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FRIGHTFUL FLOODS. !
ft ; . * .
SoYaral Mississippi and Aiabarr/.
Towers Cut Entirely Off.
THE RIVERS RISE FAST J
Three Fatalities are Reported, the
Victims Being Negroes Who
Lost Their Lives Trying
> '.y . v . . ?
to 3a\e Cattle.
The rains that visited this State last
week seems to have been general over
the Sonth and Southwest. A great
deal of damage was done. A dispatch
from Birmingham, Ala., says: "Northern
Alabama has experienced a flood
exoeeding any ever known before. Five
miles of the Southern's track near
York is under water, and two miles of
the Alabama Great Southern road in
'A the same vicinity is washed away. All
trains have been abandoned. 'j'ne ju.
&N. is under water near Bangor, north
of here. The K. C , M. & B. suffered
considerable damage. Nearly all trains
oominginto Birmingham are delayed
and many trains hare been annulled.
The mines are flooded and at seme
work cannot be resumed for a week.
A number of industries will be crip
A dispaieh from Meridian, Miss.,
says: The flood situation has reaehed
frightful proportions. This city is cut
off from the outside world except by
three telegraph communications on the
Western Union wires. All trains are
marked annulled for an indefinite
period. The Atlanta & Vioksburg passenger,
due here at 12 o'olock Wednesday
has been water bound twelve miles
from the city twenty-four hours. The
passengers are without food, the train
being unable to come forward or go
back. The damage to the Atlanta and
Yieksburg, Alabama Great Southern, i
Mobile and Ohio and New Orleans &
North Eastern railroads reach $50,000
in tracks and trestles swept away by
the food. Twenty-Ave per cent of all
iWHIIWi ?u w ? ? ?
the State is atotal loss and the truck
plantations in a radius of ten miles are
submerged. Three fatalities are reported,
the victims being JN'egroes who
lost their lives trying to save cattle.
Their bodies have not been recovered.
The rain has oeased and the waters are
A dispatch from Memphis, Teen.,
says: Heports from Northern and
Central Mississippi are meagre. Tele-1
graphic and telephone communication
are seriously interrupted. The heaviest
rains those sections have known in
years fell on Monday and Tuesday of
last week. Travel and traffic are suspended.
Reports from Jackson state
no trains have passed through there
flinoe the southbound passenger train
on the Illinois Central Tuesday morning
of last week. Washouts are reported
in all directions. The "Little
J." road and Illinois Central tracks are
under water at several points. Reports
from Crystal Springs and Madison
say the cianberry and strawberry j
beds are under water and the early;
crop entirely lost. Both cotton and i
corn crops will have to be replanted in ;
many places. j
A dian&toh from New Orleans, La., |
says: '"The rain storms here are almost
unpreoedaated and railroad traffic
is seriously affected. Much damage
has been done to property. Sight
inches of rain fell at Amite City, Iowa,
in twenty four hours and over nine at
Yicksburg. The Illinois Central road
is unable to move along the main line.
Muoh damage has been done to the
crops. Heavy winds accompanied the
rain storm and telegraph and telephone
wires are down all over the State,
while bridges are washed out and
mails delayed. In New Orleans the
streets in many places were flooded six
A dispatch from Mobile, Ala., says
- all trains on the Mobile and Ohio railroad
between that place and Meridian,
Miss., are abandoned and no train
there for three daye.
GBOW8 MOSX SKBIOUS.
A dispatch from Jackson, Miss,,
datdd April 20, says the situation is
rapidly growing worse, and a good size
section of the southern portion of the
oily is submerged with the backwater
from Pearl river. Surrounded on three
sides by water and with the numerous
small streams swollen beyond their
banks, the city is at the same time con
fronted with the danger of a water famine,
as the overflow of the river has put
out the fires in the pump house of the
waterworks company and compelled the
plant to close down. No lives have
been lost. Many people have been
' driven from their homes by the inundation
and are searching for lodging.
It is reported that 27 miles oLtrack of
the new Gulf and Ship Island road between
Jackson and Hattiesburg has
been washed away, that Leaf river has
broken from its banks and is spreading
out over the surrounding country,
sweeping away fenoes and houses, inundating
crops and drowning much
live stock and poultry. Viewed from
the wagon bridge at this point, Pearl
river is now one vast lake stretching
six or eight miles to the east and south.
The Alabama and Vicksburg railroad
bridge is tottering on its foundations
and will doubtless be swept away before
A dispatch from New Orleans, dated
April 20, says:
The flood which commenced the
early part of the week had already
caused, at a conservative estimate, fully
$2,000,000 loss in central and southern
Mississippi, to say nothing of the damages
by the railroads. The extent of
* * ? - ? i <_n_
tne losses nave not yet eeeu inuy
realized and it may be some days yet
before an accurate total can be reached
for mail communication has been totally
cut off between these localities
which have suffered most and the outside
world and telegraph lines suffered
greatly so that the news is just now beginning
to arrive by wire. In Louisiana,
too, the damage done by the unprecedented
rains was general but in this
State they are more inferential than
positive. A special from Columbia,
Miss., whieh was received late tonight
fixed the loss in that little town and its
immediate vicinity at $500,000.
HOUSES CABBIED AWAY.
Many farm houses were carried away
by the mad waters, the occupants bare?
:? ?uv i;?? j
ly BUM lliCli U1C9 AUU UUO
number of cattle drowned was great.
A great many gins aifcl mill houses
were washed away and many sawmills
saw their lumber piles molted away as
if by magic. Nearly every bridge
around Colmbia was swept down
stream. Pearl river is now higher than
it has been known for many years.
Miles and miles of the New Orleans
and Northeastern track are still under
water. Honey island, the rendezvous
of the noted train robber. Burch, is
wder twenty feet of water and tire island,
which frfcs for years been one of
the natural game preserves of the
south is dow devoid of wild animals.
Hundreds of deer were drowned and
-1? T.J11 +Va kanVa nf f }\o pAArl
U1V3 UlllD UQOi UU vt >-v ?
river are now the temporary abiding
places of all manner of four footed
LOSS OF LIFE REPORTED.
Distressing news comes from Hickory,
Miss., a small town which is now
completely surrounded by water and
innndated in many localities. Hundreds
of hogs and oattle near this point
were drowned and miles of fenoing have
been washed away. The latest advioes
from the town of Bnterprise state that
the losses there have been great and
much destitution prevails. Half a
score of towns are completely cut off
from the outside world as they have
been since the early part of the week.From
Cnunkey river swamps, near
Enterprise, comes the news of a heavy
loss of life.
A special from Enterprise, Miss.,
says: The total less of the merchants
of this plaoe by the recent overflow
amounted to about $40,000. Quite ai
large number of suburban residences
with live stock are a total loss. No one
can conceive of the distress that hovers
over this section. Thousands of dollars'
worth of fertilizers sold by the
merchants to the farmers of this country
have been swept away and in many
fields all the soil was washed off, leaving
only the clay.
Twins Marry Twiiis
April 17th will hereafter be a notable
day under the roof of a little double
house ia Westerville, Ohio. It was
the wedding anniversary of two oouples
i and tho birthday anniversary of all four
| members of those oouples. On that
day Guy Omer Cr&bbe and his twin
brother, Roy Homer Crabbe, are 27
years old. On the same day 18 years
ago Adrian B. Dotson and Edna A.
Dotson, twins, were born. The boys
were born in Westerville, 0., and the
girls in Harrisville, W. Va. A year
ago Guy Orabbe made a tour of the
West Virginia oilfields and met Edna
Dotson. He found her a pleasing girl
and she rather liked him. A friend
told him of the girl's twin sister, who
always wore identical clothas and whose
resemblance is remarkable, t7?n for
twins. Crabbe was interested and wrote
a letter asking permission to visit Miss
Dotson and ^to bring his twin brother
along. The novelty of it all pleased
the elder Dotsons and the twin brothers
went to Harrisville. The visit was
pleasing to everyone interested, and the
double wedding is the outcome of a
double courtship started at that time.
Three months ago the Crabbes had a
double house bnilfc at Wesfcerville, both
both sides exactly alike, where they
took their brides. The brides selected
their furniture and household effects
together and every article as mutually
agreed upon was ordered in duplicate,
se that there is a most delightful sameness
on the two sides of the double
Geo- Gordon an Evangelist,
A special from Wao;>, Texas, says:
" T.i_ T> n j
"tfenerai wonn x?. uroruou, ouuutuuiuoxin-ohief
of the United Confederate Veterans,
who is on a lecture tour in
Texio, attended the revival meeting in
G-atesville, Coryell county, conducted
by Abe Mulkey, and at the conclusion
of the sermon the evangelist called on
him for remarks. General Gordon responded
from his place on the platform
near the preaelier in one of the most
powerful ezhorations, it is said, that
has ever been heard in this state. His
remarks were addressed principally to
the Confederate veterans present. In
most eloquent periods he depicted their
grand and glorious achievements as
soldiers in the service of their country,
moving his hearers to the highest pitoh
of patriotism; then in tenderest tones
! he made an appeal to them to take up
I the armor of Christ that was sublime
( and absolutely resistleus, At the close
of this appeal about forty Confederate
veterans came forward. No such scene
? . anoAtdil WriTA Thft old
gray-haired veterans <srowded arc and
j their chieftain, one after another, embracing
him, and then they would fall
| apon one another's necks shouting,
the tears streaming down their faces.
It was some time before the ebullition
of religious fervor became sufficiently
controlled for others to reach the platform,
but about one hundred others
finally came forward for prayers."
Senator Tillm?n in discussing a resolution
providing for the temparary government
of Porto Rico said: "We are
to have a grand bageant on May 1 when
the new governor is to be inaugurated.
This inauguration is to to take place
with the greatest ccremony ever seen in
any part of the United States. I
imagine that the purpose of this display
is to impress the islanders with the
grandeur and greatness of the United
States as well as to impress the people J
of the United States with the new polioy
of imperialism by which an Ameri-1
can pro-consul is to take possession of
- ? % 4 A 0 _ _ |
tiie island. After a wmie, or course,;
we will have another governor sent to
the Philippines and he will be of so
much greater importance than the governor
of the little island of Puerto Rico
that I suppose he must have the navy
escort him across the Pacific and must
have umbrellas held over him like the
Bey of Algiers and the Sultan of Morocco.
VTe will have him attended by
our subject princes in the Salu archipelago
with Mohammedan bodyguards
and all that sort of thing. If that is
the purpose of keeping those army officers
in Puerto Rico I will interpose no
obstacle to the tht passage of the reolution."
Care of Horses.?Don't feed hay in
the middle of the day. Give the
heaviest feed at night. Some horses
require more hay than others. Study
your horse, and never give him so much
hay that he looks stuffed. If your
has been standing in the stable for some
time, be very carefully when you take
him out, as a hard drive under these
circumstances is very apt to bring on
spinal menigitis, or some other serious
trouble. Rogular exeroise is one of the
most important things in keeping a
horse in good condition.
The New Railroad Law.?The
new railroad law went in to effect.
The act does away with the old rates of
j 1 j j a - j j
travel auu on aau aiter tcuajr uu secouu
class tickets will be sold, the rate being
strictly three cents a mile for all
passenger service. The law also does
away with the "excess" charges which
conductors have heretofore been al-Icrsred
to collect on trains from those
failing to have tickets from one reason
or another. So far as known the railroads
met*the requirements of the new
separate coach act promptly.
A. kingdom for a cure.
You need not pay so much.
A. twenty-five cent bottle of L. L. & S.
Will drive all ills away.
See ad. and try it?never fails.
Col. A: Howard Patterson of Barnwell,
Contrasts tie Two.
Yorir issue of January 4th, last, contains
a letter from the Hon. Joel E.
Branson, criticising, from the standpoint
of a Prohibitionist, an article of
mine upon the Dispensary, winch first
appeared in The News and Courier, and
then in your issue ef the 28th of December.
As will be seen from a reference to
my said article, its purpose was not so
much to expose the weak points of
Prohibition, as to show the fallacy of
the argument then being used that the
dispensary law should be abolished on account
of the recent scandals in the State
Board of Control, and to present to the
pnblic some strong reasons why the law
should not be repealed by the (then) approaching
session the Legislature and
the license system substituted in its
place. The only allusion to Prohibition
that said article contained was the following:
"While Prohibition may be de
* ' t T * U _ -3
sirabie, ana 1 lor one woiua auvocaie
it if I deemed it practicable, yet experience
has taught us that it cannot
be enforced and that it virtually means
The above paragraph contains, in a
nut -shell, my views on Prohibition,
but as my position in regard to the Dispensary
has been attacked by one of
the champions of Prohibition, I desire
to state, more fully, my reasons for
preferring the Dispensary to Prohibition.
I entertain the highest respect
for those who are Prohibitionists from
principle, and as will be seen from the
above quotation, and from this article,
t v 1 - i?:?
i flaYe UWajTB KttU a !C??iiiiJg vuniku:
the theory of Prohibition myself, for
theoretically it looks well, but experience
and observation have taught me
that praotically it is a failure.
In 1883, when I was about twentythree
years old, we had an act passed
by the Legislature prohibiting the sale
of liquor in Barnwell county. We did
not leave the enforcement of the law
solely to the county officers, but organized
an exeeutive committee, of which
I was chairman. We brought case after
oase for the violation of the law, bui
with the exoeption of two or three, the
indictments were thrown, out by the
grand jury as fast as they were presented.
The "blind tigers" became so numerous
in my own town that I took it upon
myself, personally, to enforce the law.
Upon one occasion, the sheriff of Barnwell
county and myself caught a mar
in the aot of selling liquor, we saw botb
money and whiskey pass, yet when this
case went before the grand jury upoi
our evidence, the indictment waf
thrown out. In our endeavor to enforce
I the law -we found it utterly impossible
to induce the better olaas of citizens,
i. e., those who had advocated Prohibi\
tion from a moral standpoint and whe
were the mopt clamorous for it, to assist
in enforcing the law, although thei
knew that it was violated with impunity.
In nearly every instanoe the cases
whioh were brought before the court*
were worked up by detectives employed
for that purpose. We also found thai
many of those who had veted for Prohibition
patronized the "blind tigers/'
and would denounce our executive
committee for trying to enforce the
law. * , . '
To this day I have the ill-will of the
old barkeepers of my county for the
zealous manner in which. I endeavored
to have che law enforced. The law wa?
violated in every section of the county
with impunity, and became such a farce
that the people becoming utterly disgusted,
petitioned the Legislature to repeal
it, which was done in 1886, after s
trial of three years.
Although my faith, in the enforcement
of & prohibitory law against the
sale of liquor, was shaken to its foun3
- i.-? i? a: 1
U&llOU uy liUB ^reuutti ca^kiiicuuo, jtclj
owing to my hatred of the old barroom
system, I voted, while a member of the
House of Representatives in 1890, foi
what is known as the Child's Bill.
And when the question- was .submitted
to the Democratic voters of the State,
at the primary eleotionin 1892,1 voted
In 1884. when the Dispensary law
was passed, I was at first a little skeptical
as to its workings, yet I was surprised
and pleased with the uniqueness
of the idea, and as it totally revolutionized
the old barroom system, and
did away with many of its attendant
evils, I was willing to give it a fair trial.
And although it has never had a
fair trial, as every obstacle that the
ingenuity of man could invent has been
thrown in the way of its enforcement,
yet I am convinced, even with its imperfections
and short-comings, that it
comes nearer solving the liquor problem
than any law that I have ever heard of.
Epitomized, the Dispensary law
recognises the personal right of man to
drink, yet regulates and controls the sale
of liquor in suoh a manner as to act as ?
check upon his appetite.
As I have already, in former articles,
shown the good features of the Dispensary,
I will now show a few weak points
Since the whole tenor of Mr. Branson's
argument isv that it is wrong to
drink or sell whiskey under any circumstance
or in any way, 1 wish to say,
that while I admit that it is best not
to drink intoxicating liquors us a beverage,
and have since arriving at my majority
tried to live up to this belief and
to inculcate the same upon the minds
af others, and would be willing (if it
were possible) to have absolute Prohibition,
yet it is idle for ODe to assert dogmatically
that it is sinful to take a
i ?:? ?
I glSBB Ui ueetj W1UC, Ui niua&Cjr ?3 a
i beverage. It is the abuse of it, and
not the use ef it, that is sinful. The
Bible teaches temperance, not Prohibition.
Christ himself recognized the
use of wine, which was intoxicating,
and it is folly for ua to deny it. In all
ages of the world, among all nations,
there seems to have been, and is, a
craving for stimulants. The fact that
the last report of the State Board of
Control showed that over a million and
a half dollars was spent in South Carolina
last year for liquors, proves that
the vast m ajontv of the people do not
j regard it as sinful to drink, and that it
! is utterly absured to think that you
could suddenly stop them from doing
so- by law. You had a' well try to
' make a river flew up stream as to at
attempt to prevent the people of South
Carolina from drinking liquor absolute
ly. The following answer of a tramp
to a lady, is the standpoint from which
nine-tenths of the people look at this
question. She., said "Don't you know
that rum is a destroyer?" Weary
TTT.-n_ UT7-._ 1-V-J.
TT111/j JLtJS, LtHiy j UUb.SU XO
oars and bicycles, and dum-dum
ballets, and corsets; but still folks will
use 'em." _
Let us now look at this question: from
a common-sense standpoint. In tie
event that yeu succeeded in Hrikg
a law passed prohibiting -the sale'
liquor, the first question that would
arise would be. How are-you going to
enforce it? Would you have a con
stsbilafy force? Surely not* for you
claim now that o?a of the worst features
of the Dispensary law is its
"brutal constabulary," who invade the
sanctity of the citizen's home?which
in ninety-nine cases out of every hundred
prove to be the lairs of "blind
tigers." But suppose you swallowed
your soruples and did have a constabulary,
how would you pay them when
you derive no revenue from the sale or
. .1 *.i o 11.1 1
liquor to pay mem witnr iucnouga,
liquor can now be obtained lawfully in
South Carolina, yet it required last year
the sum of $42,862.76 with which to pay
the constables. Therefore, if you were
to prohibit the sale of liquor absolutely,
does it not follow as a natural conclusion
that the temptations to violate the
law would be increased a hundred-fold,
and, consequently, a larger constabulary
force and more money to pay them
with would be necessary?
Only a few days ago the Legislature
refused to appropriate one hundred
thousand dollars for the oommon
sohools, although they are sadly in
need of more money, therefore,* you
could hardly expect it to raise by direct
taxation fifty or a hundred thousand
dollars with which to enforce a law
against the sale of an article that ninetenths
of the people now use. Don't
l xt.i ij. xO T)_x
yon know mat u woiuu uui: dui yuu
say that you would not have a constabulary
foroe, that "Public Sentiment"
would enforce the law.
As T stated before, I have had a little
experience with "Public Sentiment" enforcing
Prohibition. In the first place,
you will find that just as soon as you
attempt to prevent the "Public" from
getting liquor, the "Sentiment" will
be against the law and that "everybody's
business will be nobody's business."
We now have a law against carrying
eonoealed weapons, ffhioh. habit "Pubi
lie Sentiment," condemns but how many
. cases have you ever seen brought into
court by citizens who were prompted by
, "Public Sentiment" to prosecute the
offenders? Ah, but you say, that it
. will be the duty of the county officers
to enforce the law, just as they would
any other upon the statute books. I
agree with you fully that it would be
r their-duty to do so; but would they do
. it? Experience has taught us that they
L will not enforce a law against the sale
of liquor. Why? Because to enforce
; it they would be preventing mne,
tenths of the voters from drinking, and
, the drinkers and the men who sell
liquor are generally very potent factors
. m county politics.
[ Even now, under the Dispensary law,
you can count ths indictments for the
. violation of the same brought by county
t officers, upon the fingers of your hands,
L and it is found neoessary to have a
i separate and distinot constabulary to
t enforce the law with.
5 The following from Marlboro county,
, one of the strongest and oldest Prohi.
tion counties in the State, sustains the
above views: "Cliff Dorn, State Bis.
pensary constable stationed here, cap>
cured last night one dozen bottles of
'Old Pepper' rye whiskey in the ex.r
press office. There are beyond doubt
. three or four blind tiger establishments
i in town running at full blast; everybody
j knows it and many of the best citizens
[ are anxious to break them up, yet they
- continue to do business in apparent de.
fiance of law and public protest Ben1
nettsville is becoming notorious for
, whiskey drinking and the majority of
i it 'is blind tiger liquor,' and thia state
of affairs will be the means of estabk
lishing a Dispensary in the town.
[ This correspondent has always main'
tain that Bennettsvilie was practi'
cally a Prohibition town, which was
' true, but within the last few months
- * ? a .
l the facts ana preponderance ot evidence
' are in the other direction. It can be
broken np and the violators punished
I if the officers do their duty.
The above is from the report of the
. local correspondent of the News and
, Courier February 27. Men do not look
. upon the violation of a law against the
sale of liquor as they do upon one that
[ is against a crime malum in se, for they
, regard it as a personal right to drink,
and that the man who sells to them,is
but catering to their appetites and that
they are (morally) particeps criminis.
Consequently it is a very difficult matter
to get evidence against those who
sell liquor illegally, as there is a eer
tain degree of odium attached to it that
men of character do not wish to voluntarily
assume. Would you play the
"role of informer or attempt the duties
of the sleuth-hound?"
Another objection to rroniDiuon
; would be that drug-stores woold be allowed
to handle alcoholic liquors for
the purpose of compounding drugs.
This would be swapping 4'the devil for
the witoh," fer they would soon be
nothing more nor lesi than bar-rooms.
We all know how hard it is now, under
the Dispensary law, to prevent them
from selling "Soft Drinks" and "Malt
Extracts/' that contain a greater per
cent, of alcohol than the law allows. I
can best illustrate the condition of
affairs that would prevail, if we had
Prohibition, by the following anecdoto;
Two women were talking about
their husbands who were addicted to
the habit of drinking too much. One
said to the other, "I am so glad to inform
you that my husband has sobered
up, and has stopped drinking whiskey."
Her companion exclaimed, "Pray tell
me, what did he taper off on?" To
which the other replied, "Spiritus fru?t-i-i
?IJ 4L. J
menu, wmcn tuey bbh at me uiug
Having heard a great de&l about
Prohibition in Maine, and being anxious
to know from an official source if
the law was ever violated there, I
recently sent for, and now have before
me, a copy of the Attorney General's
report for the years 1897-8. How
many indiotments do you think were
brought during the year 1897 for violations
of her Prohibition law? Over
sixteen hundred; and yet she has a
population of only about seven hundred
thousand, and whioh if almost exclusively
white. Now, if there were
sixteen hundred indictments you can
imagine how many violations there
were that never came to light.
South Carolina has nearly twice as
many inhabitants as Maine, and over
half of them are Negroes.
I think I have shown very plainly
why I do not believe that Prohibition
could be enforced. Let us now look at
XX * xl _X_ _ J _ _
toe matter iroiu anotuer s&aaapoint.
There are some so called Prohibitionists
who are advocating a coalition between
the Prohibitionists and those who
are in favor of the license system for
the purpose of downing the Dispensary,
and agreeing to divide the spoils in that
event. That is, that some coanties
may have Prohibition and some the
license system. As I remarked upon a
former ocoassion, such a combination
is calculated to make Neal Bow and
Gough turn over in their graves in disgust.
It is the lion and the lamb over
again, except that in this case the lamb ,
is to get the offices and the lion the
.Every unbiased man in South Carolina
knows that the Dispensary law with
all of" the orimeSj fraud, scandals, etc., '
laid at its door, is far superior to the 1
old bar-room system for the manage- I
merit and control of tie sale of liquer*
Once listen to the siren voice of the
advocates of license and destroy the
Dispensary, and as certain as the sun
shines today you will have the old barroom
system with all its attendant
evils fastened around your necks as
tight as the old man of the sea was
around that of Sinbad. Remember the
familiar fable of the dog that Uad abone
in his mouthy and while orossing a
stream looked down and saw his image
reflected in the water which he mistook
for another dog with a bone and made
a grab for it, and low and behold, he
lost his own bone.
Moral: Don't give up that which you
have by attempting to get all. As a
writer by the name of Finoh stated in
Tha Baptist Courier some time back,
you now have, under tbe Dispensary
law, the right to vote out the Dispensaries?citing
the case of York county.
While I do not believe that tbe illicit
tariffio in liquor can be prevented in
counties that have Prohibition, yet the
bill introduced by Mr. Winkler in the
recent session of the Legislature in
which it was provided that upon the
petition of one-fourth of the citizens of
a county, the Governor should order an
election giving the people the right to
vote as to whether they should have, or
retain, dispensaries in their counties
was agreed upon in a caucus of which
Senator Tillman, myself and others
were members. This provision was
substituted as an amendment to the
"Archer Bill" and passed'the House by
a large majority, but was killed in the
Senate. I urged the delegation from
my county to vote for this amendment,
believing that the people should have
this right, but was most assuredly opposed
to tbe question of license being
I have always contended that the Dispensary
was created, not for the purpose
of making money, bat to control
and regulate the sale of liquor and to
act as a check upon one's appetite, furnishing
it only to those who will have it,
and not encourage and induce men to
The following good points of the law
sustain this view: Selling only in the
day time; not selling to minors or
drunkards; or selling on election days or
on Sundays; not selling less than a half
pint; not allowing liquors to be drunk
on the premises; and selling for cash.
The sooial features of the old barroom
system is best desoribed by the
following quotation from a letter which
I received a short time back from a
prominent gentleman in the upper part
of the State: "The writer has drank
whiskey excessively, but God forbid
that I ever take another drop as a
beverage. The whiskey habit of mine
was contracted in old-fashioned barrooms.
The beautiful attractions and
sooial features of bar-rooms carried me
there; the cenvenienoe of getting mint
julips and cooktails carried me there;
the niee place to loaf at sights in the
billiard room carried mo there. Now
there is nothing in a Dispensary to attract
or entrioe, and if the ordinary
person goes to a Dispensary and buys
WJaisfcey, ne commits a cold-blooded act
on Ms part and no one is to blame but
himself. The Dispensary has no street
strikers to drum up trade like the old
bar-room had." Prohibition will not
prohibit, and this is why those who are
in favor of the license system are advocating
a coalition. Not because they
hate prohibition less, but Kate the Dispensary
more. One zt the strongest
argame n ts (while it does seem paradoxical)
in favor of the Dispensary being a
-tiore potential factor in the advancement
oi temperance than prohibition,
is the fact that not only the advocates
of the license system, but the old barkeepers
and the keepers of "blind
tigers" always vote for the Prohibition
candidate in preferenoe to the candidate
that is in favor of the Dispensary.
How do you account for this anomaly?
Because the liquor men know that Prohibition
means free liquor for a short
while and ultimately a return to the
old bar room system. Tie very influence
that is now advocating a coalition
a few years baok, before the Dispensary
was heard of, waa bitterly opposed
to prohibition. I say let us retain
the Dispensary law. Lop off such
excresences as hotel and beer privileges,
which I have always contended are contrary
to the letter and spirit of the law.
Throw as many safeguards around the
sale of liquor as possible. Appoint
cood men as disoensers. who will not
enoourage men to drink; de not treat
them as yon would saloon keepers, but
as officials, and require them them to
perform their duties properly and
punish those who do wrong. Enforce
the law in all parts of the State without
regard to the locality in which it is
violated. These good results can be
accomplished under the Dispensary
system, but it is utterly impossible to
do so with Prohibition. And common
sense tells us so.
A. Howard Patterson.
Barnwell, S. 0., March 6, 1900.
Wasting Its Time.
The Washington Post, though
nominally an independent newspaper,
is generally in line with
the Republican party. It was an
ardent advocate of McKinley's
election in 1896 and will undoubtedly
support him against
Bryan this year. As The Post
desires to aid the Republican
oarliY in the comine camoaiem
it makes bold to counsel it as to
the course it should pursue. In
its earnest efiorts to save from
defeat the party which it prefers
to any other now organized,
The Post says:
"When the elections of 1898
had assured Republican ascendancy
in both houses of the fittysixth
congress, The Post mentioned
as one of the important
duties that would devolve upon
thai body the accomplishment
of some practical anti-trust
legislation. It was evident then,
and. it has become more apparent
every day since that time, that
the trusts would be one of the
leading issues of the presidential
campaign. The Post suggested
then, has ever since persistently
urged the necessity of depriving
monopolistic combinations of
any chance for shelter behind
tariff schedules. As a consistent
advocate of the doctrine of protection,
The Post has protested
and will continue to protest
against its abuse. Attention has
been called in these columns to
trade'combinations in protected
industries that were and are
stifling com petition while paying
large dividends on enormous
given before the industrial commission
by managers of such
combines convicts them of
exploiting almost fabulous
amounts of ficititious stocks.
Similar testimony sl^owtf that
siicn combines sell their pfjr
ducts all over Europe at lowt
prices than are charged fortheS
to domestic consumers. These!
facts have from time to time
pointed out, and in the interest
of the great principle of protection
to which our marvelous:
development and splendid pros- \
perity are largely due, The Post*
has advocated the reduction, not ?
in all cases the destruction, of:
scneauies xnus yubrageuusij >>
The Post then asks what con-6
gress is c 'going to do in order toj
put the Republican party in-j
good form for the campaign?",
It goes on to show that it is incumbent
upon the Republican
majority in congress to make an
honest effort to restrain the.
trusts, and adds:
"It is admitted by all fair-1
minded men that there are some
trade combines which have by
legitimate means reduced the
cost of prodxiction'while increasing
wages and not increasing
prices. No indiscriminate'warfare
on trusts is called for. But
against the sort of combines that
are taking advantage of protec-1
tive duties to prey on the public
there is a remedy at hand, and
every congressman knows what
The remedy suggested by The
Post may be easily applied and
would undoubtedly prbve effective.
John Sherman proposed
it in the senate nearly ten years
ago, but the friends and attorneys
of the trusts were strong
enough in that body to cause its
rejection. They did so because
they knew that it would bring
the trusts to time. For exactly
the same reason the present ReDublican
congress will refuse to
adopt the method, of dealing
with the trusts which The Post
' There is a partnership between
the Republican party and the
trusts which the former has no
idea of breaking. The president
may inveigh in words of seeming
indignation against the agfressions
of trust power, and
epublicans in both houses of
congress will probably give
forth similar stage thunder before
the opening of the campaign
but there can be no safer prediction
than that congress will take
no action that will be disagreeable
to the truts. The Post is
wasting its time.
Sapp?nls2? on Friday.
~ Moscow burned on Friday.
BaetUo destroyed on Friday.
Shakespeare bora on Friday.
Lincoln assassinated on Friday.
America was.discovered on Friday.
King Charles beheaded on Friday.
Washington was married on Friday.
Julius Caesar assassinated on Friday.
Queen Victoria was married on Friday.
Napoleon Bonaparte was horn on Friday.
Battle vt New Orleans fought on Friday.
Battle of Bunker Hill was fought on
Battle of Waterloo was fought on
Joan of Arc was burned at the stales
Swimming HaneuTT?* In Gtorman Army.
In the Dutch army a man must ha
able to swim as well as to fight Moreover,
if he is In the cavalry, he must
have a horse which will take a river
as easily as a hunter takes a fence.
Swimming maneuvres are part of tha
regular drill there. Collapsible canvas
Boats, manned by a few oarsmen.
lead the horses, so that they do nof
attempt to land on stone quays and
other difficult points. The men swim
across with their horses and on them.
They do it in swimming coetume and
in all the accoutrements of war.
There are few nautical emergencies
for which the Dutch army is not prepared.
Some of the officer* have not
only, their horses and kit cross the river
wit hthem, hut even their dogs gft,
upon their shoulders and are borne
over, almost without getting wet
Killed bt a Train.?A dispatch
from Swansea says Thursday night W.
K. Bell, a fiagman on the Florida Central
and Peninsular Railroad, was
knocked down on the track and a car
passed*over both legs above the knees,
and right arm and shoulder, also crushed
the right hip bone. He lived two hours
and fifty minutes; death resulting fiom
internal hemorrhages and sfcocfc. dir.
Bell was 31 years old.
T Our business in Farm Seeds is f
7 to-day one of the largest in this r
i Country. A result due to the fact ^
m that quality has always been our i
A first consideration. We supply i
A all Seeds required for the fcann. i
\ GRASS & CLOVER SEEDS, \
# Cow Peas, Cotton Seed, r
f Seed Oats, Seed Corn, f
i Soja, Navy & Velvet #
i Beans, Sorghums, #
0 Broom Corn, Kaffir #
4 Corn, Peanuts, f
9 Millet Seed, r
# Rape, etc. r
f Wood's Descriptive Catalogue f
A gives the fullest information about A
\ these and all other Seeds; best methods \
A of culture, soil best adapted for differ- A
\ erent crops and practical hints as to \
A what are likely to prove most profitable A
\ to grow. Catalogue mailed free upon \
A- request. A
J T. W. WOOD & SONS, I
$ SEEDSMEN. j Richmond, Va^ ^
I ANTISEPTIC IMITORI
Cures La Grippe, dyspepsia, iudiges tion
1 and all stomach and bowel troubles colic or
cholera morbus, teething troubles with
children, kidney tronbles, bad blood and
all sorts of sores, risings or felons, cuts and
burns. It is as good antiseptic!, when locally
applied, as anything on the market.
Try it and you will praise it to others.
; If your druggist doesn't keep it, write to !
"THE"*MURRAY DRUG CO.,
| Columbia, S. CL
iriw ifiJM i MiTraa nnmnwn iini ri imi fut lfmn
1' Prepare to
Friers of paper and paper t
f you will tell us your trouble
^Wholesalers of Bags
s Tie Demand of the Times. Su
i . '
lacFeat's School ofSho:
W. H, MacFeatj Court S
^ Terms reasonable.
, IThe cotton planters of the
Juth may again have to resort
f jcotton sheeting1 as a covering
t their cotton, and to seek
1 %ae substitute for ties to hold
bales in shape. These needsupplies
are now entirely
[trolled by the trusts. Last
; Ir there were half a dozen comfetors
in each line. This year
vb.o art? none. v/ne concern j
absolute control of all the
* on bagging in the country,
*t< .another has absolute iconic
of the cotton ties.
\ Thirteen Were Drowned.
- boat en board of' which were 20
* bers of the Catholic Students' asteition,
while crossing the river
ivie Wednesday from Bingen to Hue
; njeim, was capsized and 13 of its
leibants were drowned.
|S LEIDER INOEED.
"} New Ball Bearing '
lads in Workmanship, Beauty,
letfecity, Strength, LightBunning.
^nEvery Weman Wants One,
! i ?
^lnnents, Needles and
retHs for Sewing Machines
of all makes.
i ordering needles send era'
e. Price 27c per dozen, J
"e * : .
xri: Wanted in Unoccupied Terri-jott
re 1 rHULL, ' *
4 Sr( L219 Taylor Street, J
nfiLTTMRTA _S f! 8
^ EXpress f
f s^team Dyeing of every
| ~ d<
[cription. Steam, Nap- *T]
Frencli Dry and ?
iJir (jatf cal cleansing. Send J?
our new price list and
:lem^nlar. All work guar
1 the ied or no charge.
fei Steam Dye Works
; on jxo Main Street
31cbi |0LTJMBIA, S. C
iter, )rtman, Proprietor.
Jirray's Hore- 2S
OldE] i XiV* 11
Jworl' ' Eli
fftl Tar, for *
tbe?j 25 cents. 7"
- 1909i . [Jm
^miiriiv nmio i>n
tiUMBIA, 8. C. *
the ah Pl2
r^ELEY CUBE 1
|3>Iic, Opium (Mor- ^
other narcotic ma(
If) [cigarette and other j
t! dibits. Address or cfci]
H1 seley Instils, -Z
a cou109 PMn 8treet- Gin
3; ?ifBIA' 8- ?? ?ry.
shall an the state.
iys ta! . ?..
lthy r DDEUIVD
y ca* i itkmiun
ich it j the best features
7Jm Writer. 101
lsioAlumbia, s. a
while i ij at Law, own
anshesi . . s> a 1205
;00, *11 <JrU?
, -j I' :-T
>ags are rapidly adyancing, bat
s we may be able to kelp yoqg.
ationery Co., ^
- ' ' v . * I .
, Paper, Twines, etc.
ia, s. q
tch is the Training afforded at
rthand and Typewriting yl
* Jk SLJ
A, S. C.
Write for catalogue.
The Murray Improved
Cleaning and Distributing
Hie simplest and kost efficient J
Complete Power Equipments,
any horse power.
Plain, Automatic and Cor.'isa EnGines
Boilers, Saw Mill*, Woodworking machinery
Grain machinery, Threshers. Bice Hollers
Grist Mills, Saws. Injeotors,
Machinery, appurtenances of all kinds.
MT. H. Gibbos & Co. |
W4 Qerrals Stwef;,
COLOMBIA, 8. C. f
Near Union Depot.
OLD NOBTH STATE OINTCENT,
the Great Antiaehtic
[ealer, cures Piles, Eczema, ^
ore Eyes, Ghanulated Eyelids,
arbuncles, Boils, Cuts, Brois- ??
j, Old Sores, Burns, Conic,
unions, Ingrowing Toenails, ^
lflammatory Rheumatism* l3
ches and ,Pains, Chapped Ja
ands and laps, Erysipelas.
is something everyboch^ Vgg
*eds. Once used always usecW :$J|
or sale by all druggists and j
jalers. At wholesale by 1
EE MURRAY DRTO CO.,
riumbia, S. C. S
fan's strength j
lies in his \.fj
A. tx>or. weak digestion dftbili- I
and impoverishes the body. jl
> need confining one's self.to
rtain simple diet, on this ac- m
int, when with the use of V
[ilton's Life for the Liver and : J
ineys" any kind of food may J
eaten with comfort. 25c a M
ttle. Wholesale by
fhe mm big go., i
COLUMBIA, S. C, M
aplete Power Plants for jfl
Factories anil Mills. f|
in Side Valves.
toilers, Heaters, Pumps. ji
aw Mills, from small plan- w
on mills to the heaviest ^||
Is in the market. ^
J1 kinds of wood working
lonxand.com milling ma[>mpiete
Ginning Systems? v/
omus, Van Winkle and
ngines ? Boilers ?Saws ? JH
s in stock for quick deliv- . J||^H
V. C. Badham,
1326 Main Street,
COLUMBIA. S. C. yB
EY10 LOU 9
On improved real/estate; _
Interest eight per cent.
payable semi-annually. VtllpH
Time 3 to 5 years.
No commissions cliarged j
i. B. Palmar & Son, Jj
lAL NATIONAL BANK BUILDING, r
Plain St., Columbia, S. C.