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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, July 12, 1899, Image 1

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VOL LIII WINNSBORO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. JULY 12, 1899. NO. 48
t , _ ~ ~^""
pr FLOODS IN TEXAS. |
The Suffering Area as Large as
South Carolina.
OVER A HUNDRED LIVES LOST
r i
Property Loss Estimated Any-!
Ewhere Between Seven and I
Nineteen Million Dollars.
|r Wilderness of Water.
I
A dispatch from Houston, Tex., says
a correspondent has just returned from
a voyage through the flood districts of
that State. The half has not been told
of the haroc wrought. The disaster is
so appalling that description is not pos- i
sible. After this flood will come sickness j
.-.r^/3/-vnV>fnn]'r onrl what a week affO was
! uuuv??vuV, -
the fairest part of Texas, is now almost
L a God-forsaken wilderness. The waters
B of the Brazos have for days covered its
valley a depth of from 6 to 30 feet;
where a week ago there were on every
hand fields of cotton and corn and thousands
of acres of watermelons and canteloupes,
today there is slimy mud all
over the vegetation and the carcasses of
cows, mules. pigs, dogs and cats, mayhap
human, for many are missing.
Our party leftBrjan at sunrise WedInesday
morning, going to the Novelsote
bottoms and to a point about three
miles from Millican. Here we enccun
I tered everywhere an overflow from the
Navassoto river, w ucn spread out fully
two miles on either side of the Houston
; and Texas Central track. Everything
is under water, from two to 17 feet,
f It looked on all sides like a great lake,
and the water was so high that for a
vast area it completely submerged the
telegraph'and telephone poles along the
line. In truth, portions of the Navasoto
bottoms are even now a perfect sea,
extending four or five miles wide at cer- i
tain points. _
I saw hundreds of houses there total!
ly submerged and as many more were
swept from their foundation and destroyed.
The planters of the bottoms
are still moving their help and whatever
is left of their stock, to places
where they can be cared for. They are
all nobly helping each other and taking
refuge wherever they can, some of them
seeking safety on house tops. All the
planters stated that the outside world
has no conception ?f the floods or losses
incurred by the destruction of crop,
stock and buildings. Nearly every
planter has built boats and sent them
through the flooded districts to render
assistance to the people, and, if possi
ble, save some of their drowning stock.
The flood district has a length of
over 500 miles, a breadth of probably
50 miles, and in all this vast space
damage incalulable has been done.
The loss of life will never be fully
known perhaps; the bottoms were thickly
settled, mostly with negro tenant
farmers;, among these has been the
greatest loss of life. To show the damage
done the following estimates have
1 2 - V ->- in TiCni- I
Q6CX1 UlciUtJ Vy Xiicu njuv (uw am v ^ww^
Lives lost from 1U0 uTSutfT - -s
w Loss to farmers, including crops as
well as live stock, from $5,000,000 to
$15,000,000.
Damage to railroads and countiy
bridges, $2,000,000 to $4,000,000.
These estimates are taken in the
whole area. It is known that more
than 60 peopb have met their death;
that many bodies have been recovered;
it is not believed that all of them will
ever be recovered.
BESCTOTG DROWNING YZVULZ.
Two Thousand Negroes on Souse
Tops Floating Away.
James Collison superintendent of
machinery for the Santa Fe railroad,
arrived in Galveston on the last through
train the road has been able to run.
The Brazos river at Rosenberg is running
wild, Mr. Collison says. At Sun
nyside, 12 miles from Brookshire, the
Brazos river is ordinarily 200 yards
wide. About parallel with this and
two and a half miles away. is Elm
creek, which is seldom over 30 feet
wide, and in midsummer often dry.
The two streams are separated by low
bottom lands and are now united, making
a river between five and sis miles
wide and from 60 to 70 feet deep.
Along the currents 19 people were res\
cued Thursday in a skiff sent from
Ny-Houston. The people were demolishing
their sheds and out houses and makJl
ing boxes that they used for boats.
| Cattle were found resting their heads
Lin the boughs of trees. makiDg a pitia"""KTe
struggle""f5r"erist noe. At oDe
point two houses were seen coming
? 4.1
down the stream. m one ui cuem a
man and two women, and on the other
a woDian and five children were clioging
for life and calling ?or help. One
of these was a fine two-story affair and
the other was a smaller dwelling. They
passed on with the foaming current and
may have struck an obstruction and
been smashed to pieces or found their
way into the gulf. Twenty-five row
boats, fully manned and provisioned,
left Galveston Thursday for the section
overflowed, to assist in saving life and
property.
Every year the Brazos and Colorado
' valleys suffer from inundations. Up
to the present flood the greatest destruction
from the annual inundations
was in 1885. This year the high water
mark of 18S5 has been surpassed in
. Washington, Austin, Fort Bend, Waller
and Brazos county ia southern
Texas. The Brazos is falling rapidly
in the central part of the State, the
scene of last week's flood. The flood
reached the southern part of the State
Sunday night and Monday. The planters
had received ample warning, but
many Negroes remained in the Brazos
valley, believing the water would not
reach higher than in 1SS5. From 1,500
to 2,000 colored people were caught
in the valley, in Austin, "Waller and
rort Bend counties and were forced to
take to the trees and house tops.
Gov. Sayers, at the suggestion of
Congressman Hawley, appealed t-d the
war department to send government ;
life saving boatsfrom Galveston. Permission
was granted, and a special
train left Thursday afternoon for the
flooded district carrying several government
and a number of private boats. It
is believed that nearly all the people
lodged in trees and on house topi; have A
been rescued, but the boats sent from ^
Galvestion will patrol the flooded districts
and make a thorough search for
stragglers. The war department has 3
authorized Gov. Sayers to distribute
10,000 rations among the flood 5;uffer
ers.
Deputy Sheriff Swearings at Sealey,
telephoned at noon: 4There is no im- S
provement in this section of the flood
district. If anything, the situation is
growing worse. Xo relief boats have Ai
yet reached here from Houston or Galveston.
Sealey and neighboring towns
have about exhausted their resources.
Another Xegro family was drowned
near Sealey Thursday. Several other
lives have been lost since Wednesday
psneciallv among the refugees on
the mound near old St. Phillipe. A
number of Negroes have fallen ex- sa
hausted from tree tops, after hanging 0<
there three days and nights, and were ti<
drowned. "A rumor is current here ^e.
of great loss of life near Richmond,
Fort Bend county. As we are cut off
frnm all that section, definite informa- *h
tion is unobtainable, but the situation ^
naturally must be as bad as here." ^
th
IX SERIOUS JEOPARDY. ??(
E.
Eight Hundred People Without Food W?
or Shelter. ~
U(
A special dispatch from Dallas, Tex.,
says: At 1:45 p. m. today Deputy mi
Shtriif Swearingen of Austin county, ha
ira~'e the following statement over the ylong
cistanee telephone at Sealy: ''Relief
has not reached the flood victims in ?r
this section. Thirteen dead bodies
have been recovered near the to<vn of ?u
Brookshire. 13 miles from here. Fortyfive
persons above Sealy are reported
-?ir? riQovon an
iiiissiug, auu givcu up iw ut?u.
were drowned today in a boat seven ev
miles below Sealy.
"About 400 persons are isolated on a sl*
small piece of land in the Brazos bot- Pr
toms, thiee miles from Brookshire.
Several hundred more are surrounded ^
at San Phillipe, three miles from Sealy.
Unless relief can soon reach these two s^]
places the S00 lives will probably be ?a,
lost. Many will die as it is, from hun- t0
ger, exposure ana exhaustion.
"The water today is running through ^
the town of Brookshire, something
never known before. The 65 lives re- ca
ported lost were in a radius of 20 miles ?*
north and south of Sealy. We are com- ^
pletely isolated at Sealy, but this town B1
is not in danger. We cannot estimate aQ
the situation beyond the limits mentioned.
The whole face of the noun- Pr
try here is a sea. The channel of the ^
Brazos river here has shifted about co
three miles and the water is 15 miles sa:
wide. '3a
Logs, houses, lumber and railroad
material, merchandise, live stock and W1
other floating objects make it worth the utJ
life of rescuers to go to the relief of the P
endangered people, most of whom are 00
negroes. The railroads are destroyed
for miles. An immense waahqgt oo?" :
curred on the Santa Fe south of A1
Zealy this morning. This cuts off our se:
last strand of railroad communication. ^
The Missouri, Kansas and Texas, the
Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe and the ^
Southern Pacific are all completely 1
"stopped": - The weather is cloudJk?
afternoon and more"rain IsTeared."^WMw
TERRIBLE ST0KI2S. iBl
One Thousand Persons on a Mound
With Snakes. ^
to
A special to The Post-Dispatch from po
Austin, Tex., says: Gov. Sayers Fri- $n
day received a message from Sesley bo;
over the long distance telephone saying fai
that 1,000 persons who had taken refuge ed
on a mound three miles below there are of
slowly perishing for the want of food, fig'
To add to the horror, the unfortunates
are surrounded by poisonous reptiles am
Huddled together with the human be- Ms
ings are several hundred of live stock, era
A number of those on the mound have th<
received bites from the reptiles and are wi!
in a dying condition coi
A -Ftwyi Dnlro TaV #ri
The flood situation is more grave Friday. Ev
The river rose two feet during the night ed.
and is still rising. The life savers from bai
Galveston started out soon after day we
light and are doing splendid work. The Ot
Galveston crews brought in 68 refugees ou
Thursday night from the high embank- '
ment at the SaDta Fe bridge over the ma
Brazos -where the people had taken re- bo;
fuge. Refugees are flocking in from all
ail sides of the river. Four deaths by leg
^rntrniniT are reported near Seaiev in at
the last 24 hours. th?
A dispatch from Richmond says: mc
Never in the history of Richmond were dis
such scenes witnessed as are depicted ms
Friday. Business is practically sus- jui
pended. Many plantations are under rid
water. All trains, save those on the sy:
Southern Pacific west, have been aban- de
doned. Provisions are running low, fai
and unless something is done quickly co:
there will be great suffering in Richmond
within a few days. It is believed he
there will be at the very least from pa
3.000 to 5,000 persons to feed from this de
place within a week. Stories of drown- ic
ing and disasters are coming in constant- Ui
ly, but they cannot be verified, although an
it is probable that many of them are all
correct. The water has- reached the M:
river bridge and is dashing between the cu
iror. guy rods under it, and for the first bu
"? i ?
tin^e the railroad company ties
stopped all traffic over it. Eight m:
bodies floated down the river and st2
lodged on the beach and were buried, is
Four of them were "white, a woman and tic
three children, and four were Negroes, ns
dii
More Soldiers "Wanted. Vlf
es
The order for the enlistment of volunteers
for service in the Philippines gr.
was published Thursday and seven ijf
more colonels to command the regiments q0
were :r jointed. There are yet two
colonds to be designated. Eight majors
also were named. Recruiting stations
will be opened this week in every
State ana territory, and as fast as the ?e
t - - J _:n 1 i. 4. ^
j men are ennsiea. iuey win ue seuo w j0
the regiments to be assigned to com- ha
panies. State lines are obliterated,
and the men first enlistiug will be first Qj
to be mustered in. The assignment to pj
companies will be by the ofieer com- ca
maiding and hewill beat liberty to or- fa
ganize a company composed of men w;
from one State if he finds it convenient
and practicable. a3
.LLIANCE REVIVAL |
ig Meeting and Barbecue on
i uesday at Seneca.
ENATOR TILLMAN SPEAKS.
n Alliance of Farmers Merchants
and Others Contemplated
Taibert, Latimer and
Wilbu.'n Speak.
A dispatch from Ssneca to The State
ys fully two thousand people from
jonee, Pickens and Anderson coun:s
assembled there on July 4 to atad
an alliance barbecue.
The Hon. J. S. Smith, chairman of
c meeting, called on the llev. J. M.
cLure to invoke divine blessing upon
e meeting. Mr. Smith announced
at the Hon. W. Jasper Talbert, the
ngressman of the Second district.
>uld take the place of the Hon. Thos.
Watson who was absent.
The Hon. J. R. Blake of Abbeville, j
ts introduced as the first speaker.
Fter congratulating the people of
jonee for the zeal that they had
own in the alliance he enumerated
my of the benefits that the alliance
.d done. The mighty will between
e north and south had been broken
wn and brother from the north
asped the hand of the brother from
e south. What is the condition of
r country today? While the manusturing
interest is most flourishing
e agricultural interest is languishing
d the cry of hard times is heard on
ery side.
Neither over production nor diver;y
of crops are the causes of this deession
for many thousands are in
od What, hrms is held out to
e cotton grower of the south when
e trusts and Lombard and Wall
reets are exercising their greed for
in? There are sugar, dairy, soap and
bacco trusts. Even there is a corset
ist. Xot satisfied with squeezing the
in they are squeezing where it is a
sgrace to civilization. The alliance
lis upon every man to whatever trade
profession he belongs to help to stay
ese mighty evils. In conclusion Mr.
ake exhorted all to stand together
d prosperity would surely bless us.
The next speaker was J. C. Wilborn,
esident of the National Alliance and
e State Alliance; subject: "The AcmnlisViTnp.Titci
nf the Alliance.1' He
id we were called today to fight the
ttles for humanity as citizens just as
i volunteers were in the recent war
th Spain and in the Philippine voliteers
for the happiness and safety of
e home. The first principal is to lar
for the education of the farmers
jng the economical lines. We sent
rmers to congress whose voices have
en heard and heeded?in things esQtial,
unity, and in all things chariThe
alliance joined and linked the
rming interest of the south and west,
le farmer is too impatient. He can't
wait. Farmers can now use parli-.
jntary rules as well as the United
o+oo conntA Let, ns stand bv the al
nice. The newspapers and merchants
bfully cry: '"It's dead! It's dead!"
fen they find that a man has not
Ei his dues. I beg you to attend
& sub-alliances. The jute can and
I come back and demand that you
^them 50 cents more per bale than
MLid last year. I do not want you
g^fafe^in ^oiui^nb-alliances for
IBflrnot to help Torn^erry or Jno.
urn; but for the good ofVvour own
y and girl. 'Tis the farmer^d the
mer's sons that have always dei&r^-- .
and will always defend the liberties
our country. We do not want to
ht the merchants and lawyers.
Mr. Wilborn read the Oeala demands
J made pertinent remarks upon them
my have been placed in the Demo
itic platform and son;e ol tnem in
i Republican. The State alliance
11 meet in July at Columbia, and the
istitution lias been so ordered that
2ry sub-alliance can send a delegate,
ery sub-alliance should be representIt
is time to awake and go to the
ttle with renewed interest. Perhaps
have drawn the walls too close,
hers, perhaps, should be admitted to
r order.
The chairman introduced Congressin
A. C. Latimer as "one of our own
ys," who spoke upon "What has the
iance accomplished in the way of
;islation."' He said: I ask you to look
South Carolina since lisyu to see wnat
2 alliance has done. Do the com>n
men and women need aid? If not,
sband. You cannot point out a single
m who was elected to office that inred
the alliance. Politicians did not
le the alliance to death. The credit
stem is responsible for the alliance's
ath. Every merchant, lawyer and
mer is in the same boat; the great
rporations are fleecing all of them.
He gave some things that he bad
i 11 _ ii\\rn
jpea ao wane m uuu^ieas. ??c
ssed the income tax, one of the Ocala
mands, and was put in the Democratplatform
of 1896; the election of
sited States senator by popular vote
d the anti-option bill. Should the
iance be organized?" He quoted
r. Morton, ex-secretary of agriculre,
who said that there was ro)m for
t one great trunk line?all other lines
ould be feeders. Colleges are tum5
out teachers who favor the gold
mdard, and the metropolitan prens
flooding ihe^country with monopolis:
literature. The great toiling masscould
not be benefitted, because they
i not have the ready cash. He ad*
- * * t 1 j _ __
;ed his people to sow ana piam grassall
over the waste places, raise cat:
and sheep. Sow Bermuda and other
asses. It will briDg temporary relief,
we will not stay organized, if we will
t be a man, let us try to live, anyway,
home.
Hon. W. Jasper Talbert was intro.ced
as a visiting allianceman. The
licago platform contains the alliance
* Tt a _ ? J 1 j
mands in toco, ne ioia several goou
kes quite well. The war with Spain
.s brought new fields and battles on
e Chicago platform with all fours,
pposed to the policy of the Philipnes,
but honor the bravery of Amerin
soldiers, he would stand by the
ith of our forefathers. His address
is applauded several times.
Senator B. R. Tillman was introduced
the grand mogul of the occasion. He
was the last speaker. "While those who
preceeded him had had good attention,
and all of them some applause, when
the senator began to speak the crowd
showed the keenest interest, and time
and again he was cheered. The senator
took for his subject <;fJLhe conditions
of ths country and the tendency thereof."
Among his first sentences was
this: "I swear that weare no longer
free."
A Voice?liWho put us that way?"
He answered: "Fools who vote to
put scoundrels in office-" He said that
the masses were mislead by newspapers
controlled by capitalists, and so
far as he could see the country was going
to the devil as fast as it could. Ha
said that the great trouble at the north
was that the people vote their party
ticket regardless of the character of
their man. A representative represented
bosses instead of the masses.
We voted for Cleveland holding our
noses and telling them that there was
something dead up the creek. Further,
they found somethimg rotten in the
White House.
It is claimed that God, duty and destiny
demand that we clean up the
Filipinos, who are fighting, as our forefathers
did, for liberty. Capitalists of
-.I. i.L : ?
Lae uuruu were lespuusiuie iui tmo
famous, outrageous, damnable war,
The tyrant's plea has always been ne
cessity. The royalists tried that plea
with Washington.
He is out and out against the Philippine
war, ana Mark Hanna and his
crowd would buy up all the franchises
and reap the benefit of all the acquired
'territory. He characterized the north
as a mongrel set who had lost the seed
corn of liberty?a set "who had long forgotton
that there was a Declaration of
Independence.
Citizen Josh Ashley, JV1. L. i>onaiason
and other prominent men were
present.
At the banquet after the speaking, W.
D. Evans, R. R. Cain, M. L. Donaldson,
Senator B. R. Tillman, Col. J. H.
Hoyt and others spoke.
The crowd was large, strictly sober,
and, of course, quiet and orderly.
THE GALLANT SPANISH
"Who Defended Baler Come in Our Lines
Under Filipino Escort.
The Spanish commissioners who went
to Tarlac for a conference with Aguinaldo
regarding the surrender of the
Spanish prisoners in the hands of the
Filipinos returned to Manila Thursday
night. Chairman Del Rio, of the commission,
said the release of all the prisoners
had been practically arranged for,
but it would be necessary to consult
the Spanish government before the
agreement could be ratified. He declined
to give the terms of the arrangement,
or to say whether these comtemplated
a ransom. He asserted, however,
that Aguinaldo had already issued a
P/\t* fV?o toIaoqo t.Tip civilian
UCV/lOg 1V1 ?uw ivivw^w v* ?
officials and the sick soldiers.
The commissioners, with the remnant
of the Spanish garrison of Baler, on the
east coast of Luzon, and a number of
civilian prisoners, were escorted by
Filipino soldiers from Tarlac," to the
American outposts at San Fernando,
and came to Manila by the night train.
The heroes of the long defense of Baler,
where the Spaniards resisted an insurgent
siege for more than a year,
formed a picturesque band. Lieut.
Martin, the only surviving officer,
marched them through the streets.
Theie are only twenty -two and most of
them arc mere boys, in faded blue cotton
uniforms and red shirts. They are
barefooted.
A nf Snnnish men and women
embraced them, weeping and shouting
thfeir praises. Thev tell a remar^3e
story> apears thafflSfe^oapcaiu
eral times proposed to surrender but
the soldiers refused. Finally some
months ago he tried to raise a white
flag. Thereupon Lieut. Martin killed
him with his own sword. Their food
supply gave out entirely a week ago,
and they surrendered to the Filipinos
with all the honors of war. They were
allowed to keep their arms, and they
say they marched from Baler, with a
Filipino escort, and carrying guns,
<yK ooTToi-o 1 incnroront. earons. everv
UUIVU^U WVTVim ? ^
where being cheered and feted.
Death of Goy. Richardson.
Shortly before midnight Wednesday
night a typical South Carolina gentleman
of the old school, a man of noble
blood and loftiest sentiment, a man who
had served his beloved State with rare
devotion, a man who had been honored
time and again by his fellow ci.izens, a
member of a family of governors?John
Peter Richardson, ex-governor of the
State of South Carolina, breathed his
last, death coming quietly and almost
without warning. Without uttering a
word, Governor Richardson passed
away peacefully and to all appearances
painlessly. He died at his suite of
rnnm<? at the Hotel Jerome where for
several years he and his devoted wife
have been spending most of their time,
so as to receive medical attention.?
Columbia State.
Tillman and McLaurin.
In a conversation at Anderson Wednesday
Senator Tillman said it is now
the duty of the people to send delegates
to conventions?county, State or national?who
are pure and simple repre4-Vi/\n/a
f V?o f- aanf f t
oCLI Lclbi v CO \JL VJUVOO vixav dwv.w vuwma*
To explain, the penator said to the reporter
that this was the best thing for
the p?ople to do in order to keep out
"evangel of hope" delegates?as they,
in his opinion, did represent the people
on the expansion issue. On the way
to the train a remark was made as to
the McLanrin vote for the annexation
of the Philippines. The senior Sonth
Carolina senator thereupon made a comparison
of a certain some one?not
named?to a woman who?at the marriage
alter?suddenly decides not to
marry.
A Marrying Man.
Tuan Syed Mahomed bin Abdulla alHadad,
of Singapore, has arrived in
PJast India on a visit to his co-religionists.
The man has seen some seventyeight
summers, and is accompanied by
his harem, which consists of four wives
and two slaves. We are told that he
never allows the number of wives to fall
short of the figure given above, and that
he has altogether contracted no less
than 117 marriages.
TEACHEBS ASSOCIATION.
The Program of the Twenty-Eighth
Annual Meeting.
The State Teachers' Association of
South Carolina will meet this year at
Harris Springs on next Friday. The
following is the program:
FRIDAY, JULY 14.
Or I
?7. VU (/ ULI. x l&Oiuguu a auui^u^t
ganization.
SATURDAY, JULY 15.
9.30 a. m.?"Place of Classical Stu
dies in Secondary Schools." Prof
Charles "VV. Bain, South Carolina Col
lege.
Discussion.?Prof. E. N. Snyder,
Wofford College. i
10.30 a. m.?"The Aims and Results .
of the Schools ?f To-day compared with .
the Aims and Results of the Schools
prior to 1860." Dr. W. M. Grier, (
President iirskine College. (
12.30 p. rc.?"The Country School ,
Problem." Hon. John J. McMahan, ,
State Superintendent Education. j
9.30 p. m.?Address. Hon. John P. ,
Thomas, Jr., Columbia.
SUNDAY, JULY 16. ,
11.00 a. m.?Sermon. Rev. C. S. ,
Gardner, Greenville. ,
9.00 p. m.?Sermon. Rev. John j
Kershaw, Charleston. " ,
MONDAY, JULY 17. |
9.30 a. m.?"Importanae of the Pre- ,
servation of Forests." Dr. A. P. An- j
derson, Clemson College. (
10.30 a. m.?''Erroneous Notions j
Concerning School Discipline." Supt.
E. L. Hughes, Greenville.
Discussion.?Supt. E. S. Dreher* %
Columbia. 1
12.00 m.?"What is Pegagogy now (
Doing to Help the Teacher?" Mr. W. 1
K. Tate, Memminger High School, !
Charleston. *
Discussion.?Mr. C. E. Johnson, 1
High School, Columbia.
9.00 p. m.?Address. "The Effects '
of School Life on the Eyesight of '
School Children." Dr. Edward F. '
Parker, Charleston. ]
TUESDAY, JULY 17. 1
9.30 a. m.?"The Best Age for. Ad- 1
mission into the Public Schools of the .
State." Supt. J. L. Mann, Florence.
Discussion.?Miss Mary F. Wick- s
liffe, Wii.throp College. 1
10.30 a. m.?"The Best Age for Ad- 1
mission to College (Male)." Rev. R. P. 1
Pell, Presbyterian College for Women. 1
"The Best Age for Admission to 1
College (Female)." (To be supplied.) '
12.00 m.?"What shall the County (
Institute Be?" County Supt. W. H.
Barton, Greenville.
T^nmnoi. HAiintr Sunt. '
1/lOUUOJlUU. jl.' Viiuvi ^ ?
T. W. Keitt, Newberry. '
9.00 p. m.?Address. President '
Geo. B. Cromer, Newberry College.
DEPARTMENT MEETINGS.
The- afternoons are reserved for the ;
meetings of the different departments j
of the Association. f
REMARKS. j
All white Teachers, County Superin- ]
tendents, Trustees, and friends of edu- j
tionare cordially invited to attend the
sessions, and to become members of the ]
Association. The membership fees ,
are one dollar for men and fifty cents \
for women, payable to the Treasurer at i
the annual meeting. I
Representatives of the press will be i
heartily welcomed, and furnished with ,
every facility for reporting the proceed- i
ings. # 1
Mr. Harris, the proprietor of the
Springs, has offered board to the mem- ]
bers of the Association for $1.00 per <
day, and those who care to remain at j
this health resort after the Association \
adjourns can stay at the same rate.
Transportation from depot to Springs <
and return 25 cts. This offer is made j
only to members and guests of the As- <
sociation and the husband and wives of 1
the members; so, all attending this j
meeting should enroll promptly
.^md obtain certificates ?f membership
irvu^he Secretary, else they will .
be expect?Sfc ^picj^regular rates of ]
board. X ]
Those who expect to attel&d should (
notify Mr. R. L. Fox, Harris Springs, |N
S. C., several days in advance, so that
all arrangements for transportation, J
etc., can b^ made before hand. 1
RAILROAD RATES. ?
The following special rates for the *
round trip have been granted by the J
railroads: ^
To To \
Waterloo. Cross Hill. c
Abbeville $1 05 $ 95 j
Anderson 1 95
Augusta, Ga 2 90 2 85 J
Blacksburg ^ *o
Carlisle 1 40
Charleston 6 85 6 95
Cheraw 6 15 5 80
Chester 1 95
Clinton 80 45
Columbia 3 05 2 70
Darlington 5 80 5 45
Denmark 4 25 4 35
A Qni 4 90 3
IL' AiliaA I j. w ? ~ - ,
Greenville..' 175 :
. Greenwood- 55 45
' Laurens 45 80
Newberry 1 55 1 20 j
Orangeburg 4 70 4 35
Prosperity 1 80 1 45 s
Spartanburg 1 80 ,
Sumter 4 45 4 10
It would be well for those who con- 6
template buying these special tickets to s
see that the local agent has his instruc- ?
tions and tickets in time, as mistakes f
have frequently occurred in the past,
owing to failure of station agents to get 1
requisite ordero concerning sale of these
tickets.
Officers in the Army.
Senator McLaurin, of South Caroli- 1
na, was at the White House Wednes- j
day in the interest of some applicants .
for commissions in the new military or- 1
ganizations. He was given to under- '
, _ J j 1 A J.1 J i U S
Btana cast me presiucuo yyuuiu
tion the officers among the several ?
States in the proportion of a captain 1
and a first lieutenant for each State ir- j
respective of politics. The higher officers,
as has already been intimated, are *
to be taken largely from the regular establishment.
It is understood that a
strong effort will be made to reserve i
the second lieutenant for the non-com- (
missioned officers who have made good ?
records in active service, both with the i
regulars and volunteers.
Disaster Near OdessaA
dispatch from Odessa announces i
that & dynamite cartridge exploded near i
there Wednesday while the excavation i
of a coal mine was in progress and that j
49 persons were killed and 20 wounded. ;
BRYAN SPEAKS.
He is Greeted by Thousands at
Barnssviile, Ga.
DISCUSSES PARTY ISSUES, j
He Declares in Favor of an In* j
come Tax. and Refers to
the Money and Trust
Questions.
A dispatch from Barnesville. Ga., to
the Atlanta Journal, says three thousand
people greeted William J. Bryan
svhen he spoke in that city on July 4
The scene was a beautiful and patristic
one, the handsome Chautauqua auiitorium
in which Bryan spoke, being
ippropriately decorated in the national
colors, and the ladies bedeckad
in their brightest costumes, all
?A TK?
^utuusiasLii; ttuu uapyj. ^
handsome and popular Nebraskan was
*iven a reception, the cordiality of
which was unmistakable and hearty. He
was loudly cheered, and the auditorium
rang with the patriotic shouts of the
men while the ladies waved their handkerchiefs
and fans and smiled as thoy
watched the famous Bryan, the band,
;he ever popular Fifth regiment band
)f Atlanta, playing a lively and patriot;c
Fourth of July tune.
THE CENTER OF ATTRACTION.
v Colonel Bryan was escorted to the
platform by President Smith, "of thejhiutauqua
association, and he was the
jenter of attraction from the time he
appeared before the magnificent audinnfil
flu* ncn
Z> JLI UUHi tilV WViJV VA viwvwt
rille turned out with full force to compliment
Mr. Bryan, and great crowds
?rom Atlanta, Griffin and Macon, and
)ther towns, helped to 3we)l the enthu-1
siasm of the home people. It was a
patriotic scene on a patriotic day and
;he Fourth was marked as the Barnesrille
chautauqua's greatest.
Mr. Clark Howell introduced Mr
Rrtron in o cknrf. cnepnll iv? whip.h hft
LSAJOLA ALA t* ...
said that the great Democratic leader
needed 110 introduction in Georgia. He
referred to the part the Georgia delega;ion
took in securing Bryan's nomination
at Chicago three years ago. This
svas greeted with applause. Mr. Howell
leclared the rank and file of the Demo
jratic party had already nominated Mr.
Bryan for president next year and that
the Chicago platform would be reaffirmjd,
with the trust and expansion and
Dther new questions vigorously handled.
JIR. BRYAN SPEAKS.
Mr. Bryan began by thanking Mr.
Sowell for the kindly manner in which
lie had been presented. His voice was
good and he spoke slowly and deliber
itely, and had no sooner began than he
bad the undivided attention of every
person in the hall.
He said he desired to know what is
best for this country, and he claimed
inly one virtue, and tbat is a purpose
to find out what is best for America and
then to do that thing. He said when
the war broke cut the sons of those who
wore the gray and the sons of those
who wore the blue marched together to
the front in a common cause, proving
that the country is united.
"We have met to celebrate the
Fourth of July. You know how great
)ur nation is; you know the valor of
j
113 SULL3 itUU U1U suwiuuua Ul jita uaujuLers.
He referred to Lincoln's speech at
jrettysburg and said, "We can do nothing
better than preserve the declaration
j? independenceiand the principles of
;he government a3 declared by the forefathers."
QUESTIONS OF PUBLIC INTEREST.
He said in discussing public questions
it was impossible to do so as a nonpartisan.
He wanted the people to
;onsider and weiieh the issues of the
s the fundamental principle of our
;ovemment. The declaration of inde>endence
is the alpha at nmesa of
)emocracy. I am willing to place every
luestioa before the country to tiiose
>rinciples set down by Jefferson in the
leclaration. We had a campaign in
.896. "We 'were disappointed, but I
lave a profound belief that right will
<et triumph. I was iiot sorely distressid
over my defeat. I had rather my
ipponent bring good to this country
han to bring evil myself, as they chargid
my election would do. If we prove
o have been -*'ght in 1S96, the victory
mil k/* ttJ-iit.
Till UC UiVlV jk/i^>is;wuv ti uvu *v wv*uwv
"These great questions will be setled,
and they will be settled right."
He then took up the question of taxition,
which he said, like Tennyson's
Kook, goes on forever, discussing it at
ength.
'* We admire the courage of the man
vho goes ud a hill in the face of bnl1
i _ I? xl
ets, out m our country 01 peace mure
ire other opportunities of men showing
heir courage. Unjust taxation is only
arceny by law. Money is stolen by
lome and given to others by law. He
laid he dare not say as harsh things as
lome men because he is conservative
mt he could always find things said by
;he Republican leaders to illustrate his
nooning
He declared the day will come when
in income tax law will be constitu ional.
He said the party was warned by the
ich New York Democrats that they
vould leave the party if the income tax
aw was passed, but he doubten it. The
ncome tax decision had paralyzed the
irra of the government. War came on
md the government had to tax telegrams
and little things, whereas if the
ncome tax han been effective this would
lot have been necessary. The war
;axes hear heavest upon the poor peo
THE MONEY QUESTION.
He said he supposed he ought to
n.nr?OT7 I
LjJUlUgJ-4^ iUi igigxnu^ uv buv
inestion, as it had been declared dead
so often. It is a question of right and
yrong.
"It taxes my patience to talk to a
^oldbug. It requires all my Christian
fortitude and patience to do it. I do
not mean to say a harsh thing when I
jpeak of a man-as a goldb'.'g, no harsher
than they mean when they call me an
idiot, lunatic or anarchist. A gold bug
just looks down upon me with con
tempt. That is his argument, the only
one he 1ms. Men held up their hands
in horror at the Chicago platform.
There was nothing new in that declaration.
We had had coinage at 16 to 1
ana tnere was a time wnen tnis nation
did not ask the consent of any other
nation about it. We had free coinage
and the double standard eighty-one
years. The gold standard was adopted
without being asked for by any party.
We got it without the American people
knowing it. It was done in the
night.
REPUBLICANS ENCOURAGE MONOPOLY.
'The Republican party encourages
every form of monopoly. I have been
called a demagogue, a crank and other
namas, but no name is hard enough to
prevent me from doing what I can to
wrest the control of American affairs
from the hands of the London bankers.
"They said in 1896 that confidence
would be restored if I was defeated.
More banks and business houses failed
in six months after the election than in
the six months previous to the election.
By the Republican logic I was elected
president. Confidence was restored
but there have been hard times.
"The trust question is growing in
importance. This is due to the great
increase in the number of trusts. The
trusts of this country have a capitalization
equal to 111 the gold and silver
money in the world.
"The principle of monopoly is vicious
and dangerous without the principle
of extortion. Some things have
been increased in price 100 per cent by
the trusts. Monopoly is intolerable in
this country. . The trusts strike down
every form of competition. The great
bulk of our people become clerks in-steaiLof
proprietors under the trust regime.
The trust must go. "We" must
have independence in the industrial
world. We must have poTitical independence.
We should think of these
questions that have grown up since the
war. .
"Imperialism is the policy of estabishing
an empire. Expansion is to acquire
territory to be occupied by our
own people. The question is, do we
went a people not homeogenous? What
shall we do with the Philippine? Mr.
McKinley said forcible annexation
would be criminal aggression. The
holding of the Filipinos against their
will" involves a new departure in our
government. I do not want as a part
of our nation a people who cannot read
the declaration of independence. The
doctrine of force lies behind us, not in
front of us. The expansion argument
is the argument of George the Third.
QUESTION OF IMPERIALISM.
?>On this anniversary of the ringing
of old Liberty bell I ask you did it ring
in vain. That bell is a sacred relic of
revolutionary days. Shall we say we
haye lived more than one hundred years
under the wrong principle. Mo, we
shall not depart from a republican form
of government. "We are not ready to
accept the doctrine of _ conquest and
force. Some say carry the Bible in one
hand and the gun in the other and conquer
the Filipinos. Fire the Bible out
of the gun and the man hit doesn't need
the sospel.
"The one who escapes is too busy
burying the dead to hear your doctrine.
I thank God that my religion is of a
different sort from that. It is not the
ReDublicans'desires to do good but the
desire to get money that lies behind
the colonial policy."
Bryan continued along this line,
speaking two hours. At the conclusion
he was warmly congratulated, and
I the applause was loud and long. He
was then escorted to the Matthews hotel
and dined by the Chautauqua association.
BRYAN IN ATLANTA.
Entertained at Banquet by Young
Men's Democratic Leasrae.
The Young Men's Dera^^^Heaeue
its guest at the Kim^nnious^^Tily
4, the Hon. W. J.
Bryan. About 100 people partook of
the banquet.
Among the speakers of the evening
were Clark Howell, who responded to
the sentiment uThe National Democrat,"
and congressman L. F. Livingston,
who responded to "The Fifth District."
mr l J 3 i i i*7 i A
me speaking aia not cegm until iu
o'clock, and Mr. Bryan's address was
the last of the evening. He spoke
principally on patriotic sentiments of
the day.
As he neared the end of his speech,
Mr. Bryan emphasized the fact that the
money question would not be lost sight
of in the coming campaign. He said
further that anti imperialism and antitrust
would be subjects allotted prominent
places in the struggle, and that
the importance of these topics was gaining
ground daily.
* 1 VVViof ViT o m nnminofo/4 r\-r nrvf in
If UVVUV4. J- MfkU iiVlUiUtVtVU Vi UW AU
1900 is immaterial to me," said Mr.
Bryan. "Whether I shall ever again
be a candidate for aay office depends on
circumstances. I don't want to be a
candidate for president unless those
who think as I do believe, that I can
do more for the principles of the party
already adopted than any one else. I
would rather help somebody else win '
than be the cause of the party's dc-X
(
leas.
;:If the Democratic party wants 1
somebody to lead a retreat they must 1
find some one accustomed to walking
backwards. The Democratic party will
not weaken on the money question and
the question of imperialism will bring
more votes out of the Republican party
in the coming campaign than in any of
the campaigns since the last canvass of
Abraham Lincoln."
At the close of the banquet Mr. Bryan
stated to the representative of the
Associated Press that he had no preference
for the place of holding the next
convention. He will be entirely satisfied
with whatever action the Democratic
executive committee may take in
the matter.
Hanged in Tennessee.
Pleas Wynn and Catlett Tipton, the
white-cappers, were hanged at Seviorville,
Tenn., Wednesday, for the murder
of old man Whaley and Lis wife
over a vear ago. They both confessed
and stated they were hired to no the
deed by Bob Catlett. Mrs. Tipton,
wife of the murderer, and his five children
were present at the scaSold.
evejn m mw. ium. .
The Leaders of Tammany Greatly
Surprised.
EX-GOV. HOGG, OF TEXAS,
Paralyzes Van Wyck's Plans for
a Boom by Springing Bryan
and Free Silver to Cheer
ing Crowds,
On Tuesday of last week Tammany
hall celebrated Independence Day
as customary at the Fourteenth street
wigwam. The gathering was remarkable
for its unexpected features. There
was a dearth of prominentment,
men, ex President Cleveland, exSenator
David B. Hill, W. J. Brya*
and ex- Senator Murphy failing to makf
acknowledgment of the invitation tv.
attend.
Ex-Gev. Hoarz of Texas created a
sensation by the manner in which he
introduced the. name of W. J. Bryan
and the Chicago platform to the meeting.
The mention of Mr. Bryan's name
and reference to the Chicago platform
being received with tremendous applause,
which was long continued.
The boom that was launched for Augustus
Van Wyck had a very indiffer- ^
ent receDtion.
It had been arranged that ex Congressman
James B. Richardson, of
Tennessee, should speak, but he was
unable to attend and Gov. Hogg was
asked to speak in his place.
When Gov. Ifogg. arose he reoeived
a hearty weicome an3~te hidtilge4in a
few remarks that. seemed to pleasetho^?
Tammany men immensely. After a
fpiOT TninnfAS Tio naorl in /vnt_
lining the well established principles of
Democracy, Gov. Hogg began a speech
phillic which set the house in an uproar.
The applause began when he asserted
that next year the Democratic
party would declare for the free and
unlimited coinage of silver at the ratio
of sixteen to one.
Men who had appeared to be half
asleep, jumped up with a start and
joined in the applause.
When the speaker promised a plank
in the platform of next year in which
imperialism would be denounced the
applause broke forth anew.
Tfc was WTV frTiaf ftiaaa
ances were not only astounding to the
Tammany leaders, but displeasing and
the displeasure became more apparent
when the speaker in his speech exclaimed-:
"In this great contest we
want iSe aid of united Tammany?the
gregftegt political organization on earth.
Weifent you to close tip ranks, to setlie
,ycur local differences, if they exist.
ana to go arm in arm wicn cue stalwart
bread-winners of the south and west to
victory next year, under the leadership
of the chivalrous, the dauntless, the
matchless great American, Wm. J.
Bryan."
As the last words fell from the lips
of the speaker, the audience was car- ,A "
ried away in an outburst of enthusiastic
applause.
Cheer after cheer arose, and what
had started but as a Tammanv love
feast, became a howling silver demonstration.
The other speeches of the day were
in the keeping with Tammany principies,
Joseph J. Willet, of Alabama,
and State Senator Thomas F. G-raay,
Tammany's star orator, made two of
the best speeches, the latter making &a
attack upon the civil service system
which aroused his hearers to great enthusiasm.
The following cable dispatch from - .
Richard Croker who is in London was^^^|
read:
?on the glorS^^^^^^M
Fourth, the day we celebrate, my? '
heart is with you always. Let us re- _-?
joice over the coming triumph of Democracy
and the peoples rights._
^oignea; iiiciiard Uroker." ,
Mr. Joseph J. Willett, president of
the Alabama Bar association, delivered
one of the principal speeches.
Mr. Willett's reference to Judge Augustus
Van Wyck and his remarks
about trusts were the occasion of outbursts
of cheering by his audience.
Mention of the name of W. J. Bryan
also brought out a burst of applause.
Just before the close of his speech
Mr. Willett diverged and said: "I
See that man Alirer is rnnnintr fnr
tor frem Michigan on an anti-truat
plank. Isn't that rich? Alger, the
friend of Mark Hanna, of Armour, of
EagaB, runn;ng on an anti-trust platform!"
~ "?Willett
th?n told of a story of a
southern Negro who was fooled into
selling his master's farm fnr and
added: "Won't the people of Michigan
be lifted out of everything they own if
they let Alger play the game on them."
He was followed by ex-Congressman
Asher G. Caruth, of Kentucky, who
spoke at length.
Society and Divorce Reform.
It is reported that Newport society,
representing the highest metropolitan ,
circles, is beginning to consider the advisability
of taking up the cudgels for
divorce reform, in behalf of a higher ?
standard of private morals. This is a
gratifying suggestion. Ministers may
preach and reformers agitate to their
hearts' content, bat without actual leg- t
islation they will not accomplish as j
much for good in years as will an aroused
"smart set'* in a single season toward
the discouragement of this form
of immorality. A
Going to Kansas. -^j
Two hundred negroes left Birmingr
ham, Ala., Thursday evening for Wie h
City, Ivans. They go to take the place
of strikers in the coal mines at that
place. A regular movement of these
negroes has been going on for some ^9
time -and five hundred of them have
already been sent thither. The negroes
are eot from the mines and auarries in
and about Birmingham.
Killed by a Train. ^ M
A shifting engine of Pittsburg Junction
railroad, ran down a pleasure party
of Negro people in Shenly park about V
midnight Thursday. One man was
killed and two women probably fatally
injured.

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