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V.E SENTINELJ 0URNA.
Entored April 28, 1908 at Pickens, S. 0., as second lass matter, under act of Congress of .March 8, 1879.
VO.XXXVIII, PICID93 SOUTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY MAY, 211900*
to tihe food is the camp gear to b
used when stops are made for th
night where there are no native hut
or other shelter; of course, tents t(
aeconiodate each party-that is, ti
party in each machine. But this i
added weight to the equipment to I
carried op the sleds and can easily b
done away with. The favorite way o
the Eskimos for camplug In that par
of the country is to build snow house
sit night when they get ready to stop.
"The wind packs the snow so hart
that it can easily be cut into blocki
with a long knife. Froi these block
in a short time can be constructed a
weaall strong house, the cracks being
stopped up with loose snow, which
freezes quickly, and for the door a
large block of snow can be used. ii
this way the house is made practical1y
air tight. Soon the warmth of the
bodies of three or four people wil
raise the temperature of the place sc
that it is fairly comfortable, and some
of the clothing can be removed. Om
account of the d'filcultles of construe
tion a snow house cannot be made at
large as a tent, but where there is ni
tent snow houses are a necessity, and
whatever discomforts they entail are
passed off as unavoidable and not
"Taking it all in all, in traveling .'m
the arctic regions philosophical con
mon sense is as great a help to living
as it is elsewhere. If one is subjected
to miserable discomforts It must be re
garded simply as a part of the life.
"There Is one other thing to which I
would like to call attention if I may.
It is always well before starting out to
resume the journey in the morning to
take as much tea and water as one
can hold. It is impossible to get water
during the day without stopping to
build a fire and melt the snow unless
one carries a flask inside the clothing.
and this stopping uses up time.
"Snow Is bad for the mouth and In
time makes it sore, besides not being
sufliclent to quench the thirst except
for the moment. The worst featuire of
enting snow Is that If one gives way to
the temptation there Is no stopping for
the rest of the day. for. while it
quenches the thirst for the t1i1me heilng
it only Serves to iervar-e it in the lonh j
run, and shortly after ta:-:!ng somo
slow one is iore thirsty than before.
"I found that by drinking in the
morning I seldom vas thristy u1ntil
night and hlail no great desire to drink
unless a halt was mnde in the middle
of the day and a fire startedl for tea."
Evelyn Briggs 1n111dwini. aretie ex
plorer. who was the nteoroliogist with
the Penry expedition of 180:1-4. necond
in command of the Vellmian expedi
tion of 1898-9 and leader of thei aild
win-Ziegler polar expedition of 1901-2,
said the other day in speaking of the
New York to Paris nIstoll)eWI; race:
"-I think the rave Is 11tirely feih-ble.
Iavlag paissed so mu*ch time in the
arctic region, I naturally feel I au
competent to judge of the likelihood of
the contestants in the race getting si
cessfully through the upper part of
Alaska and Siberia, although. of course.
arctle explorers have not much to do
with automobiles, as will -be readily
"I think the contestants would find
their journey greatly aided if they
make use of horses whenever such use
might be necessary. On the Dald win
Ziegler expedition I caused a number
of tough little ponies to be pu1rch~ased
In Siberia and shiped to the niorth,
where we made excellent use of them.
"They are extremely hardy. andl one
pony will haul as much na one entire
dog team.ll or aboumt 8')0 or I00 p)ounlds.
Trhey do not *ent their heads off,' as
the saiyinig goes, and comnpresased hay
can be carried alonig on the loads. It
the occasn101 arises thoey cnn he utilized
for food, as was done On tihe Ziegler
Buldwin expeditoon, and those who ate
tile meat were not aware that they
were not eating beef until 50ome time
"Rleindeer cannot haul much more'
thanii ninety or a hundred pounds, so
it wIlt be seen at on1ce how great an
aidvantalge it is to have ponies iustead
of reindeer. I paid about $50 apiece
for ponles .in Siberla. Eskimo dogs
cost mec about $3 each in Greenland,
but mnuch more than that to have
them delivered on board our ship.
"By taking ponIes along with them
the contestants in the forthcoming
race will find their troubles greatly
lessened, for the animals will extri
cate them from many' bad places in
the road. The horses will travel on
an nyerage almost as far each day as
can the antoists with their machines
through the worst parts of their trip
that is, in Alaska and in northeastern
"The party must have Borne means
of transporting extra parts for their
automobiles, food and other necessities,
for they cannot carry sufilcient sup
nlle of thi kind. on the machines
UIG POLAR AUTO RACE
Advice For Contestants From
Experienced Arctic Travelers.
USE OF SLEDS SUGGESTED.
fancouver' Man Tells How Contest
ants In Now York to Pai3 race Can
11l.isve Weight on Autos--Explorer
Says Use Horses to Haul Supplies.
Ilarry G. .MeL.ai or Vatinonver. It.
C., who was interviewed at New York
on the overland autonioblle race fromu
New York to Pari. whlih has bN,
_arran^-ged by the New York Times and
the Mlatin of Parls, says there are ser
eral things necessary for the comfort
of the nen ion the trip to which atten
tion night well be ealled.
Mr. McLean has spent a great deal
of time in British Columbia and has
:lso beea In the arctie sections of Alas
ka. having madte several trips to Point
Barlow, the extreme northern point
where many of the whaling fleets make
their headquarters during the whaling
season. lie has traveled quite exten
tively by sled and knows many of the
most obscure puths and trails of the
country that is never without Its cov
eing of snow, and therefore his views
Iay be considered as helping the soliu
tion of the problem that faces the men
who will u dertake to drive the ina
chines across iee and snow, says the
New York Times.
"Tle more I think of the trip, of
whilch I have been reading in one see
tion of the country and another since
Its Inception, the more I am convinced
that it can be made, but it will be
made under conditions never before
met by mon. In the first place, the
trip eannot be maide unless accompa
ned by guides and sleds, so that every
possile bit of weight can be taken
from the ears-that is to say, that all
('e u nu material. all food and extra
clotblaig shouild be hauled on sleds.
"T.he;e sled traius can then serve two
PUrmposs- lrt. to take weight from
th enr and then as scouts and trall
breakers, so to speak, going alhead of
the t1 and, to at certain extent. plck
Ing out the best way for the machIneas
to go and in a very small way break
In- the trall of the snow.
"The sleds more commonly In use inl
the aretle region are from nine to talu
feet long and twenty-two inches wide.
the runners about twelve luches deep
.and the sides abou.lt eighteen inches
high. 'The sid proper. Is an open
f-amework of oak or hiclkory, no more
wood being Used than is absolutely
necessary. All the parts are lashed to
gether with strips of sealskin or walrus
hide. Fivew or no nails are used; so,
-while the sled Is very strong. it Is also
flexible and able to withstand the
vough usage to which it is constantly
subjected *in traveling. . In passig I
might Interject that the automobile
construction should receive a thought
in this direction of elasticity, for there
are sonie terrible wrenches to be under
gone. The sled cover, of light drilling,
Is made large enough to spread all over
the whole length of the sled on tho'bot
"IncIdentally, harnessing the dogs to
the sleds, which it is well to know
about, for the natives cannot be en
lirely depended to stick to the job, is
(1u:Ite an interesting undertaking. The:
irness li made of strips of heavy
-tickinlg, canvas, sennit or seal hide and
is all in one piece for each dog. A,
strul goes around the dog's neck and
cr-osses in front of the chest, where the;
two parts; are fastened togethuer to
form-i a collar'. The ends then go under
:c'ath the fore legs and lead up, one on
eacLh sie, to the dog's back. Another
strip La fastened to the top of the eel
lar at the back of the neck and leads
nmug the back to meet the other two
ends.1 and here all three pieces are Ro
e'nrcd together- and made fast to a
smnall piece of rope about two feet long.
"In 'harnessing a dog the collar is put
on over the head; each of his fore feet
put through one of the loops formed
by the ends coming together, and he is
ready to be made fast to the sled. A
largaj' rope, the length of which do-:
iendis upon the number of dogs to be
used, is made fast to the front of the
sled, and to this is secured the small
ro"pe of the dog's harness, the dogs be
lng yoked in pairs, one on each side of
-the central rope. Tbe team y -erally
(-onsists of an odd number of dogs, the
odd dog being hitched to the central
1ine In front of the other dogs and acts
ats a leader. This plan is used by the
white People in the lower Yukon and
is considered better than the plan of
the natives of hitching the dogs one
.a end of the other,
"Anmoth~er thinLr of imnnoannco naet
'oVeage vines, except English ivi
are good for this purpose. Virgini
creeper and aupelopsis are two of th
best of these. Vines with abundati
follage make a good background fu
cosmos, hollyhocks. single dalilas fin
other flowers that require suppori
These can be tied to the wire as the;
,row, or else flowering annual vine
can be planted each year-eypres
vine. tnorning glory, climbing nastut
lums or sweet pens for beauty. Fo
use and as a curlosity plant some mi
ed gourd seeds. Teu cents' worth wil
provide as many dollars' worth of su
priso and entertainment
"Of course your little garden will b
a delight, but it will never be so alli
lug as to tempt you to spend more thai
the necessary labor or cash upon it."
Home Trade Philosophy.
If yoi vast your bread upon the wa
ters it may return to you after man;
days, but if you east your dollar Intl
the mail order maelstrom it never get
back to your vicinity.
Seeing is believing, and when yo
see an article before you buy It you hr
entitled to believe that it is worth buy
lag or to let it stay unbought if other
Farmers who send their money inti
the big cities to buy goods which the:
might just as well buy at home wil
lnd their sons following the dollars o
their daddles Into the great trade cen
ters as soon as the boys grow up anc
will have to compromise on hired me1
If you don't lice the community yol
live in well enough to do your tradini
In that community, why don't yo!
move Into some community that yo1
like better? In that case maybe som<
body would fake your place .who wouli
help to wake It a bettor community t
live in by helping to build it up.
Thousands of men throughout thi
country are hvwling down the ide
of cent'allAntion or government whil
at the same time they are prc
inoting the centraill:lilon of trade b
spending 11101ey with the catalogu
houses, which aire rapidly growin
Inore and more powerful.
Popular Street Tree.
There Ia Io doult If it is properl
handled that tht popper tree is neare:
to the ideal for street planfltng. Ti:
chief and. la fact, the only objectic
urgod ngAlust it is that it raises t:
sidewalk and )ushes out the eur
either by roots or buttresses of thi
trunk. 'leso (ifculties are easil
avolded ri roper preparation is imad<
says the Los Angeles Times. The per
petr roots and buttresses are mad
above ground only because. of resist
imnce below. If the soil is looso ani
iperneable for a considerable distanc<
bClow the surface the roots will delvi
leeply fand 11o trouble will be experi
aened. On the other hand, if th
Lround 14 -o hard that top resistance i:
ess than that below 11o other resul
nuiist be expected than that the root:
wvill come up and the trunk buttrense.
widely because it cannot go down
tiherefore It must grow sidewise. .Thh
urgument will hold good In greater oi
esser measure with aill trees.
To Encourage Tree Planting.
Tr'ees are so thoroughly appreclate
n Denver that the city annually sup
lles citizens with young stock to en,
in Case of Accident.
Don't biuster. B~e tactful, if there
tre dangerous germs pr-etent. ask their
o withdraw. If they demur, nsk then:
vhere they wvere brought up with gen.
Be careful to render first ad1 to tht
njured. A great deal of unnecessar.)
uffer'ing has been caused by persons
mastily rendering third or even fourti
Id where first aid was indiented.
In case of drowning select a besi
nethiod of resusmcitaition. There arc
,680 bestane.thode in all. Have themr
ubout yodf In te tormi of loose news.
maper clippings and run themi ovei
iviefly before acting.
Keep cool. Stop every little whil4
ud take your temperature.
If the coroner arrives while you art
Lt wvork, Immediately dealet. It is di.
ourteous to save life in his presence.
Take accurate notes of the street and
mumber. Rleviving patients almost al.
vars ask wvhere they are.
If possible, induce death to super
rene rather than to take place merelj
ir even to ensue, It gives the family
sense of dignity..-Puck.
Wanted Reduced Rates.
Howell--I heard of a case of Greel
neeting Greek the otber day. Powel
--What's the story? Howell--A min
ster wvas married, and when he cam'
to pay the weddIng fee he asked I
here was any reduction to ciergyme.
-New York Presa.
without loading then down so
good progress will be imniPOsSible. If
horses are not utilized, dog teams
will have to be used, and they are not
as serviceable, need more looking after
and collectively will eat more than
will a Siberian pony.
"As for obtaining them, they could
be purchased in western Siberia and
sent along the route through northeast
ern Siberia, say, as far as the Kolyma
river, where the autolsts could be met.
I As the ponles would not be needed
until next fall, there would be plenty
I of time to send thema from points
I where they might be purchased to the
I Kolymna river or thereabout.
"Of course I am most anxious that
the American contestants shall win.
but whatever their nationality I hope
that the beat sportsmen and those who
do best shall be victors."
Nearly 32.000.0f0 coins imade of alu
minlui have recently been struck fronm
the royal lint In England for circula
tion in Uganda and the Nigerian pro
tectorates, says I .ondon cable dis
patch to the New York Times. Each
coin bears the value either of a cent or
of 2 mills and Is perforated in the cen
ter. IIke Chinese coIns, in order to per
mit the natives to string them togeth
er. The advantage of arlumlnimnn as I
coin l due to its light wel;iht and the
fact that it l. the best non-germ bear
Ing metal known.
Tribute to Totrazzini.
One qorg bird only lei this wilderness
Can such enchantment give by simply
Blond as the sinshine, she cornes blithe
The chirm that touches care like a caress,
The nelody that makes iife's bur-lein less
The enrol of a lurk or linnet winging
Upward from earth and pearls in showers
Which men may prize, yet light not to
Sweet cousin to the nightingale. in tears
Thy rich notes melt upon our raviehed
And yet I think this doth not sorrow
Dit something that divinely would re
Sonic heavenly reminiscence in a voice
As virginal as springtime and young love.
--Henry Tyrrell in New York World.
BACK YARD IMPROVEMENT.
-Timely Suggestions From an Old Gar
dener-Vines to Hide Fences.
well kept grounds in tire front of
notuss help woloerfully in amaking a
town attractive. 'it the bick yare:d
Ilould by no me..s be neglected. and
an old gardener gives some good ad
viee about improving them) wIh-lh is
111n0ly at th!s eason of th em yar:
"Have you a back yard? (row
jrmething in it. See somneihng grow
wvhlch you have planted with your own
hanildh. No back yard Is so small that
it may not ie made to grow somrethlinig
,.or the table, aild if it happens to be a
vacait lot you w'ili be surprised at tire
gnantilIes it may be made to yield uin
ter a little daily nttentionl and some
nightly pir.lnning. If your back yard
consIsts of only a few square yards.
that fact need not deter you from en
tering 1pon tle joys of the gardener
if the area at your disposal is limited.
the time and attention required will
be correspondingly small, though the
pleasure It may alord will continue
throughout the season.
"Anybody carn growv radishes andl
lettuee, and almrost anybody can erat
them, too, so planlt these first. They
aire promplt in their payment of divf
dends of pleasure-, for their first greeni
paired leav-es will appear in three or
four day-s, and y-our heartiness of wel
come for them will do you vastly more
good than the posession of two nick
els spent for their seed.
"If you have 0only a few square
yards at your disposal, spade It up at
any time in eariy spring. If the lot Ia
large enough to admit of a team, hqve
it plowed once' al year in the springr or
fall. Pilant everything to rows the
long way of the plot. 1hvet put yourI
lettuce and radishes in rows. 'This 1
will admit the greateet ease in cultiva
tioni; but, more important still, this
method will permit of the most ready
substitution by subsequently planting
other crops when the first have been .
"For example, if your lettuce is one
long r-ow instead of occupying a rec
tangular bed, as it is customarily grown
by the town farmer, when it is no
longer tender, crisp and sweet you can
clean up tile whole row and plant
beans in its place or anything else
suitable to the narrow space of one
"A high beard fence Is an eyesore,
yet many people are unwilling to cover
it with vines, because sooner or later
these will cause the wood to decay.
The thIng to do is to put up chicken
wire in front of the fence and grow the
vineson the wire.
WOULD HAVE SHOT HIM.
e Quaint Story of Marshal Soult and
r In the reign of Louis Philippe Victor
Hugo was a frequent and welcome
guest at the Tuileries. Here Is one of
his anecdotes of the time as told in
Victor Hugo's memoirs:
"A few days ago the king said to
Marshal Soult in the presence of oth
ers. 'Mirshial, do you remember the
slie!ge of Cadis?'
'Rather, sire, I should think so. I
swore enough beforb that cursed Cadis.
I i invested the place and was forced to
go away an I had come.'
"'Marshal, while you were before it
I was inside it.'
"'I know, sire.'
"'The cortes and the British cabinet
offered me the command of the Span
'"'1 remember, sire.'
"'The offer was, a grave one. I heal
tated long. Bear arms against France?
For my family it is possible, but
against my countryl I was greatly
perplexed. At this juncture you asked
me through a trustworthy person for a
secret interview in a little house situ
ated on the Cortadura, between the
city and your camp. Do you remember
the fact, M. Marshal?'
"'Perfectly, sir. The day was fixed
and the interview arranged.'
"'And I did not turn u?'
"'That is so.'
"'Do you know why?'
" 'I never knew.'
"'I will tell you. As I was prepar
Ing to meet you the commander of the
. English squadron, apprised of the mat
1 ter -1 know not how, dropped upon me
brusquely and warned me that I was
about to fall into a trap; that, Cadis
being impregnable, they despaired of
selzing me, but that at Cortadura I
would be arrested by you; that the em
)eror' wished to make the Duc d'Or
leans a second volume of the Due
Sd'Engheln, and that you would have
me shot Instantly. There, really,' add
ed the king. with a smile, 'your hand
on your conscience, were you going to
"Ti .nair.sha remained silent for a
moment. i!Pen replied: 'No. sire. I
wanted to coimpromise you.' The sub
ject of the convuirpatioii was changed.
A few minutes lateV the marshal took
b leave of the king. ad the king, as he
watched lizn go, said, with a smile, to
the person who had heard tho conver
sation: 'Compromisel Comprominisv
Todny it is called compromise. In re
ality he would have shot me.'"
Sometimes the Actors Turn the Tables
on the interrupters.
SoIe amusing instances of the wit
1and humor of the gallery and pit
t patrons of the drana are printed in the
Engish. Illustrated Magazine. On one
I of the first nights of the opera of "Cy
mon" at Drury Lane a dissatisfied crit
a le when Mr. Vernon began the last air
in the fourth act. "Torn from me, torn
from me! Which way did they take
her?" immediately sang in the exact
time of the air, to the astonishment of
the andltiencle. "Why, toward Long Acre,
toward Long Acrel"
Vernon was for a moment stunned;
but, recovering himself, lhe sang in re
joinders: "Ilo, hol Did they so? Then,
I'll overtake her! J'll soon overtake
herl" and precipitately ran off amid
the plaudits of the wvhole house.
In "Sancho IPanza." a comedy in
three acts, by Durreni, the duke says
at the beginning of the third act, "I be
gin to get tired of Sancho." "So do I,"
said a wag in the pit, taking his hat
and walking out. This sealed the fate
of the pie0ce.
When John Reeve was playing Bomn
bastes at Bristol upon being stabbed
by Artixommus ho denied the fairness
of the thrust and, appealing to the pit,
saidl. "It is not fair, sir, is it?" A bald
headed gentleman who probably took
the whole representation to be serious
and to whom Reeve directed his glance
replied, "Really, sir, I cannot say, for
I don't fence."
Barry Sullivan, the Irish tragedian,
was playing in "Richard III." some
years ago at Shrewsbury. When he
camne to the line, "A horsel A horset
My kingdom for a horsel" some one in
the pit calied out, "Wouldn't a donkey.
suit you, Mr. Sullivan?" "Yes," re
sponlded the tragedian, turning quick
ly on the interrupter; "please come
round to the stage door."
"Yes." said the bachelor, "a man
may think ho's having a high old time
iat night, but something will surely tell
him next mnorning that be made a foot
-~ "Yes," replied the long married man,
"or somebody"-New Orleans Timew