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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, November 08, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-11-08/ed-1/seq-4/

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II I ,11 , m* r I ri?u nuri'T I.C1I1 II ?
GUARDIAN ANGELS.!
Rev. Dr.n aimage Says They keep
Watch Over Mortals.
NEXT TO;.GOD.!N POWER.
They ControlZthe Destinyilofj the
HumanS Race-'^ They Give^
Warning When Evil ApDroaches.
The brilliant being supposed by some
t-3 be imaginary are by Dr. Taloage in
his sermon shown to be real and to have
much to do with our everyday life.
The text is Judges xiii, 19, ''And the
angel did wondrously.
Fire built ron a rock. Mahoah and
his wife had there kindled the flames
for sacrifice in praise of God and in
honor of a guest whom they supposed
to be a man. But as the flame rose
higher and-higher their stranger guest
stepped into the flame and by one red
leap ascended into the skies. Then
they-knew that ?was Tan/angel of the
Lord. "The angei did wondrcusly."
Two hundred and forty-eight times
does the Bible refer-to the angels, yet I
never heard or read a sermon on acgelology.
The whole subject is relegated
the realms mythical, weird, spectral
and unknown. Such adjournment is
un-Scriptural and wicked. Of their
life, their character, their habits, their
actions, their velocities, tne imoic gives
us full length "portraits, and why this
prolonged and absolute silence concerning
them? Angelology is my
theme.
There are two nations of angels and
they are hostile to each other?the nation
of good angels and the nation of
bad angels. Of the former I chiefly
speak today. Their capitai, their
headquarters, their grand rendezvous,
is heaven, but their empire is the universe.
They are a distinct race of
creatures. No human being can ever
join their confraternity. The little
fthild who in the Sabbath school sings.
"I want to be an angel,' will never
have her wish gratified. 'They are superhuman,
but they are of different grades
and-ranks, not all on the same level or
the same height. They have their superiors
and inferiors ,and equals. I
propiSi no guessiag'on'! this subject,
but take the Bible for my own authoriry.
Plato, the philosopher,- guessed
and divided angels into supercelestial.
eelestial and subcelestial. Dionysius,
the Areopagite, guessed and divided
them into three classes; the supreme,
the middle and the last, -and ??ch of
these into three other classes, making
nine in all. Philo said -that angels
were related to God, as the rays to the
fun. Fulgentius said that they were
composed of body and spirit Clement
said that they were incorporeal. Augustine
said that they had been in danger
of falling, but now are beyond being
tempted. But the only authority
on.this subject that I respect says they
are divided into cherubim, seraphim,
thrones, denominations, principalities,
powers. Their commander in chief is
Michael. Daniel called him Michael.
St. John called him Michael. These
*? * il -LI ?
aupemai Demgs are more tnorougaay
organized than any army that ever
marchcd. They are swifter than any
cyclone that ever swept the sea. They
are more radiant than any morning that
ever came down the sky. They have
more to do with yonr destiny and mine
than any being in the universe except
God. May the Angel of the Xew Covenant,
who is the Lord Jesus, open our
eyes and touch our tongue and rouse
our soul while we speak of their deathlessness,
their intelligence, their numo+ror>ortf>
tlioir
ments.
Yes, deathless. ??-They had a cradle,
but will never have a grave. The Lord
remembers when they were born, but
no one shall ever see their eye extinguished
or their momentum slow up or
their existence terminate, The oldest
?f them has not a wrinkle or a decrepitude
or a hindrance, as young after
f.000 years-as at the close of their firat
hour. Christ said to the good in hear?n,
"Neither can they die any more,
for thev are eaual unto the angels."
Yes. deathless are these wcncTeifal
reatuxes of whom I speak. They will
ee world afcer world go out but there
shall^be do fadinp-of their/_own brilliance.
Yea, after the-*last world ha"
taken its last fl'.irV. tr.-v will be r<-?<"iv
for the widest circuit thivugi iwin-usity,
taking a quadrillion of aiii. * ia
?ne sweep as easy as a pigeon circl-s a
dovecot. They are never sick. They arc
?eve rexhausted. They need no sleep for
they are never tired. At God's command
ihey smote with death, in one
ni?ht. 185.000 of Sennacherib's host.
but no fatality caa smite them.
Awake, agile, mukipotent, deathless,
:mmortal!
There is only one thing that puts
them to their wits' end, and the Bible
says they have to study that. They
have been studying it all through the
ages, and yet I warrant they have not
fully grasped it ?the wonders of redemption.
These wonders are so high,
so deep, so grand, so stupendous, so
magnificent, that ^ver the intelligence
f angelhood is confounucd before it.
The apoitle says, "Which things the
angels desire to look into." That is a
subject that excites inquisitireness on
their part. That is a theme that
strains their faculties to the utmost.
That is higher than they can climb,
deeper than they can drive. They have
a desire for something too big for their
comprehension. ''Which thiDgs the
angels desire to look into."' But that
does not discredit their intelligence.
No one but God himself can fully un
uguiauu nu-ucio \ji igucui^iivu.
If all heaven should study it for 50
centuries, they would get no further
than the A B C of that inexhaustible
subject. But nearly all ether realms
of knowledge they have ransacked and
xplorea and compassed. No one but
God can tell them anything they do
met kn?w. They have read to the last
word of the line of the last page of the
last volume of investigation and ^hat
delights me most is that all their intelligence
is to be at our disposal, acd,
omiog into their presence, they will
tell us in five minutes more than we
loor-n Vmt inn roon nf oortlilTT anr.
using.
A. further characteristic of the seimmortals
is their Telocity. .This the
Bible puts sometimes under the figure
of winfcs, sometimes under the figure
f a flowing garment, sometimes under
.1 < 4 .1
tne ngure 01 nasea icet. ji.s tnese
superhumans are without bodies, these
expressions are of couise figurative and
mean swiftnerr. The Bible tells us
that Daniel Wt.? praying and Gabriel
flew from heaven and touched him before
he got up from his knees. How
far. then, did the aneel Gabriel have to
fly in those moments of Daniel's prayer?
Heaven is thought to be the center
of the univere.^ Our sun and its
planets only the rim of the wheel of
worlds. In a moment the acgel Gabriel
flew from that center to this peiiph- j
I ery. Jesis told Peter he could iastant- j
ly have 60.000 angels presently he call- !
{ cd for them. What foot of antelope or
J wing of albatross could equal that veI
loeity? Law of gravitation, which J
grips all things else, has no influence i
upon angelic momentum. Immensities [
before them open and shut like a fan. J
That they are here is no reason why j
they should not be a quintillion of miles ;
hence the next minute. Our bodies i
hinder us, but our minds can circle the !
j earth ia a minute. Angelic beings are
' bodiless and ^ave no limitation. God
{ may with his finger psint down to some
* ' x T
Torld in trouble on tne oucmost umns
of creation, and instantly an angelic
cohort is there to help it. or some celestial
may he standing sit the farthermost
outpost of iaipiensity, and God may say
''Come!'' and-instantly it in his bos^ni.
Abraham. Elijah, Hagar. Joshua, Gideon.
Manoah, Pauls St. John, could tell
of their unhindered locomotion. The
red feet of summer lightning are slor:
compared with their heg ras. This
double? up at:d compr^sics infinitudes
into infinitesimals. This puts all the
astronomical heavens into a space like
the balls of a child's rattle. This mingles
into one the here acd the there,
the now and the then, the beyond aud
the yonder.
Another remark I have to make con
cerning these illustrious immortals is
that they are multitudinous. Their
census has never been taken and no one
but God knows how many they are, but
all the Bible accounts supgest their
immense numbers?companies of them,
regiments of them, armies of them,
mountain tops haloed by them, skies
populous with them. John
speaks of angels and other being?
round the throne as ten thousaod times
ten thousand. Now, according to
my calculation, ten thousand times ten
thousand are 100,000.000. But these
are only the angels in one place. David
counted 20.000 of them rolling down
the sky in chariots. When God came
away from the riven rocks of Mouut
Sinai, the Bible says he had the com
panionship of 10.000 angels. I think
they are in every battle, in every exigency,
at every birth, at every pillow,
at every hour, at every moment, the
earth full of them, the heavens full of
them. They outnumber the human
race in this wori,2 Th y outnumber
ransomed spirits in giory. When
Abraham had his knife uplifted to slay
Isaac, it was an aDgel who arrested the
stroke, crying, "'Abraham, Abraham!"
It was a stairway of angels that Jacob
saw while pillowed in the wilderness.
We are told an angel led the hosts of
I Israelites out of Egyptian serfdom. It
I was an angel that showed Hagar the
fountain where she filled the bottle for
I -l- ~ l-J T+ rrnc oa onorrtl tViaf tnnk T.lV
tiiC idU. JL. u nao a.a vw*? ?
out of doomed Sodom. It was an angel
that shut up the mouth of the hungry
monsters when Daniel was thrown into
the caverns. It was an angel that fed
Elijah under the juniper tree. It was
an angel that announced to Mary the
approaching nativity. They were angels
that chanted when Christ was
born. It was an angel that strengthen
ed our Saviour in his agony. It was an
angel that encouraged Paul in the
Mediterranean shipwreck. It was an
angel that burst open the prison, gate
after gate, until Peter was liberated. It
was an ansrel that stirred the pool of
Siloam, where the sick was healed. It
was an angel that John saw flying
through the midst of heaven, and an angel
with foot planted on the sea, and
an angel that opened the book, and an
angel that sounded the trumpet, and an
angel that thrust in the sickle, and an
angel that poured out the vials, and an
angel standing in the sun. It will be
an angel with uplifted hand shearing
that time shall be no longer. In the
great final harvest of the world the reapers
are angels. Yea, the Lord shall be
. revealed from heaven with miihtv an
gels. Oh, the numbers and the might
and the glory of these supernals?fleets
of them, squadrons of them, host beyond
host, rack above rank, millions on
millions, and all on our side if we will
have them!
Men and women of all circumstances,
only partly a^i Teciated or not appreciated
at ?)', uever feel lonely again or
unregarded again! Angels all arourid;
angels to approve, angels to help, angels
to remember. Yea, while all the
good aagels are friends of the good,
there is one special angel your bodyguard.
This idea until this present
J ? e i T j i I
stuuy ox angeiujty j. auppuacu. iu wiaucifal,
but I find it clearly stated in tbe
Bible. When the diciples were prayl
iog for Peter's deliverance from prison
and he appeared at the door of the
prayer meeting they could not believe
it was Peter. They said, "It is an angel."
So these diciples, in special near-.
i ness to Christ, evidently believed that
every worthy soul has an angel. Jesus
said of his followers, "Their angels behold
the face of my Father." E'sewhere
it is said. "He shall give his angels
charge over thee, to keep thee in
thy ways." Angels shielded, angel
protected, angel guarded, aDgel canopied,
art thou! No wonder that
Charles Wesley hjiused these words:
Which of the petty kings of earth
Can ho;!st a guard like ours,
Eoeircjcu from our second birth
With all the heavenly powers?
Valerius and Rufiuus were put to
death for Christ's sake in the year 287,
and after tue day when their bodies
had been whipped and pounded into a
jelly, in the night in prison and before
the nest day when they were to be ex
ecuted, they both tcought they saw angels
standing with two glittering
crowns, sajicg: ''Be of good cheer, valiant
soldiers of Jesus Christ! A little
more of battle, and then these
crowns are yours." And I am glad to
know that before many of those who
have passed through great sufferings in
this Inc some aDgei oi b-od has held a
blazing coronet of eternal reward. Yea,
we are to have such a guardian
ar.gel to take us upward when our
work is d'>ne. You know, we are
told an angel conducted Lazarus to Abraham's
bosom. That shows that none
shall be so poor in djing he cannot afford-acgelic
escort. It would be a long
way to go alone, and up paths we have
never trod, and amid blazing worlds
swinging in unimaginable momentum,
out and on'through such distances and
across such infinitudes of space we
should shudderat the thought of going
alone.
But the angelic escort will come to
your languishing pillow or the place of
your fatal accident and-say: "Hail,
i immortal one! All is well. God hath
seat me to tike you hoine.,r And without
tremor or slightest sense -of peril
you will away and upward farther on and
farther on, until after awhile heaven
heaves in sight and the rumble of chariot
wheels and the'roll of mighty.harmonies
are heard in the distance, and
nearer you come, and nearer still, until
the brightness is like many morniogs suf
fused into one, and the gates>?lift,'and
vou are inside the amethystine walls
and on the banks of the jasper sea,
forever safe, forever free, forever -well,
forever rested, forever united, forever
w , , , r
happy; ^MotiJSrs, do not think your
little children co alone when they quit
this world. Oat of your arms into
4%T?TV.*- r\$ rtnl'nrtCO infft
a LI AX LU3) \J Ut Ui 31^ XX UUJJ iUWV 4AWM4 VUf
out of-rthe'cradle into a Saviour's bosom!
Not an instant will the darlings
be alone between the-'two kisses?the !
last kiss of earth and-the first kiss of j
heaven. '"Now, angels, do your work!''
cried an expiring Christian.
Yes a guardian angel for'each one-of
you. Put yourself now in accord with
him. When he suggests the right, follow
it. "When?he wams*youj against
the wrong, shun it. Sent forth from
~ it?- j. I
(jroct to Hc-Jp tyoujin mis great uatue
2gainst sin and death, accept his delivcrancc.
When tempted to a feeling of
loneliness and disheartenment, appropriate
the promise, 4iThe angel of the
Lord encarapeth around about them
that fear him and delivereth them."
Oh, I am so glad that the spaces between
here aod heaven are thronged
with these supernatural? taking tidings
home, bringing messages here, rolling
Kn/.L- from nm nath and eiv
iog us defense, for terrific are the forces
who dispute our way, and if the nation
of the good aDgels is on our side the
nation of bad angels is on the other.
Paul had it rigfct when he said, "We
wrestle not against flesh and blood, but
against principalities, against powers,
acainst the ruler3 of the darkness of
this world, against spiritual wickedness
in Lijtih places." In that awful fight
may God send us mighty angelic re
enforcement I.^We want all their wings
on our side, all theirswords on our side,
all their chariots on our side.
Thank God that those who are for us
are mightier than those who are against
as! And that thought makes me jubilant
as to the final triumph. Belgium,
you know, was the battleground of Englai.d
and'France. Yea, Belgium more
than once was the battleground of opposing
nations. It so happens that
this world is the Belgium or battleground
between the angelio nations,
good and bad. Michael,- the commander
in chief on one side; Lucifer, as
Byron calls him. orJMephistopheies, as
Goethe calls him, or satan, as the Bible
calls him. the commander in chief on
the othtr side. All pure angelhood under
the one leadership and all abandoned
aneelhood under the other leadership.
Many a skirmish have the two armies
had, but the great and deoisive battle
is yet to be fought.i^Either from our
earthJy homes or down from our supernal
residences may'we come in on the
right side, for on that side are God and
heaven and victory. Meanwhile tV
battle is being set in array, and ii
forces celestial?and demoniacal are c<;.
fronting each other. Hear the bo :u
of the-great cannonade already open
(Jherubim, gerapnim, tnrones, aomi a
tios3, principalities and powers tre
beginning io ride down their foes, and.
until the work is completed, ';Sun,
stand thou still upon Gibeon, and thou,
moon, in the valley of Ajalon!"
PROFITABLE FARMING.
Six Hundred Dollars from an Acre
of Land.
At a recent meeting of the Georgia
State Agricultural Society, Mr. F. J.
Merriam, who runs a hillside farm near
Atlanta, Ga., in the course of an inter
estiDg talk made the following statement:
"If a man will but stu3y his ground,
he will find it to be fully as entrancing
as the study of books. Through marriage
I became connected with a small
farm. "With my brother-in-law I broke
ground in 1893 to meet the market demands
in Atlanta. That jear I made
only $500, but the $115 which I received
from 250 hills of cucumbors convinced
me that I was oa the right track The
next year my sales wet up to $1,"
934 29. i got 50UU Irom one acre
which . had planted in potatoes. The
next year, 1895, I marketed $3,329
worth of vegetables. This year I found
lettuce to be the best seller, getting
$791.40 on that article. It was in 1896,
however, that I struck luck and gained
the final conviction that there is money
in the land when the farmer studies
his surroundings. In that year I sold
$5,068 worth of stuff, of which $764 60
came from lettuce, $583 from turnip
salad and $404 00 from beets, I
keep books strictly, and find that it
costs me exactly one-third of whit jl
raise to pay the necessary expejj?e, includin*
reoairi. In 1897 nrices were
lovr and the more ordinary vegetables
were in demand, but even under this
stringency I made $4,738.60. Of this,
$529.55 came from three acres planted
in tomatoes, $393.90 from beans and
$329.55 from turuips. In 1898 found
ihc market still depressed, but I made
that year $4,794.20, of which $732.90
came Irom turnip salad and $561 from
collards. This year, notwithstanding
the very bad season we bad in the spring
months, up to tne ist or August 1 nave
sold $4,138.55 worth, $600 of which
came from one acre planted in cabbage,
and I intend to pocket a round $10,000
this year cut of my little farm.
"Georgia soil under a system of deep
plowing and thorough tillage will produce
fine crops. Oar red clay subsoils
are rich in plant food. The Cr og;j
"Cropper" has been plowing fur >e&rs
down to what he called 'the hard', snd
this same hard subsoil has been absorbing
ail these years the plant food from
the thin layers of cultivated ground as
it was packed down by the heavy rains.
.:i A - J li. J _ Vn Ik. nP
uluu tuuav it 10 icau^ uy me
modern improved farming to yield up
its riches in crops that will astonish the
civilized world. "We have striking examples
of this in the farms scattere
here and there over the State, which apd
pear like oases in the desert of surround ing
barrenness. Farms where thrift isthe
order of the day, and the owner
looks personally after every detail, are
object lessons of what we rcay expect
when the community at large becomes
better educated in modern farm methods.
And the fact that these successful
men are still progressing, that their
crop! are growing larger, their land
? ? * . n. , , 1 _1
ricner ana tneir net prnt ac me ciose
of the year shows a corresponding incresase,
goes to prove that no limit can
be placed upon the productiveness of
our soil and the wealth and prosperity,
as an agricultural community, that we
may finally aspire to."
North Carolina Tragedy.
Particulars were received Wednesday
of a double murder near Lovelace,
Wilkes county, N. C. John Co.eman
shot and instantly killed his sisterin-law,
Mrs. Dora Chambers, ad
then placed the gun to his head
and fired, killing himself. Mrs.
Chambers had been living Ltar Cole
man, and the two were said to be
quite intimate. Coleman's wife died
suddenly last February, and there was
cc?1 i.;. \u
SUSpiClUU Ui 1UU1 pi*/. J.L13 oaiu luio.
chambers had threatened to tell what
she knew of the matter and this caused
Coleman to kill her and then himself.
Both leave several ohildre".
The supreme court of Illinois has
decided that shade trees onxfce street
in front of a house belong to the owner
of the house and that a tekphone comnanv
whiVh thft limbs of a tree
without permission wr.s iiable for damage.
1 ?? i ????a??asm
\ OUE teadjSIN.THE EAST.
i
|
| The Atlanta Constitution Endorses |
Senator! McLaurin.
The letter printed elsewhere, signed
by the leading cotton spinners of South
Carolina, is lemarkable in many respects.
The purpose of this appeal is to enlist
the co-operation of Senator McLaurin
and his associates in congress
iu |-'i viug cuc yptu uuui, ao it io
called in the Asiatic trade. Ia other
words, the South Carolina cotton manufacturers.
recogniziojr the fact t hat
they depend -upnrn the Pacific trade for
the sale of their product, are anxious
that we shouid occupy the position of
,;the most favored nation"' in reaching
the 800,000,000 cousumers in the orient.
Briore proceeding to a consideration
of the political features of this letter,
it will be well; to consider, as before
stated, the remarkable showing it makes.
Within thirty years, with no attraction
to offtr to capital save those furnished"
by nature, the state of South Carolina
has advanced from being one peculiaily
agricultural until now she ranks next to
Massachusetts ss a manufacturer of
cotton goods. It is claimed, with a
commendable degree of pride, that this
enterprising state is not only thelforemost
in the south in spindles, looms
and in the number of hands employed,
but also, in addition to standing next
to Massachusetts, that her own local
mills consume fully one third of the
cotton raised. The result thus achiev-(
ed points to the development, within a
few years, of such a condition that
South Carolina will not have a single
bale of raw cotton for export. . When
we cocsidcr'that-South (jaroiioa is only
a little in advance of har sister ?tate9
of the south, and that the time is coming
when local mills will take up the
cotton crop equally as well in every
other state, we can then appreciate the
great interest which is felt in the question
of finding foreign markets.
The markets which have made this
cotton de\elopment possible have been
f lund in the far cast. It is not long
since- that a freight train pulled out
from Spartanburg with $100,000 worth
of cotton fabrics bound for the markets
of China. It is not to be wondered at
that with our purchasers standing behind
reluctant ports of the Asiatic continent,
we should be greatly concerned
: :nout every political and military movej
:iunt which may affect that trade so
j vital not only to our manufacturing but
l i.- ? ? J?i
tu uur raw iuuuuul iuvbicsis. uuuci
the conditions which have heretofore
prevailed, the United States have been
able to make the advances noted. With
Russia and German interests paramount
and seeking to bo exclusive, England
has been forced, by the presence of a
large fleet, to keep "open door" so that
her manufacturers might reach this desirable
market. It has been under this
"open door" policy and taking advantage
of the tolerance of England that
we have been enabled to accomplish
what we have.
The .manufacturers ot fcoutn uaronna,
after presenting^the importancG of
this market, and showing the urgency
for our control of the ports, plead for
the "open door" policy, forgetting, apparently,
that serviceable as .that policy
has been in the past, it hardly comes
up to the requirements of a civilized
nation which should be in a position to
insist as well as to claim. We cannot
expect that the cordial entente which
has heretofore existed between English
and American merchants may exist forever.
All are rr.als in tradi, and it
behooves each nation to be in a posiI
tion to spv.uk and act for . itself, independent
of the friendship or hostility
of any other nation. That treaties do
not protect is proven by the admission
of the cotton manufacturers themselves
when they state that although such
treaty rights exist, of equal opportunities
in Manchuria, as a matter of fact
the Russians have broken down the
a 11 ? J
V^UILLCSU U US LULUS Wft'l ilUU ttiU XUSUiUft
in their own goods free of a tariff which
other nations have to meet. What is
| true of .Russia is equally true of o.her
nations and it is only human nature to
say that it will continue.to be true on
behalf of each of them, 10 long as it ii
possible.
All thi* being true the declaration of
Senator JlcLaurin etates the issue with
singular clearness-when he says:
'"PHz* rsrA/l ncitc r\f tAcn millfl VintTA
-i. jj^vuuu^g vi tuvco . v
found remunerative markets io China
and other countries of the east, our
cotton goods being peculiarly adapted
for clothing the teeming millions of that
warm ciimate. Their trade is the hope
of this great manufacturing industry of
the scuth. If it is cut off by other nations,
not only tho manufacturer but
the producer of raw cotton vwi)l suffer.
The present advance in spot cnton
which our planters are enjoying is largely
due to the mills of the south. They
have forced the local market above
New York. With active competion in
local markets, Liverpool and New York
exchanges no longer fix the price of raw
cotton. Can the southern people afford
to sacrifice their commercial and industrial
iDter?3ts for mere political sentiments?
Tii*. ? ranching effect, therefore, of
a policy by wr.:chour government can
not only find a sale f vr Lour product
abroad, but bring to our faimers an increased
price for their agricultural products
can hardly be conceived. In its
magnificent scope it converts the government
from being a mere agency of
local control into a great ba>iue^a representative,
which is to look af-er the
interests of the people who depend upon
it, not only for protection and liberty
1 . 1 il
ai nome, out lor muse auvauiagca
abroad which always go to skill and
wealth and power. The question as to
how to advance these interests is always
one to be caref ally considered, but with
the result of such a policy, so plainly
told as in the ease of South Carolina,
where it Ins found a market for the
manufactured products of the state,
bidding fair to take up its entire raw
crop, is an object les3on which can
Deitherbe gainsaid or glossed over.
That which has been possible for South
Carolina is equally possible for any
-? t i _
otner state, ana sucn possiDuuiea are
not to be thrown away by a ponpl* who
are active aad energetic and who do not
propose to become mere drjms io the
hive of ir^n? ry. WLat are we to do?
That i- 'hr- q ?'s:ion. and disguise it
is as senator McLanrin cleariy
shows, it must still remain political
*nd employ political machinery
through which to operate. In suggesting
that there is a better way in sight
than a mere copartnership in treaty
ports, Senator McLaurin goes on to
sav:
The maintenance ofjour trade in the
east does not necessarily mean the
forcible annexation of the Philippines
or the denial of the right of local selfgovernment,
but when the war is ended
by treaty or otherwise, for congress to
settle all questions in a just and constitutional
way. I do not favor the adoption
by this country of a colonial policy,
on/^ + Tl f ATI 1 n Ct
UCUAUSC VI lug AUU.
problems growing out of it. but I <le |
&
/
1TVM????JCnT'lii ?Ml in I n . i
think thtt if possible the United States!
should maintain sufficient interest in j
tie isianas to oommaDCl equal trade
rights with other nations in China.
This will prevent for a long time the
dismembership of this vast empire.
England and Japan favor the integrity
of the empire, but they alone cannot
guarantee it against other European
powers.
As shown by the readiness with
which the rights of treaty ports are
eet aside by controlling nations, the
case of Manchuria is sufficient, and it
justifies the statement that '"these are
feeble safeguards," and leads to the
r.nnolnsion desnrihpd hr Senator Mr
L&urin, that "the United States, with
the control of the Philippines by treaty
or otherwise, will be in a position Dot
only to insist upon, but to assert its
equality of trade rights in the east.
Without this," says the senator, "all
she can do is to respectfully but firmly
protest against their violation by
other nations, but as in the past, is
not in a position to assert and maintain
them.'?
The Constitution has thus fully gone
into this aubjeet because of its engrossing
and absorbing importance to our
But a few weeks ago, before a convention
of Georgia farmers, Hon. D.
A. Tompkins declared that instead-of
grumbling about the price of raw cotton,
wa should go forward and double,
treble and even quintuple our receipt#
by sending the cotton abroad
ia its manufactured state Under sue*1
a condition of things, the speaker declared
that the south, instead of getting
$300,000,000 for her raw cotton and expending
it all for hog and hominy in the
west, would get nine hundred million,
twelve hundred million, aye, and even
fifteen hundred million instead, and
f f m t?m in rr r\Annlrtfi/Mi tTTAnl/^ V* a
tuuo uvi idiiuiug pvyuiaiiuu rrvuiu uu
kept busy raising supplies-to fsed this
grand army of consumers. Exaggerated
as the statement may seem to have
bean, it little occurred to those present
that already one of our southern states,
South Carolina, had almost reached
this identical point. When that cotton
state is on the verge of withdrawing
her entire raw cotton product from the
markets of the world in order to satisfy
the claims of her own mill men,
it will be seen that Mr. Tompkins indulged
in no fitful dream, but that ho
was seeking accomplished business results.
With sueh an interest, therefore, in
the markets of the orient, when provi
dence nas tnrown tjs into sucn active
relation, acknowledged by the whole
world, that we can hold the key to
the situation, how idle and futile it is
to hear southern men expressing their
hope that our troops, the agents and
the advance guard of this mighty development,
"should be driven into the
sea." The sentiment is not only unpatriotic,
and that would be bad
enough, but it is mischieveus in its
tendency to destroy the market which
has made South Carolina a manufacturing
state, and which has built up
the system under which mills on the
spot fix the price of cotton instead of
leaving it, as heretofore, to cotton gam
biers in New lork and Liverpool.
With, our raw produts at stake, for
which our farmers want high prices,
which can only be gained by a multiplication
of mills in the field, consuming
the entire product as it promises
to do in South Carolina, the question
of our foreign trade, whether it be
callcd political or not, stands first and
foremost, and such policies must be
adopted as will still further maintain
and develop the growth of ouf country.
All this talk about what, to do with the
Philippines becomes the verdict moonshine
in the face of the actual necessities
of the occasion. It is very well for
Massachnsett j. when she looks uoon
the growing importance of Sonth Carolina,
to declare herself against eastern
development, but it is the height of folly
for those who are to be so largely
benefited to fight against their own interests.
There is no desire to establish a military
despotism in the Philippines,
nor to deprive the people of these
islands of their right to govern themselves,
as soon as they can be legitiT7-"
- f ol TT
LLuV^lJ UWbVU iVi kJUVU C* V/VUUiViUU. Jk
under all eireumstanees, it is first our
duty to pres?rv? order and establish a
stable eoidition of things upon the
island. Then when the time comes
to recognize a local government, whether
it be one of complete impendence
or one of alliance, there is one thing
certain that we should insist upon?
that this government should be friendly
to the United States in all matters of
politics, trade and commerce, in preference
to any other nation upon the face
of the globe.
SCHOOLS Am) LiaTJOB PB0FIT5.
A Statement Showing the Status in the
Several Counties.
The flnmnfcroller r?n?Ti.l h*s received
M ? ? ~~#?
from all the counties aave Barnwell and
Spartanburg the statements of the
county superintendents of schools as to
the amount each eounty needs from
the dispensary profits to make up the
constitutional $3 per capita. Upon this
statement the money now held in the
treasury will be distributed. The total
amount thus far reported is $18,743.37.
It will be noted that nine of
the counties thus far reported need
nothing and cf theie there are the two
m which the largest cities in the State
are located. Horry county needs the
llrtn'a /\f fliA ?rtn^ TTic
liVU kj CUUAV V* WUV AVUV4I AAVi V ^ kUV
statement by counties:
Abbeville $ 213.01
Aiken 7.00
Anderson 00
Bamberg 302.60
Barnwell Not yet in.
Beaufort 00
Berkely 239.20
Charleston 00
Cherokee 146.15
Chester 151.11
Chesterfield 1,047.50
Clarendon 690.84
Colleton ' 1,267.00
Darlington 00
Dorchester 72.61
Fmfkld 0C
Kdgefield 262.70
Flnr^noe 178.78
Georgetown 00
Greenville 844 00
Greenwood 220.29
Hampton 1,702.00
Horry 3,663.00
Kershaw 817.30
Lancaster 1,224.00
Laurent 240.64
Lexington 1,321 80
Marion 249 75
Marlboro 47 90
Nevrberrj 66 25
Oconee 625.24
Orangeburg 85.75
Pickms.... 463.63
Saluda 919.10
Richland 00
Qr\orJ-?r>V.r?T<r Nnf; vpfc in.
. ? - ' V - J ~
3umter 00
Union 00
Williamslmrf 1,583.66
York 90.47
\ m
CSITED STATES JTJEOBS:
Names of Those Who "Were Drawn as j
Such.
The following are the names of the
persons drawn to serve as grand and petit
juries in the United State Court
which will convene in Columbia on December
12:
Grand ^Jurors?W W* Carter, Camden;
J C C-Brunson, Fiorencc; J F
Garner, Syracuse, Darlington; John
P Able, Leesvilie, Lexington; J Syd
ney Siuiih. Bay^Springs, Ciiesterfitld;
J S Derrick, Leesville, ,Lexington: J
0 Ful?i(.r\ Indiautown; John T Seig
nioi a, William Stork, Columbia; J C
McCall,-Marion; J N Moody, Mullks,
Marion; John B Riou; Wedgefield,
Sumter; William Iugiiss, Charleston;
Henry J Muilins, Marion; Charles E
Timmons, Magnolia, Sumter; William ]
P Congdcn, Georgetown; MM Hutson, j
Yemase?; W- W Ramsey, Wedgefield, ]
Sumter; J ~ Dargau, \DarliDgton; R B J
Gatlin, Una, Darlington; C R Howe,
Florence; A L Lesesne, Clover; Thomas 1
S Nipson, Summemlle.
Petit Jurors?James Riley, Beaufort;
J-G Morris, Lake City; James -H Alford,
Beaufort; ASHartzog, Barnwell;
W F Malone, Camden; E F (ruerry, St.
Stephen's, Berkeley; L R Gwin, Marion;
John-T Davis, Georgetown; J -A
Blackwell, Darlington; Jackson W
Brown, St Helena, Beaufort; GDRast,
Cameron, Orangeburg; W S Dix, Barnwell;
Daniel Ravenel, Gourdin's; W J
btewirt, JtJennettsville; rrank JLhomas.
Loxington; Paul Rogers, Mount Holly;
John K Barrett, Sumter; Wm^Eliiott, (
Yemassee; 0 K Levy, Charleston;
Lc-o McKay, Bennettuville; B W Rivers,
Beaufort; Charles M Mason, Fores ton,
Clarendon; E F Sweegan, Charleston;
J G Police, Summerville; Luther c
ioung, Yvalterboro; Jb iN Hagooa, t
Barnwell: W G Fricrson, Jordan, Clar- ?
endon; Dave Harris, Summerville:
John W Thomas, Bennettsville; J B <
Binnicker, Hampton; J W Lark, Co- c
lumbia; Q Crook, St George; W C <
Floyd, BeDnettsville; James R Wilson, ]
Barnwell; J Hey ward Howard, Graham- i
ville, Beaufort; James W Waring, Lex- t
ington; W & Boykin, Camden.
Our Taxable Property *
Although all the supplementary ab- 3
stracts of the returns of personal prop- 1
erty have not yet been received at the
comptroller general's- office, only a few
as to this particular class of property <
remaining outstanding, it is evident <
that there will be an increase un the 1
total taxable property of the State?
real, personal and railroad?of some- 1
thing over three and a half million dol <
lars as compared with last year. From 1
fcne reiuxus ui pci&uuai .prujjeity re
eeived to date, a handsome increase is ;
shown. This will be considerably increased
when the missing abstracts are 1
received. The figures for real ana railroad
property are oomplete. It is noteworthy
that, while there has been aD
increase,over last year in real property,
the figures show a decrease as compar
ed with those of 1897. The following
shows the valuation for the last four
years on each of thejhree^classes; oi
taxable property:
REAL.
189 6 $100,976,705
189 7 101,872 706
189 8 100,427,750
189 9 101,070.141
PERSONAL.
189 6 $45,838,607
1897 47.622,543
189 8 47,730.51(?
189 9 50.471,760
RAILROAD.
1896 $23,940,162
189 7 24,142.341
189 8 24.658 004
189 9 24 805,918
The above figures show the total tax
able property for 1898 to be $172,816,264,
as against $176,347,828 this 3ear
?an'increase of $3.531.564
A W1EQOW uresier i **? ?
"Funny thing happened to me when
I was working for Blankety Blank &
Co. in Chicago," said a New Orleans
window dresser. "I had a big window
cn Clark street that seemed as If it
was hoodooed. No matter what I put
there it appeared to be impossible to
attract any attention, and the manager,
who was keen as a hawk, began
to grumble because he never saw anyIKaPtt
l^vnUn ?r *n T nqefl to liT &W&ke
night* racking my brains for new
schemes, but It was no go. One day,
when I was feeling pretty blue, I told
our negro porter to clear everything
out preparatory to making a big display
of a special line of shirts.
"He was a fat, black, trifling fellow,
and I guess he must have been out at
a cakewalk the night before, for he fell
fast asleep in a chair in the middle of
the window. I -was on the point of
waking him up and giving him fits,
when I happened to notice how extremely
ludicrous he looked. His head
was on one side, his enormous mouth
htMa rnsen and his limbs relaxed in
the oddest postures Imaginable; in
short, he was a perfect picture of a
lazy rascal In happy slumher. That
gave me an idea. I didn't say a -word,
but grabbing a piece of pasteboard I
dashed off a sign: 'Dreaming of Our
Dollar Shirts,' and stood it quietly
against his knees.
"Then I gently rolled up the curtain
and awaited developments. "Well, the
hit that window made is the pet tradition
of the etore to this day. People
simply blockaded the sidewalk, and
you could hear them laughing a block
away. The funniest part about it was
that nobody supposed for a moment it
could possibly be the real thing. They
thought it was a clever piece of acting,
or else a wonderful wax figure. That
the coon was actually asleep never occurred
to any one, and I stood around
?vaorf in mv -month for fear
W1 til XI1J UVUiv A M ?.J
the noise would arouse him.
"It didn't, however, and he snored
away peacefully until nearly 4 o'clock.
Then he woke up with a start, and was
so surprised he came near jumping
through the plate glass. The spectators
howled, and that night the house
raised my salary. I tried to work the
same scheme afterward, but it was a
failure. The darky couldn't pretend
worth a cent"
Arc Attained lsy Birds.
W9 are often asked how long different
species of birds live, bnt there is ;
little definite information to be bad 1
on the subject. Recently- Mr. J. H.
Gurney bas brought together a number
of statements on this subject, and
discusses It at some length. Mr.
Dresser, in his "Birds of Europe," gives
an Instance of a raven having lived 69 '
years. Mr. Meade-"Waldo has in captivity
a pair of eagle o-wls (Bubo max
* -3
'mus), one or wmcn is ds ana me om53
years old. Since 1864 these birds
iiave bred regularly, and have now ]
reared ninety-three young ones. A
Batteleur eagle and a condor In the ''
Zoological Gardens at Amsterdam are J
still alive at the respective ages of 55 ,
and 52. An Imperial eagle of 56, a !
goldrn eagle of 47 and a sea eagle of ]
42, aud many other birds of the age of j
40 downward, are also recorded.
An exchange says it won'tdo to judge ,
a man by the clothes he wears. The
man with the fringe about the bottom '
of his trousers, dilapidated hat and
worn oat shoes, ^ay be the editor of '
? L - ? ?? tt?V. ^ f ^ mon nrif Vi i
your LUVYli U'iptJ., nu^vc Vlib wau nivu
the patent leather shoes, a flashy tie, "
newly pressed suit of clothes and a five
cent cigar may simply be one of hia deliquent
aubscribera.
a\arMiimn'i i i n ru.i i nn nn 1 i qm
?01
Royal Elastic
IS GROWING IN P<
SIMPLY ]
[t is vera in proof.
It will never become lumpy.
[t is the oply Perfect Mattress.
[t is absolutely ncn-absorbenr.
OUR GUARANTEE:?Morey will b* re
a9e, ?ou are not entirely satisfied.
Our booklet, with fall description, will b
If your local dealer doea nct^eell them,
On "exhibition at Columbia
and 10th.
Respectfully,
Royall & Bor
STANDARD COTTON WEIGHT.
Jommiesioners of Agriculture Adopt
Resolutions on that Line.
The convention of the association of
:otton States Commissianers of Agricul
,U1C m c, ICtCL' WOJCCtiLIJC JU -J.UOU a
idopted the following resolution :
"Whereas, the annual loss occurrir-g
;ach year in the handling of the cotton
jrop, growing out of the loss of weight
ind failure of bales to come to the samples
of classification, which is due to
;he fact that there is no standard sys:em
of weight and classification, and
"Whereas, these reclamations destroy
the profits of business and indirectly
it is taken from the pockets of
:he producers; therefore,
''Beit resolved by this convention:
rhat we use our earnest and energetic
efforts to bring about a proper standard
if weiehts and classification of the statlj
by urging legislation.
'\Be it resolved, further: That we
invite the assistance and co-operation
jf suet exporters of cotton who realize
the importance of this movement and
who from experience are in a position
to furnish substantial aid."
Mr. Wright, assistant commissioner
of Georgia, ofered a resolution, which
was adopted, extending the aid of the
association to protect southern farmers
in the butter market by a strict surveillance
of substitutes for that product.
Another resolution was adopted,
inTriMnor ^onifal anfl immnrrafirtTi intn
the south. President Stevens was instructed
to invite the following states
and territories to become members of
the associatian: West Virginia, Virginia,
North Carolina, South Carolina,
Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi,
Louisiana, Texas, Tennessee, Kentucky,
Missouri, California, Arkansas,
Arizona, Oklahoma territory, Indian
territory and-Newu Mexico.
A Big Tax.
The revenue tax on kgacies has laid
a heavy hand on Converse college.
The amount left it by D. E. Converse
will amount to over $100,000. The
revenue law savs 10 per cent of it must
be paid to the internal revenue department
This will take over $10,000 out
of the portion intended for the college.
There seems to be no way areuad it.
TTo W o e
lie ff co i/iu n uvu
A sto:m has been raised in the
North against college secret fraternities
by the drowning near Geneva, N. Y.,
last week of Edward Fairfax Berkley,
Jr., o( St. Louis, a student ef Hobirt
college. In the course of initiation in
the Kappa Alpha he was sent into a
canal where he lost his life.
Died for a Dog.
Aspeeial from Leesburg, Fla,, says
that S. 0. Jones, seetion boss, wai killed
there Wednesday afternoon. To
rescue a net doe he ran in front of a
train moving at the rate of 35 miles an
hour, when the cowcatcher beam struck
him in the small of the back, killing
him almost instantly. His wife and
children witnessed the accident.
Magfeafs
School of
SHORTHAND
TYPEWRITING
COLUMBIA, S. C.
This School has the reputation pf being the
bett business inafUfltfitm in Sfefe. Grsddates
arc holding re&nnerativB portions la
mercantile houses, teaming, instwaoe, retf
estate, railroad offices, &c., ra (life and other
etates. Write to W. H. STyrfeat,
ojrapherCojaolijls, C f>r d i
kidney:
9
BLADDER, UBlNiR AND
LIVER
DISEAFFS, DYSPEPSIA, ISDIGiSTiOS
AND O >NSTIPATIO^J POSITCTELT
t T7RED BY TEE US* OF
DE. HILTOjS'S
LIFE
FOR THE
tie Ma mum.
A vegetable preparation, wher?rer knowo
the m 8t popular of all remedies, beelose rtir
most effectual.
n li r .1.1 T _
soia wnoiesaxe oy?
The Murray Drug Co. Olumbia
Dr. H, Baer, Charleston, S. C.
OLDMMSTATE 8HITMENT
IS WHAT YOt UEED !
It cares piles, eczema, car
buncles, bails, sore eyes, sties
and granulated ey? lids, ol
sores, cuts, brai?w, barns, erysipelas,
inflamatory rheumatism,
corns, bunions and ingrowing
toe nails. Taken internally
it cnres dyspepsia,
Dilions feyer, stomaeh and
dJadder troubles.
It is the best thin; on tie market for aU
hese afflictions There is aethiag to eqcsl
t for Kiiney Trouble and Colic in horses,
nd all it cost is 25?_a box.
At wholesale by
MUar.AY DRUG CO.. Columbia, S. C
Felt Mattress J
3PULARITY DAILY
BECAUSE I!
It i* the most elastic mattress male. <
It is be'tsr than t&e beat hair mat;refs.
It is everyibicg wanted in a ptxfect bed. _ -..-z
It is recommended by leading pbjsitians. 3
funded,^without question, if after 30 n'ghts'
e mai'ed ? d application.
write ns direct.
b State Fair Nor. 7th, 8th, 9th.
"Oil, MANUFACTURERS, >
GOLDSBORO, N. C. ' |
What Would the Business
World Do Without Us 3
We know oar basin ess and ire al w&yshare -v?j
employment. We secured oar trafc-icgtf die i
COLUMBIA BUSINES3 COLLEGE,
Colombia, s. 0,
and would advise yon t? do likewise if yta
desire the b^t ia the e*aaaj. Nq drner .^|
school has a more thorough business coutse, ~i
a simpler or easier learned shorthand coarse, :
or more saccaufal era!ante?.
Their catalogue gives frill information as
to courses of study, rates of coition, Jwscd,
securing positions, aad oth-er in^ g^&tntk. '-Si
Send for it and name the course wjnfed.
Address, W. H. tfBWBSTCKT,
4t President.
Ginning 1
A M ? aL!m A lil B J
mauiimury.j
The Smith Pneumatic Suction ||
Elevating, Ginning and
Packing tystexq
Is the simplest and mosi efficient on 3jia|
the market. Forty-eight complete
outfits in South Carolina: each
one giving absolute
satisfaction.? ?
Boilers and Engines;
Valve, Automatic and Cerl!?s. |3
My Light and Heavy Log B?ast Sato Jg|
Mills cannot be equalled in action ef- 1|
ficiency or price by any dealer or raami
cajturer in the South.
Write for prices and catalogues.
V. C. Badhan.
1326 Main Streei, v.
COLUMBIA, S. C. . V?'
m
Gome to the I
State Fair 1
To be held afc COLUMBIA, I
S. C., November 6th to 10th, J
and we will show yon, in op
eration,
the most com- fl
plete and mod- Jg
ern ginning sys-p
tern ever put onl
the market. Jf
We will exhibit the Mmaaif ^
System with the j|p
Celebrated Eagle ?iBS/yg
Cleaning Feeders 1
Liideil's Direst tascted " \J
-Automatic tip, Bioo Nailer ||
And othe machinery. ffl
It will pay all interested
see our exhibit and iareiti
gate the merits of the diffor-:
ent machinery Tre sh?w.
W. H. Bifebes & 60.. J
Headquarters for Machinerjjgl
and Mill Supplies,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
To get strong M
and healthy use gj
one bottle Mim-fj
ray'S TROX MIX- 1
TUEE. Price 50c 9
n imp mei, jj

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