f Ik VOL LIV, WINNSBORO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. APRIL II, 190a NO. 35
- - ? _ ? .-rrrrrr
PORTO RICO BILL
Passes the United States Senate
by a Majority of Nine,
IT WAS A NOTABLE DAY.
Senator Mason Furnished Argument
and Amusement. 8enator
tor cf Speaking Falsely.
Tnesdtv of last week wss % notable j
day in the United States Senate. It
brought to a close the sharpest and
most prolonged debate upon any measure
8irce?thoBe discussed during the
memorble ^ar congress," t*o years
ago. At 4 o'clock Tuesday afternoon
- - the votes were begun, upon the Porto
Bicas. tariff and the civil government
bill and the pending amendments, and
. in less th?n an hour later the measure,
about which thero lias been so much
contention in and out of congress, was
passed by a majority of 9, the final
vote being 40 to 31. Only committee
amendments were adopted. The particularly
notable speeches of the day
were delivered by Mr. Mason of Illi|
bois, in opposition to the measure, anc
.by Mr. Foraier of Ohio, who.e plied to
t brief speech by Mr. Wellingtoa of
Maryland. It was the Ohio senator'*
desire to clear up any misunde rstan'dioz
or misinformation concering the
Mr. Mason spoke in fa\ or of the resolution
of Mr. Wellington, which offers
independence to tne Filipinos, and
against the bill proposed by Mr.
Spooner of Wisconsin, conferring authority
upon the president to govern
the Philippines until congress should
otherwise do it Incidentally he op
Dosed the tariff proposed to be placed
on Puerto Rican products. He was op I
posed to holding the Philippines,
cause under the law of nations we have
not title and never can have complete
title except by conquest of the inhabi-.
tants. 1 do not wish the 9,000,000
Filipino* for citizens. I do not wish
them for slaves. If we govern them
they must either be citizen .or serf.
Whether they labor as our citizens and
equals before the law or whether they
labor as our political slaves, their labor
oompetes with the labor of our country,
and I am opposed to that. . I am for
expansion. I voted for the annexation
of Hawaii, but would never have sent
( 65,000 men there to compel them to
accept our flag. In other words, I am
I ' against taking any territory by con!
? quest against a friendly people, and
f ? agiiinstrtaking any territory that brings%
cheap class of labor in free and open
competition with the class of men and
? T -v - i-i r_
Women wao uv iue iiuuc iu <.ma wuatry.
He declared that if it was treason
Jk to oppose a war of conquest, to' lift unjust
taxation, to conter upon a struggling
people the blessings of liberty, to
protect the laboring men and women of
'this country, then he: was guilty. Ho
said that only by amending the consti
tution could a tariff be levied against
the people of part of ths United States
to prevent their trading with the rest of
- the United States. *T b<?g you," he
appealed, "to count the cost of suoh an
amendment" Speaking of the fever of
war which he said was upon, the administration.
Mr. Mason said: "But a*
we approach the hour .when we must again
appeal to the judgment of70,000,- .
?00 people and the fires under the pots
of patronage are burning low and t&e
! dangers; ofdisappearing postofficea appear
"to us like a hideous nightmare,
the hour of convalescence approaches,
and we shout to the laboring people of
.f the county, '.No, no. It is a mistake.'
We have sacrificed the money and the
lives of the people; we have abandoned
the faith with, the fathers for land, but
we will abandon it all. rather than forsake
the political partisan doctrine; and
we. are saying on both sides of this*
chamber^those who have believed in
the permanent government of theFhilippine
iblands?that if our permanent
sovereignty there means the takicginto
this country, in competition with our
labor, products of the people there, we
will abandon this kind of expansion."
Discussing the powers of congress under
the constitution as interpreted in
: the light of the provisions of the pending
bill, Mr. Mason said "Thecon
atituuon says you cannot mase a tine
of nobility, bat we ipply that only to
the States, you understand. The distinguished
senator fro a New York
(Depew) can be the Bake of Ponce, and
not violate the constitution; the distinguished
senator from Indiana
(Btfveridge) the prince of Puerto Rico;
and the distinguished lawyer who
sought to defend this bill upon an un
constitutional ground (Spooner) can
at least demand the tittle of the lord
chief high duke of the checker board
' somewhere ia the Philippines, that
ihey may sit in judgment upon the 1
lavs and upon the people. (Laughter).
Does the constitution say you cannot
make a title of nobilky ? Yes Does it
go to the outside temtor> ? No. Then
you can make titles of nobiiity then.
L , "God help the man who in November
T ' 4.1_ _ 1_
piajs tuat gauie.
Mr. Culberson of Texas then spoke.
It was his first speech in the senate.
He characterise the bill as uindefensible,
"morally, economically and con||k
V Tbe order for 15 minute speeches or
less tben went into effect. Mr. Clay
of Georgia was the firet speaker. He
pointed out alleged inconsistencies of
the suporters of the pending bill. The
original measure was diametrically
opposed in its provisions to the pending
bill, providing a3 it did for a territorial
form of govern meat. It was
also in keeping with the president's
message for tin president had not only
declared for free trade, but he had also
tafepn . Tinnition for a territorial form
of government. "We have been told,"
said Mr. Clay "that the president has
changed his mind, but as for myself
fche president can have but one attitude."
He recognised no message from
the president that w&3 not offioial, and
therefore regarded the president favorable
to free trade with Puerto Rico
regardless of the assurances of sena
>'. * tors and the speaker of the house.
However, the lUpublieaa party was
making such rapid transformations
that he did not feel justified in accepting
Mr. Depew's suggestion to get on
the band wagon. Indeed, it did not remain
in one place long enough to permit
one to get aboard if so disposed.
Mr. Teller entered his protest against
the pending bill, fie would vote
against it, because the United States
ought to treat the people of Puerto
Rico as it was proposed to treat those
of Cuba. He believed congress, had
ample power to legislate for the Puerto
Ricans under the Pari3 treaty. "If we
had a colony," he said, "we could give
its people either a tariff or free trade."
Mr. Wellington of Maryland, opposed
the pending measure, although he said
he has stood ready to support the first
bill presented to the senate upon the
subject. That bill he regarded as just
AnnctitntirtTiftl. ^'Rnfc." he .said.
OUU VVUow?ik?*v?.. f t
"the legislative monstrosity now before
us trangresses every principle of
national honor, patriotism, good faith
and justice. Iam compelled therefore
to part from my' colleagues on the Republican
majority and. vote against
Mr. Foraker explained that the
changes made in the' bill had been explained
again and again. The necessity
for the measure was beyond quibble.
"Did that necessity," inquired Mr
Tillman, * "change the poliliiial status of
the people of Puerto Hioo from citiiens J
of the United States to citizens of j
Puerto Uico?" j
''No," answered Mr. Foraker. "That I
was not the reason. The reason for
that change was the opposition of
Democratic senators. They maintained
that'the conferring of citiien&hip of
the United States upon the people of
the island was a practical extension of
tht constitution over the island."
" VIII ?tl.nn nannrfMl frt tilp
XUO Uill WU UUCU AVj/U* ?rv
senate, the amendments were,agreed to I
sad on an aye and no vote it was passed
by a vote of 40 to 31, a majority of
Following is the detailed vote on the
Yeas?Allison, Bakeri Bard, Carter,
Chandler, Clark, (Wyo ); Cullom, Deboe,
Depew, Fairbanks, Foraker. Fos
ter, Frye, Gailinger, Gear, Hmna,
Ransbrongh, Hawley, Jones, (Nev.);
Kean, Kyle, Lodge, McBride, McComas,
McMillan, Penrose, Perkins,
Piatt, (Conn.); Piatt, (X. Y ); Pritchard.
Quarles, Ross, Scott, Sewell,
Shoup, Spooner, Stewart, Thurston,
Wetmore and Wolcott?40.
.Najs?Allen,.. Bacon, Sate, Berry,
(Montana). Clay. Cockrell, Culberson,
Daniel, Davis (Rep ), Harrison, Heitfeld.
Jones (Arkansas), Kenney, Lindsay,
McLaurin, Martin, Mason (Rep.),
Money Morgan, Nelson (Rep ), Pettns,
Proctor (Rep ), Simon (Rep.). Sullivan,
Taliaferro, Tillman, Torley, Vest, Wellington
Just before the senate adjourned a
ensational episode occurred, in which
?** *. Wolcott of Colorado accused ftlr.
Lodge of Massachusetts of uttering that
which was ""unqualifiedly false." The
difficulty arose over an effort made by
Mr. Lodge to have the Spooner bill
made the unfinished business. This
involved the displacement of the Qaay
case, and the friends of the former
senator from Pennsylvania made things
exceedingly lively for half an hour.
A BEKA&KABLX CASS.
List of Articles Taken Out of a Man's
surgeons of the John's Hopkins
hospital in Baltimore had a remarkable
stomach case on Thursday. A young
man was placed on the operating table,
iand before he had left it his. stomach
had been emptied, through the abdominal
wall, of the following articles of
diet: '.* .4\
One pocket knife.
Two screw eves.
One small staple.
Twenty-five grains of ground glass.
Forty-nine tacks. '
Seventy-two nails, iron and wire,
measuring from ooe to one and onehalf
inches in length.
Nineteen wire nails four inches long,
with large heads.
Seven knife blades?one about threequarters
of an inch wide.
Nine horseshoe nails, four inches
Eight screws, two and one-half inches
Four brass watch chains, with
catch* s and stays.
Twelve and one-half feet of threeeighths
inch iron chain.
The youog man, Arthnr Shutt by
name, who will survive the experience.
bad extreme difficulty, when he entered
the hospital, in persuadiag tht surgeons
that his stomaoh carried any such
load. 'Sis earnestness, however, and
growing symptoms of nausea, finally induced
them to operate. From the
medical standpoint interest centers
entirely in the ability of the human
stomach to carry such an extraordinary
burden, but Shutt's own story possesses
exceptional qualities. He was an amateur
"magician,!' and had considerable
success owing to his cleverness in palm '!
In hi? performances the young man
was foolish eaoixgh~-to contend that he
made no use of coat sleeves or other
parts of bis clothing in making objects
disappear. Some medical students, before
whom he exhibited, doubting his
alleged supernatural power, proposed
that he perform while stripped of his
ciotdmg. sncts maciy asseniea.
Brought to bay in the nude, the ''magician"
found that he had but one alternative
to confessing that his art was
merely slight of-hahd. That was to
paid the objects handed to him into
his mouth and shallow tbem. He
ohese the alternative, and by skilful
work succeeded in swallowing the entire
mass of junk without affording the
spectators the slightest suspicion of its
whereabouts. He gained their enthusiastic
applause as being a second Heddmann.
This was done a week ago Saturday,
and it is extraordinary that
Shutt was not inconvenienced enough
by the stomaohache to be driven to the
hospital until the next Tuesday, and
then it took two days for him to convince
the surgeons that they were not
being imposed upon. The list of arf
ticleB listed above was carried in hia
stomach, therefore, five days. Shutt
- I_.vi.J_II ii
seems a remarsaoie leiiow, even n ma
claims to supernatural poweru be desied?Springfield
' - \ -
ALMOST A RUCUSS.
Two Kentucky Representatives
Face Each Other in the House.
A SPICED WORDY DUEL
Republican's Second Thought j
Probably Prevented Serious
Trouble. The Blue Crass
There was an exciting scene in the
house Wednesday as the climax of a
discussion of the Kentucky situation
when Mr. Wheeler, a Kentucky Democrat,
and Mr. Pugh, a Kentucky Republican,
faced each other from opposite
sides of the main aisle and indulged
in a wordy dael. Mr. Pugh charged
Mr. Wheeler with misrepresenting certain
facts. He was laboring under
great excitement. Mr. Wheeler showed
admirable temper and though quick to
resent the fancied insult awaited the
disclaimer of Mr. Pagh. There was an
air of suppressed excitement throughout
the debate. It was the first time
the subject had been broached in the
house and intense interest was manifested.
The fencing was sharp and
brilliant. The following is the incident
Mr. B jreing of Kentucky, who followed
with a general political speech,
aroused jgeneral interest by discussing
the Kentucky situation. Holding the
light of civilization before the world as
the United States were doing, were we.
he asked, willing to see the torch of
liberty extinguished at th? birthplace
ot Abraham Lincoln and the home of
Henry Clay. So far as the Goebel
election law of .that State was concerned,
he said, the people of Kentucky would
be glad to change places with Puerto
Rico or Hawaii. Tbey were not asking
for federal interference, they were asking
simply for a fair election law. He
gave notice that if necessary to get rid
of the Goebel law he WDuld ask for the
passage of the federal election law.
"I will not appeal on behalf of the
coioreu race ui ui iiuc j/?ity,"
said he, 4 "but for a general election
law which will enable the federal courts
to reach out and determine the validity
and constitutionality of the eleotiou
laws of the several Srates."
Mr. Wheeler of Kentucky replied in
a fiery speech. He admitted that the
situation was humiliating to every
Kentuckian but had hoped that it
would not be ventilated hero. He eulogized
the Goebel election law. _ He
would not contend that the dominant
party had sot taken advantage of its
power in districting the State. It had
done so, following the tactics of the
dominant party in most of the States.
The threat of a federal election law,
he said, was used to terrorize the Democrats.
Mr. Boreing disclaimed any intention
of theatening the Democrats, but said
the law mu3t be repealed.
4'It will saver be repealed," retorted
Continuing, Mr. Wheeler said that
"all the fuss was beiBg kicked up in
Kentucky by fellows who were trying
te hold offioe in defiance of the courts
whose mandates they refused to obey."
Mr. Wheeler then became involved
in the controversy with Mr. Pngh.
"The election commission did not
declare Taylor governor of Kentucky,"
said Mr. \Vh3eler. "They said that on
the face of the returns he had the ma
jority. bat that it bore such unmistakable
evidence of fraud that if tkey had
the right they would go behind it and
kick him out, as the legislature did."
"I do know that some of them tried
to pave the way for the contest," replied
Mr. Pugh, hotly, ''that was afterwards,
waged on partisan lines in the
legislature to the disgrace of our commonwealth
and to the disgrace of you
as a citiaen thereof. (Applause on the
"That is the gentleman's opinion,"
retorted Mr. Wheeler sarcastically. 4'I
would rather be disgraced, Mr. Chairman,
at any time by taking my lot with
the Democrats of Kentucky tl*an to be
identified with the men who took the
life of Gov. Goebel of that State."
(Applause on the Democratic side )
"Are youquite certain that the men
who took the life of Goebel could not
oe carried to your own ranks rather
-. ? - D ui:_ XT
losn lu i>ue uepuuuvt'i uoiuj m ucutuoky?"
asked >lr. Pugb, livid with
excitement, amid derisive laughter on
the Democratic side.
*\Nobody believes that," shouted
some one on the Ddtnoeratio side.
"Do you say nobody believes that?"
asked Mr. Pugh, facing the Democratic
side. "Was not a more bitter contest
waged against Mr. Goebel in that State
by his own party than was waged in the
Republican ranks? Was he not denounced
more from every stump in the
Slate of Kentucky by Democrats than
\ Mr. Wheeler?That is true, Mr.
Chairman. (Applause on the Republican
side ) It has been the fate of
every great man who was true t? the
interest of- the people, to incur the implacable
hostility of hireling:) and corruptionists,
it matters not where he
has been. (Applause on the Democratic
side.) And the worst element of
the Democratic party did assail him,
but thank God he received 192,000
votes, 30,000 more votes than were ever
given to a Democratic candidate for
governor in Kentucky before. That
shows whether or not he was close to
the people of the State of Kentucky.
Mr. Pugh?How many votes did Gov.
Mr. Wheeler?That is a question,
that noboay but the Republican leaders
and God Almighty will ever know, in
my opinion. I decline to be interrupted
Mr. Pugh?If you will only state the
Mr. Wheeler?The gentleman certainly
does not mean to insinuate that
i state anyttucg else.
Mr. Pagn continuing?If you will
state the facts. Yes 1 do state that
when yon state that the Kentucky election
law is identical with the Ohio
election law, that you utterly misrepresent
Mr. Wheeler?I say it is similar in
all lespeots aad identical in many. Bo
I understand the gentleman to say my
statement is false?
Mr. Pagh?If yon mean that to be
true, I say speaking advisedly, I will
use a milder term and say that you
greatly misrepresent facts. I do not
say you intentionally do it, and 1 must
attribute it to a lack of knowledge.
Mr. Wheeler?I want the gentleman
to be a little more careful in what he
says in this matter. I do not care to
have the gentleman insulting in his remarks.
1 hope it is not so intended.
Mr. Pagh?Surely you do not take
it in that way. It is not so intended.
Mr. Wheeler?I did not think so.
Having accepted Mr. Pagh's di3
claimer, Mr. Wheeler then reviewed
the history of the whole controversy,
step by seep, and declared his readiness
to abide by the decision of the court of
last resort in the gubernatorial issue.
In conclusion Mr. Wheeler assured
the members who had crowded about
during the exoitement and the packed
galleries that there would be no bloodshed
THE JAJJITOR SKIPPED.
The Custom House Liquor Case Becomes
The Special Agent of the Treasury
Department that was sent to Charleston
to investigate the charge that contraband
liquor was stored in the United
States custom house, ha* been doing
his duty faithfully. In faqt so faithfully
that James O'Brien, the janitor
of the custom house resigned and skipped
for parts unknown. He will be
carried back to Charleston and forced
to tell what he knows about the stor
iog of liquors m tne custom nouse
This decision has been reached and
O'Brien will be arrested, if the depart
ment of justice can place its hands upoo
him. In order to arrest him, the department
has seat oat instructions to
j postmasters, requiring them to report to
the department the thereabouts of
O'Brien if he can be located by the
postoffioe address. The authorities
seem determined to find O'Brien and
make him ca9t additional light on the
violation af the custom house rules and
regulations, which 0 Brien has assumed,
it is said, for the protection of
those high in authority. The investigation
is proceeding and Special
Agent Macatee, assisted by the district
attorneys, will soon reach the bottom
of the case, when his report will
be forwarded to Secretary Gage and
an important and interesting announcement
can bo expected.
That is & remarkable state of affairs
developed in the Charleston custom
house by the search of the buildiog by
the State constables and the United
States inspector, says the Anderson'
Mail. Plenty of evidence was found
which pointed to the fact that the
custom house was being used as a
warehouse by "blind timers'" to store
their liquor in, and it points irresistibly
to the conculsion that the oollec
tor of the port and other officials there
were lending themselves to the "blind
tigers" to aid them in violating a law
of the State. It is a shameful piece of
business and reflects anything but
credit on these officials. Charleston
has been notorious for her disregard of
a law of the State but it almost stag
gers belief that high officials, sworn
officers of the United States government,
should attempt to screen lawbreakers.
And what a "toney" official
the government has there in the person
of that fellow who has to have fifteen
gallons -of rum every three weeks
for bathing purposes. It is as much as
most men can affored to pay the water
rents for bathing purpose? but this
fellow can afford to bathe in rum at
$5 or $6 a gallon. His carcass must be
a precious one. Tke United States
government ought to have a thorough
cleansing out of that Augean stable.
But will it do it? We shall see.
Why He Left.
A dispatch from Athens, Ga., says
the experts appointed to examine the
Athens Exchange bank have completed
| their investigations of the books of the
bank and find Benedict, the cashier
i mlin dixnrutrwl cs>tr?ral *CT1
I nuv WV < V* M4 vw
I over $11,000 short. It will be remembered
tbat the last stea of Benedict
was at Greenville, 3. C. An hoar or
| so after he arrived there on Tuesday
afcernoon. Msy 23 last, he walked oat
of the Mansion house, where be had
registered, as if to go to a livery stable
to make arraDgements for a team to
| carry him to a neighboring cottoa mill
This was the last seen of him. His
, two brothers went to Greenville and
made a two week's search for him iD
that and neighboring counties. It was
not known then that the cashier was
bhort and his brothers rejected suggestions
of the kind wiih scorn and indignation;
All sorts of wiid stories embracing
supposed olews were circulated
from day to day. For almost two solid
weeks the newspapers in this State and
Georgia contained leading artioles con*
cerniog the disappearance. Then the
brothers gave up the search and people
settled down to the theory that first
J ?i U D /if V* o rJ
BUggU3l<CU IlOCii tUOU 1/QUCUiVV *tou
run away because he was short.
A Bad Becord
A short time ago Attorney General
Bellinger compiled a statement showing
for the past seven years the number
of cases in irhich the charge of murder
was presented, the Dumber tried,
the number of defendants dismissed
and the number found guilty
of murder. Here is the table,
and it is interesting in view of the remarks
of Judge Benet in the court at
Columbia on the subject of homicides
and the detestable practice of earrying
Year. Cbareed. missed. Tried. Guilty
189 3 134 23 111 35
189 4 141 44 97 45
189 5 2<?4 27 177 66
1896.... 207 45 162 52
189 7 247 30 217 69
189 8 254 48 206 106
189 9 221 35 186 103
Total...1.408 252 1,156 476
Why tie People Like Him,
The Savannah Press says: "General
Weaver is endeavoring to induce Colonel
Bryan to drop the 16 to 1 idea, but
he might as well try to stop Niagara
iTalis." ijommenting on me above tne
Augusta Chronicle says: "That is jigt
what the people like about William;J.
Bryan. He is honest and he has the
courage of his eoarictions."
AN UGLY CASE.
The Awful Cruelties Practiced in
Our Phosphate Mines.
AN EARNEST APPEAL
Facts About a System That the
Legislature Will Doubtless
Be Asked to Abolish
The system of labor in the phosphate
i tx il.!. T_ " 1 1
lemiory in ims oiate, wman nas oikjd
in past years given rise to complaints
of vigorous character, and has brought
to lighc many ugly crimes, is the subject
of aooiher exposure, the particular
case being that of the murder which
the governor had, the sheriff of Colleton
county to investigate recently. The
State says Thursday the following was
iCWtlTOU. %J J bug ?\J TVIUV4 44 V U4 ?uv
Italian oonsular agent at Charleston:
To Hia Excellency, Gov. M. B. McSveccey,
Columbia, 8. C.
Dear Sir: Id accordance with a request
of the Hon. G-. Branohi, consul
general of Italy in New York, I have
the honor to hand your excellenoy an
affidavit sworn to before him in New
York city on March 30th ult. by a laborer
recently escaped from the phosphate
mines of Pon Pen, S. C.
Thi*3 laborer above stated was working
with the contractor Catello Pizza,
who is the same party of whom I had
oocasion to complain to your excellenoy
in my letter of March 10 th ult.
I pray your excellenoy that you will
take whatever steps you deem necessary
to alleviate the sufferings of these human
beings who are so unfortunate to
be working under such tyranous contractors.
I am very anxious to transmit to the
consul general in New York the result
of the investigation cf the homicide
committed on Feb. 26th ult., at this
phosphate camp made by the sheriff of
Colleton county by your direction, and
I pray your excellency to send me a
copy of the sheriff's report. I have the
honor to be,
Your most obedient servant,
Consular Agent of Italy.
The affidavit referred to reads as follows:
I, undersigned, Nicola di Benedetto,
a native of Roacasicura, (Italy) actually
living at New York, 73 .Mulberry street,
being duly sworn, makes oath and declares
On November 8th ult I contracted
with Catello Pizzo to go to South Car- J
olina and work on the phosphate
mines. I was at work at piece work.
Pizzo assured me that 1 could make $2
a day. We arrived at Charleston Nov.
11th, and went straight to Pon Pon. It
was Dot long before I discovered that
the work' was so hard that we could
hardly make 30 cents a day, that is?
just as much as Catello ohaiged us for
board. He used to take the checks
from the company, get them cashed
and give us an account from whioh it
appeared thai we were always in debt
with him. 80 we had to work for
nothing. We were housed in a wooden
shanty. Pizzo had seven or eight
guards, all armed with guns, pistols
and knives. If we complained of anything
we were beaten with sticks and
threatened with death. At night the
guards stood before the door of the
house with arms to prevent any of us
from getting eway. It was nothing
but imprisonment. In the daytime the
guards were always on the works to
prevent esoapes. If any of us got sick
we were forced to work under penalty
of being beaten.
I do not remember on what day, one
-of the men, I do not know his name,
said that he was sick; in faot he had
the fever and could not staod on his
feet Oae of the guards, Demenico,
oame to order him to the works. A
dispute arose and without the slightest
provocation the guard, Demenioo,
shot at the man and killed him instantly.
That happened in my presence
and the presence of many others. The
jroard was spirited away by Catello
Pizio. who was present at the shooting.
The guard tried to excuse himself by
sayisg that he bad Orders to shoot anybody
who refused to work.
Unable to stand the suffering any
longer, I ran away during the night,
eluding the vigilance of the guards,
on the 26th 27th of February. I walked
all the way here employing 28 days in
the journey. Some times I was able to
steal a ride on freight trains.
Cross mark of Nioola di Benedetto.
Sworn at New York this day March
30th, 1900, before me,
Consul General of Italy.
President Frank Q. O'Neill of the Hi
bernia Trust and Saving bank of
Charleston has written the following
letter to the governor:
Pear Sir: I understand the Italian
consul, Mr. Sottil, is urging you to
take steps to prevent, as far as you are
able, the inhuman treatment that has
in the past characterised the methods
employed in the phosphate digging sections
of the State.
Personally I know something of these
methods, which are a disgrace to the
civilization of the country. I trust
you will be able to see your way, by
legislation or other vise, to change the
present system and to aid the Italian
consul in his very praiseworthy object
of benefitting his countrymen. With
my regards, I am Yonrs truly,
F. Q. O'Neill
A Queer Murderer.
Thursday Fred Kettlehake drove to
the curb in front of a saloon in Virginia
avenue, near Washington street,
Indianapolis, Ind., lifted a Winchester
rifle to hia shoulder and fired irto a
group of men entering the saloon. The
shots went wild except one, which
struck Lewis Kraus in the back of the
head. Kettlehake then drove to North
Liberty street-called Fred Simon, * a
groceryman, outside emptied a load
from the gun in so Simon's abdomen.
The wound is fatal
Judge Beuet Deals With It As With
Judge Benet, presiding in the court
of sessions, Wednesday made an example
of a bicycle thief, and had something
to say aboat this particular crime
which is now becoming so frequent
that will doubtless tend to deter criminals
from stealing bicycles?the horse
that alnost every business .man now
uses in his daily work.
Tobe Foster, an ex-convict, a strapping
young negro with a forbidding
countenance, a short time ago carried
i t? i._ #1 it _ 1 _ t_ 1 ?
away iwo Dicycies irom ioe luooy ui au
uffice building, stealing one late at
night. He took the machines into the
country and sold them. Two indictments
were handed out against him, the
wheels having been recovered. The
?rand jury returned a true bill in each
Wednesday afternoon he was placed in
the dock and entered a plea of guilty
in the first case. He was ordered to
stand and receive his sentence.
"Tobe, you say you took the bicycle?"'
asked Judge Benet.
"Can you rid? a bicycle?"
"Did you ride this bicycle away?"
Tobe said he had done so.
"Where did you carry it?"
"About four miles into the country."
-L/1U y vu SCli in
" I es, sir."
''For how much?"
4,I almost gave it away."
Judge Benet paused and then he addressed
some remarks to the prisoner
that are applicable to all such oases.
He told him that the stealing of a bicycle
in this age was a more heinous
offense than the stealing of flour or
some other commodity of like value;
it was the theft of that upon whieh the
thief could ride away. It was close
akin to the stealing of a horse?the
same principle was involved, and this
offense was regarded not so long ago as
heinous enoagh to warrant hanging.
Bicycles had to be left here and there
in the ran of business. No man could
afford to have a guard stand by every
time he left his bicycle; bicycles were
Dot to be nursed like babies. The
crime was sach therefore as to merit
severe punishment, net only for the
effence itself, but in order to deter
others from committing like offenses.
He then sentenced Foster to term of
three years on the chaingang or in the
pentitentiary. Later Foster entered a
\IA? rrr Aioa f> rro iviai
vi guiHjr m buo cgvvuu vwv gvtuDi
him, aDd was given an addidanal sentence
of two years, thus sending him up
for a period of five years.
There was a murmur of approval
throughout the court room.?Columbia
DEWEY A DEKOCiiAT.
At Least That It Wliat E? Said
Admiral and Mrs. Dewey arrived at
Philadelphia Thusday afternoon and
attended the second concert in aid of
the families of the soldiers and sailors
who have lost their lives in the Philip*
pines. This is Admiral Dewey's fiist
visit to Philadelphia since his return
from the Philippines. The box ocitnnia^
ktr fVia and }|J? ai'tfa f
the concert was decorated with the
national colors. In various parts of
the ficcademy were stationed details
from the Leagne island navy yard, sailors
from the reoeiving ship Richmond
and veteran jackies from the naval
home, all in dress uniform, in honor of
the head of the navy. A number of
yonng society women attired as Red
Cross nurses sold programmes.
Oq returning to the hotel the admiral
gave an interview to a dozen newspaper
men. Be said he was glad to receive
the reporters, but added that he had
nothing to say. At this moment Mrs.
Dewey joined her husband in the reception
room, and after introducing her, he
said: *'Mra. Dewey will talk," to which
she replied, with a smile, that "The
admiral has a miad of his own; he
thinks for himself."
"Are you correctly reported to be a
Democrat?" the admiral was asked, and
after a moment's hesitation he replied:
"Yea, I think I can answer that; yes,
lam a Democrat."
' If the Republicans nominate McKinley
and the Democrats name Bryan
for the presidencf, would yoo run independently?"
*'I wont_answer that"
The Democratic * convention of
Pennsylvania has jast endowed Bryan
for the presidency," was suggested by
one reporter, to whioh the admiral replied:
"Pennsylvania usually goes Republican,
Several questions in quick succession
as to any .conference between him and
Grover Cleveland, Wm. C. Whitney, or
any other political men of prominence
were answered with the same phrase,
"I came here to attend the concert."
Oae reporter asked the admiral who
woaid manage his eampaign if he en
tered one, and he laughingly replied:
4'I don't know. How wonld you like
the job? I would probably need a
bright young man."
Changed It to SoiLt
Senator Beveridge. pent out his
speech on the Porto Rican- prior
to the;date upon whioh it was to be delivered,
and when the' time came did
not make the speech. He subsequently
made another, in which there were
important changes from the original
speech sent out. The Democrats in
Indiana have the original speech, however,
and propose to use it in the campaign
to show what were the senator's
real sentiments and how he was obliged
to abridge them at the dictation of
Bryan the Man,
The New York Journal Thursday
telegraphed Gov. McSweeney as follows:
"Will you kindly wire "The Journal
today at its expense your opinion of
Dewey's announcement and what effect
it will have on Democratic convention."
The governor's answer was: "Don't
think Dewey's candidacy amounts to
anything serious. Bryan will un ioubtly
receives the unanimous support of
all southern States." ' I
ATTEMPT AT ASSASSIffATIOI.
Aa Anarchist Shoots at the Prince of
A sensational attempt to assassinate
the Prince of Wales was made at a railroad
station at Brussels, Belgium Wednesday
by Sipido, a young anarchist,
who fired two shots, but the prince
escaped unharmed. The wouldbe assassin
was immediately arrested. The train
bc&riDg the prince was just palling oat
of the northern railway station at 3:35
when Sipido jumped upon the foot of
the prince's saloon oar, aimed his revolver
at his royal highness and fired
twice. Hearing the shots the station
master rushed to the scene and knocked
down Sipido's arm as the latter prepared
to fire a third shot, while bystanders
rushed up and threw themselves
on tne prince's assaliant. In the
confasioa, another man, who was innocent,
was seized, roughly handled and
beaten. Intense excitement prevailed
for the moment as it was feared that the
prince had been hit, the shots haviog
been fired almost point-blank. The
railway carriage door was hastily
thrown open, and great relief was felt
when the prince himself appeared at
the window unhurt. Both the prince
and princess, however, had a very narrow
escape. The policeman on duty
took Sipido in charge. The latter appeared
proud of his exploit and seemed
qaite calm. Sipido told the authorities
that he lived on the Rue de la
Forge, at Saint Gilles, two miles south
ot .Brussels. A tter tne ranee 01 vy aies
had ascertained that the man who fired
the shots had bean arrested he declared
himself and the princess uninjured and
the train immediately started. An
eye witness'saya that the train was
already in motion, and when the engineer
heard the pistol he shut off
steam, applied the brake? and stopped
the train. As the train restarted after
Sipido's arrest, the public, loudly
cheered the prince, who acknowledged
the demonstration from the*car window.
The prince appeared quite unaffected
by the incident He asked, whether the
revolver was loaded, and on being informed
in the affirmative, smiled and
begged that the culprit might not be
treated too severely. When examined
by the station officials Sipido declared
he intended to kill the Prince of Wales,
that he did not regret his action ana
that he was ready to do it again if given
a chance to do so. Subsequently he
declared he wanted to kill the prince
"because he caused thousands of men
to be slaughtered in South Africa."
The would-be assassin is a tinsmith, a
resident of Brussels, 16 years of age.
Sis pockets were found to be full of
anarchist literature. He has & round,
boyish face, black eyes and dark Jbatr.
At the examination before the magistrate
it was ascertained that he had.
purchased a penny ticket in order to
reach .the departure platform, where he1
walked up and down quite a while,
while the prince was promenading. An
examination of Sipiod's revolver showed
that four chambers had been discharged
but that two of the cartridges had
missed fire. The weapon is of the
cheapest six-chambered description.
Doctors and Pharmacist*.
The commencement exercises of the
South Carolina Medical college were
held Tuesday night at the Academy of
Masic, Charleston, in the presence of
a crowded house. Forty-three young
men graduated i;x medicine and seven
in pharmacy. The graduates are a
particularly bright set of physicians
and druggists. Five of the graduating
class in medicine were thrown on the
examination and were not allowed to
graduate. The following were the
graduates in medicine:
W. B. R. Ackerman, R, L. Anderson,
J. A. Bill, W. fl. Breland, A. H.
Brown, A. W. Burnet, J. F. Carroway,
A- Coward, * J. S. DesPortes, E. M.
Dibble, J. D. Dolan, 0. H. Do Rant, B.
A Elzas, S. B. Fishburne, J. W. Floyd,
J. P Galvin, L. L Gregory, J. T. Hiy,
Jr., W. C. Hemmingway, D. J. flydrick,
L. H. Jennings, A. R. Johnson,
T. B. Kell, L. Keliey, F. M. Lander,
W. L. Linder, John Lvons, H. L. Lynab,
J. 3. Matthews, William Mazyck,
P. V. Mikell, J. W. Nance, M. L
Parler, G, M. Pate, Phil Prioleaa, T.
M. Rivers, J. T. H. Tu?en. A. 0. Wil<ihagen,
W. 0. Twitty, M. Smathers, B.
F. Sloan, J. J. Dominick, J. W. Donglass.
The first six honor men were: J. A.
Ball, first; A. Coward, second; E. M.
Dibble, third; John Lyons, fourth; M.
L. Parler, fifth; J. J. Daminick, sixth.
The graduates in pharmacy were: J.
E. Arant, G. A. Devineau. R. T. Goodale,
J. B. Hyde, Jr., L Little, S B.
Mitchell, F. Sawyer, J. Van Landingham,
J. M. Green, M. D., W. S. t?yach,
M. D., S. F. McGregor.
Mr. Mitchell and Mr. McGregor
came out first and second respectively.
'The 3tokea Free Delivery Bill.
The Nashville American says: The
bill providing for the free delivery of
mail along star routes introduced into
the House by Congressman J. "W.
Stokes, of South Carolina, deserves
favorable consideration. The bill makes
it the duty of mail carrires on star
routes to deliver free of charge to the
persons addressed any mail entrusted
O the care of the earners by postmasters.
It also requires that carriers
must take up and place in the postoffice
mail giveh them by persons along
the route. The only requirement of
the persons who wish to take advantage
of the act is to put up boxes in a convenient
place and to give the postmaster
instauciions as to the proper mail
box at which they desire their mail deposited.
The Second Assistant Postmaster
G-eneraL Mr. Shallenberger,
warmly indorses the bill, and in Mr.
Stokes^ own State, South Carolina, the
.fostoince department has tried tne experiment
of advertiseing for contracts,
with and without provisions that contractors
should deliver the mail free
aloog their roates wherever farmers
should erect boxes, sod the difference
in the cost for the improved service for
the entire State was fouod to be oolj
$6,600. The passage of the bill would
be a boon to every farmer in the country.
It would bring them in closer
touch with the outer world and its
affairs, and would be a benefit all
round. The only objection raised to
its passage, that it would interfere witk
the pleasure farmers take in going
after the mail, is too puerile to warrant
HE IS A CANDIDATE
Dcwey'H&r Rttcindtd Hit Action
WANTS.TO BE PRESIDENT.
. '* 1 J ' .*v
He Says Nothing About Hit Politics
8ut Announcts Himself
in the New York
A special to the New York World ,<
from Washington says: Admiral Dewey
authorizes The World to announce te
the American people that after aature
reflection and in response to the earnest
entreaties from all parts of the
country, his former decision not under
any circumstances to run for the pfttt*
dency L> rescinded.
A World correspondent saw the admiral
at his home at 6 o'clock last evening.
Admiral Dewey said: "I realise
that time has arrived when I must definitely
defiae my position. "When
I arrived in this country last
September I said then that nothing
would induce me to be a candidate for
Since then, however, I have had
the leisure and inclination to study the
matter and have reached a different
conclusion, inasmuch as so many assuiances
have come to me from my countrymen
that I would be acceptable as a
candidate for this great office, if the
American people want me for this high
office I shall be only two willing to
"It is the highest honor in the gi ft
of this nation; what oitisen would refuse
"Since studying this subject I an
convinced that the office of president
is not such a very difficult one to fill,
his duties being mainly to execute the
laws of congress.
"Should I be chosen for this exalted
position I would execute laws of eon*
gress as faithfally as I have always es*
eouted the orders of my superiors."
Admiral ^esrey did-not state what
party's nomination he weald accept
The reporter asked:
"On what platform will you stand?"
And the admiral replied: .
*'1 think I hare said enough it Hut
time, *ad possibly too iamb."
China Head the Lin With Bight
dred Ihousand a Year.
Though the aspects of suicide vary
from year to year, says the Chicago
Tribune,' there can be little doubt that
self-murder is gradually increasing la
the United States. From 1890 to 1895,
the number recorded eaeh year was between
5,000 and 6,000; from 1895 to
1900 the figures were between 6.000
and 6,500. Dr. Justin Herold, of New
York, states the Tribune, has written *
book in which he gives the details of
3,431 suicides in that city in a grrea
period. The Germans head the list.
Those born in the United States come
next. The other nationalities in tho
list come in the following order: Bos?
sians, French, Austrian^ . Italians,
Swedes, Norwegians, English, Scotch
and Irish. It is somewhat ramarkabie
n* ua?a1 a Via UaaIp mamLjmi
feUAl 1/1. JLL^lVll* 1U iUO UVUflOlV
diaousaes the proneness of his own profession
to self-murder. The number .
of physicians who commit suicide every
year is larger than that of all other professional
persons combined. "Th&
total number of persons sommitting suicide
every year in the United States
seems large, but in proportion to population
it is smaller than the number in
England, France, Germany, Scandinavia,
Russia or any of the northers . .
Earopean countries. Tho southern
countries, for some mysterious reason,
cling to life more tenaciously, perhaps
because with them life is not is not ?
strenuous aad difficult The oountry, - however
where the value of life is least
considered is China. The Rev. Jolt
Graham, of the Coina Inland Mission,
states in the Missionary Review of the
World that in the provinoeof t aa-Sia,
where he is located, having a population
of 5,000,000, the average number
of suicides is 1,000 a month, Dr.
William Park, an*expert oa this subject,
says that iu the whole of Jhiua
* k A m/% AHA A(T?fl Q AA AAA /I AA W T9 *? I Jit A A
VUwJlw ALQ OWVjirVU VIUAUU3 WJ PUlVmW
each year, of which oae fourth are committed
by the two of opium u t jwison."
A Family Tragedy.
A sensational family drama ?u recently
enacted in Vienna Austria. A
man, formerly a factory owner, named
Dominic Lang, poisoned himself and
four daughters. The eldest was 26
years old and the youngest 16. The
eldest died at once and the three other*
suffered severe internal injuries, from
which they are not likely to recover.
The daughters drank prossio acid altogether
after the father h?i raised his
glass to his lips. In the house a note
was found entitled "Our last wish."
In this was written, "We recommead
oar last earthly possessions oar two dogs
to the care of a friend of the family."
The coarse of the tragedy is believed to
lie in the fact that Lug recently
lost his fortune.
The big auditorium in Kansas City,
Mo., where the Democratic cooveatioa
was to meet on July 4tb, was totally
destroyed by fire Wednesday afternoon.
Oaly the foundations are left. Ten
dwellings were gutted. The Central
Presbyterian church was ruined. The
loss on the hail is $150,000 and on the
other buildings $200,000. Ten min*
utes after the fire started wealthy citizens
began raising funds to rebuild the
auditorium and $25,000 was quickly
raised. It is believed the fall a aottft
will be raised shortly.
The Atlanta Journal says it hac never
been an admirer of Ben Tillman, bat it
ftannnt refuse him its Aomnliment nnnn
the superb manner in which he squashed
the strutting little Spooney of Wisconsin
last Monday. The little boy the
calf ran over was the perfection of composure
and self-assurance as compared
with Spooner after Tiliaai had difed
him four ox five timet
* * v v.' w.-/^v
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