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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, June 28, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-06-28/ed-1/seq-4/

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?! ~l"M~ ? I?ar I
THE MISSION OF ART
A Potent Factor in Uplifting the
Human Race.
REV. T. DeWITT TALMAGE
Preaches on the Influence of
"Pleasant Pictures" In
the Development of
Christian Char
Dr. Talmage shows in this discourse
how art may become one of the mightiest
agencies for the elevation and salvation
of the human race. The test is
Isaiah, ii, 12, 16, 'The day of the Lord
of hosts shall be * * * upon all pleasant
pictures."
Pictures are by some relegated to the
realm of the trivial, accidental, sentimental
or worldly, but my text shows
" ~ 1 -:-i.
tuat UrOQ. scruumzes pictures, auu.
whether they are good or bad, whether
used for right or wrong purposes, is a
matter of divine observation and arraignment.
The divine mission of pictures
is my subject. Ihat the artist's
pencil and the engraver's knife have
sometimes been made subservient to
the kingdom of the bad is frankly admitted.
After the ashes and scoria
were removed from Herculaneum and
Pompeii, the walls of those cities discovered
to the explorers a degradation
in art which cannot be exaggerated.
Satan and all his imps have always
wanted the fingering of the easel. They
Trould rather have possession of that
than the art of printing, for types are
not so potent ana vuick for evil as pictures.
The powers of darkness think
they have gained a triumpp, and they
have when in some respectable parlor or
public art gallery they can hang a canvas
embarrassing, to the good, but fascinating
to the evil.
It is not in a spirit of prudery, but
backed ud bv God's eternal truth, when
I say that you have no right to hang in
^ - your art rooms or your dwelling houses
that which would be offensive to good
people if the figures pictured were alive
in your parlor and the guests of your
household. A picture that you have to
hang in a somewhat secluded place, or
that in a public hall you cannot with a
fc/oup of friends deliberately stand before
and discuss ought to have a knife
' * * 1 * *- -i-1- ? A. J X
staDDea m"co m at cne cop aau cui ciear
through to the bottom and a stout finger
thrust in on the right side, ripping clear
through to the left. Pliny the elder lost
his life by going near enough to see the
inside of Vesuvius, and the farther you
can stand off from the burning crater of
sin the better. Never till the books of
the last day are opened shall we know
what has been the dire harvest of evil
pictorials and unbecoming art galleries.
Despoil a man's imagination, and he becomes
a mere carcass. The show win
aows ot .ttngiisn ana American ciues,
in which the low theaters have sometimes
hung long lines of brazen actors
and actresses in style insulting to all
propriety, have made a broad path to
death for multitudes of people. But so
have all the other arts been at times
suborned of evil. How has music been
bedraggled? Is there any place so low
down in dissoluteness that into it has
not been carried David's harp and Han-?~
del's organ, and Gottschalk's piano,
and Ole Bull's violin, and the flute,
which, though named cfter so insignificant
a tiling as the Sicilian eel, which
has seven spots on the side, like flute
holes, vet for thousands of vears has had
an exalted mission? Architecture,
bom in the heart of him who made the
worlds nnder its arches and across its
floors, what bacchanalian revelries have
been enacted! It is not against any of
these arts that they have been so led
into captivity.
What a poor world this would be if it
were not for what my text calls 1 'pleasant
pictures!" I refer to your memory
and mine when I ask if your knowledge
of the Holy Scriptures has not been
mightily augumented by the woodcuts
or engravings in the old family Bible
which father and mother read out of
and laid on the table in the old homestead
when you were boys and girls.
The Bible scenes which we all carry in
our minds were not got from the Bible
typology, but from the Bible pictures.
To prove the truth of it in my o^n
caw tTiP nfTipr T tnnV nn fil^
family Bible which I inherited. Sure
enough, what I have carried in my mind
of Jacob's ladder was exactly the Bible
engravings of Jacob's ladder, and so
with Samson carrying off the gates of
Gaza, Elisha restoring the Shunammite's
son, the massacre of the innocents.
Christ blessing little children,
the crucifixion and the last judgment.
My idea of all these is that of the old
Bible engravings, which I scanned before
I could read a word. That is true
with nine-tenths of you. If I could
swing open the door of your foreheads,
I would find that you are walking pic
ture galleries. The great intelligence
abroad abont the Bible did not come
^ _ from the general reading of the book,
for the majority of the people read it
but little, if they read it at at all, but ail
the sacred scenes have been put before
the great masses, and not printer's ink,
Dut the pictorial art, must have the
credit of the achievement. First,
painter's pencil for the favored few and
then engraver's plate or woedcut for
millions on millions!
"What overwhelming commentary on
the Bible, what re-enforcement for patriarchs,
prophets, apostles and Christ,
what distribution of Scriptural knowledge
of ail nations in the paintings and
engravings therefrom of Holman
Hunt's "Christ In the Temple," Paul
Veronese's "Magdalen Washing the
Feet of Christ," Raphael's "Michael
the Archangel," Albert Durer's "Dragon
of the Apocalypse," Michael Angelo's
"Plague of the Fiery Serpents,"
Tintoretto's "Flight Into Egypt," Rubens'
"Descent From the Cross," Leonardo
P- Vinci's "Last Snpper,"
Claude's "Queen of Sheba," Bellini's
"Madonna," at Milan; Orcagna's "Last
Judgment" and hundreds of miles of
Trietmres. if thev were out in line, illus
Z ~ 7 * ^ 7 "
trating, displaying, dramatising, irradiating
Bible truthf until the Scriptures
are not today so much on paper as on
canvas, not so much in ink as in all the
colors of the spectrum. In 1833 forth
from Strasburg, Germany, there came
a child that was to eclipse in speed and
boldness anything and everything that
the world had ever seen since the first
f?nlnr nn tlia qL-v nt tfia f>roa
tion, Paul Gustave Dore. At 11 years
of age he published marvelous lithographs
of his own. Saying nothing of
^ what he did for Milton's "Paradise
a Lost," emblazoning it on the attention
of the world, he takes up the book of
books, the monarch of literature, the
Bible, and in his pictures, "The Creation
of Light,1' "The Trial of Abraham's
Faith," "The burial of Sarah,"
"Joseph Sold by His Brethren," "Thei
Brazen Serpent," "Boaz and Ruth,"
nr.-- ii i ~r?- in
"David and Goliath/' "The Trassfigu- ;
ration,"' "The Marriage In Cana," :
"Babylon Fallen" and 205 scriptural
scenes in all, with a boldness and a
grasp and almost supernatural afflatus
that make the heart throb and the
brain reel and the tears start and the
i cheeks blanch and the entire nature
I quake with the tremendous things of
| God and eternity and the dead. I
! actually staggered down the steps of the
j London Art gallery under the power of
Dore's "Christ Leaving the Prsetorium."
Profess you to be a Christian
man or woman, and see no divine mission
in art, and acknowledge you no
obligation either in thanks to God or
man?
It is no more the word of God when
rmt-. hpfnre ns in nrintei's ink than by
skillful laying on of colors or designs on
metal through incision or corrosion.
What a lesson in morals was presented
by Hogarth, the painter, in his two pictures,
"The Rake's Progress'- and "The
Misers Feast," and by Thomas Cole's
engravings of the "Voyage of Human
Life" and the "Course of Empire" and
by Turner's "Slave Ship!" God in art
Christ in ait! Patriarchs, prophets and
apostles in art! Angels in art! Heaven
in art.
The world and the church ought to
come to tne mgner appreciation 01 xne
divine mission of pictures, yet the authors
of them have generally been left
to semistarvation. "West, the great
painter, toiled in unappreciation till,
being a great skater, while on the ice he
formed the acquaintance of General
Howe of the English army who through
coming to admire West as a clever
skater, gradually came to appreciate as
much that which h? accomplished by
his hand as by h*s heel. Poussin, the
mighty painter, was pursued and had
nothing with which to defend himself
against the mob but the artist's portfolio,
which he held over his head to
keep off the stones hurled at him. The
pic. ires of Richj.rd Wilson of England
were sold for fabulous sums of money
after his death, but the living painter
was glad to get for his "Alcyone" a
piece of Stilton cheese. From 1640 to
1643 there were 4.600 pictures willfully
destroyed. In the reign of Queen
if rttoo vi o vnf n-p qhttia r^pa
JLlillZiCb UCLU XU n aj buv UUWAV V* MVWUV fc/wv
pie to spend much of their time in
knocking pictures to pieces. In the
reign of Charles I it was ordered by parliament
that all pictures of Christ be
burned. Painters were so badly treated
and humiliated in the beginning of the
eighteenth century that they were lowered
clear down out of the sublimity of
their art and obliged to give accounts of
i ? .1 _ j A.: i
wnas iney cuu wim men wiuis.
The oldest picture in England, a por- I
trait of Chaucer, though now of great j
value, was picked out of a lumber garret.
Great were the trials of Quentin
Matsys, who toiled on from blacksmith
anvil till, as a painter, he won wide
recognition. The first missionaries to
Mexico made the fatal mistake of destroying
pictures, for the loss of which
art and religion must ever lament. JBut
why go so far back when in this year
of our Lord to be a painter, except in
aTwntirtnc rnpans r>nv<?rfcv and ne
gleet, poorly fed, poorly clad, poorly
housed, because poorly appreciated?
When I hear a man is a paiijter, I have
two feelings?one of admiration for the
greatness of his soul, and the other of
commiseration for the needs of his body
But so it has been in all departments of
noble work. Some of the mightiest
have been hardly bestead. Oliver
Goldsmith had such a big patch on the
coat over his left breast Cthat when he
went anywhere he kept his hat in his
hand closely pressed over the patch.
The world renowned Bishop Asbury
ha da salary of $54 a year. Painters
are not the only ones who have endured
the lack of appreciation. Let men of
wealth take under their patroiage the
suffering men of art. They lift no
complaint, they make no strike for
higher wages. Bat with a keenness of
nervous organization which almost
always characterizes genius these artists
suffer more than any one but God can
realize.
There needs to be a concerted effort
for the suffering artist of America, not
sentimental discourse about what we
owe to artists, bat contracts that will
give them a livelihood, for I am in full
sympathy with the Christian farmer
who was very busy gat lering his fall
apples and some one asked him to pray
for a poor family, the father of which
had broken his leg, and the busy farmer
said: "I cannot stop now to pray,
but you can go down into the cellar and
erof c/vm<? odmor Vioof orwl Vintf/vr ond
J ^VV W1UVM- WVA VfMVfc I'MWVVA
eggs and potatoes; that is all I can do
now." Artists may wish for our prayers,
but they also want practical help
from men who can give them work.
You have heard, scores of sermons for
all other kinds of suffering men and women,
but we need sermons that make
pleas for the suffering men and women
of American art. Their work is more
true to nature and life than some of
the masterpieces that have become immortal
on the other side of the sea, but
it is the fashion of Americans to mention
foreign artists and to know little
or nothing about our own Copley and
Aiiston ana JLnman and Ureenougn ana
Kensett. Let the affluent fling out of
their windows and into the back yard
valueless daubs on canvass and call in
these splendid but unrewarded men and
tell them to adorn your wails not only
with that which shall please the taste,
but enlarge the minds and improve the
morals and save the souls of thos<* who
gaze upon them. All American cities
need great galleries of art, not only
open annually for a few days on exhi
Dition, but -which shall stana open all
the year round, and from early morning
until 10 o'clock at night, and free to
all who would come and go.
What a preparation for the wear and
tear of the day a five minutes look in
the morning at some picture that will
open a door into some larger realm than
that in which our population daily
drudges. Or what a good thing the half
hour of artistic opportunity on the way
home in the evening from exhaustion
that demands recuperation for mind
and soul as well as body! Who will do
xor the euy whsre you live what W. Vv.
Corcora. did for Washington and what
others have done for Philadelphia and
Boston and New York? Men of wealth,
if you are too modest to build and endow
such a place during your lifetime,
why not go to your iron safe and take
out your last will and testament and
make a codicil that shall build for the
city of your residence a throne for
American art? Take some of that
money that would otherwise spoil your
chrildren and build an art gallery that shall
associate your name forever not
only with the great masters of painting 1
who are gone, but with the great masters
who are trying to live, and also :
win the admiration and love of tens of '
thousands of people, who, unable to ;
have fine pictures of their own, would
be advantaged. By your benefactions
build your own monuments and not
leave it to the whim of others. Some
of the best people sleeping in Greenwood
have no monuments at all or some
crumbling stones that in a few years
will let the rain wash out name and eptaph,
while some men, whose death
was the abatement of a nuisance, have
a pile of Aberdeen granite high enough
for a king and eulogies enough to embarrass
a seraph. Oh, man of large
wealth, instead of leaving to the whim
of others your monumental commemoration
and epitaphology, to be looked
at when people are going to and fn at
the burial of others, build right down
in the heart of our great city, or the city
where you live, an immense free reading
room, or a free musical conservatory
or a free art gallery, the niches for
sculpture and the walls abloom with
the rise and fall of nations, and lessons
of courage for the disheartened and rest
for the weary, and life for the dead;
and 150 years from now you will be
wielding influences in this world fur
good. How much better than white
marble, that chills you if you put your
hand on it when you touch it in the
cemetery, would be a monument in
colors, in beaming eyes, in living possession,
in splendors which under the
chandelier would be glowing add warm,
and looked at by strolling groups with
catalogue in hand on the January night
when the necropolis where the body
sleeps is al) snowed under!
The tower of David was hung with
1,000 dented shields of battle, but you,
oh man of wealth, may have a grander
tower named after you, one that shall
be hung not with the symbols of carnage,
but with the victories of that art
which was so long ago recognized in my
text as "pleasant pictures." Oh, the
power of pictures! I cannot deride, as
some have done, Cardinal Mazarin who,
when told that he must die, took his
last walk through the art gallery of his
palace saying: "Must I quit all this?
Look at that Titian! Look at that
Corroggio! Look at that deluge of
Caracei! Farewell, dear pictures!"'
As the day of the lord of hosts, according
to this text, will scrutinize the
pictures. I implore all parents to see
that in their households they have
neither in book nor newspaper nor on
canvas anything that will deprave. Pictures
are no longer the exclusive possession
of the affluent. There is not a respectable
home in these cities that has
not specimens or woodcut or steel engraving,
if not of painting, and your
whole family will feel the moral uplifting
or depression. Have nothing on
your wall or in books that will familiarize
the young with scenes of cruelty
and was sail; have only those sketches
made by artists in elevated moods and
none of tlnse scenes that seem the product
of artistic delirium tremens. Pictures
are not only a strong buta uni^rsal
language. The human race ib ..i
vided into almost as many language-as
there are nations, but the pictures n;ay
speak to people of all tongues. Tola. uk
many have hoped, with little reason,
* ^ * n i
would Decome a wonawiue language;
but tlie pictorial is always a worldwide
language, and printers' types have no
emphasis compared with it. We say
that children are fond of pictures; but
notice any man when he takes up a
book, and you will see that the first
thing that he looks at is the pictures.
Have only those in your house that appeal
to the better nature. One engraving
has sometimes decided an eternal
destiny. Under the title of fine arts
there have come here from France a
class of pictures which elaborate argument
has tried to prove irreproachable.
They would disgrace a barroom, and
they need to be confiscated. Your
children will can^ the pictures of their
VlAinflA TT7-* f h ATM a1/\Q1I f A
1 <?\jJULd O UUUDC TYXblX lUl^LlX Wt/CfcX \JU> W Wjav
grave, and, passing that marble pillar,
will take them through eternity.
Furthermore, let all reformers and all
Sabbath school teachers and all Christian
workers realize that, if they would
be effective for good, they must make
pictures, if not by chalk on blackboards
or kindergarten designs or by pencil on
canvas, then by words. Arguments are
soon forgotten, but pictures, whether in
language or in colors, are what produce
stronger effects. Christ was always tell
ing what a thing was like, and his sermon
on the mount was a great picture
gallery, beginning with a sketch of a
"city on a hill that cannot be hid," and
ending with a tempest beating against
two houses, one on the rock and the
other on the sand. The parable of the
prodigol son, a picture; parable of the
sower, who went forth to sow, a picture;
parable of the unmerciful servant, a
picture; parable of the ten virgins, a
picture; parable of the talents, a picture.
The world wants pictures, and the appetite
begins with the child, who consents
to go early to bed if the mother will sit
beside him and rehearse a story, which
is only a picture.
"When we see how much has been accomplished
in secular directions by pic<-> ?
i i J f _
lures?anasespeare s tragedies, a picture;
Victor Hugo's writings, all pictures;
John Ruskin's and Tennyson's
and Longfellow's works, all pictures?
why not enlist, as far as possible, for
our churches and schools and reformatory
work and evangelistic endeavor the
power of thought that can be put into
word pictures, if not pictures in color?
Yea, why not aL young men draw for
themselves on paper, with pen or pencil,
their coming career, of virtue if
they prefer that, of vice if they prefer
that? After making the picture, put
it on the wall or paste it on the fly leaf
of some favorite book, that you may
Vl OTT^i if Ko-pATfl T7AT1 T TOO O TYl C T?
uavg iV W^iViV/ J VU. JL X vuu VA ?- AW*"
who had been executed for murder, and
the jailer found afterwaad a picture
made on the wail of the cell by the assassin's
own hand, a picture of a flight
of stairs. On the lowest step he had
written, "Disobedience to parents;" ou
the second, "Sabbath breaking;" on the
third, "Drunkenness and gambling;"
on tbe fourth, "Murder," and on the
fifth and top step, "A gallows." If
that man had made that picture before
he took the first step, he never would
have taken any of them! Oh, man,
make another picture, a bright picture,
an evangelical picture, and I will help
you make it! I suggest six steps for
this flighr of stairs. On the first step
write the words, "A nature changed by
the Holy Ghost and washed in the blood
of the Lamb;" on the secound step,
"Industry and good companionship;"
on the third step, "A Charistian home
with a family altar;" on the fourth step,
"Ever widening usefulness;" on the fifth
step. "A glorious departure from this
world;" on the sixth step, "Heaven,
heaven!" "Write it three time"? and
let the letters of the one word be made
up of banners, the second of coronets
and the third of thrones! Promise me
that you will do that, and I will promise
to meet you on the sixth step, if the
Lord will, through his pardoning grace, i
bring me there too.
And here I am goiDg to say a word
of cheer to people who have never had a
word of consolation on that subject.
There are men and women in this world
by hundreds of thousands who have a
fine natural taste, and yet all their
lives that taste has been suppressed,
and, although they could appreciate
the galleries of Dresden and Vienna and
Naples far more than nine hundred and
ninety-nine people out of a thousand
who visit them, they may never go, for
they must support their households, and
bread and schooling for their children
are of more importance than pictures.
1 nough toBd ol music, they are compelled
to live amid discord, and, though
fond of architecture, they dwell in
clumsy abodes, and, though appreciative
of all that engravings arid paintings
can do, they are in perpetual deprivation.
You are going, after you get on
the sixth step of that stair, just spoken 1
of, to find yourselves in the royal gallery
of the universe, the concentered
splendors of all worlds before your
frcmsnnrfpfi vifiinn. In some wav all
the thrilling scenes through which *e
and the church of God have passed in
our earthly state will be pictured or
brought to mind. At a cyclorama of
Gettysburg a blind man who lost his
sight in that battle was with his child
heard talking while standing before that
picture.
The blind man said to the daughter,
"Are there at the right of the picture
some regiments marching up a hill?"
"Yes." she said. "Well," said the
blind man, "is there a general on horseback
leading them on?" "Yes," she
said. "Well, is there rushing down on
these men a cavalry charge?" "Yes,"
was the reply. "And do there seem to
be many dying and dead?" "Yes,"' was
the answer. "Well, now, do you see a
shell from the woods bursting near the
wheel of a cannon?" "Yes," she said.
fluvrot" mflT>
IkJ IV Xlguu WAAUVk MAMM.
"That is the last thing I ever saw on
earth! What a time it was, Jenny,
when I lost my eyesight!" But when
you, who have found life a hard battle,
a very Gettysburg, shall stand in the
royal gallery of heaven and with your
new vision begin to see and understand
that which in your earthly blindness
you could not see at all, you will point
out to your celestial comrades, perhaps
to your own dear children who have
gone before, the scenes of the earthly
conflicts in which you participated, saying:
"There from that hill of prosperity
I was driven back, in that valley of
humiliation I was wounded. There I
lost my eyesight. That was the way
the world looked when I last saw it.
But what a grand thing to get celestial
vision and stand here before the cyclorama
of all worlds while the rider on
4.V a Trrlti^/v *k swn/*v r\r\ o nr?
LLLC VYU.1CO iiUigVCO vu vvuv^u^xAug uu\a
to conquer,' the moon under his feet
and the stars of heaven for his tiara!"
WHO ARE THE SWINDLEES?
What the Government has Lost on the
Ships that it Bought.
Last year the American people showed
their generosity and their confidence
in Mr. McKinley by voting an emergency
appropriation of fifty million dol*
"I fl . 1 . _1 j.! i!
lars, in advance 01 a declaration 01 war.
Then, when war came, they furnished
its financial sinews without stint. In
fact, without the slightest hesitation,
they opened the national treasury and
gave the administration "the privilege
of the till", expecting, however, that
due economy would be observed in expenditures.
How was this trust administered?
For the purposes of our military differences
with Spain the Government
bought about a hundred vessels of various
descriptions, and paid for them
handsomely. There was not an owner
)f a fine old steam yacht in the East
who did not have a chance to sell it to
the nation at a fair price, usually
amounting to at least cost, or who has
not not since been amused to observe
the difference between the net selling
price and that charged to the treasury.
Proprietors of second-class ocean
tramps, cattle boats and scows, also
had their day ?in Court, and it may be
said with truth that there are many
worthy citizens who have, to a greater
or less extent, enriched themselves,
acting as middlemen in the numerous
transactions. They are not of the class
known as "rank outsiders." They are
all "good Administration men." The
President has learned of this and weeps
One such is described as a person who
"milked every contract during the
Spanish war, as a dairy maid milks a
cow," and is said to be a million and a
half financially the better for it. If
Mr. McKinlev ever had had a suspicion
oi such, things while they were going
on he would have stopped them. It is
now too late.
Following will be found the price
paid for six bottoms just before the
Spanish war,-together with the appraisment
of'their present value. On the
19th of July bids will be opened for the
sale of these vessels. They cost $844,269.
They are valued at $270,000 after
a few months' service, during which
they were liberally repaired and kept
in excellent order, except as to their
capacity to carry troops comfortably.
This is the roster:
What AppraiseVessel
U. S. paid. ment. Loss
Vulcan... .$350,000 $100,000 $250,000
Niagara 200.000 60.000 140.000
East Boston 57,500 30,000 27,500
Enquirer... 80,000 20,000 60,000
Scipio 85,769 25,000 60,769
Gov Russell 71,000 35,000 36,000
Totai loss $574,269
Probably it is reasonable to lump
these oix vessels together as representing
a fair average of the hundred bought
from the various private parsons or
corporations and sold to the Government
at a handsome profit, in the way
of "mmmiwinn " Tf en if. will hp rpati
that the average purchase price wis
$144,744. The loss of value, as shown
in the above statement of appraisements
is 68 per cent. Taking these facts as a
basis, the hundred vessels should have
cost $14,474,400, and the loss on them
now at the ascertained ratio would be
stated at $9,S42.520.
This is a nice sum for the treasury to
lose, but there is perhaps comfort in the
thought that the public loss covers and
conceals a great deal of private gain.
Id other words, the corruption rascality
and thipvinf whir>h flip
acquisition of a great many things necessary
for the Government to buy to
equip itself for the struggle with Spain
have not been fully exposed as yet.
fhey will not be while the relatives,
friends and copartners of the criminals
control the party in power.?Washington
Times.
For Young Mothers?Fretting is
a fault in which a child never should be [
allowed to peisist. If there is a real ]
sen?e uf discomfort it should be discovered
and removed; if it is simply
from waywardness and peevishness the
cVirtnlfl fn nnrJ
that fretting is unprofitable. A child's ]
reasoning powers can very soon be ap- ]
pealed to. If the mother says, "Fretting
again! you cannot be well, you
must go to bed until you feel better,"
the child will learn to restrain himself.
Unfortunately some mothers have a bad
habit of yielding to a fretful child a
favor that they have at first refused to
grant. This places a premium on fretting.
No child will waste time in fretting
when he knows he will gain nothing
by it. A very little attention on
the mother's part will show her whether
there is anything physically wrong to
excuse the fretfulness; if not, it should
be promptly^discountenanced.
THE COST OP "GLOEY."
Sidnay Smith's "Warning to Brothe
Jonathan Seventy-Nine Years Ago.
The New York World has dug up
r it? -u T>
irULU LUC -Liuiuuui^u JLVCVICVYJ ujuugj
Smith's Essay on America. It has
rather greater pertinence and significance
now than it had in 1S20, the
year of its original publication:
"We can inform Jonathan what are
the inevitable consequences of being
too fond of glory?taxes upon every
article which enters into the mouth or
covers the back or is placed under the
foot; taxes upon everything which is
pleasant to see. hear, feel, smell or
taste; t^.xes upon warmth, light and
locomotion; taxes on everything on
earth, and the waters under the ear.h,
on everything that comes from abroad
or is grown at home; taxes on the raw
material; taxes on every fresh value
that is added to it by the industry of
man; taxes on the sauce which pampers
ry.or> 'c oifort/^ TP V?."i ro.
UiCfcU. J ?>uu tuv uiu^ IT
stores him to health; nn the ermine
which decorates the judge?and the rope
which hangs the criminal, on the poor
man's salt and the rich man's spice, on
the brass nails of the coffin and the
ribbons of the bride, at -bed or board,
couchant or levant, we must pay.
The schoolboy whips his taxed top;
the beardless youth manages his taxed
horse with a tax bridle on a taxed
road, and the dying Englishman, pouring
his medicine, wnich has pa^'d 7 per
cent, into a spoon that has paid 15 per
cent, flings himself upon his chintz
bed, which has paid 22 per cent., aad
expires in the arms of an apothecary
who has paid a license of a hundred
pounds for the privilege of putting him
to death.
His whole property is then immedi
ately taxed from 2 to 10 per cent.
Besides the probate, large fees are demanded
for burying him in the chancel;
his virtues are handed down to posterity
on taxed marble, and he is then
gathered to his fathers?to be taxed no
more.
In addition to all this the habit of
dealing with large sums will make the
government avaricious and profuse,
and the system itself will infallibly
(ronoToto tTiA Tr^nrnn ivf sr>i^s and
e>vuw4uwv .v.*?.-? v,
iHformers and a still more pestilent
race of political tools and retainers of
the meanest and most cdius description,
while the prodigious patronage
which the collecting of this splendid
revenue will throw into the hands of
government will invest it with so vast
an influence and hold out such means
and temptations to corruption as all
the virtue and public spirit, even of
Republicans, will be unable to resist.
WHAT THINK YE OF CHEIST ?
Leading Men of the Nation Interviewed
on This Important Subject.
"The charge is pretty frequently
made by agnostics, free thinkers and
atheists that this is a Godless nation
and a large proportion of the leading
public men are either infidels or rapidly
becoming so," says The Christian
Herald, and in order to "test the
truth of this charge," that paper re
cently sent to the president, members
of the cabinet, supreme court, United
States senate, commanders of the army
and navy and governors of the various
states, the following questions:
I. Are you a friend of Cristianity?
31. Do you believe that Christianity
is tha friend of mankind?
III. Does your belief extend to the
recognition of the Supreme Being, tc
the Divinity of Christ, to the surpassing
potency of Christianity as a civilizing
influence?
Hundreds of replies were received
and all were in the affirmative. JVIanj
of them have the positive ring of th<
true metal and many are of a heaitat
ing natnre. Some of the senators
failedto Answer- and some of the governors
failed to answer. This failure,
if intentional, can only be taken tc
mean that they dare not say no to anj
of the questions, and this, more thar
anything else, goes to prove what s
force they recognize the Christian religion
to be.
PrAsidpnt. MoTCinlpv
belief embraces the Diyinity of Christ
and the recognition of Christianity as
the mightiest factor in the world's
civilization."
It is the custom of the members ol
the supreme court to decline to answei
questions of any kind; but all the
same Chief Justice Fuller declared^ "I
am a friend to Christianity. Hon.
George Shiras said, "I am a Christian,
of course." The other members of
the court refused to be interviewed;
but The Christian Herald thinks that
all of them are Christians.
Senator John L. McLaurin said:
"To all-your questions, I answer, Yes."
Senator B. R. Tillman said: "True
m :-A: :i~
VuriBiiittniby is a veiy lmiu& cvcu
in the churches, and he would be a
fool who denies the beneficient influence
of the Christian religion upon
men as taught by Christ. It is the
best code of morals to live by that has
ever been formulated."
Profit oil Eggs.
"We have fremientlv asserted that a
farmer, having the ordinary outbuildings,
which can be cheaply transformed
into comfortable hen houses, can add
from $100 upwards to his cash receipts
annually by keeping fowls. It is
somewhat difficult to get proof of this
fact, owing to the neglect of statistics
by farmers. We are glad to find, in
Jbarm-roultry, a detailed statement in
confirmation of our declaration. Our
Boston contemporary gives a letter
from a man in Maine, who modestly
withholds his name and address. Four
years ago this farmer took an abandoned
farm in that State, and-went into
the hen business. He knew nothing
about the care of fowls and had to learn
some hard lessons. But he started
right. With only 25 common scrubs
he practiced the art. His first shelters
were an old outbuilding and a barn.
Fie wasted nothing on fancy buildings.
The second year his stock increased to
175 head; the third year he kept 400.
Then he built a hen house, 12x50 feet.
The next year he had 550 head, and
built two houses, 13x60 and 13x50 respectively.
His flock now numbers
i-iO head. He lives twelve miles from
i roilroad and has to pay twenty-five
;ents expressage on every crate of eggs
marketed. His fowls are mostly Leghorns.
During the year ending last
December his sale of eggs alone averiged
$66.52 a month or $798.31 for the
year. The net, after expressage, was
5773. The price of eggs ranged from
31 to 11 cents; an average of a fraction
under 16 cents a dozen. Thirtj-four
f\Y> f C TTIncc fTmn f Vi i a nn
SULipillC'il to ndUH iUi UXJO.IA VJLIJ.O ?Ji. IKJKsj
and from the middle of March to the
middle of June the price was steady at
11 cents. We compile this showing tc
demonstrate that the eggs pay at the
price obtainable in the South. No account
is made of the increase in flock to
the credit. The cost of feed is less in
the South than in Maine.
SOMET ?;NG ABOUT GOYEENO]
! Only Two of Them. Have Died WJi:
] Holding OiEc?.
I Sin^e the ratification of the constit
, tion of the State, June 3, 1790. oe
two Governors have died in offi<
, Charles Pinckney was governor at ih
. time. In 183S Patrick Noble, of A
bevilie, was elected governor-. T
legiilature up to the civil war elect
the governor. That was done early
Ti-. 1 J iU ? fn,
JL/eeemutu' a.uu liic iunu^iuauuu. tv
place a few days after the election.
1S40 Patrick Noble died and was su
ceeded by B. K. Henagan, Lieutena
Governor. That was the first time
the history of the State when a Lie
tenant Governor was called on to f
the executive office. No other govern
died while in office until the death
^ till 1 n 0 1
(jovernor .Ciiierae. co iar as we *.iu
every governor after Noble's time ser
ed his full term until Hampton's tim
He was elected governor in 187G ai
again iD 1878. Soon after bis secoi
election be was elected to tbe Senate
tbe United States and Lieutenant-go
crnor, Simpson, succeeded him. Befo
his term expired be was elected Chi
Justice and J. B. Jeter, president p
tem. of tbe Senate, took tbe oath of c
fice and was governor for a few montl
In 1S80 General Johnson Hagood w
elected governor. When the electii
of 1S82 came be announced that he w
DUt a U&LlUiUiltC JlUI
scramble for office followed and wh<
the convention seemed to be tendi:
towards a deadlock. Hugh S. Thorn
son's name was put forward and he w
elected, with John C. Sheppard
Lieutenant-governor. In 1SS4 Hu:
S. Thompson and his entire ticket we
re-elected. In July, 1886, Govern
Thompson resigned the governorship
accept the office of Assistant Secreta
nf the Treasurv under President Cle\
land. Mr. Sheppard then became go
ernor and served until end of the ten
In 1886 John Peter Richardson and 1
L. Mauldin as running mate were elei
, ed, and re-elected in 188S. In 18
the Tillman regime came in and ea
1 J V,.-? ^,,11
guveruiji bcji vcu ma xuix u.u
the death of Governor Ellerbe.?Cai
lina Spartan.
A Simple Bemedy.
A writer in one of our exchang
! says: "To exterminate bed bugs, fle
and chicken lice: Take of cedar leav
and twigs- a sufficient quantity. If t
'.yei rtn rtrortl- nnon tcirVl Q Tiamm*
axv vu viuvu w|/v?* i &?? * i
' Place in water to boil gently until tw
, thirds has evaporated. The strong
: the tea is made the more effective :
execution. For bed bugs, take a feat
1 er and apply liberally into all hauni
including mattresses and around ba
boards, crevices, in walls, etc.
thoroughly done every six months w
be sufficient; and I'll guarantee not
bug or egg can be found about the prei
ises. For fleas sprinkle liberally abo
their haunts; and if on a dog take
cupful and with one hand rub the h;
, the reverse way, dropping on the liqn
as the skin is exposed. It will
amnsinsr to see the fleas evacuate.
i will kill every one it touches. I
! chicken lice, sprinkle liberally o\
roosts in all corners and crevices a
, especially among the nest straw.
. good addition would be to mix ce<3
i leaves among the nest straw. JSo!
louse will corae near it and your chic
will come off perfectly free from t
; pest. If lice are already on the fow
better dilute tin tea a little and liftt
feathers and sprinkle on the bare ski
I have experimented with this ago
for four years and it has given u
, bounded satisfaction, a inorougn j
, ing over the chicken house every
. days will be amply sufficient. It w
. kill every louse it touches, and th
will flee from it as from a pestilen*
[ Have tried it on roaches but it has.l
, tie effect. I believe it will kill lice
; stock. Will some of our stock own<
' test it an1 report for the general goo
; Believe it will also kill cabbage wori
. and perhaps some other garden pests.
I
; To get stronj
1 and heal th v us
one bottle Mm
: ray's Iron Mrs
ture. Price 50
; THE MINT Dlllli GO,
rr "v nr r > r i ,
>sj J J J -X > - V
JBB8?
I I ^ H
nus^
THIS
High Arm Sewi
Firily gaaxaarteed far to
I- ireed vwk.
Price $1
lleaey refoaded arfter SC
ifl aoi as geod as t be $48-0
I Maftifess, etfptts, &
AMtea
? WO & 11121
/ ^
{
t
-Tv
" It is the-?j
Lie
==Gustom
:ar
'ly Bat a ver? poor one, to wait until the gin- ~
;e- ning season is on before looking to see
what fix the gin is in.
ed Now is the time to
? HURRY
fri
YOU IS UiiN 1U Tut j
i ELLIOT QiN REPAIR WORKS.v
.j| i Do not delay and then ask us to let yon j
Qr have it at once, for thorough work cannot j
q? be drne in a hurry. Ihe attention giveD
this matter now will more than repay you
v- when the cotton is white in the fields
e. and the gin house crowded. Tl-e work is
j c
comiog in already, so ship at once to the
uudersigned, located at IhcoM electric light
engine house
vReferences
by permission:?W. II. Gilbes
AC
e? & Co, V. C. Badham, Jno. A. Willis
ro JBSfMark your Dame and shipping point
)f- on work sent and prepay the freight.
lS* ??? 11 n ill < E
? I he ttfiott tiin Hepair worKS, s
as W. J. ELLIOTr, Proprietor,
No 1314 Gales Street, COLUMBIA, S. C.
,
P- 1
as
as s2*C> IZl ? W&m *
gb &c.~";/r ~.v** '* j--- _
TA _ zl i
or $ r " a 1:
to \ . v'X"01 (
fy p c
v- S 8 .
n. 81 *
(V. ov ' '&%* v:i! 1!'st a -'SSL ?
[>t- a-Ur; ' 3".- j ;i?etime ?s ^
90 ?s JSi.^o
ch |p i?sr>aaa* ?l T
PI Matliushek; 11
^ Is always Good, always RdBSSM S
5r. alwavs Satte&dibry, 2East* 8H
o- lug. "You take no cbances ta M a
5r<* ins it. Hi
JGr Sfw Tf /-.Arfn c/<it! etrti a fc flV#CW A 9
its ijjv cheap^poor ptencr, but IB i&Qcb jfij
r ags chetip&t in fhe end,
SSS gragfeer Hightftopaawgto n
ts, j?? reastmaWft Factoryertceats?8mtt W
' jSf, buyers. JS^i?ya?#t&^ttiei3i Ml tf
Si 9 LUMEN & UT?S> 5
.j| tefaimg6) Cfc,g
m* address: D. A. Agent, i
ut COLUMBIA. S. C. I
lir "
:or
be w
I B A If!
s L, L ? n
A 7
lar _
a J
S NOTHING- LIKE IT
ne PAIR
Is, I
he
in.
?- Constipation,
| Indigestion, ]
ti RgplatsrttKidneys.
it- 2
on Wholesale by? . I
>rs THE MURRAY DRUG CO., f
9 Columbia, S. C.
nS DB. H. BAER,
Charleston. S. C.
Macfeafs??
p School of
( SHORTHAND
t" SD^-Ayp? ' -r %
- .nw?ww?imTn<nTfi
TirEWttlTIflCr i
COLUMBIA, S. C. I
'0 This School has tie reputation of being the g
best business institution in tie State. Graduates
are holding resmneralire positions in
mercantile houses, banking, insurance, real
estate, Tailraad offices, &c., in this and other
etstes. Write to W. H. M&efiat, Court
ngrapher Ccmulbia, 8. Cfortenn*, ets
lEST^BARG
Lnq Machine JlS
em yean, fitted -wiHk 2Is,
beamtifuDy
) days wte if machine ^w||s b||
9 to $60.00 Machines ^ F0B
ebdc vfea* m vant. Mir ^
arnltare, Stoves,
nrisg JSseMaes, WBg
The Padgett Furu
3r$ad Street,
r-i n mi in i 1
ill We Ask of I
i^YOU 1
52?$?anything
Qthe Machinery
Mill Supply Line
To fW. fnr? crivA T?fi an rinnrtrfntnfcv
to submit our prices and make I
comparisons. "We ask this because
we believe we can make it to
YOUR advantage. TRY US. V
re make a specialty of equipping
IMPROVED MODERN GIN- 1
NERIES OF ANY CAPACITY
WITH THE SIMPLEST AND J
MOST EFFICIENT COTTON fl
HANDLING APPARATUS IN
EXISTENCE?THE MURRAY
SYSTEM.
Correspondence with intending purfa
asers solicited.
W. H. fiibbes & Co.. I
COLUMBIA, S. C.
CriTTTn C A UAT.TW A k (3PVPV H
Liddell Co., Charlotte, N. C. fl
A, B. FarquharCo., Ltd., York, Pa.
lagle Cotton Gin Co., Bridge water,
Mass.
traub Machinery Co., Cincinnati, 0.
= K eeley
26 SMITH STKEET, 1
Joa. Vandeshobst, |||ll"0 j
haeleston, s. c v
llcohol |
[orphine
iPHFM
OBACCO .....
IG-AKETTE
rsiffG
Produce each, a disease having defin
:e pathology. The disease yieldi
asily to tlie Double Chloride of Gold
'rcatment as administered at the above
Leeley Institute.
N. B.?The Keeley Treatment is
dministered in South Carolina
?8T CHARLESTON, f
." -K
Ginning j
Machinery.
0
Che Smifch Pneumatic Suction
Elevating, Ginning and
Packing Sfyste?
s the simplest and most efficient on the
market- Fo^y-eight complete ^
cutfitsTa South Carolina; each
one giving absolute '
satisfaction.
17<r? t* ao Qliila '
JU11C13 dUU JLiUglU^Oj KJjLlv**? H
Talve, Automatic and Corliss. M
My Light and Heavy Log Beam Saw I
dills cannot be equalled in design, eficiencv
or price by any dealer or manuacturer
in the South. 3^5
Write for prices and catalogues. . |.i
V. 6. Baaiam & Co., 1
1326 Main Street,
COLUMBIA, S. C. ,|
?LITE? I
^ vegetable - for Mild,
uret'orLiv- the Pleasant,
r, Kidney & LIVES Sure.
tomach troubles, and 25,50.$!.
?KIDNEYS?
lold wholesale by? :?
The Murray Drug Co., Columbia.
Dr. H. Baer, Charleston, S C
iAINS! ,
THIS ELSGAJTT
to. 8 COOKING STOVE j
Only $10.00. j
flag 17x17 inch oven, iomx 9 bNk__^
it holes; large line* and fwmam- >s.
d a good baker. W? H tkfe
UTC U.p AVI 5.J yil. H ? W MUV
eluding the latest stora van.
To advertise oor bmtbmm w
ill sell this No. 8 Cooktaf Stan,
n
ted with 40 pieces of ware for
,-v
$10.00 CASH.
- "8
II
^ '-^^1
sqp )
Aagssta, 6a. 1 I
i , . fl

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