vpie ~the geolo
- tpeyy tou& i tS It turned
-Awn-W6rd' 4 f his will,
but- nor eonpei. tt showed that
t- e I own Attfingi~1i resulted from slight
*lgQs'In tie .iuclintion of his body.
the. eftects '6 which were conmiRuIn!.
Vat&d through .the arms anti wt-lsts to
lle rod. No [novemeut of the rod from
causes .outsido the body couli be (I
tected. and it soon becaie obviou
that the view held by other men of
science Is correct, that the operation
of the "divining'rod" is generally duo
to unconscious movenieitEr of the body
or of the-mureles of the barad. The e\.
periments u3e show that these move
ments happeu most frequently at
itlaces where the operator's experience
3as led himU to believe that water may
The uselessness of the divining rod
Is indleated by the facts that the rod
- may be worked at will by the 61jerator
that he fails to detect strong currents
-of' water running in tunnels and other
'hannels that afford no surface Indica
tions of water and that his locations
In limestone regions where water flows
in well defined channels are rarely
more successful than those dependent
-on mere gtuesses. In fact, its operators
are successful onlyin regions in which
ground water occurs In a definite sheet
In porous material or In more or less
clayey de~oits, such as the pebbly
clay or till, In- which, although a few
failures occur, wellif would get water
Ground water occura under certain
4efinite conditions. (and as in humid
regions a stream may be predicted
wherever a valley is known, so on6 fa
mltar with rocks and ground water
.conditions may predict places where
ground water can be found. No appli
ance either electrical or mechonical
has yet been successfully used for de
tecting water in places where plain
-common sense or mere guessiug would
not have shown its presence Just aq
well. The only advantage of empidy
-ug a "water witch." as the operator
of the divining rod- is sometimes call
-ed, is that skilled services are obtain.
-ed, most men so employed being keen
-er an-i better observers of the occur
rence au.1 moventibnts of grouid water
than the average peraon.-Selentifc
A Pet Bear.
Bears unless hungry or abused ar(
good natured animals and make amus
Ing pett.. "When I was in tle revenue
- service at Alaska," said a lieutenant.
"we had a pet bear on the boat, and
we called him Wineska. He used to
climb to the crosstrees, going up hand
S -over hand by the ratlines. One -day, he
ventured out on the yardarm. and
-there he stayed. We had to get a rope
and haul him down. Once henvaulted
-over the head of our Chinese cook and
went into the lockers, where he helped
himself to sugar and butter.~ We had a
tacklng made for -him, much the same
.as a harness of a pet pug, and we
would drop him overboard, with a rope
attached, to take his bath. Once he
landed in a native boat and nearly
frightened the occupants out of their
wits. Hie was as playful as a kitten.
and, although he sometinies disobeyed.
he was neveor treacherous or unkind.
When he was lost or hid himself, as he
often did, we would look in the 'dark
till we saw two little halls of fire.
-* These were his eyes and gave him
away every time." -
She Carried a Parcel.
The laugh is on one of the attend-.
ants at the Congressional -library at
Washington. One of .the rules Is that
noone shall be allowed to carry a par
eel of any kInd iuto the buling. One
ay a tali young womaun'appeared at
the-aloor, and when the attendant saw
that slie had a pircel under her' arm
he told her that it was against the
rules for her to take it with her. She
demurred' and pronounced the rule
absurd. There were certain parcels
that people should be allowed to carry
with them, and so forth, and so forth.
But the man insisted that he must on.
force the rule and that she would have
to leave the parcel with him until she
canme out. That settled~tt. The young
wvoman -deliberately- opened the parcel,
took from-It three pairs of black stock
ings that she evidently had just
bought, and, hanging .them over her
arm, she gave the attendant the paper
* n- which they had been wrapped, say.
T "th,, pietise keep that until I come
out. I -have n~o parcel now."--Chicago
Sat Audlenos eliev..
The t suddenly went out during
oneS of rl7 foralancea-idi'Waterbury
A pau eg A'~~ t, However, -1
shou and gsnemen
"the elephant has gone. It Ulf
off the stade. put, of course, #ia;
see it., but'that doesn't -nattr, V
sure enough, there- was7 boar Vaws
sluitifilig sound 'quite appropriate,- 9
though it was made by the fat'.Gstsg
manager, who was shuffling acrosstly
boards in his slippers. The light ri
turned, there was much applause, ant
all .was well. The next qay a' mi
stopped me 'in the street and said
considered that trick the most ibarvel
ous he had ever seen and would -I Ix
giving it again that nighti -It's t'uel
H Uorace Godin in Cassell's Magazine.
Its Awful -ieeping Quarters and its
in the Millgate Monthly there Is I]
description of the "Alsatia of Glas
gow"-the Cowcaddens-'where. "all
thagt is most unsalubrious and repellent
-in our modern lif is to be found.'
Side by side with all that is demorallz
inglive and flourish harpies of varioui
kinds and degrees. None is so dan
gerous to the health of tlie community
as she who night after night.seeks to
make a dishonest penny by overcrowd
ing her sliimmy house. Sanitary in
spectors find the occupants of over
crowded houses, in their attempt to
avoid detection, concealed in every
conceivable corner-hidden in cup
boards, under beds and even on the
housetops. Two tiers of people have
been found in one bed, one on the
boards or mattress, the bed then flung
over, and another living tier on the top.
What are known as "penny pawns"
abound In the district. A broker who
keeps one of these can purchase an
article of any value from a penny up
ward. He is - compelled to keep i
for only seven full days. and at the
end of that period he may sell it to
whomsoever he chooses, and that, too,
in all probability, for several hundred
!per cent more than he paid for it.
Thousands of poor people are. entirely
ignorant of the difference between a
pawnbroking establishment and a
"penny pawn," with the result that in
many cases when they go to the latter
they lose goods which, if pledged with
the former, they might have redeemed
A TERRIBLE REWARD.
Cromwell's Paymer.t For the Capture
of Pembroke Castle.
During the struggle. btetween Kini
Charles and the parliament Pembrokf
castle was so well fortified that Crom
well, with all his cannon, could no
. After niany' fathres he gave up bli
lnttiotion and began to march on fo
-Tenby. But before-he had proceedet
far a c'ountry shoemaker came up t<
Cromwell and asked him whether h4
would reward him If he would tell bla
how to get the castle into his posses
Cromwell. very glad of this after
consented. Then this old shoemaker
glad to get some money, as no doubt
he was rather poor, told him that ther
was a pipe' through .. which they:-o
their water and .that if he were to ci
the pipe the castle would surrendef.
Cromwell said, "I thank you for thc
information you have given, me. but at
you have turned traitor to your coun
trymien the only reward I willi give yoti
is that you shall be hange1 on the very
next tree that I come to."
Cromwell had the shoemaker hanged
and cut the pipe he had told him or
leading to the castle, which then sur
-Made It Clear.
When Colonel Edmund Rice was ir
command of the Twenty-sixth Infantr3
(mostly volunteers from New England
in the Philippines, he organized fron
his regiment a company of mountei
scouts. To equ Ip theui for this. servict
he made requisition on headguorter:
for the necessary outfit, in-cludln;
eighty nosebags. Some officious clerl
In the qua:4ermnaster's offiee in Ma
nila returned the requisition to Cole
nel Rice with these written re
'marks: "Your report shows but sixt:
men in your mounted company, Wh.,
do you require eighty nosebags?"
The colonel's explanation was shor
and characteristic. It was: "It is tru
I have but sixty men, but I have eight;
horses. The nposebags are for thm
-horses, not for the men."
.inoculation For Smallpox.
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu is go:1
erally credited with having introduce<
Inoculation into England from Turke3
In 1718 she bad her son Inoeulated a
Adrianople with success. She was al
lowed to have it tried in England o:
seved condemned criminals In 172'
Bud In,1?2l we members of the roya
family were inoeulated. The practic
was bitterly opposed by the ceorgy um
til 1700. A Dr. Mead practiced inoci
lotion with success up to 1754, and Di
Dunsdaie of London inoculated' Catli
erine II. of Itussia In 1708. VaccIne it
oculatlon was introduced by Dr. Jer
ner in 170.-New Yorkz American.
- The Moore of Today.
Thei hiorS-ot today are the descend
ents of thoe whbo eenquered Spaim
wigo ,ired pr#tia1 .paramount I
Able~so bTt~ ~ to centurie
In deed, It is strange
#e ~ ositiott of the Mdore
~tis le seet he work of their
IjiWnd4!j)pa't Centuies. mnd the only
111n ls the fact that they
614 G13pJeh$'Adapt theinselves to mod
iil 6 .lit-Strand Magazine.
"Brudder Jones, If you didn't smol;e,
at bnight own a brick house, like
"Look hero, mnn. don't you cone
pesterin' wit Ine like dat. You didn't
thit dat brick hourxe by -t smokin'.
Yon got it .bk borron in' Iah news
paper.to rea -an' inah clotbeo to wear
a' nnh rIts t0 ent. You may be a
fy Anne ' t dat don't gi:) you no,
Ilidse- tQ St up fer :1 human Copy
book!"-R~aa City Iudependent.
"Let me Illustrate the difference be
tween capital and labor." sald the rich
uncle .to - the * impecnious nephew.
"Suppose I ghIe you f5"
"That's capital." replied'the nephew,
extendln# his hand for the money.
A Mctapjhcr V/ith a -ilatory.
To "know a e Iwk fromi a herushaw"
is a metaphor with a curious history a
It Is a comparison d;awn from falcon: J
ry. "flernsbaw" is a corruption of I
"herouslaw," or yovug heron, a bird A
which was a common prey of the fal
cons. To know a haw.k from a Iern
shaw is therefore to be able to distin
guish the-falcon fron Its pwey. A f6r- c
ther colloquial torruption crept Into c
the phrase. "to know a hawk from a 1
handsaw," a form used by lamlet in a
one place. Possibly the distinction be-.
tween a hawk and a berushaw was'
found not to be strong enough for the i
purposes of the proverb.-Manchester i
N Death Penalty.
Ituropenui countries which inflict no
death penalty, however brutal or pre
meditated the crime, are Italy. Hol
land, Norway, Switzerland, Portugal
and Rtussia. salve where the lives of:
the emperor. the empress or the heir:
to the throne are concerned. The can
ton of Zug. In Switzerland. imposes
the lowest minimum penalty Ia the
world-threq years' imprisonment for
willful homicide. the maximum punish
nient being. imprisonment for life.
An Inconsiderate System.
t "Why don't we take an express
train?" asked the sweet young thing
4 or her escort Ait a subway station.
. "This isn't an express station," es-"
Plained her escort kindly.
"How tiresome!" exclained the. s
y.- t. "They ought to have exDress
trains at every -statonI"-New York
;-This season's goods to
Iethod by N ' 'a said, .-the Fees tc
Are e.loat, tc
Frequently layao. *ho have had oe.
asion, to settle the bills Of su*eons
ipon whom they have called in ex. d
:remities to use tle knife Are beard t<
o complain against what they- call B
,the exorbitant charges of surgeons." si
A skilled surgeo may charge $250
Oor 4 simple appendletig, operation. re
rho patient, who never thinks of com- m
Ilatning until he Is convalescent, ob- to
[octs oftentimes to paying the bill. e
le says, ."It is outrigeous for a sur
;eon to charge $250 for half an hours ca
The question of surgeons' fees often Ia
)uzzles a patient. He knows of one 11
pan upon whom a surgeon of wide ar
'eputation has operated and charged M,
mly $75. He may know of another
rho has )ald $1,000 for the same op- Si
Iration. He cannot figure it out. SC
Yet surgeons of known ability and A
kational, perhaps International, tame Cl
ave a general plan in charging for
iperations. Their prices range from Ck
iothlng to $,000. They will operate Ot
vithout any question of willingness or tb
tbility to pay in any case where the to
iltuation is imperative. Afterward Aj
hey will present the bill. The general
ublic does not understand how a sur
;eon will charge one man $50, another at
1250 and another $5,000. ha
Surgeons have a Oxed price scheme. ge
rhey aim to charge the patient about pa
me month's Income. They figure that th
iny person who Is In such bad condi- do
Ion as to be forced to submit to a
urgical operation surely can afford to el
ive one mouth's income. They ascer- 'th
aln roughly what a man makes per
nonth and send In a bill for that
imount. The man whose hIcome 1
)ut $50.a month pays $50. The man hi
who gets $5,000 is asked to pay $5,000 -sv
-and generally objects, even though 'al
ie should know that his life is worth
is much p'oportionately as that of his p
oorer fellow.--Chicago Tribune. rr
THE SHIPS OF TYRE.
rypes of These Vessels Still in Use In
the Far East.
Away back. even when Solomon was
king in Israel, the ships of Tyre.
nanned by brave Phoenician sailors,
went through the prehistorie canal
where the Suez channel is now and
navigated from China clear around to I
Their ships were the models for.
Oreece and Rome and later for.Seulce. I
the Spaniards -and the Portuguese.
Only the Englishrman Improved on
shipbuilding. sinid from him all mod
ePr models4 have dated.
In the old Tr.e moodels the waist of
the slyilp w:s I,!w. to the oars co-ld IV
nie, Panics M
oes on Foi
rices to Meet all Com;
go nowv; while you need them. Call
to Shoes from 10 to 25 per cent. los
oad of Roller King to go at a price
selling Shells at 75c for 2 boxes.
~h this space and keep posted on ti
now buying Fai.11 Goods, and wi
>ods are on hand ojf present sto<
0 come in.
>r Norris Bargairn
NORRIS, S. C.
ritish sbiwl hi
ips of Tyve.
But in theiate
alned ne b h sa
akera oft,, a4 nd~ ~
the old p ode
t day. t
era still'haveto t *
ud and stesr by staxe an6d
e wind on.cloddy nigt
ound Trnidad and carry oil
rhese veusels, on which.th
ieba miht, have traieled to I
lomon; alte timed by native ft~ k
rabs and' by the . poop. of o
Dn board -the captain, busW
rgoes, pilgrims and Aeep,
ber live Otock live in a.
at would.stir an American'.
immediate rebellion. -
Lu English hostess was entariz
out 800 people at a reception
d provided only about sevent
st4 ,In despair she said to a00on
triot: "Oh, I am so distressed Not
ree-fourths of these people
"Bless my soul, madamI" le
kimed. "What's the matter- with
The Martial Splrt.
"When you go into battle," said the
iman analyst, "do you feel your heart
irge with hostility toward the foe or
iything like that?"
"Yes," answered the military ex
rt. "In time of war we feel even
ore resentful toward the foe than
e feel toward our rival assocat* In*
mne of peace."-Washington Star.
A Study In Dimensions.
"Jimmy, how large a piece' of cake
"I want a big piece, but don't gihane
much that III have to divide It
Ready For Business.
A trngedian playing Richard 111. In
smtall town was waited on after the
how by an honest farmer, who said
hat "if the genTm who wanted a
lorse was still of the samo mind he
rould like to do business with him."
No better masters than poverty and
cos, fast colors, 5c.
3 than elsewhere.
to move it fast.
Le bargains we are
II slaughter what
~k when fall goods
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