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W)L LIV, WINNSBORO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. MARCH 21, 1900. , , NO. 31 v; |
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* "IN HiS STEPS."
I A Christian Daily Paper at Topeka,
I Kansas, for a Week.
REV. MR SHELDON IN CHARGE
Slang'or Sensational News,
The New Editor Writes His
Ideas of Christian Daily
A dispatch from Tokeka, Kau., sajs
when the Rev. 0. M. Sheldon came to
The Capital office Monday morning at
7:45 he first proceeded to open a stack
of ietteis on the business managers
desk. Next he held a conference with
I the memWs of the staff of The Capital
and instructed them as to'the work of
I the day. No special assignments were
| made, but all reporters were told to
avoid the use of slan&.
"You must not use the word Fop in
reference to a certain political party,"
said Mr. Sheldon. "The wordmnst be
^ spelled out in full, 'Populist'"
Mr. Sheldon selected as the mo3t important
article to appear on the first
page of to-morrow's issue one dealing
with starving India. The article quotes
k letters from several preachers in the
i Congregational ist, the Advance and the
f> Outlook on the need of help. Mr. Sheldon
introduces the article with a signed
statement appealing for the aid for the
starving and showing that a contribution
of 5 cents will feed a starving fam
[ ily for a day. "The War Spirit" is the
j. - second article of importance on the first
page, and it deals with the barbarities
of warin general. "Prohibition Tested"
is the third article on the first page.
Kansas State officers are quoted on the
subject Gov. Stanley and former Govs.
St. John, Humphrey and Morrill'declare
> that prohibition at its worst is better
| San license at its best. Under the last
I large head on the first page is an app
peal from M. M. Banner, secretary of
the Young Men's Christian association
at Denver, for contributions for a home
for consum ptivea in Colorad o. This ap_
pe*l is printed without comment from
Sir. Sheldon. The second page of the
paper is given up to editorials, the third
to the telegraphic news of the day with
all sensations cat oat, the fourth to j
local news, and the fifth to contribute
article? on religions topics. This prayer
appears on the editorial page under the
head, "A Morning Prayer and Ilesolve
by Bishop Vincent:"
. 4iI will try this day to live a simple,
sincere, serene life, repelling every
thought of discontent, self-seeking and
anxiety, cultivating magnanimity, selfcontrol
and the habit of silence, practising
economy, cheerfulness and helpfulness;
and if I cannot in my own
^ stength do tliis, or even with a "hope of
success attempt it, I look to thee, 0
' Lord, my Father in Jesus Christ, my
?3jjU)nr, and ask for the gift of the
^ ^Jjllowing is Mr. Sheldon's leading
T)j?amKa? tV,o rtronura nf TKfl
VUW VII MV*v v*
Topcka Daily Capital asked me to assame
entire charge of the paper for one
week and edit it as a distinctly Christian
daily.' I have accepted ihe invitation
on condition that I receive no
financial compensation, and that a
share of the profits be used for some
benevolent work, and named the week
beginning Tuesday March 13, 1900, as
the week for the experiment. With the
hearty co-operation of every person
connected with the paper and with the
help of the wisdom that 1 have prayed
might be given me from him who is
wiser than any of us, I shall do the
best I can.
0"lf a thousand 'iiJereut Christian
men who wished to edit Christian dailies
should make an honest attempt to
do so, the result might be a thousand
different papers in very many particulars.
In other words, these Christian
editors might arrive at different con
CJ USIiUiiS iu liUC mb^iyiCMkViVu Vi nunv AW
^^Christian. It is, of course, the farthest
BBTr.om my purpose to attempt to show
|fV>V a dogmatic way what is the one
gpf^hing that Jesus would do ia every
f^foase. ->The ouly thing I or any other
W: Christian man can do in the interpretation
of what is Christian in the conduct
of this paper is to define the term
'Christian' the best that can be done
after asking for divive wisdom and not
judge others who might with equal desire
and sincerity interpret the probable
action of Jesus in a different manner.
i With this understanding of the conduct
of the paper this week I will Btate
in. part its general purpose and policy.
i_j "First?It will be a newspaper. The
word 'news' will be defined as anything
~ AVAnfa t.Tiof: nnK.
ill tuo TfOJ'Vi .uawj w * VUWJ wuuti vuv
lie ought to know for its development
v and power in a life of righteousness. Of
^necessity the editor of this paper or of
-? any other with this delinition of 'news'
will determine not only the kind but
the quantity of any particular event
that ought to be published. The importance
of one kind of 'news' compared
with another kind will also determine
the place in the paper in which the
matter will be printed. If it seems to
the editor that certain subjects representing
great causes that belong to the
profondest principles of human life are
the most important, they will be given
the first page of the paper, whether
they are telegraphic items or not It
gk-might easily become the settled policy
^cf a permanent paper similar to this
to consider the detailed accounts of
unusual battle.as of less importance
jto the reader than an account of the
usual daily destruction being caused by
"liquor. The first page of The Capital
will contain what seems to the editor
to be the most vital issues that affect
-? _T_ -1 .
fiumanuy as s waow.
"Second?The paper will be non-partisan,
net only in municipal and State
politics, but also in national politics, I
do not mean to say that a Christian
daily cannot be partisan. This is simply
my interpretation of 'Christian' as applied
to this part of the paper's life.
"Third?On the liquor question the
paper will advocate prohibition of the
whole liquor business from Maine to
California and all around the globe. By
prohibition I mean the total extinction
of the curse of making, selling, buying
and drinking intoxicating liquors; its
extinction by legal enactment, by personal
total abstinence, and by every
form of State, homes, church and school
; education that Christians can devise,
j '"Fourth?The great social questions
I of the age will be given prominence.
The selfishness of mankind in every
form of greed, commercially or politically,
will be considered as of more
serious consequences to us as a people
than many other matters which too
| often engage the time and attention of
4'Fifth?The paper will declare its abhorrence
of war as it is being waged
i today not only in Africa, but in the
Philippines and everywhere else.
"Sixth?On the matters of 'finance1
or 'tariff' or 'expansion' or matters of
public concern which have to do with
i x-l _ J:*.
t measures oi tins cnaracier, me cuuor i
has personal opinions which may or
I may not be voiced in this paper. IP he
gives expression to them it will be in
I no dogmatic or positive maimer, as if
I he knew what the whole Christian truth
was concerning them. In regard to
many of these questions, I do not know
what is the Christian answer to them.
, In regard to others, my study of them
j has not yet resulted in convictions that
! are strong enough to print. I do not
: wish to declare through this paper a
palicy concerning certain political
measures which are not clear in my
''Seventh?The-main purpose of the
paper will be to influence its readers to
seek first the kingdom of God. A nation
seeking the kingdom of God first of all
will in time find right answers to all
disputed questions and become a powerful
aad useful nation.
"Eighth?Editorial and other articles
written by reporters will be signed by
the writers. The exceptions will be
small items and such local and telegraphic
news as in its nature does not
require signature. There will be no
Sunday paper, but instead a Saturday
evening edition suitable for Sunday
"I wist to take this opportunity to
thank the many friends everywhere
who have sent me words of encourgement.
It has been impssible for me to
answer them personally. I also wish to
express to the most of the Christian
correspondents who have sent me as
surance of their prayers for this week's
work my deep acknowledement of the
source of whatever strength I have felt
in preparing for a task which lies beyond
the reach of and merely human
effort. May God bless the use of this
paper to the glory of His kingdom on
the earth. * "Charles M. Sheldon."
ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND LIVES
Is What the Spanish-American War
Cost this Country.
"The Spanish-American was has cost
this eonntrv 100.000 lives.
This statement was made to a Savannah
Morning Neiys reporter by
Health Officer Brunner. When asked
to explain what he meant by his apparently
very extravagant statement
Dr. Bmnner said that he did not refer
to the several thousand soldiers, who
were killed in battle or died of wounds
and disease in camp and hospital daring
the war, nor particularly to those
who has succumbed since being mustered
out, from diseases contracted during
their service in the army.
"I mean," he said, "that the war has
.jsulted: in the deaths of that number
more than would have died otherwise
by reason of the dissemination of infectious
diseases, some imported from
tropical countries and others engendered
by the assembling together of large
numbers of men in camps under unsanitary
conditions. Every army camp 1
proved a centre of disease which had 1
disastrous effect upon the community 1
in or near which the camps were situated
and the seeds of which were af- :
terwards scattered to other commuaities.
'The encampment of the troops at
Savannah was a mistake from a sani- 1
tary standpoint," said Dr. Brunner.
'"Ihave no desire to see another such
encampment here. The sanitary con- |
dition of the camps here was undoubt- :
edly good and the men enjoyed better [
health, perhaps, than at other camps,
but the effect upon the health of the :
community was bad.
"When I came back here from Cuba :
last spring," said Dr. Brnnner, "I was ]
astounded at the heavy death rate 1
which had prevailed during the several I
preceding months. I could account for !
this on no other basis than that it was 1
due to the presence of the troops. This (
theory was confirmed with the depart- 1
ure of the troops from Savannah. As
the troops departed the death rate de- ]
creased and by summer it was down 1
to normal again. The mortality fig- 1
ures for Savannah for the first five 1
months of 1899, taken without expla- 1
nation, make a poor showing. The fig- 1
uers for the remaining months of the !
year compare favorably with the figures
for previous years." 1
Bodies Brought Home. 1
The bodies of three enlisted men of
the Second South Carolina regiment, U.
S. V., who died in Cuba, have- at last
been delivered to their nearest kin and ,
buried in their native soil. Soon after .
his arrival from Cuba >ith his regi- ;
ment. Col. Wilie Jones set to work to
have the bodies of those of his men who
died in that country removed to their
native soil for burial. The three men ,
of this regiment who died in Cuba were:
J. A. Eptmg, Pomaria. Co. L; R. N.
Mac Kay, Ridgeway, Co. L; Thos. S.
Trivett, Virgil, N. C., Co. F. Cel.
Jones says says: ''These poor soldier
boys died in camp, near Habana, of ,
fever, contracted in that hot country,
and were three of the best soldiers in ,
the regiment." Theii bodies have been ,
received by their friends and buried at
their respective homes.
Drew Lots to Kill GoebelA
dispatch from Frankfort, Ky.,
says: A letter received by State's Attorney
Robert B. FrankHn says that
Bransfield Bertram, sheriff of Breckinridge
county, who recently died of
pneumonia, revealed on his deathbed a i
plot of which he had knowledge to
murder William G-oebel. According !
to the story twenty-five men drew lots ;
to determine who should do the killing.
Twenty-five beans, twenty-four white
and one black, were placed in a box
and each of the twenty-five men drew a
bean. The man getting the black bean
agreed beforehand to kill the Democratic
aspirant for governor.
CHANCE FOR BRYAN
Mr. 8ayne Tells How the Republican
Party Lost Its Grip.
PORTO RICAN BILL DID IT.
The Georgia Editor Thinks the
Democrats Can Knock the
Grand Old Party Out
of the Bex
Several months ago Mr. Ohas. J.
Bayne, editor of the Augusta Herald,
went to Wa9hington.and since then he
has been writing letters regularly to his
paper. Up to a very recent date Mr.
Bayne in his letters predicted that the
Republican party would have a walk
over in the next presidential campaign
but recently be has changed considerably,
and now'Beems to think that the
Democrats have the best chance. The
fact that Mr. Bayne is a Palmer and
Buckner goldbug, and is on the ground
at political headquarters, makes his
opinion valuable. Writing from Washington
under date of March 14 he says:
"It may be safely asserted that never
before during a period of equal brevity
has there been such a shifting of great
national principles. It has been a formtive
period, and the tfhole country realizes
that issues are now being developed
which are to furnish the slogans of future
contests between the two great
parties?the only two parties which
can ever be worthy of the name and
* ? i . . # i4 i;
position ot a distinctive lacuonaimm.
4*1 have previously fcndeavored to
trace the disintegration of the old party
lines, with side lights drawn from
the respective attitudes of "the men
who control" in tbe Democratic a*ad in
the Republican ranks. I have tried to
show that whereas at one time it was
a disgrace for a man to go to the polls
and openly, boldly vote the Republican
ticket, the common sense of the country
has so far prevailed against silverism
and many other measures closely
identified with the demo-populist platform
that the greatest good to the greatest
number of patriotic Americans is
now their paramount consideration.
Factional lines have But little to do j
with the situation.
4''These thoughts are inspired by a
readjustment of so-called party lines
now going on which cannot fail to attract
attention?which, indeed, will
form the basis of the contests in politics
for many years to come. Fortified
by its friendship, recently expressed in
statutes, towards the gold standard,
and secure in its advocacy of expansion
as the "manifest destiny" of a
humane people?not to speak of . the
commercial advantages to bo derived
from securing the-markets of the Orient
for our ten cents cotton?the Republican
party had a walk-over.
"But we may as well be candid
among ourselves. While one party
may have as much to redeem it as the
other, the blunder _of imposing a tariff
on the products of .forto JKico bas dis-1
rupted the Republican party. There
are no milder terms which will adequately
convey the meaning. It has
caused a hurrying to and fro at the
white house, where private consultations
are held. It has alienated a
great many of the strong friends of the
administration and jeopardized the
middle west and northwestern states,
who want free trade. It has done
more than that. It has made it
distinctly a question whether the present
"powers that be" can carry the
liA month ago it would have been
more than folly to ask who would be
the nominees of the respective parties.
Perhaps it is still fully to doubt that
McKinley will be the unanimeus choice
of the people who have placed him in
power. But the disruption to which 1
have referred is growing, nevertheless, :
and there are good grounds for assuming
that ex-President Harrison, incarnation
that he is of the Force bill,
which is a red rag to the Southern bull,
may yet become a factor in the conven- <
tion to be held by the Republicans in :
Philadelphia next July. He has stated
in plain terms that it is our 'plain
duty,"?to quote Mr. McKinley?to
give free trade to the Porto Ricans,
and in departing from the terms and
provisions of the constitution we have
departed from right principles, as he
'The gum of it all is that the Republican
party has lost the cinch it had
a few weeks ago; that the Porto Rican
tariff, imposed at the behest?the command?of
the sugar, oil, tobacco and
rum monopolies of the country has
split the Republican party in twain
aod that the breaking up of party tiss
which hitherto has been chiefly on the
side of the democratic partyj now
marks the transformation of the other
camp, and no man knows what will be
the result. Charles J. Bayne.
Shoots a Doctor.
A dispatoh from Richmond, Va.,
says news reaches there of the shooting
and probably fatal wounding at White
Plains, 'Brunswick county,' Sunday
morning, of Dr. W. H. Temple, by
Rev.' J. E. Riddick. The latter is a
wellj known Methodist minister and
claims that Dr. Temple, who was attending
his wife as her physician, had.
insulted her. Riddick was arrested
at once and lodged in Brunswick
jail. Temple ^vas shot in four places.
The Spartanburg Herald says: "Rev.
J. E. Riddick, the principal referred to
is well known in Spartanburg, iie is a
graduate of Wofford College, was a
classmate of Mr. J as. Cofield, of
this city, and during his college days
was identified with the most cultured
element of this city."
correspondent of the Evening Post,*
writing from Manila under date of
Feb. 2, says: "When Gregorio del
Pilars body was found American soldiers
stripped it of every bit of clothing,
taking the rings from the fingers and a
locket from the neck. Not a stitch of
any kind was left on tfte body everything
being taken for souvenirs. For
two days the body was left by the roadside
uncovered until its ordor was offensive
and some Igorrotes were ordered
to oover it with dirt. Among the
things taken were his watch, money, a
gold and a diamond ring."
HORRIBLE FAMINE IN INDIA.
Scarcity of Water and Food and Cattle
Dying by Thousands.
To the Editor of The State:
Allow me through the columns of
your valuable paper to call the attention
of your readers to the terrible
famine that is now affecting our fellow
beings in India. Giving to the absolute
failure of the crops, there is a condition
of destitution and wretchedness, involving
millions of the population, such
as India has never known. There is a
scarcity of water as well as food, and
as the cattle are starving by thousands,
there is produced a situation, horrible
The government has started a system
-of relief work which, by the end of
March, will cost $19,200,000. At present
about 4,000,000 persons are obtaining
assistance from this source. About
22 000;000 persons io British territory
and 27,000 000 in the native states,
making 49,000,000 in all, are now beaffected
by the famine. The relief
secured by government works is barely
sufficient to sustain life, and even this
reaches but a small-per cent of the
population. At least 40,000.000 of
. j .l:U
iamisrnng men, womeu auu cuuuicu ?ju
entirely dependent upon the help sent
them from abroad. Bat beside these,
are more than 100,000,000 in other sections
who will be affected more or less
by the terrible famine.
Oueof the missionaries to whom we
have been forwarding relief funds
writes Jan. 4th: "Many of the people
have deserted their homes, and droves
of them, haggard, hungry and distressed,
stroll from T>lace to place begging
for a little food * * * * I
never saw anything so awful "as the
suffering of the starving. I shall never
forget the groans I hear. The people
are mere skeletons and are dying fast.
Oh! if the people of America who are
blessed with abundance could see, and
to some extent realize the great and
urgent need ef these starving millions,
they would surely do something for
their relief." Another writes: "I feel
sometimes that I would never laugh
again when I see the suffering and the
people dying. Who can describe tho
suffering, woes, tears and groans which
result in the lingering death of multiplied
millions? * * * * The
sharp, cruel paDgs of starvation are
prolonged through weeks, and even
months before death comes to their relief.
Go where you will, scores of
starving natives are seen wandering
about the country seeking food."
This condition of things will grow
worse as the months go by, as there
can be no crops raised before the close
of the year 1900. The missionaries inform
us that two or three cents a day
will save a human life.
I earnestly appeal to the citizens of
Columbia tO'hetd the heart rending call
of these starving, perishing millions,
and send them promptly out of their
abundance, what relief they can.
1 am sure that it would be pleasing
to God, if the pastors of the different
churches would brine this matter be
fore their congregations at an early
day, at some convenient opportunity.
I have made arrangements to remit
promptly all contributions that may be
left at my office, to perfectly reliable
missionaries in three sections of the
famine district in India, who will prudently
and wisely distribute the funds
to the best advantage.
John M. Pike,
Way of Faith office,
1104 Taylor Street.
AN INFURIATED D2VIL.
Norwegian Murders His Wife, a Little
Girl and Stabs a Woman.
^ * TIT 1 1? _ A. TIT _ L
Ufliast weanesaay at nasmagiou,
D. C., in a paroxysm of inexplicable
rage or possible insanity OJof Pallesob,
a Nowegian, stabbed and killed his
wife Josephine, murdered little Julia !
Hengesbach, the 3-year-old daughter
of Charles F. Hengesbach, a mail carrier,
and murderously assaulted the
child's mother, Mary Hengesbach,
Wednesday afternoon in front of his
home, 1121 Twcnty-fonrth street, northwest.
Mrs. Hengesbach now lie3 near the
verge of death at the Columbia hospital
with seven stab wounds in her
body, inflicted by the infuriated Norwegian.
Palleson narrowly escaped being
stoned to death at the hands of a
rvf mtizens which congregated
about the scene of the killing, and only
the prompt arrival of the police prevented
him from being roughly handled
by the people.
The motive for the crime is not definitely
known. Ihe only key to the situation
is furnished by the man's 4-yearold
son, who told a policeman that his
father had been sick and that his
mother tried to get him to take some
medicine and that he got mad.
Palleson struck his wife with his fist
while they were in the parlor. She immediately
ran out and Palleson followed
her into the front yard, where
he stabbed her near the heart, killing
her almost instantly.
Mrs. Hengesbach was in the house
with her child to have some dressmaking
work done when the trouble occurred.
and as soon as she saw what
had taken place she called for help.
This angered the man and he mad6 a
lunge at her, but, missing her, stabbed
the child, who died some time afterwards.
Mrs. Hengesbach snatched up
her child in her arms and started to
?? ' ^ -i ^
run. one naa aimoss reauueu. me dinner
when Palleson overtook her and
stabbed the helpless woman frightfully
on the arms, face and breast. Palleson
is 35 years old, and a painter by trade.
Sentenced to be Hungr.
John. M Warn pier was sentenced at
Gladeville, Va., Wednesday to be
handed for killing William Jenkins at
Norton, Va., three weeks ago. Wamp!er
is a leading busines man of that section
and Jenkins was a prominent
A Irirnrdnm for a cure .
You need not pay so much.
A. twenty-five cent bottle ofL. L. & K.
Will drive all ills away.
See ad. and try it?never fails.
A HUT TIME.
Not in the Old Town, But in the
United States Senate.
\N EXCITING SCENE.
Thp Disrnc^inn r\f Quav Rill
Causes Bad Blood, and Compliments
*' by Senators.
"I assert most emphatically that
when the senator s3ys I told him I
should not-speak on this subject, he
does not state the truth."
This was the sensational retort made
in the United States Senate Thursday
by Gallinger, Republican, of New
Hampshire,.to a statement jast mide
by Mr. Penrose, Republican, of Pennsjlvania,
who was seeking considera-tion
of the Quay resolution.
Senators were astounded, and the au
ditors it ihe galleries quivered with. excitement.
There had scarcely been the
slightest intimation that the debate
would take such a turn. For nearly
three hours the senate had under discussion
the bill appropriating $2,095,000
for the benefit of the people of
"I do not know whether I do speak
the truth," hotly replied Mr. Penrose,
or whether the senator from New
Hampshire failed to tell me the truth."
M^r. Gallinger retorted that the whole
proceeding of Mr. Penrose was unmanly
and beneath his notice. Here is the
incident in detail:
Mr. Penrose pleaded for a few minutes
in order to make a statement, and
when this was granted he asked that
Via Tpsnlntinn in regard to the seating
of Hon. M. S. Qaay as a senator from
Pennsylvania be taken up, saying that
he was satisfied there were senators
who were seeking an opportunity to so
delay a resolution as to render it impossible
to secure a vote during the
present session. He continued by saying
that while other important matters
demanded attention the fact must not be
lost sight of that the great State of
Pennsylvania was being deprived of its
just right of two votes upon the floor of
the senate. The question must be decided
in the high tribunals of the consciences
of senators or upon the low
plane of politics, which had in the past
characterized such proceedings. As he
took his seat Mr. Penrose cast his eyes
in the direction of Mr. Gallinger, asking
that a time be fixed for a vote and
remarking: "I look squarely at those
who are creating these obstacles."
Mr. Gallinger rose and stated quietly
that he had been trying for six days to
get an opportunity to speak in opposition
to the Quay resolution, but had
;bee? prevented by other business.. He
} atilf*' desired to speak and he knewmany
othei senators who wished te be
To this statement Mr. Penrose re'
died that Mr. Gallinger had told him
that he did not expect to talk on the
Quay matter. "He may have changed
his mind," Mr. Penrose continued,
"but he most emphatically then told
me that he wonld not speak."
Mr. G-allinger was on his feet before
Mr. Penrose concluded. "I assert
most emphatically," he said, "that
when the senator says I told him I
should not speak on this subject he
does not sta'3 the truth." He went on
.to say that Jlr. Penrose had come to
him in an "imperious way" and asked
him whether he intended to ask to be
heard, and that he, (Gallinger), had
told him (Penrose) that he was not entirely
decided as to whether he would
A* WAf "
D^taa. ui uuu
"I don't know whether I do not
speak the truth or whether the senator
from New Hampshire failed to tell me
the truth," was Mr. Penrose's response,
but he was, he said, very confident of
of his position.
To this Mr. Gallinger replied that it
was "unmanly and beneath his notice."
Mr. Hoar then came forward with a
proposition to fix a time for a vote, and
the two senators who were party to the
heated colloquy said no more on the
subject. There was objection to naming
a date, and Mr. Hoar postponed his request
Here is the latest story of the man
who is too stingy to take his home
paper: "A man who was too economical
to take this paper sent his little
boy to borrow the copy taken by his
neighbor. In his haste the boy ran over
a $4 stand of bees, and in ten minutes
looked like warty summer squash. His
I. i _ j? xi v
cries reacaea ais raiuer, wuu rau tu ma
assistance, and failing to notice a barbed
wire fence, ran into that, breaking
it down, cuttiog a handful of flesh
from his anatomy, aDd ruining a $4
pair of pants. The old cow took advantage
of the gap in the fence, and
got into the cornfield, and killed herself
eating green corn. Hearing the
racket, the wife ran out, upset a 4-gallon
churn full of rich cream into a
basket of kittens, drowning the whole
flnek. In the hurrv. she dropped a $7
set of false teeth. The baby, left alone,
crawled through the spilled milk and
into the parlor, ruining a brand new
$20 carpet. Duiing the excitement the
oldest daughter ran a*ay with the
hired man; the dog broke up eleven
setting hens, and the calves got out
and chewed the tails off four fine
6hirts."?Kansas City Journal.
Seryed Them JELigkt.
"Here is another illustration," remarked
one of the officials of the operating
department of the Seaboard Air
Line recently of the fact "that persons
who persist in throwing stones an^
other missiles at moving trains must
sooner or later come to grief. "The
case in question is one that' occurred
last December. The conductor on one
of our vestibulcd trains reported a
widow light 'broken out by a stone
thrown into the train. It is likely that
few railroads in the country are as per
sistent as the Seaboard Air Line in following
up such miscreants, and this
case which started with, barely no evidence
at all, has just -wound up in
court proceedings before Judge Bu-;
chaaan at Laurens, S. C., with the result
that three negroes, Joseph Ball,
Thornton Boyd and J. Leak, respectively,
were proved guilty of this charge,
and sentenced to two years in the South
Over Four and p Half Million in Cotton
Mills This Year
The record of South Carolina in the
matter oi the projection of new capital
in cotton mills since Jan. 1 can no
longer be classed merely as wonderful;
it is phenomenal, and indeed it is to be
doubted if there has ever been such a
spurt in any industry during the same
length of time in the world.
Surely the cotton mills are coming to
the cotton fields. They are being
moved from thier old nests, but the
people at home are building them and
puttiDg their money into them.. The
rate at which cotton mills are being
established in South Carolina just now
means that the State is in the midst of
an industrial revolution the like of
which has not been known in the history
of the State. The cold figures,
officially recorded, in the office of the
secretary of state, tell the tale more
forcibly than it can be presented in any
other way. They show that South Carolina
at her present break-neck pace
will rot be long in standing at the
forefront of the manufacturing districts
of the country.
Taking into consideration Thursday's
new mills, and the fact that there have
been 10 Sundays since Jan. 1, the daily
average of capital put into cotton mills
since the opening of the year is very
nearly $71,000. On Wednesday the
papers filed in the office of the secretary
of state showed $300,000 put in
new mills; Thursday the jump was a
greater one, .being "$450,000, making
very nearly a million dollars of new
cotton mill capital in two days. This
drives up the total capitalization of new
mills since Jan. 1, including the Easley
mill, chartered a fev days ago, to the
stonishing total of $4,525,000, over
four and one-half million dollars, j
Thursday's official record was as fol
lows: A commission was issued to the (
Iceman mills of McColl, Marlboro ,
county, the capital rof. which is to be (
$200,000. The corporators are F. P. .
Tatum, T. B. Gibson, A. W. Morrison j
Charles Iceman and A. K. Odom. ,
Then a charter was granted to the ,
Alpha cotton mills of Jonesville, Union ]
county, capitalized at $100,000. The (
officers are W. L.- Littlejohn, prsidenfc, j
and J. J, Littlejohn, secretary and j
treasurer." The Anderson Yarn and ,
Knitting miUs filed with the secretary |
of state notice of the increase of its .
capital from $50,000 to $200,000, and }
the changing of the name of the concern
i r* ! it e ?
to tne .tuversiae Manufacturing com- (
pany. TJiis means $150,000 of ne?/ j
capital. If the compaDy continues in (
the knitting business it will perhaps x
have the largest knitting mill in the [
south.?The State. ;
KNEW HTJfllAIf NATURE. j
Hqw Lawyer Hackett's Insight Stop- *
' ? <y' .1 n-'j f-'- I -? * r '-> ' l
ped a Fooliah'LawsTiit- ?~
A good lawyer learns many lessons i
in the school of human nature, and 8
thus it was that Lawyer Hackett did ^
not fear to purchase'a tract of land s
which had been "lawed over" for t
Some of the people wondered why he a
wanted to get hold of property with 0
such an incubus of uncertainty upon ?
it. Others thought Jthat perhaps he
wanted some legal knitting work, and j
Would pitch in red hot to fight the line
fence question on his own hook.
That's what the owner of the ad- a
joining land thought. So he braced
himself for trouble when he saw Hack- v
ett across the field one day.
Said Hackett: "What's your claim c
fioro jnrwau aq tn this;
"I insist," replied the neighbor,
"that your fence is over on my land ?
two feet at one end and one foot at r
least at the other."
"Well, replied Hackett, "yon go a
ahead just as quick as you can and set ?
your fericc over. At the end where j1
you say that I encroach on you two
feet set the fence on my land four feet. !
At the other end push it on my land *
"But," persisted ihe neighbor,
"that's twice what I claim."
"I don't care about that," said Hack- ,
ett. .'There's been light enough over f
this land. I want you to take enough *
so you are perfectly satisfied, -and then j"
we can get along pleasantly. G-o ahead *
and help yourself."
The man paused abashed. He had 0
been ready to commence the old strug 13
gle tooth and nail, but this move of ?
the new neighbor stunned Mm. Yet
he wasn't to be outdone in generosity. *
He looked at Hackett. 1
"Squire," said he, "that fence ain't 1
going to be moved an inch. I don't ^
want the land. There wan't nothin' in f
the fight, anyway, but the principle of 1
the the thing."?Lewiston Journal.
His Proper Place.
A few days ago Franklin J. Mosea i
was arraigned in the district court at c
Boston on the charge of larceny, s
Thirty years ago Moses was a Republi- i
can scallowag and during the recon- 1
struction period held the office of gov- t
ernor of South Carolina. Ee svas a c
conspicuous figure in the army of north- c
ern adventurers and scoundrels, who t
came south at the close of the war for f
purpose of plundering a helpless people j
and having acquired the habit of steal- c
ing, it appears that he was unable to i
shake it off. After the overthrow of i
- * i n .i n i? i_
carpet-Dag -rule in ooutn uaronua -ue i
went to-Massachusetts where he has i
since led a very checkered and unenvia- t
ble career, figuring in numerous dis- r
graceful escapades. He ia now, how- t
ever, in tae hands of the law for steal- c
ing, and it is te be hoped he will be I
sent to the penitentiary, which is the t
proper place for him. - I
Money in Electricity. J
In a recent address before the Montauk
club, of Brooklyn, Charles W.
Price stated that over $300,000,000
had been invested in electric lighting s
in the United States and that the total I
horse power required iti the electric S
lighting of Greater Xew York was not d
less than 200,000 horse power, and that 1
in the last thirteen years since the birth (
offche electric railway there liad been 1
an expenditure of more than $1,700,- r
000, and that now any one could travel I
by electric cars frcm Paterson, N. J., d
via New York, to Portland, Me., with t
only three insignificant interruptions I
which collectively amounts to less than a
fifteen miles. I
lull jaVAAUAi} UI I? "?
An Officer Tells of the Terrible Times
During Spion Kop Battle. ^
For real ghastliness, for a glimpse
into the gory realities of war and the
horrors of battlefield the private letter
of a young British medical officer at
Spion Kop printed in the London Daily
Graphic, can scarcely be beaten. "I
selected a pass," he writes, "overhung
by steep clay banks on the top of which
I got up a Red Cross flag. Cases ?now
began to pour down from Spion Kop on
stretchers. The Boers opened fire on
us, and three bullets went into the fire,
knocking the sticks about. The reason
for this fire was not the Bed Cross flag,
but owing to some Tommies who were
strolling over to it, either to take cover
there or to see what we were doing.
I promptly ordered them away. A few
minutes after Boers let fire five shells
in quick succession in my direction,
but they fell short and did no harm.
This, sort of thing went on round me
for the rest of the day, but I always
kept well in the shelter of the bank.
"From this time till 10 o'clock the
next morning the wounded came
through my dressing station, as the
pass was the only exit from the hill. I
saw every case and some of them were
mutilated beyond description.
"Fully 330 wounded and dead who
had died on the way passed through
my hands. The cheerfulness of the
wounded struck me as remarkable?
men with shattered wounds smoking
their pipes, and although starving, not
a grumble did I hear. Many a poor
chap shot in the morning in the front
trenches who could not be reached, lay
in the blazing sun all day. One old
colonial in T^horneycroft's, with a gray
beard, walked down leaning on his ;
rifle; he was a mass of wounds?one
ooi> />nf fmn<tVi Ktt <? Vmllof. ilia aliin
Deck and chest also shot through, by :
others, and his back and legs torn by
shell. He came in and said he just
Iroppea in to let me take his finger oft, i
is it was so shattered he could not pull
the trigger of his rifle as it got in the
w*j of the next finger, which he could
ise, for he wanted to get back up the
[rill to piy the Dutchmen out. Of
jourse I would not let him go back. The
Dullet wounds are beautifully clean,
just a little round hole and as a rule do
aot do much damage, as they often go ;
ihrough the bone without shattering it,
ind they don't bleed much. The shell
wounds are hideous.
"It was frightfully dark aud I put
)ne of the lanterns on a stick as a di ecting
light to my pass; one of a group
>f soldiers returning to the hill tried to
un away with-it and I would have lost
t only I snatched up a rifle from a
rounded man and shouted I would
ihooOiiin if he did not bring it back,
le dropped it and ran away, and it
eent out; but I got it again." Shortly
iter this both lanterns went out and I
lad a,'pretty bad time, as the pass ?ften
got-blocked with, JwoundficL:- J?itally
1 could send no more wounded t
.cross the drift and had to stack them a
pith the dead in rows on the grass. I t
ollested all the wounded officers on (
tretchers around me and gave them
>randy and a hypodermic of morphia.
"The morning light began to dawn
bout 4:30 and lit up the ghastly faces ^
if the patients around me. My men
iow got a fire ready and got some more
ieef tea and coffee, and I had some myelf,
the first meal since my dinner the
lay before, and after giving the woundj
an rnkll t oanf f ^am ati fvla i
U 2UUIC dO nci^j X vu^ui VIA VMV ^
mbulances across the drift. - ^
"Commandants Botha and Burgess, v
rho were the Boer generals, came now
n the scene, the former, who was the
hief general, was a smallish, thin man, .
rith yellowish beard and hair and had
magnificent rifie, carved with his r
lame and a text from the Bible. He
iad a couple of mounted kaffirs, carryog
his ammunition and water bottle, Jj
nd an interpreter. Ho seemed, howver,
to understand English, though *
ie refused to speak it, but now and
hen said 'ccrtainly,' 'certainly.' There"
rere quite a number of German officers.
! heard one of them had been killed. *
?hey let our men search the dead for ?
heir identification cards, letters and
aoney. It was veiy sad to see the
hings we found in their pockets?love
etter, Christmas cards, little pocketiooks
with accounts, half finished let- =
n l i? i l T> 1 J.J I
ers, several 01 ine uoers nauueu m
ittle things they found?a check for
Os, a purse with money, etc. Some |
I the officers had trinkets round their
Leeks. One poor chap had a locket
rith a spray of white heather and we
lad to cut his name of his shirt and
>in it to the locket as a means of idenification.
I am sorry to say that a
tumber had had their finger cut off to
;et their rings, but the Boers said that
hey did not see who did it, and were
Will Be CompletedThe
State capitol is to be completed
n accordance with the terms of the act
f the general assembly. The commision,
of which the members of the sinkng
fund commission are members, met
Diursday and it was not many minutes
>efore it was almost unanimously de- s
tided to proceed under the act,v the t
inly vote against it being that of Sena- i
or Mower, who holds that the sinking I
nnd commission occupies- the same s
>osition as a trustee. The presentation t
>f a little law in concise forn^ by Attor- t
ley General Bellinger convinced thenembers
that the sinking fund com- g
nission was not a trustee, but is the J
ninisterial agent of the real trustee, c
he general assembly, and as .such had c
to right to question the act's validity, j
rat could only do what the trustee or- t
Lers it to do. Thus -the stumbling i
tlock was rolled from the path, and t
he joint commission ?ot down to the c
rasiness in hand, taking the first step a
owards the commencement of the s
Fork.?The State. , 1
????????? - /j
Young Peffer Commit Suicide. e
t M?f v n:t.? \i?
A uispaicu iiUiil X\iiU9<t3 Vivjr, iU.U., J
ays J. Sherman Peffer, son of the
Ion. W. A. Peffer, former Ui-ited
states senator from Kansas, was found
iead in bed in a^rpoming house in East c
Sight street- Wednesday afternoon. \
)n the bureau was found a box that c
tad contained- morphine and a note f
eading; Father I don't like to do what 1
! am doing but I am tired." In the i
lead man's pocket were fcand several t
ypographical union working cards, r
le wa? about 30 years old and was a S
i linotype operator. He was not t
:nown to be despondent. c
Extinction of the Boer Republics
Demanded by the Troops. v
The Boers Profess Satisfaction
With the Conditions. They
Say the British Shall Never / .
The British war office officially announced
tie following Wednesday , afternoon:
' 'By the help of God and the
bravery of Her Majesty's soldiers, the
troops under this command have taken
possession of Bleemfontein and the
British flig now floats over the presidency,
which was vacated yesterday
evening by Steyn."
Delarey, the Boer commandant, wires
that in his battle Saturday the British
force was estimated at 40,000. The fam/\n
a ^ awa* fit A
luvuj u uaiug viigauwj uuv uvnvi vx waw
British army, were under Colville in
the fight. The^first assault was repulsed,
only two Boers being wounded.
The second assault was made on the
hills to our left. These hills were_ of .
great strategic importance. Appreciating
this, I and 300 men defended the
position from 9 o'clock in the miming-~
until sundown. The burghers fought v 1
like heroes. and three .times repulsed
the massed British, who kept relieving
their tired men. Erery , attempt to
storm was defeated. At sundown there were
not fifty yards between us. The _
British lost heavily. A later dispatch
says the British lost seventy killed
and three hundred wounded, . '
A dispatch from Pretoria says the _
reply of Lord Salisbury was ^received
there Wednesday. The publication of '
the dispatches of the two presidents
caused a great sensation here. The
cr0nA73l strtininn ia fliaf +Via nraaiiianhi
selected the right moment to make suggestions
for conclusion of pence. The
federal forces are content with the excellent
results. The British have'suf- - r
Eered tremendous losses.
A dispatch from London says the
soldiers, of Roberts1 army hailed with
joy the report that Lord Salisbury had > . refused
any overtures for peace except
mconditional surrender. The men
'eel that they have broken the enemy's
strength, after tremendous efforts and
lardships and the loss of many oom ads
and they demand as revenge the
ltter extinction of the Boer republics.
The New York Journal prints this
rhich it says came as a special from
Pretoria, Tuesday via Berlin, Wedneslay:
1 "The burghers will only ceaie
ighting with death. Oar forces are
eturning to our.first line of defenee on
>ur own1 soil. .The NataL campaign
?as longer in our favorthan_we expectd.
IChe British wijl never reach Pre' . oria.
The burghers, Steyn, Joubert ,nd
myself as well as all others an
mi ted. There are no differences.
rod help us. "Kruger."
ONE KILLED. 052 WOUNDED.
i Pemteniary Guard's Desperate *ncounter
Tuesday morning five convicts, all
iegToes, made a desperate effort to
verpower and kill the one guard who
ras with them?Mr. Abe Harling?Mid
scape. The guard after a straggle
rith his assailants killed one of them;
rounded another and prevented all but ne
from escaping. The story of the
fair is thus told by one familiar with
Early yesterday morning Guard
larling, with five convicts, was sent to >
ome land near the city rented by the
lenitentiary from Mr. J. M. Roach.
[heoonvicts carried rakes for the par*
>ose of cleaning off grass, and other
hings from the land. They worked .
long very well and nothing unusual ^
iccurred for some time. The guard ?
ras standing close with the convicts,
riien one of them made a quick move
rom the rear and throwing his arms
,bout the guard's body pinioned his ,
,rm3 to his side. Another convict
lamed Houghton took away the guard's *
!un and all of them Had rakes upraised
eady to disable or kill the guard and
scape. Houghton tried to work the.
;un, but failed, not knowing how to:
landle it It was his intention to
hoot the guard, who was in the meanime
struggling with the conviet who
Lrst caught him.
The qther negroes took a hand in the
pine too, and some of them struck the
;uard with the rake, but though outlumbered
and being considerably used
ip he made a great fight In * the
itruggle he suoceeded in drawing his
nstol.rand he shot Houghton dead. ^ - '
Dhe other convicts began to scatter
md run when the guard, again securng
his gun from the dead negro,
voened fire on the fleeing convicts.
3ne, Dave Barton, lie winged under - .. ,
.he arm and he gave up. Two others
earing they might receive a bullet, w'
lalted and surrendered. Another,
iwifter than the rest, ran on, and
hough several shots were fired at him
le sacceeded in escaping. Guard Haring
rounded up his captured convicts
md took them back to the peniteniary.
The body of the dead convict
ras also taken there.
Houghtovhas always been a bad*n%jo.
He escaped from the gang in
Edgefield some time ago and was resaptured
in Aiken. This cans has been
ioing this work on that particular
>iece of land and it is supposod that
hey made their plot to escape the
light before. Guard Harling was not
>adly hurt by his experience. No set
if convicts will hardly ever make
mother plot against hjm. _ under
imilar circumstances. The corofter
leld an inquest over the body of the ^
lead negro Tuesday afternoon and
izonerated the guard from all blame in
he matter.?The State.
Will Fight to the End.
A dispatcfyf?t4 President Kruger
iated Pretoria, March, 13, 8 p. m.,
ia Berlin, eaysr^^Jhe burghers will
inly cease fightMg'with death. Oar
orees are returning in good order to *
ine of defense on our own'soil. The __ . "r
s'atal campaign was longer in our favor
,han we expected, Tlie British will " .
lever reach Pretoria. The burghers ?4 - 5teyn,
Joubert and myself as well as all
he others are united. There are no
lifferences. God help us."