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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, July 12, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-07-12/ed-1/seq-4/

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THE SIX" OF GOSSIP."'
Rev. Dr. Talmage Denounces the
Whispering of Evil.
AMONG GREAT VILLAINIES, j
More Harmful Than Open Slan\
ders. Destroying Good
Names the Worst of
Crimes.
Iq this discourse Dr. Talmage vigorously
arraigns one of the great evils
have cursed the world and urges
generous interpretation of the character
of others; text, Romans i, 29,
"Full of" envy, murder, debate, deceit,
malignity?whisperers."
Paul was here calling the long roll of
the world's villainy, and he puts in the
midst of this roll those persons known
in all cities and communities and places
as whisperers. They are so called be- J
*ause they generally speak undervoice
ana m a connaeauai w?), uicu uauu vv
the side of their mouth acting as a funnel
to keep the precious information
from wandering into the wrong ear.
They speak softly not because they!
have lack of lung force or because they
are overpowered with the spirit of genleness,
but because they want to escape
the consequences of defamation.
If no one hears but the person whispered
unto and the offender be arraigned,
he can deny the whole thing, for whis- j
? -i
perers are aiways uui waso naig.
Some people whisper because they
are hoarse from a cold or because they
wish to convey some useful information
without disturbing others, but the
creatures photographed by the apostle*
in my text give muffled utterance from
sinister and depraved motive, and some-times
you can only hear the sibilant
sound as the letter "S'J drops from the
tongue into the listening ear, the brief
hiss of the serpent as it projects its
Vf*noro.
Whisperers are masculine and feminine.
with a tendency to majority on
the side of those who are called ;ithe
lords of creations." Whisperers are
heard at every window of bank cashier
and are heard in all counting rooms as
well as in'sewing societies and at meetings
of asylum directors and managers.
They are the worst foes of society, responsible
for miseries innumerablej,thgy_
are the sca^^^ers~of^i5"worldTHriving
their^&rt through every community,
?- and today I hold up for your holy
anathema and excreation these whisperers.
From the frequency with winch -ram
speaks of them under different titles I
conclude that he must have suffered
somewhat from them. His personal
presence was very defective, and that
made him perhaps the target of their
ridicule, and besides that he was a
bachelor, persisting in his celibacy
down ^nto the sixties?indeed, all the
way through?and, some having failed
in their connubial designs upon him,
the little missionary was put under the
raking fire of these whisperers. He
was no doubt a rare morsel for their
scandalization, and he cannot keep his
patience any longer, and he lays hold
of these miscreants of the tongue and
sives them a very hard setting down in
my text among the scoundrelly and tie
murderous. "Envy, murder, debate,
deceit, malignity?whisperers."
The law of libel makes quick and
stout grip of open slander. If I should
in a plain way, -calling you by name,
charge you with fraud or theft or mur^
der or uncleanness, tomorrow morning
I might have peremtory documents
served on me, and I would have to pay
in dollars and cents for the damage I
had done your character. But these
creatures spoken of in my text are so
4-1*AYT flortona flio fir>P
Olllrtiii mau uuoj gev?y\/ vmv
comb of the law. They go on, and they
go on, ^scaping the judges and the
juries and the penitentiaries. The
district attorney cannot find them, the
sheriff cannot find them, the grand jury
cannot find them. Shut them off from
one route of perfidy, and they start on
another. You cannot by the force of
moral sentiment persuade them to desist.
You might as well read the Ten
Commandments to a flock of crows, expecting
them to retreat under the force
of moral sentiment. They are to be
^ found everywhere, these whisperers. I
their paradise is a country village
IP jfejl^OOO or 2,000 people where
WJjm Bp^Bcws everybody, but they
fcrand in large quautuies
Tftiey have a prying disposition. They
look into the basement windows at tite
tables of their neighbors and can tell
just what they have morning and night
to eat. They can s<je as far through a
keyhole as other people can see with a
doos wide open. They can hear conversation
on the opposite side of the
room. Indeed, the world to them is a
whispering gallery."- They always put
the worst construction on everything.
Some morning a "wife descends into
the streets, her eyes damp with tears,
that is a stimulus to the tattler and
^ is enough to set up a business for three
or four weeks. "I guess that husband
' and wife don't live happily together. I
wonder if he hasn't been abusing her?
It's outrageous! He ought to be disciplined.
He ought to be brought up
before the church. I'll go right over to
my neighbors, and I'll let them know
about this matter." She rushes in all
out of breath to a neighbor's house and
says: ''Oh, Mrs. Allear, have you heard
the dreadful news? Why, our neighbor,
poer thing, came down ofi the
steps in a flood of tears. That brute of
a husband has been abusing her. Well
it's just as I expected. I saw him the
other afternoon very smiling and very
gracious to some one s ho smiles back,
and I thought then I would just go up
to him and t*ll him he had better go
home and look after his wife and family,
who probably at that very time were
ap stairs crying their eyes out. Oh,x
Mrs. Allear, do have your husband go
over and put an end to this trouble! It's
^simply outrageous that our neighborHtfSbod
should be disturbed in this way!
W It's awful!"
K- The fact is that one man or woman
1 set on fire of this hellish spirit will keep
F a whole neighborhood a boil. It does
| not require any very great brain. The
I chief requisition is that the woman
L ha?e a small family or no family at all,
?L because if she have a large family then
L she would have to stay at home and
I Voi: after them. It is very important
that she be single or have no children
J at all, and then she can attend to all
L the secret3 of the neighborhood all the
time. A woman with a large family
makes a very poor whisperer.
w*~ It is astonishing bow these whisper>rs
gather up everything. They know
rajerything that happens. There are
Mfc^hone and telegraph wires reaching
gyTrom their ears to all the houses in the
V neighborhood. They have no taste for
W healthy news, but for the scraps and
peelings thrown out of the scullery into
g the back yard they have great avidity.
On the day when there is a new scandal
in tie newspapers tney cave ay imL i-j
go abroad. On the day when there arc
four or Ave columns of delightful private
letters published in a divorce case
she stays at home and reads and reads
and reads. Xc time for her Bible that
day, but toward night, perhaps, she may
find time to run out a little while and
see whether there are any new developments.
Satan does not have to keep a very
sharp lookout for his evil dominion in
that neighborhood. He has let out to
her the whole contract. She gets husbands
and wives into a quarrel and
brothers and sisters into antagonism,
and she disgusts the pastor with the
flock and the flock with the pastor, and
she makes neighbors who before were
kindly disposed toward each other over?nsnif?ioas
and critical, so when one of
the neighbors passes by in a carriage
! they hiss through their teeth and say,
j "Ah. we could all keep carriages if we
never paid our debts!"
When two or three whisperers get to|
gether, they stir a caldron of tiouble,
! which makes me think of the three
witches of "Macbeth" dancing around
a boiliDg caldron in a dark cave:
Double, double, toil and trouble,
Fire burn and caldron bubble.
Fillet of a fenny snake
In the caldron boil and bake;
Eye of newt and toe of frog,
Wool of bat and tongue of dog,
Adder's fork and blind worm's sting,
Lizard's leg and owlet's wing
For a charm of powerful trouble,
Like a heli both boil and bubble.
Double, double, toil and trouble,
Fire burn and caldron bubble,
Scale of dragon, tooth of wolf,
Witches' mummy, maw and gulf
Of theravin'd salt sea shark;
Make the gruel thick and stark;
Add thereto a tigers chaudron
For the ingredients of our caldron.
Double, double, toil and trouble,
Fire burn and caldron bubble;
Cool it with a baboon's blood,
Then the charm is firm and good.
I would only change Shakespeare in
this, that where he puts the word
"witch" I should put the word "whisperer."
Ah, what a caldron! Did you
ever get a taste of it? I have more respect
for the poor waif of the street
I that goes down under the gaslight with
no home and no Grod?for she deceives
I no one as to what she is? than I have
for these hags of respectable societywho
cover up their tiger claws with a
fino ekoTsrl onf3 Krtlf t.hp li^ll nf their
Jieart-mth.a diamond breastpin.
The work~oFmasculine whisperers is
chiefly seen in the embarrassment of
business. Now, I suppose there are hundreds
of men here who at some time
have been in business trouble. I will
undertake to say that in nine cases out
of ten it was the result of some whisperers's
work. The whisperer uttered
some suspicion in regard to your credit.
You sold your horse and carriage because
you had no use for them, and
"k^Trr'kiorKir/vreoir! "Knl^ Tlia TlfVTSP STld
uug RiilOj/V&Vl OMA\A?
carriage because lie had to sell them.
The fact that he sold his horse and carriage
shows he is going down in business/'
One of your friends gets embrassed,
and you are a little involved with him.
The whisperer says: "I wonder if he
can stand under all this pressure? I
think he is going down. I think he
will have to give up." You borrow
money out of a bank, and the director
whispers outside about it, and after
awhile the suspicion gets fairly started,
and it leaps from one whisperer's lips
to another whisperer's lips until all the
people you owe want -their money and
want it right away, and the business
circles come around you like a pack of
wolves, and, though you had assets four
times more tnan were necessary 10
to meet your liabilities, crash went
everything. "Whisperers! Oh, how
much business men have suffered!
Sometimes in the circles of clergymen
we discuss why it is that a great
many merchants do not go to church. I
will tell you why they do not go to
church. By the time Saturday night
comes they are worn out with the annoyances
of business life. They have
had enough meanness practiced upon
them to set their whole nervous system
a-twiteh.
I think among the worst of the whisperers
are those who gather up all the
harsh things that have been said about
you and bring them to you?all the
things said against you, or against your
family, or against your style of business.
They gather them all up, and
they bring them to you; they bring them
to you in the very worst shape; they
bring them to you without any of the
extenuating circumstances, and after
they have^^deyonrfeelings all raw,
4ery raw,
towel and rub it in until itsinf^-^K^
bone. They make you the pincushion
in which they thrust all the sharp
things they have ever heard about
you. "Xow, don't bring me into the
scrape. Now, don't tell anybody I told
you. Let it be between you and me.
Don t involve nje in it at all." lney
aggravate you to the point of profanity,
and they wonder you cannot sitg psalm
tunes! They turn you on a spit before
a hot fire and wonder why you are not
absorbed in gratitude to them because
they turn you on a spit. Peddlers of
night shade! Peddlers of Canada thistle!
Peddlers of nux vomica! Sometimes
they get you in a corner where
you cannot very well escape without
beiDg rude, and then they tell you all
about this one, all about that one, and
all about the other one, and they talk,
talk, talk, talk, talk, talk. After
awhile they go away, leaving the plaoe
looking like a barnyard after the foxes
and the weasels have been around; here
a wing, and there a claw, and yonder
an eye, and there a crop. How they
do make the feathers fly!
Rather than the defamation of good
?.-.si 4 4- OAAnftfl i- r\ ?/*/% if 01 _
LL&LLLC3 X \J OUCLUO IV luc Jiu rr vuiu iyv> uj.
most as honorable and useful if you just
took a box of matches in your pocket
?ad a razor in your hand and go through
the streets and see how many houses
you can burn down and how many
throats you can cut. That is not a
much worse business. The destruction
of a man's name is worse than the destruction
of his life. A woman came
in confessional to a priest and told him
that she^ had been slandering her neigh
bors. The priest promised her absolution
on condition of her performing a
penance. He gave her a thistle top
and said. "You can take that thistle
and scatter the seeds ail over the field.''
She went and did so and came back,
"Now," said the priest, ';gather up all
those seeds." She said, "I can't."
"Ah," he said, "I know you can't.
Xtither can you gather up the evil
words you spoke about your neighbors."
All good men and all good women have
sometimes had detractors after them.
John "Lesley's wife whispered about
him, whispered all over England, kep?
on whispering about that good man?as
good a man as ever lived?and kept on
whispering until the connubial relation
was dissolved.
Jesus Christ had these whisperers
aiter mm, and they charged him with
drinking too much and keeping bad 1
<111 uitfWi
company. <;A wine bibber and ihz j
friead of ptiblicans and sinners." Yon j
take the best man that ever lived and I
put a detective on his track for ten
years, watchiog where he goes and when
he comes with a determination to discover
everything and to think he goes
here for a bad purpose and there
for a bad purpose, with that determination
of destroying him, at the end of
the ten years he will be held despicable
in the sight of a great many people.
Some people say there is no hell, but
if there be no hell for such a despoiler
oi womamy cnaracter it is mgu uiue
that some philanthropist built one!
But there is such a place established,
and what a time the v will have when all
the whisperers get down there together
rehearsiDg things! EverlastiDg carnival
of mud. Were it not for the uncomfortable
surroundings you might
suppose they would be glad to get there
In that region where they are all bad
what opportunities for exploitation by
these whisperers. On earth, to despoil
their neighbors sometimes they had to
lie about them, but down there they
can say the worst things possible about
their neighbors and tell the truth. Jubilee
of whisperers, Semiheaven of
scandal mongers stopping their gabble
about their diabolical~ neighbors only
long enough to go up to the iron gate
and ask some newcomer from the earth,
"What is the last gossip in the city on
earth where we used to live?"
Now. how are we to war against this
I inirtiilft* nnvzoc OTTOT*T7 O ATTl TY* T? 711 fXT
; iiiiu uilj* nuiuu vuiovu v ? vx j
I on eartb? First, by refusing to listen
to or believe a whisper. Every court
\ of the land has for a law and all decent
| communities have for a law that you
j must hold people innocent until tney
are proved guilty. There is only one
j person worse than the whisperer, and
that is the man or woman who listens
| without protest. The trouble is, you
hold the sack while they fill it. The
receiver of the stolen goods is just as
bad as the thief. An ancient writer
declares that a slanderer and a man who
receives the slander ought both to be
hanged?the one by the tongue and the
other by the ear?and I agree with
him
When you hear something bad about
your neighbors, do not go all over and
ask about it, whether it is true and
scatter it and spread it, You might as
" ? r -A _ 1 J
well go CO a smallpox nospitai aau. tase
a patient and. carry him all through the
community asking people if they really
thought it a case of smallpox. That
would be very bad for the patient .1 ii
for all the neighbors. Do not retail
?"i]o**Ao??a 'r-Vkiarmririorfl T)/v ,
II ~ - - I
make yourself the inspector of w; rts,
and the supervisor of carbuncles, and
the commissioner for street gutters, and
the holder of stakes for a dog fight.
Can it be that you, an immortal man;
that you, an immortal woman, can 2nd
no better business than to become a
? ? i o
gutter inspector:
Beside that, at your family table sllow
no detraction. Teach your children
to speak well of' others. Show
them the difference between a bee and a
wasp?the one gathering honey, the
other thrusting a sting. I read of a
family where they kept what they called
"A Slander Book," and when any
slanderous words were uttered in the
house about anybody or detraction uttered
it was all put down in this book.
The book was kept carefully. For the
first few weeks there were a great many
entries, but after awhile there were no
entries at all. Detraction stopped in
that household. It would be a good
thing to have a slander book in all
households.
Are any of you given to this habit of
whispering about others? Let me persuade
you to desist. Mount Taurus was
a great place for eagle3, and cranes
would fly along that way, and they
would cackle so loud that the eagles
would know of their coming, and they
would pounce upon them and destroy
them. It is said that the old cranes
found this out and before they started
on their flight they would always have
a stone in their mouth so they could
not cackle, and then they would fly in
perfect safety. Oh, my friends, be as
wise as the old cranes and avoid the
folly of the young cranes! Do not
cackle.
If there are people here who are whispered
about, if there are people here
who are slandered, if theie are people
here who are abused in any circle of
life, let me.say for your encouragement
that these whisperers soon run out.
They may do a little damage for awhile
but after awhile their detraction becomes
a eulogy and people understand
them just as well as though some one
chalked all over their overcoat or their
shawl these words: "Here goes a whisperer.
Room for the leper. Room!"
You go ahead and do your duty, and
God will take care .of your reputation.
him? You have
"Can
yo^orffil^^HBBP^our reputa
tionY (jet down on your knees beiore
God and settle the whole matter there.
That man whom Grod takes care of is
well sheltered.
Let me charge you, myf-iends, to
make right and holy use of the tongue.
It is loose at one end and can swing
either way, but it is fastened at the
other end to the floor of your mouth,
and that makes you responsible for the
way it wags. Xanthus, the philosopher,
told his servant that on the morrow
he was going to have some friends
to dine, and told him to get the best
thing he could find in the market. The
philosopher and his guests sat down the
ucau uay at u-uc tau;ui jljjluj aav/ujuling
but tongue?four or five courses of
tongue?tongue cooked in this way and
tongue cooked in that way, and the
philosopher lost his patience and said to
his servant, "Didn't I tell you to get
the best thing in the market?" He
said: "I did get the best thing in the
market. Isn't the tongue the organ of
sociality, the organ of eloquence, the
organ of kindness, the organ of worship?"
Then Xanthus said, "Tomorrow I
want you to get the worst thing in the
market.'7 And on the morrow the philosopher
sat at the table, and there was
nothing there but tongue?four or five
courses of tongue?tongue in this shape
and tongue in that shape, and the philosopher
again lost his patience and
said, "Didn't I tell you to get the worst
thing in the market?'' The servant replied,
"I did, for isn't the tongue the
organ of blasphemy, the organ of defamation,
the organ of lying?''
Oh. my friends, etnpioy the tongue
which God so wondorfully cr^atod as
the organ of taste, the organ of deglutition,
the organ of articulation to make
others happy and in the service of God!
If you whisper, whisper good?encouro(Tomarif
f/-V tVio 'Pollo'n onrl linnp t,n flip
lost. Ah, my friends, the time will
soon come when we will all whisper!
The voice will be enfeebled in the last
sickness, and, though that voice could
laugh and shout and sing and halloo until
the forest echoes answered,-it will be
so feet>le then.we can only whisper consolation
tc" those whom' -77Q Ica^e behind
and only whisper our hope of heaven.
While X speak this very moment
there are hundreds whispering their
last utterances. Oh, when that solemn
hour comes to yon and to me, zs come
soon it will, may it be found that we
did our best to serve Christ, and to
cheer our comrades in the earthly strrggle.
and that we consecrated not only
our hand, but our tongue, to God. So
that the shadows that fall around our
dying pillow shall not be the evening
twilight of a gathering night, but the
morning twilight of an everlasting day.
This morning at half past 4 o'clock I
looked out of my window, and the stars
were very dim. I looked out a few moments
after, and the stars were almost
invisible. T looked out an hour or two
afterward. Not a star was to be seen.
What was the matter with the stars?
Had they melted into darkness? No.
They had melted into the glorious light
of a Sabbath morn.
New England's Crime.
The loss of her cotton mill industry
is not the greatest calamity that the future
has in store for New England.
Her greatest calamity is to be found
in her exceedingly low birth rate. An
average of about two children to the
family is the rule among the old New
Englanders. Observers of the decline
of the old New England stock as a result
of this low birth rate declare that
it is only a question of time when the
prolific inflowing French-Canadians
will one day possess New England's
rural districts, while7 the children ot
the Irish and other foreigners will possess
its cities. There is no doubt about
the correctness of this position. Old
New England is passing, and in a few
more decades a new population will have
supplanted the old. This is a patent
fact to all but those who dwell within
the sacred precincts of New England,
but- it will become plain to them even
in a few more years. In curtailing the
birth rate ihe people of New England
have committed a great crime against
their section, and as a punishment their
inheritance will be taken irom tnem
and given to others. The impending
fate of }\ew England should be a warning
to up of the South. We should
arnestly pray that the Malthusian
ontagion may not invade our beauitnl
So toudth -lanany great extent for
many years to come, for should it do
so it will mean that the Negro will
supersede us, as the French-Canadians
are the old New England stock, and in
herit the land of our fathers. A high I
birth rate among the whites of the |
tSouth is the easiest and simplest so- j
lution of the race problem, that we hear
. to much, about from time to time. Already
great alarm has been felt owing
to-the belief that the blacks were increasing
much more rapidly than the
whites. But happily the last census
established beyond question the fact
that the whites are increasing faster
than the blacks in proportion to population.
Whether this desirable ratio will
be maintained by the census of 1900
and those that folbw remains to be
seen. It cannot be doubted that upon
the comparative birth rate of the t*o
races as determined by investigation
during the nest few decades will de
t i t A
pend. tixe remote History ana wenare
of the southern states. The South
should profit by New England's sad experience
and pray for a high birth rate
among her white people, as therein lies
her only safety from Negro domination
in the distant future.
Cow Thieves Captured.
The Augusta Herald says: 1'Charley
Jones, colored, was arrested Wednesday
afternoon by Sergeant Norris of the
Augusta police force and Officer Webb.
mi , 1 r* 1 11 _ i_ _ ?
iney arrested mm at xne msiauce 01
Detective Gr. B. Kictrell of Orangeburg
county, S. C. The detective arrived
here yesterday and had a conference
with the police. He said he was
after Charley Jones, who had been
stealing cows in Orangeburg county
and who was wanted for the murder of
a man some years ago. Sergeant Norris'
and Officer Webb took the trail. They
arrested Jones out near Railroad avenue
about dusk. He was sent to the
station and is there now. He denies
the charge. This morning another
party, who is said to be concerned in
the cow stealing case with* Jones, was
arrested by Officer Webb at about the
same place where Jones was apprehended.
His name is nothing less
than Simon Washington Hampton.
Both are charged with cow stealing,
but the first one captured also has the
charge of murder overhanging him.
They will be taken to South Carolina.
There is a bit of uncertainty about the
man Jones being the one wanted for
murder, but he will be taken to Orangeburg
county and the matter fully
investigated." *
Corn Crop Rum&a.
The Coluic'Dia State says Capt. D. J.
Griffith, superintendent of the penitentiary,
returned from the State farm
Tuesday and tells of a bad state of affairs
on the bottom lands of the DeSaussure
farm. The young corn on 250
acres has been completely destroyed by
worms, bugs and other pests. He
brought back a number of specimens of
stalks ruined by the depredations of
the worm. The stalks are eaten almost
through and the leaves are shredded.
A lew acres on the Reid farm
have sutf<-red in like manner and a
number of neighboring farmers state
that their bottom lands have been visited
by the pest". The uplands have
fared better, and for this reason Col.
Griffith thinks the vermin germanated
in the spring freshets which flooded the
lowlands.
'
marriage in ine rninppmes
The Negritos have a curious marriage
custom, says Self Culture. When
a young man makes known his preference,
the young woman flees from him,
while he gives chase and catches her in
his arms. She struggles and frees herself,
whereupon the chase is renewed,
and so on until he has caught her the
third time, when she yields, and he
proudly leads her back to her father's
dwelling. The father and mother of
the bride-elect then meet with, the contracting
parties, the 'latter kneeling
side hv side. The father then takes
some water in a cocanut shell and
throws it over them. Continuing the
ceremony, he takes each by the neck
and bumps their heads together several
times, and they are then a^jud-red to
be duly married. A wedding tour of
five days' Si journ alone in the juaountaitM
foiio-vs, ...ter which they take up
their abode as staid citizens among
their friends.
A Thoughtful Act.
Governor McSweeney Las obtained
through a Chicago concern a very
handsomely bound scrap book which
contains clippings from all newspapers
in the United States that had anything
to say about the death of his predecessor
either in its editorial or news columns.
The volume is indeed a handsome
and valuable one the pages being
admirably fitted for the purpose for
which they are used. Gov. McSweeney
will send the book to Mrs. Ellerbe
with his compliments, having obtained
it for that purpose. Such a volume is
of course invaluable to the family and
no doubt the gift will be most highly
appreciated.
Educational ConferenceThO
educational conference recently
held at t-apron Springs, Va., was a
most important gathering and is engaging
the attention of thoughtful men in
all sections of our country. The representative
character of those who uar
ticipated in the proceedings has left its
impress upon the public mind. Tbe
presiding officer was Dr. J. L. M. Cur
ry and a list of the leading spirits present
includes prominent southern educators
and men well known for their
interest in the cause of southern education.
There was no evidence of any
sectional feeling and those who came
from the north freely recognize that
the chief part of the problem of southern
education is to be found in the prefer
and thorough education of the white
race as the independent and permanently
dominant race. Most of the addresses
and papers, says the Augusta
Chronicle, dealt with only one phase of
the broad subject of education in the
south, but four of them handled the
entire subject with the greates ability
and calmness. These were the addresses
made by Dr. Curry, President
Wilson, Dr. Dickerman, and President
* * mi J - .M.JJ iL.
joaiawin. anese uisuaguisueuu tu?
conference, it is believed, above uny
similar body that has met in this country
for a generation, if not for the entire
period of its history.
Dr. Curry gave a review of the entire
field. He showed what the south
had been and what it is, in so far as
to illustrate his daim that the present
condition date3 back to the end of the
war. He gave the following data: In
1860 the northern states had a population
of 19,000,000, 205 colleges
and universities, with 1,407 professors
and 29,044 students. In the
samj Tear the southern states had a
population of 8,000,000, 262 colleges
and universities, with 1,48S professors
ana 27,055 students. These are the
figures of the last censu3 before the
war. At the same time the norlh was
spending for its universities and colleges
$1,514,688 and $4,603,749 for its
academies yearly; and the south was
spending $1,662,419 for its colleges
and universities and $1,328,127 for its
academies yearly. The showing is tremendously
in favor of the south, and
Dr. Curry said it fully explained the
fact that before the war the great leaders
of men?the Washingtons, Jeffersons.
Madisons. Henrvs. Clavs, Taylors,
Scotts, etc.?weie found in the south,
the product of the southern school system.
"With the war everything succumbed
to the general disaster. Now
the northern colleges and universities
have a productive fund of $102,721,451,
while the southern colleges and
universities have a productive fu nd of
only $15,741,000. Under such conditions,
he said, it is no wonder that the
south finds herself utterly unable to
keep up with the rapid progress of the
northern states. He also spoke of the
great work that the south has done tor
education since the war. In thirty
years it has spent $500,000,000 in educational
work, $100,000,000 of which
went for the Negroes, an amount largely
in excess of their just proportion, if
the sum had been equally divided between
the two races on any basis whatever.
Good systems of public schools,
which Br. Curry declared to be the
most original and highest idea yet conceived
by the American people, had
been established in every southern
state. This he declared to be the grandest
work ever accomplished by any people
in so short a time after so great a
disaster.
An Unqualified Success,
The News and Courier, of Thursday,
says: "Col. Asbury Coward, superintendent
of the South Carolina Military
Academy, returned to the city from
Orangeburg Tuesday night, and was
yesterday asked aoout the encampment
and the prospects of the nest session
of the Academy. Col. Coward said
that unquestionably the visit of the cadets
to Orangeburg had been one of the
most pleasant incidents in the history
of the school, and he was inclined to
think one of the most useful. The
people of Orangeburg were untiring in
their efforts to make the stay of the
cadets and officers agre eable and they
succeeded most admirably. The cadets.
hv their soldierlv conduct and
gentlemanly deportment, he was sure,
had made an excellent impression upon
the people of that section, and it was
thus, mutually beneficial. In talking
of the next session Col. Coward- saMthat
the future o^fche Academy _??<>*tied .
very bright. TnftreTTiiibe nine ben&?;
ficiaries admitted"at tlie next term, and
-tWe will come, one each, from the
followinz counties: Aiken, Anderson,
Clarendon, Greenville, Horry. Newberry,
Orangeburg, Pickens and Charleston.
Blanks of application to enter
competitive examination, with sheet
giving necessary information, can be
obtained from the respective county
superintendents of education. All applications,
fully and clearly made out,
must be in the hands of the chairman,
Col. C. S. Gadsden, by August 1. Besides
these there will be one vacant
_ r
scnoiarsnip in rne disposition oi tue
City of Charleston. Information concerning
this scholarship can be obtained
from the city authorities."
Anti-Trust Delegates.
Wednesday the governor received a
letter from Chicago announcing the
postponement until Sept. 1316 of the
proposed conference on combinations
and trusts that was to have been held
in that city this month. The governor
was asked to appoint seven delegates
to the conference to represent this
btate. 'ibis He aid, announcing tne
following:
First district?J. H. Marshall.
Second district?L. W. Youmans.
Third district?J. E. Boggs.
Fourth district?T. L. Gantt.
Fifth district?J. S. Brice.
Sixth district?A. H. Williams.
Seventh district?S. H. Rodgers.
Ate Poisoned Candy.
Mrs. Elsie Scheib, 610 Ellis Street,
San Francisco, ate of some candy reserved
by mail on Friday and since has
been seriously ill with symtoms of arsenical
poisoning. On the day mentioned
a box of candy and a letter were^ re
Deived at Mrs. Scheib's house. They
had not been sent to her, but were addressed
to her friends, who frequently
visited her. The box was opened and
some of the candy was offered to a half
dozen young women who were employed
as dressmakers by Mrs. Scheib.
They declined to take the candy, but
Mrs. Scheib ate a small quantity. Soon
afterwards she became alarmingly ill,
with every symptom of having been
poisoned by ax'senie Antidotes were
administered and she is reco*7 ring.
Mach mystery surrounds the ca_?.
A Fair Exchange.
A Perkins, Okla., bachelor started to
Joplin, Mo., not long ago with a wagonload
of peanuts, and on the way he
met a widow with seven children. It
was a case of first-sight love, and
marrying her the next day, he carried
a wagonload of family back home with
him.
THIS CHOPS AKD "WEATH2R.
c
| What the Department of Apiculture
Says ADont ijiem.
The following is the weekly bulletin *
of the South Carolina section of the
climate and crop service of the United (
States weather bureau issued last week
by Director Bauer:
Columbia, S. C., July 4, 1S99.
The week ending July 3d averaged *
lightly cooler than usual, especially J
over the western portion of the State,1 *
during the latter half of the week, with j
minima temperatures generally below j
sty degrees. '
The^e were numerous showers from
June 27th to the 30th, heavy and well i
distributed over the eastern half of the e
Stace, and light over the north central
and northwestern portions, where the
rainfall was poorly distributed, and I
where more rain is needed, except over
very limited areas.
Over the areas of deficient rainfall, 8
crops are not making satisfactory
growth, but over the eastern portion of
the State generally, they are up to,
or above, their average condition on
July 1st, and are generally very promising.
Worms continue to destroy corn; bat
worms to injure tobacco; and caterpillars
to devastate rice; while lice on
cotton have appeared at various points.
Cotton continues to make seasona- "
ble growth and is bloombg and fruiting
freely, with no reports of shedding.
mi. . 11? :??j
xne piauis are gu.ueia.ny uuuusucu,
but vigorous and healthy. The nights
have been too cool latterly for the best
development of sea island cotton. ]
Corn, is in a few sections, very prem
ising. but on the whole it is below its
seasonable average condition. "Wire
worms are destroying old corn at many
points. Corn is being laid by.
Tobacco varies areatlv in condition.
with many reports of injury by bud
worms. In places the need of rain is
urgent. Cutting and curing is as yet
making slow progress, although some ^
inferior grades have been sold in open
market.
Late reports on wheat confirm earlier
estimates of small yields. The sann is
true of spring sown oats.
The bulk of the rice crop is very
promising, but caterpillars continuetoHovaat.ate
lafp iVtantintrs ?nrl wa
ter for flooding is not available in 1
places.
Melons are ripening but do not promise
a large crop. Many sweet potato
slips have been set out during the week.
Sugar cane, sorghum and gardons show
some improvement. Peas are being extensively
planted, and coming up to
good stands. Haying is in progress on
the coast meadows. J
Illustrated by a Fable. ?
There is a touch of humor in the
situation anent the Samoan kingship
that reminds one of the oyster in the
fable. Of that famous bivalve it is related
that it was discovered on a sea
VlTT 4-TTrr\ fliAm
U7<XV/u uj c ry u vt <xj iai yi
stooped and picked it up, but the other
one claimed it by reason of the fact that
he saw it first. The dispute was left to j
a lawyer who happened to pass that
way. He calmly opened the bivalve, .
swallowed the juicy morsel inside, and, ^
parting the shells, gave one to each of
the disputants. The island kingship is
the oyster on the beach, the ownership
of which the three commissioners of '
the powers have settled by swallowing,
giving Malietoa Tanus and Mataafa a
shell each.
Killed by a Woman.
A terrible tragedy was enacted on
Monday last on the shore of Grand i
Lake, immediately in the rear of the |
village of Charenton. La., in which
Thomas W. "Webb was shot and instantly
killed by Mrs. W. F. Smith. It ap- (
pears that Smith and Webb were en- *
gaged as partners in gathering and preparing
moss for market, and in the
division of the moss Webb used very
insulting language to Mrs. Smith, who
was present, whereupon she seized a
dobule-barreled shotgun loaded with jbuckshot
near at hand and discharged u
the contents of one barrel into the t
breast of Webb, killing him instantly, e
Deputy Sheriff Pecot buried the re- e
\\7aUV* aw/1 rtWAefar? .QnmfVi on/1 I
UU4LLL3 UI 11 OUU AUU aub0l\>u tjuinu uuu
his wife and thsy are now in jail at,J
Charenton, La. _? ?
Slown Overra Fence. j
A cyclone struck New Tork State <
.jioar Gtens Falls Wednesday'afternoon. <
Large trees were up-rooted and other ?
damage was done. James Nesbitt, a
farmer living east of Lake George was
driving, was blown, with his horse *
and buggy from the road ov3r a fence
and into a field. He was injured so
severely that he died.
HON!
I
THIS
High ftrm Sewing
Yw&lj gvamfeced tsr tea yi
sJ5 fee latest \
Price $18.C
Mamy wtfrotei char SO
ii Btt as geed at 1&* $&Sd to
?**** *
Tt Bihaipirtui Tin Parai
? ffaaiifi, Sasyrate, S?vii
I Atea
I 1 100 & HI2 Sr<
??.. . ,r , '
j
!
if anion
ilUUiGJ
26 SMiTH STREET, f|
Cor. Vaxderhorst, g-||g q
CHARLESTON, S. C. ** W ? ^
ALCOHOL
dORPHINE
)PIUM
rOBACCO
CIGARETTE
JSING
Produce each a disease having defin j
te pathology. The disease yields i
:asily to the Double Chloride of Geld j
Treatment as administered at the above j
?eeley Institute.
N. B.?The Keeley Treatment is j
idministered in South Carolina
T/ CHARLESTON. |
I
All We Ask of!
nrYOU !
STf?ANYTHING |
D tbe Machinery or |
Mill Supply Line _
is that you give us an opportunity
to submit our prices and make
comparisons. We ask this because
we believe we can make it to
YOUR advantage. TRY US.
rVe make a specialty of equipping
IMPROVED MODERN" GINNERIES
OF ANY CAPACITY
WITH THE SIMPLEST AND
MOST EFFICIENT COTTON
HANDLING-. ^APPARATUS IN
EXISTENCE?THE MURRAY
SYSTEM.
Correspondence with intending puricasers
solicited.
W. H. Gibbes & Co..
COLUMBIA, S. C.
SOUTH CAROLINA AGENCY
Liddell Co., Charlotte, N. C.
A. B. Farquhar Co., Ltd., York, Pa.
Sagle Cotton Gin Co., Bridge water,
Mass.
Jtraub Machinery Co., Cincinnati, 0.
I
To get strong
and healthy use
due bottle Mtjr*"*
* -*"r? rv TTTV /^v"*T UTTTr
tlAI SlJtlUIN 1U1Aiure.
Price 50c
I HE HAY DRUO 09.,
Macfeat's : .
School of
ammnrciAim
wimisuiiiu
?AND?
.TYPEWRITING
COLUMBIA, S. C.
This School has the reputation of being the?
>ett business institution in the State. Gradlates
are holding remunerative positions in
aercantile houses, banking, insurance, real
state, railroad offices, &c., in this and otaer
states. Write to W. H. Macfeat, C
igrapher Comulbia, S CJbri<>-rgv-"**'~:
? ?life? '
i vegetable for Mild,
:ure forLiv- the Pleasant,
>r, Kidney & LIVER Sore.
itomach troubles, and 25, 50, $1.
-KIDNEYSSold
wholesale by? I l H
The Murray Drug Co. Columbia j
Dr. H. Baer, Charleston, S C,
I Machine
kxtb, fitted -ritfc. ^
esatffollj orn?rs
too if machine Sfea \f
ftt.00 *a?bia?s ^ |||
jrttsA jm vast. fW
tare, Staves, jyfpjjSj
ag Sacftiaes,
The Padgett Fur
*ad Street,
i
nrr'i r.-m n -TyfrnrfSi ^
\ . %
\ -~'H
\ ' J
I I I A IS I
L, L?K
<
NOTHING- LIKE IT J
FOR
s 4
IConstipation, 1
1 Indigestion, 1
t ^ bbjbw?' ?
Wholesale b^-RJ,y DRUG CO.,
! THE MOTRAc0iumtia, S. C.
I Dk. H. BAER.cWeston] S. C.
i x i
\
I
I
I ' ^
Ginning
t m
Machinery.
o
The Smith Pneumatic Suction
Elevating, Ginning and
Packing System
Is the simplest and most efficient on
i tne market, jjorty-eignt complete
j outfits in South Carolina; each
one giving absolute
satisfaction.
Boilers and Engines; Slide
Valve, Automatic and Corliss. /
My Light and Heavy Log Beam Saw
Mills cannot be equalled in design, ef- .
ficiency or price by any dealer or manu<*
-X xL . CI . il. . . ^
racurrer in iae ooum.
Write for prices and catalogues.
V. C. Badham,
1326 Main Street,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
It is the=
Custom
But a Terj poor one, to wait until the ginning
season is on before lot king to see
what fix the gin is in.
Now is the time to
HURRY
YOUR GIN 10 TIE
ELLIOT GIN REPAIR WORKS. ~
Do not delay and then ask us to let you
have it at once, for thorough work cannot
be done in a harry. The attention giren
i mis matter now win more taiui
when .the cotton is white in the fields
and the gin house crowded. I>e work is
coming in already, so sliip^ at once to the
References by permission:?W. H. Gtbbes
& Co ,.V C. Badham, Jno. A. Willis. * *'
your name and shipping point
oo work sent and prepay the freight.
The Elliott Bin Repair Works,
W. J. ELLIOTT, Proprietor,
No. 1314 Gates Street,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
!
SAINS! I
THIS EIJ5GAJTT
No. 8 COOKING STOVE
Only $10.00.
Hag 17x17 inch oven, foor 8 inek
pothoiea; large fine* |nnk-'
teed a jood baker. We It thfc J
Store up with forty pieeee cC van I fljj
tucladiAg the latest stove ran.
To advertise oar linitewi we |
will sell this No. 8 Cookx&f Stort,
fitted with 40 piece* of ware for
$10.00 CASH.
niture Co. i
ftttgnsta, Ga.
--->. .v.;,:'

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