OCR Interpretation


The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, March 07, 1900, Image 1

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WoL LIV. WINNSBORO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. MARCH 7, 1900. . NO. 29 -lfS|?
,
' ^ mrrn trATTnn I T? A T * T T> A TT "D A A T? A PPTTVCWT I i DATT) TVTCACTCD
?NEW PENSION LAW.!
Passed at the Recent Session of
the General Assembly.
I
CONDITIONS TO BE FILLED.
Full Text of the Act That is of
Interest to All Old Soldiers
in South Carolina.
The following is tbe new pension law,
^ - ? ? ilia
uaBCU upuu ieuum iicuuauuuo wi t.uv
Confederate Veterans' association of the
State. The bill was introduced by Mr.
Patton of Richland s'o their request.
The act was approved February 19th,
by Governor McSweeney. It reads:
Section 1. Be it enacted by the general
assembly of the State of South Carolina:
The sum of at least one hundred
thousand dollars shall be annually appropriated
to pay the pensions provided
for by this act, and in case the same,
or such amount as shall be appropriated
shall be insufficient, then the amount
so appropriated shall distributed
proportionately among those legally entitled
to receive the same: Provided,
That those pensioners dt scribed in subdivision
(a), section 4 herein, shall have
Been first paid in full.
?Sec. 2. The applicant must have been
a resident of the State for two years
prio to the time of the application.
Sec. 3. In order to obtain the benefits
cf this chapter the applicant unquali
fied by residence mast also show:
(A) If a man.
1st. That he was a bona fide soldier
or sailor in the service in the State or
in the Confederate States in the war
,between the States; and
^^s-.-Either (a). That while in snch
service he lost a leg or arm, or received
other bodily injary where by he has beooma
disabled; and farther, that
neither himself nor his wife has an income
exceeding one hundred and fifty
dollars per annum, nor rroperty sufficient
to produce such an income; or (t>)
that he has reached the age of sixty
years, and that neither he nor his wife
is receiving annually an annual income
of seventy-five dollars from any source
nor possessed of property sufficient, to
prodace such an income.
(B) If a woman.
1st. That she i3 the wi^cw of a man
who was a bona fide soldiei or sailor in
the service of the State or of the confederate
States in the war between the
States; and
2d. Thatshe has never remarried; and
3d. That either (a) she is sixty years
of age; or (b) that her husband lost his
life in the service of the State or of the
Confederate States in the war between
the States'; and
4th. That she has not an income of
one hundred dollars per annum nor
property sufficient to produce the same.
^ Sec. 4. The persons described in the
preceeding secucus shall be entitled to
"a pension upon complying with the
r?pf?viainns nf i his ar?t. and shall
be paid the amounts hereinafter set
forth, to 'wit;
(a) Ail soldiers arid sailors who lost
both arms or both legs, or sight, or who
are physically helpless, ihe sum of eight
dollars per month. *
(b) All soldiers or sailors who lost one
arm or leg in the said service, the sum
of four dollar.'? per month.
(c) All other persons entitled to pensions
under the provisions of this act,
the sum of three dollars per month:
Provided, That all soldiers and sailors,
now citizens of this State, who were in
the servi;e,of the State or of the Confederate
States in the war between the
States, and who are totally disabled by
paralysis, and who have no income, and
who is unable to make a living, shall
receive pensions as provided by this act
the same as those under class tcA" of
this section.
Sec. 5. Before any soidier or sailor
shall receive aay payment provided ia
this act, he shall make an application,
' in writing, through the township representative.
addressed to the county pension
board, to be appointed as hereinafter
directed for each county of the
State, setting forth ia detail the nature
of the disabliag wound, if any, the company
and regiment or battalion in
which he served, and the time and
place of receiving the wound, and showing
that neither he nor his wife is in
receipt of the income as hereinafter
specified, and showing further, the time
and place of residence within the State
by the applicant. Such application shall
be verified by the oath of the applicant,
made before any officcr in the State
authorized to administer oaths, and
shall be accompanied by the affidavit
of one or more credible witnesses, stating
that they knew the applicant was a
soldier or tailor or the wife of such, as
the case may be, and believe the allegations
mad9 in the applications to be
true: Provided, That said application
shall show that the applicant is not
drawing a pension in any other State.
Sec. 6. Such application shall be verified
also by a certificate of the auditor
of the county in which the applicant
resides, showing amount of tax return,
and that his income does not exceed
the amount stated, and that he is not
possessed of sufficient property to produce
such income; and it shall be the
duty of the auditor to furnish such
certificates, if he shall find the facts,
without fee or charge.
Sec. 7. In each county of the State
k the said application shall be submitted
^ to a board composed of four ex Con
BL federate soldiers or sailors (to be chosen
& as hereinafter provided), who shall not
h[ be holders of or applicants for a penB
sion, and a regular practicing physician
to be selected by them, which said five
K persons shall constitute-the county pen^
sion board. They shall meet on the
P third Monday m Januaiy of eacn year,
And shall examine each applicant under
rules and regulations prescribed by the
State board of pensioners. After first
being duly sworn, fairly and impartially
to discharge the duties of their office,
and after said oaths are duly filed in
the office of the clerk of court, the said
county pension board shall proceed with
the discharge of the duties imposed
upon them, and shall certify their approval
to the State board of pensioners,
giving in detail the reasons which influenced
them to grant or oppose each
application, accompanied by all the eridences
upon which they made their decisions.
Sec. 8. Four members of said board
! shall constitute the quorum. A majority
of the members of the board
present may determine any matter presented
to them, subject, ifowever, to a
right of review of the State board. As
soon as such county board completes
itslistas above, giving the names of
the pensioners, their residences and
amounts per month to which they are
entitled, they shall certify the same to
the State board of pentioners, to be reviawed
by them. The compensation of
the members of said board shall be $2
| per day for each day's service, not exceeding,
however, five day's service in
1 any one year.
Sec. 9. The State board of pensioners
shall thereupon pass upon the names
contained in said lists, and shall ccrtify
to the clerks of courts of tfce various
counties the lists of the names and
amounts approved by them, and said
clerks of courts shall record the same
in a book, and soid roll so made up shall
be designated'"approved pension rolls
for 19?and such persons shall constitute
the pensioners entitled to receive
the aid herein provided for the current
year.
Sec. 10. Every application approved
by the county board, with all papers
upon which they act, shall be filed in
the comptroller general's office by the
first day of February of each year, to
be by him submitted to the State board
of pensions for their re vie sv. 1 n t he examination
of the applications of each
person frr a pension, the said board
shall inquire particularly into all the
fact'? ?et forth in the application,- and
shall have the right to examine such
witnesses and to take such evidence as
to determine the right of such applicant
to pension, and for the purpose of this
chapter the chairman of each county
pension board shall have the right to
administer oaths. In making their report
to the State board of pensions,
they shall set forth, in concise and plain
language, giving in detail (and separately)
their findings upon each ma1
^ 1 rs f K A r*
ItJriiU aiiCgaillFU bUUOIUUCU iu bu\> ay
plication.
Seo. 11. Each of the county boards
shall keep a book in which they 3hall
make a list of the applicants for pen-'
sions, setting forth the approval and
disapproval, which book shall be fi^ed
in the office of the clerk of court of
common pleas for each county; and tho
clerk shall from said book certify to the
comptroller general, on or before the
first day of February of each year, the
number of pensioners who are still
alive and entitled to the pension.
Sec. 12. The State board of pensions
shall have the authority, and it shall
be their duty, to revise the list of pen
sion claims allowed by each county
board, and to confirm or reject any
pension claim allowed by such board,
as they nay deem proper and right
? i : j
upon the xacts presences, oy lub h-aiu
board, or upon such additional facts
connected therewith as they may be procare;
but they have no right in acy
cese to grant a pension unless' the same
has been regualarly approved by the
county board of pensions.
Sec. 13. The eounty board of pensions
shall be constituted af follows: On the
first Saturday in August of each year
the surviving soldiers and sailor3 of the
State or the Confederate States, in the
late war between the States, in each
townshsp, shall meet at a time and
place therein designated by the chairman
of :he county board, by two weeks'
public notice, and having organized by
electing a chairman and secretary
shall elect by ballot and ex-Confederate
soldier or sailor, not a holder of nor an
applicant for a pension, as the representative
of the veterans of said township.
The representatives so elected shall
meet at the county court house on the" I
^ ^iI
nrsi luonuay m ocpicujyti ivuvn4u6, t
and having organized by electing a
presiding officer and secretary, shall
elect from their own number four, who,
having selected a competent physician,
and elected one of themselves as chairman,
shall constitute, together with
such physician, the county pension
board for the year or until their successors
arc elected and qualified. In
those townships where the veterans
failed to select a representative as hereinprovided,
the chairman of the county
pension board shall appoint some person
otherwise qualified as representative
until such election shall be had;
and in these counties where the survivors
failed to organise a county board as
herein provided, the State board of pensions
may appoint four ex-Confederate
soldiers or sailors otherwise qualified to
organise and constitute said county
board.
Sec. 14. In case there shall be in any
township no person qualified to act as
representative, then the veterans may
elect, or in case of their failure so to do,
the chairman of the county pension
board may appoint, some properly
qualified veteran residing elsewhere in
said county.
Sec. 15. The comptroller general shall
be chairman of the State board of pen
1 > -? ? -1 /I A.
sions, ana lie witn inree ex-v/uuieaerattj
soldiers, not holders of nor applicants
fcr pensions, to be selected by the
United Confederate Veterans association
at their annual meetings, together
with a competent physician to be selected
by them, shall constitute the said
St?te board of pensions. That the
comptroller general shall apppoint a
suitable person to serve as clerk of
State board of pensions; said clerk to
receive a salary of $600 per annum for
his services. In case of failure to select
by the said veterans' association, the
three members properly qualified shall
i be appointed by the governor. The
term of office of the selected menbcrof
said board shall be for one year and
until their successors are elected or appointed
and have qualified.
Sec. 16. The compensation of the
members of the county pension boards
shall be $2 per day, not to exceed five
days, and the compensation of the
State board shall be $2 per day, not to
excsed five days, and the latter shall le
allowed mileage at the rate of 5 cents
per mile.
Sec. 17. In counties where the surviv
ors fail or relase to comply with the
provisions hereof, the State boaii shall
make such regulations for the distribution
of the fund for such counties as
they deem best.
Spiv 1ft It shall he the dntv of the
comptroller general to issue on the 1st
Monday in April of each year to the
party entitled to receive a pension hereunder
his warrant for such sum as may
be herein prescribed, so long sis such
name shall remain on the pension roll
as above prescribed, or until informed
of the death or removal from the State
of such pensioner: Provided, That the
comptroller general shall forward the
amount due the pensioners of each
county to the clerk of court of the several
counties of the State, to be paid
out by said clerk of court without additional
compensation.
Sec. 19. It shall be the duty of the
comptroller general to prepare and
cause to be printed forms in blank on
which such applications, certificates
and affidavits may be conveniently
made, and he shall cause the same to
be distributed in the several counties of
the State in such number and such
manner as in his judgment may be
necessary.
Sec. 20. Whenever the name of any
person who has been declared entitled
to receive a pension under the laws of
this State shalT have been omitted, b>
any accident, from the proper lists, it
shall be the duty of the State board of
pensions, to allow, atid the duty of the
comptroller general to issue his warrant
for, the amount of the pension to
which such person would have been
entitled; said amount to be paid out of
tho next regular appropriation for pensions,
after the fact of su:ih accident
shall have besn determined by said
State board of pensions, and said
amounts shall be paid out of said appropriation
before the same shall be apportioned
among the persons entitled
thereto.
That sections. 939. 940, 941, 942.
943, 944, 945. 946, 947, 943, 949, 950.
951, 952, 953, 954, 955, of the Revised
Statutes of 1893, and all acts amendatory
thereof, be, and the same are hereby,
repealed.
Sec. 22. Until the election of the
county pension board and the -.State
board of pensions shall be had, as provided
for herjin, the several pension
boards as now constituted shall continue
to exorcise their repective functions.
fTirrw r\cr rn ? w A Ttn A AXTTT WUWT I
J. ?L?i V/?X1UAiU.au ur A mWHUiliilili.
Tiib Commission Meets and Calls for
Designs and Proposals.
The Columbia State of Wednesday
says: Things have been gotten under
way for the erection of the monument
and markers of the State of South Carolina
on the battlefield of Chickamauga.
Yesterday the commission appointed
under the recent act of the general assembly
met in the governor's office and
took the preliminary steps toward the
erection of the monuments. As a resalt
of the action taken yesterday all
the monuments must be completed by
the middle of next September. This
bUUWO LUilU IUC OUUiUlLSdlUIl iUidU3 tU
start at the work before it in a business-like
maimer.
All die members of the commission
were present yesterday, as follows:
Gov. McSweeney, Adj. Gen. Floyd,
Gen. 0. Irvine Walker of Charleston,
Col, J. H. Wilson of Sumter and Capt.
C. K. Henderson of Aiken.
The matter wa3 thoroughly discussed.
Then the board decided to advertise at
once for proposals, and the following
announcement embracing all details
agreed upon was made:
Designs for and proposals to erect the
same are desired for the following
monuments to be erected for the
Chickamauga battlefield:
One large monument forall the South
Carolina troops engaged in the battle
of Chickamauga.
Four markers, one for each; Kershaw's
brigades; Tenth and Ninteenth
South Carolina regiments of Manigault's
brigade; Tweaty-foarth South
Carolina regiment, Gist's brigade, and
Culpepper's battery.
Tho nrrtrnapd rlimAnsinnQ nf #>ar?V>
must be stated in the proposals.
The monuments all to be of South
Carolina granite, Wionsboro, or equally
as good, and are to be erected in such
positions of the battlefield as may be
designated by the commission, on the
foundations furnished by the park commission.
All work, except joints, to have
rounded edges, and all lettering to be
cut in the V shaped incision. The lettering
will be designated by the commission
hereafter.
The cost of the work cannot exceed
$9,000. All proposals must state in detail
how the bidder proposes to execute
the work.
The work, the monument and markers,
must be completed by September
15th, 1900.
The successful bidder will be required
to give bond for $5,000 for the faithful
performance of the contract.
Preference, where other things are
equal, will be given bidders who are
residents of this State.
Plans. SDeeifications and ur0D0sals
must bo deposited in the adjutant general's
office on or before March 20, 1900.
The commission reserves the right to
reject any or all bids.
Two of the members of the present
commission were members of the commission
appointed under the act of
1894, which Dody in 1395 adopted a
design for theChickamauga monument,
which provided for a granite monument,
surmounted by a bronze palmetto tree,
with two bronze figures on the midway
ledges. This monument was to be 29
feet 1 inch in height and 13 feet 8
inches by 10 feet 4 inches at the base.
Its estimated cost was $10,850 complete,
or $9,500 without the two bronze figures
referred to. The design was a pleasing
one, and gave general satisfaction.
She Was Badly Fooled.
A romance that may have tragic con
sequences developed at r*iew urieans
Thursday. A man who gives several
names and has told a number of con
Hiding stories is locked up at police
headquarters. It is charged that he
impersonated Capt. Clark of the battleship
Texas, which is now at New Orleans
and induced Miss Bertha Warten,
of Cincinnati, to marry him. Miss
Warten with her brother-in-law, Alex
Aronson, of 10 South Canal street and
the latter's family were stopping at the
St. Charles hotel where they made the
acquaintance of the man who represented
himself to be Capt. Clark. After
courtship of two days the wedding was
celebrated Wednesday afternoon. That
night "Capt. Clark" went aboard the
battleship and acted in such a manner
as to arouse the suspicions of the officers.
He was locked up anc! this fact led
t? an investigation by Miss Warten's
relatives. The bride is prostrated.
EXTRA MONTH'S PAY
The Names of the Men Who Are
Entitled to It.
ALL FROM FIRST REGIMENT.
j Mr. Evans Makes an Announcement
of Importance to the
Men Who Holds the Extra
Pay Caims.
Wednesday Mr. W. Boyd Evans,
who has been to Washington in the interest
of the unpaid claims of the
soldiers of this State in the war with
Spain, returned to the city. The following
statement of the results of his
trip was prepared for The State:
I have just returned from Washington,
-where I have been to look after
the month's extra pay for the officers
and men of the First South Carolina
regiment, and the auditor of the war
department informs me that before he
[ can give me a settlement, I mast file
new papers with his department, stating
certain facts and conditions that are
not included in the former papers filed
there, and in order that no mistake
may be made, he gave me a form to
use. The auditor said if I would fill
these new fomis at once, he would give
me settlement for the extra pay of the
men within the next 30 days, so I earnestly
request the following named men
who were officers and soldiers in the
First South Carolina regiment to write
-i. ? T J il?? .v..
me au uuue su jl uau &?iiu tucai uic
proper blanks to be filled out and be
returned to me immediately to be filed
with the proper department in Washington.
If the men will comply
promptly with this request I can get
their money at once. ,The slips recently
sent out to the men^y the secretary
of the treasury will anrount to nothing
unless they file these additional papers.
If any of these men have left their
homes, and their families know of their
whereabouts, I would be glad to have
them inform me.
The following is the list of men due
the month's extra pay:
COMPANY A.
Sergt. William Bryson, Abbeville.
Sergt. William Gr. Moses, Abbeville.
Corporal James A. Allen, Abbeville.
Corporal Robert S. McCombs, Abbeville.
Corporal Alexander Bowie, Abbeville.
Private William T. McDonald, Abbeville.
rnvate J. L. repp*r, ADDeviue.
Private Luther H. Hester, Hester.
Private Sidney J. Kersey, Petersburg,
Va.
Private, Samuel M. McCravy, Cross
Hill.
Private J. >1. Bounds, Greenville.
Private John Simmons, Heardemont,
Ga.
Private Vernon C. Seawright, Abbeville.
Private E. T. Talley, Cold Springs.
Private Green S. Tenant, Under, Ga.
COMPANY G.
First Sergt. Fred D. Marshall, Rock
Hill.
Sergt. Ernest L. Adams, Rock Hill.
Private Cyrus >1. Alexander, Charlotte.
Private Marion<Brubaker.
Private Hanston W. Hemley, Sallisbury,
N. C.
Private Frances B. Jones, Rock Hill.
rnvate winiam r. xuaynara, unarlofcte,
N. C.
Private Joseph F. Quails, Burlington,
N. C.
COMPANY I.
Sergt. Percy S. Norris, Batesburg.
Sergt. B. F. Harrison, Columbia.
Corporal R. Jacksoa, Columbia.
Corporal William W. Binson, Columbia.
Private Theodore M. Allen, Sycamore.
Private J. M. Clements, Langly.
Private Daniel E Dunmore, Ruffsdale,
Pa.
Private Robert Ford, Columbia.
Private Charles P. Green, Laurens.
Private George L. Jackson, Spartanburg.
Private Henry C. Richardson, Columbia.
Private Samuel M. Burns, Columbia.
.Private tfud iteese. Seward, iN.
COMPANY H.
First Sergt. Ed. B. Ligon, Greenville.
Quartermaster Se.geant Ben. H.
Kendrick, GreeDville.
Sergt. James E. Dial, Greenville.
Corporal Tom B. Price, Greenville.
Corporal William Henry Charles,
Greenville.
Private James M. Griffith, Greenville,
Private "Whitfield A. Hayes, Pelzer,
Private Remus D. Hudgens, Laurens.
Private Thomas B. Kenmore, Greenville.
Private J. E. Land, Greenville.
Private Woodson L. McLean, Greenville.
Private Robert T. Richardson,
Greenville.
Private Luther A. Seav, Greenvill,
Private Rowley H. Smith, Greenville.
Private Ben M. Stradley, Greenville.
Private William A. Harvin, Camden.
Private Madison L. Harvin, Camden.
COMPANY L.
Sergt. Richard G. Stone, Aiken.
Corp. William M. Pritchard, Weymers.
Private Robert H. Bassey, Modock.
Private James A. Bell, Charleston.
Private Portius D. Brown, Charleston.
Private Henry K. Price, Jr., Jfarkersville.
Private John S. Reid, Langley.
Private John W. Ellege, Alston.
Private Hedgeman Sims, Graniteville.
Private Wade H. Hancock, Aiken.
Private Lawson A. Gunter, ^iken.
COMPANY K.
Sergt. Malcolm M. Lander, Jacksonville,
Fla.
Corpl. George F. Preston, Jacksonville,
Fla.
Corpl. Charles W. Asman, Swansea,
Corpl. George E. Rembert, Columbia.
Private William Baldwin, Pelzer.
i Private Jones E. Bergin, Marion.
Private Arthur Driggers, Summerville.
Private George Kaselden, Lake City.
Private George E. Holloborough,
Charlotte, N. C.
Private Mike A. Xicely, Jacksonville,
Fla.
Private Eirley A. Patters, Pelzer.
COMPANY F.
First 3ergt. Harry A. Dargan, Greenville.
Qaartermaster Sergt. W. D. Whitman,
Spartanburg.
C i. n TT7 T> 1
oergi. \jreurge rr. -uuiua^e, \jriecuville.
Sergt, John H. Harris, Enorse.
Sergt. William L. Omasby, Chicago,
111.
Sergt. William W. Tribble, Chicago,
IllTeamster
Frank Hooper, Columbia.
Private Burket Hiram, Pelzer.
Private James Clutch, Spartanburg.
Private Andrew Flood, Spartanburg.
Private William N. Hill, Spartanbug.
Private Rome Holland, Pacolet.
Private Howell Hollinsworth, Spartanburg.
Private William Morgan, Spartanburg.
( '
Private Edward R. Milan, Spartanburg.
COMPANY "E."
Corpl. Aurelius Russell, Spartanburg.
Corpl. James Cayce, Union.
Private Everett Brown, Landrums.
Private Tom B. Brown, Spartanburg.
Private Bertram B. Clayton, Spartanburg.
Private Charles Hensiey, Greenville.
Private Albert D. Jenkins, Spartanbure.
T<1r1 rrorrl W IVTotr Snarf.an.
burg. Private
Frederick M. Parham, Union.
Private Tom Parham, Union.
Private William J. Penny, Spartanburg.
Private Bolton 0. Prince, Spartanburg.
Private John R. Russell, Spartanburg.
Private Wallace S. Sims, Spartanburg.
Private John Rosewell, Greenville.
Private Albert Turner, Spartanburg.
company "d."
Sergt. James G-. McFadden, Chester.
Sergt. Martin L. Clark, Marion.
Corpi. Edward W. Hannahan, Winnsboro.
HTk/vmao _T Allort Winns
boro.
Private Marvin H. Baum, Camden.
Private William J. Chester, Anderson.
j ,
Private "William L. Cnlp, Chester.
Private J ames L. Hayne, Blackstock. {
Private William Johnican, Ridge
Spring. ,
Private William F. Perry, Flintridge.
company "c."
Sergt. Milledge Bonham, Anderson.
Corpl. George T. Baker, Anderson.
Private Abe Blackeley, Autumn.
Private James H. Bowen, Anderson.
Private James H. Bowen, Anderson.
Private Charles A. Clinkscales, Level
Land.
Private William Cockrane, Ameri- :
cus, Ga. ;
Private Daniel Cooley, Townsville. :
Private William E. King, Boyles.
Private Clarence Murphy, Anderson.
Private John C. Bobbins, Anderson.
Private Fred Taylor, Belton.
company "b."
Sergt. William E. Blats, Newberry.
Corpl. Andrew A. Kilgore, Tacoma
Park.
Private John T. Brown, Clinton.
Private John H. Buist, Spartanburg.
Private Joseph B. Cooley, Columbia.
Private Frank P. Grey, Atlanta, Ga.
Private Joseph H. Keith, Bath.
Private David D. Kirkpatrick,
Union.
Private James S. Hines, Clinton.
Private James W. Nelson, Clinton.
Private Jlidward P. Redish, William.
Private Henry L. Simons, Newberry.
Besides all the non-commissioned officers
and privates, I hope all the commissioned
officers of the First South
Carolina regiment will write me at once,
as it is important and necessary for
them to file additional papers with the
war department before they can receive
settlement.
I will appreciate it if all the county
papers in the State will copy the names
of these gentlemen and ask that they
write me at Oolumbia, S. C., in order
that the ex-soldiers throughout the
State may knov the status of their
claims. Respectfully,
W Rnvd T?cans.
A Good Law.
We call attention o the following
extract of an act of the Legislature forbiding
the killing of certain birds: "It
shall not be lawful for any person in
this State to wantenly shoot or entraf
for the purpose of killing or in any
other manner destroy, any bird whose
principal food is insects or take or destroy
the eggs or young of any of the
species or varieties of birds that are
protected by the provisions of this section,
comprising all the species and
varieties of birds represented by the
several families of bats, whippoorwills,
fly-catchers, thrashers, warblers,
finches, larks, orioles, nut hatchers
woodpeckers, humming birds, blue
birds and all other species and varieties
of land birds, whether great or small,
of every description, regarded as harmless
in their habits and whose flesh is
unfit for food, including the turkey
buzzard, but excluding the jackdaw,
crow, black bird, eagle, hawk and
owl which prey upon other birds.
Any person violating the provisions of
this section shall on conviction therof
forfeit and pay a fine of ten dollars or
be imprisoned not less than ten days,
which fiue, if imposed, shall go onehalf
to the informer. Provided that
no person shall be prevented from protecting
any crop of fruit or grain on
his own lands from the depredations
of any birds herein intended to be protected."
Coming Nearer
The surgeon general of the marine
hospital service has been informed that
the bubonic plague has appeared on the
island of Cozmel, off the coast of Yucatan.
It was brought there from Brazil.
Quarantine officers in Mexico, in the
Gulf States and in Cuba and Puerto
Kico have been directed to observe
strict quarantine.
rASSES THIS ttUUSJi.
The Porto Rican Tariff Rushed
Through by Republicans.
A HOT DISCUSSION.
Intense Interest on Floor and
Galleries During Roll Call.
Sick Men Brought in
to Vote.
The Porto Rican tariff bill, amended
as agreed upon at the conference of Republicans
on Monday night, so as to refVio
tarift -frnm tn In r\*r
""V WW***-. *1V*U VV 1?*"
of the American tariff and limiting its
life to two years, was passed by a vote
172 yeas to 161 cays in the House on
Wednesday. Six Republicans, Messrs.
Crumpacker of Indiana, Fletcher of
Minnesota, Littlefield of Maine, Lorimer
of Illinois and McCall of Massachusetts,
voted with the opposition
against the bill, and four Democrats,
Messrs. Davey and Myer of Louisiana,
Devries of California and Sibley of
Pennsylvania, voted with the Republicans
for the bill. In addition, Mr.
Warner, (Rep.) of Illinois, was paired
against the bill with Mr. Boutelle
(Rep.) of Maine for it. Two other Republicans,
Mr. Lane and Mr. Farris of
Indiana were absent and unpaired.
They wers understood to be against the
bill. Four Democrats who were opposed
to the bill, Messrs. Fleming of
Georgia, Small of North Carolina,
Smith of Kentucky and Stallings of
Alabama were absent and unpaired.
Other pairs for the bill were: Gibson
ol Tennessee, Reeves of Illinois, Boutelleof
Maine, Harmer of Pennsylvania,
Bailey of Kansas, Shelton of Michigan,
Wadsworth of New York, all Republicans,
with Tate of Georgia, Sparkman
of Florida, Fox of Mississippi, Bellamy
of North Carolina, Uox of Tennessee
and Epes of Virginia, -Democrats,
all against the bill. Herculean efforts
had been made to get out the full vote
and this led to some remarkable incidents.
Six men were brought from
beds of sickness; two of them from hospitals.
There was great excitement throughout
the roll calls, which were followed
with eager interest by thousands'of
Bpectators who packed the galleries
to suffocation. The Republicans indulged
in a demonstration of wild jubilation
when the final result was announced.
Immediately after the reading
of the journal, the clerk began
reading the bill for amendments under
the five minute rule. When section 3
was reached Mr. Payne, chairman of
the ways and means committee, offered
an amendment reducing the tariff
from 25 to 15 cents and limiting the
operation of the bill to two years.
Mr. Berry of Kentucky said the
amendment proposed petty instead of
grand larceny of the people oi Paerto
Rico. He ridiculed the laborious debate
through which the house had
passed over the question of what the
"United States" meant under the constitution.
Mr. De Armond of Missouri called attention
to the peculiar language of the
substitute. The words "coming into
the United States," he said, were
plainly intended to evade the constitution.
But he argued that the "murdering
of the queen's English" and the
"violation of the canons of language"
cot Id not make it constitutional.
31 r. Sibley of Pennsylvania announced
his intention of voting for the
bill. * But Puerto Rico, he said, was a
mere incident to the broader proposifinn
blVUi
'"The emergency," iiterrupted Mr.
Williams of ''Illinois, "is not in Paerto
Rico but in the politics of the Republican
party. (Democratic applause.)
Mr. Sibley?You have located the
politics on the wrong side. (Republi
can applause )
Mr. Williams?It is pretty, hard to
locate you. (Laughter.)
Mr. Sibley replied that as he had
said before,'his seat could be considered
constructively on the Republican
side. Continuing, he said that if it
was established that every foot of territory
owned by the United States was
on an absolute equality then he W38 opposed
to the whole policy of expansion.
If the inhabitants of the Philippines
could compete with American production
and American labor he was willing
to give the archipelago to Aguinaldo.
Mr- Hepburn of Iowa said that the
treaty by which Puerto Rico and the
Philippines became ours could never
have been ratified'without Democratic
support.
Mr. Carmack of Tennessee suggested
that the Democrats had voted to ratify
the treaty because they believed in tke
assurance of Republicans, Mr. Hepburn
among them, that the Philippines
were to be retained only temporarily.
Mr. Hepburn indignantly denied that
anybody speaking for the Republican
party had ever offered such an assurance.
At this point Mr. Cummings of New
York threw the house into a furore of
excitement. He described hew he believed
it to be the duty of every man in
a great crisis to rise above party and
support the government as he had done
duriDg the Spanish war. "I believe
now he should follow the lead of this
principle." said he, emphatically, "and
I will vote for this bill?."
This statement electrified the house.
The Republicans, without waiting for
him to finish his sentence, rose en
masse and cheered while the Democrats
sat stunned and daisd. Mr. Cummings
wMfli arm nnrftisp.d until the Re
D tUUU fTAVW "
publican applause ceased.
"I will vote for this bill," he continued,
addressing the Republican aide,
"provided it is amended in accordance
with the advice of the president for absolute
free trade with Puerto Rico." It
was now the turn of the Democrats to
cheer and for several minutes they
made the rafters ring. The excitement
and confusion increased as the time for
the voting drew near.
The vote of the final passage of the
bill was 172 to 161. fhe announcement
was greeted with unrearious applause.
iraizuj AaxxiAvair *
Two Persons Killed and Several Others
Wounded,
The blizzard prevailing in Missouri
last week caused a fatal railroad accident
near Kansas City on Tuesday
night, Feb. 27.
The fast St. Louis day express, due
to arrive in Kan3as City at 5:45 this
evening was delayed by a freight tram
which struck in a snow drift two miles
south of Independence, Mo., about 12
miles out of Kansas City. The St
Louis local passenger train, running
forty minutes behind the fast express,
came on through the blinding storm
and crashed into the express train ahead
the engineer haying failed to see the
danger signal which the first train had
sent back. Such was the force of the
collision that the parlor car in the rear
of the first train was literally cut in
two. When Engineer Frank Raymond
and his fireman escaped from the
wreck they crawled out through the
windows of the parlor car.
Fire added to the horrors of the
wreck, coals from the furnace of the
shattered engine having fallen among
the debris of the splintered coach, and
soon the whole wreck was ablaze. Two
or more persons were burned, it is believed.
A list of the dead and injured
so far as known follows:
Mrs. J. Q-. Schmidlapp, Cincinnati,
instantly killed: body recovered.
Unknown woman, body consumed in
wreck.
Injured:
J. G. Schmidlapp, Cincinnati, will
recover.
Miss Schmidlapp, Cincinnati, scalded
will lose sight both eyes.
Mrs. J. Q-. Balke, Cincinnati, mother
of Mrs. Schmidlapp, badly scalded, eye
sight lost, but may recover.
W. R. Vaughn, Cincinnati, newspaper
reporter, scalded and right arm
crushed, amputation necessary.
L. F. Sheldon, Sedalia, assistant superintendent
telegraph Missouri Pacific
painfully scalded.
Brakeman Frank McAfee, St. Louis,
badly bruised.
Mrs. Elizabeth Peters, Kansas City,
scalded.
Mrs. Elizabeth Lee, Cincinnati,
scalded,
William Kost, a farmer, who came
from his nearby home to assist the imperiled
passengers, is quite sure that at
least three women were burned in the
wreck. When he reached the car,
flames were crackling through the splintered
woodwork at one end, while at
the other a cloud of blistering steam
was belching from the locomotive,
which had ripped the coach open from
end to end. On every side were men
and women crying for assistance.
The body of one woman was jammed
in the roof of the burning coach and
that it was not reached by the rescurers
according to Mr. Host. The body
of another woman was consumed in
full view of the passengers who gathered
about the wreck. Mr. Bost and
others reached into the burning debris
and tried to drag her out, but she was
pinned under heavy wreckage. Mr.
Host says the young woman was afipab*"
ently dead as he reached her~iland and
there was no response to Tiis efforts at
rescue.
t
FIGHT OVEfi TWO FUGS.
Mexicans and Americans Honor Washington's
Memory With a Tilling-; i
A special to the Chicago Tribune
from Guaymas, Mexico, says: On
Washington's birthday a shootiDg
affray occurred.at Pilares de Tierra, in
which three Americans and five Mexicans
were killed. From accounts it
appears a freindly feeling had existed
at Pilares and in order to do honor to
the United States it was arranged on
February 22nd to raise the flags of the
two republics together on the flag staff.
The Mexicans had charge of the affair
and raised the American flag above
the Mexican, to the complete satisfaction
of the Americans, but when the
Americans showed so much appreciation
of the act the Mexicans found
they had made a mistake and decided
to lower and rehoist the flag3 with the
Mexican flag on top.
Then the Americans declared such a
transaction would be an insult to the
American flag. Superintendent Danforth
told the Mexicans they would
1 A- -1 J. T-- T- - ? - J.T 1J
nave iu suuoo mm ueiure mey uuuiu.
haul down the American flag. It was
held that the flags should have been
hoisted properly in the first place.
The Mexicans were about to mob
Danforth when Cbarles Hogsett, who
was with the rough riders in Cuba, interposed
with a six shotter in each
hand. Firing from both sides immediately
ensued and Hogsett was instantly
killed. John Evans and Dick Lea, two
other Americans were mortally wounded.
But the Americans held the flag
pole and both flags fleated throughout
the day.
Five Mexicans were killed and the
dance which was to have followed was
a failure, as no Mexicans attended, and
there were less than half a dozen Americans
in condition for dancing.
The Silled and Wounded.
The British will no doubt in the end
conquer the Boers, but they will pa7
very dearly for it. A dispatch from
London saya the rapidly growing casualty
lists are being classified as quickly
as possible. They show that up to
Wednesday morning the total number
of casualties was 12,834, of which 2,319
were added during the last fortnight.
The casualties are ciassinea tnus:
Killed l,9y3; wounded 6,838; missing
3,173; disease 830.
Frozen to Death.
Robert Brigham, of Reem's Creek,
N. C., was found by police in Asheville
frozen to the ground with hia
horse standing near by. Brigham was
still alive when found and was taken to
the Mission hospital and given immediate
attention, but died without regaining
consciousness. He was about sixtyfive
years old. Thomas Taylor was
found frozen to death near Marion, N.
C., Sunday moming. He was drinking
when last seen alive.
: v..-.. . .. .C-V
il DUIiHi jUlOiiOXJCiXV.
General Cronje Surrenders His
Gallant Little Army.
"WAJUBA HILL AVENGED."
The Brave Boer Commander
Overwhelmed by an Army of
Forty Thousand Men
Strikes His Colors.
A dispatch from Paardeberg to the
British war office at London from Gen. ? :j;
Roberts, dated Feb. 27, says: "General
Cronje and all of his force capitulated
unconditionally at daylight and
is now a prisoner in my camp. The
strength of his force will be cemmunicated
later. I hope that her majesty's
government will consider this eyent
satisfactory, occurring as it does on the
anniversary of Majaba."
The following is Gen. Robert's dispatch
in fall to the war office:
From information famished daily to
me by the engineering department it
beoame apparent that General Cronje's
force was becoming more depressed and
that the discontent of the tioops and
the discord among the leaders were
rapidly increasing. This feeling waa
doubtless accentuated by the disap- 0
pointment caused when the Boer reinforcements
which tried to relieve Gen.
Cronje were defeated by our troops on
February 23. I resolved, therefore, to
bring pressure to bear,upon the enemy. Each
night the irenches were pushed
forward to the enemy's laager so as to
gradually contract his position and at
,the fame time I bombarded it heavily
with artillery, which was yesterday materially
aided by the arrival of four
6-inch howitzers, which I had ordered
ud from DeAar. In carrying out these
measures a captive balloon gave great
assistance by keeping us informed of
the disposition and movements of the
enemy. At 3 a. m. today a most dashing
advance was made by the Canadian ;
regiment and some engineers, supported
by the First Gordon High- _
landers and Second Shropshires, resulting
in our gaining a point some 600
yards nearer the enemy and within
about 80 yards of his trenches, which
our men entrenched themselves and
maintained their positions till morning, _
a gallant deed, worthy of our colonial
comrades, and which I am glad to say,
was attended by comparatively slight
loss. "
"This apparently clinched matters,
for at daylight today a-letter signed by
General Cronje in which he.stated that
? 15 ? 11?
ne surrendered dncondiuuD&uy was ,
brought to our outposts under flag truce.
"In my reply I told General Cronje " ^||
lie must present himself at my camp
and that his forces must come out of
their laager after laying down their 7?
arms. By 7 a. m. I received General ;.|y
Cronje and dispatched a telegram to
you announcing the fact. In the course
of conversation he asked for kind treatment
at our hands and also that his
wife, grandson, private secretary, adjutant
and servants might accompany
wherever he might be sent. I assure^
him and told him his request
woula^Hcomplied with. I informed
him that a^neral officer would be sent _ .
with him to Capetown, to enable his
beiDg treated witnv?c?pcr respect en
route. He will start ibw afternoon
under charge of Major GeneHiPrettyman,
who will hand him overtosite
general commanding at Capetown. '
''The prisoners, who number about
3,000, will be formed into commandos "
under our own officers. They will also
leave heie today, reaching the Hodder
imii f Amnrrnm n?Vlon th?V Vll! Kflrailw]
11 T Vi VUVJ ffM* WWw ? ?- .
to Capetown in detachments."
The above dispatch was read in both
the house of iordb and the house of
commons today. The reference to the
conditions evoked mnch applause.
REJOICING IN LONDON. ^
- The surrender of Gen. Uronje caused
great rejoicing in London and other
parts of England. "Ma jaba avenged,"
"Uronje surrenders," '"Great British
victory." These are the expressions
being shouted all over London, yet
there are few outward signs of'the natural
joy t&at Lord Roberts' dispatch
has really caused. The capitulation of Gen.
Cronje had been looked upon as
almost as a certainty for a week past
and now that it has come enthusiasm
finds itself discounted by anticipation.
The magnificent success of "Little
Bobs" is almost overlooked in the fact
that it synchronized with the anniversary
of Ma j aba hill and wiped out a
a dishonor of many years' standing.
BATTLE OF ilAJUBA HILL.
In order that our readers may understand
the reference in the above dispatches
to Maiuba Hill we will state
that nineteen years ago last Tuesday
the famous battle of Majaba Hill was
fought, in which the British force under
Gen. Colley, was utterly routed
and practically annihilated by the
Boers, under Gen. Joubert, who is now
so stubbornly disputing Buller's ad- ; ?
vance towards Ladysmith. The famous
disaster to the British arms is recalled
with especial interest at this
time, in view of the conflict nojr proceeding,
in which British and Boers
are again joined in what is probably the
final struggle between them in South
Africa.
A Family Tragedy.
Joseph Glenn, farmer living near
Bluefields, W. Va., killed hiu daughter
-- 3 V?? Iahah am/? fViAn />nf kto Aom
aLLU lie I IUiCX auu lugu vuu mo uwu
throat Wednesday afternoon. He had
forbidden Albert Marsh to call on his
daughter. On returning he found
Marsh in the parlor with hei. He ordered
Marsh to leave and uuon his refusal
began shooting at him. Ellen . - ?
Glenn sprang in front of her lover and jm
received the charge in her throat, dying r
instanly. The second shot killed
Marsh. Grlenn then cut his own throat.
Just Couldn't Help ItAllen
Harper, a white man. of Darlington
couaty, 70 years old, has been is
the penitentiary 14 years, servin* a
sentence of 22 years for horse stealing.
He made a personal application to the
governor for a pardon. On being asked
why he stole the horses he replied,
"Well, I jast couldn't help it I learned
to steal 'em in the Confederate army."
His case is under consideration.
? ".--sU- '-.V
.

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