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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, February 28, 1900, Image 4

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THE LEGISLATURE. "
A Summary pf the Acts of Gen.
era! Interest.
PASStD AT THE SbS?>lUfM..
One Hundred and Thirty Acts the
Net Results of the Legislative
Work This
Year.
For the benefit of tboso who wish to know
what was accomplished by the general as
sembly in the way of making new laws to go
upon the statute books of the State we give
this week a list of the acts of general inter
est passed at the late session of the Legislature:
To provide a means whereby any pur
chaser in this state of commercial fertilizers
or manures may have the same analyzed by
CJemson Agricultural and Me^hauic<*l College
free of costs, and to provide .i penalty
for delivering fertilizers or manures short in
ingredients appearing on sack or Teasel holding
same.
A joint resolution proposing an amend
' - enoment to the constitution of the state of
South Carolina to be known as Article 1 of
amendment to Constitution to authorize and
empower the general assembly to provide by
law for the condemnation and equitable assessment
of lands for drainage purposes.
An act to provide for the cleaning of the I
streams anu draining the swamps and bot
torn lands of the state.
Ad aci to amend Title XI, Chapter XX* vl, |
Article 3, statutes of 1893, by insertin* an
gther section to be known as Section 1,323,
and fixing the weight of a bushel of bolted
corn rre&l.
/ To afford protection against certain barbed
and edged wire fences.
To require the burning or burial of any
* dead swine whenever death shall result from
any natural cause, and to provide a penalty
for any fai ure so to do.
To amend an act entitled "An act to reduoe
the licence fee for traffic in i-eed cotton
to $25 in Clarendon county, approved De
oember 22, A. D 1894, so as to devolve th
duties of the clerk of court on the county supervisor.
An act to authorize and require the county
board of commissioners of Marlboro county
to build a new jail for said county and to
levy ajax therefor.
A bill to amerd an act entitled "An act
to provide for the county government of
the various counties of this state," approved
the 6ch day of March, 189.J.
An act to amend an act entitled "An act
to further amend Section 8. of an act to provide
for the appointment of magistrates and
to define their jurisdiction and pewet,"
An act to amend Sections 3 and 4*of fin
act entitled "An act to provide a system of
county government for the several counties
of this state so far as it relates to the mintainin?
vnd work in ir of the roads and hizh
<9 O ?
W8.J8."
An act to amend Sections 2,236 and 2,237,
of the General Statutes, relating to the draw.
ing and term of sernce of jurors in the circuit
courts of this state, and to validate the
jury lists already prepared.
To amend an acc entitled "An act to require
all railroads and railroad companies
operating trains and doing business in this
Btate to provide and operate sei aTate coaches
or separate apartments lib coadhes for the
accommodation and transportation af white
and colored passengers in the state," approved
the 19th day of February, A. D.
: \ . 1898. ;
To provide for the assessment for taxation
of railroad property which has been off the
tax books for.ue.jears in *hich they have
been off the tax books, ancTto fix the time
when such taxes thaiL become due aid lor
the coilt eiion thereof.
An act to repeal "an act to charter the
Greenville ana - Com
panyi^ approved 23d December, A. D. 1882
and a J acts amending the same.
An act to confirm the incorporation in this
g*ate of the Carolina tnd Northwestern Railway
Company and to define its powers.
An aot to amend Section 8 of an act entitled
"an act to provide for the formation of
railroad, steamboat street railway and emal
s companies, and to define the powers thereof
and to provide a mode for ameoding the
charters-thereof," so as to authorize and
empower street railway companies to make.
* produce, generate and supply light, power
and heat by the means of electricity and g%s
To require railroad corporations where two
or more tines eater or pass through the corporate
limits ef any city or town in thu state,
to build connecting tracks for the interchange
and delivery of cars and freight.
An act to amend an act entitled ao act to
incorporate the Farmers' Mutual Insurance
Association, of Marlboro County, approved
Decern rer 18, 1894, so as to authorize insuring
live stock.
An act to authorize, ratify and confirm
the right and power of th?i Georgia and Caro
lina Manufacturing Company to construct a
dam or dams across the luzaloo River to
the Georgia Stale line in sa'd river, near
Hatton's Ford, in Anderson County.
To validate the action cf the meeting of
the stockholders of the Southern Shuttle and
Bobbin Company, hem on the 6th <Hy of
January, A. I) 1900, at Westminster. S. C.,
vi ting to increase rs capitol stock of^aid company
to $35,000 without publication of net
notice now required by law, and authorize
the Secretary of State to endorse upon the
charter of said company the certificate of
said increase of capital stock.
An act to ammend an act entitled "An act
to provide for the formation of certain corporations
and to define th" powers thereof,"
approved the 9th day of March, 1896.
To provide for the incorporation of religious,
educational, social, fraternal, or charitable
churches, ledges, societies, associations
or companies, and for amending the
charter of those already formed and to be
formed.
An act to provide a mode for the amendment
of charters of corporations heretofore
op hereafter granted. . Bill
to regulate the expenses of examining
lunatics and conveying them to the state hospital
for the insane.
An act for the registration of births, marriage*
and deaihs, and provide for reporting
infectious and contagious diseases.
To amend I'hapler XVIII, Title VIII, 1 ...*t
1, of the General Statutes of 1882, as heretofore
amended, appearing as Chapter XXIV,
Title ViU, Part 1, in the Revised Statutes of
1893, relating to the public health.
Bill to amend Section 365 of ine General
Statutes of 1882, appearing in ihe Revised
Stamtes of 1893 as Section 424 (365,) of
Article 4, relating to 4th brigade.
An act to amend Section 4 of an act entitled
"An act ta regulate the admission and
discharge of patient* in the State Lunatic
Asylum," approved December 24, 1884,
further regutating the admission of inebriates
and such persons, acd providing for the pay )
meat and coLLect;~u of admission fees of such.
patients.
To amend Section 919, General Statutes,
being Section 970 Revised Statutes, providing
lor a state board of medical examiners
so as to provide also for a homeophathic
board of medical examiners.
To amsnd the military laws of the State.
An act to establish 1,'entral Township lb.
the county of Orangeburg.
An act to amend an act entitled "an act to
amend Section 2, of an act entitled 'an act to
a ihorize all cities and towns to build, equip
and operate a system of water works and
electric liebts, and to issue bonds to meet
. the oost of same,'" approved March 2,1896.
so far as it relates to the city of Laurens,'
a-.. abolishing the commissioner of public wo ks
of the city of Chester and imposing the duties
upon the cly council
^ A joint re olution proposiog to amend Section
7, article 8 of tue Constitution relating
to municipal bonded indebtedness. 1
To require clerks to satisfy to record certain
mortgages of real estate and to prescribe '
? the form. !
To amend an act entitled '"an act to regu 1
late the holding of inquests by coroners and '
trial joitices," approved December 24, 1894.
To amend an act enti-led "an act to prevent f
drunkenness and shootinz. upon the high- I
way," approved 3d March, 18y9, making !
the same mere specific.
Seotisn 2,204 of the revision of 1898, re- '
3
laiiDfjtotbe adoption of children, app?07ed
March 5. A. D 1896, ro as to miko it apply
to any child or children under certain circumstances.
4
To amend Section 1 of an act entitled "an
act in reiation to the proof of recorded ia
nrumeDts, other than 'Wills," approved 'Zlot,
February, I8y8.
To amend an act to provide fo* the adop.
tion of iejr:uu%te cbildrea and allowing
them to inherit, approved December 24.1892.
To amend Section 6y9 of <h s Revised Sta
tutes of South Car. lina of 1893.
Ad act to amend an act emitted ' an act to',
regulate the foreclosure of mortgages of real
estate," approved January 5, I. L). 18^5
An act to an end the act approved 19th
February. 1898, entitled "aa act to establish
and declare the Jaw as to distress for rem."
An act to limit the liability of partners, af
terthe dissolution of a firm, to their own
acta.
An act to amend an act entitled "an act
to provide for the corporation of towns of
less than one thousand inhabitants." approved
March 2. A. D 18S6, by adding
thereto a new section, to be known as Sec
tion 22.
To amend Section 1,275 (1/180) of Volume
I, Revised Statutes. 1893
An act to provide for specia". Courts.
An act to establish County Courts and to
define the jurisdiction and powers of such
t'ourts. and to provide for the conduct of the
1 UU0.UVOO
An set to regulate the granting of bail by
magistrates.
An act to amend an act entitled "An ad
to fix the time for holding the courts in thf'
6ti circuit," approve'' the 2nd day of Match
a. D. 1899
A joint resolution to instruct and require
j the Attorney General to investigate the Ferj
tilixer Trust.
To fu iher amend Chapter XCIV, of the
i Revised Statutes of South Carolina, Volume
j 1, 1893, relating to jury commissioners, as
| now amended by law
| An act miking the failure to return boats,
r-iis or tools entrusted to any person for the
purpose of miniog or gathering phosphate
rock within two days afierbeiog required by
the owner so to do, a misdemeanor.
An aot to empower and authorize the presiding
Judge at atzy regular or special term
of the Circuit Court to appoint a stenographer,
and to provide for his compensation.
An act to further amend Section 4 of an
act entitled "An act to reduce the required
! height of a lawful fence and to punish per(
sods failing to maintain lawful fences when
any stock cross the same," approved the 2d
day of March, A. D. 1896, amended by
an act approved I7ih day of February. 1897,
and by an act approved 19 h d?y of February
I89S, so as to correct in said amendatory
.acts.
An act to further protect waterworks,
eewers and drains of cities and towns.
^Au act to reg'ilate the practice in suits
brought on causes of action which are s ?ved
from the bar of tbe Staime of Limitation by
part payment or written acknowledgement.
An act relating to the estates of minors.
An act to fix the time9 for holding the
Courts in tbe 3d judicial circuit.
An act to require the keeping if a record
and report of criminal statistic*.
An act making it unlawful for any municipal
officer to take a contract for work for
the municipal corporation of which he is an
officer, and to provide a penalty for viola
tion ot una act.
An act to amend Section 334 (277) of
Volume 1, of the Revised Statutes of 1893,
so as to allow a mortgagee to pay the delinquent
taxes due upon any property owned
by a mortgagor, together with all cats aud
penalties whici m?y have accrued thereon,
and to include the sime, with interest there
on, in the debt secured by the mortgage.
An act to amend an act entitled "An act
to amend an act approved the 17ih day of
February. A. J). lb?7, entitled 'An act to
provide the pupils atteniing free public
schools with school text books at actual cost,"
approved 21st day of February, A, D. 1898.
An act to amend Section 4 of an act entitled
"An act to provide for the establishment
of a new school district lying in Aiken
and Batnweli counti-s to be known as the
Ed:&t> River School District,' " approved
December 22, 1891,80 as to provide for the
election of trustees.
An act to repeal Sec ion 229b of an act
-sstiUedact- to - amend -ike-Genera.!.
Statutes relating to the assessment and col
ieci* n of taxe? for school purposes, and to
add two new sections to be known as factions
229a and 229b," appro red December
24, 1890.
An act authorizing the Barnwell graded
school district to issue bonds for the pur
pos? of purchasing and procuring grounds
and buildings for the public &choo s and to
provide for tne payment therof.
An act to amend J>e>Jiion 1,114 of the Re
vised Statutes of 1893, wnich prescribes the
I ? hrvoi-*f Trioitnra nf
[ the South Carolina Military Academy, so a?
to give the said board the powers of conferring
the degree of bachelor of sciences
An act to repeal "an act. to constitute th*
town of Kershaw a separate school district,
and to authorize the lev; and collection of a
special tax therein for the purpose of maintaining
one or moie graded public schools in
said town.
A joint resolution to authorize the committee
on Legislative Library to distribute
acj ug college^ and historical societies sur
plos copies of acts and other publications of
the State.
An act to provide for the completion of the
Winthrop Normal and Industrial College of
South Carolina and to appropriate money
for the same.
A joint resolution requiriag the county
superintendent of education of Lancaster
county to draw his warrant in favor of Enterprise
Publishing Company lor ?72.92, for
printing, aud the couniy treasurer to pay
the same from county school funds.
Toau<horizeClem3on Agricultural College,
of South Carolina, to construct, maintain and
operate railroad between the Clemson A?ri
cultural College, ofcSouth ( arolina, and Calhoun
station, on the line of the Atlanta and
Charlotte Air Line Railway, and other roads
and ways.]
To provide for the purchase of fifty copies
of each of the two volumes of the history of
the State, to wit: The Hisfcor~ of South
Carolna under the Proprietary Government.
1670 1719, and the History of South Carolina
under the Royal Government, 1719-1776 by
Edward McCrady, puKlished by the McMillan
Company, of New York, and fifty copies
of the Colonial and Revolutionary History of
Upper South Carolina, by J. B. 0. Laodrum
and authorize and direct the Comptroller
General to draw his warrant on the State
Treasurer to pay for the same.
An aci to amend Section 34 cf an Act en
titled "an act to declare the free school law
o? this state,approved March 9,18i)6.
To amend an Act entitled ' an act to establish
a new school district in Georgetown
county, and to authorize the levy and collecting
of a local tax therein " approved Decen ber
24 A. D. 18S5, as amended by an act approved
December 24 A. D. 1887, to as to
provide that the trustees appointed by the
state superintendent of Education shall be
c- mmissioned by him. and to. repeal conflicting
acts as to this district.
T1 /v ?mAX() CaMiAm ftrtf ATI 4 "41 A/3
"an act to declare the free school law of the
state," aoproved the 9th day of March A. D.
1896.
ReMingto state colleges.
An act to prescribe the form of dispensers'
bonds and to provide for the enforcement
thereof
An act to amend an act entitled "an act to ,
declare the free school law of the state," approved
9th day of March, 1896, so as to provide
for the formation af additional school
district*.
A bill to amend oection 36 of on act en.
titled "an act to declare th-1 free school law
of the Siate." approved the 9th day of
March, A. D. 1896. j
An act to amend an act entitled "An act
to provide for the election of a state board of ,
control, and to further regulate the sale, use, J
consumption, transportation and disposition
of intoxicatiag and alcoholic liquots or (
liquids in the state and pre*crioe penalties
for violation of dispensary laws, and to po- '
lice the same," approved March 6, 1896. as i
amended by the act approved 5th March, i
1897, so as to abolish the sta e a- d county j
bj*rds of control and the commissioners, as ]
aow provided by said act, and to devolve (
their duties upon the officers named in this
i
An act to provide for pensions for certain
sobers and sailors now residents of South 3
Dtrolina, who were in tae service of the j 1
states in the late war between tajS states.
To reduce salary of phosphate inspector. i
An act to amend section 3 of an act en- ;
titled 'As att to crea'e the ofEee of ptate li- j
brari?n, to t-x the caUry and prescriba the }
duties thereof, to continue a hoard of trustees
for the ftale library and to designate the
powcis and duties thereof; to arpropri-ue
money for the u*e of the siate library, and
to mtke ceruin ofl'euces herein spec fied as
a mi-demi-aaor.' approved 21st day of Feb
ruarv, A D. 1S9n, hoa^ t > r*i*e ihs salary
of th<? state litra-ian to 5?*00
An act to amend an ac entitled " *n act
taia officers in Baruwell county and to lurther
r-gu ate the dut:e<? 'hereof," approved
December 24. A L> !<S'.J4.
Au act iegt: aiing to the duties of the
Couaty Auditor.
An ac- to amend subdivision entitled
"Cou ity Treasurer," of 'eoiioo 1 of aa act
entitled "An act to regulate the salary aud
fees of ihe clerk of ihe court of common
ple&s and general sessions register of mesne
conveyances Judg- of probate, sherff. c >unty
auiitor, couu'y treasurer, coroner and
trial justice when acting as coroner, in or
angeoarg c.>uuiy." approved Jauua-v 5, A
u. 18 *5 bd as to increase limit of county
treasurer's commission.
Au act to p ovide for an adJit'onal clerk
in olli;e of toe Comptroller General.
To amend A ction 1 of an act entitled "An
?ct probibiticg the carrying or coucealed
weapons. providiuc a penalty then-far and
incorporating a count for the violation of
ihesimeiu indicinen's. for murder, man
slaugater, as.-ault and us-ault and oaitery
of h\<& end aggravated nature, assault and
hatter wi ll iutent to kill and in every
case when the crime is charged to h;??e been
commtned w:th a deadly Weapon," approved
the 17th duy of February. A. L>. IS'.JT, so h?
to ex :ept pcice <f5s?*rs in the actual dis
charts of taetr du.ies as peace olSjers from
the provisions thereof.
Aq act reUiiug to fees and salaries of
the ouri'-y'IScers of the several counties
of this State.
An act 0 fix the salaries of counly audi
tors oc this state.
To define the duties of sheriffs in cases of
escap;d convicts.
lit I a1 ing to t.e duties of sheriffs.
An act to ameud an act eutitled "An act
to prescribe the official c nuensa'ion tor the
clerk of the 1 ourt of lieau'ort County foi
services in the Court of General Sessions."
approved the 2UI day cf February, A. D
lb98, woas to deduct the coranenraiion therein
prjvidcd
CROKJE ENVELOPED.
One of the Coatliest Fights of the War
Reviewed.
^ ^ A UrtftAnC A?
\JL1V Ul CI1C UUJIUCOu av^biv/ud Wi.
war in South Africa occurred at Paardeberg
Drift Sunday, Feb. 18th.. Gen.
Kelly-Kenny, in his pursuit of Gen.
CroDj'e, caught his rear guard at Klip
Drift and followed the burghers to the
Boers laager at Koodoorirand. The
drift action began at daybreak, the
mounted infantry d::ving the Boer
rear guard up the river towards the
main body, whiie another body of
mounted infantry manoeuvred on the
right front and flank of the Boers. The
British main body advanced to outflank
the Boer laager on the north bank of
the river. Gen. Kelly-Kenny having
seized two drifts found the Boers
strongly enclosed and ordered an attack
with the Highland brigade on the left
and Gen. Knox's brigade on the centre
and right, while Gen. Smith-Dorrien's
brigade crossed the river and advanced
along the north bank. On both thenorth
and south banks the ground is
level and the advance across this was
deadly, and the British losses were
heavy. The battle was an exact replica
of the Modder river. The soldiers
were uader fire all day long, and ali the
fighting had no definite result, as'the
Boers'-laager was well barricaded and
they remained therein. The British
guns shelled the laager vigorously and
the Boers confessed to a loss of over
800 men.
The terrific shelling was resumed
JlUUU&y, WUCU VJC11. VIVUJC 1UI
an armistice. The shelling was continued
Tuesdav, over 51) guns pouriDg
lead into the Boer camp.
Gen. Crorje's magnificent night
march from Mager.-^fontein now appears
likely to end in disaster. The maio
body of the Boers is enclosed in a ter
rible death trap. The enemy are hiding
in the bed of the Moeder, commanded
by the British artillery and
enclosed on the east and west by the
British infantry. Sunday witnessed a
gallant stand on the part of the retreating
foe. Tired, harassed, they still
maintained a bold front. It is somewhat
difficult to explain the Sunday ac
tion, in which all the British force was
engaged, in which Gen. Cronje, under
difficult conditions, managed to hold
his own. On Saturday night the British
mounted infantry came into touch
with Cronje's rear guard, driving them
back upon the main body. .On Sunday
morniog the action was renewed; but
the Boers, who had entrenched the
river during the night, prevented further
advance of the mounted infantry
in this direction.
Meanwhile the Highland brigade,
consisting of the Seaforths, the Blaek
Watch and the Argyles, advanced
from the south back and the Essex,
Welch and Yorkshires formed a long
line on the left, which rested on the
river, the extreme Ticht being the
Welch. The whole line was ordered to
envelop the Boers, who lined both
banks of the river,
The firing soon became heavy. The
Eoers, holdiDg a splendid position, covered
the left of the Highland brigade,
which advanced partly up the river bed
and partly in the open, while the rest
of the brigade with the other regiment?
swung round the front of the Highland
brigade on the level, coverless ground
exposed to a terrible fire, which obliged
the men to lie upon the ground, as they
did for the remainder of the day. This
began at 7:30 in the morning.
Through the dreadful heat and a terrible
thunderstorm, our men hung to
the position, answering the Boer fire
and shootinz steadilv.
In the meantime the rest of the infantry
completed the enveloping movement,
the Welch regiment having succeeded
in seizing the drift, thus closing
in the Boers, who had fought throughout
with splendid courage. Gen.
Cronje's laager, full of carts, ammunition
and stores, could be plainly seen
near the north bank.
Gen. Smith-Dorriep collected a large
body of men, including the Canadians,
and crossed the river by Faardeberg
drift, advancing toward the laager,
which was being vigorously shelled.
This force made a gallant attempt to
charge into the laager, but failed. Be- ;
fore seizing the western drift the Boers
occupied a kopje on the south bank,
running down the river. Therefore
their furce is cut in two. The Boers :
\ 1.1.1. i __j i ir* I . .
noia me sopje aDu nave one v lCKersMaxim,
and probably one or two other
guns.
Toward evening the battery on the i
south side opened, co-operating with
the battery on the north side. A won- j
ierful sijiht followed. The shells fell :
with amazi-ag precision along the river i
bed, opposite the laager, which was i
shelled thoroughly, damaging every- <
thing it contained. Oue shell set fire j
to a small ammunition wagon which ]
burned nearly all d*y. Many other
wagons wese set on fire and the glare <
was vi.-ibie at a considerable distance i
Par into the night. The infantry also
maintained a terribla fire, which was <
mswered -vigorously. The scene toward
nightfall-was terribly picturesque, ]
with the blazing wagons, the roaring <
irtillery and the crackling rifie fire. 1
"POOR "PORTO RICO. =
I
The Republicans Would Make It
Worse Than Under Spain.
i
DOUBLE PRICES FOR FOOD. \
Her Condition Was Changed for
<
th1 .Vorse Under the Ameri- i
can Flag and Our j
Protection. j
The debate on the Puerto Rican \
tariff bill brought out several notable !
speeches in the house Thursday, Mr. <
McClellan of New lork opened the 1
debate. Mr. McClellan argued atsome
length that the inhabitants of Puerto ,
Rico are citizens of the United States i
with all rights of citizens and that the 1
constitution extends proprio vigoro
over the island of Puerto Rico, the
United Siates only holding it in trust 1
for ihe State eventually to be erected i
out of the territory. The moral aspect
of the case, he said, is quite as 1
important as the legal. It involves the
good faith, the credit and the honor of 1
the United States.
Mr. Brantley of Georgia spoke
against the bill and particularly on the
future of the Philippines. He pointed
out that a year had elapsed since the
treaty of peace and yet congress had
failed thus far to lay down a policy for
the PhiliDDines. It was this inaction
by congress, lie said, which spread uncertainty
amoung the Filipinos and
nerved them to further opposition. He
declared that the new Philippine com
mission could accomplish nothing and *
that if it went to the Philippines 4t alf
it should go with the authority and
power which congress alone could grant.
Mr. McCall, Massachusetts, followed.
"If congrees has the power to levy duties
over an area comprising territories
then the rule of uniformity applies to
that same area. This is in accordance
with the primary rales of construction.
But the decisions of the supreme court
put the matter above question. Citiag
a long line of decisions, he said if congress
is not bound by these limitations
against taxiog unequally, it is not
bound by any li-citation upon its power
in the constitution. The case is conclusive
so far as judicial authority is
concerned, and when we regard the circumstances
out of which our government
aad the constitution sprang, the
words of the taxiDg power, the direct
adjudication of their meaning, the long
line of authorities which deny the existence
of absolute power in cooeTess.
it is clear that the theory or despotic
power is absolutely repugnant to our institutions.
Calling attention to the fact that in
in Puerto Rico's case it was a bloodless
victory for us, a case of a territory a
part of this ^ontioent and admitted to
be within the natural radius of our political
action and of great importance to
our defense, he asfced if they should
become victims of our extortion.
"How was Spain treating them; selfish,
heartless, Spain? At the
time of their deliverance they had 12
representatives and four senators in the
Spanish cortes and helped to make the
Iaw6 for the whole Spanish empire.
They had a 10 percent, duty upon goods
passing between the two countries, and
at the end of the.ifar l^ |hat fimy' *
was to disappear. They had almost
complete authority for their own local
affairs and a million and a half in the
treasur/. Look at the practical application
of our proposed tariff Upon a
territory but little-larger than Hhode
Island there are crowded a million people.
The great question with them is
the food question. Upon many articles
of food our duties are high, but as we
are large exp >rters the price is not in
creased to our people, but for every
bag of flour and every barrel of pork
that goes to Puerto Rico 25 per cent, of
these high duties must be paid. Upon
the importation of rice-alone, I am told,
the duties will amount to nearly $400,000
a year. Is this the feast of liberty
to which we have invited those trusting
people? There is no safety in departing
frotn the canstitutional rule.
??T j v T n vi
jLuoatcareto seeuurnagemujazuu
the principle of libeity at home and
tyranny abroad. 1 brand with all my
energy this hatefnl notion, bred some1
where in the heathenish recesses of
Asia, that one man may exercise abso- j
lute dominion over another man, or one i
Datiou over another nation. That no- ;
tion was resisted to the last extremity
by the heroes who fought at Bunker
Hill and starved at Valley Forge. It
fell before the pleamjng sabres of our
troopers at "ft iiichester and Aldee. It
was shot to death by our guns at
Gettysburg and Appomatox. A half
million men gave up their lives that 1
their coartry might stand clothed in <
the resplendant robes of constitutional
liberty aod that we might have a government
of laws and not of men, for
every m in beneath the shilling folds of
the flag."
Milwaukee Will*Win.
It looks very much as if the Democratic
nttional coovention would go to
Milwaukee, provided it is true, as re- |
ported, that $10U,00) in cash is repos- ^
tog in the safe at the Raleigh hotel as
purchase moDey. Kansas City cannot
put up more than $5U,000 and will not
attempt to bid a-iarnst Wilwaukee on a
money basis. The advocates of that J
city claim that the influence of holding
the convention there upon Kansas, .
Nebraska and Missouri will be equivalent
to the electoral votes of these
states. On the other hand, the Mil j
waukee boomers argue that if the convention
is held in their city the Democrats
will surely capture the German I
vnte nofc onlv in Wisconsin but everv- i
where else in the union. These arguments,
however, have noinfluen:e with
the committee. Money talks, and the
committ e will not be satisfied with
promises, subscription papers or uncertified
checks. The experience of the
Republicans makes it important to call
for the cold *cash.
Truly a Benefactor.
The telegraph on Thursday last
spread broadcast ever the country the
new? of the sudden death of Dr. Leslie
E. Keetay, the discoverer of the Gold
Cure for alcoholism and for the excessive
use of narcotics.
Dr. K -eley's discovery?the result of
great sci -ntific research and painstakiog
work?has wrought wonderful results.
The number of cures has been
3uch as ro confirm the public estimate
of Dr. K-icley as a great physician and
great scieutist, Many a life has been J
rescued, many a home has been made ^
bright, many a iamily lifted from mis- <
gry to happiness through the blessed *
agency of the Keeley Cure. ^
Dr. Kieley's name will be enrolled 4
dq the list of great scientists, great ^
benefactors. Bis formulas preserved,
bis treat uent will be continued at auth- {
prized institutions. Among these, is i
the Keeley Institute at Columbia, S. 0. 4
j
BBIEF BUT IMPORTANT.
Seme Short Acts of General Interest
Becently Passed.
Below will be found some of the
shorter acts of general interest passed
it the recent session of the General Assembly:
WINTHEOP COLLEGE.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Gen
1 A - t_l_ - r L* _ . _ D O 1
srai nssemoiy 01 me.oiaie 01 o<>uin
Carolina girls, That to provide accom- I
modations for the great overflow of
South Carolina applying annually
from every county in the State for admission
to the Winthrop Normal and
Industrial College, of Rock Hill, the
only institution maintained by the
State for the higher education and
training of her girls, and failing to gain
admission for lack of dormitory room,
the sum of $35 000 be, and the same is
hereby, appropriated, to be expended
ander the direction of the board of
trustees in carrying out the purposes of
this Act.
MUNICIPAL OFFICERS AND CONTRACTS.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the
General Assembly of the State of
Souta Carolina, That from and after
the passage of this Act no municipal
officer shall take a contract to perform
work or furnish material for the municipal
corporation of which he is an officer
no such officer shall rcceive any
nnmnAiisdhnn r>n ?nv ortnf.raftf, fiir
said purpose; Provided, that in the
cities of oyer 30,000 inhabitants
such contrasts may be allowed by
the unanimous vote of city council
upon each specific contract, such vote
to be taken by yeas and nays, and entered
upon council's journal.
Section 2. That any person violating
the provisions of this Act shall be
guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction
thereof shall be punished by
fine or imprisonment, in the discretion
of the Court before whom such conviction
is had.
MAGISTRATES AND BAIL.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the
General Assembly of the State of South
Carolina, That from and after the approval
of this Act, when any magistrate
committs a party to jail for a bailable
oSense, such magistrate shall state on
commitment the amount of recognizance
required, upon entering into
which the party shall be released from
custody, and upon entering into such
recognizance before any magistrate, or
the clerk of the Court of tho county,
such party shall be released from custody.
Sec. 2. Any magistate, or the clerk
of the Court of the county- in which
the party is imprisoned, when demanded
by such party, shall take the rccogzance
without estra compensation.
FOREST FIRES.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the General
Assembly of the State of South
Carolina, That in case of forest fires
occurring in any county it shall be the
duty of every member of the township
boards of assessors, in whose township
the fire occurs, to immediately call out,
through a warner appointed by him, as
they may deem necessary, subj ct to
road duty, for the purpose of extinguishing
such fires.
Sec. 2 That any person refusing to
obey such call immediately upon notice
shall be subject to the same penalties
as now providedin cases of refusals to
work upoQ the public roads.
See. 3. Persons so warned and worki^iTas
provided in Section 2 of this Act
>hall have the lime he has so labored
deducted from the time he is required
by law to labor on public roads.
EXAMINING LUNATICS.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the General
Assembly of the State of South
Carolina, That the county boards of
commissioners for the several counties
in this State be, and they are hereby,
authorized and empowered to fir the
compensation, charges and expenses to
be paid and incurred in the examiaaam
In nnfl AO r\ ri A 1 ri rtAnlTfttMfdT lV>/\v?i
Liulj vl luuauto, auu au wurtj 1U5 iiivrn
to the State Hospital for the Insane,
and to audit aDd pay claims therefor;
Provided, that the same shall not be.
greater than now allowed by law, and
that no claim for conveying lunatics to
the State Hospital for the Insane, in
excess of the actual and necessary expenses
incurred ia doing so, shall be
audited and paid.
Given Back to SpainUpon
representations of the Spanish
government to the tS-?ct that some of
islands south of the Philippine archipelago
which had been taken possession
of by United States gunboats were
really the property of Spain the authorities
of the state department have ex
amined the charts and concluded to
direct the withdrawal of our claims to
the islands of Caygayen, Su!u and
Dibutu, both of which lie without the
boundary lines laid down by the treaty
}f Paris.
A Queer Man.
Mr. Daniel H. Moffat, banker and
mine owner of Denver, attracted atten'inn
a rfiof ocrr\ V?T7 talrincr thn
avu H / vai KtJ VW"V4?W wv ! *
waiter of the Fifth Avenue hotel oil a
;rip to Europe. He has just surpassed
;his eccentricity by presenting the
jashier and assistant cashier of the
First National bank of Denver with
?100,000 and $75,000 rcspcctivelr.
A. kingdom for a cure !
You need not pay so much,
i twenty-five cent bottle of L. L. & K.
Will drive all ills away.
Son ad. and try it?npvrr fails
^ WOOD'S HIGH SRi\0E 5
I fi ] \
Kpprn KppflC f
) 1 0,1 ill UOlXirJs f
^ Orir business in Parr.-! Si - V
f to-day one of the largest i i this *
P Country. A result due to the fret ?
i that quality has always been o-;r /}
first consideration. We supply 2)
I all Seeds required for the Farm. &
> GRASS & CLOVER SEEDS, \
i Cow Peas, Cotton Seed, t
> Seed Oats, Seed Corn, f
> Soia, Navy & Velvet #
I Beans, Sorghums, ?
) Broom Com, Kaffir r
> Corn, Peanuts, v
I Millet Seed, #
) Rape, etc. (j
* Wood's Descriptive Catalogue \
i gives the fullest information nta-ut Q
' these and all other Seeds; best meUi<.da T
i of culture, soil best adapted f?r difter- A
[ crent crops and practical hini.s as to \
3 vrhat are likely to prove most profitable e
[ to gro-w. Catalogue mailed free upon \
} request. /
| T, W, WOOD & SONS. I
| SE?0SMEN^^
S C. EXPOSITION".
Interestfin Industries and Resource
to Be Shown Up in Charleston.
To the People of South Carolina:
It is proposed to hold an exposition
in the city of Charleston in 1901 which
will be thoroughly representative of the
industrial and material resources of the
State. The governor and the general
assembly, the senators and representatives
from this State iu Congress, the
mayor ami tne city council or Charleston
and all the local commercial and
business organizations of this city have
given their unqualified endorsement to
the project.
Id the performance of their duty as a
commtttee charged with the organization
of the preliminary work of the exposition,
the undersigned invite the
earnest co-operation of the manufacturers,
merchants and farmers, and ali
who are interested in the material development
of South Carolina.
The exposition will not, however, be
limited to material things only. The
"fine arts and everything pertaining to
the advance of science anu education
will be prominent features of it; and
the committee beg all who are directly
working for and contributing to the
progress of the State on these lines, to
lend to the enterprise their invaluable
support.
Jt is proposed that the South Carolina
Expositiou shall illustrate in all its departments
the wonderful variety and
wealth of the resources of the State. A
full "display of the State's crude and
manufactured products will advertise to
the business and investing public the
opportunities which it offers for the
employment of capital, and the support
of an ever increasing population. With
the cordial co-operation of the people of
the Sta;e, the exposition will be of incalculable
benefit to every section of
South Carolina and the whole South.
The plans of the exposition cannot be
fully determined at preseDt, but its
scope and purpose are outlined and conveyed
in the following list of exhibits
of which it would be constituted:
Agriculture^Cotten, tobacco, food
and its accessories.
Horticulture and floriculture.
Forestry and forest products.
Phosphate rock and its products.
Fish, fisheries, fish products and apparatus
for fishing.
Mines.
Live stock.
Manufactures.
Machinery of all kinds, including agricultural
implements.
Transportation exhibits?Railways,
shi;s, vehicles, automobiles, bicycles
and electrical appliances.
Graphic Arts?Typography, Lithography,
steel and copper-plate printing,
Drawing, book-binding, etc.
Fine Arts?Painting, sculpture and
decoration.
Liberal Arts?Engineering, public
work?, constructive architecture.
Education?Special exhibits from
Clemsoa College. Winthrop Normal and
Industrial college and other State institutions.
County exhibits.
Good Roads?Sections of roads, road
machinery, broad lired vehicle^.
UuH-d States Government exhibits.
Exhibits from Cuba, Porto Rico and
the Philippines.
The c >mmittoe are prepared to work
with all who will aid in making the
proposed exposition complete in all its
departments and creditable to the State.
Suggestions from all who are int?rested
in the development of the material"
resources of the State and in the promotion
of its progress in all directions
will be gratefully received. The committee
would be-particularly obliged
for the information in regard to any exhibits
that might be made.
Your earnest co-operation is solicited.
With the zealous aid of the people
throughout the State, the committee
confidently believe that an exposition
can be projected and carrkd through
which will be of credit to the State, and
one that will accomplish the great good
for the different interests of the State
that is hoped for and expected. Very
respectfully yours,
Nicholas S. Hill,
Chairman.
E. L. Tessier,
Jno. A. Smith,
Jno. H. Avorill,
Corresponding Secretary. v
DEAD IN THE WOODS.
The Body of a "White Man Found Near
Augusta, Ga.
In the early part of the afternoon
Wednesday the inhabitants of North
Augusta were startled by the anoouncen.ent
that a negro had found the body
of a white maa in the woods in the vicinity
of the.swimming pond. The negro's
name is Henry (Jhilds, and while
passing through the wooes at the point
named he was attracted by the flutter-;,
ing of a piece of paper on the grountP*
and lookiug in the direction of the paper
he saw the figure of a man stretched
at full leDgth on the groucd. -He
knew it was too Camp for any one to be
lying out in the woods for pleasure and
went ever to the spot 10 see what the
cause of the man's pres-cuce was when
he found that it was a dead body of a
white man. lie did not rccognize him
and went to notify some people who
lived at a short distance. The news of
what had been found spread rapidly
and soon there was Quite a large crowd
on the scene, but still do one recognized
the body.
It was that of a young man, about 25
or 30 years, clean shaven and a blond,
and was about 5?} feet tall. Behind
the body was the hat the man had worn '
when he went iDto the woods while in
front of him was a bottle rith a little
liquid substancc in it. Ua examination
it was found that this was whiskey
and laudanum mixed. Under the man's
head were teveral newspapers, fixed as
though be had prepared them ti> sleep.
It is supposed that he went out where
he would not b6 seen, drack his bottle
of liquor, laid down, went to sleep and
never awoke.
The man not being recognized by any :
one present his pockets were searched
to ascertain, his name and in one of
them was found a Richmond county
tax receipt with the name ''A. J. Herring,"
written on it showiog that he
had paid tax^s in Richmond county.
Besides this $2.80 in money, a bmall [
piece of tobacco, a pocket knife, two
small boxes of cheap silver ware and a .
cigar were found'in his pockets. From
the condition of the body when found
it is thought that the man had been
dead about about two days. The body
was taken to one of the houses near by (
and an inquest will be held over it today.?Augusta
Chronicle.
' <
Jno. S; Reynolds,
' -w-1
Attorney at Law,
Columbia, S.C.
WHITNET 811) til
Their Anti-Friction Wheel listener,
' "heir Patent Foot Brake,
Their Rubber Tire Wheel, together with
ire styles, easily place the? ahead of all coo
We have beea exclusive sales ag->n' in t
to announce that nearly all dealers zr?. n~>w
with the attractive styies, 'good w irlcaao ihip
Should you need a carriage ask your* des
not take one "just as'goid," but a<k him to j
Yours truly,
Royall i
-c
Prepare to
Prices of paper and paper I
if you will tell us your trouble
Columbia St
y Wholesalers of Bags
. " COLUMT
\ ' ' x'
Fy Ll s-V*'
~ l ^ w / - "V ^<
z'-r~-\ r'v 7v-'
iissfi " '
-w* ?
* * ? -**- *? " . x/^
i\[acFEAT's School of Sho
Columb
W. H. MacFeat, Coart I
Terms reasonable.
avawc . x
- ty OLD
NORTH STATE OINTMENT,
the Great Antiseptic
Healer. cnres Piles. Eczema.
Sore Eyes, Granulated Eyelids,
Carbuncles, Boils, Cuts, Bruises,
Old Sores, Bums, Corns,
Bunions, Ingrowing Toenails,
Inflammatory Rheumatism.
Aches and Pains, Chapped
Hands and Lips, Erysipelas.
It is something everybody
needs. Once used always used.
For sale by all druggists and
dealers. At wholesale by
THE MURRAY DRUG CO.,.
Columbia, S. C.
Ginning
Machinery.
- o
The Smith Pneumatic Swctiou
Elevating, Ginning and
Packing bystem
Is the simplest and most efficient oc
the market. Forty-eight complete
outfits in South Carolina; each
one giving absolute
satisfaction.
Boilers and Engines; Slide
Valve, Automatic and Corliss.
My Light and Heavy Log Beam baw
Mills cannot be equalled in design, efficiency
or price by any dealer or manu
cajturcr in the South.
Write for prices and catalogues
V. C. Badham,
1326 Main Street,
COLUMBIA, S. C
WANTED!
Every one to know tliat tlw
KEELEY CURE
for Drink, Drug and Tobacco
addictions is now re-estab
lihsed at Columbia, S. C.
Call or writ*,
The Keeley institute,
1109 Plain Street.
No oilier in th
Buchu, Gin and
Juniper cures
your kidney
troubles. Try a
UULIIC.
THE HURRAY DBU6 CO.,
C OLUMBIA, S. C.
::-0SSi
- -CM
?
ii i ?
USES UNOISOJ GilTS. R
... _.
Z -A
.. V
,<r*
perfect workmanacip, and :bc most attrastlpetitors.
his territory for eight years, and aro pleased
se'liag Whitney Cvrria^os, being impressed
, aid cheap oricea.
iler for a "Whitney." If he hasn't any do
get catalogae. or wri'e to us.
% Borden,
GOLDSBOKO, ~S. C.
mf" J
Shed Tears. - '%
>ags are rapiaiy aayancing, um
;s we may be able to help you.
ationery Co.,
' 3$?:
(, Paper, Twines, etc.
SIA, S. C.
1
- 4 ' *->// "-.6 ^
iv/y- i
^ * "^7
O? i s~rl .
' -.-... .
rthjlND AND TmewBiTraa^^????
stenographer, rnacipai.
Write for catalogue.
' ? ' ?
?
LUMBER. COTTON.
The South's.Leailiflg Products. J
- " r~c
We are headquarters for the '
best line of machinery re- ^
quired for preparing the above , 3
for market, having a complete
and extensive line of Saw Mills
and Saw Mill Machinery, Cotton
Ginning Machinery and
Engines aiid Boilers. jj
The equipment of modern
ginneries with the celebrated Murray
Cleaning and Distrib- ?j
uting System a specialty. -k
r c
W. H. Gibbes & Co.,
804 Gervais Street,
COLUMBIA. S. C.
^
Near Union Depot.
Man's strength
lies in his
stomach.
A poor, weak'digestion debilitates
and impoverishes the body.
No need confining one's self to
certain simple diet, on this account,
when with the use of
"Hilton's Life for the Liver and
Kidneys'' any kind of food may
be eaten with comfort. 25o a .
bottle. Wholesale Jby J
" '\v.|
IHt MUKHAV 0I1US CO.,
COLUMBIA, 8. C.
,..
I
Ortman Pays |
the EXpress
Steam Dyeing of every
description. Steam, Nap/
2
tha, French Dry and
chemical cleansing. Send
for our new price list and
circular. All work
Ar nn ofnrn
Oilman's Steam Dye Ms, 31
1310 Main Street^ ?
Columbia, S. C fjj|
A. Ij. Ortman, Proprietor.
MONEY TO LOAN |
-;V?
On improved real estate.
Interest eight per cent.,
payable semi-annually.
Time 3 to 5 years.
N o commissions charged
Jno. B. Palmer & Son,
CENTRAL NATIONAL BANK EUILDINQ,
1205 Plain St., Columbia, S.C

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