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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, June 21, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-06-21/ed-1/seq-4/

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'
jra-""' fTwn
i mu fair ft w r 5 T ' ? AGAINST
BIGOTRY.
Rev. Dr. Tairr.ags Discusses a
Delicate Subject.
SECTARIAN DIFFERENCES.
Cautions Parents as to Its Et
fects cn Their Children's
Religious
Prospects.
Ia this sermon Dr. Talmage discusses
a topic which wili Interest domestic
circles everywhere. The text is Genesis
xiii, 8: "Let there be no strife,
pray thee, between me and thee, and
between my herdmen and thy herdmen.
Is not the whole land before
thee?"
Uncle and nephew, Abram and Lot,
both, pious, both millionaires, and with
such large flocks of bleating sheep and
lowing cattle that their herdmen got
into a fight, perhaps about the best
pasture, or about the best water privilege,
or because the cow of one jrot
hooked by the horns of the other. Xot
their poverty of opportunity, but tueir
wealth, was the cause of controversy
between these two men. To Abram,
the glorious old Mesopotamian sheik,
such controversy seemed absurd. It
was like two ships quarreling for sea
room in the middle of the Atlanticocean.
There was a vast reach of country,
cornfields, vineyards, harvests and
plenty of room in illimitable acreage.
"Now," says Abram, "let us agree to
difer. Here are the mountain districts
swept by the tonic of sea breeze and
with wide reaching prospect, and there
is the plain of Jordan, with tropical
luxuriance. You may have either."
Af< A vn on^
JjUL, WliU ?as liUL us il.Mli ao uuiam ?uu
might have been expected to take the
second choice, made the first selection,
and with a modesty that must have
made Abram smile said to him:
"You may have the rocks and the
fine prospect, I will take the valley of
the Jordan, with all its luxuriance of
cornfields, and the river to water the
flocks, and the genial climate, and the
wealth immeasurable." So the controversy
was forever settled, and great
souled Abram carried out the suggestion
of the text: "Let there be no
scnie, jl pray tuee, ueiweeu mc auu.
thee, and between my lierdmen and thy
herdmen. Is not the whole land before
thee?"
Well, in this, the last decade of the
nineteenth century, and in this beautiful
land, which was called America,
after Americus Vespucius, but shuuld
have been called Columbia, after its
discoverer, Columbus, we have a wealth
of religious privilege and opportunity
that is positively bewildering?churches
of all sorts of creeds, and of all kinds
of government, and all forms of worship,
ard all styles of architecture.
What opulence of ecclesiastical opportunity!
Now, while in desolate regions
there may be only one church, in the
opulent districts of this country there is
sucn a promsion tnai mere ougnt 10 De
no difficulty in making a selection. No
fight about vestments, or between liturgical
or noniiturgical adherents, or as
to baptismal modes, or a handful of
water as compared with a riverful. If
, . Abram prefers to dwell on the heights,
where he can only get a sprinkling from
the cloui^eniim consent that Lot
have all tSBSj|fen in which to immerse
hifflBwHr'Let * there be no
strife, I p^|between me and
thee, and between my herdmen and thy
herdmen. Is not the whole land before
thee?"
Especially is it fortunate when families
^llow angry discussion at the breakfast
or dinner or tea table as to which
is the best church or denomination, one
at one end of the table saying he could
never endure the rigid doctrines of
Presbyterianism, one at the other end
responding that sle never could stand
the forms of Episcopacy, and one at
one side of the table saying he did not
understand how anybody could bear the
noise in the Methodist church, and
another declaring all the Baptist bigots.
There are hundreds of families
hopelessiy split on ecclesiasticism, and
in the middle of every discussion on
cr?r?V? k o L-ir?/31iT>or n*P in
dignation, and it needs some old father
Abram to come and put his foot on the
loaded fuse before the explosion takos
place and say; "Let there be no strife
I pray thee, between me and t:-.ee,
and between my herdmen aud thy
herdmen. Is not the whole land before
thee?"
I undertake a subject never undertaken
by any other pulpit, for it is an exceedingly
delicate subject, and if not
rightly handled might give serious offense,
but I approach it without the
slightest trepidation, for I am sure I i
have the divine direction in the matters
1 propose to present, it is a tremendous
question, asked all over Christendom,
often asked with tears and sobs
and heart breaks and involving the
peace of families, the eternal happiness
of many souls. In matters of church
attendance should the wife go with the
husband or the husband go with the
wife?
tirst, remember that all the evangelical
churches have enough truth in them
to save the soul and prepare us for happiness
on earth and in heaven. I will go
with you into any well selected theological
library, and I will show you sermons
from ministers in all denominations
that set forth man as a sinner and
Christ as a aeliverer from sin and sorrow.
That is the whole gospel. Get
that into your soul, and yon are fitted
for the here and the hereafter. There
arc differences, we admit, and some denominations
we like better than others.
But suppose three or four of us make
solemn agreement to meet each on important
business, and one goes by the
New York Central railroad, another by
the Erie railroad, another by the Pennsylvania
railroad, another by the Baltimore
and Ohio railroad. One goe?
this way because the mountains are
grander, another takes this because the
cars are more luxurious, another th a
because the speed is greater, another
takes the other because he has long
been accustomed to that route and all
the employees are familiar. So far as
our engagement to meet is concerned it
makes no difference if we only get there.
Now, any one of the innumerable evangelical
denominations, if you practice
its teaching although some of their
from* rr?T> on a hrnan cranes
A VAA WW tt^U c'VIUV/
on a narrow gauge, will bring you out
at the city of the New Jerusalem.
It being evident that yoxi will be safe
in any of the evangelical denominations,
1 proceed to remark, first, if one of the
married couple be a Christian and the
other not, the one a Christian is bound
to go anywhere to a church where the
unconverted companion is willing to go,
if he or she will go to no other. You
of the connubial partnership are a
Christian. You are safe for the skies, j
Then it is your first duty to secure the
eternal safety of your lifetime associate.
Is not the everlasting welfare of your
| vrife impenitent of your husband impen
i itent more importaa than your church re|
lationship? Is not tfce condition of
J your companion for the nest quadrillion
j of yeais a mightier consideration to
I vnn fhsi t'np irrari fixation of Your eccle
siastical taste for forty or 50 years. A
man or a woman who would stop half a
1 minute to weigh preferences as to
| whether he or she had better go with
i the unconverted companion to this or
I that church or denomination has no re
! ligion at all and never has had, and I
j fear never will have. You are loaded
up with what you suppose to De religion.
out you are like Captain Frobisher,
who brought back from hi* voyage
of discovery a shipload of what he supposed
valuable minerals, yet instead of
being silver or gold, were nothing but
common stones <f the field, to be hurl
' ed out as finally useless.
Mighty God, in all thy realm is there
one man or woman professing religign,
vet so stolid, so unfitted, so far gone
! unto death that there would be any
I hesitancy in surrenderee all preferI
u
uuivie ?uv;u an u?'uvi iuuh; ui oaivation
and heavenly reunion? If you,
a Christian wife, are an attendant upon
any church and your unconverted husband
does not go there because he does
not like its preacher, or its music, or
its architecture, or its uncomfortable
crowding, and goes not to any house of
worship, but would go if you would accompany
him somewhere else, change
your church relations, 'lake your
hymnbook home with you today. Say
f r\ t ^Anrio in tViA orTi V?AT
| ijVVU V J 11XWUUO I u. tlXV UVl^awu*
ing pews ami go with him to any one of
a hundred churches till his soul is saved
and he joins you in the ruarch to heaven.
More important than that ring
on the third ficger of your left hand it
is that your Heavenly Father command
the angel of mercy concerning your husband
at his conversion, as in the pyrable
of old, "Put a ring on his hand/'
No letter of more importance ever
came to the great city of Corinth, situated
on what was called the "Bridge of
the Sea," and glistening with sculpture,
and gated with a style o: brass the magnificence
of which the following ages
V?OTTA r?Af V\ / ?/ * T-? A f A C V. A AAO 1 ] t? 1 m 1 _
lid. Yt UVt k/^^LL avig C<\J lUii
tate, and overshadowed by tlie AcroCorinthus,
a fortress of rock 2,COO feet
high?I say no letter ever came to that
great city of more importance than that
letter in which Paul pu*s the two startling
questions: ;'What knowest thou,
0 wife, whether thou shalt save thy
husband? Or how knowest thou, 0
man, whether thou shalt save thy
wife?" The dearest sacrifice on the
part of the one is cheap :^f it rescue the
other- Better ero to the smallest.
weakest, most insignificant church on
earth and be copartners in eternal bliss
than pass your earthly membership in
most gorgeously attractive church while
your companion stays outside of evangelical
privilege, Better have the
drowning saved by a scow or a sloop
than let him or her go down while you
sail by in the gilded cabins of a Majestic
or Campania.
Second remark: If both of the married
counles be Christians, but one is
so naturally constructed that it is impossible
to eDjoy the services of a particular
denomination and the other is
not so sectarian or punctilious, let the
one less particular go vrith the other
who is very particular. As for myself,
I feel as much at home in one denomination
ef evangelical Christians as another,
and I think I must have been
born very near the line. I like the solemn
roll of the Episcopal liturgy, and I
like the spontaneity of the Methodists,
and I like the importance given to the
ordinance of baptism by the Baptists,
and I like the freedom of the Congregationalists,
and I like the government
and the sublime doctrine of the Presbyterians,
and I like many of the others
just as much as any I h*ve mentioned,
and 1 could happily live and preach
and die and be buried from any of them.
But others are born with a liking so
stout, so unbending, so inexorable for
some denomination that it is a positive
necessity thev have the advantage of
that one. What they were intended to
be in ecclesiasticism was written in the
sides of their cradle, if the father and
mother had eyes keen enough to see it.
They would not stop cryiDg until they
had put in their hands as a plaything a
Westminster catechism of the Thirtynine
Article. The whole current of
their temperament and thought and
character runs into one sect of religionists
as naturally as the James river into
the Chesapeake. It would be a torture
I to such persons to be anywhere outside
of that one church.
Now, let the wife or husband who is
not so constructed sacrifice the milder
preference for the one more inflexible
or**3 ricrArATio T.df f no orror.a ^nllntxr
uuvi kuv i iuv iyiiv ?r
the rugosities and the sinuosities of the
oak or hickory. Abrarn, the richer in
flocks of Christian graee; should say to
Lot, who is built on a smaller scale:
"Let there be no strife, I pray thee, between
me and thee, and' between my
herdsmen and thy herdsmen. Is not
the whole land before thee?"' As vou
I can be edified and happy anywhere, go
with your companion to the church to
| which he cr she must go or be miser'
able.
Remark the third: If both the married
couple are very strong in their sectarianism
let them attend the different
churches preferred. It is not necessary
that you attend the same church. Religion
is between your conscience and
your Goi. Like Abram and Lot, agree
to differ. When on Sabbath morning
you come out of your home together and
one goes one way and the other the
other, heartily wish each other a good
sermon and a time of profitable devottion,
and when you meet again at the |
nooDday repast, let it be evident, each
to each and to your children and to the
hired help, that you have both been on
the Mount of Transfiguration, although
you went up by different paths, and
that you have both been fed by the
bread of life, though kneaded by differ
ent hands in different trays and baked
in ctitterent ovens. "i5ut now about
the children?" I am often asked by
scores of parents. Let them also make
their own choice. They will grow up
with reverence for both the denominations
represented by father and mother
if you by holy lives commend those denominations.
If the father liAes the
better life, they will have the more
favorable opinion of his denomination.
If the mother lives the better life, they
will have the more favorable opinion of
her denomination. And some day both
parents will, for at least one service; go
to the same church. The neighbors
will say, ' 1 wonder what is going on
today, for I saw our neighbor and his
wife, who always go to different
churches, going arm in arm to the same
sanctuary."' Well, I will tell you what
has brought them together arm in arm
to the same altar. Something very
important has happened. Their son is
today uniting with the church. He is
j standing in the aisle, taking the vows
J of a Christian. He had been somewhat
j wayward, cave father and mother a good
deal of anxiety, but their prayers have
been answered in his conversion, and as
he stands in the aisle and the minister
of religion says, '"Do you consecrate
yourself to the God who made and redeemed
you. and do you promise to
is an April shower in the pew where
father and mother sit and a rainbow of
joy which arches both their souls tnat
make3 ail differences of creed infinitesimal.
And the daughter, who had been
very worldly and gay and thoughtless,
puts her life on the altar of consecra
tion, and as the sunlight of that Sabbath
streams through the church winan/3
folic nnrm l-*rnTr />VippIt
she iock3 like their other daughter,
whose face was illuminated with the
brightness of another world on the day
when the Lord took her into his heav:
enly keeping years ago.
I should not wonder if, after all. these
parents pass the evening of their life in
i the same church, all differences of
church preference overcome by the joy
of being in the house of God where
their children were prepared for usefulness
and heaven. But I can give you
a recipe for ruining your children. Ansrilv
contend in the household that
your church is right and the church
of your companion is wrong. Bring
sneer and caricature to emphasize
your opinioDS, and your children
will makeup their minds that religion
is a sham, and they will have none
of it. In the northeast storm of domestic
controversy the rose of Sharon and
the lily of the valley will not grow.
Fight about apostolic succession, fight
about election and free agency, fight
about baptism, fight about the bishopric,
fight about gown and surplice, and the
religious prospects of your children
wiil be left dead on the field. Ycu will
be as unfortunate as Chaarles, duke of
Bureundv. who in battle lost a dia
mond the value of a kingdom, for in
your tight you will lose the jewel of
salvation for your entire household.
This is nothing against the advocacy of
your own religious theories. Use all
forcible argument, bring all telling illustration,
array all demonstrative
facts, but let there be no acerbity, no
stinging retort, no mean insinuation,
nc superciliousness, as though all others
were wroDR and you infallibly right.
Take a hint from astronomy. The
Ptolemaic system made the earth the
center of the solar system, and every^1
J.-L i. J
tniBg was uuuugut 10 turn ruuuu tuc
earth. But the Copernican system
came and made the sua the center
around which the planets revolved.
The bigot makes his little belief the
center of everything, but the large
souled Christian makes the sun of
righteousness the center and all denominations
without any clashing a- -t
j each in its own sphere revolving aro
it. Over the tomb of Dean Stanlo in
Westminster abbey is the passag of
Scripture, "Thy commandments an exceeding
broad." Let no man crowd us
on to a path like the bridge A1 Si rat,
wViioh tliA Mohammedan thinks L adS
from this world over the abyss of hell
into paradise, the breadth of the bridge
less than the web of a starved spider or
the edge of a sword or razor, off the
edges of which many fall. No. While
the way is not wide enough to take with
us any of our sins, it is wide enough
for all Christian believers to pass without
peril into everlasting safety. But
do not any of you depend upon what
vrm call a "sound creed" for salvation.
A man may own all the statutes of the
state of New York and yet not be a
lawyer, and a man may own all the best
medical treatise and not be a physician,
and a man may own all the best, works
Non painting and architecture and not be
either painter or architect, and a man
may own all the sound creeds in the
world and yet not be a Christian. Not
what you have in your head and oh your
tongue, but in your heart and kt your
life, will decide everything.
In olden times in England before the
modern street lamps were invented every
householder was expected to have a lantern
suspended in front of his house,
and the cry of the watchmen in London
oe tTiiw icprif ;?lnric at pvftntidft was.
"Hang out your lights!" Instead of
disputing in your home about the different
kinds of lanters, as a watchman
on the walls of Zion I cry, "Let your
light so shine before men that they,
seeing your good works, may glorify
your Father which is in heaven!" Haog
out your lights! You may have a thousand
ideas about religion and yet not
the great idea of pardoning mercy. It
is not the number of ideas, but the
greatness of them. A mouse hath ten
offspring in her nest, while the lioness
hath one in her lair. All ideas about
forms and ceremonies and ciiurch government
put together are not worth the
one idea of getting to heaven yourself
and taking your family with you.
But do not reject Christianity, as
many do, because there are so many
sects. Standing in Westminster hotel,
London, I looked out of the window and
saw three clocks, as near as I can remember?one
on the parliament house,
another on St. Margaret's chapel, another
on Westminster abbey?and they
were all different. One said 12 o'clock
at noon, another said five minutes before
12, another said five minutes after
12. I might as well have concluded
that there is no such thing as time because
the three timepieces were different
as for you to conclude that there is
no such thing as pure Christianity because
the churches differ in their statement
of it.
But let us all rejoice that, although
part of our family may worship on
earth in one church and part in another
church or bowed at the same altar in a
compromise of preferences, we are, if
redeemed, on the way to a perfect
church, where all our preferences will
be fully gratified. Great cathedral of
eternity, with arches of amethysts and
pillars of sapphire, floors of emerald
and windows aglow with the sunrise of
heaven! What stupendous towers, with
T . 1 3 ... 3 ...... 1 I
cmmes angci noistea ana angei rung:
What myriads of worshipers, white
} robed and coroneted! What an officiator
at the altar, even "the great High
Priest of our profession!" What walls,
hung with the captured shield and flags,
by the church militant passed up to be
church triumphant! What doxologies
of all nations! Coronet to coronet,
cyrubal to cymbal, harp to harp, organ
to organ! Pull out the tremulant stop
to recall the sufferings past! Pull out
the trumpet stop to celebrate the victor?!
When shall these eyes thy heaven built
walls
And pearly gates behold,
Thy bulwarks, with salvation ptroog,
And streets of shining gold?
Spinish Treat With Aguinaldo.
As a result of the understanding re
cently arrived at between the Spanish
minister, Duke D'Arcos, and the president,
it is expected that the Madrid
officials will at an early day select a
commissioner to reopen negotiations
with Aguinaldo for the release of the
Spanish prisoners held by the insurgents.
The efforts of the United States
authorities have been futile, not only
as to releasing the Spaniards, but also
as co Lieut. Gil more and the other
American prisoners. It is for this reason
that the Spanish authorities will be
given all necessary facilities for securing
the release of their prisoners.
J
THE OLD SOUTH CABOHNA
Was the First Bailroad Built in the
United States.
In this railway age the acquisition of
the old South Carolina railroad by the
Southern, which again makes that roaa
the most important to the city of Charleston,
gives the early history of the
pioneer road, -where once the motive
power was the wind, an especial interest.
TTTi M ii n .in
? nne t e soutn Carolina was not the
first railroad in the world, and possibly
not the first in the Unitid States, it was
conspicuously first in many particulars.
It was the first road ever constructed
with a definite plan of operating exclu
siveiy &y locomotive power: it was the
first railroad to use an American built
locomotive; it was the first te use loco-.,
motives that were purely the product
of American invention; it was the first
road in the world to use an eightwheeled
engine, and that engine was
il _ P. * _1_ i. _1 1 . i I
luu urst cigut-v.aeuierever coDStruciea,
and was devised by this same road's
chief engineer.
Although there were tram reads in
America that are said to have ante-dated
the South Carolina, still it is doubtful
if even that is the case, for the South
Carolina company ante-dated by some
years the genuine railroad that was
opened by that company January 15,
1S30, and several circumstances indicate
that the company operated a tramway
by horses and sails before the locotive
steam power was inaugurated in
1S30. Certain it is that the work on
this, the lirst real railroad in America,
was commenced in 1828. Although
tramways had been in use in England
for a century or two nothing much was
accomplished until Stephenson opened
up the Manchester and Liverpool railway
in 1S29, introducing thereon the
steam locomotive.
In his wo:k entitled <:Railroads?
Their Origins and Problems," Mr.
Charlc3 Francis Adams says there ':is
some reason for believing that the
South Carolina railroad was the first
constructed in any country with a definite
plan of operating it exclusively
by locomotive steam power." There is
corroborative evidence on this point in
the memoirs of Horatio Allen: "In
September of 1820 Mr. Allen became
the chief engineer of the South Carolina
railroad the construction of which had
then been determined upon. On his
recommendation the gauge of the r^ad
: .%as made five feet. This road was
completed and the cost was within his
originial estimates, and when finished
it was the longest railroad in the world.
At that early date the South Carolina
Railroad company had to decide whether
the motive power of the road should
be horses or locomotives. In a report
made to the company in November,
1829, Mr. Allen presented an estimate
of the cost of transportation by horse
power and by the locomotive power.
The estimate of cost of locomotive
power was based on facts obtained on
the Stockton and Darlington railroad,
(England). The result of that comparison
was in favor of locomotive poweT
and the South Carolina company adopted
the engineer's recommendation to
use that powei. But that action was
based not on the experience of the
English road, but on the report of the
engineer who held that in the future
there was "no reason to expect any material
improvement in the breed of
horses, while in my judgement the man
is not living who knows what the breed
of locomotives will place at command."
This report was made to a full meeti
it-- u J __J it- - J--*-*? p?
lug ujl luc uuaiu <?uu me decision ior
losomotives was unanimous. Engineer
Allen says: "It was the first action of
this kind by any corporate body in the
world." Mr. Adams is authority for
the statement that the South Carolina
road was opened January 15, 1830, for
says he; "On the 15th of January,
1S31, exactly four months after the
final opening of the Manchester and
Liverpool road, the first anniversary of
the South Carolina railroad was celehratpd
wifTl Krvnnr " A a +/i fifcfr
~ ~ V ? II V?V?V UVUVK AAg l>V VUU UlU'l
engine used on this road, Mr. Adams
pays: "A queer looking machine, the
outline of which was sufficient to prove
that the inventor owed nothing to Stephenson,
had been constructed at the
West Point foundry works in New York
during the summer of 1830 ?a first attempt
to supply that locomotive with
the boird had with a sublime confidence
in possibilities, unanimously voted on
the 14th of the preceding January
should alone be used on the roas." The
name of "Best Friend" was given to
this very simple product of native genius.
In June, 1831, another locomotive,
the "West Point," arrived at
Charleston. Nicholas W. Darrell, of
Charleston, machinist, was the firt man
to open the throttle and run in the
'"Best Friend." This engine later exploded
her boiler.
The third engine built was an eightwheeler
constructed on the plans furnished
by Horatio Allen, chief engineer,
"and was the first eight-wheel
engine in the world." It was named
the "South Carolina."
According to Mr. Allen's memoirs,
the road at first constructed consisted
of strinjrers 6x12 inches, on which iron
bira2i.\^ inches were spiked. Newspapers
of the period were not eager for
railroad news, but in The Charleston
Mercury, July 6,1S31, is an account of
an enthusiastic meeting of citizens of
Tfnrtrvillp Tvarm and Trir>ini+A7 IipM
June 10th, at which resolutions were
adopted recognizing the value to commerce
of the South Carolina road and
urging continuance of the line ^ to the
west, and committees were appointed to
agitate the subject in territory between
Knoxville and Columbia.
This railroad advertisement appeared
in The Mercury July 15, 1831: "The
locomotive engine runs every day for
passengers at half past 4 p. m. Parties
1_* * 'i. -i. 1 t _ _ _
wisnmg xi ai any oiner nour can De accommodated
by applying to the engineer."
November 19,1832, the railroad
advertised that the locomotive would
commence on that day to make regular
trips from Charleston to Branchville
(sixty-five miles) and passenger ! aDd
freight rates were fixed. The railroad
regulations, as printed in The Charleston
Almanac, are quite curious. AH
baggage was at owners risk and not over
seventy-five pounds allowed; no servants
were admitted unless in chargt of children
excepc uy ouusent of passengers;
snn.kii:g .vas prohibited, and "no gun
ur fowling piece shall be permitted to
| enter the cars unless examined by the
ftVic rin crin cr r\$ fTic
VVUUUVVVXl Wiiv W* S/V**
passengers will be allowed one minute
to take their seats. Seats must be engaged
and paid for fifteen minutes previous
to the hour of departure."
A Requisition Issued.
Gov. McSweeney Wednesday issued
a requisition upon the governor of Georgia
for Spencer Johnson, colored, who
is wanted in Aiken county, this State,
upon the charge of assault with intent
to rape, his intended victim being Gussie
Home. The offense was committed
the 29th of November la?t. The Ne
gro has recently been located in Georgia.
Gov. McSweeney appointed Sheriff
Owen Alderman of Aiken county to
go after the man.
C>. .imu-J.*? ? \%m\ ' Ofitlfc. Sn?^w*? r. ' '? >". >
~TE2; CROPS AffD WEATHER,
What the Department of Agriculture
Says About Them.
The following is the weekly bulletin
rtf tl-io ifinn nf xr^af-Ti<vr ani^ I
crops of the State as issued Wednesday
by Section Director Bauer of the United
States Weather and Crop Service
bureau:
The week ending June 12th, 1S99,
was one of torrid heat, with the average
temperature about 7 degrees per
day above the normal, and with an extreme
maximum of 105 degreees on the
8th at Greenwood.
There was almost an entire absence
of rain during the week until Saturday
evening, when general showers began
that continued throughout Sunday, and
in places on Monday. The week closed
with cooler, threatening weather prevailing.
The hot, dry weather of the greater
part of the week was very injurious to
crops generally, and some, such as tobacco,
rice, corn and truck, were seriously
damaged in places, *vhile cotton
T a. ~ ..a,. ~ J
wdb uui liiue aueuieu.
Cotton of early planting is doing well
everywhere and some is putting on
squares freely; late planted is not all
up, and some fields have been replowed
and planted to corn. The stands of cotton
are generally fair, but the plants
are smaller than usual to the season.
Sea Island cotton is in splendid condition,
and some blooms have been noted.
Corn was suffering everywhere for
rain, and in many places turned yel
low and wilted; old com in tassel is
seriously damaged by drought?in
places practically ruined. There is
much land yet to plant to corn in the
north central and south central counties,
on red lands. Old corn is being
laid by. Insects continue to injure this
crop.
Tobacco suffered serious impairment
especially late settings, many of which
died, leaving stands much broken; early
tobacco is blooming low.
Rice is doing well on low lands, but
upland rice withered and died out in
piav^co. juatg v/i fJ uuu jjiauuu^ 10 ugaiij
finished,
Wheat and oats harvest is nearing
completion and threshing has begun,
with quite satisfactory yields of wheat,
while oats are turning out poor ly, with
some exceptions. Spring oats are too
low to cut, and are c. crop failure.
Maturing truck crops were cut short
about one-third by the drought. Pastures
and gardens were parched. Much
complaint of blight on apple and pear
trees. Melons being laid by, but suffering
for rain. The conditions as
stated by correspondents in this bulletin,
have been materially modified by
the recent rains, but to what extent is
not now known.
Pardoned by the Governor.
After a laps', of 10 years the story of
the famous Yonce murder case in Edgefield
r?mint.v is iY>r?all*rl hv thfi nardnn
Wednesday of "Whitfield Murrell one of
the young men convicted of the murder
with a recommendation to mercy.
At the time of the crime and for some
time afterwards the whole State was
astir. The capture of Murrell was only
affected after the most extensive
search had been made. He was
brought to Columbia finally securely
tied with roDes. then seemiaelv a mere
boy. He lias been serving a life sentence.
Gov. McSweeney granted the
petition for pardon Wednesday on a
statement of the physicians that the
young man had developed consumption,
on the confessions of Carpenter, convicted
along with him, that Murrell,
though with him at the time, hid taken
no part in the killing of Yonce; and on
petitions of the strongest character.
Murrell was set free "Wednesday evening
and goes to his home with friends
and relatives today. During Gov. Tillman's
administration strong petitions
were presented, but the governor refused
the pardon. Senator Tillman's
name, however, appears on the petition
which aided in getting the pardon.
New Lieutenant Governor.
Thursday morning the Hon. R. B.
Scarborough of Horry county, who by
virtue of his position as president pro
tern of the State senate, and the elevation
of the former lieutenant governor
to the office of governor, becomes
lieutenant governor, arrived in the
city. He had not up to that time taken
the oath as required by the constitution.
At 10 o'clock Senator Scarborough
went to the State capitol and protake
the nath of office before
Col. U. R. Brooks, clerk of the State
supreme court. Having done so he
signed it in duplicate, one copy being
left in the office of the secretary of
state. _Upon taking the oath Mr. Scarborough
vacated the office of senator of
Horry county; the duty therefore devolves
upon him of issuing a writ of
election for the election of his successor
as senator. He also has to issue a
writ for an election in Lexington
county to fill the vacancy occasioned
by the election of Senator Griffith as
superintendent of the Statu penitentiary.?State.
An Assassin Lynched.
A special from Newbern says: At
Bogue, 26 miles from here, on the night
of the Sth of June, the store of Elijah
B. Weeks was burglarized. Weeks was
brutally murdered. Detectives traced
and arrested Lewis Patrick, colored, as
he was about to take a steamer at Newbern
for Elizabeth City. They found
in his possession a razor, shoes and
clothes and other personal property belonging
to Weeks. He was brought
here and jailed Sunday night. About
11 o'clock last night a body of masked
men came here ic. boats with pistols
and pick axes, forced the jailor to deliver
Patrick to them and disappeared
with him. The sheriff, with a posse,
has been pursuing the mob since 12
o'clock, and returned tonight without
finding any trace of them. Opinion prevails
that he will be lynched tonight if
i i - _ j_ T J: j
ne nas hoc aireauy ueeu uiapuscu in.
Did Not Change His Mind.
Mr. McKinley has a nice way of promising
what he thinks will please the
particular audience he happens to be
addressing, and an anything but nice
way ef breaking his promise when partisan
interests and his party bosses demand
that he should do so. Our own
belief is he never changed his mind at
all. because he never had a mind not to
? ~ ?4-^A on/1 TT& fllinlr
gu UVCi LU LUC 0?/Uj.jajjuou, auu nv
he story of Ohio state Republican contention
readily explains why he "went
rver" formally just when he did.
McKinley's Latest Flip-Flap.
That President McKinley shamefully
belied his own pledges and convictions
in granting his recent orders giving
4,000 or more offices over to the spoils
system just in time to help Hanna out
at the Ohio state convention is proven
by his record. To his honor be it said
he was a friend of the reform he now so
viciously stabs when in congress. In
the face of his past record, his clear
words and his solemn pledges, how can
he defend his present course without
hanging his head in shame?
Disease sn costly stones.
Opals, Turquoises and Tearls Are Suscepti
ble to a Sort of Consumption.
"When. I bough;; this stone a fefi
mourns ago, saia a young womaa, ;
drawing from lier tapering finger a1
large opal ring and handing it to a.
fashionable jeweller, "it was remarkably
brilliant and translucent and glit-;
tered with a dozen beautiful lights, i
but now its fires are gone and it is
nearly opaque."
The jeweller scrutinized the stone I
uiruugu. a puweriui glass, xie xuuiju i?. ]
lifeless, cloudy and void of refulgence.
"The stone is sick," he replied.
"Sick!" repeated tlie young woman,
dismayed and astonished.
"Yes, madame," continued the jeweller.
"Your opal is afflicted by a disease
common to its kind, as well as to
various precious stones. Unfortunately
no one understands the nature of
the disease, so your stone is incurable.
It will never regain, its iridescence.
"Opals, turquoises and pearls are ex
tremely susceptible to a sort of mineral
consumption, which impairs their vitality
and value," explained the jeweller,
as the young woman sadly departed.
"The development of this disease is independent
of external influences or
neglect. The germs of destruction are
bom within the stones. Topazes, garnets
and amethysts are frequent sufferers
from the attacks of the mysterious
sickness, and even the magnifi- j
cent pigeon blood ruby, the fiery sap- I
phire and the costly emerald are occasional
victims. The diamond is the I
only known immune.
"It is easy to detect sickness in
stones. In some the lustre 'begins to
wane slowly, and imperfect scintillax
3 - ? ~i. J TrtfVAff 4"n ic Q I
liULl IS Huieu. ALL Ullluo wuv V.
distinct alteration in color, many
stones becoming dark and hazy, a few
gaining in transparency, yet plainly
revealing loss of sparkle and those
prismatic qualities which add so much
to the value of many gems.
""We do not know positively that this
disease is contagious. Nevertheless
it is a substantiated fact that apparently
healthy stones placed in constant
juxtaposition to diseased gems often
'fall sick' without any explainable
? nf mntaeion."
UU1CCO JLW * ? tuwv
One "Way to Get a Wife.
The editor of the Cynthiana (Ky.)
Democrat has adopted a novel means
to procure a wife. He advertises thus:
The Democrat offers a special premium
of $50 for the handsomest and most
charming old maid between the ages
of thirty and forty-five years, who appears
at the street fair. The winner
is to become the bride of the editor and
promptly return the ?50. The entries
o+ +V10. Stor pTn^prv on
O.JL C ILf (XiOCUiUiV/ civ ?.mv 0- ~ y
Friday morning at 11 o'clock, where
they will be entertained by Messrs.
Bush, Walker, Blair and Monson until
the editor arrives to make his selection.
No biting and scratching allowed.
A Fit Subject.
The artist stopped suddenly in his
walk and sthdied with interest the abject,
misshapen creature who -was begging
for alms at a street corner. The
poor man's legs were hent outward at
right angles at the knees, he had a
great hump in his hack, one arm was
only half the length of the other, his
lower jaw projected nearly an inch beyond
the upper, his hair was fiery red,
and his eyes were at cross purposes.
"My friend," said the artist, with a
glow of enthusiasm in his pale face,
"here is a sovereign. Come with me to
my studio; I want a model for an art
poster."
Wavei Faster Than Wind.
We have it on the authority of Mr.
W. H. Wheeler, who has devoted many
years to the study of such matters, that
in the bay of Biscay frequently during
the autumn and winter in calm weather
a heavy sea gets up and rolls in on the
coast 24 hours before the gale which
causes it arrives, and of which it is the
prelude. In -this case the wave action,
generated on the other side of the Atlantic
by the wind travels at a much
greater rate than that of the body of
disturbed air, and thus gives warning
of the coming storm.
Italy 1* Growing.
Italy lias had 294 square miles of
land added to its territory in the last 70
years by the advance of the delta of
the Po into the Adriatic sea. The measurement
has been made by Prof. Marinelli,
"who carefully compared the Austrian
surveys to 1823 with the Italian
surveys of 1893. The addition amounts
to one six-hundredth of the total area
of Italy at the earlier date.
ja
HON
THIS?
I High Hrm Sewin;
Fully jUjUfUiteed for tea ;
all the latest attach meats,
meated wood vork.
Price $18.
I Money refunded after 30 ds
is not as good as the $40.00 tc
soM fcy areata.
Sead for eiradm wmd stat
Wo are h?*d<p?rfeera for Furs
fflaitiass, Carpets, Sew
Baby Carriegaa. *tc
L Address
111Q&U12 Sr
* ?ji.-i -n,h- r. .? o..nn S<.i.T
The Jacksonville Times- tin ion says.
"The present governor South Caro- '
lina was a printer, and then a country 1
editor, v bile wc suppose he is also an
i Irishman, since his name is MeSweeney.
Now ill these furnish a combinatinn
tint i? siita tn tr> frnnt. i
i May his course be always onward and
I upward." To which The State adds: '
"Yes, the governor is an editor, and
his private secretary is an editor, and
all the editors of the State are members
of his advisory board, and the headquarf
ters of the State Press association is in
! the executive office. Altogether it is a
?reat up-shoot for a patient and longsuffering
class, who have been trying to
run the government by prosy for a long
time but with indifferent success. Now ,
that they have coupled on directly to
the driving wheel you will see the old
machine hum/'
The Augusta Chronicle, like many
other?, is mystified. It says: "The
more we read of the Philippine opera
tiocs which Uncle Sam is now pursuing,
the more we wonder what Uncle
Sam paid that twenty million dollars
for."
*
Ginning
Machinery.
o
The Smith Pneumatic Suction
gl; Elevating, Ginning and
*:' Packing b'ysteru
Is the simplest and most efficient oil
the market. Forty-eight complete
outfits in South Carolina; each
one giving absolute
satisfaction.
Boilers and Engines; Slide
Valve, Automatic and Corliss.
My Light and Heavy Log Beam Saw
Mills cacnot be equalled in design, efficiency
or price by any dealer or manufacturer
in the South.
Write for prices and catalogues.
V. 0. iadham & Co.,
1326 Main Street,
r<AT TT-\rr?T A ci n
UUijUJ>IJD?il, o. V.
0; f'?-'' c"r::.v:v Jw.v-r' i.> Purctesat ^
| A CSoodi J
j| II" iiiidiifcO ||
f& ^'s ??>! ? @L
?i ;i< lifetime ? >
fS iii'i giv? ^
?? - ; ' ^-:V^5 e;nll?ss ?* ?*
if A Poor Piano ?
P wiUlastafcw If |
? gf^e eadleJ i !
n^j? ? /.-. />'.VIM <ves 1
? ? ? , :? ? ss
I Mathuskk i <
& 2$
^ ?? Aiv.ayc a;vrays KfJiacie.
?v? iivray, SstilsJaciory, always Last A*
32 :ag. Von lake no cbnuce-s i? bny aS? ,
fef ?s
s> Li cost8 s-otue^.viiJtf _,o<v Tifi-t. 6 a?
<frl iVd/i. piano, uui i.< taueia t*? X9
*i 'Mupt.1 jo the end. 58
g\ NOuiiier II 5ffh Grade Pi&oc so.d *s
reasoaHhle. factory prices to retak
O'if^rs Easy payments \Vrltr?. ft.
p. ' tX'SSEfS & SATES, J*
Jj5 ?!n?r.if.!> f'l i;n3 New Vo.-cOl;j ^
Vddress: D. A. PHESSLEI, Agent,
COLUMBIA. S. C.
Macfeat's
School of
SHORTHAND
?AJSD?
TYPEWRITING!
COLUMBIA, S. C.
This School has tbe reputation of being the I
bett business institution in the State. Grad-1
uates are holding remunerative positions in '
mercantile house.", banking, iasurance, real
estate, railroad offices, &c., m this and ether
eutes. Write to W. H. Jlaofeat, Court
cgrapher Cotnnlbia, S.C forternw, et-j
| | | ? ,
-^aa gssi^ ^ ^
ST ?MhCj
g Machine ??
pears, fitted witk ?&'
beastifallj oraatys
use if macbin* >^p|g ?Jj
> 160.00 machines ^ HHSS ./%_
s what jok ^ajjt. ^1
iture, Stoves, g
lag J&aeiiises, ^^^?^|Ps?il?
The Padgett Furr
<?ad Street,
MMM I *****
L.L&K
NOTHING LIKE IT
FOR
Constipation, j ^
indigestion, j ^
i"l Regulator & Kidneys, f
< i
WTinlpcal^ hv? ' i '
THE MURRAY DRUG CO., I
Columbia, S. C.
Da. H. BAER,
Charleston. S. C.
All We Ask of
&TY0U
Si"?ANYTHING
In the Machinery or
Mill Supply Lice_j
Is that you give us an opportunity
to submit our prices and make
I 1 comparisons. We ask this be
cause we Deiieve we can mate 1110
YOUR advantage. TRY US.
We make a specialty of equipping
IMPROVED MODERN GINNERIES
OF ANY CAPACITY
WITH THE SIMPLEST AND
MOST EFFICIENT COTTON
HANDLING [APPARATUS IN
EXISTENCE?THE MURRAY
SYSTEM.
Correspondence with intending purchasers
solicited^
III U JP. On
TT. n. UIUUCO w. VUli
COLUMBIA, S. C.
SOUTH CAROLINA AGENCY
Liddell Co., Charlotte, N. C.
A. B. Farqnhar Co., Ltd., York, Pa.
Eagle Cotton Gin Co., Bridge water,
Mass.
Straub Machinery Co., Cincinnati, 0.
Ta cfrntior
XV gV/U OtlVUg '
and healthy use j
one bottle Mur- !
ray's Iron Mix- i
ture. Price 50c
TIE MIT M CO, ~
coujubcsl 5. ;
--LffE?
A vegetable for Mild, .
cure for Liv- the Pleasant,
er, Kidney & LIVER Sore.
stomach troubles, and 25, 50. $L
?KIDNEYS?
Sold wholesale by?
The Murray Drug Co., Columbia.
Dr. H. Baer, Charleston, S C ?
= Keeley
126 SM.TH STREET, f| i
Coa, VANDEEHOaST, III 1| O
CHARLESTON, S. C. V
ALCOHOL
MORPHINE
OPIUM
TOBACCO..
CIGARETTE
USLNG
Produce each a disease haying defin
ite pathology. The disease yields
i _ i ii TV i.i mi . J . J? A .1J
easily to tne l^ouDie unionae 01 wua.
Treatment as administered at the above
Keeley Institute.
N. B.?The Keeley Treatment is
administered in South Carolina
"S1 CHARLESTON.
I
Tins Ef.EGAXT '
No. 8 COOKING STOVE ||
? tj"? t |9
unty
ils* 17x17 in?:h ?>v?-:i, foux 8 inch !?
j?
ot ho!<-s: Krg? flues and gu4r*nce<3
a good bafcer. We fit this j a
u?ve uj> with forty pieces of ware j H
icluding the latest stove ware.
To adverts uur buuneai vc j 8
rill sell this No. 8 Cooking Store, ;8
tted with 40 jiece* of ware for ; a
&IG.CG &A&H. ||
B
liture Co. I
ftagasta, Ga. I

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