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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, January 31, 1900, Image 4

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THE PRiVELEGE TAX
Reduced from Twenty-five to
Fifteen Cents. !
AN INTERESTING DEB? ."E. |
I
Charges of Extravagance Against j
Ciemson Coiiege Seamed
to Have Influenced
the Result.
* * 11 * 1*11 * - ? ,_ *.} tt.A ]>tit-!
Mr. AsiiJe.v s oiii 10 au^c^u j
at to the fertilizer tax camc up io tie
House Tuesday. He urged tl at it
was uujust and unfair to tax or.e class
to support Cle'iison College. lie knew j
tbe argument was that the benciit j
^ --- would not be to the former if the tax j
was takej off. He waoted to reduce
the tax to ten cents. He knew th it the
reduction of the tax in Georgia had
beueSttcd the farmers. He was the
friend of Clcmsou. If the farmers
were getting the bcuefitof the privilege
lax he would not complain, if the
money went to the public schools he
would not complain. The farmers vihu
' * 1 6 -- ** /YAr.AI?,l 1 ! \* t f\r\
pay me privi<egf,i; t;*.*.
jH)or to send thoirsoas to Olcmson College.
Tnis was an uDjust burden and
should he removed.
Mr. Biythesaid Mr. Ashley was begging
the question. This privilege tax
was imposed and collected long before
Ulemson College was thought of. The
tax was put on fertilizers because the
farmers thought it necessary to protect
themselves against fraud and deception.
The tax wa3 for the protection of tne
farmers and no one else. The present
law may be amended to advantage. The
tax was first imposed by a Legislature
of farmers, and since then there have
been farmers here in the majority and
no change has been made. The argu
ment used to bring about Uiemson college
was that if the State built the College
the farmers would support and sustain
it. There was a compact made between
the people, so to speak, that the
farmers would for all time support
Clemson through the privilege tax. He
argued to show that the tax, if repealed
would do the farmers no good. lie
had hoard no complaint from the farmers
about the tax and thought tbey
wante<Mt retained.
Mr. McCullough said that heretofore
he had opposed the bill, but after going
thoroughly over the situation he
^ thought it best to favor the present
bill. Clemson college is now thoroughly
equipped and has all the buildings
it needs. He was not opposed to a
nrivilAcfl tar. but he thoueht such a
tax should only be sufficient to do the
actual analyzing of fertilizers. The
amount proposed by the bill is ample
for analysis. The real issue is: Shall
you impose more than is necessary for
the examination? Theu the idea is
that money should be raised from some
one to support Clemson college. Now
is it right to run the hands of the State
into the pockets of the farmers or the
fertilizer men to get this bonns for
Clemsoa college? Then the Supreme
Court has held that such an Act as is
on the statute books is unconstitutional
The committee tried to patch up a bill
ij ? nr
inai wouiu pass musier. . ty c uc wiping
the hypocrite ia trying to patch up
? a bill that is wrong in principle and
unconstitutional.
Mr. Stevenson, of Chesterfield, said
he was opposed to reducing the tax to
ten cents, but favored a 15 cents tax.
Clemson college last year got $102,613.08
from various sources: Privilege
tax, $60,000; Morrillfund, $.2 000;
Act 1887, Federal, $15,000; landscript,
$5,0UU; tuition, $2,400; Cierasou be?'pAfr,i
AVM?4? y*.v?-j VAWt w.
There was no accouct of the expenditure.
He said the only institution that
could be aod was attacked last year in
his campaign was Clemson, because of
this apparent extravagance. If the
authorities of Clemson do not practice
economy there will be a whirlwind and
a revolution that will tear a hole into
Clemson and possibly destroy it.
Mr. E. D. Smith, of Sumter, said
this reduction of the tax has been one
of his platforms for years. The people
who pay the privilege tax are scarcely
ev?r practically represented here. The
privilege tax is extracted from the
buyer and no one else. '?ne iast ?-u\ er
who liund'cs ihe guano must pay for it.
Ifc is entirely wroug to tax s iiese poor
farmers. The tax last year he held
brought in $90,000. if thu doors of
Clemson are to be open to the State at
large let her draw her support as other
State colleges do. If Clemson is worthy
of support she will get the money, and
if not worthy the members will know
it.
Mr. Robinson, of Oconee, thought
the farmers had but little to say on the
measure. He maintained that it was
wrong to legislate for one class against
T f k/v a fol*? f A f QV
auuiut^. JLb nuuiu uc juouuiau iu u>a
every lawyer's law book as to tax every
bag of fertilizer. He asked what would
Clemson do if it should be decided by
the farmers not (o buy fertilizers for a i
certain year? If Clemson has to be
supported by this sort of legislation let j
her go.
Mr. Wingo, of Greenville, as a farmer,
said he had heard more against
Clemson college on the floor of the
House than elsewhere. He yet had
to hear the first farmer, not a politician
who was oppossed to Clemsom or the
tax. All the talk against the privilege
tax was here in the House and upon
the floor. Mr. Jeremiah Smith said he
had heard there were 3 per cent of the
eons of farmers at Clemson. Mr. Wingo
thought 93 per cent of the students
were the sons of farmers. The House
had hetter go slow ia making radical
changes. 'The farmers want no changes;
if they do they will be heard from.
Mr. N. Geo. Evans said there was too
much money spent at Clemscn. The
fanners in his section were opposed to
the system. The farmers do not pay
all tho taxes. The trustees report a
balance of $10,000?actually more than
is wanted. A t?x of 10 cents, based
on the figures of last year, and the b&l
it! :ii v, __
ance unexpeuaeu, auu mere will uc au
abundance of money on hand. He, fcr
one, was heartily in favor of the State
colleges. The only institution that has
suffered has been the South Carolina
College. It has lived, and will always
do so, but do not make one college suffer
and the other a coupon clipper.
Mr. H. H. Crum, as a farmer said
his people were perfectly willing to pay
the tax fcr their protection. To day
the farmers are all at the mcrcy of a
e/wtlloc-f timet Tft trio t2T
0-VCUAV/OU bl *v iVMUw vuv WUA f
be merely to help the trust and will do
no good to the farmers. A considerable
part of the Cleinson fund has gone
to the support and building of the tex- :
tile school. Clemson college is distinctly
the farmers' college and the
people throughout the State yant the !
onl'.ocra nrtrtsf. liVxaraliT Riisfainpd. ! i
bad confidence in tbe board of trustees, j i
Tbe farmers are cot complaining, so be ;
? did aot see why tbe lawyers should I!
" "* SS -:
I * ir ?U/. txrortf T\e.\J .
ootupia.n. i.i luc iaiuitio t.?uv
the tax they should be left alone; and J
the farmers want to be left alone.
Mr. F. H. Gadsden said this bill has f
come up year by year and every session j
farmers here and their representatives I
have killed such a bill. The farmers j
knew their rights and if ihey d} not |
want this tax they have not said so. I
Charleston has always stood by 'Clem- j
son college, to any reasonable limit, I
since its establishment. This State is j
a manufacturing centre. It seems to I
" ' ~ xL_ l I
be lorgottcn inm uie uujeia ..ia
Carolina aud Georgia and other Stages
pay a large proportion cf this tax. lie
knew of no other scheme of levying I
tribute by the State from other States, i
He asked for a denial of this proposi- j
tiou, but do denial wag made Pass
this biil and S;uth Carolina will loose |
$30,000 from the tax :t Collects from I
other State?. lt'}ou piease, 'urn the
money inu> the S:a:o treasury and then
decide where it >hali be expended. The
more fertilizers told outbiac ot i:ie
State the more the State makes
Mr. Smiih. of Horr>, said in his *ixteeu
years of Legislative experience he
had al*a\s voted for the Stale col'eges
and at the same time he aiwajs worked
for the common schools Clemson is
cot a cla>s, but a State, institute;
CIciik-ou collcge should he bupp^rtcd
out of the jren?ral Stale fuads.
Mr. Siovensoo ur?d that the t^x did
not apply to fertilizers so!?i outsi.Jo of
this State, fbe argument of Mr. Gadsdea
was specious and the Georgia,
farmery did cot pay the tax, because
they wore not exiled upon to do .*?>. it
jou breed extravagance it will bring
trouble to Clem-on. The frieniu of
Cleiuson had belter beware or i? will
fare far worse than is now threatened.
If yon do not do something now the
floodgates of opposition will be opened.
He urged that 15 cents a ton would
giveCiemson $78,000.
Mr. Ashley accepted the 15-cent
amendment. He urged that the larger
portions of the Hatch and Morrill
e? 3 4 .u. * ??1_
IUDUiS WCUL i-U llie U1 wuv KU1lege
proper. The expenditures went
directly to the support of tbe college.
As a friend of Clemson he pleaded to
hold the appropriations below the
$100,000 mark. To save Clemson the
best thing will be to plaee the institution
on an economic basis.
Mr. E^tiidge, of Lancaster, said his
people were expecting him to protect
their interests, and he wanted the tax
reduced because too mach money was
being raised to defray the expenses of
examination. It was unfair to tax one
class of people to support the college.
- - * 'ti 1 l
;>lr. Uosgrove, or unarieston, Kuew
that Charleston shipped large quantities
of fertilizers outside of the State. Poor
teachers, he urged, are very much like
poor doctors, and he was opposed to
pay for teachers. While it may look
a little extravagant the results at Clemson
are well worth the money spent.
Mr. W. H. Thomas warned the House
that the moment Ulemson 3 income is
lessened it will come here for appropriations
and whenClomson comes here
every State college will suffer. Pass
this measure and Winthrop, and Clemson,
and the South Carolina College,
and the Colored College wiil all suffer.
Leave the colleges alone for at lea*t a
few years. If the farmers are complaining
let the complaint come from
them..
Mr. Stevenson then moves to fix the
royalty at 15 cents per ton and offered
a substitute bill for the whole measure.
This was adopted. The bill was then
given iti third reading, it simply
amends the Act of 1899 by changing
the inspection tax from 25 cents to 15
mi_ . r j
cents per ton. me iuuu cuuuuujo cu
go to Clemsoo College.
BLOODY SMlEEr TRAGEDY.
Two Men Killed and Two Wounded in
Macon, Ga.
Two negroes shot to death and two
white desperately wounded, were the
causalties in an attempt to arrest a
negro murderer at Macon, Ga., "Wed
TUP lit] a** 1Q fVlA I
UCtU?,V. O. 11. Kliiicij W1UI?, MO VUW
man who did the most of the shootiDg
and who was himself shot to death.
His victims were Armstead Bryant,
colored, shot through the heart, and
instantly killed; B. Seltman, white,
shot through the stomach and will
probably die, and John Reed, white,
shot in the neck, in a preoanous condition.
Butler threatened to kill a
negro woman and when Patrolman
Pearce attempted to arrest him, began
to shoot. The negro ran up Fourth
street, one of the busiest streets in
Macon, pistol in hand, shooting at
everybody in sight. His first victim_was I
Seltman, then Bryant, and last Jtteed
fell beneath his deadly aim. In the
meantime the sound of the shooting
attracted a number of policemen and
citizens. When Butler fell mortally
wounded five policemen and fifteen citizens
were shooting at him When examined
it was found that three heavy
pistol bullets had -gone completely
through his body and there were other
wounds. A is ambulance was summoned
and the wounded men were taken to
the city ho>pitai, while the bodies of
the dead men were taken to au undertaking
establishment where the coroner
held ?u inquest. Butler came to
Georgia form North Carelioa eight
years ago, and was employed on a
South Georgia tupentine farm. It is
said that about a year ago he killed two
negroes at Pinehursc, Ga.
She Could Not Practice.
In Delaware, where they flog petty
criminals at the whinninz Dost, a
woman ha3 been denied the right to
practice law ia the state courts. A
well known woman attorney of Philadelphia
applied for the privilege of
practicing in the courts of Delaware.
The chancellor of the supreme court
replied that while it was desired to
show every courtesy to members of the
bars of sister states, the constitution
of Delaware did not permit a woman to
exercise the functions of an attorney,
since it was provided in that instrument
that all officers of the courts must be
males.
Lynched in Colorado.
Sexs reached Denver, Col., on Fri
day of the capture of .Reynolds and
Wagnsr, the escaped convicts, and the
subsequent escape of Wagner. Reynolds
is charged with killing Night Captain
Rooney of the Colorado penitentiary,
at Canon City, Wagner with
holdinsr Rooney. A special train with
several guards and a bloodhound were
dispatched to, the sjene from Canon
City, while officers started overland
with Reynolds. At Canon City fire
bells began to ring and the town is out
en masse. Reynolds was taken from
the officers when they reached Cainn
City and hanged to a telegraph pole
just outside the penitentiary walls.
Killed by a Bicycle.
Henry A. Hazen, one of the chief
forecasters of the weather bureau and
well known as a scientiest, died at
Washington "Wednesday night as the
result of injuries received by a bicycle
fttillisinn tvith a npprn npH^strian. His
~ ? ? ? r- ?
skull ^as badly fractured and he continued
unconscious up to the time of
his death.
*v
STATE DISPENSARY.
The Profits of Cities, Towns,
Counties and Schools.
STATEMENT OF PURCHASES.
The Financial Statement of the j
State's Big Liquor Business. j
i
Large Payment to the
School Fur,d.
The annual nnaucial statement of the
Sotilh Carolina State dispensary for the
year 1S99 was completed Wednesday
and a copy sent to the eovernor. The
report will show that during the
vear the amount of profits going to the
counties, towns and cities footed up
$220,492.35. The net profits to the
State, which go to th* credit of the
school fund, are $193,689 49, milking
the total net profits $414,1S1 84. The
total gross profits for the year were
$485,524.79. The total receipts for the
year were $1,033,939 26, including the
$16.073 24 surplus brought over from
i&st 5ear; the total disbursements were
$1,495,818.26, leaving a bilancc of
$143,121.00 in the State treasury on
December 31. The aggregate purchases
made during the year were $1,158,0S1.39.
At the first of the year the State superintendent
of education informed the
board of control thai the school fund
would need $100,000 as soon as possible.
About two weeks ago $30,000 waa
paid over to the credit of the school
fund and Wednesday another payment
nf ?70 000 was made. Here are the fig
ures of the annual report:
Th) comparative statement of assets
and liabilities for the fiscal year ending
December 31st, 1899, reads thus:
ASSETS.
Cash in State treasury Dec.
31, 1899 $143,121 00
Merchandise in hands of dispensers
Dec. 31, 1899... 255,025 74
Merchandise (Inventory of
ftock at State dispensary
^ Dec. 31,1899) 175,927 26
Supplies (Inventory Dec.
31,1399) 1?SJ88 05 '
Tesms and wagons, (Inventory
Dec. 31, 1899) 64 00
Machinery and office fixtures,
(Inventory Dec.
31,1899) J,578 64
Contraband, (Inventory Dec
31, 1899) 136 93
Real estate 36,319 64
Suspended accounts 3 399 26
Personal accounts due State
for tax advanced on bonded
spirit^ empty barrels
I'A/T?J At/ * I 157
auu aggsj ?iwuv<j . ? Total
assets $635,588 13
LIABILITIES.
School fund $514,379 95
Personal accounts due by
State for supplies, whiskies,
wines, beer, alcohol,
etc 121,208 18
Total liabilities $635,5S8 13
^' ? WWA h AT>1^ 1 ACQ OZ?_
i. lie SLilLe Weill U1 ^JIUUI auu jvoo ttvycount
for the fiscal year ending Dec. 31,
1899, is as follows:
PROFITS.
GrosB profits on merchandise
sold during year.. .^$452,074 49
Discounts on purchases... 11.064 93
Contraband seizures 5,395 83
Permit fees 25 50
State's oce-half share of
profits from beer dispensaries
from Jan 1, 1899,
to June 12, 1899. (Af
tcr J une 12, lbyy, profcts
from b^er dispensaries
iceiuded in gross profits
on merchandise, except
the profits on beer sold by
the Germania Brewing
Co., Charleston, S. C... 14,177 75
State's onehalf share of profits
on.beer sold by the
Germania Brewing Co.,
from June 30, 1899, to 1
T\_ _ Ol 1QQQ > OCt7 71
JL/ev;. OX, JLO?7C ? , a.
Shortage of ex-Dispenser G. 1
W. Busbee, Wagener, S. (
C., which had been passed
to profit and loss account
collected by solicitor of
the Second Circuit with <
in^rest 235 63 1
Old balance due State by ^
Georgia Brewing Asso- 1
ciation. which had been <
passed to profit and loss 1
account, collected Aug- 1
ust31, 1899 248 95 1
i
Total gross profits... $435,520 79 '
losses. j
Supplies, bottles, corks 1*- i
bels, wire, tinfoil, lonii I
seals, boxes, nails, seal ]
icg wax, etc., etc., used l
duricg 3*ear $134,15:} at) j 1
Depreciated value of teams ' t
and wagons 30 1'U i
Depreciated value of a>a- j
chinery and office fixtures 417 85
xo aq? 7fi
*jUUuLftUU*ai^ ..;vv. v I
Breakage and leakage 898 41
Freight and express charges 69,588 22 (
Labor 16,585 03 *
Insurance 2,036 59 i
License ......< 125 00 q
Expense account?salaries, j
expenses of inspectors. j
per di^in and mileage of
members of legislative i |
examining committee. (
office supplies, lights, ,
telegrams, postage, stock i
feed, ice, printing, reve- t
Due stamps, telephone 1
rent, etc., etc., 19.2G7 61 (
Per diem and mileago of j
members of State board of
control 4,152 O'J t
Litigation 503 65 ]
Loss by robbery at Salkc- (
hatchie dispensary Pec. <
30, 1898 14 72 ]
Loss by fire at Jacksonboro
dispeosary Jan. 6, 1899, ?
$426.86, less insurance A
on saaio, $200.00 226 86
WnrtTilp^s wines at, VV .1
Mott's dispensary, Charleston,
destrojtu |,y i
county board of control 59 10 ^
Under credit in reduction 1
of prices of good* ai the 1
Manning dispensary, i
Aug 15, 1S39 100 00 i
Unpaid license by DispeDS- t
erat Ulmers, the profits I
of that dispensary not e
being sufficient to bear s.
expenses : 50 00 c
Amount of liquors taken - _ c
from the Blacksburg dis- " 1
pensary ou April 4,1899, c
by soldiers 30 5fr c
Amount of whiskey taken i
from the Varnville dis- t
pensary on April 11, t
1899, by soldiers 8 37 i
Worthless ale and porter at c
j
Von Santen's dispensary,
Charleston, destroyed by
county board of control 23 65
Loss by robbery at the
Kishopville dispensary
April 28, 1899 143 84
Loss by robbery at thi;
Wincsboro dispensary
May 15, 1899 198 98
Amount of empty boitles
shipped to D II Trailer,
commissioner, in 1894
and 1895, by T B E-irle,
dispecsrr at Andersor.
ar.d not credited on his
account, until July 1,'99 luy 72
Amount of enpty bottles
shipped to Commissioner
Mi son in February, 1896,
l?y A M Ronntrec. dis
penser at Williston, and
not credited od his ac
count, until .July 11,1899 tiii DO
Loss by rubbery at th<Jacksonb'iro
dispensary
Sept. 3, 1890 3i> 70' j
Balance due State by P K
Bas?er, beer dispenser ai
Newberry, for royalty on
unsold beer when his beer
dispensary was elastd
June 20, 1899, credited
his account by order of
board i? 10
Worthies* malt tonic at W
T <Ve*s'beer dispensary,
Laurens, destrojed Oct.
2, 1899, 30 t?0
Loss by robbery at M 8
Stoppclbein's dispensary.
Charleston, Dec 11,1899 20 12
'f. i.i ?..~>e\i ooi oa
i oiat expenses ?-*7i.ooi ou
Net profits for year, passed
to the credit of the school
fund 193.689 49
Total $485.52) 79
Here is the cash statement for the
fiscal year ending December 31st, 1899:
RECEIPTS.
Balance in State treasury
Dec. 31, 1898 $ 46,073 24
Tann-iru rpnpint;* Ss 13?) 740 Tfi
February receipts 117,747 19
March receipts 120,116 29
April receipts. 98,945 52
May receipts 108,114 71
June receipts 87.311 54
July receipts 90,100 72
August receipts 324,492 08
September receipts 130.360 60
October receipts 182.198 55
November receipts 169,51186
December receipts 215,226 20
Total receipts for year.. .SI,592,866 02
Total $1,638,939 26
DISBURSEM EXl'S.
January S 151,596 14
February 133.568 95
March 106,073 48
April 95 868 72
May 112.402 43
June 55 489 36
July 103,981 79
August 78.426 74
r? . 1 1 AT AO *7 1 O
oepcemDer 10
October 126,221 74
November . 214 973 93
December. 1?9,287 85
Total disbursements for
year $1,495,818 26
Balance in State treasury
Dec. 31, 1899 143,121 00
Total $1,638,939 26
PURCHASES FOR YEAll.
January............ $ 71,784 04
February.'.:.'. ! 81,509 13
March . ... 75,141 66
April S8,069 79
May 52,044 24
June 72 305 60
.Tulv _ 62.685 58
August 109,550 29
September 85.253 56
October 184 273 15
November 137,345 43
Deceruber 134,118 92
Total ?1,158,081 33
Killed and Eaten.
Details have been received of the
killiDg of the crew of the schooner
Nikamarra on one of the islands of the
Admiralty group by the natives. It is
Baid ail the victims were eaten. The
Xikamarra was owned by E. K For
sytbe and bad Jeft New Britain early in
October on ber trading cruise -to tbe
Admiralties. On arrival there sbe was
boarded by number of tbe natives, with
whom f!apt. Balthe was unsuspectingly
ioiDg business, wben be was set upon
by his treacherous customers and
killed, bis fate being shared by the
mate and sis New Britain natives, all
jf whom were cut and backed with
knives and tomahawks. The natives
Lhen plundered the vo^c'. Nothing
;ras known of the Juiiiug until some
Lime afterward, ;vhen Mr. For?) the arrived
on the scene with his other
schooncr, the Nagara. He was accompanied.
by Messrs. Bullock and Douosey,
and they, too, were set uj on by
:he natives i'rorn ambush as the white
Ben rowed shorewards, using the rifles
^ken from the Nikamarra. Bullock
>vas badly wounded with a shot through
! o thigh, but the boat partly regained
:iie .N i.'sra, which, with her cus engine,
reached open waters.
Garden Work for February.
Sow in hot b. as or cold frames early
jabbagc, cauliflower, hect: onion, let:uce,
radish; and in hot-beds sow egg
plant, tomato and pepper. The last of
ihe month sow in opeu ground early
eas. spring kale, beets, bpirm-.h. e*r- j
ot, ccit-ry, radish and parsley. Set j
:ut onion sets, horse radish roots and
iardy iettuce plants. Early plantings
)f potatoes can be made. Hardy flower
seeds can be forwarded either by sowng
in hot-beds or in pots and boxes in
.he house for later transplanting. Sow
Wood's Evergreen Lawn Grass, the
iarlier in the spring this is sown the
setter.
For the farm.?Prepare plant bedstnd
put in Tobacco seed. Sow Canada
?ield Pess and Oats, and towards the
;nd of the month, Grass and Clover
Seeds can safely be put in. Sow dwarf
Sssex Rape for sheep grazing.
Hnv Tnur seeds from T. W. T>V,v <J & .
?odp, Richmond, Va"., whose now ad- I
rertisement appears in stjo'Iht co'usjq
abiiiy Lamps.?To fill a burniDg
:i it,, is a work of idiocy. Almost as
iiuch so is it to leave a burning lamp
viih thetiame low down. Explosions
lave often fol-lowed such carelessness.
Besides that, if left that way in a sleepng
room, the burns of the lamp arc
nost iiritating and unhealthy. Night
apers have been introduced for this
jurpose. The wick, after it once burns
svenly, should not be trimmed with the
1/iicortt.Q nTiirn if Tin own with tfvn
)t the tube, and Tubit lightly .with soft
sloth or paper or an old tooth brush,
then see that no bits of charred wick
>r matches have fallen into the cavities
>f a Roohester lamp, as they may flame
ip aad'dkngerously heat the oil. When
he lamp is first lighted, the wick, paricularly
in cold weather, must be turned
ip slowly, 01 it will smoke or break the
ibimney.
Despotism n Idaho.
The New York orld has been
printing a series of letters from
the Coeur d'Alene mining district
in Idaho, which, although
obviously retained and conservative
in tone, tell a story
of official despotism worthy of
France in the midle of the
Dreyfus agitation. This is the
story told without color and
without enthusiasm: The Coeur
d'Alene is one of the richest
mining regions in the world.
Its mines, discovered by struggling
prospectors, have, after
the usual course, passed into
the hands of millionaire corporations.
of which the Standr>Tr\wA
fnrm o rlA_ I
C11U. V./1A V-l V ?? u, i-Viiii cc v*,v
minant part. Profits are liuge,
and out of the rugged hills men
who never go into the gloomy
confines of the cany ons at Burke
or Wardner draw enormous
profits. The miners have for
years been organized into the
Western Federation of Miners.
The men who work above
ground?in concentrators, mills
and the like?affiliate with the
Knights of Labor. Union rates
of wages were for underground
men, $3.50 and for surface men,
$3 a day. Perhaps the rate
seems high to workers in other
sections, but conditions of work
in the Coeur d'Alene are difficult
and dangerous, and the
cost of living high. One mine
"? 1 V - "I - 1 1
only in tne cusxnci. nas iung resisted
the union influence and
refused to pay the union scale.
The Bunker Hill and Sullivan
mine, owned by the Standard
Oil Company, stood for years as
a menace to all other corporations
that paid union wages.
The story of the difficulties
which grew out of this situation
is a loner one and need not be
retold here. They culminated
in an outbreak of miners, who
blew up with dynamite the concentrator
of the Bunker Hill
mine. In the turmoil two men
were shot and killed. The correspondent
whom the World
sent to the scene reports that in
this opinion the outrage on the
company's property was perpetrated
by union mines principally,
but not by the union as
an organization. Be that as it
may?and the facts are much
disputed?there can be nothing
"Kn+- TonrnKatinn fnr t.ViP fint
VU.U ,
which was lawless and murderous.
But the state of
Idaho aided and abetted bv
the federal authorities and
the war department, has
since that outbreak adopted
measures of representation so
much more lawless, so much
subversive of the principles of
.American constitutional liberty,
than anything the miners in
their most lawless moments did,
that the crime of eight months
ago is forgotten in contemplai
tion of the crime which is in
progress today. On appeal of
i the owners of the mine, the
state declared martial law.
Federal" troops?negro soldiers,
as it happened?were rushed
into the district, and arrested
men by the wholesale. In the
little town of Burke two companies
of dismounted cavalry
swept up and down the single
street that, ran between the
beetling hills either side and
| caught all the inhabitants as in
a drag-net. Some three hun
dred men were thus caught,
among them the commercial
travelers who had just arrived
in town, and all were put in
box cars and thus imprisoned
for periods ranging from two
to three weeks. In time, as the
number of prisoners increased,
a stockade like that at Andersonville
was built for their incarceration.
Mark you, not
one of these men was indicted,
? ^ ^ ^ 1-vtt -fvm
iiU li UX1C CLi 1 CO ICU <JJ uilv x *-J
constituted county authorities.
All were taken in charge by
federal soldiers, and some of
them stayed in the stockade, or b
bull pen, ;as it -was called, for r
seven months, without trial, and
were discharged without vindication..
Today in . Soshone .
county, Idaho, no man can seek
for employment without a permit
issued by a state 'deputy
whose authority is backed by
federal bayonets. If his later
actions offend the deputy .who
gave him permission to look for
a job, he will be turned out,
however satisfactory his work
be to his employers. The
authorities say that martial law
will be maintained for a year at
least. This is the situation in a
sovereign state of this American,
union?not in Russia. It is the
outcome of the militarism which
has seized upon the ruling
classes in the country. It is as
the Massachusetts Democratic
platform 'well said, a fitting
corollary to the effort to shoot
freedom into the Filipinos.
Sueing Uncle Sam.
A suit for $10,000 againpt the United
States government was begun in the
United States circuit court at Charleston
Thursday by Arthur Lynah, and
others. It is alleged by the plaintiffs
that the improvements made in the
Savannah river in deepening its channel
and otherwise, resulted in flooding
a rice plantation belonging to ihem.
3ir. Lynah is president of the Merchants
and Miners bank of Charleston.
A Horrible Place.
Thoma3 J. Hunter, the former auditor
of the Atlanta and West Point rail- !
road, brought back here from Morocco,
whence he had fled, passed through
Washington with his guards Friday en j
route to Atlanta. Hunter says the j
prison where he was confined in Morocco j
is the most horrible place imaginable, j
and he was glad to get away from it j
alive at apy cost. - ,
. Local Option Bill* j
The Appelt local option bill was j
reported unfavorably in the senate |
last night. The unfavorable report !
looked ai if it would be adopted at j
once. Senator Appelt was otherwise j
engaged when the report was made and j
didn't hear it, but just as the vote was j
about to be taken the senator asked j
that the bill go on the calendar, and
- J
tms was aone.
A Ario'l Cnan/lol
A kjwaiAuaiThe
case of Senator Clark, of
Montana, who is charged with
buying his seat in the United
States Senate, is now being considered
by the Senate committee
on elections. It seems that j
a lawyer of Butte, Montana, |
named Wellcome was the manager
of Clark's campaign in the
Montana Legislature. State
Senator Whiteside, of Montana,
convinced that Wellcome was a
Clark lobbyist, and present for;
thft nnrrinsp of irrmronfirlv ob-!
taining votes, set about ingrati- j
ating himself in his confidence. |
He succeeded, and ere long had j
promised his vote to Clark and!
agreed for $10,000 to aid Well- j
come in securing certain other j
votes. Whiteside thereupon j
took into his confidence two!
other members of the Senate, j
J* ~ i? xl ~ ^
miorcmng xnem ui uie gauie iie
was playing against Wellcome.
He got these two Senators to
agree also to give their votes to
Clark for $10,000 each. Wellcome
to deposit the $20,000 for
the two votes in the hands of
Whiteside as stakeholder, the
money not to be paid over until
the voles were delivered. A
member of the house was also
found who gareed to vote for
Clark for S5,000, and this sum
was also placed in Whiteside's
hands as stakeholder. When
Whiteside had first agreed to
co-operate with Wellcome for
$10,000 he had received $5,000
on account. This, with the
other sums which he held as
stakeholder, aggregated $30,000.
It was at this stage of the game
that Whiteside thought everything
was ready for his coup
before the Legislature, and so
he arose in his place, recited the
facts which have already been
ffiven. denounced Wellcome as
the financial agent of Clark, and
as evidence of the truth of his
story, sent up $30,000 in cash to
the president of the Senate. A
tremendous sensation followed.
But if Whiteside's story is true
Clark's agent had already fixed
a majority of the body and they
were obliged to stand together.
As soon as the first shock of
Whiteside's disclosure was rallied
from, the Clark contingent
in the Senate turned the attack
upon Whiteside, declaring that
this $30,000 had not been received
from the agent of Clark,
but it had been furnished by
Marcus Daly, the copper king?
who was a bitter opponent of
Clark?for the purpose of making
this grands a,nd play before
the Senate in the hope of eliminating
Clark from the senatorial
race. They then proceeded
to convict Whiteside of falsehood
and expelled him from the
body, leaving Clark master of
the situation and proceeding
with his election to the United
Stnroc Spina to TV) A Alienists
Chronicle in commenting on the
case says "it is one of the most
remarkable cases which have
ever come before the public, and
if the facts charged by Whiteside
and sustained by the
supreme court of Montana are
satisfactorily proven before the
United States Senate, they
should not hesitate to expel
Senator Clark from that body.'-'
South Carolina Weather.
The following data, covering a period
of 29 years, have been compiled from
the weather bareau records at Charleston^'.
eriig the month of February:
Temperature?Mean er normal tern-1
perature, 53 degrees. Tbe warmest!
moDthwas that of 1884, wi:h an aver- j
age of 61 degrees. The .coldest moDth
was that of 1895, with an average of J
41 degrees. The highest temperature
was 80 degrees, on February 18, 1891.
The lowest temperature was 7 degrees,
on February 14,1899. Average date on
which first "killiDg" frost occurred m
autumn, November 30. Average date
on which last "killing" frost occurred
in spring,- March 20.
Precipitation (rain or melted snow)?
Average for the month, 3 45 inches.
Average number of days with .01 of at;
inch or more, 10. The greatest monthly
precipitation wasjl0.45 inches i.o
1874. The least monthly precipitation j
was 0.51 inches, in 1898. The greatest)
!
uLDOUQl C'i prccif'llilllUli iVUUiucu iu auj j
24 consecutivo hours was 2.79 inches, j
on February 16 and 17, 1884. = The !
greatest amount cf snowfall-recorded in
any 24 consecutive hours (record ex
tending to winter of 1884 85 only) was
3.2 inches, on February 13, 1899. ^
Clouds and Weather?Average number
of clear days. 10; partly cloudy day?,
10; cloudy days S.
Wind?The prevailing winds .have
been from the southwest, 21 pcr.ecnturn.
The highest velocity of the ^ ind
was 56 Biles. from,the southeast, oo
February 6. 1897.
WOOD'S I j
SEED5. 11
| Wood's Hainc-Grown f j
I Rmd PfdMPM. r
n i r
L u
5 ar^iniQii- - ! .ab tv b->: S^d ?|
toes f??r>> :'!? -h " ?*ar Pota- p
5 toesa.^f 'C- ! i.ur- Z
?oses in ?r :?< ? .:?'. > -i-:i-jrf. In ?
I Mftire. rtn. sr.- . o'-. . i jarli- ?
| ness. uozfo* pr.v ?
| ducp-.t *?h 'a - - : - irr.^vefs :n &
| the s>"u?l * ? . '. > .y' Po:a- >
a toes.wuii : f n ,>;oihabic ?
?9 results. vf.
i va. sr.co;\o- r-erA'rons jf
| grmvn i:.imr sp.-.;. 1 h^rV i
B < ";> r; *-i!*- arc jic-^i.lar c
fa TTiih irack.Tb cv? v .n.-i. P
[1 Wood's C'ltrflo^ue. j
gj /rivii.^ f:i!l ie' <. v !*. niMlc-d tree. |
If# rricco a u o:. I- ';u< si.
I 7. W. WOOD & SONS, [:
1 SEEDSMEN, Richmond, Va.
The Lar'i?->f .Seed
Mouse In ihc
L^' |
y
; ""T"" ,
Greet
ltt?- wish ail a bright and pros
those, who are the happy
in ^ 2 r?M A^ia C 4
nuyamasuun
We hope the success of e
well assured as the successor o
grows steadily and the most grs
receipt of voluntary letters froi
of great satisfaction and comfoi
If you are interested in good
call on your nearest dealer. I
write to us direct tor aescripuv
Yours truly,
Boyall & Bor
"buy
-0
Prepare to !
Prices of paper and paper b;
if you will teli us your troubles
Colombia Sts
^Wholesalers of Bags,
COLUMB1
'J \ ' '* '/ ( < '(
/- ? ^ ?
4 <>
;\ " ^ l^~~ 0JTj U
i^l ~ / - ^ "V^ ?-f
- -
V?,."x f r~ ^
' " .
?:?
MacFEAT's ScnooL of Shoe
columbi
W. R. MacFeat, Court S
Terms reasonable.
Sinning
Machinery.
The Smith. Pneumatic Suction
Elevating, Ginning and
Packing by stem
Is the simplest and most efficient or
the market. Forty-eight complete
outfits in South Carolina; each
one giving absolute
satisfaction.
Boilers and Engines; Slide
Valve, Automatic and Corliss.
My Light and Heavy Log Beam Saw
Mills cannot be equalled in design, efficiency
or price by any dealer or mauu
cajturer in the South.
Write for prices and catalogues
V. C. Badham. ,
1326 Main Street,,
COLUMBIA. S. 0.
1
Ortman Pays
4?in iVneAAC
HID E,A|JI Odd
. Steam Dyeing of every
description. Steam, Naptha^
French Dry and
chemical cleansing. Send
f/?*? aiip naur nrir*a list q iiH
L\Jl VU1 ?IV/Tf |/1 4W AIOV UllVft
circular. All work guar
an teed or no charge.
Ortolan's Steam Dye Works,
-- .1310 Main Street
Columbia. S. C
A. L. Ortman, Propria or.
Man's fttrpii&t.h
X?Jl *-?. E. * Ky V* x a.M x' a.
lies in his
stomach.
A poor, weak digestion debilitates
and impoverishes the body.
No need cbnfiuing one's self to
certain simple diet, on this account,
when with the usefof
"Hilton's Life for the Liver and
Kidneys" any kind of food may
be eaten, with- comfort. 25c a
bottle. Wholesale_by
THE Hi? DROS CO.,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
|
Jno. S. Reynolds, ;
Attorney at Law,
Colombia, 8. G*
-i
4
1
ings: |
perous New V- ar, especially
possessors of one of our ~Z
)lt Mattresses I
.
j?
very reader of this]puper is as
ur mattress. The sale of same
Uifying part of it is the daily
11 new customers, expressive .3
t derived from use of same. '?(
bedding, and all ought to be,
t he does not handle them,
e pamphlet.
dsn, m an u kautij K KKS.
GOLDSBORO, N. C.
- >
isrow I
Shed Tears. M
igs are rapidly advancing, but 3
! we may be able 10 help yon.
ttionery Co., 9
Paper, Twines,-etc.
[A, S. .C. ~ |
< > e->// ^ 0 W *S'L'
ithand and Typewriting,
a, s c. m
tenographer, Principal.
vvxitc iur u<a.Liiiuguc.
"Machinery 1
Mill Supplies"
ir - ,1 1, ^ jf
1 I )UU XJt?5CU 1U tile
above line write us. Prices
are steadily advancing, a^j?, jj?
there is every indication of* ^
further advances. Buy now
and save monky. Prices and
estimates cheerfully submit
ted Now is the time to bay.
M
Engines and Boilers, ?,
Saw and Orist ills. |
tiie
Woodworking Machinery , I m08t
ma 1" com
ricg millers, . | plrtk
Brick Masliery, j T |
Grain Drills." ; "c"' 4
5:^
W. H. Gibbes & Go., I
804 Cierrnis Street,
COLUMBIA, S. C. '
Near Union Depot. M
WANTED! J
Everv uiie to know that Mi
KEELEY CURE
for Drink. Drug and Toba-cco
addictions is now re-esfcablihsed
at Columbia, S. C.
Call or writi,
The Keeiey Institute, 9
110D Plain. Street. 'M
No other in tl* state.
Pilene. 1
An absolute ?J
cure for piles^fl
Only 50 cents. ^1
tpe mm naoo sc., >1
COLUMBIA. 8. <\
MET TS jlM M
On improved re:ii estate.
Interest eight per cent.,
payable semi-annually, "^i
Time 3 to 5 years.
N o commissions charged :M
Jno. B. Palmer & Son, Jl
CENTRAL NATIONAL BANK BUILDING,
1205 Plaia St., Columbia, 3. C
-

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