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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, July 05, 1899, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-07-05/ed-1/seq-2/

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VOL LIII WINNSBOKO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. JULY 5, 1899. NO. 47 If
- zJfM
P ONLY THREE SAVED, j
A Lake Steamer Went to the Bottom
Like a Rock.
THE CARGO SHIFTED.
The Captain's Wife and Child
and a Woman Passenger Were
Among the Twelve Who
Perished.
The steamer Margaret Olwill, owned
by M. P. Smith, of Cleveland, went
down in the storm of Lorain, Lake
Erie, Wednesday night. Twelve peo1
^Hrt*\f T^T^-n
pie were lost, luuiuu-mg o
Brown, his wife and sod, and Miss
Baldwin, a passeDger. The OlwiM, of
554 tons, was bound from Keiiy> Island
to Cleveland with limestone, her
cargo shifting in the heavy sea, send
ing her down by the stern.
Seaman Coyle was the only man
saved. He was picked up by the
steamer State of Ohio Thursday. Those
lost were:
Capt. John Brown, wife and child,
of Cleveland.
First Engineer Alex. McKoe, of
Cleveland.
Second Engineer Rudolph Shinski,
St. Clair, Mich.
First Mate John Smith, Cleveland.
Wheelsman George Heffron, Cleve*
i
lana.
Watchman Prank Hipp, Kelly's Island.
Three deck hands, names unknown
to Duncan Coyle, the sole survivor
The Olwill left Kelly's island at 6
o'clock Wednesday night bound "or
Cleveland with a careo of stone. There
was little or no wind blowing and
everything was favorable for a pleasant
run. At 8 o'clock the wind began
X/0 OiOW irom LiiC uunungou uuu tuv
little boat with a thousand tons ca"
pacity began to go at a lively clip. At
10 o'clock tbe gale commenced and the
wind blew at the rate of 50 miles an
hour. Suddenly the gale turned to the
northeast, Capt. Brown found that the
boat was making little headway and
concluded the only thing to do was to
turn back ano zc with the storm.
According to the story of Coyle it
was 2 o'clock when the captain gave
the order to turn about. The vessel
. had turned half way round when the
rudder chain parted and in an instant
the boat was at the mercy of the storm.
She was caught between two waves and
as she was borne along the top of one of
them she rolled over on the side. The
cabins were torn loose and floated on
the water, while the rest of the ship
went to the bottom. Coyle caught hold
of part of the after cabin and climbed
^ upon it. Heffron was clinging to part
of the same cabin.
Capt. Willoughby of the steamer
k)Uti^ VI V1UV Diguvvu VUW 0 about
5:15 in tbe morning directly in
the course from Cleveland to Toledo.
The big steamer put into service her
f .life-saving c.ew and, after sailing
around the wreckage for an hour and
a half Coylo was rescued. Heffrou was
thrown a line, bnt he was too weak to
take hold of it and went down in the
presence of a large crowd on board the
steamer.
* Several attempts were made to get
the yawl boat in the water, but the sea
was still running high and tbe work
HTOO arfTOTnol t7 Heffron's
Tiao ^
death was a pathetic one. As he
grabbed the rope, encouraged by the
crowd, he made a superhuman effort to
put the rope around hi3 body, but he
was too weak and fell exhausted into
the waves.
THREE OF THE CREW SAVED.
Smith, McRae and Schinski were
rescued by members of the crew of tbe
steamer Sacramento and taken into
Lorain by the tug Cascade. The res'
? r?j
cued memoers 01 tne crew was xuuuu
floating on the surface of Lake Erie
clinging to bits of wreckage. Their
rescue was attended by exhibitions of
extreme heroism, for heavy sea was
still running when they were picked up.
Filipinos Fortifying.
Advices from Hakodate state that
? n "? - TT _ 1 1
(Japt. Sakicin, o: tne steamer xiok.o*.u,
Maru just returned from the Philippines
reports that in the southern islands the
young Filipinos are constructing fortifications
against emergencies. Every
port is garrisoned by a thousand or so
of volunteers, whose weapons, however,
are very crude, only about 20 per cent,
being armed with rifles. They are,
however, full of patriotism and state
that they will not yield to the Americans
though the whole of the islands
are destroyed. The Hokoku Maru was
^ warmly welcomed by tne F ilipinos, wno
consider the Japanese to be of a kin
dred race and hoped for assistance from
them. The Filipinos were prepared to
pay for arms and ammunition and said
the Japanese vessels visiting the islands
could take return cargos of hemp.
Capt Sakichi says he only sold the insurgents
two revolvers and the cooks
knives.
IThe South's Biggest Mill.
The Union, S. C., cotton mills are
having plans drawn for a new mill to be
known as No. 3. It will be erected
about two miles away from their pres -
1 A I
ent location on a creejs. so as 10 secure
abundant water supply. The new factory
will contain 50.000 spindles and
1,200 looms. The company already
operates S7,000 spindles and 2,2S0
looms, and this expansion means a to^-4al
of 137,000 spindles and 4,0S0 looms,
oriirother words the largest cotton
mill plant in the South. The Unicn
Mills com^aony already have the largest
cotton mill llr-the South under one roof
in their No. 2 which contains 72,000
spindles and l,b20 looms.
\ Got off Ligirr"
One of the queerest freaks of journalism
we have seen is the plea of the
||j Galveston News that tbe villain wno
Wt abducted little Marion Clark, of New
BR York, has received too severe a penalty.
[ He should get down on his knees and
^8 thank the judge who sentenced he. He
got fifteen years in the penitentiary.
py Hanging would not have been too bad.
The gold bug press still insist that
11 the silver issue is dead and buried. >~o
! doubt in this case the wish is father to
SB he thought.
HE GOT DAMAGES
For Being Blacklisted by a Chicago ^
Railroad.
FredR. Ketcham, a freight conductor
formerly in the service of the Chica
^ T?Ai1ntrtT? AAnrtTVinr
gu auu iwnna; 1/Uiupauj; I
lias recovered damages to the amount of
$21,666 from that company for black- j
listing him.
Mr. William J. Strong, the counsel
for Mr. Ketcham, has published an ar
tide in which he states that th? railroads
centering at Chicago agreed with
each other to employ no one engaged in
the great strike of 1894, in which 30,000
men took part. The companies
agreed to keep each other informed as *
to the men who took part in the strike, k
and to require of every applicant for t
work a "clearance" from the railroad
by whieh he had been employed. It t
was known that this "clearance" was ,
actually demanded, and that when not
given, though the man was of good 1
character and had certificates of quali- i
fication by his former employer, he got <
no work. ,
In one case where a clearance was ]
given it stated that the man i:had per- t
mission to secure employment else- ]
where." Mr. Strong says of this condi- (
tion: I
'This is slavery pure and simple, yet |
it is without exaggeration the condi- .
tion if most railroad employes in the ]
country today. The blacklisting sys- ^
tern is also being adopted in nearly all ,
other branches of corpoiate employ- ]
rnent, such as the large packing houses, ]
street railroads, clothing manufactories.
and coal mines. It is one of the 1
growing evils of the present era of ^
combinations and trusts, menacing the \
liberty of a large class of our citizens. ?
"If a man who quits the employ of j
another cannot get work in his chosen ,
occupation without first obtaining the consent
of the man whose employ he ,
lias left, he becomes a slave. He will <
not dare resist any oppression his employer
may impose on him. "How
long will it be, if blacklisting ]
is allowed to continue and spread, be- j
fore the laboring masses of the country, j
having become the helpless tools of these
mighty \nasters, will do their bid- j
ding in the exercise of the elective ]
franchise? We shall then have a gov- ]
erament of corporations, by corpora- (
tions and for corporations. {
"The wage earner who feels his little 1
children tugging at his coattails for
bread will fear, in voting, to assert his ]
manhood and resent oppression. Can }
a republic made up of such citizens j
long endure? Are such mere tools fit (
to be electors in a government by the '
people? These are serious questions j
which must be wisely answered by ,
American voters at the ballot box, or ,
the answers will be blood and revolu- ,
tion." j
BATTLE OF THE BALES, ' <
<
]
In What Shape Shall Our Cotton be <
Baled? J
i
The indications are that the efforts t
which are being made to get owners of t
cotton gins, who have not already done 1
so, to alter their press boxes so as to
make a square bale that will measure 54 1
inches by 24, will be successful. With i
a uniform square bale, known as the i
standard bale, it is probable that there ]
will be a prolonged contest between the i
standard bale and the round bale. One (
great objection to the square bale now
is its lack of uniformity which makes <
it more costly to handle as freight on t
cars and on ships. This objection
will disappear, however, just as scon as 1
the press boxes of all cotton gins are i
made to conform to the 54 by 24 inch j
standard. s
Mr. C. Menelas discusses the subject t
of the standard square bale and the i
round bale in an interesting article in t
the June number of the Southern Cul- t
tivator. As he sees the situation, the i
square bale is bound to hold the field. (
He gives several reasons for this view, t
One is that the square bale is more sat- (
isfactory to the trade, since it gives the i
buyer a better opportunity to see what s
he is buying, and another is that the
square bale stands better the rough j
handling which a cotton bale gets. \
It is well known, also, that a very t
large percentage of cotton is exposed to i
the weather for weeks and often <
months after it is baled. It is claimed ?
that cotton in square bales will stand
tiiis pvnnsnrp het.fer than cotton in
round bales.
The chief objection which Mr. Mene- ]
las offers to the round bale, however, is ]
that the round bale presses are said to j
be held by a trust?that they cannot be <
bought by cotton growers; or by others ]
so that there can be competition in ]
making the round bale. T .e cotton \
growers have to pay so much per bale to (
have their cotton pressed into the round ]
bale. With all of the presses for mak- <
ing the square bale out of use, the ,
round bale trust would be in a p)siti:>n \
to charge what it pleases for makiDg the <
rouad bale?in other words the cotton [
growers would be in the grasp of a (
mighty trust. Itfr. Menelas thinks as <
long as the owners of the round bale .
presses refuse to sell their presses, it :
will be difficult for the round bale to <
make much headway.?Columbia Re- (
cord. j
Heavy on "The Sun-" \
Justice Brown in the United States 1
district court, Wednesday handed down i
a decision awarding $65,000 damages, .
with interest from Xov. 1, 1898, to
Wm. L. Moore, in the libel filed by
him against the Sun Printing and Publishing
company for the loss of the j
yatch Kanapaha, stranded in Septem- 1
ber of last year while off the north s
coast of Cuoa. The yacht was then in i
ihe employ of the New York Sun as a <
spi'j i > > r.. ]
An Honest Woman. \
Mrs. Emmons Blaine, of Chicago, i
daughter-in-iaw of the late James G. ]
Biaine and daughter of the late Cyrus :
McCormick, the great reaper man, has ]
achieved distinction. She stepped up ]
like a little woman and returned to the <
tax assessors for Cook county $1,560,- 1
000 personal property, the largest re- 1
-L? ?? *liAf AAwnfr Tn 1
tliril CVCr LUcLUC 1U mat vuuuij AU UV J
ing so she incidentally remarked that 1
she thought it was the duty of the rich <
as well as the poor to make honest returns
of their taxable property.
A HORRIBLE STORY.
Vlan Falls Under a Train, Body
Cut in Two.
HE LIVESANDTALKS
ror Nearly two Hours Alive Talk
With Those About Him.
Drinks Water
Freely.
"William Parsons, a young white man
)f Lenoir, was run over by Xo. 36, the
south-bound mail on the Southern,
Sunday night at Bethel, a small station
several miles from China Groove.
The accident occurred at 9.03, and
;he man lived an hour and 40 minutes.
The accident was one of the most
iorrible that has ever occurred on the
road. The wheels of four cars passed
)ver the man's body at or below the
*aist line, completely severing the
.imbs and lower part of the trunk from
:he rest of the body. That the man
.ived for only an hour with his body
jcmpletely cut in two is a fact which
che medical world will discuss with in:erest.
The man's legs were picked up
i 4-n Vvi nrflro cr/* nor* fVlAri
1LIU pia^CU Xi-l tiiv v/fc*i > V?*w??
tiis body was put in. The legs were
placed near the trunk. Seeing them,
;he injured man inquired what his
,egs were doing so far away from his
Dody.
When the train reached Bethel Sam Er;rin
and Ben James, colored men employed
in the baggage room, moved the
nangled trunk from the car to the
stretcher and then carried the legs out,
placing same on the stretcher. The
sight was one that made old railroaders
iccustomed to witnessing accidents of
rarious degrees of horribleness, turn
iway with a sickening shudder.
A physician was summoned as soon
is possible, but nothing could be done
:or the man. His sufferings were so intense
that he asked, on his way
:o be killed. His system would not
ibsorb morphine, so he had to endure
:he agony until death came to his reief.
It was horrible to see a human
Deing lying there talking with his body
;ut in two. The man told his name
md that of his cousin, Charles Morrow,
,vJtio was witJi iiim.
Parsons' parents were dead and he
ived at Morrow's father, his uncle's.
Morrow persuaded him to go with him
:o Columbia, S. C., where there is a re;ruiting
office, and enlist in the army,
rhey were beatings their way when
Parsons met his death. No. 35 had
?one in the side track at Bethel for the
vestibule to pass. The men had been
?ut off the train once. Parsons in at-atv.rv*?n<*
<T> KaOT/^ it. tlld KAOntlf} fimp.
is the train moved off, slipped and fell
lirectly across the rail. The wheels of
?our cars passed over him. Capt. Tuck;r
was conductor and Engineer Alf
soloman was in the cab. The train was
stopped as quickly as possible. The
Ban was found in the horrible condition
described above. He talked rationally
up to within a few minutes of
us death.
The stretcher on which he lay was
eft at the entrance to the baggage
oom. "I have not long to live; let
ne stay in the air," said the dying man.
He asked to be fanned and wanted ice
vater every minute or two. He wa>
conscious up to the last.
The body was taken to J. M. Harry
fc Go's. Tuesday morning, and was in;erred
Tuesday afternoon.
The case is one in which science will
)e interested, as it is one of the few, if
lot the only case known to the medical
profession in which a man has lived for
olong after the severing of the aorta,
he main artery of the body. The fact
s accounted foi in this way. Each arTko
innor
;t:iy 11 <t 3 LUltC wauiljo. AU? luuv
;oating becamc contracted, forming an
mpediment so the blood could not get
)ut. The man bled little, comparatively
speaking. He was about 22 years
)f age. In his pocket was a letter of'
ecommendation, a photograph of himjelf
and a letter from his sweetheart.
Dr. Albert Sherrill, who is reading
nedicine in McManaway & Winches
;er's office, knew JParson well Having
caught him when in charge of a school
it Lenoir. He says he was an honest,
steady young fellow.?Charlotte Ob;erver.
Political Soldiers.
General Otis has found time from
ais military occupation in the Philippines
to compose a Republican cam
- J ? V?1 & if. f n
U uuguiucui. auu vuuiv ?? vv
jountry at the government's expense,
[n this contribution to the bunch of
.iterature which the Republican politicians
are accumulating for next year's
;ontest General Otis says: "The only
lupe of insurgent leaders in United
States aid. They proclaim the near
vrerthrow by the present administration
to be followed by their independence
and recognition by the United
States. This is the influence which
enables them to hold out." This part
)f the latest Otis cablegram reads like
m extract from an editorial in an ad
ninistration organ, and we iiaye no
loubt that next year when the presiiential
contest is on (for there is no
prospect that the Philippine war will be
)ver before then) it will be profusely
jirculated by the Republican campaign
nanncrpr* and shouted all oyer the coun
:ry by Republican campaign orators.?
Atlanta Journal.
A Mayor Assassinated.
Mayor James Bolbirnie, of Muskegon,
Mich., was assassinated Thursday
Dy J. W. Tayer, a disappointed office
seeker. Tayer shot Mayor Balbirnie
while the latter was standing in the
loorway of his store. The ball entered
ais left breast above the nipple. After
RolkiTT.io (-nrnprl and ran
SJJ.UV/CXJU5 i/um/uuiv
ipstairs to his living rooms and dropped
in the hall. He expired 15 minutes
later. Tayer swallowed some carbolic
icid then turned the revolver upon
himself and fired. The ball entered
bis left breast. He died at 1 o'clock.
John W. Tayer was ex-citv poor director.
At the time of the shooting Western
avenue, the main thoroughfare on
R-hich the mayor's store is situated was
Slled with people. The affair arose
Dver the mayor's refusal to reappoint
Tayer director of the city poor. Tayer
had held the position for some years.
OPTIMISM KTTJf MAD.
Some Facts Bearing on the Philippine
Campaign.
There continue to come to hand evidences
that the administration is suppressing
all unfavorable information
about the status in the Philippines.
Here is a sample from a Washington
dispatch:
TVia rannrf nf Rricr fJdn T M All
derson, which, army men declare, severely
criticises Maj. Gen. Otis's conduct
of the campaign in the Philippines,
will not be made public by the war department.
It is in the possession of
Adjt. Gen. Corbin, who declares that
it is of no public interest.
Gen. Anderson, who is now in command
of the Department of the Lakes,
headquarters at Chicago, commanded
the First division of the Eighth army
corps under Gen. Otis before being recalled.
A dispatchjo the Philadelphia
Times from Hong Kong is likewise enlightening.
The dispatch says:
The censorship at Manila is so strict
that a meeting of correspondents was
called for today to protest against the
action of the United States military authorities.
Nothing is allowed to be
sent out on matters which affect the
administration at Washington, and unless
dispatches are rosy and optimistic
they are not allowed to go. I have
* j t J
jusc:e u nea jrojQiuau.ua, auua wucspoDdeut
submitted his matter only to
have it held up by the authorities.
There is great anxiety on the part of
the volunteer soldiers to return home,
although any mention of the fact is
suppressed by the censor. The censor
also prevents the report of the terrible
suffering from the heat being sent.
Our men drop like sheep from the overpowering
influence of the sun. Nothing
concerning the movements of the
?mi7 fr> tw nnt. although the
local papers freely u?e this news. Cabling
is extremely discouraging under
these circumstances, but it is not at all
likely that any help will come from the
protest to be filed. The officers are
unhopeful of an early settlement of the
war, and in their eagerness to keep the
public from obtaining an inkling of the
state of affairs, they make free use of
the office of press censor.
A South Dakota volunteer, Serjeant
Hugh D. McCosham, has written a letter
to a friend in Marinette, Wis., his
/\l/3 Ii/m-vna lVT/%f^rvaom c^rTro/1 in Plnha.
VlU " w ? I T-:. i.'XV Wk7UU>LU UVA T VVK AM w ???
and reenlisted last fall for duty in the
Philippines. He is therefore no greenhorn
nor cry-baby. Under date of May
12 he writes in part:
Two days after San Fernando was
taken our regiment had but 190 men on
the line, the remainder being dead, sick
or wounded. Gen. MacArthur complained
of the number of men sick,
other regiments being in the same
shape as ours, and Maj Potter, with
one surgeon, was sent into Manila to
rush men to the front. Acting under'
- ? ?J . 1 AQ vnAn 4-A f A
mbtrUUtlUUS. UC scut avu muu, iv vjul^
front. Of these, thirty were nnable to
reach the depot, a mile away, many of
them fainting on the way, some twenty
eiisht or thirty ultimately arriving at
San Fernando in worse condition than
when sent to Manila, the others being
ordered back by surgeons along the
line of railroad, who saw at a glance
ihat they were in a precarious condition.
Further along in the letter, the South
Dakota soldier says:
You Americans shudder at the tyranny
of Soain and the cruelty visited
upon the natives of Luzon and Cuba,
but I want to tell you that bright,
brave, young Americans, who volunteered
to defend their country in the
hour of peril, are giving up their lives
by service in sacrifice to the vanity of
the star bespangled generals and a fog
headed, dollar hearted bureau of offioials
at home. The fierce tropical heat,
fawflii nnrcn/1 and t.hf?
tug V/U1QVU V ?.? ? -? ?
bullets of the insurgents are working
such havoc among the men that the
surgeons and nurses are absolutely unable
to give the sick and wounded the
care the y should receive. You may
publish thisjetter, and my name may
be signed. 1 would face a courtmatiai
willingly, and prove more than I write,
for I know that it is only by arousing
the sense of the States that we can be
relieved, and to stay much longer will
be the death of most of us.
The three witnesses examined, an
aimy officer of high rank, a newspaper
correspondent, and one of the enlisted
men who has seen service, prove that
Gen. Otis has carried his optimism to
an extreme, if nothing else.?The
State.
Shields Commits.Suicide.
Leroy H. Shields, 46 years old, prominent
in Virginia politics, and who
was collector of customs at Norfolk under
the Cleveland administration, suicided
in his room at the Hygeia hotel,
Old Point, Tuesday night by sending a
bullet into his brain. Melancholia,
induced by recent financial reverses, is
the cause assigned for the deed. He
- - ? i i i
had been at the Hotel a weet ana was
expecting a reappointment in the naval
service. During the Spanish war Mr.
Shit d held the post of paymaster on
the cruiser Buffalo, and since his discharge
had been seeking a similar assignment.
He is said to have lost heavily
in speculation recently, and is known tc
* ? 11 _
have been brooding over ms trouoies.
A wife and three children survive him.
Mrs. Shields is in Washington and the
children in Norfolk.
A Fruit Trust.
It has been said that Armour & Co.,
and one or two other big concerns are in
combination to control all the fruit and
early vegetable trade of the country.
The houses concerned, however, deny
the truthfulness of the rumor. The
rumor was disturbing to "the colored
man and brother" a3 it included the
watermelon, and there was promise of
an early emigration, but the denial has
brought joy to many an anxious heart, i
Two Similar Cases.
Everybody has doubtless heard of the
rattlesnake that took two days in trying
to charm a stuffed owl, but that
isn't a circumstance to a recent British
coroner's jury that sat on a mummy.
It was left at a railway station, and the
coroDer was duly notified. It being a
human body, the due processes of law
had to be executed. After an hour's
consultation ths usual verdict was given
?came to his death by means unknown
to the jury at a time and place not discoverable.
I
MEET IN BATTLE.Armed
Negro Miners Under Ed
Ellis Lose Four,
i
"KNIGHTS OF AFRICA."
Result of Attempting to Prevent
Lynching by Force of Arms,
as Recommended by
Northern Blacks.
Three negroes are dead and one is not
expected to live as a result of a riot between
the white and negro miners ac
the ore mines near Cardiff in Jefferson
county, Ala.
The dead are: Ed. Eilis, Jim Dill,
Adam Samuels, The wounded: Rudolph
Williams, George Thomas, mortally
wounded.
The races came to a clash in the late
afternoon in Glasgow Hollow, where
the negroes congregated, armed with
Winchester rifles. A white man passing
along the road was held up and
abused and was roughly handled. This
news soon spread, and an armed body
of white miners moved toward the hollow.
It is supposed that they went
around by a circuitous route in the
i mnnnf.aino and Mmp nnnr> t/hp np<rrr>0S
W ?? W -W0"
unexpectedly. Ed. Ellis, the ringleader,
armed with a rifle and Colts revolver,
fell at the first volley. A riflle
bullet did the work. There was another
volley and four of the other negroes
fell. Jim Dill and Adam Samuels died
in a few minutes later, being removed
to a negro house. Geo. Thomas was
shot through the abdomen with a "Winchester
bullet. He is not expected to
rooftTjor Williams will Kva.
The trouble started Tuesday when it
was thought that John Shepherd, who,
on last Wednesday afternoon assaulted
Mrs. Monroe Joaes near Corona, was
in that community. The negroes armed
themselves to prevent his capture.
Both sides were aroused and ODly the
timely arrival of a sheriff's posse prevented
an outbreak. Thi.s morning the
negro miners held a mass meeting and
refused to go to work. They all belong
to a secret organization known as the
''Knights of Africa," or the "Mysterious
Ten." They keep rifles and ammunition
on hand at all times. It was in
the afternoon that they gathered in
Glasgow Hollow, although with what
intention is not known.
Influential citizens say that the ringleaders
are now out of the way, and
they hope to manage the negroes. Ed.
Ellis, the head of the band, and hoiding
the chief office in the secret organization,
made a speech to the negroes just
before his death telling them not to be
lieve what the *rhite officers had told
them, and swearing that he, for one,
would get even with Sheriff O'Brien,
who, the day before at the point of a
shot gun, ordered hia to disperse his
gang.
Shortly after the riot Sheriff O'Brien
left Birmingham with a hundred armed
men. He now has the situation in hand
for the time being, although late reports
say the situation is extremely
critical and that the negroes are talking
of avenging the death of their leaders.
I
WILL FIGHT TEE TRUST.
The Farmers of Texas Organize Against
the Round Bale.
The Farmers' Anti Trust Union was
organized in Navarro county, Texas, in
May. The aim and object of this union
is the mutual protection of the farmers
and cotton raisers against the blighting
influence and power of the round bale
cotton trust in particular and other
trusts, monopolies, syndicates and combines
of whatever name, character or
formation, the workings of which are
detrimental to the interest of the producers
of the products of the soil,
which constitutes all wealth, and tends
to destroy honest competition and trade
is commerce. Section 4 of the agree/3o/*>lofao
fliof "oil r^i-anna wlin or/?
ugv/i(uuj vuau UIA ?? uV ?** v
opposed to trusts and monopolies in
any and all forms, and who believe in
honest competition in trade, and who
believe in the inalienable rights of man
to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
as guaranteed the citizens of this
great Republic by the Constitution, and
v?ho are willing to subscribe to the
obligation hereinafter set forth, are
eligible to membership in this union."
The following is the obligation:
"We, whose names are hereunto
subscribed do most solemnly obligate
ourselves not to encourage, support
or patronize the round bale cotton
system in any way, shape or form, and
we further agree to patronize our home
gins and ginnerswith the flat bale, provided
that our ginneia will reduce their
presses to conform to the uniform or
standard bale of 24 by 54 inches, and
ya further agree that we will not insist
or require our gin men to use or put in
any more cotton than is necessary to
make an average weight bale of 500
pounds."
The obligation was signed by nearly
every man present. R. J. Wright was
elected president; R, F. Johnson, vice
president; Sam C. French, secretary
and treasurer. A committee consisting
of J. S. Ponder and K. J. Davis, was
appointed to organize the Xegro farmers
of the precinct.
This organization is not a temporary
affair, but will continue in existence as
long as there is a trust to fight or, until
the State officers shall have enforced
r>rtnotif"nt.irtnol lfttrfl nf t.hp St-fllp.
Sentence Commuted.
The governor today commuted the
sentence of R. C. Wyatt, of Spartanburg,
who was sentenced to the penitentiary
for seven years for killing a
man. He has served five years, and the
sentence is commuted to five years and
seven months, so as to allow Wyatt to
be free at the end of the month. A numerously
signed petition, including the
jurors, induced the governor to act. On
conviction the jury recommended the
prisoner to mercy.
Five Fatally Scalded.
Five men were scalded to death by
the collapse of a steam flue Wednesday
night on the steamer St. Paul near St.
Louis.
LOSSES FROM LIGHTNING.
Facts Gathered by the Official Weather
Sharps of this CountryFew
questions are of greater interest,
whether considered from a practical
or theoretical standpoint than the manifestations
of energy in lightning dis
charges, ihe practical side 01 the
problem appeals directly to a great portion
or the population, but more especially
to the people who live in the
country and the smallei towns and villages.
By the practical side is meant
a working knowledge of the character
of the lightning flash, the kind of object
most frequently struck, methods
of protection and the distribution of
destructive flashes both in time and
over space.
It would be of manifest advantage to
know the precise character of theordini
i a n i 1,1 O
ary ngntning nasn? wnetner. ior example,
it approximates a condition of
steady flow or partakes of an oscillatory
character, i. e., a current which rapidly
reverses its direction. A better knowledge
than we now possess of the kind of
object most frequently struck, whether
tree, dwelling house or barn, might be
the means of saving human life. If,
for example, certain trees are more apt
to be struck by lightning than others,
they should be avoided as a place of
i . Li J . mi
sneuer in uxne 01 caunaersiorm. .mere
are other lines of inquiry in which
greater precision of methods and devices
would yield valuable returns.
A little over a year ago the Illinois
department of agriculture, through its
weather Bureau, undertook the collection
of statistics of loss of life and property,
especially in farming communities,
by lightning. The results of the
first year's work and considerable information
of a general character are given
ia bulletin Xo. 26 of the weather bureau
just issued. The bulletin consists
of two parts. The first is largely
devoted to a discussion of the electrification
of the atmosphere and the methods
of investigation that have been pursned
hv different exnerimenters. The
application of the knowledge thus
gained to the construction of apparatus
for protection from lightning is reviewed,
and, finally, methods of protection
are discussed and rules for the
erection of lightning rods a:e given.
The latter are intended not only for
the guidance of persons desiring to
erect rods themselves, but more particularly
for those who may contract with
others to do the work for them. It is
quite essential that every person who
feels the need of a lightning rod should
know himself whether 01 not it has
r\/\An rMtArvAvIrr on/] r\lincx(\
U\u^LL ?/l UUU7VX UVbVU OUU ^/iwvv^
upon his premises.
Part II., by Alfred J. Henry, contains
a summary of loss of life and
property in the United States by lightning
during 1898, and, so far as known,
during previous years. The statistics
are not by any means complete, especially
as regards the loss of live stock
by lightning. The fact of greatest importance
developed thus far in the inquiry
is that about one-third of all
f? L l 1 1 j _ 1
cases oi iatai ligntmng sirose on Jivestock
in the fields occurred in the immediate
vicinity of wire fences; indeed
there is evidence that in some cases
lightniDg struck the fence at some distance
from the place where the stock
was killed. The statistics, incomplete
as they doubtless are, show that the
farmers of the country lost by lightning
alone during 1898 live stock valued at
about $50,0U0.
T*\ _ A _ i-Z xT
jjoring tae same ume mere were
over 1,800 cases of destructive lightning
strokes on buildiugs, causiog a
money loss of about $1,500,000. Three
hundred and sixty-seven lives were lost
and 491 persons were more or less severely
injured by lightning stroke.
The killed were in various conditions
of environment?in dwellings, barns,
under trees and in the open. More people
were killed under trees than in the
open. It is not safe to seek shelter from
a thunderstorm under a tree.
The regions of greatest danger from
lightning stroke appear to be in WyoTT11
fl \T Antony fonrl !
Luiuftj i'AvmoiU'aj uviviuuv uuu v* v<wi
Dakota, although more extended records
are required before a definite ex-resaiou
on this question can be given. The
statistics confirm the general belief that
danger from lightning stroke is least in
closely built cities and greatest in the
countrv.
i
VOLUNTEERS NEEDED.
Will be Enlisted Right Along and
20,000 Rnshed to Manila.
As a result of a conference between
the President and Secretary Alger, it
has been decided to begin the enlistment
of volunteers for two years' service
in the Philippines. Orders to re
cruiting officers to this effect have been
sent out. It is proposed to arm and
equip at once three brigades, or about
10,000 men, and then to continue the
work until the whole 35,000 authorized
by the law are secured. There will be
no call upon the States. The regiments
will be organized at> United States volunteers.
Officers will be appointed by
the President and assigned to regiments
without regard to State lines.
The maximum cf the regular army of
65,000 men has been secured, and now
enlistments will be for the provisional
army to make up the total strength of
100,000 men. Gen. Otis has 29,300
men on the sronndor under orders, and
volunteers will be rushed to him until
he has an efficient force of 50,000 men.
In the enlistments for the United
States volunteers, veterans of the late
war, including those who did not get
beyond the home camps, but were seasoned,
will be given the preference, and
the same will be true of the officers. A
brigadier general for every three regiments
and a major general for each division
of three brigades will be appointed.
They will be part regulars and part
volunteers, and G-en. Joe TTheeler will
be among the number.
V TIT 4. nia..
many vr ttut wiiitca.
Governor McSweeney has received a
large number of letters from young men
in various portions of the State asking
him to use his influence with the president
and war department to get them
commissions in the volunteer service
about to be organized for the Philippine
service. He has yet to receive an offer
from any one desiring to volunteer for
this service in the ranks.?State.
STEAMSHIP BURNED AT SEA.
Was Plying Between Brunswick,
Charleston and Boston.
The George W. Clyde steamship,
Capt. Ptobicson, of >'ew York Clyde
Line, arrived in Wilmington, N. C.,
June 27, at 11 o'clock with Capt. A.
D. Ingram and crew oi tne steamship
Pawnee on board, the Clyde having
picked them up from the small boats
very soon after they abandoned the
Pawnee, leaving her wrapped in flames.
An Associated Press representative
called upon Capt. Ingram soon after his
arrival aod was told that the Pawnee
was abandoned oif Currituck on the
coast of North Carolina a little past
midnight on Sunday night.
The fire was discovered about midnight
and had gained such headway
that every effort to check the flames
was futile. They leaped in great
volume from the forward hold of the
vessel and dense smoke completely enveloped
the decks. When the alarm
mft a A Porvf T r? rr-r?o T-?r? nrnr
vrao vayc. xugiaui nao asiccp5
and no sooner had he rushed out and
taken in the situation than he saw that
it he saved his crew he must get them
off at once. However, the pumps were
set to work and the two streams of
a! . a r i
water upon tne names ior several minutes
before he gave the order for the
boats to be lowered and the ship abandoned.
While the crew were manning
the small boats Capt. Ingram rushed
into his cabin for some valuables which
he hoped to save. When he reached
the ship's side the boat had drifted out
of reach, and about that time the smoke
shifted so as to envelop that side of the
vessel, and the captain ordered the crew
lo row the boat to the windward side.
tu:. 4.1 i?l ? j.-L_
j-uis tuc,y uiuj uui ILL IUC meantime tins
wind shifted again, the heat and smoke
forcing them to pull away without their
captain. There were three vain eftorts
of this kind made, the boat being rowed
to first one side of the vessel and then
the other, in attempts to reach the captain.
Finally Capt.Ingram leaped into
the water and swam *200 feet or more
toward the boat. One of the crew held
an oar out to him and pulled him in
completely exhausted and almost unconscious.
In the meantime the George
W. Clvde had sishted the Pawnee in
flames and bore down upon her in time
to pick up ihe captain and crew within
a few minutes after they abandoned the
burning ship. Capt. Ingram says the
Pawnee had a full cargo on board, principally
lumber, of which there was, between
500,000 and 600,000 feet. There
was also a quantity of cotton on board.
The Pawnee, in command of Capt.
Ingram,- left Brnnswicb, Ga., on Friday
and Charleston on Saturday for
Boston, laden with lumber and general
cargo. The Pawnee was a freight
steamer plying between Boston, Charleston
and Brunswick, at i had a crew
oi about 6i men ana nad no passengers.
THE PARDONING POWER.
Goy. KcSweeney Exercises it in Several
Cases Others Refused.
Got. McSweenev Wednesday acted
upon a number of applications for pardon.
A pardon was granted John Dill convicted
in March, 1895, in Spartanburg,
of 'manslaughter and sentenced by
Judge Withersspoon to seven years imprisonment
:n the penitentiary. The
pardon was recommended by the judge,
solicitor and jury.
He also pardoned Kobort -"Witherspoon,
now in jail at Lancaster. His
sentence would expire ia October. The
countv nhtsiniin <>.prr,ifipd that, r.h<? man
is dying in jail and the solicitor asked
the pardon.
The governor refused to interfere in
the case of T. E. Thackston of Greenville,
who is serving sentence for killing
a negro woman with whom he was
intimate. This was the second time
Thackston had killel a person in a
bawdy house, his first victim being a
man. The governor could fiud no mitigating
circumstances.
Geueral Evans Davis, who was convicted
in October, 1896, in Clarendon
of manslaughter with a recommendation
to mercy and was sentenced by
Judge Benet to serve four years at hard
labor in the State prison, got a pardon.
Davis was a mere boy at the time and
_ i_:n: j ^ i
tue h.miug uucurreu a.i a general row at
a negro hot supper. The deceased
struck him and he used Lis knife in defense.
The judge and solicitor both
said they thought the ends of justice
had been met.
A pardon was given Dave Murdock
of Marlboro who was convicted of assault
and batterv in November. 1897.
and sentenced to two years on the
chaingang. His term is not out and
he recently assisted in preventing the
escape of prisoners. He is in bad
health. He assaulted his father-in-law
in a family row. Solicitor Johnson
and the Marlboro Delegation endorsed
the application.
The commutation to sis months in
the case of Irving Williams, Richland
county, heretofore mentioned, was
granted.
The governor refused to pardon Robdrf.
T77/?f1 or.-mnTT
live stock, although the prosecutor
asked it. The main reason a pardon
was desired was the use of Crockett as
a witness in another case. The solicitor
said he would need the testimony.?
State.
It Cured Him.
A Cincinnati man recently advertised
his desire to sell a valuable secret for
50 cents. He stated that he would tell
how he was cured of drinking, smoking,
swearing, staying out at night, going to
the races, gambling, and how he gained
20 pounds in weight in two years. Severol
persons sent him 50 cents each,
and here is the secret they received:
'"Just cured of all the bad habits named
by an enforced residence for two years
^ T : 5J
m iue viuu oiaie i'n>un.
Bryan the Man.
Col. Henry Waiterson does not feel
like chasing rainbows these days. He
says in his journal that Mr. Bryan will
be the Democratic "nominee next year
on a free silver platform and that "the
Eastern Democrats who undertake to
control the wild horses of the West and
South, will fare no better in 1900 than
they did in 1S96."
GOOD ROADS.
Supervisors Invited to Attend: a
Road Institute.
CIRCULAR TO THE OFFICERS.
" "
The President of Our Association
Advises All of Them to
Keep Up With'tht
Times.
The following circular letter was issued
Wednesday:
To the Road Supervisors of the Counties
of South Carolina:
The undersigned deems it hi3 daty
as president of the South Carolina
G-ood Roads association to call the attention
of the South Carolina road
supervisors to the annexed invitation
from Mr. J. A. Holmes, State geologist
of North Carolina, as given June
21st last in The State.
It is respectfully suggested that as
many supervisors attend as possible.
The Road Builders' institute is a most
useful and a most timely conception.
Tnp irnrlr rvrrmnsod IaaVs fn +Tia m*t?.
tial upbuilding of South Caroliia. Let
us hope that our State will keep up with
North Carolina in her onward march ia
the line of good roads, with all that
they imply for the prosperity of our .
people, especially our farming population.
The following is the statement from
the State geologist of North Carolina:
"Two of the greatest factors in the
good roads problem in this country are
money to cover the expenses and trained
roadbuilders who know how to spend
this money judiciously. Eoad buildera
will not multiply unless ttiere is money
with which to pay them, but the existence
in every county or township of
supervisors who know how to expend
every dollar of road money to the beat
advantage, for permanent results, will
very greatly increase the willingness of
the people to vote taxes f or load building.
"With a view to aiding in bringing
about this result, by awakening an interest
in this subject, a road builders'
institute is to be held in Charlotte, the
centre of that exce;lent system of macadam
roads in Mecklenburg county,
for ten days or two weeks, beginning
July 11th. next. It will be conducted
by J. A. Holmes, State geologist for
North Carolina. Gen. Roy Stone, director
of the government office of road
engineering, will be with the institute
for several days and will give it the
benefit of his wide experience. Mr. D.
f. nutcneson, manager of the Charlotte
township road work, and Mr- C. A.
Spratfc, engineer for the city and county
road work, will take part in the discussions
of good roads problems and explain
their system of road bnilding.
"Ihe county, township and city road
authorities will cooperate with the institute
in every way possible in making
fKa lnafm/ifiAn OTTTrzar* O ? -
vuv iavvivu i vu va. ? j/i?avu*vii "*
tare. Persons attending will be given
instruction in how to locate, build and
repair both earth roads and macadam
roads; the handling ef road machinery
and the management of convicts. Road
supervisors from every part of the two
Carolinas and all other persons who desire
to learn something about the meth?? "
ods of modern road building, and who
may wish to see the methods followed
in building the splendid macadam roads
of Mecklenburg county, are cordially
invited to attend this institute."
The only expenses necessary are the
cost of traveling and board while in
Charlotte. Persons desiring further
information should write to either Mr. *
D. P. Hutcheson of Charlotte or Prof.
J. A. Holmes, Capel Hill, N. C.
Jno. P. Thomas,
Pres. S. C. Good Roads Association.
A Revolting Crime. A
A dispatch to The State from Bateshnrff
under datenf .Tnnp 2fi sarn* Jama*
Attaway, white, was arrested here this
afternoon by Sheriff Canghman of Lexington
on the charge of rape. The
sheriff is looking for Ed. McCloud on
the same charge. The affidavit in the
warrant is-, made by L. H. Leitch and
David Meefze, charging the assault
on the persons of their wives, Mary
Ann Leitch and Laura Ellen Meetze.
It seems that the women have not
borne the best of reputations and that
the defendants have been in the habit
of visiting them as lovers. Recently
the women were married to the above
named men and it is presumed thatthe
husbands objected to the continuance
of their past lives.
On May 16 the parties visited the
house where the parties were living,
but the husbands objected to their
presence. Attaway and McLeod are
said to be nrettv bad men. and it is -"^r.
said that at the point of the pistol they
made the husbands leave the house.
In some way Attaway's pistol was
discarged and the ball took effect in the
groin of one of the women. Dr. Crosson
of Leesville probed for the ball but
was unable to find it, as it had lodged
in the pelvic cavity. The woman is
not yet ont of danger. She claims that
Attaway deliberately shot her. but he
claims that the shooting was accidental.
The prisoner had a pistol and a pair
of knucks on his person when arrested
today, so he will have to answer to the
charge of carry in? concealed weapons.
The scene of the alleged crime is in the
northern part of Lexington county near
the Saluda river.
Must Like His JobGeneral
Leonard Wood has refused an
offer of $30,000 a year to hold his post
\ ?:i:* ? o
uiiuwtiy gweruor 01 oanuago at onefifth
that salary. Wood is one of those
men who realize that there are some
things in this world better than money.
Such men are the salt of the earth.
y '
Too Tme.
Henry Timrod is another deadgenits
who after being neglected and scoffed
at during his life is now having flowers
strewn upon his grave and all sorts of
people to arise and call him blessed.
What a fraud fame is! We seldom
know who aremost worthy of our praise
until they are gone beyond its reach.
:>3

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