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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, May 16, 1900, Image 1

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^ JOL LIV. WINNSBORO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. MAY 16, 1900. NO. 40
^
; UNCLE SAM'S CLAIM "
y/
/ Against the State for Arms Taken
During the War.
A CASE OF SOME INTEREST.
* ^ Matter Involving a Considerable
Sum of Money Which
the State Will Have
^ to Consider.
Governor McSweeney ba3 received j
' ^ from Washington another claim against
the State government by the Federal
government resulting from the War of :
f Secessions, The following letter re- 1
oei'.^d yesterday explains the claim:
Washington, May 8, 1900.
^ To the Governor of the State of South
? n i e n
^ Carolina, uoiumoia, o. v.
Sir: Oq Dec. 101897 the second auditor
stated an acoount with the State of
k South Carolina and certified a balance ,
I due the United States of $310,479.89. !
: ^ This balance arose from the following '
charge made in the account:
2R To Frederick C. '
iW ft V) A1VT? -w. ? _
Humphries, military storekeeper: For 1
the value of ordnance, ordnance stores. 1
olothing, camp and garrison equipage J
taken from him by force by Col. Cunningham,
Seventeenth infantry, S. C. ;
militia, Deo. 30, 1860, acting under the J
? ^ ocder^nf Gov. Pickens of South Caro- 1
BHBnkp,479,89.''
Bj B?rs that a charge was raised
H nd Humphreys, in settlement 1
T ioffi .i.^
ISBatOU JUHe 11, loui, ui litis
HLeason of the loss of the
^Described and that upon
Sedation of the secretary of
W&)v. 15, 1879, under section
Hraed statutes, this charge was
SPTby crediting him with the same
^t in settlement. No. 9249, 4
d Nov. 24,1879. The same amount
was thftreiiDon charged by the auditor |
to the State of South Carolina in the
,J~ account referred to above. That bal/
ance, however, was not admitted and
certified by tho second comptroller, but
under date of March 16, 1880, the account
was returned by him to the second
auditor, with the following endorse -1
ment thereon: 1
"It being doubtful whether the State ?
of South Carolina can properly be ?
- charged with the value of the ordnance, ]
etc., within mentioned, and it not ap- ^
pearing te be necessary to decide the
question in adjusting the accounts of {
Oapfc. Humphreys, this report is .
respectfully returned unconfirmed." 1
In a letter from the second comp- !
troller to thp second auditor, dated I
Deo. 17, 1879, referring to this account ^
he said: "Doubts exist whether the act (
of the governor of that State in connec- *
tion with taking stores from the custody <
of F. 0. Humphreys, military store- J
> keeper, U. 8. A., was an act of the
State in its sovereign capacity."
This would appear to be the reason,
L al?^igh aot expressly so stated, upon
which the second comptroller declined
B to confirm the report of the second
auditor.
The evidence upon which this account
with the State of South Carolina
|g was stated appears to be in part as fol
klows:
gl raJr; the settlement of the property acftnts
of the said Humphreys a defi 7
in the quantity of stores for
fthe was occountable wa6 ascer9^?e
money value of which was
Wm afe1 in making settlement No.
Bhe amount thereof charged
wa3 also ascertained that
B?cy was caused by the loss
seized by the State of
on Pec. 30, 1860.
K, 1878, in response to a
K second auditor, the adjuHTiransmitted
copies of cerand
reports on file in the
ffueoartment. among which are the )
Bowing.
fflj JffTelgram from F. C. Humphreys to
JW^gJhe ordnance bnreau, dated Charleston, *
S. C., Dec. 30,1860: ''This arsenal has 1
today been taken by force of arms.
What disposition am I to make of my
command?"
^ Order for surrender of arsenal: 1
gHk Charleston, l)ec. 29, 1860.
H Sir: 1 iierewitu demand aa lmmeaiaie ,
surrender of the United States arsenal ;
H|L at this place and under your charge,
and a delivery to me of the keys and
B contents of the arsenal's magazines, 1
a& etc. I am already proceeding to oc- .
V cupy it with a strong armed detach- ,
By ment of troops. I make the demand ia ;
Bp the name of the State of South Carolina
and by virtue of order from its j
governor, a copy of which is enclosed. ,
' Very respectfully,
John Cunningham,
Col. 17th Reg. Infantry, S. C. V. 1
Order from the Governor of South
s Carolina.
jC Headquarters, Charleston, S. C.
Dec. 29, 1860.
*.) Col. John Cunningham, Charleston,
/ S. C.
Sir: In the morning, after reporting ,
yourself to Major Gen. Schneile and informing
him of this order, you are directed
to get from him a detachment of
select men, and in trie most discreet
^ and forbearing manner, you will proceed
to the United States arsenal in ,
Charleston and there demand, in my ,
name, its entire possession and state 1
distinctly that you do this with a view
L to prevent any destruction of public
^ ^ property that may occur in the present
?*fifefcited state of the public mind, and
B&lso as due to the public safety.
You will then proceed to take in the
most manner a correct inventory of
everything in said arsenal and the ex--*
nf oil arms Ynit will read
oiow v* ?
this order to Capt. Humphreys, who is
* the United States officer at the arsenal.
I do not apprehend any difficulty in
giving up the same, but if refused, then
you are to take it, using no more force
than may be absolutely neccessary, and
with the greatest discretion and liberality
to Capt. Humphreys, who is at
perfect liberty to remain in his present
quarters as long as it may be agreeable
for himself, and he is requested to do
so.
^ rtrxs\Y\ ftO Ck TT1A
C A9 OV/VU w mvi
(Signed) F, W. Pickens.
Surrender of the Arsenal.
Charleston Arsenal, Dec. 30, 1S60.
Col. John Cunningham, Seventeenth
Reg. Inft. S. C. M.
> ;. Sir: I am constrained to comply
with your request for the surrender of
this arsenal from the fact that I have
no force for its defense. I do so, however,
solemnly protesting against the
illegality of this measure in the name
of my government.
(Signed) F. C. Humphreys,
Military Storekeeper Ordnance U. S. A.
Report of the surrender made by F.
C. Humphreys to the ordnance bureau
under the date of Jan. 3, 1S61:
"I will now proceed to make a de*-/irwrtrf
rtftVio faofq r^lfttlVfl thfi
V.C*ii^U. iv^/VlV V* WUV *v?v.h# A V
surrender of this arsenal.
'"On Sunday morning last Col. Cunningham
marched a strong detachment
c? armed men into this arsenal and demanded
the surrender in the name of
South Carolina and by order of Gov.
Pickens. Having no force to make a
defense,'I surrendered under a protest
and demanded che privilege of saluting
-irtTT 1 nrrorincr it. on ^ r?f tnk
LUJT ua^ yuviv *v??
ing it with me and that the command
should occupy the quarters until instructions
could be received from the
war department, which was granted.
"Soon after the arsenal and magazine
were both opened and the arms,
ammunition, accoutrements, eto., have
been constantly issued since."
This account has been brought to
the attention of the comptroller of the
.. t? Af
treasury xui ULS abuvu m ^uiou..uuu
See. 21 of the act o? July 31, 1894 (28
Statutes), which is as follows:
"All accounts stated by the auditor
before the 1st day of Oct., 1994, and
then pending for settlement in the offices
of the first and sesond comptroller
:>f the commissioner of customs shall
be reviewed by the comptroller of the
treasury in the manner provided by existing
law, and the balances arising
thereon shall bo certified the division
jfthe bookkeeping and warrants."
tfefoie taking tbe action required Dy
the statutes these facts are submitted
For you to furnish couter evidence.
Respectfully,
P. J. Traswell
Comptroller.
UNIQUE LETTER.
9l Man Who Wants to Work on the
Ufiristian saooaia.
Gov. McSweeney recently received
;he following letter:
Autun, S. C., May 7, 1900.
ro His Highness, Governor, 8. C.
Please excuse me for interrupting
pou, bat as a law abiding citizen I be,ieve
that 1 have a right under the constitution
of the State and of the United
States to "petition the government for
redress of grievances." Does not the
jonstitution prohibit congress from
"making an establishment of religion,
>r to prohibit the free exercise thereof."
And are not we endowed by our Creator
with certain unalienable rights; that
unong these are life, liberty and the
pursuit of happiness?" Is not the
liberty of the conscience the greatest
>f all liberties?the liberty to worship
3rod according to the dictates of one's
>wn conscience? Is not government
instituted among men for the purpose
vF Tv?/vfA/ttinar'tlaa r\or?nlo in tllA ATllfW
ment of these eights? And yet there
is a law in our beloved State making
;he establishment of the Sunday Sabbath,
thns showing favor to one class
[Sunday religionists) and persecuting
inother class (those who believe that
the seventh instead of the first day of
the week is the Sabbath). Much scrip
tare can be cited in support 01 tne
seventh day Sabbath, but we do not
think it necesssary just now. A poor
man's time and his labor is his property
but the government is robbing some of
its citizens of one-sixth of that constantly,
for after they have consoicn
tiou3ly observed the seventh day acjordiug
to the commandment they a.re
made to be idle also the first day. There
jre a number of such Christian men
who iove their Saviour and His commandments
under your jurisdiction
whr? are thns made to suffer. Their
families are needing the ether sixth of
their time and labor. Now in the
aame of liberty and justice what is to
be done? Believe me for I am sincere
in this matter.
Hoping that this may have your serious
consideration and support immediately,
I remain yonrs very humbly.
A Notable Trial Recalled.
Thomas Dudley died recently of bubonic
plague at Sydney, New South
Wales. In 1884 he was a defendant in
a celebrated leading case on murder.
Dudley undertook to sail the yacht
?? o . 1 3 X- A A i;_
Mignonette irom j&ngiana so ^.usirana
with a crew of three persons, one a boy.
The yacht was swamped in a storm soon
after crossing the equ.itor and the crew
escaped in a small boat with no water
and two pounds of turnips for their only
provisions, but they caught a small turtle.
After twelve days that food gave
out and eight days later Dudley killed
the boy, who was dying of weakness,
and they lived on his flesh four days.
They were rescued, brought to England
arViAro tried for mnrder s.nd
put in a plea of ''homicide by necessity."
The full court of (^aeen's Bench
decided that it was murder and sentenced
the men to death, a sentence
commuted at once by the Home Secretary
to a few months' imprisonment.
A Counterfeit Bill.
The Treasury Department has given
notice to the banks of a new $20 count
1/MTil>Dn^ar ia llpinir
circulated. The counterfeit is of series
of 1890; check letter A: plate number
7; J. Fount Tillman, Register; D. N.
Morgan, Treasurer; portrait of Hamilton;
small carmine seal. This note is
printed from engraved plates, and the
work upon the face and back is of a
high order of excellence. The character
of this note was suspected by Benjamin
F. Chatham, paying teller of
Penn National Bank, of Philadelphia,
who submitted it to the Sub-treasury in
ni *i 5 i t ? p . _ m l
rnuaceipflia ior examination, wnere
the spurious character of the note was
finally determined. This is the most
dangerous counterfeit that has appeared
since the one hundred dollar Monroe
head silver certificate in January, 1898.
Murder Will OutIt
looks as if the coils of an outraged
law were gradually tightening around
some of the defendants accused of the
foul crime of assassination in Kentucky.
It would be indeed singular of such an
assassination as that of Gov. G-ocbel,
committed in broad day light upon the
grounds of a State capitol, should remain
such a mystery that its perpetratsrs
could for any coasiderable time go
unwhipped for justice.
HOW IT'S WORKED.
Prohibitory Liquor Law as It Is
Enforced in Maine.
RESULT OF INVESTIGATION
By Committee of Good Citizens.
Ascertained Facts Which
May ba News to
Some People.
A AP T7 TTocf ??rn
Argus, of Portland, Maine, writing
from Auburn, Maine, says:
November last, at a meeting of citizens
of Auburn, Maine, and Lewiston
a committee.was appointed to investigate
the methods employed by the officials
in enforcing the prohibitory liquor
law in the two cities and in Androsoog?-?
- A? 'I1 L *TTrt Ci AQ
?111 COULlt}. J.UXB uuiliiuivicc rr aj oa
follows: Ara Cushman, one of the
wealthiest shoe manufacturers of .Auburn
and well known thronghout New
England; the Rev. C. A. Knickerbocker,
pastor of the Elm Street Universalist
ohurch of Auburn, formerly of
Dorchester, Mass ; W. A. Robinson, a
prominent business man of Auburn;
Rev. J. S. Darkee, pastor of the Court
Street Free Baptist cburch of Auburn,
X>\1 Urtmo rwotnr r\f t.f?A "Pinp
JLVQVt VICV. XAVUWj yaw?V4 v*. v-v a
Street Congregational church of Lewiston,
and 8. B. Hayes, a prominent
business man and a deacon in the Pine
Street Congregational church of Lewiston.
The committee has made a thorough
investigation of the methods employed
in the enforcement of the prohibitory
law and at a meeting held in Auburn
Hall May 2-the result of the investigations
of the committee was presented
by the Rev. Mr. Knickerboceer in a
report which he wrote.
TV> aav t'ha.t. fho readin? of the reoort
created a sensation is expressing the
fact mildly. That the prohibitory Jaw
is not enforced has been well known,
but that there is such a wholesale nullification
of the law was a surprise to
many of the prominent people present.
The character of the men who compose
the investigating committee removes
lrom it all suspicion that the report is
from a partisan standpoint.or .designed
for a personal attack upon .the officials
whose duty it is to enforce the law.
After the reading of the report remarks
were made by a number of the
prominent men present, among whom
were Prof. Thos. L. Angell of Bates
College, who presided, Prof. H. R. Purinton
of Bates College, Ara Cashman
and Key. J. S. Darkee of Auburn and
Rev. Geo. M. Howe of Lewiston. The
speakers voiced the sentiment that the
prohibitory law while designed for the
total suppression of the liquor traffic is
Virr Mnntu and officials and
the courts made simply a regulation.
The report of the committee follows:
Y^ur committee begs leave to submit
the following report as embodying in
outline the main results of the work
which has been done since the committee
was appointed. We should have
been ,glad to report earlier; but the
field which we have tried to cover has
Koon a lftptrfl nriA and the thorouehness
with which we have covered it will we
trust, alone in your minds for the delay.
The resolution adopted at the first
meeting in this hall under which this
committee was appointed was stated in
these words: "It is the sense of this
meeting that a committee be appointed
to confer with the citizens of the county
for the purpose of perfecting an organization
whose purpose shall be to secure
the better enforcement of the laws of
Maine against crime and particularly of
the prohibitory liquor law. xme resolution,
you will notice, assumes that
the prohibitory liquor law is not being
enforced as well as it might be. Under
this resolution your committee has
acted and to-night we are ready to show
jusc how much truth there is in the
assumption that the prohibitory liquor
law is not being enforced so well as it
might be.
We have conferred with the officials
whose duty it is to see that the law is
enforced and we have been assured that
it is being enforced as thoroughly as
possible. We have found that the
sheriff and his deputies are tenderhearted
and have no desire to persecute
anyone; that they do not want to make
any liquor seller feel that he has been
singled out for the law's assaults, but
that it is their fixed policy to treit all
about alike; to raid them at irregular
interveis and secure evidence against
them where possible so that a large
number of them shall be presented for
trial at such term of court. Then the
court deals with them in as tender and
considerate a way as the officers and
meantime and all the time, with almost
no exception, the business of liquor
selling goes on. While the liquor dealer
is facing the judge in court, to receive
his sentence lor violating the law
- ^ VvtI Cl'nooo 1q
Ui (.lie; ijiaie, uxs piauo vi uubiuvw >u
open and his barkeepers are as busy as
nsual.
The officers claim that the method
they pursue is restricting- the business
and closing some places. All the evidence
your committee has been able to
gather, after most painstaking investi
gation, goes to show that the business
of liquor selling is not being restricted
in Androscoggin county; that number
of places where liquor is sold is being
diminished and that with the past year
new places have been opened.
Still farther it is plain that the business
is not being driven into the dark.
Liquor selling is done openly and bars
with their furnishings of glasses and
bottles may be seen from the street.
The court in pursuance, presumably,
of a policy of harmony with the mild
and inocuous method which the officers
follow, seems inclined to keep within a
certain restricted area of penalty, following
it would seem, not the provisions
of the statutes in such cases
made and provided; but the purely
negative method of not hurting anybody's
feelings excepting the temperance
people, and asking the offenders
against tiie liquor law to contriDute- a
small amount toward the finances of the
county. For instance, I have taken
the names of fifty of the liquor sellers
of Lewiston, nearly all of whom have
been in business a number of years. Of
these 50, the names of 30 appear on the
court docket at least once, many of
them more than once, for the four
terms of court beginning Jan. 1899.
Against these 39 law-breakers there
were during the four terms of court, 182
complaints and indictments, 83 of these
! were nol-prossed, 17 were assigned to
the special docket and 13 continues for
sentence, which means to all intents and
purposes, that 113 of these complaints
CkUU iUUlUbiii^UkO UCiV UXlAOUWvft
This leaves 69 cases against the 39 men
during the four terms of court, or an
average of somewhat les3 than two
oounts against each individual for that
leDgth of time.
j The average total fine imposed upon
! these 39 men under these 69 cases during
these four terms of court was $324,
I 1 x!_ _ On _.IlV
j ana every one 01 tee o^, witu uue caception,
he is in jail, is in business today,
and so far as we can learn has
never been out of business for a day during
the time covered by these calculations,
it would seem therefore that the
policy of the co~rt and of the officers, is
not one of repi -sion; not one of enforcement
of law; but simply one whereby
a certain amount of revenue may be
secured to the county. That this policy
is general throughout the State is
proved by the fact that in some counties
no raids are made either by the local of
UCtJlS, UUt lUitli CVCiJ* JCDL LUC mpvi
dealers are rounded up and made to pay
a fine, which in one county to which my
attention has been directed, amounts
on the average to $480 a year. This
method is surely more economical than
the one which is persued in Androscoggin
county, and seems to secure the
desired end without friction. That it
should be without friction, it is well to
note, may not be wholly to the credit
either to the officials, the courts or-the
temperance people, but is surely no re
flection upon the liquor sellers.
My attention has been repeatedly called
to the fact that local officers, after
making raids and securing in some
cases large quantities of liquor, have
found the grand j ary under some circumstances
ucvniling to grant an indictment;
and the case, after passing
through the municipal court, has been
dropped and the liquors returned.
Equally suggestive is the fact that
' -? ?- - ?- ? in f na
DUSinebB LUCU, JHCU Ul uiuuoubc m <.uu
county politically, socially and in some
I am lead to believe, religiously, stand
in the way jf the law's enforcement;
stand in the way even of the attempts
which are made to enforce it. ane not
infrequently by personal solicitation
seek to turn the officers from the plain
path of their official duties?because,
forsooth?interference with certain
liquor dealers would be detrimental to
Dusmess.
Can we blame the officers for regarding
such advice as an indication of a
prevailing sentiment sufficiently strong
to warrant them in regulating their official
conduct by it?
And is it not in accordance with the
dictates of a similar sentiment that the
courts consent to persae what can be
regarded as nothing more than an easy
routine which blessed the liquor deal
era while it curses tne law:
It iB this addition of a little legal
sugar to Maine-'s Illegal whiskey that
is bringing our grand old State into
contempt abroad and into civil paralysis
at home, from which rescue is possible
only as a quickened public conscience
and enlightened zeal cleanse this
law in its enforcement, or, in the name
of outraged decency and a forgotten
Cirt/} trrino if off afatnta hfioks.
\A WVAj *W V**
It will be impossible for me to give
you in detail the result of the committee's
investigations. It would require
hours of your time to do so. A few
cases, as typical of a great many which
we have classified I do wish to present
both as giving you some idea of the
kind of work your committee has been
doing, the trustworthyness of its deductions;
and as revealing more completely
the methods of the court.
ThpTi fallowed a number of cases of
Lewiston liquor dealers showing how
many cases had been brought against
them and how they are disposed of.
None of them differed in any essential
particulars. The report is signed by
Rev. C. A. Knickerbocker for the committee.
Picked Tip at Sea.
The steamer El Palso from New
York to New Orleans arrived at the
latter port Wednesday with the Seoond
Mate Willoughby M. Moore and 14 of
the crew of the wreoked British steamer
Virginia. This vessel, Capt. Charles
Samuel, from Daiquiri. Cuba, or Baltimore,
with a cargo of iron ore and a
crew of 25 men stranded on Diamond
Shoals, about 6 o'clock on the evening
of last Wednesday week about 12 miles
off Cape Hatteras. Mate Moore and
the crew, as soon as they arrived in
New Orleans went to the office of
British Consul Van Sittart. They related
a tale of great suffering and hardship.
Moore and the 14 men with him
managed to get into a boat after the
stranding of the vessel but were unable
to make shore on account of high wind
from the land and were driven out
into the open sea. El Palso sighted
the forlorn crew of the wrecked Vir
giaia and they were soon taken aboard.
The British consul will send the meB
to Baltimore. Mate Moore stated that
when left the Virginia Capt. Samuels
and the first mate and the other members
of the crew were crowded upon the
bridge. Five men were drowned before
they left.
The Cotton Crop.
Hester's analysis of the cotton movement
for the eight months of the season,
September 1 to ths close of April,
inclusive, shows as compared with the
crop movement of last year that Texas,
including the Indian Territory, brought
into sight in round figures 907,000
bales less, while other gulf States, including
Arkansas, Louisiana, Missis'pAnTiAocflo
AT i oannri or^ Otla
A?jUduvwAA V ?? ? ?
homa, marketed 508,000 less, and the
group Atlantic States which includes
North and South Carolina, Georgia,
Florida, Alabama and Virginia show a
decrease of 541,000 bales, making a
decrease in the total crop marketed of
1,956,000. The total crop in sight at
the close of April is 8,550,883.
An Old Roman Ca&p.
In excavating the old Roman camp
ot Uarnuntum near .tiaimDurg on tne
Danube, between Vienna and Preesburg,
the explorers have come npon an
armory and provision house containing
1,037 weapons and pieces of armor and
stores of barely, peas, etc. A great
many inscriptions were found as well,
and the means by which the camp was
supplied with water.
NAMES BRYAN.
Such Was the Action of the
Populist Convention.
NOMINATED UNANIMOUSLY.
The Man in Whom Populists
Haye Greatest Confidence.
Towna Nominated for
viye-rresiuani.
The Populist Convention, whioh met
at Sioux Fall, S. D., on Wednesday and
adjourned Thursday, nominated Bryan
for President and Townefor Vice-President.
Bryan was nominated by acclamation,
but there was a long discussion
ftVmt. nnmi-nfttinc a viftp-nrAfiideTitial
candidate.
Chairman Patterson made a bitter
argument against "repeating the fatal
mistake of four years aj?o." Senator
Marion Butler strongly advocated a
nomination as essential to the welfare
of the party. A compromise proposition
was submitted by George F. "Washbum
of Massachusetts, who advocated
me naming u; several uca tu yc yic
sented to the Democratic national convention,
any or whom would be acceptable
to the Popnlists.
There was considerable talk abont a
compromise, which it was hoped will
be acceptable both to the friends of Mr.
Towne and to those who are opposed to
making a nomination. This compromioa
ia WATn?r>!?fj? MV TVitrnA ftnf? fn
appoint a committee to submit his name
to the Democratic national convention,
Mr. Towne to withdraw in case the
Demociats do not accept.
Before the matter was disposed of the
platform committee report arrived and
it was read by Committeeman Gillette
of Iowa. The long financial plank, including
the denunciation of the recent
banking law and especially the demand
ei 1 vrnv of 1 ma
IvJL DUfbJl caw AW W A } *? UM A WW* * VM I
with wild cheering. When that portion
of the plank extending sympathy to the
South African republics, denouncing
any alliance with foreign powers was
read, the convention broke into wild
applause and the direct election of
United Senators demand also evoked
considerable applause.
Jerry Simpson moved the adoption
of the platform and was seconded by
half a dozen delegates. A delegate
from Michigan objected as the platform
carried no pledge of support to the
< <% Vip nnminat^ri. Ha madft a
motion to that effect. A standing vote
was taken and every delegate in the
tent arose amid great cheering.
Speaker Patterson announced the
platform unanimously adopted and said
the pext in order was the presentation
of candidates for the presidential nomination.
Then he immediately introduced
Senator Allen of Nebraska. This
could mean but one man and that was
Bryan, and instantly the convention
# * -1- 9 xi 11__
was on its ieet cneering irauucauy,
waving flags, hats and handkerchiefs.
Senator Allen spoke as follows:
"He embodies in his political convictions,
in his life, all that is good in
an American citizen, all that is pnre
and loval, all that the most exacting
conld desire; a stateman of ripe experience,
a philosopher, a patriot withont
a peer on this or any other continent.
Peerless, bold, determined, thoroughly
united to the interests of the great mass
of his countrymen, he would make and
will make an ideal candidate for the
exaited office of president of these
United States. Since the result of the
election in 1896 was known to the
American people, among the fusion
forces of the United States there has ]
been but one name connected with the j
office and with the nomination at this j
time.
He is tho embodiment of all that
opposes plutocracy, that opposes greed,
that oppose* the exercises of criminal
power in publio life. He is in my Judgment
the most perfect American citizen
of the age. I think he is an orator,
a statesman, the equal of Webster and
Clay if not their superior. He was a
Nebraskan, but beloBgs now to the
world. Without further discussion,
without further description of this
magnificent man, I present to this convention,
this hero, statesman and orator,
"William Jennings Bryan.
4tT don't want fco seethe follvof 1896
repeated. It was an anomaly in the
history of this country. Let us consult,
not our emotions, not our desires,
not our impulses, but our judgment and
do that which the future will approve."
The announcement of Mr. Bryan's
name was the signal for moro enthusiastic
outhursts.
Gen. James B. Weaver of Iowa was
introduced. Another -round of cheers
rancr nnfc ah thrt veteran from Iowa came
forward to second the Domination of
Mr. Bryan. He made an eloquent
speech.
Jerry Simpson declared Bryan represented
the struggle for human rights.
G. F. Washington ofiVIassachusetts seconds
Bryan as the hope of the nation
and Cyclone Davis of Texas seconded
him as the only man who can "throttle
the oppressors of the people." Loud
calls for "Butler." Briefly Senator
Butler seconded the nomination. He
said every Populist in the United
States will put into this fight all that |
is in his power.
''Mr P,fiairman." infAminhpil Senator
Alhn, amid perfect silence, "I move
that the rules of this conventioa be
suspended and William Jennings Bryan
be nominated by acclamation for
president of the United States."
As one man the convention arose.
Hats, canes, umbrellas and flags were
waved in the air amid deafening cheers
while the band played "Old Hundred."
A Bryan picturs was hoisted to the
desk while the convention applauded
frantically. Chairman Patterson announced
the nomination unanimous.
Then the delegates settled for the
fight on the vice presidential nomination
which was next on the programme.
Gen. Weaver pleaded for a conference
with the Democratic party. "Nominate
any one here," he said, "and you
won't get him at Kansas City." Gerry
Brown of Massachusetts opposed the
A 1 A Hi A . 1
conference pian. Alter some mrtner
discussion, C. A. Towne was nominated
as candidate for vice-president. The
convention then adjourned sine die.
COLUMBIA'S GREAT FESTIVAL.
Expectations More Than Realized.
Everybody Delighted.
Columbia, May 5.?Special: The
Festival of Music and Art, recently
mentioned in this correspondence, was
altogether a great success. Being the
first of its kind that has been given in
the past few years, it was perhaps
natural to expect that tho attendance
might be somewhat smaller than the
Masical Association and friends could
wish. Bat there was a large andieuce
at each of the three conccrts. The
hall of the House of Representatives
was well filled at the two night entertainments
every seat on the floor was
occupied.
The music was throughout of a very
nf tho ner formers ex
hibiting the qualities of an artist.
The quartet?soprano, contralto,
tenor and baritone?was strikingly well
trained, each voice showing to advantage,
yst all uniting to make a most
harmonious and effective chorus.
Mme. Cleanora Meredith has a so
prano that may be said to have few
superiors, whateyer qualities may be
considered as essential. Her training
is of the very highest order, her compass
extraordinary and her execution
(especially in the highest tones) really
wonderful. At the first- hearing there
is some impression of the mechanical.
But this soon gives place to appreciation
of the power of her voice and her
admirable enunciation. She made a
~ xl_ 1 JL
tine impression mrougnoui.
Miss Mray Louise Clary is the possessor
of a genuine contralto voice of
rare compass and still more rare power.
Some of her notes, from their
strength and depth, might be accounted
masculine but for that extraordinary
sweetness which makes them as those
of a woman who, artist as she is, feels
all that she sings. Miss Clary was encored
after each of her solos, and she
was manifestly the favorite from first
to last.
Mr. William H. Reiger, the tenor,
sing3 beautifully. His training has
evidently been of a most thorough
character, but it has not affected that
love of music which makes Mr. Rieger's
own music delightful throughout. His
voice is natural?altogether free from
| that straining observable in so many
tenors. His enunciation is most excellent
on/1 liio cr<?TiATal ntvlfl "fcakinc'a in
*VUWJ ?UV4 M?w ?~ * WB
the extreme. He left a fine impression.
Mr. Heinricli Meyn has a baritone
notable less for power than for smoothness,
expressiveness, and what might
be termed tunefulness. His enunciation
is excellent, and he sings always
in good taste.
Miss Celia Schiller, the pianiste, has
perfect command of the instrument and
nlavs always in excellent taste. She
was a favorite with the audience, whose
appreciation of each of her solos was
enthusiastically shown.
An expert performer on the harp is
rarely heard. Such, indeed, is Mr.
John Cheshire. No sweeter music
ever charmed an audience than what he
gave during the Festival. He has marvelous
command of the instrument, his
softest notes (sometimes barely audible)
being as clear, as expressive, as his
strongest. His renditions were a fea
ture at eaoii entertainment.
None of all the music was more appreciated
than was the chorus from
Warner's "Flytng Datchman," given
by sixty young ladies of the Presbyterian
College for Women, under the
direction of Mr. H. J. F. Mayser with
Mips Ida Missildine as accompanist.
There was evidence of admirable training,
whilst the naturalness of the singing
was one os its chief attractions. >
The "May Queen," a cantata by Sir
W. Sterndale Bennett, was given by a
i mixed chorns of 40 voices, under the
direction of Mr. Mayser, with Miss
Missildine a3 accompanist, the quartet
of professionals also taking part. In
every part the musio was most excellent.
Taken as a whole, the Festival may
be accounted a decided success. That
success reflects especial credit upon Mr.
H. J. F. Mayser, director of the department
of music in the Presbyterian College
for Women. The really arduous
work of planning and preparation fell
chiefly upon him. How well he met
expectation and responsibility alike is
sufficiently attested by the high-class
yet, really enjoyable entertainments
which were the outcome of his plans.
Nor must it be forgotten that an element
in the suocess of the Festival?essential
to its inception and to its consummation?is
the musical taste of
Columbia, to the culture and the elevation
of which no one inflaence has contributed
more than the Presbyterian
College for Women.
The art exhibit was no lesg appreciated
than the concerts. Large crowds
of people interested in art took advantage
of this opportunity to tee some of
its finest productions.
Already people are talking of next
year's Festival?for it is to be of annual
recurrence.
An Old &eiic.
Tho stone house at Tappan, N. Y.,
where Major Andre was imprisoned until
his execution, at the time of the
revolutionary war, is just entering a
new phase in its checkered history.
For two years past it waa run as a hotel,
but recently the license of the proprietor,
Charles A. Pike, was revoked, and
now the historic house and grounds
have been leased to parties from New
York city, who will turn the place into
a soap factory. The building stands
within sight of tho spot where Andre
| was executed, and for more than half
a century no visitor fvas permitted to
enter it. A few years ago a part of the
house was blown down by a severe gale,
and the property was then purchased
by Mr. Pike, who restored it to its
former condition.
Made Big Money.
The report of the year ended Dec. 31,
submitted at the annual meeting of the
^ ' ? _ ?_
American XoDacco company ac new
York "Wednesday shows: Net earnings
$5,202,384, increase $244,580; surplus
$23,575,430, increase $1,017,741; deduct
scrip dividend $21,000,000; leaves
available surplus $2,575,430, decrease
$19,932,259.
A Hot Time.
A riot in a debating society near
Mountain Grove, Mo., resulted in one
- * rm .11 _ <1
of the three )uage3 sunenng tne loss 01
three teeth, another a broken rib and
the third a broken nose, while two of
the debaters emerged from th<i argument
with broken bonea.
EE IS A GOOD MAKC.
A. Town Named by the Populists for
Vice-President.
Mr. J. W. Bowles, of St. Paul, who
nominated Charles A. Town for the
vice-presidency, spoke of him as fol*
tlT - - A * i_ 1 3 1
lows: "in nay judgment xi wcruia nave
been wiser and better for us all to have
held this convention at the same time
and place fixed upon by our allies. We
must make no mistake in the choosing
of a creditable candidate for the office
of vice-president. No ordinary offering
will likely be acceptable to them.
" i -L _e 1 j l
ne must oe a msu 01 reccgujzeu uuuesty,
ability and courage. If we offer
such a candidate we can rely upon the
party whc gave us Wm. J. Bryan and
the Chicago platform in 1896 to heartily
endorse him. If we do this we will
crystalize the voters who are opposed
to the policy and methods of the Republican
party into a grand, invincible
phalanx, which will move on to victory
at the polls. I am proud of the priviWa
tnname. in behalf of mv State, one
of her citizens, whom we offer as a candidate?a
man preeminently qualified in
all respects to stand beside the matchless
Bryan as his running mate in this
great race for liberty and human rights.
The man whom I have in mine was born
and reared in the State of Michigan.
In 1894 he ran as an anti-machine can
didate for coDgress on tiie .KepuDiican
ticket and was elected by 10,000 majority,
overcoming an opposition majority
of 500 votes. He was then, as
noWj a pronounced advocate of bimettalism.
He had the honesty and courage
to adhere to his convictions and
when his party in convention at St.
Lonis in ?96 turned its back upon bimettalism
he, with other great leaders,
walked out of the convention aBCL supDorted
the allied ticket and cause in
that ever memorable contest In 1896
and again in 1898 lie was the fusion
candidate for member of coDgress in
the Sixth Minnesota district and in
both contests came within a few hundred
votes of being elected, although
he was made a special target of Mark
Hanna and bis well known methods.
Such courage as he displayed in turning
his back on preferment and reward
at the hands of a rich and powerful
party and following his honest conviction,
to meet defeat, has proved his
title to our confidence. Snch courage
as he has displayed may well stand beside
that of him who. on that morning
of 1898, stood on the bridge of his flagship
and piloted his ship over death
dealing mines to fierce battle and triumph
over the Spanish navy at Manila
bay."
STBIKE CALLED OFFThe
Telegraphers Are Left Holding,
the Empty Bag.
A dipatoh from Atlanta, Ga., says
President W. V. Powell of the Order of
Railway Telegraphers issued an order
effective at 11 a- m., Tuesday, formally
discontinuing the strike of the
Southern railway telegraphers, declared
April 12, 1900.
In his statement President Powell
announces the decision of the officers
of the order regarding the strike. He
states that the telegraphers can now
apply to the Southern for employment
without being considered by the order
as scabs but advises them not to do so.
He says:
4'It is to be regretted that some of
the purposes for which the strike was
inaugurated are not entirely successful.
Had all of the members of the organization
and those who agreed to
support it in this struggle remained
loyal to the cause, it would have been
possible to give to you the notice of a
complete victory."
President Powell asserts that while
the strike controversy is ended the boycott
feature on the Southern will be
continued by the order and concludes
his statement as follows: "The fight
against the Southern railway will never
be stopped by the organization until
such time as it concedes the things demanded
by its telegraphers. The refusal
of which led to the inauguration
of a strike on the Southern's lines at
11 a. m., April 12th, 1900."
It is stated from the strikers' headquarters
that many of the telegraphers
formerly employed by the Sauthern
are seeking positions on western roads
and some are entering other employment.
The daily strike editfon of The
Journal of Labor, through the colunns
of which the fight has been vigorously
waged, announced its discontinuance in
Tuesday's issue.
Two Trains Collide.
A head end collision occurred on the
Charleston and SavaDnah road at half
past one o'clock Wednesday morning.
Near Hardeeville, Beaufort county,
train 23 of the Plant System south
bound, and the north bound passenger
of the Southern No, 36, came together.
The colored fireman on the Southern's
train was instantly killed, and the
engineer was seriously injured. Three
mail clerks on train 23 were badly injured.
A number of passengers were
% i ? , i
hurt, but none received iatai in juries.
The Plant system train was late and it
is understood, was trying to make the
siding when the wreck occurred. Both
engines were wrecked. Some of the
passenger coaches were damaged to considerable
extent. The wreck caused
great confusion. The three mail clerks
were brought to Charleston, and placed#
in the hospital. They are receiving the*
most skillful attentioa. The others
injured were taken to Savannah and
* * * 5
Waycross. a numDer 01 surgeons ana
physicians were taken to the scene of
the wreck from Charleston. Traffic
was delayed for some hours, but
through hard woik, the track is now
clear. Train 78 for the north was made
up in Charleston.
Demons of Destruction.
Half a dozen distinct tornadoes occurred
in central Kansas Wednesday
afternoon following a day of exceedingly
high temperature. Two people
lfWATW* VvAAW +
?u.c Aiiynu lj uavg ucvu ouu wuivv
injured. Many houses were blown
down, and much damage done to crops.
The Difference.
William J. Bryan gires the following
difference between an agriculturalists
and a farmer: "The agriculturist
makes his money in town and spends it
ci the farm; the farmer makes his
money on the farm aBa spends it in
town."
WONDERFUL SHELL.
Invented by an Officer of the
United States Navy.
MAKES ARMOR VALUELESS.
Why Information Called for by
Senate as to Tests at Indian
Head Were Not Given.
Some facts almost startling in their
importance were laid before the senate
Tnecdaw in flPKsinn. ThflV
related, it is understood, to the invention
of a shell by a prominent officer of
United States navy?a shell superior in
every essential quality to any now in
use this or by any other government.
The quality of penetration possessed by
the shell is said to be so great that no
armor now manufactured in the United
States or abroad has sufficient resistance
to withstand it
The facts which were in possession of
only a few senators, were deemed so
important that the senate decided to
consider them in secret session. After
the naval .bill had been laid aside for
the day. Mr. Tillman asked for a
secret session in order that he might explain
to the senate why he desired^ the
armor plate matter to be discussed in
secret. v
When the doors were olosed he explained
that several days ago he had
i* i ? ?in
onerea a resolution cauiug upuu mm
secretary of the navy to send to the
senate for its information the details of
tests made by the department's officials
of armor plate at Indian Head. No
answer to that inquiry has been received
and in all human probability none will
be received.
It seems that Mr. Tillman called at
the navy department and was informed
that it was unwise at this time to make
public the details of the tests he had
asked for, as it would place in the
hands, not only for the senate, bat of
representatives ot loreign government
what properly belonged exclusively to
the United States. He was informed
that Admiral O'Neil, chief of the bureau
of ordnance, had been conducting for
several months a series of armor tests
at Indian Head, the results of which
were very remarkable. A prominent
official of the navy department said, it
is understood, that the tests of all sorta
of armor, including the Krupp armor*
had been made with a view of ascertaining
their effectiveness against a new
shell that had been invented by an offiftpr
nf thft naw. No t>iece of armor
submitted to the test, it is understood,
was able to withstand the test. The
shell, fired from high power guns, penetrated
the armor almost as bullets fired
from a Krag- Jorgensen rifle would penetrate
green wood, the difference being
that the armor plates split from the
point of impact It is said that this
was true of the Erupp armor, as well
as of other armor tested.
The shell which was so effective was
not described; indeed, the navy department
is guarding jealously all details
concerning its construction. The argument
of Mr. Tillman is that with suoh a
_ 1 e At.
projectile in me possession ol ua 5w?ernment
the sooner or later will become
known to other governments, it ~ ?
would not be the part of wisdom for the
congress to enter into contracts to purchase
the high priced armor, unl?ss it
could be so improved so as to result projectiles
of the kind used at Indian
Head. Feeling that more or less of the
matter concerning the tests recently
made by the government would be used
in the debate upon the armor question,
Mr. Tillman suggested that it would be
desirable to consider the subjeot in x
secret.
The senate agreed with, him, and the
armor plate matter will be discussed behind
closed doors.
Requested to Resign.
Mayor James Gk Woodward, o! Atlanta,
is in trouble again and the city
council has called upon him to resign
his office. The resolution was the elimination
of a sensational sermon Sunday
night by the Rev. L. G. Broughton,
in which the minister made a violent
attack upon the Mayor's personal habits.
The resolution calls upon the
Mavor to resign before the next meet
ingof council, two weeks from Wednes- . .
day. The leader of the oppositioa to
Mr. Woodward says he is in honor
bound, under the terms of a statement
made last summer, to resign. The
Mayor declined to say what his action
would be. His term expires on January
1 nezt.
Three of a Kind*
At a dinner in London a few days
ago Mark Twain gravely arose and an*
1 . i l , * _ __
noancea tixac ne was aDoui coaepare ior
the United States to run for the presidency,
in view of the fact that there
were not enongh presidential candidates
in the field. When the ballots
have been connted in November it will
be found that Mr. Barker, of Philadelphia,
the middle-of-the-road Populist
candidate, and Dr. S. C. Swallow, of
Qarrisburg, the United Christian candidate,
are in the oategory with Mark.
?Savannah News.
Indians at the Beunion.
it sounds a little singular to read
that a company of Cherokee Indians
will attend the Confederate Veterans'
reunion at Louisville, but there were
Cherokees, Choctaws and Creeks all in
the Confederate army, and they doubtless
feel an equal interest with the
whites in the cause.?Waycross Herald.
It Will Go On.
The Atlanta Journal says "General
Otis declared just before he sailed from
Manila a few days ago that the war was
over. Now Aguinaldo bobs up with a
new army and the call for more troops
comes from our far-away officers.^ It
will be many a year before thejPhilip
pine war is over."
Prices of Pablic Pap.
Secretary Gage Wednesday submitted
the first estimates of appropriations for
the new officers of the government of
Hawaii, including $5,000 for the governor,
$3,000 for the secretary, $5,500
for the chief justice and $10,000 for two
associate justices.
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