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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, January 31, 1900, Image 1

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^ VOL LIV. WINNSBOKO. S, G, WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 31, 1900. NO. 24 JJ
~ IN THE HOUSE. I
What Has Been Done During the
Past Week
MO A PvPiiT-iriM A i or1! ii re
r-t ls I . . w ,
Salaries for County Officers
instead of Fees. Several
Ciher 8:i:s Taken Up
and P<-.sst:d or Killed
j
The House of ilcpresentativcs spent
i he entire :uorning Monday in ihe discission
of Mr. Patton's bill, which was
introduced at the instance of the city
council of Columbia, looking towards
the extension of the city limits of Columbia.
The cardinal feature of the
measure was that the election should be
k *' * - '? - i:*i. J -l--* PiL. * : i
f icit io uie quauueu cjuviorsui ;ne icru
tory desiring annexation, and not to
ihe freehold votv-rs. The b:li was filially
indefinitely continued.
magistrates' bail
Mr. Ashley's bill regulating the
granting of bail hy magistrates was
given its third reading in the House
Tuesday. The provisions of the bill
an-:
Section 1. When any magistrate com- |
mits a party to j -i.il for a bailable offence
such magistrate shall state on commitment
the amount of recognizance required,
upon entering into which the
party shall be released from custody,
and upon entering into such recogniz?-?mvipf**oi
/-*. r\Q f ko /?Ann
auue UCil'iC auj vi kuv vtuu |
ty such party shall be released from the
custody of the jailer.
Section 2. Aoy magistrate or clerk
of the Court of the county in which the
party is imprisoned, when demanded
by such party, shall take the recognizance
without extra compensation.
IS AX ALDERMAN AN OFFICERS?
Mr. Dukes's bill, directed against
municipal officers taking contracts, was
given its third reading in the House
Tuesday. The bill provides:
That no municipal officer shall take
a con-tract to perform work or furuisb
material for the municipal corporation
of which he isan officer, and no such
officer shall receive any compensation
onauy contract for said purpose.
Section 3. That any person violating
r- the provisions of this Act shall be guilty
of a misdemeanor and upon conviction
thereof shall be punished by fine
or imprisonment in the discretion of
the Court before *hom such conviction
^ is had.
SALARIES FOR COUNTY OFFICERS.
On Wednesday Mr. II. K. Jenkins,
of Berkeley, cailcd up his bill relative
to the fees and salaries of county tfii
vsrs. He urged that his bill was in
conformity with the Constitution. His
bill proposed a scale of prices. In
^ Berkeley salaries were paid in lieu of
fees and the plan was found to work
admirably. There is no longer any
stocking of the jails. In 1893 he had
the good fortune to introduce and have
W * . "? \ 1 Ml P T"> 1 1
? passed tfie salary om ior -Derseiey
County. The grand jury found that
* the county saved $i,000 a year and he
wanted the remainder of the State to
share in the benefits of the plan. If
an office is made worth $20,000 the
holder is willing to spend a great deal
to get the office. The bill can be
amended; his classification is according
to the taxable property aiid popula-^
tion. His proposition to have all salaried
officers was intended simply to
carry out the Constitution. At the instance
of Mr. Jenkins a committee of
one member from eauh delegation was
elected by the delegation to meet at
once and report a bill before Tuesday
next fixing salaries for all county officers
in lieu of fees. The committee is.
made up as follows: Abbeville, DeBruhl;
Aiken, Bell; Anderson, Prince;
Bamberg, Biack; Barnwell, Patterson;
Beaufort, Lock wood; Berkeley, Jenkins;
Charleston, Siokler; Cherokee,
McGraw; Chester, Marion; Chesterfield,
Stevenson; Clarendon, Hill; Colletun,
Hil!; Darlington, Floyd; l)orchester,
* Wimbcrly; Edgefield. J. L. Smith;
Fairfield, Johastcn: Florence, Ragsdale;
Georgetown, Pyatte; Greenville,
.Mauidin; Greenwood, Magill; Hampton,
Thoma1; Korry. Smith;
Kershaw, Winkler; Lancaster,
\ Kstridge; Laurens. J. P. Smith;
Lexington, Sharp; Marion, Montgomery;
Marlboro, McLaurin; Newberry,
irons' Or>nnp*? D^nriv ()rar>?.<?hnr?r.
Moss; Pickens, Kobinson; Ric'iland,
Hopkins; Spu-tanburg, Sanders; Saluda,
UaughmaD; Sumter, Young; Union,
Lyle; Williamsburg, Gambrtll; York,
'Zv' McDow.
INSURANCE BILL PASSED.
Mr. Il^drick's bill to make certain
changes in life insurance policies was
taken up and passed. The bill reads as
foilo'.??:
$<e!ion-l. That any person, firm, corV
' per.uion or association doing a life in
rsurance business on ihc 4 "legal reserve"
plan shall, after three full annual premiums
have been paid, insert in or attach
to each policy a written or printed
agreement, extending to the insured
'he following options:
First. To pay to the insured, ia
cash, within sixty days after demand,
the full legal reserve computed by th^
experience table of mortality and in-tero.-Nt
rate in use by said company when
the policy was issued, less a surrender
charge not to exceed 1 per cent of the
amount insured.
SBfc?" Sicond. To loan to the insured, his
i. .i ?.;o. .1 ?
gggy policy QeiUg uepUMLCu v?itu me tum- |
Hf"*\ pan}' as collateral sccuritv, at a rate-not j
^ exceeding 5 percent, an anion at equal
to tee casb surrender value hercinbc [
forft mentioned.
Section 2. That all natural premium
1- companies doing business in this State
shall be required to print at the ton of ;
the first page of each contract, in hold
and conspicuous type, the words "Pre j
miunis subject to increase," according j
to t're experience of the compar.v.
Section 3. That all assessment O'-m-j
panics doing business in this State sbalJ i
have printed on the first p<?gc of each j
v>r>i;<.v in hiVM and fif?T?snieuous fVT>e. I
!FV44V- > " r * y
the word?, Assessment contract."
Section 4. That any such person,
it tirm. corporation or association violating
any of the provisions of this Act
shall be denied the privilege of furthvr |
ioing business in this State, ana us j
license to do business shall be cancelled. I
Section 5. That the provisions of j
this bill shall not apply to fraternal or- '
ders organized and operating upon the
lodge system.
Section 6. That any person, firm,
corporations or association writing insurance
policies on the legal reserve
plan may not extend to the insured the
options required by Section 1 of this
Act: Provided, that there shall be
printed in red ink in bold and conspicuous
letters in each application for a
policy written on that plan, or on a
separate slip of paper attached thereto,
and sigDtd by the insured, the following
waiver: "It is understood and
acreeu that the policy to be issued on
this application wiil not contain the
cash surrender option and the loan
option r; quired by the statute law of
the State of th-i S >uth Carolina, and
the insured hereby waives the right to
S3IU upuuur*.
SCHOOL HOOKS AT COST.
The committee's substitute for MrDowling's
bill relative to supplying
school test-books at co^t was taken up.
Mr Dowling's bill* did not seem t>"?
provoke much discu>sicn. The t-ill
was ordered to its third reading and its
provisions are: "That the amount so
set aside by the county board of educai
:i i . . % ;
tion s.naii do ana remain a periuautiuu
fund ia the hands of the county superintendent
of education, and shall be by
him used in purchasing and keeping
on hand school text-books for sale to
pupils attending the free public schools
of his county, for cashT at actual cost
or exchange prices, and shall be u<ed
for no other purpose and in no other
manner; and places where said school
text-books are kept for such sale shall
be deemed depositories, under the con
trol of the State, as provided in the
<tn article, or provision, in ine contract
made in 1S93 with the publishers
of school text-books.
Section 4. That the county superintendent
of education in every c<-uoty
in the State, except Lexington Coun'.y,
be, and is hereby, required to keeo his
office or>en each dav of the week for cr.e
week prior to the time appointed for the
schools to open in his county, and for
one week immediately thereafter, and
for at least one day in each week during
the remainder of the school term,
for the convenience of those wishing to
purchase school books." The bill applies
only to such counties as have
school book funds.
A PROTECTION AGAINST FRAUDS.
Mr. Biease's bill to require a disinterested
witness to chattel mortgages
came up for consideration. Mr. Blease
said he was asked to introduce the bill.
He had seen chattel mortgages, said to
cover a clock or machines, to cover the
? " ^ /vVii ^ A II K A rronf A/1
VJUVV Ui XXVIv/i -.JLi nau^u
was to protect these poor people who
were imposed upon. There ought to
be some protection against these scoundrels
who get all these mortgages. His
bill also required the recording of the
chattel mortgage within ten days.
Representative Bolts, the only colored
member, said he knew the wiles of these
agents. The agreement should be
taken to some disinterested party to
read. He related how the agent of an
Illinois firm went out in Georgetown
County and secured mortgages for
clocks and included mattresses, pillows
and everything in a house. The bill
would save a great deal for his people
and begged that the bill be passed. The
bill was then ordered to its third reading
as follows:
Section 1. That all persons who take
bills of sale and chattel mortgages to
secure the payment for their goods,
wares or merchandise be, and they are
hereby, required to have one disinterested
witness thereto who can read and
write, and before the execution of such
bills of sale or cb&ttel mortgages the
same shall be read to the party or parties
signing the said bills of sale and
chattel mortgages; and to have the same
recorded within thirty days.
. Section 2. That any'such bill of sale
?r chattel mortgage, the execution of
which does not comply with the provisions
of this Act, shall be null and void,
and of no effect.
; ... NO ADDITIONAL CIRCUITS.
The House of Representatives disposed
of Mr. Moss' bill providing two
additional circuits, killing it by a vote
of 60 to 39. The bill was fully discussed.
The following is the vote on
the motion to indefinitely postpone the
bill:
Yeas?Speaker (i-ary, Ashiey, JtJailey,
Bell, Black, Bleasc, Oaughman, Colcock,
DeBruhl, Dendy, Dowliog, E6rd,
Estridue, Floyd, Gamble, Gantt, Graham,
Honderson. Hill, Iloliis, Hopkios,
W. J. Johnson, Lyles. Mann, Maaning,
Marion, Laban, Mauldio. McLaurin,
Means, Miley, Mobley, Moses, Neitles,
Pt-urifoy, E. B. Ragsdale, Richards,
George W. Richardson, Henry B. Richj
i) T> A "o r* r> !
arusua, -n. i>. a. jlwuiusuu, ur. a
Smith, E. JD. Smith, Jeremiah Smith,
J. L. Smith, Stackhouse, Subcr, Thcu?,
Threact, Timmerman, Yarn, Verdier,
Verner, West, Whisonant, Williams,
Wingo, Winkler, Woods, Wyche,
Young.?60.
Nays?Bacot, Bates. Blythe, Bolts,
Brantley, Browning, Osgrove, Crurn,
Dean, Epps, X. G. Evans, Gadiden,
Hoffmeyer, Hawkins, Loekwood, Lofton,
McCoy, McUraw, McCullough.
McLaurin, Mehrtens, Mitchell, Montgomery,
Moss, Patterson, Patton,
Prince, Pyatt, J. W. Ragsdale, C. E.
Robinson, C. P. Sanders, E. L. Sanders,
Sawyer, Seabrook, W. H. Thomas,
Wharton, Wimberley, II. II. Woodward.?39.
The members paired were Mr. McDow,
nay, with Mr. Stevenson, aye;
Mr. Sharpe, aye, with Mr. SinkTer,
nay; Mr McDill, aye, with Mr. ir'aircy,
nay; Mr Strom, aye, with Mr. Dukes,
nav Thr, in cach nair was
absent.
PASSED AND KILLED.
This was the fate of two important
bills in the House of Representatives
Friday. The first was a bill to exempt
gradates of the South Carolina Medical
College at Charleston from examination
by the State me lical board. The
bill as it passed was s> amended tbat it
exempts the graduates of all other medical
colleges ia other States which the
Slate board may consider reputable.
The second bill, which was killed,
a rtwfi.rtirrrtrAff A kill n a "f? h
?> uo lug uiu. jl xjlou
attempt to kill the bill failed, but
when it was amended so as to admit the
importation of cigarettes the house
> changed its friendly attitude and killed
the bill.
A kingdom for a cure !
You need not P3y so much.
I A twenty-five cent bottle of L. L. & K.
| Will drive all ills away.
| See ad. and try it?never fails.
SPION SC? CAPTURED.
The British Gets the Best of the Boers
for OnceThe
British war office has issued the
following dispatch from Spearman's
camp, dated Jan. Zo, iZiiu a. m.:
c'Gen. Warren's troops last night occupied
SpioQ kop, surprising the small
garrison. who fled, it has been held
by us all day, though we were heavily
attacked, especially by a very annoying
shell tire, "i fear our casualties are
considerable and J bave to inform vou
I with regret that Gen. Woodgace was
I dangerously wounded. Gen. Warren
I is of the opinion that he has rendered
I the enemy's portion untenable. The
men are splendid."
Among the killed on the British side
was Gen. Woodgate, Gen. Buller's
phrase, '"the men are splendid," thrills
England with pride and confidence.
I His taking and holding Spion kop are
; considered permanent advantages. A
London dispatch says the jubilation
over Gen. Warren's accomulishment
in capturing Spiou kop Tuesday night
is cha>tened by the realization that his
success is only providential, as it appears
clear from Gen. Butler's dispatch
that the Bjers fully recognize the
strategical importance of Spion kop and
; the time his message was sent off
' ^ ^ . * * n
they had not aOanaoueo. tne nope 01
recapturing the position- Nevertheless
a hearty luai of acxiety has been removed
from the nation and there is
general expectation that, as the British
have succeeded in keeping the hiil ali
day long, they will ma cage to retaiu it
| until Gen. Warren i>laots guns ecougn
| On 11 10 uoilliumt; iuu uwr ucucurs
j right and left. There is the usual disposition
here to exaggerate the impori
tance of the point scored, but the best
! it.f irmcd people realize that Butler lus
| a tusk ahead of him calling for the
! most dogged persistence and untiriug
j attacks, and that the difficulties will
increase as the position develops.
THE BRITISH FAIL BACK.
The British war office at London
nn<tf?d the foilowmtr disr.aich from Gen.
Buiier, dated Spearman's Camp, Thursday,
Jan. 25, noon:
'Gen. Warren s garrison. I am sorry
to say, I find this morning had in the
night abondoned Spion kop."
A dispatch from London says stfven
days of fighting have left the main
Boer positions intaok and Gen. Builer's
army 706 men weaker, according to the
official casauity lists, which seemingly
do not include the Spion ko p lusses; as
those last forwarded do not mention
Gen. Woodeate's wounding.
England is possessed by a depressing
scene of failure, though not a word in
criticism of her generals and soldiers is
uttered. Not much effort is made to
place a happy construction upon Gen.
Bailer's bare IS words telling of the retirement
i'rom Spion ko'o, and there is
an uneasy impression abroad that
worse news is yet to come.
THE SUN'S,TQTAL ECLIPSE.
Professor F- H. Bigolow's Interesting
Talk of the Phenomenon.
Prof. F. H. Bigeiow has written an
interesting statement of the total
eclipse of the sun May. 23,1900. The
path of the shadow, he says, will begin
at sunrise over the Pacinc ocean just
to the west of Mexico, and extend
thence north-eastward over the Southern
States from New Orleans to Norfolk,
crossing the middle portions of the
North Atlantic to Portugal and terminating
near the northern end of the
Kcd Sea ac subset. The location of
track in the United States is remarkable
for its convenient accessibility to a
multitude of people. He estimates
that more than half a million persons
will see the total eclipse of more or
less duration from their homes, ana
many more will take advantage of the
opportunity to see the event of a lifetime.
Educators should encourage
their students to see it, and he suggests
it would be a popular thiDK for the railroads
to arrange for excursions to the
cities and localities aff jrding the most
favorable opportunities for a sight, as
there are good hotel accomodations
through all the sections affected. The
Uuited States Weather Bureau, which
has been conducting a cloud survey of
the region, predicts the chances for
fair weather as almost certain in Georgia
and Alabama. The track will pass
I over Mobile. Montgomery. Macoo,
MilledgeviUe, Augusta and CoIuuj'ous,
a little south of Atlanta.
Loans to Counties.
The fallowing statement of loans
made to counties by the State sinking
fund commission since the passage of
the act making such loans is from the
commissioner's annual report:
Marion v> 6.000.00
Williamsburg 5,500.00
Oconee 4,000 00
Newberry 4,000 00
Fairfield - 7,097 00
Dorchester 4,000.00
Pickens 3,714 00
Lancaster 4.800 00
Clarendon 3.000 00
Aaderson 22.306 66
(^rpcnicnnt! . 1216b 6<
Bamberg 3,000.00
Marlboro 3.000.00
Darlington 5.000.00
Abbeville 25,000 00
Total $113,03100
These loans draw five per cent
interest, andcach of the above counties
o*e from six to twelve months interest.
A Big Moonshine Plant
A lire in the basement ot the hvestory
brick house at S9 Madison street,
New York, Wednesday brought to light
an illicit distillery capable of producing
more than 50 gallons a day. The
placc has been under surveillance.
About ten cays ago a man who gave his
name as Samuel Freeman, rented the
kicnr)i?r.r fur a iiainr slinn. whifih hfi
used only at night. Teaaats noticed a
peculiar odor, which permeated the
entire building, The fire was caused
by the extreme he:it setting fire to the
unprotcctec walls. Freeman tried to
extinguish it, but failing, turned in an
alarm and disappeared, together with
two confederates. Internal revenue authorities
have hopes of arrersting all
three soon. The seizure amounted to
1U0 gallon copper still, one copper
cooling pan, a 20-gallon doubler, a
galvanized iron condenser, 20 barrels of
sugar mash and 100 gallons of spirits.
THE DISPENSARY.
The Senate Refuse to Put State
Officials on Board.
IS IT UNCONSTITUTIONAL?
The Graydon Bill, Which Is Endorsed
by the Friends of the
Dispensary, Passes the
Senate.
Senator Graydon's dispensary bill
x i? _ _ _ o i
was caKen up ia me oeuace uu ?y euucv
day. When the reading was completed
Senator Sheppard offerred an amendment
making the salary of the commissioner
$1,900 instead of $3,000.
Senator GraydoN called attention
to the provision requiring the commissioner
to give bond in the sum of
$75,000 in three surety companies. He
would have to pay about $500 for these
bonds. The idea of having bonds in
surety compauies was that the companies
would examine his books several
times a year and detect anything wrong,
which might escape the State officers.
In reply to Senator Appelt, Senator
*? * . _ 1 J
urayaou saia tue treasurer Rives a uuuu
of $90,000, but it can be a personal
bond.
Senator Barnwell said he was on record
in 1S90 as favoring a high salary
for the commissionei. While opposed
to the law, he thought t'ney ought to do
the best they can as long as it stands,
and he favored getting as good a inan
as possible. The commissioner under
this bill would be placed in the status
of the commissioner under the original
dispensary law, and he would have
charge of a million dollar business. As
for himself, he wouldn't take the place
fnr OOO nr SI 00 000 a vf*ar. Thrt
position was open to great temptations,
and even if a nun is pure as ice he is
liable to be suspected of dishonesty.
The salary of $3,0(JQ is not too large for
a man who has to occupy the place with
its temptations and responsibilities.
Senator Sheppard said it was not the
question whether th? salary of the
treasurer was too small, as several had
stated, but whether the proposed salary
of the commissioner was not too large.
If there is any ue in a surety bond,
let the expenses we paid out of the dispensay
fundi. He did not see why a
personal bond should not be sufficient
for the commissioner as well as the
r> ? -\f\r\ .1 i t
treasurer. since ioyu tnere naa not
been lott a cent through the treasurer.
There was no reason why the ommissioncr
should be of higher character
than the treasurer or any other officer.
They are ail supposed to be honorable
men. If this bill passes with a salary
of $1,900, when the election takes
place, you will find several candidates
for the place.
Senator Ilderton recalled the action
of the legislature in cutting the salary
of Commissioner Traxler, whereupon
Mr. Traxler resigned. A man who
A *\1.^AA A 4- QflH An/3 H
AUUiU ta&o CiiC ?)kCk\JKi at auu tfaj
$500 for the bond would be a man who
had never done anything or had just
made a bare living. The commissioner
was different from the other State officers.
A man not worth over $1,900 is
not fit to take the place.
Senator Archer moved to lay Senator
Sheppard's amendment on the table and
the vote on Senator Archer's motion
was 27 ayes to 10 nays, j,o the senate
agreed to lay the amendment on the
tabic, thus leaving' the salary at $3,000.
The vote was a3 follews:
Yeas?Aldrich, Alexander, Archer,
Bam veil. Bowen. G. W. Brown. W. A.
Brov.o, Connor, Crosson, Douglass,
Gray ion, Hay, Henderson, Ilderton,
Love, Manning, Marshall, Mauldin,
May?eld, McDermott, Mower, Stanland,
Suddatb, Talbird, Wallace, Waller,
Williams?27.
Nays?Appelt, Dennis, Glenn, Gruber,
Hough, Ragsdale, Surratt, Sheppard.
Sullivan, YValkcr?10.
Senator SheDDara offered an amend
ment. to section 2 striking out the
word--: "A board of control is hereby
crea :d which shall consist of the comptrolkr
general, the secretary of state
and the state superintendent of education."
Senator Sheppard said he
thought it ought to be known whether
the senate proposed that these State
officers or any others should be on the
board of control. If the bill is to be
pass<d, it should be perfected and the
st-natc should determine what it wishes.
Senator Mayfield said he agreed with
Senator Sheppard. He did not think
any State officers should be on the
board. They would not be removable
by the governor as outsiders would under
his plan. Experience had proved
that the board had assumed powers
which do not belong to it and had undertaken
to run the whole State. The
senate was agreed that the present
board should go. A plan similar to the
one proposed in me Din naa Deen ineu
and failed. It is impossible to put ambitious
men, constitutional officers, in
these places, who would not use their
powsrs to forward their interests. Those
who favored the dispensary law at first
are i:ot bound to support the law in all
r Ti l 11 :?
us pnases. ?c nan oeen a success iu i
regulating the liquor traSc but it
should be divorced from politics. The
management of the dispensary should
be responsible to the legislature.
In reply to Senator Mayfield he said
it would be impossible for theso officers
to u.;e their power to further personal
ambitions. They only have to purchase
the liquor once a month. They could
not construct a political machine out of
these powers. Their duties are hardly
more than clerical. The failures of
other plans cannot be used to measure
this bill. He opposed the Mayfield
plan of putting the governor on the
board, as he had plenty to do and the
bill gives him power to remove the
AAm rv^ioeiAnflp ond OAnnfrr ^ienflncorc
V/UiUiUiGOlVUWi V"VUU Vj \>igy\/uv;v*ui
If you do not put these officers on the
board, who will you put on it?
Senator Appelt said though he was
not a lawyer, it was clear to him that
the legislature has the right to abolish
the board of control and devolve the
duties on the board. He did net believe
the people wanted to see any
State officer on the board.
The ayes and noes were then taken
on Senator Sheppard's amendment,
which was carried by a vote of 36 ayes
to one no, which was Senator Graydon's
lone vote, and the provision was there#
t
by stricken cut, leaving the personnel
of the board undetermined. Further
discussion of the bill was tncn postponed
until Thursday evening.
The discussion of the dispensary bill
was resumed in the Senate Thursday
evening. Senator Mayfield moved the
adoption of his substitute, which reads
as follows:
The governor, the chairman of the
senate committee of finance, chairman
of the house committee on ways and
means shall be known as "directors of
the dispensary." They shall meet ten
days after the approval of the bill,
elect a State dispenser to serve for two
years at a salary of $3,500. The cirectors
shall prescribe all rules and regu
lations for government of State and
county dispensers.. Within 30 days
after approval the directors shall ad
vertise in two or more daily papers in
the State and one or more out of the
State for bids to furnish liquors for the
quarter. These advertisements are to
be made quarterly. Bids shall be
sealed and directed to the State treasurer.
The directors shall award the
bid to the lowest responsible bidder,
bids to be publickly opened. The commissioners
must give a bond of $75,000.
He shall appoint employes at salaries
trt Via Hv irpf?tnr<5 and mav
discharge employes and report reasons
to the directors. Liquors sha.l be
furnished county dispensers at 10 per
cent, above purchase price. Retail
price to consumers shall not cxcecd 50
per cent, of the cost. The surplus
shall go to the State for public schools
and ail other profits shall be made by
county oispensaries. Coanty dispenslinll
ho annninfed hv thfi Orftvprnor
or recommendation of members of the
general assembly and shall serve for
one year.
Afitr a great deal of discussion Senator
Graydon moved to lay the Mayfield
substitute on the tabic, but the
Senate refused to do so by a vote of 21
to 17.
Senator Sneppard then moved that
section 2 of the Mayfield substitute,
which made the Governor aod other
State officio's, the board of control, be
stricken out. This was adopted by the
following vote:
Ayes?Alexander, Appelt, Barnwell;
Blakcney, Bowen, G. W. Brown,
(Innnnr flrossrm. T)t">an. Dennis. Dou*?
lass, Glenn, Graydon, Gruber, Hay,
Henderson. Hough, Ilderton, Livingston,
Manning, Marshall. MeDcr-jJOtt,
Mower, Surratt, Sheppard, Stanland,
Suddath, Sullivan, Walker, Waiicr?
30.
Nays?Aid rich, Archer, W. A.
Brown, Love, Mauldin, Mayfield, Wal
lace, Williams?8.
Senator Sheppard took the floor and
said flip s.'-rmfp. had shown itself on
pesed to placing State officers on the
board. The question notf was simply
the composition of the board. The
merits of the dispensary it:-"lf were not
under consideration at this time. He
therefore, moved that the further consideration
of the matter be dispensed
with until Wednesday evening.
Senator May field moved to lay this
on the table, but by a vote of 21 to 14
-1 i. f J j _ ? j e
me seuait: ruiuseu tu uu du, ul;u ucuhtor
Sheppard's motion was then carried,
and the discussion ended for the evening
PAPER PRICES GOING UP.
A Few Figures Showing How They
Have Advanced.
Readers of newspaper may be interested
in knowing that the price of the
blank on which they are printed has
been tilted 70 per cent. Other paper
WAJ *? A nwinfinrp o c? Woaw in.
UOUU x u vjug jji i u ti 11 uuo uuo vgv^u iu
creased greatly. '
It is learned from The Typothetac
and Platemaker that a meeting of the
Typothetae (Master Printers' Assoc:"
tion) held December 18th, at St. Louis,
a discussion upon the increased cost of
printing took place, and a committee
was appointed to draw up a list of ac
tual increases in printing and binding
supplies within the past five months,
the report to be a candid statement to
be shown to the consumers of printed
matter, blanks, books stationary, cct.
Thefollowing is the list which is guaran
teed absolutely correct:
Newspaper, 70 percent.
II. R. Manila, 40 per cent. '
Card stock, average, 20 per cent.
Book papers, for all grades of book
and pamphlet work, 50 per cent.
Fine writing papers, 40 per cent.
.Bond papers, average, 30 per cent.
Ledger papers, average. 30 per cent.
Linen papers, avcraee, 30 per cent.
Envelopes, averaee 40 per cent.
" Binders' board, 16 per cent.
Leather, 10 to 25 per cent.
Duek, 20 percent.
Wire, 30 per wnt.
G-oJd leaf, 11 jrir cent.
Type and fouadry sundries, 35 per
cent.
- Eleclrotyping, 25 per cent.
Glue, 15 'percent:
The market ia still on the upward
grade.
These advances arc authentic and
represent the actual conditions today.
. . Child Labor Bill.
; -lhe state banate killed Senator
Marshall's child labor bill on Friday.
The object of the bill was to prevent
parents from putting their little
children to work in the mills while they
loafed about ai d lived on the money
earned by the children. The bill was
killed by the fallowing vote:
Against the Bill?Alexander, Barnwell,
Blakeney; Bo wen, Connor, Crosson,
Dean, Dennis, Douglass, Glenn,
Graydon, Gru'oer, Flay, Henderson,
Hough, Love, Manning, Mauldin,
Mayfield, McDermott, Sarratt, Sheppard,
Stanland, Suddath, Sullivan.
Walker, Wallace, Waller, Williams?
29.
For the Bill?Aldrich, Appelt,
Archer. W. A. Brown, llderton Marshall,
Ragsdale, Talbird?3.
Punctured, by Bryan.
Mr. Bryan says they are talking
about the Philippines being able to furnish
homes for the surplus population
of the United States, when they already
have over there 60 people to the square
mile, while we have only 20 people to
the square mile in the Uuitcd States.
Fertilizers TJsed.
The consumption of fertilizers in the
State during the past year would seem .
to have been nearly 250,000 tons, from
the privilege tax on which the State
has derived $62,123. S3 for the use of
Clemson college.
HIGHER PRICES OF FERTILIZERS.
The Manager of the Trust Makes Some
ExplanationsTile
following, credited to the Washington
Star of January 21, clipped from
The News and Courier of Wednesday.
It is quite likely that it was printed in
both these papers at the expense of the
t* -i - - - 1. . ^ n_
iertnizer men, wno are naiurauy anxious
to have their position favorably
understood by the farmers. Whether
all the alleged facts stated in the article
are true, we are unable to say. It
is our own opinion that the confidence
with which the fertilizer factories czs-.
Darning higher prices is due at ieast in
a, measure to the trust agreement among
them. The reader will draw his own
conclusions.
".Now that the season for the shipment
of fertilizers has arrived, the
guano factories are on the eve of the
busiest season of the yoar in that
branch of business. The Virginia-Car_
i * . ni _t J. j.
onca vnemicai company s iwo lactones
here?the Xavassa factory and the
Powers, Gibbes & Co., factory?are
prepared to ship an output of 55;000
tons this season, the proportion being
about two-thirds for the Navassa company
and one-third for the Powers,
Gibbes & Co., factory.
"For the past month or more the
Powers, Gibbes & Co., factory has been
thoroughly overhauled and put in first
class condition, so that now it is able
to handle au increased output. The
machinery ha3 been put in such condition
that the full capacity of the factors
mh hp and fhfl fafiilitiffs
for handling the product have also been
increased. The Navassa factory is up
to its usual efficiency, and both factories
are in the best condition to manufacture
ar>d handle goods promptly.
"The feature, however, which will
doubtless most concern the agricultural
interests, is the material advance in the
price of fertilizers this season. With
the expansion of prices generally on all
manufactures and products, the prices
of fertilizers will follow suit.
"Mr. W. H. Malloy, manager of the
Virginia-Carolina Chemical company
here, yesterday stated to a Star representative
tiat the price of acid phosphate
has .'advanced from 20 to 30 per
rwit avpt -last-, vpar's nriees. This
means an increase of $2 25 to $3.00 per
ton. He says the increase is owing to
the scarcity of phosphate rock, and a
consequent increase of 20 to 30 per
cent, in the piice of rock, and also on
account of an increase from 15 to 20
per ccnt on the price of pyrites and
brimstone, materials which enter into
the production of acid goods, as sulphuric
acid is manufactured from these
materials. Oae cause for the advance
on phosphate rock, he states, is the
unprofitableness of former prices of
rock. Otfing to low prices only one
company out of five engaged in devei
* ? i -ni ? 3.
oping tne pnospnaie mines in norma
weathered the storm. The others were
bankrupt in the business.
"As for ammoniated fertilizers, Mr.
Malloy states that there has been an
advance in price of from $2 to $2.50, or
20 to 30 per cent., due also to the advance
in the price of -phosphate rock,
and an increase of the price of material
from which ammonia is derived. He
remarked that generally speaking, the
advance in pi ices of fertilizers maybe
due in part to the universal reviyal of
business throughout the country.
"As a matter of interest, in this connection
it may be stated that potash
fertilizers have advanced 10 per cent.,
in price, the cost of kainit being now
$1 per ton more than last year's price.
As for cottdn seed meal, the price pet-on,
has increased from $2.50 to $5, acenrdiner
to the distance from producing
and shipping points."
\ EXCURSION RATES.
Cneap Tickets to Many Places to be
Sold by the Southern System.
The Southern Railway has announced the
following, excursion. _rates on account
of several events-to-take place in
various cities within the next few
weeks: ?:
On account of the annual convocation
of the G-raQd Chapter, Royal ArchMasons,
ol South Carolina at Charlestoa,
February 13 to 14, tickets will be
on sale February 10 to 13, 'limited for
return to February 15. Rates from
points named will be as follows: Abhnville.
$9 35: Augusta, $6.20; Cam
den. $6 35; Chester, $7 90; Anderson,
$10.40; Columbia, $5 85; Prosperity,
$7.15; Greenwood, $8.60 Orangeburg,
S3 S5; Rock-Hill, $S.40; Sumter, $4.45;
lilacksburg, $10; Greenville, $11;
Spartanburg, $9.
Oq account of the annual spring
meeting of the State Agricultural and
Mechanical '.Society, at Columbia. S.
C., tickets will be on sale February 5 to
7. with fiual return limit February 9.
VlTrom~pomts:n&'raed rafes will be as fol'lows-:
-Abbeville, $5 05; Rock Hill,
$4 05; Blacksburg, $5 65; Chester,
$3.25; Newberry,-$2 25; Sumter, $2 25;
Augusta. $4.05: Anderson, $5 85; Charleston.
$5.85; Greenville,- $5 65; Spartanburg,
$4*45; Greenwood, $4.05.
Oq account of the annual State Convention,
of'-Young Men's Christian Association,
at Greenwood, S. C., tickets
will be on sai'e February 7 to 11, with
final return limit February 13. Rate
from- Charleston $8 60.
Tickets will be on sale as follows on
the certificate plan, which is one full
fare going 'and one-third of same for
return:
For the National American "Woman's
Suffrage Convention, at Washington,
D. C., February 8 to 14; rate going
$16 50.
On account of the National AntiTrust
Conference at Chicaen,111., Feb
ruary 12 to 14; rate going $25.
Og account of the meeting of the Atlantic
States Packing Association, at
Detroit, Micb., February 12 to 17; rate
going $27.30.
On account of Continental Congress,
Daughters of American Revolution at
Washington, D. C., February 19; rate
going $16.50.
Christmas Dinner.
No ill eifects'need follow the eating
of a big Christmas dinner if, after
same, you take "Hilton's Life for the
Liver and Kidneys," 25c a bottle. tf
This paper gives the latest news of
any other paper in this county. Every
family should have a copy of it in their
home. Subscribe at once.
CHAELESTON'S EXPOSITION.
Governor McSweeney Sends in 9
Special Message Abont It.
The fo.lowine executive messaeu it
regard to the proposed exposition to be
held in Charleston in 1901 was Thur
day sent to the general assembly:
Gentlemen of the General Assembly:
I feel sure that you have an abiding interest
in any enterprise or movement
that looks to the progress and develop
ment of our commonwealth or any part
of it. I take pleasure, therefore, in presenting
to you the attached communication
from the citizens of Charleston,
jskine your incouragement and endorsement;
or<r-pian sow projected?.to_
hold an exposition in that city in the
fall of 1901.
The purpose of the exposition is ad
mirably set forth in the communication
herewith submitted. That it will
be of great benefit to Charleston and to
the entire Scate can be no question. It
is gratifying to me to see the old city
by the sea take on aew life and catch
the spirit of progress which marks the
close of this century. Charleston should
be the leading seaport on the South Atlantic
coast, and with the new life that
pervades the commercial interests in
the city now it is destined soon to occupy
its rightful position. Whatever
advance is made in one part of the
State will be helpful to the entire State,
ATTnrt? nitMAtirt crvn f .Q.-snfVi florA.
auu vvij pauixvuiu uvu v* wuuvu vwv
lina should be ready aDd willing and
aDxious to give every endeavor in the
direction of progress his well done and
God speed.
That such an exposition as is proposed
to be held will be helpful I am.
sure. It is not asked, that you appro
priate aijy money to the project but
simply eive it your official and personal
endorsement. This I am sure you will
readily do as the request comes from
the entire business interests of the city
of Charleston. I commend it to your
most favo.rable consideration.
Respectfully submitted,
M. B. McSweeney,
Governor.
Hard on. Stallings.
W. H. Stallings, Republic in postmaster
of Augusta, has been "expelled"
from the Republican party by negroes
in control of the politics of the party
in this county. He presented himself
to register for the election of delegates
to the State and national conventions.
and was denied the privilege on
the ground that he was expelledr This
action was taken because he refused to
appoint a negro named named Wimberly
as assistant postmaster. Wim- |
berly has since been appointed deputy
revenue collector, ana has made him- j
self very obnoxious to business men of
this community by searching the stores
of some of the most prominent and
respected citizens' in the city, c'om.pelling
them to>~leave their homes at
" night and'crpejrtkeir stores.?Augusta
Chronicle.
Congressman Roberts Expelled.
The case of Brigham H. Roberts,
the Mormon representative-elect from
Utah, which has occupied so much of
the attention of the house since the
1 ? A 1
assembling 01 congress, was aeciaea
Thursday by the adoption of a resolution
to exclude him by a vote of 268 to
50. The exact language of the resolution
was as follows: "That under the
facts and circumstances of the case
Brigham H. Roberts, representativeelect
from the State of Utah, ought not
to have or hold a seat in the house of
representatives, and that the seat to
which he was elected is hereby declared
vacant." The affirmative vote was cli
vided as follows: Republicans, 168;
Democrats, 96; Populists, 4, and the
negative vote: Democrats, 47; Silver
Republicans, 2; Populists, 1.
Only a Rattlesnake Bite.
Prof. Howard A. Kelley, the eminent
obstetrician of the -John Hopkins Hospital,
has a large collection of snakes,
and Thursday night he gave a lecture
on "Snakes" before the Johns Hopkins
Medical Society, bringing on the pi tform
a large number of reptiles for purposes
of practical demonstration. He
bad exhibited a big rattler and was returning
it to the bag, when it struck
it? fangs into one of his fingers. Ilis
colleagues were horrified, but the professor
ooollv sucked his fioser and con
tinned hi* lecture, keeping oa sucking
afc intervals. He said' he 'had Dot tbe
slightest apprehension, and he is as
lively and chipper as ever. He says,
that any evil effect would have followed
promptly.
Divorce in Eecord TimeA
divorce in seven minutes is the
world's record and Colorada as the
scene of it has eclipsed the pace of all
the other States of the Union. The
South Dakota record is 16 minutes.
The fast-time divorce ease here was
instituted in Ouray couaty. The
grounds for divorce were desertion,
non-3upport and cruclty. A jury was
drawn, two witnesses were sworn and
examined, the jury was retired and
returned with a verdict a'l iu a space of
seven minutes from the time the case
was called for trial on the docket.?
Denver Evening Post.
Will Be a Model. Rev.
Charles M. Sheldon, of Topeka,
has been offered the editorship of the
m i-. n. ^_ l ? * J ?
iopesa v>apnai xur one tvce-a., uunug
which the paper is to be placed absolutely
under his control. This is the
result of criticisms on the part of the
preacher of the daily press, the editor
of his home paper having promptly offered
him the use of the newspaper
plant to show the world how a newspaper
ought to be run. Mr. Shelton
accepted, but declined to take hold
until the week beginning March 13th.
Silled by a Stone.
A negro working on the Seaboard
Congaree piers at Columbia was killed
Tuesday by a heavy piece of stone fall
iog upon him. A heavy piece of s^ne
was being hauled up by a derrick, when
the tongs grasping it became loysened,
the stone fell and struck the negro io
the chest. He was not instantly killed
and some time after the accident an
attempt was made to take him to his
home on Gadsden street. He died on
the way.
Two Killed.
A special from- Athens,. Ala., says
John Benningfield and his grown son
were shot and fatally wounded by John
t ril
JKegg aii JL2J1& XUVRi iuiiis j.iiuiouajr ai-.
te'rnoon. The dispatch said the sheot-.
ing resulted from an old feud. The
men were related.
. - '
A BIG BUSINESS. .1
The Dispensary Has Made Nearly
Two .'Million Dollars
SINCE IT WAS ESTABLISHEDComparisons
Made as to Each
Succeeding Administration.
The Figures Gixan
by the Board.
Many have been anxious to ascertain
for a long time information as to tne
total net profits from the State's liquor
business since the establishment of the
dispensary in 1893. This information
is at last given by the present State ? ./J
board of control in its introductory to
its annual report, and the amount is
$1,706,704.41. The statement con- .jja
tained in the rep?rt referred to is u
follows: :
ine liilman-iraxier administration,
covering
a period of 19 months,
made a net profit of . 125,323 40
The E7ans-Mixon adminis
tration made in 14
months 313,974 08
Thirty-three months of .
the administration of
the State board of control
up to December
31,1893, netted 853,219 95
The past year's manage
UlCUC UJL tuc UU4LU, ?
showa in this report,
the profits were.-. 414,18184
Total net profits since
July, 1893 $1,706,704 27
The State board remarks: fi|
"The above sho^s that the increase
in net profits has been rapid and continuous:
and besides, the businets is
now on the best basis that.it hasi'wer
been.
"At t'le close of business
on Dec. 31,1899, our liaViiliMoc
frt-r nnrolin??
fc/AAAVAVk? AVi ^UlVUtlWVH
were $121,208 18
"Cash in State treasury... 143,1X1 06
"Excess in cash assets oyer
liabilities $ 21,912 82
Add to this the stock on hand paid
for aod we have for the benefit of the
school fund $514,379 90.
"We have paid ia cash to the school ^ M
fund the past year $75,000, aod the in- ' f'~%
dications are that we can pay into it^
the ensuing yeer $200,000 or more." % / J 3|
Thebo-rd then states that sofar fchta /.j
year $100,000 has been paid to the / '" *&
school fund and yet the institution hai / vl
sufficient funds to meet ail outsfcanding
obligations.
The board also states:
"We are gratified to be able to state
that this has been the most successful
year financially of the institution sinee
its beginning, and ask your most careful
examination of its financial statof
as shown herein."
TUa Art 1 Ir rtf - '
JLnv u\jaiu. ^aiio aiugutiuu tv vug iaus
that the increase in net profits this
year over those of 1898 was $113,637
11.
The report concludes with a statement
that the board courts a most careful
inquiry and investigation of the
affairs and management of the institution.
The
Confederate Reunion.
Active work is being-done in preparation
at. T-onisrillA Ks fnr fchA #.?
?J 'J ?W ~
Dual reunion of United Confederate
veterans which is to be held there beginning
May 30. The'lower board of
me council has made an appropriation
of $20,000 for the entertainment of the
veterans ana as much more is to be finished
by public subscription. In connection
with the gathering the interesting
announcement is made thatG-cn.
John C. Uuderwood writes'that he will
have ready by May 30ch the $LOO,000
which it was necessary to raise in
order to secure $100,000 offered
/ii T? D -f
uuaiics UiUduwd) xbuusuj ui -N ?
York, for the Confederate battle abbeT. ^
A Lapse of Memory.
Ex-judge L. M. Brooks, a prominent
lawyer of Pensaoola, Fla., who
has been missing since November 13 is
iD Guthrie, Okla. How he cot to
O /lahnnn nr hfiw Irmir Ha ha* hppn
there he does not know. He says he
' left home to go to North Alabama, aod
got as far as Mobile, bat remembers
nothing more. His son, who is an at- ? - ^
torney at Pensacola, has been telegraphed
for. Judge Brooks is now
terribly afflicted with rheumatism,
evideatly due physicians say, to continued
exposure.
A Steamer Sunk.
The Glasgow steamer Ardanhur,
Capt. Dunds, from New London, Conn.
for Halifax, N. S., was sunk in collision
with the Metropolitan Liner Herman
Winter, from Boston for New
York, off Robinson's hole, Viaejard
sound, at 3:40 o'clock Wednesday
morning and two ef the Ardanbur's
crew of 31 men were lost. They were
Chief Engineer James of Glasgow, and If
Second Mate Fred Do we, of Boston.
'lbs Herman Wiuter reached this port _ *
Wednesday afternoon with her bow
gone and reported the accident. She
had on board the 29 men who escaped
from the Ardandhur.
Important to AIL ||
The ways and means committee of
the house, in order that the efficiency
of its work may not be interfered with,
has fixed Tuesdays and Thursday's at 4
p. m., of each week until the session
closes for the purpose of hearing thoso
who wish to come before the., committee
in regard to various matters. - . All
soeeches will Lelimitted to 15 minutes
each. All such sessions of the committee
will be held in the committee
room at the capitol- The committee
has some heavy work ahead of-it.^
Bold Thieves. >? <2|?j
The police of Camden, N, J.y are
guarding the plant of the Universal
Drier and Digester company became
during Thursday night somebody tried
to, steal an engine and boiler. Patrol.
men got to the plant, which is-idle,
Just in time to scare away the thieve?,
i i - -1-J ? --1' J -a
I who naa aireaay removeu uae wi ,
[ the fastenings of the engine.

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