v.: v.- - . - * ^
. ' ' '
VOL LIV WINNSBORO. S, C., WEDNESDAY'. OCTOBER 25, 1899. NO. 11
1 ilE BOER'S WAR."
t Very Little Fighting Done So Far
in the Transvaal.
m* L LOWING UP OF BOERS.
The Boers Lost Several HunhMH^
ied Killed at Mafeking,
- at Which Place They
^ Were Repulsed.
l/ne London Daily News Capetown
ipondent says: "It is rumored
that news has reached Deaax
Judi tion that the Boers attacked
Mafeking in force, but were repulsed.
The defenders, seeing the enemy re >
'i? r? j;?
trea lag, pursued mem ior ?uujs yiotanc<%
allowing themselves to bo- driven
in" by the Boers, who, eager to retrieve
theii position, again advanced to attack
and were drawn over Lyddite mines
laid for the defense of the town. It is
reposed that 1,500 Boers were killed
by tl.e explosion.
^ "It is reported from Delagoa bay
that the Swazi kinjr, Bunu. is collecting
his forces with the object, presumably,
of attacking tie Boers. It
is sir.ted that the Portugusee forces at
Delagoa bay will be raised to war
strer gth. It is announced from Pre?
toria that an eccentric person knuwn as
Baron Deginsberg has been courtmar *
1 J - P1.?Q the,
U&iC'l ciLlU 3UUI <13 A ? i?uD v* vuv
local forts were found in his possession."
T) e Capetown correspsndent of The
Daily-Mail, telegraphing at 10 o'clock
Thursday night, says: "Vryburg surrendered
Sunday. Tonight's dispatches
from Kuruman, 90 miles west
by sc uth of Yryburg, state that the po
lice having withdrawn from VryDurg,
the town surrendered to the Boers, the
inhabitants fleeing in all directions,
mos'ly toward Kuruman. When the
police withdrew the Cape Boers notified
the fact to the enemy, thus inviting
them to take possession. There
was a fearful panic. The British are
wildly indignant at this scuttling."
A special dispatch to the Cape Argu?
reiterates the statement that the fighting
at Mafeking Col. Hore repulsed the
Boers, inflicting a loss of 300 men.
Complaints of Boer outrages upon the
natives coatinue to arrive. These serve
further to inflame the Basutos and
Zulus. Yesterday one hundred and
fifty Basut03 from Johannesburg arrived
at Barghersdorp, Cape Colony,
and alleged that the Boers had robbed
them wholesale and flogged them with
"blsck snakes." The party, which included
a son of Chief Lerothodi, was
supplied with provisions, and thsBaftk
sutcs then started homeward, cheering
for the queen and chanting war songs.
The Cape Times publishes the follow
ing dispatch from Kimberley: "JReliB^able
iDformation from Mafeking says
Bfchat an armored train, while reconnoiMtering
north of the town last Saturday,
[Kssngaged 500 Boer.*, wh? suffered heavily*
Col. Fitz Clarcnce's column foiled
the Boers, inflicting severe loss. The
British casualitie9 were two killed and
fourteen wounded, two severely."
SKIRMISHED NEAR KIMBERLEY.
The Boers'suffered a reverse on Sundav
at Spruitfoitein, ten miles south of
Kimberley. An armored train went
out to bring in a train reported to have
been captured by the Boers near the
Spruitfontein siding. A party of Boers
who were encamped nearby lowered the i
railway signal and displayed a white
flag, apparently with the idea of inducing
the train to proceed. The driver j
sasjected that the Boerj were in possession
and stopped the traiD, whereupon
Br*"-* issued in large force and
open< 1 tr*. ,ut without any effect.
The boivuers replied from the train j
and about half a dozen Boers were
killed. The British were unscratched. j
Seven hundred Boers surprised a party
of thirteen Cape Colony police who
were guarding the railway at Riverton
Road, 18 miles north of Kimberley, on
Sunday morniDg. The police retired.
A terrific explosion was heard later and
i* is believed that the Boers blew up
A relief party of 25 police sent from
Kimberley met the B jtri near River
ton. The enemy displayed a white nag
to induce the troops to fall into their
trap, but the police were ordered to retire.
-Then the Boers opened a heavy
fire upon them, discharging about 400
rounds. A bullet struck the horse of
Surgeon Major Sullivan, who, with a
trooper whose horse had stumbled and
dismounted him, was captured.
A DESPERATE BATTLE.
In Which the Boers Are Beaten With
^ QA desperate battle was fought Friday
^ ? between the British and the tfoers, in
y which the latter was defeated with
heavy loss. The dispatch s3ys sfcer
eight hours of continuous heavy fighting,
Talana hill was carried by the
Dublin Fusileers and the King's Rifles
under cover of a well served artillery
by the Thirteenth andbixty-ninth batteries.
The British artillery practice in the
early part of the day decided the battle.
The seizure of Dundee Hill by the
Boers was a surprise, for although the
pickets had been exchanging shots all
night, it was not until a shell boomed
over the towu into the camp that their
-pstenoe was discovered. Then the
r shells came fast. The hill was positively
alive with the smarming Boers,
still the British artillery got to work
with magnificent energy and precision.
^ The batteries from the camp took up
positions to the south of the town and
after a quarter of an hour's magnificent
firiog, silenced the guns on the
BBT hills. The correspondent could see
flfc. with remarkable accuracy and doing tremendous
execution, for the enemy were
present in very large numbers and in
places considerably exposed. .By this
time the army held the whole of the
S B liill behind Smith's Farm ana the Dundee
Kopje, right away to the south, in
ft which direction th? British infantry
Hw and cavalry moved at once. The fightH
ft ^raged particularly hot at the valley
gk outside the town. Directly the Boer
ffl ftguns ceased firing Gen. Symons ordered
9 ftthe fnfantry to move on the position.
mfce infantry charge was magnificent.
Khe storming of the position by the
Royal Rifies and the Dublin
flg was one of the most nagnifi
cent sights ever witnessed. The firing
of the Boers was not so deadly as miglt
have been expected froa troops occa
pyinz such an excellent position; but
the infantry lost heavily going up the
hill, and only the consummately bril***- ?*
Clan R^mnnc! had
| liau t TY a.J xu TTUiVU V wu*
trained them to fighting of this kind
saved them from beiDg swept away. Indeed
the hill was almost inaccessible to
the stormiDg party, and any hesitation
would have lost the day. The enemy's j
guns, so far as the correspondent could
see, were all abandoned, for the Boers
had no time to remove them. A stream
of fugitives poured down the hillside
into the valley, where the battle went
on with no abatement.
British Gen. Sjmons was wounded
jarly in the action, and thi ommsnd
then devolved on Gen. Yule. It is
feared Gen. Symons is fatally hurt.
nr" -* * .i_aj r.n 3
me Jtsoers as tney aeu were lwiuftcu
by the cavalry, mounted infantry and
artillery. The direction taken was to
the eastward. At the latest reports
the cavalry had net returned. Some
say that four and sonae say five guns
were captured. The Beer artillery firins
?s weak. A lot of plugged shells
were csed. Although the enemy's position
was carried soon after 1 o'clock,
scattered firing went on almost all at'
The final rash was made with a triumphant
yell, and as the British troops
charged to close quarters the enemy
turred and flsd, leaving all their im
ped:u.cnts and guns behind them.
While this was going od, one battery of
arri Lry, the Eighteenth Eussars, and
the muunted infantry, with a part of
the Leicester regiment, got on the
* i > . . i T>
j enemy s nans ana as mc x>oers sireamed
wilcly down the hills, oiakiDg for
! the mam road, they found their retreat
had been cut off, but they rallied for a
while, and there was severe firing, with
considerable loss to oach side. Many
of the enemy surrendered, a rougn
estimate places the British loss at 250
killed or wounded, and that of the
Boers at SCO. .A newspaper correspondent
states that through his glasses,
during the fighting he noticed fco*
much the Boers seemed ?o be nonplused
by the tactics of the imperial trcops,
especially of the well drilled, swift
moving horsemen. The Boers are still,
as of old, a mob. They are wiihout
I Tin-rvjPQ anH fnraffe and manv of ihem
reiy for food on what ibey can obtain
by looting. Their animals are mostly
in a wrctched condition.
OFFERS TO SELL AQUINALDO.
Gen. Otis Receives a Message from
Gen. Pio ael Pilar,
A dispateh from Gen. Otis has received
messages purporting to corce
from the insurgent General Pio del
" 1? -jt?x u ?* -u:?
jrnar, onenug iu sen uui ma aimj a,uw
to deliver Aguinaldo into the hands of
the Americans. Although he is not
satisfied ttiat this offer is authentic it
is not improbable. The policy of Gen.
Otis is firmly set against buying any
surrender*: Pio del Pilar offers for the
sum of 50,000 to refrain from attacking
Manila with his army; for the sum of
$250,000 to surrender his army after a |
sham battle, both sides firing into the
air, and for the sum of $500,000 he
says he "will procure the overthrow of
the insurrection and the capture of
Aguinaldo, Paterno and other leaders.
In the course of the communication he
refers to Aguinaldo in contemptuous
terms, indicating that strained relations
exist between them. Reports are being
received from the districts occupied
by the enemy that the Filipinos believe
that Pio del Pilar has an audacious
plan to break throueh the ^American
lines into Manila and seize Gen. Otis
and the archbishop. Possibly these
rumors were started with an idea of
helping him to make a deal with the
Americans. It is unnecessary to say
that the Americans would welcome an
attack of that ?ort. There has been
much speculation of late regarding the
whereabouts of Pio del Pilar. The recent
attack at La Loma is credited to
bis men. It is belived that he is now
r-ifw <-> ? Yf .-fr.An Trail AY wifV)
XU I UV T X\J 1.U LVJ V*. V_C* <.'AWVVV
a force of from 1,S00 to 3,U00 men.
Leaf from the Past.
The following is from a Pennsylvania
paper, Col. Simontou's visit to Due
West is well remembered by many cit
a ?i. _i t-n. vkt \t
lzeus 01 mat piauc. xji. ?t . xm. ur.vi,
president of Erskine college, at Pue
West, S. C., died suddenly of apoplexy
"D;. Grier paid a visit a few years
since to his benefactor, the late Maj.
S. C. Simonton, of the Fiftj-sevecth
Pennsylvaniaraiment. Clarksville. At
the battle of Williamsburg, the fortunes
of war left the young Confede-ate,
Grier, a prisoner, seriously wounded,
in the hands of Simonton's regiment.
The gallant and kind-hearted
federal took compassion on the jouth,
for he was a mere lad in his teens, supc^Y?nrif>o1
when able to be moved Simonton gave
him money, every dollar he possessed,
to aid the boy in reaching his southern
home, there to die in the arms of his
family, as Simonton believed, and has
often related the affectinsr story. For
more than twenty years Grier tried in
vain to learn the address of the northern
officer, and was finally rewarded
for his search in reading his name in
a Pittsburg nevr-uaper. Simonton was
invited to Due West, where the whole
town turned o?^ te do honor. The
Greenville Advance Argus gave full
details of this affair when it occurred
some twelve or thirteen rears ago."
How it Was PaidEvery
editor has received them, says
the Tampa Tribune. The postmaster
sends them to the editor. The postmaster
is not to blame. For instance
there was a man by the name of?well,
say Tim Spritgins, who s mt us three
tn ctnn hi<5 naner. he didn t
want it no longer. We wondered what
was the matter. Upon examintng
the subscription book we found Tim
short $10. He never had paid a cent
ann yet he stopped his paper as a matter
of economy?to us. He didn't
want us to lose any more by him. A
few days afterward Spriggins was at
church aud his melodious tenor rang'
out clear and loud in the old stirring
song, "Jesus Paid it All." He might
have been mistaken, but his earnestness
impressed us. So the next day xe
sent him a receipt in full aud begged
his pardcu for not knowing that he had
make an assignment of his liabilities to
In Which the English and Boers
WHAT THE WAR IS ABOUT
England Is Clearly In the Wrong,
and Should Admit It by
Several days ago we reviewed the historic
relatioas of the English and the
Dutch in South Africa, showing how
lODg and persistently ttie Jtsoers naa
cherished the ideal of independence,
what sacrifices of home and property
they had made to get out of the way of
Great Britain and how they had been
puisuftd by the claims of alien author
icy. A nearer view of the case, covering
the immediate issues-which have
resulted in war, is furnished by the
Xew Yoik World, and to promote an
understanding of the involved and
much-obscured question of British
ri<rlits in the Transvaal we here repro
duce it. The World's chronology is as
1S52?A treaty known a3 the Sand
River convention was signed by Great
Britain and the TraH3yaal Boers in
which the absolute independence of the
Transvaal Beers was recognized.
1ST"?DuriDg the general war between
the whites and the blacks Great
Britain broke the Sand Hirer convention
and annexed the Transvaal.
1880-1?The Transvaal Boers revolted,
raised the standstrd of the republic
and defeated the British in several
1SS1?Great Britain signed a treaty
known as the Pretoria convention, in
which self-government was granted to
the Boers, Great Britain remaining the
1834?A new treaty, known as the
convention of London. In this there
vcas no mention of suzerainty; the
Transvaal republic was granted complete
freedom, in fact bccame, ns Mr.
Chamberlain said in one of his dispatches
last summer, "a foreign state."
Lord Derby, who negotiated the convention
of 1SS4 fv-r the British, thus
described (on Feb. 14, 1884) the powers
retained by Great Britain:
"By the omission of those articles of
the convention of Pretoria which assigned
to her majesty and to the British
resident certain specific powers and
functions connected with the internal
government and the foreign relations
of the Transvaal state, your govern-,
ment will be left free to govern the
country without interference, and to
conduct its diplomatic intercourse and
shape its foreign policy, subject only to
the requirement that any treaty with
any foreign state shall not have effect
without the approval of the }ueen."
1S86?Gold discovered in the Transvaal's
18S7?Total output of gold from the
Rand (Witwatersrand) mine? 43,155
1888?Output of gold increases to
218,121 ounces. Great excitement in
England. Foreigners, chiefly British
pouring into the Rand district and
buildiDg up Johannesburg at rate of
1,000 a week. Discoveries of gold in
other parts of the Transvaal.
1S89?The British South African
company organized by Ctcil Rhodes
and several eminent Englishmen, including'
the Prince of Wales' son-inlaw,
the Duke of Fife. The produc- ;
tion of gold in the Rand rises to 381,557
1890?The production ot gold rises
to 491.317 ounccs. ;
1891?By the invention of a new
process the production of gold is increased
to 729,23S ounces.
Scientists Sod that the Rand, instead
of being exhausted within a few'years
as was thought, will produce gold in increasing
quantities for at least 75 years.'
1892?The Outlanders, who have
hitherto cared nothing about the franchise,
began to agitate. At Johannesburg
denunciations of the Boers are
open and plans for subverting the republic
aDd bringing about annexation
to Great Britain are openly discussed.
1S92?The Beers, who in 1881 had
be<;n admitting any one to the franchise
on two years' residence, now raise the
time to fourteen years.
1592?The production of gold rises
to 1,210.S62 ounces.
1593?The productien of gold is
1,47S 473 ounces or double what it was
1594?Gold production, 2,024,164
ounces ($60,000,000). The agitation
against the republic at Johannesbi rg
increases, and is aggravated by the increasing
Boer hatred of the British.
The J5ntlS& ?)JUIH .ajrica cuuup*u^
(Cecil Rhodes) suspected with good
reason of plotting the overthrow of the
1895-96?The Jameson raid. Dr.
Jameson and his followers (British
arajy officers and servants of the British
South Africa company) captured
and delivered over to British authorities
for trial. They receive an ovation
in London and are 1st off with nominal
1S96?>Ir. Chamberlain, speaking for
the goverjment, wnich is trying to efface
the impression made in South Af
rica aDd throughout the civilized world
by the Jameson raid, says in the house
of commons on May 8:
"To go to war with President Kruger
to enforce upon him reforms in the internal
affairs of his state, in which
secretaries of state, standing in their
places, have repudiated all right of interference?that
would be a course of
action which would be immoral."
1897?The rroductiod of gold in the
Rand is 2.511,544 ounces, making it the
t ichest gold field in the world, and
making the Transvaal the greatest goldproduciog
country in the world.
America aloue-excepted. The capitalization
of Rind mines, owned chiefly in
~ j ~c <>'3 nnn nnn
trreat Jtsruain, is ujmaiu ux
I 1S9S?Mr. Chamberlain begins to
j di?cuss the grievances of the OutlandI
ers with President Kruger. The Boers
j asked that ail differences between the
two governments be snbmitted to impartial
arbitration. Mr. OhamberlaiD
( refused on October IS, 1S9S, raising
I the claim of suzerainty and saying that
the convention was not like a treaty
between two independent states, but
was an agreement whereby the queen
as sovereign granted certain rights of
self-government to the Transvaal, while
retaining her suzerainty.
This enveloped the British government
in an atmosphere of suspicion and
:s largely responsible for all the difficulties
.scaring me present tsuuimei iuc
Boers actually granted all of England's
original contentions. They have passed
a law reducing the term of residence
for naturalizations to seven years. The
hitch in the negotiations has been partly
the question of suzerainty, partly the
British determination to have a joint
British-Boer inquiry into the workings
of the franchise, partly the British refusal
to submit the other disagreement
to impartial arbitration.
The rupture came about in this manner:
On August 21 the Boers, having been
assured by the British agent at Pretoria,
Mr. Greene, and by Sir Alfred Mil
ner that the proposals they submitted
1 i M rrr.trr f Vl A 11 Q t" H Q
v> UU1U xu liU na* aucvu tuv s>v?vwv*^ v*
their case and would in all probability
be accepted, sent the following proposals:
That they would reduce the residence
for enfranchisement to fi?e years and
institute all the electoral and representation
reforms asked by Britain on
condition (1) that Great Britain should
promise to not interfere again in the
internal affairs of the republic; (2) th?t
nothing more should be said about
"suzerainty;" (3) that all matters in
dispute should be submitted to arbitration.
That is the Boers were willing to
run the risk of being reduced to a
.i..: ui: i
minority 10 uieiruwu icpuum; p;uviucu
that the integrity ' of the republic
should be thus guaranteed.
Mr. Chambelain rejected these proposals
and put forward fresh propos
als, making larger demands than ever.
The Transvaal government then withdrew
its proposals and asked that
Great Britain drop its fresh proposals
and go back to the original proposals.
The Transvaal government professed
itseli ready to accept tnose proposals.
Uq Sept. 22 Mr. Chamberlain sent
this reply, breaking off negotiations
and foreshadowiDg an ultimatum:
"The imperial government are now
compelled to consider the situation
afresh and formulate proposals for a
final settlement of the issues which
have been created in South Africa by
the policy constantly followed for
many years by the government of the
South African Republic (the Transvaal)
"They will communicate the result of
their deliberations in a later dispatch."
The Boers had been stunned by the
British rejection of their proposals of
Aug. 21.?Mr. Greene had told them
that those proposals would probably be
accepted. He recommended them to
Sir Alfred Milner in an official note for
acceptance by the British government.
Daring the latter part of August and
throughout September Great Britain
pressed preparations for war in South
Africa. After Mr. Chamberlain sent
his ultimatum, or rather foreshadowing
of an ultimatum, on Sept. 22. these
preparations were pushed with vigor,
and Mr. Chamberlain and other members
of the government made war
The Boers decided that the last hope
of peace was gone. They waited for
Mr. Chamberlain's promised ultimatum
until Oct. 9. Ihen they sent him an
ultimatum demanding an agreement to
impartial arbitration and the ces?ation
of the campaign of military investment
of the Transvaal.
Mr. Chamberlain's ultimatum, embodying
the final proposals of the British
fjovernment which the Transvaal
must acceptor go to war, was going
over the wires to South Africa while
the Boer ultimatum was on its way to
London. It has never been published
There is up -to the preseot time no
trustwortny miormation as to its contents.
Such ia the story. It needs no argu
ment to show that Eogland was and is
the real aggressor and that the Boer
states are but contending for their
clear and acknowledged rights.
Served Him EightOne
afternoon last week several
young Negroes at Boston, Ga., hired a
hack and while taking in the town in
great style, passing one of the most
highly respected young ladies in the
street alone, one of Jhe party invited
her to get in the hack with them. She
did not know one of the Negroes, but
an investigation proved one to be Jack
Davis, a hail-grown i>egro Doy. a
marked party of unknown men went to
Davis: house about midnight, presumably
to impress upon him that such invitations
addressed to white ladies were
no; agreeable. Upon their entry to hif
home he ran, and a shower of buKets
followed. One shot took effect strik.
ing a rib and glanced and stopped under
the skin near the pit of his stem- j
ach. Dr. Daniels was called and the
A Mysterious Drowning.
Miss Kate S. Gause, a highly esteemed
lady of Wilmington, X. C., was
drowned Wednesday aiternoon at u
o'clock at Greenfield mill pond, one and
a half miles frem the city. Miss Gause,
with a party of children, had gone for
an afternoon stroll to the country, and
at the time of the terrible accident was
some distance behind the children, sne
having retraced her steps to a spot near
the bank, where she said she had left
her purse. Just how the accident occurred
will never be known, as tne
children soon after her departure heard
a splash in the water, which is at this
point about fifteen feet deep, and were
startled to find Miss Gause struggling
between life and death in the water.
She was 31 years of age.
A Family Relic.
Mr. K. F. Peek of Orleans, Ind.,
writes The State that he has in his pos
' k.1/\m/vo fn tllft
session an neinuum mm. uciuugs ?.v
heirs of Thomas Pinckney Alston which
has been found in Orleans. He says it
is a small writing desk presented to
Thomas PiBckney Alston by his father,
Feb. 28, 1S57. Mr. Peek is anxious to
return the desk to its rightful owner.
He states that it was found somewhere
in South Carolina by a Union soldier
during Sherman's raid where a house
had been burned. The soldier could
not tell in what part of the State it was.
Mr. Peek was a member of Gregg's regiment;
afterwards he was in the McBeth
artillery. He asks that any one able
to give the information he desires write
to him at Orleans.
One Brother Shoots and Kills Another
ONCE BUSINESS PARTNERS.
Deceased Met His Brother at Calhoun
Hotel By Appointment.
A Family Affair Was
Cause cf Trouble.
Charles!oa lias had another mysterious
murder, in which one brother
snoots to death another brother. N. T.
Pittman, a well to do and prominent
merchant at Gwurdia's on the Northeastern
Raiiroad, about fifty miles above
Charleston, was shot to death WednesJ
_ P r 1 1 A T
aay anernooa^ uy ma oruwucr, a. oPittman.
The killing occurred about 1
o'clock, in the reading room of the hotel
Calhoun, which is in the rear of the
office. The trouble that led up to the
tragedy is not fully known, but from
what was learned shortly after the killing
it is supposed that either money
matters or an unpleasant family affair
wa?? the cause t iat I<&?o the -shooting.
There was j o eyl^tfitaesses to the
shootinp, and.^j ist what took place in
the reading rotoi between the dead man
and his brother cannot be stated. They
I . ,_i_ a -
were ice oniy uouupams ui tuc iwuuj
aDd had been for some little time, having
gone there, presumable, to discuss
business matters. The curtains of the
reading room, which shut out the view
fr>m the office, vrere partly drawn,
th >ugh the two men could be seen, silting
down in chairs, talking together
but their presence in the room attract1
- -x ^ 1_Z 1. _ i. J ?
eu no attention wcaievcj, auu mcu tuu
versaiion was held in an ordinary conversational
tone and did not fortell of
the tragedy that look place.
Suddenly the attention of Mr. G-uy
A. Stoner, the manager of the hotel,
was attracted by the report of a pistol,
| followed in quick succession by four
more shots, all of which came from the
writing room. Manager Stoner turned
Pittman over to Police Officer Luby,
who sent him to the station nonse. ;ur.
Pittman did not appear to be much excited,
but for a man who had just killed
his brother, was remarkably cool and
collected. The only statement that he
would make was that he did not care to
know the result; that he did it in selfdefense.
The pistol with which he fired the fatal
shots was a new Smith & Wesson,
32-calibre. All the shells in the weapon
had been discharged. Coroner Rivers
and Deputy Coroner Waring were notified
and tbey took charge of the body
at once. The dead man was found sitting
in a chair, having been removed by
some one from the floor, where he fell
after being shot. A hasty examination
was made of his body, and it was found
that he had been shot in the back, near
the right side, and under his arm. It
is supposed that when he received the
first ball he threw up his arms to protect
On his person was found a heavy
gold watch, a telegram from A. J. Pittman
to X. P. Pittman, sent from Summerville
yesterday, saying that he
would meet him today at the Ualhoua
hotel between 9 and 10 o'clock, general
letters, a large sum of money and an
unsigned note for $1,000, payable to
himself. These the coroner took charge
of. The inquest will be held tomorrow
and it is expected that there will be
I some important developments.
The deceased arrived in the city last
night from Gourdin's accompanied by
Mr. J. C Graham. They slept togeth
er last night and were together early
this morning. Mr. Graham stated this
morning that he knew about the trou 1
- - - - J l a.
Die>tna.i exisieu ueoweeu iuc uc^cucu
and his brother, but had no idea it
would terminate fatally or he would not
have left them together. He said it
I was a family affair, but refused to state
what it was. saying that it was told to
him in coafidence. The dead man was
6U jears old and well-known in CharHe
is a man of wealth. He
leaves a wife and ten children. Mr. A.
J. Pitcmaa, who did the killing, is
about 50 years of age. At one time be
was engaged in the ejttou business on
Vendue Ran^e. He now lives in Summerville.
The family of Mr. X. T.
Pittman have been notified of his
No weapon was found on the dead
man. On one of the writing tables was
found a small, pearl handled knife.
There was do evidc:.cj of a struggle
[ haviDg taken place. The ink stands
were in place, aiid the chairs and tables
*ere undisturbed, v bich would not
have been had there bjen d scrimmage
Up to a few years ago JS. J. Pittman
and A. J. Pittman were engaged in the
cotton and naval stores business under
the name of Pittman Bros. About four
years ago they failed, which left Mr. A.
J. Pittman in straightened circumstances.
Mr. N. T. Pittman. having
considerable means, it is said, helped
kJo Vvr/it-lior in -mnnptr mattftrs consider
| UIJL^ k/iV/i.uvi AM ^v4.V(/ ?.....
ably. It is understood that bad blood
existed a long t;me between the two
brothers over financial matters. It is
not known who Mr. Pittmau will retain
as counccl to defend him.?The State.
Worthy of SolomanPresident
Kruger is not a man exactly
after our ideal pattern, but there
is no denying that he has lots of sense.
The following anecdote shows his
shrewdness and was originally told by
the Cape Times: '"It is related that two
brothers who had inherited a large
farm couidn'l divide ic between themselves.
They went to the president for
nnr Via them that the
<VU V loo4 ouu v*vk T luvw ?
older one make the division and the
younger one the selection.The Philadelphia
Record remarks that this judgment
is worthv of Solomon.
They Need Help.
As goes Baltimore so goes the State
of Maryland is a rule that history has
made in that State. Just now Governor
Lowndes and his frends are exceedingly
fearful that the 6,000 or 7,000 independent
voters in Baltimore are going
to vole the Democratic instead of
the Republican ticket in the election
this fall, and their perturbation is not
slight, for it is believed beyond questioa
that this will give the State to the
Democrats No wonder the Republican
managers wanted President McKinley
to me over and start the political
ball to rolling,
WANTED TO SELL OTJX.
Ten Former Spanish Soldiers Offer
Betray the Filipinos.
A dispatch from Manila sajs ten former
Spanish soldiers who were captured
by the Filipinos, and for a time acted
as officers and members of a Filipino
artillery regiment locatcu in the vicinity
of Santa Rosa, in the Laguna de Bay
district determined to surrender the
artillery to the Americans. The plot
was discovered by the Filipinos who
kiiled seven of the conspirators, the
other three makiog their escape to
Manila. It appears that when the surrender
was dstermined upon the Spani
arda deletrated one of their number to
proceed to Manila and to propose to
Gcq. Otis to surrender, afr^r a prearranged
mo-k battle, about 12 pieces including
Krupp-Xordenfeldt rapid fire
zui-s, well supplied with ammunition
from Lipa powder factory, in exchange
for ccrtaiu sums to be paid the Spaniards,
who were to be pardoned for carrying
arms against the Americans and
to be tran?pDrted to Spaia. The delegate
left Santa Rosa accompanied by
three Filipinos, entered the American
lines at Calamba. The Filipinos did
not proceed far, deciding to await his
return at a given time. As the delegate
was detained in Manila longer than
they had expected they grew suspicious
and returned to Santa Rosa. The plot
was then revealed and the remainiD?
Spaniards were attacked. The gunboat,
Napidan, coasting near Santa Rosa,
perceived two men on the beach hurriedly
embarking in a canoe and pushing
out toward them, she took them
on board and they reported that the
Filipinos on discovering the plot to
surrender the artillery had cut the
thrnats nf sr>rp.n nf thr.ir Soanish com
panions and that they themselves had
barely escaped with their lives. The
three Spaniards are now hiding in
Manila, fearing Filipino vengeance.
Gen. Otis had declined their offer
through the delegate, to surrender the
artillery for money, but he promises to
send the three to Spain.
3RYAN'S GOOD WORK.
He is Turning the Tide of the Blue
Whatever may have been the previous
opinion as to the wisdom of Bryan's
visit to Kentucky, no doubt can now
remain that his council to Democrats to
support Goebel has materially aided
the latter's fight. Even at Mount
Sterling some 8,COO or 10,000 people
stocd in the rain on the court house
green, many of them having driven
scores of miles over the mountains, in
every instance where Bryan has made
a speech the cHmax has come when he
boldly espoused Goebel's cause and advised
all Democrats to vote for him.
This has been the one thing which the
people have evidently desired to hear,
and the Democratic managers say that
reports from localities where he has
spoken show conclusively'that his influence
has brought hundreds of bolting
Democrats into line. The newspaper
ixi. i..i ,.?:J
orgaaa 01 sue latlCi UYiUCllL.i.y ajiyicwate
the fact, for both the Louisville
D spatch and the Lexington Herald attack
him in their editorial solucics.
Tqis is adding, of course, to the bitterness
of this remarkable struggle, but
Democratic leaders say that it will only
drive the followers of Bryan into Goebel's
Killed From Ambush.
At the closing of a concert at Riser's
Chapel, in Banberg County, one-quarter
of a mile above the Colleton County
lin<% a fuss was started, and on their
way :;ome, near the county line, a few
pisiul shot were fired by John Moore
and* Gerhard Brown, Bob Roberson
using his stick on Gerhard Brown John
Moore ran off across the field in the
direction of his father's house, got a
' J U-. rt avaaV
gun auu seureieu. uijjubch iu iuc
at Folk's Mill. Bob Koberson and his
wife, Eveline, came along the road
with the Brown crowd quarreling, and
when they reached the creek a gun was
shot from ambush, killing Calhoun
Moore and severely wounding Mose
Walker. This occurred about 2 o'clock
Sunday morning. A jury of inquest
was held by Trial Justiec Henry Cummings.
The jury of inquest agreed
that Calhoun Moore caaie to his death
by gunshot wounds inflicted by John
Moore, and that Bob Boberson and his
wife Eveline were accessories to the
mnr^or At. a nnst-mortem made bv
Drs. Ackerman and Folk it was found
that one shot had penetrated the heart
Thess two Moores are no kin, but ic is
believed that John Moore missed his
man. Gerhard Brown, who had alreidy
passed that place.
The Golden Key to Happiness.
The woman -who knows how to keep
silence has in her possession "the golden
key that unlocks one of the doors to
secret happiness." It is hard sometimes
not to speak. You know how it
is. You are with a dear friend whose
affection and loyalty you do not doubt,
ind in one of the unguarded moments
you are led to the extreme of confidence,
telling some thonght, some hope, some
belief or aspiratioa which before has
- - i 11
been hiden in your soul, searceiy wnis
perfd to yourself, yet as vivid and real
to you as though it were sentient with
the life of its own fulfillment. Your
friends does not comprehend, treats it
lightly, and goes away onto some topic
far removed. You have an instant
sense of betrayal, and a sort of resentment
toward the friend whom for the
moment- you think has failed you. It
is you who are to blame for (xpecting
more of your friend than she was capable
A Swam of Wasps.
A Swarm of wasps suddenly appeared
aboard the train for New York from
New Haven the other day, and at Stamford
it was found necessary to detach
two cars that were fairly alive with the
insects and substitute new ones. The
passengers were driven from one coach
to another, until finally everybody who
could crowd in was aboard the smoker.
All the passengers got off the train as
rapidly as they knew how when it came
to a standstill. One of the passengers
said thore seemed to be thousands of
wasps in the train, and that several
persons had been stunjr.
A wise man is one who is wise enough
to answer the questions a fool can ask.
BTJSNED AT THE STAKE.
? For a Crime Unparalleled,' for Its
A special from CantoD, Miss., sajs:
The little town of Saint Anne, 20
milesjjaat of Canton, in Leake county,
1 was Thursday night the scene of a
tragedy?a sequel to the burning of the
Gambrel fami., T the night before. Joe
Leflore, a Negro, who was captured by
a posse, confessed that he, in company
with other Negroes, had tied Mrs. Gambrel
and her four children to the floor
of the house, saturated the surroundings
with kerosene aod burned the people
alive. The Negro, after a confession
of the crime, was promptly roped to a
stake and burned to a crisp while the
citizens looked on in silence.
Another Negro, Bob Smith, was
saved in the nick of time, as there was
doubt as to his guilt. The Gambrel
tragedy occurred Thursday morning,
and it was first thought that the fire
was the r? suit of an accident. A casual
investigation revealed circumstances
so suspicious that a more searching in-*
veftigation was made, and it was soon
established beyond doubt that the family
had been murdered and the house
fired. Posses were immediately formed
to scour the country and followed every
passible clue. Before the posses
left St. Anne it was discovered that Joe
Leflore, a Negro, who lived in the
neighborhood and who had heretofore
borne a good reputation had disappear
ed. Early last evening Leflore was
captured several miles from the scene
of the murder. At first the murderer
denied any knowledge of the crime, but
finally broke down and confessed that
he and Bob and Andrew Smith, two
ULUUi HC^lUCOj ncic ?U.AXVjr. O-LW Juv^/vu
for no mercy and told with a brutal
frankness all the details of the crime.
In the yard where the Gambrel residence
had stood Leflore was tied to a
stake and burned alive. No one sent
a merciful bullet into his body to kill
him. Andrew Smith escaped from the
mob while Leflore was being burned
and has not been captured. Bob Smith
was tied to another stake and a fire
started, though he was finally leleased
as there was a possibility of his proving
Andrew Smith will be recaptured,
and if it is proven that he and his
brother Bob are guilty, it is thought
na power can save them from a similar
fate meted out to Leflore. The sheriff
of Leake county went to the scene of
the tragedy Friday afternoon and t-ook
the Negro Robert Smith and three
Negro women who were implicated by
Leflore and started to Carthage, the
county seat. It is not thought the
sheriff will reach Carthage with his prisoners,
as there are about 500 men gath
ered about the scene of the. crime, and
they seem determined to let no guilty
one escape their vengeance. Telephone
communication is very limited, the
nearest connection beiDg St. Anne's,
about four miles distant from the Gambrel
GOT BIT AND SQUEALED.
A Green Greenwood Man Got Among
State says the entire Wallace show outfit
was under arrest for several hours
in that city Thursday night, and at one
time it looked as if the show would remain
there indefinitely. At the afternoon
performance several gambling
games were in full blast under the canvass
and S. H. Home, a well-to-do far
, < .v ?
mer, went up against une or tne games
and came out loser td the 'amount of
$600. Mr. Home reported his loss to
the police and also employed Mr. F. B.
G-rier to look after the case.
Mr. Horne, acting under the advice
of his attorney, swore out warrants before
Magistrate Austin against men
Darned Hices, Smith and others connected
with the show, charging them
with conspiring to defraud him oat of
but; sum rncunuucu. urnuu n<? ?nw i
ied and lodged in jail, and the word
'"others" used in the warrant was construed
so as to include the drivers of the
wagons. As they drove up to the cart
to load the circus paraphernalia thej
were placed under arrest and carried to
the court house, and the court room
was being rapidly filled. The work ol
loading the cars was summarily stop
Finally one of the managers of the
circus saw Home and the case was settled
by the circus paying Home the
amount he claimed to have lost. $600.
The men under arrest were thereupon
released and the work of loading the
cars was resumed about 10 o'clock. A
number of other parties were fleeced by
the fakers connected with the show, bnt
the amounts were smaller than Home's
and no other case was mode out.
Must be Stamped..
The attention of the internal revenue
bureau having been called to the method
adopted by transfer companies in the
various cities of giving at a residence
or hotel a receipt for a trunk which
calls for the delivery of such trunk at
some hotel or house in another city, it
is held that such receipts or bills of
iading are clearly liable to the stamp
tax under schedule of the act of June
13, 1898. Internal revenue officers
therefore are directed to investigate
transfer companies in their 'respective
, districts with a view of determining
whether they are issuing such receipts,
and if so whether they are fully complying
with the law regarding the
stamping or sucn receipts.
Lieutenant Victor Blue, of the United
States Battleship Massachusetts,
was married in New York last Tuesday
evening to Miss Ellen Foote Stewart.
Lieutenant Blue is a native of South
Carolina, from which state ne went to
Annapolis. He is the officer who made
a tour around Santiago and discovered
ta a poriaintv that (Wvera's fleet was
in ths harbor. Lieutenant and Mrs.
Blue will spend their honeymoon in the
south with relatives.
A school tirl in Wabash, Ind., is suffering
from paralysis of the muscles of
the mouth, caused by too persistently
chewing gum. As a result the left
side of the mouth is drawing up toward
the ear, and whether the affiction will
yield to treatment, aided by refraining
from the peroiciou3 practice, is still
OUR STATE FAIR.
Assurances of a Great Gathering
of the People.
Officers of the Society Confi
dent of .Success. Action of
the Business Men of the
CoLUiTBiA, Oct. 21.?Special: The
management of the State Agricultural
and Slechanical Society have issued'
the following announcement:
"The Thirty-first Annual State Fair
of South Carolina, to be heldm Columbia
November 6-10, 1899, promises to
equal any in the past, and superior in
The annual fairs are occasions for the
assembling of the people from iall sections
of the State to view with each
other the progrtss in Agriculture, the
Exhibit of fine stock, machinery in
operation, poultry ot a high grade, the
household and the needle and fancy
departments and the art by our fair
women will prove an interesting featuie.
The exhibit by Clemson College, the
Farmers' College, will show what is
being accomplished by the students of
that institution under an able faculty.
The racing promises to be very good.
The railroad lates for exhibitors will
be on a par with former charges. The
rates of passage for visitors commencing
on Thursday, November 2nd, for
stockmen and officials will be one full
fare for the round trip except for4Tuesday
7th, Wednesday 8th and Thursday
9th when tickets will be sold at one
cent per mile traveled, plus ten per
cent., with coupons attached on [ all
tickets sold, of fifty cents for admission
to the fair grounds.
The citizens of Columbia will arrange
for quarters for visitors to the fair at
minimum rates, and a1 so provide for
attractions each night during the fair.
The State Bill, with a great number, is
an attractive feature."
The efforts of the management are
being seconded by the press of the
State, and all signs now point to a
large attendance upon a most successful
and attractive fair. The latest announcement
is that the cadets of
Clemson College will attend in a body,
a fact that will but add new induce- .
ments to the people to come here in
TKA rtifirrAno A?A
J.UC UlUiX(^U0 Vi WiUlAUia Aiv UViUg
their part. The local s.ssociAtion has
already arranged for attractions that
must greatly increase the pleasure ef
the thousands who are expected to attend.
Various amusements of a high
order will be given on the streets and
State house grounds, fret to everybody.
The Fifth Artillery Band, stationed at
Fort Moultrie, will play on. the fair
grounds during exhibition hours and
e\cry evening will give a free concert
at some designated place in the city.
Unless all signs fail, the fair of 1899
will be one of the finest in the entire
history of the Agricultural Society.
President Cunningham and Secretary
Hollowayhave been untiring in their
efforts to this end, and they are both
pnnfir^PTif, nf a hiV snp.nfiMS.
A White Man Hanged.
Avery Kale, a white man was hanged
at Newton, N. C., on last Thursday for
the murder of George Travis, also white
near Catawba last year. Kale was employed
in Alley's distillery and for some
cause was discharged and Travis given
the place. Kale went home, got a shot
gun and returning to the distillery shot
Travis in the head, while the latter was
at work. The shot tore away a large
s action of Travis' sknll. death resulting
instantly. Kale immediately left for
Marion, enlisted in Co. A, the Hornet's
Nest Riflemen of Charlotte, and was
arrested soon after reaching camp at
Jacksonville, brought back to Newton,
tried and convicted.
Mutiny and Murder. '
The brig Jaliana Sshlosser recently
arrived at San Cruz de Teneriffe, on
her way to Brazil, and reported that
daring the voyage the helmsman had
murdered the captain, ~the captain's
wife and the mate. The Brazilian con
sul asked assistance of the authorities
and the Spanish cruiser Infanta Isabel
sent several boats' crews to the brig.
They were fired upon by the brig's crew
and the marines replied, finally boarding
the ship. Eleven seaman then
J 1 J U~*. VNTT
jumpeu uveiuuiiiu uuu ncic uj
the cruiser's boats and are now imprisoned.
The helmsman committed suicide.
Another murdered man was
found on board.
Smiled and Drank Poison*
Wednesday night Mr. Charles Orr, a
merchant of Brewton, Ga., committed
suicide by taking strychnine". The fa
tal dose was taken at the supper table.
Orr telling his wife that it was medicine.
After taking the poison he lay
down upon the bed and began playing
with one )f his children. In a few .
minutes convulsions set in and Dr. S.
D. Bland was called. He worked hard
to save Orr, but to no avail. Orr acknowledged
that he took strychnine
with suicidal intent.
Should be Done.
A Raleigh, X. C., camp of Confederate
Veterans has initiated a movement
for the erection there of a monument
to the women of the Confederacy.
In suggesting that the monument be
I 1 j Cr. i 3 .
built, (jommanaani otronacn gam;
"We have bailt monuments to ourselves,
or helped the women of the Confedracy
to build them. But if anybody
deserves a monument, it is the women
of the State."
Killed With a Brush.
At Muncie, Ind., Mis3 G-oldie Cochran,
aged 14, struck a'burglar in her
room, a few days ago, with a silverbacked
hair brush, and the unknown man
will die as the result. The man was
detected carrying a valuable clock from
the residence, when the girl commanded
him to drop the time-piece. This he
did, and, closing the door, turned upon
her, when she threw the brush, striking
him in the temple. He fell to the
floor and has remaiend unconscious
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