E SENI NEL JOURNA.
Entored April 23, 1903 ut Pickens, 3. 0., as second olassimatter, under act of Congress of March 8, 1879.
VOL. XXEvil, ?ICEINS, SCUTH CAROLINA, THU93DAYI NOVINili 28 1907
At the End.
Wli'sn the sands in the hourglass
And the end of it all iN nigh;
When the signal is made for thbe cur
And the footlights begin to die:
It is good to glance back at the
We have done in the days gone by.
When the grave in the 'grass is
And we totter, decrepit. and graq-;
When the darkness begins to hover
And we near the end of the day,
It. is good to looks back at the flowers
We have planted along the way.
When-the candle has burned to the
. And the fl-me in the wind is bent;
When' life to the utmost limit
'Of years is nearly spent,
It is good to look back at the kind
Our lives to otbers have lent.
When th windows begin to darken
And we bid farewell to the bun;
When the singingig ii tured to si
And the en(V of it. all is won,
It is good to turn back through tLe
At the good that we mlay haVe
[B at. n Traneeript
A Wasted Present.
"What in the world shall I send
Aunt Betsy, John ?" demanded the mas
terful lady of the mild little main.
"A workbasket or 'a book?" he sug.
"Don't be a fool, John! You've no
taste. I'll send her one of those fancy
boxes of soap."
And she lifted to her nose a box
containing six round tablets of per
"Yes," she continued, "this is the
"But, my dear, really"- he protest
"You be quiet, John! Now, wrap
this up, miss!"
Two days later a packet arrived from
Aunt Betsy, and In haste they opened
it to see how she had taken their
thoughtful present. Under the wrap
ping was the affectionate message:
"Niece-Herewlth I Keturn the box
of shaving soa) you sent me. I an
too old to appreelte tlhe jokfu of be
ing regarded as a bearded lady. Yqtlr
Then, but only for a moment, the
mild little man smiled. - Pearson's
A Dreadful Assault.
Justice Ball, an Irish judge, was
noted for his amusing manifestations
Of ignorance, but whether they were
real or pretended las never been clear
ly establlthed. He tried a case in
which a nmn was Indicted for robbery
at the house of a p)oor wIdow. The
first witness was the young daughter
or the widlowi, who idenltifled the pris
oner1 ats the main who had entered the
honse and smashed her mother's cheet.
"Do you say that the prisoner at the
bar broke your iothaer's chest?" saId
the judge In astonishment.
"He did, my lord," answered the gIrl.
"lie jumped on it till he smiashed it
Th'e judge turned to the crown counf
se'l aind saId: "Howv Is this? Why Is
niot the prislonler ldleted for murder?
It' lhe smiashied this poor1 woman's chest
in the way the witnesas has described,
it he must surlely have kllledl her'."
"But, nmy lord." said the counsel, "it
w~'as a woodlen ehiest."-Cornhll Maga
Maximilian and "Lai Paloma."
Whae~eer that hauntinug ala-, ''La Pa
loma,"' is playedC~ the memory of tihe
E~mpeIror' Maxmnilbain, shoti by the Mex
11icans on .Junae 19. IS8T.i should he pre
ser'ved. Maxmailian's f'nal r'eituest w~as
tha t "Lam P~aloma"s homuki be played
whaile he stootl up to meaaet his dloomi.
Ie ied113 ithl the tunie hii his ears, and
hIs wll'e wipt mad with thie shoek of
his Ceecti Lon.
Papa Is Brave.
Elschen-a-Mamana, is papa ever br'ave ?
* Mother-He Is always brave, I hope.
But what makes you ask? IEiselcn
Rtecausei I thought if lie were lhe
wouldn't let my13 governess pull his ears
LENGTH OF THE DAYt
Difference Between the Star.Da
and the Sun Day.
IT IS GREATEST IN WINTEF
Why the Differonce Occurs* and Hoi
-it May Be Observed-Oddly Enoug
the Shorfest Day In the Year I
Really the Longest Day In Time.
H-ow long. after ill, is a day? Tb
geographies say that It is the time r(
quired for the earth to turn once o
Its axis, that it measures twenty-fou
hours by the clock and that a fractio
more than 305 of them are to be foun
in a year.
It Is a good plan when one read
anything i a book to test It when b
can for himself. We want to see ju.s
how long It takes the earth to tur
over once. Let us take any one o
the fixed stars that chances to be I
line with some convenient point ani
watch In hand, notice the preelse n
ment at which the star touches, let ii
say, a particular tree, branch or ste
pie on the horizon line. If on the ne,
evening we stand at precisely the saim
spot and sight the same star again I
line with the same polut as befori
then we shall know that the earth ha
turned on Its nxis just once.
Curiously .enough, however, we sia
discover, If this Is (lone carefully, tha
lin spite of what the books say, it doe
not require twenty-four hours for th
earth to turn over once. About foui
minutes before the day Is up, by th
clock, the earth has revolved 'once an
brought the stdr hack to its old pos
tion in the sky. Iteally, then, the eart
turns on its axis once In twenty-thre
hours, fifty-six minutes and four se<
onda and, as one can easily reckoi
makes somethiug more than 306 rev<
lutlons in a year.
But human beings are not so muc
interested in the stars as in the sim
We really don't care much how long
takes the earth to turn over and brin
it star back again to the same point I
the sky or how many times in a yef
a star seensa to go by. We set oi
clocks and reckon our year by tli
turning of the earth under the sil
and beenuse the earth not only turr
under the sun, but also goes round I
it takes about four minutes longer i
bring the sun up to its old place I
the sky ilisn to bring back a star. Ti
comes about simply enough. Suppos
one is In a room looking out the wh
dow at a tree. If he turns round onc
e'xactly he will find himself lookin
straight -at the tree again, but If i
trIed the same thing when he was o
as mding traIn he would tind the
while he was making the turn the tre
had fallen behind. He would tben, n
cording to the way lie twirled, have t
turn a little more or a little less t
bring the tree straight before his nose
Therefore It Is not quite true that
day Is the time required for the eart
to turn once on Its axis. It really I
this tiue plus the four minutes or a
required for it to turn and look bac
at the sun. The time required for thi
extra turn is not the same at all time
in the year. One cnn easily see In th
case of the mnoving traIn thait the fasi
er the csars were moving or the neare
the track the tree stood the snore th
latter' would seem to shift its positom
ISincee the enrsths is sonme 3,000,000 mnile
nearer the sun In winter than In sun
lit is the fasiter it travels, the differenc
ietwee'n *.tar day and sun day I
greaitest In winter.
Oddly enough. it happens that Dc
22. whIch hsas the least daylIght c
any day In the year and is therefor
cosinmonly snh1( to be the shortest c
all days, is really the longest. It does
as a matter of fact, rusn almost half
miinuste over' twenty-four' hours, wh'lil
thei truie shsostest day, which ('omies o
Sep~t. 17, falls stuort by about thme snum
So we real ly halve three (dit~erer
"da~ys." There is the star (day, whsie
Is the th-me during whieh the ear't
turns over onice. ThIs, because~ thm
ear'th spIns steadily, Is niways thm
samne length, twenty-thrsee hours, flft~a
sIx msinutes, ,'osur asnd nine-hmundredth
seconds. and there are 300 of thesm I
siyear. Thsen there Is the ordinsary k
gal day, which Is the time requlredl fa
a proper' clock to get round~ twics
T1Ihis Is jIust twenuty-fours hours. B<
sides5 those, there Is the sun day, it
time told by .the sundial, whIch, tala
Jng short with long, averages twehnt3
tour hsours, but Is never found to b
exactly the same length for two day
There is a string of long days in th
.winter, followed -.by a sries of shm
b ones in the spring. In the summiiei'he
sun days get long again, though not
quIte so9 long Is In the winter. In the
autumn come the shortest dayi of all.
Only occasionally are clock (lay' and
sun day of the same length. Only
four times a year do .clock noon by
the clock hands and sun noon by the
sundial- occur at the same moment.
while, because the long and short sun
days are fonnd in sets, they oftentimes
may be more than fifteen minntes
Vy The vast majority of the' 'ople
h reckon their time by the sun; .-But
a time for civilized men Is time by the
clock. The days are all twenty-four
hours long, and no matter where the
e sunt Is it Is noon for us when the clock
strikes 12. Nevertheless, astronomers
a often go by stat time, get In an extra
r day in each year and have their' noon
fall at all tImes of the day or night.
E. T. Brewster in Chicago Record-Iler
1 It Is a kingly act to help the fallen.
f We went to a bullfight and wished
I we had stayed away. It Is quite as
unpleasant as people say, and the
cruelty to the horses turns one sick.
s. If it was merely an affair between the
Imen, who are undoubtedly very skill
t ful, and the bull, which is probably so
lb mad with rage as to be past feeling
a much pain, one could shrug one's shoul
ders at the queer gaue ild iilnd ,Olme
excuse, but for the torture of those
poor old blindfolded screws there can
bI no shaqow of paillia ton. After three
,1 bulls had been killed *e had seen
s more than enough, especially as the
e hors-,es in the third encounter had III
r ready been badly gored in the second,
D and the third bull was not killed neat
1 ly, but ran about bellowing for awhile
with the espada's sword tstlcklug out
[a of his shoulders.-Blackwood's Maga
No Joke to Him.
"That fellow." said Tete de Veau, "is
always getting off the old joke about
h the difficulty of finding a woman's
It "But. you know." L'Oignon explain
g ed, smiling. "he married a rich wife."
n -Los Angeles Times.
Notices of Sale, Wants. Swaps, etc.
Inserted In this Column at 5 cents per
line for each insertion. Nothing taken
for less than 10 centg.
g For Sale--Family horse, 8 years old,
e gentla, fast; pric.. 175.
a For Sie--Ao.sr 41 .u single barrel shot
t gun $2; Me( liol .n uiddle in good fix
e 83.50. D. 1) Jobi.
Fon SALE-17 anrns, originail forost,
o. 1 miles north of Pickens, $30 an sore;
D 75 acres west of Woodall 1onuttain, 10
. acreA brauch bottom. baiance in timber,
f price $10 sore, cash deal. E. F. KrITH.
R . F. D., No. 4, Pickens, 8. C .
5 You have not heard nothing from Old
a Moore in a long Lime. I ..m in Earle's
C old drug store on the comner. I am just
s bat dIe-whanging along selling beef and
one thing and another. But now we
come to facta: I want to buy your dry
Shide-s, green bides, raw hides amid all
other kinds of hides,also yfllur seed cotton
r and cotton seeds. I want somae sheep, I
Li want, some pork; I can't tell hardlly
i.what I d~o want. T1he old sarket.
J. D. Moore.
IA few first class si-wing machines,
slightly used to be sold at greatly re
a duced prices. Also sewing machines re
s paired. Call at Graig Br'on
0. P. Knmght.
Ask to see our asse'riment of remanst
f iaetms Pricte by the bunch 100 the yard,
at rloro Obelisk Flour just received
e * WVANTED.-500 buwlhola pease; will
Li pay highest araket price; emsah or trade,
I iOV 6.tf Ashmuore & Niaummn.
IFor Sale,-155 aces of I -nd on east
I side o~f Twelve elilo River adjo.ininag
Ii lands oft Norrais Cot tons M'ills, WVarrena
b Hopkins and others.
e 23t3 TV. C. Robinason,
Norris, 8. C.
Pmy y'onrl gnano bills at once. I can
a nlot c'arry thaese anocoun mts anuy longer.
a Conmc to set aa preparoe.l top mnake settle
meint. IIH. A. RICH1EY.
r For Ha:e-SnIe SoldIt e ini fiirly good
FORL $A L
Will receiv-- bids for sale of 5-roomf
bionio and lot contain ing ninetonthls oft
anm acro mor'e ori lass in tihe to'wn of Lilb.
erly, 8. J. unt-il Decomer, 15th. Par.
chiasum' to paty for' papersc. Tersms to be
a stated in bi. J. C. O'D)elIl,
t Thanbridge. Ga.
-Conducted by the
Sotith Carolina Farmer' Educational anmd
Comin unicatiois intoded for ttis depart
ment shonld be addroed to J. 0. Strioling,
endleton. South Carolina.
OUR COTTON LETTER.
We are rejoiced to see. the grit and
pluck shown by so many Farmers
iJnion men during this supreme mo
inent when all Now York seens to be
combined to break do'wn our
determined efforts to hold cotion for
profitable prices. There are more
and stronger men' in the holding
crowd this year than ever known be
fore, and quite a large number are
with us this time tbat do not belong
to either the Farmert' Union or th;.
Cotton Aseociation. Our farmers
warehouses all over 86utli Carolina
are bteing filled up with cotton. An
derson Cotton Union has her large
two-story house full and now fillinv
another department in a cotton mill
hous-. In fact, everywhere we hear
'>f wiarehuse being Wtile an-.1 throiw
ing the key away, noL to b foun Cil,
minimum prices are reached. Fully
half the cotton held is not in ware
hous s. All are freezing to their cot
ton and are going to hold on uutil
ii carries them in eight of the burn
iog sulphuric blue blazes of hadus
before they will let it go tt co:' -
The time is near at hand when all
the South must stand up for cotton
Every banker, merchant and all othea
business men must aid cotton grow.
ers in their struggles for the profitt
on cotton that go to increase the fl M
of money of all trades.
Cotton growers themse.ves mut
for a time while the fight for profita
ble prices is on, leave off luxuariek
and deny thenselveq and familiep
some of the comfcrte that they may
expect to enjoy when they gain the
victory. The cotton grower n ho is
in the fight for right must wear out
his ol elpthes and then patch them
He must do without sugar in his
coffee -oecessury and only one
drink of wvhisky a week and a whole
lot of other things, and ab.ove all to
go at it now to raise everything at
home that will grow on your lhnds
that you need. Diversify your crops
and this will improve your lands and
increase the yield and profits.
The South does not owe New York
any bounties or pensions in this cot
ton business. New York cot ton hand
ling business was' built up by mien
imany of whom were reared in thbe
South, and we have more as capable
men here to build up our Southern
ports and shipping inaterests, flhe
South's prosparity was not brought
about by New York's aid or friend
ship, but it has been forged out ol
the golden profits4 of her cotton in
spite of Newv York's skinning games
practiced by her cot ton exchange and
other combinations of accumn~ulatedi
The farmer that gives in and lets
the speculator have his catton at
panic prices when he can help it have
no moire grit or pluck th in a cow -
ardly soldier that stampedes and
Ilees to the rear at the first fire from
The relief afforded c )tton growers
auder the now plan of storing his
cotton~ across the ocean out of New
Yor k panics where I oth storage cost
n'ed interest on advance are much
cheaper, is a good move at the right
Ji. M. Gantt has left all of his shop nc
counts wvith, B. F. Pasr otns for collect ion
and wants all those ?owing him to come
forwvard and make pavment
time. This will show New York that
she cannot skin cotton growers when
they take a notion to keep them from
Many of our best farmers say they
are too busy to attenct Union meet
ings.. A man that is not busy at
home or is not Worth anything to
himself or his family at home is of
no use to his Fariera' Union. Stick
a pin down at this point, and please
Wheu a member undortakes to role
or run the Union and the member
ship gets on to him, you may listen
for something to drop and down he
Whenever one man or even tbree
or four of them get to thinking they
are bigger than their county or state
Uniou arid th- membership get on.
to them, theso very large small men
generally have to taeke water and go
down the river where Ward's ducks
A woman detests a man who flat
ters almost as mluelil qQ oneQ who
He not over suspicious, bit keep
your eye on the man who boasts of
Most of a man's friends are 'nis
frienda because of wh. t they don't
know about him.
It is possible to draw a man out
and make him interesting-but it is
fferent with a ser mon.
A soft anAwer has turned many a
young man's thoughts toward the
urniture instalment houses.
No man likes to be abused unless
it's because he is rich.
A financier means you don't have
to go to jail for how you got it.
It way be wicked to tell a lie, but
it's a sight more wicked to tell chil
dren the truth ab.ut their fairy
The man who seeks office for the
public good is apt to consider him
self the entire public after he lands.
A woman goes to as auction to
make sure if any of her friends buy
anything there she will know what
they really paid for it - [Chicpgo
When a man sinks so low that he
tans up on booze and goes to the
home where the wife he h'.s sworn to
lovo and chi rish is lying dangerously
ill aind strikes and abus her and
mistr eats and drives from home the
children, which brute instinct, if no t
parentalieffectioni ought to impel him
to love and protect, he forfeits his
claim to mianhood and no longer dle
serves the respect of people, and
ought to be handled for his mton
airous and inhuman brutality. It is
enough to arouse the indignation of a
community to be told that sneh inhu
manity is being carried on in their
very midst. -Korshaw Era.
What is Geography Good For?
Mrs. Lis~i Schmoidt, of Chicago,
was angry when the teacher in the
public school (lid not promote her
danghter, and( wvrote h)er as follows:
"Teacher. you donl't know it all I
guess. I wish it that mry daughter
ge'ts through school so she gets a
man. Never mind about the geoo
graphy; just promote her without it.
Whby, may other daughter, sho diidn't
know geo.Jraphiy and( she got ai man.
I don't know geography and I ;got a
man. Anid you know all about geo
graphy and you ain't got no man at
all, What is this geography good
for? See that my daughter gets
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