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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, August 29, 1900, Image 4

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1900-08-29/ed-1/seq-4/

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A YARN XALLEi).' a
_ , j - - - .-a
Cary's Charge Against Governor v
c
McSweaney ~ t
3
[ DENIED BY CONSTABLES. (
1
i
A Spicy .Wind Up of tha State *
Campaign. Verner and i
Col B:b. Aidrich, c
A campaign meeting was lield on i
Monday of "last week at Bstesburg ]
The meeting was feattreless except for j
the sharp controversy between Gov. j
MoSweeney and Mr. Fr.itk B. Gary, c
Gov. McSweeney spoke first, and ir>
the course of Lis speech caid that the
only thing that wa3 broa^r'trp against ]
him was the alleged lion enforcement j
?-6f-ibe_dis^Bs^f^*laV, and he dare?
and defied anyone to bring up any !
charge to show derelic ion of duty od \
his part or vhere he had done anything ]
that.he should not have done. i
* " Mr. Gary followed imoieciately aftei 1
and said that he would take up the ]
ehalL n ;e and that he alleged that Gov ,
McSwceney had not been doicg what
he should in Colu-ubia. '
TVi^n Vio wpnt on to sav that here :
was Gov. McSweeney boa3tiog of doing ,
as much as cou'd be done 2nd while in
Columbia he had been told tbat there
had not been a constable in Columbia
ia three weeks and that no raids had
been made ia Columbia ia week3 and
that it was stated that no constable ka<3
been in Columbia in week?, except to
- pass through, although it was notorious
there were blind tigers in Columbia.
Then Mr. Gary went on to say he understood
the constables were out work
irgfor McSweeney.
Gov. MoSweeney arose and said:
"Mr. Gary, that statement is not cor7
. rect."
Mr. Gary went on to say that he had
positive infoimation that his statements
was correct.
Gov. McSweeney said that the statements
were not correct and demanded
the proof.
Mr. Gary?I can give yon the proof.
Gov. McSweeney?I demand the
proof.
Mr. Garr?Col. John T. Goston told
me so.
Gov. MeSweeney?I say there is not
one word of truth in the statement.
Mr. Gary?Mr. W. J. Shelton told
me so also.
Gov. MeSweeney?It is not so, not a
word of it.
Mr. Gary then went on to ask if
things *ere to be allowed to rua riot
jn Colombia in this way aod if tbecon
stables, as he had been inforrord, wereto
be sent off to do work for Gjv. McSweeney.
Wfcen Mr. Gary had corcladcd his
speech Gov. MeSweeney arose and said
to Mr. Gary he hoped he uedersiood
what be had to say, which ^as that
any information that he had sent constables
off to work for him was untrue
and that whoever said so told a delib
Mr. Gary asked Gov. McSwceDey if
he was going to Columbia on the after I
noon train and he said that he was,
whereupon Mr. Gary said he would
bring the parties face to face and said
that he made the statements npon the
authority named.
GA?Y FAILED TO SPECIFY.
The Columbia correspondent of the
Florence Daily Times says there was
little discussed after the Batesbnrg
meeting except the charges of Gary
that McSweeney had used the constabulary
for his campaign purposes. It is
II 1 A.1 4.1_ A. ?
wen &quwq tuai me twu lucii uu w uuse
authority Gary made the charges are
men who are prejudiced agaiast the
governor one has no influence with any- '
body who knows him, and the ether,
John T. Gaston is one of Gary's !
best friends and backers.
It was thought that the men would
be brought face to face with the governor
the niffht after the meeting, but
Mr. Gary in spite of his challenge, was
not in the city that night, nor was _
there an opportunity given the gover- '
nor to see the men who had given
birth to the charge all Wednesday. It ,
is not unlikely that they will refer to
this matter 3gain.
The constables here hsve prepared
affidavits and statemerUs "howjgjg^hat.
there has hs:, -* ?. number or them here 1
sir an: time^rgivicg the amount of i
/liquor seized duriDg the campaign, the i
number of raids and a flat footed denial i
that they have ever been instructed to i
use their i&flaence for any man, in <
fact Chief Harris says that their in- i
struotions are always not to meddle '
with politics, but to confine themselves <
striotly to their daty. <
GABY BACKS DOW.V.
Tuesday the meeting was at L?xing- !
ton, and ihere the matter was brought
up again. The usual speeches were ^
made bv the rest of the candidates. *
Gov. McSweeney claimed honesty of !
purpose in whatever he had done. He
wanted his record compared with any <
other governor. Hs thanked God
there has been no bloodshed, but better
feeling. It was absurd to expect .
him to force true bills. If his admin- ;
istration has been clean, honest and }
business like he asked support. ]
At Batesburg Mr. Gary took up his ]
Columbia record. I
Mr. Gary said he did not use his <
name in what he said. He said he j
* 1 .1 . i i . t
neara. tne constaDies -were out worsiog (
for their favorites. He did not use any i
names. 1
Gov. McSsreeney asked if he did not <
mean him, as he was the oaly candidate
who controlled the constables in
any way.
Mr. Gary said if the c*p fits him he
had nothing more to say. <
Mr. McSweeney went on to say Mr. j
Patterson and Mr. Gary jumped on
him and made attacks on him. He 1
denied every charge and declared he
furnished the proof that there was ]
nothing in the charges. He said Mr. j
Patterson started out on the campaign ^
with a lot of flimsy charges and he had .
denied them all and Mr. Patterson had J
not withdrawn them.
i
VERNER INVOLVES ALDRICH, j
Gov. McSweeney then went on to say i
that while at Walhalla Mr. E E. Y<.r- s
ner, editor of the Oconee News, who i
jpubhshea tee statement about tbe
tigers, came up to him and said he was
sorry he had published the article intimating
MoSweeney had patronized
blind tigere, but paid he did not know
the full effect. He went on to Fay that
to his surprise Mr. Verner said that
Col. Robert Aldrich. had written him
asking him to republish the article io- 2
timatmg that the governor. Bellinger f
and Guntcr bad patronized "tigers." t
Gov. McSweeney said he was morti- 5
75"^ *- r* ,.'
-v" "' '* T. "a
iips?^ *&m
.- -...
' " " ' - -" -v - - ?
xt \}''m ^tafo^eat; tfat CcL Ai* j
rich sh< aid h<<Ye made such a request i
od tried to drag down othera than
iccself. This ?ai contemptible poli
is* and had neveryet won Thewhole j
halve was a siacder aad should have 5
i?en withdrawn. Then he went on to j
ay that he had r<?*rr caid one unkind j
ford abont any ol L.a vpponents. Mr. j
*ar> aud Mr. P<*i!ersoQ had b cn say- "
nx one thing after another and he
jad come along and shown that there
ras Dothiniz ia the charges. If he had
>een in their places he would have
withdrawn the stattinents or proven
,hen. He said it was not showing their
:apacity to attack hitn. G-ov. Ms
Sweeney said Mr. Gary had said what
.11 k
jc tai'l aoou* consiaaies goias
iunt votes was Dot applied to him but
le could cot see for whom it was intended
aad as to the Columbia matter
le simpiy wished to present these affiiavita:
WHAT THE CONSTABLES SAY.
J. E Ho-^gh says that his home is in
Lancaster, and that he is a constable,
tnd has been in Columbia since August
14; that he has raided every day since
ne has been in Columbia, except on
SaDda^; that constables stationed in
Do'umbu turned over to the & a*e dispensary
on August 20, 210 betel* s of
Oetr aed an expr-.ss receipt for five gal
leas of whiskey, all of which was seized
:>n Saturday j 18 That there have been
ihree or more constables in Columbia
aver since he has beea here; that be has
never been instructed to do any political
work, but l as been told that constables
were to keep quiet on politics.
Constable Ei*on ?That he has been
a constable for two years, and has been
in Columbia since July 12, and has
8onuDuou*ly performed dwiy since that
tinoe; that he has been on a raid every
day t-incr; ihat three constables, and j
frequently more, have been, 3nd .are
cow, on duty in Columbia; tbat h1 has
c* vcr received any in tructioos to do
poli'.ical work. t
Constabulary Clerk W. W. Harris
s*ys that there- has been a number of
constables in Columbia throughout Mc
Sweeney's administration; that there
are three there now, even since Chief
Bateman has quit work, and receives no
pay while in his home county. That
constables have been instructed not
to interfere in politics and not tD use
their tiae, which is paid for by the
State, for other purposes than the per
formance of official duty.
^ v-cj :J u ??
Vrovernor .UUOWt5? UOJr Citlu i?j nog COJJ
to mske charges. As to the statement
of Jake Shelton and Col Gaston, he
dared them to make affidavit of what
they had told Mr. Gary, for he believed
they would not tell &uoh thing under
oath. He want on to sayaffilavits and
statements had been presented him
about other candidates, but he would
cot use them as that was not his style
? J V. 1J ?i.T
ot campai^DiEg, ana as wvuju ramei
cot have ibe cffice than throw mud. As
to having constables woik for him, he
remembered what injary that had done
Governor Evans, and he wanted it understood
that, ail constables were free
to vote and act a-? thej pleased. In
concluding he said that the proof of
the slanders against hioi and others
ought to be presented or the charges
withdrawn.
BACKS CLEAN DOWN*.
At the Columbia meeting on Wfd- i
nesday Gov. McSweeney said when he
went into office Le reduced the consta I
bulary afrer consultation wi-h the intendants
of towns, who promised their
help in enforcing the law. Any in
sinuation that he is in sympathy with
blind tigers or that be has eiven his
coDstaoJ<s orders not to enforce the
Jaw is absolutely without foundation.
He had tried to enforce the law earnestly,
without friction, so that it would
bring about no bad feding. No constable
under his administration had entered
a home or insulted a woman. He
had not interferred with other depirt
meets of the administration and h3d
not been-dictated to by anjbod?. The
trouble ia Charleston is that when warrants
sre sworn out, the grand jury in
every inslaocc has thrown out the indictments.
He bad had a better force
in Columbia, tbey had deported themselves
honestly and no complaint
ever cotic to him of their actions- iile
statement that he has consiaBles work
iog for him is absolutely unfounded
To the contrary, he ha/i told them to
vete for whomsoever pkey pleased. At
Marion Mr. Gary Ji&d said something
about Constable< Bateman interfering
?0?,-o
v> 11u. ;?iw oo;o kuot
was there on official business and bis
record j?'a* attacked by Mr. Gary.
Gary (sotto voce)?Why, I never
heafd of i lie man before.
McSweeney continuing said that Mr.
Gary was misinformed or misunderstood
what was told him when ha made
that charge at Batesburg. He then
read a leiter from Mr. W. W. Harris,
clerk at the dispensary, showing that
constables have not quit their work in
Uolatnbia, and said that they were
warned not to show their hand in this
election. He would not send 150 constables
to Charleston "to raise hell."
He did not believrd in coercion and
shooting men and women.
He was applauded when he said that
lie wished he could send Pons, the bigimist,
to the penitentiary for life instead
of giving him a pardon.
He was warmly applauded when he
?onclnded.
Gary followedMcSweeney. He said:
A.s to tbe Bateeburg incident concerning
which so much has been said, be
stated that what bad happened was
merely this: He bad innocently said
be had heard that the constables bad
ett Columbia and were working for
heir favoiite. He did not say that
they bad been sent, MoSweeney got
into terrible rage and is yet in a rage
aver it. * Gary repeated that these gentlemen,
Gaston and Shelton, and made
Lhese statements to him. They were
)n the ground now and would pro7e it.
Killed His FamilyWednesday
night between 10 and 11
)'clock Theodore Wallert, a farmer living
near Arrington, Miss., killed his
tfife and his two step children, a girl
L6 and a baby, and seriously wounded
bis 19 year-old step son. He then 6et
lire to the barns, destroying the stable
ffith nine horses, corn cribs and a fall
bay barn.
Three years ago Wallert married the
sidow otvroows, ana lor some time
:hey have been haviDg trouble. The
wife has been trying to get a divorce 1
md keep Wallert from coming to the
!arm. Wednesday morning, after prac;icicg
in th9 woods with a revolver, he
eturned to the bouse and entered by
>ne of the windows. His wife was evi- 1
lently alarmed by the noise, and she :
yas killed as she was leaving her bed.
rtie baby wa3 found dead on a lounge,
fi* oirl nn fit e> fl ir?r r>P hpr hpfi rnnm
rhe second boy is seriously wounded i
md has been brought to town. It is i
eared he may die. Wallert fied to i
he wocds after the crime and has not i
ret been located. I
-f"V - \ - >v
' BRYAN ACCEPTS, j.
COXTISUEP FROM PAGE ] j i
?? %-T.iAtip.f.r* and i:laco(i !
I liC i ui ?uw ? 9
is a burden oa the bac:k-? of those who 1
reiuau:, it mu-l* tns*n longer hour*,
barUrrw<rk aad gieater aacrti;cs fi?r
thos?j who i-iil, an-i the farmer, while
hepaja in.ire than his share of the expense
of the army, has no part ia
army contracts or in developing com
panies, and his sods are less likely to
?11 the life positions ia the army than
the fobs of those who, by reason of
wealth or political prominence, exert
influence at Washington.
Soon after the Republican leaders
btgan to suggest the propriety of a colonial
policy, the papers published an
interview given out from San Francisco
by a foreign consul residing at
Manila He declared that the people of
the Uuitcd States owed it to themselves,
to other nations and to the Filipinos
to hold the Pbilipping^-icl-utZa
permanently. At the conclusion of the
interview there appeared the very sig
nifioaDt statement that the gentleman
was visiting the United States for the
? ??ToniiTirnr ft fiomnanv for I
purj'UBc v? <jigt.ui-.~c r?.
the developmeot of the PJiilippioe is
lands A few days lat? r on his way
east he gave out another interview io
which he exi-laiaed that the company
which he ioteaded to organizj woald
e^tabli?h banks at Manila and at other
pliictb throughout the Philippine islands
and build electric light plants,
water plants, street car lines, railroads,
factories, etc [t seems that the plan
of his syndicate was to do all the de1
. .J it.
velopvog afcd leave all tns rest 01 iue
Americiii people nothing to do in the
matter except to furaish an army suffi
cient jo hold the Filipinos ;n sur'jtc
lion wfcilo they were being developed.
''At the present rate we wiil spettd
aunually upon the army appr< xiaately
haif as much as we sp^d Fureduca'ion
in the United S ates and this immense
sum is flruDj; from the taxpjytr* by
systems of taxation which overburden
the poor man and undtrtax the rich
man. In the presence of such ao issue
as militaryism it is impossible that any
Populist should hesi'ate as to his daty.
Bat even the menace of militarism is
- * -* i
bat a part of ihe question or imperial
ism. The policy contemplated by the
R pubiiean party nullifies every prinoif
le set forth in the declaration of independence,
fctnk^s a blow at popular
government and .obs the nation of its
moral prestige. Already the more ad
vanced supporters of the colonial idea
point to the economy of a sjstem of
government which eutrasts all powtr
to an executive and dosi away with
the necessity for legislation. The Army
and Navy Journa1, in its i?uj of Aag
ust 4 comends the English system a&d
declares tbat as a result of this system
a fifth of the world's area, containing a
fourth of its population is ruled with
an administration marvel, and adds:
'Ooe million two hundred thousand
dollars spent in London is the price of
administrative order ov<r the colonial
rule w}-o?e total budgets aggregate $1,724
354 896 or 50 per cent. m< rc th^D
ourto'alof federa1, sta'e, couuty and
village cxpecaituie for every po^ible
purpose for which taxes ar?j levied l?
conirast to the resuits of this system of
?xecutive administration the fact is
cited that the Amtrican oongre53 has
spent an entire winter wrcsthce with
I Lit? ITillU, iuc tOAHiuu, uigauunuioiiition
and the personal rights of two lit
tie is'acis. The Koglish executive is
an imp<ral exjcutive The Bntish
parliament is an English legislature
To the same sjstem we are coining hy
decree of circum-staaces as inevitable a*
that of fate. If this be imperialism
make the most of it. So f?r as citizen
sbip ia concerned the British emp:re is
one, but beyond the limits of the
Uoited Kingdom the citizen lives un
der a rule of essential monarohial aid
not restricted by the constitu iooal
limits 01 tne parliamentary sjscem
"Tbus dors imperialism bt?r out its
supporters' back u>v?ard the daik 8ges
1 here is no midate ground between the
Amtricrn policy and the European policy.
If this Dation rcmajus-true to its
priocioies, its traditions and its history,
it caDi}Ot"hold olooies If it enters
u-pdri'a colotjial career, it must rej>uaTite
the doctrine that governments
aenve their jast powers from the con
sent of the governed.
- ''When such an issue i* raised there
can be only two parties?the party,
whatever its name may be, which bo
lieves in a republic, and the party,
whatever its name, which believes in
an empire; and the influence of every
oitizea, is consciously or uncoil ciously,
intentionally or unintentionally thrown
upon one side or the other.
"Where the divioe right of kiDgs is
recognized, the mocaroh can gra&t
different degrees of liberty to different
subjects, 'lhe people of Eoglacd can
be ruled in one way, the people of Canada
iq another, the people of Ireland io
another, while the people of India may
be governed aecordiog to still different
forms. Bat tbere can be no variety in
it? . or** i ? - . p - i i'
a repuDiio. j. ne ajcirine or a repuonc
differs from the doctrine of a monarchy
as the day differs from night and between
the two doctrines there ity and
ever must be an irresponsible conflict.
Queen Victoria has recognized this necessary
antagonism between the demo
cratic and imperial form of government.
In proroguing parliament a few days
ago she said:
" 'Believing that the political independence
of the republios wou'd be a
constant danger to the peace of South
Africa, T. authoriz; the annexation of
the Orange Free State.'
"A republic is alwajs a menace to a
monarchy, just as truth is always a
mAniW) In errnr Self cnvprnmprif
icg the Datural government, must neoessarily
create dissatisfaction, among
the subjects of those governments
which build upon some other fouDdstion
than the consent cf the governed
What the Orange Free State and the
Transvall republics are to South Africa,
our republic is to the world and
nnlr nnr inorpasin'r cfronorfrli tinil
VM?^ VV?* WVAWM^VUp VUU UUb
wide Atlantic have protected us from
the inextinguishable hostility which
must ever exist between thoso who support
a throne icd those who recognize
the citizen as a sovereign.
"Every step taken toward imperialism
by this nation meets with prompt
and effective encouragement from Eu AAA
T.J nrtrtln + f A 1
iViAS. XilUUUlU pv/iuigu wu cuc iULCiCSV
which Earopeaa nations have in the
abandonment here of the doctrine of
equil rights. He said: '"The principles
of Fefferson are the definitions and ax
ioms of free society. And yet they arc
denied and evaded with no tnull show
of success. One dashingly calls them
'glittering generalities.' Another blunt
iy call them 'self evident lies.' And
others insidiously argue that they apply
to superior races.' These exprea
Dinno in f
XU. iViUJ, iutuwvai
in object?the supplanting the principles
of free government and restoring
those of classification, caste the legitimacy.
They would delight a convocation
of crowned heads plotting against
the people. They are the vanguards,
the miners aad sappers of returning
despotism. We must repulse them or
they will subjugate us.'
)
f >
?
~i -:A.
BMMB??fc I ?' * '? ? lJJ> ???
<40cr opp^twnt* m? that the world i
sottid laugb at us if we ilnuld ri?e j
iDdeperidf! re to the Fiiip'oos. Yes, 11
y injfm woui-i Uuik, a. wocM
laugh an-1 those who would l*ugh would
den> the alienable righ's of mei and
despice the humbler fo'k who 'along
ihe co<l, sequestered vale of life, '
keep the noisi lesa tenor of their way,'
but let this nation stand erect and, 1
spurning the bribes of wealth and pow- <
er, shov that there is a reality in the
principles which we profess; let it ^
ctirttu that jTiata } ; a difference between
a republic and a monarchy and the 3
oppressed in every land will see in our (
flag the hope of their own drliverance 1
and, whetner they are bleeding upon ^
the battlefield or groaning beneath a '
tryant's lasb, will iai&e their cye? t0"
ward heaven and breath - fervent
prayer for the safe^. ^ oar republic." ^
?TUT TT> ATTTWn
WlJjJ^^^JfOOJUJVEr XXI AAVA AU1W
seeret That Has Been of Great Benefit 1
to Many Very Shrevrd <
Drivers. I
]
"Xot one man in a hundred*, eren i
femongprofessional drivers, seems to ap- ]
predate the importance of taking advantage
of the wind," said an old'driver
the other day, relates the Chicago In- i
ter Ocean. "I have studied it for years, j
and many's the time it has been worth
J ~ 11 A ?a?,4c + r\ -rr* n. r)rin'rifr fl PP
uunai 2> ttuu vcu t.o \.\j ui\. IU * ?-?a ? - ?
or in showing a horse to a buyer under
the watch. Not long ago a man came
here to see a mare in my stable, with a
view to buying if she could! show a
quarter in 35 seconds. The wind happened
to be blowing good and strong
from the west, so I raid to him as I took
the mare out on the track for the trial:
'I'll just more her slow through the
home stretch here so you can see her
way of going, and when I get around1
the turn I'll step her fast up the back
stretch.' Well, it wasn't any trick at
ail ior ner to go manjuanci- nit
wind in 33 seconds. Mr. Buyer never
tumbled, and I got my price for the
mare. Now, if I had tried to show thefirst
quar4--** down the home stretch,
going against the wind, the couldn't
have trotted it in 0:38. Another time
away back in the first part of April I
drove a green trotter a quarter one day
in 0:30%. It caused a big stir, and lots
of people who timed the trial saicbl was
a fool for doing it so early in the season.
They didn't notice that my horse
was going before a stiff wind. I didn't
say anything to them, but I say to you
that it was easier for that horse to trot
that quarter in 0:30% than It would
have been to drive him a quarter the
other way of the track in 0:36. Yet if
he had trotted over the same ground
the other way in 0:36 nobody -would
have thought it was worth talking'
about.
"I learned to take advantage of the
wind when I used- to drive races on the
kite track at Independence, la.," continued
the trainer. "I remember one
time I had1 a little soft-hearted mare
that couldn't go the last end of a mile
to save her neck, and she was entered
in p race against some game horses of
greater speed. I thought I would be
lucky to get fourth money. One of
those prairie winds was sweeping over
the kite almost, in the faces of the
horses as they went aI happened
to get off right behi^^o of the good
ones. They were _5ghting for the lead
and trotted" toge^er like a team. Pretty
soon I notj^ed that, -while they appeared
to b^aboring, my mare was going
easi]r- For a moment I couldn't
understand It. Then it struck me that
she/was in a goo<? position where she
wss protected from the head wind,
?rhich the horses In front of her had to
breast. I just let her trail until wc 1
1 J ? -fiirn f Tl P I
got aroiiDU past, uc nuvn ?
wind caught o^tle other war. Then I
turned her loose. The good horses were
exhausted and my little soft-hearted
mare stepped: right away from them in
the race home. I've won many a race
by those tactics since then.
"By the way, did it ever strike you
| that the secret of Ed Geers' style of
| driving a race is right there in the way
[ .tie nas 01 proiecimg nis norses irom
the wind? Geers nearly always drops
behind the pole horse, you know, and
trails until he strikes the home stretch;
sometimes until he is half way down
the stretch. I don't know whether he
does it intentionally, but he gets his
horse in a position where the atmospheric
resistance is next to nothing,
and there he stays while somebody
else breasts the wind. To my
mind it accounts for & great deal of
Geers' success. Even on a still day
a horse trotting a 2:10 gait has to plow ..
through what seems like a strong wind1, /
and a mere gentle breeze seems like a
gale when you're going against it, /
"To go back to the kite track at In^ :
dependence, I remember one day wh^sn
the wind was whistling over the praii*ie .
George Starr set out to drive Direct a
mile against time. He went down! the J
half in something like 1:01, with the
wind, of course, and1 lota of ' folks
thought he was going to knock the
world's record into a cocked/hat. I
don't remember how fast the/male was
?not much better than 2:l$.;though.
When he struck the headvwind he
wilted, and before he got to the wire
ne -was so tired tnat lie coma1 naraiy
put one foot before the other. He just ,
staggered home like a dead one, though (
no gamer horse was ever foaled. I've ,
seen many another game one do the
same." ;
Letters in London.
The traveler is interested in getting 1
his letters promptly. At his London
hotel there are 15 deliveries a day. He
may drop a card in & post box at eight !
in the morning sret an answer at noon
and mail a reply which will get to his
friend before evening. Within the las*
three years, whenever the post office
bill has come up in the house of representatives,
there has been discussion as
to the practicability of the pneumatic
dispatch. One slight as well discuss
the practicably of the telephone. ,
They would simile at such suggestions
In London or Paris, where a Blight ad- (
dition to the postage will secure a rapid k
delivery by ^pneumatic dispatch. Another
great/ convenience in the postal ,
system abroad is the method of paying !
money orders. One ia not obliged to go j
% half miae to a branch, or three miles *
to the ^entral post office, to get his 1
money./ The postman, who brings the '
order brings the money with him. Yon
receipt for it, and that is the end of it. 1
?Fofum. '
Sthode
Island Slow to Change.
Rhode Island was the last of the j
original 13 states to enter the uniort c
It was the last to abandon the English
system of entailing property and confirming
the suffrage to eldest sons. It
was (th&last to allow foreign-horn citi?
zens not holding property to vote. It r
has held on to traditions and historical r
precedent* with & firm hold.?Chicago t
_ A
Chronicle.
Gainesville, U-a., Deo. 8, 1899
Pitts' Antiseptic Invigorator
been used in my family ana I am perfectly
satisfied that it is all, and will
do all, you claim for it Yours truly, t
A. B. C. Dorsey. {
TP S ?T Tiairnr it now mvself. n
It's doing me good.?Sold by The Mur- f
ray Drug Co., Columbia, 8. C., and all a
druggists. tf
?
"^aF^^usetra^T
.Yreckaee Hade by an Exciting r*n* j
counter Between Them In a j
Dark Room. !
"Talk about your peculiar rnisha^Ps,H
raid a young man to a New Orle^ns
Times-Democrat reporter,-"sometl-1'11^ j
lappened to our boarding-hous^ *ke
jther night that I think is entit'^^'to
3rst money. One of our lodge1"3 *s a
'ery fat man, who has a job a^L^00^"
\eeper in a wholesale house
iver. Well, he has a room directly nsu
ler mine, and) late1-?" vv'e have all beenN-,
aothered- morr^ or less by mice. The
landlady declared war on them, and
^>r light artillery she bought a lot
)t small wire traps ? those domeshaped
affairs with holes aroun<i the
-on for the beasts io stick their heads
nto.
"The servant put one in each room,
icd a few evenings ago, when she
A'as going around baiting the lot, was
iareless enough to leave the fat man's
standing on top of his dresser. He
happened to be out attending a singing
society that night and didn't get
home until about one a. m. His room
was pitch dark, but he knew there
were some matches on the dresser,
and, moving cautiously across the
Boor, he began pawing around for the
box. At about the first plunge he
made he stuck his fat forefinger into
one of the apertures of the mousetrap,
and the thing snapped on him
like the jaws of a bulldog.
"Now, imagine if you can," con+inno/i
fh(? railroad clerk, "how you
would feel yourself if you were prowling
around in a dark room and some
unknown monster suddenly nailed you
by the finger and hung on. I am free
to say I would probably have howled
just as loudly as the fat man did. He
supposed, of course, that the thing
that held him was alive, and when
he tried to knock it off his hand encountered
the corpses of two mice
that had been caught in the other
holes before he came in. The touch
of their soft, furry bodies confirmed
the idea that it was a living creature,
and it was then, as.he explained afterward.
that he tried to escape to the
hall, and got tangled up with the furniture.
"How he came to demolish so many
different things in such a short space
of time is a mystery, but you know
how eas * it is to hump into all the
articles in a dark room under the
most ordinary circumstances, and a
fat man with a mouse-trap hanging
to his finger would naturally be a
great deal more destructive. Anyhow,
it was that first bellow of mortal
terror that awakened me, and the
next thing I heard was a succession
of frightful crashes mixed witli tUe
noise of breaking glass, shuffling feet,
torn cloth, falling furniture and tenply
profanity. J. could have sworn
that my neighbor was having a fight
with at least eight burglars, and,
needless to say, the whole house was
up in a moment. Of course nobody
was anxious to go in and get mu
dered while that awful row
progress, but presently ou^,
and when we pushed opjp^"? door we,
found the bookke?j>'^tting' in
tv,;, !* nf +>,0 vtrfm, totally collapsed,
with ihp~--3use-trap still hanging to
his,i?tfger and the floor littered with,
the wreck of all his belongings.
"A 50-pound lyddite shell couldn't
hare produced k ' more picturesque
ruin. Ever since then a desperate argument
has been in progress as to
who is responsible for the damages.
The !audlady declares the fat man
will have to pcf- for the smashed furniture,
and he swears by the nine
gods he vron't give up a cent. On the
contrary, he wants remuneration for
his lacerated fiDger, the shock of his
nerves, and the suit of clothes ruined
in the battle. I wouldn't be surprised
if the case got into the courts with
the mouse-trap as 'Exhibit A.' "
From the Resolute** Library.
A book taken from the library of the
British bark Resolute the day after the
Resolute was brought into Xew London
harbor, December 24, 1855, has recently
been grvem to the Blackstone memoin
_i T>
Hill II UXili J Ilk jjiauxviu, uuuu. j. uv
Resolute was one of the three ships
sent' out in 1850 by the British government
in search of Sir John Franklin.
In 1853 the ship was frozen fast in
Wellington channel and was abandoned.
It drifted more than 1.000 miles
in the pack ice and was found in 1855
by Capt. James Budington, of Groton.
He /was able to put it in order for a
voyage, release it from the ice and to
gift it to Xew London. The book has
much interest as a memento of an
achievement that was -widely celebrated
at the time, and' generally consid
3 u.. 1 .0 - -.A ~ J +
erea to aave rcaeticu lliuuju ucun
upon the Connecticut sailor for a difScult
feat of seamanship.?X. Y. Post.
Interesting Old Churches.
Some of the most interesting oldi
churches in the world are said to be
located in Yorkshire, England. At
Adel, for instance, there is probably
the one perfect Norman' church in England,
with its lion's head on the door
for sanctuary. At Lastingham there
is the wonderful church founded by St.
Ceadda, which has a hole in the aisle,
3own which one descends to find one's
self in another church acting as the
foundation for the edifice above. At
Kirkdale stands the ancient church
KnHt hr "R-rfl-nd +T11* nrlpst. which waa
actually restored some years before
the conqueror set foot on British soil.
Among the other numerous rarities in
churches which Yorkshire boasts may
be mentioned the Saxon frescoes on the
walls of the aisle in the parish church
at Pickering.?Chicago Chronicle.
Well Trained.
Teacher?"What do you knovr of the
microbe family?
Little Maudie?Please, ma'am, mamma
has forbidden us to gossip about
other people's family affairs. ? Tit
Bits.
State of Ohio, city op Toledo, /
Lucas County. ) '
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that
le is the penior partner of the firm of
F J Cheney <fc Co., doing business in
ihe City of Toledo, County and State
foresaid, and that said firm will pay
;he sum of ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS
for each and every case of Caparbh
that cannot be cared by Hall's
Catarrh Cure.
FRANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn to before me and subscribed
n my my presence, tiiis 6th day of Delember,
A. D. 1886.
, ?? . A. W. GlEASON,
j seal j- Notary Public.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter.
.n_ __j._i._j; .1 i.v_l.l__J J
iauy, auu acts uirt cuy uu me uiuuu auu
nucoua surfaces of the system. Send
or testimonials, free.
F. J. CHENET & CO.,
Toledo, Ohio.
Sold by Druggists. 75 3.
Hall's Family Pills are the best
Custeo Salvador, a stowaway aboard
he steamer Soathgate, jumped overtcVion
nsir Oploano 9Tii^ a;.
aped. Oc account of Ms desperale efort
to escape lie is suspected of being
,n Anarchist
l?
j;
THE E
Groves'
\ The formula
knbv^v just what yc
do noY^advertise tn
their medibine if y
Iron and Quirkirie pform.
The Ir&n
malaria cut of the^
Grove's IS the On
Chill Tonics are in
that Grove's is si
arp nor exDerimeni
w l
and excellence h;
only Chill Cure s<
the United States.
LAST OF THE CO-CAPITALS.
Rhode Island May Try to Do with One
Legislative City OnlyHereafter.
The electors of Rhode Island, the last
.the states of the country with two legislative
capitals, are at the general November
election to vote upon a consti
tutional amendment abolishing Newport
as a capital, and making thereafter
Providence the exclusive legislative
capital of the state. Originally, a most
curious provision for so small a state,
Rhode Island had five capitals?Newport,
South Kingstown, East Greenwich,
Bristol and Providence. In 1854,
however, the number was limited to
two by constitutional provision, Newport
and Providence, and the date of
the meeting of the legislature was
fixed on the first Tuesday of May. Until
a few years ago Connecticut also had
two capitals, Hartford andNewHaven,
and the legislature met in these two
cities alternately untii the "joint capital"
plan was abandoned and Hartford
is now the only capital of Connecticut.
With one capital it is practicable to
construct an appropriate state building-,
whereas with two capitals an-o}>~
stacle to it is found, and mojjg^eT'the
uncertainty as to. ihe&**?Jinerice of
a capital is a bg^=?*c^r"^> the establishment
the interests which
a. ^^rtfTordinarily attracts. By the
^j?teensus the population of Providence
was. 132,000, while that of Newport
was but 19,000. Providence has
^Tong been the commercial and political
1 - i? U.1 - --t - ^ - Ti. X-U _ ? T_ * _^ (
capnai 01 uie siaxe. jli is cuacx
railroad terminus of the roads connecting
various parts of Rhode Island;
it is on the mainland, and the retention
of Newport, a town of no political
importance, as a capital can be described
only as an anachronism, which
Rhode Island will be the last of the
states to do away with?provided, of
course, that the constitutional amend-i
ment submitted1 to the voters in November
receives the approval of the
requisite three-<fifths. Section 13,"of the
Rhode Island constitution, provides
that the general assembly, as the legis
1-ature of that state is called, may propose
amendments to the constitution
if a majority of the members elected
to each house approve, and' if so, the
amendment in the form agreed to is
submitted to the voters and "if approved
by three-fifths of the electors
of the state present and voting thereon
in town e.nd ward meeting" it becomes
a part of the constitution.
In proportion to its population Newport,
with appraised property to the
value of $35,000,000 to $175,000,000 in
Providence, is the richer city of the
two, but it owes no part of its prosperity
to the capital andi will have no
reason for opposing the acceptance of
jrroviuence as xne omciai, as ix nas long
been the political, capital of the state.
CASHIERED ENGLISH OFFICERS
They Find Employment for Their
Talent* In Central and Sonth
America.
- "The Boer army is said to be full of
cashiered foreign officers," said an old
revenue inspector, chatting at the custom
house, relates the New Orleans
Times-Democrat, "and if such is the
case I would certainly hate to be in
that service. The cashiered officer,
rvo ncoVirJ + /\/_
LIVUMi ij 1'IO.V- tU VI
ficer, is a nomad of a strange and peculiar
type, like unto nothing else on
tie globe. In the course of my wanderings
up and down I have met a good
many of such unfortunates and they
resembled one another to a degree that
was really startling. I suppose the
common character of their disgrace
and the continual brooding along similar
lines was responsible for the fam
ily likeness. At any rate they were all
morose, gloomy, fatalistic and generally
martinets. There are a number of
exiled Britishers in the Central and
South American service, and some of
them are fine officers, technically speaking,
but without exception they have
made themselves heartily disliked by
their associates.
"There was formerly an Englishman
in the Colombian army who had been a
captain at home and who was unquestionably
a military genius. Nobody
"I t- ? _ A J3 _ ~"U ~
j&uew xiis swrj anu nuuuujf a^Acu
questions. He had charge of the fieLd
artillery and brought it up to a very
high state of efficiency, but he held
aloof from everyone and lived the life
of a recluse. One day he was met on. the
coast looking after a consignment of
fixed ammunition, when he happened
to encounter a London mining expert
who had come over to make a report
on some properties. 'Great heavens,
Charley!' exclaimed the Londoner,
"where on earth did you drop from?'
The captain turned white as a ghost.
'I don't know you, sir,'he said, quietly;
'you mistake me for somebody else,1
and. ne walked os, leaving tne otner apparently
paralyzed with amazement.
I witnessed the little incident and always
believed some strange story
lurked behind it- About a month
later the captain committed suicide by
shooting himself through the head."
Leg of Pork aa Goose.
Boil a small leg of pork for an hour,
remove the skin and put sage and onion
stuffing round the knuckle. Boast for
an hour and a half to two hours, basting1
constantly, and during the last
half-hour dredge it "with two ounces of
finely powdered crumbs mixed with a
tablespoon of powdered) sage. Serve
with good rich gravy and plenty of apple
sauce.?Boston Globe.
' J!
< m * *
viiills
r asteless Chi
is plainly printed on every
>u are taking when you take
eir formula knowing that yc
ou knew what it contained,
lit up in correct proportions a:
acts as a tonic while the
ssystem. Any reliable druggisi
igxjrsaf and that all other
litauions. An analysis of othe
uperiW to all others in ev
cing w\jien you take Grov<
iving iouig been establishe
Did throi^ghout the entire j
No Cur^, No Pay. Price
A*rrrkTTc TTT7MC
The greater part of standing timber
in England is beeoh to-day.
The city of Cleveland is the first to
create a departmei&t whose sole object
is the abatement fcf the smoke nuisance.
s
Under favorable conditions of peace
the death rate of soldiers is about five
in 1,000. The deathXrate of clergymen
is 11 in 1,000. /
The pearl fishing? industry of western
Australia is of considerable extent,
many fine pearls be frig obtained every
year. The average valVje of e'ach pearl,
several thousands of Ahich are obtained
annually, is abouf. $5.
Indians are making rajbid strides in I
the paths of education. ^fie^Chicka- j
saws have five colleges and tiSfepreeks
have ten. The Choctaws have .no colleges,
but have 160 common echo*)ls in
which the higher branches are ta^fct.
The Tennessee state be arc! oHid&tli
has adopted resolutions declaring Tuberculosis
a contagious andl infectiouife
disease, and' directing that all inmates?
of state institutions afflicted with, it
be isolated in rooms or wards set aside
| for such patients.
J. B. Gaylord, better known as 4<Bernie"
Gaylord, who died in Iowa recently,
was one of the best known circlts
men in the country. He had traveled"
around the world nine times and twice \j
took circuses to Australia. He personallv
assisted in the canture of the
largest tiger ever taken into captivity.
His greatest feat was securing the fa- (
mous white elephant in Siam andi in
getting it out of the country after
the king had made an edict forbidding
its removal.
A curious accident occurred at Boulder,
Col. The brake on a tank car
loaded with sulphuric acid refused to
work, and the car went down a grade.
"Whistles were blown, and the switch
man saw me tram m luue lu euuui it
onto a side track. The tank car struck
a box car loaded with household goods;
ihe tank car, which contained about 4,500
gallons of the acid, slid* off the platform
car and was telescoped into the
box car. The acid began to escape
and ruined the furniture and made a
great pool in the yaxdi temporarily
preventing the passing of teams to obtain
freight. The loss amounted to ,
several thousand dollars, says the Rail- '
way Review. | >
Ortman Pays!
the EXpress i
Steam Dyeing of every }
description. Steam, Nap- ]
tha, French Dry and J
chemical cleansing. Send <
for om new price list and
circular. All work gnar |
anteed or no cliarge.
Orta's Steam Dye Works <
1Q1/1 M OlTl StTIMt
1VJ. V JIU(I?4M V/UA VV ^
Columbia.. S G j
A. L. Ortman, Proprietor
Murray's
Aromatic '
Mouth
Wash
Whitens the Teeth
Cleanses the Month 5
Sweetens the Breath
The?
Murray
Drug Co.,
COLUMBIA, S. C. f
jl/idslu uk1uu.
The firm of Jno S. Reynolds & Co., Print.
er8 of Ready "^rints to Newspapers,
was dissolved by mutual consent on July 1,
1900. JNO. S. REYNOLDS,
J AS. L. SIM 3. ,
Having purchased the interest of Mr. Jno.
S. Rejno ds in the above business I will
continue the same on my own account at
Orangeburg, S, C., and hope by strict attention
to business to merit a continuance of the
patronage heretofore bestowed on the old
/s Tin t nn/a ?.
Dim. J Ao. Li. JCLO. ^
Having transferred to Mr. Jas. L. Sims
my interest in the business of Jno. S. Beyn- j
olds & Co.. I take pleasure in asking for him
a continuance of the patronage hitherto
given the firm JNO. 8. REYNOLDS.
Columbia. S. C., July 1, 1900.
PITTS'
ANTISEPTIC iMTOR! ,
Cures La Grippe, dyspepsia, indigestion g
and all stomach and bowel troubles colic or
cholera morbus, teething troubles with ]
children, kidney troubles, bad blood and
all sorts of sores, minga or felons, cut* and ,
bumf. It is as good antiseptic, when locally
applied, as anything on the market.
Try it and yon will praise it to others
If your druggist doesn't keep it, write to J
lMURRY~DPJJG COMPANY,'
COLUMBIA, S. C.
_ * * ' .. yj _ ' N . '
..?7 ..i$a
ON !S
ill Tonic. I
bottle?hence you
Grove's. Imitators
>u would not buy 3&|
Grove's contains
J A ' I n (ICC
[1(1 is III <x x aoiviv.?
Quinine drives the
; will tell you that
so-called Tasteless
t chill tonics shows
ery respect. You
?'s?its superiority
d. Grove's is the -|pj
rcalarial sections of
Near Union Depot. Having
formed a connection llB
The ELLIOTT GIN 1EPIIR WOIKS :|
lam now prepared to repair
and rebuild cotton gins as
thoroughly as the vari- ons
manufacturers.
This branch of the business
be under the personal
O upel v loxuu vx "*& '
MR. W. J. ELLIOTT, - "^||
who has had fourteen years of Wpractical
experience in building
the Elliot Gin, and who ^
is well known to most
gin users in this State. -'Mi
Now is the Time! Bring Your
Gins Before You Need Them!
^mplete ginning systems, equipped ~
ipe the host perfect pneumatic" .
Elevating and distbibuting sys- 9
fegMS ON THE MABKET
EJIQHT COMPLETE OUTjMj
||J8E IN THIS STATjfl
ISVEEY ONE OP T^l
Wo ABSOLUT^fl
1 FACTjA
Jighes GXad^fl
Saw MillsM
Machines,
Machinery, Sa^H
ft7e offer: Quick den
and reasonable
v. c. b!1
LOUD maiu ou, uuiiuh
C5 j. ' r*4 \
il H
- - II
TSfcOE f2&* .-v.-.TUHK. IB
-xrr r ? . IM mt
1
OLD NORTH STATE OINTI
MENT, the Great Antiseptic
Sealer, cures Piles, Eczemfl
Sore Eyes, Gianulated Eyelid?
Carbuncles, Boils, Cnts, BrniS
Old Sores, .Burns, UornaB
Bunions, Ingrowing Toenail
Inflammatory Rheumatism?
Iches and Pains, ChappoH
Sands and Lips, Erysipelas*
[t is something everybody^
leeds. Once used always used. V
For sale by all druggists and Vj
lealers. At, wholesale by
CHE MURRAY DRUG CO., 1
Uolumbia, S. C
rnrnm " A
APPBSTEIIN6ES.
Sinning Svstems Equipped V
With The M
Wiirrdv fllpaninff and
NUIlWj t?IWUIIIIf? UUU H
Distributing System, fl
Power Equipments fl
Saw Mill Machinery I
r f U .1!
rarm ano mm mmy
IN" GENEEAL.
3. C. Agents for Steele's New m
Sonth Brick Machinery. fl
tVrite us for prices on any
thing in our line.
M H. fiibbes & Co., jj
*04 Qarvais Street,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
THE LE1DERINDEEO. 1
Fhe New Ball Beariao i
Domestic v
Sewing Machine ?<
fc Leads ia Workmanship, Beauty, '-A
Capacity, Strength, Light Running. d
Every W "man W&ate One. M
Utacliments, Needles and
Parte for Sewing Machines
of all makes. fl
^hen ordering needles send
(ample. Price 27c per dozen,
postpaid.
: .
- Lgente
^Wanted in Unoccupied Terri - -1
tory.
?
r. L. SHULL,
1219 Taylor Street,
COLUMBIA, 8. C

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