~"j : . ;
fivT~VOL UY, WINNSBORO. S. C., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 22, 1900. NO, 9.
" ; I
Says Imperial Crowns Must be
Cast Aside by
THE ELECTION OF BRYAN.
George S. Boutwell Makes a
Great Speech Against Imperialism
Clares for BryanThe
liberty congress of the National
Aati-Imperialistic league met in Indianapolis
oa Wednesday. About five j
hundred delegates were present. Tomlinson
hall was elaborately decorated
with American flags and with portraits
of Washington, Lincoln, Jefferson,
? " * 3 Ai; T>
Thomas A. Jdenaricss ana unver x. i
Morton. There vera two huge banners j
containing excerpts from the speeches
of Abraham Lincoln and three containing
parts of the "Behold a republic"
peroration of Mr. Bryan's Indianapolis
-v speech of acceptance. Swung directly
cvar the speaker's platform was an immense
banner with the following inscriptions:
"I speak not of forcible annexation,
* ? ? A mt_ _ a
. for that cannot be tnougnc 01. xaai, i
by onr code of morals would be criminal
"Behold a republic standing erect
with the empires all around her bowed
beneath,the weight of their own armaments?a
republic whose flag is loved
while other flags are only feared?
William Jennings Bryan."
George G. Moncer of Philadelphia
^called the convention to order at 11
o'clock, presenting Edwin Burritt
Smith of Chicago as temporary chair^
man. Prof. A. E. Tolm*n of the nniveraity
of Chicago read the Declaration
of Independence. The Rev. Herbert
S. Bigelow of Cincinnati invoked the j
??- _.divine blessing on the deliberations of j
* 1 ' i-i-T- I
trie oouy; aiter which an. uuuw ?w * :
livered his address. He said in part:
"The American people must once for
r all put away the imperial crown which
Mr. McKinley proffers them. A selfgoverning
people cannot acquire and
hold power to rule others. There is
place for none but citizens beneath the
"The last six presidential elections
have been determined by independent
voters. These voters are today united
in their opposition to the approval of
Mr. McKinley's course. If they cooperate
at the coming election they will
compass his defeat and briDg the republic
back to its true course.
"Our correspondence which extends j
to the entire country, indicates that in*
dependent voters in large and increasing
numbers will vote d:rectly for Bryan.
Others deem it desirable to have
a third ticket as, a means of withholding
votes froia McKinley. Some beL
lieve tliis to be a good time to found a
new and conservative psrty that may
^iujime dispute the cuutrol of the gov?*-? ^^fenent
with survivor of the existing
parties. Each of these views is ably
f represented in this congress."
_ Throughout the delivery of Mr.
Smith's address tne applause was generous,
but it reacted its greatest volume
when the temporary chairman suggested
that many of the sympathizers with
the movement were disposed to give
their support to Wm. J. Bryan. The
cheers and shouts which greeted this
utterance lasted two or three minute3.
Chairman Smith called for short addresses
from delegates. Those who responded
were Dr. W. A. CrcfFut of
Washington, Gen. Jos. Bjatty of CoA
I n r5 rra VlrtCHfi TTsIlp.t fc fi?
i.um&/U0} v j v v*vwvw
Denver; Edgar A. Bancroft of Chicago
and Gamaliel Bradford of Boston. Dr.
UroSutt said he had long been a Republican,
but should this year give his
support to Bryan. He presented to the
convention the regrets of Gen. Win.
Birney and ex-Senator John B. fienJ
nf WaeTiJncrj-ivn and Senator
UCIOVU VI tf
George L. "Wellington of Maryland.
< Gamaliel Bradford said he had taken
the long journey from Boston princi.
pally to avert what he thought would
be a great mistake?the nomination of
a third ticket.;
"This election," he said, "is Dot going
to be settled by the newspapers
nor by the politicians, nor by the capitalists,
but by the people. Now if we
are going to defeat McKinley we must
throw our solid support in behalf of Wm
J. Bryan. (Grsat applause) Then
- ? ' 1 i-l A _
when lie sits m tue presidential cuair,
which he will, we will have some influence
with the administration, we will
be able to say that we were with him
from the beginning. I think the first
t consideration is to defeat McKinley,
but I think it is just as important to
elect Mr. -Bryan. I did nat vote for
" T J
Him lour years ago; t am a suruus advocate
of the gold standard, and I
think he is mistaken about the money
question, but I also think he is
thoroughly earnest and honest and sincere.
I have as much faith as I have
in any doctrine of religion that when
the people come to vote next November
they will cast an overwhelming testimony
in favor of Wm. J. Bryan."
The venerable George S. Boutwell,
ex-governor of "Massachusetts aud secretary
of the treasury in the cabinet of
" i i r\ i. J ?
.fresiG^nc urraui was iii?ue yci
chairman. He made a splendid speech
against imperialism, which was most
enthusiastically received. He said:
"I oharge that the policy upon which
the administration has entered will
mean the abandonment of the princi^
pies upon which our government was
founded; that k wiii change the republic
into 3n empire. The first of the
means before us for the preservation of |
the Union if our allegation is true, is j
the overthrow of the administration.
.We ,are told there is peace in the
Philippines and our 60,000 soldiers
there are merely performing police du
+ ty. The president has said the Philippines
are ours and there will be no
abatement of our rights and no scuttle
poricy. This seems to indicate that we
have entered upon a colonial policy, j
I am not able to explain the motive of
Mr: McKinley in taking this policy.
I believe he is the master mind in Ms
cabinet and that nothing has transpired I
except that which he himself has originated.
And he has carried it through j
thus far without interruption. He is
the one person responsible for what
has been done, our chief duty is the
overthrow of the administration of
whic'a he is head. There 13 one issue
which the popular verdict will settle
irrevocably, and that is the issue of
imperialism. If the Republican party
be successful its control of the judicial
as well as of the executive and legialalative
departments of the government
will be absolute and its disposition to
exercise all its power for the enforcement
of an imperialistic policy cannot
be doubted. At the end of four years
imperialism will fee so firmly imbedded
in our political life that it can never
be expelled. Since the election of Mr.
Bryan is certain to deliver the country
from imminent peril of imperialism,
can the liberty convention hesitate to
support him because of an impossible
danger arising from his opinions on
subjects with which, as president, he
I AnnnAf nr?ocnV?W ?
"How is the evei throw of the administration
to be accomplished?" inquired
Mr. Boutwell. There is but one available
means and you know what that is.
I am for Bryan in spite of what he may
believe concerning the currency er finances
of the country. Th'.3 question
to which we invite the country's attention
is a question of life or death to the
republic. In such a crisis shall we
stop to consider whether the silver
should be worth mo re or less than it m !
I If the currency is Impaired we can re*
! deem it. It wa3 impaired daring the
I civil war and we redeemed it afterward.
If you have not been deceived in a man
and he promises to do what is right jcu
are not to blame if you try him. Mr.
Bryan to me stands ia that positioa.
Even bi* enemies say nothing against
him as a man. In this very city he
has n ad? the most explicit promises to
pursue that policy which we advocate.
T 5. J i * T
I X am CI13pOS6U W brust iiiiu* x ucnv * v
Bryan is as honest in his purpose to
redeem this country from degradation
and its policy of imperialism as any
man who sits in this audience. Therefore,
for one, I am in favor of supporting
Mr. Bryan in spite of his beliefs in
thinars conornine which be has not
! On Thursday the convention endorsed
Bryan and Stevenson, and adjourned
HAVE A HEW DEAL.
After Five Years Wives Go Back to
Husbands They Exchanged.
Two farmers of Monckton, N. B.,
named William Henderson and Walter
' -? '--/J mirTAO ^TTA r?n?1?D
luoore, WHO eicuaujcu mrco UTt j
ago, m?t and exchanged back on S'aturday.
Both were possessed of capable
and handsome wives. The members of
both families had been reared in the
neighborhood and had been sweethearts
and friends from childhood.
After & period of what was believed
by the neighbors to have been perfect
happiness covering more than a decade
of jears, a coolness grew up in e3ch
household. Mrs. Hendergon returned
i- * e? J
to ner parents. Aiew latci ucuderson
was found by Moore with his
wife. There was no qaarrel with the
men. Moore simply said: "If you
want my wife you can have her," and
left the house.
That settled it, for the next morning
Henderson and Mrs. Moore disappeared,
going to Long Island City, Me , where
lie putUiiaocu a diuv& x??i lll.
Mre. Henderson, who was obliged to
work for a living, hired with Moore as
his housekeeper, and she seemed to be
happy. Things went along swimmingly
until two years ago, when Mrs. Henderson's
heart returned to her old, love,
^ aaIt fn 1 Artafd
ALU OUC auu 1UV/VI& ul UUV1 S.\J wa ww ivv?i.v
the missing couple. Last Christmas eve
word came to long Island City of the
feeling at Moncton, and a correspondence
followed, which resulted in the
meeting of the four at Waterville, Me.
The couples neared each other at
the railway station and the men did not
look at each other. They stopped a
few feet apart and the wives went to
their sides The reunited couples took
?"? ? j
me iram once xor tneir respeouvc
Suicide cf Lovers.
Farmer Joue9 a ad Bonnie Turner,
two young people living near Coal,
Mo., were found in a dying condition
in a buggy by the roadside Wednesday
morning. They died about two hours
later from the effects of morphine,
which they had taken with suicidal intent
Jones was about 22 years old
and Miss Turner was 18. They had
been keeping company for over a year
and had intended to marry, but unfortunately
Jones was kicked by a
horse this summer, necessitating the
expenditure of the money he had saved
| to marry on. As soon as he recovered
[ and found it necessary to leave home
! in search of work the young folks decided
they would rather die together
than be separated. They went driving
Saturday afternoon, remaining away
all night. Sunday morning they unhitched
the horse from the baggy, tied
him to the fence, fastened the laprobe
over the side of the buggy top so that
they could not be seen from the road
and took morphine. About 9 o'clock a
man named JL.mk Mcbrinniss, who was
passing, discovered them in a dying
condition. Three physicians were
called, but were unable to save them.
A note to Jones' mother was found in
his memorandum book, telling ffhere
his picture could be found and asking
that they be buried in the Eame grave.
He gave as the explanation of the deed
that they could not marry and would
rather die than be separated.
Japan Bore the Brunt.
The Associated Press correspondent
[ with the allied forces in China says
| the glory of the fighting at Feitsang
belongs to the Japanese. They did all
the hardest fighting. The Americans
were in reserve and had no casualties.
The Japanese, advancing across the
plain, had no shelter and flanked the
Chinese from their strong mud walls
and trenches extending five miles. The
feature of the battle was the magnificent
Japanese cavalry charge which re5
1. 1A ? J
suited iq me capture ui uciu guu?.
The Chinese retreat was orderly aad
they left but a few dead on the field.
The correspondent of the Associated
Press counted 200 dead or wounded
Japanese. The British loss was two
> * 3 _ * rp v -
men Eiuea ana a iew wouuueu. jl uc
Britisii naval brigade guns and two big
Kussians had a duel with the Chinese
gun?, which resulted in silencing the
latter. The Russians found the plains
east of the river flooded and joined the
main army west of it.
A COMING EMPIRE
The Rapid Approach of an American
THE ALARM SOUNDED.
Soma Serious Reflections from
Senator Pettigrew, of South j
Dakota, on the Political
Within the past thirty years the
wealth of the United States, whioh
was once fairly distributed, has been
accumulated in the hands of a few, so
that, according to the last census, 250,000
men own $14 000,000.900, or over
three-fourths of the weaitn of this
country, while 52 per cent, of the population
practically have do property
at all and do not own their homas.
It would naturally be supposed that
the 48 per cent, of the people who still
have an interest ia the property of the
nation would be the governing classes.
Recent events, however, point nunmtakably
to the fact that the 250.000
people who own nearly all *ihe wealth
have combined with the 32 percent, of
our population who have no property,
and by gaining control of a great and
aforetime patriotic political organization
have usurped the functions of a
government sod established a pla
Among all monarchies of the pa3t,
" ?j -n
wnenever an puwrr ?uu a:i
have been gathered into the hands of
the few and discoccent appears among
the masses, it has been the policy to
acquire foreign possessions, to enlarge
the army and navy, to employ the discontented
and distract their attention.
The attempt on the part of the United
States to acquire foreign territory,
coming as it dees along with an ever.1
J?? il. 1
increasing ciamyr ior mc cuiu^ukuu I
of the army and for the creation of a
great navy, is sufficient to alarm patriotic
citizens and lead to an anxious inquiry
as to whither we are drifting
Today we have no territory that a navy
is needed to defend. The United
States is so situated that she can say
whether she will have peace or war.
But the mom?bt we acquire distant
possessions we must build a navy to
defend them, for in case of war these
possessions would be first attacked and
taken from us Francs, England and
Germany have possessions scattered all
over the world, and those nations are
consequently compelled to maintain
immense navies to aetena tnem. icese
possessions, in case of war, furnish so
many points of attack, so many embarrassments,
so many opportunities
for national humiliation that the strife
is to see who can maintain the greatest
fleet upon the sea. Shall we enter the
arena of this contest?
From our earliest history we have
insisted that we would engage in no
entangling alliances. "We have said
that we would attend to our own afairs
and that our interests demanded that
no European country should gain further
foothold upon the western hemisphere;
and so strong has been our moral
Dosition that without a navy we have
always been able to enforce this doctrine.
Throughout our past we have encountered
many propositions for the
annexation of tropical countries and
we resolutely put them behind us, until
our judgment was circumvented by
the machinations of capitalistic combinations
and we took forcible possession
of the Hawaaiian Islands. The S3me
influences are now at work to attach
permanently to the United States the
Philippine Islands; still deeper in the
realm of tha blazing sea.
Tropical countries produce and maintain
populations much mere dense than
countries in the temperate zone be
cause ic isses leas iu uiutiic <*uu xccu
and care for their people, because their
demands and wants are less and because
of the wonderful food-producing power
of the soil of the tropics.
The island of Java has an area no
larger than the stats of Iowa, and it
contains 24,000,000 people. It is reasonable
to suppose that the Hawaiian
and Philippine islands can maintaia a
population in proportion to their area
crtMol t/> fhrtao nf rttlipr trnnifial conn
V-V4VAt?C W V VMVwv V* v??v* -?
tries. Bat what kind of a papulation?
The more of tbem the worse. There
is not a colony of European or AngloSaxon
laborers within twenty-two degrees
of the equator anywhere on the
No English, no French, no Germans,
no Scandinavians, no Russians, none
of the people whose blood Hows in the
viens of our people have colonized any
portion of the globe within twenty-two
degrees of the-equator. American enterprise
and Anglo Saxon thrift seek
the region in the northern hemisphere
or the southern hemisphere between
the thirtieth and fifty-fifth degree of
north or south latitude.
They abide where the frost chills
man's blood and where clothing made
of the wool of the sheep helps to keep
him warm. I think it can be established
as a proposition which cannot be
refuted that self-goyernment and independence
and high civilization are
only embraced by people who find it
necessary to wear warm clothing and
who feel the tingle of the frost in their
veins during a portion of ths yeir. For
a century the United States has held a
^ ~ ~ <-a nofvnna
puaitu/Li in iciatiUJLi i\j uiuu \jk
the world different from that of any
other nation that ever existed.
So great has been the moral force of
this grand position that no American
can travel in any Asiatic country without
being constantly reminded of it.
No American can travel in those countries
without being constantly assured
that he is welcome, that his nation is
- -3 ? - J ? ?.J TT/\? ?AA1?
aumireu, auu nueu jwu oc^r-- mo ica^uu
you are told that it is 'ijcause the
United States recognizes and respects
the rights of other nations and is not
engaged in a career or conquest.
The people of China and Japan fear
England, fear Russia, fear Germany,
? " .1 TT |
but they Jove acd. respect tne unuea
States. Shall we break down this
splendid position? Shall we abandon
the policy of a century? Where is our
long-time boast that government derives
its just powers from she consent
of the goverded.
Some one says this is an old-fogy no
tion. It is not; it is new. That idea is
only a hundred years old, and while nations
are thousands and thousands o?
years old, all of them before we established
that principle enunciated the
doctrine that might makes right. It is
to be abandoned in it3 youth? Is this
government to recede from that splendid
position and to take its first step in
wrong,, in crime, as a people, by overturning
the doctrine that governments
derive their just powers from the consent
of the governed, and without the
consent of those people force them to
become part of this union?
Around this doctrine is the idea that
rtnrwM alrm? with ifc?that wherever our
flag is planted there it shall forever remain.
That sounds well; it is good fourth
of Julystock, that whenever the American
soldier has fallen and been buried
that region shall becocome part of this
country. But this government is maintained
for the living, not for the dead.
What can we do to contribute to the
happiness and ""^sperity and comfort
of our people live? is the problem
for us to solve.
iv ? .c n :e a
It is wis cry wi iu.4iiiieoii uest-iujr
! which causes the guns of Great Britain
j to echo daily arouad the world and excuses
the massacre and assassination of
| the weaker people of the earth. During
the last seven years she has killed
twenty or thirty thousand of the people
of Africa, bombarded towns filled with
women ?nd -children, and herself has
lost in the unequal contest but seven
men?all this in the name of "mani?
. ? - " r-? , n __A_ x ~
test destiny. out vxieas x>ruaiii i.uday,
with all her mighty power and her
vast possessions, has rot conferred upon
the people of England the comfort and
satisfaction and happiness which should
come with a. proper and honest national
One tenth of her people are paupers.
Two out of three of her laborers who
reach the age of sixty years either are
or have been paupers. Two hundred
and twenty-two thousand of her people
own the great bulk of the property.
More than two thirds of the people of
Great Britain have no property at all.
Her metropolist, meanwhile, contains
the darkest and most criminal caverns
in the world.
If we pursue this policy, if we anaex
the weaker nations of the world and un<3sv? ?.#*IvA
UCltaAg IU gvvgiu wuvauj uuvu f>M* rv
the result with us. If we annex nations
to which we cannot apply our system
of government, if we acquire territory
in the tropics, where men cannot
live who are capable of self-government,
then republican forms cannot exist in
those distant possessions. The vigorous
blood, the best blood, tne young
men of our land, will be drawn away to
mix with inferior races and to hold them
CHOPS HAVE SUFFERED.
Some Piaces Drowned Out and Some
The national weather burreaus'r
weekly summary of crops condition in
bUB UUUUtrjr at iai?c aaja umug iu
extreme conditions of heat and dryness,
and excessive rains in certain districts
the week as a whole, was nnfavorable
to agricultural interests in the districts'
east of the Kocky mountains but on the
Pacific coast it was very favorable. In
portions of Missouri and Kansas corn,
more especially the late planted, has
been materially injured. In the prin/?Jr\o1
Qtotoo /vf flio /?Am helf.f-.Tifl rennrfs
ViUCtl UIMIVJ VA vuv VV*** vv?
indicate that the bulk of the crop will
be safe from frost by Sept. 10 and that
the late crop will be matured one or two
Heavy rains in th% principal spring
wheat States prevented the completion
of the spring wheat harvest and caustd
injury to the overripe standing grain
as well as to that in shock and stack.
Over portions of the central belt cotton
has improved slightly, although
rust and shedding are gennerally reported
and the crop needs rain in portirtwc
rtf MiooJceinrn xcIiiIa STifffirinff
WVMS V4 ??v 0
from excessive moisture and lack of
cnltivation in parts of Louisiana. In
the Carolinas, Georgia and Arkansas
the conditions of cotton has deterioated
materially, premature opening being
extensively reported from the Caro
Unas, iq JMortnern Texas cotion nas
made favorable progress, but eise where
in that State it needs dry weather and
is making too rank growth. Some picking
has been done over the southeastern
portion of the cotton belt and while
ootton is opening in southwestern
Texas, picking will not be general in
that State for two or three weeks.
In the Middle Atlantic States, including
North Carolina aad Ohio and portions
of Kentucky, tobacco has suffered
much from drought and heat, bat in
LLLC UIO UUlaiiO uug
condition of the crop is promising.
Some cutting has been done as far
north as Maryland and Ohio.
Getting More Active
Reports from the Philippine Islands
show that there has been increased activity
among the insurgents there during
the last six weeks. The American
losses in the islands of Panay last
month were greater than in any month
sinca January last. G-eneral Mojica,
J _ _ a 1 T 1 _ C3
m j^eyce, ana wenerai .uucaau, in oamar,
are harassing the garrisons, shooting
into towns daring the night and
ambushing small parties, firing and
then retreating upon larger bodies.
The rebels possess an adequate supply
of ammunition and are organized to a
considerable degree. The Americans
haye garrisoned their towns on Samar
Island, two of which sheltered a tenth
of the original inhabitants who suffer
from the continual sniping of the rebels
from the surrounding hills. The third
is without any native inhabitants, the
rebel troops a mile away preventing
their return to their homes. General
Luchan punishes the islanders who
have any relations with the Americans.
Cebu is also disturbed. Barring those
who have taken the oath of allegiance
to the United States the rebels are imprisoned
in Manil*. When amnesty
was proclaimed it practically was without
effect and the expectation that the
proclamation would accomplish much
in the unexpired time is daily diminishing.
A Millionaire Dead.
Collis P. Huntington, railway magnate
and multi-millionaire, died , suddenly
Tuesday morning at his camp in
the Adirondacks, near Racquet lake,
New York. He was stricken without
warainc;. Before assistance could be
summoned he expired, presumably of
heart disease. Death occurred at
Camp Pine Knot
~TflE AIKEN MEET.
Eight Hundred People Heard the
o i j.1..
TILLMAN TALKS OF 'NINETY.
The Other Speakers Went Over
the Usual Ground, Each
The State campaign meeting was held
at Aiken on Wednesday. Dr. limmerman
and Capt. Jennings] had Aheir
friendly bouts and paid each other compliments.Mr.
Brookei and Mr. Derham
spoke more peaceably. Messrs Ellison
Capers, Jr. and McMahan told why they
should be eleoted. Gen. Floyd and
,Capt. Ronse with their usual speeches.
Messrs. J. H. Wharton, B B. Evans,
T. N. Berry, T. E. Pettigrew, W. D.
Mayfield and-W. D. Evans made fiae
arguments why each one of them should
be elected railroad commissioner.
SonatA* Till rniin ma a f.Tipn trraninnslv
presented by State Senator Henderson
Senator Tillman first took up the
chagse of "bossism" and why he was
in this campaign. He had sense enough
to know any attempt from him to
''boss" would be resented. Hampton
came here years ago in entirely difier
X i. J 1 1 J 1.
em ciruumaiauuee auu ue uuaigcu ucic
that you wanted a repetition of the
Mahone campaign and such thiDgs.
Common consent then said Hampton
was to be returned to the senate and
he was no candidate, and Tillman was
here as a candidate under the orders of
the State committee. There would have
been half a dozen candidates had anyone
felt there was a show for them.
The prohibitionists have started to
draw factional lines. He asked wheth
er he was expected to accept the bnDe
of universal support, to keep his mouth
shut and not to do his duty. Why then
did they attack him and utter slanders
against him, he asked.
Then he took up the election of 1892
which was not conclusive for prohibition,
he argued, and the dispensary has
been endowed five times. Then he
gave the history of how the dispensary
wa3 agreed upon.
He reiterated the "alliance" statement
and incidentally said he heard
there were no "blind-tigers" here but
he did not know whether it was so.
Then he took up the preachers aDd
said he was not afraid of them. It was
the truth that hurt them. As long as
he told the truth he was indifferent as
to who it hit.
There were no ily- specks on Co^.
Hoyt, andjie had absolutely no candi
date or favonte, but he was defending
his administration and the dispensary.
He laughed at The State's being the
organ of prohibition although it was a
Then he jumped the Rev. W. R.
Richardson and his sermon, and then
said why lie needed no mactnne. ^itteen
or twenty thousand would scratch
him if G-onzales C3nld muster them,
but he would rather be scratched than
He then took up the advantages of
A Voice: "Uncle George is against
"He is no oracle."
He then took up the merits of the
law and said there was no Sciiptural
objection to the sale of liquor. He had
never joined the church because he did
not feel good enough, and then he
quoted a passage about drinking and
forget your poverty and suggested that
some had been so judging from the
crops about here. This occasioned
much laughter. Common sense was a
jewel, even in the pulpit, and it was a
pity there was so much dogmatism and
He insisted on voters standing for
principle and not friendship or admiration.
He was thankful that party lines
were very ueauy uumciai*;*.
Senator Tillman did not speak as
long as usual, and held no hand primary.
Messrs. Whitman, Gary, Patterson,
McSweeney and Hoyt made there usual
pleas as to why they should be elected
Then followed Messrs. C. L Blease,
.T Tj WirilrW .Tnlin T. Slnan. Jas. H.
Tillman and Knox Livingston, who
tried to impress upon the people the
importance of electing one of them
This ended the meeting. The crowd
was quiet and orderly.
Poisoned with Perfume
A special cable dispatch from Paris
says: An artful attempt at poisoning
by the usa of perfume, which recalls
memories of Lucretia Borgia, is exciting
all the gossip of Paris. Thursday
the Chinese minister, Yu Kong, received
a letter which was signed "Julie
Czerwinska," and contained some dried
flowers which the writer asked the
minister to accept. The secretary to
the legation, Armar Di P?rma, opened
the letter and was immediately overcome
by the deadly odir emanating
from the. flowers. He full in a faint.
His recovery was accompanied by violent
sickness and vomiting. In fact
his condition presented many charac
teristics of poisoning, and only by
nrAmnf fFoofmonf tito a
yivuuyb Hi. Wt? VMAV J-t V IIMJ iiV A W*v T VV*<
Mile, Czerwinska has been arrested.
She appears to be mentally deranged.
They Are BustedSix
hundred American excursionists,
holding second class return tickets to
the United States, are stranded in
Paris, and are unable to leave because
of the crowded condition of home going
steamers. All are liviug on hotel coupons,
but these will soon expire. A
committee of relief is proposed, Ambassador
Porter and Commissioner Peck
taking the initiative.
Killed by Falling SlateThe
dead bodies of James Pickett
and James Sharp, two Negro miners,
were found Wednesday morning in
Slope No. 6 at Pratt City, Ala., having
been killed by falling slate, which was
Diled on them to the deDth of five feat.
They were not missed until Wednesday
morning, when a search revealed their
mangled bodies in the mine.
A NEW YORK MOB
Makes War on Negroes for the Killing
of a White Foliceman
A mob of several hundred white persons
formed at 11 o'clock Wednesday
night in front of the home of Policeman
Robert J. Thorpe, in the city of
Mew York, to wreak vengeance upon
the negroes of that city because one of
their race had caused the policeman's
death. Thorpe was stabbed and bruised
last Sunday night by several negroes
when he was attempting to arrest a col/vra/1
rrnnun TVip wan wtn
most of the injury is said to be Arthur
Harris, a negro who went to that oity
several weeks ago from Washington.
In a few moments the mob swelled to
1.500 people or more, and as they be
oame violent the negroes fled in terror
into any hiding place they could find.
The police reserves from four stations,
numberirg 400 in all, were called out.
The mob of white meD, which grew
with great rapidity, ranged through the
district and negroes, regardless of age
or sex, were indiscriminately attacked.
Scores were injured. It took the combined
efforts cf the reserves with as
many more policemen on regular patrol
daty in the four precincts to restore order.
Clubs were used until the policemen
were almost exhausted. Revolvers
?? - ? A AIM AHA
were CUi^tlCU XULU tuc au auu 1U vfLiv>
or two instances fired at the upper stories
of the negro tenements from which
the negroes defensively fired bricks,
paving stones and other missiles.
The policeman's body was brought to
his home Wednesday night in Ninth
avenue between Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh
streets. At oace the house
became a sort of shrine, and from all
over the vicinitv men and women called
to pay their respects. Many carried
handsome floral offerings. As the
night grew on the feelings against the
negroes seemed to grow. The fact that
the maDy saloons roundabout were
crowded doubtless had its influence on
the rising tide of anger.
A few minutes before 11 o'clock a
woman under the influence of drink
came out of the place. She. set up a
howl and began to recite the virtues of
the dead policeman. She said the negroes
ought to be killed. Just then a
young negro walked by. The white
drill wao I
JJU^sU UiAUV H 1UOU &VA U1W mv if mw
quickly.surrounded. He was beaten
and kick'cd and was rescued with great
difficulty. If there .had been a carefully
arranged plot and this had been the
agreed signal the outbreak could not
have been more spontaneous. Men
and women poured by the hundreds
from the neighboring tenements. Ne
groea were set upuu wnerever tuejr
could be found and brutally beaten.
The blacks at first offered resistance,
but they were so soon outnumbered
that they lied without delay. *
For the'next hour the streets were
filled with a rioting, surging mob. It
was* a scene on very much the same
order as that which was witnessed a
few days ago in New Orleans. New
York has seldom had its equal. The
shouting of men, the shrieking of the
women, the lamentations of the chil?
? % . n 1 ii
dren, the snooting ot revolvers, me
crashing of windows?ali made a per-feet
pandemonium. Chief Devery was at
his home right in the heart of the battle
ground, bnt did not take charge of
the place at once. He finally took
personal command. ^
The police said the Negroes were
rapidly arming with revolvers and
knives. They say that nearly all the
prisoners had weapons of some sort.
The police did a great deal of the
clubbing of Negroes, some of whom
were roughly handled. Many Negroes
were hauled into the west Thirty-seventh
streets station for nrotection.
None had escspcd -without some kinds
of injury, and some of them were bleeding
from half a dozen cuts.
The crowd that surged into Broadway
se<med uglier than that farther
west. There were at one time more
than 5,000 persons in Broadway up and
down, in to and out of the hotels and
saloons, tiirough Herald square and
side tracks, the mob surged and rushed,
looking for Negroes. Any unfortunate
black was set upon and beaten. Up to
1 o'clock Thursday moraine not a
single white man had been reported
under arrest. Chief Devery said he
would take every precaution for preventing
a repetition of the outbreak.
John B. Mallory, a young Negro, a
stud# at in a civil engineer class, was
going home from the colored engineers'
club with Godwin Jones another student
about his age. The gang jumped
on them at Thirty-seventh street and
Ninth avenue. Mallory was knocked
down. A policeman heard him yelling
and managed to get him on an uptown
car. He told tim to go to a hospital.
Just then another poiieeman
ran up, pulled Mallory from the car
and began to club him. The passengers
on the car cried ''shame" and the
policeman stopped his assault.
When the police charged through
Thirty-seventh street and were driving
j the mob before them the Negroes in the
tenements began to fire things at the
mob and police. The policemen at once
lired into the upper windows and drove
the black heads into hiding. Whether
anybody was hit by the bullets or not
Daring manouevers of the French
fleet of Caps St. Vincent Saturday
night a collision occurred between the
first-class battleship Brennus, flying the
flag of Vive Admiral Fournier, commander
of the fleet, and the torpedo
^ncfrnr-fli- Vpimop THA T<VamP<?
sank immediately. The accident was
due to the fact that the Framee turned
to the right when ordered to the left.
Only a small portion of the crew,
consisting of four officers and 56 men
were saved. It is believed that no
fewer than 50 were lost. Great anxiety
is felt here. The Framee, which
was of 313 tons displacement, was a recent
addition to the French navy. It
is now known that out of the Framee's
crew of 56, 14 were saved. The losses
include three officers, a captain, the
second lieutenant and the chief engineer.
General MacArthur has cabled the
war department a brief statement concerning
the health of the troops in the
Philippines. The number of sick in
the hospitals is set down at d,SW anci
in quarters at 1,261, making a total of
5,129 sick soldiers or 8.47 per cent of
the entire army in the archipelago.
----- ------ - - ' >
AN OPEN" LETTER
From a Negro to the Negroes of
a n. a <-1, nf I
fcj* U XiCttiLLOj ^4VKAUVM? Vthe
Negro industrial school known as
the Slater Industrial college, located at
Winston, N. C., has published an open
letter relative to the future course of
his race since the passing of the constitutional
amendment in North Carolina
disfranchising the illiterate Negroes.
President Atkins, among other
"It cannot be questioned that the
Negro people are now in a serious
state of mind. They undoubtedly feel
that they have been torn from their
moorings and it is not surprising that
they are somewhat at sea as to the
President Atkins then enumerates a
number of pledges and promises of
justice, fair treatment and good will on
the part of the leading Democratic papers
and business men of the State,
"I do not think there is any room for
doubt as to the sincerity of men representing
the leading business interests
of the State when they avow that the
issue is not against the Negro with the
purpopse to destroy his rights under the
1 x_ - t ..1 3 1.
i. lie oreasis ui cuiureu lucu ucavv
with pride all through the State whenever
they remember the history and
traditions.of the old North State.
"For these considerations I think
there is ground for hope and should
like to appeal to my people in the
language of Moses, 'Stand still and see
the salvation of the Lord.' It seems to
me, therefore, that it would be unwise |
for the colored people to contemplate :
leaving the State in large numbers be- !
cause of the results of the election, and
that it is now the opportune time for ,
the Negro to show his faith in God ana .
"It is probably unfortunate that poli- ,
tics in the past has formed the chief ,
line of cleavage between the races and ,
in the future it seems wise for the Ne- l
gro to think of the individual for whom
he votes as well as the party. ^
"We will do well to turn our atten- .
tion now esDeciallv to land setting, to ,
the work of education and to our im- ]
provement generally as individuals. ,
"Let me suggest to my race some j
things which must characterize any \
people that expect to have a perman- (
ent place and hold their own in the com- j
petition of life. c
' 1. A scrupulous regard for the rights i
J 1? ~C ,
<*UU vi utucio*
"2. A love for and appreciation of j
the value of truth.
"3. A pride in making ourselves ?
useful members of the communities in
which we live. - (
4'4. A genuine love and respect for \
work well performed. \
14 5. A strofi^sense of responsibility ]
as to obligations, uttered or implied, x
that is, an unimpeachable integrity. ,
tlf* T_ il. . jt 3 1
d in ins scnocis tne enaeavor ]
must be fco train pupils to form habits j
of thrift and economy. x
"North Carolina will-, I think, repeat \
her own history in the fair treatment
of the Negro as he rises up to this
measure of manhood and citizenship,
and I appeal to those entitled to speak
as to whether I am right or wrong in 1
Red Pepper in Church ]
Troubles at St. Hedwig's Polish 5
Cathoiic church, Wilmington, Del., i
ended Sunday in an attempt to keep 1
the Rev. John Guicz, the pastor, from
preaching. A crowd of women took
nrtscosaiAn r\f fVia uoatihnlo V>w
the men. Pelice Sergeant J. B. Tucker
and a squad rushed the priest into the ;
building, whereupon the officers were :
attacked by women with red pepper.
Tucker's eyes were filled and became
badly swollen, and Patrolman John
Ford was thrown down and kicked all
over the vestibule by the women. Cap,
tain Black and a squad appeared in
a patrol wagon and rescued the men.
Kate and Josephine Knzenski and
Elsie Smith was arrested. Father
G-uicz preached and then the church
was locked up.
A Great Historical FindMail
advices from Constantinople,
dated August 8. announce the arrival
there of Prof. H. V. Hilpecht, head of
the University of Pennsylvania's :xpeaition
to Nippur, after having discovered
the library of the gre?/? temple,
with over 17,000 tablets dealing with
historical and literarv matters, not one
of them of later date than 2280 B. C.
"The unexplored remains of the library,"
says the correspondent, "will
require five years for excavation. If
those parts prove a9 rich in results as
the portion already found there will be
no example in the world's history, cot
even in Egypt, of so complete a recovery
of the records of ancient civili- ,
A Nice Point of LawThe
Columbia Kecord says: "Magis- ,
trate Smith was called upon to decide \
a point of law this morning. Capt. H. .
W. Dixon, of lower township, rented a ,
piece of land to a negro named Laurence
Spigener and fcrbade him cutting ;
the trees upon the land. Captain Dixon ,
caught the negro in the act of cutting
the trees and selling the wood and had <
him locked up. He was tried this
morning, and magistrate Smith decided (
that he was guilty of larceny. The ]
magistrate raled that Speigner had no ;
right to use the wood even if he did j
rent the land. The negro was fined j
$15 or thirty days on the gang.
Took Poison on Stase- 1
While performing Monday evening J
at the Royal opera house, Budapest, !
Austria, the well-known opera singer, *
Mme. Xemethy, drank a virulent poi- s
son instead of the colored water supposed
to be us3d on the stage. Mme.
Nemethy fell before the homfiea audience
and expired an hour later. How
poison came to be substituted for the
colored water has not yet been ascertained,
but it is believed, the correspondent
asserts, that Mme. Nemethy
was quite ignorant of the deadly nature
of the drink.
A semi official dispatch, from Tien 1
Tsin, says the Kussian Col. Woyczak <
lias received advices trom resin an- <
nouncing that during the night of July ]
31 the bombardment of the foreign :
legations was resumed and that the 1
European church yard was desecrated. <
A HOT WEEK.
Practically Entire Absence of Rain
Over the State.
COTTON BADLY DAMAGED.
The Premature Opening of Cotton
is General and the Leaves
Were Shedding Very
Below is given the weekly bulletin of
the condition of the weather and crops
in this State issued Tuesday, August
14, by Directoi Bauer of the South
Carolina section of the climate and
crop service of the United States weather
The temperature averaged neariy
seven degrees hotter than usual for the
week ending 8 a. m. August 13th, and
on the 10th the maximum temperatures
of 100 to 104 prevailed over the whole
State except the extreme northwestern
portion. The week was the hottest of
the season, and the highest temperatures
ever recorded in August occurred
at a number of points.
With the exception of light, scattered
thunderstorms in the central and western
counties on the 12th, there was an
entire absence of rain, and little or no
dew during the latter portion. The sky
was zenerallv cloudless. The hich tem
perature, the absence of rain, the drying
winds and the bright sunshine we e
conditions that were extremely damaging
to all crops, checking their growth,
wilting, burning and withering them
Early corn was too nearly matured
bo be much hurt, but late corn failed
rapidly and is in a critical condition for
lack of moisture. Fodder is dryiog on
the stalks, many of which have not
eured, while many of the ears are in
tne miit, ana on sucn- tne grain is
The heat and dryness caused cotton *
:o shed leaves, bolls and forms freely
md also caused half-gro<rn bolls to
jpen. Premature opening is general.
Rust is more prevalent than heretofore
rad sea-island continues to blight and
s taking on little froit. The first new
}ale was marketed on the 6th, which
compares with previous years as folows:
1899, August 14th; 1893, August
)th; 1897, August 2d; 1896, July 28th;
[895, August 20th; 1894, August 15th.
Picking has begun at a> number of
joints, and will'soon be general.
Tobacco ourine is finished.. Peas are
shedding leaves in places, bat continue
promising generally, although in need
if rain. River rice is doing well, but
ipland rice failed materially. Pastures
and gardens are parched and
jnrnt. Cane aii^swect potatoes seed
ain badly, and are losing condition
apidly for lack of it In places the
lay crop will be short. The need of
ain is general, and for all crops. Cor- . esDondeots
report the general crop out
ook to be gloomy.
Young Man Wan a TMe?
A dispatcli from Florence, S. C., to
;he Columbia State says a warrant has . ^
Deen issued b7 Magistrate Flovd, of
that city, for the arrest of D. M. ?
Moorer, a young white man from Oringeburg
county, charging him with
petit ianjeu,y. iu? w&ixaui speuucoo
the theft, of a pair of shoes and other
articles of clothing from two yonng
men, boarders at the Starges house. "
The dispatch, which is dated August
14, says: "Moorer came to this city
about two weeks ago, engaging board
at the Sturges house and claiming to be
in the tobacco business. Sunday morning
two young men. _ regular boarders,
/mioca#}' crtmn t\f ninfliafl MVknr
UilOOVU UVUAV VA vuv*4 WAVVMWWI MVW*
er's actions were suspicious and he was
watched. Sunday his room was searched
and the missing clothes were found be*
tween the mattresses of his bed. The
two pairs of shoes could not be found.
A scarf pin belonging to one of the
young men was found on tlie floor.
The inmates of the house heard the
young man moving about in his room
Snndav at midniffht.- Mftnd*v mora
ing he was gone. He was last seen in
Darlington. Sheriff McLen^on is on
his track, and it is probable thatlie will
be brought back to this city shortly.
Moorer is due his landlady two weeks'
hnard " in Oransrebnrff count?
who know Moorer give him a bad name.
A dispatch from Columbus, Ohio.,
says Rosslyn H. Ferrell, the confessed
murderer of Express Messenger Lane
in Friday night's Pennsylvania railway
robbery, Wednesday was removed to
Marysville for preliminary hearing.
At 2 Wednesday morning the. anguish
of Miss Costlow, Ferrell's fiancee, became
unbearable, and after a long
struggle with her pride, she begged her
lather to be taken to FerreU's cell for
a last interview. The visit was conducted
with the utmost secrecy. When
they were about to say good-bye, possibly
forever, they kissed and the
poung woman was led away. Ferrell
collapsed and for a time was in a comatose
state. Miss Costlow is prostrated
iad under the care of a physician.
When arraigned at Marysville the prisjner
replied "not guilty" and waived
jxaminatioQ. He was held without
Dail to await the action of the grand
iury and was at once returned to the
iail. Ferrell collapsed after he was
-aItati ViaMr tn iail and is mrvaninff'
md crying for his mother. Dr. Mills
yas called to attend him and endeav)red
to quiet Mm. A special guard has
)een placed over Ferrell to keep him
:rom committing suicide, as he has
itated he will do.
What It Costs.
Daring the first nine days of August
,he war department expended $5,415,)00.
The total of expenditures for
,hat department since the beginning of
ihe new fiscal year, July 1, is $24,260,L24
47. That affords an idea of the
sost of militarism. Under an imperi.
1* a* 7* *. *111 1. a.\ a.
liiBiic policy lb migui oe eipeeteu. wiiac
;he army expenses would continue to
3e at least that large, and probably
arger. It is now regarded as practically
certain that there will be a heavy
leficiency for the year in the war department.
Tne appropriation for the
pesr is something over $114,000,000,
oat the campaign in Uhina was not
ireamed of when it was made.
.-./.v.-.' ' >
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