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VOL LIII WINNSBOBO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. MAY 17, 1899. NO. 41 . 8#
' ' ------- - . ~ ' --?*VTT ntT/.ATTT> I O T\m
Soldiers of the South Gathered to
Charleston's Loving Arms.
THLY HAU AUKAi\y lime.
Thirty Thousand Strangers Within
Her Last Week But All
were at Home in the
Cradle of Secession.
Almost the first official act of the
nir<fh -annnal reunion of the United
Confederate Veterans was an attempt
by Gen. Stephen D. Lee of Mississippi
to secure an indorsement of President
McKinley's suggestion made in his recent
Atlanta speech that the care of the
graves of Confederate dead should be
undertaken by the Federal government.
Action on the resolution, however, was
frustrated by a motion to refer it to
the committee on resolutions in spite
of a rather general sentiment to put it
through with enthusiasm. The motion
to refer originated with Dr. J. "William
Jones of Virginia.
The business sessions of the reunion
was called to order Wednesday morning
by Gen. C. I. "Walker, commanding
'1 - 0?^ tT^oiAn in tli<?
cut* OOUUl U<UViiua uiiwvx,
handsome auditorium erected for the
* occasion by the city of Charleston. Its
enormous floor space was crowded and
thousands were unable to gain admittance
to the building. When Gen.
John B. Gordon, the commander-inchief,
appeared upon the stage he was
greeted with thunders of applause.
The band struck up Dixie, and the veterans
cheered and cheered again. In
calling the assemblage to order Gen.
Walker spoke of Charleston's invita,T
taon to tne veterans w wcu au ***?
birthplace of secession, and said the
gavel he was using was that with
which in 1860 had been nsed to call to
order the secession convention. The
nhai-rs nspd bv tha officers Wednesday
and the table of the presiding officer
were the same as used on that memorable
When G-en. Gordon was escorted to
the front of the stage his appearance
was the signal for a storm of applanse.
Cheers and shrill yells for the commander-in-chief
mingled with the
crash of the band, and hats, handkerchiefs
and flags were waved frantically.
When order was finally secured the old
> Confederate chieftain was presented by
Gen. Walker, and delivered an eloquent
address. He spoke with all the vigor,
eloquence and grace which has won for
Kim ? naiinnal refutation as an orator.
of the Coin
S&fV^ aiittee, My Fellow Countrymen of
p;: South Carolina: The flood of emotions
' . which stirs the sensibilities. of these
veterans- 'today is their loving answer
> _ to your gracious greeting. These emo$$?<
tions will speak to you in language far
W more impressive and eloquent than any
words that I could utter. The ringing
shouts from these thousands of Confederate
throats are veritable echoes of
the inspiring resolutions of welcome
?onnntdd hv vonr general
Utiauuuuuu^ auvf ~J J _ .
assembly. While those resolutions
, . have cheered and thrilled every southern
soldier's heart, they were not needed
to tell us of the reception that awaited
us in South Carolina. Her whole
history and that of her commercial capital
were the promise and guarantee of
this magnificent reality. For more
than two hundred years, made memora1
1 1 ~ ^ 1 Tr* o r? or>^ Kril.
Die oy neroic <?uu
liant achievementf in peace, the names
of South Carolina and of Charleotoa
have been the synonyms of hospitality,
of chivalry, and of valor.
"What else could be expected of a
people in whose veins are commingled
1 the blood of the proud English Cavaliers?
the blood of those devoted and
resolute men, who protested against the
<. immoralities and grinding exactions of
the Stuarts: the blood of the stalwart
? ? ? ?- ?
i Dissenters ana 01 me neroiu jmgm?uders
of Scotland and of the sturdy democratic
Presbyterians of Ireland; the
blood of those defenders of freedom
who came to your shores from the
mountain battlements, of Switzerland
and lastly, but no less j<nre and sacred,
the blood of -the high-souled Hugenots
of France, whose martyrs, by a glorious
UUKULVj c v cu uukv
sweeter and richer the record of human
devotion to conscience and liberty.
"No resolutions, I repeat, by which
this great commonwealth extends its
r~ "loving welcome'" were needed to assure
these remnants of the south's immortal
armies that the 'freedom of the
State' was theirs, and that every heart
within her borders was a soldier's
shrine. "We had bat to remember that
South Carolina was the nursery of heroes,
as well as of statesmen and of ra
triots?that no one State, except that
she be endowed with an almost bound
less affluence of greatness, could in one
century have given to the cause of liberty
and the republic such a splendid
galaxy as South Carolina presents in
her Rutledge, her Sumter, her Moultrie,
her Middleton, and her Marion;
Id her Butler, her Pinckney, and her
Pickens; in her McDuffie and her Calhoun;
in her Hamilton, her Hayne, and
her beloved Hampton.
"If we turn from this incomplete ar
ray of her neble sons to the contemplation
of the scars upon her bosom received
in her battles for American freedom
at Cowpens, at Camden, and Charleston;
at Eutaw Springs, Fort Moultrie
and King's Mountain, while her
''Swamp Fox/' with his ragged brigade,
roasted their rations of sweet potatoes
in her forests at night, and by their
sudden sallies, now from the mountains
and now from the marshes, amazed and
bewildered the British invaders; if we
add to this survey of her past the record
of her princely liberality in the donation
of her soil to the general government,
we shall gain a still better conception
of the lofty characteristics and
unchallenged patriotism of her people.
"" " ?i
"10 me, personally, wuysc aoowi.?tions
with South Carolinians through
the Civil war ana the still more galling
period of reconstruction and rehabilitation,
gave a clearer insight into their
motives and future aims, it is a proud
privilege vouchsafed to me today to
stand in your presence as the representatives
of these battle-bmised veterans
and tell this people how fully we re
! cognize their worth and how gratefully
we acknowledge our indebtedness to
"I should esteem it a still higher hon01
to stand here today as the herald of
both ihe host and guests in proclaiming
a message of good will to all our coun
f ]-*?? "ProfOTTIQ] crrp^t
IlljuivU auu i>v gvuu vuv
ing of this people, of all Confederates,
and of their children to all patriots of
all sections; to unite with our American
brethren of every State in ascribing to
the guiding hand of God the unparalleled
victories of American arms in the
late war on land and sea; and lastly by
the memory of the fathers, whose spirits
live in their sons, to pledge the south's
unfailing support to every worthy cause
for strengthening the bonds of American
unity and thus accelerating the onward
march of the republic in its benien
mission to humanity."
After the applause had subsided
Gen. Gordon led Mrs. Stonewall Jackson
to the front of the stage, and she
was enthusiastically applauded.
As he presented Mrs. Jackson and
in the first lull, Gen. Gordon said: "I
will shake her hands for ycu all, and
in an instant he added, "no. I will do
more than that; I am going t:o. hu^ her
for yon,"' and with that did what he
* - ' "? 1 *1 . .x i.1.
! fiaicL lie was going to ao, wni<;n met tue
hearty approval of the vast throng.
It was at this stage Gen. Lee presented
his resolution. It was decided
without further discussion that the resolution
be referred to thecommittee on
Gen. Gordon presented Miss Kate
Currie, of Dallas, Tex., Miss Laura
Laweudon, of New Orleans, Mrs. Kirby
Smith and other ladies whose husbands
or fathers were Confederate leaders.
In response to the repeated demands of
the' audience lie also presented Mrs.
Gordon, who was greeted with an outburst
of applause. The session then
VETERANS ON* PARADE.
The parade of the veterans occurred
Wednesday afternoon, and they
marched through a dense crowd of
cheering people. Led by Gens Gordon
and Wade Hampton, a long line of the
- 1.1 ?* - - L-J X>_ll J
grizzleQ men vuo nau. mnuncu wen
leaders and the other captains of the
Confederate arir es through four years
of hardship &uu. battle, marched sturdily
under the blazing southern sun to
the inspiring strains of "Dixie," of the
"Bonnie Blue Flag" and the irrelevant
but irrepressible, "There will be a hot
time in the old town tonight." At in
tervals along the line the fluttering of
a war-worn and shot-torn battle flag
called forth cheers, while many heads
were bared as the frayed emblems of a
dead cause gleamed over some organization
whose name is a household word
to the South. Mere aua tnere a camp
appeared iu the grey jeans uniform, black
slouch hats and carrying muskets of the
old patters, and all the war paraphernalia
of the "sixty-one."
Here again Hampton a.nd Gordon
i wwwp-^liet'iUJd vociferously at every
j step and rode almost the entire route
with bared heads. The absence of
I fcon WhoulAr in tlift line was a source
of considerable disappointment. He
reached the city early Wednesday, but
did cot participate in the parade.
GEN. HAMPTON LED TEE MEN.
Including the kindred organizations
and distinguished guests and committees
there were probably 5,000 persons
in the line, probably 3,000 of them
veterans. The parade was led by Gren.
T TJ7?KTT til A
\J. JL? T * auu o uc?xj-? ivaav vi vv? ^ v?v
escort composed of the local militar'companies,
cadets and the naval reserves.
Then came Gen. Gordon and
his staff followed by a long line of carriages
containing the sponsors and
maids of honor of the various camps.
The veterans were led by Gen. Wade
Hampton, at the head of the Army of
Northern Virginia, and preceded by 21
battle flags with their escorts. The
army of Tenoessee followed, led by
Gen. Stephen D. Lee and was followed
j by the camps representing the transMississippi
army in command of Gen.
Cabell. The Sons of Confederate Yet-,
erans brought up the rear.
The State divisions were in command
of the following officers: South Carolina,
Gen. C. I. "Walker; Virginia, Gen.
Grander; West Virginia, General
White: Maryland, Gen. Iripp; Mississippi,
Gen. Campbell: Florida, Gen.
Law; Alabama, Gen. Ferguson; Georgia,
Gen. Evans; Louisiana, Gen. Tun?
-i-v 11 A _1 ?
nard; Texas, bren. Jfoiiey; ^.rsausaa,
Gen. Horner; Indian Territory, Gen.
Coleman; Missouri, Gen. McCollough;
Oklahoma, Gen. Caster; North Carolina,
Gen. DeRossett; Tennessee, Gen.
George W. Guder.
The parade was dismissed at the auditorium,
where the memorial day exercises
were held. That being South
Carolina memorial day the occasion was
one of double significance. The ceremonies
were very impressive and the
auditorium was again filled to its capacity.
xne memorial aaaresa was ucmcicu
by Adjt. Gen. Moorman, who spoke eloquently
of the hero dead of the South
and paid high tribute to its women.
Chaplain Jones, in his opening
ollncinn fn tllfi
CI, iliaug xuuii ww -w
Lee resolutions by expressing the hope
that the women of the south would
keep up the noble work of caring for
the graves of the Southern dead and
that no one would take from them that
As a matter of course South Carolina
figured prominently in the deliberations
of the Sons of Veterans. For two years
the commander in-chief has been a
South Carolinian, Mr. Robert A. Smyth,
oi Charleston, who has built up the order
wonderfully and whose administration
has been so acceptable. In addi *--?
C? ? ..I, Vioc f Via 1aror<ssf
LIU LI OUUl/ii. v^iuiiua uas wuv
number of camps in the federation, a
fact due largely to the efforts of the
State commander, M. L. Bonham. of
Anderson. Of the 110 camps enrolled
50 are in this State and most of them
were fully represented.
Beautiful badges were almost as numerous
as the lovely women and the Sons
in every way displayed their enthusiasm
and interest in the work.
When a Xegro brass band struck up
Dixie in the convention hall before the
exercises began the delegates rose,
stood on the chairs and yelled only as
Southorn men can yell, the cheering
being led by K. C. Lee, Jr., son of W.
H. F. Lee, and Gren. >1. L. Bonham,
who were on the platform. Dixie was
followed by ''Maryland, My Maryland,"
which did not decrease the cheering. 0
The evening prayer by Rev. John
Lake, of Edgefield, invoked the blessings
of the God of Lee, Jackson and
Davis. The prayer was beautiful in
wording and sentiment.
THE OLD VETERANS
They Marched Once More Under
Their Old Flags.
THE MEMORIAL EXERCISES.
Officers and Men Were Cheered
to the Echo by the Tens v
of Thousands of
The Veterans of the sixties marched
through the streets of Charleston Wednesday
afternoon, triumphant in peace,
under the same colors they defended
with their lives when old Fort Sumter
boomed and swept the sea with shot and
shell. And the parade was indeed the
O . P . 1 T> ___ J}
ieature 01 me .Reunion, iur uu speeuues
however patriotic, can stir and thriil as
does the proud step of the soldier and
the throbbing, moving line of men, and
tbsbeat of the drum corps and the bugle's
As division after division, and coml
pany alter company, passea in review
hats were waved with patriotic frenzy
and cheers came from the thousands
who had patiently awaited for the line
to pass. Youth and old age, in one
conglomerated mass, mingled their
shouts-and did not fail to applaud the
appearance of even the most humble
private in the ranks. Gen. G-ordon
shared the applause.with his standard
bearers and the white haired drummer
received a hero's fame.
The parade was one of the longest
ever given by the Veterans since they
began holding their Reunions. Frequently
it has been the case that the
weather has interrupted the parade, but
a more auspicious day than Wednesday
could not have been possible. The
column formed at Meeting and Broad
streets,, and moved forward at 4.25
o'clock. Gen. Gordon sat erect upon a
magnificent horse, and was accompanied
Ktt hie ftill tafaff mrmiifced. On everv
side lie was accorded enthusiastic ovations,
and his time and attention we/e
wholly consumed in acknowledging the
shouting and applause; so it was for
brave old Hampton, and so it was for
Stephen D Lee and Gen. Cabell and all
of the glorious heroes.
From beginning to end the parade
was an interesting spectacle to those
who witnessed it. Old soldiers, worn
o?/5 TTTQcrTT wuior}it. nf vp.ftrs. manv
tmvi nwM uj J , ?
burdened by poverty, held their heads
erect "Wednesday, ?and followed their
leaders as they did more than thirty
years ago. A blind drummer kept step
to his tattoo, playing the same drum
he carried through the war. An aged
Veteran sounded sweet and soft his old
brass bugle, whoofrnotes had urged ^is=
cu-LtmOvu jUiuuj,uxiituumtfuand, "xi.?
says, he never learned to sound retreat.
Avni?aeoiAr? mot f/hA
^MilgUXllUCUb UCJ uuu &JJLVU n*?w ?v
moving, waving column, as the aged
and infinja and maimed hobbled over
.the Belgian blocks, waving their hats
to the crowd, and cheering the names
of Gordon and Hampton and Lee and
Cabell in particular.
The crowd was almost exhausted
from cheering when the tattered and
torn battle flags appeared, and .there
was a moment's silence?the calm before
the storm?theu a mighty shout
went up from many thousand throats.
The color bearers waived then fiags and
lifted their hats in reverence to the
banners which they had followed all
but to death. Gen Wade Hampton was
the centre of all, and he was compelled
to carry his hat in his hand, as it was
impossible to lift it to the thousands of
ladies who waved their handkerchiefs
and clapped their hands, and so as one
after the other of the generals were recognized
cheer after cheer went up
from the great throng, which lined
Meeting street and Marion square and
the entire line of march, almost to the
very doors of the Auditorium. The
scene was one to be seen only once in a
lifetime and the old Confederate gray
uniforms together with the general
make-up opened up a tender picture to
the young as well as the old.
How many were in the line of parade
it would be difficult to say, but there
were thousands, estimated all the way
from three to five thousand and the
length of the line was fully a mile or
MOBLIZING THE VETERANS.
It took considerable engineering to
get the line into good shape.
Under the orders promulgated the
various States mobilized their Veterans
First South Carolina Divison?Right
resting on St Michael's alley, facing
Second Virginia Division?jtugnt
resting on Water street, facing west.
Third North Carolina Division?
Right resting half-way between "Water
street and the Battery, facing west.
Fourth Maryland Division?Oo the
Battery, right resting on Meeting street
Fifth Kentucky Division?On the
Battery, right resting on Churh street,
Sixth West Virginia Division?On
the Battery, right resting corner South
and East Battery, facing east.
Army Tennessee Department?On
Broad, west of Meeting, with its right
resting on Broad, and facing north.
First Mississippi Division?Right
resting en Postoffice lane.
Second Florida Division ?Right resting
on King street.
Third Alabama Division?Right resting
on Orange street.
Fourth Georgia Division?Right resting
on Logan street.
Fifth Louisiana Division?Right rest
o n efroof.
lllg UppUSitC JUCk^/JU-LCfcU.
Sixth Tennessee Division?Right
resting on Rutledge avenue.
Broad street, east of Meeting, on north
side, facing south, its right resting at
First Texas Division?Right resting
near Meeting street.
Second Arkansas Division?Right
nan* Mccfirifr cfTP^f
Third Missouri Division?Right resting
half way between Church and State
Fourth Indian Territory Division?
Right resting on State street,
Fifth Oklahoma .Division?On East
Bay, right resting on Broad street, facing
Sixth Pacific Division?On EastBay
United Sons of Confederate Veterans
on south side of Broad street, rieht
resting on East Bay, and facing north.
Divisions forming in the following or- )
der: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florid
iin^omo fi-oArcn'fl Louisiana.
*lio?\ja.LUaj v t
Texas, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee,
As to the carriage loads of sponsors
and guests they passed down East Bay
to Broad, west, up Broad to Rutledge,
and thence down to the Battery, meeting
Gen. Gordon at the corner of Meeting
street and the Battery.
Before the general march up Meeting
street the Army of Tennessee department
moved down Meeting street and
halted on the left of Broad street, facing
The line of march was not actually
formed until after the commands had
passed St. Michael's Church, where G-en
Cabell was in waiting for the main line
of the procession.
A ^ i. "L _ T J _ ? i.V>. l'AAr\ A.T7&TX7
-AC me ueau 01 me nuc m nvi;
thing straight were a platoon of police
officers, under command of Chief Boyle
including Lieuts McManus and Dunn,
and Sargt3. Whaley and McCaffery.
THE SOLDIERS IX LINE.
Gen. C. I. Walker rode at the head
of the column, escorted by his staff aijd
marshals selected for the occasionn.
All of the officers were arrayed in
~ " - ? j _? ?i.
Uontederate umiorms ana wore sasuw
appropriate to the work they had been
Following Gen "Walker came the
Fourth Regiment Band at the head of
the 4th brigade and escort.
The 4th brigade and their escort were
under command of Major Muckenfuss.
First came the corps of S JC M A
cadets, whc made a splendid show. The
West Pointers of the South, as they are
called, kept a splendid line and marched
with splendid precision.
Tkar, Mma +Jio nnrna nf Pnrfcer Acad
JLUOlX VALUV WUW VV* vm ? W ? ? ? ?
emy cadets, under Major Dwight. The
corps made a fine slnw.
Then followed the Orangeburg Collegiate
Institute, Col C J Owens commanding.
This is a comparatively new
military school, which is doing superior
The Charleston commands followed
in this order:
The Washington Light Infantry,
Capt Cogswell commanding.
Gennau Fusiliers, Capt Schachte,
Irish Volunteers, Capt Carney, commanding.
Palmetto Guard, Capt Nichols com-1
South Carolina Naval Reserves, Capt
C L Du7>os commanding.
German Artillery, Capt F W Wagener
The home companies all wore their
striking uniforms; the shafcos of sever- |
al of the commanda^aajqg^^jjj^yHB
Just ahead of the line of 'carrfflJM*
cgpae Gen Gordon^ ^ominanding the
; \i^terans, accompanied" by his staff, all
ofywhom were mounted, and who were;
Gen Geo W Moorman, of New Orleans,
La. adjutant general and chief of
Gen Wm H Jackson, of Tennessee,
chief of artillery.
Aides: Col Hugh McCollum, of
Georgia; Col V Y Cook, of Arkansas;
Capt E E Sparkman. of Charleston, S.
Then came the line of carriages bear
ing the distinguished guests, sponsors
In the first carriage were: Mrs J B
Gordon, Mrs Andrew Simonds, Miss
Gordon and Miss Roman.
Then followed Gen Stephen D Lee
and his military staff, who were: Brig
Gen F T Sykes, Col H C Myers, Col
Lake, Col Howard. Col Middlebrook,
Col Wyley; Col Nesbett, Col Baxter
Smith, Col Garrett, Col McMurray, R
E Lee, Jr, Gen Hemmingway.
Aheadjaf th^e executive carriage was
Messrs \V J btoren ana T s 3inKier. 111
the executive carriage were Lieut Governor
MeSweeney, Speaker Gary; May
or cmytn aQa Aiaermru -Liapnam.
At the head of the Army of Northern
GEN. WADE HAMPTON*,
the distinctive heio of the parade. He
was escorted by Major Barker; Capt
Welles, Mr Lowndes and Col iomax,
who were members of his war staff. Gen
Hampton rode "Prince," and made a
splendid appearance as he rode np the
lines, with his hand on his hat, bowing
to the cheering crowd.
The Army of Northern Virginia had
very many Veterans in line. At the
head of the column were the two divisions
of this State; commanded by Gen
Coward and Gen Carwile.
SOUTH CAEOLINA CAMPS.
Some idea of the number of camps in
line from this State may be had when it
is noted that all of the following, from
the 1st brigade, had representatives in
the line of march:
Charleston regiment, Major George
Camps: Sumter, Commandant, F G
Latham; Palmetto Guard, commandant,
G L Buist, Thos M Wagner, commandant,
S P Smith; A Burnet Khett commandant,
S C Gilbert; Major John Jenking,
commandant, J Jenkins; Edward
Manigault, commandant, H W.Lofton;
Washington Artillery, commandant, L
York Regiment?Camps: Catawba,
flo/1 Tnn/ic* _Tnn_
UUiuiuauuauuj wuvuj wukins,
commandant, J F Hart; Fort Mill,
commandant, L N Culp.
Florence Regiment?Camps: PeeDee,
commandant, R B Hepburn;
Hampton, commandant, M L Munn;
Timmonsville, commandant, J F Culpepper.
Fairfield Regiment?Camps: Rion;
commandant, J D Hanison; Raines,
commandant, R H Jennings; Brattan;
commandant, W J Keller; Private H
Efford, commandant, W W Smith.
Richland Regiment, Col U R Brooks
n TT._r_i.-_ ' r>
Voiups: xiauupi/uii, cumiu^uunuu,
Cardwell; A C Haskell; commandant,
D Robin; Ed T Bookter, commandant
T C Whitworth.
Unassigned Camps?Stephen Elliott, j
commandant, R W Minns; Dick Anderson,
commandant, J D Griffin; J D
Graham, commandant, J J Nelson; Jas .
Conner, commandant, J J Wescoat: C j
J Walker, commandant, A W Weatn- j
erly; Eutaw, commandant. J 0 Bre- |
land; J B Kershaw, commandant, J C \
Coit; Jack Hendricks, commandant, liM
Hough; "Winnie Davis, commandant,i
W IHanna; Horry, commandant, B l|;
Beatty; Harry Benbow, commandanti
D W Brailsfora; Marion, commandanti,
S A Durham: Harllee, commandant ifT
Pardee: Richard Kirkland, commandf
ant, C C Haije; Hanging Rock, com
mandant, J F Welsh; Pressley, com
mandant, D E Gordon; Hennegan, com
mandant. J H Hudson; Arthur Mani
gault, commandant. J H Read; Darling
ton, commandant, J L Coker; "Walk
er, commandant J W Reed; Dixie
commancaht, W G A Paton: Maxcj
Gregg; commandant, J A La ten; E j
Dennis, commandant, E J Dennis
/-I Vi: 1% J . _ i A T?
ixen Xi uspcrs, commanaanc. mc xte^
I) M Brpher.
Ands?it \7as all along the line wifcl
each of tie States, and it would do nc
special )?ood toenuuerate the camps. Ii
would be'a pleasure to have collated th<
Veteranfcin the line, but that was nol
possible.-andtogive the mere names oi
the camps would be useless.
The vsiousState organizations wen
represented, and were in command oi
the following officers:
Jjirst qoutiiUaroiina: Gen t L \\ aiker.
Second Virginia: Gen Bratton.
North! Carolina Division: Gen D(
Maryland Division: Gen Tripp.
Kentacky Division: Gen Poyntz.
West A^:ginia Division: Gen "White.
Armv Tennessee: Gen Lee com
Mississopi: Gen Campbell.
Fiorina; Gen E McLaw.
Alabamr.Gen Fred Fergusou.
Georgia: i-en Evans.
Louisiana1 Gen. Tunnard.
Tennessee Gen George W Gordon,
Trans-Misissippr, Gen Cabell com
manding. J-en Cabell was accompanr
ed by Gen Fall, of Galveston.
Gen Poty commanding Texas division;
Gen 7 D Fields, commanding
brigade aij adjutant general, with Mi
J M Cona&ev.
Texas, fen Polly.
Arkansj^ Gen John J Hornor.
OklahoB, Gen Casier.
Indian ferritory, Gen Coleman.
The Ge$gia camps were largely representeacd
were under command oi
Gen C A'ivans, who was accompanied
by Ms stai
Col Jolt A Miller, adjutant general
and chief of staff; Col J 0 "VVaddell,
quartermafcer general; Col C M "Wheatly,
assistat inspector general; Lieut
Col Wm Jnimly, assistant adjutant
general; QW A Wright, aide, and a
large deiegtion from the camps of the
S<?S OF VETERANS.
The Sop of Veterans were undei
command f G-en. Robert Ar-uTnyth,
I accompanie his stall, who were
mounted, nd his special aides, whc
were: I*p. T. Qaitnby, Atlanta, inSmythe,.
L. Wells, .Jr., L. C
Smythe, Jr.. **
The South Carolina Division was un
der command of Gen. Bonham, and h
was accompanied by his staff.
The other States were in command o
the following officers: Louisiana, Gen
W. H. McLellan; Mississippi,- Gen
George B. Myers; North Carolina, Dr
Charles A- Bland: Georgia, F. H. Col
quitt; Fl^da, Gen. J. II. Matthews
acting; Virginia, Gen. W. A. Jacobs
Texas, H.B. Kirk, acting.
Just belind the camps came the Yet
erans beanng the sacred battle flags o
the ''LostCause," witha specialcscort
The Washington Artillery carried it
old gun. The company was under th<
command if Capt R J Morris, of Char
leston. Tie old company was proud o
its gun, wlich is said to be tne first o
its kind inthe country.
FAIOUS FLAGS IX LINE.
The gucwas ussd in firing the salute
oil Marioi square, while the graves o
the dead leroes were being decoratec
in Magnola Cemetery.
At the :ead of the column of coloj
bearers rod Gen MeCrady, accompaniec
by Mr P 1 Hayne and Capt Rudedge
The Irish Tolun ieers and the Richlanc
Volunteen furnished the escort for th<
sacred rei; of the 1st South Carolins
T'?*lnr.*-AA* (CZ-r0crcr?c ^
?\I1UU0CCI IUXIO.UUJ) V-JJ - J
colors wer< carried by Mr. Spellman anc
Messrs. JijcCrady and Kelley. There
were seven of the survivors of the gallant
reginent in line when Marior
Then cafce the colors of Hart's Battery,
whicli were carried by Mr. Louis
Sherfesse, iho had the honor of carry
mg the colOs all tnrougn tne war.
Then cane Capt Bird, with the flaj
which was frst unfurled over Fort Sumter,
of whici an account has just appeared
in Tie New and Courier.
Nex* in tie line of the colors of the
regiments ame those of the 8th Soutl:
Carolina vdunteer infantry, Col Hen
negai, of Eershaw's brigade.
Then thecolors of Col Stringfellow's
69th.North Carolina regiment.
Following these came the colors oi
Cap! Backnan's Battery, of which ar
acconnt wasprinted a day or two ago.
Cfcpt Bost of the 46th North Carolina
regimeit, at Appomattox, saved s
sinfle star torn the ba.tle flag of his
regiment. This tattered star is the
centre of tie flag of the 46th North
Carolina regiment, which was carried in
the parade Vedensday.
The flag d the 10th South Carolina
inianttv. Col Walker's reei
V UJLUUWW V 7 ? - -
ment, was Wednesday carried by A A
Myers, of thit distinguished regiment.
The flag ttat at one time floated ovei
the-headquarters of Gen Kershaw was
carried in-the parade by D11 Flenniken,
of Camp Hampton, of Columbia.
Jl C Cleary had the privilege of carrying
the flag of the 7th South Carolina
- - ? u.i j
infantry, wuuuu uciuugeu cu ivcisuan c
"W" B Lamb, of the 3d South 0a)olina,
carried the flag of that regiment.
W N Whitaker had the honor of bearing
the battle flag of the 25th North
The independent flag of Charlotte
,Vas in line, but it is not to be called a
Strictly battle flag.
Une of the flags of the line was that
of the Beaufort district, which was
carried by W N Barnes. This flag
was at one time in the Hampton Legion.
W F Edvrards, of Uovmgton, ua,
had the honor of carrying the muchscarred
battle flag of the 42d Georgia
The 53d North Carolina regimental
Bag was carried by G P Loyd.
The 33d Virginia, whicli was the
original "Stonewall" Jackson regiment
[Continued on Fourth Page.]
: A COMPARISON. ;
- Figures of the Santiago Cam- j
paign and of the Civil War. i
HFAVY LOSS OF OFFICERS, c
i Forty-three Officers Kilfed at Fort c
t Wagner. At Fair Oaks Long- 4
i street Lost Sixty-one Offi- ?
cers Killed. f
The American loss of officers in the j
; several battles with the Spanish forces
P before Santiago, Cuba, on the 1st, 2d and c
3d of July last, as officially reported by
- Gen. Shafter, amounted to twenty-three
killed and eighty wounded. A number ?
of the latter were mortally wounded 4
; and subsequently died. All but a few *
of these killed and wounded officers ^
were of the regular army. The Army *
Register for 1S99, just out, shows that ^
of the total, eighteen of the killed out
right and six wno died of their wounds ^
belonged to seventeen different infan- *
try and cavalry regiments of the per- "
There is a popular impression that c
the losses in officers were very severe, T
which is correct, but it is a mistake to ?
( suppose they were unprecedented, or fc
even extraordinary, in theannals of our
military, campaigns. Some of the losses (
. sustained by both Union and Confeder- ?
ate commands during the civil war i
make these casualties at Santigo ?ook *
; rather moderate, when the time con- a
: sumed in the battles and the numbers ^
engaged are considered. Gen. Shafter's C
force in these Cuban battles was ap- a
proximately 17,500 men, the greater r
part of whom were regulars. But s
Shafter's troops were not armed with '
the best modert breech-loading maga- a
. zine rifles, whereas their Spanish foe c
! was equipped with the famous Mauser a
. rifles, held now by most experts to be
the best arm in existence. Out of this ],
fact has grown another erroneous im- i
pression, viz, tnat tae Datties 01 nowa- j
days are very much more destructive fc
than those of even forty years ago, be- I
cause of the superiority of the later
models of firearms. Bat, nevertheless, g
it is very doubtful if the Americans at fc
Santiago would have been successful t
much sooner than they were, or lost c
fewer men, had they been armed with v
: precisely the same kind of rifles as the 8
; Spaniards. The latter were covercd 0
' TTTVI iln AH r mnn ^ati <TV? _
TT11JLX uai lUITViaOj IT 11X11/ UU1 UI^U xvuguv g
' in the open. j
During onr civil war the Union and
1 Confederate troops were on even terms s
BPp^P^^ms were con^rned. The ^
naWaaiidRli^hoth armies were equipped
i* with BnfielaVnd Springfield rifiedmua- v
kets, muzzle loaders, Tritkthe- exception^
of a short while at the beginning. Thfere t
was but little, if any, difference in the j
e effectiveness of"these two models, al
though one was American and the other ]
In the memorable assault made by j
' .tHe Union forces on Fort Wagner, Mor- '
' ris Island, S. C., on the 18th of July, i
1S63, ten regiments of volunteer infan- ]
'I try were engaged. It took place at t
' twilight, and was all over inside of one ?
firm*. olflimnrVi ?> -nort of flip MSillllt.inff <
MVtAA, ? V- C> I C
^ column effected a lodgment in on? of
1 the bastions, but the men were ultimate'
ly captured, after holding out about
3 three hours. The loss in killed,
3 wounded and missing was 1,515, which
I included 3S1 missing, some of whom 1
- were doubtless killed and wounded.
Shafter's losses in the three days' fight- /
ing at Santiago were 1,595. The Span j.
ieh defences at Santiago appear to have j
been about as strong as those of the t
\ Confederates at Wagner; theiefore, the .
I comparison is a fair one in every ./ay, J
except that the numbers engaged at T
Wflonor and tlift time MTisnmed w?r?
i far less than at Santiago. The fort was ?
defended by from 1,000 to 1,500 men, j
I and assaulted by 5,000 or 6,000. Oat ^
; of the ten volunteer regiments engaged j.
I 28 officers were killed outright and 75 s
wounded. Of the latter 15 were mor
[ taiiy wounaea ana suosequenuy aiea, t
> among them Gen. George C. Strong,
' the magnificent soldier who commanded ^
, the assaulting column. A single regi- c
ment of New Hampshire troops, the j
. 7th, lost 11 officers killed (or died of g
j wounds) in this charge, and 7 wounded, i
. The 62d Ohio lost 8 officers killed (or t
died of wounds) and 7 others wounded. 0
r The 54th Massachusetts (colored) lost c
! its colonel, Robert G. Shaw, and 2
. captains killed, and 11 officers wounded. ^
All this destruction was wrought main- Q
ly by the muzzle-loading Enfield rifles,
but at very short range. The (Jonfed- ?
erate loss was only 181 killed and j
The number of Qopfederates actually j.
engaged in the temble assault upon t
the Union intreochments at Franklin,
Tenn, on November 30, 1864, did not a
much exceed Shafter's force at Santiago 0
although Hood's entire force at hand g
was much greater. Their losses were e
fearful, particularly in officers. Node- a
tailed official report of them is on file Q
in the public archives, if any was ever j.
made, but there are sufficient incom- "j:
plete returns printed to give a fairly de- j,
finite idea of their extent. In field
tv 1 i _ T iL 1 _
omcers aione n is Known cuey lost upward
of 20 killed and 35 wounded, sev- ^
eral of the latter afterward dying.
Among these were 11 general officers a
i and 21 colonels. Of line officers, some ?
of the regiments were actually swept
bare. Loring's division lost 28 officers
. killed outright and 84 wounded. This
, division numbered less than one-fifth
i of Shafter's force at Santiago. The a
bridgade of the present Senator from t
Missouri, Francis M. Cockrell, went v
into the battle of Franklin with 614 1
men and 82 officers; of these he lost 19 a
officers killed and 31 wounded, and 277 o
enlisted men killed and wounded. ]y
Senator Cockrell himself lived to tell ii
' ~ AnfltT flin i ?1
, LLLU tctiC. UUU Alt G Y 1UUUU vuv llj
atmosph-re much hotter that evening t;
at Franklin than it has ever been since
in the Senate. "Walthall's division
; lost 28 officers killed and 59 wound.
But although the Confederates suffered
far greater losses than the Union troops ^
in this battle, the losses were not by
auy means all on one side, as at Fort 0
Wagner. In the five brigades of the 81
23d corps engaged 19 officers were killed 1
and 40 wounded.
In the bloody assault delivered by
Burnside at Fredericksburg the Union
, losses were very heavy, as the Confed- 5
1 erates mainly fought behind fortified tl
lines, as the Spaniards did at Santiago, if
ill told tlis Union army lost 124 olli- 1
;ers killed and 654 officers "wounded.
3f these the single division of Han;ock,
which charged the stone wall and
jmbaaked roadway on the high ground C
)ack of the town, lost 34 officers killed
md 126 wounded, or more than one-?
IIILL 01 lilie miliy S bUM?x 'USS xu vuibcis.
3ne of Hancock's brigades, composed
)f six regiments, alone lost 17 officers 1
ailed and 47 wounded. Humphreys's
iivison of eight regiments lost 12 offi:ers
killed and 51 wounded. Hancock I
:arried into action at Fredericksburg
l-,484 men and officers, all volunteers,
ess than one-third the force Shafter
lent againt the Spaniards at Santiago.
In his attack upon the Union fortiierl
1?np<a at. "Pair Oaks Lnnffstrpet'a
**" " """ " "* " ?O
Confederate division lost 61 officers
cilled and 209 wounded. A considerable
nu oiber of the wounded subse- "
inently died. I
The foregoing citations and compari- e
ions deal only with assaults on fortified p
ines of earthworks, similar to those t]
phich confronted the Americans at ^
Santiago. But the losses in the open
:-1 J C-Vi.: J TTTrt* TI
Leiu uguuug uunug iuc wiu n? nut
qually destructive in many instances, fi
in fact, the American civil war was
,bout the most destructive of human j
ife of all the wars of history, probably
.ccient, of which there is no definite _
ecord, as well as modern. The per-' ?
:entage of loss in battle in our civil ^
rar was greater than in any other war of _
rhich history gives anything like relia- ?
>le figures. ^
At Shiloh the Union division of Mc- ?
)lernand losfc 18 offiers killed and 69
rounded; that of Hurl hurt 18 officers p"
:illed 70 wounded, and that of Sher- si
nan 16 killed and 6 wounded. Total, S
>2 killed, 191 wounded. These three n
li visions carried into action about 20,- f<
?00 men, not much exceeding Shafter's o'
.rmy. None of the Confederate official
eports of Shiloh gives separate figures ?
howing the losses of officers, but they u
rere equal to the Union losses no doubt, b
a +Viatt rtrafa fn tVio n-ffonci'po thrftTHrll
10 fl VLV VU VUV V^vuw* I V V *-Q ?
rat the first day's battle. Shiloh was i
, two days' battle.
Gren. E well's Confederate divison of tr
ess than 5,000 men and officers lost at fi
Lntietam in one day's battle 24 officers ti
dlled and 110 wonnded. The five ti
irigades of Drayton, Walker, Cobb, d
Cershaw and Wofford, numbering per- tl
iona o<j roor?TT mow oq Rliafter at I H
Santiago, lost at Aatietam 57 officers ei
:illed and 160 wounded. These are all fi
he official ligures of tlie Confederate ii
ommanders. On the Union side Sedg- h
rick's division lost 23 officers killed and w
10 wounded; Richardson's division 19 F
fficers killed, among them Richard- 1<
on ~ himself, and 46 wounded, ani h
bench's division, 21 officers killed and P
10 wounded. Total in the three divi- fi
ious, 63 killed, 186 wounded. There
aa a large percentage of wpunded of- P
rounds; 'j'hese three?
!er!nP8??PWP8lgo. Dana's brigade 1
ost 10 Offices killed and 42 wouaded. ^
* A. triii. T?:
.a.i< Wit: uatiuc UJ. UWUC a ui
5durfree9boro, the four Union divisions s
)f Sheridan, Palmer; Wood and Jeff C.
Davis carried into action 19,135 men. 1
rhey lost 52 officers killed and 221
wounded. The other Union divisons t
.ost about in the same proportion. On <3
;he Confederate side Cheatham's divi- a
sion of 5,544 men lost 22 officers killed 1
md 120 wounded. Withers's division 2
)f 8,574 men lost 32 officers killed and
L62 wounded. In this bloody battle
;he entire Confederate loss of officers
vas 109 killed and 667 wounded. The _
otal Union loss in officers was 100 *
tilled and 405 wounded.
A.t Gettysburg the Uaion 1st corps
of approximately 10,000 men,) in the
? Tnltr ?
;<SLtie ui cuc aoo ui ouiji uiaiuij xuu^uv g
ndependent of other commands, al- n
hough two divisions ef the llch corps if
>articipated for a short while after noon, r.
ost 5,500 men. Of these, 42 officers X
rere killed and 262 wounded. Its first t<
Livision, under Wadeworth, lost 19 of- tl
icers killed and 93 wounded. The b
ion Brigade of this division lost 13 of- a
icers killed and 54 wounded. The o
leaviest regimental loss on the Union ci
ide in officers during the whole war y
iccurred here. The 24th Michigan, of
he Iron Brigade, lost 8 officers killed d
,nd 13 wounded, several of whom after- ft
?ard died. Gibbon's divison of Han- h
ock's corps lost zo omcers tailed ana e1
.05 wounded; Humphreys's division of gj
>ickles's corps had 28 officers killed and ij
.40 wounded. In his independent bat- h.
le of the Peach Orchard and vicinity, lj
m the 2d, Sickles lost out of the 3d is
orps of 12,000 men, 50 officers killed
,nd 251 wounded. There are very few 0
iefinite returns of Confederate losses of ii
fficers at Gettysburg, but they were si
irobably much heavier than those of 1>
J." gUgiOiJ. VMiVAW4 AV?/V/*V V*. H,
lodes's division of 9,000 men, approxi- b'
aately, shows that he lost 30 officers L
:illed and 137 wounded. Besides, w
here were 29 officers missing, some of tl
rhom are known to have been killed b<
Tid wounded. Daniel's brigade lost 15 T
fficers killed and 48 wonnded; Iver- o1
on's brigade, 12 killed and 33 wound- h,
J XT 'o T s\r* ct<\ rl /s Q ?y.
U? llAJD B jUUUUAaua Ui-Agaviv; w aiiivu f f
nd 22 wounded. The 26th North Car- e<
lina volunteers lost over 20 officers s?
:illed and wounded and over 600 enisted
men, the heaviest regimental
ass of the entire war.
It is unnecessary to carry these com- ^
iarisons further. There lias been no w
.esign to select isolated cases to make w
bloody showing. Other battles show *
ven more extraordinary losses than ^
hose cited. Leslie J. Perry. r<
Shot Him Dead.
Postmaster George A. McLaughty t}
t Jamestown, Onio, lies dead from a -ir
houghtless piece of pleasantry. He a$
ras killed by a most intimate friend. J
!he postmaster Wednesday night, with p
boy friend, was putting a "tick tack" n<
n the window at the homo of Mr. Ginn. tl
Ir. Ginn, hearing the noise and think- ai
ag to frighten the boys, fired a shot n<
lirough the window, killing McLaugh7
A Ship "Wrecked. b;
TV,rt eViirt T.rtrtVl SIaTT W5 Q
jlu^ JLfiAVlCU cujiy xjvvu ??w'recked
on Kangaroo island, oh April
6. Five passengers and twenty-five _
f the crew were drowned. Four per3ns
escaped from the wreck, but they
re still wandering in the bush. ^
A Bis Price. ^
A seat on the stock exchange in New ot
rork was sold Thursday for $40,000, ai
ae highest sum ever paid. That sum pi
i now bid for a seat to
Sen. Otis Makes Report That
rHE END IS NEAR AT HAND.
inhabitants of Macebebe Coun*
ty Hail American Gun1"
beats Joyously. Returning
Gen. Otis has cabled the war departlent
concerning the situation in the
Philippines. He says that it is very
ncouraging. The tone of the disatch
leads the officials here to believe
bat the end of the Filipino insurrecion
is near at hand.
Following is the text of the dispatch
rom Gen. Otis:
Manila, May 11.
idjutant General, Washington.
Situation as follows: Succeeded in
assing army gunboats to Calumpit for
se in Bio Grand; railway connection
ith that point secured this week;
rtr,<-?vwyvf mini\Aafd I^VAYirrYl
Moagc vi guuuvavo viuvu&w mmvwmtvw
Duntry hailed with joyful demonstraons
by inhabitants. * * * * In
Duntry passed over by troops tempora7
civil administration inaugurated and
rotection to inhabitants against inlrgent
abuses given aa*?ar as possible.
igns of insurgent disintegration daily ~
manifested. Obstacles which natural
matures of country present can be
In reply to a cable to Adjutant Genral
Corbin Wednesday night regardlg
return of volunteers, Gen. Otis caled
Manila, May 11.
adjutant General, Washington.
Volunteer organizations first to relrn
noir at Negros and 45 miles
rom Manila at front Expected that
ansports now arriving will take rexrning
volunteers. Volunteers unerstand
they will begin to leave for
ie United States the latter part of
lonth; know importance of their presace
here at this time and acoept sacri- ~ -/N
ce which United States interests make
nperative. Hancock now entering
arbor. . Transports returning this v i
eek carry sick and wounded men.
Pennsylvania and St Panl net needed .
mgerin southern waters, they have
een retained, hence dispatch; trans- 7^
orts Nelson and Cleveland brought
reightjretom without cargo. Otis.
The Hancock which Gen. Otis ? .?-i?
orts entering the harbor sailed. from
,451 enlisted men, CoL Jacob ^ Kline,
Venty-first infantry ^commanding.
A later dispatch, from Gen. Otis
Manila, May 11. ?
Idiutant General, Washington.
Health condition troops arrive 1 on
ransport Hancock excellent; two
eath^i en route, Private D. E. Jones
nd Elmer H. Chevalier, Cos. Land E,
Venty-first infantry, April 24th and ;
6th. Otis. ; vir
BEW1Y COUHS BOIO.
tear Admiral Watson Ordered to Take
His Place &t Manila.
The navy department ha? selecte4 * .
accessor to Admiral Dewey tocomland
the Asiatic station. Order* were
isned Monday detaching Bear Admi
il Watson from eommand of the Blare '. '
aland navy yard and ordering to report
> Admiral Dewey at Manila to relieye
lat officer when he feels that he eaa
e spared there. Hear Admiral Kempff,
t present on waiting orders, hat been
rdered to succeed Admiral "Wat?on in
Dmmand of the Mare Island navy
It was stated at the department Monay
that Admiral Dewey will come
:om Manila direct to New York when
e returns to the United States. How- - ^
rer, it was added, the admiral will not
art until the commission, of whieh he
i a member, has completed the work it
as undertaken, at least so far as it rentes
to the restoration of peace on the
ilands. . The
reason for bringing the flagship
lympia to New York instead of havig
her come to San Francisco where
le was built is said to be primarily
ecause Admiral Dewey desires to
take the passage on his own flagship,
at also for the reason that the Maze
sland navy yard threatens to be over
helmed with repair work as soon as
le numerous vessels of Dewey's fleet
egina to return to the United States,
he Olympia is in need of a thorough '
yerhauiing, having been away from
er home station longei than xay of the
;ssels in the Asiatic fleet, and render-,
1 more than the usual amount of hard
irvice during her absence.
TTn Wfll SUftU
The Columbia Eecord says: 'There
a ve been rumors current for several
eeks to the effect that Colonel Neal
as prepared to settle with the State on -i
jcount of what he acknowledges he is
ae. But not until last night were the ?
sports confirmed. Chairman Cuningham
says the board has been asired
by Colonel Neal's attorneys^ that j
le shortage would be made good before
le board meets again and before the.
ivestigating committee assembles
jain. This will be June 13. Mr.
alius E. Boggs and Mr George B. s
rince, who are Colonel Neal's attor2ys,
arc in the city inafctendanceupon
te supreme court. The details of the
rangement for the settlement have
)t been made public."
They Will AppeaL
Immigration Commissioner North
is refused to permit the landing of
n Filipinos who arrived at San Fran- vij
sco a tew days ago on the steamer fA
Lty of Peking. The natives are under J|
mtraet to exhibit at a New York di ne .. ]
useum. Commissioner North takes ' }<*
te position that because of agreement . 'I
place themselves on exhibition they 4
e contract laborers and are not -en- I
tied to land in this country. On tie
her hand, the Filipinos elaim they ?te
actors, not laborers, They will
obably appeal their case tc Washing*