; ; 7^ ~jg?gj&fx
1 * "? > '.
VOL LIII WINNSBORO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. MAY 24, 1899. ? m.42fg|gpg
A BOLD SWINDLE.
Buncoing the Negroes Out Their
Hard Earned Dollars.
HOW THE GAME IS WORKED.
One Hundred and Fifty Thousand
Dollars Has So Far Been
Stolen from the Trustful
A dispatch from Washington says
thousands of ignorant colored people in
-v this country are being induced to believe
that they are to be pensioned by
the United States government upon being
unable to show that they were formerly
slaves. The promoters of this
scheme, which has all the ear marks ol
S SySt ID2UlC 2X Ct HI jjl cAbiaw UIVMVJ
from credulous colored people, by holding
out to them false hopes of a government
pension, have been at work for a
number of year?, and it is estimated
that over $150,000 has been col
lected by the self-constituted missionaries
having the project in hand.
The subject came to the service a
few days days ago through some correspondence
between a colored preacher,
in one of the Southern States, and a
Uuited States senator. The preacher
wrote to the senator to inquire into the
Trustor in view of the fact that so many
of the colored people in his state had
been assessed to defray the expenses of
the proposed legislation. The senator,
who is one of the most influential members
of that body, by reason of his long
service (three terms.) and his appropriate
committee assignments, instituted
an investigation, and i his is the substance
of what he reported to the colored
divine who sought information on
It appears that there has been in ex
* T-oorc r?r mrtrfi an
lstence iyr auuuu ?.cn ?? ?
enterprise under the title of the "ExSlave
Mutual Relief Company and Pension
Association, of the United States
of America." This association has its
agents in every State in the union, for
the purpose of locating, if possible, all
former slaves. The latter are told that
legislation is now pendiDg before congress
to pension a'l former slaves as
All persons 70 years of age to receive
$500 and also $156 more during their
natural lives. Persons 60 years to receive
$300 and $126 more. Persons 50
years to receive $100 and >86 more.
Persons less than 50 years to receive
$46 more, etc. It is necessary for all
the supposed beneficiaries of the proposed
legislation to pay into the assocition
25 cents as a registration fee. It
is claimed that over 600,000 ex-slaves
have been so registered. According to
the circular sent out by this associalifi?,a.copy
of which is hands of
r?'^*-ci^?P?te~reierred to, the headquarters
or main office is at No. 708 Gay
street, Nashville, Tenn. I. D. Dickerson
is general manager. The circular
is headed "On to Victory." It also
contains a picture of General Manager
Dickerson. It is acdres?ed to "All exslave
associations in the United Staies.
' AW mindrrar
we come greeuug
r and promoter of the movement, which
has been so much opposition and more
combats in its own circular than any
other organization of the present day."
Then follows special mention of the
membership fee, 25 cents. Also the
information that the national delegate
in Washington is located at 475 Missouri
avenue; and has secured the services
of Attorney W. C. Lawson. The
circular further appeals to every exslave
to send his name with the registration
fee of 25 cesis. It also appeals
to every local association to send $2.50
for a chartcr at once, and every exslave
to send in addition that amount
1 1 *? HP V* AO A
to D6 used in i-ae muvcmcuu jluvov
assets are to be sent to the office of the
national delegate, given above. * The
circular also anrounccs that the National
Convention at Nashville in 1898
made the weekly publication, the National
Capital, 25 cents for three
mnrmfhe tho nffinial OT2an of the SSSO*
ciation. Another and a more recent
circular of similar importance bears a
pioture of Senator William E. Mason,
of Illinois, I. H. Dickerson, general
manager, 714 Line street, Nashville,
Tenn. This circular declares "it is the
only incorporated and chartered movement
in the United States, and others
are frauds. It calls attention to the
bill to pension ex-slaves introduced in
the House of Representatives, J une 24,
1S90, by then Representative Conneli,
of Nebraska.'' In the 54th congress
Senator Thurston introduced the Con?11
T-'1' - flip firoular
Il?il U1JL1 111 um??
r calls special attention to the fact that
the bill "passed to two readings and
was referred to the pension committee."
An Honest Confession.
A communication has been received
by Attorney General Terrell, of Georgia,
from a State's attorney in Illinois,
containing statements which are being
read with much interest there. The
writer is preparing a paper to be read to
- ??Stof-o rvrnsAfviitors in
& i;VU>CUUVU Vi w/v^vv
Illinois refers to Attorney General Terrell
information as to capital punishment
'n Georgia. In the course of the
letter the Illinois official says: "We
have capital punishment in our State
for murder only, and for the last few
years in this prrt of the State we have
had six or seven lynchings for the crime
of rape, and I am inclined to believe
kthat it is almost as good a record as is
claimed here for come of the Southern
Knights of Pythias.
The State Lodge of Knights of Pythias
met last week at Florence. On
Wednesday the following officers were
elected: G. C., G. A. NeuSer, Abbeville;
G. V. C., 31. B. Woodward,
Aiken: G. P., J. H. Thornwell, Fort
Mill; G. X. K. and S., D. J. Auld,
Sumter; G. M. of Ex., Wilson G. Harfey,
Charleston; G. M. at A., H. H.
Husbands, Florence; G. I. G., J. Q.
McManus, Kershaw; G. 0. G., J. H.
Bryan, Seneca. Supreme Representative,
H. T. Thompson, Darlington.
jjSfr The Grand Lodge selected Charleston
as the p'ice of meeting nest year.
Uw^^^The number of members in the
B Boights of Pythias Lodges in South
IP id 4,770, 12 less than last reForty
thousand paid to endowH^k
in South Carolina duriDg the
CONDITION OF THE CROPS.
The Weekly Summary of the Unite
States Wkather Bureau.
The following is the weekly crc
bulletin of the South Carolina sectic
of the climate and crop service of ti
United States Weather- bureau issue
Wednesday by Director Bauor:
TJia xtppL- Andinj? Mav 15th average
7 degrees per day warmer than usua
with the maximum temperatures ran;
ing from slightly below to consideribl
above 90 degrees each day. and wit
the minima correspondingly high.
The rainfall for the week was gei
erally very light; with moderated
heavy rains in the vicinity of Cbarle
ton and over the Fee Dee region. T1
need of rain is general, and the lac
of it has materially injured cats, and i
a lesser extent wheat and garden
Rain is also needed to permit cottc
onrJ nlantine to be completed, an
to germinate recently planted seeds.
Oats are failing rapidly, and sprit
oats are already a failure. This grai
is about all headed, and over the mo:
easterly counties i,s ripenir g. TVhe;
has also deteriorated, but not to tl
same extent as oats, and in places coi
tinues very promising.
Corn continues to maintain a health
color, and, with limited exceptions, hi
* ^ J AAn/^itlAn
a gOOU SUIUU, 1W3 gcuuai wiiuiiivu,
the whole State, is very satisfactor;
Id places it has received its secor
Cotton has come up to from vei
good to fair stands, except on red lam
where the giound is baked and ha]
and seeds did not germinate well, Cu
tivation and chopping to stands' is gei
eral. The young plants are small bi
healthy and vigorous.
Tobacco is in urgent need of rair
both to finish transplanting and i
maintain stands which, although gei
erally good, are in places very poor.
Melons have improved. Rice is e;
cellent. Truck is making rap:
growth. Gardens are variable, accor<
ing to moisture conditions. Berri*
need rain. Apples and cherries a]
dropping. Minor crops generally a:
Over the greater portion of the Sta
the weather was favorable for cultiva
? 1 c 1.
ing crops ana tor general iarm wui&. <u
the staple c.ops, with the exception i
oats, continue in a very promising coi
A Fatal Lasso Throw
The skill of eleven year old Frai
Beaumont of Chester, Pa*, throwing
lasso resulted^ in His' death Thursds
evening. Since a Wild West shows e:
hibited in the city recently the boys i
Chester have been practicing with la
soes. Young Beaumont, tired of lass
ing boys of his own age, looked for bi;
ger game. He stationed himself alor
the Reading railroadjjjfsr-mshous<
No. 412 and prepared t
lasso the engineer of freight train N<
56. The end of the lasso was tie
about his waist- As the engine cam
swiftly up the grade, with a whoop h
sent the loop whistling through the ai
The engineer was leaning out of tb
cab window, unconscious of the boy ?
the side of tbe track, and was startle
to suddenly find his arms pinioned t
his sides. The loop of the lasso ha
fallen with great precision, and as th
train moved forward the rope was jerke
tant, rendering the engineer helples;
The fireman was on the other side <
cab and knew nothing of the traged
? v?o ? - thrown
off his feet when the jerk cam<
and unable to untie the rope around h:
waist, was dragged for a square, th
roar of the train drowning his shriek:
He was finally drawn under the a
wheels. The engineer succeeded i
freeing his. arms and stopped the trail
but when the boy was picked up it ws
found that he was dead. The wheel
1 ' - * t-f?/vTV> ^10 on
iiau turu mu sutiip num
mangled him terribly.
Close to a Thousand.
The regular monthly meeting of th
board of regents of the State hospifc
for the insane was held Wednesday, a
the members being present. The boar
found that the population is very clos
to a daily average of 1.000, the large:
in the history ot the institutioi
Wednesdav 23 patients were discharge
on trial by the board. The board di:
cussed the probability of securing th
convicts allowed Dy the legislature fc
the purpose of manufacturing brick f(
future building purposes, but the wore
ing of the act and the fact that th
prison authorities are so pressed f(
men m tilling contracts existing mat
it extremely doubtful if the institutio
will get any of the convicts.?State.
Decree Against Corsets,
TUa mlnicfor rt-P in Kaynn
1UC J-U1U l/A vuuvwvavm v _
has just issued an order that all gir
and young women attending the publi
schools and colleges shall discard co:
sets and stays. Saxony favors the d<
creee, but the girls affected and the:
mothers are protesting vigorousl]
Recent and vigorous agitation of tfc
subject in the press and in the lecture
given by professors in the medic:
schools is responsible for the minister
order. Tieht lacine has been denouni
ed unanimously by the physicians c
Dresden and other large towns becaus
of its effect on the health and of its ii
creasing prevalence, even little girls ii
dulging in the practice.
The Truth Hurts.
The Philadelphia Press complains <
the following reference to Sherman
barbaric raid in one of the Souther
school histories: ''Those who sing <
'Marching Through Georgia' forget thi
the pillage and burning of privat
houses and the -wanton outrages an
insults heaped upon old men, wome
and children along the track of thi
army were a blot upon the America
nnm/v Tinnn oivilizatinH ftf tl
uauic auu uyvu vuv v* . .? ? - ?
nineteenth century, and such a blot i
all levers of our country should wish t
commit to oblivion." As the Pre:
cannot deny the facts stated, it mu:
object to the bare statement of then
Perhaps it is one of the lovers of oi
country who would like to commit tl
ugly record to oblivion.?Mews an
Got Two Thousand Gallons,
It is stated that, the constables wi
were operating in Charlesixm; duric
the reunion have reported to headqua
ters a total s- " ".ure of 2,000 gallons <
beer during the week. Some other 1
quors were seized. The work from a
i accounts was not very extensive.
Interesting Statistics of the Business
Done in this State.
IT GOES UP INTO MILLIONS.
^ The Comptroller General Pub
?- lishes the Figures of the
;h Amount of Insurance IJna
derwritten in the State
ll in 1898.
Comptroller General Derham has
t0 had some interesting statistics compiis.
ed relative to the insurance business
done in this State. The tables show
ia how many hundreds of thousands of
dollars are sent out of the State for inf?
surance premiums and, on the other
lQ hand, how much money is received here
r? in losses. The insurance business is
1 growing in this State, and it is a great
ie pity that there are not; more conservaa~
tive companies doin^ business in the
and that responsible men
iy do not go into the life insurance busiiS
ness ou a sound financial basis.
3r The reports gotten up by the- Comptrolier
General's office show the premiurns
collected and losses incurred in
this State only by the companies of
'J which returns are published.
Aetna Fire Insurance Company,
written in 1898 $2,032,159, premiums
a" $36,297, losses incurred $27,153.
American Fire Insurance Company,
Philadelphia, written in 1S9S $1,360,922,
premiums $20,911, losses incurred
Q" American Fire Insurance Company,
New York, written in 1S98 $95,449,
F," premiums ?1,278, losses incurred
Agricultural Fire Insurance Company,
written in 1898 $4i,100, premiums
re $654, losses incurred none.
re British Americas Assurance Company,
written in 1898 $347.908, premiums
$6,251, losses incurred $3,061.
V Baloise Fire Insurance company,
l<7, written in 189S $7,400, premiums $149,
losses incurred none.
Q" Boston Fire Insurance company,
AAA A.4 AAA
written m i?ys Slt),uuu, premiums :nwu
losses incurred none.
k Caledonia Fire Insurance Company,
written in 1898 $222,759, premiums
$4,206, losses incurred ?6,495.
^ Connecticut Fire Insurance company
? written in 1898 8379,500, premiums
s_ $5,842, losses incurred $5,916.
Continental Insurance company written
in 1898 $1,908,002, premiEaftSL^??
~~ 004U.o_ssfi? fircTffred $27^540.
Commercial Union Assurance com''
pany, written in 1898 $1,023,973,
' premiums $11,814, losses incurred $12,Jj
The Delaware Insurance company.
' written in 1898 $536,18S, premiums
' $9,121, losses incurred $13,625.
' Fireman's Fund Insurance company,
' written in 1898 $516,030, premiums
$10,694, losses incurred $5,316,
Fort "Wayne Insurance company,
, written in 1898 $57,751, premiums
$1,250, losses incuired none.
\ Fire Association of Pennsylvania,
written in 1898 $685,745, premiums
^ $9,841, losses incurred $10,836.
tf-erman-Amen can insurance com^
pany, written in 1898 $786,253, pre1
miums $11,254, losses incurred. $13.s
Falls Fire Insurance company
ie written in 1898 nothing reported.
5' Greenwich Insurance company,
ir written in 1898 $586,825, premiums
n $9,829, losses incurred $14,037.
Georgia Home Insurance company,
l"s written in 1898 $564,393, premiums
f $8,634, losses incurred $12,990.
Germania Fire Insurance company,
written in 1898 $632,222, premium?
$9,203, losses incurred ?3,804.
te Hartford Fire Insurance company,
j written in 1898 $3,297,052, premiums
II $61,640, losses incurred $53,278.
Hanover Fire Insurance company,
ie written in 1898 $463,255, premiums
5t $4,745, losses incurred $1,037.
L Hamberg-Bremen Insurance company,
written in 1898 $503,822, premium?
$9,346, losses incurred $17,724.
ie Helvetia Swiss Fire, written in 1898
)r $35,405, premiums $668, losses incur)r
[. Home In. .-ance company, Xew
,e Yurk, written in 1898 $2,703,122 prev
miums $37,198, losses incurred $38,:e
n ' Insurance Company of North America
written in 1898 $1,077,220, premiums
$15,432, losses incurred $9,946.
y Imperial Fire Insurance company,
[s written in 1898 ?835,343, premiums
q $14,868, losses incurred $14,767.
Lancashire Insurance company
written in 1898 $1,923,710, primiums
[r $28,432, losses incurred $15,519.
T Lion Fire Insurance company, writg
ten in 1898 $124,861, premiums $2,026,
>g losses incurred $309.
'i London and Lancashire, written in
>s 1898 $702,737, premiums $6,956, losses
incurred $3,562. ?
London Assurance Corporation,
.e written in 1S98 $265,684, premiums
! S3.484: losses incurred $3,359.
Liverpool, London and Globe, written
in 1898 $3,9S8,073, premiums $65,655,
losses incurred $63,086.
Manchester Fire, written in 1S9S
)f $501,967, premiums $6,604, losses in's
n Madgeberry Fire, written in 1898
>f $251,646, premiums $2,279, losses intt
:e National Fire Insurance company
d written in 1898 $447,532, premiums
n $2,932. losses incurred $7,468.
Acctiron/i/i nnmnoriTT vcPit
11 UilUClU ^.XOOUiAUw J
n ten in 189S $987,312, premiums $7,549.
Le losses incurred $10,940.
is Xorth. British and Mercantile written
;o in 1S9S $1,197,138, premiums $17,745,
33 losses incurred $21,572.
3t Niagara Fire Insurance company,
1# written in 1898 $219,220. premiums
ix $3,748, losses incurred $4,875.
ie Netherland Fire, written in 189S
d $27,300, premiums $450, losses incurred
Norwich Union Fire, written in 1S98
GCknn Cz?(\ rv??Amitir?c ^ Iacqpq in
10 curred $1,042.
tg Orient Fire, written in 1898 $271,r
018, premiums $3,752, losses incurred
i- Palatine Fire, writ?en in 1S98 $534,11
SIS, premiums $9,803, losses incurred
Pacific Fire, written in 1898 $230.059,
premiums $3,816, losses incurred
Pennsylvania Fire, written in 1S98
$S21,625. premiums $13,933. losses incurred
Phenis Fire Insurance company,
Brooklyn, written in 1898 $738,010.
premiums $9,456, losses incurred $9,872.
Phoenix Assurance company, New
York, written in 1898 $870,611), premiums
$12,731, losses incurred $14,188.
Phoenix Fire Insurance company,
Hartford, written in 1998 $1,216,439,
premiums $20,157, losses incurred $22,511.
Queen Fire Insurance company,
written in 1898 $1,291,944, premiums
$13,833, losses incurred $18,300.
Royal Exchange Assurance, written
in 1898 $11,200, premiums $198. losses
Royal Insurance company, written in
1R9S ?2 061.409. Dremiums $22,668,
? -* ? 7 7 7 *
' losses incurred $38,191.
Southern Insurance Company, written
in 1S98 $244,911, premiums $4,500,
losses incurred $3,7S0.
Scottish Onion.and National, written
in 1898 $693,060, premiums $8,324,
losses incurred $3:698.
Sun Insurance company, New Orleans.
written in 1898 $251,451, premiums
$4,550. losses incurred $11.144,
Sun Insurance company, (United
States branch,) written in 1898 $535.782,
premiums $4,964. losses incurred
Svea Fire and Life Insurance company.
(United States branch,) written
in 1898 nothing.
Teuto^ia Insurance company written
in 1S98 $94,913, premiums $2,046,
losses incurred ^yui.
Western Assurance company, writ.
ten in 1S98 $633,104, premiums $9,299,
losses incurred $13,300.
Westchester Fire Insurance company,
written in 189S $292,6S5, premiums
$4,239, losses incurred $1,521.
Williamsburg City, written in 1898
$252,545, premiums $3,369, losses ini
Total, written in 1898 $43,911,221,
premiums $647,305. losses incurred
The accident insurance business also
is on the steady increase. The records
of companies reporting business in this
1 Aetna Life, accident department,
risk written $689,500, premiums received
$1,444, losses paid $144.
American Surety company, risk written
385,400, premiums received 1,540,
losses paid none.
American Bonding and Trust company,
risk written 638.50^, premiums
Uritish. and Foreign Marine, risk
written 390/902, premiums received j
69,490, losses paid none.
City Trust, Safe Deposit and Surety
company., risk written 24,000. premi- j
ums received 130, losses paid none.
T tnUIIifrr A aan ra rts>A I
Corporation, risk written 354,501,
premium: received 1,575, losses paid
Fidelity and Deposit company, risk
written 897.100, premiums received
6,833, losses paid 233.
Fidelity and Casualty company, risk
written 6,107.653, premiums received
16.107, losses paid 4,767.
^ n vr.-_i.i_ a :
U-narantee company 01 norm America,
ri3k written 678,050. premiums received
1,717, losses paid 3,182.
Hartford Steam Boiler inspection
company, risk written 570,5*. 0 pre- j
miums received 5,438, losses paid I
London Guarantee and Accident |
company, 167,500, risk written 1,046, |
losses paid 201.
Metropolitan Plate Glass, risk writ
ten 26,848, premiums received 676
losses paid 161.
Lloyd's Plate Glass, risk -written 28,549,
premiums i eceived 649, losses paid
National Surety company, risk written
22,082. premiums received 79 losses
Springfield Fire and Marine, risk
written 713,133; premiums received 10,417,
losses paid 17,277.
Standard Life and Accident Insurance,
risk written 274,350, premiums
received 3,390, losses paid 2,275.
Thames, Mersey and Marine, risk
written 792,396. premiums received
2,716, losses paid 2,275.
Union Casualty and Surety Company,
risk written 509.833, premiums received
1.709. losses paid 219.
United States Fidelity and Guaranty
company, risk written 642,120, premiums
received 1,769. losses paid 65. ;
'JLtoal risk written 13,812.918, total
1 9G ^Q7 fnfo 1 InQQAQ
premiums ICUCIYCU vw*** ,
The life insurance business, however,
shows the most marked growth and volume.
The following is the showing, as
published for the life insurance companes:
American Union Life, premiums received
1,789, insurance in force December
31. 1898, 82,070.
Aetna Life Insurance company, premiums
received 28,728. losses paid 517,985,
insurance in force December 31,
Bankers' Life Insurance company, premiums
received 12,963, insurance in
force December 31, 1898, 514,C00.
Bankers' Guarantee Fund, insurance
in force December 31, 189S, 213,000.
Connecticut Mutual Life, premiums
received 13,468, losses paid 3.500. inA
? * r\r\c>
surance in force December 6L. iqvo,
Equitable Life Assurance company,
premiums received 166,356, losses paid
128,596, insurance in force December
.31, 1898, 6,408,055.
Fidelity Mutual Life Association,
premiums received 27,870. losses paid
10.500. insurance in force December 31.
Home Friendly Society, premiums received
26,6S6l losses paid 8,799, insur
ancein force December 31, isys. 43<,570.
HarL >rd Life Insurance company,
piemiums received 15,832, losses paid
21.000. insurance in force December 31. !
189S, 759,500. I
Home Life Insurance company, premiums
received 17,093, losses paid
3,000. insurance in force December 31,
Life Insurance company of Virginia,
premiums received 78,918, losses paid
. 30,571, insurance in force December 31.
1898. 3,087,725. I
Manhattan Life Insurance company
premiums received $13,455, losses pai
$415. insurance in force December 31
Mutual Benefit Life, premiums re
ceived $91,359, losses paid $29,024, ir
surance in force December 31, 189?
Mutual Reserve Fund Life Associs
tion, premiums received $52,276, losse
paid $70,200, insurance in force Deceit
ber 31, 1S98, $2,932,000.
1* . IT-fl T ' _ _
luutuai June insurance company, prt
miums received $244,012, losses pai
$158,333. insurance in force Decembe
New York Life, premiums receive
$184,015 losses paid $144,393, insui
ance in force December 31, 1898, $6,
New England Mutual Life, premium
received $18,223, losses paid $3,791
insuranca in f?rce December 31, 189
^Nortnwestern JLiie- Assurance, pre
miums received $2,683, loses pai
?1.000, insurance in force December 31
Phoenix Mutual Life, premiums re
ceived $19,637, losses paid $7,000, it
fAr/>o 31 189F
Provident Savings Life Assuranc
Society, premiums received $18,23S
losses paid $5,000, insurance in fore
December 31, 1898, $745,182.
Penn Mutual Life, premiums receive
$42,950, losse3 paid $12,291, insuranc
in force December 31, 1898, $1,294,
Prudential Insurance company, pre
miums received $5,775, insurance i
force December 31, 1898, 199,802.
Royal Benefit Society, insurance i
force December 31, 1S98, 41,400.
Security Tru3tand Life, premium
recieved 5,923 losses paid 5,000, insui
I ance in force December 31, 1898, 154,
State Mutual Life Assurance, pre
miums received 2,293, insurance i
force December 31, 1898; 88,649.
Travellers' Life Insurance companj
premiums received 39,980, losses pai
22,009, insurance in force December 31
Union Central Life, premiums re
ceived 33,905, losses paid 11,000, iE
surance in force December 31, 1898
Washington Life, premiums receive
8,044, losses paid 7,164, insurance i
force December 31, 1898, 204,618.
Total premiums received $1,172,472
Total losses paid $700,976. Total ic
suracce in force December 31, isys
Hampton" Tharis His Friends
To the People of the State: My dt
ties during the past week at the Reunio
in Charleston left me no opportunity c
expressing to.friends my grateft
sense ofthe spon?aneous~an'<f' aTmos
universal sympathy shown by them fo
the loss 1 have recently sustained b;
fire. Let me now assure them that!
am profoundly touched by their mani
festation of kiu'dness and by the propo
sal to rebuild my house. But the;
must pardon me for asking them t<
abandon this intended act of kindness
though the motives which prompt i
are fully and gratefully appreciated. !
cannot accept from my friends a testi
monial of regard such as they propose
but the affection shown by them ii
wishing to reimburse me for my loss cai
never be forgotten, for it is prized b1
me far more than any gift from thea
^ n-m-f V.o Tf 4e t.TiA r^Tifv nf AVftr'
uuuiu oroi vu* JL w vuv ~ .?,
citizen to serve his State wheneve
called on to do so. and his sole rewan
should be the consciousness of havin;
fulfilled that obligation. If my felloe
citize'ns think that I have ever beei
able to serve my State in any manner
only discharged my duty in doing so
and I am amply compensated for an;
service rendered by their verdict o
"Well done, good and faithful sei
vant." Iam, with heartfelt thanks fo
the great kindness shown me, your fel
low citizen, "Wade Hampton.
Oppositien to Rural Free Delivery.
There seems to be a good deal o
feeling among the' fourth class post
offices all over the country against th
rural free delivery which has been estab
lished by the postoffice department, am
the hostility to the system has takei
various forms. The reason for this i
that the rural free delivery cuts dow:
* 1 1 xAIaoO T-V^Q f
Luc patronage ox luc iuuhu wimo *
offices, not only in regard to the mail
and consequently the postmasters sal
ary, but as thousands of these postof
fices are in small country stores it war
against these establishments. Nov
that a wagon goes over the countr.
roads and deliver? the mail direct t
the houses of the country people, man;
who used to go to the store to get thei
mail need not do so now. TheTiostili
tyhas grown so intense in some place
?for instance, in Maryland?that ac
tual interference has taken place t
break up the system. The departmen
has sent out a circular letter as a gen
?flio -frirfcv ndd thousani
ciai rvajijuxu^ ?v v
postmasters to quit their hostile atti
tude. In this circular warning agains
molesting mail boxes placed in coun
try roads is given. Attention is callet
to the penalty for disturbing thes
j boxes, showing that the fine is not les
j than $100 nor more than $1,000, am
that imprisonment of not less than on
year or more than three is imposed.
The Negro 2ust Settle It.
" The only way,:' says the New Or
leans Picayune, "in which the Negroe
can be fitted for the exercise of any rea
freedom that would make them worth;
of citizenship is to distribute thee
among the wnitea. largely in the North
ern States. The distribution of sevei
million Negroes among seventy millioi
whites would do everything to improve
and elevate in character, morals am
worth the Negroes who are now crowde<
' f +V./1 TTn?nrl nnfnnin
| ID. 3t 16 W 01<11(JS U1 tilt ^ i-L-LVI-i, VVftVAAU.UA
bering the whites in not a few com
munities to the extent of ten to one.1
j It is a good suggestion, but the practi
! cal objection to it is that there is n<
j way to enforce it. White men in thi
I South chase off Inter-State emigratioi
I atrpnts with shoteuns, and while men ii
the North?well, there is Governo
Tanner and the white men Pana, Uli
nois, for instance. The fact is that th
Negro must settle the "Negro question
for himself, and he will never settle i
so long as he remains in this country.
By order of the Emperor of Kore
the members of the Korean legation i:
Washington must hereafter wear cloth
ing required by the custom of this coun
try. Hitherto they have appeared i:
\ MANY NEW DOCTORS.
!- Result of the Recent Examina|
tion at Columbia'i
ig SEVENTEEN FAILED TO PASS,
j. But Forty-eight Did and were
? Licensed. One Lady and
d Five Negroes in the
- The following is the list of candidates
8 who passed the examination before the
o State board of Medical Examiners last
Rowland Alston, Charleston.
^ J. D. Andrews, Charleston.
Mary R. Baker, Marion county.
J. R. Bell, Charleston city hospital.
H. C. Beckman, McClellanville.
J. J. Bickley, Irmo.
C. "W. Birnie, oolored, Sumter.
W. G. Blackwell, Parksville.
S. T. Cade, Bordeaux.
, G. W. Cardwell, colored, Reidsville,
S. M. Cameron, Shelton,
^ J. B Chisholm, Charleston.
TTomil^An Wifhorannnn Pnniw Wis
J. C. Drafts, Lorena,
A. B. Drafts, Lexington.
"" B. H. Earle, Greenville.
H. A. Edwards, Sellers.
W. G. Fike, Enoree.
R. M. Fuller, Longmire's Store.
W. M. Gaillard, Eutawville.
J. W. Gaston, Harmony.
C. T. J. Giles, Anderson.
J. H. Goodwin, colored, Weston.
S. E. Harmon, Columbia.
'' H. F. Hoover, Ridgeway.
C. Henslee, Dillon.
r J. G. Johnson, Lowryville.
J C. C. Leech, Hickory Grove.
J. D. Lewellen, Friendfield.
J. A. Lightner, colored, Chester.
L. H. Lindon, colored, Charleston.
W. S. Lynch,, Florence county.
J. E. Massey," Jr., Rock Hill.
' C. H. Prince, Florence,
j T. A. Quattlebaum. Winnsboro.
I R. E. Riggs, Holly Hill.
.T \f "RneVitjin -TnTinflfAn
V 4-VM0UWVUI v VMUUWM*
, R. D. Smith, Chick's Springs,
S. J. Taylor, Young's Island.
J. T. Taylor, Adam's Run.
' Crown Torrence, Unioi.
R. H. Tutt, Beech Island.
' J*. E. Watson, Iva.
J. E. Warnocfe, Millettsville.
l' S/A. Wideman, Leslie,
r E. B. Wilson, Cades.
\ C. F* Williams, Yorkville.
?4- /; it. Wngitr-S^aPath.
There were 65 applicantsE^^o-i^^f
r 1 J _C AO J T7 wflvfl
uuaru. ui wuuui to yatsacu ?uu x nws
j rejected. Of this number nine were
colored, of whom five passed and four
" were rejected. There was only one la7
dy, Miss Mary XL Baker, of Marion,
0 who passed the board. The highest average
was made by Dr. C. F. Williams,
? of Yorkville.
j Second place, Dr. J. G. Johnston,
of Lowryville, Chester.
[ Two Cannons From Dewey.
a Admiral Dewey has sent and the Na7
tional Museum has received two cana
nons which he captured from the Span7
iards at Cavite, near Manila. In one
r of them two shells and a grape shot
1 were found, and the museum officials
g are wondering whether or not it had
7 been loaded by the Spaniards during
a the fight with Dewey and the gallant
r ? t ? i_ i. ix i
i admiral incautiously seut it uuuievraru
, an engine of destruction under certain
7 conditions. At any rate, there was a
f small-sized panic at the museum when
the discovery was made. A gunner
r from the navy yard was sent for and finally
came. He brought the shells and
grape shot to light in ship-shape fashion.
Both shells were of the percussion
cap variety, but the caps Were misf
sing. The powder, however, was in
r them, although a little moldy. The
e museum people incline to the belief,
?- that; in spite of the mold, the powder
d would explode if subjected to fire. The
a fact that pieces of coal also were found
s in tue cannons lea to tne conclusion
a that they were brought here in a transport's
Formosa Head Hunters.
" Formosa advices give details of a terrible
massacre in the vicinity of Taikow;
Clima, a tosra in the central district
^ Thirty unarmed villagers were ambushed
by about 60 savages, who killed 29
^ nf fliom Onlv nnp ARf?arw?d. The
r cause of the massacre is said to have
been a dispute between savage tribes
3 over the paternity o* an -illegitimate
child and the death of its mother. The
? reputed father of the child denied the
charge and refused to make compensaj
tion to the tribe to which the girl belonged.
An appeal to head hunting
" was the only way by which the injured
tribe could prove its righteousness to its
ancestors. After the massacre tin savages
indulged in a feast at which the
? heads of the murdered villagers were
| conspicuously displayed.
The Ravisher Shot.
Theresa Thompson, who was dipping
turpentine with a younger brother near
- St. Stephens, Ala., Thuraday, was ass
saulted by a negro named Tom Murphy.
] The negro had a pistol and threatened
7 the girl with death. A struggle ensued
a and Murphy laid the pistol down in or.
der to overpower her. The girl seized
a the pistol and shot the negro twice.
3 An elder brother who wa3 working at
? Bfcm#* distance beard tbe ?;hnfcs and the
I girl's screams. The negro took the
I pistol from the girl and a fight ensued
. between the white man and the negro,
. the former armed with a hacker used in
" cutting turpentine. He slashed the
. negro and the negro shot him. Both
0 fell and the negro crawled away a short
e distance and died. Thompson is rea
ported in a critical condition.
r Used to be a Hewsboy.
Jerome H. Raymond, the youthful
e president of the University of West
Virginia, was a Chicago newsboy 20
? years ago. He became an expert stenographer
and as one of George M. Pullman's
secretaries, and afterwari as
Miss Willard's private secretary, he
found means to acquire a college educa]
tion. He was professor of sociology in
a small Western college before he was
chosen to hii present enviable position.
VETEBA2JS AM) SPOHSOBS.
Some Timely and Pertinent Suggestions
About the Hatter.
The Columbia State, in speaking of
veterans who stopped over in that city
on their return from Charleston, has
the following paragraph:
"None ef them have fault to find
with anvthincr connected with their re
ception and entertainment in Charleston.
Bat to a man almost they express
dissatisfaction with the growing
tendency manifested more and more
each year to devote the time of the
veterans to the sponsors. They feel
that the social functions arranged at
the auditoriums in honor of the sponsors
are getting to monopolize the time
so much that the veterans themselves
are driven into the background and
have practically no time left for the
transaction of the business that should
receive attention. They believe in the
young people having a good time, but
they have many years before them for
that, while in a very few years more
f.h* ranks of the ex-Confederates will
be so thinned that there will be bat a
few to gather on these occasions."
A veteran from Greenville, who is far
from being prejudiced against young
women, says that the solution of this
matter lies in a change of the sponsors,
who shonld be elected by the veterans'
camps from among the widows of Confedrate
soldiers. He contends that
the widows of their comrades would
more fitly represent the old soldiers,
and that they would give dignity to the
position, while in full and appreciative
sympathy with the occasion itself,
without being anxiously concerned as
to social functions and escorts and the
like. He thinks the Sons of Veterans
should appoint the young ladies as
their sponsors and maids of honor, and
that the Sons should have exelusive
charge of balls and receptions during
the reunions as being more compatible
with their youth and position in society.
A sponsor is one who undertakes
to anawer for another, and he believes
that the widows of Confederate soldiers
can better speak for the survivors than
the younger generation who did not experience
the hardships and privations
of the war-times.
Run Down by Bloodhounds.
A funr* P)l?HonAAITa
X4 VUO^/cntU 4-AVtU vuaVvouvvgW) VM?*> J
says Jessie Haffiey, a Negro, eighteen
years of age, has been arrested at Bayton
as the assailant of Miss Bessie
Sparks, whose room at the home of Mr.
Bean he entered Snnday morning. The
negro was apprehended after an exciting
bloodhound chase. The dogs ofBetective
Phipps, of Chattanooga, were
jsLa&aLon the jbrail soon^after the crime
and traced'the negro sevefaf~SH)^-4aUl.
the country, followed by a mob of excited
and infuriated men. The bloodhounds
were first introduced to a pair
of old shoes the negro had left in the
young lady's room. "King Henry," a
now famous dog, took up the trail from
the Bean residence, following it until.
he reached a barnyard out of town.
When the dog saw the negro at worK in
the yard he gave a sharp bark and
grabbed the man, who begged the crowd
to protect him from the animal. Many
wanted to let the dog tear him to pieces,
bnt Officer Phipps would not allow this.
The man said the shoes were his, bnt
that they had been stolen from his
room. Later he made a full confession,
in which he related the story of the
straggle in Miss Spark's room. He said
his motive was robbery, but later acknowledged
that his intention was to
assault the voune woman.
Cannibals in Formosa.
The steamship Empress of India
brings news of the ascent for the first
time of Mount Morrison, the highest
mountain in Formosa, by Stoepel, the
explorer of the Pic of Orizaba in Mexico.
Many previous attempts had failed.
Stoepel says the heat was terrific,
and he narrowly escaped death from
wild animals and men. He found on
the mountains a strange tribe of man
eaters, hitherto unknown. The people
are evidently of Malayan origin. They
have never communicated with the
Chinese. They are skull hunters, and i
cannibalism was actually witnessed by |
StoepeL, who saw the progress of a
feast wliile hiding in the underbrush.
Dr. Hepworta'g Views.
The New York Herald has sent tie
Rev. George H. Hepworth, of Georgia,
to investigate the causes of the lynching
of Sam Hose. In his first letter he
tells of the hideousness and brutality of
the crime of Hose and its retribution.
TT- il t.mVla oa
no says mai me reumuuvu, wmwiv ?o i
it was, was natural, and that he cannot
tell what he might have done if he had
been there. Then he follows this up
in a judicial tone, showing that for the
good of the South and the whole land
some remedy for lynching should be
A press dispatch from Passaic, N. J.,
says: Tight lacing caused the death of
Charles T. Stewart, banker, amateur
actor and one of the leading men socially
of this place. He was found
dead in bed early Thursday morning
and the use of corsets, made necessary
by his part in a burlesque in whieh he
participated, it is supposed brought on
an attack of appopiexy.
Hard to Get At
The census of colored people is said
to be imperfect, because they are suspicious
of the enumerators and either
refuse to answer questions or answer
falsely. It is one of their own race, C.
H. J. Taylor, formerly registrar of
deeds for the District of Columbia, who
says that if one of them happens to
have been stealing a day before the
enumerator comes around he suspects
that a search in being made for him and
keeps out of sight.
A Chance for Old Ladies.
An Alabama newspaper prints this
advertisement: "To the ladies: I am
a widower, ninety-seven years old, and
I am looking around for a smart wife
aDOUt eigaty years?uuc nuu j^uuns
how to work and would be willing to
help manage the farm. No young girls
need apply. I want a woman who has
had at least sixty years' experience,
and I promise to make such a one happy
for the rest of her life."
A HOME CHATAUQUA
A Charter Applied for ByjProminent
Educators of the State.
TUC ICI C AC PAI MS
I III* IVkhi W? r*HiTiv
Selected for Its Location. The
Object to Promote Literary,
Scientific, Moral and
A Chautauqua association, the parpose
of which is to be to the South
what the Northern Chatauqua is to the
North and East, is in process of formation
and promises to be a great success.
For some time Mr. St Julien Grimke
has been in the field explaining its objects
and purposes to the people of this
and other States. As a result he has
secured as corporators of the association,
which jwto be founded under the act of
this State controlling social and charit
able organizations, many men than
whom none in the South stand higher
in educational and literary circles.
The association is to have a capital
stock of $25,000, with the privilege of
increasing to $100,000, divided into
shares at $5 each.
It is to be located at "ChautauquaBy-The-Sea,"
on the Isle of Palms, off
the coast near Charleston. This is one
of the most delightful spots in the
whole Southern country and is easy of
Tile declaration niea witn tne secretary
of State Wednesday sets forth the
purposes of the association as follows:
"That it's general object will be the
advancement of literary, scientific,
moral and aesthetic culture, and the
promotion of the cause of popular education
by. the establishment and maintenance
of colleges, schools and lecture
entertainment and recreation appropriate
to outdoor life, to whieh end it will
acquire, hold and sell land, lay out the
same in lots, streets and other divisions,
erect buildings and other necessary
structures thereon, and in general eonduct
all business requisite and incidental
to the purposes of its organization."
All the State and denominational college
?residents in South Carolina are
included among the corporators. Here
is a partial list of the corporators, however,
to speak for itself: F. C. Woodward,
president of South Carolina college;
Jno. J. McMahan, State superintendent
of education; Dr. E..S. Joynes,
Bishop Ellison Capers^ Jos. Daniel ^
Pope, Ambrose E. G-onzales, Rev. Greo.
A. Blackburn, Dr. R. P. Pell, president
College for Women; President Jno. A.
Rice, Columbia Female college; Dr. W. ,
Evans, Dr. J. W. Flinn, KJU"
schools; Clarence E. Johnson, Bev. A.
K. Mitchell, Jno. S. Verner, James 8.
Yerner and Francis H. Weston, all of
Columbia. v ^
Then there axe Dr. James H. Carlisle,
president of Wo5ord college;
President B. F. Wilson of Converse
and eight other prominent citizens of
Spartanburg; President Montague of
Furman university, S. R. Preston, Rev.
HAIIW ni) flnn?nnti>n<)Anfc "R. L.
UVUJ ?UV? ?
Hughes of Green\ille; President Hartzog
of Clemson college; President D. B.
Johnson of Winthrop college; President
W. M. Grier of Erskine college, Dae
West; President George B. Cromer of
Newberry college; Dr. S. Lander, president
of Williamston Female college;
Asbury Coward, superintendent South
Carolina Military academy; F. N. K.
Bailev. Co educational institute, Edger
field; J. Themas Pate, Camden; C. C.
Brown, Sumter; W. M. Lewis, Clinton;
W. T. Capers, Anderson; Carleton B.
Gibson, Columbus, Ga.; Hugh C. Middleton
and Lyon Martin, Augusta, Ga.;
Julian Mitchell, Harrison Randolph,
Rev. John Kershaw, Bishop Henry P.
Northrop, Dr. C. L. Vedder, J. P.
Kennedy Bryan, G. Walter Mclver,
Yates Snowden and St. Julian Grimke
of Charleston.?The State.
Fired by a Cigar Stump.
Mrs. J. L. Miller of Charleston, who
is in Augusta visiting friends,, came
near meeting with a serious accident in
a most peculiar manner recently. Her
dress was ignited by a cigar stump lying
on the sidewalk, and had it not been
for her great presence of mind she
would probably hare been seriously
burned. According to the Augusta
~ T> J
Herald, sue was waiting up x>ru&u
street, when her dress came in contact
with a burning cigar stump. She did ?.
not notice that her dress was afire until
she reached the Planters Hotel, where
she is stopping, wfien she detected the
odor of burning cloth and discovered
that her dress was ablaze. She quickly
smother the fire.
Fool Negroes at the north are still '
busy making trouble for their race in
the south. A Negro mass-meeting in
East Orange,' N. J., called to protest
against separate schools for the races,
proposed in that town, was liberaj^of
threats, and a letter from J as. D. Carr,
a New York lawyer, was read declaring
+T10+ if tli a VocrmAadid not receive their
rights 4 4we should begin a systematic
effort to overthrow the government and establish
in its place a monarchy, where
our rights will be respected." Deportation
to Edgefield county would have a
pacifying influence upon these longrange
Launched Three Hen of War.
Mrs. John O'Keefe, wife of a well
known and popular sign artist of Nor
folk, Va., Wednesday nignt presented
her husband with three sons. Today
the proud father named tjbem Dewey,
Sampson and Schley, in honor of the
three naval heroes of the late war. The
mother and the three young rear admirals
are doing well.
"med His Wife.
John Harrison, a well-to-do farmer
living near Pelham, Ga., was arrested
Wednesday night for the murder
of his wife. It appears that on
Monday he was in his field chopping
cotton. For some trivial cause Harri- . - ?j
son became vexed with his wife and
struck her on the head with his hoe.
With the aid of two Negroes he carried
~ ^ TT :
her 10 the house, wbere sue aiea. Harrison
is now in jail, and will be tried at
Bainbridge at once.
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