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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, August 02, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-08-02/ed-1/seq-4/

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g&Hartforr iwiuLfi
TRICKERY IN TSADET!:
I I
Rev. Dr. Talmage Contrasts It j:
With Fair Dealing.
j:
CONDEMNS BUSINESS
i
!
^ - ? ? L--- UfL'^U \/i!iiae A f 3 i
processes uy nmui ...v.
Misrepresented. Many of
Our Merchants Are
Models of Integrity.
Integrity and trickery in business
life form the subject of Dr. Talmage's
sermon today, and the contrast he
establishes between the two is a striking
one. The text is Proverbs xx, 14,
"It is naught, it is naught, said the
buyer, when he is gone his way, then
he boasteth."
"Palaces are not such prisons as the
world imagines. If you think that the I
only time kings ?nd queens come forth
from the royal gates is in procession
and jprgeously attended, you are mistaJjjjar
Incognito, by day or by night,
^aralothed in citizen's apparel or the
qtoF of a working woman, they come
out and see the world as it is. In no
other way could King Solomon, the
author of my test, have known everything
that was going on. From my
text I am sure he must in disguise some
day have walked into a store of ready i
made clothing in Jerusalem and stood j
near the counter and heard a conversation
between a buyer and a seller. The
merchant put a price on a coat, and the
customer began to dicker and said:
"Absurd! That coat is not worth what
you ask for it. Why, just look at the
coarseness of the fabric! See that spot
on the collar! Besides that, it does
not fit. Twenty dollars for that? Why,
" mi I
it is not wortn more man $>iu. jl iiey
have a better article than that and for
lower price down at Clothem, Fitem &
Bros. Besides that, I don't want it at
any price. Good morning." ''Hold,"
says the merchant, "do not go off in
that way. I want to sell you that coat.
I have some payments to make and I
want the money. Come, now, how
much will you give for that coat?"
"Well," says the customer, "I will
split the difference. You asked $20
inu i - iid^SlO. Now, I will give you
$1V "Well," said tiie mercnant, 11
is a great sacrifice, but take it at that
price."
Then the customer with a roll under
his arm started to go out and enter his
own place of business, and Solomon in
disguise followed him. He heard the
customer as he unrolled the coat say:
"Boys, I have made a great bargain.
How much do you guess I gave for that
coat?" "Well," says one, wishing to
rt/vnf>T\K-nr>?T?t Ilia oT>fomric<? "vnn FRVP.
j v ? 0?$30
for it" Another says, "I should
think you got it cheap if you gave $25. "
"No," says the buyer in triumph; "I
got it for $15. I beat him down and
pointed out the imperfections until I
really made him believe it was not worth
hardly anything. It takes me to make
a bargain. Ha! Ha!" 0 man, you
got the goods for less than they were
worth by positive falsehood, and no
wonder, when Solomon went back to
his palace and had put off his disguise,
that he sat down at his writing desk and
fnr ?11 strps a cravon sketch of
you, "It is naught, it is naught, saith
the buyer, but when he is gone his way,
-? then he boasteth."
- There are no higher styles of men in
all the world than those now at the
head of mercantile enterprises in the
great cities of this continent. Their (
casual promise is as good as a bond with i
piles of collterals. Their good reputa- .
tion for integrity is as well established
as that of Petrarch residing in the family
of Colonna. It is related that when .
there was great disturbance in the f ami
ly the cardinal called all his people to- ;
gether and put them under oath to tell
the truth, except Petrarch. When he J
came up to swear, the cardinal put away
his book and said, "As for you, Pet- J
rarch, your word is sufficient." Never ,
since the world stood have there been ,
so many merchants whose transactions .
can stand the test of the Ten Command- ;
ments. Such bargain makers are all ]
the more to be honored because they
have withsood year after year tempta- ,
tions which have flung so many flat and
flung them so hard they can never, ,
never reeover themselves. "While all
positions in life have powerful beset- .
ments to evil, there are specific forms ,
of allurement which are peculiar to .
each occupation and profession, and it
will be useful to speak of the peculiar
temptations of business men.
Firat, as in the scene of the text,
business mea are often tempted to sac- i
rifice plain truth, the seller by exaggerating
the value of goods and the buyer (
be depreciating them. We cannot but (
admire an expert salesman. See how
he first induces the customer into a
mood favorable to the propejiconsidera- (
tion of the value of the goods. He .
shows himself to be an honest and !
frank salesman. How carefully the \
lights are arranged till they fall just .
right upon the fabric', tfeiiimng with (
goods of medium quality, he gradually .
advances toward those of more thor- j
ough make aud or more attractive pat- (
tern. How he watches the moods and (
whims of his customer! With what
perfect calmness he takes the order and
bows the purchaser from his presence, |
who goes away having made up his mind '
that he has bought the goods at a price
which will allow him a living margin ^
when he again sells them! The goods
were worth what the salesman said they
were and were soid at a price wmch will
not make it necessary for the house to
fail every ten years in order to fix up I
things.
But with what burning indignation 1
we think of the iniquitous stratagems
by which goods are sometimes disposed of!
A glance at the morning papers i
shows the arrival at one of our hotels of j
a young merchant from one of the inland
cities. He is a comparative stranger
in the great city, and of course he i
must be shown around, and it will J
be the duty of some of our enterpris- ,
ing houses to escort him. He is a
large purchaser and has plenty
01 time and money, aid it will pay to \
ror-j Thp fVTATnncr
spent at a place of doubtful amuse- .
ment. Then they go back to the ho- (
tel. Having just come to town, they .
must, of course, drink. ?
A friend from the same mercantile z
establishment drops in, and usage and t
generosity suggest that they must drink.
Business prospects are talked over, t
and the stranger is warned against cer- \
tain dilapidated mercantile establish- ;
ments that are about to fail, r.nd for a
such kindness and magnanimity of cau- s
tion against the dishonesty of ether r
^ business houses, of course it is expcct- 2
ed they will?and so they do?take a j.
drink. Other merchants lodging in ad- t
joining rooms find it hard to sleep for v
iP- the clatter of decanters, and the coarse a
carousal of these "hail fellows well ]
met" waxes louder. But they sit not r
all night at the wine cup. They must * [
I
? - - ...?
seo the sights^ They siSgger fcrtii wh* jj
sheeks flushed and cyez bloodsh.dt? Tht {:
outer gates of hell open to let in the ; ]
victims. Thj wings of lost souls flit : ]
among the lights, and the steps of the i
carousers sound with the rumbling i
thunders of the lost. Farewell to all s
,l- r\f mother. I
SdliUUtiVJ Vi w v ? ? ,
sister, father, slumbering in the inland I i
home, in some vision of that night ;
catch a glimpse of the rain wrought ]
they would rend out their hair by the i
roots and bite the tongue till the blood 1
spurted, shrieking out, ';God save ;
him!'' i
What, suppose you, will come upon such
business establishments? and
tnere are hundreds of them in the ]
cities. They may boast of fabulous 3
sales, and they may have aD unprece- 1
dented run of buyers, and the name of <
Vinn^r m,av bp a terror to all rivals, ]
and from this thrifty root there may |
spring up branch houses in other cities, 1
and all the partners of the lirm may j
move into their mansions and drive
their full blooded ?pan, and the i'am- !
ilies may sweep the street with the ^
most elegant apparel that human heart 1
ever wove or ea* :hly magnificence ever
achieved. I
But a curse is gathering surelv for j
those mea, aod if it does not seize hold J
if the pillars and in one wild ruin J
bring down the temple of commercial
glory ii will break up their peace, and 1
they will tremble wi.lt sickness and 1
bloat with dissipations, and, pushed to 1
the precipice of this life, they will try 1
to hold back and cry for help, but no 1
help will come, and they will clutch
' ' 1 ?- L j.1 1
their gold to taice it aiong wuu tueiu,
but it will be snatched from their grasp *
and a voice will sound through their ]
soul. "Not a farthing, thou beggared i
spirit!" Ani thr. judgment will come, 1
and they will stand aghast before it,
and all the business iniquities of a life- '<
time will gatber around them, saying, 1
"Do you remember this?" and "Do 1
you remember that?" And clerks that 1
they compelled to dishonesty and run <
ners and draymen and bookkeepers who <
saw behind the scenes will bear testi- \
mony to their nefarious deeds, and -
some virtuous soul that once stood J
aghast at the splendor and power of j
these business men will say, "Alas,
this is all that is left of that great firm <
that occupied a block with their mer- j
chandise and overshadowed the city i
with their influence and made rignte- |
ousness and truth and purity fall under i
the galling tire of avarice and crime." 1
While we admire and approve of all 1
acuteness and tact in the sale of goods, i
we must condemn any process by which J
a fabric or product is represented as >
possessing a vabe which it really does 1
not have. Nothing but sheer false- 1
hood can represent as perfection boots
that rip, silks tha; speedily lose their <
' - i
iUSter, calicoes mat iuimeuiaicij n?u
out, stoves that crack under tie first i
hot fire, books insecurely bound, car- <
pets that unravel, old furniture reju- J
vecated with putty ar.tl glue and sold 1
as :iavir.g been recently manufactured, i
gold watches made of brass, barrels of <
fruit, the biggest apples on liie top. 1
wine adulterated with strychnine, hos- '
- ' e J?}
lerv pocny woven, uiomes vj. uvucsuiu
manufacture shining with foreign la- 1
bels, imported goods represented as rare ]
and hard to get, because foreign cx- i
change is so high, rolled out on the '
counter with matchless display. Im- <
ported indeed, but from the factory in 1
the next street. A pattern already un- J
fashionable nnd unsalable palmed off as 1
a new print upon some country mer- i
chant who has come to town to make
? * ~ .1 J J J ? ,
His nrst purcnase 01 ary gygua auu going
home with a large stock of goods 1
warranted to keep. ]
Again business men are often tempt- }
ed to make the habits and customs of
other traders their law of rectitude. 1
There are commercial usages wl-.ich 1
will not stand the test of the last day. 1
Yet men in business are apt to do as j
their neighbors do. If the majority of '<
the traders In any locality are las in 1
principle, the commercial code in that 1
community t;11 be spurious and dis- t
honest, it is a hard thing to stand ]
close hy tV law of right when your 1
next door neighbor, by his-looseness of
dealing, is enabled to sell goods at a <
cheaper rate and decoy your customers. ^
Of course you who promptly meet all \
rour business engagements, paying j
when you promise to pay, will find it j
hard to compete with that merchant <
who is hopelessly in debt to the impor- i
ter for the goods and to the landlord i
vhose store he occupies and to the i
clerks who serve him. There arc a j
hundred practices prevalent in the <
world of traffic which ought never to be- ]
some the rule for honest men. Lneir j
wrong does not make your right. Sin ]
never becomes virture by being multi- i
plied and admitted at brokers' board or ]
merenants'exchange. Because others ]
smuggle a few things in passenger i
trunks, _ becausc others take usury 1
when men are in tight places, because j
others deal in fancy stocks, because ]
others palm off worthless indorsements, ]
becausc others do nothing but blow (
bubbles, do not, therefore, be overcome (
of temptation. Hollow pretentions ]
and fictitious credit and commercial j
gambling may awhile prosper, but the ^
iay of reckoning cometh, and in addition
to the horror and condemnation of
outraged communities the curse of God
will come, blow after blow. God's law
forever and forever is the only standard
Df right ana wrong and not commercial
sthics.
i'oung business, men avoid the first 2
business dishonor, and you will avoid 1
ill the rest. The captain of a vessel <
was walking near the mouth of a river i
svhen the tide was low, and there was a 1
long, stout anchor chain, into one of i
the great links or which his foot slipp- i
id, and it began to swelll, and he could t
ao't withdraw it. The tide began to t
rise. The chain could not be loosened i
aor filed off in time, and a surgeon was (
called to amputate the limb, but before i
:he work could be done the tide rolled ?
)ver the victim, and his life was gone. 3
[ have to tell you, young man, that 1
just one wrong into which you slip may 1
:>e a link of a long chain of circumstan- t
les from which you cannot be extricat- t
id by any ingenuity of your own or any s
aelp from others, and the tides will 3
roll over you as they have over many.
tVhen Pompey, the warrior, wanted to e
:ake possession of a city and they would i
iot open the gates, he persuaded them i
:o admit a ssck soldier. But the sick j
soldier after awhile got well aT.-d strong, c
ind he threw open the gates and let the g
levastating army come in. One wrong c
admitted into the soul may gain in s
strength until after awhile it flings open t
ill the gates to the attack of sin, and r
he ruin is complete. t
Again, business men are sometimes y
empted to throw off personal responsi- s
)iliiy, shifting it to the institution to g
rhich they belong. Directors in banks p
md railroad and insurance companies fi
ometimes shirk personal responsibility
mderneath the action of the corporation t
:nd how often, when some banking 1
louse or financial institution explodes 1
hrough fraud, respectable men in the v
)oard of directors say, "Why, I thought t
ill was going on in an honest way, and f
! am utterly confounded with this de- t
neanor!" The banks and the fire and a
ife and marine insurance companies v
itid the railroad bonipanies. Will not
stand up for judginent in the last day;
jut taose who in them acted righteous'
.7 will recoive, each for himself, a regard,
and those who acted the part of
isglect or trickery will, cach for him;els,
receive a condemnation.
Unlawful dividends are not clean be:ore
God because there are those associated
with you who grab just as big a
pile as you do. He who countenances
:he dishonesty of the firm or of the corporation
or association takes upon him
self all the moral liabilities. If the
Einancial institution steals, he steals,
[f they go into wild speculations, he
himself is a gambler. If they needlessly
embarrass a creditor, he himself
is guilty of cruelty. If they swindle
the uninitiated he himself is a defraud;r.
No financial institution ever had a
mocev vault strong enough, or credit
stanch enough, or dividends large
enough, or policy acute enough to hide
the individual sins of its members,
rhe old adage that corporations have no
?ouls is misleading. Every corporation
has as many souls as it has members.
JTl^CLLU j Ilic&Li V UOIliuSO iiatb
tempted to postpone their enjoyments
and duties to a future season of entire
leisure. What a sedative the Christian
religion would be to all our business
men if instead of postponing its uses to
aid age or death they would take it into
the store or factory or worldly engagements
now! It is folly to go amid the
uncertainties of business life with no
lirtr? tn Tinln A movAlinrif. in :l Now
England village was standing by a
horse, and the horse lifted its foot to
stamp it in a pool ol water, and the
merchant, to escape the splash, stepped
into the door of an insurance agent,
md the agent said, "I suppose you
have come to renew your fire insurince."
"Oh!" said the merchant,. "I
had forgotten that." The insurance
was renewed, and the nest day the
house that had been insured was burned.
Was it all accidental that the merchant,
to escape a splash from a horse's
foot, stepped into the insurance office?
N'o, it was providential. And what a
mighty solace for a business m?in to
feel that things are providential:
What peace and equilibrium in such a
consideration, and what a grand thing
if all business men could realize
it!
Many, although now comparatively
straitened in worldly circumstances,
have a goodly establishment in the future
planned out. They have in im-- :
nation built, about 20 years ahead.
house in the country not difficult 11'
iccess from the great town, for oy
will often have business or old accou ts
to settle or investments to look after.
Fhe house is large enough to accommo"
" *? 0 mi. i^li?
late an tneir rrienas. j.ne nana * re
wide and hung with pictures of hunting
scenes and a branch of antlers and are
jomfortable vrith chairs that can be
rolled out on the veranda when the
weather is inviting or set out under
some of the oaks that stand sentinel
id out the house, rustling in the cool
Dreeze and songful with the robins,
rhere is just land enough to keep them
interested, and its crops of almost fabilous
richness springing up v.nder application
of the best theories to be
found in the agricultural journals.
The farm is well stocked with cattle
md horses and sheep that know the
7oice and have a kindly bleat when one
joes forth to look at them. In this
Dlissful abode their children will be instructed
in art and science and religion,
rhis shall be the old homestead to
which, the boys at college will direct
:heir letters, and the hill on which the
aouse stands will be called Oakwood or
[vy Hill or Pleasant Retreat or Eagle
Evrie. Mav the future have for every
jusinesss man here ail that and more
resides! But are you postponing your
lappiness to that time? Are you adjourning
your joys? Suppose that you
ichieve all you expect?and that the
rision I mention is not up to the reality,
because the fountains will be brighter,
;he house grander and the scenery more
picturesque?the mistake is none the
ess fatal.
What charm will there be in rural
luiet for a man who has for 30 or 40
i ^ i
pears oeen coniormiog ais entire uatiue
:o the excitements of business? Will
locks and herds with their bleat and
noan be able to silence the insatiable
spirit of acquisitiveness which has for
rears had full swing in the soul? Will
;he hum of the breeze soothe the man
,vho now can find his only enjoyment
n the stock market? Will leaf and
iloud and fountain charm the eye that
aas for three-fourths of a lifetime
.?ound its chief beauty in hogshead and
3ills of sale? Will parents be compe;ent
to rear their children for high and
aoly purpose, if their iafancy and boyaood
and girlhood were neglected,
yhen they are almost ready to enter
ipon the world and have all their habts
fixed and their principles stereotyped?
No, no: now is the time to be
VftTi io fTir> firriA fo rnnr
lajk/^j-. VU Jit J WUV V*l?v WW WV* < W J V
Creator. Now is the time to be a
Jhristian. Are you too busy? I have
:nown men as busy as you are who had
i place in the store loft where iliey
vent to pray. Someone asked a Chris;ian
sailor where he found any place tu
Dray in. lie said, "I can always find
i quiet place at masthead." And in
:he busiest day of the season if your
leart is right you can find a place to
vrav Rnav thnrmiffhfares are eood
r * ""*?/ " "o ? - - w
places to pray in as you go to meet
,*our various engagements. Go home a
Ittle earlier and get introduced to your
;hildrcn. Be not a galley slave by day
md night, lashed fast to the oar of
)usiness. Let every day have its hour
?or worship and intellectual culture
md recreation. Show yourself greater
than your business. Act not as
;hough after death you would enter
lpon an eternity of railroad stocks and
soffees and ribbons. Roast not your
nanhood before the perpetual fires of
msiety. With every yard of cloth
*ou sell, throw not in your soul to boot,
jse firkin and counting room desk and
AMAIA MM 4- A AVI And
id.ruware uraic <xz tuc 3^^ iv givixvuo
isefulness and highest Christian charicter.
Decide once and forever who
ihall be master in your store, you or
'our business.
Again, business men are often tempt;d
to let their calling interfer with the
nterests of the soul. God sends men
nto the business world to get educated
ust as boys are sent to school and
:ollege. Purchase and rale, loss and
;ain, disappointment, prosperity, the
? "? 0.1 _ ? _ J 1.
lisnonesty 01 oiners, panic ana uans
nspension are but different lessons in
he school. The more business the
core means of grace. Many hr.ve gone
hrough wildest panic unhurt. "Are
'ou not afraid you will break?" said
ome one to a merchant in time of
Teat commercial excitement. He re- j
lied, "Aye, I shall break when the
iftieth psalm breaks, in the fifteenth
erse, 'Call upon me in the day of
rouble, and I will deliver thee.' "
.'he store and the counting house
ave developed some of the most stalrart
characters. Perhaps originally
hey had but little sprightliness and
orce, but two or three hard business
hnmps woke them up from their lethrgy,
and there came a thorough development
in their hearts of all that
| T7a5 good and holy anc energetic iiid j
; tremendous, and the have become the
front men in Christ's army as well 13
lighthouses m the great world of traific.
But business has been perpetual
! depletion to many a man. It first
pulled out of him all benevolence,
nest all amiability, next all religious
aspirations, nest all conscience, and,
though he entered his vocation with
lsrcA heart arid rxVhl^ r-Tiarnntar >10
goes out of it a skeleten, enough to
scare a ghost.
Men appreciate the impotence of
having a good business stand, a store
on the right side of the street or in
the right block, yet every place of business
is a good stand for spiritual culture.
God's angels hover over the
world of traffic to sustain and build up
those who are trying to do their duly.
Tomorrow, if in your place of worldlv
engagement you will listen for it, you
may hear a sound louder than the rattle
of drays and the shuffle of feet and
the chink of dollars stealing into your
soul, saying, "Seek ye first the king- '
dom of God and his righteousness, and (
all other things shall be added unto ;
you."
Yet some of those sharpest at a bar
&CLIU. aic tucatcu uuuui cutii Jiiiuiuitdi
blessedness by stratagems more palpable
then any "drop game" of the
street. They make investments in ,
thing? everlastingly below par. They ,
put their valuables in a safe not tireproof.
They give full credit to influences
that will not be able to pay ,
one cent on the dollar. They plunge
into a labyrinth from which no bank- ,
rupt law or "two-thirds enactment"
will ever extricate them. They take
into their partnership the vorld, the
flesh and the devil, aud the enemy of
all righteousness vvill boast throngh
-x xi. "L . _n
eternal ages uiai me man wiio in an
his business life could not be outwitted
at last tumbled into spiritual defalca
tion and wns swindled out of heaven.
Perhaps some of you saw the fire in
New York in 1835. Aged men tell us
th/.t it begeared all description.
Some stood on the house tops of Brooklyn
and looked at the red ruin that
swept down the streets and threatened
to obliterate the metropolis. But the
commercial world will yet be startled
by a greater conflagration; even the
last one. Bills of exchaage, policies
of insurance, mortgages and bonds and
government securities will be consumed
in one lick of the flame. The
^urse and the United States mint will ;
j urn to ashes. Gold will run molten
i into the dust of the street. Ex
changes and granite blocks of merchan- i
dise will fall with a crash that will
make the earth tremble. The flashing
up of the great light will show the
righteous the way to their thrones, i
Their best treasures in heaven, they <
will go up and take possession of them.
The toils of business life, which racked
their brains and rasped their nerves
for so many years, will nave iorever
ceased. "There the wicked cease
from troubling and the weary are at i
rest."
WAR CORRESPONDENTSComplaint
of Their Treatment by Otis
Sent to London.
An Associated Press dispatch from .
London Tuesday says: A private let- !
ter received here today from a war cor- (
respondent at Manila and dated June
17, say: "There seems to be no end of ,
the war in sight. The censorship is ,
hecominer more troublesome. ,
Gen Otis recently establised a rule
that any matter relating to the navy !
must be taken to the commander of
the fleet for his approval and afterward
submitted to the military censor, i
thus adding to our difficulties. For
some reason which the censor would .
not explain, Gen. Otis refused to allow
us to send the death of the Monad- :
nock's captain (Nichols) for two days (
after its occurrence. The general also i
refused to allow us to send news of (
the disappearance of Capt. Rockefel- ,
ler (April 28) on the ground that it ]
would worry his family, or the killing
of Capt. Tilley, of the signal corps,
until the next day. The correspondents
are all very tired of this arrangement,
which simply means that they I
muet go out and run large chances of
re oaTTa^ol flTTO^a O XUlf.ll
?0 1/ Li. i_i JUUU Of VAkUvwr m MWV*? i? ?
no chance of making reputations, because
their stories must always reflect
Otis' view. {
"It is impossible to write the trutli '
about the situation. The resources 1
and fiehtine Qualities of the natives 1
are quite misunderstood by the Ameri- J
can papers and we cannot write the '<
facts without being accused of treason;
nor can we tell of the practically 3
unanimous opposition to and dislike of '
the war among the American troops. 3
The volunteers, or at least a portion of *
them, were at one time on the verge ]
of mutiny, and unless Gen. Otis had <
begun sending them homewards there 1
would have been sensational developments.
"We have been absolutely refused 3
ail hospital figures." 1
GENERAL WEYLEE. j
(
]
He Threatens, in the Senate, to Lead l
a Revolution in Spain. (
The discussion of ths army bill in }
the senate at Madrid Wednesday led '
to an exciting scene. Gen. Weyler, '
arguing against any reduction of the ^
strength of the army, warned the gov- ^
emment that the present situation ,
made a revolution highly probable, ^
?ince it had never been so easy for the
army and the people to make common
cause. He himself, he said, had never
thought of heading a rising, but it must
be confessed that revolutions some- j
times cieared the political atmosphere ]
and accomplished the work of regenera- (
tion. Senor Dato, minister of the in- i
n rr PPTICcnrAf} (rATl. 1
4Ufc) WW t V*W*^ vw*>ww>*r?. w. Weyler,
declaring that a general who, <
with 300,000 men had failed to sup- ^
press the Cuban rebellion, had no right ^
to make such threats and that any at- ?
tempt at revolution no matter by <
whom, would be proceeded against wi.h j
the utmost rigor of the la v. The fen- j
alors warmly applauded Seiior Dato's ]
speech. Tiic army bili was adopted. <
Lower Freight. s
The railroad commission has promul- i
gated the new local tariff on cotton, '
which is of great importance not only
to railroads, but cotton shippers and {
growers as well. The rates are a reduc- i
tion of from 25 to 30 per cent, on rates
formerly existing in this State, and are
said to lower than those or any state j
in the South. The commission and the ,
railroad officials have had this matter ^
under consideration for a year. ?
Shot to Death. 1
Henry Novels; a negro, of Hatties- J
burg, Miss., who attempted to assault *
| Miss Rosa Davis, Saturday evening was *
captured Tuesday and was identified by ?
Miss Davis. He was immediately tied
to a tree and shot to death by the an- \
gry crowd. 1
mbm?g i?utafrAaao?arWSJ?>gw *
THE OHIO TROUBLE]
Board ?)T Arbitration Can Do No* j
thing in Cleveland Strike.
I
?????
MAYORS OF TOWNS CLASH.
Cleveland's Mayor Threatens
to Subdue Brooklyn by
Thirst. Cars Run on
Twelve Lines.
The storm centre of the street railway
strike has, according to the authori
ties, settled in Brooklyn, a suburb
connected wiih Cleveland by a long
high bridge. At noon Wednesday 150
employes of the Borne Steel Range
company blocked a car on the bridge
and dragged the motcrman and conductor
from their posts, inflicting with
their fists and other weapons injuries
more painful than serious. Soldiers on
guard at the barn about half a mile
away hurried to the scene, but the rioters
had taken refuse in the factory,
i,
wmcii bidiiua uuuci tiic l\j liic
bridge. The factory was surrounded
and the premises searched, but there
was no clew by which the guilty ones
could be picked out.
Gen. Axline, in command of the
troops, iu oruer to pcrsoua.ii> view me
situation took a ride on an Orange street
car. He was in civilian dress and the
car was stoned at various intervals all
along the route. A rock came near hitting
him. The general took other trips
through the troubled districts but declined
to give his views of the situation.
The vigilance of the guards while
daylight aided them prevented trouble
of a serious nature. Preparations for
mass meetings at various point were
made duriDg the <?ay. A meeting will
be held in Brooklyn to protest against
the action of Mayor Farley of Cleveland,
who has assumed, under the
authority of an almost forgotten statute,
supreme police power in Cuyahoga county.
This relieves Mayor Phelps of the
suburb, together with his constabulary
fnrc.fi nf their rsower and thev don't
like it. The two mayors are not on the
terms that existed between the storied
governors of the two Carolinas. The
soldiers and the Cleveland chief executive's
special police in Brooklyn are
not allowed to use the public hydrants
to get water, it is said, and upon various
occasions bayonets were of a necessity
used to convince shopkeepers that
it was wisest to sell soldiers what they
wanted. Mayor Farley mailed Mayor
Phelps a letter in which he declared
that if the Cleveland cohorts had any
more trouble about getting water,
Cleveland, which pumps the water to
the suburb, would attempt to abrogate
the water truce and let the whole hamlet
go thirsty. Mayor Farley also issued
a statement to the strikers, in
which he said that a man who was
more loyal to his labor union than to
himself and his country was a coward
and a bad citizen.
President Mahon of the National union
of street car employes, in an interview
declared that as the street car
company, according to his information,
? .1 _ <? J _11
was losing inousanas 01 acinars every
day, the strike would have to be settled
soon upon advances made by the company.
Oa the face of this President
Everitt again told the board of arbitration
that the company had nothing to
arbitrate. The board is unable to take
action looking to a settlement in view
of the attitude of the opposing forces.
The task of distributing the soldiers
was Wednesday completed by Gen.
Axline. Mayor Farley declared that
he would suDDress violence if he had to
call out the entire National Guard of
Ohio. A boy was shot Wednesday
evening by a non-union conductor, but
whether or not accidentally is not
known.
DISARMING THE CONSTABLES.
Governor McSweeney Issues an Order
on the Subject.
The Supreme Court having recently
ieclared that officers, such as dispensary
constables, cannot carry concealed
weapons, the following order was sent
to the captains of the force Tuesday
morning, with Governor McSweeney's
ipproval:
"Dear Sir: Governor McSweeney directs
me to have you instruct the constables
under your command not to carry
concealed weapons. The Supreme
Court has rece-tly decided that a weapon
cannot lawfully be carried concealed.
If weapons are carried they must
be exposed. Respectfully,
/'W. W. Harris, Clerk."
Mr. Harris, in speaking of the carrying
of capons by constables, says that
:he State does not furnish them with
pistols, nor are they instructed to use
:hem. Whatever pistols are carried by
constables are their own property. It
bas been generally believed that constaales
are armed by the State, but Mr.
Harris says that this is incorrect. Governor
Tillman had them supplied with
pistols, but during Governor Evan's
idministration they were all called in,
ind since that time when constables
jarried pistols they had to buy them
.hemselves. It is a fact, nevertheless,
;hat the constabulary generally went
ihont armed, but if thev do so hereaf
:er they mu3t carry their weapons as
policemen usually do.
Advertised a Wedding.
A novel advertising scheme was employed
by one of the New York suburDan
railroad companies Tuesday, which
Irew many thousand persons to Lakeside
Park, on the shores of Onondaga
Lake. It consisted of a bona fide wedIJ-nn
nnyamnriTT norfnrmf r] V>v a r>l fv
AlUg WiViUVUJj ~
pastor in the presence of a crowd of
japing rustics and city dwellers in
search of novelty. For a percentage of
:be receipts a young farmer who rejoices
in the euphonious name of Berta
\larion Smith, and Miss Lillian Easterjrook?
the daughter of a milkman, consented
to make their nuptial rites the
subject of public gaze. Twenty-five
lollars was offered the Rey. Henry 0.
\fonchester, pastor of Danforth Metholist
church, to perform the cercmony,
md he consented, not understanding
;hat the wedding was to be public.
When he learned that Ms tee was to
:ome from the treasury of the railroad
:ompany and that the wedding was beng
advertised for all it was worth as
m attraction to the park, he declined
,o have anything to do with it. The
services of the Rev. A. Oberlander, an
Evangelical Lutheran minister, were
:hen hastily secured and the nuptial
:not was tied by him. It is estimated
;hat the railroad company made the
scheme profitable to the extent of
55,000. The percentage due the bride
md groom will set them up comfortable
n housekeeping.
. ?L?ii"'mm* "ftOU
"^"^ OS,ADISG X02ACC0.
A Timely Article for Ranters of the
A or> \\f AA^
V?V/..U^U. VT ccu.
The Tobacco Planters Guide says
many tobacco planters make a mistake
by not properly grading their crops.
Some entertain the idea that they can
pack away a lower grade with a higher
and make the whole lot sell for the
value of the latter, when the result is
generally the reverse. Dishonest packing
has never paid any farmer and
never will. The planter should remember
that the buyer generally knows more
about the quality of tobacco than any
one else, and is more likely to detect
any flaws or defects in packing. You
can put this down as a safe rule; that,
whenever you pack a lower grade with
a higher, you are certain to get paid
for the lower grade, and all extra leaves
put in the lot is just so much waste.
Honest packing always pays.
Maj. llagland has written so minute
ly and so fully on this subject that we
cannot do better than give the reader
his directions. They are comprehensive
and need notbe supplemented with
any explanatory notes. ''If, after the
tobacco is cured, the weather remains
dry and it fails to get soft readily so
that it can be moved, it may be brought
in order in the following way: Place
green bushes with the leaves on the
floor and sprinkle water over them
copiously. Lf the tobacco is dry and
the atmosphere contains but little moisture,
and if the weather is cool, a little
fire kindieu in the flues will assist in
making the tobacco soft. Straw, wet
or made so, will answer the same purpose.
If the weather is damp there
will be no necessity to use either straw,
bush or water. But when it is necessary
to use means to order tobacco, io is best
trt in fliA off^rnAAn fViof
vv iwiviuwuu, una.*
the tobacco may be removed the next
morning. If the weather continues
warm and damp or rainy, tobacco that
remains hanging will be apt to change
color unless dried out by flues or charcoal.
Wnen this becomes necessary,
build small fires at first, and raise the
heat gradually.
j.oDacco saouia never oe stripped,
from the stalks except in pliable order,
and the leaves on every plant should
be carefully assorted and every grade
tied up sepajately. Usually there will
be three gaades of leaf, assorted with
reference to color and size, and two of
lugs. Of leaf, tie six to eight leaves in
a bundle, and of lugs eight to ten. As
fast as you strip, either hang the hands
on sticks, twenty-five to each stick, and
hang up, or bulk down in two layers,
the heads of the hands or bundles facing
outward. The latter mode is best
if you intend to sell in winter order,
loose on the warehouse floors. If bulked
down, watch frequently to see that it
does not heat. If the bulk becomes
warm it must be broken up, aired and
re-bulked, or hung up if too soft. It :g
safer always to hang up as soon as stripped,
unless you desire to sell soon, and
striKe down m sale Keeping order in
spring or summer. It is considered in
safe order when the leaf is pliable and
Che stem will crack half way down the
tie.
"If you sell loose, deliver in large,
uniform piles; such will cost less and
your tobacco bring more in price. But
to sell in a distant market, pack in
tierces?half hogsheads make the best
and cheapest?to weighs about 400
pounds, net, taking care not to press
f.hp sn a<5 to brnisA if-, nr r>af-Tr
it too closely together. The best leaf
is wanted for wrapper, audit must open
easily when shaken in the hand. Pack
one grade only in each tierce, uniform
in color and leDgth; but if it becomes
necessary to put more than one grade
in a tierce, place strips of paper or
straw between to mark or separate them.
Pack honestly, for honesty is al
^ x. m mi _i_
ways toe oesi policy. Jiue man wr<o
nests his tobacco will certainly go on
the Black List, and buyers have good
memories. If your tobacco is fine,
sound and nicely handled, you will
have the satisfaction of getting, at the
least a remunerative price for it, although
poor and nondescript stock
may be selling for less then the cost of
J i_- _ mi a J ?
prQUUUUUU. me wuau uutaiue ui tuio
country makes, as a rule, low grades
plenty, and at a cost to raise much less
than we can compass. We must plant
less surface, fertlizc heavier, and cultivate
and manage better, if we would
get the best prices."
THE CROPS AND WEATHER.
What the Department of Agriculture
Says About Them.
The following is the weekly bulletin
of the condition of the weather and
crops in the State issued Tuesday by
Section Director Bauer of the United
States Weather and Crop service:
The week ending July 24th averaged
about 3 degrees per day hotter than
usual, with a weekly mean temperature
of 94 degrees, but the maximum
temperature did not reach the extreme
figure of the previous week. The
i . -o . r _ a
mgntswere unnormiy noi.
There were light, scattered showers
on the 17th, and the two following
dates, but at few points only was the
rainfall heavy enough to break the
drought. Charleston had 1.00 inch;
Kingstree 1.05; and Summerville 3.13
inches: elsewhere the amounts were
genenlly under half an inch, while
over the greater portion of the State
practically no rain fell. The drought
has reached a serious stage. Crops of
all kinds have deteriorated, and some,
such as old corn, etc., are in places
ruined. The prospects are reported to
be ''gloomy" and ''appalling"in places.
No amount of rainfall, correspondents
say, would restore the failing crops to
profitable yields. "Water for stock is
scarce, and in places 3attle are report
ed dying. Light showers have fallen
in portions of the State since most of
ror\r?rfa Troro
Cotton failed rapidly, and drought
stopped its growth, it is turning yellow
as -though maturing, and is shedding
leaves and fruit. The plants are blooming
to the top. These are the prevailing
conditions, but in spots cotton continues
to do well. Sea-island cotton,
while generally in excellent condition
is blighting to a considerable extent.
Old corn is injured beyond recovery
in many counties, and generally it is
but a poor crop. Com on bottom lands
is very good. Fodder pulling has begun
in the eastern counties.
Tobacco was severely injured in
places by the drought and extreme
heat; the leaves are sunburned, and
? ? T,__ P il. . _ J J
tne quality 01 iae crop is reuuceu.
Where timely rains fell; the crop is very
fine. Curing is general.
Early rice is heading. The crop
stands in need of rain, generally, and
of water for flooding, where not laid by.
Upland rice has suffered from the heat
and drought.
Hon. J. J. Darlington, a native of
Due West, S. C., was tendered a Disrict
Judgeship by President McKinley
but he declined it.
COt-LEOe GRADUATES,
' vr,?n*?
Soiaa Statistics Coso^f Jiing thd iLlfo
Tako Tp.
One hundred ?ears ago more gradj
uaies adopted the ministry of the Gosj
pel as a career than any other calling.
j. ne proportion was a xii-ae mure w<ui
one-third of the total number of graduates.
The law followed next in order,
but taking a considerably smaller
number of men. Gradually the law
gained on the church, until it took first
place, about 33 1-3 per cent, of the
graduates becoming lawyers.
The standing of these two professions
remained about the same until
within the last ten or fifteen years,
when the law 6lightly increased its
lead. From ten years ago up to the
present time, however, commerce has
been forging to the front, and at the
present time it appears that more graduates
engage in commercial pursuits
than in either the law or the ministry.
One-third of the men "who now come
from college go into 'business, a considerably.
smaller number go into law,
a ? v
All U A VCiJ lUUV^UL PlUrtJiCl ilUUiUCl
come preachers. The conditions have
been reversed in 100 years. Then the
law and the church were regarded as
being pretty nearly the only learned
professions. Now the formerly despised
"trade" is taking more highly
educated men than either the law or
the church.
The marvelous growth and expansion
of commercial enterprises during the
hundred years is responsible for the
changed conditions. It requires men
of brains and education to plan, organize
and erect the monster enterprises
which are to be seen on every hand at
the present time. Commerce has not
only become "respectable," but it offers
inducements to young men such
as are not duplicated by the learned
professions. As a matter of fact,
snouid not commerce, since its nigner
branches now require the services of
so many highly educated men, be included
among the learned professions?
The commercial development is destined
to undergo still greater expansion
and the probabilities are that the
demand for college men in its service
will go on growing for many years to
come.
He Kept the Seat.
A man who had not been to church
| for a very long time finally barkened
to the persuasions o? Ms wife, and de!
cided to go. He got the family all together
and they started early. Arriving
at the church there were very few
people in it, and no pew-openers at
hand, so the man led his family well
up the aisle aria tooK possession 01 a
nice pew.
Just as the service was about to begin
a pompous-looking old man came
in, walked up to the door of the pew
and stood there, exhibiting evident
surprise that it was occupied. The occupants
moved over and offered him i
room to sit down, but lie declined to be
seated. Finally the old man produced
a card and wrote upon it with a pencil:
"I pay for this pew."
He gave the card to the strange occupant,
who, had lie been like most people
would have at once got up and left.
But the intruder adjusted his glasses
and with a smile read the card. Then
he calmly wrote beneath it:
"How much do you pay a year?"
To this inquiry the pompous old gentleman,
still standing, wrote abruptly:
"Ten pounds."
The stranger smiled as though he
were pleased, looked around to com
pare the pew with, others, admired its
nice cushions and furnishings and
wrote back:
"I don't blame you. It is well worth
it."
The pompous old gentleman at that
stage collapsed Into his seat.
Character In Smoking.
Tf <3 ma7i cmntoe a. nnlv ^none-fi
to keep it lighted, and relishes taking
it from his month to cast a look at the
curl of smoke in the air, set him down
as an easy-going man. Beware of the
man who never releases the grip on
his cigar and is indifferent -whether it
burns or not; he is cool, calculating
and exacting.
The man that smokes a bit, rests a
bit and fumbles the cigar more or less
is easily affected by circumstances. If
the cigar goes out frequently, the
smoker has a -whole-souled disposition,
is a "hail fellow, well met," with a
lively train, a glib tongue and generally
a fine fund of anecdotes.
A nervous man who fumbles his cigar
a great deal is a sort of popinjay
among men. Holding the cigar constantly
between the teeth, chewing it
occasionally and not caring if it is
lighted at all are the characteristics
nf m en -who have the tenacity of bull
dogs. The fop stands his cigar on end,
and an experienced 6moker points it
straight ahead, or almost at right angles
with his course.
Smoking Under Tire,
A Saco, Me., smoker named Frank
Durgin while filling his pipe lately inadvertently
put in a revolver cartridge
which he kept in, a pocket with his
tobacco, and started from home with
his dinner pail unconscious of the extra
danger which lurked in the pipe bowl.
It didn't result so disastrously as might
have been feared, however. When
about half way to his place of work
there was an explosion, the pipe dis
JS J A"U ^ * vmrw A
appeared ana iue uuuec yvui^cu paot,
the man's ear, nipping off an edge as it
passed.
Bill Posting by Machine.
Successful experiments have been
made in Paris with a new bill posting
machine, which does* away with the
n5p nf pither a ladder or naste. It can
be used to post bills at a height of fifty
feet from the ground and is being put
into,practical operation.
Macfeat's
SHORTHAND
?A5D?
TYPEWRITING
COLUMBIA. S. C.
This School has the reputation of being the
best business institution in the State. Graduates
are holding remunerative positions in
mercantile houses, banking, insurance, real
estate, railroad offices, &c., in this and other
etates. Write to W. H. Macfeat, Court
Stenographer Com ulbia, 8.C. for terms, etc
?LIFE?
A vegetable for Mild,
cure for Liv- the Pleasant,
er, Kidney & LIVER Sure,
stomach troubles, and 25, 50, $1.
-KIDNEYSSold
wholesale by?
The Murray Drug Co. Colum bi a
Br. H. Baer, Charleston, S C,
A"~'
jltls the==
==Custom
" -* ???:< ?v.
Jl>UL & \<Clj jJWJT V/UC, i\f WttiC UUbU IUO giuning
season is on bifore lo king to see
what fix the gin is in
Now is the time to I
HURRY 4
YOUR GIN iO T2E
ELLIOT GIN m WORKS. j
Do not de'ay and then aak us to let jeu
have it at cnce. for thorough work cati&ot
be d?ne ia a hurry The attention given
this maLter now will more than repay you
when the cotton is white in the fie'da
and the gia house crowded. T<-e work u
coming in aireaay, so f-mp at ones u> m?
undersigned, located at thsold electric light
engice house
References by permission:?W. H Gibbes
& Co , V C. Badham, Jno. A. Willi*.
joar name and shipping point
on work seat and prepay the freight.
Iks E'Jiitt ait Jiuir I)f?,
W J. ELLIOTT, Proprietor,
v . 101 4 r< -1. o t l
ioit vxai/es owrceo,
COLUMBIA. S. (3.
Ginning I
Machinery.^
The Smith Pneumatic Suction
Elevating, Ginning and
Packing System
Is the simplest and most efficient od
the market. Forty-eight complete
outfits in South Carolina: each
one giving absolute
, satisfaction.
Boilers and Engines; Slide
Yalve4 Automatic and Corliss.
My Light and Heavy Log Beam Saw
Mills cannot be equalled in design, efficiency
or price by any dealer or manu
facturer in the South.
Write for prices and catalogues.
V. C. Badliam,
1326 Main Street,
COLUMBIA, S. C. _/
IE I A If
LL, &K
NOTHING LIKE IT
FOR
Constipation,
Indigestion,
I ^? '
t:i Replator ? Kidneys.
Wholesale by?
THE MURRAY DRUG CO.,
Columbia, S. C.
Dr. H. BAER, ft
Charleston, S. C. J
All We Ask of
?#*Y0U
2ET&?ANYTHING .
In tbe Machinery orMill
Supply Line
T ,r . i.
is tnai you give us an opportunity
to submit our prices and make
comparisons. We ask this because
we believe we can make it to
YOUR advantage. TRY US.
We make a specialty of equipping
IMPROVED MODERN" GINNERIES
OF ANY CAPACITY
WITH THE SIMPLEST AND
MOST EFFICIENT COTTON
HANDLING APPARATUS IN
EXISTENCE?THE MURRAY
SYSTEM.
Correspondence with intetidiag purfa
casers solicited.
W. H. Gibbss & Co..
COLUMBIA. S. C.
SOUTH CAROLINA AGENCY
Liddell Co., Charlotte, N. C.
A. B. FarquharCo., Ltd., York, Pa.
Eagle Cotton Gin Bridgewater,
Mass.
Straub Machinery Co., Cincinnati, 0. =Keeley
126 SMtTH STREET, A
flOR. Vanderhorst. 8 III Q
CHARLESTON, S. C. V UI U
.
ALCOHOL
MORPHINE
OPIUM
TOBACCO
CIGARETTE
USING
Produce each a disease having defin
ite pathology. The disease yields
ea3ily to the Double Chloride of Gold ^
Treatment as administered at the above
Keeley Institute.
N. B.?The Keeley Treatment is
administered in South Carolina
?ST CHARLESTON.
To eet strone
W <37
and healthy use
one bottle murray's
Iron Mix
_ Tr-v fc' A
TUBE. irTlCe 5UC
T? min DROG 60.,

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