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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, July 18, 1900, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-07-18/ed-1/seq-1/

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* VOL LIV. WINNSBORO. S, C., WEDNESDAY. JULY 18, 1900. NO. 49
ON THE ROAD AGAIN"
The State Candidates Resume j
Their Speech Makir-g.
!
THE ATTENDANCE SMALL.
Tko WaM TmHHpn Ground Gone
Over by the Vote Hunters.
Not Much Interest
Manifested.
The State campaign mectiDgs were
resumed last Tuesday week at Georgetown.
The attendance was very small,
and little interest wa3 manifested in
what was said and done. A number
of the candidates were absent.
"WILLIAMSBURG MEETING.
There were about two hundred people
in attendance on the meeting at Kingstree
on Wednesday. Capt. Jennings,
? -3 - J - ' ~ Tmoonr^f An^np(]
e&auiuatc iui khhs ??
the speaking. Dr. Tim merman was
absent.
Brocker and Derham warmeo up a
little. Brooker charged Derham with
allowing treasurers to make settlements
whenever the latter want to. Derham,
interrupting, said this was untrue. ,
Brooker said he oould prove it in the
record for 1897 in Ilichland county.
Derham said that he had a ceriiScate
from Sheriff Cathcart contradicting
Brooker's statement.
Capers made the crowd holler by assailing
MeMahan for naming a flag on
ft Winthrop college for "a Yankee solJtttoo
foirtliintr af. tVip snniBlfir
? UlCt W11V HM -V
school. McMahan was not here today.
Col. Floyd said Williamsburg had
> been one of his banner counties. Re
wanted to keep its support. Dr. Rouse
teste aKcptif
fe W. D. Mayfield, W. D. Evans, J. H.
Wharton, B. B. Evans, J. E PettiI
- grew and Mr. Berry told why they \
ought to be railroad commissioner. B
B. Evans prodded W. P. Evans. Barney
denied that rate on cotton had
been reduced, "and I defy him to deny
it " W. D. Evans replied: "I do deny
it." Barney asserted that one man's
word is as good as another's. He then
read some figures that the local rate
from Kingstree to Greenville was i>y
cents and to Norfolk 24 cents. Barney
continued to make his charges, ''and I
defy him to deny it." Col. W. D.
Evans each time would say. "I do deny
it." Barney stated that since the sale
of the South Carolina and Georgia to
the Southern the rates had increased.
W. D. denied this. Barney said this
denial was not the truth." W. D. advanced
toward him and it looked squally,
but the Marlboro gamecock kept admirable
control of himself under the
terrible excoriation of his Edgefield
namesake. Barney, shaking his Anger
excitedly at W. D., said that to prove
his assertion the rates at Aiken had
gone up since the sale of the South
/ -Carolina and Georgia he could cite the
CANDIDATES FOR GOVERNOR.
Gary was the first speaker for the office
of governor. He today for the first
time referred to the fact that he has no
papers backing him up. He reiterated
nis support of the dispensary, and
jumped on prohibition, bat advocated
local option between the two. He produced
the record showing that he had
voted for the Archer bill as amended
by Winkler so as to allow each county
the right to establish or to remove dispensaries.
Col. Hoyt said he had not
referred to the Archer bill, but to the
bill prepared by 31r. Kobinson of Anderson,
which provided for a vote between
dispensary and prohibition.
Gary charged coalition between blind
ligers and prohibition to squeeze the
life out of the dispensary. He accorded
all honor to honest prohibitionists,
but warned honest men Dot to be persuaded
to vote for prohibition. He
again stated that factional lines had
been drawn against him, as he was a
Gary and a 'Tillmanite. He wants to
be measured as an individual.
Patterson began by saying that while
Mr. Gary is discussing local option, he
would discuss the dispensary. Pattersati
Attfvmnted the role of humorist and
told several jokes today. Gary is seeing
ghosts. Nobody in the campaign
has said anything about the Gary's hold-.
ing offices until yesterday, when Walt
Wnitman said something about it.
Nobody is attacking Gary for supporting
Tillman. He said that Gary didn't
have the courage to come out in favor
of the dispensary at Charleston.
Gary?That is absolutely untrue.
* Patterson said that at Charleston he
had asked Gary if the latter was in favor
of high license for Charleston, and
the latter said that his position was understood
by the crowd.
Gary?I asked the crowd if they
wanted me to explain my position
again, and they said no.
Patterson?But the people of South
Carolina must have an explanation.
Gary?The people know how I stand.
You are the only one who does not, and
it you haven't got the brains to take it
in L can't give them to you.
Patterson then paid his respccts to
" prohibition. Everybody in South Carolina
knows that if Gonzalez take3 up
a fellow it beats that fellow, and so
Col. Hoyt says he did not seek the support
of Gonzales.
Patterson then began on McSweeney,
' ? making the same old charges of non
enforcement of the law. He made a
"new point," that M. Welch, of the
tirm. of Welch & Eason, runs a blind
tiger and has a United States revenue
license. Yet McSweeney has commissioned
him a member of the Charleston
county board of control.
McSweeney stated that he had nothing
to do with it. The appointments
were made by the legislative delegation
from Charleston.
r Patterson said that McSweeney couid
at least kick him out.
McSweeney replied that he could not
* * % *-- - 1- T? J
^ kiciv out a man wnom ne nau uui ay- i
pointed.
Patterson said he eould at least re- I
port it to the grand jury.
f MeSweeney wanted :o kcow if Pat'
terson accused Welch of running a
oiind tiger.
Patterson replied, "Ves; I have seen
the barrels seized in his place by the
constables.'"
There was scant applause when Patterson
concluded.
S$f ' ' '
Col. Hoyt said there were admirable
features in the dispensary jaw as compared
with the barrooms. But the
people who are appointed to enforce
the law do not do it. It is enforced in
towns and cities with the aid of municipal
authorities, but not in rural districts?at
least not in his part of the
State. Dispensaries sell to blind tigers.
The colonel then paid his respects to
Mr. Gary. The bill he had referred
to was introduced by Robinson from
Anderson, not Robinson from Pickens.
It was introduced in 1899 and Gary
voted acainst it. It was prohibition.
The Archer bill was dispensary. Perhaps
Gary had changed his mind within
that time and thinks that a little
local option would help his candidacy.
Gary, from the crowd, asked if Col.
Hoyt had not last fall favored coalition,
and n he had not sincc changed his
mind.
Col. Hoyt stated that he had taken
that position for a purpose last winter,
and tha: purpose was to kill the dispensary
first and to enact prohibition
afterwards.
The dispensary law is not a solution
of the liquor question. Every legislature
has changed the law. In reply to
Patterson, he said there would be no
corruption, or collusion or rascality in
a "dispensary" in which whiskey and
* " 1 H ? - _ 1 I
wine is Kept lor merely meaicmai, sauramental
and mechanical uses. Prohibition
can be enforced by magistrates
and their constables supported by public
sentiment.
G. Walt said he would divide his
speech iato three tubjacts. He would
say something of himself, then discuss
measures, and thirdly do some skinning.
He would settle the educational
question two years hence, and the
liquor question this campaign. A3 between
prohibition and the dispensary
he favored the latter properly enforced,
but license is his latest fad. There is
not a single prohibition injunction in
the Bible, be says. He then proceeded
to the "skinning," addressing himself
particularly to McSweeney.
The candidates for lieutenant governor
then followed.
Col. Tillman opened. He accused
Col. Livingston of dodging the liquor
question, and said he was like the
poem on the back of a Confederate bill,
' Representing nothing on God's earth
now." Winkler speaks of abolishing
profit feature of the dispensar}', but
?cRirs<;f- it.
He was followed by Col. Livingston,
wjo made a clear exposition of his position
on the liquor question and said
that he was on record as to his stand.
A prohibitionist himself, he believed
in treating the several factions fairly
and not forcing them.
Col. Winkler said that he had never
favored the dispensary to make profits,
but to promote temperance, and he
didn't care if they took away every
cent of the profits. He said that
"competency, honesty and sobriety''
are requisites fo." the office of lieutenant
governor. He had the qualifications.
Col. Sloan congratulated the farmers
on the rain which the candidates had
brought. If their talk did no good,
the rain might. The constitutional
convention thought it had settled the
liquor question when it provided that
the question may be left to each county.
Each county manages its own
courts and other institutions, why not
the liquor questions/ .Local option is
the gun to liill blind tigers.
Cel. Blease said that the reason he
opposed Winkler's referendum was that
it left the question of dispensary or no
dispensary to the general election.
The 12,000 negro voters, the balance
of power, would settle the question for
the white people. Docs Gonzales love
prohibition? Does he love Col. Hoyt?
No, but he hates the dispensary. The
liquor people want to kill the dispensary,
make prohibition obnoxious and
then get high license.
Judge Moore was not here, and Gen.
Bellinger had no opposition. Gen.
Bellinger said that he had heard of
nobody but a trial justice down in
Charleston who had criticised his record
and he would not tax the patience of
the people by making a speech.
JVlcSweeney looked bright and fresh
today, after his rest. He stigmatized
Patterson's charges -as little, absurd
and flimsy. Did Patterson mean to
charge that the editor of the county
J Vk/* AW <t ^ AIIOI* ? T>
paper vVUlU UC ?sjk a uvuai wuu
a half a year? As to granting Unitea
States licenses, how coald any power
stop the granting of them. The constables
get a list of those holding licenses
and trail them, but it is impossible
to absolutely enforce the law in a
seaport town like Charleston. He (McSweeney)
could not go around like
Patterson leokiDg for blind tigers. He
could not force the grand jury in Charleston
any more than Patterson when a
prohibitionist could prevent the grand
jury of Barnwell from throwing out the
warrants which Patterson plaoed in
their hands. McSweeney defended his
record and said the dispensary law had
been enforced better than ever before
and without bloodshed. He had appointed
newspaper men on his staff.
However, he had a dozen who were not
newspaper men. He replied in like
manner to all of Patterson's charges.
He defended the dispensary law as the
best solution of the liquor question.
He was applauded when he concluded.
THE FLORENCE MEETING.
The campaign meeting at Florence
Thursday was attended by about 600
people. Brooker and Derham had their
usual spat. MeMahan was not present.
Capers attacked his record as that of
an unpractical man. Capt. House and
Gen. Floyd threw bouquets at each
other and declared an armistice until
the meeting at Spartanburg.
The candidates for this office made
their regular speeches.
W. D. Evans replies to charges that
rate on cotton is driving mills away by
saying that $9,000,000 has been projected
in cotton mills in this State this
year and Augusta mill men are estab
lishing a bleacher? here. i
Wharton had been here 30 years ago |
as a ? -nfederate soldier and a few years j
ago voted for formation of Fioreov
county. Why is it flour can be shipped
to Lake City 8 cents cheaper than to
Florence? He wants to stop demurrage.
Barney Evans sailed into W. D.
again today. W. 1). had chaperoned
the Jim Crow car amendments with
uniform passenger rates in the last legislature.
W. D. replied that he had
not been before the legislative committee
at all. He retorted Barney's own
brother vot^d for the bill.
Barney disclaimed responsibility for
his brother's voting wrong. Harney
was generously applauded.
T. M. Berry made a prohibition talk
and said a practical prohibitionist is a
safe business man.
W. D. Maj field contended that cotton
mills in upper (Jarolina are sending
to Alabama for cotton on account of local
rates.
Mr. J. E. Pettigrew was at home
ana courteously declined to speak, but
welcomed the candidates to Florence.
Patterson was the first speaker in the
gubernatorial tourney. He discussed
briefly the failure cf the legislature to
appropriate funds for the common
schools after taking dispensary profits
from them. He made his same dispensary
speech. He said that the prohibition
proposed is but the dispensary law
without the beverage feature. The rich
will then send, out of the Stat? for
liquor and the poor will patronize blind
tigers. Maine sells more liquor unlawfully
than South Carolina does lawfully.
Col. Hoyt charges all the crime in
South Carolina to the dispensary. The \
attorney general of Maine attributes
rascality there to prohibition. Repeated
his old charges of coalition. Said
that McSweeney is not a friend of the
dispensary.
A SHARP SPAT.
Col. Hoyt took a hand primary, the
first one since Patterson's dismal failure
at Walterboro. Col. Hoyt was received
with cheering. He was forced
to omit discussion of other issues and
confiae himself to the liquor question,
as his opponents had devoted so much
time to him.
Patterson interrupted Col. Hoyt once
and the crowd cheered the colonel.
Patterson had claimed that nine-tenths
of the people drink liquor. Col. Hoyt
disputed it.
Patterson?Take a hand primary.
Hoyt?Why didn't you do it?
rm - - -1 _ > i - -1- . 1 j ;
I JLne coiucei iuuk. a nauii pumai,/ lu
j see how many in the audience drank
liquor. The number of fists poked up
was absurdly small and the crowd
howled for Hoyt. Hoyt then said that
Patterson had said that the crowd was
sober because the dispensary was
closed. The colonel pronounced this
a slander on the people of Florence and
the crowd cheered again. If prohibition
is a farce, why did Patteison advocate
it in 1892? And does he support
the dispensary now because, as he says,
"the majority of the people favor it?"
Col. ELoyt read a denunciation of the
dispensary written by the Rev. W. R.
Richardson of Columbia, and when he
came to a paragraph where it was said
that small politicians use it to ride into
office, the crowd cheered again.
Would Patterson refuse the support
of papers if they came to his rescue?
for he needs rescue? TVould Patterson
accuse them of being subsidized if they
supported him ? The Naws and Courier
is too busy booming the exposition to
notice the State campaign editorially.
Perhaps if Editor Hemphill knew that
Patterson is a candidate, he would support
him, Col. Hoyt remarked sarcastically.
The course of Mr. X. G. Gonzalez
i3 as truly independent in this
campaign as it has been in everything.
Was Gonzales' support of Ellerbe in
1898 a failure? Gonzilcs supports him
on other grounds.
"Read his editorial and you will see
something not very complimentary to
you, sir," he said to Patterson.
Patterson retorted that in the constitutional
convention he had introduced
a resolution charging X. G. Gonzales
with falsehood against John Gary
Evans and 123 delegates of all faotions
naci supported n.
Col. Hoyt said he was not Mr. Gonzales'
champion, but lie was quite sure
Patterson would not face him (Gonzales)
and use the language he did here
today.
Patterson said he had said the same
thiDg in the constitutional convention,
pointing his finger at Gonzales at the
time.
Coi. Hoyt retorted that if Patterson
had done so it had been under the protection
of his privilege as a member of
the convention.
Patterson replied that Gonzales had
opportunity to see him afterwards.
During the controversy there was
cheering at the conclusion of every
thru3t made by Col. Hoyt, while Patterson
had no applause.
As Col. Hoyt concluded, Mr. Petticrrour
nroSf?ntA(1 Mm with a boUGUet
with the statement that the ladies of
Florence looked for manliness in the
governor's office if he were elected.
WHITMAN AND GARY.
Walt Whitman exhibited a map of
South Carolina and said that three of
the candidates for governor come from
a bunch of counties down on the Savannah.
Walt said Gary had asked
him where hr was during the war.
Walt replied that he was only 12 years
old when the war broke out, but he
plowed an old blind mule to make bread
and meat for the soldiers, and two of
his brothers shed their blood in the
cause. What had Gary and Patterson
and McSweeney done for the old soldiers
whom they so profess to love?
He put the laugh on uoi. Jtioyt me
latter had admired Walt Whitman's
ability to fashion a new platform every
day, Walt said Col, Hoyt had only
one, a miserable old thing. He would
not tackle Patterson as the latter was in
such a miserable fix already. McSweeney
was not here and he could not hit
him in the back as he is lame and sick
unto death anyway. He helped out
Brooker in his charges against the tax
department of the State. He was tired
of the liquor question. He would rather
drink it than talk about it. (Laughter.)
He too held a hand primary in
opposition to Col. Hoyt's and the result
was that there were but three in the
audience who thus indicated that they
do not take "bocze." The laugh was
on tbe colonel.
Mr. Gary was received with some demonstration.
He was glad that Pee
T^oe and Piedmont are alike?progres,
..73 and steadfast to the landmarks of
I Democracy. He declared that it was
false that he had tried to inject partisan
politics iota the campaign. He
had too many friends in all former factions.
A few days ago an editorial appeared
in a leading daily paper calling
on the people to vote against him because
he was a prominent Tillmanite.
He deprecated this departure from the
omniniT rVorr>i"!/?rat<5 fn flh
UUUCi3S.<iUUiU? aiuvuj --
literate party lines. He himself had
kept the faith. In public life he had
known no Tiilmanite, no anti-Tillmanite.
He argued against the practicability
of enforcing prohibition and de
clared in favor c." the dispensary, with
allowances to the ca<? uiQtiG'j wsntin^ pro* j
hibition. Col. Hoyt bad said that the
dispensary had brought the State into
degradation and dirt. Gary asked what
is the state of degradation. God forbid
the day when free liquor will come into
South Carolina. Col. Koyt might not .
be in the coalition, but the result of
his election would mean a riot of blind
tigers. Gary was applauded when he
said that he was an original advocate
/liDKiflncortT o r> r? olf-Vimiorh it". VlAR
broken from its original moorings it is
yet the best solution of the liquor question.
He iavored the common schools
and especially institutions for industrial
training. He was liberally applauded.
>fSWEENEY'S MESSAGE.
Gov. McSweeney was not present at
the meeting. The following message
from him will explain why he was absent:
)
"A bouncing baby boy arrived at the
mansion early this morning. Request '
county chairman to present my best
wishes to the Democracy of Florence .
and my rajrets at Dot being able to attend
meeting."
The reading of the message was applauded.
The candidates for lieutenant governor
then spoke. Each improves daily
in his exhortation for votes. Col. Livingston
declared for prohibition; Col.
Blease for dispensary; ditto Col. Tillman
and Col Sloan for local option between
prohibition, high lioense and dispens
iry. and Col. Winkler for dispensary
with a prohibition local option
rider. Col. Livingston had the largest
share of applause. Dr. Timmerman,
Capt.- Jennings and Gen. Bellinger followed.
Banks.
THE WEATHER AND CROPS.
^ ^rr r* ?
w oai me i oung urops a re .uouug in ;
this State.
The f llowing is the weekly bulletin
of the condition of the weather and
crops of the State issued last week by
Director Bauer of the South Carolina
section of the United States weather !
bureau's weather and crop service:
The week ending 8 a. m., July 9 th,
was extremely hot, with the average <
temperature between five and six de- i
srees higher than usual, and for the 1
first time this season the maximum j
rose to 100 or above, while the lowest 1
minimum was 67 degrees. - 1
The rainfall was largely local in char
acter, with many localities that had. no
rain, while others had from a trace to
nearly two inches. The hot sun dried ,
uplands rapidly, and nearly all' corres- (
pondents report red lands and clayey ,
lands baked and hard to cultivate, and
that showers would prove beneficial on
such lands, while bottom land gener- >
ally are still wet, and more raia at this 1
time would cause further injury. I
Farm work made rapid progress and ,
was in the main devoted to cleaning J
staple crops of grass and weeds, some- <
what to the neglect of the less import- .
ant crops. Much grass was killed, but | j
another full week of dry, hot weather .
i.1 vi :j I'
ib requirea to tuuruugui^ nu tuc uoiuo
of weeds and to put crops into good
condition. \
The general condition of corn is im- ,
proved, but it is scalding on wet bot- ,
torn laods and firing on sandy lands to ,
a considerable extent. Old corn is be- <
ing rapidly laid by, while young corn .
is very grassy. Some overflowed bot- (
toms being replanted to corn. The ma- 1
turing portion of the crop needs rain. |
Cotton fields that have been cleaned .
of grass are doing well, but many re- \
main crassv nn which cotton is turn- ,
ing yellow. The hot, dry weather was |
favorable to cotton, and in general this <
crop is decidedly better than it was last ]
week. There is some complaint of r
lust and blight, the latter most se rere ^
on sea island variety. The plants are j
growing too much to weeds in places,
and in many instances are not fruit- .
ing well. A few localities report cotton f
very promising. (
Wheat thrashing is now being hur- ]
ried wit'a continued heavy yields, but ]
some grain is slightly damaged by rain ]
usually only the top bundle of the i
&hock. <
Early rioe is doing well in all regions J
except in the upper Combahee where ]
rice is about ten days late and is not <
doing well. '
Tobacoo improved in most sections 1
and is a fine crop, with cutting and cur- .
ing under way, but the bulk of it will
1 J TTT^lr (
UtJ O U1CU UUUU^ LilC ^VLUlUg VTVVA*
Sweet potatoes, pastures, cane and J
gardens are promising. Melons are a !
partial failure. Many peaches, grapea
and other fruits rot as the ripen. Figs 1
and LeConte pears are ripening. Yege- :
tables for local use are plentiful. Field
laborers are scarce in many counties.
Why He SucceededThe
Abbeville Press and Banner says: ,
"Governor McS^eeney, if measured by
his early struggles, and his subsequent ,
successes, is the equal of any man in 1
the race, and there is no reason for ;
maligning him, except because of his <
past saccesses, and his future good
prospects. He was a poor orphan boy,
with neither money nor education nor
influential friends to boost him. But
be had character and an invincible determination,
and the people will neither :
allow an envious snirit to cast him I
down nor permit the friends of license
to deprive him of the office to which he
should be elected, simply because he (
enforces the liquor law."
A Tribute to TillmanOne
of the delegates from Virginia to ,
the late National Democratic Conven- ,
tion says "Senator Tillman in reading :
?1 ~ ? 1- A** canf 1 f 111*? 11
Lilt; pjauik. uu iiajpci laii^ui aouu U but***
through the great convention hall
which is seldom equalled in such au assemblage.
The spectacle which greeted
the South Carolina Senator's masterly ;
reading of the plank, was one which
may not be witnessed again for many
years to come.
A Queer Mixture.
J. F. Pickelheimer was arrested at
Middleboro, Tenn., oh the charge of
bigamy. It is alleged he has seven
wives, two of whom are in Middlesboro,
and others will arrive shortly. In
* 1 f i. 1_ I
his grip were round a license 10 preacn,
a teacher's certificate from Franklin ;
county, Ky., four marriage certificates, <
a deck of cards, bottle of whiskey and
a pistol.
NEWS FROM CHINA.!
The Situation Said to Bear a
Most Ominous Aspect.
ALLIED TROOPS DEFEATED.
Stories of Wholesale Murder
Continuj to Come. Conflicting
Accounts of the State
of Affairs.
Affairs in China do not improve
much. No authentic news has been
received from Pekin, and the impression
is that all foreigners in that city
have been massacred. Over twenty
days ago Sir Robert Hart dispatched
his last message declaring that the situation
was desperate and since then no
word has come from the Europeans in
Pekin.
The London Daily Mail Tien Tsin
corresDondent savs: "The situation is
about as bad as it can well be. I only
trust that we shall not soon want relieving
ourselves. A forward movement
is impossible. From 30,000 to
40,000 troeps are wanted, and there
are only 10,000 here. The foreign troops
are working well together, but it is inconvenient
that there is no supreme
commander. In some quarters the feeling
is, 'Let us rescue Pekin and then
clear out in favor of Russia."
All kinds of stories come from Shanghai,
which it is impossible to verify.
It is stated that the Boxers have murdered
the chancellor of the Pekin university
and 60 of the members of his
family and retainers. A confidential
officer of Gen. Yung Tu, disguised as a
Boxer, is reported to have crept into
Prince Tuan's tent while the Prince
was sleeping with the intention of stabbing
him. He was caught by the sentries,
so the story goes, decapitated on
the spot. His head was sent, with
Prince Tuan's compliments, to Yung
Lu as a warning to him to beware. The
French consul at Shanghai has news
that the Chinese prefect at Moukden
himself murdered the Catholic bishop,
Gruillon, in his yamen. Beside Bishop
Gruillon, Fathers Crunoet, Corbet, Bor5Uois
and Veuillenot and two sisters of
the French mission and numerous native
Christians were massacred.
ALLIES DEFEATED.
A dispatch from Tien Tsin says:
"Gren. Ma has defeated the allied
troops and reoccupied the Chinese eastern
arsenal, after inflicting great loss
upon its defendeis. The engagements
lasted six hours, and was fought with
?reat determination by both sides,
the Chinese were eventually able to
ise the effective guns of the fort abut
iin^ on Lbc city walls Dear the Taotal's
^amen, the allied troops suffering severely
from lack of guns and cavalry.
The Japanese commander sent an urgent
appeal to hnrry reinforcements, as
the allies were in imminent danger of
i general defeat."
The Shanghai correspondent of The
Express gives the text of a long edict
)f Prince Tuan, dated June 29th, and
addressed to the Chinese embassadors,
fvhich The Express declares is identical
irith the message from Emperor Kwang
3u, mentioned by the Shanghai correspondent
of The Daily Mail, and what
she Chinese edict public had done in
Washington. The Express considers
;hat the edict proves that Prince Tuan's
irmy is making no attempt to disguise
:he fact that the worst that could be
intioipated has happened. The edict
jontains the following paragraphs:
;'The anger of our people knew no
rounds. They could not be restrained.
rhe task of guarding the legations,
?hich before was difficult, was made
impossible."
Elsewhere, referring to the desire to
protect the legations still unharmed, it
jays: "If it is impossible for us to
:ontinue this protection, let it be represented
to the powers that we must be
held blameless, for the anger of the
people grows with the rising of each
sun that sees more and yet more foreigners
and soldiers ooming to overrun
md lay waste our country and slay our
people." The correspondent says the
idiot is intended to pave the way for
i final lifting of the veil over the resent
history of Pekin.
The German consul at Tien Tsin cables
that the foreign settlements were
jontinually bombarded by the Chinese
from July 5 to July 8. On July 6th
two thousand Boxers aataoked the
Frenoh settlement and were routed by
the Russians. The British and Japanese
forces July 7th bombarded the Chinese
batteries. Toward eveuing Chinese
shells penetrated the roof of the German
consulate and caused an outbreak
of fire, which was extinguished after
slight damage had been done. On
July 6th the Peiping sailed for Taku
with the German wounded. Hirer
communication between Tien Tsin and
Taku has been safe since the Chinese
fort midway between the two towns
was captured.
FEARS THE WORST.
A terrible veil of silence enshrouds
Pekin and there is nobody but believes
the worst has happened. It is taken
for granted that all the powers have ex
hausted every means to g9t direct news
from their legations, and the fact that
their efforts have been vain leaves but
one interpretation.
Statements are in circulation in
in Shanghai accusing the Russians
?f indiscriminate slaughter of
friendly Chinese non-combatants, without
regard to age or sex. The manager
of a Chinese steamship company
who has arrived in Shanghai, asserts
that he only escaped from Tien Tsin by
cutting off his queue and donning Eu*
-1 r. iL . m_?
ropean ciotnes. u is saia mai me j.autai
of Shanghai protested to the powers
against these Russian slaughters.
News is circulating throughout the
Yang Tse valley that Gen. Ma has inflicted
a crushing defeat upon the allies
at Tien Tsin and that the foreign
army has been cut to pieces east of Pekin.
The actual impotence for the
moment of the allied forces naturally
give color to these stories with the
worst results. The Shanghai correspondent
of The Express gives Tien
Tsin advices to July 8th, when the
superior range of the Japanese artillery
enabled tiiem to relieve tne xtuseians,
who were hard pressed at the railway
station.
[ FOREIGNERS KILLED.
The Shanghai correspondent of the
Daily Mail says the following story re;
gardingthe situation in Pekin emanates
from Chinese official sources: "The
two remaining legations, the British
and Russian, were attacked in force on
the evening of July 6th. Prince Tuan
being in command. Tne attackers were
divided. Prince Tuan commanded the
centre, the right wing was led by Prince
Tsai Yin and the left by Prince Yin
Lin. The reserves were under Prince
Tsin Yru. The attack commenced with
artillery fighting which was severe and
lasted until 7 o'clock in the morning
by which time the legations were de
stroyed and all the foreigners were
dead, while the streets around the legations
were full of the dead bodies of
both foreigners and Chinese. Upon
hearing of the attack, Prince Ching
and Gen. Wang Wen Shae went with
troops to the assistance of the foreignera,
but they were outnumbered and
defeated. Both Prince Ching and
Gen. Wang Wen Shao were killed.
Two foreigners are said to have escaped
through the gates, one with a heavy
sword wound in his head. Prinoe
Taan, in celebration of the victory,
distributed 100,000 taels and huge
quantities of rice to the Boxers."
A dispatch to the New York Journal
and Advertiser from Cho Foo says: A
courier from Sir Robert Hart, in Pekin,
has jast arrived bringing this message,
dated June 28:
"Close to good bye. Near the end."
A private letter from Pekin, dated
Juae 24, and received at Tien Tsin
June 3U, says:
"We are in danger of death. Thirty
thousand troops are attacking. Only
three days' food is left. No news
comes of troops. If no relief conies all
seems hopeless.
WHOLESALE MURDER.
A dispatch from London says a news
agency reports that an official message
received in London states that ail the
foreigners in Pekin were murdered
July 6.
All the foreigners and missionaries
have evacuated When Chau and have
arrived at Ning Po. Large bodies of
Boxers appeared at Wen Chau and
threatened to exterminate the foreieoers
and Christians. They also distributed
banners, badges and inflammatory
anti- foreign appeals.
The Tien Tsin correspondent of The
Express, telegraphing under date of
July 9, asserts that the Chinese are
daily driving m t&e allies, mey nave
mounted, says the correspondent, 12
fresh guns in advantageous positions,
with which they are sweeping the
streets of the foreign settlement, the
incessant fire rendering position after
position quite untenable.
The Daily Mail's St Petersburg correspondent
says that in the last six
hours' battle outside of Tien Tsin, the
Cossacks captured six Krupp guns and
killed numbers of fleeing Boxers. The
Chinese lost 3,000 killed, including
H-or, TTal
V* VU< AAVfti
Train Robbed.
The Illinois Central fast train from
New Orleans to Chicago was held up
and robbed Wednesday morning two
miles south of Wickliffe, Ky. The
train was flagged, and when it stopped
the bandits entered the cab. The fireman
was knocked in the head with the
butt of a revolver and badly hurt. The
robbers, six in number, cut off the
engine and express car and ran a mile
and a half to Fort Jefferson, near the
Ohio river, and within sight of the
Missouri shore. Here they blew open
the express safe and secured all the
valuables it contained. The robbers
overpowered the express men and made
them get off the train, but did not attempt
to molest others on the train,
which carried a large load of passengers.
This morning a special train with blood
hounda and an armed posse left Jackson,
Tcnn., for the scene. It is understood
that Missouri officers are hot on
the robbers' trail. A.bout $10,080 were
secured.
A Biff Job.
Some of our rampant imperialists are
reminded, by the Salt Lake Tribune,
that no foreign army can advance into
central China except perhaps by her
great river. No army could exist in
that country. It would have to be in
daily connection with its base, or starve
and then if a million Chinamen were to
be killed, that would be nothing. It
would be as when a ship goes down at
sea and the waters close over it, giving
up no sign that any ship ever sailed
there. Every well-wisher of his race
hopes that, notwithstanding the provocation,
some satisfactory adjustment
can be made without a general war.
A Cotton Pest.
Mr. L. D. Landrail of Batesburg
writes the governor as follows: Dear
Sir: There is some kind of a ^est that
has attacked the cotton m th.j seotion
and in a few days will destroy a large
section of the cotton. In fact, it is
spreading all over the country. The
botanist at Clemson has seen such
specimens of the infected cotton and he
suggested the use of sulphur, but this
does not kill or stop the progress of the
scourge. So at the request of a number
of prominent farmers. I request you to
have the botanist of Ciemson to visit
this section and see if he cannot devise
a means to help 3.
After Negro Labor.
A dispatch from Honolulu says it is
to the colored people of the southern
States that the planters of Hawaiian
Islands will turn for lelief in the matter
of the vexed labor question. John
Hind and J. B. Collins of Yohala
plantation, leave today for the southern
States in quest of negro laborers.
They have assurances that 300 or 400
can be recruited at New Orleans. The
planters will pay their expenses to the
country and give them $30 a month. If
enough negro labor can be secured the
services of the Japenese will be dispensed
with altogether.
Had to Pay for It.
The Columbia State says: "Friday
morning a white man giving his name
as C. C. T. Enlow was before the mayor
?ir. +Vio nViarora of ftftpmnfinc finir.idrt.
%J U UUV V* ??Q
He claims to be a Baltimorean, and was
arrested by Officer Bughson. His infatuation
for a woman of bad character
here is said to have caused him to put
a pistol to his breast and pull the trigger.
Only a flesh wound resulted.
Acting Mayor Stanley fined the man
$20, whieh he paid. He was then released
and nothing more has been heard
from him.
OUTLOOK IS THE COTTON BELT.
The Cotton Crops Have Suffered from
the June Rains.
Latterly the weather conditions have
been more favorable to cottony permitting
cultivation, and oleaning them of
grass and weeds, but the results have
not been entirely satisfactory and have
disclosed the serious injury that the
crop suffered from the June rains, especially
in Alabama, Mississippi and
the lowlands of Tennessee where
many fields are so hopelessly foul that
they have been abandoned. Abandoned
fields are also common in portions of
South Carolina, Georgia and Arkansas.
Throughout a large portion of the belt
cotton is not fruiting satisfactorily,
and there is considerable shedding in
places. The conditions in Teias are
not uniform, but on the whole are as
promising as they usually are at this
season, and the fact that the crop is
late in the southern portions does not
necessarily indicate a short yield, as
ihe plants have still a long season before
them in that region.
The following are the summaries by
Oi.i
otaies:
In Alabama.?Cotton lias improved
slightly, but has run too mach to stalk,
is fruiting very slowly and poorly, and
continues to shed, though not so freely
as at the close of last week; there are
fewer complaints of lice; it is still very
grassy, and the concensus of reports
indicates that the prospective yield of
this staple has been materially lowered.
In Mississippi?As the grass and
weeds are cleared away the extent of
injury caused by the wet weather is
made manifest, and the reports are not
encouraging, it is apparent, nowever,
that conditions are decidedly better
and while many fields have been rained
by lack of cultivation, opportunity has
been given to either clean them, or
plow up and replant in corn, which is
being done extensively in all but the
southwhestern counties. Many low fields
have been entirely abandoned; more
have been plowed up and will be reseeded
in other orops. Cotton is small
and stalky, and gives little indication
of fruiting satisfactorily.
In North Carolina?Cotton has been
greatly benefited by warm days and
nights, which have caused rapid
growth, good color, and increasing
abundance of bloom; fruiting is taking
?i? tm ...
?uai;c? liioic nao vcijr ncnts wiu^iaiuu
of lioe on cotton this week; some fields
in the southwest are still very grassy.
In South Carolina?Cotton fields that
have been cleaned of grass are doing
well, but many remain grassy on which
cotton is turning yellow.' The hot, dry
weather was favorable to ootton, and
in general thia crop is decidedly better
than it was last week. There is some
complaint of rust and blight, the latter
most severe on the sea-island variety.
The plants are growing toe much to
weed in plaoes, and in many instances
are not fruiting well. A few localities
report cotton very promising.
In Georgia?Cotton shows a slight
improvement, and has received much
needed working. It is, however, fruiting
slowly, and the forms are small.
Ih Florida?Cotton has improved
over a large section by_ reason of its
freedom from grass. There are still
complaints, however, that the frequent
rains of June did very serious damage
to cotton over limited sections.
In Louisiana?The condition of cotton
has improved, but the outlook for a
largh crop is not as favorable as is that
for sugar and rioe. On hill and uplands
where the continued rains did not
prevent cultivation the plant has grown
too rapidly and fruited comparatively
little. In the aggregate, a considerable
acreage of late planted cotton on low
lands has been either drowned out or
abandoned to the grass; the late planted
upland ootton and that in the bottoms
where the stand is good is now being
worked and cleaned, is improving in
color and looks promising.
In Texas?Cotton was improved some
by the showers, but more rain would be
beneficial in localities, especially in
western Texae. Early cotton is bloom
ing and fruiting well and is being laia
by in some sections. The crop has all
been chopped, except some late planting.
Some fields are grassy in east
Texas. Cotton is not looking well in
some localities, while in other sections
where the weather has been more favorable
the ?rop is promising. The
crop is very late and irregular, ranging
from light to excellent The Mexican
weevil is doing damage in some localities
over southern Texas.
In Arkansas?Local showers occurred
during the week and interfered with
farm work in some localities, but as a
rule great headway was made cleaning
the crops. Corn and cotton, which have
been properly cultivated, are growing
rnoolv m?nv in f.tiA lAwlanrls
have been abandoned. The boli worm
is doing some damage to cotton in a
few localities.
In Tennessee?Upland corn and cotton
where fairly worked are in fair condition,
and with favorable conditions,
following, will make nearly average
crops; bnt in lowlands many fields are
absolutely lost; this is largely the case
in the western division, where, in many
sections, the prospect is indeed gloomy.
In the middle and eastern divisions, en
uplands, crops, as a rule, are rather
promising.
In Oklahoma?Cotton generally is
doing well, aad is blooming and fruiing,
and being laid by.
Iq Mississippi?Cotton in the southeastern
counties has improved somewhat
during the week, but is generally
in poor condition. Some is in bloom.
The British Loses.
A dispatch from London says the war
office has issued another casualty list
from South Africa, showing that during
the week ending July 7, there were
killed, wounded or captured 15 officers
and 180 men; accidental deaths, 2 men;
died of disease, 4 officers and 194 men;
invalided home, 72 officers and 1,306*
men. The total casualties as a result
of the war are 48.188 officers and men.
Made Him SickThe
Chinese residents of Berlin have
kept carefully under cover since the
news of Baron von Ketteler's murder
was confirmed. They have adopted Ea
ropean attitxe, even sacrificing their
pigtails, and are procuring wigs. The
Chinese minister is said to be frightened
worst of all. He is reported to be sick
abed.
i
HOW IT WAS DONE.
Inside History of Our Delegation's
Choice for Vice-President.
HOW EACH MAN VOTED,
Senator Tillman Tried Hard to
Get Them to Vote for Towne,
but Failed and Gracefully
Yieleded.
At the Kansas City convention the
South Carolina delegation was of course
unanimous in its choice for the presidential
candidate, but when it came to
the vice-presidency the members were'
pretty badly split, and from all accounts
the members had quite a lively
little verbal spat before the majority
decided that South Carolina should
support Stevenson.
Senator Tillman was heartily and en*
thusiastically in favor of the delegation
supporting Towne. When the delegation
met, the senator made a vigorous
and characteristic speech in favor of
his candidate, but all his art of persuasion
and his blunt and unconventional
though strong and emphatic language
was in vain.
G-overnor McSweeney and John Gary
Evans stoutly opposed Senator Tillman's
choice, holding that Towne was
a Republican, even though he favored
16 to 1, and they declared that they
would not support him when there were
life long Democrats who were available.
TTTl~ i-T- - V-11 i ""
IT lieu tut) uaiiut "WIS t&KCIL, lowne
was snowed under and a majority of the
delegation, eleyen members, decided to
support Stevenson. As the unit rule
prevailed this gave Stevenson the whole
eighteen votes from the state.
It will be interesting under these circumstances
to know how the delegation
did vote:
For Towne?Tillman, Stokes, Garris,
Trailer and Wilborn, 5.
For Hill?Latimer and William3, 2.
For Stevenson?Governor McSweeney,
Wilson, Bouchier, Stribling, MoGhee,
John Gary Evans, Polaty, Talbert,
Mooney, Gruber, 10.
i?'or Uarr of North .Carolina?Wilie
Jones, 1.
Senator Tillman read the platform in
the convention and he is said to have
done so eloquently and was frequently
interrupted by oheers. Ee took a very
prominent part in the convention and
in shaping the platform. The New
York Sun correspondent, referring to
the part he played at Kansas City, has
the following:
"From start to finish Senator Ben
Tillman of South Carolina has been
about the most conspicuous man in the
convention and in the conferences ont~
side of it. He dominated the committee
on resolutions and dominated everybody
on the presiding officer's stand
during the convention sessions without
regard to their official standing. Everybody
seemed to be afraid of him, and
At I T- T-- *- ^ ? - 3 --
iiu manici iiutv uiuuii ixe mtercerea in
business that did not in any way ooncern
a delegate from South Carolina,
nobody saw fit to object. Mr. Tillman
ran amuck in the hotel lobbies and in
the street crowds just as he did in the
convention hall, and at all times wore
a huge oork helmet, lined with green,
and a black alpaca jacket Those who
did not know him thought he was a
crank, and those who did know him
were apparently not very proud of him,
"It was Tillman who led the committee
on resolutions to adopt the suggestion
that was in the minds of several
delegates, but finally put into language ViV
RirWnrtll nf IVTink !<* ?? tn ?4+flTTirvt
to nullify the free silver declaration in
the platform by the insertion of the ^
sentence about imperialism being the
paramount issue of the campaign.
Then when the campaign document
was finally licked into shape it was Tillman
who, without anybody's motion,
grasped the first copy and read it to the
committee with the same dramatic effect
that he showed later when he read
it to the convention at the request of
Sector Jones, the chairman of the
committee, who had been much impressed
with Tillman's powers of elocution.
Veteran's Reunion.
Preparations are now being made by
the camps of Confederate veterans all
over the State for the ooming annual
State reunion to be held in Greenwood.
Last year the State reunion was held at
Chester and the veterans who attended
had a delightful time. Greenwood does
not propose to let Chester outdo her in
the entertainment provided for the visiting
veterans.
The time for the reunion is rapidly
drawing near and the arrangements are
being rushed as much as possible. The
programme has not yet been issued,
however.
me loiiowmg important notice preliminary
to the gathering has jast been
issued by the committee in charge at
Greenwood:
The executive committee of the Veterans
and Sons of Veterans of Greenwood
requests that the names of all
delegates and sponsors appointed to attend
the State Confederate reunion at
Greenwood and the names of all veterans
who will attend on Aug. 1 be forwarded
as soon as practicable to the
undersigned, so that quarters may be assigned*
to such delegates, sponsors
and veterans before the meeting.
All newspapers in the State will favor
us by copying this notic?.
J. B. Clark, Seoretary.
Greenwood, S. C.
A Fatal Plague.
A dispatch from New Orleans says
President Souchan, of the Louisiana
State board of health, last Wednesday
received a telegram from the president
of the parish board of health fer Caldwell
parish, of which Columbia is the
seat urging that an expert, a quantity
of tents, disinfectants and sanitary inspectors
be sent to that place at once
as a mysterious plague had broken out
there which was fatal in every instance.
The telegram stated that fully forty
people, mostly negroes, hadi? already
succumbed to the disease. President
+ "Hp TJaw
UVUUUVU OVUV JU1 UlC DUIW C4"
pert, to the scene. It is believed that
the epidemic is- a very malignant
form of smallpox.
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