:- " -7T>
VOI LIV WINNSBORO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. SEPTEMBER 27, 1899. NO. 7 |
' " ? ~ ! rt-rm n I T-. .iTSftlTBTlS TT 1 T T, f, Hfl * Ti TTT1T\ I fTl TV! T T\ /\ \T "O If A fl T?
DESPERATE FIGHT, i
It.Took Place Behind The" Doors
of a Bank.
TWO MEN WILL DIE.
An "Aged Cashier "Attacked By
Stranger. Supposed Rcbber
Mortally Wounded. An
A dispatch from Chicago, of Sept. 20,
^ says: Frederick J. Filbert, the 'aged
cashier of the Palatine bank in
i tii o<? _;i fh.-m.
Xli. , ?iU UUI tUL VI uuiva
go, is lying close to death as the result
of^an attack made upon him today by a
young man who gives the name of Walter
Lawton. The latter, who is unparentlyof
good education, is in the
county i jail suffering from a bullet
wound in the abdomen which will probably
prove fatal. Henry Placgo, 70
-v years old, a farmer, whose intervention
at a'critical moment prevented the outright
murder of the cashier, is at his
Timnp wpst of the village cut and bruis
cd and disabled as a result of bis struggle
with Lawton, whose motive for the
assault, according to his repeated statements,
was not robbery.
The attack upon Filbert was made
with a tack hammer and the aged
cashier was struck at least a dozen
times before Plaggo interfered. The
attack oceurr6d at 3 o'clock in the afternoon.
At this hour many of the residents
of the community were thrown
into a tumult by hearing the report of a
- revolver and the noise of a tierce struggle
in the bank rooms. Wm. Garme,
a farmer, was among the first to reach
- the bank rooms. As he entered he almost
stumbled over the form of Cashier
Filbert, who with torn clothiDg and
bleeding head was feebly endeavoriDg
to crawl-through the open door.
-v Garme turned and ran into the street
shouting "murder," and then returned
to the bank. Sounds of a struggle still
came from the rear room and Garme
hurried to that apartment. As he push
ed open tne giass uuut, xvu.uu.
old German farmer, Piaggo, bleeding
from a nnmber of wounds, but fighting
vigorously with a stalwart young man
who lay on the floor with Piaggo on
top'cf him. A bloody tack hammer and
a revolver with a broken butt lay on
either side of the struggling men. Tha
young man's clothing was stained with
blood in the region of the abdomen.
The crowd which had gathered rapidly
after the alarm had been given separated
the two men and took the sup
posed robber to the village iock-ud.
He was too severely wounded to offer
aDy resistance and this fact was all that
saved him from violence at the hands
of the excited crowd that followed him
IBfr to the jail. Lawton's confessed motive
for the assault was revenue on Filbert,
who he alleges, alienated the affections
' of his wife. His story is not believed
by the police, however. They have no
doubt the looting of the bank was his
The robber says he tracked FiJber*'
for five years and that he discovert d
only recently "where the object of his
pursuit lived. He went to the bank,
he asserts, to demand $1,500 in satisfaction
for the old injury. The cash
balance of the institution was $100,000,
all of which was in the vaults at
the time the assault took place. Lawton
was brought lo Chicago on a late
train tonight and placed in the county
jail. He-denied that he had entered
the bank for the purpose of robbery,
and claimed that the alienation of his
wife's affections by Filbert took piaee
five years ago at the Fifth Avenue hotel
in Xew York city. Filbert declares he
aas not been in 2sew York for twenty
Late tonight it was announced "that
both Filbert and Lawton will die. The
former's skull is fractured in two
places and the latter cannot survive the
wound in his abdomen.
Dies In His Buggy.
ews riauucu >. ??
day morning that the horse of Br. Thos.
? W. Yernon of Whitney had run away
and killed him. He was a lover of fine
horses and this particular one had run
away several times. When he was
found dead in the lot of Mr. A. M.
tr-WTi abrasion on his head.
it was naturally concluded that a
shocking accident had happened. But !
an examination of all the circumstances :
ksfeowea that it was no accident but a J
case of heart failure. Mr Glover found
him in his lot about 9 o'clock Sunday
night and at once called his neighbors.
Dr. Vernon's horse and buggy were
standing near. The doctor had been
seen near night going home alone in his
buggy, and he had to pass Mr. Glover's
to reach his own house, which was a
short distance away. He had been ^siting
a patient at Mr. Glovers, and it
is supposed the horse turned in there
from force of habit. He was probably
dead before reaching this point. He
tad been suDjeci so auact.5 vx uwi
- failure for some time. He was about
34 years old and very popular as a physician.
Japanese Steamer Sinks.
A telegram from the governor of
Bftf Shiga, prefecture to the Japanese govHb#
ernment, reported by the steamship
gMmy Empress of India, states that on the
4th inst., the steamer Koun Maru
founded during a typhoon off Hanakawl,
in Biwa lake, going to the bottom
f like a stone. She had fifty passengers
on board, a majority being women and
children. Twelve of these were drowned
and two fatally injured while eight of
tKo orevr wnt down with the ship,
their bodies being coifined by the ves!
[ Four Men Killed.
e Four men were killed arid three seriously
injured Thursday in a rear-end
collision of freight trains on a bridge
on the Omaha road near Windom.
Minn. An enj-ine was pushing the first
train and tie second was a doubleheader,
'so that three engines Tvere
thrown into the river in a badly wrecked
condition. One span of the bridge
was demolished and 17 cars thrown in
to the river or along the tracks. Thes
cars took fire and several were burned
Two Citizens Assaulted and Robbed in
A dispatch from Lancaster to The
? - ? ?' J ? -i %* /? A Vdif^TTTQV
State says a very uanu^, ugv ui "<*j
robberry was committed not far from
the town limits on the Camden road
Tuesday night shortly after dark. The
victims were too young white farmers,
Frank Shaver and his brother-in-law,
Robert Hagin's, who live at *St. Luke, a
station on the South Carolina and
Georgia railroad, four miles southeast
of this place. The facts are about as
* " '1 ^ - 2 . CV
lOJiOWS: cnoruy Jlier uara. oiiitvcji a.uu
Hagins left towns for home, both being
under the influence of ':fuss-X.'' Hagins
was on a mule ana was followed behind
by Shaver, who was on foot. As
they reached "Jacob's Hollow'' they
were both set upon by three men
who knocked them down and beat
them in a fearful manner. Hagins
managed to get to a house
nearby, leaving Shaver in an unsensible
jondition in the road. Shortly
after Shaver was brought to town in
a buggy. Both men presented a horrible
appearance, being fearfully bruised
and cut up about the face and head.
Haeins has one arm broken, but Shav
ers wounds are more serious, one of
thembeiDg a fracture of the outer skull.
Two men implicated in the robbery
wen-?r rested Wednesday night shortly
at'te:- iliO ocrurrence. One is .Robert
Furr. white, aad the other Nathaniel
Climow, colored, both notorious characters
living in the county. Both of the
victims positively identify these two
men. which, with other circumstances,
make it certain that they are two of the
gang. The moon was shining very
brightly at the time cf tbe robbery.
Hag:ns" pDcketbook containing ?3.15
was found not far from the scene of the
VV. o rr mnrnin c THhp
IWUVZIJ T? ^ .uvouaj
supposition is that it was thrown away
in their flight by the robbers.
A NARROW ESCAPE.
Details of the Wreck of the Transport
A dispatch from Yokohoa^a says
' A *.A rt ^
interesting ueians <ue av nouu v?
the wreck of the American transport
Morgan City. It appears that
it came very near being an appalling
catastrophe. Striking upon
a reef at 3 o'clock in the morning the
ship ramained fa?t until daylight when
by adopting the expedient of pushing,
the men alternately from one side to
the other, the ship was rolled fiom the
rocks into deep water, where she at
once began to fill rapidly. She headed
for the shore of the Island of Inoshima
several miles distant, sinking perciptibly
with every yard of progress. Had
she not reached the beach she would
have gone under in another minute.
The discipline of the men was r.dmira- |
ble and all were gotton ashore in safety.
The seamanship shown appears not to
have been spent so admirable, as no
precautions were taken to make the boat
fast to the shore after beaching. The
time was spent in removing stores, the
transport lying very nearly bosvs under,
but well afloat in the after pari. Late
in the afternoon without warning, she
slid off the steep beach and suDk in
about six fathoms. A more favorable
spot for a shipwreck could scarcely be
found. The island of Inoshima is-about
a dozen miles from Hiroshima chief
city of the ictland state. Almost instantly
came aid from the Japanese authorities.
the cruiser Yosohomo being
at once dispatched and the Red Cross
society sending a relief expedition.
The troops are loud in their appreciation
of Japanese kindness. The transport
City of Sydney having just put into
Yokohama short of coal and water, will
proceed via the inland sea and unless
provision has already been made, will j
take on board a part of the troops.
Many people who have marital trou- j
bles write to the governor to help them
out, thinking that he can do something
for them. Here is a specimen letter
received Thursday bv the governor, from
"Davis Station:"' ;;I write to ask your |
opinion. I married a woman in 1870 J
and in isyu sbe lettme ana i got a letter
from her in 1894 saying she would
never recognize: me as her hu band any
more. I haven't heard from ':er since
then. Now, if it won't be violating the
laws of South Carolina, I desire to marry
another woman. Would bs pleased
to have your views whether it would be
violatiog the laws of this state or not.
As already stated. I haven't heard from
her since 189-1 and don't know whether
she's dead or alive, Thanking you in
advance of your reply." The writer
asks that if the letter be given to the
press that his name be withheld.?Columbia
Stronger Than Ever.
James Creelman, the weil known
correspondent, who has been accompanying
Bryan in his recent western
travels, tells the Baltimore Herald
that in his opinion the >~ebraskan's
name will be the only one presented
to the national Democratic convention
next year. "His strength,'' said he,
"is greater than three years ago. but
as the lines of battle arc not yet fairly
drawc and the issues not yet clearly
defined, the question of Mr. Bryan's,
success is still open."' As Crcelman
reported Bryan's presidential canvass
in 1896 he is qualified to make the comparison.
He is a gold man; too. and
ought not to take an exaggerated view
of Bryan's increase in strength.?The
Hard on the DirectorsMr.
W. Scott Pope, one of the bondsmen
for Col. Ned, has given notice
that he will not pay any part of Col.
Xeal's bond without suit, and a jury fix
leg tte amount: ot ms naonuy, n auy.
He takes the position that the board of
directors allowed the bad management
and trouble to run along so long as to
either have known of it and acquiesced,
or by their co overative bad management
and reports, which were misleading
to him, to have relieved him. of
the liability. He will make the issue
on the liability and duties of the board
of directors affording protection to the
bondsmen and the State, and knowing
something about reports to which they
affix their names and authority. When
the damages for which the bondsmen
are responsible are fixed, Mr. Pope
says, he will pay his share, but not until
I NEGRO CONFERENCE
Called bv'Rev. Junius Mobley, a
TO BE HELD IN'COLUMBIA.
| Text of the Call Setting
Forth the Reasons Why
it is Issued. Tired of
"When neighbors <iuit visiting they
will fall out." Such is the homely
?-1? ?; . ?? " TnnirtQ ATnhlp.v
apuonsm ui nc>. ?
"anent" the condition of the Kepublican
party in this State. The definition
is that when ?'neighbors juit visitiDg"
intimacy gives way to suspicion, distrust
is bred, and, with the aid of the
gossip, open enmity is the consequence.
The application is that the white and
I the colored llepublicans "have quit
visiting." According to his statement,
they are not only not on friendly terms
but the Negro is beginning to distrust
the white leaders. June claims that he
kept quiet while the '"Lily White" and
"Black and Tan" controversy was
being waged. He wanted ''the pot to
boil down so that he could see what
would come out of it all." He has issued
a call to the colored Republicans
to meet in Columbia fair week to de"
- ? ^ fr\v ViA?r
V1SC 5UUIU piau ui ivi
terment. Mobley hails from Union
county and to his tite of "reverend"'
may be added that of "honorable" for
he represented his coumy ia the legislature
io Radical days, and was a lawyer.
He is opposed to the deportation of
the Xegro. for he realizes that his
race is treated properly in the south.
As such a solution of the Xegro problem
is not near at hand, -he claims to
want to established a plane upon which
the Xegroes and whites may meet and
"freeze out" the white Republicans.
He wants to be the Reader of the Xe
groes, of course. Following is ins
manifesto issued Thursday:
To the Colored Republicans of South
There is a great necessity for union
among us as a race variety in a country
where the interest of all the people
are common for we as a race have been
so long misrepresented by our so-called
Republican white leaders in the politics
of this and other States of this Union
and thereby have rendered us as a race
almost worthless to ourselves and to
any otner race pum.ioau.y. ?
shown in the fact that they have kept
silent in everything which embodied
the interest of the Negro along political
The Negro has simply been used as a
tool by his so-called white Republicans
and that to his detriment. This fact
is charged " by the Democrats in their
speeches and -al-o by the Demociatic
newspapers?a fact which cannot be
The fact is, that these so called whits
Republican leaders stand as a barrier
between us and the southern whites
?^rvincf live mnvfi and
WIcU W UULU. IT^ rnuju Aiiv1
have our continued being, for we never
will leave this country. Now, therefore,
since we are to live together in
this southland, I think it wise to call
a conference among ourselves to devise
some plans by which we cm meet the
other race upon amicable terms as ne
This is fair since the color line has
been drawn even by our white Republicans.
We believe that the Xegro can
T i Vvlrtioulf orifV, Vn'c; white
Ut'bL itjpicacui, iuiujk.il ........ ??
brethren, since he has this to do in all
of his business walks of life. Why
should he need some one to represent
him in the political walks any more
than in business or in any other walks
of life? Let the Xegro leaders come together
and act for themselves in all of
the vocations in which he is called to
act as a citizen. This will teach him
the true meaning of citizenship. I verl-'-'
?1*-+ fVio oonHmpiit nf
1J} UCilt' V C 111 <X t L LilO A O t UL O UV i* v? m v**? v?
the southern white people. Believing
as I do, I therefore issue the following
Let all lovers of the race meet in conference
in the city of Columbia on the
6th day in November, 1899. Come together,
my fellow citizens, and let us
show to the world thai we feel keenly
our condition and that we are willing to
do any honorable thing to better the
same for the time of talk is past.
Junius S. Mobley.
Reed, The Traitor.
UT,r- ? cov t.hafc of all
>Y e it IC UUUuu w WJ ?
methods of attacking the great and
good McKinley- which have been devised,
that pursued byes-Speaker Heed
is the most "dastardly.' It is especially
so because of the impossibility of answering
it. All that Mr. Reed does is
to say that he believes in the declaration
of independence and in the principles
of liberty, self-government, and
the rights of man. How can an imperialist,
though a McKinley editor, convict
Mr. Reed of 'treason' for saying
such things? Yet it is 'treason' of the
blackest kind known lo this epoch. Mr.
? i ?n
Heed is perrecuy wen aw*uc
fiendish significancce of his words. He
knows the pain they will cause in the
| white house, and that the pain must be
borne in silence, yet he utters them.
We should like very much to have a
frank expression of opinion on Mr.
Heed's conduct from Mr. Ilanna, or
Gov. Roosevelt, or Senator Plait, or
any other strenuous upholder of the
President's Philippine policy. They
must regard it with deep loathing as a
more cowardly form of assault than
even the un-American mugwumps have
devised. These can be answered and
denounced, bat how can you answer or
denounce a man when 3*our case is gon
if you quote his words?"?New lurk
Killed For His MoneyA
special from Jacksonville, Fla.,
tells of the arrest at Tavares, Fla., of
Mrs. Leonard Neumeister and a man
named Nye. who boarded with her.
They are suspected of the murder of
the woman's husband. The latters
body was found in a lake near the
house. A post mortem examination
revealed that he was dead when placed
in the water. Xeumeister, recently by
the death of a brother, a Southern
steamboat captain, came into property
amounting to nearly $50,000.
I DREYFUS PAKDOBfED.
His Departure from the Prison Was
A dispatch from Hennes, France,
says, Capt. Alfred Dreyfis at 3 o'clock
this morning left the prison here in
which he had been confined since his
return from Devil's Island, and proceeded
to Vern, where he took a train
bound for Nantes. His departure was
completely unnoticed. M. Viguie, ihe
chief of the secret eerrice, and th? prefect,
M. Dureault, arrived at the prison
after midnight, bringing the minister of
war's order for the release of Dreyfus.
The latter walked from the prison to
the boulevard Laenne, where he enter
ed a waiting carriage and was driven to
the Vern station, outside the town.
Mathieu Dreyfus met him at the train
and accompanied him to Nantes. While
this dramatic turn in the Dreyfus drama
was taking place all Rennes slept and
the departure of the famous prisoner
of Devil's Island was no more noticed
than that of an ordinary traveler. The
carriage which was in waiting was the
como whiAh fcrmk Drnvfns to his
prison when he returned from Devil's
Island. Dreyfus got in oppesite the
house where Maitre Labori had stayed
previous to the attempt upon his life,
and alighted about 500 yards from the
station and walked in, regardless of the
drizzling rain. The Xantes train came
in just as he arrived. Alfred and Mathieu
Dreyfus quickly took their seats
ana the train went out of Rennes bearing
Drejfus away a free man. A small
crowd of people had walked round the
prison until midnight, expecting the
release of Dreyfus, but it then dispers ?
. . . i * T\
ed, thinking it too late ror JL/reyius to
leave. Madame Dreyfus left Rennes at
noon, accompanied by her father and
A SWINDLES ABROAD.
He Represents Himself as a lawyer
from Birmingham, Ala.
A dispatch to The State from Spartanburg
says a slick rascal giving his
home as Birmingham, Ala., worked a
confidence game on one of the oldest
and most prominent members of the
Spartanburg bar 'on the 2d of this
month. He went into the office and
talked about things in general in a
most entertaining manner, representing
that he had been summering in Asheville
and was on his way home to Birmingham;
that he had run short of
funds and desired the aid of a brother
attorney to get $10. He produced a
license to practice law in Birmingham
and said ne was a practicing atturuey
that place. Everything seemed so
plausible and he w&3 such & niee fellow
the Spartan went down to the bank
with him and endorsed his checkfor$10
on the Alabama National bank of Birmingham.
In due course of time the
check came back protested. A letter
to a leading law firm in Birmingham
reveals the fact that there is no such
place; that he has been drawing such
checks on this bank all through Tennessee,
Georgia and the Carolinas;
that he was in Birmingham some tim?
ago and desired this bank to cash some
checks for him on other banks, but they
refused to take them except ier collection;
that he became offended and went
awav in a huff. The maa is evidently
a fraud and ought to be widely published.
Sank Into the Sea.
The steamship City of Topeka arrived
from Lynn Canal Wednesday with news
of an earthquake which began Sept. 3
and continued until Sept. 10. The
steamer Dora carried the news to
TnnMn Tho on rflinnalrff Attended
from Litueya bay, 150 miles below
Yakutat, 500 miles nothwest into the
Cook inlet country. It was the greatest
phenomena witnessed in Alaska
since a similar occurrence in the Russian
days. Three distinct shocks were
felt at Juneau. Buildings were badly
shaken. The earthquake was most
severe at Yakutat, Kanan island at the
entrance to Yakutat bay sank 20 feet
into the sea. At high tide only the
tops of trees are visible. Huge fissures
opened in the earth. The Dora passengers
say that in two minutes th9
ocean rose 20 feet above high tide and
almost as quickly subsided. Indians
have deserted their homes and
arc living in tents on the beach. Many
have gone to Juneau.
Murder, Bobbery, Arson.
The residence of Absolom Kester, a
miserly farmer, aged 80, near Pawpaw,
W. Va., was discovered on fire at 1
0 ciocx rnuay murium-.
hurried to the scene and were horrified
to find Kester and Albert Gross, his
hired man, lifeless in the yard. The
housekeeper, Anna JDoman, was also
murdered, but her body was consumed
in tVio flstmps The obiect of the crime
evidently was robbery. Kester was
k ao^n to keep a large sum of money
about the house, but a few weeks ago
was persuaded to put most of his money
in the bank. The robbers secured
about $200, it is thought. After beating
the two with a blunt instrument, as
they supposed, to death, the robbers
set the building on fire to cover up their
crime, but the men had life enough left
to crawl out into the yard.
A Curious CaseA
special from Raleigh, X. C., says:
The Atlantic and North Carolina rail*,
road, in which the State owns twothirds
of the stock, has applied to the
United States court to escape the 1899
assessment for taxation imposed by the
corporation commission. The defend?
AAmnloinf. qf. t.h ^
U.US.3 LUU3L a UOYVCi
United States court room in this city
the first Monday in November. The
announcement that a railroad in which
the State owns such a large interest
has filed a complaint with the Federal
authorities against the State caused
something of a flutter.
Knock Jig Down.
GScials of t le Brooklyn Rapid
Transit company say they have been
robbed of nearly $50,000 in the last six
weeks by the new conductors who have
taken the place of the strikers last
July. The new men are said to have
been "knocking down'' fares industriously.
but the leakage has at last been
OUR HOME MILLS.
They Have Made Themselves
Felt This YearSOME
ADVICE TO FARMERS'
Some Excellent Reasons .Why it
Will Pay Them To Market
Their Cotton Crop
There is spread before the people of
the South at this time a great object
lesson of the ralue of home cotton mills
to cotton planters. Ererybody realizes
that these mills do good to the communities
in which they operate; that they
build them up in population, in wealth
and in importance, raising the villages
to towns and the Uwns to cities. Int?lli?ent
farmers realize that they do
rrnnA +? fV* nnnnfrtr ?1 an in(?TM*!nc
6VV/VJ. I.UV m.v,,
home market for produce of all kinds
and increasing the value of lands in
thair neighborhoods. It is also understood,
although for the most part loosely,
that they help the cotton planters
near them by giving them better prices
for their staple than they could get
from exporters. But only now is there
so great and broad an jxample ?f this
last benefit as to impress not ODly the
whole South but the cotton trade in two
The situation is mjst interesting,
even to those who have no hazard in the
outcome. The cotton crop, which six
weeks ago promised a great yield notwithstanding
its partial failure in this
part *f the South, has since declined
rapidly in condition, owing to the
drought iu the southwest. Before the
effects of tnis drought were folly revealed
Henry M. Neil, the New Orleans
representative of British exporters, gave
out an estimate of over 12,000,000 bales,
and the Liverpool market, responding
1 1? 1 J i."L ^
to it, at once ana snarpiy lowercu tue
price. This drop synchronously affected
the New York market and, to
a lesser extent3 all the American markets.
Soon afterward the government crop
report for Ssptember revealed the full
f.onr nP t.Ti* drrmirht ininries in the
tuns-Mississippi region aad the Southern
markets began to rise. The news
since then has confirmed and heightened
the government's estimate of losses,
and throughout the manufactuing South
prices have advanced materially. To
this advance there has been a partial
retpoase in New York, but Liverpool,
pinning its faith to Neill's estimates,
has maintained practically the prices of
a month ago.
So we have this condition: The
price of cotton m ttie cotton manuiaccnring
States Of the South is as high as
in New York, and in some places higher,
while ia New Yark it is relatively
higher than in Liverpool. Liverpool
has been paying 7 centi for middling
cottoD, and mill towns in South Carolina
have been giving as much as and
6J cent3forit. The result is that it
does not pay to buy cotton for export,
and unless Liverpool materially raises
its bids it will be able to buy very little
in the near future.
This Southern buying which keeps
the price up, and even raises it in the
absence of foreign competition, is being
done by the Southern mills. Their
fr,r- (-.Vip hnllnw
JUUAUA^gi oug I.VA HUVMAUW* T WM - v-.v ..
ness of Neill's estimate; they know the
crop is going to fall largely below last
year's, they believe that the price is
certain to go higher, and as provident
men they are laying in their stocks
now. In thns reasoning and acting
they are indubitably right. At the
present and prospective prices of cotton
cnoHn thfiv can afford to pay what they
are now paying, and even much higher
prioes. The demand for cotton both at
home and abroad is greater than it has
ever been, the crcp is the shortest in
several years, and the margin between
the prices of raw and manufactured cotton
is very large. This is the time for
Southern planters to hold all they can
" - ~ - " * - -i. .11
and for Southern mins 10 get au tney
can. We hope that but little will be
marketed for the present and that every
bale of that little will go into the warehouses
of our own mills.
The significant point of the whole
matter is that Southern mills, by competition
among themselves, unaided by
foreign buyers, have for weeks kept up
the price of cotton over a large area.
This is in defiance of English spsculators
and spinners, and it is a great step
toward Southern _ independence. We
can make it the rule and fix our own
?rrroot ifonlA if WAWlll Onlv
pj.1V/C 1V1 UUX giv/wv wwM[/.w ?. .. . ?
build mills enough. Onoe we spin all
our cottoi what will we care for Liverpool,
or for New York an I Boston markets!
In cotton prices we will be a law
unto yourselves, and no false estimates
of yields need compel us to sacrifice
our crop. For all that we raise we will
have purchasers at home. The mill
stockholder will plant cotton and the
cotton planter will buy mill stocks.
There will be profit in both planting
and manufacturing, and an adjustment
of prices between them will not be difficult.
South Carolina last year manufactured
44 per cent, of the largest crop of
cotton she ever raised. This year she
is likely to consume five-sevenths of a
rtrrtr?_.Viplf *. millinn bales of a
OUU1W ViV|/ ? ?
crop of 700,000 bales. If we keep up
the pace'we have taken now five years
more will raise consumption above 1?cal
production. Every cotton planter
with as much as a hundred dollars to
invest should put it if he can into a
new cotton mill convenient to his plaatation.
It will buy permanent insurance^against
foreign and speculative
Since the foregoing was written we
have seen Wednesday's reports from the
Liverpool aDd New York markets.
They show that the former has taken
alarm at tie freeness of Southern buy
iDg and the holding back of cotton and
has advanced its price. New York
followed suit. The rise will continue.
Let planters hold their crops. A month
of short receipts and Xeill's reduction
of his estimate?which must come?
will send cotton to seven cents or more
in every local market.?The State.
"I have used your 'Life for the Liver
and Kidneys' with great benefit, and
for Dyspepsia or any derangement of
the Liver or Kidneys I regard it as being
without an equal." James J. Osborne,
Attorney at Law, Boliston,
Henderson do., N. C.
LUUIlri tr UHUJiUaJia.
Res olutions Adopted by Catholic
Tonne1 Men's Societies.
The National Union of Catholic
Young Men's societies, in session in
Newark, Wednesday adopted the folio
"Whereas, for some time past many
rumors have appeared in the public
: press, and have been affirmed by private
advices, that Catholic churches in the
PhilipDines have been desecrated and
spoiled of sacred vessels and vestments
by soldiers of the United States.
"Resolved, That we, the Catholic
Young Men's National Union, embracing
50,000 men in the United States,
do call upon the president of the United
Qtofoe >.4T7l'n<r a-vaw in liis I
fair miodedness, justice and respect
for all religions, and through
him upon the other proper authorities,
for a thorough investigation and report
upon such rumors as t} their truth or
"Resolved, That if upon proper investigation
these rumors should be
found true in whole or in part, we demand,
'"First, The punishment of those
guilty or responsible for such outrages
upon our religion, and,
"Second, The necessary measures be
adopted to prevent the recurrence of
' 'Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions,
duly authenticated, by the president
and secretary of this convention
be forwarded to the president of the
The following officers were elected by
President?Dr. S. H. Wall, of New
First Vifift President?Rev. D. M.
Bogan, of Railway, N. J.
Second Vice President?J. M. Higgins,
Secretary and Treasurer?E. P. Gallagher,
The convention next year will be held
A FOOL KILLER NEEDED.
Another Light Headed Frenchman
Max Regis, former mayor of Algiers,
aaa a notorious -jew uau?r, vruu icturned
to Algiers recently, haunted by
the idea that the government; intended
to arrest him, and emulous of the notoriety
of Jules Guerin, shut himself up
for four days with a party of adherents
in a villa labelled "Anti-Juif' just outside
the town. He laid in a stock of
provisions for a seige. Wednesday,
apparently annoyed at the absence of
any move on the part of the police, he
* * i . a jT . A
issued tortn ana entered une xown, stxx-1
ring np Anti-Jewish demonstrations,
during which the windows of several
shops owned by Jews were smashed.
The Jews responded by firing revolvers,
and the mob raised the cry, "Death to
the Jews!" The riots continued
throughout the evening and finally the
troops charged with drawn swords and
dispersed the rioters. Regis regained
the villa and barricaded himself and
During the affray nine persons were 1
stabbed or shot, among them three police
agents and two inoffensive citizens.
It is reported that some Jews were
among the wounded. Order was finally
restored about midnight.
The rioting was renewed after midnight
in the Jewish quarter, where
I iLA-A waha wo frlna A nfi
LLIWIC VYCJ.C UUH131UUO UCLIIC&u uiiv. uluvi
Semites and the police. Several persons
were injured and the police made
An Honest Confession.
The Charleston Post doesn't make
much of a defense of its slur at Bryan's
arfrmnentative t)Owers. We offer it
this editorial expression from the Chicago
Times Herald, McKinley or^an,
on the speech whose weakness our
Charleston contemporary forecasted:
"No one who heard Mr. Bryan's address
will undertake to deny that it
was a skillfully constructed appeal to
the popular prejudice against combination
of capital. Regarded from a
purely political standpoint it was a
masterly effort, and in no way detracts
from the reputation of the silver leader
as a captivatiag orator. This much is
readily conceded by those who sharply
dissent from Mr. Bryan's views of industrial
combinations, and while they
are quick to perceive the flaws in his
argument they cannot honestly maintain
that it will be without effect upon
the minds of the masses." Frjm such
a source such a tribute to the Demo^
eratic leader means much.?The State.
By His Own Hand.
A special from Covington, Ga., says:
Wm. A. Franz, professor of English
and literature in Oxford college killed
himself Tuesday night at his home here.
The deed was done with a pocket knife.
Dr. Franz inflicting 15 wounds on his
Of ma onrl in r.h#> lnnSM. Tie WaS
I UJl UiJ WUV? A IA WMV
founi yesterday morning by his wife,
who thought he had died of a hemorrage.
A physician who was called in
summoned a coroner, and the result of
his inquest was announced tonight.
Dr. Franz only Monday assumed the
duties of his position, coming here
from Fayettsville, 0. He was a native
of Virginia, and the remains were taken
to Dadeville in that State for interment.
No Use to Apply.
Governor McSweeney is still in receipt
of a number of letters asking for
endorsements for positions in the volunteer
army. Secretary Root has writ
ten once that South Carolina's quota or
officers was filled, and another letter
has been received from him stating
that all official positions in the regular
army have been filled and that further
applications cannot be considered at
this time. Governor McSweeney has
made it a rule to endorse nearly all
applications sent to him.?Columbia
Murdered bv Moonshiners.
John L. Hanna, chief of police of
Dal ton, Ga., was shot and killed Wednesday
by three moonshiners whom he
was trying; to arrest. A posse of 125
men was organized and started in pursuit
of the moonshiners. A special
train carrying a party of detectives, accompanied
by bloodhounds, have left
Chattanooga for Dalton to aid in the
capture of the murderers.
is Said They Are Living Only on
Hope and Courage.
A naval officer on one of the ships at
Cavite says in a private letter to relatives
at Boston, under date of August
1 A .
"I today made a trip to Manila purposely
to see and interview a Spaniard
who claims t*. have seen Lieutenant
Grilmore and his men. The Spaniard
arrived in Manila on the 13th, coming
through the outposts at San Fernando
do La Pampanga. His name is Felipe
Galza, and he is a planter by occupation.
On the first of February last he
was on his plantation, when he was surrounded
by a amputation of natives,
who made him a prisoner. He was
forced to follow the movements made by
the so-called Filipino republic, and
tramp through mud and water and over
mountains in their wanderings.
'T?vo weeks before his arrival at Manila
he saw at Bigan Lieutenant Commander
Grilmore and Ms fourteen fellow
prisoners. From his report it is
judged that they had fared badly at the
hands of their captors, and although
their courage was undaunted, they were
in had sliarw* r>hrsifia!lv. in realitv be
ing half starved. G-ilmore himself said
he was in better health than some of the
others, being a man of strong physique
and of strong determination. The whole
party was entirely destitute of clothes,
and all the necessaries of life. The
failure of t'ae United States to ransom
them as expected had so enraged the
insurgents that their treatment, which
for some time had been kind, had since
become reversed. The members of the
-,'arty, however, were not discouraged
and fully expected to return to their
"Galza thought that with proper
measures employed by the United
States government, there would be no
trouble in effecting the speedy release
of Gilmore and the Yorktcwn's men."
A Manager Murdered.
Julia Morrison, leading lady of the
"Mrs. Plaster of Paris" farce comedy
company, shot and killed Frank Leiden,
stage manager and leading man of
the company Friday night on the stage
of the City Opera House at Chattanooga
Tenn., just before the curtain rose for
the performance. Three shots were
fired at close range, all taking effect in
Leiden's head. He sank to the floor
?. -3 J _ _ J _ _ /? : x m .
ana was aeau in a xew minutes. jluc
woman was arrested and taken to the
city jail. A coroner's inquest was
held at which it was developed that
trouble had existed between Leiden and
Miss Morrison and today she slapped
him. It appears that they quarreled
over the woman's alleged bad acting,
Leiden accusing her of being an amateur.
The woman claims Leiden repeatedly
insulted her and that she shot
him in self-defense. The verdict of
the coroner's jury was to the effect that
the murder was premeditated and
wholly ud justifiable. The woman
claims to be from New Orleans and the
mai with the company named James,
she says, is her husband. Tames has
been arrested as the instigator of the
crime. The company lias been od tne
road three weeks and was unusually
Preachers live Long.
The life insurance companies go to
great expense in endeavoring to ascerVk
AO OCT O raro CfCk
tain a^u'jua;ici) ao tuv c*.t
leugth of life for men engaged in different
professions and the various lines of
business. An expert for one of the
large companies has prepared diagrams
which illustrate the comparative longevity
of clergymen, farmers, teachers,
lawyers and doctors. Which of these
classes do you suppose makes the best
showing of longevity? Most persons
would s*y the farmers, but the clergymen
excel them in the art of reaching
y\1/3 A.YA AVA? TTTATCa f O
UlU auu ugav Ttviuv
classes mentioned. According to the
expert referred to 42 out of every 170
ministers of the gospel reach the age of
70. The farmers come next, their
proportion for seventy years of age being
40 oat of 170, Next come the
teachers with 34; the lawyers show 25.
and the doctors are last, with only 24
out of 170. The reasons given for the
greater longevity of preachers are various.
In the first place, they are likely
to lead temperate lives and to have
oninr^rnont nf I
Ot VyAlCiL U1 JlU Cuv jjiuuu<^viuvu? v*
their work. They also fret more or less
outdoor exercise, and are not subject to
the strains which constantly beset the
active business man.?Atlanta Journal.
The Universal Language.
A century ago Grimm and Candolle,
the former a German and the latter a
Frenchman, declared that the language
of Shakespeare would ultimately be
come the universal tongue. A similar
judgment has just been parsed at the
Berlin academy of sciences by Professor
Diels, a well known German linguist.
He declared that independently
of the political influence which the
United States, Great Britain and the
British colonies were having on the
nrnrlr! tho cimnli >ifv of sfrnctrire of the
English language gave it the promise of
Death of an Ensign.
Ensign Xoah T. Coleman of the battleship
Iowa died Thursday in a private
hospital at San Francisco as a result
of a complication of troubles and a bullet
wound inflicted by himself some
time ago in an attempt at suicide.
Young C:-leman was to stand trial bycourtmartial
for various offenses, and
attempted suicide. The wound would
not have caused death under ordinary
circumstances, but his vitality was so
weakened by worry that he could not
survive. Ensigh Coleman came fr^m
one of tho oldest and most respected
families of New York. He entered the
naval academy with the brightest prospects.
The Killing Season.
Cornelius Triplet, colored, was killed
at Singleton. Winston county, Miss.,
Thursday night, making four victims ?
two white and two colored?of the feud
ragins in that county. The friends of
H. B. Johnson, the man killed with
Ed. Triplet Monday, were at Macon on
Thursday, laying.in a supply of arms
and ammunition. More trouble is
1111ILU UiNUa JflUIUi.
Mrs. Mattie"Hughes Faces a Jury
a Third Time.
DYING HUSBAND'S STORY.
In Ante-Mortem Statement Mrs.
ij 1 r:_ ki -j ?la"m>?.
nugnes.is rvameu urejnur
Mrs. Mattie Hughes, who is accused
of murdering her husband at Greer's in
Greenville county, and who has already
been tried twice, which resulted in a
mistrial each time, is now on trial for
the thrid time ior the same offence.
Interest in the case is not near^so in
tense as on former occasions. Tne case
commenced in Greenville on "Wednesday.
There were only two instances where
there was any material deviation from .' ^
the proceedings heretofore. One was a
statement of a witness, J. L. Carman,
as to what Hughes said on the night of
the shooting with reference to the cause
of the trouble between himself and wife
which declaration was made while she
was absent from the room a short time
after tlie fatal shot. Some one s&id to
Hughes that those around his bedside
were friends and brethren, to which he
made an emphatic dissent, saying that
one who was present had been the cause
of all the trouble with his wife and ...
charging him with unfaithful conduct
Judges Townsend and Gage did not allow
witnesses to testify in regard to
Hughes' talk about his wife during her
absence, but Wednesday the latitude
was a little greater*and Mr. Carman told
the story that was quite well known in
the community but was not brought out
under the former ruling. When the
witness had divulged the matter, Judge
Gary ruled the evidence out as incompetent,
and it will not be considered by
the jury in making up their verdict.
The other point of deviation was the
admission of the dying statement of
Hughes, which was written by the
Rev. D. B. Simpson, and which was
ruled out at the first trial, partly intio.
duced at the second, and with the exception
of a single sentence wa? admitted
as evidence this morning. The
dying deposition'of Hughes is as follows,
the words, "Leo-pleaded for my
life" being omitted: _ > ?
"Personally appeared before me Geo.
W. Eughes.-who being duly sworn deposes
and says: That after supper I
said: 'Mattie, there is no way to settle
our trouble unless you tell me everything
you know and all that they have
said to you.' She said, with an oath
she was going to kill me and would
give me two minutes to get ready. I
said: 'Mattie, I would not hurt you for
anything on earth.' I got up, aiming
to get ahold of the pistol, and she shot
me when I eot up. I made no effort
to hurt her at all. There is not a woman
on earth "! cared for but her and
I ve tola Her tnat a Hundred times. 1
had a pistol in my pocket, but not for
her. I make this statement realizing
I cannot possibly live. She has pulled
a pistol on me at least a dozen times.
I never pulled one on her once. I
would not have killed her even in selfdefense
(Signed.) G-. W. Hughes.
Subscribed and sworn to before me
this 18 th day of November, A. D. 1898.
E. L. Tapp.
Notary Public, S. C.
Chesterfield Girl's Adventure.
Miss Virginia-Massey, 21 years old,
the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. E. ?
Massey of the Dudley section of Ches- _ 3
lerfield county, left her home the morning
of the 5th inst. to go to her married
sister's home, about two miles away, to
assist in putting up some kraut. Failing
to come back on the day she was to
return, her father went after her, and
was more than astonished to learn that
she had not been thete. Search was
instituted at once, but no trace of her
was found until last Tuesday, when
friends of the family living in Wades- boro,
>\ C., notified ^the parents fthat
she was there. It seems that on leaving
home her mind became affected,
and she wandered to Wadesboro, a distance
of about twenty miles fromj her
home, and was seeking employment
when she was recognized by friends of
the family, who notified the parents,
A Fatal Wreck.
Train No. 3 on the Baltimore and
Ohio due in Cincinnati at 5:15 p. m.,
TTTrt O TTTT*AA1?/\/^ > ? ~ TTT TT ?
rrao niuvacu liCdi X CLXUICUUL, TY V a.,
"Wednesday. Engineer Wm. Meyers
was killed. Three postal clerks and
three trainmen were injured. The
engine, mail and baggage cars left the
track. The passengers were not hurt.
Starving in Porto Rico.
A dispatch from San Juan, Porto
Eico, says-the board of charities' tabulated
statistics' showLthat out of a
population of 916,184 there are 291,098
indigent aDd 11,858 sick. The number
of deaths as result of the recent
hurricane was 2,619. One week's
rations were issued to 283,147 persons,
and the number of those working for
rations was 11,713.
The war department has received the
following cablegram from Gen. Otis recrn
r/3i n nr m i 1 itorrr
e?.v.*?e v^v, U^v^uuwu^iuir
erty in the Philippines: "Referring to
your cablegram of Sept. 10th, 16
churches, different localities, occupied
by United Scite's troops. Four only
partially occupied and religious services
not interfered with. Also three
.convents occupied. These three ap10
of the 16 churches formerly occupied
by insurgents. Church property en
speced and protected by our troops."
There was a disastrous earthquake
Wednesday morning at Aidin, a town
on the Metder, eighty-one miles southwest
of Smyrna, Asia. Hundreds of
persons were killed in the valley of
Big Fire in Alabama.
Paint Rock, Ala., -was devastated by
fire Thursday afternoon. Every store,
except that of W. J. Keel, on the south
haif of the business portion, was
burned. Nearly all the merchandise
was lost and there was na insurance
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