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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, August 01, 1900, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-08-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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' Che fairftd& Sots anD Herald
& VOL LIV. WINNSBORO. S. C., WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 1, 1900. NO. 6 M
f ^
* THE HOME STRETlH
The Race for the Coal His Now
CommencedLAST
HALF OF RUN BEGUN.
The Compliments cf the Hustings
Orators no Doubt Brought
Blushes to Lancaster's
White Rose.
The dividing line meeting at Lan,
caster Wednesday was quiet. The audience
was thoroughly undemonstrative
and attentive. There was little cheering,
no noise. When the meeting .was
called to order Chairman Porter stated
that if every candidate spoke according
to schedule the meeting would continue
from 10:30 until 4.30.
Mr. J. P. Darham was not present
y and sent excuses. He was absent on
account of sickness and announced his
-i-?r>/3 cVionro^ tlifi wnrk of his
piAUVXW OUM WMV .. ?
office. Mr. Brooker started out by saving
he had already saved the State $50,'
000 and was ia position to save that
much more. Gen. Fiojd spoke but
_ Rouse was absent.
Then came the candidates for railroad
commissioner. Mr. J. H. Wharton
spoke first. He said there were
towns discriminated against in rates.
Then he took up the matter of overcharge
and wanted agents authorized to
pay overcharges or make allowances for
lost articles. He.- said there was no
sense in the argument of long and
shorts hauls when the rate on 1 amber
is less from Augusta to Camden than
from Luoknow.
Maj. Barnard B. Evans said freight
rates were higher here than in any
southern State. He said there was
j. something rotten m juenmars auu it
was in the railroad commission. The
commissioners were liable to arrest
when riding over tie State on free
passes. The commission is doing
nothing for the people.
Mr. T. M. Berry said he was running
on his own merits and not on the demerits
of anyone. He was a prohibitionist
and always advocated temperance.
He wanted to be measured as a
man and stand on his merits. He saw
nothing so bad in the present commission.
Promises can be easily made?
and broken. If elected there would |
be comfortable stations.
Mr. T. E Pettigrew always believed
in the value of the railroad commissionership.
Railroads are -combining
and the people must combine throngh
their commissioners. He is and always
has been a simon-pure farmer, but
raised tobacco, cotton and truck. He
promised to be faithful to the interests
of the peeple, as heretofore.
W. I). Mayfield spoke of tbe mill
development and argued that the surplus
cotton ought all be bought in this
^ - fTL _
State and not irom Georgia, s ae raies
are prohibitive. Furniture factories
prospered in North Carolina beoause of
better rates. Then he took up the
> manufacture of tobacco goods and argued
that the local rates were too high
and the same applied to flour mills.
Wholesaling must remain small because
of the rates. He believed the
commissioners should not be paid by
the railroads or provided with passes.
ASr. W. D. Evans said the comaiis
sion knew some of the rates were too
high, but tho thing ha3 to be carefully
done. The Texas commission cut all
rates 50 per cent and has been tied up
in the courts since. Then he showed
wherein recently the rates have been
reduced on fertilizer, Singles, wood,
_ cotton, brick, etc. The only way to
' work was to act jointly and continuously.
The two Evanses disputed as to tie
North Carolina rate. The North Caroolina
rate as quoted is all wrong. W.
^ ITa o<*T-a
U. iiVaCB siaucu. XJLW UMJ U> V*<. V ? - -,
und have one honest man on the board,
send Mr. W: D. Evans. ''God save
the mark, "W. D. asked to have his
character and reputation compared if
need be.
t B. B. Evans?I'd never compare my
character with you.
W. D. Evans?I have never tried to
pass o2 anything bogus on the people.
If you will look in the attorney general's
report you will find he insured 41
r dispensaries in bogus companies and
the companies were not worth a cent.
B. B. Evans said it would be well
to look at the records in W. D. Evan's
county.
W. D. Evans went on to say wfcen
he ran for the constitutional convention
there was intense opposition to
him and a warrant was swoni out against
him for fast driviBg through the streets
and drunkenness. He insisted on be
ing tried and was acquitted.
B. B. Erans?Oh, that's not it. I
mean where you cheated a man out of
- $15,000 and a jadgment is recorded
against you.
Chairman?Time's up.
W. D. E?ans?Let me explain.
B. B. Evans?That is a personal
matter and he attaoked me. Make him
sit down.
The chairman then without further
* v ado presented Mr. Capers and W. D.
Evans went to his chair saying: "I
r- paid that claim, every cent and am
poor too."
Mr. Capers then went on to say if
elected he would not employ Yankee
soldiers to teach in the summer schools.
McMahan is honest but wrong. His
' * tWfc MftMahan ie
's cmei compxaia i n vum? _o
; - nored county superintendents and other
Lx^ Carolina educators. Capers objected
to white teachers being over colored
normal schools. McMahan wanted to
explain, but the time was up.
Then came the governors. G. Walt
Whitman insisted that from what
others saw the various^ deparments are
" in lad shape and he wanted to remedy
things. Disregard of law in South
Carolina was amazing and disgraceful,
--i ?1_ ^nonsarv law but I
20t {Jmy as tv .
everything else if these speakers are to
be believed. The best men at tim-s,
he feared, took jast a little tco much
liquor. A little drunkenness does not
affect a man as much as telling a lie.
God never made a misfit and there i3
use for liquor. The Bible does not
condemn anyone for getting drank.
Col. J. A. Hoyt and Mr. Whitman
hau stood on every platform that has
ever been erected. The people of Lanbaster
were already converted to prohiition.
The dispensary is put forward
a3 the best solution of the liquor problem.
It is a system adapted to a monarchy,
but it is not for America. -The
cornerstone of Democracy is that whatever
comes to the people should come
from them, and he explained how this
was not the case. He explained how
dispensaries have been forced on the
people. The dispensary has its good
^ * ? ' ^ ?wa?a a T\ Ra_
IX ULicjr iicic cuiuivtu. w
quets were presented Col. Hoyt by the
"Women of Lancaster."
Mr. Frank B. Gary thought the flowers
apt for Col. Hoyt's political funeral.
He was eot here to villify or abuse
anyone. He argued that no better plan
1 than the dispensary was yet proposed.
He knew this to be a prohibition
county but he would not change hi3
views. All are marching to temperance.
Prohibition will bring tigers. He was
no apologist fortfce dispensary as now
ran. It is not a system for reveDue.
He was reliably informed there are 200
tigers in Columbia.
Mr. A. Howard Patterson said the
people, and not the papers, were the
jary. If Gary stood no better chance
ihan 7an he was sorry for Gary; but
he favored Bryan. Ee stuck to Gary
and his family all along and has gone
down with the family. He announced
himself before Gary and had a right
to run. He then read from the report
of Gary's Charleston speech and em
phasized that Mr. Gary would not answer
his questions in Charleston. He
i i -mi- n a ;t
aevoiea xime 10 iur. ?arjr ?uu aa:u
yen have local option it will be geodby
to dispensary.
Gov. McSweeney said when they
oharge that the incumbent has not been
successful ae hurled it back at them
The dispensary is better enforced today
than ever before and he can prove it by
letters from mayors. Charleston is a
seaport and it is difficult to enforce the
law there. He had done his best to enforce
the law there, but he had done as
well there as anyone else. He saved
the State $10,000 in constables' salaries
He did this as a business matter. Some
of these candidates tell you what they
would do with the dispensers. He asked
all to view the attitude of the people
towards the constables. He wanted to
say reference was made that constables
were here howling for him. They were
' ' > nr. 1:1
not Here oy ms oraers. a.a um uui
countenance their being here. They
have no business here, unless they have
work here. He was going to investigate
the matter and if any constables
have been attending meetings for political
purposes, they would be removed
and they certainly would not be paid
for being here. He knew the constables
were not here in his interests. They
were free men and any constable could
vote for whoever he pleased, but they
must attend to their business.
. fie read a letter from the mavor of
Newbeiry in which he said: "There is
no violation of the dispensary law
here." Similar letters were read from
tut; may *jia \JL uigj
Chester, etc. They agreed that the sale
of liqaor has decreased. All constables
had iustruction^to do their duty and if
they do not he would remove them.
The lieutenant governors came next.
Col. Sloan said he had to sing fast and
he ?UDg the praises of Blair and Jackson
and Sims and Jones and then recounted
his services and qualifications.
He denied that there were 200 tigers in
Columbia, for his people were'law abiding.
Mr. Cole L. Blease urged th?.t the
1 - ? 3 J_ j.1.
pronioition piatiorm aemaaus ; omc
of liqqotfor mechanical and scientific
purposes. They condemn the sale and
stiii insist on the sale. All laws are violated,
so must all laws be repealed, as
is argued. He argued for good free
schools. Favored biennial sessions.
Mr. Jas. H. Tillman said he had
more kinpeople hcie than in any other
county. He said Col. Sloan's remark
about tigers in Columbia had better be
salted down. He jamped on Col. Sloan
frtr fiorTifino- fbo CAnar?>.A nnafih law. As
to Blease and schools he voted to take
$250,000 from the schools. He insisted
that when you strike down the dispensary
you lose the best friend temperance
has ever had. He read numerous
letters to show that prohibition did not
suit.
Mr. Knox Livioston sympathized
with the audience for its patience. He
gave his certificate of character, so to
speak, by showing that he had never
TT 1 _!
Deen Defeated at nome. ne nas aiwa>e
been consistent in favoring prohibition
when the people wanted it.
Mr. Winkler spoke of his services in
the house. He was emphatically in favor
of the dispensary and urged that it
had worked wonders. His only regret
was that the good prohibitiohists and
others had not helped to support and
try the law. He wanted better school
houses, better teachers and better pay.
He spoke kindly of the veterans.
Mr. James H. Moore, for attorney
general, said he was charged with being
a former Charlotte printer. He
has had his experiences and he was glad
of this experience. "Work was nothing
to be ashamed of. He was proud of his
North Carolina descent and that he
came here for his home.
He said that Gen. Bellinger was
either indifferent to coming before the
people or was afraid to face him on the
stump; that he had gotten awfully busy
of late and had gone to Washington on a
wild goose chase on an alleged suit
against the State by the Uaited States
in ignorance of the fact that congress
had repealed the act authorizing the
^ ^ A A C f/I f A
UUltCU UU?lCO vU DUC A
Regrets were presented from Gen.
Bellinger, who was nnable to be present.
Capt. Jennings for State treasurer
made a clever speech.
The meeting tomorrow will be at
Chester. Angust Kohn.
Tmmonioffllo effnr flio mOMinc MV.
W. D. Evans seat this telegram:
C. S. McCall, Bennettsville, S. C.:
Barney Evans accuses me of swindling
Matheson $15,000. As trustee of
fund please wire me whether this is true
or false. W. D. Evans.
The telegram in reply.
Hon, W. D. Evans, Lancaster, S. C.:
Telegrams received. Accusation as
to defrauding Matheson false.
C. S. McCall.
Mr. Evans requests the publication.
Mr. McCali was the trustee of the fund
loaned Col. W. D. Evans. A. K.
Missionaries Murdered.
Two English missionary ladies, Mi3S
Missi SAar^ll have hftftn
murdered at Hsai Oi, in the province
of Shan Si by Chinese. Massacres are
also reported from Tai Yuan and Pao
; Ting Fa.
GOES FOR TILLMAN ]
<
1
About What He Said in His Ben- !
i
nettsville Speech. !
HIS REPLY TO THE CHARGES, i
i
i
The Senator States Over His Own 1
I
' Signature What He Really j
Did Mean in His i
I
Speech. ,
la his Bennettsville spcech Senator i
Tillman declared there is in South 1
Carolina "an unholy alliance of preachers
and barkeepers, led by Col. Hoyt to
defeat the dispensary." The Senator
is being savagely criticised for his
speech and even the dignified Bishop ]
Das can is in arms againt the Senator. <
In an interview with the Greenville
News the Bishop said:
"It, was manifestly false and an out- i
rage," said the bishop, his small, pene- i
trating eyes flashing as he shook a 1
* * ^ . I..T 1 1 _ ____ t . I
clencnea list. i always mase it a ruie
to nail a lie whenever it comes up,
whether it comes from the president
of the United States or a United States 1
senator, or from anyone else. It is all !
the more shameful that the statement
comes from a United States Senator.
Suppose I were to say, for instance, j
that the merchants of this town were in
league with the thieves, the chicken i
thieves, to rob the citizens, don't you 1
suppose there would be a mighty protest?
Well, there is just as much sense
in the one statement as in the other." '
In the Greenville Methodist confer- 1
ence held in Greenville last week the ,
committee on temperance, to which was
referred the Senator's charge, submit- 1
ted a report to the conference, and the 1
ia a nov<-. <yp fhat I
Resolved 1st. That we reaffirm it to '
be the duty of the Church to enforce !
among its members the rule against
-drinking spirituous liquors exoept in
case of necessity.
Resolved 2d. We conceive it to be
the duty of a Christian citizen to protect
the State against the demoralizing,
home-blighting, crime-breeding, property
destroying drink abuse by using
his inflaene to restrict its manufacture
and sale to medicinal, sacramental and
scientific purposes. ,
Resolved 31. We denounce any in- (
sinuation that the effort of Christian .
* ' 1 'i x J -
ministers ana otaer citizens to nu me
State of this gigantic evil is a sought or j
voluntary combination with the saloon '
element as a base slander that is itself
an attempt to strengthen the power of
this most damnable iniquity. 1
It. E. Stackhouse, j
P. F.Kilgo, ' (
R. K. Dagnall.
Dr. Obas S Gardner, Pastor of the 1
First Baptist Church in Greenville '
preached a sermon Sunday night week J
on prohibition in which he denounced \
a? false Senator Tillman's charge that :
"the preaohers a"d liquor men are in 1
nnhnlv alliance led bv Col. Hovt." '
He said: "Senator Tillman, who made '
the charge, knew it to be false when he .
uttered it. The charge cannot be in- :
terpreted as anything else but a mean '
and contemptible effort to break the '
force of the almost unanimous advoca- 1
cy of prohibition "by the prcachers and
served its author as a good occasion 1
also to throw contempt upon a class of }
men for which he has in many other
ways expressed hi3 contempt." 1
SENATOR TILLMAN INT REPLY.
Dr. J. 0. Wilson of the Southern I
Christian Advocate wrote to Senator
Tillman asttng it ne were correctly re- t
ported and requesting a reply. The re- 1
ply is oontained in last week's issue of ]
the Advocate. It reads ?s follows: i
Trenton, S. C., July 23, 1900. i
Rev. J. 0. WilsoD, Columbia, S. C. !
Dear Sir: I have your letter of July !
22d, asking if my speech at Bennetts- I
ville was correctly reported. I do not
recollect the exaut words I used at ]
Bennettsville, bul; they are in effect ]
true as quoted; s,nd inasmuoh as the 1
district coaference of the Methodist
church, under the leadership of Bishop 3
Duncan, has taken the matter up, and ]
hinhnn in rAnnrfcpd to have "nailed" <
my utterance "as a lie," while the re- i
port of the committee on temperance i
"denounced any insinuation that the <
efforts of the Christian ministers and ]
other citizens to rid the State of this i
gigantic evil as a sought or voluntary i
combination with the saloon element i
as a base slander that is itself an at
tempt to strengthen the power of this
most damnable iniquity," I will take
the occasion offered by your inquiry to <
make an announcement over my own 1
signature of what I said and meant at
Bennettsville. Of course the report 1
gave only the barest outlines. 1
I have no quarrel with the ministers 1
of any church or denomination and ;
have no purpose to give offense to any 1
of them. 1 have always borne testimony
to the high character and purity 1
of purpose characterizing the ministry, 1
but I believe they are wrong in fighting
the dispensary law as *hey do, and I <
claim the right to say so, acknowleding '
at the same time their right to freedom <
of speech and freedom of political ac- <
tion on this and every other subject. I
mentioned the attitude of the ministers (
incidentally as an illustration of the <
anomalous political situation. The 1
ministers attack the dispensary because '
it does not go far enough, and the high '
license people and the blind tigers, 1
* "r 1 ' ' J - -it _ 4C.1J 1 II
wnom l designated as me oiu D&r- keepers,"
attack the dispesary because 1
it goes too far. They are thus found <
fighting side by side in the campaign. *
There is only one candidate in the field ^
for governor opposed to the dispensary, <
Col. Hoyt, and all of those elements *
are allied in his support, and the proof <
is that Charleston, in the last guberna
torial election, rotea tor Dir. tfeatnerstone
and prohibition when it is notorious
that the whiskey element in that '<
city is predominant and chat the dis- i
pensary law is not enforced, m*ioly by 1
reason of the lax morals of the grand i
jorore who have failed to discharge 1
their duty under their oaths. Col. 1
Hoyt last winter in his paper, The t
Mountaineer, u-ged coalition between <
the high license people and the prohi- \
bitionists in the general assembly in 1
order to repe&l the dispensary law. t
Col. Hoyt seeks the governor's office, 1
and of course wants votes. I am op- 1
posed to his election solely on the these <
grounds, and called attention to the 1
slements supporting him. There may
be no open "alliance," and technically
[may have been in error in asserting
it, but I think it permissable to declare
ill the supporters of any one candidate
"allies" and if the Methodist ministers
trho have accused me of "slander" will
show that thev do not intend to work
to the same end as the bar-keepers for
the overthrow of the dispensary, I will
then consider the propriety of an apol- 1
ogy. Until snch proof is given I shall
stand by my gnns. If the Methodist
bishop chooses to call me a liar, and
the church temperance committee feels
constrained to denounce my opinion of
existing eonditions as "slander," the ,
people of South Carolina will judge be- ,
tween us. If they can stand it I can. I .
long ago learned?
"Evil is wrought- from want of
thought, . . '<
As well as want of heart." 3
When g^od men find themselves in j
bad company, they usually pause to ]
consider how they got there and ,
whether they are not in fault to some ]
extent. <
There is no concealment about it and ]
the editor of The State, who is the j
spokesman of the license element, ha3 ,
announced his position clearly and ,
openly. The denial by the preachers j
that the combination is "sought" cuts (
o Ti __J il.l _11 T
do ngure. ic exists, anu tnat m an x <
assorted, and to my mind it is "unholy" i
and must make every good man feel ]
uncomfortable. i
If the dispensary is overthrown every :
practica' man knows that saloons will ,
be re-established in less than five j
years. I would deplo-e such a result j
is a great loss to society and know i
many preachers are of the same opinion. ]
I shall yet hope to see all good men of j
af all classes united to make the dis- (
pensary the success it can become I 1
believe prohibition is a Trojan horse i
by which the saloocs seek to aga;n en- ]
ter the State. The whiskey men believe \
the same thiiig. I am against the \
3aloons and all of their friends wheth- j
sr they be good m?n who are blind, fa- j
aatics, or scheming politicians. ,
y ours truly,
B. E, Tillman.
WEATHER AND CROPS.
Weekly Bulletin Issued by Section
Director Bauer.
The following is the weekly bulletin 1
[>? the condition of the weather and
arops of the State issued last week by j
Direotor Bauer of the South Carolina ]
section of the United States weather j
oureau's weather and crop service: j
The week ending 8 a. m., July 23d, (
jfas nearly three degrees warmer than {
usual, and had a maximum of 102 de- ,
grees at Batcsburg, and a minimum of
36 at Greenville.
There were light, widely scattered
showers during the entire week, heaviest
in the central counties. By far the
greater portion of the State had no rain,
md severe drought conditions prevail
in places. The need of rain is general,
md nearly all crops failed, or are beginning
to suffer for lack of moisture,
especially old corn that is maturing.
The dry weather was favorable for
laying by, and ridding fields of grass
md weeds, so that crops are being laid
by in generally clean condition, although
grassy fields are still common.
Old corn failed materially, except on j
moist lands, wnere it snows slignt im- <
provement. On sandy lands it is firing. ,
doling corn continues to look well and j
retains its color, but is not growing, j
ind will soon fail unless moisture is j
supplied. Bottom land corn has made }
little recovery since the June freshest. y
Cotton improves slowly, except on (
3ana? lands, where it is shedding
leaves and squares and is turning yellow.
Cotton is generally small and late,
although fields are now clean and fruiting
normally, but the crop is spotted
ind its average condition remains poor.
Sea island cotton is doing poorly owing
to drought, blight and shedding.
Tobacco is ripening fast, and curing
made rapid progress, being now over
b.alf finished. The hot weather in jured
tobacco to some extent.
The prospect for a large forage crop
ia anriA oonor??allx7 fioM n*>?a wllirtll
look very promising. Minor cropB gen- j
jrally, as well as pastures and gardens,
ire failing rapidly, and stand in urgent
need of rain. The apple and melon j
jrops continue poor, while peaches and ,
pears are plentiful, but the peaohes ^
ire rotting badly. Grapes are ripening.
A general rain would materially (
improve the crop prospects.
A Determined Mob.
Seldom has there been such grave ^
letermination on the part of the mob 1
r\rrrrnA ?aoiafnTi/>a AW f V? a n01*f A?
JL DUWU UU^^U lWDiOUCIUVW VU UJL&V
? sheriff as that displayed at Huntarille,
Ala,, last week. A mob of one
thousand men went to the jail to take
* negro rapist and lynch him. The
Sheriff and his deputies fired upon the
iynohers, wounding some of them.,
rhis did not deter them. The sheriff
appealed to the governor, and the military
were ordered out, but too late. 1
rhe mob received tar and feathers and ]
vil ViiTrir?<"r /r/tff^rk infft fV*n . ln?/?r 1
JXLj OUU, UHTAUg gwwu AUVV VUW *V Tl V*
jorridor of the jail, piled them on the
jasement floor and fired them. The work I
)f smoking oat the inmates was began ]
rhe sheriff retreated with his prisoner 3
:o a point fartherest removed from the s
jdoriferous pile. He swore that he 1
should die with his prisoner. The ]
;hief of police forced his way to where i
:he sheriff was and exhorted him to I
leave the building. The sheriff was ]
then half suffocated. The official had i
securely locked his prisoner in a strong
jell. The police chief seized the i
sheriff and dragged him unconscious i
:rom the building. The mob took hold \
jf the prisoner and earned him from <
:he jail and hanged and shot him to 1
ieathi
Paid Him to Wait
A farmer in (Jlay county, Iowa, lias i
i bin containing about 800 bushels of
vheat. About a month ago he pro- <
posed to market the grain, but on go- \
ng to the bin he discovered that a hen r
lad established her nest on the wheat, {
vas setting there, and that to remove \
;he grain would "break her up." He 1
iecided not to disturb her, but wait 3
mtil she came forth with the chicks. <
[n the meantime the price of wheat (
advanced until the farmer discovered <
le had gained over $100 by allowing the
ien to sit it cut. s
SPEAKS AT CHESTER
filiman Makes a Red Hot Dispensary
Speech.
nDiTiniRPa MIS CRITICS. '
He Refers to the Recent Attacks
of Bishop Duncan and
Dr. Gardner on HimAt
the oampaign meeting at Chester
rhursday Senator Tillman made a redtiot
speech and put new ginger in the
ight. He was held until the very last,
md when he talked, made it lively,
rillman was received, with that old
time whoop. To start at the end, Tillman
said:
This was his seventh meeting and he
protested against always being put
i--x mi 1. _ xi Li
last, j-jaere were some wao tuougut uu (
Dught to remain at home. It was not .
his fault some one else does not want J
to be senator. He never felt happy un- ,
[ess he had opposition, and he preferred
it. He may be a fool, but he was j
never acoused of it, and, therefore, he
3id not try to be a dictator, but felt
free to give advice. As long as he was
3enator he felt free to talk. All are
agreed on national issues and there
was no use to talk on such matters unless
he wanted to sheer around or say ,
some sweet things. He had seriously <
regarded his duty. He had thought it '
Dver, and feeling his obligations, he .
felt it carried with it some responsi- (
bility to assist in throwing light. Did
?ou not teach me to use this tongue '
Hid to use it vigorously? Uid you
label that tongue "for national use (
jbIj?" if so, say ao. If you say so I (
will obey. If not otherwise advised he i
was going to talk right out on the '
liquor qaestion. The people were free !
to do as they pleased and he wanted them
to do so. It is charged that but ,
for Tillman there would now be pro- j
hibition. He said he worked for the ]
lispensary law. The prohibition vote <
:ast was nothing like a general vote,
ind over 30,000 did not vote at all.- As
to the dispensary being a great political
machine. When it came in he had i
just been reelected and he needed no (
machine. He advised the dispensary because
he did nst believe prohibition :
jould be enforced. He did this to save j
:he State from degradation and being (
hypocrites under prohibition. ,
The people have voted on this ques- j
;ion almost solely on State offices, and (
;he legislature in four elections, and (
3ut for him it would have been put in j
;he constitution without any buts or :
fs, He did this because the supreme j
iourt decision was pending. H8 wrote
;he clause, and whenever his tongue j
jrew forked he wanted to be kicked out. r
The minority is asking you to give .
i i . 1 1 *
lp your broa-given rignis ana assing
rou to give up without a contest. If
pou are not careful you will be back
ybere you where eight years ago.
The State holds $400,000 worth of
iquor, and that liquor will fritter away
>r be lost. If you want it that way it
s your right. Dispensary men he
lears are going to vote for the prohibi;ion
candidates. Men should stand for
principles and stand by them. Stand
>y your principles!
If it is going to be a matter of religion
and good-fellowship, then you had
setter go back to the convention sys.em.
Your committees are going to ruin
Via nrimflrv hv tratrcrimr th? aneakflrs ,
?J Q-no?o. "Mr I
md limiting the speakers. He said the (
eporters were generally fair. Men (
nust not vote for personal preferences j
)ut on principles, bnt you have such a ,
ight and do as you please, and he
vould not complain. The people have
governed South Carolina and the only
ffay is to allow free time and take off
;he bridle. I
There have been accusations of in- f
?grity and no time for the charges or
lenials. He wanted to serve notice |
.hat he was going to speak first some- 1
arhere. This gagging of speakers will
till the nrimarv. Better have fewer .
speakers. What use is there, for instance,
for eight candidates for comnissioner.
They can show nothing in .
:en minutes, absolutely nothing. You ,
lo not want a man who can merely tell I
jokes, but these men can tell nothing
in that time.
It was an outrage to limit the gover- ,
aors to 30 minutes. They are all the \
same. They should all have more time, i
uut some of them do not want more
time. Every man should hare all the i
;ime he wants. It was funny to see ,
jronzales, an open, avowed license man, '
.1 # A1- 1 L?
now we organ 01 me prosiDiuon party.
Be said Gronzales fought openly and
bravely, although he sometimes .does
not tell the truth.
It was old and stale this thing about
the liquor men and preachers being on
she same line. He never said there was
m agreement between the preachers
ind barkeepers. But much is now being
made out of it, although he had
repeated it 25 times. He piotured the
ministers in white fighting the dispensary
and then another arm? in
irhite aprons all fighting the same dih- ;
pensary, and Col. Hoyt certainly was :
iccepting all these votes. i
Now the sole question is whether
these armies are fighting the same dis- i
pensary. Now Bishop Dancan said I"]
lied when I said the prohibitionists i
rod liquor men were aLied under Col. 1
Soyt. That was severe language and ;
ae once used such language, but he did ]
aot do so now in the senate, but left i
:hat to Bishop Dancan. (Applause.) <
Bishop Duncan would feel sorry for
ivhat he said of him. <
Then he took up the temperance com- <
nittee and its declaration, which "de- i
lounced any insinuation that the ef- 1
Port of Christian ministers and other
jitizens to rid this State of this gigan- <
ic evil is a sought or voluntary oom- 1
Dination with the salooon element as a 1
aase slander. That is itself an at- s
:empt to strengthen the power of this <
most damnable iniquity."
He said if these ministers wished to i
iccuse him of issuing a slander it was i
well and .good. It would not hurt him. 1
Phe people saw and knew what was t
joing on and what the conditions act- <
lally were, and he reiterated that the i
liquor naon and prohibitionists were al- i
ied, and whether this was accident or <
;onceit he cared not, as he only spoke ]
)f conditions. He quoted the definition
)f "alliance."
Then he took Dr. Gardner's sermon
ind said he would reply to the charges
:heremade when he got to Greenville
md said he left to the audience if he
aad wilfully misrepresented anyone.
Be meant no reflection on the minis;ers.
He believed they were mistaken.
Se believed they were wrong and perhaps
fanatical. These men have left
iheir pulpits and gone into politics and
nade themselves liable to criticism.
Tmnititarfl havfl come down to
liscuss politios and those who come
iown put themselves on a plane with
)ther politicians and he was going to
^lk ont and if they do not like it they
jould lump it. The Ten Commandnents
have nothing against selling
liquor and the Bible makes liquor selling
permissible. No man can go farther
than he as to the evils of liquor
jelling, but he as much as any minister
wanted to curtail the sale. When
pou go home think well whether you
srant to spew out all the good thing of
reform. He would have no complaint
js to what is done. He asked all to
ivatch the legislators.
Senator Tillman received a great
3pa1 nf ann1an?ifi and whooned UD the
iispensary. He will at attend the
meetings at Winnsboro, Yorkville,
9-aifney, Spartanburg, Union, Greenville,
Pickens, Walhalla, Anderson,
Edgefield, Saluda, Lexington, and Columbia.
McKIULEY'S EEPLY
ro the Chinese Appeal for Restoration
of Peace and Order.
The following correspondence between
the president of the United
States and the emperor of Uhina has
been made public by the state department.
Translation of- a cablegram received
by Minister Wu on July 20,
1900, from the Tao Tai of Shanghai
iated July 19, 1900.
Having received a telegram from
&ov. Yuan (of Shan Tung) dated 231
lay of this moon (July 19th), who,
having received from the privy council
at Pekin, a dispatch embodying an imperial
letter to the president of the
United States has instructed me to
transmit it to your excellency. The
imperial message is respecttully transmitted
as follows:
rhe Emperor of Cbina to His Excellency
the President of the United
oii-i... n Li
oiaies. vxreeuug.
China has long maintained friendly
relations with the United States and is
ieeply conscious that the object of the
United States is international commerce.
Neither country entertains the
least suspicion or distrust toward the
jther. Recent-outbreaks of mutual antipathy
between the people and Christian
missions caused the foreign powers
to view with suspicion the position
)f the imperial government as favorable
to the people and prejudicial to the
missions, with the result that the Taku
forts were attacked and captured. Consequently
there has been clashing of
'orces with calamitous consequences,
rhe situation here become more and
nore serious and critical. We have
|OSt received a iciezrapmu msmjnai
from our envoy Wu Ting Fang, and it
;s hizhly gratifying to us to learn that
;he United States government, having
n view the friendly relations between
;he two countries, has taken a deep in:erest
in the present situation. Now
Jhina, driven by the irresistible course
)f events, has unfortunately incurred
yell nigh universal indignation, For
settling the present difficulty, China
places special reliance in the United
3tates. We address this message to
?our excellency in all sincerity and
jandidness with the hope that your ex
:ellency will devise measures and take
.he initiative in briDgiDg about a consert
of the powers for the restoration
)f order and peace. The favor of *
tind reply is earnestly requested a: d
iwaited with the greatest anxiety.
Kwang Hsu.
Twenty-sixth moon, 23d day.
(July 19, 1900 )
It is therefore my duty to transmit
;he above with the request that jour
jxcellency, in respectful obedience of
imperial wishes, will deliver the same
jo its high destination and favor me
with a reply; Yu Lien Yuen,
Taotai of Shanghai,
rwenty-sixth year, 6th moon, 23d day.
(July 19, 1900 )
This cablegram was at once communicated
to the president at Canton,
and the following is his reply:
rhe President of the United States to
the Emperor of China. Greeting:
I have received your majesty's message
of the 19ih of July and am glad
to know that your majesty recognizes
the fact that the government and people
of the United States desire of
China nothing but what is just and
equitable. The purpose for which we
landed troops in China was the rescue
ef our legation from grave danger and
. . Oil 1? J _ i
tiie protection 01 tae uvea property
of Americans who were sojourning in
Ch:.na in the enjoyment of rights guaranteed
them by treaty and international
law. The same purposes are publicly
declared by all the powers which have
landed military forces in your majesty's
empire.
I am to infer from your majesty's
letter that the malefactors who have
disturbed the peace of China who have
murdered the minister of Germany,
and a member of the Japanese legation,
iin<l who now hold beseiged in Pekin
thoi2 foreign diplomatists who still survive,
have not only not received any
tavor or encouragement iruuj your i
majesty but are actually in rebellion
igainst the imperial authority. If this
be the case, I most solemnly urge upon
your majesty's government to give public
assurance whether the foreign ministers
are alive, and, if so, in what conlition.
To put the diplomatic representatives
jf the powers in immediate and free
jommunication with their respective
governments and to remove all danger
:o their lives and liberty.
T* nlap.p. tfcp imperial authorities of
3hina in communication with the re.ief
expedition bo that cooperation may
oe secured between them for tbe liberition
of the legations, the protection
)f foreigners and the restoration of order.
If these objects are accomplished it
s the belief of this government that
10 obstacles will be found to exist on
narfc nf thfi nnwArs tn an amicable
settlement of ill the questions arising
jut. of the recent troubles and the
Tiendly good offices of this government
irill, with the assent of the other pow;rs,
be cheerfully placed at your
najesty's disposition for that purpose.
Win. McKinley.
July 23, 1900.
By the president.
John Hay, Secretary of State.
THE STATE ALLIANCE
Decides to Continue the Exchange
After Long DiscussionThe
State Alliance met in Columbia
on Wednesday evening, the -SaU^ging
delegates being present:
Abbeville?J. R. Blake.
Anderson?J. B. ITouthit.
Edgefield?W. H. Timmerman.
Florence?A. C> Stewart.
Horry?Jas. A. Lewis.
Kershaw?J. A. JVIahaffey.
Lancaster?J. F. Nesbit
Lexington?James B. Addy.
Newberry?W. B. Counts.
Oconee?J. B. Pickett
Orangeburg?S. C. Kennedy. i
Kichland?B. C. DaPre.
Union?J. C. Liles. 1
York?J. F. Ashe. c
Greenwood?J. L, Hughley. t
After the presidents address a recess i
was taken to allow the board of trustees
of the State exchange to continue its (
discussion over the $18,000 and try to i
determine what was best to be done \
fxnfTi if ,
At about 12:30 o'clock Thursday
morning the fight over the exchange \
and its funds ended. It had waged i
waimly all the evening. Col. Dancan *
and Mr. Keitt both made vigorous i
speeches. A three fourths vote was re- <
quired in order to withdraw the capital 1
stock from the exchange. When the ]
nrnnnsition to withdraw the money and <
~ * return
it to its original subscribers was
finally brought to a vote, about $8,000
worth of the stock voted for it, and the
other $10,000 voted against. Thus it
was determined to continue the exchange,
which has been suspended for
about one year. As to the details of
the management, they will be decided
upon later by the board of directors.
At 1 o'clock Thursday morning the
board of directors of the State Alliance
exchange was elected as follows:
From the State-at-Large?J. R.
Ashe, York, and Mr. Blake, Abbeville.
First District?T. S. Browning.
Second District?W. H. Timmerman.
Third District?Jos. L. Keitt.
Fourth District?A. C. Lyles.
Fifth District?S. T. McKeown.
Sixth District?Charles Crossland.
Seventh District?D. F, Efird. i
The alliance then resumed its ses- 1
sions, reelecting its present officers? ^
Senator Alexander, president, and Mr. I
J. W. Eeid, secretary and treasurer. t
Mr. Keitt's term as executive com- x
mitteeman having expired and he hav- ing
opposition, an election was necessitated.
Mr. Ncsbit of Lancaster was ]
chosen to succeed him.
The officers of the board of directors
of the State Alliance exchange were j
then elected as follows:
President?A. C. Lyles.
~S7Inn Pmai^Ant .T Ti
Secretary?Dr. W. H. Timmerman.
Treasurer?Charles Crossland.' 1
The alliance elected 0. P. Groodwin }
of Laurens delegate to the national al- a
liance, winch j^meets in Washington, .
D. C.,in February, 3901, installed the
officers and. then adjourned sine die at (
about 1:40 o'clock Friday morning. c
PROHIBITION Iff MA DTE. f
?
The Democrats Call for Enforcement (
and Eesubmiasion of the Law. . 1
The platform adopted by the Maine A
Democratic State Convention at its session
in Lewiston on .Wednesday, Jnly
11, contains the following respecting
the State prohibitory liqnor law and its
nonenforcement: '
"For nearly half a century we have
had a statutory law, prohibiting the
manufacture, sale and use of intoxicating
liquors. For nearly half that time
it has been embodied in the State Constitution.
Since it was first enacted
scores of amendments, each more
stringent and the penalties more severe
than those preceding it, have been
passed.
"For nearly twenty years the alleged
enforcement of the prohibitory law has
been growing more and more lax, until
today in nearly every city in the State
and many of the larger towns, there are
regularly established bars and saloons
where liqaors arc sold in open,' flagrant
violation of the Constitution and statutory
law. Nearly every hotel, many '
restaurants, hundreds of so-called drug
stores and unnumbered and secret saloons
and bar rooms in the cities sell i
without restriction, save an occasional j
seizure and fine for political purposes.
"For the present shameful, disgust- }
ing condition of af airs in relation to i
the prohibitory law, the Republican
leaders and their supporters are solely (
responsible. Today in many parts of /
the State we are having all the evils of }
'free rum,' and none of the redeeming j
features of a license law.
"For years the prohibitory law has ,
been a political foot ball. Its hypocriti- j
oal enforcement has been used to control
the liquor vote, to increase the income
of perjured officials and to swell
the corruption fund for campaign purposes.
Through its instrumentality, J
the party in power has influenced juries, i
corrupted official sworn to enforce the 1
law; debauched voters, deceived the ad- i
vocates of temperance, betrayed the 1
cause which it professed to support, ?
creating a contempt and a disregard for i
all laws, and has made the good name (
of the State a byword and reproach \
wherever it is known. 11
"We maintain that the Republican ?
party in Maine is under the practical *1
control of a ring which has finally be- I
come the rum syndicate cf the State, 1
promoting the illegal sale of liquor, 1
protecting the dealer in the sale, pocketing
a large revenue from these transactions,
assessing rum sellers for money
with which to control caucuses, conventions
and elections, and saddling a *
heavy debt upon and loading the tax- .
payers with bills, charges and alleged 1
disbursements too grievous to be borne, *
an/1 OTIA}I ^nnlimtv iliAV arp Hpmnr- '
alizing the youth of our State and edu- j
catiDg them to disregard law and order. J
"We believe the respectable, law
abiding citizens of the State, irrespective
of party, favor a change. They
demand thai the law shall be either enforced
or repealed. To that end we
favor resubmission. ^
For the Usual Crime. v
A neero was lynched near Knox- 1
ville, G-a., Wednesday night and his \
body riddled with bullets by a mob. He i
bad attempted to assault a fourteen year a
old girl, and had been arrested. He i
was taken from the officers of the law ]
by the lynchers. . i
WAR OR PEACE? ||
rhat Is the Question Being Discussed
Now.
_ - -mm
. H
ttff?S3^CWNESE NEWS.
rhe Pigtails Supposed tofe?<23tting
Ready for a Gigantic |
War on all the
Powers.
News from Washington uyf Admiral
"C<?"mTvff10 1 nfffl. mvm
r. H <V?HW4, |il?u yuuuvm/ UJ ?UO
lavy department Thursday, made the , %v|
iireet statement that the imperial au:horities
were iu sympathy with the
Boxers, though he added that the govirnment
was afterward paralysed and
ncapable of controlling the situation.
rhia was the first official declaration
;o reach our government contradictory
)f the Chinese representations that the
imperial government had steadfastly
ind from the first opposed the Boxer
movement, and our government ia bonnd
, U
:o accept the word of its own officer
intil that is overcome by irrefragable
proof. The exchanges that are "in
sonstant progress between the powers
ire tending more and more to east suspicion
upon the genuineness of the
many communications that have come
:rom Pekin through Chinese governmental
sourees. The imperial ediet
promulgated by Viceroy Tak. at Can
1 1-i.L - J? 1K-* 1--'-^
sua, ua3 xsib a uissgreesDie impression.
Despite the Chinese minister's view to
she contrary, this edict is looked upon
is suspiciously like ft preliminary to *
formal declaration of war, and as only
>ne step toward securing time to move
Chinese forces into better position for
iefense against the internationalists.
In the Yang Tse region active preparations
for war are in progress, not for
var against the foreign powers. Junk
oads of Chinese soldiers and Boxers
iiaguised as Coolies are arriving there"
laily. The arsenal is fall of arms and
supplies are constantly coming in. The .
Nan King and Wu Chang gamsons are
)eing constantly reenforaed and the
viceroys admit that they cannot much
onger withstand the pressure brought
o bear by Sheng and Li Hung Chang
ipon them to join the forees of Prince
mwnSQ AEOTJHD TIE! T3IH.
Japanese Aided. by Sritih. cad Jta*
sians Capture an Arsenal,
A dispatch from Tien Tain dated Jaly
3, which has jost been received si
Washington, says after fighting all day
. force of 2,000 Japanese, supported by
Jritisfr OTd-fixBsiansp eaptur^^ the
Chinese fortified arsenal two miles east
if the city, making a night attack. The
oreigners charged under a very fatly
ire from the arsenal, following the
/hinamen and killing 400 of then.
rhe foreign loss was heavy, bat it i?
tot reported.
The Chinese bombarded the foreign
ity of Tientsin heavily, for three days *
,nd killed some British sailors on a
ng today, besides several Frenchman.
rhrt fnraionoTO ?M
-MW IUW UIVOHUHQ 1W?TJ
;uns from the fleet, among them bang
four 12-pounders and four 4-iach
;uns and will attempt to loeate and
tilenee the Chinese gu ns.
An explosion of dynamite killed 20
ilussians. Two, battalions of the
Ninth. United States infantry and 300
narines from the cruiser Brooklyn disimbarked
and started for Tientsin tv
lay on lighters. As they went up the ;|9
'oreign ships cheered them heartily.
Refugees of all nationalities wm be
aken to Japan by the transport Logan.
Che Japanese were the heores of the
jattle. Their fighting wi? remarkably
jrave and was praised by all their ooleagues.
When some of the foreign of ieers
counseled retreat last night, the ?p|
Japanese general said:
"When my men move it will be for* '
yard."
This morning they charged the
jreaafces in the wall made by the artilI
5Ji ? - ' mm- -
ery ana iougnc nana to nana in tne
itreets. Their oondaet after the fight
if as equally good as they refrained from
.ooting while some of the European sol*
iiers were having an oigie. Dead
Chinamen cover the walls and streets
)f Tientsin. Fifty guns were eapbued.
rhe place was full of monitions of war.
Many fires have been started and most
>f the city will probably be burned.
rhe Chinese are retreating toward Pe
cm.
Six Handred Massacred- .
The Hongkong correspondent of the
London Daily Express wires as follows :;:|?sl
mder Fridays date: "An Italian priest
las j est arrived herefrom Son Sien Fa, 7 .'Oii
u southern Haan, where the Italian
rishop and threp priests have been mas*
sacred after revolting torture. This
:00k place on July 4. Six hundred
jonverts were massacred after the -jf. ^
fomen had been subjected to hideous
jrutalities. Six other priests fled to ~.k
.he hilis, where they were probably
:illed. The priest who escaped had a
jerilious journey to Honkong. He
lid in a coffin on board a river boat for
-7 days. ' ..73
Having a Run;
One of the most conspicuous adver- ~
isements in a-negro paper published in
Washington is Hartonia, decoction that
s guaranteed not only to straighten out
mnof cfnT-lVirt^n lrir?V-n ti?n l>-* * ?
uv uvu> limt) UlU W
rieach the dark skin white, not in spots
>ut all over, and make the user smell
ike a basket of fresh cat roses in May
ime. It is having a ran. The coent
dlier is put Tip in powder form. \ .
: . --M
Five Were Drowned- M
News eomes from the eastern part of
California of the drowning of five per10ns
in Wiley's Lake Wednesday. It . ^
?as an exceedingly hot day and Mrs.
3ryon fi. Wiley's little party of five
rere in Darning, xney went oat to a
aft, which suddenly began to wobble
md some of the bathers fell into
he water. The others made ft des-<
>erate attempt to rescue their companons
and in so doing perished.

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