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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, December 20, 1899, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-12-20/ed-1/seq-1/

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LIV WINXSBOKO. S. C, WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 20. 1899. NO. 19
liiRITISH DEFEATED.
Lord Methuen Checked in His
Advance and Thrown Back.
r "
.MANY MORt MtN NttL>tL?.
The Boers Appear in "Astonishing'Numbers."
Gen. Buller's
Advance on
Ladysmith.
A dispatch from London savs eich
important Dattle seems 10 bring a woise
reverse for the British, and the papers
-J ?*!.?*'! XUtkn^n'c
S0rr0WlUi:y aumit iiiai o
check at Magersfontt-in is the must strife;
ous event the war has yet produced.
K The Morning Post says: "We have
Bp had our day of humiliation appointed
for us. Let us accept it humbly acd
soberly and be the better and stronger
' for the lesson it has taught us. This
last reverse will make us a fresh butt
y * of Europe. There never was a more
apt occasion to prove to Europe what
we are worth."
The position Lord Methuen assaulted
33 thus described by a correspondent
Magersfontein ran.^e terminates on the
? ast with an abrupt saddle rock, some
^50 feet high. Boer entrenchments
run around the whole front. The portion
is some two miles long, due east
aud west. The western ends of the j
trenches iollow the contour of the j
koj-jes and afford a retreat. It is estimated
here that Lord Methuen's forces
amounted to 11,000 men and perhaps
1'iore. No reliable estimate of his
i .5>*es has yet been received. They are
'{.ciieved to have been at least 450.
A ll tlicnanprs ftftmmPBt HDOn the eX
^ trcrne gravity of the situation and
upon the momentous decision Loid
? -Hcthuen has now to make?whether to
r-u,ain at Modder river or o retire on
Orange river. The Tiuit s says: "At
i ast 30,000 additional men must be
called up and the militia and volunteers
lurued to account. Efforts must be
matle to increase the local colonial
Jv.rces, and further oiiirs of troops from
1'auada and other coiouies must be
nought and accepted."
The Standard, which comments upon
ihe '"seemingly astonishing numbers
< i'Boers?," is driven to the conjecture
* i-'iUi a substantial portion of ihe Boer
commandoes has been lecruitcd from
: he Cape Dutch. ^11 ejes are now
turning hopefully to (ieu. Bailer, who
inking into account the troops with
tieu. White at Lad\smitb, has alto
tether 30,000 men. The Standard says:
j - ''At this moment there must be few
I- n?en in her majesty'? dominions have
int weight of care upon them as Geo
JSuiier carries on his shoulders." A
? spatch from Boer sources says that
l Knuberley remained <iuiei during the
^ battle at Mager&fomeia.
j ^ The special correspondent of the
> w Daily Mail at 3iuijuer river, describing
W . the fighting, say?:
-^ 'The Boer ttenches extended far
k USjond the kopj- iDto the open plairi.
Those on the plain were hidden by
- screens of leaves. Those near the
?o^je were guarutu by a double lice ot
barbed wire. Ey.ckutly they feared
our storming and na; uutt attack.
* "We took the ki>jje atd trenches
<Kjth an intense, weii uirecud tire, of
various guns, iue!udiog a navai guo
- and a Howitzer bacu r>. bo? h using l>d
diie. iVbelieve the} sutfcrtd severe
damage. yhe Boer pri*ot>trs report
that one lycftdue theil fell among fort>
men, only five&? whom escaped u it hurt
Oiher shells bursbdn theeneu.Vs 'anger,
causing its completX destruction.
"The Boers are instill' larger force
than we found them &t >loddcr river,
?y outnumbers us bj almVst '6 to 1. The
Transvaalers are apparently dominaiing
in their military councfJ?, although
i'j a minority." {
THE OFFICIAL REI'<?IiT,
The London war office Jhas received
the following dispatch from Gen. Meihuen,
dated Tuesday, Dec. )2:
^ "Our artillery shelled a -very strong
position held by the enemy in :i loog,
high kopje from 4 until dusk Sunday.
It raised hard last night. X-he High
r laud brigade attacked at ,daybreak
^ Monday the sourh eLd of the kopje.
Bl The attack was properly timed but
failed. The Guards were ordered to
protect the Highland's right and rear,
f nA cavalrv and mounted infantry, j
with a Howitzer artillery battery, attacked
the enemy on the left and the
Guards on the right, *-upt>o:ted by fkld
artillery and Howitzer artillery.
^ They shelled the position from daybreak,
and at 1:15 I sent the Gordons
to support the Highland brigade. The
troops held their own in front of the
enemy's entrenchments until dusk, the
;> position extending, including the kopje
~ .afT-?r^ t Ka I
Jur a distance U1 S1A. umco iv/?a<.vi |
Modder river. Today i aw holding my
J ^ pc-sifion acd entrenching myself. I
-''had to face at least 12,0U0 men. Oar
J Ls-s was great."
jr*r Gen. Forestier-Walker, telegraphing
from Cape Town at 3:80 p. m. today,
sends the following d^patch from Lord
Methuen, dated Modder river, Tuesday
iv /? 19 7-30 t). m. As the Doers oc
cupied their trenches strongly this
morning, I retired in perfect order
here, where I am in security. I have
gathered from some of the prisoners
and from our men with the ambulances
who talked with the Boer's, that the!
enemy's losses were terrible, some!
corps being c nnpletely wiped out. The i
jBjjMfc have been most kind to asy
^ ^^Kvounded.'
MHr SEVERAL OFFICERS KILLEI>.
The British casualties included the
Marquess of Winchester, major of the
k ~ S?coud battalion Coldstream Guards,
r who was killed, and Col. Downham of
' " the First battalion Gordon Highlanders
* ho was mortally wounded. When the
Highlanders met the murderous pointblank
fire of the Boers about 200 were
mown down. The Black Watch regi
? rnent on reforming was able to muster
only 160 men. The Boers lost heavily
in the trenches and also in the wire entanglements
when they came into the
. open in an attempt to make a Sank atgfo
tack on tbe Biitish.
The terrific British artillery fire provoked
no response except from the
V. Beer rifles until nearly 4 o'clock in the
TT 1 1 1
t afternoon wnen tne uoruon mgaianaers
formed to .enew the attack on the
entrenched kopje. They advanced
with the utmost gallantry to attack the
Bo?n; close to the place where lay
J iheir de<id a:.d w-.mi.did c< tirades oi
j iLe lii?:Ki<xua brigade. The c-tjeai}
I |>ffied with a h-.avy >hrapucl lire ;t?
i the Brirish advaoc.-ii at.d it was found
< p i}tieal'y impossible to take the B >ei
| irenches. The British got within 20U
yards but could not get nearer. It was
here that Col. Downham fell. The
Boers had had free recourse to barbed
I i i : .a J .
wire entanglements wmcu ouereu
obstacles even after the majority were
cut by artillery fire.
A COMPLETE Sl'RPKlSE.
The correspondent of The Standard
at Modder river, describing the fight at
Magersfoctein, say*: ki6ix miles had
to be covered before the Highlanders
brigade could reach the Boer stronghold.
It is not yftt clear through what
mischance the force, which was led by
guides, came upon the Boer trenches
!>o unexpectedly and so suddenly.
Beyond question ihe Boeis were awa-e
of the approach of the Kriti&h and had
prepared to rective them. According
to one version two Highlanders, through
neivousness or clumsiness, discharged
their rifks prematurely; but it is equally
probable that the advar.ee Boer
scouts convened the intelligence. "Our
men were totally unprepared They
had not even fixed bayonets. The disaster
was all the more exasperating because
of the consciousness that, had
the brigade been extended aod with
fixed bayonets, the trenches might have
been successfully rushed with lar less
eacrifice of life."
SEVEN* HUNDRED CASUALTIES.
A revised list of the lotal casualties
to the B.itish troops of all amis at
Mag r-t ..tein places the number at
832. T re wore fifteen officers killed
and f- i>' v?) wounded and in addition
five oic misfiug and oce is known to
'have boon made prisoner. The war
office has received a message t>tatiog
that there were (>30 cavalries among
the non-commissiooed offi.ers and men
of the Highland brigade at Magersfonrro.
? t > . 1 t\ ftf ! ? ) 1 1
tern. J ne tmgaae tost iu omcers Kiiu-a,
38 woufided and 4 .nissing.
An Atlanta Row.
Quite a lively "sensation has been
started up among the lawyers of Atlanta.
The grand jury recently had a
good deal to say shout lasers at the
Atlanta bar who carry on a brokerage
business in litieation and are guilty of
barratry and other unprofessional practises.
At a ui-jetiog of the Atlanta
Bar Association resolutions were adopted
and a committee appointed to
draft a public address. In this the lawyers
have strongly denounced the
course pursued by the grand jury, declaring
that it was the duty of the
grand jury to investigate the charges
.. - j? ?3 ???
It UJttUC <tuu l\j iuuiV/1 a a j lutuiutio yj i
the bar whom it believed to be guilty
and not make indefioice charges which
were a reflection upon tiie bargenerally,
without specifying the guilty ones.
Mr. T. II. Austin, a member of a business
firm in Atlanta, took a hand in the
dispute and published a very scathing
card in which he cited the names jf'
certain lawyers whom be accused of
bc:ng gailry of improper and unp ofe^sional
conduct in seeking to place his
~ > i 10 rn_
arm in tne nana* or a receiver. iwo
or three street fights followed ihe publication
of this card, and now Mr. Austin
has begun proceedings against Attorneys
3. U. Tapp and C. E Langley,
with a view of expelling them from the
Atlanta bar. He is proceeding against
them before the grand jury on the
charge of violating the kw against bar
ratry, before the bar associa'ion, on the
charge of unprofessional conduct, and
before Judge Lumpkin with regular
disbarment procecdirgs under the law.
The matter has created q-;ite a stir and
tho 4 ilanto no aro f 11II nf m 11 ni -
cations first on one side and then on
the oiher of t'ae controversy.?Augusta
Cujoticle.
Don't Want to Know.
The United Stated Senate Thursday
by a decisive vote and practically without
discussion laid on the table the
P^-ttiirrewr resolution of inquiry as to
ffbeibv-r or n >t United States forces
had recognized "the Filipino insurgents'
flag and had turned over Spanish soldiers
to the insurgents. The vote on the
resolution resulted 41 ayes to 20 nays
as follows:
Yeas?Aidrich, Ahi-on, Beveridge,
Carter, Chandi* r, (Mark of Wyoming,
Dcboe, Dcpew, Eikins, Fairbanks,
Foraker, Foster, Frye. Galling*r, Gear,
H:mna, Hawley, Kean, Lindsay,
L tQtc, McBride, McComas McCumber,
MeEnery, McLaurin, McMillan, Nelson
Perkins, Piatt of CocDeciicut, Piatt of
New York, Pritchard, Ross, Scott,
St??rall, Shoup, Spocner, Stewart
Thurston, Wellington, Wetmun.-. Wolcott?41.
\' - ~ t> !-? ..? T)
.> A\ > UilUUU, U lit;,
Clay, Ctcsrell, Harris, Heitfield, Hoar,
Jones of Arkansas, Kenney, Money,
Pettiprcw, Pettu?, Rawlins, Sullivan,
Taliaio-.ro, Tillruan, Turley, Vest?20.
Deserved Success.
The Murray Drug Company, of Columbia,
furnishes one of the proofs
of the proposition that well directed
efforts, sound business methods
and perfectly fair dealing will lead to
success. starting some years ago, in
an untried field, under circumstances
not the most encouraging, this company
has extended its business all over
South Carolina, and finds its customers
steadily increasing in number and in
the size of their orders. It is one of
the established institutions of Columbia,
and by its example has contributed
no little to the spirit of enterprise
which now pervades our capital city.
The company is under the management
of its president. Dr. W. J. Murray, who
was its founder, and to his energy and
constancy the success of its business is
very largely cue.
More Prisoners Released.
M a nil 9 ctTi inf<vr
iuation has been received at headquarters
that 500 Spanish prisoners
have been shiped from Vigan to Manila
and that 1.500 others have been
a?sembled in Vigan. including Gen.
Per.a. Probably these are Spaniards
released by Gen. YouDg's troops in the
Bengaet district, where they were concentrated
by the insurgents.
"I have used your 'Life for the Liver
I and Kidneys' with great beneut, jtnd
for Dyspepsia or a ay derangement of
the Liver or Kidneys I regard it as being
without an equal." James J. Osborne,
Attorney at Law, Boliston,
Henderson 3o., X. C.
;! "WAR IS HELL."
. j
I i
; Seme of the Horrors of the War in
>
tia TI.
! BOERS GIVEN NO QUARTER.
Charge of the Fifth Lancers on
the Disarmed and Defenceless
Boers Was a Horrible
Spectacle.
The first definite charges of British j
massacre of B>ers who had thrown
do?n their arms and asked for mercy
was made by a corresponded of tbe
Algemein Aandelsblad, the leading
nflwirar.nrnf \ m <fArrI !i rii wrirt^n frjm
Elandskagte, and they were punted
on December 4. lie :-a:u:
"Never have I thought Englishmen
to be such brutes. Imagine that about
90 men were behind a kopje when
300 lancers attacked them.
'The B^ers had to surrender to such
overwhelming numbers, and threw do-vn
their weapons in token of submission.
But the captain of the Laueers shouted:
" 'Kill the ; !' Whereupon a
tremendous massacre ensued. 8ouseni
_ -L. -_i.. ?: ?
uiaier, me vmy unsuuu aiucug u^uj,
was spared because he had remained fiat
oq the ground. '
Private JJolan, of the Kifih Lancers,
thus describes the same incident in a
letter printed in Loudon. D eember 4:
As soon as they saw the latces the}
threw up tbeir r:fies and ammuntiou
and cried 'Friends!' but it was no go.
for they fired on the Ked Cross, and we
had no mercy fur thf-m.'"
An ucfij- r ot ihe Fifth Liocers wrote
a letter describing the Klandslaagte
massacre, which was published in the
Loudon Times of December 9, in which
he describes the cold-blooded killing
most cheerfully and with rare humor,
thus:
4"After the enemy were driven out
one of our squadrons pursued and got
risrht in among them in the twilight,
~ ? ~ w ^ # ^ ?
and most cxoejlent big-stickiDg ensued
fur about 10 minutes, the bag beinu
about 60.
"One of our men istuck Lis lance
through trt'o, killing both at one thrust.
Had it not been gettting dark we would
have killed many more."
An account told by a dragoon corporal
to a correspondent of the Loudon
Chronicle was printed io tLat newspaper
on December 8. lie said:
llThe Boers fell off their horses and
rolled among the rocks, hiding their
heeds with their arms, calling for mercy,
calling to he shot?aavthing to escape
a stab from those terrible lances
through their back and bowels. But
Dot many escaped. We just gave them
a good dig as they lay. Xexr day most
of the laiiucs were bloody"
Another lance trooper thus described
the affair:
"We got a charge at them. They
throw up their arms and fell on their
knees for mercy, but wc were told n<>t
to give them any, and I can assure you
:hey got none. We went aloDg sticking
our lances through them. It was a
terrible thine."
J. H. Fox, an uiilander now at
Lidysmith, writes:
"It was a sight to see the Lancers
charge. When they got within 100
yards the Boers threw up their arms
and begged for mercy. They jumped
o2 their horses and got on their knees
and prayed for mer<*y-"
Here is a contribution from one of
the Lancers:
"One Boer begged me very hard to
spare him, but my reply was: 'You ?
here's your mercy!' I shot him dead,
and did not take the trouble to lance
him."
Private L. Thompson. First battalion
King's Iloyal Rifles, thus described lhe
tight at Glencoe when General Symons
was mortally wounded:
'With a wild cheer, we were among |
them. Bayonets went to work, aud j
heads were smashed like pumpkins
They were speechless with terror.
When they saw the line of cold steel
coming at them they threw down their
arms and fled in confusion, only to be
cut into travelers' samples when they
reached the bottom of our cavalry."
Henry Burgess, fireman on a British
armored train, wrote:
"Ooce the bayonet charge of the
Devons and Gordons began the Dutchmen
fk-d precipitately. Meanwhile the
Lanccrs had been creeping up behind,
and as the Boers reached the bottom
the Lancers charged them at full gallop.
The panic-stricken Boers threw down
their rifles and attempted to escape,
but it was utterly useless for with shouts
of kMajuba!! the Lancers were upon
them and the awful work commenced.
\ ery lew ifoers escaped.
Drummer Hearn, of Colonel BadenPowell's
Light Horse, describes the
first-engagement of Mafeking:
' "We 'cleared the remainder at the
poiat of the bayonets. It was really
fine fun. You saould have seen what
a fuss -the Boers made about being
pricked. I touched one and he jumped
four yards They don't like cold steel.
We showed them no mercy.
A piivate in the King's Rifles
described the Elandslaagte slaughter:
'"In was a great but terrible sight to
see those horsemen hew their way
through the Boers. Three times they
rode right through, cutting, slashing,
rmolrinor
0.
"Some of the Boers died io a prayiDg
attituds. Many flung dovrn their arms
as soon as they saw the flash of the
lances, clasping their hands abave their
heads. ar:d begged for mercy. Bat
they had ehown no mercy to us, and
this was our revenge."
Shot by His Hen.
The Pittsburg Post learns that ' 'some
of his friends are incline^ to accept the
horrible story that Major John A. Logan
of Youngston, whose death ia battle
was reported from Manilla a few days
ago, was shot by one of his own men in
revenge for some real or fancied
affront." It may be difficult to prove
I anything m a case ot tne tana, tne
Post adds, {:butthe Government owes
it to itself and the memory of the dead
officer to make every investigation
possible. 1
1
! '10 BE ROLLING PALACES.
i The Southern Railway's Florida
Limited Trains This Season.
j In increasing the service to three
I trains each way daily between New
York and the principal resorts of the
I crmtli th,-> railway 1ms in
I eluded the famous '"Ne * York and Florida
Limited,'" which ?ill he ]>ut on the
line Jan. 15 nexr. Upon this train the
company has bi ilt up much of its enviable
reputation as a caterer to the
traveling public.
This year, the lialeigh Post says the
coaches of which it is composed will be
superior to anything which have yet
been operated over the Southern lit es,
iu spite of thehi^hstandard maiota;nel
in previous jears. It will include library.
observation ana double drawing"
room carj, as well as dicing car.-, aid
the latest ideas in compartment ct ach 5s;
o . . i MI /? 1 1 . 1 _
in lacr,. me train win consist oi an trie
es-euti.ii features of a first class hotel,
ami the iuomtony and other disagreeable
features incident to the average
railway traveler is almost entirely obviated.
The trip betw-en New York and
Jacki-onville by the new route is made
in but a little over 24 hours, although
in that time the traveler goes from a
winUr to a summer land. The other
trains south are sj arranged that
th'o gli ci-s are operated daily bet
fectj New York and Florida. Like the
iiiiiiteH traio, they arc ma'de up of the
finest ^rade of sleeping and parlor cars
built by the Pullman company, and
sie;ial arrangements have been made
for dining service, which will he appreciated
by pa r>ns
There is every indication that the
tide of travel this jear wili be much
i:roatrr than in the pa*t, owing to various
reasons. a-jd trie company will
d juIkIosS receive its shire of the patronage
in return f-rthe enterprising
and lib r: 1 policy which ishas adopted
? 1 he S> ates.
The Cigarette Must Go..
The Southern railway system has declared
war against the cigarette. A
pipe or eigir can be tolerated by tne
luii.azemeut <-t the company, but a
cigarette provokes them to wrath?and
likewise b rs the smok?r thereof from
furtlur work among their great nctvrork ,
oi lines throughout the south. An order
lias been issued in South Carolina
to this effect, applying to-the system
throughout that state, and Assistant
General Passenger Agent S. II Harda/iol
oivfi if. inot? cruin nA nr.nl?
cant to all the different branches of <
the road. The order issued from the
South Carolina department i* an ironclad
rule, and applies to all departments
of the line throughout that state. <
The order iu substance says that all J
employes who smoke cigarettes must (
either give up the weed or ln^e their
positions, and further, that no man will ,
be employed ia the future who is a (
cigarette smoker. Mr. Hardwick said
that the order was haying a good effect
among their employes aLd that he had
received many lettrrs from Charleston
and othvr cities throughout the Pal
metto state, congratulating the company J
nn si5>rid it ha<? taken. Thf> letters ,
says that the parents of young men
employed throughout the system and '
the young men themselves are loud in ,
their praise of the benefit they expct to
ultimately derive from the anti ciga- (
rette order. "Many young men," said (
Mr. Hardwick, '"have been ruined by ]
the detestable cigarette. Two young
men, I knew well, one in Montgomery
and one in Ashville died from the effect
of their excessive smoking.'' j
A Horrible Death. 1
The Columbia correspondent of The 1
New ani Courier says early Wednesday
morning Mr. C. W. Taylor, of
Manchester, N. II,, was killed by an
accident. Mr. Taylor weut to Colum- j
bia rcccntly to accept a position as
mechanical workman at the Penitentiary
Hosiery Mills, operated by Mr. J. M. '
Graham. He liked his work and was
acceptable to the owner of the mill, and
he went to his New England home to ,
bring his wife and child here to live ia
Columbia. He returned Tuesday with :
his family and Wednesday morning
went to work.- In some way, while
working with a belt on the electric pul
Icy, his overalls* caught in the belting
and he could not extricate himself.
Finally, after being pulled over and
battered several times, the clothing was
torn and he fell about ten feet to the
ground. Both legs and one arm were
broken. Mr. Taylor survived for about
? * - i i - i A i i. rr ^ _
iorty minutes anu aiea irom iae cnecis
of his wounds. Strange to say, Mr.
Taylor was talking Tuesday night with
his wife about how happy he was in his
new Southern home, and how he liked
to live in the South, being of delicate
constitution, and he told his wife that
when he died he wanted to be buried
here.
Murdered in Honduras.
A dispatch from Xew Orleans says it
is reported there from an apparently
reliable sourcrt, that two Americans of
prominence were shot and killed last
M ? 2 ix,J,?
lU.UUUtlJ' l Li k.uu X UUHjj U^UUIDU
dura?, the samo inland city where :
Frank Pears wa? murdered. As the <
story reached this city, Capt. Jack
Imboden and William Gold were in
their room at San Ptdro, when a native
of prominence walked up to the <
door and, without the least provocation,
opened Sre. Capt. Imboden was ,
shot once and Gold was shot three I
times. Both mca died within a short
time after the shooting. The shooting
occurred last Monday and news of it
was brought to this city by th3 steamer
Breakwater, which touchod at Bluefields
on her way home. Capt. Imbodcn was i
the son of the late Gen. Imboden, of
Virginia, who was a noted Confederate
leader, and who was at one time the
agricultural commissioner of his State.
He has been aresident of Spanish Honduras
for a number of years, being largely
interested in miking there. Very
little is knoivn of Gold.
Smallpox in Eight Counties.
The State board of health met in i
Columbia Thursday. There was nothing
special done except to provide for
the further elimination of smallpox in
the State, which has appeared in sixteen
different places. The governor
was in Charleston ana the board awaited
his return. The board w\nts money
with which to buy virus and employ
physicians who have authority to vacei
naie. Soxni trouble is had in enforcing;
vaccination. The board has handled
1.300 cases this year. There is smallpox
now in eight counties.
V . . ^ ^ ^,
[THOUSANDS KILLED.
Terrible Loss of Life on the Island
of Ceram.
AN EARTHQUAKE DISASTER
A Huge Tidal Wave. Whole Coast
for Miles Transformed Into Immense
Mud Puddle. Corpse
Everywhere.
The San Francisco Bulletin says the
disaster that overtook the island of
Coram on the second of last moDth
cost the reople of that district immense
loss ia life and property. The steamship
American Maru. which arrived
Wednesday from the Orieot, brought
advices from Ceram and reports that
five thousand people were destroyed on
that island alone when the dreadful
earthquakes of November shocked the
Japanese and agitated the islands adjacent
to the empire.
' * Oa itic night of the second, the
people 01 Cernni were awakened by a
tenifis shock of earthquake that seemed
to wark from north to south. Every
or:e lied from his house into the public
square. * A few hours later it was reTil
. i 1 . ? 1 _
ported tna: tue water was rising in me
bay of Arnbonia. The sea came forward
ia the shape of a huge tidal wave
aud forced the water into the bay entrance.
It caD e up 50 feet over the
lowlands. At Pauholyand Samasoeroa
on the bay, the waves swept over the
tops of trees, 30 feet hi^h. Out of
nearly 1 S00 inhabitants only 40 escaped.
"The whole coast for miles was transformed
it.to a huge mud pudd.le.
Corpses were everywhere. Broken
trees apportions 01 houses were buried
in the ooze. Every lew rods were
greit mounds of stones and boulders
that ha>! been washed up from the sea,
changing the eatire topography of the
country. The exact number kilkd
along thy coast will never be known, as
the corpses are in many oases yards'un
der the ne.v ground. At Hatoesia. out j
of 500 people, 100 were killed and 40
wounded. The balance escaped to the
hills, whore the shock of earthquake
was first felt,"
THE LUZON GUERILLAS.
rhey Harass Supply Trains and Carry
Off Isolated Americans.
A dispatch from Manila says Col.
Smith, with a detachment of theSeven:eenth
infantry, surrounded arid cap
:ured ia a Tillage near Malasqui a party
)f guerillas vrho had made their headquarters
there. The party included
:he band which assassinated seven officials
at Malasqui for friendliness to ihe
Americans.
All are 'asurgents who became ban
iits when the disintegration ot the rili[>ino
army bezan. They kept the coun;ry
around Malasqui in a state of terror
for several weeks, and committed 25
murders in less than that number of
iays. When they were caught they
ivere promptly sent to Gen. MacArihur'd
headquarters at Bayambang by
train. It is expectcd that they wiil be
speedily tried and either shot or hung
is an example, if convicted.
The whole country north of San Fernando
and between San Fernando and
Manila. exceDt within the permanent
line of troops around the city and the
closely patrolled stretches of railroad,
swarms with similar bands. Probably
they will be increased by men from
Pilars army, many of whom are making
their way south to join the iusurgent
force in Cavite province. These
people, for the most part, succeeded
in dodging Gen. Grant, Col. Bell and
Col. Hood's troops, who are scouring
the country for them. They devote
their energies to ambushing commissary
wagons acid to picking up soldiers who
leave their commands. Every day
r-sswtsv TT>n/?AM 4- nn i n in n A* OATV^fl
3ULUC watjuu Limu 13 uicu uyuu vi ovwg
soldier disappears.
Gen. Wheeler's secretary, Mr. Garrett,
was disarmed and slashed by a
by a boloman almost within sight of
headquarters, his assailant pursuing
him almost into the headquarters building.
The policy of these ruffiians is to
make the country uninhabitable for
Americans and to frighten natives into
refraining from giving any assistance to
the Americans, as well as to compel the
inhabitants to support the insurrection
AW*] ?? liAM o t"? /-I 1 AAf lAtrna
J.' ICljUCUllJ' liiUJf lai U ilUU IWl IV rr u J ,
The brother of the president of Imus
went outside the towD the other day to
harvest some rice. lie was captured
bj his compatriots, accu-.ed of being a
spy, and executed.
Only a small portion ct the insurgrets'
arms have bce'a urrendered, and
the problem of suppressing this guerilla
warfare is anything but easy of solution.
Some of the American officers think it
worse than fighting Indians, owing to
the difficulties of the country and the
trouble of locating the enemy, who :esort,
when hard pressed, to the i nigo
dodge and hide their guns. Some of
the Americar-s favor the issuance of a
proclamation declaring all natives found
with arms to be bandits, punishable as
criminals, instead of being treated as
prisoners of war.
The Tobacco Planters.
The tobacco grower* of North Carolina
have begun a movement to raise
the price of the prod<i'-t throughout the
southern States, which planters say has
decreased in ten years from 37 cents
per pound to 112 cents. .District conventions
are to be held in the tobacco
growing States in January for the purpose
of appointing delegates to a convention
to be held in Raleigh on Jan.
17. The purpose of the convention
will be to organize a company to buy
the entire crop of bright tobacco grown
in the States of North Carolina, South
Carolina, Virginia and Tennessee, and
the farmers are to enter into an agreement
refusing to allow the trust,
which the growers claim is reducing
the price, to purchase any of the product
for five jears.
wauerooro ixciieo.
The town council of Walterboro has
made an appropriation for the establishment
of quarantine regulations against
the towDS of Hampton, Varnville,
Scotia, Denmark, Bamberg and against
the turpentine farms of Georgia, these
places being reported as infected with
smallpox.
(
| ANOTHER BRITISH REVERSE.
j General Buller's Army Wa3 Defeated
With Big Loss.
A dispatch from London says the
war office lias received a dispatch announcing
that Gen. Buller has met with
a serious reverse, losing ten guns.
Gen. Buller was artempting to cross
tVisv T** i r* A i r? if lmnnc
me* ? J. iuuiug m ?uiy?'osille
to effect his object, he ordered a
retirement in order to avoid greater
losses. He lef; 11 guns behind. The
I following is the test of Gen. Buller's
dispatch announcing his reverse:
'"Buller to Lansdowne: Chievely
Camp, Dec. 15, 0 20 p. ni ?I regret to
report a serious reverse. I moved io
fr.ll strength from our camp near
Cbievuly at 4 'o'clock this morning.
There are two.fordable places in the
Tutela river, and it was my intention
to Jurce a passage trrougn at one or
them They are about two miles
apart.
"My intention was to force one or the
other with one brigade, supported by a
central brigade. Gen. Hart was to attack
the left drift, Gen. Hildyard the
right road and Gen. Lrttleton was to
take the centre and to support either.
Early in the day I saw that Gen. Hart
would not be able to force a passage,
and I directed him to withdraw. He
had, however, attacked with great
gallantry and Lis leadi1 g b.ittalion, the
Counaught linger*, I tear, suffered a
treat deal. Col. I. G. Brooke was seriously
wounded.
l'I then ordered Gen. Hi.dyard to advance,
which he did, and his leading
regiment, the East Surrey, occupied
Colenso station and the houses near
the bridge At that moment I heard
the whole artillery I haa sent to support
the attack?the Fourteenth and
Sixty-sixth Field batteries and six
naval 12 pounder quick-fi.es?under
Col. Long, had advanced close to the
ri\cr in Long's desire to bj within effective
range. It proved to b2 full of
the enemy, who opened a glancing fire
at close rabgi, killing all their horses,
and the gunners were compelled to
stand to iheir guns. Some of the
wagon teams got shelter for troops in
a donga, aud desperate efforts were
made to brine out the field guns.
The fire, however, was too severe,
and* only two were saved by Capt.
Schofield and some drivers whose
names [ will furnish.
'"Another most gallant attempt with
three teams was made by an officer
whose name I will obtain. Of the 18
horses 13 were killed and as several
drivers were wounded I would Dot allow
another attempt, as it seemed that
they would be a shell mark, sacrificing
life to a gallant attempt to lorce the
passage unsupported by artillery. I
directed the troops to withdraw, '.finch
they did in good order. Throughout
the day a considerable force of the
enemy was pressing on my right, but
was kepi back by mounted men under
Lord JDundonald and part of Gen.
Barton's brigade. The day was intensely
hot and most try kg on the
troops, whose conduct was excellent.
We have abandoned ten guns and lost
by shell fire one. The losses in Gen.
Hart's brigade are, I fear, heavy, although
.the proportion of severely
wounded is, I hope, not large. Tbel4th
and 68th field batteries also suffered
seveie losses. We have retired to our
camp at Chievelry."
Death of Wash ShellCapt.
G-aorge Washington Shell died
suddenlyat 2 o'clock Friday afternoon
at his home three miles from Laurens.
He was in Laurens Friday on his way
home from Greenville, where he had
been on business pertaining to his
office, district census supervisor, and
while there had on attack of something
like cramps, but soon recovered sufficiently
to travel and immediately came
honrv A second attack, which probably
?tfected the heart, proved too much
for I is then weakened condition to
withstand and he expired almos; suddenly.
Capt. Shell retired from public
life i:? 1SJ5 and has sincc devoted his
time to farming on a mo.dern and extensive
scale. His appointment a?,
district census supervisor was confirmed
only a few days ago and he was in
the discharge of his new office when
the summons came. Capt. Shell was
70 years old, a man of pleasing address
and marked ability.
' Tr7"V. TV,nrr A ?? 4 * "
rv ii^ic xucj uic av.
Well, next summer witnesses another
political campaign, and for this especial
reason our representatives in Washington
will, perhaps, be phased to receive
communications from the ''dearpeople" j
at home. Those who are interested in j
the governmental distribution of seeds,
speeches and other litter and literature
are indebted to the Congressional Record
for the Washington addresses of
the South Carolina delegation in congress.
Senator McLaurin is at the Oxford:
Senator Tillman at 1006 E. Capi
tol street; Representatives Jno. Stanyarne
Wilson and William Elliott at
ihe Xormandie; D. E. Finley and W.
Jasper Talbert at the National; Asbui'f
C. Latimer, 220 East Second street, S.
E.; J. William Stokes, 313 E. Capitol
street.; and James Norton at the Metropolitan.
Guerillas will be Hung.
T>olatfed-i)ands of busbwackins: in
surgents whcTa???&ught by our forces
in the Philippines areitaely to be summarily
dealt with. At "Ttft-?kbinet
meeting Friday toe matter was discus>*4
at sorne length, and it was the general
sentiment that the situation demanded
vigorous treatment. As long as the
insurgents keep up a show of an army
under a semblance of discipline, they
will be treated as prisoners of war when
captured, but when they degenerate
into isolated bands of marauders, harassing
our forces by cold-blooded assassinations,
it is the judgment of the
officers in command in the Philippines
and of the president and the members
of the cabinet that the situation demands
a summary action.
Killed in the Eing.
Henry Xeise of St. Louis, Mo., was
killed by a right hand swing to the
head, delivered by Fred Bellerson of
Utah, in the sixth round of a boxing
boul at the St. Louis A. C. Thursday
night. "Tim" Kurst and Manager
Chas. W. Whitney were immediately
taken into custody. Bellerson escaped,
but his seconds were put under arrest.
The physician's verdict was to the effect
that Neise died from concussion of
the brain.
i COLOKED CONFERENCEI
I List of the Appointments Made by th<
Methodists in Greenville.
Below is given the appointments fo]
the ensuing year resulting from the
colored South Carolina Methodist Epis
^ Q i_ _ n
copai cuuierence s session la urceuville:
Beaufort District?W >1 Hauna, presiding
elder; Aiken, V S Johnson; Allendale,
W G White: Appleton, E J
Curry; Bamberg, W G Valentine; Barnwell
, C K Brown; Beaufort, J W Dore;
Cottageville, B F Miller; Denmark, J
D Chestnut; Ehrhardt, Washington
Thomas; Fairfax. L W Williams; Grahamsville,
A D Brown; Green Pond, B
J Boston; Hamptou, (supply), W D
King; Holly Hill (supply), J W Singerland;
Jaeksonboro, J S Tjler; Midway,
J L Hender&OD; lieedsville, M C
Couk; Ridgeville, J T Latsoa; Ross
(supply), J S Epps; Ruffin, Henry Baker;
St George, S A. King; St Paul, J J
July; Seiglingsville, C H Harleston;
Springfield, T J Robinson; Springtown,
Ellis Forest; Summerville, J B Middleton;
Ulmer's, P D Harris; Walterboro,
J R TWnsend; Weimer, G W Gantt;
Yemassee, A B xMorrisey.
Charleston District?C C Jacobs, presiding
elder; Bethesda. G W Williams;
Biaek River, G F Miller; Bropk Green
(supply), R H Bostick; Camp Ridge,
BeDjamin. Brown; Chark on. Centenary,
A G Townsend; Charleston Mission.
Old Bethel. J A Brown: Charles
tun, Wesley, J F Pagn*; Cooper River,
Dickson Salter: Forreston and Manning,
Alfred Lewis; Georgetown and South
Santee, J D Mitchell; John's Island, A
J Kennedy; Kingotree circuit, A B
Franklin; Kingston, H G- Frederick;
Lances, VVaites Mcintosh; Marjville
and St Andrews, H H Matthews; Mt
Pleasant and MeClellansville (supply),
r W H Witherspoon; Pinopolis, Daniel
Brown: St. John's, Stewart Simmons;
Sc Mary's, L L Thomas; St Stephen's.
Wm David: St Thomas, A II Harrison;
Turkey Creek, I H Fulton; Washington
and Ladson, W R Jervay.
Florence District?J E Wilson, -pre
siding elder; Bennettsville, G W
Cooper; Beulah, H C Asbery; Cheraw
and Mc. Zioa, Jeremiah McLeod;
Clio and Tatum, W E Tatum; Darlington,
E li Borroughs, Florence, F E
McDonald; Hartsvillle, B M Pergues;
Lamar and Saidy Grove, W S Neil;
Little Rock, W H Redfield; Lynchburg,
G L Davis; Mai ion, J W Moul
trie; Mar's Bluff, J A Harral; Maysvilie,
F L Baxter; North Marlboro and
Bethel, M V Gray; Salem and Wesley,
CII DaDgerSeld; Sellers, C E Robin
t n i.. o t n
soil3 cunuu, u j_>urciij omjrrua, ju \jr
Gray; Spear's, Jame3 McEaddy; Syracuse
and St. John's, F W Vance.
Greenville District?M M Mouzon,
presiding elder; Aoderson, I E Lowery;
Belton, J R Rjsemond; Central Mission
(supply), W F Smith; E*sley, E
W Adams; Greenville, B F Witherspoon;
Liberty, P R Camlin; Lowndesville,
0 L Lowery; Marietta, J C Martin;
North Greenville, CB Logan; Olio,
Benjamin Robinson; Rock Hill, York
Goodlett; St. Mark's and St. Paul's, I
L Hardy; Seneca, D .M Minus; South
Greenville, J H Parks; Walhalia, Wesley
Littlejohn; Wiiliamston, A S J
Brown.
Orangeburg District?J LGrice, presiding
elder; Alcott, J T Latson; Antioch.
J W Brown: Asbland. J W
Grove; Branchville, B G Frederick;
Camden, G C Scott; Camden circuit, J
B Thomas; Che3terfield, S S Butler;
Columbia, A E Quick; Columbia Mission
(supply), J H Johnson; Edisto
Fork, N T Bo wen; Jamison, D J Sand*
ers; Jefferson, S S Eawton; Lexington,
to be supplied; Longtown, A J Robinson;
Macedonia, R A Thomas; Mechanicsville,
T P Robinson: Mt. Zion A
R Smith; North, B S Jackson; Orangeburg,
J D Wittaker; Orangeburg circuit,
J B Taylor; Pmeville, Morris
Stewart; Rock Spring, EM Pinckney;
Rowesville, FD Smith; Smithville, A
B Murphy: Sumter, \V R A Palmer;
Sumter circuit, Thomas Sims; Tiller's
t-i / i \ r> ? r? nr. i.
ierrry (.supply;, Hj a nogers; naceree,
\V A Jones; L M Danton, Claflia university,
Spartanburg District?R L Hickson,
prc-sidiDg elder; Aimwell, W B Romans;
Biacksburg, Moses Mason; Clover,
SS Sparks; Cowpeo, Scipio Greene;
Gaffney, R C Campbell; Greenwood, T
J Clarke; Greer, W G Deas; Xewberry,
W B Bowers; Pacolet, A M Wright;
Reidvilie, D H Kearse; Rock Hill, S D
Williams; St. James, W H Greer;
Spartanburg, C R Brown; Spartanburg
circuit (supply), Moses Cherry; Wellford,
A D Harris; Yorkville, I B Smith;
JL. uih. Villi; VJ11UU11 \3\JL\jyij J} YT u umibu.
A Good ChangeBy
direction of the president, Maj.
Gen. Leonard Wood, U. S. V., was
Wednesday assigned to the command of
the division of Cuba, relieving Maj.
Gen. John It. Brooke, U. S. A., Maj.
Gen. Wood will, in additi9n to his
duties as division commander, exercise
the authority of military governor of the
island. Oa completion of the transfer of
I *. 1- - ? - ? ?*?- ? ? J Vf A * T? a I?A 10 /\*
Lllti UUUiLUilUU, XU<1J. VJtCli. JJ1WU1VC 13 Wi!
dcred to repair to this city and report to
the adjutant general of the army for further
orders of the secretary of war. He
will be accompanied by his authorized
aides. In relieving Maj. Gen. Brooke
the president expresses his high appreciation
of and thanks for the faithful
and efficient service rendered by that
officer as governor of Cuba.
First Class Instruments.
^ - a i. .1
~*Syou want a nrsc ciass piauu ux
organpbe sure to visit my store or writ)
me for information. I handle only
first clai"?L instruments?Steinway,
Mason & i^mlin, Mathushek, Sterling.
Hunting;"ip and Ludden & Bates
Pianos; Mason &\Hamlin and Sterling
organs. Liberal ir-ms and fair dealing.
No midddlema/s commissions?
sales direct frum "ictory. D. A.
Pressley, Manager Lu.lden & Bates
Southern -Jiusic iiouv. vjoiumDia,
S. C. J. 1 mo.
A Poor Prophe ,
Voltaire said nearly o^e hundred
years ago in a boastful tontTlLlbefore
the beginning of the nineteeiP% century
Christianity will have disap^^red
from the earth." The Boston rj\anscript
cails attention to the fact tV*1
since he uttered those words over tv?
? "? "* *11* 1 1- .33.3 1
nunarca million nave Deen aaaeu f
the Christian church, and the sam|
room in *hich Voltaire utterca
those words is now a depository of
Bibles.
~ l'HE OLIVE BRANCH.
J
Method of Minority for Obtaining
r Peace With Honor.
RESOLUTION INTRODUCED
Promising Independence to Filifpinos,
When Peace Is Established
Under Cer
tain Conditions.
1 uU JU1UL ICDUIUHVUD ncic AilUlU'
duced in the house of representative!
Thursday by Representative Williams
of Michigan, which are the result of
consultation among a number of Democratic
leaders in the house, and are understood
to be expressive of their general
position on the Philippines.
The text of the Erst resolution is sj
follows:
Whereas, the hope has been held out
that the Filipinos, now waging war
against the forces of the United States
in the island of Luzon, would lay down
their arms if authoritatively assured
that it was the intention or the government
and the people of the United
States ultimately to grant to the people
of that island their independence and
the absolute control of their domestic
affairs, and '
Whereas, such is the intention of
the government and of the American
people, who do not believe in wara of
conquest or criminal aggression against
other peoples and have frequently declared
their horror thereof, now, therefore,
be it
Resolved, By the senate and house
of representatives in congrcsj assembled:
Section 1. That it has alwajs b^en
our intent and purpose to recognize the
inalienable right of the Filipinos to
self government and national independence
and that, in pursuance thereof,
we shall make formal recognition of
these rights and withdraw our land and
sea forces upon the establishment of
peace and the inauguration of a consti
inuonai government, or governments,
by the people of the islands, or any of
them, provided the said government
agrees, or the said governments agree,
to refund the $20,000,000 which wu
paid by us to the queen of Spain; t?
give us in fee simple, with right of
sovereignty vested in us, a place suit*-,
ble for a naval station and other placet
fitted for coaling stations, and to grant
the American people in perpetuity <th?
right of free access to all of their porta
for goods, merchandise and person*
bent on peaceful or missionary pursuit
Sec. 2. We pledge our friendly m .
-1 T 1 1 ? y
613tan ce ana counsel in tne wor* 01 inaugurating
such a government.
Sec. 3. We .pledge ourselves to treat
as an unfriendly manifestation towards
the United States any foreign interference
or aggression for the>period of 10
years from and after the establishment
of such a government provided that the
government of said islands shall farrender
into our keeping, during that
period, the entire question of their foreign
relations and shall pay the expense
to which we may be put for such troop*
as snail, at tHe request or said government,
be kept on Philippine territory
and such naval vessels a3 may be kept
in the Philippines' adjacent waters for
the purpose of the protection hereit
provided.
The other resolution recited the constitutional
provisions 8gain?t slavery
and involuntary servitude asks -for iaformation
relative to the onclusion ?
a treaty with the sultan of Jolo, and
provides for an inqniry by the judiciary
committee as to whether the constitutional
provisions against slavery and
- - . 1
tne statutory provisions against polygamy
apply to the Salu people.
Spanish Cruelty.
Senora Carolina Lopez, who was the
wife of a Cuban general, and who in
1897 escaped from Cabanas Fortress, in
the guise of a nun, and who took refuge
on su Argentine warship, which conveyed
her to Buenos Ayres, was held
with her four children at the barge office
in New York Wednesday, having
arrived here from Rio Janeiro on the
steamer Wadsworth, en route for Cuba.
The family is returning to its old home
after long exile. Gen. Juan Lopez
was five years azo a wealthy planter
worth $2,000,000. He was arrested
and sent as a political prisoner to Cabanas
Fortress, where three years Ago,
with one hundred and thirty-seren
other prisoners, he was shot. Shortly
after his widow was apprehended and
cast into the prison set apart for w?men.
Her four cnildren were taken is
charge by the sisters of charity. AfUr
Senora Lopez had been in priion two
months she effected her escape by th?
aid of two American sisters of harity.
Senora Lopez is returning to Cuba to
try to regain her estate.
Will Meet in Philadelphia.
The Republican national convention
trill IipM at; Philadelphia June 19
next. * The place and date were
decided upon by the national committhe
Friday ufter a friendly contest for
the honor of entertaining the convention
between the city selected, Chicago,
St. Louis and New York. The meeting
of the committee was held at the
Arlington hotel Washington and was
presided over by Senator Hanna, the
chairman of the committee. Fortythree
of the 45 States and each of the
six territories were represented.
Choked to Death.
The Florence correspondent of The
News and Courier says the ten-yearold
son of Mrs. Fannie Poston, of Bostick,
in that county, met with a pitiable
death last week. The little fellow
was playing with some loose corn and
swallowed a grain, which lodged in his
windpipe. The little fellow suffered
terribly for a few days and finally died
from the efects of the swelling of tk?
p.firn. which choked him to death.
Two Men Killed.
The Savannah Morning News says:
"No report of it was received at Savannah,
but it was heard yesterday from a
gentleman from Augusta that the first
Southern train into Savannah killed a
man on the Port Royal and Augusta
stretch of the route. About two week?
^ ago the Atlantic Coast Line ran iti
1 first train into Augusta, and that, train,
ft*? an Tftnfo
t. ; ,-:;

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