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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, July 19, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-07-19/ed-1/seq-4/

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MP' Dr. Ta Image Preaches on a
Question of Domestic Interest.
THE INFLUENCE OF HOME.
Points Out the Disadvantages i
of a Life Spent in Ho- j
te! sand Boarding
*
Houses.
Home life versus hotel life is the
theme of Dr. Taimage's sermon for today,
the disadvantages of a life spent at
more or less temporary stopping places
being sharply contrasted with the
blessings that are found in the real
home, however humble. The text is
' *. 3d d.n- "And brought him to
Juuag w
an inn and took care of him. An on j
the morrow when he departed he took
out two pence and gave them to the
host and said unto him, Take care of
him, and whatever thou spendest more
when I come again I will repay thee."
This is the good Samaritan paying
the hotel bill of a man who had been
robbed and almost killed by bandits.
The good Samaritan had found the un
fortunate on a lonely, rocky road, where
to this very day depredations are sometimes
committed upon travelers, and
had put the injured man into the saddle,
while this merciful and well to do
man had walked till they got to the
hotel, and the wounded man was put to
bed and cared for. It must have been
a very superior hotel in its accommodations,
for, though in the country, the
landlord was paid at the rate of what
in our country would be $4 or $5 a day,
a penny being then a day's wages, and
the two pennies paid in this case about
two days' wages. Moreover it was one
of those kind hearted landlords who are
wrapped up in the happiness of their
guegts, because the good Samaritan
leaves the poor wounded fellow to his
entire care, promising that when he
came that way again he would pay all
the bills until the invalid got well.
Hotel and boarding houses are neces
* xl
sities. in very ancient times
were unknown, because the world had
comparatively few inhabitants, and
those were not much given to travel,
and private hospitality met all the
wants of sojourners, as when Abraham
rushed out at Mamre to invite the three
men to sit down to a dinner of veal; as
when the people were positively commanded
to be given to hospitality; as in
many of the places in the east these
ancient customs are practiced today.
But we have now hotels presided over
~ ~ * t i ! _ _ T
by good landlords, ana Doaramg nouses
presided over by excellent host or hostess
in all neghborhoods, villages and
cities, and it is our congratulation that
those of our land surpass all other
lands. They rightly become the permant
residence of many people, such as
those who are without families, such as
those whose business keeps them migratory,
such as those who ought not for
various reasons of health or peculiarity
of circumstances, to take upon themselves
the cares of hosekeeping.
Jlany a man falling sick in one of
these boarding houses or hotels has
' been kindly watched and nursed; and by
the memory of her own sufferings and
losses the lady at the head of such a
house has done all mat a motner couiu
do for a sick child, and the slumberless
eye of God sees and appreciates her
^sacrifices in behalf of the stranger.
Among the most marvelous cases of
patience and Christian fidelity are many
of those who keep boarding houses,
enduring without resentment the unreasonable
demands of their guests for
expensive food and attentions for which
they are not willing to pay an equivalent?a
lot of cranky men and women
who are not worth to tie the shoe of
their queenly caterer, The outrageous
way in which boarders sometimes act
to their landlords and landladies shows
that these critical guests had bad early
rearing and that in the making up of
their natures all that constitutes the
<Tanfl/>r??n anr? larlv was left nnt. Some
?
of the most princely men and-some of
the most elegant women that I know of
today keep hotels and boarding houses.
But one of the great evils of this day
is found in the fact that a large population
of our towns and cities are giving
up and have give up their homes and
taken apartments, that they may have
more freedom from domestic duties and
~ more time for social life and because j
they like the whirl of publicity belter
than the quiet and privacy of a resi- J
dence they can call their own. The
lawful use of these hotels anc ooaramg
houses is for most people while they are
in transitu, but as {terminus they are
in many cases demoralizations, utter
and complete. That is the point at
which families innumerable have begun
to disintegrate. There never has been
a time when so many families, healthy
and abundantly able to support and
direct homes of their own. have struck
tent and taken permanent abode in
these public establishments. It is an
evil wide as Christendom, ana by voice
and through the newspaper press I utter
warning and burning protest and
ask Almighty God to bless the word,
whether in the hearing or reading.
In these public caravansaries the demon
of gossip is apt to get full sway.
All the boarders run daily the gantlet
of general inspection?how they look
when they come down in the morning
and when they get in at night, and
what they do for a living, and who they
receive as guests in their rooms, and
what they wear and what they do not
wear, and how they eat, and what they
eat, and how much they eat, and how
little they eat. If a man proposes in
such a place to be isolated and reticent
and alone, they will begin to guess
about him: "Who is he? Where did he
come from? How long is he going to
stay? Has he paid his board? How
much does he pay? Perhaps he has
committed some crime and does not
want to be known. There must be
something wrong about him, or Lt .
would speak. The whole house gt
into the detective business. They must
find out about him. They must find
out about him right away. If he leaves
his door unlocked by accident he will
find that his rooms have been inspected,
his trunk explored, his letters folded
differently from the way they were
folded when he put them away. Who
is he? is the question asked with inT
. .A. T
tenser interest until trie suDjeci uas
become a monomania. The simple fact
is that he is nobody in particular, but
minds Ms own business.
The best landlords and landladies
cannot sometimes hinder their places
from becoming a pandemonium of whisperers,
and reputations are torn to tatters,
and evil suspicions are aroused,
and scandals started and the parliament
of the family is blown to atoms by some
Guy Fawkes who was not caught in
time, as was his English predecessor of
srunpowdery reputation. The reason is
that while in private homes families
have so much to keep them busy in
these promiscuous and muiiitudiflou f
residence;! there are so many who have
nothing to do, and that always makes
mischief. They gather in each other's
rooms anc. spend hours in consultation
about others. If they had to walk a
half mile before they got to willing ear
of some listener to detraction, they
* "* * ^ -i? T?rAo/^hincr
WOUlCl DC OUt OX UrCiltil ucivig
there and not feel in full glow of animosity
or slander, or might, because of
the distance, not go at all. But rooms
20. 21. 22. 23, 24 and 25 are on the
same corridor, and when one carrion
crow goes "Caw! Caw!" all the other
crows hear it and flock together over
the same carcass. "Oh, I have heard
something rich! Sit down and let me
tell you all about it." And the first
guffaw increases the gathering, and it
has to be told all over again, and as
they separate each carries a spark from
the altar of Gab to some other circle
until, from the coal heaver in the cellar
to the maid in the top room of the garret,
all are aware of the defamation and
that eveEingall who leave the house
"11 1 -L ^cnnfil o71 - I
win Dear it -u umci ??
tumnal f.res sweeping across Illinois
praries are less raging and swift than
that flame of consuming reputation
blazing across the village or city.
Those of us who were brought up in
the country know that the old fashioned
hatching of eggs in the haymow required
four or nve weeks of brooding,
but there are new modes of hatching by
machinery, which take less time and do
the work by wholesale. So, while the
private home may brood into life ail occasional
falsity, and take a long time to
do it, many of the boarding houses and
family hotels afford a swifter and more
multitudinous style of moral incubation
and one old gossip will get off the nest
after one hour's brooding, clucking a
fiock of 30 lies after her, each one picking
up its little worm of juicy regale
ment. It is no advantage to hear too
much about your neighbors, for your
time will be so mueii occupied m tating
care of their faults that you will have
no time to look after your own. And
while you are pulling the chickweed out
of their garden, yours will get all overgrown
with horse sorrel and mullenstalks.
One of the <rorst damages that co me
from the herding of so many people into
boarding houses and family hotels is inflicted
upon children. It is only another
way of bringing them up on the commons.
"While you have your own private
house you can, for the most part,
control their companionship and their
whereabouts, but by 12 years of age in
these public resorts they will have
picked up all the bad things that can
be furnished by the prurient mrnds ot
dozens of people. They will overhear
blasphemies and see quarrels and get
precocious in sin, and what the bartender
does not tell them the porter or host
ler or bell boy will.
Besides that, the children will go out
into this world without the restraining,
anchoring, steadying and all controlling
memory of a home. From that none of
us who have been blessed of such memory
have escaped. It grips a man for 80
years, if he lives so long. It pulls him
back from doors into which he otherwise
would enter. It smites him with
TTAwr?i/1ef
UUU trjLHUil 1U IUC V J WA MAW VkAWW*
pations. As the fish already surrounded
by the long wide net swim out to sea.
tlr'nking they can go as far as they
p'.eas0, and with gay toss of silvery
scale they defy the sportsman on the
beach, and after awhile the fishermen
begin to draw in the net hand over
hand and hand over hand, and it is a
long while before the captured fins begin
to feel the net, and then they dart
this way and that, hoping to get out,
but find themselves approaching the
1 ?^ f nrv f a "fT&VXT
| Sliure auu aic viua^ut up i>v i.uv
feet of the capcors, so the memory of
an early home sometimes seems to relax
and let men out farther and farther
from God and farther and farther from
shore?5 years, 10 years, 20 years, 30
years?but some day they find an irresistible
mesh drawing them back, and
they are compelled to retreat from their
prodigality anc. wandering, and, though
they make desperate effort to escape
the impression and try to dive deeper
down in sin, after awhile are brought
clear back and held upon the Rock of
Ages.
If it be possible, oh father and mother!
let your sons and daughters go out
into the world under the semiomnipotent
memory of a good, pure homeAbout
your two or three rooms in a
boarding hons'i or a family hotel you
can cast no such glorious sanctity.
They will think of these public caravansaries
as an early stopping place, maiadorous
with old victuals, coffees perpetually
steaming and meat3 in everlasting
stew or broil, the air surcharged with
carbonic acid and corridors aloDg which
drunken boarders come staggering at 1
o'clock in the morning, rapping at the
door till the affrighted wue lets them
in. Do not be guilty of the sacrilege
nr K'ncnTiemtf nf rtallinp1 sufih a nlaee a
home.
A home is four walls inclosing one
family with identity of interest and a
privacy from outside inspection so complete
that it is a world in itself, no one
entering except by permission?bolted
and barred and chained against all outside
icquisitiveness. The phrase so
often used in law books a.:d legal circles
is mightily' suggestive?every man's
house is his castle. As much so as
though it had drawbridge, portcullis,
redoubt, bastion and armed turret.
Even the officer of the law may not enter
to serve a writ except the door be
voluntarily opened unto him. Burglary
or the invasion of it a crime so often
sive that the law clashes its iron jaws
on any one who attempts it. Unless it
be necessary to stay for longer or shorter
time in family hotel or hoarding
house?and there are thousands of instances
in which it is necessary, as I
showed you at the beginning?unless
this exceptional case, let neither wife
nor husband consent to such permanent
residence.
The probability is that the wife will
have to divide her husband's time with
public smoking or reading room or with
some coquettish spider in* search of unwary
flies, and if you do not entirely
]ose your husband it will be because he
divinely protected from the disasters
that have whelmed thousands of husbands
with as good intentions as yours.
Neither should the husband without
imperative reason consent to such a life
unless he is sure his wife can withstand
the temptation of social dissipation
cTTdons ar>rn<;<; snp.Vi nlaoes with
the force of the Atlantic ocean when
driven by a September exuinox. Many
wives give up their homes for these
public residences so that they may give
their enti re .time to operas, theaters,
balls, receptions and levees, and they
are in a perpetual whirl, like a whiptop
spinning round and round and round
very prettily, until it loses its its equipoise
and shoots off into a tangent.
But the difference is, in one case it is a
top and in the other a soul.
Besides this there is an assiduous accumulation
of little things around the
private home, which in the aggregate
make a great attraction; while the denizen
of one of these public residences
is apt to say: "What is the use? I
have no place to keep them if I should
take them." Mementos, bric-a-brac,
" "VI ' 1 i i i II I 'i III I " ^'"i I
curiosotiesj duaint chair or eczy lounge i
upholsteries, pictures and a thousand r
things that accrete in a home are dis- f
carded or neglected because there is no s
homestead in which f.o arrange them, i
And 3 et they are the case in which the e
pearl of domestic happiness is set. You i
can never become as attached to the ap- t
pointments of a boarding house or fam- o
ily hotel as to those things that you a
can call your own and are associated
with the different members of your C
household or with scenes of thrilling c
import in your domestic history. Bless- n
ed is that home in which for a whole b
lifetime they have been gathering nntil y
every figure in the carpet and every b
panel of the door and every casement of a
the window has a chirography of its n
own, speaking out something about 1<
father or mothei or son or daughter or b
friend that was with us awhile. What i
a sacred place it becomes when one can 1;
say: *'In that room such a one was y
born; in that bed such a one died; in c
that chair I sat on the night I heard t
* ? i J. i~i:_ ;
such a one naa received a great puunu *
honor; by that stool my child knelt for o
her last evening prayer; here I sat to t
greet my son as he came back from sea a
voyage: that was father's cane; that was t
mother's rocking chair." What a joy- a
ful and pathetic congress of reminis- 1:
cences' a
The public residence of hotel and 1
boarding house abolishes the grace of j.
hospitality. Your guest does not want j.
to come to such a table. No one wants
to run such a gantlet of acute aad mer- ^
ciless hyperciticism. Unless you have I
a home of your own you will not be able
to exercise the best rewarded of all tne =
graces. For exercise of this grace what /
blessing came to the Shunammite in ^
the restoration of her son to life because
she entertained Elisha, and to the wid- r
ow of Zarephath in the perpetual oil
well of the miraculous cruse because ^
she fed a hungry prophet, and to Rahab
in the preservation of her life at j
the demolition of Jericho because she
entertained the spies, and to Laban in
the formation of an interesting family
relation because of his entertainment
of Jacob, and to Lot in his rescue from
the destroyed city because of his enter- t
tainment of the angels, and to Mary and
| Martha and Zaccheus in spiritual
Vvlaeoint* V>of?onao f.ViAtr a n terrain p. d Christ
? _
and to Publius in the island of Melita
in the healing of his father because of j
the entertainment of Paul, drenched
from the shipwreck, and of innumer- *
able houses throughout Christen !n ij ''
upon which have come blessings IV .m '
generation to generation because t air ^
doors swung easily open in the enl.irg- I
iDg, ennobling, irradiating and divine '
grace of hospitality. I do not kuow J
what your experience has been, bu* I j
have had men and women visiting at ;
my house who left a benediction on
every room?in the blessing they asked
at the table, in the prayer they offered 1
at the family altar, in the good advice '
? T-"i J xT
tney gave ine cniiuren, m me j^uopcuzation
that looked out from every lineament
of their countenances, and their
departure was the sword of bereavement.
The queen of Norway, Sweden
and Denmark had a royal cup of
ten curves, or lips, each one having
on it the name of the distinguished
pei son who had drunk from it. And
that cap which we offer to others in
. Christian hospitality, though it be of
the plainest earthenware, is a royal cup,
and God can read on all sides the
names of those who have taken from it
refreshment, but all this is impossible
unless you have a home of your own.
It is the delusion as to what is nertoeearrr
-fVvr a hfvmfi that hinders so
many from establishing one. Thirty
rooms are not necessary, nor 20, nor 15,
nor 10, nor 5, nor 3. In the right way
plant a table, and conch, and knife,
and fork, and a chair, and you can
raise a young paradise. Just start a
home on however small a scale> and it
will grow. When Ki^g Cyrus was invited
to dine with a humble friend, the
king made the one condition of his
coming that the only dish be one loaf
of bread, and the most imperial satisfactions
have sometimes banqueted on
the plainest fare. Do not be caught in
the delusion of many thousands in
postponing a home until they can have
an expensive one. That idea is the
/3aTr;i'a *ror? men and wo
U^/ VIA Lj VAWr?/ vuw?
men innumerable who will never have
any home at all. Capitalists of America,
build plain homes for the people.
Let this tenement house system, in
which hundreds of thousands of the
people of our cities are wallowing in
the mire, be broken up by small homes,
where people can have their own firesides
and their own altars. In this
great continent there .i3 room enough
- *- 4-s\ VloTTA O
lor every mzin nuu wumau iv ?
home. Morals and civilization and religion
demand it. We want done all
over this land what George Peabody
and Lady Burdett-Coutts did in. England
and some of the large manufacturers
of this country have done for the
villages and cities in building small
houses at low rents, so that the middle
classes can have separate homes. They
are the only class not provided for. The '
rich have their palaces, and the poor 1
have their poorhouses, and criminals
have t ieir jails, but what about the ;
honest middle classes, who are able '
and willing to work and yet have small ,
income? Let the capitalists, inspired
of God and pure patriotism, rise and
build whole streets of small residences.
The laborer may have at the close of "
the day to walk or ride farther than is
desirable to reach it, but when he gets
to his destination in the eventide he
will find something worthy of being
called by that glorious and impassioned ,
and heaven descended word?"home." ,
Young married man, as soon as you
can buy such a place, even if you have "
to put on it a mortgage reaching from 1
base to capstone. The much abused
mortgage, which is ruin to a reckless
man, to one prudent and provident is
the beginning of a competoncy and a j
fortune for the reason he will not be t
satisfied until he has paid it off, and all c
the household are put on stringent eco- \
nomics until then. Deny yourself all ]
superfluities and all luxuries until you ]
can say, "Everything in this house is f
mine, thank God!?every timber, eveiy 4
brick, every foot of plumbing, every }
doorsill." Do not have your children ]
bom in a boarding house, and do not e
yourself be buried from one. Have a g
place where your children can shout a
and sing and romp without being over- <3
hauled for the racket. Have a kitchen a
where you can do something toward the t
reformation of evil cookery and the les- f
sening of this nation of dyspcptics. As i
Napoleon lost one of his great battles p
by an attack of indigestion, so many t
men have such a daily wrestle with the t
food swallowed that they have no e
strength left for the battle of life; and p
mo-C L~nflW llOW nlfl_V T
liiyugu ?VU1 "AWJ ? W .. x J s
on all musical instruments and rival a t
prima dona, she is not well educaten s
unless she can boil an Irish potato ana i
broil a mutton chop, since the die s
sometimes decides the fate of familie c
and nations. e
Hart <x siiuaf.room with at least one
easy chair even though you have to take
turns at sitting in it, and books out of ?
the public library or of your own pur- T
chase for the making of your family in- *
telligent, and checker boaids and guess- c
ng matches, with an occasional blind
aan's bu5?which is of all games my
avorite. Rouse up your home with all
tyles of innocent mirth, and gather up
n your children's nature a reservoir of
xuberance that will pour down refreshng
streams when life gets parched, and
he dark days come, and the lights go
ut, and the laughter is smothered into
. _
SOD.
First, last and all the time have
Jhrist in your home. Julius Caesar
aimed the fears of an affrighted boataan
who was rowing him in a stream
y saying, u6o long as Caesar is with
ou in the same boat no harm can
iappen." And whatever storm of
dversity or bereavement or poverty
aay strike your home all is well as
ong as you have Christ the king on
ioard. Make your home sofaneachng
in its influence that down to the
ast moment of your children's life
ou may hold them with a heavenly
harm. At 76 years of age the Demoshenes
of the American senate lay dyng
at Washington?I mean Henry Clay
f Kentucky. His pastor sat at his
ledside, and "the old man eloquent,"
fter a long and excitiDg public life,
ransatlantic and cisatlantic, was back
.gain in the scenes of his boyhcod, and
le kept saying in his dream over and
gain, "My mother, mother, mother!"
rlay the parental influence we exert be
lot only potential, but holy, and so the
tome on earth be the vestibule of our
lomc in heaven, in which place may we
.11 meet?father, mother, son, daugher,
brother, sister, grandfather, grandnother
and grandchild and the entire
;roup of precious ones, of whom we
nust say in the words of transporting
Charles Wesley:
)ne family we dwell in him,
One church above, beneath;
rhough now divided bv the stream?
The narrow stream of death;
)oe army of the living God,
To his command we bow;
^art of the host have crossed the flood
And part are crossing now.
THE STOKY^iTPAEDON.
Arrested and Sent to Serve Sentence
After Thirty Year's Freedom.
Sent back to serve out a sentence af;er
having escaped from the State prison
31 years ago. Such was the fate
if Hope Frazier, an agea Negro who
.vis sent to the penitentiary from Colleton
county two weeks ago. But the
governor has pardoned him, and the old
jx-slavecan go back to his children and
his grand-children, born since he es*
* ?">A
japed trom prison over ou years agu.
The members of the jury of 12 ignorant
Negroes who convicted him are all dead.
All others interested in the case are
lead, and the governor pardoned the
poor old fellow upan the petition of
those who in latter years have found
him an humble but good citizen.
In January, 1867, the Negro was convicted
of larceny of live stock and sentenced
by Judge Piatt to two years in
the State prison. The convict was
brought to Columbia. For 11 months
he served his sentence. There were no
great, forbidding walls; there were no
massive stone prison buildings; there
was no great army of convicts there.
The State prison was a wooden affair
and the walls offered liLtle security.
One day Hope found an ''easy"
place on the wall s.nd quietly took his
departure from a servitude qtiite different
from that to which he had before
been accustomed; for it was but two
years after the close of the war, and
Hope had been a slave. Back to Colleton
county he went. As if nothing
had happened he resumed his work on
the Middleton and Burnett plantations.
For 31 years he has followed the even
tenor of his way until two week ago
Thursdav. when he was arrested as an
escaped convict. "It was an old grudge
somebody had against me, marster,"
the poor old fellow said. > 'Foi 31 years
1 have gone right there to that cote
house and paid my taxes without any
one bothering me, and after this long
time they arrested me. I didn't done
go to tief dat hoss, and I didn't know it
was wrong to leave the penitentiary."
Poor old ex-slave, with his warped
ideas of morality!
With the weight of 72 years on his
shoulders the prison^ life ill became
him. Friends interested themselves in
his behalf and the governor Thursday
made him a free man.?The State.
Dairy Rules.
The Iowa Agricultural College creamery
has promulgated the following rules,
which could be profitably observed by
all.
1. Nothing but tin pails should be
used in the milkyard, as it is impossible
to keep wooden pails sweet.
2. The cows' udders should be carefully
washed before any milk is drawn.
3. Milk should be aired immediately
by pouring or dripping from pail to
nail heforft cooling. and then be cooled
t .?
13 quickly as possible to at least 00 degress.
4. Milk should be kept where the
surrounding air is pure and free from
stable odors or taint of any kind.
5. Moraine's miik should be cooled
before mixing with the evening's milk.
6. Cows should not be permitted to
Irink stagnant or impure water, but
should have an abundance of good
ivater.
7. Cows should be driven quietly to
md from pasture.
8. Cans and pails should be washed
iarefully with warm water, but not
lot, and care should be taken to clean
;he seams of the receptacles; tnen tney
should be scalded thoroughly with hot
vater and be aired.
A Good Showing.
Reliable poultry statistics that :ire of
)ractical value are difficult to get, for
he reason that not one poultry raiser
tut of a hundred in this section even
>retends to keep a record. Mr. Brooks
inman. of Yorkville, however, gave the
eporter of the Enquirer recently some
igures that are quite interesting.
'Since January last up to today," said
>Ir. Inman, "I have had 26 Brown
jeghorn hens, and in the time mentionid
they have laid 225 dozen egis. A
;reat many of these eggs, I have sold at
, dollar a setting, but at 12J cents per
[ozen the gross income would have
.mounted to $28.12^. During this
ime, the hens have cost on account of
eed and other expenses $11.80, ieavng
a net profit of $16.32, and the hens
iracticallv of the same value as at tne
leginning of the year." According to
hese figures it would seem that chickn
raising is a pretty good business, es>ecially
if the chickens are leoked after
>roperly, and accorded intelligent atention.
The Enquirer says there are
everal other poultry raisers in Yorkille
who are in the business as estenively
as Mr. Inman, and perhaps some
if them may be able to report results
ven more satisfactory.
The Atlanta Journal says forty perons
were killed and several hundred
rounded this year by our barbarous
nethods of celebrating independence
lay.
OLD TIME LAWS. j
i
???
]
legislation That Would Seem Queer <
Enough These Days <
Iq 1U49 "irreligion"' was made an of- J
fense against the law in Massachusetts. '<
Absence from church was punished by '<
fine. Denial of truth or inspiration of *
any book of the Bible was punished by ^
fine, stripes, exile and death.
In 1651 the Massachusetts legislature 1
prohibited persons whose estate did not ex(e:d
?200 ($1,000) from wearing lace '
costing over two shillings (48 cents) a 1
yard. ]
In 1(157 Quakers who came to Ameri- 1
ca as a refuge from Puritan persecution 1
in England found a rude welcome. 1
They were fined, whipped and banished. (
On first conviction of the heinious !
crime of being a Quaker one ear was 1
^ "1 rt* .1 j 1 " t af_ a _ ,
loppea on; on tne inira me tongue was <
bored with a redhot iron. Any one en- 1
tering "the accursed sect" was fined. ;
A London woman, lately over, rebuked
a magistrate for imposing the penalty, ,
and was whipped with 20 stripes. In
1G59 two Quakers were hanged in the 1
Massachusetts colony for returning :
there after benig punished. And Mary .
*r\ 1 VI (* ? 1 xT_
l^yer missea a iiKe iaie Dy me narrowest
of margins. She was equally guilty,
and the rope was around her neck, <
but she was reprieved. But the follow- ,
ing June she was hanged at Boston, .
the charge of being a Quaker having
been found sustained?and sufficient.
Charles II was about all the friend in
authoiity those plain people had. 'He ;
ordered the persecutions in Xew Eng
land to cease, and was but indifferently ,
obeyed. In Virginia John Burgess was
expelled from the assembly for "being 1
well attectea toward t&e ^matters."
A committee of the English house of ,
commons reported in 1708 that ''the
slave trade was important and ought to
be free." And another committee,
three years later, reported that "the
plantations ought to be supplied with
negroes at reasonable rates," and recommended
an increase in the trade.
In 1712 the Pennsylvania assembly
replied to a petition to emancipate the
negroes that "it was neither just nor
convenient to set them at liberty."
South Carolina solemnly declared that
baptism was "not inconsisent with
slavery;" so that even negroes might be
converted. Virginia had, however,
set the example for that broad charity
in 1667.
Theatrical representations were prohibited
in Massachusetts and Connecticut
in 1749.
Poultry Items.
Give lime for growth of bone and for
eg? shell material.
A laying hen should have her food
and drink at regular intervals.
A 1 iff 1a <ra.vennfi nArmer in the food
will generally stimulate laying
If the hens show an inclination to
pull feathers, feed them salt pork.
Young ducks can be marketed at
about five pouuds weight and should
attain this weight in four weeks.
The eggs of tha "White Leghorn,
Black Minorca and Houdan are about
of the same weight as those of the
Light Brahma.
One dollar a year is the average cost
for keeping each fowl. If the fowls
are of good strain each should give that
much profit.
In the selection of eggs for hatching
purposes choose those from the
hens that are tne Dest layers, most
vigorou^attd best in form.
Ten "tBren eggs is the average estimate
given as the production of the
hen. Ducks are said to average about
ten dozen and turkeys four dozen.
Eggs intended for hatching should
not be kept over four weeks. They
should be turned every day or two.
Thirteen eggs are generally considered
enough for a sitting, though many
breeders now place under the hen as
many as fifteen.
Introduce new blood into your poulfrTnTif^
a vpar hut Hn nnfc fthan?re the
J V?WW W J J ?- # breed
by cross breeding. If dissatisfied
with the breed you have don't try
to cross it out by breeding. Sell it out
and start with pure-breds, or a purebred
cock and good, strong, healthy
hens.
A Heavy LoadSome
of the Republican newspapers
are beginning to realize that their party
will find the administration's foreign
policy a heavy load to carry next year.
They are begging the president to call
a halt in his imperialism and some of
j-'-i iL.i rr T__ j j
mem predict* mat ju lie uuea uui uu ou
he will be rebuked by the people at the
first opportunity. We quoted recently
the comments of the Washington Post
on the Philippine situation. While
The Post claims to be an independent
newsper it has been a staunch support- er
of the administration and yet it practically
admits that the president aas
made a mess of the Philippine war.
The Minneapolis Tribune, the leading
Republican newspaper of the northwest,
frankly tells the president that if the
Philippine problem is not solved a year
hence his re-election will be very doubt*1
mi J??
iill. JLuere are uiau^ luucpcuucuu nuu
Republican newspapers who talk like
the Washington Post and the Minneapolis
Tribune. The Democratic press
is almost solidly opposed to the imperialistic
tendencies of the administration
and in favor of making them as
prominent an issue as possible in the
campaign of next year.
Nearly Wiped Out.
All but one of the seven members of
" n -r-r-r * 1 P 1
tiie family 01 \\ m. rteinnara 01 v^oiumbus
Ohio, were killed and the remaining
one was badly injured by a passenger
train Sunday afternoon.
The dead are:
William Reinhard, aged 41.
Ilachael Reinhard, aged 40.
"William Reinhard, Jr, aged 14.
Arthur Reinhard, aged 9.
Karl Reinhard, aged 7.
Edward Reinhard, aged 5.
Injured:
Clarence Reinhard, aged 14, collar
bone broken.
Mr. and Mrs. Reiniiard and their five
children were out for an afternoon
drive in a surrey. They were crossing
the tracks just as the westbound passenger
train, due at Columbus at 3:15 p.
in., came along. The vehicle was
knocked into splinters and Mrs. Rein
hard and Arthur and Jtiari were killed
outright. Edward and William were
so badly injured that they died after
being removed to a hospital. Clarence
sustained a fractured collar bone and
other lesser injuries, but it is believed
he will recover. The horse which was
attached to the surrey was literally
grouud to pieces. The crossing has
long been regarded as a dangerous one,
the view of incoming trains being obscured
by a high fence around the fair
frrnrm^o TTia train was runnine at a
?
j high speed. |
fla
\
_ . - j
A Vigorous Protest.
Mr. M. L. Swift, of XordhoS, Cal..
.3 not in agreement with Generals M.
3. Batler. Joseph Wheeler and Col. R.
L. Berner, apparently. The Baltimore
Sun has received an open letter from
Mr. Swift, addressed to the president
md his associated sovereign empire and
irmy makers, in which he says: "It
seems zo have become, within the past
few months, a firmly grounded principle
of Republican institutions that one
crho does not agree with your august
authority in these matters of conquest.
and expansion savors of the traitor, and
that one who fully speaks his disapproval
is a traitor. If you are allowed
to establish this abominable doctrine
pre shall soon be, all of us, in chains;
Dur right to discuss, our very right to
flecide national polices for ourselves
md by ourselves, unawed and undictated
to by elected masters, will be torn
away. You may be very confident that
the luster which two tiny wars have
given you will enabel you to confirm
that doctrine, but you shall at least
bear our version of the mysteries of
treason. No doctrine could be more
immoral or dangerous than that we
must support our 'rulers' in every grossness
of external policy or war for the
appearance of national unity toward the
outer world. There is no stopping
place for such a creed short of complete
mental and moral surrender of the
whole people to the tyranny of one will,
and the only antidote for such madness
is to stop in the beginning. If all those
who are piained and enraged at your violent
criminal aggression were to pursue
this enlightened resistance toward you,
even you would soon be so enlightened
as to acknowledge the horror of your
performances and to graciously discon- j
tinue them. It is now announced thit
you will soon make new levies of soldi
era to continue the assimilating massacre
of our beloved Oriental godchildren.
This is audacity inconceivable
Was it not enough, having obtained
volunteers under the false pretense of
merely liberating Cuba, to cunningly
dispatch these men, who never would
have enlisted to crush and destroy Cubans,
to do that very thing to another
people in every respect similar to the
Cubans? This is the quintessence of
treachery and I marvel beyond words
that an intelligent people has borne it
at your hands."
Royal Knees.
The Prince of "Wales is the third
m-ember of the royal family who has
received an injury to the knee. The
Queen slipped about fifteen years ago
and hurt her knee?an occurrence
which has caused her to refrain from
unnecessary walking exercise ever
since. The late Duke of Albany also
fell and injured his knee, an accident
which greatly tried his delicate health.
Economy In Italy.
Marvelous qponomy is practiced by
the poor of Italy in looking after the
wants of the inner man. Coffee
grounds from the wealthy man's kitch
J?* -3 -3 J T?
en are aneu aim icauiu tv uic j^uur. iu
i similar way oil is twice and sometimes
three times used, the drippings
after each successive frying being
gathered from the pan and sold to the
poor.
The Caxhevr Kernel.
A highly flavored nut, known as the
cashew kernel, is being imported into
Canada for dessert and confectionery
uses. It is produced in India only, and
its season is from May to November,
but the production is not large, and importers
must place their orders in advance.
on tbe Trail of a Pension.
A somewhat pathetic letter comes
from an old colored citizen. It is as
follows:
"De rain has done beat down my cotton,
an' most er my co'n is done mint
My son wuz a sojer in de war wid de
Spaniels. He lost two legs in it Do
you reckon de guv-ment will give him
?2 a leg fer 'em?"
Level Sea Bottom.
The bottom of the Pacific between
Hawaii and California is said to be so
level that a railroad could be laid for
500 miles without grading anywhere.
This fact was discovered by the United
States surveying vessel engaged in
making soundings with a view of laying
cable.
HON
aa fiu .
ji iTlCC
J| Mmmmj **?nad?d titer SO -i
I it B0t M ff*cd M tfe? M3 do 1
1 3L*tt?a&u Carpets, Se?t
fiafty (ftin rtiijfiin ?tc.
>iHn in
I B00*IiI2 6i
? iww-jr* II ??an. .i I ii>nr.'ii li n~?n . ma
A Good Tiling for farmers*
In some parts of Pennsylvania, i
where rural free mail delivery is in operation,
it is said the merchants, tavern
keepers and others are raising strenuous
objections to the system. It is
claimed that the farmers pay fewer visits
to the towns and as a consequence
nnrcha.se fewer of the commodities
which the stores offer for sale and eat I!
fewer meals at the taverns. There-may J
be something in that view of the siatter
still it is not likely that the legitimate
wants of the farmers are decreased
through haviDg their mails delivered at
their doors. If the rural free delivery
will save farmers from making unneccessary
purchases, then it follows that
it is a good thing for the farmers.
l,l&k|
NOTHING LIKE IT
FOR
Constipation,
Indigestion,
And DfinrnMnr *or ftrltifiue
as a ncguiaiui the iviuiiejo. i
Wholesale by?
THE MURRAY DRUG CO.,
Columbia, S. C.
Dr. H. BAER,
Charleston, S. C.
All We Ask of
v- uaii
g^YUU
]?n?ANYTHING
In the Machinery
Mill Supply Une_
Is tnat you give us an opportunity
to submit our prices and make
comparisons. We ask this because
we believe we can make it to
YOUR advantage. TRY TJS.
We make a specialty of equipping
IMPROVED MODERN GINNERIES
OF ANY CAPACITY
WITH THE SIMPLEST AND
MOST EFFICIENT COTTON
HANDLING (APPARATUS IN
EXISTENCE-THE MURRAY
SYSTEM.
Correspondence with intending purfa
casers solicited.
W. H. Gibbes & Co..
COLUMBIA, S. C.
SOUTH CAROLINA AGENCY
Liddell Co., Charlotte, N. C.
A. B. FarquharCo., Ltd., York, Pa.
Eagle Cotton Gin Co., Bridgewater,
Mass.
Stranb Machinery Co., Cincinnati. 0.
To get strong
and healthy use
one bottle Mukt>
a v'c Turnr Mty
|AV?1lJL W -LTJLJ^Uk.
ITURE. Price 50c
THE MURRAY DRUS GO.,
?LIFE?
A vegetable for Mild,
cure for Liv- the Pleasant,
er, Kidney & LIYER Sore,
stomach troubles, and 25, 50, $1.
-KIDNEYSSold
wholesale by?
The Murray Drug Co. Colum bia
Dr. H. Baer. Charleston, S C,
^-- 5 j ?.?: ?**; |
Es*e* xte*?' 4 L ?' i1 ? J ^
'--s " "^r
ter^.4- ".->- "?* '.-. >
r - -" " '
ve > '- " ?
M&lgg.&M 'M- :
TV . 5
*":* "-" *- ' ..."
- "r.? - t" .
v.c r* ,: j;. A
*..?* r.^., 2
vV. ~ V - i
. 4 -i
r * ^ |
0 > . . - ? I*5
^ I
'- . k' > Vc -ay*
a*e;f f.i: \/
i-'-i ?
o +yj.CC i?-a ?'r /'
7 f ' r
i ' ' /'
ta . ?-;,/
la vhat T?" ? ? ,-y
Bilartt, StOVi:*, t '.?* *
csy?. \ . -5
riafl A vTr. ^
v> " -'
S **?
The Padgett Fur
road Street,
M nfl
It is the=|j
=CustoiH
Bat a very poor one, to wait until the fl
ning season is on before locking to mfl
witai ax me gia is m.
Now is the
HURRY
TOUR GIN TO THE I
ELLIOT GW eta MUM
Do not delay and thea ask as to
have it at once, for thorough work cmH H
be done in a hurry. 1 he attention gflj
this matter now will more than repay
when the cotton is white in the fipH
and the gin house crowded. Tbe woxjjfl
coming in already, so thip at once togH
undersigned, located at the old electric 1M
engine house. iH
References by permission:?W. H. Gfl
& Co , V C. Badham, Jno. A Willis. V B
t- ? -tMA AM/1 oliinniikff iHL^_
nitrn j. our uauic ?U?
011 work seat and prepay the freight.
The Elliott Gin Repair WorlaS
W. J. ELLIOTT, Proprietor, jll
No. 1314 Gates Street, -||j
COLUMBIA, S. c|?
Ginning i
Machinery
The Smith Pneumatic SnctB
Elevating, Ginning and?
Packing System 9 I
Is the simplest and most efficient?
the market. Forty-eight compleM
outfits in South Carolina; eacfcjfl
one giving absolute H
satisfaction.
Boilers and Engines; Sin
Valve, Automatic ana uoriu^H
My Light and Heavy Log Beast fl
Mills cannot be equalled in designJB
ficiency or price by any dealer or H
facturer in the South.
Write for prices and catalogues. fl
V. C. Badham, I
1326 Main Street, iW
COLUMBIA, S. C. 1
= Keeley I
126 SMtTH STREET, ||
Cob. Vanderhorst, llilffl
CHARLESTON, S. C.
MORPHINE.* /jh
ci^^ette ! * 'JMb
Produce each, a disease having^^^S!
ite pathology. The disease?
easily to the Double Chloride o9
Treatment as administered at th?H
Keeley Institute. I
J N. B.?The Keeley Treatme^^BB
! administered in South Carolina fl
Charleston?
*m mm I
Macieats m
SHORTHAND Jj
TYPEWRi
COLUMBIA, S. C.
This School has tie reputation of bein^J
bett basiness institution in the State.
uatea are holding re aunerative poaicioasH
mercantile houses, binkiag, insurance, jmM
estate, railroad oflie?s, &c., in this aai Otl^H
, etates. Write to Vf. H. Mi:feat. Coafl
Stenographer Comalbia, S.C. for
,
f'A. S COOKING STOVE |
i r 'y SKXeQ.
IT? I i> Mvftti, fow 8
\ii< No 8 Cookrtag Slew, K9
n; H-;c. 40 pieces of inrt far JKfl
S/G.CO GASH.
M
niture Co. ;|j||
Hagnsta,Ga. ffl

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