w'x . % ? ^SjjS
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VOL LIII WINNSBORO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. MAY 31, 1899. NO. 42 1
5S& . .
W MANY WRECKS. 1
- The Past Six Months Marked by
LIST OF VESSELS LOST.
It Will Be Seen that a Great
Deal of Property and
' Manv Lives Were
While ocean travel to-day is surrounded
with all the safeguards that in<
genuity can devise, and men of the best
judgment and experience are placed in
charge of vessels, news of great marine
disasters is constantly being reported.
Boston has been almost a storm
centre during the past winter and the
losses in marine circles reach high into
the millions, while the losses of life are
appalling large. Fishing vessels and
smaller craft are almost daily lost, and
Acrorentf* is larse. and the losses of
steamships and large oecean liners,
while infrequent, are occurring too often
to be carelessly disregarded by those
who follow the sea or have friends who
are on the vasty deep.
The news of the disaster to the Paris
near Falmouth, Eng, is another cause
The following is a list of the disasters
among the larger vessels occurring
^ during the past six months. This list
may not be complete, but it includes
y?- enough vessels to show the enormous
- losses of life and property.
The November storm was the cause of
many marine losses. One of the vessels
tiiat was never heard from after
>????? XT 1 ionrl 11 <t1i f- NrtYATnher 29.
V *'V . J
J, was the steamer Pentagoet. She was
^ managed by the Manhattan Company of
New York and was captained by Orris
R. Ingraham. She carried a crew of 18
officers and men. All were lost and the
wreck has never been located.
The most disastrous loss of the November
storm was the steamer Portland.
She carried on board about 200 people
and everyone perished.
There were 155 or more wrecks in
the great storm of November. Many
of them were afterward reparied, but
the majority went to the battom to stay
The Londonian, one of the Furne3S
T1'"" otaomoKi xroa ahanrJr?nA(5 at Sea. I '
JLuug OWUidUViUj vv.--v.v-*- 7
November 29 she was sighted by a craft
and was in a linking condition. All
her crew, except one escaped. The
vessel and cargo were lost. i
There were several steamships lost
just previous to the big storm. The
Clyde steamship Croaton burst into
flames while baier trip from New York
to Wilmington, N. C., November 5,
and of the 27 persons who sailed in her
five were drowned. The vessel was
totally destroyed. s
Tlia chin Atlanta. CaDt.
? Charles McBride, plying from Tacoma (
* to Cape Town, was lost 16 miles south
of Yaquima Bay, Oregon, November !
20. There were 23 lives lost, including
HL all the officers of the ship.
The Johnson Line steamer Rossmore, ,
loaded with salt and china clay, was j
abandoned in midocean February 6. ,
The Dutch oil tank steamer RotterdanS (
and the Brittish steamer Trojan res- ]
cued forty-two lives. The vessel went ]
to the bottom. (
The Dominion Line royal mail stea- ;
mer Labrador was lost on the south .
coast of Ireland March 1. The passen- ,
? 1 <?_ 1 _
gers ana crew escaped saiejy. ,
The French steamer Duguesclin and [
eleven of her crew were lost off Trevose }
Head January 5. She collided with j
the Rosshire. One man from the Eos- 1
- shirer was also drowned. The survi- j
vors were picked up by the Norwegian ]
steamer Fram and transferred to a pilot ]
boat, which took them to Falmouth,
The British steamer Oswestry, Capt.
Wilson, etranded, a total wreck, March ,
12, near Crookheaven, Ireland. The j
crew was saved by the bravery of the '
people along shore. j
The flastilian nf the Allan
Line, was totally wrecked on Gannet |
Ledge March 11. No lives were lost. J
The steamer Caratina, wb'ch sailed (
from Barcolona March 8 for Havana,
went ashore at Valencia March 13. Her ]
passengars and crew were safely landed. '
January 16 the British ship Anlelina, ,
Cajt. G. W. Stailing. was lost in heavy
winds ne?~ the St. Paul and Tacoma
Lumber Company's dock, Tacoma, |
A severe storm visited the English
coast October 18 and nine lives were
lost. The bark Frivold, the Augvald
and schooner Wilheim went down.
In the Orient on the same date disas^
trons typhoons; sand storms and floods
r" caused a fearful loss of life. In Japan
2,000 people were drowned and 250
towns were flooded. The American
bark Comet was abandoned by her crew
and was lost.
? rm t f i Ti
xne xuercnancs ana miners ume
steamer William Lawrence was wrecked
in a gale ofi Port Royal, S. C., February
The Moravia, Capt. Jorgensen, sail- .
ed from Hamburg for Boston, was lost
February 16 on Sable Island bar. Her
pSSSSUgcrs ami paFv ui nci* Cafgu rr?TS |~j
saved by the steamer Aberdeen. The
second mate lost his life.
The steamer Eavenia. Cunard Line.
\ was totally disabled at sea near the
Azores about two months ago, but after
, a trying experience she was brought
safely to Liverpool without the loss of
\ Thebeilerof the steamer R>wena
Lee, plying on the Mississippi, with 31
passengers and crew, exploded opposite
6&Tyler, Mo., March 29, Capt. George
HHHMh ? M ^ /* xi
v Uarveii ana one memDer 01 tne crew
m were the only ones saved.
V The British steamer SteLe w~s wreck
ed in the English Channel March 30.
V She foundered on the dreaded Casquet
Hp rocks near the island of Aldernay in a
fog. Passengers, and crew to the numB
ber of sixty were lost, but about 150
B||? escaped in life boats.
Bay The steamer Chilkat, with six pas|w
sengers and a crew of thirteen, capsizipr
ed on the bar April 4 in San Francisco
IT harbor, Nine persons escaped, but the
l other ten were lost.
' The steamship Norseman, of the Warren
Line, bound from Livorpool to Boston,
struck on the rocks off Marblehead
March 29. The vessel was badly damaged,
but was taken off and repairad at
great expense. No lives were lost.
TEE CEOPS AND WEATHER.
What the Department of Agriculture
Says About Them.
Ziie United States department of ag
riculture, climate ana crop ouiieun 01
the weather bureau, South Carolina
section, has just issued the following
weekly crop bulletin for the week ending
Tuesday, through Director Bauer,
of the Columbia station:
The week ending May 22 averaged
nearly 8 degrees per day warmer than
usual, with an absolute range of temperature
between a maximum of. 90 and
a minimum of 47 degrees.
The rainfall for the week came in the
form of scattered showers on the 18th,
with nc rain over a large portion of the
State, and generally very light except
irTportions of York County, where a
heavy shower oocurred. Showery conditions
prevailed at the close of the
1 a. ?
weeK uver me euuic cta.tc5 mtu
rains in some of the western counties,
that will partially relieve the existing
The dry weather was favorable for
cultivation, and crops are generally free
from grass and weeds. In places the
ground is too hard to work.
L2te planted corn is coming up .slowly,
stands are irregular and damaged in
localities by worms; bottom lands are
being planted where the soil is fit to
Cotton that is up has not been hurt
by the drought, but late planted cotton
is doe coming up well; considerable remains
to be planted as soon as the lands
can be prepared. Stands are generally
full and healthy, but small. Sea island
cotton is in very good condition.
Wheat is heading low and ripening
prematurely in places, on account of the
drought, and in places the yield will be
but half an average crop.
Oats have been severely damaged by
the lack of moisture when heading, and
spring sown oats arc reported a partial
or complete failure; fall sown oats will
also make a poor crop. Harvesting has
^ -L it _x.
loDacco neeas rain dolq to maintain
stands and to finish transplanting; bugs
and grasshoppers have injured the
plants in a number of counties.
Rice is generally doing wel!. and preparations
are well advanced for late or
Fetv sweet potato slips have been set
out. Irish potatoes need rain, and
Colorado beetles are very destructive.
Cane and melons are doing well. Pastures
and gardens are failing. Frait I
continues to drop, with indications of a ;
light crop except for apples. Truck j
needs rain, although shipments of sea- i
sonable vegetables are heavy.
Gov. Ellerbe has received the following
letter from Mr. Thomas S. Hastings,
27th west Forty-sixth street,
Xew York city:
Dear Sir.: At the battle cf Meade's
station, March 25,1865, G. W. Strait,
Co. A., twelfth (or Seventeenth South
Carolina volunteers, Wallace's Bri-.
gade, Johnson's division, w;is mortally
wounded and died while I was there
~ ^ :i_ iU.
preacmcg temporarily zu uie ui
the north. I did not see him,' but
some one gave me a Nev Testament,
^the gift of his sister, S. B. Strait),
which was found in his pocket. Of
jourse at that rime I could not send the
book to his famil;-'. All these years it
has beeu hidden and forgotton, but the
Dther day I found it among some relics.
[ feel that I ought not to keep it, but I
im utterly at a loss as to how I can
reach any survivor of his family. If
fou, sir, can give the matter in charge
)f some veteran of Strait's company or
egiment, I will gladly send the volume
jy mail, for it might be to some one a
ralued memorial. Pardon me for
iroubling you with so small a matter.
\Iy address for the summer :is Oceanic,
Old Age Weds Old Age.
The Rev. E. >L Merritt writing from
Bayboro in this week's issue of the
Southern Christian Advocate, tells of a
carriage that is considerably out of
the ordinary. He says: "A very interesting
and unusual marriage occurred
in nnr Mmmnnitp nn iVfrmrtav AVAninff.
the 15th of May. Mr. Bethel Look of
Columbus county, N. C., and Mrs. Harriette
L. Strickland of Horry county,
5. C., were united together by this
writer in the holy bonds of wedlock.
The groom is 75 years of age and the
bride is 63 years old. Thev had never
seen each others' faces unt:.l they met
to have the ceremony performed. Their
courtship was brief and was conducted
by the friends of both parties in differtkatt
OAA rvt 4 r\ VvA TTf/ill
CIIU UiatCO* JLllCJ' SCCUi IV n*/ii
pleased with each other. Both are
well-to-do. It is hoped that this union
will enhance the happiness of both during
their declining years."
Schley is the Hero.
A dispatch from Washington to the
Atlanta Journal says nothing could
better illustrate the estimate put on
Admiral Sampson than the decorations
here during the present peace jubilee.
While likenesses of the president and
Wheeler, Lee and Dewey are in abundance,
that of Admiral Schley is over
every other building on Pennsylvania
Ti. " _ _ "L1 . I?_-j. J
avenue, xt is a noueeacie xact, aim
one commented on in tlie papers here,
that the face of Sampson is not seen
throughout the length of Pennsylvania
avenue. His name is on none of the
banners, while those of Hobson, "Wheeler,
Dewey, Otis and Schley are everywhere,
and cheered lustily everywhere.
This omission is especially significant
when it is remembered that most of
Sampson's life has been sptnt in Wash- j
ington, and that he calls it home.
A Lynching in Mexico.
There was great excitement at San
Diolo. Mexico, on Wednesday over the
lynching of.seven Negro laborers of the
Mexican Central railroad. Jose Santo
a Spanish Negro, attempted to assault
the wife of Senor Duply, a ranch o^ner,
and, escaping from the plantation, was
tracked by bloodhounds, and, in company
with nine others, was captured in
a hut on the river bank opposite Eagle
Pass. The regulators did not attempt
to pnve the guilt of any of the Negroes,
but hung three of them aod shot four^
more who were attempting' to escape/
The officials are swearing in deputies,
as race trouble is treatened in the
Negro quarter. Four of the Negroes
killed are Americans, and all have
served sentences in the Texas penitentiary.
A Great Gathering of Anti-Monop
olists in St. Louis.
SOUNDING THE BATTLE CRY
Bryan Says the Fight Agains
Oppression of Trusts is Hand
and Hand With Fight
for Free Silver.
A big Democratic Anti-Trust ban
quet was held at St. Louis, Mo., Thurs
day night. Promptly at 6:45 the cater
er's direction bell rang, the band strucl
up "The Stars and Stripes forever," ai
army of waters ladened with viands ap
peared, and the banquet was on, whilt
the 1,445 banqueters seated at th<
tables broke into a tremendous cheer
rising in a body and waving the smal
hand flags that had been provided a:
each cover. The table of honor was
nr a raisnH rdatform at th(
north side of the arena and at it wer<
seated Hon. W. J. Bryan, ex-Governo:
John P. Altgeld, 0. H. P. Belmont
>1. C. Whetmore, Harry B. Hawes,
president of the Jefferson club, unde:
whose auspices the dinner was given.
Hon. Champ Clark, Hon. David A. De
Armond a number of other prominent
k Democrats. The Coliseum was decO'
rated throughout with flags and in th(
centre of these was fixed a large silvei
The dinner was concluded at S
o'clock. It was strictly a love feast.
By the time the tables were cleared the
5,000 seats of the amphitheatre wen
filled with spectators representing the
society of St. Louis and the speaking
began. The first speaker of the evening
was Harry B. Hawes, president oi
the Jefferson club, who delivered the
address of welcome, ittr. Jtiawes saiOj
"It was not intended that this dinner
should be merely the means of affording
entertainment, but it was believed
by its promoters that the serious
discussions to be held tonight will be
the crystalizing public sentiment
against the encroachment upon the liberties
of the people of the giant monopolies
and trusts. It is not sought or desired
to push to the back-ground the
vital issues of 1896, nor to lessen in
any particular the fight* to be made upon
the greatest of all trusts, the money
trust, which, greater than all. is more
dangerous than all, and by its existence
renders possible many combinations of
wealth, that, without it, could not sur
vive. The battle line must be drawn
sharp and clear with Democracy on one
hand and the trusts and the monopolies
on the other."
President Hawes was followed by
Hon. Champ Clark of Missouri, who
L- J ll. - Pl.i. J +
presented me oiaie iuu uauucio
in the name of the State committee.
Mr. Clark was greeted with a tremendous
"Trusts are Democracy," occupied
Col. M. C. Wetmore of St. Louis but
a few minutes. His remarks were
greeted with cheers.
' He was followed by Hon. David E.
DeArmond of Missouri, who spoke upon
"trusts and its parents."
A FLATTERING RECEPTION.
The applause which met Mr. Bryan
wa3 of the most flattering description.
The cheers drowned the music which
struck <up "Hold the Fort," as he advanced
to the front of the rostrum.
Mr. Bryan spoke as follows:
"An actor who visited Nebraska recently,
upon learning from a Republican
that confidence had been restored,
remarked that he had examined Web
i ?t- x c n
ster's dictionary to learn wnai cobudence'
meant and found confidence defined
as 'trust,' and then he understood
that confidence had been really restored.
"More trusts have been formed during
the last two years than existed at
the beginning of the present administration,
and the nominal capitalization
of trusts now io existence approaches,
if it does not equal in amount the
world's total supply of gold and silver.
"The influence of these trusts has
Decome so enormous mai me ^cyyic,
without respect to party, are asking
themselves how the evil can be remedied.
"The purpose of the trusts is to control
the product of some article of merchandise,
and the methods employ 2d
are, first, the union of all individual
factories, under one management or in
one corporation, and, second, tne crushing
jut of new rivals. A monopoly,
when once complete, not only dictates
terms to those who buy the product,
U.,* oIoa forms tr> tlinsp. who
| UUo it ftiov ~ ?
sell the raw material and to those who
! furnish the labor. If the trusts are
permitted to continue we shall find an
industrial aristocracy growing up in the
United States which will prove as destructive
of our ideals as a landed aristocracy
TRUSTS FEED THE GF.EEP.
"The principle of monopoly is incompatible
with our institutions. Man's
| WiU^Vi AJ1XU WV WVVM.V ?
purchaser, and where there is but one
seller the purchaser is completely at
the mercy of the seller. Where there
is competition between producers, the
purchasers is sure to obtain what he
wants at a reasonable price. When
competion is eliminated the price is
controlled not by reason, but by the
greed of the one who possesses the
It has been said that the power to
tax is a power to destroy. A monopoly
possesses the power to tax: it can levy
such assessments as it will upon the
purchaser, and we can no more afford
to permit such a power to be exercised
by private individuals than we cou'd
afford to authorize private individuals
to use the machinery of taxation in
order to enrich himself at the expense
of his fellows.
''One of the difficulties which has
been encountered in opposing trusts is
that the trusts hides behind the federal
constitution when attacked by State
legislation,. and shields* itself behind
its State charter when altacked in the
federal courts. No remedy will be
complete that is not co-extensive with
tbe federal government. If the extinguishment
of the trusts is left to State
legislation the public at large will be
victimized as long as a single State will
furnish a robber's roost when the
spoils collected in other States can be
TIME TO BE STARTLED.
"Just now people are startled by the
principle of monopoly as it manifests
itself in the industrial trust, and well
may they be startled. The principle,
however, is the same as that which
manifests itself in the effort of the
national Dangers tnat secure a monopoly
of the issue of paper money.
? 'The greenback is a rival of the bank
note and its presence is a constant menace
to the banks of issue. , Some who
recognize the evils that flow from a
soap trust seem indifferent to the dangers
that attend the formation of a.paper
"The principle of monopoly not only
* lies at the foundation of the attempt to
- destroy the greenbacks, but it is the
. controlling principle that underlies the
. crusade against silver as a standard
money. Between 1850 and 1860, when
1 the production of gold was increasing
ond tfio rvrru}nr>finT> rtf Sliver tTflS small.
i three nations demonetized gold and
? gave fco silver a monopoly of mint privileges.
Early in the Wsthe financiers
' became alarmed at the increase in the
1 production of silver as a standard mon
t ey and cave a monopoly to gold, the
3 production of which at that time was
5 stationary. The standard money trust |
' is not only the parent trust, but is in
r the hands of foreigners,
i REPUBLICANS IMPOTENT.
? The Republican party is impotent to
/^ocfrrtTT trricf.a Tf. is rtitntxnlled hv
UViJLiU^ VMV VA utjuut *v vv>. v. ^
' those who are interested in trusts, and
" its campaign funds and si-ews of war
are supplied ly the trusts. The policies
for which it now stands disregard
; the interests of the producers of wealth
and give '.ae money a consideration
, whic\ Is denied to the individual.
"Abraham Lincoln, in the very beginning
of his presidential career,
warned the country against the threatened
attempt to put capital above labor
in the stiucture of the government.
Modern Republicanism is fulfilling the
Dronhecv made by Lincoln, it is putting
[ the dollor above the man.
! 'The Democratic party is opposed to
1 the principle of monopoly whereever it
manifests itself. It has declared war
oh the trusts. Not a little trust only
but big trust as well. Not against one
| kind of trust only but against all
! 0. H. P. Belmont of New York de'
clared for Bryan for president and vigorously
Former Gov. Altgeld of Illinois con|
eluded the speaking. '
A ? A mm A J
x\u uveruuvv lueouiug ?as ouuicos&u
by 31r. Bryan and others.
Three White Men lynched.
Three white men, James Humphreys
; and his two sons, were lynched Thursday
night near the village of Aley, in
Henderson county, Texas. Several
months ago Constable Melton of the
Aley precinct, was murdered and the
murderer escaped, ic is pajd, through
the assistance of the i^rapfcreys.
Thursday night a mob of T3 masked
men appeared at the Humphreys homestead
and called the father and two sons
out. They permitted them to see the
women of the family, whom they informed
in a spirit of charity that the
men were to be taken to Malakoff, a
few miles distant, before a justice of
the peace, and perhaps to the county
jail at Athens. The bodies of the
tVirpA mpn wata fnnnd hancine from the
limb of an oak tree, three miles from
the Humphreys farm.
A Sad Drowning.
Mr. Peb Hall and a Miss Radford
were drowned Wednesday in the. Big
Ohoopee near Lovett, Gra. The young
coude, with many others, were picnic
ing on the banks of the stream atSnelle
Bridge and it was while they were out
boat riding.that the boat suddenly became
unbalanced, throwing both parties
into the stream. They cried for
assistance from those who stood upon
the banks not far away, but before they
could reach the drowning couple they
had sank to the bottom of the stream
dead. Their bodies were fished out
late Wednesday afternoon, swollen out
of shape. Both are young and well to do,
and their sudden death casts a gloom
over the neighborhood in which they
First Regiment's Flags.
The war department has granted the
request of the adjutant general of
South Carolina for the custody of the
flags of the First South Carolina regiment,
United States volunteers in the
war with Spain. The two handsome
flags arrived from Washington yesterday
and are at present in the adjutant
general's office at the State capitol
I TTrifli rtf tTio Sor>nn<3 rpfn
aAUU6 T1XULX Y" MVW? - "Omeet.
The flags -will be properly cared
for and will probaby be placed in the
1 State library room where they can be
seen by visitors.
The adjutant general's* office has gotten
the copies of the muster rolls of
both the regimeDts, and Gea. Floyd
V?a r\?.Ar\rtooe fn
achj O lie |/1V^/VJV3 I>v ?W(/ VMV * WW. ?
from the start as it should be.
He Did Not Escape.
In a wild endeavor to escape from
patrolmen in Atlanta, after having
beeD arrested on a charge of larceny,
1 Ed Stevens, a negro, jumped into a
' a well forty feet deep with about ten
: feet of water in it Monday afternoon,
1 and as a result he is now stretched out
: on the floor in the station house in a
! most serious condition. The negro
1 came near drowning before he could be
pulled from the well, and had it not
1 been that he had preseuce of mind
! enough to grasp the rope he would
1 have undoubtedly filled a watery grave
even before the officers could arrive on
( the scene.
Charles Colquitt, the Negro who attempted
to ravish Eugenia Dooley,
^ white, last Sunday night week at High
: j Shoals, was tried Thursday by Judge
1 Russell at Watkinsville. Colquitt en1
tered a plea of guilty and was sentenced
1 to a term of 20 years.in the penitentiary.
This is the maximum penalty
1 for unaccomplished attempt at criminal
1 assault upon a woman under the Georgia
[ Our "War Casualties,
s Adjutant General Corbin has pres
pared this statement of the number of
i deaths which have occurred in the army
since the beginning of the war with
! Spain: In Cuba, 1,399; in Porto Rico,
! 287; at Honolulu, 45; in the Philip:
pines, 664: in tne United States, 3,872?
i total, 6,209.
Seven Hundred Miles Buiit in the
SOME INTERESTING FIGUERS
The oust Ten Years Has Witnessed
.Marked and Wonder*..i
iu! ,iiii|JIUyciiic(1M in nvau
Beds and Rolling
It has not beeu so many years ago
since the lumbering old '"wood burners"
poured great clouds of smoke out
of their awkward looking, conical shapi
ed smoke stacks, as the "cars" dragged
along over South Carolina's primitive
railway lines. - The evolution of the
locomotive within the past decade has
been remarkable, but is merely an indication
of tHe growth of railroads
and the railroad business in the State.
In this day of consolidation, of develoDment.
of construction, the public I
is ready to forget that this new era has
not dawned in a day. The year 1899
has indeed begun auspiciously, and the
promise is that several hundred miles
of new railroads will be built in the
next few months.
However this is not a boom, a spurious
growth, but is founded upon slow
and substantial and steady development
duriBg the past decade. And
can any section of the union have more
to be proud of than the south, when it
is considered how compUte, how widespread
the ruin of the railroads in the
South during the 'war between tne
Daring the ten years closing with
1898, many miles of new roads had been
constructed in this State. This assertion
is verified by reference to the reports
of the railroad commission for
the years 1888 and 1898 respectively.
The statistics for the former year,
show the following to have been the
mileage for that year:
Name of Road. Miles.
Asheville and Spartanburg 24 25
Ashley River road 4.
Atlanta and Charlotte 125
Barnwell railway 9
Bishopyille railroad 22.5
Blackville, Alston and Newberry 24.
Cape Fear and Yadkin Valley... 14 7
Central of South Carolina 40
Three Cs 44.5
P.V>ot>1oat^n onrl Savannah . 90.5
VUtUiV^WU MU\? MM ? ?
Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta
Cheraw and Chester 28.6
Cheraw and Darlington 40.
Cheraw and Salisbury 11.
Chester and Lenoir 37.
Columbia and Greenville 199.
: r.-itafrviHe railroad 35. (
Florence railroad ^.17.5
Georgetown and Western 36.
Green Pond and Walterboro 12.
Laurens railway 29.9
N orth eastern 102.
Palmetto railroad 11.2 I
Port Royal and Augusta.. ..:. 108.3
Port Royal and Western Carolina
South Carolina railway 245. :
Spartanburg, Union and Columbia
Wilmington, Chadbourne and
Conway 25.17 j
Wilmington, Columbia and Augusta
The following roads were in opera- ;
tion in South Carolina last year; ,
Name of Road. Miles. (
Asheville and Spartanburg 91,50
A - j m i.ii. A;
-imania "anu uuanuitc -n-n
Blue Ridge 34.02
Branchville and Bowman 11.
Carolina and Cumberland Gap.. 24.25
Carolina Midland ;. 55.
Carolina and Northwestern 37.
Central of South Carolina 41.7
Charleston and "Western Carolina319.51
Charleston and Savannah 91.60
Cherawand Darlington 9S.77
Columbia, Newberry and Laurens
Florence railroad 45.31
Florida Central and Peninsular.. 103.85
Georgia, Carolina and "Northern
Georgetown and Western.. .* 36.
Glenn Springs 10.
Urreen JPond, Walterboro ana
Hampton and Branchville 23.
Lancaster and Chester 28 60
Manchester and Augusta 167.54
Northeastern railroad 103.10
Ohio River & Charleston 110.02
Palmetto railroad . 11.20
South Carolina <? Georgia Z4U. < u
Southern railway 343.68
Wilmington. Columbia & Augusta
Wilson and Summerton 40.70
Walterboro and Western 26.30
Pickens railroad 9.
Severn and Knoxville 17.
From the above it will be seen at a
glance that railroad systems had absorbed
a number of individual roads, but
the increase in the number of ifiiles inuse
was 707.9. The increase in the
length of side tracks was 123.71 miles.
The increase noted establishes the
fact that all through the time of financial
depression, South Carolina was
struggling to extend the railroad systems,
. which are prime factors and in
the opening of valuable territory and
in the marketing of splendid resources
otherwise inaccessible. But while new
lines were being built, the old were being
improved and now no more resemble
the primitive tracks of a few years
ago than the city thoroughfare resembles
the coudtry highway.
The cumbersome hand brake, the
^'stemwinder," which occupied somucn
room oil the platform and made traveling
more wearisome, has been replaced
by automatic air brakes. The link and
pin couplings have given way to automatic
arrangements. The coaches compared
with those a few years back are
like the light running buggy beside the
The road beds have been constantly
graded; trestles have been made more
secure and in many places filled in with
dirt, clay and sand of former days are
replaced by rock ballast, and the light
iron rails, which splintered and crumbled,
have been taken up and heavy
steel rails put down to permit heav]
traffic and fast schedules.
All these changes and improvement!
cost something, as will be shown by th<
valuations placed upon the roads anc
equipments in the year 1888 and 1898
In the former year the amount investec
was represented at $41.203.730.10. Lasl
year the official figures showed that th<
railroad property in the State wa3 valued
at $319,348,711.37. Truly a magnificent
The development of the means oi
conveyance has also developed th(
business of the railroads to a great degree.
as shown by the following statistics:
The income from nassenzer traffic in
1888 was $1,395,055.85. In 1898 $2,581,966.97.
This includes the income
from the United States mail which was
$348,937.55 in 18S8, and $438,328.20
in 1898; and the income from express
$132,180.48 in 1888 and $157,254.13 in
1898, showing that the great increase
in passenger receipts during the decade
mnn vt J A A *V1 rt 1 1*1 A K A TT Acn Vill ^
was nut uut LU Lnc maiio vi. cApicss yui
to actual travel.
The total income in 1888 was $?.475.
traffic in 1888 was $2,947,548.40 and
for through freight $1,635,398.04. The
total freight income that year was $4,683,340.17.
The freight income last
year was not classified, but the total
was S5.549.035.28. The income of the
roads from freight and passenger traffic
and from all other sources last year was
$2,089,330.04, and the total expenses
for maintenance of ways and structures
salaries, taxes, etc., $5,926,612, showing
a net income of $2,551,293.
The total income in 1888 was $7,475,292.02
and the expenses $5,137,981.90,
showing: a net income of $2,
While the railroads are evidently
prospering, they have made great expenditures
on the ground work of what
is to be a great fabric of connecting and
intersecting lines, for progress begets
progress and in another decade it is safe
to predict that there will be many more
fine lines of road running into and
through the State.
TEE ABJMXESS CONVICT.
The Talk in Georgia About a Pardon.
No Chance of It.
A. 0. Jackson of West Point, Ga.,
has sent the following interesting communication
to The Atlanta Constitution
relative to A. R. Fowler, the armless
forger and erstwhile preacher, who, according
to the Georgia newspaper, is
about to be pardoned out of the South
Carolina penitentiary. It is only necessary
so say that at the governor's office
nothing is known of any impendi
n <v r>rs /%n Paw 17a ml ah ari .
1U5 yaiuuu IUI i unicij uu tuc ^yaua*
ry, Governor Ellerbe some time ago refused
the petition and has announced
that he will not again consider the
Editor Constitution: Referring to A.
R. Fowler, the armless preacher, in
your issues of the 21st and 22d insts.,
he is referred to as a Methodist
preacher. This, to my personal knowledge,
is an error. He was a Presby
feerian preacher, and, inthe language of
the boys, must say he is a ''slick duck."
Mr. Thorn says his company naid him
si cca ac 1 1?S TM?
?\JJL IVOS VI UULC UCUU. J. 11CU,
Fowler must tare sold them bo h; for
the Casualty and Fidelity company
paid him $1,750 for the loss of his
right hand. I at the time represented
the company locally, and wrote him the
insurance. Fowler, about this time
made a transaction with G-. W. Poer
and myself. We paid him part cash
and gave him our note, without interest,
payable in four months. A few
days before this note became due, Fowler
visited our city on a Monday, after
having filled the Presbyterian pulpit in
T v.f J
ua\jriau?C, \JT4., laic uauuatu uciuic^ duu
requested us to casli the note, giving us
a reasonable discount. "We did so.
After receiving the money, he went
through his pockets, and failing to find
said note, said: "Gentlemen, I find I
left your note at home with my wife. I
will give you a binding receipt against
the same, and immediately on my arrival
home will send it to you."
He being a preacher and Mason, we
at the time did not question his honesty.
But we now do, and to the tune
of $300. Gor, instead of his sending us
the note, it was sent by a bank of
m* a O n A _ "O 1 1
ounion, o. men rowiers come,
through a bank of our city, for collec
tion. "We had some correspondence
with Fowler, which amounted to
naught. Hence there was nothing left
for us to do but pay the note again and
to the bank at Clinton, S. C., they
claiming to be innocent purchasers.
Admitting the fact he is a nuisance
to the superintendent of the penitentiary,
havieg to have a valet, would it
be wise to allow him to run at large?
He has committed forgeries on his
mother-in-law and brother in-law, and
11.1 . .it 1- l
sola tne notes to tne leaamg memoers
of his church. I hear he writes fairly
well with his artificial hand, and is
now engaged in writiDg a book on his
life, "From the Pulpit to the Penitentiary."
Why not allow him to remain
in tbe penitentiary and make this book
his life work, although he has to be
furnished a valet?
A. 0. Jackson.
West Point, Ga., May 22, 1890.
Tillimon o TTi^o.'Prooi/lon'f
a iiiuiou u? r avw ^ a vdauvuvi
The executive committee of the Boston
anti-imperialist league Wednesday
elected, among others, the following
additional vice presidents: Senator
Donelson Caffery of Louisiana, ex-Congressman
W. Bourke Cockran of Xew
York, Wm. H. Fleming of Georgia, ex
Congressman Henry E. Johnson of Indiana,
President David Starr Jordon of
Standford university, Prof. Herman
von Hoist of Chicago university, Sena
tor B. R. Tillman of South Carolina.
It was also resolved to promulgate the
following resolution: "That the antiimperialist
league should take immediate
steps to establish and encourage
close relations with all associations and
individuals throughout the country who
are opposed to the imperial policy, with
a view to organizing all the elements of
opposition to this policy for the most
effective and united political action at
rl_ j.1 77
cue proper ume.
Is it the best? Taste and see. Best
in taste, best in results. No nauseating
dose, but so pleasant and natural in
ejects that you forget you have taken
medicine?Life for the Liver and Kidneys.
See ad. tf
7 SOUTH CAROLINA'S DEAD.
i The Monument to Them at Winch.es1
ter, Ya., to be Unveiledi
Thfi following1 circular has been is
i sued from the headquarters of the
* South Carolina Division United Oon
federate Veterans at Charleston:
June 6th next it is proposed to unf
veil the monument lo South Carolina's
- dead, who peacefully slumber at "Win"
Chester Ya. The noble citizens of
' "Winchester extend a cordial invitation
to the veterans of South Carolina to be
t present, and have offered the hospital
ity of their homes to such as can ati
i To extend this invitation, Col. John
i J. Williams, commanding General Turi
ner Ashby camp, No. 240, United Con.
federate Veterans, came to Charleston
i at our late reunion, out unfortunately
: did not have an opportunity of meeting
; the South Carolina division as a whole
but he liberally extended this welcome
to all whom he met. The division
. _ .1 ? ?
commander regrets mat circumstances
were such that he could not present this
distinguished veteran to his comrades
from South Carolina. He urges all
camps, particularly those whose comrades
lie buried at Winchester, and
whom those loving hands have thus
honored, and whose devotion to their
country is marked by this beautiful
shaft, to send delegates to the unveiling
ceremonies. The hospitable
people of Winchester will welcome
them with open arms. Such delegations
as propose visiting Winchester on
this occasion, will please report
promptly to Col. John J. Willliams, so
that suitable quarters can be assigned
By command of
C. I. Walker,
Comdg. S. C. Div., U. C. V.
T n TT 1 -
james ix. noimes,
Adjt. Gen., Chief of Staff.
Punishing a Sham Suicide.
Miles Salisbury, a resident of Norwich,
Conn., had a tiff with his wife
and determined to play a practical joke
on her. Obtaining an ounce bottle of
carbolic acid he smeared a portion of
the poison upon his heavy growth of
whiskers, staggered into the room where
his employer was sitting, said he was
tired of life, had taken carbolic acid and
asked that his wife be informed. The
11 ? J Vt,
eiiiyiujci u iwu uuutuis uj tcicphone
and .produced a cupful of mustard
and warm water. When Salisbury
saw the matter was being taken seriously
he weakened and declared it was all
a joke. This his employer refused tft
believe and aid was called, Salisbury
being held while the mixture was poured
' down his throat. Then the two doctors
arrived, and in-vain did the joker sputter,
kick and protest. Emetics were
forced down his throat while Salisbury
fought like a tiger. At list worn out
with his struggles and protestations he
succumbed, and the doctors thinking he
was sinking put a stomach pump down
his throat and worked it vigorously.
This caused the patient to nearly faint
away and he was given heroic treatment
to revive him. At last the doctors had
time to look into Salisbury'? mouth and
found he had no poison. The physicians
left in disgust, but it will require
some time to restore Salisbury to his
An Ovation to Gen. Wheeler.
Gen. Joe Wheeler was the most conspicuous
feature of the military parade
oi the Washington reace Jubilee. He
rode in one of the handsomest carriages
in Washington, and the horses drawing
the vehicle seemed to realize that the
occupant of the carriage was worthy of
their best efforts, for as they passed
the Presidential reviewing stand they
fairly danced with the music of the
band just ahead. The crowd all along
the route of the procession gave Gen.
Wheeler a continuous ovation,- and the
occupants of the President's stand, in- (
eluding the President, gave the gallant
little officer a great demonstration.
The General, not content with lifting
his hat and bowing to the Presidential
party, arose in his carriage and remained
standing until he had passed
the reviewing stand. This unusual
style of a military salute also caught
the crowd, and the enthusiasm continued
until he rolled out of sight. He was
attired in the regulation uniform of a
brigadier general in the United States
army, with side arms and sash. His
/inmnomAr) f li o norrio CT& TTQ Q tVlA
VU LUUUiliV i-i. MJU. LiiU VUi! ?i v?w W ?w
treasurer of the jubilee fund. . Our
The Baltimore Sun prints a dispatch
from Greenville, S. 0., which affords
some interesting readiDg for the people
of the State: "The annual meeting
of the various cotton mills in this section
are about over, and they show unprecedented
profits. For instance, the
Arperica?i Spinning Company, capital
$125,000, shows not profits of $37,000;
the Piedmont Mills, over $125,000; the
Huguenot Mills, $63,000. and others in
like proportion. Now, while these
profits seem large, the profit for the current
year will be much larger. The
Poe 31111, which made $24,000 ^for
twelve months last year, is now making
$6,000 per month net. This prosperity
? ii JJ i._ it . :n_ _e
win aaa many spinuies iu uie uima ui
the South. Already the stock for a
$600,000 mill aVAnderson, S. C., has
been raised. A 25,000 spindle mill
will be built at Belton, IS. C. Possibly
the easiest thing in the world to do,
now in this section is to raise halt a
million dollars to build a cotton mill.
All of them have paid good dividends,
and there is all confidence in the future,
certainly so far as this year is concerned."
A Rich Beggar.
Charles Burkowitz, a blind beggar of
Xew York, who for a long time has freqiented
the shopping district of the
x_._ . . 1?_ - _ J5 ? 1 _ I
metropolis ana woo was arrested ine
other day for insulting a woman who refused
to give to him, is said to be the
owner of two tenements, each valued at
$25,000, and to have large sums of
money in several of the savings banks
'of the city.
A Missouri woman advertised for a
husband. She got one at the cost of
$9. He afterwards enlisted and was
killed at Manila. She got $3,000 life
insurance and will get a widow's pen-1
sion as long as she lives. Yet some
people say it dosen't pay to advertise.
WHITES SHOT DOWN
By a Notorious Negro at Cameron,
WHO MAKES HIS ESCAPE.
Murderer Being Hunted
Down, and the People
for Miies Around Are.
A special dispatch from Oliver, Ga.,
to the Atlanta Journal says Mr. Prank
Evans, of Cameron, a station on the
Central, ten miles above there, was
shot and instanly killed Wednesday afternoon
at 2 o'clock by Sam Perry, a
notorious Negro. Mr. J. B. Proctor
was also fatally shot by the same party,
and though he is alive at2 o'clock Wednesday
afternoon, it is not expected he
will survive the day. He is now rapidly
The tragedy was the result of the imputancc
of Perry's wife, who was cursing
and vilely abusing the. children ef
Mr. Proctor during the absence of their
father, their motner being dead. - The
woman was abusing "white folks" in
general, and the insult to the little
children was most revolting.
Frank Evans, who heard the woman, t
stepped up to offer resentment. As he
did so Sam Perry, the woman's h*sband,
rushed out of his house with a drawn
revolver and began shooting at
Evans, cursing and abusing him alTlhe
wuue xu me most lerriuc manner.^ .
Evans fell at the first shot and died
without even a groan. At this juncture
Mr. Proctor appeared on the scene
and was shot^own ia his tracks, two
bullets entering his body. Proctor's
son was also shot at, but not hit,
Thomas Lee, another prominent citizen,
who was driving in his bug^y,
rusxieu tuwaru me negru <tnu was aiou
shot, but not seriously the revolver by
this time being empty.
Perry began quickly to reload his
pistol, but before he could do so Bfewn
Evans, a brother of one of the murdered
men, appeared at the head of a
posse of men, crying to the top of his
"He has killed my only brother aad *
I will kill him if it takes me a lifetime."'
Th'e Negro ran and though shofc at by
thft tn fhp w/vu?? * ITia
Negro woman had already escaped~3uring
the fusilade and excitement.
All the railroad agents were immediafcely
notified of the murder and mob* were
organized at every station to search
for the criminal.
All night the search continued and.
Thursday the posse are being augmented
from every section of the communi- /-;
ty. There are now no less than one
hundred well-armed men looking for the
murderer, and though he has thus far
evaded capture, it is considered certain ?v
that he will be in possession of the
mob before another day.
Squads are "now stationed ?> mile
apart on all the public roads and moss?
ings. Every boat landing along the
Savannah and Qgeechee rivers for miles
each way will be guarded, so that he
may be confined in this, scope of country.
The county is ablaze with excitement,
and should he be captured lit will
be lynched and probably burned, ?a^
was Sam Hose near Newnan.
Perry's wife was captured by the mob
in the swamp near Halcyondate^and it
is not improbable that she will alsoJ>e
lynched. She was trying to join her
husband when captured.
Perry is described as low and chunky,
of gingercake color, moustache and side
whiskers, and is bow-legged. He has
been sullen and impudent to the whites
since the recent Jynchings in Georgia, ,?..
and is considered a desperate Negro under
Frank Evans, who was killed was a
most estimable young man. Ha was a
son of Mr. Charlie Evans and grandson of
Dr. J. F. Brown. Mr. Proctor was
60 years old and a well respected farmer.
Try Our Plan.
The Brooklyn Eagle is alarmed at
the growth of the divorce habit at the
North and demands greater regard for
thft sanfttif-v nf marn o atd Tf ..TTC
"Most persons do not seek divorce because
their marriage bonds are intolerable,
bat because they think some other
marriage bonds will be more to their
taste " That iscrue, and the danger
of permitting divorce from intolerable
marriage bonds is that it opens the flood .
gates to people w&o seek divorces for" ?
no higher reason than a desire for a
new deal of husbands and wives. In
South Carolina the'flood gates are irrevocably
closed. The result is good.
Marriage is a sacred sacrament in this
state, not lightly entered into, since it
is to last until death parts.?Colombia
Gov, Ellerbs Very Sick.
The reports that come from Governor
Ellerbe are not so cheering as they
^rere a few days ago. He has -again
been compelled to take to his bed.
Since he went to Sellers he has been
sitting ud a good deal, and occasionally
hie physicians have permitted him to
exercise-his will power and take an occasional
ride. They have ordered him,
however, to cease these exercises.
Those who have seen him in the last
day or two say that he continues in
good * spiritsj notwithstanding his ex
Vivuivij rr van VVifUibVU*
Dewey in Bad Health.
A dispatch frora.Hong Kong says the ^
United States cruiser Olympia, with
admiral ?ti Vi?o anntraA
from Manila. She was saluted by the
ships of all nationalities. Admiral
Dewey is in bad health, being tod ill to .
sttend the Queen's birthday dinne?.;.
The Olympia is going in dock here and- .
will remain ten days at this port.
A Pastor's Bevenee.
As the result of a misunderstanding . with
his landlord, Gottlieb Burkhart,
Rev. Albert Brachlos, who recently ie-'. *
signed as pastor of the Grerman Reform
Zion church -at Cumberland, Md.,
placed a large placard in the upstaits
window labeled ''Haunted House" and
locked a ferocious bulldog in the building.
The affair created a sensation.
t * .
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