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- OF AMERICA -
Pickens County Union Column
J. T. BOGGS, REV. W. C. SEABORN and
JOEL MILLER, Committee In Charge.
Grewing Strawberries for Marketing
I Correct fertilizing is far more Im.
*pmortant than the selection of the soil,
f1or almost any soil will make fine
marries if properly fertilized. No soil
eaa make them for any length of time
without judicious and liberal manur
fg. Some of the reasons why it
pays to fertilize strawberries are:
(1) It vastly Increases the yield,
(2) gives larger berries, (3) a better
-tolor and flavor, and (4) firmer fruit.
'Ebe last named quality-firmness
enables berries to be shipped long dis
lances to a market and arrive fresh.
Several of the best known varieties
were at first considered worthless,
owing to a lack of firmness to carry
them to the market, and freshness to
sell them after they got there. The
-remedy for all this has been found in
the liberal use of the mineral fertiliz
era. A strawberry crop on one acre
needs for Its development during
three years on an average, 223 pounds
of nitrogen, 375 pounds of potash,
and 83 pounds of phosphoric acid. If
iberal crops are expected, the soil
must supply the proper amounts of
plant food. The objection to farm.
yard manure Is that it contains too
much nitrogen as compared with the
potash and phosphoric acid.
A strawberry fertilizer should con
ain the three principal plant food
lagredients in abodt the following pro.
Ammonia..............3 per cent
Potash................5 per cent
Phosphoric acid........6 per cent
That is, every 100 poundslof fer
tilizer should contain three pounds of
ammonia, five pounds of potash and
six pounds of available phosphoric
acid. The phosphoric acid is placed
far above the actual needs of the
plant as shown by the analysis, be.
cause this fertilizer is likely to take
bpsoluble forms in the soil; the am
m=onla is placed low as top dressings
are made in the spring.
A fertilizer containing, three, five
and six per cent respectively of am
monia, potash and phosphoric acid
will be a good strawberry manure.
ft should be applied at the rate of
600O pounds per acre drilled in before
Dlanting, and thoroughly mixed with
the soil by running a cultivator or
light plow along the furrow before
the land is listed, or bedded. In the
spring an application of 250 pounds
per acre should be drilled in to the
aide of the plants, as soon as the first
signs of growth appear. F'or fruiting
beds the full application of 500 pounds
per acre is made broadcast in the
summer or fall andi worked in with
a cultivator if the ground is not
A great deal of such fertilizer can
lbe profitably used on the atrawberry
If applied at proper Intervals, as fol
lows: In the spring before planting,
again' late In the bummer ,or early
fail around the plants, and again in
the winter -or very early sprng di
reetly over them--~in all from 900 to
1500 pounds may be used with profit.
This mode of fertilising Will- nearly al
., Ways be .found more profitable thana
apylying all the fertiliset In one an
One point must always. be relnetn
beved, and that is, n*('Q #f(l~&Ig.
'er4 directly on thyp tn tarmn
weather while th th eei
growing state, ito
them even in~~ h leaYes
1are dry. I ti& where the
-ilaa keep * 'Wnter, the fern,
tiiser ma i skui~buted around the
plast eoe an
~ UrVtb1tg~s~ $0poUs of nitro
ri~pm 1R t~O pbO seid and
- -' wu o ~ oa Therefors
~-'~ tk ~ insuthave these
quantities. T tE these different
-~ *Ze~t~ fr a the 4101- without put
tn hem back sobnle or later ex
C01'T7t PL.ANTINQ T HOUGHf 8
14'Tow ERto think aboutt
0pt~o ~ 'I$ 41L. Bydiw
frighltenl ze farmers WIMh 'two bug
bears; first, that the inills had sup.
plies to last for two years; second,
the. mills would elope down. Well, an
idle nill is a dead loss to the owner,
it can not be turned to anything else;
whereas the farmer can change his
cotton factory to. a corn, oats, wheat,
cabbage and. potato factory, and still
manage to get returns for his invest
ment and his labor. Hence, it. the
farmer will but intelligently regulate
his prices by the law of supply and
demand, there can be no reason, out
side of his own lack of cohesiveness,
why he should not win the day.-.
Belton (Texas) Journal.
In planning to plant ornamental
trees and shubs plant in groups, al
ways leaving an open space for grass.
The cold and wet spring days that
will soon be here are harder on the
cattle than any other season of the
year, because the winter has largely
sapped their vitality, and they have
not the store of good bodily strength
to draw upon that they had in the
fall. See that the cattle are well.
housed and well-fed in the early
spring if you expect to live up to lhs
measure of a Union man.
FOR THE ROUND BALE.
Some More Reasons for QulInq Anti
W. B. leWalt, in a letter to the Ce.
Operator (Dallas) takes up the cudgel
In favor of improved packing and
gives the following good account of
To The Co-Operator: I see you have
some good advice to the Union in the
saving to the farmer by the adoption
Of the gin compressed bale of cotton.
I wish ,to give some more facts as to
why we should quit the old-style way.
First, it is not the proper way that
cotton should be put up, for it gives
the parties through whose hands it
passes the chance to steal some frori
each bale, namely, the weigher at eur
cotton yards who gets one bale fot
the weighing of every six hundred
bales which equals - twenty-thousand
in a 12,000,000 bale crop.
And then It goes on to the compress
where they can steal enough to pay
all expenses and that amounts to one
hundred thousand or more bales and
the old-Lime street buyer took equally
as much in samples, which Is called
the city crop all of which the farmer
has sold to the buyer at a reduction
in peints to cover the loss to the
If we will compress our cotton at
the gins we will use of our low grade
cotton, six thousand bales, that will be
off the market and besides we will
save $7,000,000 (seven million dol
lars) and our cotton will be in shape
the South will have saved $13,300,000,
to build 'warehoues with, wlich will
give ample room to store - all of the
cotton raised - by the South. That is
what we need; not mills nor spindles,
for when' we go into such things as
that. we will have to get some expert
to run it for us and if history re
peats itself the expert would get the
benefits and the farmer the experi
We, as .Union men don't want any
thing but to cut out the leaks wher
ever they may be that are wasting
so much of' our life blood and it we
will attend to the thinga of that nature
that are here among us, we will soon
have won what we are clamoring for.
I see' that Polk County Union is
talking. of putting in a compress. I
am sohry any of our brethren would
do anything to uphold the bagging and
tie. trust. I say to you, Polk County
men, weigh well 'your actiots before
you go too far, .for there are some of
you that know me.
Hoping that all Unions will consid
er this and it-it should meet with
their favor it is time that they were
getting to workr so as to be prepared
for this year's crop.
When yot have thought out all the
things tiat have puszled .all the
world, and have absolutely nothing
delse to so'lve, go to work on the land
Vtoblemi Land is. en absolutely 'free
gift to man. At no time has anybody
had the original right to sell er barter
it Away, but, by some .means, 'raw
land, have advanced. along the orm.
mercial lines till ihymany caseb it is
"hold" at several -hundred ddllare pee
aot, and by those whin 1Av* as use
f~or it, and who could not to save their
.ivis toll how it oqm that sQ~mebody
at somnetime Wose owners fiAnt. y
ery foo$ pE this old. footstool belong0
jo the 4fatures plate4 on it, and'all
the' man-nad. 1w ftder the aopj
of heaven can e ths. Mab Rs 'en.
titled to all that hi~done to smake
it better and tiv but nol
to the land.
This is e 16e sa 7ai' but all the
~oting In tiegb~~ycnnot do any
#paft of .~*Iraising a crop.
' #~tl~ ' ~ an et up your
mA~ mck Ib f#the duty of every
p his% #' eky
cad wh rgv~uts tbt "#4e him
YoU# *6't AUd cue , En in 4 thou.
sand who Is doing the thing he would
prefer to do if left entirely unfettefed.
If he is worth a tinker's dami he Is,
making the best of it, and Is content,
ed to rest the matter with his own
codbotenco, and Is comparatively hap.
py. so,. If you candot be or do just
what you want, make up your mind
that you are in a average good condi
tion if you are able to do something
honest and profitable.
- Things look very much like 1908 is
going to ,be one of those fine crop
years that we read about. Diversify so
that you will have the cinch on some
money had a good living at the same
A system of bank deposits is a
mighty goo-d thing If It is worked out
right, but the farmer who cannot
maki nore by using his money in Im.
proving his place than he cau by put
ting It Into a bank is a mighty poor
sort of material to make a model far.
t of. Keep your money at work.
The 'way to -make a man stay in a
place Is to make the place agreeable.
A sen Is only a large boy, and the
t(m In a good place when it Is ran
that way. Herein lies the searet e
keeping the boys on the farm.
A first class line of jewelry in
the Thornley Building, next
to Craig Bros. store..
Will -haend!e a nice line of Watches
01 mks, Jewelry. Silverware and Optical
Our repsir department Is under a ca
pable and competent workman, and all
work entrusted to us will receive our
prompt and careful attention.
Your patronage will be appreciated.
J. 0. Brock
Will also handle good line of musical
instruments, such as - violins, guitars,
mandolins and banjos. and strings for
HENRY NELSON SNYDER, A, M., Litt. D.,
Nine Departments; Library and Libra
rian; Gymnpsium under competent dr
rector; Athletic Grounds. Next Session
begins Sept 16. For catalogue address
J. A. GAMEWELL, Secy.
Spartanburg, S. 0.
The undersigned hereby give
notice that they will be at the
following places on the days
named, for the purpose of regis
tering all qualified voters not
Easley, Tuesday, Sept. 1.
Liberty, Wednesday, Sept. 2.
Central, Thursday, Sept. 3.
Mile Creek, Friday, Sept. 4.
Antioch, Satiwrday, Sept. 5.
Pickens, Monday, Sept. 7.
Pumpkintown, Tuesday, 8.
Hogsed's store, Wednesday 9.
2w - A. CANNON,
Bd. of Registration Pigkens Co.
If Yo Rav Her
Ie, You wiHanve Heaorby t
It the quatity of our jewe~lry was as
low as the price it would be pretty peoo
stuff. But it isn't. So you can fix upi
that hears trouble by spending a little
mopey here for jew- fry that any one
would be glad to receive and proud to
SAr ion for 5
e r rn elltllbe cha ged for
12rt~~ or l -Ae 4an ey c y n d
eob nouee in [%r aan didate for re
*tion Of he voters in the Do r
leolion.J. 03. JRNN NUS.
I hereby annonemsl an a olfndidate .tjyr
be offlo. of PherickensContabe.
o the action of the Demoorioprima
R. R.a ARX.
For County Conamiisloner
her b announce f a candidate fdr the
OmanOf tunty00 fuuasoner, anti eet to the
Lotion of the voters in ,he primar eletion.
A JEFF WELBORN.
The many friends of NOA H 1. MOORE here.
)y announce him a candidate for re-election to
,he omee of County Comnmissioner, sub ect to
he action of the voters In the Democratic pri.
nary election. He ba frved the dan for
,we yeais to the host of his ability and wilil do
ven better in the future.
New Table Rock Hotel
Osn Table Rock,
outh Carolina's own mountain.
Fishing and Hunting.
New Hotel. New Furniture.
'erms: One Dollar a Day;
Six Dollars a Week;
by the fnonth and for
Racks from Pickens (railroad)
Mondays, Wednesdays and
E. F. KEITH, Proprietor,
Pickens, S. C., R. F. D. No. 4.
Wofford College Fitting School
Spartanburg, S. C.
High Grade Preparatory School
Well equlpped plant. Two large dor
mitories and one recitation buiding, alt
brick. Limited school: small classes;
Dharges reasonable. Session begins Sept.
16. For catalogue address
-A. M. DuPRE, Headmaster,
Spartanburg, S. C.
SCHEDULE C. & W. C. RY.
Between Greenville and Charleston.
_o. 58 BTATION5 No. 52
|12 20 Lv.... .Greenville....Ar 4 00
1 45 Ar .....Laurens... Lv 282
12 Lv.....Laurens.... Ar 2 12
82 "......Clinton....." 1 50
8 20 ".....Newberry...." 12 06
8 84 ".Prosperity...." 12 40
4 55 Ar.Columbia... .Lv 11 15
5 05 Lv.... Columbia.. ..Ar 11 05
6 80 1r..Sumter.Lv 9 88
9 52 " ...Charleston...." 6 10
PM __ _ _ _ _ AM
No. 86-Daily, except Sunday, leaves
3reenville 4:80 p m. ana arrives at Lau
rene 6:25 p m. Stops at all stations.
No. 87-Daily, except Sunday, leaves
Laurens 8:10 a m and arrives at Green
ville 10 20 a m. Stops at all stations.
ERNEST WILLIAbid, Gen. Pass. Agt.
It. A. BRAND, Traffic Manager,
TIME IS PIONEY
T'his is just as true in regardt to Sewing
Machines as anything else.
By using Long Shuttle Machines, no
matter how well made, yon are actually
throwing away three hours out of every
T'HE STANDlARD ROTARY SUUTTI.B
Wili mnake 880 stitches in the saietie
Long Shuttle Machines make only $
The Standard-BRosaay Pt6ple is
seientifically corret, wh f*
been proven by 25 yeersc ~i5.
use in all parts of the wotld-*~bb
It without suoT &
BEST SE~XG AALJ. W
machin fu on ~ ~ i iSt
We will sell you 20 yards of
good Chambree for $r.oo.
20 yards of a good quality
of Apron and Bonnett Ging.
hams for $i.oo.
A nice Dress Shoe for a
lady, worth $1.50, for $1.25.
We will, sell the remainder
of our low cut shoes at a dis
count of 25 per cent.
We will sell you a nice fig
ured Lawn worth i oc, at 8c Y5.
Good Pants for 'men and
boys, goiog at a sacrifice.
Pants worth $-i.5o, goin at
$1.25, and ,boys pants as low
as 25c a pair.
Come and see our goods
before you buy.
Don't forget to bring us
your chickens and eggs.
Bring us your remnant of
cotton seed, we wilf pay 75c
per hundred pounds for them
and want 5oo,ooo pounds at
once if we can get them.
Yours for business,
J. H. Brown & Son
LIBERTY, S. C.
Small Farm for Sale,
Do you Need Such a
I sold the other one, but here
Is a better one:A
63 acres, 3 miles from Liberty,
4* miles from Pickens -85 acres
in high state of cultivation, bal
ance in heavy oak timber; two
small houses, necessary out.
buildings; on rural routb and
has fine water and good pasture.
Am offered $2,290 for this,
but must have $2,500. I refused
$225 standing rent for the place
this year, preferring part of the
crop. Are you going to let the
other- fellow get ahead of you
H. M. HESTER, Pickens, S. C.
J J McSWAIN
Greenvijle, S. C.
M. C. LONG0,
Over Postoffce, Anderson, S. C.
Practice ia all Courts In Sonuth Carolina >
J. P. OCA REY, JR
Pickens, S. C.
Practice in all Courts.
I. L VALLEY,
Physicia ad Burooi
001connar 10 to 12.4. to4
r e orthe stock ofrds
SOkconsists of a mulko
This stock b w
time at ie E uto