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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, September 13, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-09-13/ed-1/seq-4/

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Rev. Dr. Taimage's Sermon on
M ncir in R^liorion.
The Best Music Rendered Under
Trouble. God Meant Ai!
to Sing. The Proper Music
For a Church,
Dr. Talmage discussed a most attrac
tive department of religious worship?
the service of song. His ideas will be
received with interest by ail who love
to lift their voices in praise in the
Lord's house. The text is Xehemiah
vii, 67, "And they had two hundred
forty and five singing men and singing
Tie Dest music nas Deeu rcuuacu
under trouble. The first duet that I
know anything of was given by Paul
and Silas when they sans praises to
God and the prisoners heard them. The
Scotch Covenanters, hounded by the
dogs of persecution, sang the psalms of
David with more spirit than they have
ever since been rendered. The captives
in the text had music left in them, and
I declare that if they could find, amid
all their trials, two hundred and forty
and five singing men and singing women
then in this day of gospel sunlight
and free from all persecution there
ought to be a great multitude of men
and women willing to sing the praises
Ui Vjryu. .am VUl buuivugu ?
on this subject. Those who can sing
must throw their souls into the exercise
and those who cannot sing must learn
how, and it shall be heart to heart,
voice to voice, hymn to hymn, anthem
to anthem, and the music shall swell
jubilant with thanksgiving and tremulous
with pardon.
Have you ever noticed the construction
of the human throat as indicative
of what God means us to do witn it :
In only an ordinary throat and lungs
there are 14 direct muscles and 30 indirect
muscles that can produce a very
great variety of sounds. What dees
iatmean? It means that you should
sing! Do you suppose that God, who
gives us such a musical instrument as
that, intends us to keep it shut? Suppose
some great tyrant should get possession
of the musical instruments of
the world and should lock up the organ
of Westminster abbey, and the organ of
Lucerne, and the organ at Haarlem,
and the organ at Freiburg, and all the
* 1 5?X i ?
otner great musical instruments ui tue
world. You would call such a man as
that a monster, and yet you are more
wicked if, with the human voice, a
musical instrument of more wonderful
adaptation than all the musical instruments
that man ever created, you shut
it against the praise of (rod.
Let those refuse to sing
Who never knew our God,
But children of the heavenly King
Should speak their joys abroad.
Music seems tojiave been born in
the soul -of the natural world. The
omnipotent voice with which God commanded
the world into being seems to
nager yet wiui its majesty auu sweetness,
and you hear it in the gramfield,
in the swoop of the wind amid the
mountain fastnesses, in the canary's
warble and the thunder shock, in the
brook's tinkle and ths ocean's paean.
There are soft cadences in nature and
loud notes, some of which we cannot
hear at all and others that are so terrific
that we cannot appreciate them.
Thn animalculac have their music,
and the spicula of hay and the globule
of water are ^3 certainly resonant with
the voice of God as the highest heavens
in which the armies of the redeemed
celebrate their victories. When the
breath of the flower strikes the air, and
wing of the firefly cleaves it, there is
sound and there is melody; and as to
those utterances of nature which seem
* V 3 1- .1 'i. * 1
narsn ana overwhelming, it is as wueu
you stand in the midst of a great orchestra,
and the sound almost rends
your ear because you are too near to
catch the blending of the music. So,
my friends, we stand too near the desolating
storm and the frightful whirlwind
to catch the blending of the music
but when that music rises to where God
is, and the iLvisible beings who float
above us, then 1 suppose the harmory
is as sweet as it is ire ntDdous. In tbe
judgment day, that day of tumult a^d
terror, there will be no dissonance to
those who can appreciate the music. It
will be as when sometimes a greac organist;
in executing some great piece,
breaks down the instrument upon which
he is playing the music. So, when
the great march of the judgment day
is played under the hand of earthquake,
and storm and conflagration,
the world itself will break down with
the music that is played on it. The
fact is, we are all deaf, or we should
understand that the whole universe
is but one harmony?the stars of
the night only the ivory keys of a great
instrument on which God's fingers play
the music of the spheres.
Music seems dependent on the law of
acoustics and mathematics, and yet
where these laws are not understood at
all the art is practiced. There are today
500 musical journals in China.
Two thousand years before Christ the
Egyptians practiced this art. Pythagoras
learned it. Lasus of Hermione
wrote essays on it. Plato and Aristotle
introduced into their scools, but I have
not muca interest in tnat. ALy cniei
interest is in the music of the Bible.
The Bible, like a great harp with innumberable
string, swept by the fingers
of inspiration, trembles with it. So far
back as the fourth chapter of Genesis
you find the first organist and harper?
Jubal. So far back as the t" irty-first
chapter of Genesis you find ! ae first
choir. All up and down the Bible you
iiuu jjiuoiv u.o ft ^ u. u. 1 ij ^, a t iuau
gurations, at the treading of the wine
press. The Hebrews understood how to
make musical signs above the musical
text. "When the Jews came from their
distant homes to great festivals at
Jerusalem, they brought harp and timbrel
and trumpet and poured along the
great Judaean highways a river of harmony
until in and around the temple
the wealth of a nation's song and gladness
had accumulated. In our day we
have a division of labor in music, and
we have one man to make the hymn,
another man to make the tune, another
man to play it on the piano and another
man to sing it. Not so in Bible times.
Miriam, the sister of Moses, after the
passage of the l\ed sea, composed a
doxology, set it to music, clapped it on
a cymbal and at the same time sang it.
David, the psalmist, was at the same
time poet, musical composer, harpist
and singer, and the majority of his
rhythm goes vibrating through all the
There were in Bible times stringed
instruments?a harp of three strings
played by fret and bow, a harp of ten
strings resounding only to the fingers of
the performer. Then there was the
crocked trumpet, fashioned out of the
- - ~ * mi .1
horn of the ox or tne ram. ji nen mere
were the sistrum and the cymbals,
clapped in the dance or beaten in the
march. There were 4,000 Levites,
the best men of the country, whose
only business it was to look after the
music of the temple.
These 4,000 Levites were divided
into two classes and officiated on diffierent
days. Can you imagine the
harmony when these white robed Levites,
before the symbols of God's presence
and by the smoking altars and the
candlesticks that sprang upward and
branched out like trees of gold and un
der the wines of the cneruoim, cnantea.
the One Hundred and Thirty-sixth
Psalm of David? Do you know how it
was done? One part of that great choir
stood up and chanted. "Oh, give
thanks unto the Lord, for he is good!"
Then the other part of the choir,
standing in some other part of the temple.
would come in with the response,
"For his mercy endureth forever."
Then the first part would take up the
song again and say, "Unto him who
only doeth great wonders." The other
part ot' the choir would come m witn
oyerwhelmingrespon.se, ''For his mercy
enaureth forever," until in the latter
part of the song; the music floating
backward and forward, harmony grap
pling with harmony, every trumpet
sounding, every bosom heaving, one
part of this great white robed choir
would lift the anthem, ' :0h, give thanks
unto the God of heaven!"' and the other
part of the Levite choir would come in
with the response, ''For his mercy endure
tb. forever."
But I am glad to know that all
through the ages there has been great
attention paid to sacreu music. Ambrosius,
Augustine, Gregory the Great,
Charlemagne, gave it their mighty ini
fluftnfie. and in our dav the best musi
ca! genius is throwing itself oil the altars
of God. Handel and Mozart and
Bach and Durante and Wolf and scores
of other men and women have given the
best part of their geni as to church music.
A truth in words is not half so
mighty as a truth in song. Luther's
sermons have been forgotten, but the
"Judgment Hymn" he composed is resounding
yet all through Christendom.
I congratulate the world and the
church on the advancement made in
this art?the Edinburgh societies for
the improvement of music, the Swiss
sinsrinc societies, the Exeter hail con
certs, the triennial musical convocation
at Dusseidorf, Germany, and
Birmingham, England the controversies
of music at Munch and Leipsic, the
Handel and Haydn and Haimonic and
Mozart societies of this country, the
academies of music in Xew York Brooklyn,
Boston, Charleston, Xew Orleans.
Chicago and every city which has any
Xow, my friends, how are we to decide
what is appropriate, especially for
church music? There may be a great
| many differences of opinion. In some
I of the churches they prefer a trained
J choir, in others they prefer the ni2lodeon,
the harp, the cornet, the organ;
in other places they think these things
are the invention of the devil. Some
would have a musical instrument played
so loud you cannot stand it, and
others would have it played so soft you
cannot hear it. Some think a musical
instrument ought to be played only in
the interstices of worship and then
with indescribable sostness, while
others are not satisfied unless there be
startling contrasts and staccato passages
that make the audience jump,
with great eyes and hair on end, as
from a vision of the witch of Endor.
But, while there may be great varieties
of opinion in regard to music, it seems
to me that the general spirit of the
word of God indicates what ought to be
the great characteristics of church
Anrl T ro-morlr in tlnp firsfc r>lar?f>. a
prominent characteristic ought to be
adaptiveness to devotion. Music that
may be appropriate for a concert hall,
or the opera house, or the drawing
room, may be inappropriate in church.
Glees, madrigals, ballads, may be as
innocent as psalms in their places.
But church music has only cue design,
and that is devotion, and that which
comes wick the toss, the swing and the
display of an opera house is a hindrance
to the worship. From such performances
we go away saying: ':What
splendid execution! Did you ever hear
such a soprano? Which of those solos
did you like the better?" When, if
we had been rightly wrought upon, we
would have gone away saying: "Oh,
how my soul was lifted up in the presence
of God while they were singing
that first hymn! I never had such
rapturous views of Jesus Christ as my
Savior as when they were singing that
last doxology."
My friends, there is an everlasting
distinction between music as an art
and music as a help to devotion.
Though a Schumann composed it,
though a Mozart played it, though a
Sontag sang it, away with it if Jit does
not make tne neart oetter ana nonor
Christ. "Why should we rob the programmes
of worldly grayety when we
have so many appropriate songs and
tunes composed in our own day, as
well as that magnificent inheritance of
church psalmody which has come down
fragrant with the devotions of other
generations?tunes no more worn out
than they were when our great-grandfathers
climbed up on them from the
church pew to gloroy Dear old souls,
how they used to sing! When they were
cheerful, grandfathers and grandmothers
used to sing "Colchester."
When they were very meditative, then
the boarded meeting house rang with
"South Street" and "St. Edmund's.
Were they struck th.:ough with great
tenderness, they sang "Woodstock."
Were they wrapped in visions of the
glory of the church, thev sang "Zion,"
Were they overborne with the love and
glory of Christ, they sang "Ariel."
And in those days there were certain
tunes married to certain hymns, and
they have lived in peac a great while,
these two old people, and we have no
right to divorce them. "What God
iiacu. jviutu xv/O uv yu.u
asunder." Born as we have been,
amid the great wealth of church music,
augment by the compositions of artists
in our day, we ought not to be tempted
out of the sphere of Christian harmony
and try to seek unconsecrated
sounds. It is absurd for a millionaire
to steal.
I remark also that correctness ought
to be a characteristic of church music.
While we all ought to take part in this
service, with perhaps a few exceptions,
we ought at the same time to cultivate
ourselves in this sacred art. God loves
harmony, and we ought to love it.
There is no devotion in a howl or a
yelp. In this day, whc n there are so
many opportunities of high culture in
this sacred art, I declare that those
parents are guilty of neglect who let
their sons and daughters grow up knowing
nothing about music. In some of
European cathedrals the choir assemI
bles every morning and every afternoon
j of every day the whole year to perfect
| themselves in this art. and shall we bej
grudge the half hour we spend Friday
nights in the rehersal of sacred song
|for the Sabbath?
Another characteristic must be j
spirit and life. Music cught to rush j
from the audience like the water from j
a rock?clear, bright, sparkling. If
all the other part of the church j
service is dull, do not have the i
music dull. With so many i
+T-, ^ T, rrc einrr oKnilt QWflV I
I Li 1 l?UliC IXlXUga IV ? .. ?J
with all drawling and stupidity. There
is nothing that makes me so nervous as
to sit in a pulpit-and look off on an audience
with their eyes three-fourths
closed, and their lips almost shut mumbling
the praises of God. During one
of my journeys I preached to an audience
of 2,000 or 3,000 people, and ali
the music they made together did not
equal one skylark. People do not sleep
at a coronation; do not let us sleep
when we come to a Saviour's crowning,
j In order to a proper discharge of this
duty, let us stand up, save as age or
weakness or fatigue excuses us. Seated
in an easy pew we cannot do this duty
half so well as ' fhen upright we throw
our whole body into it. Let our song
be like an acclamation of victory. You
have a right to sing?do not surrender
your prerogative. If in the performances
of your duty, or the attempt at it
you should lose your place in the musical
scale and be one C below when you
ought to be one C above, or you should
come in a half a bar behind, we will excuse
you! Still it is better to do as
Paul says and sing "with the spirit and
the understanding also."
Again, I remark, church music must
be congregational. This opportunity
miici- Vio KmntrVif dnwn wifhin the range
of the whole audience. A song that
the worshipers cannot sing is of no more
use to them than a sermon in Chocktaw.
What an easy kind of church it
mast be where the minister does all the
preaching and the elders all the praying
and the choir all the singing! There
are but very few churches where there
are "two hundred and forty and five
singing men and singing women." In
some churches it is almost considered a
disturbance if a man let out his voice
to full compass and the people get up
J 1?1_ +V,? |
on tiptoe auu lout*. uvci ucmccu
spring hats and -wonder what that man
is making all that noise about. In Syracuse
in a Presbyterian church there
was one member who came to me when I
was the pastor of another church in
that city and told me his trouble, how
that as he persisted in singing on the
Sabbath day a committee, made up of
4.1. a ????, aw, s-vltli/v l-i/>amn f a oclr
I Lie SCdSlUU U1 CUC lsUU.1.1, Ja?IA ? I
him if he would not just please to keep |
still! You have a right to sing. Joij.i ;
than Edwards U3ed to set apart wh?. ie
days for singing. Let us wake up to
this duty. Let us sing alone, sine in
our families, sing in our schools, si ig
in our churches.
I want to arouse you to a unanimity
in Christian song that has never yet
been exhibited. Come, now; clear
your throats and get ready for this duty,
or you will never hear the end of this.
I never shall forget hearing a Frenchman
sing the "Marseillaise" on the
Champs Elysees, Paris, just before the
battle of Sedan in 1870. I never saw
such enthusiasm before or since. As
he sang that national air, oh, how the
Frenchmen shouted! Have you ever in
an English assemblage heard a band
play uGod Save the Queen?" If ycu
have, you know something about the
enthusiasm of a national air.
Now, I tell you that these songs we
sing Sabbath by Sabbath are the national
airs of the kingdom of heaven, and
if you do not learn to sing them here
how do you ever expect to sing the song
of Moses and the lamb? I should not be
surprised at all if some of the best anthems
of heaven were made up of some
of the best songs of earth. May God
increase our reverence for Christian
psalmody and keep us from disgracing it
by our indifference and frivolity.
When Cromwell's armv went into
battle, he stood at the head of it one
day and gave out the long meter doxology
to the tune of the "Old Hundredth,"'and
that great host, company
by company, regiment by regiment, divisi.n
by division, joined in the doxology:
Praise God, from whom all blessings flow;
Praise him, all creatures here below;
Praise him above, ye heavenly host, . |
Praise Father, Son and Holy Ghost.
And while they sang they marched,
and while they marched they fought,
and while they fought they got
the victory. Oh, men and women of
Jesus Christ, let us go into all our conflicts
singing the praises of God, and
then, instead of falling back, as we often
do, from defeat to defeat, we will
be marching on from victory to victory.
"Gloria In Excelsis" is written over
many organs. "Would that by our appreciation
of the goodness of God, and
the mercy of Christ, and the grandeur
of heaven, we could have "Gloria In
Ti7ri + fo? ATror all nnr cnnls.
TI1AUVVU V I VA MA* VM4 w V ?.w.
"GJory be to the Father, and to the Son
and to the Holy Ghost, as it was in the
beginning, is now and ever shall be,
world without end. Amen!"
Arwidfints at Sea.
The annual report of Gen. Dumont,
the supervising inspector general of
steamboat inspection, shows that the
total number of accidents to steam vessels
during the year was 48, of which
seven were breaking steam pipes and
mud drums, two explosions and eighteen
from snags, wrecks and sinking.
The loss of life was 404, an increase
over the previous year of 123. Of this
number the cause of death in 86 cases
was accidental drowning, 213 from
wrecks, etc., 13 from fire, 31 from collisons,
24 from explosions or accidental
' * J- .3 ? 11
escape ox steam, ana o< irom uiisceuaueous
causes. Of the whole number 158
were passengers and 24U belong to
crews of vessels. The increase in the
loss of life this year over the year 1897
was due to the loss of the steamer Portland
off the Massachusetts coast during
a gale on the night of Nov. 27, 1S9S,
wherein every soul on board, 127 perished
A "Wreck in Virginia.
One of the most serious accidents in
the history of the Norfolk and Western
occurred Wednesday morning near
Narrows, a station on the Radford division.
Two coaches of an eastbound
passenger train jumped the track and
rolled down a 30-foot embankment.
Two persons were killed and 28 more or
i JI *n aT_ _ J ;n _
less injured. ah tne injureu win recover.
Their wounds are mostly cuts
and bruises. They were able to be
moved, and some continued on their
journey. A party of eight were brought
toKoanoke Wednesday nitrht and received
the necessary medical aitcuiion.
It is said the spreading of a rail caused
the accident. A wrecking train with
physicians from Koanoke was sent to
the scene of the wreck Wednesday
nnnn Troffi.-i trsc <3r>lavf>d flTllv a f7?W
hours on account of the wreck.
Great Heat Wave.
The Weather Bureau issued a bulle- <
tin Thursday in which it says the
severe Western heat wave covers the
lower Missouri, the central Mississippi
and Ohio valleys, and the Southwestern
maximum temperatures range be- i
tween 06 to 10f> degrees; record breakers
of 6 to 10 degrees for the past forty 1
years over those districts.
?^ i ri?w?
"dispensary row/
Charges Made Against Commissioner
Douthitand Mr. Bryant.
The Charges Thoroughly investigated
by the State Board of
Control. A Political Sensation
The Columbia llecord of last Wednesday
says it had been reported for
some days that something sensational
would develop as to the conduct of the
business of the State Dispensary when
the board of control met. So when the
board met Wednesday the sensation
developed and a large portion of the
morning session was devoted to hearing
charges against Commissioner Douthit
and Superintendent Bryant. Charges
against Mr. Douthit were preferred by
ShiDDine Clerk Black, while those
against tbe superintendent seems to
have originated in general rumor.
When the board met Chairman Miles
stated that irregularities as to shipping
goods from tbe dispensary and as to the
sale of liquor to employees had been
reported to him. While these reports
were in the nature of rumors, he
thought they demanded an investigation.
Mr. Williams suggested that the
parties against whom charges had been
made be sent for. Mr. Mil^s then stated
that the charges were that commissioner
Douthit had shipped goods from
tne dispensary wnica naa not oeen entered
on the shipping clerk's books. It
had also been reported that Mr. Bryant
had also been selling employees whiskey,
which was contrary to the rules of
the board. Messrs. Douthit, Black and
Bryant were sent for and an investigation
of the charges was begun. Mr.
Miles made a statement of the charges
to Mr. Douthit and asked him what ex
planatiou lie had to make.
Shipping clerk Black stated that on
several occasions goods had been dumped
in the building and hauled off, about
which he knew nothing. He mentioned
the seizure of beer recently made in
?olumbia as an instance. No record
v.is gi?en him of its receipt or of its
On another occasion Mr. Douthit instructed
workmen to put some beer in
Dispenser Bookman's buggy about
which there is no entry in his books.
He said that he always tried to do his
full duty, and that's why he resorted
irrnnniUr'fiflC TT ? CiJIfl tVlfl.f, Vl A
did not mean to make "charges" against
Mr. Douthit but simply to state facts.
Another instance mentioned was the
shipment of beer to Dispensers Kirkland
and Bookman last Friday, as to
which no report had been made to him.
He further stated that there were other
instances where ne had refused to ship
out goods on a verbal order or where
the order was not in the handwriting of
the commissioner. Ilis records could
not be complete unless.all goods shipped
were recorded on his books and he
desired to protect himself.
Mr. Douthit being called upon to reply
said that a month after the board
had passed a resolution about shipping
out goods, he had brought up his petty
cash book and called to the attention of
the board that it was er-sier to keep
track of all contraband through ic than
through the shipping clerk's books.
The board in his judgment had aeyuinnri
f.hmicrht his idea satisfactory.
He said there were times in the afternoon
about 5.30 or thereabouts, after
the whistle had blown and Mr. Black
was absent that somebody came along,
wanted a jug of whiskey or something
else and he would sell it, afterwards
giving a slip concerning the tronsaction
to Mr. Black for entry on his books.
Generally speaking he had thus disposed
of old hotel returned stock, which
dispensaries did not seem able to sell.
In connection with the resolution referred
to by Mr. Do.uthit, Mr. Williams
remarked that he did not remember
whether a formal resolution endorsing
the idea had been passed or not, but he
thought the board had acquiesced. Mr.
Hazelden stated that his recollection
was that no action whatever was taken.
Mr. Bryant refeiring to beer seized
in Columbia last week said it arrived at
the dispensary in a dray and was cold.
It was about 1.30 o'clock and he knew
if the beer was stored it would be spoiled.
He went with the wagon, walking
himself, and delivered it to Dispensers
Kirkland and Bookman. He got a receipt
for it. The nest morning he delivered
the receipts to Mr. Black, who
refused to accept them, saying he knew
nothing about the beer, its quantity, or
anything else about it. He then laid
the receipts on Mr. Douthit's desk.
Mr. Douthit said he had found
them the nest morning. Mr. Bodkin
- - - * i i-: J i.
asked .Air. Jttryant wnccner ne naa seut
out the goods, because as next in charge
after Douthit and Black he had the authority
so to do. The reply was that
he supt,y-orl so. He said Mr. Black
had gone to dinner at this time. Mr.
Boykin wanted to know from Mr. Black
whether the receipts were not all right
and he replied that they might be, but
he had received no order to send out the
beer. Mr. Williams said he could see
no objection to the acceptance "of the
Mr. Douthit was asked to explain
some further instances why good? vrerc
not shipped out through Mr. Black.
He referred in reply to a lot of cider
which had been seized. He said it had
been stored in the dispensary and was
unsalable. He determined to try and
sell it and sent some of it to Dispenser
Kirkland. It was sold and the balance
was sent him. Bills were regularly
made out, but he simply forgot to tell
Bryant to report to Black. This may
have bacn somewhat irregular, but conditions
were such that he thought it
ought to be dispo?ed of if possible. No
requisition was made by any dispenser
for it, nut he sun ply wanted to sell it
and save the State from loss.
Mr. Hasclden remarked thaf he
thought all shipments should be recorded
on the shipping clcrk's bo.k, not
only as a matter of business but as a
profi'-fi"M to the business. He said
t'itie hdd already been scandals in the
same connection.
Mr. Boykin a-jked Mr. Douthit
whether the selling of this stuff was not
an experiment. Mr. Douthit replied
that it was, and Mr. Boykin contended
that while the transaction was a little
irregular, still there was no requisition
made for it and Mr. Douthit was trying
to save the State from loss.
Mr. Black then presented to the
board a number of requisitions from
dispensers for certain goods, showing
that Mr. Douthit had passed a blue
pencil mark through certain of the orders
and had written some times in
pencil and other times in red ink certain
Mr. Douthit explained this by saying
that when dispensers ordered a certain
brand of liquor or beer or wine on occa
| sicms the stock was cot on hand. He !
j substituted a brand which was of a
price nearly the same as ordered by the
dispensers. Sometimes a fresh shipment
was received at the dispensary
ju?t as the order came in. and as a rule
it is the custom to send out new goods
as early as possible, borne oi the requisitions
showed that the product of
the Acme Brewing company had been
substituted for others, and that "Windsor
Rye" had been substituted for
"White Seal," and so on.
But, as Mr. Douthit explained, be
never made a substitution, except
when he had no stock of the goods
ordered, or except where he had goods
unfit for use, or when he was carrying
out orders of the board to ship out all
new stuff as soon as possible. Mr.
TVmfTiit- roTorror? tn fVin foot tliot snm/i
beer had been stored away back in the
storage room a year or two. Every new
shipment was piled up in front of it.
It was good business principles, he
thought, to sell out such goods, and
where they were of equal quality and
price he had sent tnem out to dispensers.
Chairman Miles then asked Captain
Webb, the clerk, whether hs had any
knowledge of goods going out of the
dispensary which did not appear on
the books. Captain Webb in answer
said that ail charges were regularly entered
on his books as reports came from
down stairs. He only knew of one in^
! 11 j. _ T-*
stance wnen waising up stairs to ins
office he saw a case of wine put in Mr.
Bookman's buggy. Mr. Douthit was
absent and he asked Mr. Black whether
he had a record of it. Mr. Black replied
that He did not. That was the
only instance that ever came under his
observance. He attended to his own
business, he said, and didn't interfere
with other people's business. Mr.
Douthit then explained that two cases '
of wine had been shipped to Dispensers
Bookman and Lynch and that was whv
that particular case of wine went out '
of the dispansar^
Mr. Hazelden: "What's that? Two j
cases of wine phipped to two dispen- ,
saries? Why was that?"
AT* AA/1 if TT AC!
to be given to their friends and their '
patrons." '
Mr. Hazelden: "To introduce it?" j
Mr. Douthit: "I suppose so."
Mr. Williams then began some crossexamining
of Mr. Bhck, which developed
some very interesting political
schemes. He began by asking Mr.
Black whether any of the employers in J
the office below had made any effort to
have him discharged.
Mr, Black said that he had every reason
to believe that his presence and J
official position was disagreeable to 1
some of the employes. j
*r_ r\ -.u.j \f_ ,
xur. x/uuLiiit tueu a.3a.eu iui. jjiaufc. '
whether he had not corrected mistakes
in his bookkeeping at various times.
This was acknowledged, but Mr. Black
said the times were few and often were
the faults of other departments, mentioning
the marking department. He
admitted that he made errors, saying
that there was no man living who didn't
but they were not constant nor more
frequent than could be expected from
a fallible man.
Mr. Douthit explained that he did
not bring up the matter of Mr. Black's
errors to make charges against him, and
went on to say that it was his policy to
watch for the proper conduct of the business
and when he found errors, be told
the employees of them and had them ]
corrected. If Mr. Black had told him 1
of irregularities harmony would have i
prevailed and the whole matter would i
not occupy the attention efthe board, I
though so far as that is concerned he <
could stand any investigation of his con- 1
duct as an official. J
Without action at once the board J
called upon Mr. Bryant to explain the <
charge against him for selling liquor to i
FTCl A *W. ! !
^lu?J?\JJ av&uvu ivu^v,u vuuv
had done so. The money he received 1
was turned over to the commissioner or i
his bookkeeper. The employees were ]
named to whom he sold liquor. This is
contrary to the rules, but the superintendent
acknowledged that he had cot
porperly informed himself as to the law !
or the resolutions of the board. <
The state board of control Thursday 1
afternoon passed the following resolu- i
tions in reference to charges against Mr. ;
Douthit and Mr. Bryant: Whereas 1
after careful investigation of the charges
of irregularity preferred by Captain
Black, the shipping clerk, against Mr. I
Douthit, the commissioner, and Mr. 1
Bryant, the superintendent, the board ]
finds that the explanations given by i
Commissioner Douthit are entirely sat- ;
isfactory to the board except in that he <
failed to have recorded on the book of :
the shippiDg clerk the sale of certain 1
contraband cider which he was ordered !
by the board to make disposition of. j
This sale being properly charged to the
account of the local dispenser through J
whom the sale was made, no harm could ]
come from such error except the viola- ;
tion of a rule of the board requiring all 1
shipments to go on the books of the '
shipping clerk, la regard to tne irreg- <
ulariiies charged to Mr. Bryant, the !
superintendent, we find that he erred <
in making sales of any articles of any '
description from the dispensary Though
such sales were very limited, and the ?
proceeds of same being turned over to 1
the state, we find that he was over zeal- 1
ous in prosecuting his duties. ]
A Sad Accident. i
While Martha JohDSori was driving to '
Leland, Miss. Wednesday in a wagon, '
accompanied by two half-grown children,
in quest of a coffin for her deceased
niece, an accident occurred that resulted
in her own and both of her chil^notVic
TVio J-ucr Kri^orp nvAr
Ui vu O UV^UVJUkJt Jl AJ.V V&AVQV -w ? ? Deer
creek at Leland was being repaired,
the guard rails having been removed.
The mules drawing the wagon in which
the woman and children were driving
becace frightened while crossing the
bridge, falling over thirty feet. All
were killed and four coffins were needed
for the family instead of one.
Gaining: in New Yorker.
-1-1 I
?>ryaa uiuus are uciug uigam^u m (
every election precinct in Kings county,"
siid Mr. Win. Bryan, of New
Yi rk. To my mind that is a very significant
matter, for while it may not be
done by the express wish of Hugh McLaughlin,
the Democratic leader of ]
Kings, it must be with his sanction and
approval. Beyond this it goes to show
that the rank and file of the party in
that county are for the Nebraskan, just
as the mass of Democrats all over New
York state are for him. He is stronger
in New York by far than he was in 1
ISOfi, and that he will get he electoral 1
vote in 1900 I have not the slightest
doubt." i
Times are getting better. Sis Pianos c
sold in the last three weeks. Four for
cash. Those in want of Pianos and
Organs have found the place to get the
best makes for the least money. A
nice Mathushek Piano now completes
the furnishing: of the new Odd Fellows
hall, for the use of societies that meet
in hall. Call at my office or write
me for circulars and price. D. A.
Pressley, Manager Columbia, S. C. tf i!
Talks on Oar Foreign Policy, the Negro
Question and Free Silver.
Thf* secoud meeting of the New England
Bi-Metallic league at Cresent
was largely attended and representative
members from all the States occupied
the rostruru. Resolutions declaring
for free silver against militarism
and urging the nomination Yv. J.
Bryan JY?r president were unanimously
adooted. Senator Benj. R. Tillman,
of South Carolina, was then introduced
and his address was punctuated with
cheers throughout. He stated that the
Spanish war was worth all it cost, if it
has proven nothing else than that the
bouth will tight for the Stars and
Stripes as eagerly as will the North.
He declared that unless the policy of
the government is changed soon the Republic
is doomed and will become a
government of oppression of the many
by the few. He praised New England
for what it had done for the country
but called attention to the fact that
there were people enough south and
west of the Potomac and the Mississip
pi to elect a president without the
aid of New England.
He said that while he believed, and
always would, that the Negro is not
the equal of the white man, still he believed
in giving him his legal rights,
barring the political side. He 3aid the
Negroes did not know enough to vote
and in South Carolina the white people
had succeeded in disfranchising
them until they can read and write.
Mr Tillman aslrpd
"If it was right to free Cuba because
Spain was shooting Cubans to death,
how is it to be reconciled with the facthat
the United States, which now
owned the Philippines shoot the Filit
pinos to death!
He said that he believed the president
is honest in his behalf that he is
doing his duty, but claimed that he only
looked at the one fact that the United
States bought the islands from
Spain. He asked where the honor was
in the Phillippine war. The South
and South Carolina will at any time
,?A ,* -I-;?
3uuu as xiiauy men ill yiuyux tiuu cv jlc^
population as any State to any war of
decency and honor, but it will not
send a regiment to the Philippines.
A Sad Miscarriage of Justice in
After a short deliberation Saturday
xl- _ X i* 1 "L "L 1
morning, we courtmaruai wmuu. uas
been trying Dreyfus at llennes, France,
reached that decision, which was anaounced
by its president, Colonel Joulust.
The court stood five to two
igainst Dreyfus. He is sentenced to
oen years imprisonment in a military
fortress. He gets credit for four years
ilready served on Devil's island and
suffers the same degredatfon subsequent
;o his first trial, when his uniform was
:aken from him. The whol? tenor of the
proceedings at the trial for the last few
lays has indicated that Dreyfus would
leain be convicted. Da Pajy de Clam's
;scape from cross-questioning by Maitre
Labori and the failure to get before the
;ourt the testimony of Major Paniz- J
iardi and Colonel Schwartzkoppen,
:hc Italian and German military attaches
at Paris, to whom it i3 alleged
r\ a u t?
weakened the defense, though promilent
Dreyfusards and foreign journalists
reporting the trial believe his convic:ion
was a foregone conclusion. Th?
mti Dreyfusards arc highly elated over
Reconviction and have mace demonstrations
in many cities in France. The
Dreyfusards are depressed by the veriict
and have little hope of anything
:avorable to the prisoner resulting from
:he appeal his lawyers v/ill make. A
neavy force of troops is massed in Rentes
and all attempts at disorder will be
promptly suppressed.
Leaped to His Death.
A dispatch from Lancaster to The
State say? Wednesday night as the train
.1 r J :i j
on inc Lancaster ana unester ramuau
svas approaching the tressle over Fishing
creek, in Chester county, a horse
ittached to a top buggy suddenly took
the track in front of the engine and ran
.mh the speed of the wind. Engineer
Wall, who was at the throttle, brought
the train to a stand still. The horse
by this time could not be seen, having
pursued his break-neck speed down the
track. The engineer then cautiously
proceeded on his journey with the train.
On nearing the trestle he discovered the
horse and buggy about TO feet from the
bank in the trestle. The train was
stopped again. The crew and passengers
went to see the strange sight.
VVhile tryiug to extricate the horse
from his perilous position, he made &
plunge and tumbled over the trestle,
i distance of 40 feet, to the ground
below, carrying the buggy with him.
He feli on his head with the buggy top
3ver him. The horse was killed instantly.
When found his head was
ioubledup under the foreshoulders.
rhe buggy, of course, was utterly
wrecked. The horse belonged to Dr.
Jesse A. Clifton of the Fort Lawn section
of Chester county. The doctor I
/?o!lin<r nn a naH/jnf and Iffft his i
noo vaiiAug vw w ?.?
horse unhitched in the yard. Be be3ame
freightened at the approaching
train and dashed on the track, in front
Df the er.gine, and the result was as
ibove stated.
The Smith Pneumatic Suction
Elevating, Ginning and
Packing System
fc cimnlocf onfl mnct nn I
L fcj tuv VM*ViV"V Vi-I
the market. Forty-eight complete
outfits in South Carolina; each
one giving absolute
Boiler3 and Engines; Slide
Valve, Automatic and Corliss.
My Light and Heavy Log Beam Saw
Hills cannot be equalled in design, eficiency
or price by any dealer or manu
tajturer in the South.
Write for prices and catalogues.
V. 0. Badham,
1326 Main Street,
Governor of Minnesota.
"I hare always said that the Keeley Institute
of '.his country bad done more good, in
my judgment, than any other institutions or
organizations in the country. I have said it
many times, and I want to repeat it here,
that Dr. Keelej has doae more for the conn
try, has safed more unfortunate men. than
any one man in the United States."
(Extract from an address delivered in
Minneapolis, August, 1837.)
Address Communications to
The Keeley Institute,
126 Smith Street, Corner Vanderhorst,
All Wp A sir of
U.X.XJL 1 ? V_/ O. -M. wTAJL VA
Machinery or
Mill Supply Line
Is that you give us an opportunity
to submit our prices and make
comparisons. We ask this because
we believe "we cau make it to
VHTTP rt A tt* -r? o era tp v rrs
x v U jljb aurauiagv* jlx? a vk/*
! We make a specialty of equipping
; 'Correspondence with intending pur,
ixaisers solicited.
Wl U 0(VUam P. HA
ot. n. aimucd a nu?.
Liddell Co., Charlotte, N. C.
; A- B. Farquhar Co., Ltd., York, Pa.
; Eagle Cotton G-in Co., Bridgewater,
Straub Macidnery Co., Cincinnati, 0.
To get strong
1 t i 1
! and nealtny use
one bottle Murray's
TlJRE. Price 50c
IH M&YfllfiCQ.,
[ in'our BUSINESS COURSE, bee,
jj practical; in our SHORTHAND CO
and easiest tlearned;] in the SUC
5 rjjnsfi thftv better and more t
Ask any one who knows any thirg of tl
> we teach, and see if they .do not gay it is the 1
i We eecure positions for our graduates.
\ supply.
f Our catalogue gives full information as t<
; curicg positions and other inducements. Sen
Address Colombia
W. H. Xev
Merits of the
Mr. D. A. Pressley, Colu
two Mathnshek pianos which \
Music House last year for our
The Mathnshek piano is a
which I can cheerfully recomm
"Vrmrs trnlv
Director Departme
Mr. D: A. Pressley-?Havi
both in concert and in teaching
strument; thoroughly well mad
in tune. And do not hesitate i
piano to those wishing a high ^
Very truly,
Director Music Dep
To Mr. D. A. Pressley.?II
thushek piano in use at the <
The instrument has a pleasing
sive touch, and is in all respec
pacity for staving in tune is
passed by none. Very respe
S@~Three more Mathusheks :
D. A. I
Manager Ludden & Bate:
j,, ? - , 1 ,
] ^
liirij v
A vegetable preparation, wherever known
the ER8t popular of all remedies, because the
moat effectual.
Sold wholesale by?
The Murray Drug Co. Columbia.
Dr. H. Baer, Charleston, S. C.
It is thfi=
Bat a very poor one, to wait until the gin- J
nujg season 13 on oeiore losKiug w occ
what fix the gin is in.
Now is the time to
Tin T?rt rlolav und then ask ns to let TOD
? ?
have it at once, for thorough work canto)
be done in a harry. Ihe attention given
his matter now will more than repay yotr
when the eotton is white in the field*
and the gin house crowded. Toe worki#
coming in already, so ?hip at once to tb?
undersigned, located at the old electric light
engine house.
RsCs'it ess ?i ? 7. I ? ?
& Co, V. C. Badham, Jno. A.. Willis.
jjgT'ilark your name and shipping point
j on work sent and prepay the freight.
| The Elliott Gin Repair
W. J. ELLIOTr, Proprietor,
No. 1314'Gates Street,
School of
This School has the reputation of being the
i beet business institution inUe State. Grad|
ostes are holding re nnnerative positions in
j mercantile umkiajc, wsumw,
i estate, railroad offices, &c., in this and other
etatea. Write to W. H. Macfeat,
j .? , . . x *
. ' rl
ause it is the most thorough and
IURSE, because it is the simplest
ie PERSIN S fSTEM of shorthand, which
best system published.
The demand for them often exceeds the
) coarse of study, rates of tuition, toard, S3id
for it,^aad name tlic course wanted.
, Business College,
rberry, Prest., COLUMBIA, S. C.
! Mathushek.
-d^tt tJttt O n
XWVA. i-LlXiJu, O. V. V
imbia, S. C.?Dear Sir: The
ve bought of Ludden & Bates
College have given excellent
___ .11 n . A. i ' *
wen maae instrument ana one
end for hard and constant use.
Wade R. Brown,
nt of Music Winthrop College.
Columbia, S. C.
ng used the Mathushek piano
j, I find it a most excellent inle,
wearing well, and staying
to recommend the Mathushek
^rade instrument. jj
G. P. McCoy,
t. of S. C. College for Women.
Columbia, S. C. A
ear Sir: We have had a^,Majollege
during the past year.
tone, an eves, light, responts
a well made piano. Its cavery
great and, I believe, surctfully,
Ernest Brockman,
Director Music Department.
sold to this college."
. m
3 Southern Music House,
IA S. C,.

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