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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, June 14, 1899, Image 4

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-06-14/ed-1/seq-4/

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S$?~i7V ' - ' FAVORSEXPANSION.
Dr. Talmage Discusses an Absorbing
Theme.
POINTS OUT THE WAY
For the American People to Perform
a Mighty Work. They
Hold the Key to the
World's Redemption.
In this discourse Dr. Talmage steers
clear of the political entanglements of
our time and recommends that which
?Ill ? ?T\TvrrtT7ol nf a]] xrlin }lCiOft
WU1 i-uv VA ?... .. ?. ?,
for the perpetuity of our republic and
the welfare of other lands; text, Genesis
xrviii, 14, Thou shalt spread abroad to
the west and to the east."
Since the Americano-Hispanic war is
concluded and the United States embassador
is on the way to Madrid and the
Spanish embassador is on the way to
Washington the people of our country
are divided into expansionists and antiexpansionists.
From a difierent standpoint
from that usually taken I discuss
this all absorbing theme. I leave the
political aspect of this subject to statesmen
and warriors and pray Almighty
God that tliey may be enabled to rightly
settle the question whether the islands
in controversy shall be finally an
"U-.U ? AT*
B62L6U, Or iltJ.'.U. uuuc; yxvi/wwiuwv, v*
resigned to themselves, while I call attention
to the fact that a campaign of
moral and religious expansion ought to
be immediately opened on widest :md
grandest scale.
At the close of this war God has put
into the hands of this country the key
tr> the -world's redemntion. Heretofore
the religious movement in pagan lands
had to precede the educational. After
in China and India and the islands of
the sea the missionaries have labored
over 50 or 75 years the printing press
and the secular school came in. Now
to better advantage than ever before
religious and secular enlightenment
may go side by side, and so the work
be accomplished in short time and more
thoroughly. Starting with the fact
that in Cuba and Porto Rico and the
Philippine Islands at least three-fourths
of the people can neither read nor
write, what an opportunity for school
? J ? fixra TT/iorci
3QU prmtiug piCSS. miuiu JJ. TV j vuw
every man in those islands may be
taught to read not only the Bible, but
the Declaration of Independence and
the constitution of the United States
and the biography of George Washington
and of Abraham Lincoln.
It seems to me that the government
~ ^ 1"VTT /Yp
01 me UlUtCU VJU&bCO VUguu UJ ivn. Vi.
congress afford common schools. and
printing presses to those benighted regions.
Oar national legislature by one
vote appropriated $50,000,000 to give
bread and medicine to Cuba. Why not
by a similar generosity give $50,000,000
for feeding and healing the minds and
souls of those ignorant and besotted
archipelagoes. In the name of God, I
nominate a school for every neighborhood
of Cuba, Porto Rico and the Philippines.
As soon as the gavel falls at
12 o'clock of next l>ec. 4 on tne taDie
of senate and house of representatives
tand the roll has been called and the
preliminaries observed let some memMfrfif
our national legislature, with
iSOs and soul and voice strong enough
to be heard not only through those halls,
x -but through Christendom, propose a
measure for the mental and moral disenthrallment
of the islands in contro
vc ioj.
What has made American civilization
the highest civilization the world has
ever seen? Next to the Bible and the
church, schools, common schools,
schools reaching from the Atlantic to
Pacific, and from British America to
the gulf of Mexico. Five years under
such educational advantages and the
whole subject that keeps our public
men agitated, some of them to frothing
at the mouth; will settle itself. Give
those islands readers, spellers, arithmetics,
histories, blackboards, maps,
geographies, globes. Let the state
legislatures at their next meeting, some
of them assembling in early autumn,
take parts of those islands under their
especial educational patronage. What
is needed is state and national action
in this matter of schools.
Then let the editorial associations of
the United States, as many of such organizations
as there are states, resolve
at the next convocation to establish in
every region of those islands a printing
press, to be supported by people of this
country until it can become self supporting.
Each of these state editorial
associations sending out to those islands
it least one editor and two reporters and
eough typesetters, down will go the ignorance
and superstition of those isloT?/3a
na 1 r> 1T7 flip Smnlsh
ACkUUQ 4*0 uw V?v under
Cervera sank under the pounding
of our American battleships, and into
their every port will go intelligence and
lo7e olfree institutions as certainly as
into the harbor of Manila went Admiral
Dewey on that famous night when
he was not expected. Hoe's printing
press! Nothing can stand before its
bombardment. Editors of American
newspapers and publishers of Ameri*?
* rr* i ? i _ "> j_z
can DOOKSi lase me ormoauon ior
such a magnificent service. Eloquence
on yonder Capitol hill cannot meet the
exigency. Epigrams of political platforms
or in state legislatures will not
hasten the desired consummation one
week or one hour or one moment.
When Cubans and Porto Ricans and
Filipinos see the morning and evening
newspapers thrown into the doorways
and hawked alone the streets Havana
and Santiago and Manila. thcie trio
cannot read by the force of curiosity
will learn to read so that they may know
what information is being scattered,
and that which may be missionary effort
at the start and carried on by
Americans sent forth to do the work
will soon be done by educated natives.
Porto Rican editors! Porto Rican reporters!
Porto Rican typesetters!
Porto Rican publishers! It was a great
mercy to take those islands from under
the heels of despotism, but it will be a
mightier mercy to emancipate them
from ignorance and degradation. The
expansion of the knowledge and intellec
trial qualification of all those islandy
regions is the desire of all intelligent
Americans. Awake all you schools and
universities and printing presses to our
opportunity!
Still further, here is a wide open door
for Christianity. First of all, we have
the attention of those people. The
heathen nations are for the most part
soporific. The American missionaries
heretofore had great difficulty in getting
heatl.endom to listen. They
excited some comment by their attire,
so different was the parting of the
^ hair, and the shape of the hat, and
the cut of the coat, and the formation
of the shoe of the evangelizers,
but the questions constantly arose in re- j
gard to the missionary: "Who is he?"
""What is he here for?" And then
the interrogator would relax into the
previous stupid indifference. But
I'Iir* ii n mil S&Mi^q '* "" i i
that condition of things has passed
The guns of our American navy have
awakened those populations. They dc
not ask vrho we are. They have found
out. They are now listening to what
American civilization and our Christian
religion have to say on any subject.
Now is the time. "While their ears and
eyes are wide open, to tell them of the
rescuing and salvable and inspiriting
power of the gospel of Jesus Christ.
the Savior oi' the world. The stean
printing press which secular education
plants there may be used and will be
used to print religious newspapers and
tracts and sermons and mighty discussions
of questions temporal and eternal.
The comfortable homes of those
populations, when Christianized, standing
side by side with degraded huts oi
those who remain pagans, will be revolutionary
for good. The Porto Kicari
and the Filipino will come out from his
uncleansed and low roofed and uninviting
kennel and say to his neighboi
of beautiful household. "Why cannot
I have things as you have them?"
And when he finds that it is the Bible,
with its teachings on family life and
personal purity and exalted principle,
* ? P rr *i ii .1
ana tne cnurcn 01 uoa mat proposes
the rectification of all evil and the implantation
of all good, he will cry out,
"Give me the Bible, and the church,
and the earthly alleviations, and the
eternal hope which have wrought foi
you such transfiguration."
Now, church of God, now all Chris
nan pnuaomropiscs, is yuur uppurtuuity.
Nothing like it lias occurred since
Christ came. Perhaps there may be
nothing like it till his sceond coming.
Here is a definiteness of aim that is
most helpful atd inspiring. The millions
of dollars given for the redemption
of the T^rld and the thousands oi
glorious missionaries who have as
volunteers gone forth among barbaric
nations, were given and enlisted undei
a great and immeasurable idea. Bui
when they come to add to the great
and immeasurable idea the idea of definiteness
we will infinitely -augment the
work. More than 300,000,000 of heathen
in India, more than 300,000,00C
of people in China, and more thsu millions
of heathen than can be guessed
" J . /?AnnfwAO CAWflfimOC
-JUi-SlUe UX IUU3C V/UUUIUW, auiuvvi^v.
stagger and confoiiDd and defeat oui
faith. But here in these islands oi
present controversy we can farm out
the work among the churches, and in
five years, under the blessing of God,
not only fit the people for the right of
suffrage, but prepare them for usefulness
and heaven. The difference between
the general idea of the world's
evangelization and some particularized
field of evangelization is the difference
between the improvement of agriculture
I among all nations and the improvement
I " X j?>?
01 i D acres put uiiuer uuc s
! care and industry. By all means let
'.he general work go on. But here is
the specific field for religious concentration
and development. This is not
chimeical or impractical. I read this
morning that the American Missionary
nf f'n<s flfinPTAffRfclOTia]
j UOiVVA?fc*V?. V-. ?w >-r ? ?0?
Church has already begun the work at
San Juan, Utuado and Albonito, and
all denominations of Christians, in six
months, will be in those islandy fields,
and we all need with our prayers and
contributions to cheer them on to take
for God and righteousness those regions
which our American navy has captured
from Spanish perfidy.
It has been estimated that this
Americo-Spanish war cost us $300,000,
000. It would not cost half of that tc
proclaim and carry on and consummate
a holy war that will rescue those archi
pelagoes from Sitanic domination.
Who will volunteer? I beat the drum
of a recruiting station. Who will enlist
under the one starred, blood striped
banner of Immanuel? Cuba and 'Porte
Rico and the Philippines are stepping
stones for our American Christianity
to cross over and take the round world
for God. We need a new evangelical
alliance organized for this one purpose.
In all denominations there are those
with large enough hearts and who have
been thoroughly enough converted tc
join in such an advanced movement;
UltJU vvxiu, pubLiug aaiuc an uiiuui
differences of opinion, "believe in God
the Father-Almighty, Maker of heaven
and earth, and in Jesus Christ,, his
only begottyn Son,'' and who would
march shoulder to shoulder in such a
gospel campaign. The result would be
that those islands, after a scene of
gospelization, would assort themselves
into denominations to suit themselves,
and some would be sprinkled in holy
baptism, and others would be immers
ea in those warm rivers, and some
would worship in religious assemblage
silent as the Quaker meeting house, and
others would have as many jubilant
ejaculations as a backwoods camp
meeting, and some of those who preached
would be gowned and -urpliced for
the work, and other; would stand in
* 1 - T T _*_ .1
citizen s apparel or in'cneir sniri sieeves
preaching that gospel which is to save
the world.
Mark you well that statesmanship,
however grand it is, aad wise men of
the world, however noble, cannot do
this work. Mere secular education does
not moralize. Some of the most thoroughly
educated men in all the world
have been the worst men. Quicken a
man's intellect, while at the same time
you do not make his morals good, and
you only augment his powers for evil.
Geography and mathematics and metaphysics
and philosophy will never qualifv
a dgodie to eo^ern themselves. A
currupt printing press, is worse than no
printing press at all, hut let loose an
open Bible upon those islands and let
the apocalyptic angel once fly over
them and you will prepare them to become
either colonies of the United
States government or, as I hope will be
the case, independent republic.
God did not exhaust himself when
he built this nation. Those islands
will yet have their Thomas Jeffersons,
qualified to write for them declarations
n i i in
or independence: ana ueorge vvasmagtons,
capable of achieving their liberties;
and Abraham Lincolns, stroBg
enough to emancipate their serfdoms;
and Loagfellows and Bryants, capable
cf putting their hills and their rivers
and their landscapes into poems; and
their Bancrofts and Prescotts to make
their histories; and their Irvings to
write their sketchbooks: and their
Charles O'Conors and Rufus Choates to
plead in their courtrooms; and their
Daniel Websters and John J. Crittendens
to move their senates.')
The day cometh?hear it all ye whc
have no hope for those islands of beJ
?? J ArtCA/5 tUlf AVrtf AO
UYYiUiCU ttUU UllCdSCU wv
day cometh when those regions will
have a Christian civilization equal to
that which this country now enjoys,
while I hope by that time this country
will be as superior to what it now is as
today Washington and New York are
better than Manila and Santiago. Do
you see by this process of gospelized
intelligence those archipelagoes will as
a nation be protected from the two woes
prophesied in regard to this country",
the one woe prophesied by the expansionists?
The other woe prophe,
siea by the anti-expansionist?
It is said by those who would have
1 us take all we can lay our hands
mirt i'nm riiTri*^ii n r 11n in ?nr r i i ??f m'VT
on as 2, nation that unless we enter the i
: door now open for the enlargement of <
i our national domain we will decline the \
l mission which God in his providence 1
: has assigned us. But surely no woe 1
l will come upon us or upon them if we 1
Christianize tnem. as we now have the 1
I opportunity of doing. The political i
; technicalities are nothing as compared 1
j witn tfce importance er tms movement. <
I implore all political expansionists to 1
t augment us in this work of moral and <
t religious expansion, for unless those
islands are moralized and elevated in i
[ intelligence and nabits we do not want <
them,'and their annexation would be s
political damnation. On the other 1
hand, I implore all antiexpansionists to ]
take a hand in the gospelization of <
' Cuba, Porto Rico and the Philippine <
T J" HPUa AVtlr? TTTATT f A r>TAr\OfA fVlAYVl t
JL&XU.U X UC ULIljr *T tt > W |;ic|vaic
to take care of themselves is to give 1
them the Ten Commandments that were i
. published on Mount Sinai and let them
' hear the groan of sacrifice that was i
. breathed out on the heights of Gol.
gotha. What they most want is the 1
gospel, the pure gospel, the omnipotent 1
gospel, the gospel that helps heal the i
I wounds of the body, and irradiates the <
darkness ol tne mina ana acnieves tne i
, ransom of the soul. (
But on this platform the so called 1
, expansionists and so called antiexpan- 1
sionists will yet stand side by side. 1
Though 1 am not a prophet or the son \
of \ prophet, within five years, if this
religio-educational work is properly at- ]
tended to, there will be a Cuban 3
republic, a Porto Rican republic
s and a Philippine republic, none of (
; them on a large scale, but they will all ?
have their schools and printing presses J
i4 and evangelical churches, their presi- '<
dents, their senates and house of repre- ]
sentives. their mayors and their con- s
: stabularies, and as good order will be ?
> observed in their cities as now reigns (
! on Pennsylvania avenue, "Washington, 1
? /\y l^rnor? mo vr "Motct VArt t
Wi. LTiUttUI * ** J } AIV/II Jh V*4hl
Christ has started for the conquest ?
; of the nations, and nothing on earth or
in hell can stop it. The continents
s are rapidly rolling into his dominion,
and why not these islands, which for
I the most part are only fragments brok
en off from continents, the interval
I lands having been sunk by earthquakes,
s allowing the ocean to take mastery over
them? Each mother continent has
! around it a whole family of little con.
tinents. If the continents are being so
i rapidly evangelized, why not the
TP A YVt/M*?/*/* TTTV?TT T>Af
i5ia.uua. jlx JI iiniiiw, n JUL J uvv I
and the Bahamas? If Asia, why
the Philippines and the Moluccas? 15 J
Africa, why not Madagascar and Si. s
\ Helena? The same power that b= t?'<e 1
. them off tho mainland can lift tltoi ?
s into evangelization.
In the old book, which has become a t
' new book by reason of modern discov- .
1 eries, especial attention is called to ihe (
islands. "Declare the Lord's praise j
' in the islands," commands Isaiah. ''Let }
the multitudes of the islands be glad ,
* 1 . (Mil .1 *
thereof," says tne rsaimist. \a.ii me :
' islands of the heathen shall worship (
him." writes Zephaniah. "He shall (
1 turn his face to the islands,': prophesies |
Daniel. "The ihabitants of the isles <
' shall be astonished at thee," fortells 1
Ezekiel. "Hear it and declare it to {
the islands afar off," exclaims J ere- ^
" miah. You see from this the islands
| are not to be neglected. Perhaps they j
1 are the Lord's favorites, as in house- j
' holds if there is any favoritism at all it ]
nrAftl-Acf Tlia iclo'n/^a frtA
JLt3 IVI LiXC TT^aa^OUi xuu miwuuu ww /
> small to take care of themselves have j
the eternal God to take care of them.
) Let nations look out how they tread on
i the islands, however small and weak,
for they are omnipotently defended.
They may not be able to marshal large
i armies or to send out navies to sweep
the sea, but better than that, they have
1 the chariots of heaven on their side
> and the drawn swords of the Almighty.
; I have as much faith in the salvation
of the smallest island of the Falklands,
. of the Canaries, of the Ladrones, of the
[ Carolines, of the Fijis, of the Barbodoes,
of the Cape Verdes, of the Socie- ]
i ty islands as I have in the salvation of ]
America. ,
? The continents themselves are only <
i larger islands, and the world in which ]
' we live is only a still larger island, and ]
the solar system is a group of islands, s
1 and the universe is an archipelago \
1 studded with islands of worlds surrounded
by the great ocean of infinitude
and immensity. So you see when God
: planned the universe he diagrammed it
into islands, and lie will look after tne [
interest of each of those islands, however
small, and England and Holland
and France and Germany and America
must not treat the smallest and weakest
island that comes under their sway (
any different from the way they treat
tha strongest nation of all the earth. J
'< God may chiefly deal with individuals *
in the next world, but he deals with ?
nations only in this world, and when
Tiai-ffioton+ln o rv.ifirm TYrar>}vir?<sQ ininsHp.p
-J (
against other people it is only a question
of time when the offender will find 5
his doom. The path of time is strewn 1
with the carcasses of nations that be- i
cause of their maltreatment of other c
nations perishei. The higher such offending
empires rise the harder will be ]
their fall. . t
It required the pen of an Edward Gib- f
bon, through four great volumes of more (
than 500 pages each, to tiell the story of
"The Decline and Fall of the Roman f
Empire," concluding his monumental 1
work with the words: "It was among i
/\-P +1-^ fliof T -fircf. pnn. f
ceived the idea of a work which has c
amused and exercised nearly 20 years c
of my life, and which, however inadequate
to my own wishes, I finally de- ?
1 L^ i."U A AnmArUr? or>/l non/lni" fT-tn \
JtiVCi LU LJLLC v^uiivoxby auu. u^uuv/i vuu
public," What, the Roman empire t
dead! Did she lack warriors? No. t
Behold her Pompey and her Julius Cse- s
sar. Did she lack lawmakers and lawgivers?
No. Think of the masters of I
Roman jurisprudence, our American t
attorneys today quoting these laws in
our courtrooms more than 15 centuries
after they were enacted. In poetry did
she not have her Virgil and Ovid? In
history did she not have herSallustand
her Livy? In eloquence did she not
have her Scipio and Cicero? In satire
did she not have a Juvenal and a Horace?
What pens were wielded by her
Cato, and her Terence, and her Pliny!
All nations heard the cry of her war
eagles, the voices of her oratory and
the chime of her cantos. But the day
of judgment come for that nation, and
Hannibal crossed the Appcnnine?, and
the Goths and Vandals s./ooptd, and t
the Carthaginian fleet~ assailed, and c
Numidian horsemen galloped, and na- J
tions combined, and Rome sank. The 'J
tourist now on the banks of the Tiber I
- ? - ilia wiino rvP n
sees me rums ui uci ivi ulu, mu i uiuj u
her Coliseum, the ruins of her ait, the t
ruins of her aqueducts, the ruins of her 1
catacombs, the ruins of her palaces. t
If our nation forgets its duty to other c
nations and practice? injustice against g
other people, however insignificant, it I
will not take another Edward Gibbon 20 ?
years and through four great volumes i
| to tell the story of the decline and fall v
j of American institutions. By so much 5
| as our opportunities bave been greater 1
than any nation that ever lived, and the 1:
mission to which she has been ordained 1
is more stupendous than any bestowed
by the almighty upon any people, if we 1
. .
torget our God and enact wickedness
Dur overthrow will be quicker and more
tremendous, and yonder capitoline hill,
irith its architectural magnificence,
will become a heap of gigantic ruins,
Lo be visited by the people of other
:imes and other nations, who will read
in letters of crushed and crumbled marrliaf
wTiiftb David wrote manv bun
ired years ago upon parchment, "The
fray of the wicked he turneth upside
lown.:'
We concluded a few days ago the annual
decoration of northern and south:m
graves. Three years ago, at this
season, in memorial sermon I proposed
;he twisting of two garlands, one to be
aut unon the erave of the northern sol
lier and the other to be put on'the grave
)f the southern soldier, but this year
ire need three garlands, the third
:o be put upon the graves of those who
?ell in this Americo-IIispanic conflict,
rhe third garland needs to be quite as
fragrant and as radiant as the otlxer two.
rhese last heroe0 braved more than
Dayonets and bombshell, they braved
;he pestiferous breath of the tropics,
tfhole battalions, whole regiments,
.vhole brigades, whole armies of death?ul
malaria. They confronted those
jppositions of the torrid climes which
10 sword can pierce, no agility climb,
ao stratagem flank, no torpedo explode,
10 couraee conquer. Under the awful
iharge of visible and invisible hosts
ibout (5,000 men went down, some to
nstant death and others through lingerng
pangs in hospital.
If in this third wreath you twist the
irimson rose, suggestive of sanguinary
jacrifice. and nhe white ealla lily, suggestive
of glorious ressurrection, put in
ilso a few forgetmenots, suggestive of
t. ?j _ s
:ememDram;e, auu <t iev* j^itssiuu nuncio
suggestive of the love that mourns the
slain, and a few heliotropes, suggestive
)f the fragrance of their memory. Then
et the night's dew put the tears into
;he blue eyes of the violets and all the
soldiers' cemeteries be so many censers
turning incense before the throne of
:hat God who has been the friend of
;his nation from the time of Lexington
:o the time of San Juan hill, from .the
juns of the United States warships
Jonstitution and Constellation, at the
Deginning of the century, to the guns
)f the United States warships Olympia,
Oregon, Brooklyn and other loaded
;hunders, at the close of tnis century.
Remember here and now that those
3rave boys opened up the way for a kind
)f expansion we all believe in. They
wung open the gates for the speedy
:ospelization of islands stupid with the
superstition of ages. They cleared the
yay for missionaries and Bibles. They
set those islands free. Leaving to the
United States government to decide
ffhat shall be the political destiny 01
;hose peoples, let ns all join in a campaign
of religious expansion, expansion
)f affection that can take all the world
!n, expansion of our theologies until
lone shall reject their broad invitation
expansion of hope that embraces eter ntv
as well as time, expansion of eff
>rt that will not cease till the whole
jarth is saved and the time arrives when
:he prophecy shall be fulfilled and
;'they shill come from the north and
the south and the east and the west
uid sit down ia the kingdom of God and
;he last shall be first and the first last."
Week before last, in this capital of
;he nation, we set three nights on fire
:n celebration of naval and soldierly
heroics, and there were rockets of fire,
md spouting fountains of fire, and bomDardments
of fire, and ships of lire sank
billows of fire and those three nights
were three garlands of fire; but now we
ire in softer and quieter mood, and the
;hree garlands of today are woven of
alossoms and corollas of all colors and
ill pugencies of aroma, and we bethink
jurselves that this third garland was
needed to chain together the northern
jafland of other decorative times to the
southern garland of other decorative
:imes. Floral chain of three links!
For the first time in 60 years the north
md south stand in complete brotherlood.
Heroes of Vermont and Alabama.
of Massachusetts and South Car)lina,
of Maine and Lovisiana, shouller
to shoulder! May that alliance renain
until the last oppression is extir
pated from the earth and all nations
stand in the liberty with which Christ
tfould make all people free. .
IN MEMORY OF ELLERBE.
Che State House Officials Pass Resolutions.
* ' r. P ii . Oi.i. TT
At a meeting ei tne state xxuuse um;ials,
held Monday in the office of the
Attorney General, at Columbia, thefolowmg
resolutions were unanimously
idopted:
Whereas, under the inscrutable provilence
of God, the hand of death has
itricken from our midst Governor Wiliam
H. Ellerbe; and whereas, we bow
n humble submission to the decree of
mr Great Creator, be it resolved:
First. That in the death of Governor (
Sllerbe the State of South Carolina susains
the sad loss of a conscientious and
'earless Christian gentleman as her
}hicf Magistrate.
Second. That as citizen, husband,
ather, friend and public officer he exlibited
qualities of the true man, and
n his devotion to the duties of his ofice
during his long struggle against
leath had the sympathy and admiration
if the whole State.
Third. That as his official associates
re remember his friendship and deplore
lis death, and in deepest sorrow extend
o those who where nearest and dearest |
o his heart our profoundest regret and
ympathy.
Fourth. That these resolutions be
>ublished in the daily papers and a copy
>e engrossed and sent to Mrs. Ellerbe.
W. H. Timmerman,
State Treasurer.
M. R. Cooper,
Secretary of State.
J. P. Derham,
Comptroller General.
J. W. Fioyd,
Adjutant General.
C. D. Bellinger,
Attorney General.
John J. McMahan.
Superintendent of Education.
One Priend Siioots Another.
Mr. TLomaa "Watson, bookkeeper in
he bank at Greenwood, S. C., was acidentally
shot Thursday afternoon by
Jr. Allie Williams, in the City bank.
?he shooting took place in the bank
milding. Mr. Williams had two pistols
ine loaded and one unloaded, and
hinking he had the unloaded pistol in
lis hand snapped it and it proved to be
he loaded one, and a Dan was ois
:harged and entered Mr. Watson'sbody
;oing into the bowels on the right side
'.t was at first thought to be a very dan;erous
wound, but Mr. Wat?on was dong
very well Friday morning, and the
round is not thought so serious. The
oung men are very close friends and
dr. Wi '.liams was prostrated with grief
jecause of the accident. Both Mr.
iVilliams and Mr. Watson are employid
in the City bank and are very popilar.
r
"MY LITTLE DAUGHTER."
A Pearl from the Facile Pen of Livins
stcn Hunt.
She is-sunshine -when sne^'takes m
hand: she is my blue sky without
cloud when she lifts her little arms t
me. When I rest my finger tips upo
her little shoulder and walk by h?
side, she needs no telling to make h?
feel that it is her strength which is suj
porting mine, for a grown man is
weak thing, and there is no prop lik
a child. I know that her little heai
beats faster when I lean thus upon hei
for one day she told me so: and he
pride in the telling was a gallant bit c
iuss and parade, fcuch perturbatioi
such a pother with small arms, such
robustiousness of small actions, wa
never seen before in such a small bodj
I gazed in wonder until I was forced t
feld her in my arms to quiet her.
This little child, this little peai
from heaven, this daughter of he
mother's gray eyes, is as free of huma
sin as is a ray of nature's moonlight o
the water, or as are the little beams c
the little break-o'day which issues frox
the leaves of every white rose. M
voice grows soft and sweet when i
mingles with hers in speech. I am cei
tain then that I am a good man.
I remember many years ago?a!
though it was only last summer?tha
my soul was sunk in doubt, save tha
it.believed itself a clod.. But whatde:
pondcncy could stand against the refu
tation in her crystal eyes? For the
are the windows into sinless skies wher
dwell the angeh and God. She is m
answer to every hope which wings it
way heavenward. She is my altar, an
at night my once stubborn knees ar
glad to bend before the sweet pictur
of her slumber. As I watch her, the
some fairy's hand drops dew upon th
white leaf of her lip, and she lies
flower in flesh and blood, the breathin
rAcfArofiAT) AP f V> a kVn 1/3 Vi Anrl n-f
iv/ovviawiuu v/a wu.v \j aaaav4 aavv/va vi
mother?that childhood which true lov
must ever long to know. Her face i
then a veritable Easter chalice, froi
which my love of God can drink^its fi!
of adoration.
Ah. me! my praise of her is sweet t
speak, and yet I fear to let it flow an
thicken, for there are those who are nc
so happy as I, and they might think
babbled. But it is only true, and I mus
tell it, that she is my dream of life'
beauty, without sleep to clog the dreaa
She is sweet music without the unres
that sweet music brings. She is lov
f V? rwt 4- Iai'a'c tvoty> Tf to Ka/*onan r\
n nuyu u xv?g o ya.x u. v xo vher
that I can look upon the gatherin
haze of distant hills at twilight, an
yet feel no answering mist o'ercloud m
eye. She is my north star in the sk
of duty. She is my gentleness, in
simple joy, nay faith, my worship. Sh
is my peace of God which passeth a
understanding.
A Big Event,
The 9th International Convention c
the Baptist Young People's Union c
America will be held in Richmond, Yi
Juyl 13-T6 next. A rate of one fare fc
theronnd trip has been made by all rail
roads traversing this State. Ticket
will be on sale July 11,12 and 13, wit
final limit to July 31, 1899. An ei
tension of the final limit may be obtaii
ed, enabling one to leave Richmon
not later than Aueust 15, "provide
tickets are deposited with the joiE
agent at Richmond prior to July 28, an
09 payment of a fee of 50 cents. Th
fare for the round trip from Charlesto
will be $13 15. Special tickets will b
sold from Richmond to any point of th
Chesapeake and Ohio Railway within
radius of 250 miles at a rate of on
fare for the round trip. The final limi
of side trip tickets will be July 31 0
tickets not deposited for extension, an
August 15 on tickets which have bee
deposited for extension.
All parties, whether members of th
Baptist Young People's Union of Ame]
ir>? rtr nnt and nf whatever denomins
tion, can avail themselves of thea
rates and can have arrangements fc
board while in Richmond made fo
them by applying to John B. "White, 3
Broad street, who is transportation leac
er for South Carolina.
The following side trips can be mad
from Richmond: Washington and re
turn, (via rail.) $2 50; Virginia Beac!
and return. $1 75: Old Point Comfoi
and Norfolk ana return, ?1 25; James
town and return, $1; Natural Bridge
including transfer, and return, $5 S
Luray Caves, including admission an
transfer, and return, $6 70. Quite
nnrf-.v is heinc made ut> to co from Cha]
leston.
Dewey Leayes Hong Kong.
The United States cruiser Olympi
with Admiral Dewey on board lef
Hong Kong at 4 o'clock Tuesday aftei
noon. There was no demonstration
The weather was wretched. It wa
blowing and raining hard at the time o
.1 3 i. -nru:i^
tne departure. r? june vu
British cruiser Powerful, the band o
the Olympia played the British aa
tional anthem and gave a salute. Tb.er
was no firing. The Powerful replie*
with a similar salute and her ban*
flayed "Hail Columbia." As th
Olympia passed the Italian admiral'
ship, the Olympia's band played thi
Italian national anthem and gave ai
admiral's salute, which compliment
were returned. Then the Olympia'
band played "Auld Lang Syne," am
the band of the Powerful played "Home
Sweet Home."
Consul Wildman remained on th
Olympia until the last minute with !
few friends of the admiral, who wen
aboarJ to bid him farewell. At *
o'clock sharp the ensign was run up t<
" * i u a
the peak ana a large aamirai s nag wa
hoisted at the main. The Olympi
moved oft with a marine guard drawi
up on her poop. The
Eight Man Killed.
Joe W. Harris shot and instantl;
killed H. R. Bennett near Odum, Ga.
Friday. Both are white. Bennet
wa3 a well-to-do farmer and churcl
member. Ten days ago, it appears, Ben
nett went to the house of Harris in hi
anrl madfi inmroDer DrODesal
to his wife. Upon his return home th
matter was reported to Harris. Th
men met Friday morning and Bennet
was shot dead.
Military Prisoners Escape.
Four general military prisoners es
caped from Governor's island, jS'e^
York. Thursday night. They sawed th
window bars of the cell and reache<
the ground by a rope. They left a let
ter stating that fellow prisoners kne1!
" J ' 1
notning ox tu.6ir picnj^. jluch uamv
are Frank Harvey, Michael T. McCai
thy, Frederick Simonds, Carl Deckel
Is it the best? Taste and see. Bes
in taste, best in results. No nanseat
ing dose, but so pleasant and natural i:
effects that you forget you have take
medicine?Life for the Liver and Kid
neye. See ad. tf
Lime is very cheap, so there is no es
cuse for not using the white wash brus
freely.
gm.m "nil".' T'' I I II- "?|?1 rjr .. ?|I~ . W*
I
PlGHTiNG \ti THE MAST. !
(
?" How the Rapid Fir? Guns in the Fight- i
in<r Ton art Onerated*
Fighting in tlxe military mast of the
big battleships in our navy will prob- i
y ably be the most dangerous duty our
a seamen -will be called upon to perform j
o in the war with Spain, says the Kansas i
City Journal.
Exposed to the full fury of the en- j
ir emy's fire, with scarcely any protecsr
tion, and with the possibility of having
)- the entire mast shot away, the man on
O ^'? + V ^ winr.^ J? ? a f inr> nar_
UULV ILL LUC Hiaoc lO ILL ?L pwOiUUu
e haps the most dangerous in all modern
naval warfare.
The steel barbettes of the present
time-, save in certain battleships, where
* an overhead shiela is carried, give a
'5 protection more apparent than real,
a more picturesque than practical. And
while the military top crews have the
' advantage of seeing something of the
0 scrimmage, yet they present too in
viting a mark to the enemy, and have
r* stations which in battle are pretty sure
!r to be untenable from the heat and
n smoke.
The small arms men have frequent
1 practice aboard ship, and considering
? the difficulties of the environment, are
7 good marksmen. It is no easy task to
fire from a platform placed at the fob
end of a pendulum, swinging irreguj
larly. and the results attained testify to
^ the value of the drill and to the phy^
sique of the individual.
On the larger battleships the militorv
mocfc Sri! Tirtnnw and tn
J """"" ? w - ~ "
the fighting tops is gained through the
e interior. The ammunition is also passed
up inside. In the smoke and grime
of battle one can well realize "what a
^ hell these places would he.
Another thing that must be considered
is the fact that this will be the
United States navy's first practical test
of the modern warship. The last ten
years have brought about a greater
v and more sudden change in the outT
ward appearance of men-of-war. than
e has ever been recorded in the history
g ox navai auairs. jluis is ill cue mam
n due to the almost complete banish[j
x ment of sails, yards, and the more or
less intricate rigging necessitated by
0 their use, in favor of military masts,
d or, in some cases, mere signal poles.
The military mast of to-day is conj
structed primarily to carry guns, and
secondarily for signalling purposes,
s for it must be remembered that in all
. "aces in tp-ViiaVi chinc Viovo heen Min'n.
it ped with fighting tops since their very
e first inception, the primary duty of the
if mast which upheld it was to carry
g , sail for the propulsion of the ship,
d Some of the masts are supplied with
y an upper top for the electric light, a
y peculiarly shaped edifice below to eny
able three quick-firing guns to be dise
charged right ahead, and a species of
11 conning tower below, from which the
captain can overlook the smoke clouds
and see to direct his ship in action.
The later types are all constructed
-with miich the samp ideas.
jf Some have a lookout, or conning
i. tower, others have not, but all have
ir three or six pounder quick-firing guns
[- and electric light projectors, and one
;s or-iwo lighter machine guns in addih
tion.
The small caliber ram"d-firk:5nd ma
i- chine guns employed in tops are supd
ported by riflemen, and in every fight
<1 their work of clearing tlie guns, sweepit
ing the decks and superstructures, and
(3 of picking off the officers and leading
e men is, to say the least, hazardous. In
n the galley days the military tops were
a Po $ t?1 rr ttaII t\ t* o f ^ /">+ rl T^nf
*" icux xj n^u jJiwttvitu, wuu UUAIIIQ CJJL^
e sail era the topmen handling the swi-~
a- vel pieces and deck rakers, and form6
ing a special corps of musketeers, had
^ no protection, except what was given
11 by a .network of mattress-filled ham^
mocks.^
n t*. /} ^1-a o ?:i? a.
? lc wuuiu caAc a U15 AJiujcCUie LU
bring a mast down, but tben, if it did,
e great would be the fall thereof. And
r" think of the poor devils that would
l" come crashing down with it! And
e think of them even if the mast doesn't
,r come down, perched up there, living
'5 targets for shot and shell! The thin
p plating is of no avail against anything
larger than a rifle bullet, and a small
shell might pass harmlessly over the
e heads of the men in an open top which
?" in a closed one would have been burst
by the iron sides and scatter death and
; destruction within.
r ?
The fight next year will be on the
~ currency issue. The Republicans will
declare for the gold standard, pure and
a simple, and the Democrats will stick to
r" silver and nominate Bryan. This is
the way it looks to us at this time.
i HOME
e !
t 8 thjs
High Hrm Sewing
s H Fmllj gujtfanteed for tea y?
all the latest ai$aeka??it*, b?
j. M raeated wood work.
Price ?18.0
Money refunded after SO day
e Ij is not as good as the $40.00 to !
I sold by afeati.
7 9 V ^or *Bca&M3 **d state
M W? arc headquarters for Farnil
Mattings, Carpets, SewiB
: g Btby <5arri*??a, etc,
L1 jf1 Address
H IilO & II12 Brc
--?.v
a II r ?Mass "ill I nin;-n'.i? .11 11 rr mi
Disaster in Japan.
The steamer Kinship Marau brings
news from the Orient of a large fire at
Yamagata, Japan. Sis hundred houses
and eleven shrines and temples were
destroyed. * A number of livo." were
i 1 mi . i. 2
lost, i mrty nouses were Durnea in cae
Abohisa theatre fire at Kobe. April 30.
One ruan perished.
Help Youe Newspapers.?The folIewing
is taken from the pen of Dr.
Talmage: "A newspaper whose columns
overflow with advertisements of
business men has more influence in attracting
attention to the building up of
a citv or town than anv other acrencv
that can be employed. The people go
where there is business. Capital and
labor -will locate where there is an en|
terprising community. Xo power is so
strong to build up a town as a newspaper
properly patronized. It will always
return more than it receives.''
K nnlnv
si vvivj
126 SMITH STREET, A
Cok. Vandeehoest, 11111 m
CHARLESTON, S. C. V
ALCOHOL ;
MORPHINE
OPIUM
TOBACCO i
CIGARETTE
USING '
Produce each a disease having definii
--i rrv~
lie patnoiogy. jluc uiacaac va^a^d
easily to the Double Chloride of Gold
Treatment as administered at the above
Keeley Institute.
N. B.?The Keeley -Treatment is
administered in South Carolina
TTy CHARLESTON.
-4^ m
Ginning
Machinery.
The Smith Pneumatic Suction
Elevating, Ginning and
Packing System
Is the simplest and most efficient on
the market. Forty-eight complete
outfits in South Carolina; each
one giving absolute
satisfaction.
Boilers and Engines; Slide
Valve, Automatic and Corliss.
My Light and Heavy Log Beam Saw
Mills cannot be equalled in design, efficiency
or price by any dealer or manufacturer
in the South.
Write for prices and catalogues.
V. C. Badham & Co.,
1326 Main Street,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
To get strong
and healthy use
one bottle MURray's
Iron Mixture.
Price 50c
THE MURRAY DRUG CO.,
COLUMBIA, S.C
?LIFE?
A vegetable for Mild,
cure for Liv- the \ Pleasant,
er, Kidney & LIYEK Sure,
stomach troubles, and 25, 50, $1.
-KIDNEYSSold
wholesale by?
The Murray Drug Co., Columbia.
Dr. H. Baer, Charleston, S. J
lST tsA,FiG
Machine jig
The Padgett Furr
>ad Street,
l|l'"ifllnl' " i"ni iiiiilMl'liBIBIi
^5 frc:n f.'akor Direct to Fcnhaser Si
Jk. feood jjji
gs H
I Piano |
@ 5 will last a fig?
Si-* B5S?5">p'rSS^3"K3?:sril lifetime ??? *<
M an2, give m
*=* SaSsH endless en- ag
5 JS^gS^iSlS *?-^- SI
riflS?"^-! J
will last a few <81 V
/S^^.^^^jg^aK|g years and 9fjX
Si? give endlear ?8 M
^ Che vexation. Jj ^
1 MatMshck S
6 Is always Good, always ReliaW?. W
Cr? t?^f../?f/M??r uhrflrc I Jlflt. Ml
i%iYV <*> "" oinojw MWWT<?s
iug. You take no chances in bay* ?
Vs it costs forcewnat _,ore tnan m ?
cheap, poor piano, but is mueb tb? ffi
theap^A in the end. ?P />
g? Nootht-r High Grade Pianoeolflio M
? reasonable. Factory prices to ret*9 "
iTS\ buyers. Easy payments. Write**. Mi
^ <* LU3DEN & SATES,
^ovQnnah, Ct> and \e* fort CtSy. _
Address: i>. A- PRESSLBY, Agent,
COLUMBIA. S. C.
All We Ask of
ir-you
I ' When in A OTHUmifl
Need of illl 1 1JULLL1U
In t-e Machinery
Mill Supply Line 4
Is that you give us an opportunity
to submit our prices and make
comparisons. We ask this because
we believe we can make it to
YOUR advantage. TRY US.
We-make a specialty of equipping
impphvpx* MfmfiVRV
NERIES OF ANY CAPACITY - *
WITH THE SIMPLEST AND
MOST EFFICIENT COTTON
HANDLING {APPARATUS IN
EXISTENCE?THE MURRAY
SYSTEM.
Correspondence with intending purchasers
solicited.
W. H. Gibbes & Co.. *5
COLUMBIAN'S. C.* '
SOUTH CAKOLINA AGENCY
Liddell Co., Charlotte, N. C.
A. B. FarquharCo., Ltd., York, Pa.
Eagle Cotton Gin Co., Bridgewater,
Ma 38.
Straub Machinery Co., Cincinnati, .0.
L.L&K 1
NOTHING LIKE IT
FOR &
*
Constipation, j
Indigestion, 1
3?f? Rspfatur & Kidneys. J
Wholesale by? ~ V
THE MURRAY DRUG CO.,
Columbia, S. C.
DE. H. BAER,
Charleston, S. C.
Macfeafs- ,
School of '
SHORTHAND
?ASD?
TYPEWRITING v J
COLUMBIA, S. C. I
This School has the reputation of being the best
business institution in the State. Graduates
are holding remunerative positions in
mercantile houses, banking, insurance, real
estate, railroad offic?s, &c., in this and other
etates. Write to W. H. Macfeai, Court ^
u grapher. 0> a it bis, S ! (irtee.m , etc
i??
* *
iAINS! |
THIS ELEGANT I |
Sc. 8 COOKING STOVE I
Only $10.00.
Has 17x17 inch oven, four 8 inch I
>t holes; large flues and guana- | ^
:?d a good baker. W? fit this V^jj
sove up with forty pieces of ware
.eluding the latest stove wars.
To advertise our business ws .<*
ill sell this No. 8 Cooking Store,
tted with 40 pieces of ware for
sjo.OO CASH. 1
j
liture Co.
' W
Augusta, Ga. -p

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