colored,
of Atlanta, as Georgia's member
on the committee. This was objected
to by John M. Green, of Atlanta, second
vice president of the association,
whr> informed the convention that
Georgia's choice was W. S. Whitman.
A negro from South Ci?roiina then
placed in nomination a colored man
from his State. Considerable confusion
and escitcment ensued. Thjre were mo
tions ana counter motions in attempt
settle the matter, and, after a heated debate,
both whites and blacks were eiect-ed
to the nominating committee.
This matter was hardly adjusted before
the news that the police were attempting
to separate the white3 and the
blacks spread. This brought out a flood
of oratory on the question from both
white and colored delegates. The pre>idiDg,
officer Mr. Green, said the matter
of seating delegates was made plain to
the Northern delegates when the convention
was spoken of for Atlanta, and
it was then perfectly satisfactory. A
conference was called between the ponce
and 'Jul. Candler, in charge of the
entertainment committee, and it was
finally decided to let the delegates sit
as they wished. The balance of the
morning session was given over to the
reports of officers.
Baager of Mob Law.
The murder of the \aegro Strickland,
is one cf the instances of the unreasoning
character of a mob. The idea of
allowing a wretch like Hose by hi3 unsupported
word to pronounce the death
ieutencc of another. He might have
named any person in the community,
arid so far as the evidence goes no Negro
in the community was less guilty
than old Lige Strickland. Let this
mob spirit continue unbridled, and the
victims will not always be Negroes
Whfin a hnwlinsr. bloodthirstv and un
lessoning mob starts into stringing up
white men without a hearing, lynching
will not be viewed with such complaisance.?Augusta
Chronicle.
Political Reformers.
An invitation has been 3ent to Govtrnor
Ellerbe to attend the national social
and political conference to be held
at Buffalo. June 28 -July 4. The conference
is said to be for projrressive men
and women of various political and social
beliefs to consider the present condition
of American politico and economics
and what is the nest best thing to
do in social political and industrial affairs.
The invitation denies that it is
the object of the conference to form a
political parry.
Pensions Ueiayea.
The Columbia Record says prospective
pensioners are writing from various
parts oi the state for their money, but
as several counties still have not completed
the rolls the money cannot be
divided. An inc e :se is showD in nearly
every county, and the sum going to
each will be pitifully small co npared
with what they ought to get, if the state
were able to give it.
ICAPTURED BANNER.!
i i
1
j
j A Confederate Soldier's Story of j
Gaine's Mill Fight,
i
I
| BRAVE MEM FROM MICHIGAN j
V
Their Fiag Will be Returned if It
Can be Found. A Palmetto |
Sharpshooter i ens ot
the Battle.
In the Greenville Mountaineer, Col.
James A. Hoyt, who was a member of
Co. C., Palmetto sharpshooter?, gives
some personal reminiscences of the battle
of Gaines' Mill, in which the Palmetto
Sharpshooters captured the flag of
the Sixteenth Michigan.
It will be remembered that Gov. Ellerbe
recently received a letter from
Lieut. Pi. T. Lackie of Detroit askiDg
fur the returu of the flag and no information
was at hand in regard to the
whereabouts of the captured banner.
On this point Col. Eoyt sa}s:
;;We can speak with confidence for
the survivors of the Palmetto Sharptlist
Wfirft it DOSSible foi* the
flag to be returned, every man of them
would gladly give his consent, but along
with other captured flais the beautiful
silken banner of the Sixteenth Michigan
was destroyed in thci conflagration
which swept Columbia on the 17th of
February, 1865. This flag had been
deposited for safe keeping in the old
state hou:;e, a wooden building, which
was among the first sacrifices in the
memorable fire which laid waste the
capital of South Carolina. The writer
remembers the inscription as it is given
by Mr. Lackie, and recalls the admiration-,
w^iinVi Vvn -Pftlf. fnp tin* m^n who
stood so nobly beneath the flag and who
surrendered it with such reluctance.
The fate of war had overtaken them,
and nowjifter 37 years the remnant of
a heroic band are searching in vain for
this emblem of their state and country
which had fallen into the custody of
erstwhile enemies."
Before the publication of Mr. Lack
ie's letter, Col. Hoyt had prepared for
publication in the Confederate Veteran
an account of the battle of Gaines' Mill,
and because of the publication of Mr.
Lackie's account Col. Hoyt has published
ia The Mouutaineer his story of
the fight which differs very slightly
from the report given by the Michicron
cnlHipr (Jol. Hovt writes asfol
lows:
Editor Confederate Veteran:
la the February issue of your excellent
magazine I find the report of a
Federal soldier as to the part borne by
his brigade on the extreme left of their
line at the battle of Gaines' Mill, Va.,
on the 27th of June, 18G2. As I was a
member cf the Palmetto Sharpshooters,
which captured the flag of the Sixteenth
Michigan to which Mr. Lackie belonged,
I will give you a brief account of
the action of R. H. Anderson's brigade
in that fight. Mr. Lackie is mistaken
in saying that Col. Micah Jenkins (not
Jennings, as he has it), was in command
of the brigade, as will appear later on.
Anderson's brigade was composed of
South Carolinians, and the five regiments
are properly designated, except
that the Fourth was only a battalion at
that time. The Second rifles had arrived
only a few weeks before from
South Carolina, and was participating
for the first time in an engagement.
This brigade was one of three forming
Longstreet's original division as it was
organized at Centerville, and had been
held in reserve all the afternoon. Gen.
Longstreet says it was near sundown
when this reserve was sent forward to
reclaim the day which was then well
nigh lost, but the intense fighting had
thinned tho enemy's ranks and fouled
nrrnu crt errsafrlTT tint. mil* l&St
?)U,u.a W?V AJ ******
charge won the field, which gave the
victory to the Confederates and compelled
Gen. McClellan to make for his
guu boats on the James river.
In going forward with the assaulting
column, Anderson's bsigade was on the
extreme right of the Confederate line,
and dashed down the slope and into the
ravine, above, which were the enemy's
batteries ancl lines of infantry with
temporary entrenchments. Anderson
pressed up the steep ascent across the
riviue and met with little resistance, although
under a constant fire, while the
I ~ rri r? (t ttti r h xr} or.^r nn
k/ailvlC *1 OO lajtujj IT1WU M4VAW T *0v? V ?
our left where Hood's and Pickett's bvieades
were engaging the federals. We
press'd to the front in pursuit of broken
liues which were moving towards the
main body of McOlellan's army and
bence getting in front of Hood and
Pickett, who drove everything before
them. It was a moment of iutense
anxiety. The sun had set, and the
smoke of battle was drifting off to the
valley of the Chickahominy just beneath
the hill on which we had charged the
enemy's lines.
Gen. Anderson, with the gallent
Sixth, the Second rifles and the Fourth
battalion, moved straight forward for
I ftverai hundred vards after we reached
the open oq the crest of the hill, and
he had directed Col. Mieah Jenkins, of
the Palmetto Sharps hooters, to take his
own command aud the Fifth South Carolina
under Col. Jackson, aad move towards
the Chickahomiuv, in order to
protect the right -flank of Lie's army.
Ir was not imagined that there were any
Federals in that vicinity, buo it was
rapidly nearing night, aud at ihe time
was accepted ouly as a wise precaution
which i>oun resulted iu a brisk aud de
cidedengagement. Stocktuu'sSixteenth
Michigan regiment aud the EighfyThi:d
Pennsylvania, under Col. Johu
W. MoLaue. had been completely cut
off by our movemeut from their army,
aud Col. Stockton assumed command of
the semi-brigade, undertaking to extricate
his command from the perilous
position. His troops came from the
woods and on the slope towards the
Chickahoruiny, and it was supposed
that he was seeking an escape dowu the
valley, under cover of the smoky atmosphere
and the fast falling shadows of
the evening. Col. Jackson with the
Fifth South Carolina was on the crest
of the hill, and he reported at once to
Col. Jenkins that troops were moving
oit from the wooas on our right, and in
a few minutes the head of the column
was visible to the Palmetto Sharpshoot
ers, a hundred yards down the hill.
Col. Jenkins instantly prepared to give
battle if necessary, and it was a magnificent
sight to look upon these men
marching so steadily, but their flags
were furled or at least the folds were
too indistinct to know whether they
were friends or foes. The Sixteenth
Michigan was in front, and when it ap
proached oar vicinity Col. Jenkins demanded
to know what troops they were,
to which no response was made. In
silence they came on, only the steady
tramp breaking the suspense, when
Jenkins shouted that he would fire upon
them unles3 they told to which army
they belonged, and yet there was no response.
Their column was not more
than 50 yards in our fron^ marching by
the flask, while our men were at tlie
ready, and as the head of their column
came in front of our color company, the
officer in command broke the silence
by say, ?:Halt! Front!" to which Jenkins
replied, '"Fire," and our volley
made deadly work in their ranks. They
quickly returned the fire, when Jenkins
ordered the charge, and in a few minutes
the incident was over. The Fifth South
Carolina and the, Eighty-Third Pennsylvania
had a similar experience on the
hill, and resulting in the same way.
The Sharpshooters secured the flag of
the Sixteenth Michigan, a beautiful
banner that was never trailed in the
dust, and as Mr. Lackie says, it was
seat to the governor of our state, who
deposited it with other captured flags
in the old state house, which was destroyed
on the 17th of February, 1865,
by the careless manner in which Gen.
Sherman's men were handliag lire on
that day in Columbia.
The loss of the Sixteenth Michigan
in tliat, hrief en-zacement was 47 killed.
11-i wounded and 53 missiDg, making a
iotal of 214, in addition to the prisoners
taken. I was sent by Col. Jenkins
with a detail to look after the. wounded
and prisoners, and my recollection is
that the killed, wounded and ^captured
reached 375, while those reported missing
fled to the swamp below. Col. T.
B. Scockton was mortally wounded, and
a more gallant soldier was never on any
battlefield.
The Eighty-Third Pennsylvania lost
46 killed, 51 wounded and 99 missing,
making a total of 196 casualties, out of
the 554 present, according to Federal
staistics. Col. McLane was killed. This
? ^ :J i? n?
regiment was suiu uy vjcu. m^wicnau iv
be one of the best in the Federal army,
while another has said that it encountered
more fighting and lost more
men in battle than any other Pennsylvania
regimeut, its losses being the second
highest in that army.
Truly, these were '"foemen worthy of
cur st ;el,'? and the fight between them
and the Sou'.h Carolina regiments is the
only incident of the kind in the war be
tween the states, so far as I know.
Then there was the meeting once
more at Appomattox! I was not therej
on account of a disabling wound received
a few months before, for whi^h
I am carrying a crutch at this day. Dut
my comrades told me with sadness and
yet satisfaction that they stacked arms
in front of the Sixteenth Michigan.
'"What regiment is that?" It was the
unanswered question at Graines7 Mill, I
but this time tlie response was, "Pal- I
metto Sharpshooters!" and the Michigan
boys broke ranks again, but it was
to rush across the line that was no longer
to divide them, and press the hands
of the South Carolinians, the remnant
of the command that bore off their flag
nearly three years before. The heroic
Jenkins was not there, for his gallant
soul had gone to a better land, but
there were 29 officers and 355 privates,
the largest number of men at the final
surrender ef any regiment in the Army
of Northern Virginia.
Haversacks and canteens were opened
to tne famished ikrebs" by the Michigan
soldiers, and there wa3 rejoicing
amid the gloom of Appomattox, by men
who had faced each other squarely on
the field of battle ana had made the
truest test of each other's manhood. It
is a singular fact that the Sixteenth
Michigan and the Palmetto Sharpshooters
organized for special service in
the respective armies, and yet neither
fulfilled this purpose; the heavy losses
in 1862 prevented. The Sixteenth was
known as ""Stockton's Independent regimen*,"
and it had 12 companies; the
Sharpshooters were organized under a
special act of the Confederate congress
for sharpshooting as an independent
regimeat, and also with 12 companies
The Sixteenth has a record of 870 killed
and wouoded. The Sharpshooters had
a loss of 750 killed and wounded from
May 5,1362, to Juae30, 1862, less than
60 days, including the battles of Williamsburg
Seven Fines, Gaines' Mill
and Frazisr's farm.
Some where there ought to be a reunion
of the Sixteenth Michigan and
the Palmetto Sharpshooters! Louisville.
Ky., may repeat its invitation to
the Confederate veterans, and that
would b? a glorious opportunity next
year for the survivors of these commands
to meet each other once more.
What a flood of reminiscences would be
poured forth, and under the flag of a
reunited country we would pledge anew
our fidelity to each other, recoguizing it
as the emblem of freedom and of unity,
representing a broad nationality that
embraces the whole union of indestructible
states. James A. Hoyt,
Co. C., P. S. S.
Greenville, S. C.
Drowned in the Pee Dee.
On the night of March 30 Private
Frank Gough of the First Rhode Island
regiment, who had been mu-teicd out
at Columbia was on his way home and
stepped i?r fell from the Atlantic Coast
Line atPte Dee station, in Florence
ciuutv. Nothiusr wa-5 heard of him,
and after four days the Coast Li ue
authorities had tiie swamp and river
near the station searched and dragged
for a week, bat without avail. The
mystery wa3 unraveled on Sunday,
when an old Negro, who was coming up
the Pee Dee river in a boat two miles
from the railroad bridge, found the
b'>dy of Gough. in some tree limbs,
where it had floated and lodged. The
body was identified, though in a horrible
state of decomposition, and has been
prepared for burial and shipped to the
volunteer's home in Rhode Island.
The VVaxhaw Enterprise says: "Sometimes,
when we ask merchants for advertisements,
they tell us that they
really have nothing that it would pay
them to advertise. That is equal to
saying that they have nothing worth
letting the people know about. Now
su pose that the people knew such to
be the case.''
k.
A BRAYING BISHOP.!
j |
The Georgia Lynching Subject for j
|
Fiery Discourse.
* I
NORTHERN PEOPLE WARNED 1
(
13
They Must Rescue the Negro or j
Pay the Penalty in Blood. 5
3
Bishop Walters Lets i
Down the Bars. t
The Xew Jersey annual conference '
of the African Methodist Episcopal J
Zion church was opened Wednesday in
Jersey City. Bishop Alexander Wal- ters,
D. D., presided.
The visiting bishops were: J. "W. ^
Hood. D. D., LL. D ; C. C. Petty, A. i
xf tv t\ t> rr t\t\ n TIT t
oi., u. v.; ti. ii. narris v. v.; ur. vv. ;
Clinton, D. D., and J. B. Small, D. D. j
Bishop "Walters in his address at the ?
afternoon session bitterly denounced t
the Georgia lynchings and said:
' 'The civilized world has been shocked 1
by the unprecedented butchery and j
burning of Samuel Hose, colored, near t
Palmettb, Ga., on Sunday, April 23. '
The fiendishnrss of the crime begcars ;
j i a 1 ?a .
uescripiiuu. OiLUUUi I-LUSC vvu3 uuuigcu *
with killing Alfred Crauford, white aDd ,
assaulting bis (Cranford's) wife. It is \
said that he confessed to the killing of f
Cranford but denied to the last assault- (
ing his wife. It is generally believed t
by the fair-minded that if Hose did kill 1
Cranford it was to avenge the killing of
five colored men by a mob said to have 1
been ied by Craaford at .falrnetto ?
March 18."After
referring to newspaper com- t
ments that Hose outraged Mrs. Cran- t
ford, the bishop asserted that the charge e
or assault was manufactured as a justi- 1
fication for the lynchiuz, adding that a
* l:. ?
WlfcQlU a lUrtUlgUL LU5 M.<llCUICUb nuuiu ;
be inefutably established.
"If." said bishop Walters, "the'good c
white people of the north are not di
aliu-iioned and do not put a stop to this t
sweeping tide of lawlessness, it will not v
be long before they will be again cailed t
upon by a God of justice to give their c
best blood to pay the penalty of the j
crimes of the South." t
Continuing, Bishop Walters said: (
{;The Cubans and Filipiaoes whom we i
have spent so much money and shed so j
much blood to free from Spanish op- t
pression, were never treated so bar'oari- ^
ousiy in time of peace by that govern- f
ment as some Negroes have been ia the ;
states of Arkansas, Texas, North Carolina,
South Catolina and Georgia.
"It is rather amusing to intelligent
Afro-Americans to road in the great
dailies and weeklies of our country of r
the purpose of the Americans to give J
to the Cubans and Filipinos an equitable
and beneficient government, when
they are powerless to even secure life
and liberty to their citizens at home.
'"The greatest problem op America a
today is not the currency question, nor 1
the colonial possessions, but how to P
avoid the racial war at home. You 1
ftannnt fnrpver the Nefirro Out of s
his rights. Slavery made a coward of ^
him; for 250 years he was taught to >
fear the white man. But he is rapidly j1
emerging from such slavish fear aud j *
ere long will contend for his rights as j ^
bravelyas any other man. *
"One of two things must be done in -?
n-rrtar to avnid trouble. The Xecro i ^
must be treated fairly or furnished j 2
with sufficient money to return to the 2
land from whence his ancestors were E
stolen. It would be a burning shame E
on the boasted Christian civilization of a
America to be obliged to confess before 1
the nations of the world that she was 1
unable to overcjme her prejudice 0
against the ^egro and therefore expa- f
triated him. 1
"Those who speak flippantly of our r
extermination will find, when that 1
work is begun, that all the white people
of America will not be against the ?
Xegro, any more than they were during *
the civil war. a
"Why will not the intelligent and E
far-seeing white people call a halt to c
these injustices bufors it is too late? a
Have they so soon forgotten the histo- jry
of the past? It was the policy of . ^
conciliation and the condoning of the ?
sin of slavery that led to the loss of so 1
much blood and treasure. Well did '
Thomas Jefferson say before the con- *
flict, in speaking of the injustice of
TTrV?^/\a f/\rr*?-*v4 flia KI^AITC* tTT!V| 1P ^
VT LLibc^a buiraiu tuv w.uuitu*
for the future of my country when I J
remember that God is just.' "
'The first Sunday ia June lias been *
set apart as a day of fasting and prayer *
to Almighty God for aid in this hourof *
distress by the bishops of the colored s
Methodist church aad ministers of J
other colored denominations through- J1
out the country. 1
"We appeal to all white ministers *
and Christians who believe in fair play '
fr> nnit.P vrif.li us in 011/ nelition." c
Commenting on the above the Co- 2
lumbia State savs: "Bishop Walters
of the A. M. E. church is miking trouble
for his race by such speeches as that c
at Jersey City. If they adopt his theo
ry that by violeace they can revenge 0
themselves upon the white people of
f.lif* smith fnr anfth ftscentional crimes
as thos^ in Georgia they will be wiped x
out It is a fatal idea to cherish. The *
Nv-gro's only hope is in peace and law.
Iu a race conflict he must inevitably
and signally fail Tlie Negro leader will ?
do the best service to their race by admitting
and combating its crimes as the ^
white Dulnit and cress admit and com- ^
Dat the crimes of white men. Krcriiu 1
ination a'id threat* are purely m<s
chievuus. Each race must try to re
form itself." *
Onr.Losses. c
In MeClnre's Magazine for May, 0.i- 2
ear King Davis, the correspondent oi' 1
the New York Sun at Manila, will re- e
late some stories and trive some ram in- r
iscences of Admiral Dewey as Mr. Da- v
vis himself has seen and kno.rs hioi e
during months of service beside him at 1
Manila. In the war with Spain welo-!t I
279 men killed and 1,465 wounded in
battle, and active hostilities lasted but 1
113 days. Id the war with the Filipi- ?
nos, which has lasted since the 6ih of 1
August, we have lost 240 in kiiiedsome r
1,2(J0 wounded and a number mis^iDg 1
or prisoners not definitely stated, as *
well as between 500 and 600 dead of ?
disease. -
NAVY CLAIMS THE CREDIT, j
I
i rr
Captain "Wilde Declares General Mil-!
ler's Promotion Was Unearned. !
Capt. G. F. Wilde, U. S. N., of the c
United States, ship Boston, has protest- p
;d asainat the promotion of Colonel
Miller to * brigadier generalship as a 0
reward for the capture of Iloilc. It ap- ^
iears that this caDture was effected eii- u
:--i- ; i ?
.ill;iv yv iiavai xuioca uuai'i wug wll- j j
a a ad of Captain Wilde, aad that it was ! c
jot until after the capture had been j "
effected that the place was turned over i 11
:o Colouel Miller, who up to ih&t time ti
iad nothing to do with its capture. cj
rhis action is endorsed by Admiral n
Dewey.
Captain Wilde's protest comes too 11
ate to be effective, as Colonel Miller r<
vas promoted to a brigadier generalship r<
February 15 in recognition of his ser- c<
rices in the capture of Uoilo and was i*
etired in that grade March 27 by opera d
;ion of law on account of'ags. He was r<
n command of the expedition sent *
:roin Manila for the capture of Uoilo, li
md the cruisers Boston and Petrel were K
sent with him to render assistance.
While the vessels of the expedition
vere lying off the port, the nativgs be;an
to strengthen their defenses, and
ired several shots at the Petral. which f<
-'essel was anchored nearest the shore. 1!
Fhe commander of that small warship p,
nrnl rftf-p.ivpd nermiasion of Can- n:
:ain Wilde, of the Boston, to respond, tl
it tliis time, according to naval ad- ti
;ices, General Miller's traosports were p:
'ar out in the roadstead. Without w
sommunicathg with General Miller the re
;wo warsbi- s opened fire on the shore F
jatteries, s-d soon silenced them. n
Lieuten;irit Niblack. of the Boston, n
anded with a battalion of marines and pi
iailors and took possesion of the town, si
["hey captured the insurgent flags on ft
he governor's house and on the bat- u
;eries. and turned the citv over to Gen- tl
iral Miller an hour or so later. Th^y ; oi
:ept the captured flags, however, in | sj
ipite of General Miller's demand for j
,hem.
This is the naval story of the battle j
>f Iloilo. The official report of that j
mgag? ment first received in Washing- sa
on was made by General Miller to the cc
rar department and simply announced n<
he surrender of that city to the Ameri- oi
:an forces under his command, ^ithou: U
;oing into particulars. Acting upon a
his report, and in view of the fact that b]
reueral Miller' had but a few weeks tt
nure to serve on the active list, th? fi<
jre^idcnt appointed him to a vacancy tt
hen existiosr in the list of brigadier
'ennrals H? is now on his wav humo
rom .Manila and is expected toreach
uu Francisco in a few days. gi
TUEU5D 0 UT THE CiURCH. T
b <
. G
lwo of tie Lake City Lynchers Put ^
lu
out of the Methodist Church. . j?
There was a time when Joe Newham ^
.nd Early Lee were members of the ^
dethodist Cnurcb, in Lake City. They
>aid their dues and were in good stand cc
ng. but the narnes of the pair were c?
tricken from the list last Sundiy. Dep ~0
ity .Marshall Heed, who went to Luke ^
}ity with the defendants in the lynch-. ^
ng case to secure bond, said yesferday j
rut he attended service at the Jictholist
Church oa Sunday. The Rev. Mr.
Virion, who is editor of the Dewey ^
iagle, is its pastor. After the service
rlr. K'.rton announced that Newham
,nd Lee would have to quit the congre- , ^
ation. The wife of Lee was also a | Dj
aember of the church, though she was j w
int. T;i<? m?tnr ?saif3 slif? }'3fi I
, bad husband and had suffered much on ^
hat account. It was not toid whether
he men had been turned out of the
hurch for hiving beea implicated in
he lynching, or for kaviDg told about
t when the case went to trial. At any
ate the record has been relieved of
heir names. .
When Judge Reed arrived in Lake te
zity on Sunday morning with the de- ?c
endants he said that nearly two thous
nd people, or at least he thought that a*
aany, were gathered around the depot ^
o meet the young men who had been a'
way two weeks at the big trial in r?
Charleston. He -jays there was a terri
ile amount of handshaking and hugging
nd kissing, aad there was great rejoic- {C
g throughout the 'dine. It was like Cj
he return of a victorious army home a2
rocn the front. Pr
'Why those Like City people is the be
lot s.uif," remarked "Judge" Reed
esterday. "They sure treated me
inc. I just ate barrels of strawberries
hat must have cost ten cents a strasv.
was given a carriage drive over the
own and ail the points of interest wee
hown me. At the hotel I was treated Se
ike a soldier boy and the people were
lospitab'te to beat the band. You know
l's hard for the thriving Iitte village to
ufiler under the record of the lynching. w"
^he people are go^d, and Sund iy tiie
hurchcs did a good business.?News u.
,ud Coutier. be
An EfFsctiye Protest.
The Columbia Record srys when the
Second South Carolina was mustered
ut. its members went to their Inraes y
i-ith many dollars in tLrir pockets that
rouid not have been there but for the tQ
fatchfulness of <Jol. Wilie Jon?s and i
lie prompt action of Senator Tillman. jQ
'rivates were paid S13 per month iu
im-s of p^ace and 2U per c-*nt. more,
r S15 GJ a month, in war. The Spat.nh-A;n<;riean
war w-ts ofieiallydeclared
,r. an cud on \pril 10 and the Second q
louth Carolina was mustered out ou
li? 19-h. B it rbe tr????p-i which had ao
??rved outride ?>f tne U;iited State*, aa
i the SvCoud Soiiili Ca. oliun, vwre
? ? . . ? ? . / V !
liuticu to two m<>utm cxna piy. v.> | ,i;
ii? 171K Colonel Jor:es discovered that j '
iio i>.syina>ter at A: g ;sia iuti'iide I t<> ^
;ive i:i.-> lvgi'u^ut the t.vo month's c-x- i ^
ra pay at the raic of ?13 a month,
lai tiling t!:at this was right, as the!
egicviit was mustered out af.er peace
k-a-. d :?-Lred. Colonel Jones consider- j
:d this wroiiir aud uos ia accord with j tj,
he intension of coogress and he j tv,
>romptly telegraphed Senator Ti.'lman.
k-ho just as promptly m.ide a protest to pv
he war department, with the result jthat
the paymasters at Augusta were | jy
mmediately ordered to give the Pal- \\
aetto State regiment the extra pay at ?]
he war rate. It is needless to say
hat the soldiers of that regiment are Wl
;rateful to Colonel Jones and Sen ator 0
Tillman fnr what they did. h<
OuxL NOBLE DEAD.
I
'heir Memory Honored by the United j
States Army and Navy.
The feature of memorial day exer- j
Lscs iu Savannah Y\7e<Inesduy was ths i
resence at the head o? the procession j
f two companies of the Second United !
utes infantry (regulars) under con:- j
iacd of Lieut. John L. Hines. ana the f
ring by that body of fche customary |
sdute to ths dead at the Confederate
ionument in Forsyth park. The parcipation
of the regulars in the excerises
was somewhat unexpected. Wedesday
morning the veterans' associaioii
having charge of the ceremonies
iceived a tender of escort from the
jgulars and quietly and cordially ac2pted.
This is probably the first time
x history when a salute in honor of
KtT I
tau vvuicutiaugij UU.J isw>t>u ui vu wj
igular troops of the Federal army,
ollowing the regular; there were in
ne the Confederate veterans, the local
tilitia and citizens.
TOUCHED TIEARTS IN AUGUSTA.
The Augusta Chronical says: Con;derate.
memorial day in Augusta,
399. was ra trked by one of those Laps'
occasions that so frequently in the
ast year have borne witness to the fact
lat we are one great, loving, loyal naon
united in the strongest bonds of
atriotism and brotherly love. It was
ith grateful hearts that Augustans
iwiv/wl rViA t^nrl^r nf fhr\ hands of the
ounh Illinois and Third Nebraska
!giireat3 to participate in the ceremoies
of the day. The emotions of the
eople as they saw in the same procesori
the bands in blue and the Coniderate
survivors in their old gray
oiforms were too deep for cheers, but
ic sceue is engraved upon their mem y
aad will always be one of the most
Lered pages in Augusta's history.
marines marched at vickburg.
A dispatch from Vicksburg, Miss.,
iys: The Confederate decoration day
iremonies were probably the most
stable ever heidhere. A detachment
? 75 marines aad siilors from the
aited Skates gunboat. Nashville tooit
leading part in the ceremonies. The
lue jackets were heartily cheered by
le Confederate veterans. Several ofjers
of the gunboat also took part in
te exercises.
Shot from Ambush
Alfred Tburraaa. a well-kaown No o
of Lsesburg, G-a., was shot and
tiled from ambush near that town on
hun>day. The cau^e of the tragedy is
slieved to have been revenge. When
eorge Bivins, G-eor^e Fort, and Sill
olt, the three .Negroes outraged Mrs.
iarooey in the presence of her husiad
in this county a few months ago,
Ley were run down by Thurman and
was through his eiior-ts that they
ere brought to justice and later lyochL
'ihurman at that time expressed
mself as bitter'y opposed to the crime
>uiantted by the Negroes and openly
ated that he would use all his efforts
ward their caprure, which he aid.
is life was threatened by friends of
ie dead Negroes. Ttie lynched Ne
oes' friends Had arranged to kill three
omin-^.nt white mea of the country
ho had made threats agiinst Bivios,
olfand Fort and wore about to carry
ouc when fhurman heard of it and bem
to hunt out the scheme to prevent
urdcr. He almost succeeded in com
CCUIJf KiLClUU 1U^ L IL*^ UAUC WUOl'11 O.WVAO
he a they ruraed the tables and shot
m to death in th9 road. The parties
e nearly all known and a number of
rests will be made within the nest
tf days.
Volunteer's jSxtra Pay.
The Columbia Record says Secretary
oyd Ev'acs is receiving a flood of letrs
from volunteers and those rejectL
about tne pay which it is hoped to
: gotten for them, and he states that
1 such communica-ions should be sent
the various captains, who can give
1 the neces-ary information. Those
jectsd will receive pay for the time
iey were here until iheir rejection by
ie inedi2ai examiners. It is estimatI
that about 2.0UO m'2n fall in this ;
.tegory, aud they will get oq on aver;e
of $5. The men accepted will also ;
obably get pay for the time elapsing
:tween their enlisting and acceptance.
II of this is now in process of settleent.
and the money will come through <
.e governor, if it is gotten at all. The
tvernor has put the matter in the ,
targe of Judge 0. P. Townsend and !
r. Boyd Evans, who are confident of .
ittiug the money.
Presley's Parlors. ,
AT* "H A T^f^col^rr P!nlitmViia
A'Ai XJ. X IVk'JiOJj V* vviuu^v?M|
bo represents the Ludden & Bates
rnthern Music House, has juse fitted <
) his exhibition parlors. Here may
! found specimen? of' the standard inruments
which he handles?Mathu- i
tek pianos, Mason & Hamlin and ;
.erliug Organs. These are first-class
struments of established reputation. 1
r. Pressiey invites lovers of music
id admirers of high srade instruments
give him a call. He stands^ready,
so, to give prompt attention to all
quiries addressed to him by mail.
:e advertisement in another column.
* -c_.,
?X xuauuiau o x, c?aii,u.i jlswcuEarly
Tuursd.iy murning Edward
swald, an iast,run?nt miker, agel 25
ar*, >tabbed to death his wife, Mary,
;ed 26. and their six-year old daugur,
G-us>ie. at their home,.962 -Jefferti
avenu**. Ceutr?.vil!e, a suburb of
i adeii N. J. ili then cut h's throat
rd was taken to the Cooper Ho?p?tai,
rie:e uo is not expected to live. It is
:iieve?i he became suideniy insane j
iriug the night.
An Unusual Wedding Gift
A ra'.Ser unusual weldiug preseita-!
ju wa?> m:iue in Washiujrtoti a day or '
r-j ago. i Utt bnoe was .urs. .ucivay, j
e divorced wife of (xordua McKay, u )
bode Lsla;id luiilionaire. The bride- i
coin '.va-j Ilurr voa Breuaiug, fortneraa
atiaclic u? the German legation at
"a-hington. The preSsut ia qu-'S i m
LUO.000 worth of securities, seut to
le bride by her former husbaad as a
eddiug gift. It would be interesting
kiiow it Mr. MjKay congratulated
i bride or the gioom.
SUMMER SCHOOLS
To Be Held In Each County to
Teach the Teachers.
A STATE SUMMER SCHOOL
To Be Held at Rock Hill for the
Benefit of Graded School
.
Teachers and
Others.
State Superintendent of Education
McMahan sends out the following circular
letter to various educational people
throughout the State.
Office State Superintendent of Edu- )
cation, >
Columbia, April 26, 1899.)
County Summer Schools?It is now
well known throughout the State that
we shall have this summer in each
county a'summer normal school of four
weeks'.duration, with a regular course
of study in common school branches.
1 he subjects taught this year will be English,
geography and arithmetic, upon
which examinations will be held at the
close of the school. Each school will
be conducted by a faculty of two instructors,
each faculty teaching in two
counties and thus employed for two
months.
S to to Sri mm or t titans ore
VV?vv UUkUiMWl k/VUWl VUViV IUV
many teachers who could moreprofitab!y
spend their time at a higher school. '
Hence a summer school of a high grade
and varied courses will doubtless bo
welcomed by graded school superintendents
and college professors. To
meet this need and to raise the standards
of education in the State, I am
planning to hold at Winthrop College^
(whse co-operation has been secured) & _
State summer normal school, such as %
conducted in many of the leading universities
of to-day. The persons engaged
to instruct in the county schools wiH
be required to take courses in the State
school. This school will offer elective
courses in pedagogy, English language,
E iglish literature, Anglo-Saxon constitutional
history, political economy, bot
any, physiology, physics, physiography,
mathematics, astronomy, drawing, vocal , .
music and possibly Latin and Greek.
Faller details will be given in a printed
announcement letter. EacE?course
will be conducted by a specialist, and__^
particular care will be taken to see that
the sciences are taught practically, to s
lead to their introductiofrinto the graded
and common schools. Many of tho
best country teachers and most of the
graded school teacher* of the State will
be expected to take advantage of those
courses and thus be stimulated along
the lines of the most modern develop- 4
mens of educational ideas. ?
rtf rooiraft/in Ko nnn VtnTTT
in length in e-?ch subject, six days in
the week. Not more than three courses
will be allowed to :my one student, and
the taking of only two will be encouraged,
the object being to learn something
thoroughly.
Bja'd and lodging will be agreeable
and (including laundry) will cost not
over twelve dollars for the four weeks,
l_l l _ . l .11
po?sioiy oniy ten aouars.
The professors will, for the most
part, be chosen from the faculties of
of our best colleges, State and denominational
besides whom there will be
seveiai noted educators from abroad.
It is expected that several hundred
teachers will be assembled, representing
every college aod progressive school
in the State, as well as many that are
not teachers. The intellectual . pleasure
a ad the stimulus of these associations
and consequent professional spirit ^ ^
should tfive an imoetns to education
that will be felt in the remotest corner
of the State.
Fresh from this inspiring study under
master-teachenl, the instructors of
the county schools, (some of whom-will
have been instructors in the State
school,) will go forth to their work with
higher standards and greater zeaL It
is for this reason that tKe county
schools will be held later (July 15. to
August 15. and August 15 to September
15.) z
Attendance upon either the State
school or a county school will probably
be compulsory by regulation of the
State board of education. It is hcped
-? i a ?i l :_i. ? J
caai graaea scaooi supermwjiiueuwj auu
boards will encourage, if not require,
their their teachers to attend the State >
school. ^
The object of the circular is-to call
attention of the educational public to
I-Via ok/vrra nrnimmni* and frt anruifll t/}
vuv auv/fv ii*w wvuvk w ^/vw? w
the better equipped and more ambitious
teachers to make their arrangements
dow to attend the State summer school.
City superintendents are asked to lay
this matter before their teachers, and
county superintendents are requested to
communicate with such of their teachers
as they think will endeavor to take advantage
of the opportunities of this
State all arr? tA send me
as soon as possible the names of those
who express a purpose to attend this
school.
Price of board, railroad rates and
many other considerations affecting the ~
suocess of the State school are somewhat
dependent upon the estimate of
probable attendance. I trust that all
friends of the proposition will at once
communicate with with ?ne, giving me
such assurances as they can.
John J. McMahan.,
Stat*? Superintendent of Education.
The Ssate has contributed to the support
of the school and it will doubtless
be successful. ' .-1
_______
Reward for a Bavisher.
Thi governor has offered a reward of
?150 for the capture and conviction of
ttie Xfgro fiend who committedTape on
Mrs. Williams in G-ceenville. The
people rose up ec masse and hunted for ? J
the brute, but h* esciped and is now
thought to be iu Georgia. He is a black ?
negro, about 5 feet. 9 inches tall, has ML
vricL open soaces between hid upper
t*eth and had on a soldier's uniform. ?^
He has a general slovenly appearance.
Won Them. Over
Bigamist Woodruff, of New York,
who bas married over fifty wives and
has five living ia New York, has rewon
the t*o who were prosecuting him and 9
they refuse to testify against
a

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