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The sentinel-journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1906-1909, April 04, 1907, Image 1

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Entered April 23 1903 at Pzeko' ns C., as second Class matter, nud er ac of Congress of Mar01 3, 1879
i~ VOL
AN (I 'I4(1iP% 17"
-- + + _WN1 11J1 4 A V I A
Pickens, S. (0., Mar. 3 0. 1907.
T 'o,the people of Pickens County,
the last ILegislaturo passed the follow
inlg High School Act, plonso read and
save, an.y service that I can be to any
moctiol of the'County, I will gladly
render. I trust that the people of our
Uounty will get their share of the $51,
You rs.
R. T. HIallum
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Gener
al As,nlbly of the Stato of Soutn
Carolina, 'Lhat it shall 'be lawful for
any County or for any township, or
any aggregation of adjoining town
ships, or for any aggregation of ad
joiring school districts, of not more
than one thousand inhabitants under
the last proceding United States Census
to estabijah a high school in the man
ner and with the -privilege herein
Sec. 2 That any high school terri
torial unit mentioned in Section 1 of
this Act may establish a' high school
by an election to be held in said pro
posed high a^hool district upon the
question of establishing the same; said
election to be conducted in all other
respects, including the reoniremente of
'those who are allowed to vote therein,
-as olecions are now conducted under
-Section 1208 of the Civil Code of 1902,
in reference to special levies for school
purposes. If a majoriy of the votes
,ast shall be "For High School,'
sind not "Against High School." the
high school shall be established, and
become a body corporate under the
name and style of High School District
No. -- of--County (the State Board
to insert the number in order of its
establishment in the particular County
and also the name of the proper
County) wheri 'pon the County Board
of Education shall appoint. for said
high school a tF "I of Trustees com
posed of five regular members: Provid:
ed, That the five Trustees for said
high school shall be appointed for six
years, one of whom shall serve for
only two years, two for only four
.years, and two for six years, the
tenure of each to be determined by
lot: Provided, further, That the Chair
man of each School District Board
within the high school territory bo
exoflcio a member of the High School
Board: Provided further. That the
'Trustees of any special district in
.any incorporated town or city operat
ing under a special Act of the General
Assembly, shall be exoflcio Trustees
of the High School in that town or
city, every vacancy by expiration of
tonuto to be filled for six years and
all unexpired terms to be filled by
appointment of said County Board,
vxcept in special districts otherwise
Sec. 3. That the Board of Trustees
<-f every High School so established is
Ieely authorized to levy annually for
ii support of such High School, not
'-xceeding two mills on the dollar in
addition to the levy now allowed by
aw of all taxable property within
.-iueb Iligh School District, the tax
t'o be colt)1eLd ini the same manner as
,occiatl levies are now collected under
Section 1208 of said Code : 1'rovidod(,
Tlhat the right to make it a levy
merei'ly for conducting tI o High School
:Mr the then next current scholastic
-y4ar as now defined in Section 1232 of
said Cede: may be voted down for
that year in the same manner as now
psovided for in said1 Section 1208 niith
~reference to voting upon special levies
for School District niurposes.
bec. 4. That any p)ublilt High School
*airoady established, or any number of
* ).igh School Qrados in a p)ublic hool
alsreoy established-rovided, it shall
- he reorganized3( and adop01ted as a lIigh
School l,.y speciail election as proscrib
. lid In Section 2 of this A ct- in~ any
H ighi 1-ehool territory above desc:ri bed
muiy claim the privilege of th is Act:
*Provided. It conforms to the provish.ns
t hereof : Provided furhter, That nothing
mn this Act shall be0 construed as a ro
peal of any of the privileges granteci
them in the spocial Acts of the General
Soc,5 That a 1High School maintain
ing a four years' course of study be
yond the branches of learning prescrib
01 LIuo zrate, and nmbracing not fow(
than sevon gradc,s or school years,shal
bo known as a four-your Ifigh School
a High Schoel maintaining a thre
years' courso boyond- the comnmoi
:.ebo(1 ourse, ball bo bknown as thro
year High School: and one maintain
ing ia two yoars'courso beyond the coim
mon course, shall be known as it twi
year figh School: Provided, That an:
and all High Schools established nudo
authority of thiR Act shall include ii
the course of study instruction ii
manual training espoecially in respec
to agriculture and domestic science.
Sec. 0. The State High Sehoo
Board aball provide for the inspectior
and classification of High Schoolb
and under this Act. In doing this, il
may invite the assistancoof such mom
bors of the Universities and Colleget
of this -State, as they may select, ani
their autunl expenses shall be paid oul
of- the fund hereafter sppropriated
from year to year while actually, en
gaged In the duties devolving upor
Soc. 7. That the State Board of
Education, as now constituted, shal
constitute' the State High Sohool
Board. The State High School 3oarc
shall provide rules for the apporticn.
ment and disbursement of the Statt
aid to the High Schools. giving duc
recognition to the number or years o1
High School work, to the numoer o
courses of study offered, to the enroll
ment of pupils, the amount of indust.
rial training given, and to such othoi
matters of local merit as may appeal
to the Board after a careful examinat.
ion of each High School: Provided,
That no school shall receive more thai:
fifty per cent. of the amount raise(
annually by taxation, subscription o:
otherwise: Provided,further, That n<
school shall re,eivo aid unless it ha
at llast twenty-five pupils and twc
teachers In the High School depart
ment: Provided, also, That no schoo
shall remeive more than twelvo hundrei
dollars annually from theappropriatio:
provided in this Act: Povided, further
That no County shall receive more thai
five per cent. of the annual appropiatioi
provided for under this Act.
Sec. 8. The funds raised in th
various Counties by taxation, sub
rcription, or otherwise, for Hisl
School purposes, shall be placed in th<
County Treasury, together with an:
appr3priation received from the Stat,
Board of Educaiton, and shall b<
paid out only upon the order of thi
Board of High School Trustees, dul3
approved by the County Suporintenc'
ont of Education. Both the Treasuri
and the County Superintendent of
Education shall keep accurate uccount:
of this fund, as is provided for othoi
public school funds.
Soc. 9. That each of the High Schoo;
Districts so established is hereby an.
thorized to reneive and use eifts,trans,
fers, bequests or dovises of proporty
for corporato purposes, whether tho%
he otherwise conditional, or whethoi
absolute in their terms; and alse
issue couon bonds within the con
stitutional limit and to dispose of the
same to raise monev for the purposc
of purchasing sites and the erection
of buildings thereon or for the purp)ose
of purchasi ng improved property,suit
able for school, or doriritory, or mess
hail purposes: Providea, That .the
questionI of amnountlof issue, and the
rate of mtererst, and the time or times
of payment of the p)incipal, shall first
be submuitted to the qualified oloctors
within the said High School Distici
who return real or personal piroperty
for taxation, at an election to be hold
in the same manner as elections foi
special levies for School D)istrict puir
poses8 are now required to ho submitter
under said Section 1208 of said Clodo
Provided, That a potitioni for suc)
elect.ion be first addressed to the Boar(
of Trustacs of saia School Distric
signed by a ma.iortiy of thu, freeholder
theroin : And Provided, further, Tha
an annual interost on said issue shal
nat eixcecd six por coat., and tahr th<(
sale shall not be for loss than lpar art~
accrued interest.
Soc. 10. That the surn of fIfty thouis
andl dollars ( $50,000.00 ), or so nmuel
thereof as may be necessary, for eael
school years, boginning July bt, 1907
be, ando the same Is hereby, app)ropriatte
to carrylout the p)rovisins of this Act
and the Comptroller General Is herob
authorized to draw warrnts ...-e t
r State Trasuror for such i mounts, n -
1 the order of the State Board of ;
; ucatio, duls" signed by the Governor.
u as Chaijman, and the State Super
i intendenl: of Education, as Seerotarv
1 l'rovided, That tuition shall be free
- in every school receiving aid under
- this Act to all pupils in the County
) where the school is locatc.d : Provided,
V further, That nothing in this Act shall
r be construed to moan that pupils of
t different races shall attend tho 5ame
Approved Febuary 19, 1907. h
A long distance message from Pelzer v
Sunday says that Berry Elrod, colored c
was killed yesterday morning at 8 o'- p
clock by a negro woman. She kilod him v
with a gun. The woman whose name a;
could not be ascertained, is under a'
arrest and Magistrate Pearman will t<
send her to the county jail this after
noon. t
The killing occured on Mr. Jim a
Dickson's place about two miles from a
Pelzer. Particulars of the case could p
not be learned before this pal er went h
to press. --Anderson Mail. li
The big tabernacle Bible conference
in Atlanta closed yesterday. Dr. C
Broughton announced that Campbell t(
Morgan, the great English preacher, o
would be among tho speakors for 1908. nf
-- 11
There soms to be a sort of "jack- si
theo-lothes-burnor'' fiend at worc in na
Columbia. At the Palmetto House, a g
I high class boarding establishmnort lo- tc
cated on Taylor street noar.Main, for t<
> the seventh time withit; two weeks o
the place was discovered on fire this t
morning, and again the place had a i
- nairow escape frou total dostruction.
1 Thanks to good fire fIlhting the cani- N
i age was slight.. As in former cases f
the fire originated in some clothing of t
at guest Each time a difTerent victim r
1 is selected. It is difficult to figure out p
a whether the fire bug is dirocting his i
efforts against the house, or just has <
a a mania for burning clothes. The t
- police have no clue and no arrest h.vo e
been made so far.
W. J. Rawles, whose poker rooms i
and alleged gambling joint were raidud 0
in Norfolk Va.,Sunday was today fined "
$1,000 and given six months in jail. 9
The case will be appealed.
Six trainon wore killd in a bead on- C
collision between two freight trains on tt
the Missouri, Kansas and Texas rail- t
road, six miles s>uth of Fort Worth D
Texas early today. ti
The collision occurred while both a
trains were runnin dlown grade and at ri
a high speed. Fire broKe out imnod- o
lately and two brakemen were burned ri
before assistance could reach them. O1
Over 300 head of cattle were also cre- di
mated and cight cars of merchandise 01
were destroyed. 8
Failure of the north bound traini to 0o
receive an order is said to be respon- gi
siblo for the wreck.
In Savmiahi GIa., two funerals,
conducted the same day under i no ame
direction of the same undertaker, the -
same minister officiating in the same
cemetery at almost the same lhour, 'ii
undied a romarktiblo si,ory of samoness
that came vesterday with the deaths I
at almost the sam~ time of two men at"
the same hospital, alhieted wvith t he "
same disense for which the samne t rent.E
ment was admi n:tered, both being the
samne size, the same age and minus theu
same leg, the left.
The. deceased were Wylie (ioodling' 0
and Joseph Guiliam, both of that eit <
They wore strangers to eh ot her,
but thev occupiod adljolninmg rooms in "'
the hosni tal, boih sulT(oring from "
urnomic p)oisonng. The doctor. etdi
nurses admninstered to each inan thle
treatment that was being giro h*t tis
noighbhor, with the same result in tl
I each case.
A coldI is muob more easily cnre.1 IW
when the howvels are openied. 10 untly's r
Laxative Iloney and Ta'ir opens the how ,
els and dives the cold out of the system r
in yoimg or old1. Sold by Pickens'D)rug
n Co. 1
11111ea-1 of
Ii fol'ii atl 1011.
--(n<l ncted by the
sout ('alro 'r linn lInrmers' I-duc tioinal an<
('4-001jerative Union.
r l r , i r lic in"tendc((I f r 111his (epnr
neut .-houldt be slidressed to J. c:. Str ling,
ul ("lou, :;O)ut.(arollna.
t takes one kind of food to g row a
og with l:rofit, and another kind to
ttein or finish him off on. Did you
ver study this thine over carefully? 11
1300auso we all know and say that
o can't raise hogs profitably on 7c.
rn, Tho cotton koons and cotton-tots t
Lit up this excuse for buying moat
hen we all know that our dadies and
rand dadies hauled wheat and moat
motimos fifty or one hundred miles
>s ll it.
Rather than grow sorghum, millot,
arnips. c'over, peas, garden truck
nd melons for hogs our corn bread
ad fried meat kind of cotton growers
refer to climb up a 'siminon tree and
ng themselves out on a lion law
mub ;,fter their meat and take the risk
the cotton bears coming their way a
3fore they get down.
As we travel over our cotton bolt we
unt about six o seven litle negroes
where we find one nig or calf. To
ir mind those people think there is
ore profit in raising litrle negroes on
cents cotten than there is ra -sing
ook on any plan. Now if this ig. f
>rant, improvident class of cotton
rowors did not have it in their power
set prices on the whole cotton crop
> the injury of the financial intertst
r the whole South we might say that
us way was their own nianir. but it
i not that way.
We arc' not a hater of a good negro.
fo have a good place in our business
>r a good negro. But he is not to boss
ho situatior. le is worth many timos
ioro than a good mule. But if his
ewer among tho people of the South
B going to be continued along the line
f urowing cotton with foreign capital
o enrich forieen countries by imnnov
roishing the soil and lowering our
hnle agricultural interest of the
rhite farming population, we must
niphatically say that the limit alcpg
Us lino has boon reached. Our land
wners, merchants, snnply men and
ionev lenders must take a positive and
rm stand nuainst the all cotton grow
ig thsinoss and enforce diversified
rmin,W or it will .;oon be too late.
ur great wenlt'' producing gold mine
at is mingled in a few.inches of the
p of the soil of the whole of our
ixie land, is no-' being dug out by
ese imnprovident people and aided by I
business class of our citizons, to on
nh foreigners. This tiring must stop
we are ruined polorlIe. When this
(oh top soil has nil beeIn exhausted
washed ol our farmor.: will ceIaso to l
g up gold from barren soi;, and as I
r farming initeroits go dJowni it wil
trol v carry w i th it rhe destruction of
it whole intoresi. " .s we g.o upl to
uther ,so do wo uo down together "'
Libherty S. C., MaLrch l'4, 1907.
Mr. Editor and l!rother- Farmers:
Inasmuch as [ have boona asked to
ive my plan of preparing uand culti
iti ng a corrain0 plot of land( that I
.iantedI in corn last year. I will givye
as clea rly as pos-siblde. The plot of
roundl conltainIed (1 % acres. F'irst
iincr 1 did was to break the land
ithi a two horse Oliver Chilled turn.
ig plow the fIrst of ianiy ; then
'lowed withI a sinothin ab arrow.
Ttm eleven th and twel fthi of May I
id oil with a mididle huster, four
oft apart. In this furrow I used 200) I
andiis of fortilizers to the acre, and s
*llowed withi ai subso5il 1)low th r s
tuh ly mi xi ng the fortaiz 'r withi the e
>i . The forti lizecr I used was a s
ixturo of my own, 200 piounds oif i
:3-3 goods then four m,-aks of cotton
eei meal, the remaning i' amnont bo- t
g 0 pr- en t an-id. ThIe'n I p93 lnted 5
to corn, cover-e'l with small ridge.
WVhen the cern got to wvher-e it had
irIo0 or four bilades I used( a weeder,
ecdinag two rows at a t ime I usedl
r the first plowing a short plow and
voep. After ten or twelve days I
in through each middle with a 30
gch sweep. This answered for second
Lowing. We again.nftar ten or wel.I
days. run throo furrows to the mitdlo
With a broad sweo. This laid the
uorns by. 1 gathered from this field
1,90S bundles of fodder. As to corn, I
lid not hmeasure, but all farmors can
dsecitlo for thomsolves about what I
mado .I gathorod 22 two horse loads
with top bod and ten inch plank. 1
Packod each load myself as long as I
1ould vot the corn to lie on.
Now, I leave it to you to e'c lato as
o the uner of bushols I gatherd
'rom this plot of land. In this field
[ took one terrace that measured three
ourtha of an acre and tried the \Vil
innison plan of ' stunting," as it is
!alled. I prepared this terrace as the
thor, and also planted at the same
ime. But instead of using 200 pounds
>f fertilizer when I plantcd, I used
inly 100 pounds to the acre.
The corn showed a marked difference
rom tbo-otier corn, both in color and
n size.' The first working of this
orrace was the same as the othcr.
lut instead of using a short piow and
weep, we used the long, narrow sub
oil with fender attached. This being
he only ditferenee in the cultivation
intil laid by. I used in the furrow
n the upper side of each row 150
iounds of fertilizer. This I covered
vith broad sweep, the same as I run
brough the rest of the field. The
ertilizer I used on this plot was the
aum as used on the rest of the field,
rith addition of 50 pounds of nitrate
f soda. I used in the last plowing 150
ounds of fertilizer, which makes 400
sounds to the acre. I laid by this ter
ace as I did to rest, but run the
middle furrow first and put in this
nrrow the fertilizer and covered with
he othei two furrows, thus leaving a
idge in the middle tnat was caubed
y running the center furrow first.
As this corn developed to maturity
hbe fodder was long and continued
reon to the bottom of the stalk until
ready to gather. The corn was not
quite as high nor the sttlks as large
as the other, Lut the oars were larger
and better matured and nearer the
ground. The fodder on t.is terrace
remained green at least ton days after
the rest of the field was gathered. I
gathered from this terrace three loads,
the same sizo as the others. Now. you
can calculate for yourself what I
gathered from.this particular terrace.
Brother farmers,frnm my experience
[ think it will pay to plant corn this
way. I am preparing my corn land
;his year with three-horse reversible
ise plow, ten to eleven inches deep. I
ixpoct to gather from 20 to 50 bus~uols
o the acre. Now brother farmer,
ry this plan and lot us hoar from you
it gatherinc time. This will probably
lp us all and give some one a better
,nowledge of farming.
I will close with much success to the
citor and brother farmsers.
Sedgwick M. Jonuton.
Brother Johnson did no hand hooing.
Vo regret that he did not measure at
oast one acre on the \Villiamson plan
nd one of the ether ; we cain never got
.sitive fac-ts until we do this.-Ed.
G~ood farming~ tools and impliments
rc comiparati vely v'ery cheop and wilt
mn readly aind on hand for work at anv
.-nr, while labor is very high an un
vailable. You may have fifteen hands
o day but vou cannot count on five
f themi for-tomorrowv's work until they
all in line at work t'me. Then don't
rako a mistake by trying to save on
lhe tools side and paying big wages
or very worthless labor. Pay better
lages for bettor meni and never pay
ho best price for poor Ilaborers.
Seo boyvs arid men, toe make a
lig nistakco ini the dliiferonee between
mart tricks' and mean tricks. All
nah elforlts are abortive as to the
riginal intentions, this kind of cheap
tuff fools no one more than, the one
/ho starts out to fool others. In other
ordls, he that gets up these mean
ricks to fool others dith in those days
onorally fool himself.
'hoe world is full of hopeless men
Sad victims of misfortune's
Ve learned life's dlearest lo.qson
Thev staked their money on sure
---Ohicago I~cRd-a eatu .

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