- -" "" ^ - '"'
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' VOL LIII WINNSBORO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. JULY 5, 1899. NO. 47 j|
_ : -. :";-3?$|
j| ONLY THREE SAVED.
A Lak8 Steamer Went to the BotP
torn Like a Rock.
THE CARGO SHIFTED.
The Captain's Wife and Child
and a Woman Passenger Were
Among the Twelve Who
The steamer Margaret Olwill, owned
by M. P. Smith, of Cleveland, went
down in the storm off Lorain, Lake
iSrie, Wednesday night. Twelve peo'
. T .1
pie were lost, including uapt. uonn
Brown, his wife and sod, and Miss
(r Baldwin, a passenger. The Olwill, of
j 554 tons, was bound from Kelly's Is|
land to Cleveland with limestone, her i
1 cargo shifting in the heavy sea, send
fing her down by the stern.
Seaman Coyle was the only man !
saved. He was picked up by the
steamer State of Ohio Thursday. Those
Capt. John Browa, wife and child,
T?nninaar. AloT MnTurtP. Of i
(JL1 ~1.0 C juugiuvvi ?? _7 ?
^ Second Engineer Rudolph Shinski,
St. Clair, Mich.
First Mate John Smith, Cleveland.
Wheelsman George Heffron, Cleveland.
B Watchman Frank Hipp, Kelly's Is
P Three deck hands, names unknown
I to Dtincan Coyle, the sole survivor
? The Olwill left Kelly's island at 6
o'clock Wednesday night bound for
Cleveland with a cargo of stone. There
I was little or no wind blowing and
everything was favorable for a pleasF
ant run. At 8 o'clock the wind began
^ ^ i ?A
I* to blow irom tne nortuweso auu me
little boat with a thousand tons ca'
pacity began to go at a lively clip. At
10 o'clock the gale commenced and the
wind blew at the rate of 50 miles an
hour. Suddenly the gale turned to the
northeast, Capt. Brown found that the
boat was making little headway and
r concluded the only thing to do was to
turn back and go with the storm.
According to the story of Coyle it
was 2 o'clock when the captain gave
the order to turn about. The vessel
. had turned half way round when the
rudder chain parted and in an instant
Aa Vkrtof waa af- f.Ti* mercv of the storm.
She was caught between two waves and
as she was borne along the top of one of
them she rolled over on the side. The
cabins were torn loose and floated on |
the water, while the rest of the ship
went to the bottom. Coyle caught hold
of part of the after cabin and climbed I
npon it. HefEron was clinging to part
of the same cabin.
Capt. Willoughby of the steamer
State of Ohio sighted the wreckage
about 5:15 in the morning directly in
the course from Cleveland to Toledo.
bThe big steamer put into service her
.life-saving c.ew and, after sailing
around the wreckage for an hour and
8L a half Coylo was rescued. Heffrou was
K" thrown a line, but he was too weak to
take hold of it and went down in the
presence of a larc*; crowd on board the
* Several attempts were made to get
the yawl boa;, in the water, but the sea
was still running high and the work
was extremely perilous. Hebron's
death was a pathetic one. As he
grabbed the rope, encouraged by the
crowd, he made a superhuman effort to
put the rope around his body, but he
was too weak and fell exhausted into
TmtVF OV THE CREW SAVED.
Smith, McRae and Schinski were
rescued by members of the crew of the
steamer Sacramento and taken into
Lorain by the tug Cascade. The rescued
members of the crew was found
floating on the surface of Lake Erie
clinging to bits of wreckage. Their
rescue was attended by exhibitions of
extreme heroism, for heavy sea was
still running when they were picked up.
Advices from Hakodate state tnat
Capt. Sakichi, of the steamer Hokoku,
Maru just returned from the Philippines
reports that in the southern islands the
young Filipinos are constructing fortifications
against emergencies. Every
port is garrisoned by a thousand or so
of volunteers, whose weapons, however,
are very crude, only about 20 per cent.
i being armed with rifles. They are,
however, full of patriotism and state
that they will not yield to the Americans
though the whole of the islands
--are destroyed. The Hokoku Maru was
y warmly welcomed, by the Jnlipmos. wno
consider the Japanese to be of a kin
dred race and hoped for assistance from
them. The Filipinos were prepared to
i pay for arms and ammunition and said
the Japanese vessels visiting the islands
could take return cargos of hemp.
Capt. Sakichi says he only sold the insurgents
two revolvers and the cooks
IThe South's Biggest Mill.
The Union, S. C., cotton mills are
having plans drawn for a new mill to be
' known as No. 3. It will be erected
L about two miles away from their pres
ent location on a creek so as to secure
F abundant water supply. The new facr
tory will contain 50,000 spindles and
1 90ft looms. The company already
operates 87,000 spindles and 2,280
looms, and this expansion means a total
of 137,000 spindles and 4,080 looms,
or in other words the largest cotton
H&l mill plant in the South. The Union
Mills compony already have the largest
" ~ ? ill ?"L. ^ "nrlor Ano rArtf
I CO CIO D mill ill LilC UU UlU uuuvi vuv iwt
in their No. 2 Mill which contains 72,000
spindles and 1,820 looms.
Got Off Light.
One of the queerest freaks of journalism
we have seen is the plea of the
Gralvestoa News that the villain who
abducwd little Marion Clark, of New
York, has received too severe a penalty.
He should get down on his knees and
thank the judge who sentenced he. He
got fifteen years in the penitentiary.
Hanging would not have been too bad.
The gold bug press still insist that
the silver issue is dead and buried. No
doubt in this case the wish is father to
HE GOT DAMAGES
For Being Blacklisted by a Chicago
FredR. Ketcham, a freight conductor
formerly in the service of the Chicago
and Northwestern Railway company,
has recovered damages to the amount of
$21,666 from that company for blacklisting
Mr. William J. Strong, the counsel
for Mr. Ketcham, has published an ar
tide in which he states that the railroads
centering at Chicago agreed with
each other to employ no one engaged in
the great strike of 1S94, in which 30,000
men took part. The companies
agreed to keep each other informed as
to the men who took part in the strike,
and to require of every applicant for
wnrlr a "fllearanee" from the railroad
by which he had been employed. It
was known that this "clearance" was
actually demanded, and that when not
given, though the man was of good
character and had certificates of qualification
by his former employer, he got
In one case where a clearance was
given it stated that the man "had permission
to secure employment elsewhere."
3Ir. Strong says of this condi
,:This is slavery pure and simple, yet
it is without exaggeration the condition
< ? most railroad employes in the
country today. The blacklisting system
is also being adopted in neaily all
other branches of corpoiate employment,
such as the large packing houses,
street railroads, clothing manufactories,
and coal mines. It is one of the
growing evils of the present era of
combinations and trusts, menacing the
liberty of a large class of our citizens.
c,If a man who quits the employ of
another cannot get work in his chosen
occupation without, first obtaining the
consent of the man whose employ he
has left, he becomes a slave. He will
not dare resist any oppression his employer
may impose on him.
"How long will it be, if blacklisting
ia oilfa on/i cnroo
lO OUVTT^U C\/ VUUUiUUV UUU
foie the laboring masses of the country,
having become the helpless tools of
these mighty masters, will do their bidding
in the exercise of the elective
franchise? "We shall then have a government
of corporations, by corporan-Pa*
LlKjllS auu 1KJ1 Wi^awivuo.
''The wage earner who feels his little
children tugging at his coattails for
bread will fear, in voting, to assert his
manhood and resent oppression. Can
a republic made up of such citizens
long endure? Are such mere tools fit
to be electors in a government by the
people? These are serious questions
which must be wisely answered by
Americsn voters at the ballot box, or
the answers will be blood and revolution."
BATTLE OF THE BALES,
In What Shape Shall Our Cotton be
The indications are that the efforts
which are being made to get owners of
cotton gins, who have not already done
so, to alter their press boxes so as to
make a square bale that will measure 54
inches by 24, will be successful. With
a uniform square bale, known as the
standard bale, it is probable that there
will be a prolonged contest between the
standard bale and the round bale. One
great objection to the square bale now
is its lack of uniformity which makes
it more costly to handle as freight on
cars and on ships. This objection
will disappear, however, just as soon as
the press boxes of all cotton gins are
made to conform to the 54 by 24 inch
Mr. C. Menelas discusses the subject
of the standard square bale and the
round bale in an interesting article in
the June nuaaber of the Southern Cultivator.
A * he sees the situation, the
square bale is bound to hold the field.
ne gives several reasons ior tms view.
Oae is that the square bale is more satisfactory
to the trade, since it gives the
buyer a better opportunity to see what
he is buying, and another is that the
square bale stands better the rough
handling which a cotton bale gets.
It is well known, also, that a very
large percentage of cotton is exposed to
the weather for weeks and often
j muutub aiter ii> is uaieu. n ia tiaiuicu
[ that cotton in square bales will stand
j this exposure better thaD cotton in
The chief objection which Mr. Menelas
offers to the round bale, however, is
that the round bale presses are said to
be held by a trust?that they cannot be
bought by cotton growers; or by others
so that there can be competition in
making the round bale. T .e cotton
growers have to pay so much per bale to
* * " -5 - ? x - aI J
Have their cotton presseainiotnerouuu
bale. With all of the pr?ssiis for making
the square bale out of use, the
round bale trust would be in a pjsiti^n
to charge what it pleases for making the
rouad bale?in other words the cotton
growers would be in the grasp of a
mighty trust. Mr. Menelas thinks as
long as the owners of the round bale
presses refuse to sell their presses, it
will be difficult for the rour d bale to
| make much headway.?Columbia Record.
Heavy on "The Sun-"
Justice Brown in the United States
district court, Wednesday handed down
a decision awarding $65,000 damages,
with interest from Nov. 1. 189S, to
Wm. L. Moore, in the libel filed by
him against the Sun Printing and Publishing
company i'or the loss of the
yatch Kanapaha, stranded in September
of last year while off the north
coast of CuDa. The jaeht was then in
ihe employ of the New York Sun as a
An Honest Woman.
Mrs. Emmons Blaine, of Chicago,
daughter-in-law of the late James G.
Blaine and daughter of the late Cyrus
McCormick, the great reaper man., has
achieved distinction. She stepped up
like a little woman and returned to the
tax assessors for Cook county $1,560,000
personal property, the largest return
ever made in that county. In doing
so she incidentally remarked that
she thought it was the duty of the rich
as well as the poor to make honest re|
turns of their taxable property.
| A HORRIBLE STORY,
Man Falls Under a Train, Bod
Cut in Two.
For Nearly two Hours Alive Tal
With Those About Him.
William Parsons, a young white ma
of Lenoir, was run over by No. 36, tt
south-bound mail on the Southeri
Sunday night at Bethel, a small sti
tion several miles from China Groovi
The accident occurred at 9.03, an
the man lived an hour and 40 minute:
The accident was one of the mo:
horrible that has ever occurred on tt
road. The wheels of four cars passe
over the man's body at or below th
waist line, completely severing th
limbs and lower part of the trunk froi
the rest of the body. That the ma
lived for only an hour with his bod
t r-k f rrn 10 o ?0 r? f
CJULipiCtClJ IUU1U CMU AO a. luv/t huav
the medical world will discuss with ir
terest. The man's legs were picked u
and placed in the baggage car; the
his body was put in. The legs wei
placed near the trunk. Seeing then
the injured man inquired what hi
legs were doing so far away from hi
When the train reached Bethel Sam Ei
win and Ben James, colored men en
ployed in the baprgage room, moved th
mangled trunk from the car to th
stretcher and then carried the legs om
placing same on the stretcher. Th
sight was one that made old railroadei
accustomed to witnessing accidents c
various degrees of horribleness, tur
away with a sickening shudder.
A physician was summoned as soo
as possible, but nothing could be don
o ' ? tt: a :
IOT cue man. ms suuerioga were su n.
tense that he asked, on his wa
to be killed. His system would nc
absorb morphine, so he had to endui
the agony until death came to his re
lief. It was horrible to see a hum a
being lying there talking with his bod
cut in two. The man told his nam
and that of his cousin, Charles Morrow
who was with him.
Parsons' parents were dead and h
lived at Morrow's father, his uncle's
Morrow persuaded him to go with hii
to Columbia, S. C., where there is a r(
cruiting office, and enlist in the armj
They were beatings their way whe
Parsons met his death. No. 35 ha
gone in the side track at Bethel for tb
vestibule to pass. The men had bee
put off the train once. Parsons in at
tempting to board it the second time
as the train moved off, slipped and fe!
directly across the rail. The wheels c
four cars passed over him. Capt. Tucli
er was conductor and Engineer Al
Soloman was in the cab. The train wa
stopped as quickly as possible. Th
tttoo fvvnn/1 in fTio Tinrrihl#? nonfli
UiOiU VT OtiS 1UUUU J. JUL V4JLW
tion described above. He talked rs
tionally up to within a few minutes c
The stretcher on which he lay wa
left at the entrance to the baggag
room. "I have not long to live; le
me stay in the air," said the dying mar
He asked to be fanned and wanted ic
water every minute or two. He wa
conscious up to the last.
The body was taken to J. M. Harr
& Co s. Tuesday morning, and was ic
terred Tuesday afternoon.
The case is one in which science wii
be interested, as it is one of the few, i
not the only case known to the medics
profession in which a man has lived to
so long after the severing of the aorta
the main artery of the body. The fac
is accounted foi in this way. Each ai
tery has three coatings. The inne
coating became contracted, forming a
impediment so the blood could not ge
out. The man bled little, compara
tively speaking. He was about 22 year
of age. In his pocket was a letter o
recommendation, a photograph of hire
self and a letter from his sweetheart.
l?r. Albert snerrm, wno is reauin
medicine in McManaway & Winches
ter's office, knew Parson well havin
taught him when in charge of a schoc
at Lenoir. He says he was an honest
steady young fellow.?Charlotte Ob
General Otis has found time froi
his military occupation in the Philip
pines to compose a Republican cam
paign document and cable it to thi
country at the government's expense
la this contribution to the bunch o
literature which the Republican poli
ticians are accumulating for next year'
contest General Otis says: "The onl;
v...no nf Jnanrcrpnt leaders in Unitei
U jyu VA. - >. ? ? _ _ _
States aid. They proclaim the nea
overthrow by the present administra
tion to be followed by their independ
ence and recognition by the Unite'
States. This is the influence whic'
enables them to hold out." This par
of the latest Otis cablegram reads lik
an extract from an editorial in an ad
ministration organ, and we haye n
doubt that nest year when the presi
dential contest is on (for there is n
+ V,of Pfiilinninft war will h
VAA V -V.
over before then) it will be profuse!;
circulated by the Republican campaigi
managers and shouted all over the coun
try by Republican campaign orators.Atlanta
A Mayor Assassinated.
Mayor James Bolbirnie, of Muske
gon, Mich., was assassinated Thursda;
by J. W. Tayer, a disappointed offici
seeker. Tayer shot Mayor Balbirni<
while the latter was standing in th<
doorway of his store. The ball entere;
his left breast above the nipple. Afce
the shooting Balbimie turned and rai
upstairs to his living rooms and droppe<
in the hall. He expired 15 minute
later. Tayer swallovrcd some carboli
acid then turned the revolver upoi
himself and fired. The ball enterec
his left breast. He died at 1 o'clock
John W. Tayer was ex-city poor direc
tor. At the time of the shooting Wes
tern avenue, the main thoroughfare oi
which the mayor's store is situated wa
filled with people. The affair aros<
over the mayor's refusal to reappoin
Tayer director of the city poor. Taye
had held the position for some years.
OPTIMISM 2TJJJ MAD.
Some Facts Bearing on the Philippin<
There continue to come to hand evi
dences that the administration is sup
pressing all unfavorable informatior
about the status in the Philippines,
k Here is a sample from a Washingtor
The report of Brig. Gen. T. M. An
derson. which, army men declare, se^
verely criticises Maj. Gen. Otis's conduct
of the campaign in the Philippines,
will not be made public by the war department.
It is in the possession oi
u Adjt. Gen. Corbin, who declares thai
it is of no public interest.
i, Gen. Anderson, who is now in comi
mand of the Department of the Lakes,
? headquarters at Chicago, commanded
"j the First division of the Eighth armj
morris under Gen. Otis before beincr re
3- called. A dispatch to the Philadelphia
5t Times from Hong Kong is likewise enie
lightening. The dispatch says:
^ The censorship at Manila is so strict
ie that a meeting of correspondents was
called for today to protest against the
ie action of the United States military au31
thorities. Nothing is allowed to be
n sent out on matters which affect the
y administration at Washicgton, and unk
)e?s dispatches are rosy aid optimistic
l" they are not allowed to go. I have
P ju?t:e u ned fro n Manila, and a corres
n J ?-1- Ui.J \-r
UUUU.UUL SUULLJlbLCU LLI3 IXidttCl UU1J tAj
"e have it held up by the authorities.
f> There is great anxiety on the part oi
,ls the volunteer soldiers to return home,
LS although any mention of the fact is
suppressed by the censor. The censoi
r" also prevents the report of the terrible
l" suffering from the heat being sent.
e Our men drop like sheep from the overe
powering influence of the sun. Noth^
ing concerning the movements of the
;c army is allowed to go. out, although the
S Innol nonara PreftlTT f.Tiis TIPIPS C!a
A iVVWi *AVV<J M.V ?V t. w
" bling is extremely discouraging under
12 these circumstances, but it is not at all
likely that any help will come from the
n protest to be filed. The officers are
e unhopeful of an early settlement of the
l" war, and in their eagerness to keep the
y public from obtaining an inkling of the
^ state of affairs, they make free use of
e the office of press censor.
5" A South Dakota volunteer, Serjeant
n Hugh D. McCosham, has written a lety
ter to a friend in Marinette, Wis., his
e old home. McCosham served in Caba
r' and reenlisted last fall for duty in the
Philippines. Ee is therefore no greene
horn nor cry-baby. Under date of May
' 12 he writes in part:
n Two days after San Fernando was
5" taken our regiment had but 190 men on
r* the line, the remainder being dead, sick
? or wounded. Gen. MacArthur comd
plained of the number of men sick,
e other regiments being in the same
Q shape as ours, and Maj Potter, with
one surgeon, was sent into Manila to
-- ^ -? 1 ^ ?. 1. -A A?
rusQ men to tqc iruiiu avuug uuu?
? instructions, he sent 108 men to the
)l front. Of these, thirty were unable to
"reach the depot, a mile away, many of
them fainting on the way, some twen3
ty-eis:bt or thirty ultimately arriving at
.e San Fernando in worse condition than
l" when sent to Manila, the others being
ordered back by surgeons along the
line of railroad, who saw at a glance
that they were in a precarious condis
^ i i n xi_
f arther along in tne letter, tne ooutu
!t Dakota soldier saya:
You Americans shudder at the tyre
anny of Spain and the cruelty visited
upon the natives of Luzon and Cuba,
bet I want to tell you that bright,
^ brave, young Americans, who volunl*
teered to defend their country in the
,, hour of peril, are giving up their lives
by service in sacrifice to the vanity of
| the star bespangled generals and a fog
headed, dollar hearted bureau of offi'r
oials at home. The fierce tropical heat,
" the fever cursed atmosphere and the
bullets of the insurgents are working
Ihjttao nmnncr men that the
r surgeons and nurses are absolutely un0
able to give the sick and wounded the
care they should receive. You may
I" publish this letter, and my name may
! be signed. I would face a courtmatial
willingly, and prove more than I write,
l" for I know that it is only by arousing
the sense of the States that we can be
S relieved, and to stay much longer will
be the death of most of us.
? The three witnesses examined, an
aimy officer of high rank, a newspaper
'' correspondent, and one of the enlisted
'* men who has seen service, prove that
Gen. Otis has carried his optimism^to
an extreme, if nothing else.?The
>- Shields Commits Suicide.
L* Leroy H. Shields, 46 years old, pro3
mioent in Virginia politics, and who
was collector of customs at Norfolk un;f
der the Cleveland administration, suicided
in his room at the Hygeia hotel,
s Old Point, Tuesday night by sendiDg a
7 bullet into his brain. Melancholia,
d induced by recent financial reverses, is
r the cause assigned for the deed. He
" had been at the hotel a week and was
expecting a reappointment in the naval
d service. During the Spanish war Mr.
b Shields held the post of paymaster on
the cruiser Buffalo, and since his dise
charge had been seeking a similar assign
ment. He is said to have lost heavily
0 in speculrtion recently, and is known tc
have been brooding over his troubles.
0 A wife and three children survive him.
- 1 ' "" * ' TTT i J il .
w iYirs. smeias is in vv asamgtuu auu mc
7 children in Norfolk.
A Fruit Trust.
It has been said that Armour & Co.,
and one or two other big concerns are in
combination to control all the fruit and
early vegetable trade of ihe country.
- The houses concerned, however, deny
7 the truthfulness of the rumor. The
5 rumor was disturbing to "the colored
e man and brother" as it included the
e watermelon, and there was promise of
1 an early emigration, but the denial has
r brought joy to many an anxious heart,
i Two Similar Cases.
s Everybody has doubtless heard of the
c rattlesnake that took two days in t^yi
ing to charm a stuffed owl, but that
1 isn't a circumstance to a recent British
. coroner's jury that sat on a mummy.
- It was left at a railway station, and the
"** - 1 TT, 1*
coroner was duly notmea. 11 Deiog a
3 human body, the due processes of law
s had to be executed. After an hour's
? 1 A- - i.! 4.1 "-"J ? rr?A o m TTAn
e consultation tiis usuai Yciuiuu noogiigu
t ?came to his death by means unknown
r to the jury at a time and place not discoverable.
MEET IN BATTLE; "
Armed Negro Miners Under Ed *
Ellis Lose Four.
"KNIGHTS OF AFRICA."
1 Result of Attempting to Prevent f<
Lynching by Force of Arms, ?'
as Recommended by
Northern Blacks. ?
Three negroes are dead and one is not a
expected to live as a result of a riot be- ?
. tween the white and negro miners ac ^
, the ore mines near Cardiff in Jefferson d
^ county, Ala. . o
The dead are: Ed. Ellis, Jim Dill,
, Adam Samuels, The wounded: Ru
dolph "Williams, George Thomas, mor- a
tally wounded. J si
: The races came to a clash in the late c,
! afternoon in Glasgow Hollow, where r<
s the negroes congregated, armed with e<
Winchester rifles. A white man pass- o
! ing along the road was held up and ti
1 abused and was roughly handled. This tl
" news soon spread, and an armed body f(
of white miners moved toward the hoi- t<
! low. It is supposed that they went tl
around by a circuitous route in the si
' mountains ana came upon tne negroes a:
, unexpectedly. Ed. Ellis, the ring- g
: leader, armed with a rifle and Colts re- v:
volver, fell at the first volley. A riflle
1 bullet did the work. There was anoth- d
er volley and four of the other negroes w
; fell. Jim Dill and Adam Samuels died ti
in o fsirrr Twimiffla )of Koinff AT7P/1 pi
iu a, iv/rr iuiuu^vo inwij &vwv ? w?
' to a negro house. Geo. Thomas was ti
shot through the abdomen with a Win- fi
1 Chester bullet. He is not expected to m
! recover. Rudolph Williams will live. i<
The trouble started Tuesday when it r<
was thought that John Shepherd, who, si
on last Wednesday afternoon assaulted di
1 Mrs. Monroe Jones near Corona, was c;
in that community. The negroes arm- oi
ed themselves to prevent his capture, si
1 Both sides were aroused and only the a]
; timely arrival of a sheriff's posse pre- g:
vented an outbreak. This morning the fc
negro miners held a mass meetiag and vi
1 refused to go to work. They all belong ti
to a secret organization known as the ei
' Knights of Africa," or the "Mysteri- T
1 ous Ten." They keep rifles and ammu- tl
nition on hand at all times. It was in ei
the afternoon that they gathered in la
Glasgow Hollow, although with what ol
intention is not known. qi
1 Influential citizens say that the ring- fe
leaders are now out of the way, and ki
they hope to manage the negroes. Ed. b<
Ellis, the head of the band, and holding u;
the chief office in the secret organiza1
tion, made a speech to the negroes just ts
before his death telling them not to be- p:
liotro TpViat- the nfflnprfi Tiad told ni
them, and swearing that he, for one, di
would get even with Sheriff O'Brien, ai
who, the day before at the point of a ci
shot gun, ordered hia. to disperse his b;
Shortly after the riot Sheriff O'Brien qi
left Birmingham with a hundred armed a
men. He now has the situation in hand st
for the time being, although late re- m
ports say the situation is extremely tl
critical and that the negroes are talk- li
ing of avenging the death of their lead- ta
WILL FIGHT THE TRUST.
The Farmers of Texas Organize Against
the Bound Bale. QThe
Farmers' Anti Trust Union was
organized in Navarro county, Texas, in ai
May. The aim and object of this union V(
is the mutual urotection of the farmers t
arid cotton raisers against the blighting ^
influence and power of the round bale
cotton trust in particular and other p]
trusts, monopolies, syndicates and com- 0.
bines of whatever name, character or a
formation, the workings of which are
detrimental to the interest of the pro- jj,
ducers of the products of the soil, m'
rtAnafifnfao oil r*?/ia1fr.ll a n/3 t-\
to destroy honest competition and trade ai
in commerce. Section 4 of the agree- 0I
ment declares that "all persons who are st
opposed to trusts and monopolies in
any and all forms, and who believe in cj
honest competition in trade, and who cc
believe in the inalienable rights of man ?
to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
as guaranteed the citizens of this
great Republic by the Constitution, and
who are willing to subscribe to the
obligation hereinafter set forth, are
eligible to membership in this union."
The following is the obligation:
"We, whose names are hereunto
subscribed do most solemnly obligate th
ourselves not to encourage, support hj
or patronize the round bale cotton m
system in any way, shape or form, and vi
we further agree to patronize our home cr
gins and ginners with the flat bale, pro- se
vided that our ginners will reduce their eq
presses to conform to the uniform or l(i
standard bale of 24 by 54 inches, and w<
we further agree that we will not insist bj
or require our gin men to use or put in nc
any more cotton than is necessary to wi
make an average weight bale of 500 ui
The obligation was signed by nearly wi
every man present. R. J. Wright was
elected president; R. F. Johnson, vice 65
president; Sam C. French, secretary en
and treasurer. A committee consisting ar
of J. S. Ponder and R. J. Davis, was 10
appointed to organize the Xegro farm- mi
er3 of the precinct. vo
This organization is not a temporary he
affair, but will continue in existence as
long as there is a trust to fight or, un- St
til the State officers shall have enforced w?
the constitutional laws of the State. be
The governor today commuted the br
sentence of R. C. Wyatt, of Spartan- mi
b'arg, who was sentenced to the peni- vis
tentiary for seven years for killing a ed
man. He has served five years, and the vo
sentence is commuted to five years and be
seven months, so as to allow Wyatt to
be free at the end of the month. A numerously
signed petition, including the
jurors, induced the governor to act. On ja]
conviction the jury recommended the ln.
prisoner to mercy. hi
Five Fatally Scalded. co
Five men were scalded to death by ab
the coMapse of a steam flue Wednesday se:
night on the steamer St. Paul near St. fr<
LOSSES PROM LIGHTNING.
'acts Gathered by the Official "Weathei
Sharps of this CountryFew
questions are of greater interest
whether considered from a practica
r theoretical standDoint than the mani
^stations of energy in lightning dis
harges. The practical side of th<
roblem appeals directly to a great por
ion or the population, but more cspeially
to the people who live in th<
ountry and the smallei towns and vil
iges. By the practical side is meani
working knowledge of the charactei
f the lightning flash, the kind of ob
;ct most frequently struck, method:
f protection and the distribution oi
flpfm/ifiro kn+V? in timo onr
gowi uvtiy & u\j k.ix iu viuiv uuv
It would be of manifest advantage tc
now the precise character of theordin
ry lightning flash?whether, for ez
mple, it approximates a condition oi
Leady flow or partakes of an osciilatorj
baracter, i. e.. a current which rapidlj
itc nn A hotter Irnmrl.
y ? uv>j aug uii wvAvut ** t.'v v w* a&uvtt*
ige than we now possess of the kind oJ
bject most frequently struck, whethei
*ee, dwelling house or bam, might be
le means of saving human life. If,
>r example, certain trees are more api
) be struck by lightning than others,
ley should be avoided as a place of
helter in time of thunderstorm. There
re other lines of inquiry in which
reater precision of methods and de
li;ca wuuiu jiciu vaiuauig iciuiuo.
A little over a year ago the Illinois
epartment of agriculture, through its
eather Bureau, undertook the collecon
of statistics of loss of life and prop:ty,
especially in farming communies,
by lightning. The results of the
rst year's work and considerable inforlation
of s general character are given
1 bulletin No. 26 of the weather bu:au
just issued. The bulletin conaf-a
nf f-.cm narfa Thp first is larcftlv
evoted to a discussion of the electrifiition
of the atmosphere and the meth1s
of investigation that have been purled
by different experimenters. The
pplication of the knowledge thus
lined to the construction of apparatus
>r protection from lightning is reiewed,
and, finally, methods of protecon
are discussed and rules for the
rection of lightning rods a;e given,
he latter are intended not only for
le guidance of persons desiring to
ect rods themselves, but more particujly
for those who may contract with
;hers to do the work for them. It is
aite essential that every person who
:els the need of a lightning rod should
-l: 1? _u.ii? i,?0
LIU W UlUJaeiJ. WUCLLLCr 'Jl uuo 11 JLioa
sen properly constructed and placed
p'on his premises.
Part II., by Alfred J. Henry, contins
a summary of loss of life and
roperty in the United States by lighting
during 1898, and, so j;ar as known,
iiring previous years. The statistics
e not by any means complete, espe.ally
as regards the loss of live stock
y lightning. The fact of greatest ^'mjrtance
developed thus far in the inliry
is that about one-third of all
tses of fatal lightning stroke on liveock
in the fields occurred in the imediate
vicinity of wire fences; indeed
lere is evidence that in some cases
ghtning struck the fence at some dismce
from the place where the stock
as killed. The statistics, incomplete
i they doubtless are, show that the
irmers of the country lost by lightning
one during 1898 live stock valued at
Dnrinp- samp tima there were
rer 1,800 cases of destructive lighting
strokes on buildiugs, causiog a
oney loss of about $1,50^,000. Three
indred and sixty-seven lives were lost
id 494 persons were more or less seirely
injured by lightaing stroke,
he killed were in various conditions
: environment?in dwellings, barns,
l T -r \r
oaertrees ana in tne open, _uore peue
were killed under trees than in the
)ea. It is not safe to seek shelter from
thunderstorm under a tree.
The regions of greatest danger from
ghtning stroke appear to be in Wyoing,
Montana, Colorado and North
akota, although more extended records
e required before a definite expression
1 this question can be given. The
atistics confirm the general belief that
mger from lightning stroke is least in
osely built cities and greatest in the
''ill be Enlisted Right Along and
20.000 Rushed to Manila.
As a result of a conference between
ie President and Secretary Alger, it
is been decided to begin the enlistent
of volunteers for two years' serce
in the Philippines. Orders to reuiting
officers to this effect have been
nt out. It is proposed to arm and
[uip at once three brigades, or about
1,000 men, and then to continue the
Drk until the whole 35.000 authorized
r the law are secured. There will be
> call upon the States. The regiments
ill be organized as United States vollteers.
Officers will be appointed by
e President and assigned to regiments
ithout regard to State lines.
The maximum of the regular army of
>,UUU men has been secured, and now
.listments will be for the provisional
my to make up the total strength of
0,000 men. Gen. Otis has 29,300
an on the ground or under orders, and
lunteers will be rushed to him until
: has an efficient force of 50.000 men.
In the enlistments for the United
ates volunteers, veterans of the late
ir, including those who did not get
yond the home camps, but were seaned,
will be given the preference, and
e same will be true of the officers. A
igadier general for every three regijnts
and a major general for each dision
of three brigades will be appoint.
They will be part regulars and part
lunteers, and Gen. Joe Wheeler will
among the number.
many warn unices.
Governor McSweeney has received a
:ge number of letters from young men
various portions of the State asking
m to use his influence with the presint
and war department to get them
mmissions in the volunteer service
out to be organized for the Philippine
rvioe. He has yet to receive an offer
)m any one desiring to volunteer for
is service in the ranks.?State.
STEAMSHIP BURNED AT SEA.
Was Plying Between Brunswick,
Charleston and Boston.
The Georere "W. Clvde steamship.
Capt. Robinson, of New York Clyde
Line, arrived ict Wilmington, N. C.,
June 27, at 11 o'clock with Capt. A.
D. Ingram and crew of the steamship
Pawnee on board, the Clyde having
picked them up from the small boats
very soon after they abandoned the
j Pawnee, leaviDg her wrapped in flames.
| An Associated Press representative
' called upon Capt. Ingram soon after his
f arrival and vras told that the Pawnee
was abandoned oS Currituck on the
' coast of North Carolina a little past
? midnight on Sundiy night.
L mi.. c J: j _i i
j. ue are was uiscoverea aoout midnight
and had gained such headway
that every effort to check the flames
* was futile. They leaped in great
volume from the forward hold of the
P vessel and dense smoke completely enr
veloped the decks. When the alarm
was made OaDt. Tnrram was aslpAtv
and no sooner had he rushed out and
S taken in the situation than he saw that
" it he saved his crew he must get them
; off at once. However, the pumps were
set to work and the two streams of
; water upon the flames for several minutes
before he gave the order for the
; boats to be lowered and the ship abanWV>i1a
/I AWATT" TTTAVA TW/v *1/*
uuutu. TT vug VXCVV VfCiC lUiiUillLl^
the small boat. Capt. Ingram rushed
into his cabin for some valuables which
he hoped to save. When he reached
the ship's side the boat had drifted out
of reach, and about that time the smoke
shifted so as to envelop that side of the
vessel, and the captain ordered the crew
to row the boat to the windward side.
This they did, but in the meantime the
wind shifted again, the heat and smoke
forcing them to pull away without their
captain. There were three vain eftorts
of this kind made, the boat being rowed
to first one side of the vessel and then
the other, in attempts to reach the captain.
Finally Capt.Ingram leaped into
the water and swam -200 feet or more
toward the boat. One of the crew held
an oar out to him and pulled him in
1 completely exhausted and almost unconscious.
In the meantime the George
W. Clyde had sighted the Pawnee in
flames and bore down upon her in time
to pick up ihe captain and crew within
a few minutes after they abandoned the
burning ship. Capt. Ingram says the
Pawnee had a full cargo on board, prineiDallv
lumber, of which there was. be
tween 500,000 and 600,000 feet. There
was also a quantity of cotton on board.
The Pawnee, in command of Capt.
Ingram, - left Brunswick, Ga., on Friday
and Charleston on Saturday for
Boston, laden with lumber and general
cargo. The Pawnee was a freight
steamer plying between Boston, Charleston
and Brunswick, and had a crew
of about 34 men and had no passengers.
THE PARDONING POWEB.
Gov. KcSweeney Exercises it in Sev
eral Cases Others Refused.
Got. McSw^eney Wednesday acted
upon a number of applications for pardon.
A pardon was granted John Dill convicted
in March, 1895, in Spartanburg,
of 'maoslaughter and sentenced by
-Judge vvichersspoon to seven years imprisoument
:n the penitentiary. The
pardon was recommended by the judge,
solicitor and jury.
He also pardoned Robert "Witherspoon,
now in jail at Lancaster. His
sentence would expire ia October. The
county phjsician certified that the man
is dying in jail and the solicitor asked
The governor refused to interfere in
tne case ot l. Hi. ihackston of Greenviile,
who is serving sentence for killing
a negro woman with whom he was
intimate. This was the second time
Thackston had killel a person in a
bawdy house, his first victim being a
man. The governor could find no mitigating
Geueral Evans JDavis, who was convicted
in October, 1896, in Clarendon
of manslaughter with a recommendation
to mercy and was sentenced by
Judge Benet to serve four years at hard
labor in the State prison, got a pardon.
Davis was a mere boy at the time and
the killing occurred at a general row at
a negro hot supper. The deceased
struck him and he used his knife in defense.
The judge and solicitor both
said they thought the ends of justice
had been met.
A pardon was given Dave Murdock
of Marlboro who was convicted of assault
and battery in November, 1897,
and sentenced to two years on the
chaingang. His term is not out and
he recently assisted in preventing the
escape of prisoners. He is in bad
health. He assaulted his father-in-law
in a family row. Solicitor Johnson
and the Marlboro Delegation endorsed
The commutation to six months in
the case of Irving Williams, Richland
county, heretofore mentioned, was
The governor refused to pardon Robert
Crockett, convicted of larceny of
live stock, although the prosecutor
asked it. The main reason a pardon
was desired was the use of Crockett as
a witness in another case. The solicitor
said he would need the testimony.?
It Cured Him.
A Cincinnati man recently advertised
his desire to sell a valuable secret for
50 cents. He stated that he would tell
ho\v he was cured of drinking, smoking,
swearing, staying out at night, going to
the races, gambling, and how he gained
20 pounds in weight in two years. Severol
persons sent him 50 cents each.
and here is the secret they received:
' 'Just cared of all the bad habits named
by an enforced residence for two years
in the Ohio State prison."
Bryan the Man.
Col. Henry Watterson does not feel
like chasing rainbows these drys. He
says in his journal that Mr. Bryan will
be the Democratic nominee next year
on a free silver platform and that "the
Eastern Democrats who undertake to
control the wild horses of the West and
Seut-h. will fare no better in 1900 than
they did in 1S96."'
Supervisors Invited to Attend: a
CIRCULAR TO THE OFFICERS.
The President of Our Association
Advises All of Them to
Keep Up With'the
The following circular letter was i?sued
To the Road Supervisors of the Counties
of South Carolina:
The undersigned deems it his duty
as president of the South Carolina
Good Roads association to call the attention
of the South Carolina road
supervisors to the annexed invitation
from Mr. J. A. Holmes, State geologist
of North Carolina, as given June
21st last in The State.
It is respectfully sagisted that as
many supervisors attend as possible.
The Road Builders' institute is a moat
useful and a most timely conception.
Tne work proposed looks to the material
uDbuildine of South Carolina. Let
us hope that our State will keep up with
North Carolina in her onward march im
the line of good roads, with all that
they imply for the prosperity of our
people, especially our farming population.
The following is the statement from
the State geologist of North Carolina:
"Two of the greatest factors in the
good roads problem in this country are
money to cover the expenses and trained
roadbuilders who know how to spend
this money judiciously. Boad builders
will not multiply unless there is money
with which to pay them, but the existence
in every county or township of
supervisors who know how to expend
every dollar 01 road money to tne Dest
advantage, for permanent results, will
very greatly increase the willingness of
the people to vote taxes ior load building.
"With a view to aiding in bringing
about this result, by awakening an interest
in this subject, a road builders'
institute is to be held in Charlotte, the
centre of that excellent system of macadam
roads in Mecklenburg county,
for ten days or two weeks, beginning
July 11th. next. It will be conducted
by J. A. Holmes, State geologist for
North Carolina. Gen. Boy Stone, di
rector of the government office of road
engineering, will be with the institute
for several days and will give it the
benefit of his wide experience. Mr. D.
P. Hutcheson, manager of the Charlotte _ township
road work, and Mr. 0. A.
Spratt, engineer for the city and county
road work, will take part in the diacussions
of good roads problems and explain
their system of road building.
"Ihe county, township and city road
authorities will cooperate with the institute
in every way possible in making
the instruction given of a practicil nature.
Persons attending will be given
r r_ i i. i ... t_ -li j
iDsiruuciuu la uow to locate, dullu sua
repair both earth roads aad macadam
roads; the'handling of road machinery
and the management of convicts. Road
supervisors from every part of the two
Carolinas and all other persons who desire
to learn something about the metis.--?ods
of modern road building, and who
may wish to see the methods followed
in buildiog the splendid macadam roads
of Mecklenburg county, are cordially
invited to attend this institute."
The only expenses necessary are the
cost of traveling and board while in
Charlotte. Persons desiring further
information should write to either Mr. "
D. P. Hatcheson of Charlotte or Prof.
J. A. Holmes, Capel Hill, N. C.
Jno. P. Thomas,
Pres. S. C. Good Roada Association.
A Revolting Crime. A
A dispatch to The State from Bates*
burg under date of June 26 says: James
Attaway, white, was arrested here this
afternoon by Sheriff Canghman of Lex
ington on the charge of rape. The
sheriff is looking-for Ed. McCloud on
the same charge. The affidavit in the
warrant is - made by L. H. Leitch and
David Meetze, charging the assault
on the persons of their wives^ Mary
Ann Leitch and Laura Ellen Meetze. ? ?
It seems that the women have not
borne the best of reputations and that
the defendants have been in the habit
of visiting them as lovers. Recently
the women were married to the' above
named men and it is presumed that
the husbands objected to the continu
ance or tneir past lives.
On May 16 the parties visited the
house where the parties were living,
but the husbands objected to their
presence. Attaway and McLeod are
said to be pretty bad men, and it is ?
said that at the point of the pistol they
made the husbands leave the house.
In some way Attaway's pistol was
discarged and the ball took effect in the
groin of one of the women. Dr. Crosson
of Leesvillfi nrnhed for hall Twit.
was unable to find it, as it had lodged
in the pelvic cavity. The woman ia
not yet out of danger. She claims that
Attaway deliberately shot ner, but he
claims that the shooting was accidental.
The prisoner had a pistol and a pair
of knucks on his person when arrested
today, so he will have to answer to the
charge of carrying concealed weapons.
The scene of the alleged crime is in the
northern part of Lexington county near
the Saluda river.
Must Like Hi<; JobGeneral
Leonard Wood has refused an
offer of $30,000 a year to hold his post a?
military governor of Santiago at one^
fifth that salary. Wood is one of those
men who realize that there are some
things in this world better than money.
sucn men are the salt of the earth.
Henry Timrod is another deadgenirs
who after being neglected and scoffed
at during his life is now having flowers
strewn upon his grave and all sorts of
people to arise and call h?m blessed.
What a fraud fame is! We seldom
kiiow who aremost worthy of our praise
until they are gone beyond its reach.
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