> J " "
Ll VOL LIV WINNSBORO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 30, 1899. NO. 3
BAD AS WEYLER- j
Gen. Otis3 Nefarious Work in the i
kTATED ALL DISPATCHES,
ffs and Adjectives Put Into
Rm Magnifying Amerian
rresponc^nt of the Associated..
Vlanilafttfrites as follows via
lipino rebtuS appear to retain
jrftof a fighting spirit than
exDectei after their recent
IB Fernando experiences and General
wton's drubbings in the south.
Bfter giving up San Fernando with a
He struggle they entrenched themHes
at Angeles, working for several
k and impressing non-combatants
K the work, thus saving the armed
ren for the fighting. They eogaged
Reutenant Colonel Smith's jegiment
nd the artillery warmly for four hours,
making-oneof the most stubborn resistances
of the campaign. But, the
Americans are indebted to the usual
poor marksmanship of the Filipinos as
well as to their oyn strategy for their
' small loss.
In the province of Cavite. where it
was supposed the rebels had been scattered
and demoralized beyond recuperation,
they have assembled an army of
several thousond men distributed
among the important towDs from the
- lake to the bay. After tne san r ernando
engagement the rebels attempted to
deter the Americans from a further
advance northward by menacing the
railroad communications. Several hundred
of General Pio del Pilars men
crossed the Rio Grande between the
American outpost towns, and threatened
Baliuag, Qainqua and other places
with small American garrisons, while,
during Sunday and Monday nights,
smaller bands tried to tear up the railroad
tracks at several points between
Bigaa and Malolos. Reinforcements of
American troops, however* were seat
aloDg the railroad from Manila to San
Fernando, while the forces at Baliuag
and Quinqua sailed out .against General
Pio del Pilar's men and the insurgents
were easily driven away. In brushes
1 between these Filipinos and the Americans
duriDg three day's the Americans
lost several men; while the Filipinos
loss was heavy.
Of these operations the Associated
Press correspondent was permitted to
^ send only an inadequate dispatch, dieK
tated verbatim by Major General Otis
^LThe censor writes stereotyped official
Wphrases and adjectives into the disWr
qc tanninff tn mnanifv fcnf* Amer
p pawvuwcj vw ^ ?
ican operatioss aDd to minimize the opposition.
General Otis says newspaLg
pers are not public institutions, but
Skprivate enterprises, and the corcespon dents
are only here on suffrance.
^mAklLreports fiom the reljel territory
HPfree that the scarcity of food is int
creasing and that the rebel command|
ers at Aparri and other points refuse
L to obey Aguinaldo's order in regard to
closing the ports held by the rebels
H&gainst American ships and say that
PPany ship bringing stores will be welcomed.
Several ships from Manila are
now at suclt ports. Hundreds of people
come into Manila daily and return
to the rebel lines with food and other
commodities. The guards stationed
along one road reported that 5,000 persons
passed through the lines in three
days and that 45 tons of rice ^vas carried
out, in small parcels, on the same
road, in ten days. Much of this undoubtedly
goes to aid the rebels, but
the authorities permit this traffic from
- motives of charity towards the women
and children, ;rho are undoubtedly suffering.
General MacArthur is establishing
municipal governments in the villages
north of Manila.
( The mayor of Baliuae, the first town
' < where General Lawton established the
same rule, who was supposed to be one
of the most friendly and trustworthy of
' - i i_:i
tne natives, nas ueen piaceu. ju j<tu,
sharged with arranging with the rebels
for an attack on the town.
The American troops have been with'
drawn from all that part of the counk
try which was half cleared of rebels in
the expedition of the Americans in
The rebels have returned tc San Mateo,
which was abandoned for the third
time after its recent capture. It is alleged
that more than half the Howitzer
ammunition during the ught at Angeies
was defective and failed to explode.
W~ "The town of Fitzgerald. Ga., which
| was built up by G. A. R. men from
| Northern- states ana tneir- descendants
ft exclusively, does not allow negroes to
p become inhabitants,"' said MrJ| 0. B.
r Giddings, of Savannah. This may
tfsecm to be discriminating against the
black race with a vengeance, but so far
there has been no complaint at the
operation of this municipal exclusion
act, and there is no probability that it
will be modified or repealed in the near
future. Fitzgerald is rather unique
' among Southern towns in this regard,
for I do not know of another in which
the negro is absolutely barred. What i
the penalty for violating the will of the**5
Fitzgerald whites would be I am not
^informed, but so far no negroes have
l^j?en rash enough to try to fores t'nemtJSiipes
into the town."
A Conyict's Book.
A convict in the Kansas State prison
has written a book on prison life. He
urges the granting of permission to
smoke and the abolition of the kck?
step, and says: "Without doubt there
are men here who are where they
should be; there may be some who
should have been born here. On the
other hand there are unquestionably
Wome men here who will make good
0f^ens some day. The writer believes j
Pfche average convict leaver tue pri- i
I better man than he was when he
Believes in Bryan.
The Augusta Chronicle says: "Our
friend, Mr. Comer, is not a good judge
of "back numbers" when he ealls Bryan
one. In 1900 we expect the Nebraska
statesman to poll 7,000,000 votes and
he will do so, in our opinion."
A BIC- SAVING.
Comparative Costs of the State Constabulary
recent comparative statement compiled
by Mr. W. W, Harris, constabulary
clerk, shows that the 34 dispensary
constables now employed by the State
are accomplishing as much as the 59
who drew ealanesjuntil about the middle
Tuesday he made public a comparison
of the three months just past. The
decrease in cost to the State has been
$1,.S97.34 since tho constabulary was
reduced, these figures being the difference
between the expense accounts of
May, $4,493.69, and of July, $2,696.35
In J une when the 59 constables served
half the month the cost to the State
was $3,561.19. The total saving for a
yeafi?fc-fchis rate will be $21,658.08,
based jiponthe difference between May
and July. This is an averago of $59 a
There appears to be do adverse comment
on the policy of the governor in
thus reducing the cost of maintaining
the constabulary, for the results with
the small force are as satisfactory as
with three score constables. Gov. McSweeney
is getting a heavy mail no:v.
Mayors and intendents from ail over the
State are writing him in response to his
iIot. lotf-on oclrinor fVipip simnnrfcin
Vll ViiiAti iUWl Vi VMVO* ^ V- w ?
prop^riy enforcing the law. Some of
th( ss.officials are loud in their praises
of the dispensary law, and. promise 10 j
po t<? - any means to enforce it. But
whil<j there may be some blarney, many
of the mayors are evidently sincere in
saying that they are anxious to enforce
this law just as any other statute.
Those who have e^essed themselves
upon the main point at issue do not hesitate
to say that the local police can accomplish
more than the constabulary.
BS^RT j&EITDntp COi^mON.
Three Thousand Are Dead and Missing
in Porto Rico.
A dispatch to the New York Herald
from San Juan says:
The board of charity is sending out
supplies by land and water daily, but
petitions keep coming in from all over
the country requesting food, medicines
and money. v-' , ,
There are no-means of raising funds
in'the different localities. At Wannabe)
an effort was made to start a popular
subscription, but only cen pesos were
In consequence of the putrefaction
bodies typhus fever has developed at
Arrojo. The captains of coastwise vessels
complain that the bad odors at the
various ports have caused them more
suffering than the hurricane.
The reports of the board of health up
to last Friday gave the number killed Jit
1,973, missing 1,000, .houses,destroyed
6,421, persons homeless. 12,cities
in need of physicians, drugs and hospitals
Yabueoa, Waunbo", Ufuado,
Coamo and Corcsal.
Advices from Ponce state that there
has been slight rioting at Yauco, but
that it has been easily quelled by thelocal
guard. The local authorities are
ninninor clirtrf nf mrtTlAV With which t.0
pay workmen. There are no reports of
fever as yet from the southsiae of the
island. The authorities are making
strenuous efforts to relieve the country
districts, where great distress is reported.
TT t. i
, .an u nnoiy a.iiiaiiue.
A dispatch from Manila suys: Gen.
Bates has returned from Sulu, having
successfully accomplished his mission
there. After five weeks negotiation
with much tact, an agreement was
signed which in substance was as follows:
American sovereignty over
Moros shall be recognized and there
shall be no persecution against religion;
the United States shall occupy ani
control such parts of the archipelago as
public interests may demand; any person
can purchase land with the sultan's
consent; the introduction of fire arms
shall be prohibited; piracy shall J.e
suppressed; the American courts shall
have jurisdiction except between the
Moros. the Americans shall protect the
>loros against foreign invasion and the
sultan's subsidy from Spain shall be
continued. The sultan and several
chiefs signed the agreement.
A farmer writing to the Macon Telegraph
tells how any farmer can make
wheat enough for home consumption,
and why he should make it. He says:
'"An ordinary farmer can spare two
acres of land; let him take this land,
turn it well with a plough in September,
and about three or four weeks later
put ten bushels of cotton seed broadcast,
also broadcast two hundred pounds
of phosphate, sow his wheat crop 01
this land with a turning plough shallovr,
all ploughing to be well done, insuring
the ground to be well broken. This
will make about fifteen bushels of wheat
per acre. Two acre? tried in this way
- * _T * T
Wlil lurmsu auvut. si-i. uaiicia vi uvui
at a cost of about five dollars. To buy
this flour in the market would cost
about thirty dollars.
Touched a Live Wire.
A special dispatch from Rock Hill to
The State says: "What came perilously
near being a fatal accident occurred
Tuesday afternoon at the residence
of 3Ir. R. F. Sadler on Johnston street.
The storm of an hour before had blown
down one of the' electric light poles.
Little Kufus Sadler, a six year old son
of Mr. II. F. Sadler, came aloDg and in
some way touched a wire with his hand.
In an instant he was thrown upon his
back with one live wire in his hand and
another on his neck. Mr. Sadler was
near and fortunately an axe or hatchet
also. He ran to the boy and with a
stroke cut off the deadly current. The
boy was unconscious for some time but
fradually regained his senses and will
o: all right in a day or two."
Cotton in Texas.
A special from Delias. Texas says:
i-The hot winds which have prevailed
for the past month have destroyed all
chance of a large cotton crop in Texas.
Reports from all over the northern and
central sections of the State are that
the ciops will not average more than a
quarter of a bale to the acre. This indicates
not to exceed 2,000,000 bales
for the entire State.
WORK OF THE WIND I;
Eleven Wrecks About Hatteras i
During the Recent Storm. 1
MANY LIVES WERE LOST. 2
^ ? f
The Heroic Life - Savers With 2
> ^\_ .... T
Breeches Buoy, Many c
Sailors. Wreck of Bkfk* " 1
entine Priscilla. > >'
A rvfAr in t.liA hicFnrtf of t.liA v
I horrors of the sea was kdded by the re- ^
cent hurricane which tfealt death and ^
destruction in Puerto Rico and apparently
lost none of its fwyby- reason of
its visit to the Atlantic coast. Xo.such
damaging result has attended a storm
in the past quarter of a century, and g
the stretch of beach from Kinnakeet to
Hatteras, N. (J., a distance of about 18
miles, bears evidence of the fury of ^
the gale in the shape of spars, masts g
and general wreckage of five schooners,
tuViil.i nn-rr oi~.il Qorain !? hndv washes
ashore to lend solemnity to the scene. a
Waves mountain high, seas which by g
reason of their power carried everthing t
before them, winds which blew unceasingly
day aad night at a 75 mile velocity,
we're the causes* of the disasters,
iand that not more lives were ! lost. is'"
'Considered by many survivors nothing t
less than a miracle.
Thirty-five shipwrecked seamea who
had nothing in the world but the few
tattered and torn clothes on their backs
some injured, all miserable, arrived at j
Norfolk Wednesday from Hatteras, N.
C., by way of the Norfolk and Southern
railroad from Elizabeth City. It is ^
from them that the fearful story was
learned*-.' They report no less than 11 ?
v?ssel5^tshore on the coast between
HatteijtS. and New Iliver inlet, and es- h
timate'that no less than 30 lives were b
Among those who arrived at Norfolk r,
| Wednesday are 10 of the crew of the q
ho-rl-onfino PriQOlUa '"ka/nt,. f'
MU^VUKA-V kj-r" tl " V
Springstein, of Baltimore, which ves- h
sel lies broken in three pieces on Gull I
Shoals, IS m;les north of Cape Hatter- y
as. There were four fatalities shortly" fj
after the Priscilla went ashore, the p
captain's wife being washei overboank, t
and drowned within 10-'minutes, fron&.a
the tiqje'the bark strask- The^therj- a
| who lost their lives were' the captain's ft
two sons, aged 24 and 12 respectively, f;
I Goldenborough, connected in the Lee p
family, and a relative of one of the o
I vessel's owners, C. Morton Stewart & t
The older of the Springstein boys &
was first mate of the Priscilla. He and ?
the Goldenborough lad were both wash- n
ed overboard. His brother was drown- a
ed in the. cabin. _ Alex von Restorff, 1
-oae <?? the crew, was caught in the ca- e
biivand while holding on to a window lj
to prevent being drowned a heavy sea c
came which resulted in the dislocation r,
of his arm. Seeing that death was r,
certain if ne remained longer in the ^
cabin, von liesderff leaped through the
"? * ? Ti TT _
cabin window ana lanaea on aecK. ne t
was attended at the office of the Marine a
Hospital surgeon, in Norfolk custom 0
house. Capt. Springstein escaped from 0
the wreck with the remainder of his s
crew, but he is still at Hattcras, suffer- ]j
ing from a wound in his breast, which G
is said to be three inches in depth. The }
captain is 54 years of age. The Fris- k
j ciila left Baltimore for Rio Janeiro, ^
Brazil, on Saturday, the 12th inst., c
| with a general cargo. She passed out g
the Capes on Monday, the 14th. and it
was 9 p. m. Thursday when she struck.
All of the vessel's crew were iojured 3
more or less. Andrew Larsen is suffer- a
ing from internal injuries, and Win. I. y
Henderson, the colored steward, has a b
mashed knee. 11
The schooner Bobert W. Dazy, Capt. ^
i Olsen, left Philadelphia Aug. 14 for g
1 Jacksonville, Fla., with coal. She was b
partially washed away as soon as she
struck the beach, which was about (I p.
m. Thursday. The crew of six were
all saved by the breeches buoy. t
The schooner Florence Randall, Capt. I
Cavalier, was bound from Long Island t
to Charleston, S. C., with fertilizer. n
She struck at 5:15 p. m. on Wednesday s
and was soon washed to pieces. The I
crew of 10, as well as the captain's d
wife, were rescued by the breeches h
The schooner Minnie Bergen, Capt. n
Bowman, sailed Wednesday from Phil- a
fnr \pnvit.a.s_ (,iiba.. li
- vvuuu iv* v
with iron, coal and coal oil. She an- o
chored on Thursday and slipped her h
cable Friday morning. She lost several v
sails and struck at 8 a. m. on Friday at ^
Chicamicomico. Her crew of 10 men ]
were rescued by life savers with the s;
hroo/?Tif>o Tvniw. ^
The schocmer Percy and Lillie, Capt. C
Millor, of Xew York, which struck the ^
storm last week while bound from New r;
York to Charleston, S. C.. with a cargo ii
of fertilizer, arrived at Norfolk Wed- n
nesday morniDg leaking and otherwise b
in distress. While tossing helplessly h
about in the ocean the life boats of the
schooner were smashed and the vessel's
main gaff broken.
The schooner Lottie E. White, Capt. S(
Mann, of Tappahannock, \'a., bound j,
from Baltimore to Newbern, X. C., ^
with a cargo of corn, arrived Wednes- ^
day evening in distress, she having en- ! i,
countered the storm last week. The I *'
cnViA?nnr mill Vir rona irpr3 and nroeeed I
I OV/XAV/V/UWJ. ?T *** V. ? jj g
to Xewbern. j,
AWFUL HAVOC. e
Accounts in many respects conflict- ^
ing continue to come in from Albr,- a
marie and Pamlico sound region and *!
? ?--i. P? ~*/-? T^r\/^r?'c ic_ t>.
tne coast iruux uauciaj
iand. in which section the greater nun- ?
ber of casualties occurred as a result of 11
the great storm of August 15 to IS, in- J
elusive. As this section of broad wa- *;
ters is the artery for small craft from V
the region tributary to Chesapeake bay ^
and as far north as Philadelphia to the 0
north Georgia coast, the number of vessels
traversing these inland seas is always
great and it is even yet almost
impossible to state how many were ?
caught in the storm and anything near the
number that will fail to answer roll c
call, but masters of craft in from that
region state that small schooners, c
pungies, sloops and fishing craft wretik- n
ed, ashore, broken up, sunk or turned 13
over are to be seen almost hourly in a 1,1
trip through the sounds, and it is no./ ^
thought that the total drowned will run s
close to 100, if it dues not over reach ?
it, while at least, on Swan, Hog and -
)ther islands in the vicinity at Ports
nouth, Big and Little Kinnaket
3cracoke and smaller points, fully 60 ti
'0 houses, four or five churches an<
lumcrous stores, barns and warehouse
vere either washed away or damage<
>evond repair, and as a result number:
ire homeless and destitute, and man]
>thers have lost crops and flocks. StocI
md implements and the fi?hing interest:
lave suffered greatly. "In a few days:
'airly complete report can be made, bu
it present rumors outweigh true statenents
and an accurate footing of th<
iamage cannot be reached.
cashed ashore, crew of about 25, al
- FURTHER DETAILS.
Farther details of the terrific storn
iave been received. In addition to th<
ressels already reported wrecked are th<
Schooner Aaron Rephard, five lost
Bark, unknown, crew of 14, all lost.
Diamond Shoals'lightship, crew oi
!3, all saved..
Unknown 'steamship/, tflnse cargo ha*
TJiree Dig eciioooers in tne suri, now
ireaking up, crews probably aggregating
The Diamond Shoals lightship whid
ras stationed 15 miles off Hatteras,
nd whrch bad wihstood some fiercc
torms, was torn from it? mooring bj
he 100-knot hurricane and blown iiigl
nd dry at Hatteras. ''
Tne schooner Frank McCullough, 11
aen, with coil, from Norfolk to Savanah,
is ciQhcard of, and probably went
othe bottom with all on board.
KILLED HIM AT SIGHTregro
Had Attempted to Assault Hi:
A spscial dispatch from Tuscaloosa,
Ua.. to the Atlanta .Journal saya:
' "People in C e vicinity of the courtouse,
which js in the center of the
usiness part of town, were startled by
loud report of a shotgun fired twice in
ipid succession at 6.20 o'clock Wedesday
morning. Investigation showed
hat John Thomas, would-be assailant,
ad been shot to death with bird shot.
it Cuba station, about three weeks age
rkile Mr. C. M. Stall worth was absent
rom home, John Thomas, a negro emloyed
at Stall worth's saw mill, entered
he room where Mrs. Stallworth, was
sleep about 10 o'plock at night and
fter choking her into insensibility, atempted
to ravish her person, but was
tightened away before his hellish purose
was accomplished by the approach
f the overseer who was attracted by
ha coworno rtf Mrs Sf-allOTnrfcfi Thp
egro was shot at several times, but
ucceeded in making his escape. Mr.
tallworth had since that time done
othing but"search for the brute. Thems,
who was a good machinist, came tc
'uscaloosa about two weeks ago, and seured
employment with the electric
ight company. He had had his bicyle
sent from Cuba to Tuscaloose for
epairs before he attempted the outage,
and wrote a letter to Cuba to forrard
the handlebars to Tuscaloosa to a
ctious came, which he gave in the leter.
This gave his whereabouts away,
Afr Trarif tn TVico^lnrtqa
n the northbound Q. & C., at 4.10
'clock Wednesday morning, and while
tanding talking to his brother, who
ives there saw the negro coming up
rreensboro street on his way to work.
Ir. Stallworth stepped inside the maret
house and got his brother's gun,
rhich was loaded with No. 8 shot, and
tossing the street, called to the nero:
"Is that you, John?''
The negro turned round, and seeing
Ir. Stallworth, replied, "iNo, sir, this
in't me," and started to run, when Mr.
.tallworth emptied the contents of both
arrels ia his back and shoulders,
'homas ran about a block and fell,
rhere he died in about fifteen minutes,
tallworth offered to give himself up
ut no one seems to want him.
Suicide at Darlington.
A special dispatcn trom JL>arnngton to
he Augusta Chronicle says Dr. John
L Boyd, a leading business man of
hat city, committed suicide Monday
ight, 21st insttant. The dispatch
ays no reason is known for his action,
t was probably due to a gloomy and
espondent state of mind and poor
ealth. The deceased was proprietor
f the oldest drug stoie, and one of the
lost successful, in t)o place. He was
bout Id years of age, unmarried, and
tved with his sister, Miss Mary Boyd,
n Florence street. It is thought that
e was attempting suicide once before
hen he took an overdose of morphine,
rhich. camc very near resulting fatally.
le was, however, brought through this
afely. Monday afternoon his sister
ent out driving, leaving him at home.
)a her return late in the afternoon he
as found dead, and terribly cut by a
azor, with which he had opened veins
a his arm and leg. Dr. Boyd was a
ian of somewhat retiring disposition,
ut was much liked by those vh:> knew
Wind Storm at Florence,
.A. Severe WIOU swim, auuuiu^Auicu uj
ome hail and a heavy rain, passed over
'lorence about 3 o'clock Thursday,
'he wind blew a terrific rate, and many
hought a cyclone was approaching. A
irge portion of the tin roof on the
ound house of the Atlantic Coast Line
hops was torn off. A new frame build
g, belonging to Evans McCail, colord,
in East Florence, was blown five
fi-nm it-c nillaro anrl nthprWISfi dam
Hum JL ViJ ? v.? ?
ged by being twisted up. Numbers of
irge tree limbs were broken off, and
he poles and wires of the telephone
nd electric light companies also came
a for a share of the damage. The cloud
rhich was an angry-looking one passed
rom northwest to southeast. The
ightcing flashes were very vivid, and
he loud peals of thunder were severe
n nervous people.
South Carolina Tobacco.
It is estimated that the tobacco 3rop
2 South Carolina this year will reach
0,000.000 pounds, worth from 4 to 26
ents a pound. It is only withiu the
ist few years that tobacco has been
ultivated in South Carolina as a
loney crop, but the farmers find it
Dore profitable than raising 5 cent coton.
Moreover, the cultivation of
rheat in the Palmetto State has been
o successful that the acreage will likey
be doubled this year.?Baltimore
3 The-Governor Makes His Sel<
s f.; tions Known.
3 ALL YOUNG MEN CHOSEN
Several of Them Have Been Co
nected With the State Mi!i1
-; tia or Were in the
! Governor McSweeney Thursday i
i nounead the appointment of his sta
The selections were made without
> gard to politics, and the members
the staff are as a rule personal frier
or the governor. Several of them ha
t served in the State militia or. in ;
Cuban war. All are young men,- so:
2 having barely attained their majori
r The following order was promulgat
J through the office of the adujtant ge
eral, who is chief of staff:
t Headquarters Adjutant Genera
' Columbia, S. C., Aug. 23, 1899.
r General Order No. 5.
i By; direction of his excellency M.
McSweeney, governor and command'
in-chief of the military forces of t
State.of South Carolina, the followi
officers are hereby appointed memb<
of his staff, and will be obeyed 'and :
Adjutant and inspector general, G(
J. W. Floyd of Kershaw county.
Assistant adjutant and inspect
* general, Col. Jno. D. Frost of Richla
Quartermaster general, Col. W.
Maul din- of Hampton couiiLy.
Commissary general, Col. W. B. "W
son of Charleston county.
E agin eer-in-chief, Col. J. F. Folk
Surgeon general, Col. E. J. Warn
1 maker of Richland county.
Paymaster general, Coi. Geo. D. Ti
' man, Jr., of Edgefield county.
Judge advocate general, Col. U. "
Gunter Jr., of Spartanburg county.
1 Chief of ordnance, Col. L. J. Bj
' tow of Darlington county.
Aides-de-camp?Lieut. Col. H.
Gaffoey of Cherokee county, Liei
1 Col. Jas. A. Hoyt, Jr., of Grecnvi
' county; Lieut. Col, Jas. S. McCark
of Newberry county, Lieut. Col. A. !
1 Moss of Orangeburg county; Liei
Col. W. C. Hough of Lancaster counl
; Lieut Col. G. C. Sullivan of Anders
connty; Lieut. Col. Willis J. Duncan
1 Barnwell county; Lieut. Col. Juli
' Redding of Charleston county.
By order of the commander-ia.chi<
J. "W. Floyd,
Adjutant and Inspector General.
'Gen. J. W Floyd was a gallant Cc
^ federate soldier, having lost an arm
' " at rm f V? )no rj o frr
SC1V1UC. JL U13 bUgEUliU n luu uiu vicvva
' oratorical powers and his work in t
constitutional convention and in t
legislature brought him, prominenl
before the people and made him &dj
1 tant general in the last primary.
Col. Jnc. P. Frost is a citadel gracl
ate; was captain of the Richland V
| unteers, adjutant and afterwards maj
of the First regiment in the Cuban w;
Col. W. C. 5lauldin is a son of Se
' ator Mauldin of Hampton and a brig
' young man who is engaged in the ra
road business. Col. W. B. Wilson
president of the Carolina Grocery co
T V fiVlL
pauy in uuitiicsiuu. uui. v. JL-.
a prominent merchant and insurac
man of Bamberg. Col. E. J. Want
maker, M. D., was surgeon of the st
ond South Carolina in the Cuban wi
' Col. Geo. D. Tillman, Jr., is a son
the ex-congressman and is a court ste
ographer. Col. U. X. Gunter, J
formerly private secretary to Govern
Evans, is the assistant attorney ge
eral of the State. Col. Louis J. Br
tow is editor of the Darlingtonian. ]
was first sergeant of the Darlingt
Guards and afterwards second lieute
ant of Co. ?'L," Second South Caro
The aides are also rising young me
! Lieut. Col. H. Fay Gaff ney is secreta
of the carpet factory at Gaffney a
holds other important positions. Liei
Col. James A. Hoyt, Jr., is on the e<
torial staff of The State. Lieut. C
! James S. McCarley is a progressi
, young farmer in Newberry counl
Lievt. Col. A. H. Moss was capta
in the Second South Carolina. Liei
r</0 W P! TTah<rli fnr sAVP.ral mont
I f v. Jtj.vuG?
acted as solicitor in the Seventh c
cuit, and is now senator from Lane;
ter. Lieut. Col. G. C. Sullivan
quartermaster of the Sccond South C;
olina. Lieut. Col. "Willis S. Dune
i was first lieutenant Co. UL," Fi'
, South Carolina regiment. Lieut. C
Tnlinc RprMinir is a son of Mr. Jan
F. Redding, a well known CharL
He'Was Not Dead.
A month ago a letter from Man
contained the news that Ellis llhii
hart of Maysville, Indiana, a soldier
the regular army, had been captur
and tortured to death by Fi!ipin<
Thursday Rhinehart appeared in tt
city alive and well. He was just retui
ing home from the West, and had r
heard the story of his alleged deat
Ro Vifld nnt been in-the Philippines
: all, having been discharged for disabi
ty before his regiment sailed. His p;
ents, who had not heard from him i
months, were mourning him as dead.
Wrecked in a Hurricane.
The steamer Germ arrived atPenn;
cola Thursday afternoon with the cr<
of three Norweigian vessels who we
wrecked in the Carrabelle hurricar
There were about 45 men. Those w
do not ship on other vessels".from tl
port will be sent home by their resp<
tire consuls. The Germ will lal
fn Ppnsnp.nl* the crews of t
Ui ALltj VW *
Italian barks wrecked in the stor'
One Italian vessel had been loaded i
five months, but her crew deserted a
another one coula not be procured.
The Penalty Just.
Julius Alexander, colored, w
hanged at Charlotte, N. C., Thursd
' f- ij assaulting a white woman h
; i^Druary. He showed no signs of n<
vousness, confessed the crime and sa
the penalty was just. A color
preacher in talk on the scaffold sa
; Alexander's crime was "one in whi
we are glad to see the law carried out
FORTUNE HUNTERS RESCUED.
The Suffering was Great and Many
Died from Starvation.
Capt. Shoemaker of. the revgww cutter
service Thursd^*i?^:t??ved a report
froi^i Jarvis, commander
0PTO5 revenue cutter j^ear, touwmiug
an account of the rescue of the
n_ gold seekers who rushed into the Kotzebue
gold country, Alaska, in the summer
of 1898. Lieut. Jarvis was taking
the Bear north to Cape .Barrow on her
regular trip. At Cape Prince of Wales
he learned of the awful destitution
which had overtaken the gold seekers
seekers at Kotzebue sound. On arrim
val there he found a terrible condition
. of affairs. Men had died of starvation,
re_ scurvy and by drowning, and he obtained
a list of 48 deaths, but the list is by
l(js no means complete. This list has been
published in the Associated Press di3ke
patches. 0?er one thousand of the
cold seekers had wintered there. The
^ Bear, -after relieving as much of the
distress as possible and. leaving stores,
' lime juice, etc.: for the survivors, took
82 of the survivors to St. Michael, where
they were turned over to the military
authorities. Lieut. Jarvis reported
that he left between 225 and 250 survivors
at Kotzebue sound. He informed
the department that he would pfo*
bably proceed to Cape Barrow and upon
k his return would touch at Kotzebue
sound and pick up any who desired to
5rs return with him.
^e_ The rush into the Klondike country
was caused by false rumors of rich
strike3 aud misleading advertisements.
Two women and a young baby were
among those rescued. Another woman
n(j too ill to move, was left in care of a
Qaaker missionary and his wife.
0 Among the ii^t of destitute persons
found there by Lieut. Jarvis is mentioned
G. W. ;Berry of Virginia.
Lieut. Jarvis, "who accomplished thp
? rescue of the gold seekers at Kotzebue
sound, is the revenue officer who distinguished
himself in the winter of
1897-98 by leading a relief expedition
from Tanaauk, 300 miles below St. Michaels
to Point Barrow. Over 1,500
? miles of snow and ice in the dead of
* ' winter he pushed an expedition for the
relief of the ice-imprisoned whalers at
1S Point Barrow. He arrived there wich
p almost 500 reindeer after four months
* of almost indescribable hardships. It
" was 'the only Arctic relief expedition
ever attempted in mid winter. For his
'-v - i , 1 -?> r
jV neroism on tnat occasion me x?resi'
dent recommended that congress give
* him a vote of thanks and award j.im
a gold medal,
of A PHOTOGRAPH SWINDLED.
e^- Has Fooled Many People in War then
and Other Places.
in- .. - - :
in Many people of "Warthen, Ga., were
ral recently taken in by a photographer,
who proved to be John R. Kay. He
tly gained the confidence of the people and
ju- took a number of pictures, which were
paid for before delivery. This was
Tj" three weeks ago and no pictures have
:or been heard from. The probability is
ir. that they will continue to wait.
:n- This man is known iz Augusta and
;ht bears no savory reputation here. For
il- a time he was in co-partnership with
if AT- Y\T QnTTT TT/*vrr70'*v3 .Tr nf t Til Q
im? YY UuaVT w V*
m- city. Their relations lasted about six
: is months and were severed on account of
ice some underhand work of Kay.' These
ia- men had an office at Lulaville, at which
;c- place Mr. Howard would de^elope the
ar. pictures while Kay was on the road,
of Mr. Howard happened to find out that
:n- Kay was having some of the work done
r, in Augusta and severed relations with
ior him at once.
n- He bought an outrit from Howard.
is- which he never paid tor, ana started
Fie out on his own hook. The results of
on his labors are just coming to light,
n. much to the sorrow of those he swindled,
li- It is not known positively what other
places he visited, but he left saying he
;n. was going to Camak. People in that
try neighborhood wi.l de well to look after
nd their interests.
it. This man is describsd as being rather
li- tall, medium build and slightly bald,
ol. He came originally from Honea Path, S.
ve 0., and off and on has lived in Augusta
;y. for many years. Mr. Howard is pro
an minently known in Augusta ana reit.
gretS' the occurrence very much, not
hs that he has anything to do with the
ir- man now. but that he is using an outfit
is- bearing the name of Kay & Howard,
as This of course, is done without the
ar- sanction of Mr. Howard, and is used
an to advantage by the ot'ier man.?Aurst
ies Gen. Otis Scored*
"The censor writes stereotyped official
phrases and adjectives into the
dispatches, tending to magnify the
American operations and to minimize
*r - *1 CO T7C i OtCC
ua tilC U^pUaiLlUU. \A VIA. VUJ uu;o uv .? w
ie- papers arc a menace to public instituin
tions, are but private enterprises and
ed the correspondents are only here on
3S. sufferance.'' This is what we get from
lat the Associated Press man at 3Ianila.
:n- It is hardly necessary to add that it
iot comes via Ilong Kong and is uncen;h.
sored. Gen. Otis's views as to newspaat
papers have been held by a long succesli
sioQ of tyrants and incompetents, and
ir- by a good many rascals besides, lienor
garding himself as a "public institution,"
it is natural that he should feel
that way; but he is not wise in saying
so. In about one month the newspapers
of the U nited States, if they chose,
Iiotto Viim rofall/sr} PTp is in Mfl.
nila now only by "sufferance"' of the
!re pres~, and it may be that the press,
'e- believing in the right of the people to
. know what is really going on in the
!1S Philippines, will make President MciC~
Kinley understand where his interest
fv lies. A successful general might afford
to talk like Otis, but not a fizzliDg
P1' failure.?Columbia State,
D(^ Bad News from Chile*
A great railway accident occurred at
Sanliago, Chile, Thursday. An entire
passenger train fell into the river
as Mapocha, which runs through the city,
ay and many lives lost. Although the
ist tremendous storms that have been
iv- raging for afortnight throughout Chile.
,id continue, there has been some abateed
ment. Advices from various points
,id indicate widespread distress and misery,
ch Varparaiso and other cities have suffered
THE RISE OF MULLINS. "
What Tobacco Culture Did for a Flag
In 1839 Mullins in Marion County
was a small flag station, little known to
or thought of by the railroad or traveling
world. The Enterprise, a bright,
newsy paper published there, says "for
a depot there was a few boards nailed
up, which scarcely afforded shelter
from the rain and winds. In 1899, we
find a modern passenger depot, an ex1
press office and a large and spacious
freight depot, daily shipping thousands
of pounds of farm products to distant
markets, and receiving car after car
of merchandise for consumption in this
business-like hamlet.What brought
about the change? The Eaterprise
tells what. The Enterprise says: "In
1893, Dr. C. T. Ford conceiv<?d the idea
that this soil was adapted to the culture
of tobacco, and accordingly planted
four acres in this weed as an experiment.
This was the first tobacco
raised in the county. The result was
so great, that from those four acres
planted in the western suburbs Mullins,
the cultivation has become so general
that in 1899 the estimated crop is over
5,000.000 pounds for Mullins market
alone. Ten years ago there were only
firo fmnnftT. I
O tvito Uj,v vnvuwj
eight; 1,000 population; three large tobacco
warehouses, with a floor space of
40,640 square feet; a steminery, with
a'capacity of 15,000 pounds per day;
four prize houses, equalled by noDe in
the State; a bank, in a'most flourishing
condition; a saw mill, and several minor
industries, too numerous to mention.
Few people' outside of Mullins realize
the extent of our tobacco market. I<u
fact, Mullins will compare favorably
with our larger cities in the amount of
capital weekly put out. In addition to
the large sums of money paid to the
farmers for their crops, one must not
think for a moment that the benefits to
be derived stop there?that is only the
commencement. There are the grad
ing rooms, the prize houses of which
there are four, vthe stearmery, teamsters,
trucksters and other laborers in
and around the warehouses, white and
black, male and female?each receiving
his hard cash at the end of the week.
While we were strolling down street
Saturday afternoon, we met Mr. J. T.
Pope, one of our popular buyers. Mr.
Pope said that he had just finished a
iieavy week's work, 'n fact, the largest*
of the season. He estimated that at
Ipast a nnarter if a million nounds had
been sold here during the week?making,
in all, a little over a million
pounds sold here since the opening,
July 18th. We put the question to
Mr. Pope as to what would be a safe
estimate of the amount of money spent
in common labor per week, exclusive of
regular salaried officials? We were
surprised to hear his estimate-^SQQ^
"WEefftTne considers tKT^ass'Tiiabor
receiving this handsome sum are those
generally speaking, who turn it loose
as fast a3 it comes into their possession,
it is no wonder that business is so brisk,
and, as noted in last week's Enterprise,
that Mullins will soon have three more
new stores. It is a bright field, and
1UVUC3 live dUU JLlUatllUg UUOiUCOO uigut
, This shows how the cultivation of
tobacco has spread over in Marion
county, and the fact that it has spread
so rapidly shows that it must pay the
farmers to plant it as a money crop.
What it has done for Mullins it will do
for Orangeburg and all other towns in
Enormous Increase During Last Ten
Years. Enemy of the Farmer,
The amount of oleomargarine sold in
the United States for the year ending
June 1, 1890, has just been computed
by the pure food department in a report
which shows that during the year
there were 87.S00,000 pounds of this
product manufactured in the respective
States of the Union.
A comparison of the amount of oleomargarine
sold since 1838 is also given,
and is as ioiiows: 1888, z\.,oi6,d6i
pounds: 1839, 34.325,527; 1890, 35,664,
02G: 1891, 44,329,406; 1892,48,364,155;
1893, 67.224,287: 1894, 69,632,246;
1895, 56,95S,234; 1896, 50,853,234;
1897, 45,531.207: 1S98, 57.516.136;
In speaking of these statistics chief
clerk George Hutchinson, of the pure
food department, said: "Few people
are aware of the great profit the oleomargarine
manufacturers reap or the
competition the farmers have to contend
with. We take as a basis that
there were 87,800.000 pounds of oleo
margarine manufactured in tne L mtea
States last year. The average amount
of butter produced by each cow in the
United States each year is about 200.
Thus the amount of' oleomargarine sold
last year displaced 430,000 cows, worth
at?30acow, $12,927,000. This will
give some idea of the great loss to -the
farmer of the United States. But let
us look at the comparison between th<*
cost of butter and oleomargarine and
see the pro tit which the dealer^ and
manufacturers of imitated butter make.
The average wholesale price of oleomargarine
is 10 cents a pound. The average
price of butter during the year is
about 20 cents a pound. This shows
the difference between the average price
of these products to be 10 cents a
pound. But we will add 2 cents for
the cost of selling the oleomargarine.
Th'"s would leave a profit of 8 cents a
pound on the ST,800,000 pounds, or-a
net piofit to the dealer ef $7,024,009 a
Thd next dictionary published will
contain many new words, among them
the word "helava." When a man
knocks around town until 3 o'clodk in
the morning, and then gets up with a
headache like a molasses barrel and a
breath like a slaughter house, he always
had a helava time. The word is a
good one and should have- a place in ;
dictionary.?Arkansas Thomas Cat.
rr>L. ? :_1?
or General Otis has been instructed
from Washington to capture Aguinaldo.
It is not stated whether Aguimaldo is
to wai f or Otis to ccine get him, or
the American leader is to run him
FIVE MEN KILLED
In a battle Between Soldiers and
TROUBLE NABOliTITHE PAY.
Faulty Records^ Make Payment
Very Slow and Many. Cuban
Soldiers Angered and
Hence the Fight.
A dispatch from Santiago, Cuba, sajs
five men are dead aDd ten wounded as a
result of a fight Wednesday night between
gendarmes and disappointed
Cuban soldiers at Cuevitas, three miles
from Santiago, where the payment of
the Cuban troop3 is progressing. Five
thousand Cubans had gathered there to
receive pay and after three days only
5S0 had been paid. Thousands who
had been disappointed at other points
had come to Cuevitas, as the last place
of payment in the province". >
The imperfect list caused gre&t dissatisfaction,
and a rumor circulated
that the paymasters would leave Thursday,
alarmed the men who had nofefeetp
paid. They began to collect in groups-^
and to show their annoyance. Finally " " ^
their threats became serious. **-,
Capt. Beliat with twenty gendarmes
was present to preserve order among tie
applicants and tfee United States troops protected
Col. Moale, the oifioer&avtBg
charge, of thev- paymeate. ^5wl4?ftly
Pant "RollAt. who was mounted, VB0
surrounded by a moVstrack 1)7 stones "*
and bottles and Aot m the arm.' "His f '
:men promptly'fired a-volley into" the ;
mob, three personam being instantly
killed ,.^and < thirteen mounded,
two of whom died Thursday mornings
Col. Moale's. guard promptly surrounded
the money office, but took no
part in the fighting. For a few minutes
there was a lively conflict, carbines
aud machetes being used freely.1 Capt.
Beliat was the, only gendarme wounded. .:
" ' * * -t ? J n_i 1
All ttie aeaci were coipreu i/uuau a*udiers.
Thursday morning payment was ,.V; .
resumed under a "heavy guard." There
are rumors that a force is being organized
to attack the pay office, but these "
are probably unfounded. - '
Gen. Castillo, civil governor of Santiago
de Cuba, was at -Cuevitas at the
time and soon restored order. There is
no doubt that the inaccurate list will
cause a great deal of hardship.' Many
veterans have vainly followed the
United Staes commissioners for six !\,
weeks, only to find that their names are'
not listed. Gsj^JLeonard -Wood,
inrv (rnTOrnnr not. however. anti
cipate serious troubM
IT IS A SCHEME.
The Governor of'Washington Talks of
The governor of the State of Washington
smells a monse rn the convention
of governors to discuss t.he question
of trusts. He writes to Governor
Af/iQtTToonarr fmm Ol TTmnio A nor 1ftfch
i'AViJ l? j ****^? AW?M^
My Dear Sir: I regard the present attempt,
by the calling of the governor's
conference, to concentrate pnblic
thought upon State legislation as>a
remedy for the trust evil, as a very
adroit attempt upon the part of the
Republican managers to temporarily
evade a great issue. In this scheme,
it appears to me. Governor Sayers of
Texas is being used as a catspaw to
remove Republican chestnuts from tne
fire. Clearly and plainly trusts, or
great corporations, will continue as
long as the cause which produce them
remains in full force and effect These
are: First, private control of public
money or what is known as "the
money question." Secondly, railroad
rebates and special privileges granted,
or the railroad question. Thirdly, the
j?* -? i. :a it.,
prurcuuve tajin, ur tuc unm
and fourthly, in some instances, otir
patent laws. No trust can exist unless
based upon one of these, and each
and all are absolutely and solely dependent
upon national legislation.
Now. to conclude that these primary
and fundamental causes can be reached
by State legislation is a reduction to an
absurdity which I certainly hope our
people will not be guilty of. It is selfevidently
a very shrewd attempt to take
the questions I have enumerated out of
.lt i. ?i : TfTin
me uexL uauuua.. uampaigu. ??m um
people be caught ri this trap?
J. R. Rogers.
Fighting the Railroad
The truck growers of Charleston
county have boycotted the railroads
and in future will ship by steamer instead
of rail. Some time ago the Charleston
Truck Growers association asked
for a cheaper rate to eastern markets
by rail. The roads refused the request
and as a result the railroads will loose
all the vegetable shipments out of this
territory. Arrangements have been
made with the Clyde steamship line to
handle all the truck business out of
Charleston. Additional steamers will
be put on and the shipments will be
made quick. The rates are consider1
rwr'ny fliA wiVkT7 Foil
ivngi tuau wug aav^o-wj
There is a Pennsylvania man who
isn't bothering himself much about
snakes. Some way he discovered that
they were fond of nitro-glycerine. He
puts this in their haunts and follows it
up with an innocent-looking bait into
which he inserts a lot of red pepper.
When the coating melts and the pepper
gets hot, the snakes get mad and go to.
lashing the ground, and then comes the
explosion which disposes of the snake.
He Must Hang'
Charles Mason, colored, has leen
sentenced to hang in Laurens on the
3th of next month. Recently his attorney
asked the governor to grant a
respite and stated that he wished to
talked the case over with him. The
governor announced Friday that he
had looked in the case and had derided
to let the law take its course.
He has so written to Mason's attorney.
at the same time telling him he
would gladly lipten to anything he
might haye to say on the subject.
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