OCR Interpretation


The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, January 03, 1900, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-01-03/ed-1/seq-4/

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LOCAL OPTION BILL
It Provides That Each County j
Shall Decide for Itself
!
i
THE WHISKEY QUESTION.
Proposed Regulations for County
Dispensaries and Licensed
Liquor EstablishmentsSenator
Apelt, cf Clarendon, will intrpduce
in the Senate at the coming
meeting of that body a bill to submit
at a general election the questions ol
prohibition, dispensary and license to
the qual.fied electors cf eich county
and to regulate the sale, u^e, consumption,
transportation and disposition of
intoxicating and alcoholic liquors in
those counties adopting di-pensary or
ltceose, and to prohibit the sale, use.
consumption, transportation and dis
position of alcoholic and intoxicating
liquors in the counties adopting prohibition
and provide penalties for violation
of same.
Sectiou oae of the bill prohibits th?
manufacture, sale, barter or exchange,
receipt or acceptance for unlawful u- .
delivery, storing and keeping in possession
in this State any li}'iurs which
contains alcohol and is used as a bever
age, except as hereinafter provided un
d?r a penaity of not less than three nor
more than twelve months at haid laboi
in the State Penitentiary, or to pay a
~~ ^1aa? f ^An AHA /IAI
11L1C Ui U'JC ICJD tuait V/UO uuuui\/'4 v?v?
lars nor more thin five hundred dollars,
or both fiae and imprisonment in the
discretion of the court, for such offense
" one-half o! the fine in each case :o go
to the informer.
Section two j :^:des that at the next
general election in this State the following
questions shall be submitted to
the qutlified electors of each county,
to wit: 1st. The question of pr<>hibitiou.
2nd. The question of dispensary.
3rd. The question of li ;ense
authorized by the constitution in order
that it may be determined by a v >te of
the people what shall be the regula i >ns
in each coucry perraining to the liquor
question and the result of the election
shall determine the system adapted in
each county. This section al?o,provides
iL- e i? 1J:
sue mauuer ui uuiuiug snu
Section three provi-ies that in the
county or counties in which the maj >rity
of the qualified electors as determined
by the proper officers and so de.
clared by them, is for prohibition, the
manufacture, sale, barter or exchange.
rcc;ipt or acceptance, for unlawful use,
delivery, storing and keeping in pos
session within such county or counties
of any spirituous, malt, vinous, fer
mentcd, brewed (vhether lager or ric-^
beer) or other liquors, any compound or
mixture thereof, by whatever name
called or known which contains alcohol
ana is or may De useo. as a oeverage, is
hereby prohibited, under a penalty of
not less than three months nor more
than twelve months at hard labor in tne
State Penitentiary, or pay a fio? of not
less than $100 nor more than $300, or
both fine and imprisonment in the discretion
of the ourt, for each offense,
one-half of the fine in each case to be
paid to the informer.
Section four provides that in the
county or counties in which the majority
of the qualified electors, as determined
by tne proper officers and so declared
by them, is for dispensary, a
county board uf control is hereby created,
which shall com-ist of the county
"V supervisor; the foreman of the grand
jury, and one citizen of the county who
shall be a tax payer and of good
moral character aud temperate habits,
to be selected by the ma>or or iutendent
of the county seat of each eouuty,
to continue in office for two years, aud
shall be subject to removal at any time
in the discretion of said ina^or or intsndent.
The membership of the board
shall receive for iheir services three
dollars per day, aod shall not charge for
more than three days in each month.
The supervisor shall be the chairmrn of
the board. Meetings for the transaction
of business shall be held each
month, but other meetings may be
called by the chairman when the business
demands it. This section goes on
to prescribe the rules under which the
dispensary shall be ruo, which are very
similar to the pr.. sent dispensary rules,
? except that the county bo*rd has complete
control of the sale of all liquor in
the county and the entire management
of the dispensary, fixing the price of the
liquor sold, etc. All the profits arising
from the liquors shail go to the free
schools of said couuty.
Section five provides that there may
be one or more dispen.-ary appointed
for each county by the County Board of
Control and the place of business ot
each shall be designated by them The
section also prescribes the qua ideations
of persons who are to be eltcied dispensers.
Any one applying for the position
of di^Denstr shall state his nam**
place of residence, ia what business
now engaged and iu what business he
has been engaged two} ears previous to
filing petition: that be is a qualified
elector of this State and a rtstdent of
the county; that he has never been ad
judged guilty of violating the Ja.v in
relation to intoxicating liquors; is cot
a keeper of a restaurant or place of
amusement, and that he is not addicted
to the use of intoxicating liquors as a
beverage. The appointment shall be
made only on the conditions that the
applicant shali execute to the county
treasurer a bond ia the penal sua of
five thousand dollars, with good and
sufficient sureties conditioned that he
will well and truly obey the laws of the
State of South Caroiiua, now, or hereafter
enforced, in relation to the cale
of intoxicitii.g liquor?; that hs will
faithfully accouut for all liquors of auy
kind received by hitn as such officer; >
that he will pay all fines, penalties, i
damage and cost that may be assessed )
or recoraed against him for violation of |
sucli laws during the term for which
said annnintmenr is mad.* and <ci!l I
not sell intoxicating liquors ia violation
of any of the provisions of th's act, or
at a place other than that fixed by the
county board of control, or on credit
The bond shall be for the use of the
county or any person or persons who
may be damaged or injured t>y reason
of any violation on the part of the obligor
relating to intoxicating liquors purchased
or sold during the term for
which said appointment is made. The
said Dond shall be deposited with the
county treasurer, and suit thereon shall
be brought at any time by the solicitor
or any person for whose benefit the
same was given, and in case the conditions
thereof, or any of them, shall be
violated, the principal and sureties
thereon shall also be jointly and severally
liable for all ciyil damages, costs
and judgments that m.iy be obtained
agaiost the principal iu any civil action i
brought by wife, child, parent, guir- j
dian, employer or other person uuder !
? the provisions of the law. Ail other j
moneys collected for the breaches of,
such bond shall go into the hands of \
the county treasurer fur the benefit of
the free schools of ti-e county; said
bot-d shall be approved by the county j
board of control.
Section six provides that each ais- |
penser before eQterinsr upon his duties |
shall make and subscribe to the follow- j
ins; oath, whi- h shall be endorsed upon :
his bond: $*I. , do solemnly
swear (or affirm) that I will well and
truly perform all and singular the conditions
of the within bond and keep
and perform the trust con&aeci m me
to keep and sell intoxicating liquors. !
I will not sell, *:ive, or furnish to any
person, any intoxicating liquors other- :
wise than is provided by law, and I will |
not sell or furnish intoxicating liquors j
to any minor, intoxicated person, or i
persons wiio are in the habit of becoming
intoxicated, nor will I sell on credit
to any one, nor between the hours of
sundown and sunrise, or on Sundays,
and I will make true, full and accurate
returns to the county board of control J
on Monday of ea-.;h we< k, and all cer !
Tv>nn,ic;rs marie to <v receivt-d !
oy me a* required by la-v, the preceedtog
week, and such returns to show
every sale and delivery of liquors mad<3
r>v me, or for Die, duri g the week em
' raced therein, a-.d -^uch returns shdll
show all the liquors sold and delivered,
and also the amount received aud expenses."
This section also provides
(hat the county dispensaries shall be
jouductei pretty much as they are now
conducted, with the exception that the
rules are much stricter aai the penalties
more severe.
Section seven provides that in all
ourehascs by the county hoard of control
maie as contemplated iu this act,
a certificate shall be attached to each
package certified by their official signature,
which certificate shall state that
liquor contained in said packages has
been purchased by the county board ol
control for sale and use within the
State in the county or ciuntics to
which the liquois are to be shipped under
the law of sa d State f >r such
county or counties. It also provides
oenalties f >r the violation of the law.
It also provides that the county board
of control shall buy no package which
shall contain less than one-half pint
Dor more than five gallons and the same
shall'be securely sealed; and when delivered
to the couaty dispenser it shall
be unlawful for him to break any of
said packages or open the same for any
reason whatsoever, provided this section
shall aot app'y to malt liquors
which may be purchased io cases of
bottles, and shall be sold by" the county
dispenser. The provisions for the sale
of liquor are same as those in the present
dispensary law.
Section eight provides that all
licensed druggists conducting drag
stores and manufacturing proprietary
medicines anj authorized to purchase
from the dispensaries of the county of
their residence intoxicating liquors (not
including malt) aad alcohol for the
purpose of compounding medicines, J
tinctures and extracts that cannot be
used as a beverage. If said licensed
druggists shall sell, barter, give away
or exchange, or io any way dispose of
said liquors for auy purpose other than
that authorized by this section or shall
manufacture or compound with s:j.id
liquors or alcohol any preparation, or
compound under any form, name or device,
for sale, *hich may be used as a
^iTTaroirn or./J ia 1 r> f C\ vi r?n f 1 n or in it<5
character he shall, upon conviction,
forfeit his license a?d oe fi^ed not less
than $100, nor more than $300, or be
imprisoned three months, or both
in the discretion of the court.
Section nine provides that in such
county or counties every person Mho
shall directly or indirectly keep or
maintain by himself, or bv combining
with others, or who shall aid, assent,,
abet in keeping or maintaing any club
room or other place in wmcn inroxicaiine
or malt liquors are kept for barter
or sale or for distribution or division
by any means whatsoever, and on every
person who shall barter, sell, dispense
or abet another in so doing shall be
deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and
upon conviction thereof shall be
punished by a fi dp of not less than $100,
nor more than $300, or imprisonment
not less than six months, provided, the
nrtiint-tr Knorf? r?f o.^nfrnl shall hnvo thft
power upon a proper showing and under
such rules as they may adopt to appoint
some one as dispenser in hoteis, where
tourists or health seekers resort and in
no other hotels; the said dispenser to
give bond as the county dispenser and
be subject to all the provisions of this
act and thf rules of the county hoard
of control <ind to be subject to all the
penalties provided for the violation of
the law by county dispensers. Said
hotel dispensers shall only st-.ll to
guests of ihe hotel who are tourists or
health seekers and the liquor so sold to
them must nr>t be drunk in the room in
which such liquors r.re kept and sold;
that aii pi-ices wfier? aiconoitc liquors
are mariufacturod, sold. bartered or
eiven away in violation of this act, or
where persons are permitted to report
for ti e purpose of drinking alcholie
liquors as a bcveraze. or where alcoholic
liquors are kept forsaV, barter or
de'ivery in violation of this act, are
hereby declared to he a common nuisance,
and any poison, firm or corpora
tion upon conviction ot maintaining or
keeping the same shall pav a Sue of
not les< than t^o hundred dollars or
more than five hundred dollars rr be
imprisoned not less tnan six months or
both tine and imprisonment at the discretion
of the court.
S-. ct'on ten provides that the members
of the couaty board of control
shall receive no samples as a gift or
otherwise, from traveling salesmen
selling liquors or from the manufacturers
thereof, and shail be required
faithfully to carry out the provisions
of this act rola'ing to a county or
e.->tinries in which disDensaries are
established and to.* any violation of
any of the piovi>ions of this act, by
them they shai!, upon conviction be
fined not !**s than one hundred dollars
nor more than five hundred dollars or
be imprisoned not less than six months
orb">:b fine and imprisonment in the
the discretion of the court. That the
official bonds of the county treasurer in
such county or counties shall be liable
f.>r all moneys received from the county
dispeoacrs by them.
Section eleven provides that in the
county or counties in which the majority
of the qualified electors as determined
by the proper officers and so
declared by them is for granting license
f.>r the sale of liquors a license board
is hereby cre-ved con-isting of the
eounfv Mipervisor, the foreman of the j
grind jury and one citizens of the
county, who shall be a taxpayer of good
moral character and temperate habits,
to be selected by the mayor or intendcnt
of the municipal corporation at the
county seat, to continue in office for
two ye?rs and shall be subject to
removal at any time in the discretion j
of the said mayor or iafendent, which
said board is hereby authorized and empowered
to license persons or corporations
within such county or counties to
sell and retail alcoholic liquors within
such county or counties U'tder the pro- >
visions, rules and restrictions herein- !
after provided. The members of tie |
board shall receive as compensation for j
their services three dollars per day and j
| shall cot charge for more than three i
days in each month. The supervisor j
of the county shall be the chaiaman of j
the board. Meetings for the trausac j
i tion of business shall be held once iD j
j each month the days to be fixed by the
I said board, but other meetings may be
called by the chairman when business
demands an extra meeting. The board i
shall use as their office the ofS e of the
county supervisor of the county and
the clerk of the board of c rnnty com
missioners shall acs as the clerk of the
board. The meetings of the board
shail be public and minutes of ill business
transacted and matters brought
before it shall be kept Dy the clerk,
which shall always be open for the
inspection of the pub'ic. The board
shall preserve as a part of the record
and files of their office all petitions fur
license, bond and all oth>*r pap rs pertaining
to the grauting of licenses, and
keep suitable book for all their transactions
which shall be furnished by the
p.nnnt? like all other Dublic records.
The board shall make such rules and
regulations as they may deem advisable
in reference to the granting of license
to sell and retail aicholic
liquors as beverages, which are not inconsistent
with the p-ovisions of this
act relating to sujhcouoty or counties
The board shall m*ke a quarterly report
to be filed in the office of the countj
Treasurer showing the names of the
persons to whom license have been
granted for the proccding year, the
natn^s <<f the sureties on the bond of
such persons or the corporations, the
amouet received from each for such license
and all other transactions of thn
board which said report shall be publi>hed
in one of the newspapers for
sujh county or counties.
Section twelve provides that no
i; _..n ;i
IlCeiJSU IU sell duu ician aiw<ivnb
liquors or beverages shall be granted by
said board any person or corporations
except to sell and retail in the municipal
towns and cities within such
coanty or counties and shall not be
granted to any such person or corpora
tion for k-ss than six hundred dollars
nor more than twelve hundred dollars
and for any intermediate sum which
m*y be deemed advisable by the board
and only for one year, the Lumber of
licenses to be granted in any such
county or counties shall be determined
by the said board. Provided, That all
applications for license in towns under
five thousand inhabitants shall be ac
coinpanied by a petition signed by a
majority ef the frehold voters of said
town, and in cities of over five thousand
inhabitants applications for license
must be accompanied by a maj >rity of
the freehold voters in the ward where
the licence is to be operated. It shall
be uulawful for any person or corporation
to whon license is granted by the
said board '0 sell alcoholic or mal'
liquors in quantities less than one half
f A o /-.11 VtAf ixrA*-*rk on/^
[JlKil UI cu ucmgtu cuuuv.'?? u a,n\?
sunrise, or to sell to any minor, drunkard
or person in the habit of becoming
intoxicited, on Sunday, or to sell
adulterated or diluted liquors of any
kind, and any person or corporation
for violation of these provisions, shall
upon conviction, bo fined not le^s than
three hundred dollars Dor more than
five hundred dollars, or be imprisoned
not le^s than three months nor more
than six months in ths State penitentiary,
or both, such fine and imprisonment
in the discretion of the court.
This section also specifies the qualifica
tiun of the person to vbom licenses
may be granted, which are about the
same as those of dispensers. It also
provides for a bond and oath similar to
that of the dispenser. It also pro- .
vides severe penalties for a violation of
the law oa the part of those to whom
license are granted.
Section thirteen abolishes the State
Board of Control and devolves its
duties on the chairman of the comm:tte3
of ways and means of the house
of representatives and the chairman of
-Itsv AnAA AAm f 1"N /-* onnrt An/I
uiic uwduuc culu. ?'i iug cgiiaig auu
the State treasurer This board shall
take charge of the Srate dispensary ana
shall exercise all the powers and duty
now conferred upon the present State
board of control in the management of
thesam-e. All county dispensers now
in office shall continue in same until
after the next general election in 1900,
and shall be governed by all ihe pro\i.-ioas
of existiog laws relatiDg to
thtm. The State board shall not purchase
any liquors except to supply cer
tain brands to enable county dispensers
to work off the stocks now on band,
and it shil 1 be their business to .dispose
as much as possible of these
stocks so as to close up the operations
of the State and county dispenseri^s as
nearly practicable before the general
election in 1900. The saiH State board
shall sell all the waeons, horses, mules,
furniture and all other pnarapheraalia
' <?f the State dispeusary on the fir^t
Monday in January, 1900, at public
auction in me cuy 01 loiumoia, alter
four weeks public advertisement, fur
cash, and to turn over the money arising
from said sale to the State treas
urer. This sectioa ;?rovided that after
the general election in 1900 the S'atft
Board shall sell ail the liquors on hand
and close up the business of the State
dispensery.
Section tourteen says tne provision?
in this bill shall apply to all counties
in thf State. 11- aL-o provisos that an\
persons handling contraband liquor in
the day or ni<ht time i.j any cvanty of
j this Srate 01 delivering the same, shall
! be guilty of a misdemeanor, at:d on conviction
shall be punished by imprisonment
fornot less than three month?
nor.icore tfc an,twelve months or by a
fine of not less than one hundred
dollars. That no person or corporation
! except as provided m this act under
the scctioa relating to counties in
which dispensaries or licence have been
voted, and io couuties voting for prohibition
shall not be of force, shall bring
or import into this or tran>port from
{ lace to place within this State by
wagon, cart, boats or other vehicles or
by any other means of mode of carriage
any liquors containing alcoht'l. und- r a
penalty of one hundred dollars or im
prisonment for thirty days for each
offense, under conviction thereof as
fur a misdemeanor. That all fermented
distilled or other liquids or liquors containing
alcohol transported in this
State, or remaining herein for use,
sale, consumption, storage or other
disposition, shall, upon arrival in this
Sfate, be subject to the operations and
effects of this law to the same extent
I and in trie same m-annt-r asthough sucn
j liquor or liquids had be^n produced in !
j this State, provided, in counties in
j which dispensiry and licenses ha^e
been established by a vote of the citizens
of these counties shall have the
right to import liquors in a reasonable
quantity for personal use and that in
counties in which prohibition is establish',
d by a vote the right of private
citizens to import for personal use is !
hereby prohibited. That it shall bo
the daty of all sheriffs, deputy sheriffs,
magistrates and oo?stables_to see that
the provisions of this act are observed
and not violated, aod any of these officers
who neglect or fail to perform the
duties required of them by this act
shall be subject to suspension by the i
governor. That in case of conviction \
of violation of any of the sections of
this act where punishment is not
especially provided fur, the person or
persons soeonuicted shall be punished
in the discretion of the court. Tbat
citizens of this Sta'e shall have the
rikiht to make domestic wine fur their !
own use. but shall not sell the same j
1 - ~i. - 1 J 1
umess to uie couacy ooaru 01 control
or to some p^-on or corporation to
whom license has been granted, except
in counties in which prohibition is
established, they shall not have the
right to sell at all.
Section fifteen provides that whenever
one-third of the qualified voieis of
and county shall presc-ut a written
petition to the board of county commissioners
praying for an election on
the question of prohibition, dispensary
or license, it shall bj the duty of
the said board ot county commissioners
to order said election aud to make provisions
for the same, to take place at
the geusral eloctioa following the filing
of the petition.
ELEPHANTS IN THE ARMYSome
Points as to Their Employment
by the British in India.
Or>a nf thp TTinsf infprpcit'inf fAatnrM
of the English army life presented to
the layman in India is furnished by
the remarkable efficiency of the elephant
brigade, most highly developed
through the skill of the Burmese in
handling the giant animals. Their
usefulness in India can scarcely brtimagined
by one not familiar with the
amount and variety of work which
they accomplish, but It would be a
serious mistake to imagine that this
degree of usefulness is attained
through any aptitude of the unwieldy
animals or natural tendency toward
it. It is due solely and entirely to the
wonderful ability of the natives in
training the huge animals and overcoming
their natural inclinations.
This cannot be too highly praised.
Neither must it be imagined that the
use of elephants in army life is not attended
by great disadvantages, not the
least of -which is the difficulty with
which they are transported.
Naturally the elephant is not an intelligent
animal. He can be taught remarkable
things, in which his strength
and endurance play an important part.
He can never, however, perform these
feats without continual attendance and
riirertinn Abstractlv. his Dower of
work Is unappreciable; when directed
by skillful hands, however, it is remarkable.
The transportation facilities which
are provided for the sole use of the
elephants are quite as remarkable. I
witnessed recently the loading and detraining
of a lot of elephants on the
Madras Railway. Both were remarkable
processes. In loading a rope is
fastened to his fore-leg, and a lot of
natives haul and pull at it to Induce
the animal to take the first steps into
the car. This is only accomplished,
however, by admonishing him in the
haunch by means of a tusk. The first
step taken is rapidly followed by the
others until he stands safely on the
car.
This portion of the task is accomplished
comparatively easily, however,
when compared with the next. At first
he is timid and slightly frightened,
but when the car starts his fear is wonderful
to behold. Though he may ride
a hundred times he never overcomes
this fear, though It is much more pronounced
when he takes his initial ride
after, say two months' acquaintance
with civilization. He rends the air
with wild trumpetings, endeavors iruulessly
to escape, and only ceases his
efforts when the car has again come
to a standstill.
Of course, wonderfully strong cars
are necessary to hold him. They are
made completely of iron, with huge
iron bars rising to a height of ten or
twelve feet above the platform. Often
these cars are rendered useless by the
twisting of the bars, due to the application
of the occupant's remarkable
strength.
In transporting the elephant by sea
the difficulties are almost as great.
They are raised by means of a canvas
dino- from the wharf to the ship,
struggling to escape and rending the
air with the cries. Once aboard ship
they are easily managed, the motion
not affecting them, because they do not
see the moving panorama before them.
Unloading them is easy. They are
lowered to a raft beside the ship and
allowed to swim ashore. They take
to the water easily and are excellent
swimmers, being able to 6wim eight or
ten miles at a stretch without tiring.
The size of the Indian elephant is
usually about eight feet in height and
ten feet in length. The male is a little
larger, perhaps, eleven feet, and
weighing about 5.000 pounds.
A Pure and Simple Poker Story.
This is a poker story pure and simple.
It was a particularly naughty game,
too. because it was played by a young
woman of high social standing against
her own ther, and the cheating that
went on?but that comes later in the
tale.
'* * locf eiimiripr
'1 ne ifling reaii,y ucguu
This particular girl began to tease her
respected papa for a new horse and
trap.
Papa pleaded poverty, hut the young
woman kept on until the other night
the thing was at last decided.
"I think It's mean," she cried almost
tearfully. "You and Uncle Tom and
the boys were playing poker last night,
and I know you won. You might give
me that trap."
Papa laughed and said something
about penny :-nte, bat one of the aforementioned
"boys" who happened to be
present suddenly looked up at the woebegone
maiden with a sly wink.
"T ? TT-n^lo 'PC.pd " he
i Leu JUU V? U&W v/ ,
drawled, "suppose you play her for it.
If you w'n she's never to mention it
again under penalty of starvation, and
If she wins she can have it."
Papa poo-hooed a bit. hut Uncle Tom
came In and joined against him, the
girl herself was willing, and so, as her
luck on the few occasions when she
had played poker had been proverbially
bad, ar 'ast ber stern parent'relented.
and the game began. "
But he had counted without his host.
There were three, not one, against
him, and "the cards they were stacked
in a way that I grieve."
He began to lose and kept on losing.
He held fair hands, but his daughter's
were always a little better, and for
such a greenhorn at "the 'game sna
played them with a skill that was remarkable.
. ,
Of course she won. The game was
got up with the express purpose that
she should win.
And equally, of course, she got the
trap. She has It now. They meant to
tell papa the "little Joke," but they
haven't yet. because he is heard to j
use improper language whenever the
dainty vehicle comes in view. Also,
incidentally, he has left off playing
poker. Says he can't afford jt. Whereat
his wife is Joyful. So wasn't that
a case of one small wrong making two
rights?
The rarest pocket handkerchief in ^
?v,a irnrM to nnccnsupd bv Oueen Mar- i'
lllc ??? ? ?? .
gnret of Italy. It is of laee. is estimated
to be worth ?5.920. and took twenty
years to weave. The handkerchief is
so licht that it Is scarcely felt if placed
on the hand.
Eirsrs at twelve cents a dozen are j
cheap food. At sixteen eents they are !
expensive, and at twenty-five cents
a dozen they are extravairant
Probably tne oldest liv Dg cylist is a
widow who lives near Dumnow, Ala.
She is ninety-three years old.
STARTLING NEWS.
The Bubonic Piague Raging in
Capital of Hawaii
SAN FRANCISCO ALARMED
Several Transports From Manila
Held In'Quarantine. Plague
Rampant in India,
China and Japan.
Tie arrov transports Centennial ana
Newport, which arrived at Sau Francisco
Thursday night from Manila, via
Honolulu, bring the startlinsr nws that
the bubonic plague is raging in the
capital city of the Hawaiian i-lands.
It is understood that the scourge was
brought into Honolulu by vrssels from
one of the infected ports of China.
The news of the breaking out of the
pl-iPHP in Honolulu bus created some
alarm among the California State anl
oii,> in-allti official.-, and every precau
tiou is being taken to prevent a possible
admission of the disease into San
Francisco. Thetran-poris Centennial
and Newport, which arrived Thursday
night, and the Tarter, which arrived
from Manila Fiiday, are now at the
quarantine station und<-rj?oing fumigation
and will be detained at Angel
island for some time.
News from reliable sources in the
vutuL io * ? iju-iisi iiiau uictacu
is prevalent in China aud Japan to an
unusual extent and that the officers at
Manila have taken precautiou to pre
vent the plague from getting a foothold
there. News from Bombay is to the
effect, that the plague is rampant iu
India, and in view of these conditions
the authorities in Sm Francisco and
every port on the Pacific coast will
:ake strenuous precautions to prevent
the introduction of the bubonic plague
on this coast.
A SAD ENDING.
A Horrible Accident at a Christmas
Rehearsal.
While the school children of St.
Francis school, Seventeenth and Vine
-treets, Qaiocy, 111., were rehearsing
Friday afternoon fur an entertainment,
to be given next Thursday evening, oue
>f their dresses caught tire from a gas
jet and 10 miuutes later four of them
tfere burned to death, t*o d:edan hour
ater and five others died bef'ure miduight.
Half a dozen others were burned
more or less severely.
The first started in a little dressing
room. Three or four littile girls were
dressing for the rehearsal and laughing"
^aily among themselves. A dozen others
were grouped in the wings of the
-tage near the foot of the stairs descending
from the dressing room. The girls
n the dressing room had nearly completed
their costumes when one of them
orushed against the gas jet. A touch
of the fiame was sufficient; and in an
instant her dress of cotton aod light
cloth was io a blaze. She screamed ar.d
ran out of the room communicating the
olaze to the others as she ran. Oi-e of
the girls, with her dress in a blaze,
jumped out of a small window into the
-fs.irs leading to the stage and then
down the stairs. A flaming torch she
tfas, as she almost fell down the stairs
and rushed into the groups of children
standing in the wings. They wire all
clad, like her, in the fancy costumes of
cotton, lace and silk, and the fire
spread with incredible rapidity from
one-to the other. There was 14 chil1
- v _ I* ? 1_ _ -\1_ _ _ _ ^ ^ _
aren in ine ca?ie or ine nnsimas ea
ertainment, and only a few escaprd.
[t was over in 10 minutes and in that
time four perished, seven were fatally
mirned and others more or less severely
injured.
Frank Misholt, a teacher of the
school, was standing at the foot of the
stairs from the dressing room when he
heard the cry of '"Fire!" and turning to
where it came from, saw the flash of
dame in the dressin g room. He was
naif way up the the stairs atone bound
xVip'i he met a chiid rushini? and 'umb
iiog down, a ma^s of flames from head
:o foot. Tearing off his coat, he threw
it around the blazing chiid and endeavored
to extinguish the flames, but
*he jumped ou; of his arms and ra?hed
on flown past him, still wrapped in his
oat. into the group of other children
landing about ia the vwogs of the
9tage.
All the telephone liDes in the neighoorhood
were in service summoning
-urgeons, and in a few moments neailv
-ill the doctors in town were on har d.
Besides the many patients within the
smoke-stained walls, there were dozens
>f fainting and heart broken women
without.
A Great Invention.
James Grvsham, of Brooklyn, has
found capital to demonstrate the com
? 1.... Af u:. ??i 1?
ILieiUicU VdiUC UI uia v:uio.2?;n;vv uuai, jut
which is anticipated a spred of 50
miles an hour. A syndicate of New
York capitalists has agreed to furnish
$50,000 with which to build a small
boat oq the corkscuw plan, with the
further understanding that if it d< raonstrates
its ability on a commercial scale
- - -1- J I- - U il -
co approximate ice f-peeu wnicu me
models have ' cached, the s3Gdicato will
furnifh sufficient capital to build a
mail boat. The ioveutor rrcmi>es that
his craft will cross the Atlantic in less
than three da>s. The vessel, the construction
of' which i? being arranged for
at the Newport News shipyards, is not
intended for passenger set vice, but only
for the convej auce of mails and fast
freight and for use in life saving gta
"" t ^ * j :?
lions. 11 is so cousirucuu mat u<tu
penetrate the surf or the waves of the
roughest water. The boat is cylindrical
in shape, with a serpentine flange
iike a cork>crew extending from bow to
stern, and the outer shell revolves
through the water, while the inner
compartment maintains its equipoise.
To Patrol Our Coast.
A special to the World from Halifax
sa\s: Groat Britain is apparently preparing
to patrol the Atlantic coast.
Tin: report that the larger part of the
British North American and West Indies
i-quadron have received orders con*
*? i 1 . ' fi , i
cermng tne atiegea violation or me
neutrality laws by vessels k-aving American
ports with contraband of war
seems to be well founded. Oae of the
officials of the navy yard said arrange
ments are being made for the dispatch
of at least two vessels to do patrols
duty oa the South aod North Atlantic
coast. The cruiser will sail immediately
after receipt of final orders.
Lovers of Music.
The lovers of music?their came is
Inirirtri All tVinto tronf a
piano or a first class organ. Such instruments
may be had from D. A.
Prefsley, manager of the Columbia, S.
0., branch of the widely known Ludden
& Bates Southern Music House.
Write him for particulars, or call at
his store on Main street. * j
I I
Tlie Migration of ItoMn*.
j For many years naturalists like Au- j
I dubon and Wilson studied and wrote !
of this bird before It was known that j
j there were "robin r*osts." as well as j
! pigeon roosts. Only within the last \
few years was the fact brought out j
j that a bird more familiarly known than j
i the passenger pigeon "followed this !
i mode of spending the night, although j
j It adopted spring instead of fall for j
i massing by hundreds in a high shel- I
! tered wood for a night's protection J
from cold, or because it is the period !
before pairing time, or for some other j
reason at present beyond man's ken. j
With what stealth must this well-known j
and much-obscrved bird have found its j
i way in sucn numbers to tne same paten \
j of timber night after night In the early
| months of the year, according to loj
cality coming from all directions so
; swiftly that a secreted observer could
| not count, keeping up a chatter that
j could be heard for a long distance, un|
til the last bird, somewhat belated,
j perhaps, found shelter in the darken- |
Ing grove, when all became silent as j
J thousands of wings were folded to rest.
Another peculiar trait of the robin, ]
unnoted except by so keen an observer
of bird ways as Maurice
Thompson, Is that, with all its friendly
I and confiding relations with the human
i family during the time of nesting and
j rearing its young. In the fall of the
j year, it becomes a wild bird, betaking
itself largely to the woods and even
norte mrtnntfllna at thic
season showing little disposition to be j
on familiar terms with man, giving a
note of alarm and flying high and
swiftly when surprised at his approach.
At this time they range over extensive
tracts of country, but nearly always
evince a tendency to seclusion. The
writer has seen them in small flocks
flying over a wide valley at such an elevation
that only by the well known
sharp squeak, rather than by the eye,
could he surely determine that they
were robins.
Even in its migratory habits this bird
is somewhat peculiar. They seem to
? J <_ #^11 otI + 'U WtSN-MA
LLiUVe buuiuwdiu 1U LUC xtiii WilU uuuig
tardiness than most other birds, allowing
the Increased severities of the
cold season to push them off the winter's
edge. Or are these late goers
the birds inured to cold by a residenca
In the States further north, which,
coming southward, take the place of
others that have gone earlier in th?
season? The question of identity, always
a difficult one. almost precludes
argument on this point.
An Artistic Jfauure.
"Never!" said the stern-faced father
to the fair-faced daughter, who stood
before him in an attitude of petition.
"You have brought me the surprise
and disappointment of my lite. Marry
! a Smith! I say most emphatically and
| decidedly, no! That is final, my child.
I We trace back beyond the flood and
through a royal line. We were among
the firct to visit the shores of this new
world and among the earliest settlers
of Detroit Have you no pride; no
proper sense of your importance? Has
it come to a point where I must exercise
paternal authority in such a matter?"
"Oh, I guees the Smith family is as
old as it is numerous," for the girl has
a dash of American independence. "No
Indian maiden ever saved any of our
f o ty"? i ! rr til tVirt oorlr V\ i c* t ri t*tt r\f f /?An?_
| A.O.S11HJ Hi. CliC Vi wx-s, |
try, thai I cai discover, and if you |
make it an issue, I'll undertake to show I
that the Smiths have all the best of
it"
Now the old gentleman's fare was
J red, and hi? oyes were snapping. It has
! been his way to eow his family by
j dramatic action, and in this case he
I wanted to throw in a little of the meloI
dramatic. To do this he must be upon
| his feet, and have room. He sprung
! forward with the air of a tragedian,
j but he was in one of those narrow
| chairs with a frayed cane bottom and
j stiff arms. The chair clung to him as
j he leaped and he looked too ridiculous
| for words. He swove violently. The
; daughter screamed with laughter. His
supreme dramatic, effort was a howling
farce, and he collapsed.
"Smith" is on the cards
-an Absolute Cure.
That alcoholism is a disease is yniver.-ally
recognized. To God a cure fur
that disease has been one aim of *ciencc
? ? ? ? 1 amm vaam.i t f f rst?
JUT lliiLUy ivi'fi -LI- icwaiMiu I
Dr. Leslie E Kef ley to discover such
cure. Mr. N. A. Jordan, of Cheyenne,
Wyoming, who attended a Kecley Institute,
wrircs: "I am mnre than ever
convinced that I succeeded in getting
just what I went for. to-wit: an absolute
and positive cure for the greatest
curse of the aire?whiskey. I have
bten wr.rkitig harder than ever before
and find it no trouble as I am enjoying
better health than for yfars?thanks to
the Keeley Treatment."
Tile primers on a Kansas paper got
the editor iu trouble by shifting a
comma. He wrote: "Two young men
from Sc;>tt went with their girls to
attend a teacher's iustitute and as soon
vs thf-y left the girls, not drunk" The
compo>itor shifted the comma and it
read, "as soon as they li ft, the girl*
cot urunk." The girls rrent hunting
fur the editor, hut heleli.
St. Louis is the abiding pl ice of
one of the most iudepenent individuals
in this country, mc James Kids Hmv,
who refused to accept a fortune of $1,Ooo.OOt!
b' queathed to him, because he
had not carued it by his own efforts.
Re has recently attracted some UiOre
attention bv a donation of $2,000 to
the poor of St. L-mis.
Christmas Dinner.
No ill effects need follow the easing
of a big Christmas dinrer if, after
same, jou take "Hilton's Life for the
Li\er and Kidneys." 23c a bottle. tf
Old husbands seem to be in demand
in Pennsylvania. A rural paper
recen'ly contaimd the advertisement
of' a 70-vcar-old denizen who wanted, a
wife. In a little while he had about a
thousands answers from women who
were willing to help him break the
monotony.
"I have used your 'Lire for the Liver
and Kidneys' with great benefit, and
fur Dyspepsia or any derangement of
the Liver or Ividneys I reuard it as being
without an equa.1." James J. Os- 1
home. Attorney at Law, Boliston, j
I lend ?-rann In . > < I
fi a
Ginning
5SS I 8
Machinery.
o
The Smitli Pneumatic Suction
Elevating, Ginning and
Packing s-ystenu
Is the simplest aud most efficient on
the market. Forty-eight complete
uuiuis lii vaiuiiua. vavn
one giving absolute
satisfaction.
j Boilers and Engines; Slide
VaUe, Automatic and Corliss, j
My Light and Heavy Log Beam ba? j
Mills cannot be equalled in design, ef* j
c ; ? i_ .. J J I
! nciency or price uy auy uuaici ui uiauu |
| cajturer in the South.
Write for prices and catalogues.
V. 0. Badhani, "
1326 Main Street,
[ COLUMBIA, S. C.
Grec
file wish all a blight and pre
those, who are tlie hap}]
w* a on a I ra
Rayal Elastic x
We hope the success of
well assured as the success of
grows steadily and the most g
receipt of voluntary letters fr
of great^satisfaction and comf
If you are interested in goc
call on your nearest dealer,
write to us direct for descript
Yours truly,
Rovali 8l Bo
V
Dei
HAVE YOU I
Drop us a postal and^the next in
JBest broods at
Columbia SI
^Wholesalers of Bag:
J. Wilson Gibbes, Manager,
A Little Luck at Monte Carlo.
A short time ago a young man pa!(
his first visit to the Casino, and wit]
an absolute lack of knowledge of hov
the gnme- is played, threw down i
louis at the trente-ret-quaniute table
ft chanced to fall on black. Lost h
trying to follow the game, paid n<
furtner attention to it until rue croup
ier called his attention to the tact tha
he barf strike fhe maximum and tha
he must remove his winnings. Entire
ly unheeded his twenty-franc piec<
liad "doubled up" until it had reached
the maximum. He obeyed the croup
!er, leaving on his stake, ard blact
came up again. Now he began to tak<
some interest and as he had chancec
on a run of fifteen blacks he sLortlj
afterward left the table w'th sixty'
eight thousand francs for the run over
He seemed to have no desire to pur
sue Dame Fortune any further, and ai
his first loss he left Moreover, il
would seem that on this particular oc
casion the plan of the temptress die
not seem to have succeeded, for th?
next day the hero of the previous
pvpnin<? TrflS to bp sppti nnn+pritprHT
staking single louis again, and he lefl
Monte Carlo at night carrying his winning
almost intact The name of this
most fortunate, most wise young mai
was the Baron Rolling.
Prehistoric Man's Favorite Food.
What was the favorite food of prehistoric
man? According to Dr. Matiegka,
of Prague, it was his brother.
He proves from an examination oi
some prehistoric remains at Knovizc,
in Bohemia, that the people who buried
them were cannibals, not from
need, but from choice, and that they
preferred the flesh of their own relatives.
esneciallv if voun? anrl tensor
to that of their enemies. He also conrends,
and most anthropologists seem
o agree with him, that tbe eating of
nman flesh in prehistoric times
iread all over Europe, tin practice
mg first induced by scarcity of other
od, next by preference, aud was finiy
persisted in for religious, or, rathr,
ceremonial reasons. The flesh was
u every case prepared by cooking
sometimes with flie juice of oranges
ind lemons.
Needed in the Business
"I say," said the business man to ti
detective, "some fellow has been rep
resenting himself as a collector of ours,
He has been taking in more money
than any two of the men we have and
I want him collared as quickly as you
can."
"All right; I'll have him in Jail in
less than a week."
"Great Scot, man! I don't want to
put him in jail; I want to engage
him."?San Francisco Examiner.
His Explanation Went
"Yon were letting your horseless carriage
run at an illegal rate of speed."
"Well, you see, judge, it was the first
time she had been cut of the stable for
a month. and_ that idiotic new hostler
of mine gave' her a double allowance
of kerosene, and, besides this, I was
trying to drive her without blinders,
and "
"Discharged. Next case."?Cleveland
Plain Dea>*r.
"I never knowed till Jist now, Willie,
de utter lonesomeness o' me situawashun.
While I'm sjnokln' dia cigar
ev'rything I got in dis world is goin'
up in smoke."
Macfsat's
School of
SHORTHAND
?AND?
TYPEWRITING
COLUMBIA, S. C.
This School hrw the repuUtion'of beinsc th<
oe-"t business initituiion in the State. Grad
nofflJ o-ra nnn^wfiwa Txstaiti/vvma J?
mercantile house?, bankiajr, insurance. r*>al
estate, railroad r.-ffices, &c., m tbis and o tiier
States. Write to W H Macfcat.
Seteno^rapber, Columbia. S. C. for terms, etc
I0ET TO LOAN
On improved real estate.
Interest eight per cent.,
payable semi annually.
Time 3 to 5 years.
IS' o commissions charged
jno. B. Palmer & Son,
j
CENTRAL NATIONAL BANK BUILDING,
1205 Plain St., Columbia. S. C
JnoL.S. Reynolds,
Attorney at Law.
Columbia, S. C.
Jv- .
/ *
M
1
ir
===================== i
'tings. i
>sperous New Y*ar, especially
>v possessors of one of our
eit Mattresses I
:v|.
. ^
1
every reader of this paper is as
our mattress. The sale of same
Tariffing part of it is the daily 111
om new customers, expressive ja
ort derived fro in use of same.
?d bedding, and all ousjht to be, -JJ
If he does not handle then, S
ive pamptilet, j
rden, manufaotukebs, S
GOLDSBORO, N. C. j
ilers! M
{OUGHT YOUR M
rORKS? I
ail will bring you a price list of the
Lowest Prices. J|
tationery Co., 1
s, Paper, Twines, etc.
COLUMBIA, S. C.
; "Machinery ]
[Mill Supplies" j
If you need anything in the ,1
above line write us.- Prices
> i o'ha o tto r> ti rr on in
| | aiV OLWO.V4.AXjr UU.T
there is every indication of ]
t further advances. Buy now
and save money. Prices and j
\ estimates cheerfully submitt
ted. Now is the time to buy. 1
' Engines anil Boilers, ' ? f
Saw and Grist Hills,.
; Woodworking Machinery, 12
Bicc Hollers, m
Brisk Machinery, T 1
grain Drills. I
III . U t. P.
IV. II. UAUUC9 ? UUlf |
804 Gervais Street,.
COLUMBIA, S. C. J
Near Union Depot.
: kidney, j
BLADDER, U81NAR AND
LIVER?1
DISRATES, DYSPEPSIA. ISDIG5-STI0S
AND 0 >VsTlPATIOM POSITIVELY* (
CURED BVTHEU.st- <>F Jl
DR. HILTOJS'S M
LIFE m
F'-R THE 1H
; LIVER ANQJ1DNEYS. M
A vegetable preparation, wher#rer know?
<h>> m hi popular of all rear <1 ! >. *, bccuise ajj
most effectual.
' Sola wholesale by?
The Murray Drug Co. Celumbia
Dr. H. Baer. Charleston. S C; -a
irarari
| Every one to know tliat the
i KEELEY CURE I
| for Drink, Drug and Tobacco
! addictions is now re-estab:
j lislied at Columbia, S. C.
j Call or writ 5,
The Keeley Institute, J|
1109 Plain Street
v. .iv ...
i\o oiner in me stare.
Man's strength |j
lies in his f
stomach. 1
. | A poor, weak digestion debili- J
; tates and impoverishes the bodv.' y^a
, Xo need confining one's self ta
certain simple diet, on this ac- JS
count. wViPTi xcitl-i +v>?*
_ _ - - -? AVUi vuv uov v* '
! j "Hilton's Life for the Liver and M
i Kidneys" any kind of fuud-uiuj S
be eaten with comfort. 25c a
bottle. Wholesale by
TrE Win DRUG CO., 1
COLUMBIA, S. C.

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