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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, January 03, 1900, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-01-03/ed-1/seq-1/

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?s%. VOL LIV, WINNSBORO. S, G, WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 3, 1900. NO. 20 |
i^^CENSUS OF VOTERS.
?
^ A Scheme tc Rob the Souh of
^\gL Her Representatives.
rn
TTPW IIP RY REPUBLICANS
UW I I k>!? w . . .
V Its Success Would Give that I
Parly Indefinite Control of
W
all Branches of the Government.
V Representative Crumpaeker, a ReVV
publican from Inciaiia, has a bill now
before the House of Representatives
* ' -f I,,*,.
which will tod toe oouui ut u^u: UCl |
representatives in CoDgress and the
Electoral College should it become a
y&Z? la-f. Crumpacker has prepared a statement
settiDg forth the objects sought
) by his bill and explaining the necessity
for its enactment into law. His statement
follows:
"The object of the bill I lxceutly introduced
's to furnish congress with
:~c *:??? cKftirintr t.hft nnmber of
JLliOiUiatiVJ-i,
male inhabitants in the various states
that have been disfranchised by operaSV>
tion of local laws, in order that a just
and inteiigent apportionment of repre
sentatives may be had under the
twelfth census. The fourteenth
-meudment to the federal constitution
requires the apportionment of rtpresentatives
to be based upon population
but in the event that aoy state shall
disfranchise any of its male inhabitants
over twenty one years of age, who are
* Srufae ?rr>pnf.
f citizens 01 ue uuuvu VMVV ^ V .
i ia^ for crime or participation in rebeli?\
lion, tbe representation of buch state
\,V shall be reduced in the proportion that
the disfranchised-male inhabitants, bear,
to the whole number of male inhabi-''
tants over twenty-one jears of age.:
That provision of ihe constitution is
imperative. It is the policv of the.
federal government to encourage universal
manhood suffcrage, and it is a
notorious fact that in a number of'
states a large proportion of the voting
population is disfranchised.
' In some states not over 12 per cent
of the male inhabitants over' tweuty"
1 ? ?
oi.e years ol age ?re anoweu
pate in elections. That result is
brought about in part by direct provisions
of law and in. part, by .makdministration
on the part of election
officers. The * reconstruction -'4feglsfa-~
lauotthat was des'gued to place the
ballot in the hands of the colored man
in order that he might%e able to make
himself felt as a factor in the affairs of*
his locality has been practically nullified.
White citizens of the South no.
longer disguise the fact' tiraf .they"
systematically evade the federal con1
stitution in fixing qualifications that.
' take the right of suffrage . away- fromthe
negro.
"Iu Mississippi, Louisana an? South
Carolina, at the congresrional elections
in 1898, the vote, in eack,^.district
Hp ^ averaged about' 5,000. The:- average;
vote in the state of Indiani.at^he-'sam'e
f election averaged above 45,000 in each
district. The supreme couitv6f' the'
state of Mississippi, in a recent de*.
cision, boldiy declared that -the Jjegis%
? i ^ .
lature of the state tad swept ttie-neia
of expedients in its attempt to discover
meaus to disfranchise the -colored- afctti-i
without violating tlie^-Sfteenih iin^'uUv.:
ment.of the federal' constitution,--- ana
it upheld the legislation".. . .<v' :
'"In several of the states - are ^c^ar*
tionl laws, fixing so; hig"^ \a^sta?djkr<J"
that it is alnjOstimpcsi4blefar a-colore^:
man to be registered. . IiS J^iusi^L.
they. have; what is called
father clause.' it provi.de
educaiiouaUaw shall riot"apf
oixe'- who '- was' a voUr\o<:'iLe*'4s??
of J?r?uary, 1867, nor to an> of his*
lintal descendants. The effcjJt*9rt*tl.i->
provision is to limit., the operation of
tho educational law to the coioreq" race"
. exclusively, btcause they coul^^'noL.
vote on the date fixed and -every white
^ man could. * *
- - ? > _ _:a
-* "I Lave protcuca sympamy wnu
the whites of the South who are honestly
attempting to protect their. i^titutions
against the ravages of illiteracy
W and ignorance. I believe thai' fair
Nt-' educational laws, honts.ly adminis*
urtd, would have a most salutary
effect. If the colored man should be
given to know that in order to become
a voter he must preoare himself by a
fair degree of knowledge, and if we
were a^ured that did be so prepare
L -himself the right to vote would be
freelj accorded iiim, the^e would be a
constant iudu^emem for him to strive
for tba.t important privilege, and when
he achieved ir, it wou'.d be a mark of
r" disiitccion. It would enhance his
seil-retpact ami uiui a ucn&i
citizen.
kThe prejudice against color in
many sections, however, is so general
and intense that discrimination is not
made between tbe worthy and the unworthy.
The laws, either bv express
provis-ion or in the method cf their administration,
discriminate against all
colored men alike. The colored man
? understands, tbis, and, seeing no prospects
of improving his condition, he is
lapsing into hopelessness. If the representation
of those states should be
reduced, as it ou^ht to be, it would
operate as a countervailing force and
tend to establish a proper political
equilibrium. The importance of a
V. large representation in congress and in
the electoral college is appreciated by
the white people of the South, and they
A " would be prompted, on the one hand,
to establish fair laws for the protection
of their dome*tic institutions, and. on
the other hand, to honestly administer
them, and to acco-xi the colored man
the right to participate in politics as
ennn lip fitted for the privilege.
in order to increase theirrepresentation.
This would put before the Xegro a contr(
stant inducement to equip himself, and
Jfv it would be a powerful, lorce toward the
elevation of the moral and intellectual
. tone of the race. - j
"The white people of the South have !
felt justified in resortiug to subterfuges
^ for tbe purpose of evading, the federal
laws, in order to protect. themselves
against the colored vote, until'* there
- - - ? %. ' i
prevails in many localities a -.genera'
v condition of political demoralization..
The cheating of election laws has'come
to be looked upon as a virtue. The
respect for law. that is so conspicuous,
? characteristic of the American people
:?9 .
in most sections of the country, has received
a great blow in the South. Can
we expect anything but lvnchi::gs ani
mob rule in a community where the
most sacred laws are trampled in the
dust by the governing class by subter
fuge and evasion?
"In the fourteenth amendment, in
my judgment, slumbers the most potent
power at the command of f:he federal
government to facilitate a correct
solution of the race problem. I know
that legislation cannot put character
into the lives nor brains into the heads
of people, out it can put into action
social and pol ical forces that may
tend to promote healthy, moral and intellectual
deve opment. The colored
race must win its way to prominence
through the slow and tedious process 01
evolution, if it ever wins that distinction,
but it is the duty of the government
to eDcourge and not retard that
process. This is the first auspicious
opportunity the government has had
for the enforcement of the fourteenth
amendment. We must either avail
ourselves of that opportunity or acknowledge
our inability to do anything
for the protection of the colored people.
If there w-jre nothing in this question
but party advantage, i wculd not think;
for a moment of injecting it into the
affairs of the country, but it carries
with it Droblems of such importance,
morally and socially,' that its significance
cacnoi be overvalued. * & s
"Objectioi has been mada to the
agitation or the question at this time
oh the ground that it might alienate
cold Democrats and expansion
Democrats from the Republican
party next year in some of the close
states. 1 cannot believe that the Republican
party has reached such a
stage that^it will purposely ignore a
great politico moral question?oue that
a&cts the destiny of a whole rice?for
the uncertain^prospect of securing a
few votes from the ranks of its traditional
tnemy upon an issue that is low
- - 11oAtflAs) Tn^it orroat-. rwrtv
aui i acbbigu. j.u?g v
is B^ver so stroDg as when it is right,
and iiever so weak as when it subordinates-principle
to expfdiency. When it
ioses its i-elfrespect it cannot hope to
command the respect of tbe adherents
of other parties. I believe in gold as a
standard of value, but not as a siaodjjird
" of murals. If we permit this opportunity
to go by without decisive action,
we will lose five Republican Votes
f-or every Democrat we will gain."
Reported Dead But Living;
Ail attempt to obtain the payment of
an insurance policy onttielife of a man
supposed to be dead, but ?ho .has
"turned out to be alive, has come to
light Oa July 10, last, Aaron Wolf?ohn
was living in Los Angeles, Cal.
-On that date his father Berj. Wolfshon,
tailor, received news that his son
was dead from inhaling gas with suicidal
intent in the rooms of a woman
who at that time refused to give her
name. The sou's life was insured for
51U.UUU m theiXew lors mre company
Evidence was produced purporting to
prove that the dead man was nope,.other,
than Aaron Wolfsohn. The insurance
was paid to the public administrator in
Los Angeles, Cal., but before the money
could be turned over to the young
;mau's ^father, Aaron was reported. to
have Seen seen in Chicago. The discovery
was made by an uncle residing
in'that city and^the young man's par:
?j _ A.? . -ll
eats i?<ert?; uvutttw auu vu oa^.
attoraeys^.S^"end Sal6 o?:Sc.' Louis,
wiFed-!- to" tiie'lfead quarters -<>f the "New
rYork'i Life Insurance company, which
:a|^oce^a.ide ".a oil the public
almiois^^'^^llO.OQO, the amount
snj$&ce on Wolfsohn's life,
by *him;..ji*";
..." ... ' ' ~
^:S^^&i?i^o.gergt according to Bom
pay v*v.i>tutr- nave- . J itpt uccu ig;$he
famine,
^$-Jfertish revereejf to the pe^riar^p^j^^^j^f
thi-^fanets, when
on the"f5^vf'K^>6>^er,- seven planets
fwere in tire^j^ffi'Sc&rpiflfc The Hiri*$5sof
Bomb^y,tth?Vefoffij,to avert further
calamity aSa Itilt^fuccess to the
oritish. arms, arranged for special
piayerrand religious ceremonies at_one
of their great temples. Seventy-five
learned Brahmins officiated. The first
act was a presentation of gifts to these
priersts cif valuable shawls-'and mbney.
The-priests-then itivoiced divine bless
? i -5 1 . J Jv ?. I
logs on tne ruiers ana ruiea, aou . mi;
people sang hymns in Marathi and
Gnjarati. - At the close of the. service
three' cheers we^e given for -the long'
life, glory and success of her Majesty',
the Queen Express.
Three Leading Questions:;
' WUliaCa Jennings Bryan's attention
was called to a dispatch from Washing-.
ton stating tbat he had written Congressman
Ddly of New Jersey, that he
would make several speeches riq the
eas-t, discu?siDg trusts and imperialism,
and he was asked as to whether the
r< port indicated any intention of
abanconiog the-.silvpr question. He
'said: Congressman JDJy-lias probably
been mij-auotcd. I expect to make
several speeches ia the east.biit I expect
to dtscui-s the money -question
along with-other questions. afd '
three questions now prominently before
the people, to-wit: *.he money question,
the trust question and the;,Rhilippine
question. Whenever I make a
political' spbech.. I discuss all three
'Questions." ' "
Blew Off His Hand.
A special* dispatch trom Jt5t>n&pviiie
to The State says Mr. j\ M. Muldrow
had his hand so terribly mutilated by
the premature explosion. .0': a cannon
cracker th^fcaffiRUtatioQ wast Decftssary.
The opera-c&n; ''was-' successfully performed
by Drs. Dennis, Alford and
Manning.' It is reported that Dr. Harris
of Elliotts met with a similar accident,
^lso that a young' man by the
came of v Atchison'' .accidentally shot
himself through the hand Y?-hile handling
a shotgun.
: Af Successful Career.
W" . > v ;
' : Ihe carcerof the several Keeley Institutes
in various parts of the United
States attests the efficacy of the treatment
employed for the ?hi.?key, the
mofphira; and the tobacco habit. Xuui"beiis
of risen ^b'o ha^e" been restored to
-usefulness 3ad ;gOod repute, through
4h)eir re.sc.ue 'from v.the thraldom of the
battle rt joife" "fnr the blessed relief
- - - i in i Tr i
which has come to tnem. me ixeeiey
Institute .-is i^ow located at Columbia,
S. C. "
\
INDUSTRIAL BOOM.
The Figures Showing Last Year's
Business Investments.
GLASSES OF ENTERPRISES.
Statement That is Significant.
The Capital That is involved
in the Year's
Record.
The statement of the Secretary of
State showing the number and character
of enterprises chartered in the Si ate
during the past year as compared with
the preceding year is worthy of more
t^-ru passing attention. It shows that
cotton manufacturing heads the list of
enterprises actually organized and un
der way; that building and loan, cotton
seed oil, lumber, banking and like enterprises
bespeaking a great industrial
boom throughout the State, have been
the principal objects of capital seeking
investment. Richland heads the list
of the counties as to capitalizuion, and
Charleston is first in the number of
companies. Here is the comparative
statement of the enterprises chartered
up to this week by classes:
JS98-.
Capital
Stock.
Cotton manufacturing.. 6 $510,000.
Electrical construction. 0
Cotton seed oil 3 42 500
Milling and gioniag... 7 109,900
Iron working 1 6,000
Newspaper and printing 1 5.000
Other manufacturing.. 7 374,000
Cotton compress ')
Railroad construction .. L *" 100,000
Power, light, water and
ice 3 650.000
| Lumber ? 1 8 000
1 Transportation other -
than railroad I 15,000
Telephone and telegraph
4 9.800
Tobacco warehouses... 3 6 500
General warehouse.... 1 20,000
Building and loan 4 650,0U0
Real estate, lof.r- and
investment 10 325,500
Banking 5 150,000
Carpet mill 1 60,000
Farming and agricultural..
3 144 000
Mercantile 20 273300
Granite and mining... 2 2OOO00
Phosphate and fertilizer 5 270.000
Insurance and surety.. 4 5,000
Collection..."
^ ' n o nr\r\ I
iteligious o o
Social.*... ".....19 1,750
MJeiaorial ;
Charitable.. ....-5-..... ... ;. ---.
Bfiaevoleat and Irater- -
mi. *rr.' .-?. /.* 6 '
Educational.. ... 3 " 12 500
Total.. . . '..... .7 T24 $3,951,750
1899
Capital
No. Stock.
Cotton manufacturing.. 11 $3,275 000
Electrical, construction 3 62 50U
Cotton seed oil J. 9 229,OuO
Milliog and ginning... 6 26,7pU
Iron working 2 8.0UU
Newspaper and printing 1 6.000
O.'her manufacturing. .15 . 192,000
Cotton",compress.. .. 2 35,000
Railroad construction.. 1 100,000
Po^er, Hght, water and
m i i" AAA
ice o 140 uuu
Lumber 9 236,600
Transportation other
than railroad 2 4.000
Telephone and" telegraph 8 86 620
Tobacco warehouses... 9 42 UU0
General- warehou-e.... 4 56,000.
Building and loan 6 647,0U0
Real estate, loan and
investment.... 10 242.400
Backing 6 27U,U00
(/aroet mill
Farming and agricultural.
Mercantile: 23 272,900
Granite and mining.... 3 b'4,0? U
Phosphate and fertilizer 1 15 OUU
insurance and^urety.. 2 3U UUU
Collection;"....'.. 1 5UU
Religious..,. 2
Suciai: 14 5.8UO
Memorial.....-.-. 2 1,UUU
Charitable 2
DftnArAlanf on/1
UCUtiUiV/Ut ctuvt AJ.UVWA
i tial ..Ji . 7 550
Educational 2 5-0UU
?' Total 173 $6,OSS 720
It will be Doted that- thtre has beeo
a marked increase in the Dumber. aDd
something over two millions in capitali
zaiioiK iBY
COUNTIES.
The following is the statement oi'
the charters granted: !'s
'. T ' ^ap.
' N>; Stock.
Abbeville , .2 $27 000
Aiken .1 15,000
Anderson 17 9S8,000
Barnwell 1 10,000
Bamberg 1
B-ikeley 2 300
Charleston 26 756 900
Cherokee.-. 6 58.400
Chester 6 250-800
Chesterfield 5 195 500
C'a.enden 2 12 7t)0
j Colleton 1 3 000
I Darlington 4 32 000
I-Edgefield v 2 20.000
Fairfield . 2 39 UUU
Florence .;.. 3 6U,U0()
Georgetown...'. 2 5.UU0
Greenwood....."...'.... 3 39 000
Greenville 12 372.71)0
Hampton 1 12.000
Horry 3 110.000
Kershaw .! 2 105.000
Lancaster ... 5 193 000
Laurens... 3 31 500
Marion 11 117.500
Marlboro 2 103 000
Newberry 4 56 000
Orangeburg ...3 80.000
Oconee .' 1 100.000
Pickens ' . 1 25.000
* * "* 1 1 A1A
tticfuanct io 1,?j.u wm
Saluda 1 400
Spartanburg 6 165 250
Si:mter 5 220 000
Union 1 2,000
Williamsburg 1 . - ?20
York 7 113,000
In the matter of commissions * issued
the r.umber in 1S98 was 135 with $5,746,SCO
of capital, as against 168, companies
in 1899 with a capitalization of
$10,425.350.?Columbi?. State.
Couldn't Kill Him,
Early Wednesday morning about 3
o'clock a d'isc and smoke berimed
tramp printer, one of the variety commonly
known as hobo, came into the
local offices of The State and announced
that he and a companion had beea
beatiug their way in from Augusta on
the Southern's mixed train; that Lis
companion, who hailed from Grand
Rapids, Mich., had fallen from his
perch between two box cars just as th* y
had eotten in sight of the lights of Columbia,
about four mile3 beyond
Uayce's, and had disappeared beDeath
the train. His story was 'phoned to
the Southern railway offices and the
authorities sent out a searching party
J .i_ *
expecting IU lillU Hit; tiaulu s wau^ivu
remains, ur. at least, to find him badly
injured. But the searching party
could Jfind no trace of the man and
nothing more was heard of him until
about 9 a. m., when he came saunter
ing into the city comfortably full and
occasionally rubbing one shoulder upon
which he said he had ''lit." He attributes
his immunity from things that
kill ordinary men to his red hair and
his Bismarckian nerva. The latter, he
says, will never expire by limitation
aud the former takes all the temper out
of scissors.
A Terrible Disaster.
A terrible disaster recently took p'ace
at Amalfi. the popular.iourist resort on
the Gulf uf Saleroo About 2 o'clock
an enormous rock, upon .wHfch stood
the Cappuccioi Hotel, slid bodily into
the sea, witn a deafening roar, and
without a moment's warning, carrying
with it the hotel, the old Capuchin
monastery belotf, the hotel Santa Calerina
and several villas. Many persons
' ?^ ? ? U nrkirtK
were uuriuu i'i mc uc.uno, nuivu
crushed four vessels to the bottom of (
the sea, destroying their crews. The
mass of earth which slipped was about
fifty thous-itid cubic yards. The population
is iu a state of terror, fearing fresh ,
calamities. Troops haye arrived-upon
the sceue ard begun rescue work. It
is believed that the loss of life is heavy,
including a number of monks and the
occupants of the hotel. As yet it is 1
impossible to ascertain the exact num- (
bt-r. Amalti is a small.but lively town
of 7,000 inhabitants, situated at the (
entrance of a deep ravine surrounded by
impo;-iog mountains and rocks of the '
mnet-. niftnr^tfiup fnrms The I'aDUChin
monastery was founded in 1212 by Car
dioal Pietio Capueaco for the Cister ,
jians, but came into possession of the
the Capuchins in 1853. The building, i
which stood in the hollow of the sea to ,
a height of 230 feet, contained fine ,
cloisters. . ]
Killed the Sheriff.
-r-r-r.Yl ^ XT V _A J * J
V\ hi tjorman, a i\eiiro, snot ana iu- .
stantly killed Sheriff T.; B. Simkins
Thursday momiDg at the Scurry place', j
six miles north of Monticello. ''Gor- (
man was wanted ior murder and Simkins
and a posse went to arrest him. J
They closed in on the cabin in which |
the N? gro was conc'aled. As Simkins ,
pushed open the door, Gorman shot ,
him twice ia the breast. The murderer
escaped from the rear door -.but was :
shot down and killed. Mr. Simkins
was a man of much prominence in Jefferson
county and:, was the father of
Mrs. J. B. Baker and Mrs. VV. B. Den
ham of Jacksonville, both well known
society ladies. .
A Drunkard's Folly.
" Two men were knocked from a railroad
bridge 70 feet high at Loudon,
Tenn., Tuesday under peculiar circum
staDces. Sam Eidridge, colored, one
of the men, will die. The other will
probably recover. John Weare, in a
drunken condition attempted to ride
across the hijih bridge aud had f -reed ^
his horse aloog about forty feet before t
it fell between the crossties. Ad on- I
coming trian was fl ig^ed j-ist ia . time--i
to prevent horses ana rider being killed. (
In attdnp'ing to get the horse off the |
bridge Samuel Eldiidge and Wm. Eog- i
ers were knocked off the suucture. i
1
Forty Children Drowned.
Upward of forty schooi chidren were 1
drowned recently in an ice accident at
Frelinght-,m Belgian, near the French J
frontier. The child ea of the district ''
bad beeri given a holiday with permit
sion to play on the frozen river L\s
When the merriment was at fall height
i he ice broke suddenly and the cftfi'dren
disappeared. A few were rescue'tf liall'
dead, but tin majority were drowned.
Tbirty-six bo lies have been recovered, <
l ^ mill Thp Mt
I'Ub U L Li Li n a Ciiii UJIOCJ.1'^. JL uv v?? a?trophe
s. r^ai coDsternaiioD through '
the towd, where ready every faftiily
suffered loss. . . h, i
Throat Cutting Contest J,'.. J
Id a street duel at Deposit, Ala.*, 'two"
nseo were killed aod a third probably \
fatally wouoded. James Haraeo's !
throat was cut froDi ear to ear by hid. :
n?nhpcp .Ti'ss<> Harrlpn. The former is.
dead. John C. Harden, a brother ef ;
the dead man, was seiiously cut--by j
Jesse Harden, and as the 6ght'was
drawing to a close Mac Russell dis-'
charged a load of buckshot iuto the ab- 1
domen of Jesse Harden, causiog death. 1
All the parties arc well known aL.d 1
prominent in politics. The cause of- '
the fight is not known. t -
Killed in a Rabbit HuntA
special dispatch from Laurens to |
The News and (Jyurier says in a rabbit
hunt Wednesday near Cross Hill, Casper
Fuller, a joung gentleman 19.years
old, was accidentally shot by Mr. But- .
ler Richardson. Young Fuller died
this morning. They are of our best ;
citizens. The accident will be greatly
deplcred.
British Subjects Warned
' ? ... .
The british privy council neia a
meeting at Windsor Castle at which (
Queen Victoria proclaimed a warning
to all British subjects not to assist inhabitants
ol the Transvaal or of the
Oi-ange Free State to sell or transport
merchandise thereto under penalty
of the law.
Killed Both Lrothsrs.
As the "suit of a dispute between
John and .James Carter, brothers, and
Bud Lynen, a neighbor, at Fly nn, Lick,
Putnam county, Tenn., a,quarrel ensced,
terminating in I/Jnfen killing
the brothers. All arc farmers.
^ - i
"THE MAINE DEAD.
Buried in Arlington With the Impressive
Honors of War
THE PRESIDENT PRESENT.
While his Cabinet. Admiral Dewey
Gen. Mites and Other .Dist'm- .
guished Army and Navy
Officers Attend. / Tlr\nn
fTia^nrin^TT' Jillioll'te nf ArlitllT
Kjy\ju. wuv. rnuuj v ?? - - - ? q
ton cemetory^rhie Maine;, dead, brought
from HabaD^by.the-i>attl?ship Texas,
were Tburs<&y:laido-way in "their final
resting place'with sniiple religious services
and the impressive iTonors of war.
A cabinet officer' su&eyj.Dg the fldgdraped
coffins btfore tjhe ceremonies
began, said;-. 1 "The lfves'of -these men
cost Spaiu her colonies."
The caskets ranged row on row.
Over each was sDread aa American en
Mgn upon w&ich lay a wreath of galas
leaves. Arotfbd the enclosure, shoulder
to' shoulder, the yellow* of' their coat
Haines forming a band of color, were
drawn up the cavalry of Fort Meyer;
to the right/wa&a battalion of marines
from the navy yard with their spike
helmets and scarlet capes turned back;
to the left a detachment of jackies
from the Texas in navy blue; in the
flag-draped stand in the rear, the president
and his cabinet, Admiral Dewey,
Maj. Gen. Miles and a distinguished
trnonnf officers of the armv and navv
O- w ? r- ~ ic
their showy dress, uniforms; while
all around pressed the throng of people
who had braved the snow and biting
cold to pay their last tribute to the
dead. Aaioiig these were many relatives
and friends of those who-had
been lost in the disaster. There was a
tender appropriateness in the fact that
(Japt Si^sbee, who was in command o?
the Maine when she was blown up, had
charge of the ceremonies iu honor of
his men and that Father Chidwick,
who was chaplain of the Maine, was
there tc perform the last rites. Three
others who lived through that awful
night in Habana harbor were at the
?idc of '.he graves of iheir comrades,
Lieut. Commander Wainwright, who
was executive officer of the Maine and
Jeremiah Shea, a fireman on the Maine,
who was blown out of the stoke hole of
the ship.
The full marine band broke the deep
hush, pealing forth the dirge '"Safe in
the Ar.oQ8 of Jesus," and there were
twitching of lips and wet eyes as Chaplain
ClbXK of the naval academy at Annapolis
came forward and took his
place under a canvas canopied shelter
in the open space in front of the dead.
The Protestant services were-heljJ
Erst ar<i were very simple. Chaplain
Hi ark read the burial service of ti?e
Episcopal church and then gave wa*
to Father Chid wick, who was assisted
by Revs. Holaind and Brown and two
purple-robed acolytes. Bared to the
wintry blast this best beloved of naval
nriests read a memorial service accord
ing to the rites of the Catholic church,
;onsigoed the dead, blessed the ground,
repeated the Lord's prayer and coniluded
with a fervent appeal for the
repose of the souls of the departed.
A detachment- of marines in command
of Capt. Karmony then marched
lo the right of the graves and fired
:hree volleys over the dead and in the
leep stillaes3 that followed the crash
> > -i 1 -
,ne ciear siivery uutco ui * uugic iau6
?ut the soldiers' and sailors' last good
aight.
With the sounding of taps the ceremonies
ended. The piiest and his
party and the other distinguish*d
quests, the military and the crowds
ihen withdrew. Before leaving Capt.
Sigsbee introduced Jeremiah-Shea to
:he president. When asked for an explanation
of his escape by the president,
Shea responded as he did to a similar
uquiry from Father Chidwick at the
:itii? Of the disaster: '"I don't know
tiow I cot through. I was blown out.
r unoc? T ivin.t. haTfi heen an armor
piercing projectile."
And tbus after two years the dead of
he Maioe have been brought home,
ind, in ground reserved for the na
lion's heroes, have been buried with
ull miliary honors and in the service
jf their faith.
.Found Murdered.
Stone dead, with a bullet in the back
Df his neck, was the condition in which
Mr.,C. Beverly Turner was f"Uod near
the stable in his yard Wednesday ni^ht.
Mr."TurnerJived near Fergusou's wharf,
in Isle of Wight couaty, Va., and was
a wejl known saw mill man, owning large
iotere.sts near his home. Mr. Turner
was last-seen alive about 6:30 o'clock,
when he went out to feed his stock.
3orne time afterwards he was found
lying not very far from the house, and
L _ .rv ^ or,/-, t'ho Ctohl*> ttrfiTA foiinH
Ut'UWtCU JUlUi UUU bUV LJVMV.U .. V> v .W
Bis hat and lantern, evidencing that he
Bad made an attempt to reach the
Bouse after beiDg shot. The motive
For the murder is unknown, tut a man
named Nat Gilligaa has been arrested
Dn suspicion of being the slayer of the
dead man. Giligan vigorously.protests
3 hi innocence.
. After Many Years.
A dispatch from Atlanta says Gov.
Candler received a communication from
Gov. Johusron of Alabama, stating
that James Hall, an escaped convict,
had been arrested in Birmingham.
Hali was convicted of simple larceny
in Muscogee county, Georgia, in 1872,
and seme iced to hfceen years in the
penitentiary. He served Bine years
when he escaped and has been at liberty
nearly nineteen years. .Recently
Hall had a quarrel with his brother,
who betrayed him to Sheriff O'Brien of
Birmingham. He will be returned to
Georgia.
To Be Crarroted.
The supreme court of Puerto Rico, at
Ponce, has sentenced fi^e men to be
girroted. In Oetobcr, 1S98, 20 men
*? J 1
Heavily armeu wun guas anu magueies,
robbed a house at Yauco, province of
Ponce, and murdered a man named
Frudencio Mendez. They also danced
around the body with his daughters
who were under compulsion. Seven of
the men were caught, but subsequently
one of the prisoners escaped and one
died io jail.
X.
STAFF COMMISSIONS ISSUED.
Company Officers Will be the Next to
Receive Theirs.
The adjutant general has begun the
preparation of the commissions for the
officers who are to be retained in the
reorganized militia force of the State.
A start was made Friday when the
commissions were issued to the members
of the governor's staff, the governor
duly signing each. Ail the commissions
bear date of August 23 last,
pave those of Gen. Floyd and Col.
Frost, dated Jan. 18 last. The official
list of the commii-sions is as follows:
STAFF OF COM3IANDER IN CHIEF.
Adjutant and Inspector General?J
W Floyd, brigadier general, Kershaw
county.
As;-i:>tant Adjutant and Inspector
General-^ol. J D Frost, Columbia.
. -Quartermaster General?Col, W C
" Mauldin, Hampton.
Commissary General?Col. W 3 Wilson,
Charleston.
Surgeon General?Col. E J Wannamaker,
Columbia
PaymasterGeneral?Col. Geo. D Tillman,
"Jr., Clark's Hill.
Judge Advocate General?Col. UX
Gunter, Jr., Spantanburg.
'Chief Engineer?Col. Jno. F Folk,
Bam erg.
Chief of Ordnance?Col. Louis J
Bristow, Darlington.
A mra ta nn\r\rA vr>T,R.TV.rTTTP'P
Lieut. Col. H Fay Gaffaey, Gaffoey.
Lieut. Col. Aunuit Kohn, Columbia.
Lieut. Col. E J Watsoo, Columbia.
Lieut. Col. Jas. A McCarley, Whitmire.
Lieut. Col. C S Redding, Charleston.
Lieut. Col. Jas. AHjyt, Jr., Columbia.
Lieut. Col. "W C Hough, Lancaster.
Lieut. Col. Thos. C Hamer, Bennettsville.
Lieut. Col. AH Mess, Orangeburg.
Lieut. 0^1 G- C Sullivan, Anderson, j
Capt. S B Hyatt (courier), Uolumbia.
Stonewall Jackson's Way.
Grizzled Confederate veterans will
smile grimly, but triumphantly ttt the
news that the British authorities have
appointed'Lieutenant Colonel Render
son, professor of military history and
biographer of Stonewall Jackson, on
the staff of Lord Koberts. Colonel
Henderson has had no practical military
-tsperienee. The avowed reason
for,his appointment is his familiarity
with the tactics and methods of "Old
Jack." In other words, the English
are doing their best to reincarnate aod
enlist in their service the Confederate
Viv piTinlnvinff the man who has
most intelligently and thoroughly
studed his campaigns. This. is the
highest compliment we have ever heard
of beine given the military genius of a
. d^ad soldier. If the British govern!"ment
can work into its generals the'
brains, audacity and energy of Stonewall
Jackson, and into its troops the
confidence, endurance and patience o*
Stonewall Jackson's men, the Boers
mav as w?ll surrender no w; for the
English soldier has courage, discipline
Tf.T*,. lrsnn's m#>n had I
aua t\j[uipj-uvww. v WWUWVM ^
been provided and cared for like the
United States or British soldiers of today,
and he had lived, he would probably
have whipped the earth by now.?
Greenville News
Cle^n Up the Oid Leaf.
Have you turned over, that new leaf
for the coming year? If you have, just
turn it back. You need not bother
yourself about turning over a new leaf.
Clean up the old one first. How is it
por-sible for you to satisfy your conscience
by turning over a new leaf
when the old one is so full of your
shortcomings the past jear? Just
resurrect that old leaf and spread it out
before you, examine it closely. What
do you find? Have joa ir-jured an}
one? Then repair the damage ajd erase
that item from the old leaf. Have you
paid your subscription? If not, do so,
and erase that item. Don't you recollect
that you wronged somebody some
0 Well ctraichten out tha.t
11 U-IC WOV rw ?
matter and erase it from the old leaf.
And there are many more bad lookiDg
items on that old leaf which ought not
to be there. Get them off! Clean up
the old leaf! Devote this year in expending
your best efforts to gee the old
leaf clean, and when jou get it clean,
keep it clean, and there will be no necessity
f?r turning over a new one.
To Sue The Owner.
The Greenville News announces a
coming suit against Mr. J. L Mim
naugh of this city by a Greenville man
! oihrt Mmo Vipt-a to see the State fair and
started out to do so, attempting to
walk down an elevator phaft. Here is
what The-News says: "Calvin Smith,
a well known Greenville man, has
brought suit against J. L. Mimnaueh,
proprietor of the Grand Central hotel,
Columbia, and a wealthy business man,
for $5,000 because he fell down an elevator
shaft in thehoiel while in Columbia
attending the 1898 State fair. Mr.
Smith was severely injured and has
just now become able to walk without
crutches. He alleges that because the
shaft was unprotected the proprietor is
liable for damages." At the time of
the accident Mr. Mimnaugh, whie he
owned the building, Was not the proprietor
of the hotel.?Columbia State.
Marrying in Philippines.
Gen Oris has issued a decree authoriz
iog the celebration of civil marriages
in the Philippines. He cabled Secretary
Rjot to that effect Wednesday aDd
the secretary promptly approved the
action. Heretofore all marriages were
celebrated by the Catholic church so
that Protestant and non-Christians
were prohibited from marryiDg. The
decree does not interfere with the Catholics,
who may be married according to
their own rites but extends the privilege
of civil marriage to those who desire
it, just as is practiced in the United
States.
Pined Five Thousand.
Capt. Rdssoe of the Italian steamer
Etna, from PotDi, by way of Malta,
was fined $5,000 by Collector Stone of
Baltimore Thursday for being without
a bill of health from the latter. Capt.
Ru>soe explained that he had not been
in a United States port since 1888 and
was not aware that a bill of health from
a port of call was necessary. Uudvjr
orders from the treasury department
the extieme penalty was inflicted.
THE DEMOCEATIC CAMPAIGN.
Bryan Will Be the Candidate Says
Mr. Danforth,
"Klliotfc Danforth. chairman of the
Democratic State committee,. returned
to New York Wednesday after a trip
through the South, during which he
talked with Senator James K. Jones,
chairman of the national committee,
and most of the chairmen of the Southern
Democratic State committee. WedDe-d^y
afternoon Mr. Danforth gave
an Evening Post reporter the result of
his observations and some information
about next year's national campaign:
''I found," be said, "that the senti- .
ment was generally iQ favor of selecting
some Western city other than
Chicago as the place for holding the
National Cooveution. The members of
the national committee have a strong
feeliue asaiast Chicago on account of
treatment they have received from the
newspapers there since they established
headquarters in the city in 1896. It
looks now as if either Milwaukee or
Kansas City will secure the National
Convention. Milwaukee seems to be
in the lead.
'"I also discovered that there is a general
feeling in f ivor of establishing the
headquarters of the national committee
next year in Washington.
<:Senator Jones favored Washington
in 1896, but gave way tc Mr. Bryan,
w&o was ia tavor ot vjnicago.
"In my trip through the South lobserved
one thing which will be considered
of particular interest in New York,
namely, that none of the leaders seemed
disposed to insist on free silver as the
main iss'ue of the campaign next year.
They did not say thev had abandoned
the idea, but they acknowledged that
the situation had changed sioce 1896,
and that the dominant issues next
year were trusts and imperialism. That
is to say, they are not willing to repui?
nu: .k ?
uiaie iue viuca.su piitwuim, uut lucj>
see that new issues of far-reaching importance
have come up lately and that
their choice should be recorgoized.
Even ir States like North Carolina I
found that the anti-trust and anti-im
perialism idea engaged the attention of
the people more than the free silver issue.
In fact, I might sum up my observations
by saving that the sentiment
of Democracy in the South is such that
1 am confident there will be little
trnnhle in hrinzincr about a Union of
the Democracy of the whole country
next year.
"The Democratic National Convention,"
said Mr. Ddnforih, "will be held
a short time after the Republican Convention,
accordiog to custom. No
matter when it is held there is no
doubt about the head of the ticket.
Everywhere I heard only Mr. Bryau's
name mentioned. They are not talking
about candidates for Vice President
yet. An Eastern man "Will probably
be selected." N ^
Death Eatlrer Than Capture.
- -A' story, comes from Berkeley County
which almost that related of the
Spartan boy who allowed a fox to gnaw
his entrails before he would let the
theft of the animal become kaown. It
seems that a negro named Heyward had
fallen a prey to the temptations that
usually beset his race at this time. He
saw a fat, healthy, young Dig and could
not obey the commandants which say
one ihust not covet or steal his neighbor's
goods. The pig played too dangerously
near the man and in a short
- i - a i j ^I . _
wane resolution nea ana we pig was:
stolen. The owner of the porker, ac
compaDied by sevtial friends, went to
arrest Heyward and, very aaturally,
that individual made tracks at a very
lively gait aud made many of thernr:<5
He ran towards Goose Creek and while
midway the stream his pursuers came
upon him. Heyward was told that he
rnighi as well come out, ^as ^a "boacf "
would be secured and eventually :h*e '
would be caught. Hey ward '-{iadd n<>aj:
attention to tins aavice, Dat aenDerate;;t>
Jy pluuged his head beneath the water'v
and committed suicide. The pursuers
oq the bank were siuiply horrified at "
the act aud never thought for a moment
that the negro would adopt such
desperate methods of avoidmg arrest.
L'he water in which Hey ward drowned
himself Was not over three feet deep. >
The Press Association.
The minutes of the South Carolina
Press Association's last annual meetiug
held at Earns' Springs in the summer
have at last v been issued from the
presses and are now beiag sent out tothe
members of the association in various
portions of the State. The minutes
have been neatly gotton up and
the little volume is an interesting one".
Besides containing the addresses delivered
during the session in an appendix
are given most entertaining personal
recollections about Soutit Carolina
journalism by Col. Crews aod Coi.
tioyt, 'the veteran newspaper editors
and publishers. A meeting of the
special committee which has charge of
the arrangements for the coming trip
l> 1 l .U~ : ??
01 lue Uiemuera ui mc aaavtianvu w
Cuba is to be called shortly. It is
linely that the association will go on its
Cuban expedition some time ia February.
Due announcement of the time
of the meeting and what is proposed
will be made.?The State.
A Girl Hung.
Enily Hilda Biake, a domestic, was
hanged at Braodon, Man , Wednesday
morning for the murder of Mrs. Lane,
her mistress. The execution was private,
ouly a few persoDS obtaining the
Drivjlege of witnessing it. Miss Blake,
who was only 22 years old, walked
firmly to the scaffold without assistance
and was the coolest of the party, wiih
the exct prion of Hangman Katcliffe,
She made no statement. The girl confessed
that she committed the crime,
sajing she did it because she loved
Mrs. Lane's children and was jealous
of the mother's love. Her trial was
very brief, as she refused all offers of
counsel and pleaded guilty.
Runaway Boys.
Mr. W. D. Jacobs, of the Richland
mill, is endeavoring to ascertain the
whereabouts of his two runaway boys.
These lads, Occar and James Jacobs,
who are aged respectively 14 and 12
years, ran away from their home here
oo December 11th, over a fortnight ago
* t 1 *1 4L:
ana tneir parents nave neara noiumg
from them. Oscar has a scar, across
the back of his left hand. When .last
seen the lads were going towards Augusta,
Ga. Mr. Jacobs would, ire-glad
to rcceiveany information as to -tbeir.
whereabouts.?Columbia State.
THE EARTH QUAKED : j
- - :J
One of the Worst Shocks In
Years Felt in California.
CAME CHRISTMAS DAY.
Hotel at Hemit Badly Shaken
. ,
and Eastern Tourists Terri*
tied Rush From Their
Rooms in Fright
.
At 4:25 o'clock Christmas morning a
severe earthauake shock was felt over & .
. *
large portion of Southern California,
the undulations lasting 12 seconds,
The entire center of the shock appeared
to have been at San Jacinto, a
-mail towD in Riverside county. The
business portion of San Jacinto consist!
of two blocks of t?o-story buildings,
some of which are built of brick. Ten
or fifteen buildings were damaged,
chimneys being toppled over and walls
cracked and shaken. The total damage
at San Jaeinto and Hemit, a small town
nearby, is estimated at $50,000. The
large tourist hotel at Hemit was dam
aged and the hospital at San Jacinto
also suffered. The rear wall of the
Johnson block at Hemit fell. No person
was injured, at either place as far as
known. The shock was heavy at Santa
Ana, Anaheim, San Bernardino,- River- /
side and other places, bat no particular
damage is reported except from Sin
Jacinto and llemit. A dispatch from
San Jacinto says nearly every two-story
building was wrecked and it is estimated
that the damage will aggregate over
$50 000. The main shock was preceded
by a loud, roaring sound and awakened
many just in time to escape from
the doomed building. The busiaesa
street is such a wreck that tons of debris
had to be removed before the buildings
could be entered.
At Siboba Indian reservation six
-squaws were killed by falling walls, two
fatally injured and many seriously injared.
tii T 2 z
x ue buuck. uauseu ury artesiau xeui
to flow larger streams than ever before.
Considerable damage was reported in
the nearby villages.
M
*
TE3IP2SIJ0II3 TIL IP.
A Sfceamar Arrives at Norfolk "from
Liverpool a Week Overdue.
A special to The Post from Norfolk,
Va.3 says: The big Johnston Line
steamer Noranmore arrived here Tnes
day afternoon right from Liverpool ai- X ^
ter one of the most tempestuous paasages
on record. Capt. Richardson,
her commander, reported having seen
an unknown bark founder at sea with
her crew of 12 men. The Noranmore, ^ |
which flies the Belgian flag, is of 3,650
tons register.. She sailed from Liverpool
for Norfolk, Dec." 17th, and being
nearly a week overiue, her agents were
anxious about her. The hurricane
which swept this coast Saturday strack
the Noranmore at sea at night. The
waves rolled over almost continuously,
and would, Capt. Richardson, says, , have
swamped an ordinary ship. Soon
ai Lei luc oivi Lu aiuac tug nyiauuivig ^
overhauled a strange Sark which was on
the point of "foundering. Only the , - "'J
stump of'one-mast still stood, and others
shaving been, cutor carried away. ^
SeveraUights were - burning aboard hir
find 12 nien, believed frc-m their gestures
to be foreigners, were seen running
about; the . decks, i which were
awash. r* A ^boat's crew, in one of the
Noranmore's boats was put over the .
side and the men pulled, for the bark.
The boat was swamped almost immediately.
^ The men, who wore life jickets,
jjrere picked up by a second boat, which
was,' however, compelled^ to return to.
the Noranmore. While the rescue of ,J$
these men was being affected the bark
disappeared in the darkness, ana (Japt.
Richarison says that beyond doubt she
and, her crew went down. Searca made
after daybreak revealed no sign of her.
The Noraomore's steel boar was stove
io two blades of her propeller were lost
but she aunaged to reach this port
without the loss of a man.
Killed on a Trestle.
A dispatch from Anierson to The
State says on Wednesday, the shiftiog
engine at the Charleston and Western
Carolina depot ran overMrs James J ones.
Mrs. Jones, with her two little boys had
just returned oa the 6:10 p. m , train
from a Christmas visit to her mother's,
and, accompanied by her husbaad, waf
walkiDg a short distance up the track,
toward their home near the Orr (Jjttoa
mill, when the accident happened. It
seems that while they were crossing
a small trestle they were overtaken by
the eBgiae. Mr. Jones gathered his
two little sons and jumped from the
track, the eDgine bruising one of the
children slightly. Uaablete save his
wife, he ,ras compelled to see her mangled
under the wheels of the locomotive.
Mrs Jones lived about 30 minutes
after her injuries. She was a woman
of good repuce and highly spoken of
1 __ _ 1_1_. OL. _1 OA
oy ner neignoors. one was aoout ou
years of age, and her husband, who is ft
carpenter at Orr's new mill, and two
children survive her.
He Is a Renegade.
The Washington Post says: "In ft "?
few days charges will be filed before the
finance committee of the senate against
the confirmation of ex-Representative
William D. Bynum, of Indiana, as %
Democratic appointee for the New York
board of appraisers. The minority of
that committee .are determined to resist
ihe installment of Mr. Bynum in that
tosition. Ihey will do so 02 the ground
ohat he is not a Democrat, but has
ppenly affiliated himself with the Republican
party.- " *' \
Making His . Wori Good.
According to some of tie latest figuring
the Boers have killed or captured
4,786 Britons since the ticket began,
and it hasn't got a good st^rt yet. The
British are probably begirmiag to realize
that there was'sotnaching in Presi
deat Kruger's ajffalaratidti before the
fighting 'beg^p, that "Sfaglaad miy
tase the Tj^asvaai, but^he will pay -CM
ywrice that wifi,-startle the

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