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SETTLED IN HEAVEN
Dr Talmage on Divine Interposition
in Human Affairs.
COD GOVERNS UNIVERSE.
The Fate of All Nations as Weil as
of Individuals in Ihe
Hands of God.
The idea that things in this world
are at loose ends ana going at haphazard
is in this discourse combated by
Dr. Talmage. The text is Psalms
cxix, S9, "Forever, 0 Lord, thy word
is settled in heaven."'
This world has been in process of
change ever since it was created?
mountains born, mountains dying, and
they have both cradle and grave. Once
this planet was all fluid, and no being
uch a3 you or I have ever seen could
have lived on it a minute. Our hemis *
phere turns its face to tbe sun ana meu
turns its back. The axis of' the earth's
revolution has shifted. The - earth's
centre of gravity has changed. t>Dce
flowers grew in the arctic and there
was snow in the tropic. There has
been a redistribution of land acd sea,
the land crumbling into the * sea,
the sea swallowing the land. Ice and
fire have fought for the possession of
this planet. The chemical composition
of it is different now from what it once
was. Volcanoes once terribly alive are
dead, not one throb of fiery pulse, not
ODe Dreatn or vapor?iue utcau
ing its amount of saline qualities. The
internal fires of the earth are gradually
eating their way to the surfaces?upheaval
and subsidence of vast realms of
Moravians in Greenland have removed
their boat poles because the advancing
sea submerged them. Lin
naeous records that in 87 years a great
stone was 100 feet nearer the water
than when he wrote. Forests have
Imried bv the sea, and land that
was cultured by farmer's hoe can be
touched only by sailor's anchor. Loch
Nevis of Scotland and Dingle bay of
Ireland and floods of Norway, where
pleasure boats now float, were once
valleys and glens. Many of the islands
of the sea are the tops of sunken mountains.
Six thousand miles of the Pacific
are sinking. The diameter of the
earth, according to scientific announcement,
is 189 miles less than it was.
The entire configuation of the earth is
tt"'1 - j?J
altered. Jtiius are usuuucu
forests. The frosts and the waters and
the air bombard the earth till it surrenders
to the assault. The so-called
"everlasting hills" do not last. Many
railroad companies cease to build iron
bridges because the iron has a life of its
own, not a vegetable life or an animal
life, but a metallic life, and when that
life dies the bridge goes down. Oxidation
of minerals is only another term
for describing their death. Mosses and
seaweeds help destroy the rocks they
The changes of the inanimate earth
onlv symbolize the moral changes. So
ciety e?er becomes different for better
or worse. Boundary lines between nations
are settled until the next war unsettles
them. Uncertainty strikes
through laws and customs and legislation.
The cbaracteristic of this world
is that nothing in it is settled. At a
time when we hoped that the arbitratration
planned last summer at The
Hague, Holland, would forever sheathe
the sword and spike the gun and dismantle
the fortress the world has on
hand two wars which are digging graves
for the flower of English and American
soldiery. From the presence of such
geological and social and national and
international unrest we turn with
manKSgiviDg ana esuuauuu i.u luj icai
and find that there are things forever
settled, but in higher latitudes than wo
have ever trod. "Forever, 0 Lord,
thy word is settled in heaven.''
High up in the palace of the sun
at least five things are settled?that
nations which go continuously and periistently
wrong perish; that- happiness
ii the result of spiritual condition ana
not of earthly environment; that this
world is a schoolhouse for splendid or
/VOA/^A^IA r*? TTT^tVl Ar TT111") -
? ua ^iavauuu, luuv *T AW** WJ.
out us the world is to be made over into
a scene or aboreseence and purity, that
all who are adjoined to'the unparrelled
One of Bethlehem and Nazareth and
Golgotha will be the subjects of supernal
felicity without anv taking off.
Do you douta u.y li.at proposition?
that nations which go wroug p^ri*-1 ?
We have in this American nation al;
the elements of permanence and destruction.
We need not borrow from
others any trowels for upbuilding or
torches for demolition. Elements of
ruin?nihilism, infidelity, agnosticism.
Sabbath desecration, inebriety, sensuality,
extravagance, fraud; they are all
here. Elements of safety?God worshipping
men and women by the scores
of millions, honesty, benevolence,
truthfulness, self sacrifice, industry,
sobriety and more religion than has
characterized any nation that has ever
existed; they are all here. The only
question is as to which of the forces
will gain dominancy?the one class ascendant,
and this United States fiovorn
ment, I think, will continue as long as
the world exists; the other class ascendant,
and the United States goes
into such small pieces that other gov
ernments would naraiy tniDK tnt-m
worth picking up.
Have you ever noticed the size of the
cemetery of dead nations, the vast
Greenwood and Pere le Chase, where
mighty kingdoms were buried? Open
the gate and walk through this cemetery
and read the epitaphs. Here lies
Carthage, born 100 years before Rome,
great commercial metropolis on the bay
of Tunis, a part of an empire that gave
the alphabet to the Greeks and their
great language to the Hebrews; her
arms the terror of nations, commandiDg
at one time 16,000 miles of coast; her
Eamilcar leading forth 30 myriads, or
300,000 troops; her Hannibal carrying
out in manhood the oath he had taken
in boyhood to preserve eternal enmity
to Rome, leaving costly and imposing
monuments at Agrigentum a ghastly
heap of ruins; Carthasre. her colonies
on every coast, her ships plowing every
sea; Carthage?where are her splendors
now? All extinguished. Where are
ner sworasf me last one Droten.
Where are her towers and long ranges
of magnificent architecture? Buried
under the sands of Bagradas. As ballast
of foreign ships much of her radiant
marble has been carried away to
build the walls of transmediterranean
cathedrals, while other blocks have
been blasted in modern times by the
makeTS of the Tunis railway. Ana all
of that great and mighty city and kingdom
that the tourist liuds toduy is here
and there a broken arch of what was
once a 50 mile aqueduct. Our talented
and genial friend, Henry >1. Field, in
one of his matchless books of travel,
hbors hard to prove that the slight
ruins of lhat city are really worth visiting.
Carthage buried in the cemetery
?"n-^rmrirTrTgrTTT--iri ?T^- 'I rr^^'V^r^iyrrry^'rT^
nr dead nations. Not one altar to the
i true Gcd did she rear. Not one of the
Ten Commandments but she conspicuously
violated. Her doom was settled
in heaven wheh it was decided far back
in the eternities that the nation ana
kiacaom that will not serve God shall
Walk on in the cemetery of nations
and see the long lines uf tombs?Thebes
and Tyre and Egypt and Babylon and
Medo-lYrsian and Macedonian and Korean
and Saxon heptarchy, great naj
tions, small nations, nations that lived
; a year and nations that lived 500 years.
Our own nation will be judged by the
I same moral laws by which ail other nal
^ imWr5.. The iudement
j iio ? ^ wvw j ? ? , ^
day for individuals will probably come
far on in the future. Judgment day
nations is every day. every day weighed,
every day approved or every day eou
deroned. Never before in the history
of ibis country hns the American nation
been mere surely in the balance than
it is this minute. Po right, and we go
up. Do wrong, and we go down. I
am not so aoxious to know vrhat this
statesman or that warrior thinks we had
better do with Cuba and Porto Kico
and the Philippines as I am anxious to
know what God thinks we had better
do. The destiny of this nation v;iil
not be decided on yonder eapitoline
I Ml! nr at Mar ila or at the pros:dential
ballot box, for it will be scitied in
Another thing deeidcu in the same
hi^h place is that happiness is the result
of spiritual condition and not of
earthly environment. If w<? who may
sometimes have a thousand dollars to
invest find it such a perplexity to know
what to do with ic ai d soon after find
that we invested it where principal and
interest have gone down through
roguery or panic, what must tie worriment
of those having millions to invest
and whose losses correspond in magni
tude with their resources! People
who have their three or four dollars
a day wages are just as happy
as those who have an income of
$5,000 a year. Sometimes happiness is
seated on a footstool and sometimes
misery on the throne. All the gold of
earth in one chunk cannot purchase five
minutes of complete satisfaction.
Worldly success is an atmosphere that
breeds the maggots of envy and jealousy
and hate. There are those who
will never forgive you if you have more
emoluments or honor or ease than they
have. To take you down is the dominant
wish of most of those who are not
as high as you are. They will spend
hours and days anu yesrs 10 enu-au >^u
They wjII hover around newspaper offices
to get one mean line printed dei
preciatiDg you. Vour heaven is their
Oh, that day of the world s perfection'
The earth will be so chauged
that the sermonology will be changed.
There will be no more calls to repentance,
for all will have repented; no
more gathering of''alms for the poor,
for the poor will have been enriched:
no hospital Sunday, for disjointed bones
will have been set and the wounds all
healed, and the incurable diseases of
other times will have been overcome by
a materia medica and a pharmacy and
o anrl a theranentics that ha^"e
. conquered everything that afflicted
nerve or lung or tooth or eye or limb?
1 heakhology complete and universal.
The poultice and the ointment and the
panacea and the catholicon and the sur
> geon's knife an^ the dentists forceps
and the scientist's X ray will have fulfilled
their mission. The social life of
. the world will be perfected. In that
millennial age I imagine ourselves
t standing in front cf a house lighted for
: levee. We enter among groups filled
with gladness and talking gor.d sense
and rallying each other in pleasantries
i and in every possible way forwarding
good neighborhood; no looking askance,
. no whispered backbitirgs, no strut of
. pretension, no oblivion of some one's
. presence because you do not want to
; know him; each one happy, determined
on making some one else happy; words
: of honest appreciation instead of hollew
flattery; suavities and genialities
instead of inflations and pomposites;
equipage and upholstery and sculpture
; ana painting paid for: two hours of
mental and moral improvement: all the
guests able i > walk as steadily down
the step? ui ihat mansion as when they
ascended them; no awaking next morniDg
with achiDg head and bloodshot eye
and incompetent for the day's duties;
the social life as perfect as refinement
and common sense and culture aud
prosperity and rsiigion can mate it; ttie
earth made better than it was at the
start, and all through gospelizing ini
licences, directly or indirectly.
I suppose the greatest tidal wave
that ever rolled the seas was that which
in 1868 was started by the i'eruvian
earthquake. At Arica,- Peru, the rave
was 50 feet high and s^ung waiships
a mile forward on the laod. At
San Pedro, Cal., the wave vras 60 feet
high. It moved on to the Sandwich
Islands and submerged some of them
and beat against the shores of New
Zealand and rolled ud the beach of Ja
pan and stopped cot until it had encircled
the entire globe. Oh, what a
wave! But the earthquake that shook
the mountain where our Lord died
started a higher and swifter and
mightier tidal wave that will roll round
and round iho earth until all.its rebellions
and aboiuinutbns have gone under.
That was an exciting scene after the
battle of Bosworth, which was fought
between Richard HI and the Earl of
1 J ,L 1? f.ll! _ . _ J x_
rucnmona, me KiDg laiiiag aaa me
earl, triumphing, when Lord Stanley
brought the crown and handed it to the
earl, seated on horseback, while the dying
and the dead of the battle were lying
all around.' But it is a more thrilling
spectacle as we look forward
through tho centuries and see the last
armed ana impeiiai iniquity or tne
world slain and the crown of universal
victory put upon the conqueror on the
white horse of the Apocalypse and all
nations '"hail the power of Jesus'
name." That the whole earth will be
redeemed is one of the things long ago
settled in heaven.
Another thiDg decided in that high
place is that all who are adjoined to the
unparalleled One of Bethlehem and
Nazareth and Golgotha will be the subjects
of a supernal felicity without any
taking oS. The old adage says that
'"beggars must not be choosers," and
the human race in its depleted state
had better cot be critical of the mode
u i i n.j 1 j _ _ i n r?
uy wnicu ooa wouia empaiace an ox us.
1 could easily think of a plan more
complimentary to our fallen humanity
than that which is called the i;plan of
salvation." If God had allowed us to
do part of the work of recovery and he
do the rest, if we could do three-quarters
of it and he do the last quarter, if
we could accomplish most of it and he
just put on the finishing touches, many
J could look with more complacency upon
| the projected reinstatement of the human
family. Xo, no! We must have
1 -hit- Anr ct n KKr\T*r? Trill
j ^/Ui L'iiUt. V.U, VUi cHUUUU. C* UiJi
I m-'.de flexible and a supernatural power
j demonstrated in us at every step. A
pretty plan of salvation that would be,
of human drafting and manufacturing!
j It would be a doxology sung tD ouri
selves. God must have all the glory.
Dot one a tip of our heavenly throne
made by esrthly carpentry; not one
string could tvri3t of the harp of our
eternal rejoicing. Accept all as an unmerited
donation from the skies, or we
will Dever have it at all.
"XTrtnr " cava cnmp AT1A "if Christ is
the only way what about the heathen,
h ho have never heard of him?'' But
; you are cot heathen, and why divert
us from the question of our personal
salvation?" Satan is always introducing
something irrelevant. He wants to
take it out of a personality into an abstraction.
Get our own salvation set- ,
tied, and then we will discuss the salvation
of other people. "But," says
some oce, ''what percrntage of the
human race will be saved? What will
be the comparative Dumber saved and
lost?" There satan thrusts in the math?
1 . TT
ematics ot redemption, ne suggests
that you find out the mathematical proportion
of the redeemed. But be not
deceived. I am now discussing the
eternal welfare of only two persons,
yourself and myself. Get ourselves
right before we bother ourselves about
others rights. 0 Christ, come hither
and master our case! Here are our
sins?pardon them; our wounds?heal
them; our burdens?lift them; our sorrows
-comfort them. We want the
Christ of Bartimeus to open our blind
eyes, the Christ of Martha to help us
in our domestic cares, the Christ of
? nc iwaadK (1I1P tprmrtnfi
\Jil\C I IU liCi y UJ JI1VUUU \J xvi-tv.-,
the Christ of Lake Galilee to still our
tempests, the Christ of Lazarus to raise
our dead. Not too tired is he to come,
though he has on his whipped shoulders
so loDg carried the world's woe and on
his lacerated feet walked this way to
accept our salvation.
By the bloody throes of the mountain
on which Jesus died, and by the
sepulcher where his mutilated body
was inclosed in darkened crypt ana
by the Olivet from which he arose,
while astonished disoiples clutched for
his robes to detain him in their companionship,
and by the radiant
and omnipotent throne on which he
sits waiting for the coming of all those
whose redemption was settled in
heaven, I implore you bow your head
in immediate and final submission.
Once exerciae sorrow for what you have
done and exercise trust in him for what
he is willing to do, a?;d all is well for
both worlds, Then you can swing out
defiance to all oDDQsition. human and
diabolic. In conquering his foes he
conquered yours. And have you noticed
that passage in Colossians that
represents him '"having despoiled principalities
and powers, he made a shcv
of them, openly triumphing," so brmc
ing before us that overwhelming sputacle
ol Roman triumph?
When Pompey landed at Brind^i.
Italy, returned from his victories, h.
disbanded the brave men who ha i
l'ought under him and sent them rejoicing
to their homes, and, entering Horn ;
Ma rnnofl ^harint- wasfollnwed bv
princes in chains from kingdoms he
had conquered, and. flowers such as
only grew under those Italian skies
strewed the way, and he came und<r
arches inscribed with the names of battlefields
on which he had triumphed
and rode by columns whion told of
the 1.500 cities lie had destroyed and
the 12,000,000 people he had conquered
or slain. Then the bauquet was spread,
and out of the chalices tilled to the brim
they drank to the health of the conqueror.
Belisarius, the great soldier,
Mnirnofl frnm his miKt.arv afthievft
meats and was robed in purple, aud in
the procession were brought golden
thrones and pillars of precious stones
and tbe furniture of royal feasts, and
amid the splendors of kingdoms overcome
he was hailed to the hippodrome
by shouts such as had seldom rung
through the capital. Then also came
the convivialities. In the year 374 Aurelian
made his entrance to Home in triumphal
car. in which he stood while a
winged figure of Victory held a wreath
above his head. Zenobia, captive
queen of Palmyra, walked behind his
chariot, her person encircled with fetters
of gold, under the weight of which
she nearly fainted, but still a captive.
And f-JiATA w? rft its the nroeession 200
lions and tigers and beasts of many
lands and 1,600 gladiators excused
from the cruel amphitheater that they
might decorate the day, and Persian
and Arabian and Ethiopian embassadors
were in the procession and the
long lines of captives, Egyptians, Syrians,
Gauls, Goths and Vandal*.
It was to such scenes that the New
Testament refers when it spoke of
Christ "having despoiled principalities
and powers, he made a show of them,
openly triumphing." But, oh, the difference
in those triumphs! The Roman
triumph represented arrogance, cruelty,
oppression and wrong, but Christ's
triumph meant emancipation and holiness
and joy. The former was a pro
:? ~c k,- o
VJCSSiULl U1 ^lUUUS at^^'ui[;auitu u> ?
clank of chains, the other a procession
of hosannas by millions set forever free.
The only shackled ones of Christ's
triumph will be satan and his cohorts
tied to our Lord's chariot wheel, with
all the abominations of all the earth
bound for m eternal captivity. Then
will come a feast in which the chalices
will be filled "with the new wine >.i he
kingdom." Under arches coiumeuuuru.
tive of all the battles in which the bannered
armies of the church militaut
through thousands of years of struggle
have at last won the day Jesus will
ride, Conqueror of earth and hell and
iicavcu. AUU3C aiuiico uwuauucu, nm
take palaces and thrones. "And they
shall come from the east and the west
and the north and the south and sit
down in the kingdom of God."' And
may you and I, through the pardoning
and sanctifying grace of Christ, be
guests at that royal banquet!
McKinley Appoints McSweeney.
Governor McSweeney has received
an appointment from President McKinlev
sflimpmW nf the committee
on the national celebration of the
establishment of the seat of government
in Washington. The appointment was
made in a formal document, just as if
the governor was being commissioned
to some office of high grade. The first
meeting of the committee will- be held
in Washington on Dececmber 21.
Honestly the Best Policy.
Our dairy exports amounted in 1S90
to $13,081,856. Last year they had
fallen to $9,095,570, a loss of about
C*)vuv,vvw tuc icsuitui uiouuuoi piav
tices, and palming off fraudulent compounds.
By honest dealing the Canadian
dairymen have built up their
foreign trade in twenty years from
$500,000 to $17,000,000 a striding proof
that in the long run honestly is the best
policy. The dishonest maa uot obiy
destroys his own business but also that
of the honeat dealer who wants to do
The advertisement of the Columbia
Stationery Company is called to the
especial attention of dealers in the
<ta c ?ro tTxaroin monfinnp^
With ample facilities for supplying the
trade,-the company assures low prices,
prompt shipments, and satisfaction
in every respcct. Merchants wishing
goods in its lines will do well to write
i now ? IT . ???
A SHORT COTTON CROP
It Will Eardly Reach Nine Millien
j On the heels of the government estimate
of a 9,000.000-bale crop The
State has received from Latham, Alexander
& Co. of New York a circular
letter, bearing date November 15,
which indicates a crop cf 8.709.G90
bales. This firm is one of the oldest
and most responsible in the uotton
trade and its annual statistical review
I is a standard book of reference. In its
T . ? .1.1 l
circular it says mat navipg rcceivea
many letters of inquiry as to the probable
total cotton crop of the United
States it mailed 4.200 letters to select
ed aad reliable correspondents cyvcring
every cotton-growing country in the
south?banks, bankers, cotton commission
merchants, brokers, proprietors of
public gins, railroad officials and planters?and
received 2.800 replies of average
dat* November 7. These Latham,
Al* --nder & Co. consider <;as reliable
as any information that cm be obtained."
Tabulated they show the following
The average of 207 letters makes the
decrease in Alabama 17 per cent., indicatine
a croo of 961.970 bales as com
pared with 1,159,000 bales for the last
Arkansas, 240 letters; iverage estimated
decrease 30. per cent., or a crop
of 533,800 bales. Last year, 834.000
Florida, 23 letters; average estimated
decrease 10 per cent., or a crop oi
63,000 bales. Last year, 70,000 bales.
Georgia, 566 letters; average estimated
decrease 19 per cent., or a crop
of 1,244,1G0 bales. Last year, 1,536,000
Louisiana, 11(5 letters: average esti
mated decrease 1-i per cent., or a crop
of 507,400 bales. Last year, 590,000
Mississippi, 299 letter?; average estimated
decrease 12 per cent., or a crop
of 1,339.3G0 bales. Last year, 1.522.000
N?rth Carolina, 233 letters; average
estimated d crease 23 per cent, or a
crop of 448,910 bales. Last year,
South Carolina, 2o8 letters; average
estimated decrease 22 per cent., or a
crop of 789,360 bales. Last year,
T 10SL ? . .
j.ciiuc30ccj ?*jo avciduc coumated
decrease 23 per cent, or a crop
of 31S,780 bales. Last year, 414 000
: .i >.
Texas, etc., G23 letters; average estij
mated decrease 31 per cent., or a crop
i of 2.452,950 bales. Last year, 3,555,
The sum of these averages for the
whole south indicates a crop of 8,709,690
bales against 11,275,000 for the last
Latham, Alexander & Co. add that
2,140 of the 2,800 correspondents report
that the crop has been more rapidly
marketed, or shipped to market as
n c i y-? f/M?m r\y t-ai rr onn AA.*?
ao iu jcaio. auu
respondents report tbat from 5 to 15
per cent, more than last year has been
held on plantations, town and cities
for higher prices.
''Our special agents." they say, "who
have been traveling through the south
for the past month to ascertain the true
condition of the cotton crop fully con-,
firm the foregoing estimates."
If the replies from other states average
as conservatively as those from
South Carolina we think that the crop
ia the south as a whole will be below
rather than above the estimate of
8,700,000 bales, for our own guess at
the crop of this State would be between
700,000 and 750,000 bales.
It is only a matter of time when Europe
will beuin to buy eagerly and
heavily at advancing prices. For those
who can hold cotton it is still the best
thing to hold.?Columbia State.
A FEATURE OF THE FAIR.
Interesting Ixhibitit of a Standard
A feature of the Fair last week was
the splendid ginning exhibit of W. H.
Gibbes & Co., of this city. Crowds of
interested visitors watched the operation.
A few years ago the basket elevator
was used only. Thea came the
spike belt, and today this is still used.
But with the advent of the Murray
this is all changed. The hand and basket
system, the spike belt system are
done away with. Handling (fottoi: in
baskets was superseded by the spike
'belt system, and the spike belt system
included a claster of parts and complications,
such as the revolving separator,
or vacuum box, and its driving belts
and pullejs?the spike belt and its driving
belts, shafts, etc. This whole cluster
of complications aud parrs is entirely
absent in the Murray ta-v^tor.
It is elevator and distributor in one.
it has no moving parts. Air suction
alone does the work of elevating and
distributing the cotton. It cannot
choke. It has no overflow. It has no
spikes to come olfand get into the giDS.
, It has nj distributor belt to wear out
and to be replaced at considerable expei.sv
It does the work perfectly, in a
manner superior to any spike belt system.
a;.ii wi.hout any loss of time between
bales. While one bale is going
out in the Feeders, a supply from the
nest bale is coming in at the top of the
elevator. The separation between the
two is nerfect, and when the one bale
is all out of the feeders, iiistautiy the
nest bale is started by the lull sr. p ply
of cotton dropping at once iuto ali of
the feeders. In
this exhibit .are the New Munr?.
They were introduced in 1897, in
Tesas. The cotton is thoroughly cleaned
the dirt falls on a small screw conveyor
and is conveyed through the line
of feeders to the end of the line of
gins. In this way the dirt is kept off
the gins and journal boxes. Easy access
is had to every party of the gin.
even the brush can be taken out without
removing the feeder. All of the
hard locks go into the gins, fiist being
This Cleaning Feeder and Murray
Lint Fiue is made only by Liddell Co.,
of Charlotte, who control these special
features east of Mississipi river. If
you contemplate erecting a jzinnrrr
season, write W. H. (rioue* & Cu ,
Columbia. If your straight fl?:e give?
trouble, writ" tWn The one gin outfit
is c?in?f?l?:te as the full system.
A tiici special machine exhibited
1 1. \V H ^iKKfta Rt Prt TTflO fV?A
IiJ j M i AA. v iwwgj vju \J\J- ^ tr aj i/uv
Barnard Plantation Rice Huller. This
Huller is superior to any on the market.
Costs less. Cleans the rice better and
polishes perfactly. Qnite a number of
sales have been made this season?two
of them in Florida.
mi? wnoie rig was run by an oisy
Liddell Automatic Engine. It is compact
and a beautiful piece of work. It
pulled easily this 3-^in outfit and the
Rice Huller.?The State.
A dispatch from Manila announces
the death of Captain Magnus C. Hollis,
Fourth infantry, who died of dysentery
in the hospital. He was appointed
! to "West Point from Newoan, G-a.
TAKING THE OATH:
VARIOUS METHODS THAT PREVAIL IN
In Some Instances Solemn and in Others
I-aushable?Substitutes for tJie Bible
Used in India?Tbe Terrible Norwegian
Oath?Keverence of the Mohammedans.
There Is more than a touch of the
grotesque, as well as of the solenm, in
the modes of administering oaths in
certain countries. \\ nen a ^iau;iurau
swears to tell the truth he kneels down
and a china saucer is given to him.
This he proceeds to break in pieces,
and the following oath is then administered:
"You shall tell the truth and
the whole truth. The saucer is cracked
and if you do not tell the truth your
soul will be cracked like the saucer."
Other symbolic variations of the
Chinese oath are the extinguishing of
a candle, or cutting oft' of a cock's
head, the light of the candle representing
the witness's soul and the fate
of the cock symbolizing tha fate of a
In certain parts of India tigers' and
lizards' skins take the place of the
Bible of Christian countries, and the
ptruaicv ui ureuKiiix luc uitta uiat m
one case the witness will bccome the
prey of a tiger, and in the other that
his body will be covered with SQales
like a lizard's.
One of the most terrible of European
o.?ths is that administered in Norwegian
courts of law. The prelude to the
oath proper is a long homily on the
sanctity of the oath and the terrible
consequences of not keeping it. Part
of this lengthy sermon takes this form:
"If you swear a false oath the goodness
and mercy of God will not avail
you, but you will be punished eternally
in hell as a perverse and hardened
sinner. If you swear falsely all your
possessions will- be cursed; your land
and meadows, so that they will yield
you no fruit; your cattle and sheep
will be barren, and all that you enjoy
in this world will become a curse to
When the "witness Is duly orushed by
the sense of his fearful responsibility,
the oath is administered, while he
holds aloft his thumb and fore and
middle fingers, as an emblem of the
It is a little curious that the expression,
"the truth, the whole truth and
nothing but the truth," in very slightly
varied forms, runs through almost all
the oaths administered in European
In an Italian court the witness, with
his right hand resting on an open
Bible, declares, "I will swoar to tell
the truth, the whole truth aad nothing
but the truth."
The Mohammedan takes the oath
with his forehead reverently resting
on the open Koran. He takes his
"bible" In his hands, and. stooping
low, as if In the presence of a higher
power, slowly bows his head until It
touches the book, which to him Is ini
snirpri. Tn the revprpnr-e of his acts
T ? ?
and the unswerving loyalty to an oath
many Europeans have much to learn
from a follower of Mohammed.
In certain parts of Spain the witness
when taking an oath crosses the
thumb of one baud over tba forefinger
of the other, and kissing this symbolic,
if primitive, cross, says, "By this cross
1 swear to tell the truth."
In the- more usual form of administering
the oath in Spain, the witness
kneeis solemnly before the Bible and
places his right hand revenently upon
it The Judge then asks him, "Will
you swear, in the name of God and
His holy Book, to speak the truth In
answer to all questions that may be
asked you?"' The witness answers, "I
swear." The Judge then concludes,
"If you do this God will reward you."
An Austrian takes his oath in front
of a crucifix, flanked by lighted candles.
With upraised right hand he
says, "I swear oy tne an powercui ana
all wise God that I will speak the
whole and clean truth, and nothing
but tho truth, in answer to any questions
that may be asked in this court"
Jfo Col?U in the Arctics.
Nansen and his men during the three
years which they spent in the Arctic
regions never caught a cold. Yet they
were exposed to cold, fatigue and wet
to a degree which we at home can
hardly realize, says a writer in the
Spectator. Especially one remembers
how Nansen and his comrade Johansen
during their wonderful expedition
on foot over the polar ice went on, day
after day. clad in clothes which were
so saturated with perspiration that
they iroze Dy aay into one mass 01
solid ice, and even cut into the flesh;
how every night, when thsy tucked
themselves up in their sleeping bags,
the first hour was spent in 1 hawing;
how they lay shivering, their frozen
socks spread across their chests, until
their clothes actually became wet and
soft, and eventually comfortable and
warm. Yet they never caught a cold
and, mark this, for it is very important,
with the exception of Nansen'a
brief attack of lumbago, their health
did not suffer in any way from the exposure.
Directly they reached civilization
they all caught cold. Nansen'a
own statement to the writer was:
' There is, of course, no coubt that
cold is an infectious disease. We had
none during our journey, and we all
got it (very badly, too,) at the very
moment we reached Norway."
The Emigrant's Fortune,
j An estimate has been made of the
average amount of money which European
emigrants take with them to
America. From this it appears that the
first place is held by the German, who
takes over just ten guineas with him,
while the second place belongs to the
Englishman, with about six shillings
less. The third is the Frenchman, who
has nine guineas, and he >s followed
by the Belgian with just orer ?9, while
the Irishman's capital is ?3, the Russian's
?2 10s., and the Italian's barely
f>- He is. therefore, the noorest. bus
it is believed that when he returns toi
his own land he probably carries awajij
more money than any of the others.
"This makes the tenth morning
ma'am, that I have tried to collect thi
"I have tried more mornings that
sir, to collect a little cream from you
milk, and I have never had any bette
succsss than you-re going to have thl
time. Don't step on the cat when yoi
go out please."
A short time ago Gov. McSweeney,
upon reports made to him, summarily
dismissed from the constabulary force
James Altom, of Greenville, upon the
-1 ? - ^ ? \Tr
ciiarge ui uruu&cuucss. irawiua; i..**.
Altom arrived in the city. He came
armed with affidavits from a number of
responsible citizens and one from the
tnau \vn?j preferred the original charge,
in which the man stated that he may
possibly have been mistaken and that
>Ir. Altom might_have/been sick and
not intoxicated. The affidavits satisfied
the Governor that the charges were i
without foundation, and he immediately
reinstated Mr. Altom as a member of the
cons'abulary force.?Greenville Mountaineer.
The Cost of War.
The statistics show that of those
federal officers and soldiers who perished
in the war of the United States
from May 1, 1893. to Jane 30, 1S90?
a total of 6.61S?about 83 per cent,
or 5,500 died of disease, while less than
11 per cent, or 693 were killed in battle
or died of wounds received in action.
The fearful mortality due tc camp dis-1
eases has been far more costly than the ;
tribute exacted by the bullets of the '
DWerent Animal* That G4t Alons Very
Well With Each Other.
An intimate connection subsisting
between different animals is known
as eommensalism, commesals being
creatures which may be said to sit at
the same table, but which do not prey
upon one another. Of late years naturalists
have become acquainted with
numerous examples of this form of
animal partnership. In one of the
Chicken Islands, off the coast of New
Zealand, a curious lizard, known as
the tuatura, and certain species of the
petrels were found inhabiting the
same burrows, apparently on the best
of terms. In rare cases the burrow,
whicli consists of a passage two or
three feet long, one foot broad and six
inches high, is the work of the bird.
As a rule, however, the lizard is the
excavator. Each builds its nest on
opposite sides of the chamber, the
lizard almost invariably choosing the
left and the petrel the right side. The
lizard feeds partly on worms and beetles
and partly on the remnants of
fishes brought to their common table
by the petrel, both animals being thus
benefited by the partnership. This is
probably more thnn can be said of the
prairie dog, whose underground home
is frequently shared by the rattlesnake
and the burrowing owl. These
were at one time supposed to form a
"happy family," but considerable
doubt has been cast on the point by
the discovery of young prairie dogs in
the stomach of the rattlesnake, which
seems to indicate that commensalism
in this particular case las been a onesided
affair, so far as the benefits
It is among marine animals, however,
that the most striking examples
of commensalism have been observed.
A feeble fish called the remora owes
its success in life to the powerful alliances
it forms. One of its fins have
been transformed into a sucker placed
right on top of its head, by means of"
which it attaches itself firmly to any
passing shark, whale, or even ship, no
doubt mistaking the latter for some
huge sea monster. By these it Is
transported without any exertion on
its own part over great distances,
meanwhile picking up such food as
iiittj WLUC in n? na).
Several small fishes have been Amnd
also to habitually lodge in the mouth
cavity of a Brazilian catfish, sharing
such food as the latter succeeds In
Other Instances might be given,
such as that of the little pea crab,
found In mussels and other bivalve
shells, which, in return for the protection
given them by the malluocan
shell, gives its host a share of the food
The Trooper Stuttered.
Howard K. Brown of Syracuse, N.
Y., who was in Porto Rico with Troop
A, First Cavalry, tells some clever
yarns about a fellow trooper who
stuttered very badly.
One night while in the mountainous
district it was very cold. This trooper
could not find any of his outer clothes.
bo ne -went rrom one place to anotner,
asking If anyone knew where they
"H-h- has a-a-ny one s-s-seen m-my
He was told that no one had.
"Has a-a-ny one s-s-seen m-my p-pponcho?"
The trooper scratched his head for a
"W-w-well, I'm g-glad th-th-that I
h-h-have g-g-got a w-w-warm p-p-pair
of s-s-stisp-p-penders on."
Again he lost his carbine. He hunted
high and low for it, but could not
find it. He put In his application for
a new one, but could not get it in time
for the inspection that followed
When the troop lined up he was the
only one who had no carbine. The
lieutenant saw the lack and glared at
him, making up his mind to make an
example of him, tuinking that he had
been too late to catch up his gun.
"Where the blankety-blank-blank is
your carbine? How dare you come
this way? What has become of your
"Lieut-t-tenant," said the trooper
tranquilly, 'th-h-that i-i-is th-th-the q-qquestion."
Guard-mount must always be on the
minute or tnere is a nowi irom mose
who have been on duty. One morning
the trooper was two minutes late and
the sergeant called him down.
"X-n-never in-m-mind, s-s-ergeant,"
was the reply. "W-we are h-here- f-ffor
t-t-two y-years, n-not t-t-two m-mminutes."
Coming home on the transport it
was terribly hot The boys were
swearing and howling. The trooper
looked refiective.y at the swirling
"B-b-boys, I'll n-n-never 1- Move ann-notlier
A Totich of Blarney.
Nobody can pay a prettier compliment
than the Irishman, when he
A ? *1 rJ ? << 4" rt Hft ?A?TA1?
cnooses. ms itmyue <uu ?vn, ulc w?
nimbler than -when lie employs them
in the service of "blarney."
A young professor from Dublin was
entertained over night by an American
professor at his summer home on the
coast of Maine.
At breakfast the next morning, the
little daughter of the house, who sat
next the young Irishman, saw -with
amazement that he put no sugar in ,
"Wouldn't you like even one lump of
sugar in your tea?" she asked, solicitously.
My papa likes three lumps."
"Since you have looked into the cup. j
my little, maid, the tea is quite sweet i
enough;" responded the young profes- '
>"o More Sleep- Walking.
A device to prevent sleep-walking is j
to lay upon the floor, by the side of j
the somnambulist's bed, a sheet of Iron j
zinc, or other metal, wide enough to j
ensure that he will step upon it When j
the sleep-walking fits comes upon him, j
his foot touches the cold surface of the !
metal, and he instinctively draws that j
leg into the bed again. After two or
three attempts the somnambulist gives j
?J. ^At4lAf /lAtrrt in 1
11 UJJ UUU BCluto uunu wi u?u>
Can't Be "Dow?e(L"
Ropes that will not sink when !
thrown into the water are proving very |
useful. They are made of a core com- i
posed of pieces of cork, covered with
Heavens Fall in Enssia.
Ia Russia the leonid displays caused
a panic in many places. It was believed
that the end of the world had come.
Churches were open all night loDg and
hundreds of thousands spent three
nights in the open air, feariDg earthquakes
and a general cataclysm. There
are rumors that in some villages
Russian parents murdered their children
to relieve them from an expected
worse fate. There was rather a brilliant
meteoric display between 2 and 5
o'clock Thursday morning at Berlin.
I III I ! W?WMTT? .
To get strong j
^ ^ JI 1% /v \4-l>
dll tl IJLCClJLLll J U(3t/
one bottle Murp
AY'S Tron MIX
TURE. Price 50c
TIE MURRAY DRUG CO., '
Royal Elastic I
?|TIS GROWING IN PC
torn?: SIMPLY I
It is vera, in procf.
It will Lever become luaipy.
It is the odIt Perfect Mxitreis.
It is <-bsolute!y n^n-absorbenr. | i
OUR GUARANTEE:?Morey will hi reft
u?e, you are not entirely fa'isfiei.
Our booklet, with fall description, will be
If your local d aler does m,t &e'.l them. *
Took the Premium at Colurr
of $40.00 Hair Mattresses.
Royall & Bori
KiVE YOU SEEN ~l
the BEAR j
These and the EMPIRE SQUAI
from stock in qi
1,000 to 1.
Owing to early purchases w<
Wrapping .Paper, .Bags, twines.
Wholesalers of Paper.
The Negro Problem'
The November number of the
Atlantic Monthly contains a
notable article by the foremost
Negro in America, Booker T.
Washing of Tuskegee, Ala. The
writer boldly discusses the
whole question of the Negro fu
> . .1 , I
ture in me unneu. ncj
clearly shows the utter impracticability
of deporting the Negroes
to some other p?irt of the
world. He approves heartily .
the educational and jjropertv
restriction for suffrage in the
Southern States, but urges that
when the Negro has the education
or other wise qualifications
for voting, he be allowed to
vote. He deplores the patent
fact that the Negro has voted
! against the Southern white man,
* mi . _ i _
and urges a cnange. me eio-i
quent writer and clear thinker
believes that the antagonism be[
tween the Southern white man
and the negro has been the work
of. scheming and selfish STorth!
ern politicians, and the meaner
"scalawags"- of the South.
Booker T. Washington by his
voice and pen has attained a
commanding position in America,
and unlike many representa+i*Tr^c
In'c Itp rnalrAS that
11* to VX IX J. <7 lUVVj AAV
influence felt for the -white people
among whom he lives.
A Legal Decision.
The Glucose Refining Company
of Illinois, having compelled
the smaller refineries to
shut down within a radius "of
1500 miles of Chicago, was
prosecuted for violation of the
Anti-Trust law of the State.
Glupose so largely used in trade,
can only .be manufactured
profitably within the corn belt,
all of which lies within 1000
miles around Chicago, and this
closing ud of all refineries ex
cept the one company meant a
monopoly of the worst kind.
The Illinois Supreme Court
rendered a sweeping decision
against this trust holding that
its action was a "total restraint
of trade void not only by status
but by common law." The
I ?a.i4 "TVip material con
sideration in the case of such a
combination is, as a general
thing, not that prices are raised,
but that it rests in the power
and discretion of the trust or
corporation taking all the plants
of several corporations to raise
prices at any time it sees fit to
do so.v This decision ot tne
i Illinois Supreme Court has
made a profound impression
throughout the United States,
and its far reaching influence
upon the legal status of her
trusts is generally acknowledged.
1 School of
MUUll A AUliW
COLUMBIA, S. C.
This School has the reputation of being the
bett business institution in the State. Graduates
are holding remunerative positions in
mercantile houses, baking, insurance, rea'1
estate, railroad offices, &c., in this and other
etates. Write to W. K. .M*cfeat,
ograpierCjinalbia,. C force? m t
MONEY 10 LOAN
On improved real estate.
Interest eight per cent.,
Time 3 to 5 years.
No commissions charged
Jno. B. Palmer & Son,
I CENTRAL NATIONAL BANK 3CILDING,
I 1205 Plain St., Columbia, S. C.
Felt Mattress If
iPULARITY DAILY W
tt ii the most elastic mattress male. t
It is better th<?n the best hair mattreps.
It is e7erythii.g>antei in a perfect bed.
It is jecommeuded by leading physicians.
tnd?d, without queatijo, if after 30 irgiti'
- -i^r' j
ma.1 ed c n application. ?_ .
rrita us direct.
ibia State Fair over an exhibit ^jjj
I6D1 MANUFACTURERS, <
GOLDSBORO, N. C.
tE we can ship PROMPTLY
aantities from :i 'C
e command the situation as to
itionery Co., ?1
COLUMBIA, S. C- _ :^|
The Smith Pneumatic Suction
Elevating, Ginning and
Is the simplest and most efficient on
the market. Forty-eight complete
outfits in South Carolina; each
one giving absolute ?*3
satisfaction. "Tf f|
Boilers and Engines; Slide ' $
Valve, Automatic and Corliss.
My Light and Heavy Log Beana Sa*
/ onnrsf in flftfli^n. ef
ficiency or price by any dealer or manu
cajturer in the South.
Write for pric^ and catalogues.
V. C. Badham,
1326 Main Street,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
BLADDER, UnIN\R AS!) ?
DlSfiV- KS, DVSPEPSI V. IN'DIG STIOS
ASu 0 N.STi PATIO >1 POSLUVftLV
tUKKD BYTHEU** "F M
FoR THE ||
(MR AND JCIDNEYS.
A vegetiMe preparati -n.^wierever knowo
the tn ?t p pular of all ienicdies, txcuise ibc
most effect u*!. 4H
Sold wholesale by?
The Murray Draiz-Co. Columbia
Dr. H. 3aer, Charleston^ S. C. 38g
Mill Cunnlioe" J
mm uup^iioo |
If you n^ed anything ia the
above line write us. Prices
are steadily advancing, and 3|
there is every indication of
further advances. Bay now
and save money. Prices anfrx^ -<
estimates cheerfully submit- n^3
ted. Now is the time to buy. %
Engines and Boilers, 1 ? 1
Saw and Grist Mills, j ? f j
Woodworking Machinery, I MOST
Rinn Uniloro I %
IIIUU IIUIIUIO, 1 FLEIIS g?>S
Brick Machinery, ! T '3
Grain Brills. ~ jEAC"' M
W. H. Gibbes & Co., J
S04 Gervais Street,
COLUMBIA, S. C. I
"xt rr__ ? tv j_
x>ear union jjepou
Jno. S. Reynolds, J
Attorney at Law,