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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, May 10, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-05-10/ed-1/seq-4/

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DRUNKARDS' WOES.
r
Dr. Talmage's Strong Denunciation
of Intemperance.
'
ITS VICTIMS ARE COUNTLESS
Worsa Than Any of the Ten
Plagues That Befell Egypt.
Cod's Grace the
Sure Remedy.
At this time, when the evils of the
drink traffic are being widely discussed
and the movement for the abolition of
the degrading and brutalizing canteen
ia our military camps is gaining many
supporters, this sermon by Dr. Talmage,
dealing with the broader aspects
of the plague of intemperance, should
cheer and inspire the friends of temperance
everywhere. His text is Exodus
xi, 6, "And there shall be a greac cry
throughout ill the land of Egypt."
This was the worst of the ten plagues.
Th e dPQf rn rinrran eel at midnight flapped
?O O w
his wing over the land, and there was
one dead m each house. Lamentation
and mourning and woe through ail
Egypt. That destroying angel his fled
the earth, but a far worse has come.
He sweeps through those cities. It is
the destroying angel of strong drink.
Far-worse devastation wrought by this
second than by the first The calamity
in America worse than the calamity in
Egypt. Thousands of the tliin, millions
of the slain. No arithmetic can
calculate their number.
Once upon a timefour fiends met in
the lost world. They resoivea max
the people of our earth were too happy,
and these four infernals came forth to
oui earth on embassy of mischief. The
one fiend said, "I'll take charge of th?
vineyard." Another said, "I'll take
charge of the grainfields." Another
said, "I'll take charge of the dairy.''
Another, "I'll take charge of the music."
The four fiends met in the great Sahara
desert, with skeleton fingers clutched
each other in handshake of fidelity,
kissed each other goodby with lip of
blue flame and parted on their mission.
The fiend of the vineyard came in one
bright morning amid the grapes and sat
" * * ?*-x. _ J A
aown on a root 01 rwistea grapevme ?u
sheer discouragement. The fiend knew
not how to damage the vineyard or,
through it, how to damage the world.
The grapes were so ripe and beautiful
and luscious! They bewitched the aii
with their sweetness. There seemed to
be so much health in every bunch'
And while the fiend sat there in uttei
indignation and disappointment he
Twirthfti? rm and clutched a cluster and
squeezed it in perfect spite, and, lo, his
hand was red with the blood of the
vineyard, and the fiend said: "Thai
reminds me of the blood of broker
hearts. I'll strip the vineyard, and I'll
sqneeze ont all the juice of the grapes,
and I'll allow the juices of the grapes
to stand until they rot, and I'll call the
process fermentation." And there was
, - a great \at prepared, and people came
>>?' with their cups and their pitchers, anc
they dipped up the blood of the grapes,
and they drank and drank and weni
away drinking, and they drank untu
they fell in loDg lines of death, so thai
when the fiend of the vineyard wantec
to return to his home in the pit h<
stepped from carcass to carcass and
walked down amid a great causeway oi
the dead.
Then the second fiend came into th<
grainfield. He waded chin deep amic
the barley and the rye. He heard al!
the grain talking about bread and pros
peroua husbandry and thrifty homes,
He thrust hi* long arms into the grain
field, and he pulled up the grain anc
threw it into the water, and he mad<
beneath it ereat fires?fires lighted witl
a spark from Ms own heart?and then
was a grinding and a mashing and t
stench, and the people came with thei:
bottles, and they drank, and they bias
phemed, and they staggered, and thej
fought and they rioted, and they mur
dered,and the fiend of the pit, thefienc
of the grainfield, was so pleased witl
their behavior that he changed his resi
denoe from the pit to a whiskey barrel,
and there he sat by the door of the
bunghole laughing in high merrimenl
??* +lirvnr*)-it +I10T ftllf f\-f TllTUT Kf
aw bug wuvu^uw v.u.<*v v?v y* ?- ? o -harmless
as the grain of the field he
might turn this world into a seeming
pandemonium.
The fiend of the dairy saw the cows
come home from the pasture field ful]
uddered, and as the maid milked he
said: "I'll soon spoil all that mess.
I'll add to it brandy, sugar and nutmeg,
and I'll stir it into a milk punch, and
children will drink it, and some of the
temperance people will drink it, and ii
I can do them no more harm I'll give
them a headache, and then I'll hand
uiem uver tu tuc iuuic wguivua uvuu*
of the satanic delegation." And then
the fiend of the dairy leaped upon the
shelf and danced until the long row of
shining milkpans almost quaked.
The fiend of the mu*ic entered a grog
shop, and there were but few custom*~v,?-?ers.
Finding few customers, he swept
the circuit of the city, and he gathered
up the musical instruments, and after
nightfall he marshaled a band, and the
trombones blew, and the cymbals
dapped, and the drums beat, and the
buries called, and the people crowded
in, and tliey swung around in merry
dance, each one with a wineglass in his
hand, and the dance became wilder and
stronger and rougher until the room
shook, and the glasses cracked, and the
floor broke, and the crowd dropped into
hell.
But. whether bv alleeory or by ap
palling statistics this subject is presented,
you know as well as I that it is
impossible to exaggerate the evils of
strong drink. A plague! A plague! In
the first place, the inebriate suffers
from the loss of a good name. God has
so arranged it that no man lose9 his
reputation except by his own act. The
world may assault a man and all the
powers of darkness may assault him?
they cannot capture him so long.as his
heart is pure and his life is pure. All
the powers of earth and hell cannot
take that Gibraltar. If a man is right,
all the bombardment of the world for 5,
10, 20, 40 years will only strenghthen
Mm in his position. So that all you
have to do is to keep yourself right.
Never mind the world. Let it say what
it will. It can do you no damage. But
as soon as ii is wmsperea, "neannKs,
and it car be proved, lie begins to go
down. What clerk can get a position
with such a reputation? What store
wants him? "What church of God wants
him for a member? "What dying man
wants him for an executor? -'He
. drinks;" I stand before hundreds of
young men?and I say it not in fiattery
?splendid young men, who have their
reputation as their only capital. Your
father gave you a good education or as
good an education as he could afford to
give you. He started you in city life,
fie could furnish you no means: but he
has surrounded you with Christian influences
and a good memory of the past.
Now, young man, under God you are
BBi6?mt&tm ?B????^aaasifia??tfjgSi i?">
! with your own right arm W achieve you:
fortune, and as your reputation is youi
only capital do not bring upon it sus
picion by going in and out of liquo:
establishments or by an odor, of you;
breath or by any glare of your eye o
by any unnatural flush on your checks
You lose your reputation and you los<
x _ 1
! yot'T capuai.
The inebriate suffers also in the fac
that he loses his self respect, and whei
you destroy a man's self respect then
is not much left of him. Then a mai
will do things he would not do other
| wise, he will sty things would not sa;
otherwise. The fact is that man can
not stop, or he would stop now. He i
bound hand and foot by the Philistines
and they have shorn his locks "and pu
his eyes out and made him grind in thi
mill of a great horror. After he i
three-fourths gone in this slavery, thi
first thing be 'will be anxious to impres
you witb is that be can stop at any timi
be wants to. His family become alarmei
in regard to bim, and they say: "Not
do stop this. After awhile it will get th<
mastery of you." "Oh no," be says, "
j can stop at any time. I can stop now
I can stop tomorrow." His most confi
dential friends say: "Why, Pm afrai<
you are losing your balance with tba
Vrtit orp srnine- a little furthe
JUtth/AW. W %? w q
t than you can afford to go. You ha<
better stop." i:Ob, no," he says,
can stop at anytime. I can stop now.1
He goes on further and farther. H<
cannot stop. I will prove it. He love
i himself and he knows nevertheles
that strong diiak is depleting him ii
i body, miad and soul. lie knows he i
going down, that lie lias less seii con
troJ, less equipoise of temper than h
. used to. Why does he not stop? Be
cause lie cannot stop. I will prove i
by going still further. He loves hi
wife and children. He sees that hi
; habits are bringing disgrace upon hi
home. The probalilties are they wil
> ruin his wife and disgrace his children
. He sees ail this, and he loves them
, Why does he not stop? He cannot stop
, I had a very dear friend, generous t
. a fault. He had give thousands am
tens of thousands of dollars to Bibl
1 societies, tract societies, missionar
societies, asylums for the poor, the halt
the lame, the blind, the imbecile.
I do not believe for 20 years anybod
> asked him for $1 or $50 or $100 for chari
ty but he gave it. I never heard c
, anybody askiDg him for help but h
; gave it. But he was under the powe
t of strong drink, and he went on dowc
r down, down. His family implored hii
saying, "You are going too far in tha
habit; you had better stop." He re
[ plied: "I can stop any time: I ai
. my own master. I can stop." He wen
, on down, down. His friends advise
[ and cautioned him. He said: "Don
. be afraid of me. I am my own mastei
, I can stop now; I know what I am dc
[ ing." He went on down until he ha
[ the delirium tremens. On down unti
. he had the delirium tremens twice
After the second time the doctor sai<5
t "If you ever have an attack like thi
[ again, you will die. You had bette
stop." He said, "I can stop any tim(
j I can stop now." He vent on down
> He is dead. What slew him? Run
i rum! Among the last thiDgs he sai
j was that lie could stop any time. hi
[ could not stop.
, Oh, my young friends, I want to ta
j you that there is a point in inebriatio
I beyond which if a man go he cannc
j stop. But sometimes a man will b
I more frank than that. A viotim c
i strong drink said to a reformer: ' :It i
I impossible for me to sto?. I realize il
? But, if you should tell me I couldn
have drink until tomorrow night unless
i had all my fingers cat off, I would saj
I 'Bring the hatchet and cut them off.'
t I had a very dear friend in Philadelphi
- whoso nephew came to him and ws
, talking about his trouble and confesse
it. He confessed he could not stoi
I My friend said, "You must stop." H
i said: "I can't stop. If there stood
l cannon, and it was loaded, and thei
i was a glass of wine on the mouth c
i the cannon, and I knew you would fir
r it off if I approached, I would^ start t
- set that glass of wine. I must'have il
r I can't get rid of this habit. I can:
get away from it."
I Again, the man suffers from the los
i of usefulness. Do you know some c
the meD who have fallen into the ditc
, were once in the front rank in churche
> and in the front rank in reformator
t institutions? Do you know thoy one
> knelt at the family altar and once cai
i | ried the chalice of the holy communio
j j on sacramental days? Do you knoi
they .-once stood in the pulpit an
j preached the gospel of the Son of God
[ "We will not forget the scene witnessei
s some years ago in my Brooklyn churc'
, when a man rose in the midst of th
audience, stepped into the aisle am
[ walked up and down. Everybody sai
i that he was intoxicated. The usher
! led him out, and his poor wife took hi
i hat and overcoat and followed him t
. the door. Who was he? He had one
i been a mighty minister of the gospel o
. Jesus Christ in a sister denomination
: had often preached in this very city
f What slew him? Strong drink! Oh
wha'. must be the feeling of a man whi
; has destroyed his capacity for useful
ness? Do not be angry with that man
, Do not lose your patience with him
Do not wonder if he says strange thing
and gets irritated easily in the family
He has the Pyrenees and the Ande
and the Alps on him. Do not try ti
persuade nim that there is no futur
Dunishment. Do not eo into any arsu
ment to prove to him that there is m
hell. He knows there is. He is ther<
row!^
But he suffers also in the loss of phy
sical health. The older people in thi
audience can remember Dr. Sewel
going through this country electrifying
great audience by demonstrating to then
the effect of strong drink upon the hu
man stomash. I am told he had eigh
or ten diagrams which he presented t<
-^^rk-rvlq c J*/vnMnor flio afd
l/J-LW OUVUiUg, WUV U1M.V4VMV WVMfJVl
in the progress of the disease, and Ian
told tens of thousands of people turne<
back from that ulcerous sketch an(
swore eternal abstinence from all in
toxicants. God only knows what thi
drunkard suffers. Pain files on ever:
nerve and travels e\ery muscle an<
gnaws on every bone and stings witl
poison and pulls with eyery torture
What reptiles crawl over his shivering
W Uaf cnaAfav _f or?/3 KttTiiq Tnif]
AXkXXVJtJ TV JUtt W gb??UU XJ J M1J AMAVk
night pillows? What groans tear th<
air! Talk of the rack, talk of the fun
eral pyre, talk of the Juggernaut. Hi
suffers them all at once.
See the attendants stand back fron
that ward in the hospital where the in
ebriates are dying. They cannot stant
it. The keepers come through it anc
say: "Hush up now! Stop making fchi
noise! Be still! iou are disturbinj
all the other patients. Keep still now.,
Then the keepers pass on, and afte:
they get past then the poor creature:
wring their hands and say: ?kOh, God
Help, help! Give me rum, give mi
mm! Oh, God! Help! Take the de
vils off of me! Oh, God; oh, God!'
And they shriek, and they blaspheme
and they cry for help, and then the:
ask the keepers to slay them, saying
';Stab me, strangle lie, smother me
Oh, God! Help, help! Rum! Giv<
me rum! Oh, God! Help!" The:
r | tear out their hair by the handful, and
c they bite their nails into the quick
- I TH?ta ia r>rt fon^tr T\?r>frr:ro Tt icj tmn<l
r piling in a hospital at this moment. It
r went on last night while you slept, and
r more than that, that is the death some
. of you will die unless you stop. I see
s it coming. God help you to stop before
you go so far that you cannot
t stop.
! But it plagues a man also in the loss
e of home. I do not care how much he
! loves his wife and children, if this hab.
it gets the mastery over him he will do
y the most outrageous things. If need
. be, in order to get streng drink he would
3 sell them all into everlasting captivity.
There are hundreds and thousands of
t homes that have been utterly blasted
e of it. I am speaking of no abstraction
s Is there anything so disastrous to a
e man for_ this life and for the life to
s come? Do you tell me that a man can
3 be happy when he knows he is breaking
1 his wife's heart and clothing his chilr
dren with rags? There are little chil9
dren in the streets today barefooted unr
kempt, uncombed, want written on
} every patch of their faded dress and on
. every wrinkle of their prematurely old
1 countenance, who would have been in
t the house of God thi3 morning as well
r clad as you had it not been that strong
1 drink drove their parents down into
I the grave. Oh, rum, rum, thou de"
spoiler of homes, thou foe of God, thou
a recruiting officer of the pit, I hate
s thee!
s But my subject takes a deeper tone
i wnen it tells you that the inebriate
s suffers the loss of the soul. The Bible
- intimates that if we go into the future
e world unforgiven the appetites and pas
sions which were regnant here will tort
ment us there. I suppose when the ins
ebriate wakes up ia the lost world there
s will be an infinite thrist clawing upon
3 him. In this world he could get strong
1 drink. However poor he was in this
- world, he could beg or he could steal 5
cents to get a drink that would for a
? little while slake his thirst, but in eter0
nity where will the rum come from?
d Diyes wanted one drop of water, but
e could not get it. Where will the ine7
briate get the draft he so much requires
'> so much demands? No one to brew it.
1 No one to mix it. No one to pour it.
7 No one to fetch it. Millions of worlds
now fnr the dresrs that were thrown on
the sawdusted floor of the restaurant,
o Millions of worlds now for the rind
* flung cut from the punch bowl of an
ij earthly banquet, Dives called for wv
11 ter. The inebriate calls for rum.
t If a fiend from the lost world sli ui i
come up on a mission to a grogshop i-id.
11 having finished the mission in the i-'/og&
shop, should come back, taking o:; the
d tip of his wing one drop of alcoholic
fc beverage, what excitement it would
make all through the world of the lost,
>- and, if that one drop of alcoholic bevd
erage should drop from the wing of the
ft fiend upon the tongue of the inebriate,
' how he would spring up and cry:
[' "That's it! That's it! Rum! Rum!
s That's it!" And all the caverns of the
?r lost would echo with the cry: "Give it
'I to me! Rum! Rum!" Ah, my friends
' the inebriate's sorrow in the next world
will not be the absence of God or tioli4
ness or light. It will be the absence
e of rum. "Look not upon the wine when
it is red, when it moveth itself aright
11 i- the cup, for at the last it biteth like
n a serpent, and it stingeth like an adder."
>t When I see this plague in the land
ie and when I see this destroying angel
>f sweeping across our great cities I am
is sometimes indignant and sometimes
b. humiliated. When a man asks me,
" UT1TT..1. 0,,k
t TK iiai arc jfuu IU ia>ui ui xvi iuc iiuu
I jugation of this evil?" I answer, "I am
r, ready for anything that is reasonable."
" Yon ask me, ''Are you in favor of Sons
a of Temperance?" Yes, "Are you in fals
vor of good Samaritans?" Yes, "Are
d yon in favor of Good Templars?" *Yes.
>. "Are yon in favor of prohibitory law?"
e Yes. "Are you in favor of the
a pledge?" Yes. Combine all the influe
ences, 0 Christian reformers and phil>f
anthropists! Combine them all for the
e extirpation of this evil.
0 Thirty women in one of the western
states banded together, and with an esc
pecial ordination from (rod they went
forth to the work and shut up all the
'8 grogshops of a large village. Thirty
women, with their song and with their
h prayer. And if 1,000 or 2,000 Chris's
tian men and women with an especial
y ordination from God should go forth
e feeling the responsibility of their work
*" and discharging their mission they
Q could in any city shut up all the grogJ
shops.
d But I must not dwell on generalities.
? I must come to specifics. Are you
1 astray? If there is any sermon I disb
like, it is a sermon on generalities. I
e want T>ersnnalities. Are vou astrav?
i Have you gone so far you think you
v cannot get back? Did I say a few mos
ments ago that a man might go to a
3 point in inebritation where he could not
o stop? Yes, I said it, and I reiterate it.
e But I want you also to understand that,
while the man himself of his own
j strength cannot stop, Grod can stop any
man. You have only to lay hold of the
j strong arm of the Lord God Almighty.
0 He can stop you. Many summers ago I
" went over to New York one Sabbath
evening, onr church not yet being opeD
for the autumnal services- I went into
3 a room in the Fourth ward, New York,
where a religious service was being heH
3 for reformed drunkards, and I heard a
^ revelation that night that I had never
e heard before?15 or 20 men standing up
- and giving testimony such as I had
3 never heard given. They not only tess
tified that their hearts had been changed
by the grace of Grod, but that the
grace of God had extinguished their
3 thirst They went on to say that they
1 had reformed at different times before,
I but immediately fallen because they
- were doing the whole work in their own
" strength. "But as soon as we gave our
t Tioarf? fn fi-rtd " thev said, "and the love
} of the Lord Jesus Christ has come into
3 oar soul the thirst has all gone. We
1 have no more disposition for strong
J drink."
' It was a new revelation to me, aad I
" have proclaimed it again and again in
' the hearing of those who have far gone
f astray, and I stand here today to tell
1 you that the grace of the Lord Jesus
1 Christ cannot only save your soul, but
save your body. I look off today upon
1 the desolation. Some of you are so far
" on in this habit, although there may be
5 no outward indications of it?you never
have staggered along the street?the
2 vast majority of people do not know
that you stimulate, but God knows, and
l you know, and by human calculation
- there is not one chance out of five thou1
sand that you will ever be stopped. Be1
ware! There are some of you who are
9 my warm personal friends to whom I
5 must say that, unless you quit this evil
' habit, within ten years, as to your body,
r you will lie down in a drunkard's grave
9 and as to your immortal soul, you will
! lie down in a drunkard's hell! It is a
2 hard thing to say, but it is true, and 1
utter the warning lest I have your blood
' upon my soul. Beware! As today you
, open the door of your wine closet let
7 the decanter flash that word upon your
: soul, "Beware!" As you pour out the
. beverage let the foam at the top spell
s out the word, "Beware!*' In the great
71 day of God's judgment, when a hundred
million drunkards :.-hall come up io g<
their doom. I want you to testify thj
this day, in love of your soul and i
fear of God, I gaye you -warning in r<
gard to that influence which has alread
been felt in your home, blowing or
some of its lights?premonition of tli
blackness of darkness forever.
Oh, if you could only hear intempei
atice with drunkards' bones drummin
on the top of the wine cask the "Dea
I - r * ** A -I ^ 1_n_
j>iarcn 01 imm Dnai souis, you wouia s
home and kneel down and pray God thj
ra'~ *r than your children should eve
bewine the victims of this evil hab;
you might carry them out lo the cem<
tery and put them down in the last slun
ber, waiting for the flowers of spring t
come over the grave?sweet prophecie
of the resurrection. God hath a ball
for such a wound, but what flower c
comfort ever grew on the blasted heat
of a drunkard's sepulcher?
A MYSTERIOUS CRIME.
Murdered the Man His Daughter Wa
to Wed.
A sensational dispatch from Greer
yille, S. (J., to the Atlanta Journal saj
news comes from Glendale, in Spartar
burg county, of a murder mystery ii
voicing a pretty girl, a disappointe
suitor, the father of the girl and th
/I ft /WAAm a -r\r t
UC?llLL ui ?i JLUV i- V
pie involved are prominent in that se<
tion and a sensation was produced whe
the revelations came to light duriug th
funeral services of the prospectiv
gxom. On last Sunday afternoo
Louis McAbee, Tom Smith and Rolan
Black left their homes to go to Pacok
river, about one mile below Clifton Nc
2, to go in bathing and they had nc
bsen gone long until the news began t
spread that young Black had bee
"? 1 il.i .1 1 J
arowuea, mai mey nail gone 111 a ver
rough place where the water was ver
swift aad he got strangled and sank.
Kis body lay in the bottom of th
river twenty-four hours before it wa
recovered. Many people from bot
Glendale and Clifton visited the plac
and assisted in searching for the bodj
but they did not find it until twentj
four hours after the tragedy was r<
ported. Wednesday morning prepare
tions were being made for the burii
without holding an inquest. When :
Koorori fa Vie talked flint. frml V75
W ~w JT J
suspected it "was decided to hold an ii
quest. Coroner Bishop was notified an
he held the inquest.
1 The post mortem examination wi
made by Dr. W. A. Smith, of Glendah
and Dr. Chalk, of Clifton, and to tt
great surprise of everybody youn
Black's neck was found to be broke
and great signs of finger prints wei
found on his throat and other plac<
on his head and shoulder showing vei
plainly that there had been a consider
able struggle on his part. After ti
witnesses had all been examined an
the examination by the doctors, tfc
jury's verdict was "murder," and tl
result was tnat iiicADee ana omitn wci
hustled off to jail at once.
Rowland Black deceased, was to ha^
been married to McAbee's daughter c
the 10th of this month, and it is sai
that McAbee was opposed to the matcl
and it is generally believed that th
wa3 a prearranged plot to get Black 01
of the way?so the talk goes?in favi
of Smith, who, it is said, wanted I
marry the girl himself.
THE ENGLISHMAN WINS.
A Foreigner, Not Naturalized, Canm
be Made to Pay Poll Tax.
According to an opinion by Attorn*
General Bellinger Wednesday a eitiz*
of a foreign country who has not bee
naturalized thrmsrh resident in th
State, cannot be compelled to pay po
tax. This is the result of the nov
question raised in York county and r
i'erred to Wednesday. Here is the d
cision addressed to the comptroller gei
eral:
Dear Sir: 1 have just received you:
enclosing letter from W. W. Boyc
county auditor of York county. In h
letter he says:
"There is an execution in the hanc
of the sheriff against H. A. Brown, a
Englishman who comes to me ar
makes this statement, that he is ni
liable to poll tax for the following rei
sons: That he has not taken out natu
alization papers; that he never votei
and that he was not sent to the publi
schools. He has been America 13 3
years. Will you instruct me on th
"L - -.x
suuje?u
In reply I give as my opinion tk
followiug: That while, as stated i
the American aDd English Encycli
paedia of law, volume 25, page 10:
"residence not citizenship fixes tk
liability for poll tax," yet the gener;
rule is recognized that the logislatur<
subject to constitutional limitation:
has the right to prescribe the qualificj
tions of a poll tax payer. The constiti
tion ok this State 1895 (article xi, se<
tion t>) 3ays, "there snail oe assessed o
all taxable polls in the State betwee
the ages of 21 and 60 years (exceptia
Confederate soldiers above the age c
50 years) an annual tax of $1.00 o
each poll the proceeds of whic
shall bs expended for school purpose
in the several school districts in whic
it is collected." The question natura
Itt Oti ' orT-l O f. 7C O
xj ougggoio xiooii, ?i uuu
poll?1' A resort to lexicons for a deflation
in this case cannot avail us, for w
can expect to lind in substance that
taxable poll is a poll liable to tax. A
investigation of the statutes since 188
to the present time discovers as a dc
finition of a taxable poll, "every mal
citizen between the ages of 21 and 6
years except those incapable of earain
a support from being maimed or froi
other cause, and except those who ar
now exempt by law, shall be deeme
taxable polls." The act of 1882 adopt
the definition above quoted, while th
general statutes "adopted by the gev
eral assembly of 1S81-82," defines a tas
able poll as "every made between th
ages of 21 and 50 years," etc. Excepl
ing alone this last definition, a taxabl
poll, sincc the constitution of 1868 dow
to the present, in this State has bee
and is necessarily a citizen. Then
fore, unless one is a citizen of thi
State, and of course necessarily a citize
of the United States, he is not liable t
poll tax. Citizens are either nativ
born or naturalized, and anyone wh
was bi>ro in a. foreign country and ha
not beeu uuturuiized as an America
citizen cannot be compelled to pa
poll tax, however loag he may aav
resided an tnis state, jl, tnereiore, cot
elude that the Englishman who sti.
claims allegiance to the kingdom c
G-reat Britain is not liable to poll tas
G-. Duncan Bellinger,
Attorney General.
Meeting of Insurance Agents.
The insurance agents of Columbi
have invited the agents of other citie
and towns in the State to meet in cor
vention in this city during the fireman
tournament. The object of the conver
tion is to discuss matters of mutual ii
teiest and benefit to the agents. It i
denied, however, that it means an
combination of the companies whic
would be unla ^ful. A large attendanc
is anticipated.
it HELP 2LK AUKUSSS, if AHA."
it
n
The Last Trustful Words of a Dying:
y
it i Little Girl.
ie j
There was anguish in the face of
"" those who bent over the little white
| bed, for they knev? that baby Mary
r0 was drifting away from them, going out
it into the dark voyage where so many
:r have been wrested from loving hands,
ori^ fViotr in tr!>ir? fn Tmi* r\r
J. even to smooth with their kind solici.0
tude her last brief sorrows, they, too,
is experienced in the bitter hour of part?
iDg, the pangs of death. They only
^ hoped that she did not suffer uow.
The rings of golden hair lay deep and
unstirred on her white forehead, the
roses were turned to Jilies on her cheeks
the lovely violet eyes saw them not,
-s but were upturned and fixed, the breath
which was on the pale, pale lips came
and went, fluttered, and seemed loth to
j. leave its sweet prison. Oh, the awful
s and cruel strength of death, and the
weakness, the helplessness of love!
j. They who loved her better than life,
? could not lift a hand to avert the dee
stroyer, they could only watch and wait
j. until the end should come. Her merry
ringing laughter would never again
jj gladden their hearts; her feet would
e make no more music as they ran patter
e ins to meet them. Baby Mary was dyn
ing, and all the house was darkened
d and hushed.
Then it was as the shadows fell in\
denser waves about us, that she stirred
i ot7&v ga onrl ann irntta r%
)? W'V/A VJV ininwj , uliu wui avaibo gaig a>
0 great bound as we thought "She is betn
ter! She* will live!" Yes, she knew us;
y her eyes moved from one face to another
y with a dim, uncertain gaze! Oh, how
good God was to give here back! How
e we could praise him and bless him all
s our lives! She lifted one dainty hand?
? cold?almost pulseless, but better, bet;c
ter?we would have it so?and laid it
j on the rough browned hand of the rugged
man who sat nearest to her. His
eyelids were red with weeping but now
[. a smile lighted his bronzed face like a
^ rainbow as he felt the gentle pressure
it of his little daughter's hand?the
IS mute^ imploring touch, that meant a
j. question.
d :'What is it, darling?" he asked,
n broken tones of joy and thanksgiv
is lu6*
\ She could not speak, and so we raised
^ her on the pretty lace pillow, and her
tg wee white face shone in the twilight
,n like a fair star, or a sweet woodland
:e flower.
;s She lifted her heavy eyes to his?
'y eyef that even then had the glory and
r_ the promise of immortality in them,
ie and reached out her little wasted
^ ttiiuoj oaiu IU JLICI weal), JiUic na.c
Le voice:
ie "Help me across, papa!"
re Then she was gone! We held to our
breaking hearts this frail, beautiful
re shell, but she was far away, -whither we
in might not follow. She had crossed the
[d dark river and not alone.
r> "Over the river the boatman pale
Carried another, the household pet,
1 She crossed on her bosom her dimpled
J11 hands
"0 And fearlessly entered the phantom
bark:
We felt it glide over the silvery sands
And all our sunshine erew straneelv
dark."
at
Oh, Infinite Father! When we
weary and disappointed ones reach out
5y pleading hands to thee, wilt thou take
:n us even as the little child, and help us
;n afirnss the mnnnfcains nf defeat, and val
is ley of humiliation into "the eternal rest
11 of thy presence, into the green pastures
el and beside the still waters, into the
e- City of the Xew Jerusalem whose builde
er and maker is God!
a
A Eemedy for Lynchingrs
Representative N. A. Morris of Cobb
e, county, has prepared a bill which prois
vides for speedy court trial in all cases
where the defendant is charged with the
Is crime of assault. The bill prepared by
^n Representative Morris will be introducid
ed at the next session of the general
at assembly. It is provided in this bill,
i- which is intended to be an act to cover
r- the specific crime of assault, that the
3 J _T 11 1.- J._ J 'i-L* ? J
accuseu suaii ue irieu wiuum uve uays
|c after his arrest and that within five
in days after his conviction he shall be
is hanged publicly. The bill further
provides that in the event a new trial
ie is asked and the motion overruled that
n it shall be sent to the supreme court*
0- within twenty-four hours and the court
1> shall immediately stop all other business
and hear the case that is being
il railroaded through. The bill does -not
s, contemplate any delay whatever in the
3) trial of these cases, even making ar*
1- rangement for the appointment of
i- counsel by the court in the event law>
yers for the defendant are ill or absent.
71 ?^Aflonfo TAni*no1
n
,g -Want Peace*
>f The Filipinos seem to have come to
Q the conclusion that we are too strong
h for them, and they haye sued for peace.
!S Several of their officers entered our line
h near Manila under a flag of truce last
I- week with a request from one of their
e leading generals that hostilities be susi
pended until the Filipino congress
e could be convened and patch up terms
a of peace. This request Gen. Otis den
clined to grant, and the Filipinos re3
turned to their lines. We believe and
hope that the wai is over, and that there
e will be no more fighting in the Phili0
pines betwven the Americans and Fili^
pinos.
n
e Claims Approved.
^ A telegram has been received from
s Judge C. P. Townsend at Washington
e stating that all remaining claims on
l~ account of the mustering of troops had
k~ been approved and that a check would
_e be sent to the governor at once. About
"* $600 of these claims have been paid,
e but they amount in all to $10,000. The
n matter of pay for rejected volunteers is
f still unsettled, but data is being gotten
and the matter will be pressed with
? vigor before the war department.
o Wives Cheap in Germany.
e The trial of Herrmann, charged with
0 the murder of his three wives, whose
9 bodies he was said to have walled up in
11 a cellar was concluded at Berlin Thurs7
day. He was convicted of manslaugh
e ter and sentenced to lo years lmpnsonment
and 10 years loss of civil rights.
Devoured by a Shark.
:. A dispatch from Nice says that the
valet of the Earle of Sirathmore and
Kinghorne, while bathing at Bordighea,
near Monte Carlo, was devoured
by a shark. The tragedy occurred in
a the presence of a crowd of onlookers
:s who were unable to rescue the victim.
i
is A Series of Accidentsi"
A Kansas man not long ago shot a
i- dog by accident, and in showing the
is owner how it was done he shot the laty
ter. Subsequently in showing the
h coroner how he hid shot the owner of
:e the dog the man with the gun shot the
coroner.
i Mi A
QUEER ADVERTISEMENTS.
Some Awkwardly Worded Notice# Found
In Newspapers.
"No person," wrote an imaginative
undertaker, "ever having tried one of
these air-tight coffins of ours will ever
use any other."
This is supplemented by the truthful
but discouraging advertisement of a
dentist: "Teeth extracted with great
99
A "western farmer advertises for a
woman to "wash, iron and milk two
cows."
An advertisement once appeared in
a Washington paper for "a room for a
young man 10 by 12."
This is an advertisement from the
columns of an English court journal:
"Blankets! Blankets! Blankets! For
domestic and charitable purposes of
every description, quality, size and
weight."
The following advertisement is from
an Australian paper: "Wanted, a young
woman (the plainer the better) to help
a small genteel family in their domestic
matters; one without ringlets preferred."
An American paper published in Paris
recently contained the following
unique advertisement: "A young man
of agreeable presence, and desirous of
getting married, would like to make
the acquaintance of an aged and experienced
gentleman who could dissuade
him from taking the fatal step."
Here is a sne^irnen of domestic ad
vertising from the columns c? the London
Times: "Mrs. George Ashton, 5
Victoria street, Westminster, takes this
opportunity of thanking her numerous
friends for their kind letters of sympathy
on the dissolution of her marriage."
The court of Schleswig-Holstein once
issued the following curious notice:
"At the request of Herr Peter Lohman
of Altona, the seaman Dietrich Lohman,
who was born in Kirchmoor in
November, 1848, and was drowned on
the journey from Stockton to Hamburg
while sailing in the ship Bertha
Jenny, is hereby called upon to appear
before this court and report himself
-? - ? *-!- a * AA 1 flAA
on or Deiore .PTiaay, January tv, j.os.->,
at 11 o'clock p. m., under pain of being
declared dead."
China's First RaUway.
The first railroad constructed in
China was a narrow-gauge line from
Shanghai to Woosung, put down in
1876, and intended chiefly as an ocular
demonstration to the Chinese. At the
end of twelve months it was sold to a
Chinese official, who straightway tore
up the rails and deported them to Formosa.
The single dummy engine of
the line now reposes peacefully in the
mud of some Formosan harbor, together
with the wreck of the junk in
which it was transported. During
these twelve months of its existence
the Shanghai-Woosung railroad, with
its single dummy engine and its train
of small cars, which, by the way, were
of the American pattern, carried 300,000
passengers. The Chinese came
from far and wide to 6ee and experiment
with this new barbarian curiosity
v and the people in the neighbor
hood, soon finding it an institution of
great practical utility, became regular
patrons. The predicted uprising of the
people against the construction of the
road never materialized, and, as for
the graves along the route, every farmer
would manufacture as many graves
as he could get dollars for permission
to traverse them.
The Hoy * Were Accommodating.
A Princeton professor, being troubled
by tardiness at the morning lecture,
on the part of some of the students,
advised them, when they complained
that they bad to study so bard at night
that tb6y could not arise early, to get
alarm clocks. The next day nearly
every student in the class came Into
recitation with an alarm-clock in his
pocket, which by patient and united
efforts were set so that one would go
off promptly at every successive minute
of the hour. The effect can be
imagined. Shortly after the first student
was called to recite one of the
clocks in the pocket of a boy at the
other end of the room went off with a
terrible clamor, and before it had finished
a second in another part of the
room made even a louder racket.
There was a brief interval which the
professor utilized to call up another
student, but the latter was scarcely on
his feet before the third clock went
off. The performance was continued
fnr half an hour or more, when the
professor, who had a keen sense of
humor, recognized the situation and
cut short the fun by terminating the
recitation.
| HON!
THIS?
High Arm Sewini
Fully guaranteed for ten 3
P all the latest attachments,
?j j mented wood work.
Price $18,'
Money refunded after 30 da
is not as good as the $40.00 to
sold bv agents.
J* Sead for circulars and stab
We are headquarter* for Fnrn
Mattings, Carpets, Sevrl
Baby Carriages, etc.
Address "
1110 & 1212 Br
iwiiiw fl'yiiiwhiwiH
im mm rrji ^.V^Tro ^Sgr*?racrM^frg.'*'i m i tKMl ?^fcSfei<Eg*rt
I COST OF TH2 WAB TO BATE, j j
i'
I Treasury Officials Put tiie Cash Expen-'
j
| ditures at About 8275,000,000. j1
j The monthly comparative statement I
| of the govfernment receipts and expen- j
; ditures shows that the total receipts for i;
i April, 1S99, were $41,611,611,587, an 't
| increase, as compared with April, 1898, i t
of abou; $8,600,000. The expendi-; c
ures during April, 1899, were $65,949,- j n
105, an incresse over April last year of! o
$21,700,000. Included in the expendi- i
cures is the payment of $20,000,000 to va
Spain. o
The total receipts for the ten months r
l-r iT i ARC AH
; oi me preseut veair were l
as compared with $340,926,950 for the
same period in the last fiscal year.
The expenditures for the last ten
months aggregate 8533,451,409, as
compared with $347,673,195 for the
same period last year. During last
April the receipts from the several 3
/-V-P MATTATinA ? A flrtTTfltt O O ?/"*] 1/\ t?7Q
L'l ltvguu^ aiy givgu t*o JV*IVU^.
Customs, $17,645,943, increase over
April, 1898, about $3,450,000; internal (
revenue, $22,207,099, increase, $7,- j
387,000,: miscellaneous, $1,758,551, 3
decrease, $2,242,000. j
The expenditures on account of the E
war department since July 1, 1898, ag- 3
zregate $210,645,536; on account of the .
navy department, $55,522,894. The
imount of cash payments already made "
on account of the war is approximated
by the treasury officials at from $273,- 000,000
to $275,000,000. Of this amount
aDout $196,000,000, it is esti- ]
mated, has been paid through the war
department,: $54,000,000 through the
aavv department; $20,000,000 under (
the treaty with Spain, and $1,009,000
on account of increased expenses in the
civil establishment.
jpl from [fakir 0direct to Purchaser $ (
fl S
M The
vexation, ^j| I
I Mathushek 1
^ Is always Good, always Reliably S|
&X. always Satisfactory, always Last* 2m
Sss lug. "You taka no cinnces in buy* JH
5SK Ins It. 911
it costs somewhat _iOre than a ng
jgiE cheap, poor piano, but Is much the M
?5 cheapcA in the end.
5SC jfoother IIteh Grade PianoS0lfl?0 M
CBS reasonable, factory prices to retail IN
gff buyers. Easj' payments. Writeti*. 2m
?? & LUDDEW ? > BATES,
S&i Savannah Git. and New VorbCity* ^
IWWmMMI
jLaoress: 1>. A. PKEi&Lfi*, Age_^.
COLUMBIA. S. C.
Macfeafs
School of
SHORTHAND
?AND?
TYPEWRITING
COLUMBIA, S. C.
This School has the reputation of being the.
bett business institution in tbe State. Grad?
i ? vw-tQitinna in
ufcuea arc i.uiuiu^ ic>uuuvioww -?
mercantile hou9e?, binking, insurance, real
estate, railroad offices, &c., in this and other
tares. Write to W. H. Macfeat, Court
oa-jgrapber. Columbia, 8.C , for terms, etc '
~ -TO ^
I eOLPMBIA, S, C? ,
! for eatalorrne. Free scholar- !
0 ^
I ships on easy conditions to
'those who write soon. Ball- i
I road fare paid. Cheap board. 1
! Notes accepted. Can pay part j
i of expenses by working in th J
! college office. Address, men
| tioniDg conrse desired,
i W. H NEWBERRY, Prest
EST BARG
TT Itfl
rears, fitted with P
beautifully orna,ys
use if machine Ml y
i ou macmnes w m ra
a what you want. |OBf
itnre, Stoves, JJfVffi
ing Mae&icea,
The Padgett Furn
oad Street,
'V ~"'~ "" ' % ' - -rjt x :,<- y ,;*?.
- - -'- Sl.2'':y,~- - : _*>>"L-'*i':L
... V .
. - <
Qj^CSmmmmsmmrnarnm^mmmmmmmma*W\W)+mHmmam*
30fTONELEVATINB
-AND SINNING
MACHINERY
We make a specialty of equipping
mproved and modern ginneries with
he Murray Air Distributing System,
he simplest, most efficient and practial
cotton handling apparatus on the
larket. No spike belt distributor, no
verflow, no time lost between bales; V
mproved sample of cotton, most dur,ble
machinery, nothing to get out of
>rder or break down. No expense for
epairs. Write for catalogue.
SUY A THRESHER NOW. WE
SELL THE BEST-THE
FARQUHAR.
W. H. Gibbes & Co.,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
lachinery and Mill Supplies of Every
Description.
South Carolina Agency Liddell Co.,
Charlotte, N. (X, Studebaker Wagons;
Sagle Cotton Gin Co., Bridgewater,
lass., Deering Harvesting Machinery;
L B. Farquabar Co., York, Pa., Barlard
and Leas Rice Hullers; Straub
rlachinery Co., Cincinnati, Ohio.
= Keeley
26 SM.TH STREET, f| >
Cor. Vandebhobst, |||l| d
CHARLESTON. S. C. V Wi V
LLCOHOL
10RPHINE
)PIUM
COBACCO
CIGARETTE
JSING '
Produce each a disease having defiute
pathology. The disease yields
-m_ x. a. nt r^],i
13311 y 10 LUC l/vuU1C vuiviiUb w? MV?~
Treatment as administered at the above
?eeley Institute.
N. B.?The Keeley Treatment is
idministered in South Carolina
T/ CHARLESTON. Flour
Mill
Machinery.
CONTRACTS TAKEN TO FURNISH COil?PLETE
EQUIPMENT FOR?
Roller Floor Mills.
- ' I
- ' ' '
?REPRESENTED THE? ;
-.. *.'C" ? i SSsSM
Siebanmi City Mi! Works,
0n6 of tlij Ixex't'i* aurna ri *"
Flour Mill Jl ioaiairy ia ciii cjucry
and hiving eipjrieajai Jfill*rig:ic*>
I am prepared to build rail Is on
the most improved plana and at -
prices I/O oumpcu) wiuu aujr uuc
in the trade. We guarantee
the products of oar mills to
equal the grades cf the best
Western mills. Before
placing your orders
write to me.
71 also handle a complete line of Wood
forking Machinery: Saw Mills, Enjines
and Boilera, Corn Mills and Majhinery
in general.
Having been established in business
lere for sixteen years, I have built up
ny trade by selliag the very highest \
slass of machinery, and am in a better
x>sition to- serve the interest of my
justomers than ever before.
V. C. Badham,
AINS!
?
THIS ELEGANT - o.
8 COOKING STOVE
Only $10.00.
: - '-m
las 17x17 inch oven, four 8 inch -^jj
holes; large flues and guaraad
a good baker. We fit this
ve up with forty pieces of ware
hiding the latest stove ware.
:o advertise our business we
1 sell this Xo. 8 Cooking Stove,
**r;+Vt Af\ wot* ftyr
$10.00 CASH.
: ""4
y<.y$
V'J
a#
? j&
|
iture Co.
1
. *""V*^
Augusta, Ga.
?' ' -' ? "?
~ iSS
<rt'A
f -'

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