OUR PATRIOTIC SONGS
We Are Not as Familiar With
Them as We Should Be.
FEW OF US KNOW THE WORDS
Flow Many Americans, For instance,
Can Recite "The Star Spangled Dan
ne er My Country, 'Ti3 of' Thee?"
"Dixie" and "Maryland, My Mary
]Proud as they are of their nation, it
is a strange fact that Ami'erlcans are
-ot so familiar with their country's
patriotle air as are the people of the
Even when they are stirred to the
point of sloging by bands they find it
hard to reolilect the words. And it is
do'uitful whether many are aware of
the tilts of history attached to some of
the ind's patriotic airs.
Take "The Star Spangled Banner,"
for instance. Howt much can you sing
Of that song? Yet, if any can be called
the national anthem, this is the one.
Of oturae it is unfair to ourselves to
say that we cnnot sing it, I)lt it must
be adiittd that we don't know it as
generally a-, we should.
Its author, Francis Scott Key, now
lies% in a cemetery at Frederick. Md..
-where an American flag is always
'waving over his grave. Key wrote the
song after an experience he had while
a p3risoner aboard a British war vessel.
While he was aboard the boat Fort
MclHenry, the sole protection of Bal
timore, was bombarded, and the song
tells of his satisfaction at finding the
fing of his country still waving upon
the dawn of the succeeding morning.
It is a hymn which all Americans
can joIn in singing, because it breathes
the spirit of the whole (land and tias
not one suggestion of sectionalism in
Next as a national song comes
"Amerlen," sometimes known as "My
Country, 'Tis of Thee." Objection Is
frequently raised aigailust this because
the tunIe wIas not original. It is the
property of the British empire as inuch
1s it is of the United States, and when
It In heard from afar one cannot tell
whether the bantd wants to feel the in
spiration that is in the words of
"Amerlea" or in "God Save the King."
The words of the song "My Country
'Tis of Thee." were written by Saimie
Frnnels Smith. Tle song was firs
sung at a Sunday school celera tion o
the Fourth of July at the l'ark Streel
church in Hoston. It is an interestinia
fact that one of lie little boys who
helpedl to sing "Ameriea" for the fli-st
time is now the chaplain of tle United
States senate, the venerable and rev
erend Edward Everett Ilate.
Then we have "Columbia. the Gem
of the Ocea1. whieh ias something
like aln echo of "Iritania, the Iride
of the Ocean." The tule (f "Yankee
Doodle" is a good (fne. andi we all like
to whistle or hum It, but thle words
u~nfortunately mire not very good and,
furthermnore, it has been said didl not
ineau a great deal at the time they
were written. At any rate, it has not
the solemn grandeur that "The Star
Span lgledi Banner" holds.
The~ origlin of "Ynnlkee Doodlle" is
shroud~ed in the mnystery of a score of
conf3icting tales. It is generally
agreed, however, that tihe tunie camne
from England, and the words were in
vented biy the British soldiers to b~e
sung in derision of the raw Americani
troops who joined thiem at the ca mp
on the Iludsoni below Albanily in 1755
duiring the French and Indian wvar.
Twenty years later the rebecllis pan
tria played "Yankee Doodie" at the
ha tile oif Lexington, and it becenme tile
first 11ational song of the United States.
I hliadelphin has considerable inter
est in "Hall Columbia." It was writ
ten by Joseph Hopkiuson of this city,
although the aIr was one comuposedl by
a Glerman who was conducting an or
chestra in New Y'ork. hiopkinsoni
wrote tile words at tihe time whlen war
was threatened with' France in 1798,
and for a long whIle it was the most
popular of our patrlotic songs.
As for sectional songs, there are some
whichhiive mighty good tunes, a case
in point .bping "Dixie." Although this
was the battle hymn of the Confed
eracy, Lincoln enjoyed it immensely
and on the day of is assalssinatioli
asked a band to play it for himi.
"Dixie," however, w~as written long
befor'e the civil war and wvas not ini
tended for the use of the Confedet
ates. It was written In 1850 by Dan
lel D. Emmett, wuho was singing with
Bryant's minstrels in New York. Bry
ant's sho0w was dragging, and~ as fail
uire seemeld imminenit ile asked Emi
mett to write a negro "waik around'
which would stir up some enthusiasm
"Dixie" was the result.
its aldaphtationl nearly two years latei
MS the war song of tile south was ar
nelccdenit. Mrs. .Johni Wood was tp.
pearing at the New Orleans Varietim
theater in "Pocahontas." On accouni
of tile rising tide of war a zouave dril
vantroduced into tile show. Tile or
phgest pu leader triedI over several airt
for .th' march and finally hit upo,
"'Dixie.' Th'e war cloud burst the nexi
.wenk, nd fronm New Orleans "Dixie'
~regal pyr -b soth Attienot
I anny .L. Crosby, the hymnn writer.
wrot1e n sonig for "Dixie" wleih was
st'rngly LUnion ini sentimtt but the
o)the1r side had1( p~re-empIted thet airI.
Then it was that the nrthu took up~
"JTohni Brown's Body," which was firat
put on by a Boston (co11mtmuy. an mlIa ter
Mrs. .lulla Ward IHowe wrote' to this
tune "The Enttle Ihymn of the Rlepub
Another popular southern air is real
ly an olsd German one. It had been
utsed in America for many years as a
v'ehicle for the ol college song "Lan
ri.ger Iloratius," but it is now iuiver
sally associated with "Maryland, My
This song was conaldered by JamesI
Itussell Lowell to be the best poem
produced by the civil war,' and Mr.
Lowell could not bave beeni partial to
its sentiments. It was written by
James Itydler Randall, a Marylander.
At the outbreak of hostilities Mr. IRan
dalI was teaching in a small college in
Louisiana. When he heard the news
of the riots in tihe atreets of Baltinore
in April. 1801, ho was fired b~y the in
telligence and1 angry because his nn
tIve state (11d not forsake the Union.
Under these circumstances he wrote
the poeCm. It was first published in the
New Orleans Delta and copied in all
the southern papers and, of course, b-'
camne v'ery popular among Maryland
secessionists. One of these, Miss .Jen
nie Cary, sugisested ndnypting it to the -
air of the funiliar college song. Miss
Cary was In Virginia Just, after lie
first battle pf Bull It. Shq. ,ond' a
party of friends were serenaded ait
Fairfax Court Ihonse by the Washing
ton Light nrmtilery of New Orleans.
Miss Cary responde'd by sinilng 'i1a
rylanad, My Marylad."-l'hilade4~
e wish to thank our friends and customers for the ver
al patronage they gave us during the sale.
e are now replenishing our stock for the spring busines!
we are going to offer you some special inducements t
! with us.
atch this space.
JATH, BR UCE, MORROW Ca
the standard of the
/ the old time fish gi
F. S. Roystei
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