Newspaper Page Text
lb* fairfMiJ ?cm anil Herald
? VOL LIII WINNSBORO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. JUNE 7, 1899.
mrrn ittita T T"1 /T1T\ TTfTTT ^j|
A MAN LOST.
^ The Mysterious Disappearance o
a Visiting Georgian.
LAST SEEN AT SPARTANBURC
LJ~ r^ochipr of a Bank a
no to MIV ? <?r. ? - _
Athens, Ga., But His Acjt
counts Are All
A dispatch from Greenville, S- C.
says: Dr. C. H. White, of Athens
Ga., reached here this morning by th
fK 6:45 train from Atlanta in search o
Mr. John A. Benedict, cashier of th'
Exchange bank of Athens, whose mys
terious disappearance m tnis city
week ago today was a startling revela
tion to our citizens and was mad'
known for the first time after the ar
rival of Br. White this morning. Mr
Benedict came here from Greenwood
registered at the Mansion JEknse in th
} afternoon about 4 o'clock, inquire*
where he might get a conveyance t
take him in the country. He was re
ferred to Charles & Easley, at th
Mansion House stables, and left th
hotel with the apparent purpose of go
ing to the stables vhich are only a hun
dred yards distant. His luggage wa
left in the hotel and from the momen
a he stepped outside all trace of 31 r
Benedict has been lost. He did no
hire a conveyance from any stable i:
the city nor has a street hack ever beei
found who could give any informatioi
f concerning him. The police and othe
officers have made a diligent inquir;
and there is not the semblance of proo
to this hour in what direction Benedic
went when he left the hotel. Ever
clue so far has failed and all inquirie
have resulted in disappointment.
Dr. White is accompanied by Capt
B. F. Culp, the Athens chief of police
and with the local police force th
(search continues hour by hour withou
result A Negro employed at the Man
sion House stables says a tall ma;
^ came there and asked about a convey
ance Tuesday afternoon but went awa;
without making any engagement in th
absence cf the proprietors. He sai<
another Negro heard the man talk am
could tell where he wanted to go bu
when he was interrogated the recollec
*"" ~-C AAnnrronw Tint b
UU11 U1 U1& WVIU.VUVV ?
m brought to his mind.
Afc 8 p. m. this evening Chief Kenne
| dy of the Greenville police force di
rected all the hack drivers in the cit;
to assemble at the station honse am
when they came he exhibited to thee
the baggageieft by Mr. Benedict at th
^ MansKnfijjjguse which is a telescop
made orsliiw, an uncommon and striking
piece of baggage. One of the had
drivers instantly recognized the tele
scope and said he brought the gentle
man who owned it to the Jttansioi
House and afterwards took him to thi
vestibuled train at 5:50 p
-*$' Th'e gentleman said he was goinj
t to Spartanburg, and he evidently in
a tended to return, as he went to Roths
ttjk- child's store and bought a small satche
Wjf then went to the hotel and made som<
^ changes in his apparel, taking th
satchel with him. Spartanburg has no
I yet been heard from, but efforts an
B being made to ascertain whether Mr
I Benedict ever reached there. It is Dr
White's theory that some accident mus
I have befallen Mr. Benedict betweei
here and Spartanburg or he would hav<
been heard from there. Shortly afte
the fact of his leaving for Spartan bur;
was discovered, Mr. John Smith was a
the station and said tiiat ne saw j>ir
Benedict in front of the hotel last Tut s
day where he heard an introductioi
given to Mr. Benedict by an acquaint
ance from Georgia, and also heard Mr
Benedict say he might visit Lockhar
cotton mills in Union county. Tbi
furnishes another clue to his move
ments and tne Lockhart mills will bi
asked by wire as to his coming there.
The mystery is not being cleared a
yet but there is great relief to knov
that the stranger who so suddenly dis
appeared was uuu wsi m uinU.??v
Dr. White and Capt. Culp will leav<
(for Spartanburg by t?e early morniBj
train, but will use every method to fol
low Benedict's movements if possibl
A dispatch from Athens, Ga., says
aJohn A. Benedict, cashier of the Ex
Kortl- anH owner of the Athen
J~V ^ U4U^V l/MMU v
R Roll Cover company, has been missin.
jr since last Tuesday. He went to Green
K ville, S. C., on business connected wit]
A tbe roll cover concern and on Tuesda;
B morning left the hotel there to visit cot
ton mills at Spartanburg. His account
Mk. at the bank have been found absolutel;
H&0- correct by experts. No reason can b
-assigned by family or friends, who fea
t- - i ?.4. orl nr fnn
ue nas mcii nnii ?vv*v?v,~v v..
Case oi Miscegenation.
It seems that Greenville has a genu
ine case of miscegenation, which i
likely to create trouble for the partie
interested. George Hamilton, white
formerly a member of the Fourth Xe*
Jersey regiment, came back to Green
ville a few weeks ago and made hi
headquarters at the home of Marioi
a colored man. Xot Ions afte
his arrival Hamilton was married ti
Malissa Love, a daughter of his host
contrary to the laws of this State
Magistrate Mauldin issued warrants ;
few days ago for Hamilton and hi
dusky bride, but the groom has ab
sconded. Wednesday night the bridi
was arrested and sent to jail, an<
Thursday morning llev Thos. Minus
?L the colored preacher who performe<
the ceremony, was arrested and gavi
bail for his appearance. The consta
ble and police are searching for Ham
ilton, but it is probable that he ha
f left for New Jersey. It is understoo<
?i. n T.nvp neighbor
tlliL WUC xu. ?V ? ? ?--0
hood were highly elated at the alliance
but the rejoicing did not last ^ng.
Pierce Fire on Ship.
ftn />, ,, T- 1
me v^Tomwen nue sieauisiuf
[ erbocker, which left New Orleans Ma;
24th with a cargo of 2,000 bales of cot
ton and large quantities of rice, molas
ses and hides, arrived at New Yorl
"Wednesday with two compartment
burning fiercely. The first was dis
covered when the ship was five day
out, but through-the efforts of her cre^
the knowledge of the fact was kept froi
45 passengers aboard, and there was n
\ alarm. No estimate can be given o
the loss, as the fire is still burning.
THREE CONVICTS DIED
From Meningitis in the State Penif
There has been considerable excitement
for several days over the appear5
ance of several cases of meningitis at
the State penitentiary. In view of the
talk about the matter, a representative
^ of The State Tuesday called on Superintendent
Griffith and Dr. Griffith, who
is at present in charge of the medical
department at the prison, owing to the
fact that Dr. Sturkie, the regular physician,
is quite sick at his home.
?T.A /mooo VIO-CA i^erplnnprl af
kJU lai li vaovo WW1V V ?
the institution, and three of them have
? terminated fatally. The fir?t victim
> was young Solomon, the 14-year-old
e white boy who was some time ago sent
f up for a 15-year term for the killing of
e his own father. This case was a nota"
ble one. Though the boy admitted
a killing his father, setting up as a de"
fense that he did so to prevent his
e father from killing his sister, many believe
that he was guiltless of the crime.
?113 moiner was aere auu visncu. uuu uu
> Wednesday last. In the afternoon, afe
ter she had gone, the lad was stricken
^ with cerebro spinal meningitis, and
0 though he was given the best of attention,
he died Friday. On the day he
e died his mother was wired of his exe
treme illness. She came here and the
body was t:>ken back to Hampton for
s > Nff-o convicts were seized with
t iU oomu On a r>f them
'\c i. u Saturday last: the other is still
* alive. He was better Tuesday morn0
iug; Lut suffered a relapse in the evenQ
ing. A female convict was taken sick
a with the disease Sunday and died Mon
r day. There have been, as stated, up to
? date five cases. The two remaining
- cases have been thoroughly isolated,
and the quarters which the affected
y prisoners occupied have been disins
fected. Dr. G-riffith, who is in charge,
says that though the disease is to a cer^
- ? ?i. A. T.rk V?nnoc
" laiu eioeuo uuuuigivuv), "vy?u
> through the steps taken to prevent any
e further spread. He has conferred with
fc Dr. Taylor and with Dr. A. Earle
Bcozer, chairman of the Columbia board
Q of health, and nothing will be left undone
to prevent the disease affecting
y other prisoners.?State.
1* TO BE PAID.
i- The State Pensioners Will Soon Get
Wednesday the State boa.rd of pen"
sions held a final session and went over
? all of the pension rolls sent in from the
* various counties by the township and
a county boards. Every donbtful name
e was carefully considered and the case
e footed into with unusual pains, but the
* board failed utterly to reduce the list.
On the contrary a belated township re"
port containing 24 additional names
" came in and the grand total as shown
1 by the list when finally approved was
e 7,090, against a total of 6,694 for last
5 The board also apportioned the pen*
sioH fund for this year, and the indi*
vidual pensioners will be gratified to
1 know that they will get practically the
e same amount as last year. Class A
e pensioners will get $72 ap;:ece, identi1
cally the same as last year. Those of
5 class B will ge?$17.80 apiecc, as against
$18.40 last year, Those ii the other
classes will each receive $13.20 as
1 against $13 80 last year.
3 The clerk of the State board of pen'
sions will immediately begin the work
r of drawing the warrants for the indi?
vidual pensioners and they will as soon
1 as completed be sent to tfc.e clerks of
court in *he several counties for distri"
I 1 .. a wa^aa + .T?rrro 7 or
UUU.UU. JL/UC uuutc ui lut Jkui. nmuxug,
1 of these warrants will be given in the
press. When they have been sent out
the pensioners can get then by applying
at their respective court houses.
s The work 'will be pushed with all possible
dispatch, so that the pensioners
3 will be able to get their money in the
f Advertising Pays.
John Wanamaker, the mar who be
iieves in newspaper advertising, went
e to New York two years ago and bought
e the stock of Hilton, Hughes & Co.,
- who had been but chary advertisers and
s had been losing money for years. He
began forthwith to try the advertising.
: cure for dry . t, and his half-page an
nouncements have been daily features
s of all the prominent New York papers.
9 TU* ~ ?AA??U in 4-V?of VlOG r*} 00 TO A 1 T"?
5 IliC iCSUiu xo tuau uuo vivmiuu, au wuV
last year 8600,000 011 his New lork
i store. For his Philadelphia store he
7 has just closed a contract with one
r newspaper of that city for a page ads
vertisement dailj', for which he will
7 pay $100,000 a year. Advertising like
e this requires nerve?likewise brains,
r There is in every city at least one man
1 who can become the Wanamaker of his
community if he have the jnerve?end
the brains?to follow the Wanamaker
s Our Cotton Mills.
s A Greenville dispatch says that in
' the last year Piedmont cotton mill has
7 earned $200,000, Pelzer $2S5.000, Clifton
$270,000 and Pacolet $230,000, a
s total of nearly $1,000,000 profits for
1 four mills. The earnings of the Dig
* > r* 1 ;j
1 mills arouna spartan Durg are saiu tu
5 have ranged from 20 to 35 per cent, on
1 the capital stock. The banks there are
* congested with dividend money. Small
* wonder that the Piedmont section pross
pers when it gets such returns from its
factories. All our mills are making
j money, but if those in that quarter are
making more money than others it is
| because their managers are older hands
* at the business and from practice more
K"o Armor for Ships.
s At "Washington bids were to have
* been opened by the navy department
" at noon Wednesday for armor for bat'
tlesbips, monitors and armored cruisers
now authorized by the law, but no bids
were received within the price fixed by
. J congress. The Carnegie Steel company
y I and the Bethlehem Iron company sub_
mitted statements that they were un.
able to furnish armor of the character
jj required at the price fixed by congress.
s Burnstine Bros, of San Francisco made
r a blanket offer to furnish all the armor
s required for $450 per ton, which, how^
ever, is above the limit fixed by conc
gress. This limit W3S $490 for the
0 seven ships authorized last year and
f $300 per ton for the ships authorized
GOV. ELLERBE DEAD.
South Carolina's Chief Magistrate
AFTFR LINGERING ILLNESS.
The Funeral Took Place at His
Home in Marion County.
Interment in Family
Gov. W. H. Ellerbe died at his hone
at Sellers, Marion County, at half-past
S o'clock Friday night. Early Friday
morning the governor was about the
same as the night before, but about 10
o'clock he had a strangling spell and
came very near d\ung. The governor
-J TT-nc n/\ tllflf-. Via was d V"
biUU tUCIC IIW LL\J , ?
ing, and called for help. Tbe doctor
gave him very strong stimulants from
which he rallied a little, but later in
the afternoon he began to sink. The
doctor said he could not live long, but
the end was not expected so soon in
the night. At 8:26 he died seemingly
rnL . >?
very e&sy? jLne guvemui d
was surrounded by all tbe members of
his immediate family, all his brothers
and sisters being present.
THE NEWS AT THE CAPITOL.
The first news of Governor Ellerbe's
death reached the city Friday night
through a telegram from the chief executive's
brother to Private Secretary
Evans. While it was of course not unexpected,
the announcement called
forth many expressions of sorrow. In
official circles the news *as received
with the most profound sorrow, and at
once preparations begun for the official
family to attend the funeral at Sellers.
The telegram from Mr. J. E. Elierbe,
the governor's brother, to Private Secretary
Evans, read as follows:
"ft-nvernor Elierbe died this after
noon at 8:25. Buried tomorrow at 4
p. m., family burying ground. Wire
T. C. Moody at Marion number com;
31r. m'sweeney notified.
Immediately upon the receipt of this
telegram Mr. Evans went to the telegraph
office and sent two messages to
Lieut. Gov. McSweeney, the one addressed
to Hampton and the other to
Augusta, Mr. Evans having heard that
*" ^ - A
ivir. Meoweeney was m -n-uguata, uunrig
the day. Mr. McSweeney, owing to
the death of the governor, now becomes
governor of South Carolina, it being
only necessary to appear before a magistrate
or notary, if he so desires, and
take the oath of office. It is understood.
however, that Mr. MeSweeney
will decline to be sworn in as governor
until after the funeral ofjthe deceased
chief executive. ?
avili^crkive in time. _ it-was
governor would not be reached by wire
and would thus be unable to get to Sellers
in time for the funeral, but later
the following telegram was received
Hampton, S. C., June 2,18S9.
W. Boyd Evans, Columbia, S. C.
I am truly sorry to learn of Governor
Ellerbe's death. Will go to Columbia
at once. M. 15. McSweeney.
By reason of the fact that Lieutenant
Governor McSweeney becomes governor,
Senator R. B. Scarborough of Horry
2? ~ offArn^TT nf
COmity, WJLLU ct ^IVollu^uu ovwvimv/ v*
Conway, and one of the most highly
esteemed members of the State senate,
being president pro tem of that body,
now becomes lieutenant governor to succeed
Mr. Evans also notified by wire the
two United States senators, the seven
congressmen and a number of the dead
governor's most intimate personal and
TO ATTEND THE FUNERAL.
He then saw that all the State house
officials were notified. These proceeded
at once to arrange with the officials of
the Atlantic Coast Line for a 3pecial
train to be run to sellers, leaving Columbia
Saturday in lime to reach Sellers
for the obsequies. The run will be
107 miles and the train will leave
11:30 o'clock. The Ellerbe homestead
is ti70 miles in one direction from the
station and the family burial ground
is three miles in another. The State
capitol was closed Saturday and the
flags on the building was displayed at
half-mast for the proper length of time.
MORE MEN" WANTED.
Ten Thousand Volunteer Troops Likely
to be Called for.
The war in the Philippines is not
over by any means. Last Thursday
replying to the inquiries of the Secretary
of War, Gen. Otis telegraphs from
? -' - '? a ~ r\$ fa r?-rortirm
jUC X9 ovixi vi vuv v^/AUivu
that 30,000 troops will be necessary for
the effective control of ihe Philippines.
Secretary Alger took Gen. Otis' cable
to the president, and after a conference
with him stated that the text of the dispatch
would not be made public. "It
reaffirms Gen. Otis' estimate made
sometime ago," said the secretary,
"that 30,000 men would be sufficient
to cope with the situation. As I stated
Wednesday, the regulars now on the
way or under orders to go on to the
Philippines will give Gen. Otis about
24.000 or 25,000 men after the withdrawal
of the volunteers."
"Where will the additional 5,000 or
6,000 men for whom Gen. Oris asks
come from?" the secretary was asked.
"That has not been definitely deter
mined as yet," he replied.
"We may be able to take the additional
troops asked for from the regulars
now loated in this country, Cuba,
and PuertocRico, or it may be found
advisable to muster in volunteers."
"In case it is decided to call for volunteers
will the call only be for the
5,000 or 6,030 men n2cessary to bring
Gen. Otis' total up to 30,000?"
"If volunteers are called for," replied
zhe secretary, "ihe call will probably
be for 10,000 men." N
Is it the best? Taste and see. Best
in taste, best in results. No nauseating
dose, but so pleasant and natural in
effects that you forget you have taken
medicine?Life for the Liver and Kidneys.
See ad. tf
GOVERNOR M. !
TAKES THE OATH.
Lieut. Gov. McSweeney is Sworn in
Hon. Miles B. McSweeney, who first
saw the lie'nt of day on April 18, 1853,
now occupies the exalted position of
governor of South Carolina. It was exactly
10 minutes past 11 Saturday
night in the parlors of Wright's hotel
when the chief justice, standing on one
side of a tete-a-tete chair, with Mr. McSweeney
on the other, their hands
- ? *%#?!! "RiVklfe a-f/iro/}
grasping <X OLUaiX X/lkTlU) ?\^ V?
the oath of office. The ceremony was
informal, though there was some 50 or
more gentlemen, consisting of the State
officials, who had made the trip to Sellers,
and a number of friends of the
governor present in the parlor at the
.Tnsf, at 11 o'closk Gov. McSweeney,
escorted by Secretary ef State Coop?r,
and the other state officers, Senator
Appelt and others drove up to the hotel.
The party followed by those who
had awaited the governor's arrival ascended
to the parlors of the hotel.
At 11:05 the chief justice of the supreme
court, followed by Associate
- ~ 1 - -x 3 il.
Justices brary ana jrope, entereu me
north parlor, going to the right tfhere
they took np their position the chief in
advance. Gov. McSweeney, on the arm
of Attorney General Bellinger, followed
by the other members of the official
household came from the sonth parlor.
At 11:08 Gen. Bellinger, in a few
graceful words, introduced Mr. McSweeney
to the chief justice, announcing
that he was ready to take the oath
of office as governor of South Carolina
in accordance with the provisions of
the constitution. The chief justice extended
his right arm, a Bible being in
his hand, and Mr. McSweeney grasped
the volume. The regulation oath was
then read by Justice Mclver and the
governor pressed the Bible to his lips.
This done the cheif justice asked
"wViAro's t.ViA table?" and looked about
for one upon which the oath could be
signed. Finally the signatures were
affixed upon a small brass table which
was a part of one of the large wall mirrors.
The blank was an ordinary one
used for oaths of notaries.
As soon as Gov. McSweeney had affixed
his signature with Justice Pope's
IOUniStin pCDj LI1C uuidi juauwc wu^iAvulated
the governor warmly and was
followed by the associate justices.
THE GOVERNOR'S FIRST SPEECH.
Gov. ftfcSweeney then turning to the
gentlemen present spoke briefly as follows:
Gentlemen?I don't think it is necessary
to make a speech on this occasion.
I realize the importance of the position
I occupy tonight in South Carolina and I
" *1 J
promise you I snail enaeavor 10 uu
duty faithfully and impartially. If I
am not governor of South Carolina it
will not be my fault.
No man can feel more sympathy,
more honest sympathy than I do tonight
for the blow that has befallen
our State; that spmpathy extended to
my home. My wife last night on receiving
the news of Gov. Ellerbe's
death telegraphed to Mrs. Ellerbe expressing
her sorrow at her great loss.
I God knows I feel sympathy for Mrs.
Ellerbe and her children. It is my duty
under the constitution to assume this
responsibility, and with God's help I
shall try to do it faithfully. I appreciate
the kind words of these distinguished
gentlemen on my left (the supreme
court justices). I shall seek them always
for advice, and with the attorney
general and other State officers I intend
to perioral tne Quaes ui m,y uuhjg ao
faithfully as I know how. I deeply regret
the occasion which makes me governor
of South Carolina.
1 have tried to be as prudent and
careful as possible. I have been asked
by some why I did not come here to Columbia
and assume the duties of governor.
I believe Gov. Ellerbe did his
duty and those around him believe that
he did his duty, but I believed that he
wanted to be governor of South Carolina
when he died and I thought his
wishes and desires should be regarded.
? * ' - - .1 ii j t 1
Tonight i assume tne amy ana l as*
those here to help me. I am going to
do my duty as faithfully and as efficiently
as I can, and if I don't make a
faithful, true governor it won't be my
The audience warmly applauded the
governor when he concluded.
Attorney General Bellinger at once
stepped up to the governor and grasped
his hand and said that he wished to
assure him of the full sympathy and
support of the members of the official
family, stating that they would always
be found upholding his hands.
Mr. Cooper then stepped forward ana
made a similar declaration, warmly
congratulating the governor.
Superintendent of Education McMahan
was the next to congratulate the
governor and express his appreciatioi
of the sentiments expressed by th<
governor. Then came Railroad com
missioner Garris, Mr. Harris, Gen.
Retiring Private Secretary Evans,
Watts. Assistant Attorney Gen. Gun
ter and many others. After congratu
lating the governor those present paic
their respects to the judges and soor
the assemblage dissolved.
WILL MEET IN CHESTER.
State Reunion of the Confederate Vet
aroni! TTiar? in .Tnlv
This year the annual reunion of th<
South Carolina division United Confederate
Yeteians is to be held in th<
. city of Chester, and although practi
cally all the camps in the State attended
the general union in Charleston
it is expected that all will be at the
State reunion. Chester promises everj
veteran that attends a royal reception
and Chester knows how to entertain
In regard to the reunion the following
general order has just been issued
from the headquarters of the Souti
Carolina divison in Charleston:
Charleston.. S..C., June 1, 1899.
1. The annual convention for 1899-ol
the SouthrCarolina divisipn, U. C. V.3
at the hospitable iuvitation of the people
of Chester, will meet at Chester,* S.
^ *rr i _ T?1.ilA.'J.J,
U., weanesaay, dtuy -otn, at jlv y tious
a. m. ~~ --->?
2. Arrangements are now b?ng~macU
by the quartermaster general and the
veterans of Chester to secure the lowest
rates of railroad fare for veterans
and other visitors. It is presumed that
we will secure as heretofore for all conventions
a rate, not exceeding 1 cent
per mile traveled, from all points within
the State. x
3. Each camp, regiment and brigade
will annniTit, nnft snnnsor. who will se
" -rr- ? -x- 7
lect her maid of honor, to represent
them at the reunion. The sponsors and
their maids of honor, the sponsors bearing
a banner of their respective brigade,
regiment or camp will be presented to
the convenvention at an appropriate
time to be named hereafter.
4. Camps will bring their camp ban
i *" A.1
ners, ana win carry mem mw mc wuvention
5. At some convenient hour, to be
announced at the convention, a meeting
will be held of the commanders of
camps, colonels of regiments and generals
of brigades to make reports upon
the standing of their commands. They
will come prepared to make full reports
as to numbers of members and
the work tney are accompnsmng, ana
other matters bearing upon the activity
and life of the camps.
6. The committee on the Confederate
woman's monument will please meet
the chairman at the convention hall at
4 o'clock p. m. July 26th.
7. The chaplain of all camps of this
division and of the regiments and brigades
will please meet the chaplain
"? i T? . 1 K
general at tne convention nan at> ?j
o'clock p. m. July 26th.
8. Chester extends to as a loving wel
come, and offers us her most bountiful
hospitality. Comrades, show your appreciation
by coming in large numbers.
Let us gather, perhaps for the last time
for many of us, and do honor to the
holy memories which bind us so closelj
By order of
C. Irvine Walker,
James Gr. Holmes,
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff.
A Human Brute.
Rahft Walker, a notorious Neero who
has jast served a years term in the
penitentiary, attempted rape on the five
year old daughter of Van Howard,
white, and for which he narrowly escaped
lynching, was arrested at Greenville
"Wednesday for raping eleven yeai
old Cornelia Brooks, colored. The
crime was committed a week ago, but
did not come to light till Tuesd?j
night. He threatened to kill her if she
informed on him. It was noticed the
* "* i . i J5* ?
last few days tnat sne was stmermg.
and investigation showed that a crime
had been committed. The Negroes an
highly wrought tip, but it is hardlj
probable that they will make any attempt
to take Walker out of jail, as h<
is closely guarded.
The war department has received th<
following dispatch from Gen. Otis a
Manila, dated June 1: Smith report:
from Negros that he has punished in
surgents who murdered Capt. Tilley
^0pfam rtnocf iclor>/^ nnw nnp
bU<*u uao?A/iu vvuuw vi uv ? ? ?_
American flag and inhabitants ask pro
tection against robber bands. Th<
bands pursued into mountains by Unit
ed States and native troops severel:
Some Interesting Statistics Concerning
THE LENGTH OF EACH ROAD
And What Each Mile is Valued
at by the State for Assessment
The State Board of Equalization met
in Columbia Wednesday to equalize
and assess the railroad property in the
State. The board went over all of the
returns in connection with the earnings
condition and other elements considered
as to the assessment of the roads
and fixed the valuations. The assessments
on seven roads were raised, the
largest increase being on the Seivern
and Knoxville Road, from $1,000 to
$5,000 per mile. The road, it is stated
was not completed when the last asses3
ment was made. 'ine following is a
table showing the comparative assessments:
Railroad. Miles >Iaia Track.
Ashley River road 4.00
Atlanta and Charlotte Air Line. 129.99
Asheville and Spartanburg 24 00
Berkeley railway 9.75
JtSranchviiie and JBowman ii.UU
Blue Ridge 34.02
Charleston and Western Carolina318.40
C. and D. (Salisbury Branch 11.00
Gibson Division 36.27
1 Carolina and Northwestern 37.00
5 Columbia and Greenville 164.98
Columbia, Newberry and Laurens
Carolina Midland 54.75
Central of South Carolina 40.20
Carolina, Knoxviile and Western 15.00
I Charlotte, Columbia and Au1
gusta 7. 178.73
Carolina and Cumberland Gap.. 24 10
Charleston and Savannah 90.50
East Shore Terminal 5.28
on/1 ParnnC"nlor 1
X'lUiiua u^uuiai auu jl vaaauuilac** . aw?\>v
Florence (Latta Branch) 19.80
Georgia, Carolina and Northern. 136.47
Glenn Springs 10.00
Green Pond, W. and Branchville 14.00
; Georgetown and Western 37.00
Hampton and Branchville 16.00
) Hartsville 10.00
Lancasterand Chester 28.60
Manchester and Augusta 64.31
"Preornall . 46.97
> Darlington Branch 37.64
' South and North Carolina Dit
i Northeastern 101.70
Ohio River and Charleston 117.70
[ Palmetto railroad 11.20
i South Carolina and Georgia 240.70
Charleston and Savannah (Sea
Island Branch... 5.25
: Seivern- and Kn oxyil^e 18.00'
Spartanburg, Union and -Golnm-" '
bia ......fy.. ..".j- . Ji .^8.00.
South Carolina Paoific (3. A. L.) 10 50
: Walterboro and Western--; 26.40
Wilmington, Columbia" and Aur
i Conway Branch 25.00
Wilson and Summerton 40 25
i Value Per Mile.
; Railroads 1898. 1899.
Ashley River $ 9,000 $13,000
i Atlanta and Charlotte
Air Line 16,000 16,000
i burg v.uuu <,uuu
Berkeley 3,000 3.000
i Blue Ridge 2,500 2,500
. Branehville and Bowman
Charleston & Western
i Carolina 7,500 7,500 ,
i C. & D. (Salisbury
Branch) 4.000 4,000
Gibson Division 6,00G 6,000
Carolina and Northwestern
! Columbia &G-reenville 10,000 10,000
flnliimWa NAwherrv fa
Laurens 5,000 5,000
Carolina Midland 5,000 5,000
Central of South Carolina
Carolina, Knoxville &
Western 1,000 1,000
Charlotte, Columbia &
Augusta 13,000 13,000
Carolina and Cumberland
Gap 2,500 2,500
Charleston & Savannah 13,000 13,000
i. ov.? rn?,-??i m nnn in nnn
' juaaii OliUiC XCimiau. . iujvvv
Florida Central and
Peninsular 8,500 8,500
Florence 15,000 15,000
i Florence Latta Branch 4,000 4,000
? Georgia, Carolina and
Northern 10,000 10,000
Green Pond, Walter"
? * A f\r\ !\
boro and Jtfranctiville 4,uuu s,uuu
Georgetown & Western 2,000 2,000
Glenn Springs 2,000 2,000
s Hampton & Branchville 1,000 1/100
! Hartsvilla 2,500 2,500
' Lancaster and Chester. 1,750 1,750
Manchester & Augusta 10,000 lOjOOO
Pregnali Branch.... 5,000 5,000
Darlington Branch.. 6.000 6,000
South and North Carolina
Division 1,000 2.500
Northeastern 16,000 16,000
Northeastern 1,850 1,850
Ohio River & Char>
leston 5,000 5,000
? Palmetto 3,000 3,000
> South Carolina & G-eor'
gia 15,000 15,000
. Charleston & Savannah
(Sea Island Branch). 2.000 5,000
i mi . i r\i\r\ k Ann
Bcivern aria j&.noxvme. i.uuv u,vw
Spartanburg, Union &
Col 3,000 10,000
So. Ca. Pacific (S A L) 8,000 8,000
Walterboro & Western 1,000 1,000
& Augusta 10,000 10,000
Conway Branch 4.000 5,000
Wilson and Summerton 3,000 3,000
r In case any of the railroads are not
satisfied with the increases that have
> been made by the board, there will be a
hearing on Friday, the 2d of June.
As will be noted the only increases
are those of the Ashley River Road of
J $4,000 per mile; Carolina and Cumbert
land Gap Road, $2,500 per mile; Man3
chester and Augusta, Sumter and North
- Carolina division, an increase of $1,500
; on 16 miles; Seivern and Knoxville
r Road from $1,000 to $5,000; Spartan
burg, Uni )n and Columbia Road, from
2 $8,000 to $10,000; Walterboro and
- Western Road, from $1,000 to $2,500;
7 Conway branch, At" antic Coast Line,
from $4,000 to $5,000.
What Theo. Edwards says About it in
Southern Tobacco Journal.
Now comes topping, -when judgment
is to be exercised. This should be done
by the best man available (I do this
myself). I don't know that topping is
to important when yoa prime as when
you cut; still to get the best results I
think judgment and discretion is to.be
1 T i-- A
Used. JL top to au average ux tcu cu
twelve leaves, and make 800 to 1,000
pounds per acre. Some top fourteen to
sixteen leaves, and get from 1,000 to
1,200 pounds. They do not get so much
colory tobacco, however, when they top
high. As to worms, they make their
first appearance the last of May or the
first of June or about full moon in
June. Then plants put out, say. the
first week in May will be about twelve
to fifteen inches high. We usually begin
to set about 25ch of April, and try
to finish by 6th of May?anyway by
the 10th. After the latter date it does
not do so well either in field or curing
bam. and besides you will get the August
showers of rain, which are troublesome
and do great damage. Tobacco
put out by or before 10th of May miss
these showers, because it is cured and
* * T - - _ - , T_ ? x. I
m pacsnouse. i use nosning to js-eep
off or destroy worms but Guinea chickens.
I prefer them to turkeys because
turkeys are difficult to raise. I follow
after Guineas and destroy all eggs and
kill such worms as they do not get.
With early planting and these chickens
I do not consider worm3 amount to
Now comes priming, as soon as your
lugs show they are ready for the curing
barn. I first cut my tobacco, believing
as I was told by buyers, it was better
tobacco and would bring me more money.
I did not find it so. Comparing
my sales with those who primed I found
they got more money than I did, and it
was because they had more yellow tobacco
than I got by the cutting process.
I then took to priming, and soon saw
T f fof rjlmocf oil mrr fn.
luau X *7 CLO IXQUUJ UU?V <4i*.LUV/t9W W4A "' J ? V
bacco was colory tobacco, and that my
averages were better. I still think,
however, something is lost in weight by
primiDg. but the color will more than
make up for difference in weight. My
crop last year was late, did not get it
set until about 15th of May, yet it averaged
me eleyen cents net I was not
fortunate in striking the market at any
time when it was at its best. I have
never been fortunate in getting fancy
prices for my crops, and have never
made-a higher average than fifteen
cents?that was four or five years back.
Yellow tobacco did not do so well last
year as inferior grades, and I find
inferior grades are generally heavier.
After priming off leaves they are
taken to the barn, or some place and
sheltered from the sun, where the looping
jtejlone on the sticks. For this
.purpose Tuse_Np,._8 stocking yard and
put from two to four "leaves -together,
acc5>r<i*ag;to size, and thirty to thirty?
five.buncheslvto: each stick- These are
placed in the barn from eight to ten
inches apart, when fire is built in furnaces
and heat run to 90,95 ar 100 degress.
Here it is generally allowed to
stand nntil leaves begin to wilt, gradually
moving on up as the appearance of
the leaf indicates that you may do so,
nntil we reach 110 desrrees. Here we
stand until we get on what color we
want, or until we get a bright pea green
which is generally from ten to fifteen
hours in July, when we first begin to
cure. It takes some longer as the
nights begin to get cool, and you go
higher up the plant Rarely, however
does it take so much as twenty-four
hours to put on color. After leaving
110 degrees move up at rate of 2? degrees
per hour, or as fast as the leaf indicates
that it will take the heat. I
seldom dwell long at any given point.
If the leaf takes heat all right before
getting to 125 degrees and from this
point to 135 or 140, I dry out my leaf
never advancing, however, more than
21 degrees per hour. When the leaf is
dry and the sap is in the stem, I move
on up gradually at this same rate, halting
and standing two or three or four
hours at 145, then on up to 150 by this
slow process; then stand two or three
hours; then on up at same rate to lt>U,
and finally on to 170. At thia point I
kill out the stem. I don't think it
safe to go higher than 170 to stay any
length of time; in fact, I think that this
season I will kill out at 160 and believe
that I will get better tobacco than I
rrvwi'M Vnr mnninor ?j Ti i?rhAT VlAat fVT ftVftTl
at 170 degrees.
Prepare the soil, which should be a
rich loam, by plowing deep and harrowing
well. Then set your plants in rows
three feet apart, and two feet apart in
rows, running north and soutn. if possible,
in order to secure better advantage
of the sunshine. Cultivate by plowing
and hoeing. When the plants
besin to bloom too the stem
just above the first cluster of
flowers, so that the flowers terminate
the stem. The efiect is that the sap is
immediately sent into the buds next
below the cluster, which soon push
strongly and produce another cluster of
flowers each. When these are visible
the branch to which they belong is also
topped down to their level. This is
done five times in succession. By this
means the plants become stout, dwarf
bushes, not over 18 inches high. In
addition to tliis, all the laterals are
nipped ofh Treated in this way, the
fruit acquires a beauty, size and excellence
unattainable by any other means.
Further, if the leaves and trimmings of
the tomatoes be made into a strong tea
and sprinkled on the cabbage, it will
keep off those troublesome green worms.
Homicide at Eastova.
On Saturday week at Eastover, in the
lower portion of Ilichland county, Paul
Goodson. colored, was killed by Sailor
Taylor, also colored. The blayer is
still at Iarce. The men quarreled, it
appears, about some fish hooks, when
Taylor jerked out his pistol nnd shot
Goodson in the stomach. The latter
lived until Monday, when he died. An
inquest was held by the magistrate and
a verdict was found in accordance with
the facts. Efforts are now being made
to capture Taylor, who was last seen in
the vicinity of Gadsden.
Lime is very cheap, so there is no excuse
for not using the white wash brush
1 rLJi WtlULJi IKUItt. "i
Lynching Not the Result of Hatred
Between the Races.
WILL ALWAYS PUNISH CRIME.
It is Not Race Prejudice, But a
Determination to Punish the
. - Perpetrators
White and Black
An ex-siave, formerly a body servant
to Alexander H. Stephens, lias written
a letter relative to the race situation in
the south, in which he denies that there
is any bitterness between the two races
and declares that lynching does not
come as the result of any hatred for the
blacks, but lynching is the natural punishment
for certain crimes in the south,
be the perpetrator black or white.
The Negro who has written this interesting
letter is J._ J". Floyd, a shoe
maker by trade and is regarded as
thoroughly honest and conservative.
His letter in full is as follows:
''Since the lynching of-Sam Hose at
Newnan, G-a., I have remained quiet
and watched all of the publications on
the subject accessible to me. J would
not now open my mouth on the subject,
but for the fact, that so many public
men of the north have taken the occasion
to write column after column on a
subject of which they know almost
nothing. I am a Negro and one of only
ordinary observation, but intelligence
enough to see how very far our friends
in the north miss the mark. * They
seem bent and determined to make die
lynching of the Negroes in the south a
race question, when, in fact, it is net
and cannot be such. It is not hatred
of my race that brings about their lynchings;
it is hatred of the crimes committed
and the perpetrator, black or
4'If our would-be friends of the north
would take the trouble to come down
and investigate tne condition oi tne
whiter and blacks in the south, they
would shave down their opinions and
public expressions to fit the facts.
' 'No two races were ever so harmonious
upon the same soil as the Anglo- : v "
Saxon and the African of the southern
1 'When the institution of slavery was
abolished by the decree of war the white M
man accepted the situation- and has '
since spent his energies and intelligence
trying to fit the Negro for the duties of
full citizenship. The northern people
don't seem to know, or in anywise to understand
the great burden upon die
whites of the south?that of civilizing
and educating an entire nation of different
blood. The better class of Negroes
in the south have come to understand
the situation and have joined
themselves with the whites for the nur- . . ^
pose.of transforming the mii}ie1Br"vfc?v.
blacks lfcat-aEe__a congtantTsnfl ever^^^?
present menace to^g^od society among
both white and black.
"There are a great many Negroes v v?j
who are trying, with the aid and en- . ' V' ;A
couragement of their white friends to.
educate their daughters and protect
their virtue against the outrages of the '.[%
brute who would disregard virtue and
trample under foot the dearest interest
of society. There are millions in our
race and perhaps thousands of the
white race who can never be reached
by moral teachings: physical fear is the
only deterrent, and this is had only by
open, public, speedy and terrible judg
ment ior crimes more nornDle tJiaa tne
punishment any has yet received.
"In my judgment out northern "
friends, and all newspapers, as well as
the leaders of our own race, would do
more good by crying out against these * . 'djj
awful crimes than by abuse of a .noble
and generous peopleior inflicting 9. just
and merited punishment. 'fl
"No, it is not a race question; it is
only an issue between right and wrong;
between good and evil; between vice
and virtue, and as for me and mine, I
shall side with the virtuous and those
who protect virtue and be content with
the punishment inflicted upon the vicious
ard those who lust after virtue and
"Quit the crime and you will avoid
the punishment"?Atlapta Journal.
Too Much Whiskey.
A dispatch from Washington, D. C.,
says Doc Iharpe, a member of Company
A, Fifth immunes, Wednesday night ?|
shot and killed Aaron Bishop, a mem- ,
ber of Company G, of the- same regiment,
while shooting at ex-Serrt Acton
of the district police. Tharpe was
drunk. He and has comrade were mustered
out at Camp Meade Wednesday
j i i mi
ana were en route nome. xnarpe came
from Mississippi and Bishop from Gadsden,
Willed Away His Wife.
Sam T. Jack, of New York, willed
his wife to his brother James C. Jack.
The last testament of the actor and
theatrical manager, proprietor of several
theatres, "Creole," and other burlesque
companies, who died April 27
last, was filed for probate today in the
office of the surrogate. It contains'this
remarkable provision: "It is my wish,
first and foremost, that my brother
James and my wife Emma shall become
husband and wife." James C. Jack
was asked if he would accept the bequest
of his brother, but he would
make no statement.
The exConfederates living at Columbus,
Ohio, received a snub in that city
on memorial day last week. A magnificent
floral tribute was tendered by
the Southerners for the graves ,of; the
Union dead at Green Lawn Cemetery
which was refused. Great indignation
followed among various members of the
G. A. R. Post. The southerners are
assured by action of the committee that
,! , 1 .1 S
tms action represents only tne individual
opinion of those who made the refusal
and that the Gr. A. R has no
sympathy with this action.
Disaster in Japan.
The steamer Kinship Marau brings .. .
news from the Orient of a lanre fire at
Yamagata, Japan. Six hundred houses
and eleven shrines and temples were
destroyed. A cumber of lives were
lost. Thirty nouses were burned in the
Abohisa theatre fire at Kobe, April 30.
One man perished.