Newspaper Page Text
|g^ VOL LTV, WINNSBORO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. SEPTEMBER 6, 1899. , NO. 4 ^ |
^SENDS SOLID SHOT.
^ Solicitor Sawyer's Report in the
TWO. MAGISTRATE REMOVED
Governor McSweeney Takes
Prompt Action in the Case.
> Senator/. Mayfield's
It will be remembered-thafc sometime
ago Gr. W. M. Williams, a Denmark
lawyer, who was wanted in Georgia to
serve out a sentence for some crime for
which he had been convicted over there
* * r% - i.VK "L -
naa.tne Georgia consia-ue wuv
; over to arrest him arrested on the
charge of forging Grcv. Ellerbe's name
V to the requisition papers. Before the
constables coald appear before the
magistrate who issued the warrant and
give bond, "Williams gave leg bail and
left for parts unknown. Gov. McSweeney
requested Solicitor Sawyer of
that circuit to investigate the action of
' the magistrates who had aided Williams
in escaping by arresting the constables
who came for htm.
Solicitor Sawyer investigated the
. matter and reported to the Governor on
p" Tuesday of last week. In his report
the Solicitor gays tnat ftc Deneves tnac
S. C. Ray, a magistrate- at - Denmark,
and-W. L. Kennedy, a magistrate at
G-ovan's, and a constable by the name
of,W. J. Hntto, are guilty of aidiDg in
* ' the escape of Williams. The Solicitor
further says that he found very few
r citizens willing to aid him in any way.
He said it seemed to him that there are
two parties at Denmark and considerable
rivalry "between the towns of Denmark
and Bamberg, and some people
ftf wish Williams well simply because he
1 1 2.^2 f c.
nas oeen proseouieu vpeiaecuucu. &o wcj<
term it) by the Bamberg bar. He thinks
a deplorable state of aft'sirs exist in that
In his report the Solicitor says: "It
,. seems to me that Mr. Ray attempts -to
excuse himself-for not arresting Williams
upon the ground that "Williams is
a desperate character and that he was
a mad man on that day, yet he, as a
conservator of the peace, allowed Williams
to walk up*and down the street
with his hands in his pockets, believing
L > that he had two pistols, one in each
W coat pocket, thns defying arrest. Tour
excellency will note that Hutto says
I- "Williams was not in a rage, did. not
look like a mad man to him, that he
could have arrested him if he had had
the authority, and would have done so.
Your excellency will also note that Mr.
f Walker, the town marshal, says that he
does i?ot consider Williams a dangerous
to arrest Williams for disorderly conduct,
nor for anything else, and that he'
/?/vnlr? Tiotta arrested Trim. Mr. Rav was
at one time in considerable tronble
about a person -who was a relative of all
parties, and, I was informed, some
W& of these parties took considerable inHBBp1"1*
terest in that matter, whicli may have
K placed some under obligations to the
others. At any rate, they all seem to
be very intimately connected and very
r much interested in the welfare of each
other, to such an extent that I am
convinced that they formed a collusion.
Senator May field in an affidavit says:
"That shortly after July 13th on arrival
at his office deponent was called upon
by G. W. M. Williams, Jr., who re
quested that deponent come over to ms
father's office immediately, to which
deponent replied that he was very busy
but that if it was a matter of impor^
t&nce he would be there directly; that
^ hortly afterwards deponent was again
| called upon and again requested to go
. over, whereupon deponent walked over
to the office of G-. W. M. Williams, Sr.,
and found there a gentleman who was
introduced as a. Mr. Miley from Georm'a.
-with a statement that certain pa
pers were plasc? in Miley's hands, and
j they desired to know as to the regularity
of the papers; >Ir. Miley handed
me the papers and I looted over them
and found all regular until I reached
one purporting to be signed by G-oy.
W. H. Ellerbe; I informed the coDstable
that the papers were in every way
regular except that the name of Gov.
rEllerbe had been written by his private
secretary, Mr. W. Boyd Evans; that I
supposed that it arose during the governor's
illness and that Mr. Evans supposed
that he had the authority under
the direction and at Jie request of the
governor to affix the signature of the
governor to the papers; that in my
fc Judgment as a lawyer, a private secretary
did not have such authority, as the
Br constitution of South Carolina devolvj|
ed fckat duty upon the governor of the
State, out tnat our coaswiunuu Ui 1WV
.j? was new and that I presumed that this
matter had besn overlooked, and that
neither the private secretary's nor Gov.
BRHF Ellerbe's attention had been called to
the matter; hence the mistake. Mr.
Miley asked me what was to be done
and 1 suggested that he send the requisition
back to Gov. Candler with the
statement as aforesaid and -to give the
rgovernormy name as the one who had so
advised him, and that I had no doubt,
upon his sending the requisition papers
back to his excellency, Gov. McSweeaey,
that his excellency being familiar
\with Gov. Ellerbe's handwriting, would
perceive at a glance that the paper had
?1 ?Kt? fJrtv r^llprhp and
kAi aw uwu ^ ?
gg WE" that new papers would be granted; that
PP I direeted Mr. Miley and had him to
' make notes so as to guide him in writi
?ng Gov. Candler; that thereupon I left
Mr. Williams and Constable Miley to^
gether in the office and came on about
my general duties."
W Mr. MaySeld then goes on in his affidavit
to say that he did not advise Wil1
liams as a lawyer, nor to resist arrest,
and on going to his office he did so simply
on request, not knowing what he
was wanted for and "-not knowing as is
now claimed by the constable in his report
to G-ov. McSweeney that the marshal
of Denmark had arrested G. W. M.
Williams. He further says that he did
v. not approve of the arrest of the constable
from Georgia on a charge of forgery,
as Williams well knew that the error
was made by ike private secretary signing
the governors name and for which
the special constable was in no way responsible.
Jle further says he gave the advice in
Williams' office to the constable upon
the request of Williams and without
the constable making any statement
other than that they both wifhed to
know how the matter stood, aid that
deponent gave the advice with no view
of helping Williams' escape or in aiding
him in any way; but upon the request
of Williams in the presence of the
special constable and in accordance
with what deponent believes to be the
law of this State; that he is still of the
opinion that the paper is void because J
the genuine signature of Gov. Ellerbe
has not l?een attached.
He further declares that he is neither
now nor has he at any time been the attorney
of Mr. Williams, nor has he
given any comfort in his escape from
the hands of the officers of the law, nor
does he uphold Mr. Williams in having
innocent parties charged with I'orgery, ;
WOKrtmc TTTjall l-natrr lliof flia ,
W UKU BtllU II Uliarno au^ n t.uuv Uiiv
signature to these papers had been affix
ed by the private secretary of G-ov.
Ellerbe and heard deponent so declrae
in his presence to the special con
BOTH MAGISTRATES REMOVED.
Tuesday night Gov. McSweeney, after
reading the solicitor's report and the
accompanying affidavits carefully, decided
to remove both the magistrates?
Ray at Denmark and Kennedy at Go- (
van. He forwarded to each of them
the following, letter:
Columbia, Aug. 29, !LS99. i
Dear Sir: From official information
recfiv-d by me I am satisfied of your
officii misconduct m the matter of ex- j
tradition of G. W. M. Williams, and :
your commission as magistrate is here- '
by revoked, to take effect from this ;
date. You will turn over all books and
papers in your possession belonging to
your office to your successor when he :
shall call on you for the same.
Yours truly, i
M. B. McSweeney,
Governor of South Carolina.
The governor filed with the papers
the following written statement of the :
reasons for his action:
In view of the report of Solicitor :
Sawyer and the statement therein contained
and the evidence furnished by .
the affidavits accompanying the report ,
in regard to the action of Magistrates ;
C (2. TJo-n W T. an-nan xt armPATSl
O. \A JLifCbj auu TV* JU?
that said magistrates, instead of endeavoring
to assist the agent of Georgia
in his efforts to arrest Gr. W. M. Williams,
a fugitive from justice in that
State, and for whom the said agent had
requisition papers from the governor of
South Carolina, made in due form of
law, the magistrates, as it appears from
the report of Solicitor Sawyer, assisted
the paid Williams to escape arrest, and
thus the ends of justice have been
thwarted. Such being the facts in the
case, I do not consider these magistrates
worthy to hold the high and responsible
position of magistrate, r,nd they
are hereby removed from their office,
said removal to take efiect from this
"August 29, 1899."
WM. STRAIT ARRESTED.
Accused of Attemptine to Poison His
William Strait, a young farmer who
lives about seven miles south of Rock
Hill, was arrested Wednesday on the
charge of attempting to poison his
mother-in-law, Mrs. Mollie Kidd. The
affair exhibits Strait-in the light of a
cold-blooded and very unnatural son-inlaw.
Avarice is reported to be the
cause of the attempt upen the life of
Mrs. Kidd and other members of the
household, for it is said Strait wanted
to come into possession of her property.
It is stated that Strait, who lives a
quarter of a mile from his mother-in1
Va* a w\Aoa rry*r% 4-a/3 /*Arr> $r\T !
IAYVj DOUb a Uiuao vi giavvu vviu
dinner. Some one who tasted the dish
remarked upon the bitter flavor of the
corn, aDd suspicions were aroused.
Some of it was thrown to a dog, which
soon keeled over, and the family seems
to have been satisfied that the dish was
poisoned. The rest of the corn was
buried. Afterwards when they went
to make an examination and an
an analysis ui _ic uuiicu wiu m
was found to have been scratched up.
It is said that Strait had been hinting
around that he anticipated that his
mother-in-law would try to destroy herself.
On the day of the alleged attempt
at poisoning he is said to have
remarked that he feared that she would
try to make way with herself and her <
entire household. Straic is a youDg :
farmer, son of Mr. Thos. J. Strait of :
Bethesda township, not Congressman
Strait. Mrs. Kitfd is the widow of Mr. i
T__ A c
U LIU. -fX. JLV1UU, Hiiu <1 iCVT JfGiUO
committed suicide in his own home
with a shot gun.?The State. <
BLOWING OF THE TRUMPETS.
Celebration of the Jewish New Year
* , I
Began this Week.
On Monday began one of the most !
important of the religious celebrations
of the Hebrew people^ the beginning t>f :
the Jewish new year. The festival, :
which is of very ancient origin, com- :
mencect in reality xuesaay, dui. owing
to the custom of the Jews in dating !
their days from sunset to sunset, it was
ushered in Monday night. The occasion
marks the advent of the first day
of the seventh month?the month of !
Tishri, according to the Hebrew calendar,
and is followed by a period of
penance, lasting for ten days, and cul- :
minating in the day of Atonement on 1
September 15. The celebration of the ;
first day of the seventh mon^h, the
Rosh Hashana, dates its beginning
from the time of Ezra, when the chil- :
dren of Israel returned from Babylon
to re-establish Jerusalem under his direction.
In that day it was celebrated
as a secular festival, the religious celebration
occurring in spring with the
beginning of the first month, buu since, :
for all practical purposes, the Hebrews
have now adopted the Gregorian calen- i
dar, the festival has become a religious
one.. The festival of Rosh Hashana
was early associated with the blowing
of trumpets, and that is one of the features
of the present day. The tea days
of meditation and penance end on September
15. with the day of atonement,
or Yom Hakippurim, which is the culminating
and most sacred day of the
Six Hundred DrownedSix
hundred lives have been lost by
the flooding of a copper mine at Besshi,
island of Skikoku, China.
Carried a Distance of Five Hundred
Some of the Marvelous Powers
of the Great Factor as
Seen by a Georgian.
A Georgian writes to the Augnsta
Chronicle from Chatauqua, N. Y., that
he had just witnessed some experiments
with liquefied air which were so
wonderful that I am sure your readers
will be interested in hearing about
them. The liquid was brought from
New York city, where it was manufactured,
in a large eight-gallon can, care-.
fully wrapped in non-conducting felt,
just as ice is packed for transportation.
It is the first time that this fluid
has ever been carried so far in quantities
ilarge enough to be experimented
with, and so well was it packed that
only two gallons evaporated in the
transit?a distance of about 500 miles.
When the cover was removed it immediately
began to smoke like a cauldron
of furiously boiling water. The temperature
of a liquid air is so low?312 de
grees below zero?that contact not
merely with common air, but with a
lump of ordinary ice will set it to boiling
just as water will .do on contact
with fire or with a lumD of redhot iroas.
JLnere is uooruiuary suusiauue wia.o ia
not redhot in comparison with a temperature
of 312 degrees below zero, consequently
the liquid air, unless carefully
protected by non-conductors of
heat is in a constant state of ebullition.
Yet, even while boiling, it is colder than
ice by many degrees, and will instantly
freeze whatever comes in contact with
it. As the operator dipped it up from
the can the ladle would be immediately
coated with frost, and when a vessel
of it was placed in cold water, the liquid
air at once "began to boil furiously from
the heat of the water, and at the same
time the water around the vessel forming
a crust of ice so hard that it could
be readily removed and used as a tumbler.
Into this ice tumbler more liquid
air was poured, which instantly began
-- ? . ? mi
to boil trom coniact with tne ice. ine
hydrogen of the air, being lighter than
the oxygen, evaporates more quickly,
and as every school boy knows that
oxygen is a great promoter of combustion,
the liquid air, after losing iis
hydrogen, becomes a medium for producing
the fiercest heat, though itself so
intensely cold. Now you will be prepared
to believe me when I tell you that a
piece of wire with a carbon point, when
plunged into this ice tumbler filled with
- 1- -* J 010 J kA?OT,
a iiLjuiu ox.id uegices tuun ^uu, u^au
to burn with a temperature of nearly
3,000 degrees above boiling water, and
burned away till the wire was consumed
like a straw! On the same principle
a piece of woolen felt that could
not be made to burn when ignited in
common air, blazed up like rosin when
saturated with the liquid, and a flock
of common cotton wool exploded like
gun cotton, leaving scarcely a pinch
of ashes behind, so complete was the
combustion. Hence can be seen the
great possibilities of this latest discovery
of science in the cremation of garbage
and the manufacture of explosives.
In color and consistency liquid air is
just like clear water, but evaporates so
auicklv that it will not wet anything,
and being heavier than common air, its
vapor, instead of rising, like the vapor
of water and like common smoke, falls
to the earth. Plunge your handkerchief
into it, and the handkerchief will smoke
as if on fire, while drops of the chilling
liquid fall to the floor, but there is
no sign of moisture. Pour a bucket full
of it on the floor and there will be a
furious smoking as if every plank were
on fire, but when the vapor rolls away
not a drop of moisture is to be seen. A
bunch of roses immersed in a vessel of
it retained their natural appearance, but
became frozen so hard m a few seconds
that they shivered like glass when
thrown upon the floor. The same thing
happened to a potato and a piece of
beef, which had to be broken with a
hammer like stones after remaining
about 20 seconds in the strange fluid.
Alcohol, which freezes at a temperature
of something like 200 degrees below
zero became solid ice in about half a
minute, and mercury, in scarcely double
that time, froze so hard that it was used
as a hammer to drive two large nails
into a board.
Still more curious effects were produced
when a little water was poured '
into a tea kettle filled with liquid air
and placed on a lump of ice. The kettle
immediately began to boil so rapidly
that it froze the water by evaporation
and left it a lump of ice in the kettle.
The experiment was then tried with
the kettle placed over the burner of ;
a kerosene stove and not only did the
water turn to ice as before, but the cold ;
produced by the evaporation of the
liquid air was so much greater than the '
heat produced by the stove that the
bottom of the kettle was heavily coated
with fiost right over the flame or tne i
This intense cold, I may remark m
passing, is the great obstacle in the
use of liquid air as a motor power.
While its expansive force is twenty
times greater than that of steam, the
intense cold produced by its expansion ,
causes any machinery to which it is
applied to become so heavily clogged >
with frost as to prevent its working.
No effective remedy for this difficulty .
has yet been found, and until this problem
is solved I would advise all inves- .
tors to beware of the bogus companies ,
that are being formed to exploit Trip- (
ler's great discovery. Its chief practi- <
cal use at present would serve to be for <
refrigerating purposes, and the manu- <
facture of explosives. It also promises .
great results in medical therapeutics? :
I am not sure that this is the right word, ]
but it will no doubt mean just as mien .
to most of us as the right one would if ;
I knew it. In regulating the temperature
of hospitals and destroying
the activity of disease germs it will
probably work a revolution is medical
A Successful Revoluti
The revolution in San Doming has
been successful, and President Figuero .
has resigned. He will be succeeded
by Gen. Jean Isodro Jiminez, who will i
assume charge of aSairs.
CHARLESTON TO AUGUSTA.
iioute of the^Hew Road to be Built b]
The Seaboard Air Line is goinj
ahead now with the necessary prepara
tions for the building^ of its new lin<
from Augusta to Charleston. In ac
cordance with announcements hereto
fore made the application for the char
ter, which is the first of its kind unde:
the new law, was filed with the secretary
of state last week and the commis
sion has been issued. The declarator
sets forth in detail all facts as to th<
capitalization and as to the route. As
soon as the commission had been issu
ed the corporators issued the following
notice, giving the exact route, which is
to be published'in the country effectec
by the new road:
"Notice is hereby given that the undersigned
parties will, on Monday, the
2d, day of October, 1899, at 12 o'clock
noon, or as soon thereafter as can be
heard, make application to to the secretary
of state for the State of Soutl
Carolina, at Columbia, S. C., under the
wAtrieiAna or* Qrtf Anf.ifla/1 'or* fr
pi V v VI au uvb cau wv
provide for the formation of railroads,
steamboat, street railway and canal
companies, and to define powers thereof,
and provide a mode for amending
the charters thereof; approved the 28th
day of February, A. D. 1899, found
in the 23 statutes, at pages 64 to 70,
for a charter for the Chattanooga,
Augusta and Charleston Air Line Railway
company, the said line to extend
between the termini stated below, one
terminus to be within the city of Charleston,
in the State of South Carolina,
and the other on the western boundrj
line of the State of South Carolina on
the Savannah river, opposite or nearly
opposite to the city of Augusta, in the
r?. , r?/-t i l i i
fctate or ueorgia, wmcn said line, Deginning
in the city of Charleston, wil]
pass from its terminus through the city
of Charleston, thence through the county
of Charleston, and the parishes of St.
Phillips and St. Michaels and St. Andrews,
therein; thence through the
county of Dorchester, and the townships
of Dorchester, Collins and Burns
thftnc.fi thrnnirh thfi onnntv of
Colleton, and townships of Sheridan,
Yerdier, Bell, Warren and Broxton,
therein; thence through the county of
Bamberg, and the townships of Fish
Pond, Three Mile and Buford's Bridge,
therein: thence through the county of
Barnwell, and the townships of George's
Creek, Barnwell, Rod Oak, Rosemary
and Richland, and the town of
Barnwell therein; thence through the
county of Aiken, and the townships of
Sleepy Hollow, Millbrook, Hammoud,
G-regg and Schultz therein; and that
they will seek for the said corporation
the right to condemn lands for a right
of way of said railroad and for sideAIvm
J ItAWtflAa AMI? A11
bl'au&S, UCUUlO, Dvatiuu uuuscs <#uu an
other purposes of the said proposed
Going to Rhode Island.
Thursday afternoon Senator B. R.
Tillman, accompained by Mrs. Tillman,
arrived in the city en route to Rhode
Island. The senator expects to proceed
on his journey Friday morning and
will be absent from the State about tea
days. He goes to make a speech before
the Bryan Bimetallic league of Rhode
Island. He says this is in accord with
some plans arranged at the July meeting
of the National Democratic executive
committee. The Democratic party
wishes to have the Rhode Island dele
gauoB in me uaiiuiiai uuuveuuuu
solid for ffte silver and is sending
speakers there. Another idea is to
make the movement for Democracy so
strong in New England that New England
money will have to be kept at
A dispatch from Florence to The
State say3 by dint ol! hard work Gr. S.
nn ^ a n r. J
JL urucviiic, A. V. JU? uciwurg, nag
succeeded in practically breaking up a
gang of thieves that for months has
been a constant annorance to the company.
The gang is said to be composed
of about 15 negroes with a white
WiTl^Am rTrvrtVn* / ?! ? ea 1
iil&llj TT 11 ll&LLL \J U-kJ JL WJ ivuuwii
Upchurchanda negro named James
Price have both been captured and
lodged in Halifax, N. C., county jail to
await trial. Upchurch was seen in the
act of robbing cars and was captured
with some of the booty upon his person.
He is said to belong to a splendid family
of Raleigh, N. C., people, but with
him stealing became a disease and he
finally allied himself with a gang of negro
A Grateful Editor.
We are at a loss for words to express
rvifi. tVio'nL-Pnlnoaa T\fr? .1 R. S.
\J IAJL UUVUflklUAUWUtJ VU i.'AAk' V * **.
Siau for a basket full of lemon pies?
yes sir, the basket was full! There is
a weak spot somewhere in our diaphragm
for lemon pies, and this estimaable
and lovely lady beats all creation
in making them. The pies were appreciated
and eaten with relish, ?nd then
we licked our chops for more. Thanks,
thanks? a thousand thanks I Our sincere
wish is that Mrs. S. may live to
a, ripe old age to bless those who are
near and dear to her, and then go home
to glory to live forever and forever!?
Last Year's Cotton Crop.
The totals of Secretary Hester's an"""1
nf +V>a (in+tnn nrnn rtf flip
Liuai X l> VI \JAJL\J vvubvu V/A.V?S VUnited
States were promulgated Friday.
They show receipts of cotton at all
United States ports for the year, 8,579,?26
bales, against 8,769,360 last year;
verland to northern mills, 1,345,623,
igainst 1,237,813; southern consumption
taken direct from interior of the
cotton belt, 1,353,791, against 1,192,321:
making the crop for the United
States for 1898-'99 amount to 11,274,340
bales, against 11,199,994 last year,
md 8,757,694 the year before. The
mills of the South have used 157,558
bales more than during 1897-'98,
aimirisf-. a r>onsnmnl,ion bv the north of
Fresh News Wanted.
The Salesbury, Me, Press says:
"Send in your items of news when they
are fresh. We don't like to publish
a birth after the child is weaned, a
marriage after the honeymoon is over,
a death after the widow is married
again, nor the notice of an entertain
ment after the job work is done elsewhere
and the editor is charged for
j The Tracks of Dogs Led to the Body of
r The Greenville correspondent of The
11. , i p
- state says a grewsome story comes irom
? Tigerville, in the upper section of the
. county. While walking Wednesday
- on the farm of Joseph McKinney, near
. Tigerville, Luther McKinney made the
r discovery of a human head severed from
the body and numeroES dog tracks
" were near the place where the awful
- discovery was made. He reported 'the
i ghastly find to some of his neighbors
, at once and they followed the dog
tracks to the river not far away, where
3 they found a man's leg protruding above
" the water, and on further investigation
> they brought up the headless body with
I / A ?A rtlr TTtV? AT"A fltfl
yjuiy tiic obump vi liic ucu& rrjuc.it. wg
^ head belonged. It was at once believed
that the body was that of Ed Hayes, a
' farmer who lived in that neighborhood,
5 and who disappeared suddenly and mys:
teriously three or four weeks ago.
5 Search had been made for Hayes and
' no trace of him was discovered unless
L the headless trunk belonged to him.
! The dogs had eaten the flesh off the
' face so that it could not be identified,
j and other means had to be found to
' prove that Hayes' fate was made known.
' An inquest was held over the body and
> the jury found a verdict to the effect
l fViof. t.Tio mai waa Til/I TTovps an<3 that i
he came to his death by a pistol shot at
> the hands of James Sudduth. The investigation
was tedious and the evi'
deuce somewhat vague, but the jury
1 was satisfied that Ed Hayes received
1 his death wound from Sudduth, with
' whom he was on unfriendly terms.
lie sliot twice at Hayes and the second
1 time lie shot to kill. The dead man
was shot in the back from his right
1 side, and the ball went through his Hv'
er and lodged in the left breast. Hayes
was identified by mears of his clothing,
and each garment was inspected and
' clearly proven. No papers were found
on the body, and the pockets of his
' clothing; were empty. Hayes disap1
peared on the 8th of August from his
" home, which is not more than one-quar;
ter of a mile from Tiger river, and tie
body was lying in the edge of 'the
stream just where a ditch empties into
. it, covered with sand and corn stalks.
The skull was some distance down the
1 river, atjd the men who made the search
, waded t|e stream until th*y found the
body, kjudduth is at home sick with
fever, arid his physician reported his
; temperature at 101. Magistrate Gul:
lick issued a warrant for his arrest im;
mediately after the verdict was rendered,
and his constable placed Sudduth
in custody without delay.
THE OHIO DEMOCRACY.
CoL Bryan and the Chicago Platform
The Democratic State Convention of
Ohio assembled at Zanesville on last
Wednesday and soon nominated a good
( strong ticket and adjourned. John R.
McLean was nominated for Governor,
and a platform was adopted endorsing
the Chicago platform and demanding
I the renomination of Col. Bryan.
| The Columbia State in commenting
i TBAnIr nf a rtAmronfi/vn 0<s]rQ*
UJU n ViA. VA VUV VV^1VU?*VM
' "What's the matter with the Ohio
Democratic platform? No ambiguity in
, it, is there? The Chicago platform of
1896, 'especially the financial plank';
free silver at 16 to 1; Bryan for presiI
dent; anti-imperialism; independence
1 for the Philippines as well as Cuba; no
^ entangling alliances with foreign kingdoms
and empires; no ship subsidies; a
. strong navy; a small standing army;
abolition of the trusts; no bossism; electron
of president, vice president and
senators by direct vote of the people.
This nlnifrirm 'ratifiedenthusiastically'
by the convention, is a mighty good one
and in our opinion the Democratic national
platform of 1900 will resemble it
"We predict that John R. McLean of
the Cincinnati Enquirer, nominated for
i governor by the Democrats of Ohio
will give the Republicans the hardest
race for their money they have had for
a long time. Mr. McLean has a very
i impressive bar'l himself, and his great
paper is a power in Ohio, among
Republicans as well as DeD3ocrats.
Since he has adopted the suaviter in
modo policy Mr. McLean has reduced
the number ol msenen' ^> very materially,
and the faction fji I among the
Ohio Democrats seems : ) have died
out. The prospect io the Buckeye
State is not bad."
A Sad Comm^iry.
What a commentary it was on human
nature that Col. Neal should have had
to wait so many hours in custody Wednesday
before bondsmen could be found
for him. Here was a man who, a year 1
ago, when he seemed the power behind
I the throne in Dolitics. had politicians
from all over the State running after :
him for favors; was courted, deferred to,
pressed with professions of frienpship;
and could have made a.$50,000 bond in
an hour?yet Wednesday, in his time
of disgrace and need, he could not get
one of these "friends" to come to his
relief and pledge as little as $3,500 security
that he would appear to stand his
trial. It was "the way of the j
world," but ten thousand precedents
could not redeem it from contempt. 1
We honor the plain business men, not 1
professing devotion or admiration, who |
signed his bond and ended the painful J
"? mt rr, , \
The Cuban Army. * i
Now that over 33,000 Cuban Soldiers <
have been identified and paid their $75 <
each and several thousands more are :
shown to have been left off the lists, ;
what becomes of the sneers of many <
contemporaries at "Gomez's imaginary <
army', and "post-bellum warriors?" <
None of the men who entered the ser-? 1
vice after the war have been paid, and '
many who did serve in war have not i
been Daid. The Cuban estimate of ]
40,000 men was very near the mark.? i
The State. t
The Augusta Chronicle fays: ?;Maj- ;
or General Otis has been instructed 1
from Washington to capture Aguinaldo. ]
It is not stated whether Aguimaldo is ]
to wai for Otis to come get him, or 1
the American leader is to run him ]
At the Lancaster County Farmer's
WHAT HE SAYS OF TOBACCO.
He Speaks on the Practical Workings
of Clemson and
HPIIA Tnonfinff /\P f.ln*
JL.JLLQ 1U.1LJ.AJL UibV/ Ui.U.&j Vi uuv ?**. ***w* w
Institute for Lancaster county under
the supervision of the professors of Clemson
College, was held at Heath Spring
on Wednesday 23rd instant. There
was a large gathering from all sections
of the connty, the crowd being estimated
from one thousand to twelve hundred
Ex-Representative R. L. Hicklin pre
J - J ?J --l?3?j i.v.? rui
siueu auu xuuuuuucu lug oycaiwo. \j\ji.
J. C. Sellers of Marion spoke first?his
subjcet being the culture of tobaqco.
The Colonel has had wide experience in
the raising of tobacco in the Peedee
section of the State. He thought the
soil in the Heath Spring section would
make good tobacco but he cautioned
the farmers not to experiment on too
large a scale. He said the crowd pres
ent was the largest of the fourteen meetings
he had addressed in the State.
Senator B. it. Tillman was next introduced
by the chairman as ' ;the great
commoner whose name was a household
word in South Carolina." The Senator
was interesting throughout and held the
close attention of his large audience for
an hour and ten minutes. He was calm
and dispassionate when advising as to
best methods of farming and in general
mofKnf. wfipr) Iia wrvrild tmieh on
politics, lie became very much animated,
and as remarked by a drummer on
one occasion "his one eye would blaze
like the headlight of a locomotive."
The subject Assigned him was "the
practical workings of Clemson and "Winthrop
Colleges." He said he would not
stick close to this subject as everybody
nnrrp.tttlv informed oneht to know the
workings of these two great instituions/
He said that Clemson, Winthrop and
the dispensary were his three children
conceived and bronght forth by the Reform
movement?that his enemies were
constantly trying to undermine and destroy
them, believing that thereby they
woiid bring about his political death.
He said that Representative Smith of
Sumter county had jumped on the colleges
in general and him in particular.
That while in Sumter he had made two
speeches, one in the forenooa and one
in the afternoon. That he had made a
nice pleasant speeoh in the morning.
Some people did aot believe he could,
make such speeohes but he could. In
the afternoon Mr. Smith made a speech
announcing that he intended rubbing
off some of the butter ex-Senator Abbott
had olastered on his back in his
speech of introduction. He said he had
no objection to the butter being removed
in a gentle way, as Dr. Abbott had
rather gone beyond the proprieties. of
the occasion, but instead of removing
the butter gently, Mr. Smith had used
a ftnrrv nnmb :tod had raked his hide?
and besides lie bad attacked bis little
girl Winthrop wbo was near and dear
to bis beart. Mr. Smitb claimed tbat
too much money is wasted on tbe two
colleges, tbat instead it ougbt to be distributed
among tbe free schools all over
tbe State. Senator Tillman said tbat
was impracticable because all tbe money
would not run the free schools more
than a few *eeks. And besides better
teachers were needed for the free
schools and tbat "Wintbrop and Clemson
would furnish them. He said that these
two college's and the Citadel and the
South Carolina colleges were doing a
great work. In reply to a question he
said tbat Clemson did turn out some
dudes but it was tbe fault of tbe girls I
wbo were constantly lunning after them I
being attracted by their gay uniforms j
and brass buttons, fie said that Mr.
Smith claimed that Clemson and Winthrop
were for the rich man's sons and
daughters. 'This he claimed was an appeal
to ignorance and prejudice, because
there was no boy or girl in South Carolina
who with proper application and
pluck could-not graduate at either one
of the colleges. He instanced the case
of a poor boy who made his way through
Clemson by workiDg near the college
during his vacations. He advised the
farmers to educate their children and
to learn them that they had to "sweat"
to accomplish anything in their life.
He said he believed money spent for education
would Jbring in large returns.
That he had endeavored, when a member
of the constitutional convention to
make the pqII tax three dollars, so that
the $egro should be made to bear some
of tfie expense for educating his children.
That he also favored a three mill
tax for schools. Senator Tillman then
ga7e an amusing account of his experience
in tobacco raising. Said he had
been too smart and had bit of more than
he jould chaw. That he had planted
twelve acres instead of three or four.
That he had to water the whole crop by
hauling water in barrels. Some one in
the crowd remarked tbat Darreis muse
be plentiful in his county. He said no
be had gathered together some kerosene
and molasses barrels and a few whiskey
barrels. That his experience with his
tobacco this year had been somewhat
tough, but that he was bulllieaded
snough to go through with it just like
be did with everything else. He said
farmers injrEnriff alons like their
laddies, -with a rock in one end of their
sack and a pnmpkin in the other. That
sotton was not profitable; it was the
srop of the Negro and the lazy white
man. He urged the farmers to wake np
md be free men and to quit the life of
servitude to the mortgage and the agrisultural
lien. He advised every farinsr
who was unmarried to get him a
wife; that a man who couldn't get a
wife was worse than a flop-eared dog
md should be drowned in the Catawba
river.?He touched on the Negro question
by saying that he had >,p'iken on
the subject in North Carolina hid adrised
the people up there to solve the
problem with the shot gun. He was
isked his opinion of the Philippine
tvar. He said that McKinley thought
be had a soft snap when he bought the
J - - + 1*^4- f/yrrr fT-? An CO T>r|
L31<iIlU&) L licit a wiivuuu.u?
ffould subdue the Insurgents and then
he would have soft places for Republi:an,
but that he (Tillman) predicted
that the war would be going on this time
next year and would result in the defeat
of McKinley for reelection. Senator
Tillman closed by announcing that
he would be a candidate for re-election
next year and that if anybody wanted
to oppose him. to come right along and
the longest pole would get the persimmon.
The next speakers were Dr. Neeson,
the Veterinary Surgeon and Prof.
Morrison, both of Clemson.?Lancaster
m-rro Tmirnrro a nxr
Reorganization of the National Committee
for the Campaign.
John R. McLean, Democratic nominee
for governor of Ohio, is now head of
the v/ays and neans committee of the
Democratic national committee. His
appointment was announced by W. J.
Stone Wednesday it being one of the
features of the reorganization plan decided
upon at tlie Chicago meeting July
2?th. _ ;
Another feature is the elimination of
John P. Altgeld from the national
council's party. His resignation from
the ways and means committee is accepted,
and his friend, Devlin, who has
had charge of the press bureau, will
soon follow him ic retirement, it "is
Tho tip'i- mpmliprs nf tVia aas
were announced by Vice-chairman
Stone upon receipt of a letter sent by
Chairman Jones, who is now in Great
Britain. They Sue as follows, the first
one named in each case being the
Executive?J. G. Johnson, Kansas;
W. J. Stone, Missouri; Daniel J. Campan,
Michigan; John G. Shanklin,
Pennsylvania; Thomas Gahn, Illinois;
James M. Head, Tennessee; Henry D.
Clayton, Alabama; W. H. Thompson,
\r?i 1? n. Tircn:
vx. X'lcu tt niio-ijUSj ^jjiaaoa.clmsettss;
T. D. O'Brien, Minnesota.
Ways and Means?John R. McLean,
Ohio; Urey Woodson, Kentucky; Adair
Wilson, Colorado; J. Gr. Dwyer, California;
Benj. R. Tillman, South Carolina;
Frank Campbell, New York; J. Gr.
Press?Clark Howell, Georgia; Josephus
Daniels, North Carolina; Alexan
der Troup, Connecticut; Charles A.
"Walsh, Iowa; J. G. Johnson, of Kansas.
Chairman Jones will be ex-officio
chairman of all the sub-committees.
The new committees will meet within
ten days in Chicago and organize
for fhe campaign.
Killed by Lightning.
TTTLM^ "\X- T__ XT ' x'L J '
yv uue lur. xraas neauutn ana a
force of Negroes were on a log train at
Harpers on Friday evening last, they
were suddenly' shocked' by lightning.
Two of the Negroes were killed outright,
and'oke-^was severely; stocked,
but recovered after a long" time. Mr.
Nesmith was knocked down also, but
escaped without further injury.
t"? rra f a ta! of rt ll* att pott Ti o rJ
tv xuaiic, w-icjr xoaj uau iiutiutu
110 lightning or thunder previous to being
struck, and the supposition is that
the lightning must have traveled along
the telegraph wire and left -it just
where the men were at work. Several
telegraph poles were torn to pieces, and
the wires between here and Lanes
were down for a short time. All the
injured and dead people were brought
to the city and given every attention.
A Preacher Shot,
The Rev. Wm. Johnson, former pasf
A A TJr.nfio^
UVA VI VU.C XJL1.Xivau VUULUU VI
Maryville Mo., and an evangelist of the
colored Baptist church of Kansas and
Missouri, was killed Wednesday night
by Officer John Wallace, while resisting
arrest. Johnson was convicted
Wednesday afternoon of having assaulted
a white woman and sentenced
to nine months in jail. Johnson created
a sensation some time a/n at a meeting
of Negro preacaers in Leavenworth,
Kas., by declaring that the Negoes
must organize. Officer Wallace has
I not been arrested.
A Schooner and Crew Lost.
A dispatch from Baltimore says positive
ia formation was received Wednesday
that the schooner E. L. F. Hardcastle
was wrecked in * the hurricane
that swept the Atlantic . coast August
16-18, and it is feared that Capt. Wm.
F. Todd and all on board were lost.
The Hardcastle is reported to be ^lying
1U Iduiligu QUUUU, UULLULU ilUUUt
eight miles from Portsmouth island.
The Hardcastle on the 15th inst. sailed
from Newbern, N. C., with a cargo
of lumber for Baltimore.
1 The Doctor is Better.
Young Dr. Thomas Jennings of McCormick
who was shot by a Negro on
an excursion on the Charleston and
"Western Carolina railway on the Fourth
nf .Tnlv and aerinna wounded. has about
recovered from his injuries. He eloped
Wedne-day with Miss Lillie Talbert,
youngest daughter of Dr. R. J. Talbert,
of McCormick. 1 hey went to Augusta,
G-a., and were married.
Strange things happen in and around
Atlanta. Here is an Atlanta meteor,
for example, which passes over that
city''in an aerial direction." If it had
been scooting over any other town
than Atlanta it would doubtless have
taken a terrestrial direction, or at
least an aqueous one. But Atlanta demanded
something univue, and the
meteor kindly furnished it. Except
when it is copying the sensations of
other places, Atlanta has a genius for
A Fatal Wreck*
The Erie accommodation train from
New York was wrecked shortly b -fore 2
o'clock Wednesday on a bend just east .
of Arlirgton, N. J. Two frieght cars ;
which had broken from a preceding ]
feight dashed into the engine, which
was smashed and derailed and the
smoking car loaded with passengers '
was crushed and thrown up into the 1
air. Turning over in the air it-fell to (
the side o? the tr?. :k and rolled down a ;
30-foot embankment. "Win. JSurie of 1
Arlington was killed and J. J. Connell
of Blo^mSeld was fatally injured. Ten
persons were seriously and many slightly
The vreither reports say this has been :
the hottest summer on record, "We
knowed it without ttq bureau telling us '
After Some Difficulty He Finds
MORE SERIOUS CHARGES.
" : r*.'1; u::
Former] Political Friends Did Not^
ftnma tn Aid the Ex'SllDflr*
intendent. Columbia Bus- .
Col. Neal, former superintendent of
the State penitentiary, was arrested and
carried to Columbia" on Tuesday night
of last week, and The State says it look|
ed for several hours Wednesday as if
lie would not be able to give ms Dona
and would have to go jail before friends
from his home could get to Columbia to
help him out Wednesday morning /. $*!
! when 10 o'clock, the hour appointed
for the preliminary came, Col. Neal
had not succeeded in securing bends
men. Three personal friends t that he ' 'MM
was relying upon proved to be away
from the city. At this time also warrants
sworn out by Attorney General
Bellinger in two other cases were served
upon Mm, making three disfipct
charges preferred against him. The
original warrant charged Mm with fail- ^
tire to turn over public funds to Ms
successor. One of the new ones charg- ; p
ed him with breach of trust with fradu- r ,
lent intent, and the other with embezzlement
of public funds.
The affidavit in the breaoh^of trust
case read as follows:
State of South Carolina, County of
Richland. The State va. William A.
'Neal. Affidavit. ' '
Personally appears before me J M.
Smith, a magistrate for ?nd in said
county and said State, Gt. Duncan Bellinger,
attorney general, who, en. oath,
savs that he is informed and believes *
that on the first day of December 1895,
in said State and comity, one William
A. Heal was guilty of a breach of trust
with fraudulent intent in this: v
That being then and there paid by
one J. S. Fowler the sum of-five hundred
dollars for the use and as on ? account
of the State of South Carolina,
the same being the property of said
State, upon the special trust and confidence
that he thesame 'should safely
keep, transfer and disburse for the said
State,-as its public servant and officer,
nc c-eiQg LLLtJii aau mony * vuc duj^vuu- y .:7.. 4
tendenrof the 'State penitentiary, he
did then and there felonionsly appro- /
priate, convert and divert the same to
His own use, with IntentJ[to^ cheat and
defraud ih? Mid.Sj^fc _ ^?-?i : i
Sworn to before me thia^29th day-of ~
(l. s.) . G. Duncan Bellinger,
- Attorney General.
<T. M. Smith, Magistrate.
The affidavit in the embezzlement
case was as follows:
State of -}Sonth_ Carolina-County of .
KicMancL~Jl'iie State vs. William-a.. ; -w.-%a
Personally appeared before me J. M.
Smith, a magistrate for and in saidcounty
and said State, G. Dancan Bellinger,
attorney general, who on oath,
says that he is informed and Believes
that on the ? day of ?189?, insaid
State and county, one William A.
Neai was gnilty of embezzlement, in i
That then and there, being superintendent
of the State penitentiary, he,
as such superintendent, did receive
from one "W. T. Magill -the sum of forty
dollars for the use of saiS. penitentiary
the same being public funds, and the
property-of the State of South Carolina * V ;;
and he being then and there charged
with the safe keeping transfer and disbursing
of the same, apd did then, and
there feloniously convert, divert and . .
appropriate said sum to his own use.
And further, that the said William
A. Neai then and there the sum of forty
dollars,'the property of the said State, ,
did steal, take andcarrry away. - ?. 1
Sworn to before me this 29th day pf
(l. s.) G. Duncan Bellinger,
Attorney General, S. C. ,
J. M. Smith, Magistrate.
CoL Neal waived the preliminary -A
examination and the bond was fixed it
$3,500; of this $2,000 was fixed on the
original case, which isjregarded as most
important; $500 on the second charge
and $1,000 on the third.
When it was found that Col.^ Neal
had not secured bondsmen. Magistrate >
Smith agreed to let him remain in Attornev
Nelson's office dnrine the day - c'3
iii custody of Constable Roach, and
from there endeavor to secure .bail.
None of Col. Neal's former political"
friends came near him during the day.
A year ago things were very different,
for Col. Neal was a man of political
influence. The weary hours rolled by
and still no bondsmen appeared. Col.
Neal vmade a proposition to Magistrate
Smith to allow Constable Roach to acrtr.mnoTiTT
Viim f ft tlio nn-nnnnfTO ?n f.Kafc t
he could in person secure bondsmen,
but this was declined. The magistrate
however, consented to allow CoL Neal
until Thursday morning to secure the
necessary bond permitting him in the ' i /.meantime
to remain in constable Boacb
custody. , ' / -*%
Bat this proved to be unnecessary, <
for about 2.30 o'clock Capt. W. B.
Lowrance and Capt. Geo. A. Shields, I ,
of this city, both staunch business men
who do not mix in- politics, consented
to sign Col. Steal's bond. They repaired
to the magistrate's office, where the
bonds were promptly signed up and
the ex-superintendent was set at libarty.
Col. Neal declined to talk. He quietly
went to the depot and in a few hours
was speeding homeward via Charlotte.
The predicament in which CoL Neal
tound himself here was amost humiliating
one, and though, he made no (
comment the ex-official showed that
the strain had been a severe one.?The
Six Men Killed.
A fire Wednesday at Yuma, Ariz., ,
resulted in the loss of six lives and
caused $150,000 damage. A crowd of
men were carrying goods from the
building when the second floor fell
upon them. Besides killing six a number
were injured. ^