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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, November 21, 1900, Image 1

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^-+JtYOL LIV, WINNSBORO. S, C., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1900. NO. 22.
m
DISPENSARY SALES.
*
Result of the Legislative Committee's
Labors.
THE VOLUME OF BUSINESS.
J$ ~ '
It Seems to bs Steadily Increasing.
The Financial Affairs of
the Big Moral Institution.
The following is the official report of
ihe legislative examining committee as
~ to the condition and operations of the
State dispensary for the quarter ending
August 31st, filed with the governor
r Tuesday:
^ To His Exoelleuoy, Miles B. MoSweeney,
Governor, Columbia, S. C.:
Dear Sir: The undersigned joint com
zoittee appointed by the general assembly
to examine the books and financial
transactions of the State dispensary
beg to submit herewith our report for
the quarter ending August 31, 1900
The stock on hand was taken on August
31st and September 1st by W. H.
Sharpe, representing the committee,
and J. C. Moody, representing the state
board of directors.
All stock and supplies were actually
exhibited, counted and valued.
The system of bookkeeping is excellent
and the bookkeepers very particular.
painstaking and correct.
We found the dispansary director
ooming up to the full measure of his
duty, having worked the institution up
to a high business standard.
The board of directors are very harmonious
by doing their work in a fine
business way.
We append hereunto statements of
assets and liabilities, cash statement,
- raeoipts and disbursements, all of which
* is respectfully submitted.
J. T. Hay,
Senator.
W. H. Sharpe,
Member of House of Representatives.
AS85TS AND LIABILITIES.
The first of these statements is as
follows:
ASSETS.
Cash in 8tate treasury Aug.
31, 1900 $142,503 53
Teams and wagons (invt'y) . 64 00
Supplies, (inventory) 31,994.10
Machinery, and of5 ce fixtures
(inventory) 2,765.64
Contraband, (inventory)... 585 83
Real estate 36,635 08
Suspendedaccounts 5,987.63
Merchandise in hands of
dispensers 210,144.47
iSlerchacdise, (inventory
I Aug. 31st) 190,986.49
B > Personal accounts due State
r ^ for empty barrels, alhoool
- ^>eer'etc 5,132 42
Total assets $626,829 19
LIABILITIES.
School fund $520,556 86
Personal accounts due by
State for supplies, whiskies,
wines, beer, alcohol,
etc 106,272 33
Total liabilities $626,829.19
The statements of the profit and loss
aeeount is as follows:
PEOFIT8.
Gross profits on merchandise
sold during quarter..$879.272 53
Contraband seizures 750 66
State's one-half share of
profits on beer sold by the
G-ermania Brewing Co.,
ehmnff Quarter 2 862 40 |
Total $ 90,925 62
LOSSES.
8uppiies?Bottles, o o r k s,
labels, wire, tin foil, lead
seals, boxes, rails, sealing
rwax, etc., for quarter... 28,989 45
Insurance premiums 666 30
Breakage and leakage 84 94
Labor (pay rolls) 3,754.20
Expense Account?Salaries,
expenses of ip^^tors
per diem and ; j of
members of state Lu&rd of
directors and legislative
examining committee, offee
supplies, lights, telegrams,
postage, stock
feed, ice, printing, reve
- i l.T
sue scamps, telephone
rent, etc 6.21812
Constabulary 10,278 58
Freight and express charges 15,425.20
Revenue lioense 125.00
Worthless beer at Lancaster
dispensary destroyed by
county board of control
, June 1, 1900 8.10
Worthless porter, beer, and
wine at Winnsboro dispensary,
condemned by
ounty board of control.. 17.23
Lobs by robbepr at Gr. McC.
Honour's dispensary,
Charleston, S. C 3 57
i Loss by robbery at Kershaw
dispensary Feb. 24, 1900,
per report of Inspector
S Boykin 76.57
Total expense $ 65,647.26
.Net profit on sales for the
^ quarter, passed to the
credit of the school fund. $ 25,278 36
Py T*
Total $ 90 924 62
The cash statement for the quarter
ending August 31st, is as follows:
RECEIPTS.
Balance in State treasury
May 21,1900 $115 871.61
June receipts $116,489 54
July receipts 125,753 55
Aug 134,530.60?$376,772 55
Grand total $409,645.16
DISBURSEMENTS.
June disbursements
$114,319.12
-Tnlv disburse
ments 116,072.54
?Aug. disbursements
119,749.97-$350,141.63
Balance in State treasury
Augsut 31, 1300 142,503.53
Grand total.... $492,645.16
WHAT WE MAY EXPECT.
The South to be Deprived of their
RightsThe
late election has given the Republican
party complete control of the
Fedeial government in both the executive
and legislative departments.
The Southern States did not contribute
to the Republican victory and therefore
need not expect any favora. On
the contrary, there is reason to believe
that Ca determined effort will be
made to punish this section by reducing
its political power. Vice Ohairman
Payneof the National committee, knows
what he i3 talking about when he
threatens the South with a reduction
of rejresen cation in the House and in
the Electoral college. We quote his
words given out in a late review:
"I hope the election will open up a
new era in the South. At the present
the South is neither Democratic nor
Republican. It is a government of
fraud. Ii, is simply anarchy. I do
not believe that Congress should longer
permit the disfranchisement of any of
its citizens by a Southern State without
reducing the representation of the
State in Congress proportionately.
"I know that the Democratic Senators
might talk such a bill to death at
the coming short session, especially if
we try to pass an army bill at the same
time. Bat if we caa't pass the bill
?? ?:-i? ? -? .?:i. ? *:i *1,^ '-nMT*
ne-S-fc WlHier, we uau nail uum iuc bmi
Congress meets, when our majority in
the Senate will bs so large that filibustering
by a few Democratic Senators
will be impossible.
It must be confessed that the prospect
is not cheering for the citizens of
this latitude. It will be news to them
that simple anarchy prevails in thi3
section. In &lr. Payne's vocabulary
anarchy simply means opposition to
the Republican party. If he desires
to build up the Republican party in
the Southern States he should know
that Ms proposed method is not the
way to accomplish it, for it would only
revive sectional animosity and confirm
the Southern States in opposition to
the Republican party which has been
the authorof all the measures that have
proved so injurious to the welfare of
the Suuth. However, there is some
comfort in the thought that all Republicans
are not so hostile to the South
as Mr. Payne. It is to -be hoped that
many of them will refuse to unite with
him in placing the ban of inferority on
those Southern States which have been
driven by the instinct of self preserva
xr? i. J
lion iu esutuusii ?u cuuunuvuiti ^u<uiu
cation for suffrage just as Massachu-.
sr.tts has done, though not driven to it
by the same imperative necessity.?
Lynchburg News.
As Bryan SaidThe
military spirit is growing %inoe
the election and a big increase in the
standing army is about as certain as
anything can be in politics. We are
in for it and the attendant expense will
astonish the people who supported,
with their votes, the McKinley admintration,
thereby giving license fr.- the
Republican party to go ahead with
their program. Unless we are very
much mistaken the army influence wi?.l
be as strong in this country in less
time than four years as it is today in
France. The-drift is to military despotism
and the only check we see to it
is in a combination between the Democrats
in the United States Senate and
those .Republicans who denounced the
administration program during the
last session of Congress.?Chattanooga
News."
The Trusts Are at It.
A few days ago it was the meac trust
that tightened its squeeze upon the
people, and now it is the salt trust that
is demanding more tribute. This latter
trust with characteristic greed, has
more than double the price of the commodity
which it controls. Tomorrow
and the nezt day we shall probably hear
of other trusts that have raised prices
on the necessaries of life. The monopolies
evidently think that the success
of McKinley has given them license to
rob without restraint. They are fast
fnrnishinir the Democrats with a win
I ning "paramount issue" and with an
abundance of campaign material.?
Savannah Morning News.
Bis Sale of Lumber.
The state of Minnesota is selling
today an immense tract of lumber,
embracing no less than 75,000,000 feet
of standing pine, tamarack, spruce and
cedar. The sale is at the state capitol,
and there is a large crowd of persons
interested in the sales in attendance.
The timber ranges in value from ?1.50
to $5 a thousand, and much of it is of
excellent quality. The greater portion
of the timber stands on school lands,
thongh a considerable amount is in isolated
tracts. According to the conservative
estimate of values made by
the 3tate auditor, the sale should
bring in between $200,000 and $250,000,
Ciararettes Bid It
Emmanuel Easkins, of Fairburn Gra ,
16 years old, is dead from the effects
of blood poisioning. The young man
had been blowing an ordinary French
harp until his under lip had become
sore and inflamed. Being addicted to
the habit o? cigarette smoking, he
continued to smoke while the lip was
in this condition, and it was the opinion
of the attending paysicians that
the nicotine or other poison from the
cigarette came in contact with the sere
lip and thus produced the fatal result.
The sufferings of the youth were terrible
and his head and face were swollen
beyond recognition.
Some One is Wrong.
"The Filipinos are not warlike or 1
ferooious people," says General McArthur,
in his annual. there one
more traitor in the camp we should
like to know. Teddy Rc c^r alt has just
ir: u :j
I gOS eiecieu to me y iue x reaiucuuj' uy
running around and telling everybody
what bloody savages the Filipinos are,
and now the commander-in-chief in the
Philippines says that they ate nothing
of the kind. We do not often call on
the editors of the Springfield Union to
come to the rescue, but it seems to us
that here is a discrepancy which requires
their attention. Somebody is
lying about the Filipinos. Who is it?
, ?Hartfort Times.
NOT SO EASILY DONE"
The Reorganization of the Democratic
Party.
A SENSIBLE VIEW.
The Party Neither Moribund
Nor Crippled. Bryan a
Great Leader in the
Face of Defeat.
The Democratic party has been
beaten, badly beaten on the electoral
vote and in a lesser degree on the popular
vote. Nevertheless it remains
true, as in 1896, that a change of votes
in oertain States equal to but 1 per
cent, of the Democratic total would
have sufficed to give it a majority of
the electoral vote. We are indebted
to the ultra-Bepublican New York Sun
for this calculation: The Sun says:
If 75,000 citizens who voted for Mo
Kinley iu oertain States of the union
had voted instead for Bryan, McKinley
would have been defeated and Bryan
elected. _
The table below montions IZ states
with the electoral votes belonging to
them and their several pluralities tor
McKinley and Roosevelt, as unofficially
ascertained or as estimated Thursday.
Changes in the figures by later returns
will not greatly affect the general proposition:
El<?c- Republican
tcral Vote Plurality.
Delaware ....3 5,000
Indiana 15 27.400
Kansas 10 25,000
Maryland 8 14.360
Nebraska 8 5 000
North Dakota 3 8,000
Oregon *.4 14 000
South Dakota 4 10 000
Utah 3 4,000
Washington 4 5,0U0
West Virginia. 6 15,000
Wyoming 3 3.000
71* 135.760
Thus leaving a irargin of 14,000 for
possible increase in the aggregate Re
pulican plurality in these States, it is
evident that the change of 75,000 votes
would have reversed the result in all 12
of them. That is to say, if 75,000 citizens
who voted for McKinley had
voted for Bryan, 71 electoral votes now
in the McKinley column would have
gonft in the Bryan column, thus: i
McKinley's electoral vete ars it is... 292 '
Electoral vote of these 12 States... 71 <
McKinley's electoral vote as it would
have been 221 i
Necessary to a choice 224
On the other hand:
Bryan's electoral vote as it is 155
Electoral vote of these 12 States... 71 ;
Brayan's electoral vote as it would
have been 226
Necessary to a choice 224
The change of 75,000 votes, therefore,
properly distributed in the 12 States in
the list, would have given to Bryan
two more than the necessary number
of electoral vote*; his electoral majority
over McKinley would have
been 5.
Ifc would seem that a party which oan
poll 7,000,000 votes and come as near to
victory aa this is neither moribund nor
crippled, and is under no obligation to
accept the dictation of the small minority
of its former members who cast
their votes against it and defeated it.
The Sun itself recognizes the strength
of the Democratic demonstration and
voices a warning similar to that given
by The State on the morning of the
election. It says:
In the first place, the power of the
political revolution started in 1896 by
Bryan and continued with little, if any
appreciable diminution in the campaign
of 1900, mu3t not be minimized. At
both elections he was defeated -by a
majority of the electoral votes of great
proportions, yet at both he received of
popular votes a much larger volume
than had ever been cast for a Democratic
candidate for president: and the
? t* * 1 A
greater percentage 01 mem given to
Mr. McKinley on both occasions was
only about 5 per cent The political
force represented by Bryanism is therefore
too tremendous to be overlooked
in any consideration of the political
future, more especially of the future
of the Democratic party.
Estimating tiiat the whole number of
votes polled at this election was 15 millions,
something like seven millions of
them were cast for Bryan. In the
State of New York, out of an aggregate
for both McKinley and Bryan of
about one millii n and a half votes, the
plurality over Bryan was less than 10
per cent, and his plurality over McKinley
in this city was more than 27,000,
A candidate who receives support so
numerous, i? spite of a jreat revolt
against him xn his own party, cannot
be removed from political consideration
simply because of his defeat, but must
rather be regarded seriously as the
representative of a popular feeling of
ominous strength and pervasiveness.
* * * *
It is not improbable, it seems rather '
to be probable, that if the elements in
the Democratio party which represent
its conservatism and its national spirit
should regain the control of its organisation,
the burning political sentiment
of which Bryanism has been the expression
would be driven off in violent
revolt to act by itself as an independent
political movement. In "truth, the
genesis of Bryan as a political force was
the consequence of the demonstration
of the strength of such a political
movement in the campaign of 1892,
when Mr. Cleveland was elected for the
second time. In that canvass the Populists
polled more than one million
votes, exhibiting a stength which
alarmed botn or tne great parties.
Brjan's scheme was to prevent this
political division by fusing Populism
with Democracy, and he succeeded in
it-so far that in the canvass of 1896
Populism disappeared practically as an
independent movement. His vote increased
over tiat for Mr. Cleveland in
1892 by almost exactly the amount of
the Populist vote in 1892, and he kept
it in the late election. Nor is it now
destroyed by his defeat. Any conservative
domination of the Democratic
party in the next presidential campaign
would be sure to revive it in
1904 and it might again fiad in Bryan
its leader, for his campaign ju?t concluded
was in spirit wholly Populistio.
The political revolution which began
in 1896 and continued with increasing
momentum in the canvass just closed
seemed, therefore, to indicate a readjustment
of political relations which
intelligent men of both the Repulican
and Democratic parties will be compelled
to recognize as necessarily permanent,
if the dangerous political
movement represented by Bryan is to
be kept in restraint and is not to continue
in undiminished aggressiveness.
The questions of policy which have
arisen in this campaign will assert
themselves the more in their paramountcy
as time passes and they will
render necessary the maintenance of
the new political alignment which
came in with 1896. The forces behind
Br^an in his two campaigns represent
a sentiment of discontent powerful at
this time in every country of civilization
which inevitably will crystallize in
a political party whatever its normal
designation may be, that will be as intolerable
to conservative Democratic
feeling and conviction as was Bryanism
in 1896 and 1900.
In short, The Sun sees that defeat?f
Bryan encourages a more extreme polioy
by the opposition and it regards it
as necessary to the continued success
of the Republican party that it shall
absorb permanently the Cleveland element
formerly of the Democratic party.
It sees that an attempt to give the
Democratic organization the aims of
the Republican organization would if
successful drive the mass of Democrats
into a new and more radical party.?
The State.
ONLY ONE CONTEST.
Bechett Files His Protest Against Col
Elliott.
The Columbia State says election returns
from nearly all of the counties
have been received, and all th*t is to
be done is for them to be tabulated by
the State board of control.
So far there has been only one noiice
of contest filed with the secretary of
State. This ia in the oase of the congressional
election in the First distriot,
Congressman Elliott was opposed in
that distriot by W. W. Beoket, colored,
who received comparatively few votes
in any county in the distriot. Nevertheless,
he makes, a general protest
against the counting of the vote for
Col. Elliott on the following grounds:
''That the said ballots which were
cast and returned for William Elliot at
said election, were not legal ballots under
the laws of the State of South Car- j
olina.
"Beoause said ballots were not of
proper color and did not show for what |
office the said William Elliott was in- j
tended to be ohcsen."
This protest was filed with the election
canvassers of Charleston. After
reading it the board declared that they
found "the ballots cast for William Elliott,
for representative in congress
from the First district of South Carolina,
were 'two and one-half inches
wide by five inches long, clear and
even cut, without ornament, designation,
mutilation, symbol or mark of
any kind whatever, except the name of
William Elliott, representative in Congress,
First district,' for which office he
was a candidate, and that the ballot
was properly printed and according to
the laws governing elections in this
State."
m. 1 -r ,1 J ?J J r\-1
IT? Doara, cnereiore, aeciareu ^ui.
Elliott duly entitled to receive the
votes oast for.Mm. Becket proposes
to make a similar contest before the
State canvassing board, and presumably
this is but the first step towards
taking the contest up to the national
house of representatives.
Beginning to Squeal.
Forty-five cotton mill owners in the
South, fearing that the recent war will
seriously change the trade conditions
between this country and China, have
prepared a petition which they are
sending to Secretary of State Hay, in
Washington. They fear that Russia
will obtain possession of Manohuria
and will impose such heavy duties on
American goods as to render a withdrawal
of American interests from that
country necessary. This petition to
Secretary Hay reads: "The under
LuauuiauiLucjia uuuuvu gvuuo
in the southern states, desire to express
their approval of the action of
the United States government in the
protection of American interests in
China, known as the "open door" policy,
and trust this position may be
maintained, more especially in regard
to Manchuria, to which seotion of the
Chinese empire "a large proportion of
the cotton drills and shirticgj manufactured
in the southern states is exported.
As may be well known, this
trade has increased in recent years to
such an extent that the prohibition or
interference in China by any European
government would tend to seriously injure,
not only the cotton manufacturing
industries, but other important
produots of the United States which
are being shipped to China. For the
1 i-1
protaotion ana perpetuity 01 sueac
commercial relations, we earnestly pray
that the administration will take such
action as may be proper under existing
conditions. It is not only the manufacturer
of cotton goods who would be
seriously affected, but the southern
planter and cotton grower and the
thousands of employes and laboring
classes who are engaged in the cotton
mills, and who depend on tha success
of these manufacturing industries for a
livelihood," This petition is signed by
18 mill owners in North Carolina, 21
in South Carolina, four in Alabama,
one in Georgia and one in Maryland.
Oar Southern mills are beginning to
Eqaeal for the open door, which we
thought was already wide open.
How to Succeed.
An example of the chances in the
United States for the bright and energetic
young man who stays in one
-rslAna io 'fnrn?o>ifl^ MlfiCGRS Of
piai/O MD 1U1U1UUVM t*J ?MW ? ?
Charles M. Hayes. At the age of
nineteea he was a clerk in a railroad
office at St. Louis, his salarj b .ing $'40
a month. That was 22 years ago. Mr.'
Hayes has become president of the
Southern Pacific Railroad, which is the
largest system but one in the world.
He will have a salary of $55,000 a year,
and will be the highest salaried railroad
man in the world.
S
. ,
A GOOD .SHOWING "
Made by the South in the Census
Figures.
i
TEXAS LEADS THIS SECTION
The South Contains the Purest
American Stock in the Country.
[Some Very Interesting
Facts.
In a general survey of the United
States as revealed by the figures of the
twelfth census, the south has oocasion
for self-congratuiation. At first glance
the reason for this may not be apparent,
but according to an analysis made
by the manufacturers' Record it is
nevertheless a faot. The population of
the United States increased between
1890 and 1900 by 20.96 per cent., or
13,225,464. The population of the
south increased 3,950,422, or 20 15 per
cent. This percentage was somewhat
below that of the tvhole country, but
yet in advance of what may be regarded
as other typical groups of states. The
iocreasa in New Eagland, 891,107, was
but 18.95 per cent., in the nine middle
fe-.ates stretohing from the Atlantio to
ine Mississippi it was 5,280,957, or
20 04 per cent., and in three states
drtrnoo fcho Misniflairmi. MiPfirmri. Tnwa
and Minnesota, it was 1 217,435, or
20 65 per cent. Commenting on this
the Manufacturers' Record says:
"These figures show that the increase
in population which made the total
percentage of increase in the country
slightly more than the percentage of
increase in the south, took place in
that part o* the country which continues
less than 12 per cent, of the
population, in spite of the halting of
Kansas and Nebraska and the actual
decline in population in Nevada. The
enormous inorease of more than 330,000
in Oklahoma, of more than 200,000 in
Indian Territory and of more than 60,000
in Arizona are clues to the story of
the increase in what may be oalled the
newer portions of the country. Com- i
ing to the special figures in the south, .
it is noticeable that Texas leads the
older portions of the country in the !
percentage of the increase; that its :
actual increase of 813.305 is but 77,802 <
lesi than the actual increase in the 1
whole of New England, where Maine, :
New Hampshire and Vermont stood i
still, and where Massachusetts' increase
was 63 per cent, er the total increase ]
in that section, and that Texas, Florida, i
West Virginia and Louisiana led in <
the percentage of increase in the south- i
ern states, theugh Alabama, Georgia
and Mississippi stood out well among i
the states, making large actual in- ?
crease among the southern states were
not unlike those such as New Jersey, :
30 per cent.; Ohio, 13 per cent.; Penn- i
sylvaria, 19 per cent.; Delaware, 9 per i
cent.; Indiana, 14 per cent.; Iowa, 17 i
per cent.; and Minnesota, 34per cent.; i
in other portions of the country. <
"In considering the increase in the !
south in comparison with those else- 1
where, however, one or two facts must <
be borne in mind. Oatside of Texas, 1
Louisiana, Florida and perhaps West i
Virginia and Maryland the south's population
has been little influenced by 1
the immigration of foreigners. The i
south today, and notably those por- <
tions of the south showing the smaller
percentages of increase contain the 1
purest American stock in the country. .
It contains, also, the bulk of the negro 1
population, which, increasing less
rapidly than the whites, tends to reduce
the total percentage of increase. '
There are many indications, however,
that that popultion is inclined to drift i
beyond the limits of the South, botb I
in a northerly direction and also toward
the southwest, its place being gradually
taken by Americans who have tried the
middle west and who now seek ho nes
in Virginia, Georgia. Tennessee, Alabama,
Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas 1
and other southern states. These new
oitizens of the south are largely of 1
the agricultural class. They are bringing
new ideas and new methods with
them, and from them may be expeoted
to spring additions to the native-born
southerners who have set to work to
develop southern indnstries. The
sloughing off of the undesirable porA"
? ? nAnnla^nn on/1 fKo
UU11S UI lilO OUUIU D J^U^UIOUIUU CIUU vuv
addition of thrifty Amerians from other
portions of the country may be expected
to continue indefinitely and to increase
much more rapidly in the future, now
that the southward trend*of population
is so pronounced throughout the north
and the northwest."
One of the great southern interests
to be reckoned with in this future is
iron. It has become the habit to look
to the Birminghnm distriot before passing
judgment upon the outlook for the
market. The view given there during
the past week is eminently satisfactory.
The Birmingham correspondent of the
Manufacturers' Record says that the
advancc of 50 cents a ton on November
7th was promptly accepted without interruption
of the buying, that it was
not confined to the small order trade,
but that interests of every degree were
active in the move. By Friday the
interests that had led the selling were
in a very comfortable condition as to
stocks. Their surplus was absorbed
and sales of comfortable amounts had
been booked for the first half of the
coming year. A second advance of 25
cents a ton did not deter buyers. He
adds that the feeling is one of confi*
.i .--x ? ?a
aence.m me maiaieiiauuw ui ^inucs auu
that the market will remain conservative.
There has been during the week
a good demand for steel produots and
the steel mill hss accepted all the orders
that suited its convenience. An
evidence that an increase in its business
is expected it the fact that the
5th furnace is now being heated in
preparation for going into commission.
What Thy Should Do.
Charles A. Towne, chairman of the
Silver Republican National commite
has been in conference at Minneapolis,
Luxor. J WibU UbUCl UICUXUUO vvuuiuviiug
the party's future. It is understood that i
it was decided to issue an address ex- i
pressing the belief that the time has :
come for giving up the parly organiia- '
tion and merging its members into the i
Democray. All Silver and Lincoln Republicans
will be nrged to become Demo- :
crats in good standing. 1
TALKING THROTJGEJHIS HAT,
A Charleston Fossil Tickles the
Republicans.
The Washington correspondent of the
Charleston Post says among Southern
gentlemen in "Washington is Hon. A.
B. Kaufman of South Carolina. Mr.
Kaufman is well known throughout
the South and takes much interest in
all matters tending to the development
of the South and especially of his home
city of Charleston. He is in Washington
at present to attend a meeting of
the Red Cross Society, of which he is
an m/?nri'hpr AlfcVinnffh Mr.
Kaufman, in politics, differs from the
large majority of the people of Charleston,
having advocated the reelection of
President McKinley, it is safe to say
that there is no man in Charleston who
has more friends or who is more highly
regarded than himself. Mr. Kaufman
in speaking on different topics while
in Washington stated, that although
he was gratified at the reelction of
President McKinley, he deplored the
fact that the solid north and West was
arrayed against the solid Sout^
Nevertheless, he says that there is a
large element in the South, as he
judges from the vote in South Carolina
who were not in favor of Col. Bryan,
but who could not be brought to the
point of voting for President McKinley.
This element, he says, refrained
from going to the polls. In substantia-tion
of this he points to the fact that
the registered vote in South Carolina
is about 100.000 and less than one half,
or about 40,000 persona yoted at the
recent election. The vote at the primary
election in Charleston, he says,
was 4 500, while at the'national election
it was only 2,000. In Columbia
the registered white vote was 3,000,
while only 300 votes 'were cast. jHe
thinks that the great portion of this
vote which failed to .. express itself was
largely favorable to Presideat McKinley."
. %
SCIENCE VERSUS MAMMON.
A Eevolt Among the Professors of
Stanford University.
Dr. Edward Ross, head professor in
the department of economics and sociology
at Stanford University, has resigned.
The resignation caused quite
a sensation in university circles, where
Dr. Ross was extremely popular. Id
his formal letter of resignation he inintimated
that,he was being forced out
of the a Diversity by Mrs. Stanford,
who had taken-exception to statements
made by him in his public address on
aoniftlnirifta] And flflnnmift nnefltinns.
He farther said that Mrs. Stanford was
prompted by certain powerful persons
and .commercial interests in San FranDisco
4 Several of the faculty have taken
sides with Dr. Ross.
Dr. Jordan, president of the university,
said today:
"In regard to the resignation of Dr.
Eoss it is right that I should make a
further statement. There is not the
slightest evidence that he is a 'martyr
to freedom of speeoh.' Nor is there
any reason to believe that his withdrawal
has been due to any pressure
[)f capital or any other sinister influence.
[ know that Mrs. Stanford's decision
was reaohed only after long and earnest
sonsideration, and that its motive was
the welfare of the university and that
alone."
Supplementing his former utterances
upon the subject of Prof. Rosa's dismissal,
Dr. Howard addressed his
slass in history today upon the matter.
Phe entire hour of the class was given
up to the discussion of "free speech."
Dr. Howard ^arraigned the inflaences
that brought about the dismissal of the
nrnfessor.
r ? *
Prof. Howard conoluded his speech
with this sensational utterance:
"I do not bow down to Saint Market
street I do not doS my hat to the
Six Companies; neither am I afraid of
the Standard Oil Company.
Unfortunate Insane.
The regents of the state hospital for
insane at their recent meeting had
Borne facts presented to them which
are startling in some respects. The
daily average "attendance" has been
steadily growing. Dr. Babcock in giving
the statistics says: "Last year the
average was barely over one thousand
a day, but this year's average will run
over one thousand- and forty. The records
show that the great increase has
been since 1870. This is accounted for
first by the large increase in the negro
popu'ation of the hospital for the in1
j ! 0>T/\ iL 1 3
sane, ana umu jloiu me coucugb naa
to pay the expenses of patients sent to
the hospital, whereas now the state
bears the expenses directly and the
county authorities feel rery much freer
to unload patientn on the state, and
they send patients here who- onght to
be' kept at home or in the poor housee,
if no other place can be provided. The
problem of housing all of these patients
is becoming quite serious and the state
will have to take hold of the situation
soon and provide quarters, instead of
building here to meet present needs."
Dr. Babcock, with the co-operation of
the board has make every cent of the
annuel appropriation go its farthest.
Bat the report of the regents, which is
being prepared to be submitted to the
legislature will show that' much more
must be done for the unfortunate class
of citizens who have to be treated at the
hospital.
Attacked by a BurglarA
negro burglar forced his way to
the apartments or Mrs. urnn w. roller,
wife of- the millionaire steel man
and banker, in her home, 130 Lake
Shore drive, Chicago, shortly after 1
o'clock Wednesday morning, and when
discovered in the act of applying a
sponge, saturated with chlorform, to
the nostrils of his victim, struck her a
fierce blow on the head with a slung
shot. The shock of the blow rendered
Mrs. Potter unconscious, and the doctors
who were called fear that she may
not recover. Just before 'ueing str*ck
Mrs. Potter roused the household with
a shrill cry for help.
Mrs. Potter's daughters, Miss
Mar<r*rof and Mi AH Bessie. heard their
mother's screams for help and -rushed
to her bed chamber. When they
Baw the robber they fled into the
street and oalled for help. The robber
fled as soon as the young women began
creaming in the street. After he had
gone the daughters returned to the
house, called a physician for their
mother, and then notified the police
of what had happened.
WHAT BRYAN WILL,DOThe
Question by th.? Gentleman
HimselfIn
the answer which he has j ast sent
to the publishers of the Denver Post
declining their offer to an editorial
position at $10,000 a year it is believed
that Wiliam Jennings Bryan has indicated
his intention to continue making
speeches and to be in line for the presidential
nomination four years hence.
That appears to be the only interpretation
to be put on his telegram to the
editor of the Pcs% which read:
"H. H. Tammen, F. G-. Bonfils, Denver
Post, Denver, Col.: Thanks for you
offer, but I cannot accept. I shall remain
here, and in the future, as in the past,
defend with tongue and pen the principles
which I believe to be right and the
policies I believe to be wise."
If this does not mean that-Mr. Bryan
means to pursue exactly the same course
he pursued during the past four years
with the same object in view, what does
it mean? ^
Bryan is not disturbed or concerned
as to his ability to make a livelihood
for himself and his family. His depth
as a political and economic thinker and
the ability of his pen assurer him that
his personal finances eannot suffer.'
Bryan has made a snug fortune from
his writings and lectures in the past
few yea'-s. Some of this he has kept
for himself, but a great portion of the
money has been donated to causes in
which he has taken an interest.
Today Mr. Bryan could retire to
prive life and live in comfort on the
income of what he has massed. The
profits from the book he published after
campaign of 1896 were suffijient to en
able him to invest a sum in bonds whioh
will bring to him an annual income of
$2,000.
Bryan is a man of simple tastes, and
this sum wouldjae sufficient to educate
his children and sustain his family in
comfort.
A year ago last week Bryan made a
speech in Lincoln in the course of
whioh he said:
"Som6 of my Republican friends,"
he continued, "have been feigning
wonderment as to what will become of
me when this craze of isms, as they
^erm the issues, has died out. In order
to relieve them of any undue worry I
want to serve notice that I shall continue
in politics in active opposition to
any party or doctrine which violates
American ideals and the true principles
of human liberty until the hd ia
closed upon my cof&n."
Mr. Bryan has already answered the
question: What is Bryan going to do??
Atlanta Journal.
Smalls Issues Circular.
The negro ex congressman Robt
Smalls is the author of circular letter
whioh he is sending to prominent
negroes throughout the country advocating
concerted action in their part in
opposition to what he calls an attempt
fn diofrnTirtlnflA hia rana in the Palmetto
State. The negro ex-leader wants the
congressional representation from
South Carolina reduced in accordance
with the fourteenth amendment of the
Constitution which reads "That when .
the male inhabitants of any State, being
twenty-one years of age and citizens of
the U. S., are denied the right of suffrage
except for participation in rebellion
or other crime, the basis of representation
therein shall be reduced in
the proportion which the number of
such male citizens shall bear to the
whole number of male citizens twentyone
years of age in such State." If
Smalls would take into consideration
the number of his race who have forfeited
all claim to citizenship by the
commission of crimes and felonies it
would be impossible to enumerate
doubtless he would understand the wisdom
of South Carolina's registration
laws. The negroes here heartily detest
Smalls, but are afraid of him. Many of
them are jealous because he is such a
pet of the present administration and
he certainly does seem to be able to
get about any apppointment he desires
under a Republican administration.
A Blow at the South
Congressman Leoniaas F. Livingston
of Georgia in an interview in the
Atlanta Daily News says: "Before
leaving Washington, I learned unofficially
from Republican headquarters
that it was the purpose of the Republican
leaders in the house and senate to
cut down the representalion, as provided
for under the 14th constitutional
amendment as they construe it in the
house, of those States whioh have made
the disfranchisements by Statute or
State constitutional amendment.
"While this is not offical, I am thoroughly
satisfied that the matter is
under serious consideration, and there
is great danger to those Southern States
in the attempt to do so, whether successful
or not. If successful it cuts our
power in the house of representatives
about one*third, as I can approximate
it now." In reply to a telgram sent to
General G-rovesera, the Republican
leader he wires the A tlanta News from
Atlanta, Uhio, as follows: "1 do not
care to express an opinion at this time.
So serious a matter deserves great consideration."
A Good Health Party"A
G-ood Health Party," the very
latest, is suggested by a Western woman
who has the courage of his hygienic
convictions. It would begin operations
she says, by so stationing the polling
places that every voter would have to
walk five miles to deposit his ballot?
or hers, for this would be a woman's
suffrage party, the ballot being granted
to every woman who could show a waist
measurement of from 28 to 35 inches!
Every candidate would be required to
prove that he toek a cold plunge bath
every morning, and the candidate for
president would have to be the health
iest man in the United States?4'a
man who had never used tobacco or
tasted alcohol; who never drank tea or
coffee of water at meals; >who had 32
sound natural teeth; who always went
to bed at 10 o'clock; who had studied
foods and always ato for nourishment
and never for fun; who abhorred pepper,
vinegar and mustard and believed
that ice cream should be eaten ho;."
Mysterious BisapperanceMrs.
Hancock, wife of Capt. Hancock,
U. S. A. about to sail on the
transport Kilpattrick for the Philippines,
has dissappeared. She was
shopping with her sister yesterday in
a Sixth avenne and excused herself
for a few minutes and ha.i not been
seen since. Her sister says Mrs. Hancock
has been ill for some time.
MASK THROWN OFF.
The Republican Party and the
Trusts.
TO BE GIVEN FREE REIM.
- \ t. ' v? 2
One of the Organs Comet Out
and Boldly Declares the Republican
Position as
^to Trusts.
The most unblushing repudiation of
campaign promises and confession of
Dartv hvDocrisy is made b7 the New
York San, the metropolitan organ of the
Republican party, in the following
It has been made evident bj the
eleotion that the people of this oountry,
besides being determined to maintain
their financial honor in good times and
m bad, are very tired of the howis
of cranks against corporate enterprise
and of visionary crying of oommnnistie
Utopias. Such was not the ease four
years ago. Despite the sense of relief that
was experienced over the defeat
of Bryan at that time, thoughtful men
reaiizad perfectly well that practically
the same eontest would have to be
waged four years later, and that not
until it could be demonstrated to politicians
that the Bryan theories did not
appeal to the hearts of the people eould
Bryan's hold be loosed upon the great
political party that he had seised. Republicans
knew this aa well as Democrats,
and ever sinee the last election
the leaders of the Republican party
have made all sorts of efforts to placate
and allay what they feared was
the Bryanism latent in the country by
various anti-trust laws and other leg"
islative measures whioh would have
the appearance of meeting half way .
that .hostility to corporate and bodneit
enterprise which it was feared Mr.
Bryan had evoked. Now this is
changed. There is little fear that there
will be more anti-trust laws at the com-?
ing session of Congress or at the one *
next after it, and it is probable, so far
as our own Legislature is oonoerned,
that not only will no such laws be passed
or even introduced, but that some
hasty measures of the sort that hava
found their way to the statute books
will be amended, if not repealed. The
net result of it all is a general confidence
in the health and solidity of
business conditions in this country
such as has not been known in many,
many years. It is of a deeper and
stronger nature than the wildlraoyanee
of the opening days of 1898: it is the
settled and serene conviction that, far
a time in the future beyond which merchants
can not forsee there is to be an
end to demagogic attack upon busi- -ness."
The Charleston Post, which supported
McKinley in the late election, says:
"Here is an open acknowledgment that
the anti-trnst legislation promoted bj
the Republicans was mere sham, enact- ed
for campaign purposes, not for
remeding an evil, and also a declaration
that the promises of the Republican
platform regarding the restriction of
the trusts will not be kept. The mbstance
of the statement is not at all a
matter of surprise to those who under*
stand, the Republican party's charaater,
but the confession is in a way a
piece of honestythat we scarcely had
expected.
Hard Winter Coming. .
"All the signs in the woods," explained
an experienced woodsman to a
Star reporter,. "point to a very severe '
winter, though it may be a short one.
The squirrels have already begun laying away
their winter store of nuts, though
in the immediate country around Washington
the nuts have not begnn to fall
to any- great extent The crops of
acorns, hickory and chestnuts is unusually
large this fall, some trees that
have come under my observation betting
at least double the auantitv they
did last year. This is a very reliable
sign of a severe winter. Another sign
is the erop of persimmons, which is
also very heavy. The fey; frosts that
we have had have not done muoh to
ripen the persimmon, and many of
them are yet green, My observation
convinces me that these signs are entitled
to some dependence, though, ofcourse,
they are not recognised as infallible
by the authorities on the subject.
I think I have satisfied my own
mind on the bearing the persimmon has
on the weather that is to follow, and
that this is incontrovertable: If the
persimmon ripens an i falls early the
winter will be brief, but if it holds on
to the tree late intoHhe fall the winter
is very liable to be late in its wind-up
ana severe wniie it prevails, ?ne animals
are preparing for a cold winter,
and there are some reasons for believing
that they know what they are
about."
War to The Death.
The time has come, fn the opinion of
those in charge of the War Department,
to pursue a policy of absolute and relentless
subjugation in the Philippine Islands.
If the natives refuse to submit
to the process of government as mapped .?
out by the Taft commission they will be
hunted down and will be killed, until
there is no longer any show of forcible
resistance to the American government.
lhe prooees will not be pleasant, but it
is considered necessary. President MeKinley
is determined to end the War
at the earliest possible moment, so that
it It l>? n a c own fA kill nff fift A* 7/1 TM*
14 lb L>C UGUC03O1/ W AMI vu vv va ?w |rv* v
cent of the entire population it wili be
done. The process may seem harsh,
bat it is a common preliminary to oolonizition
movements in the tropics* <
Will Swing.
A dispatch from Georgetown to The
State says: "The case of John Browsfield,
charge with the killing of James
0. Scurry, which gained notoriety from
the nf having nrAflinitatad tha M?
cent -riot, was brought up in court
Thursday morning and concluded at 8
o'clock Friday evening, with a radio:
from the jury of guilty, without recommendation.
The deceased was acting
in the capacity of constable, and the
State made out a clear ease of malieioo
resistance both with state 8 evidence
and that of the defense, so that no other
verdict was possible."
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