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The sentinel-journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1906-1909, October 15, 1908, Image 1

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EnteredAprU 28, 19os at Pickens, a. a.) .*s S0Od-Class Matter, Under Act of Oongress of March3, 1879.
VOL. XXXVIII.. PICKEN, S. Q. TRURSDAY, OCTOBER I5, 1908 NO, 28
SOUTHCAROLuf
flews of Interest Gleaned lroi
Arranged for
Stato Pardon Board.
Columbia, Special.-The Board of
Pardons, consisting of Messrs. R.
Mays Cleveland, of Greenville, C. W.
Savage, of Colleton, and W. A. Clark,
-of Columbia, met last week to consid
-er the petitions for pardon referred
to the board by the governor. There
were only four such petitions refer
red, as the governor has icted on
imostof the petitions presented within
-the last three months, since the last
-meeting of the board. The petitions
referred are the following:
Lawrence Hampton, convicted of
'murder in Greenwood. and sentenced
to be hanged. Governor Ansel grant
-ed a respite until the 16th of this
month, and it will be recalled that
the governor's secretary, Mr. Bethea.
-went to Greenwood during the flood,
at much inconvenience and with great
difficulty ,to get the respite' there in
time and prevent the hanging.
Gary Renew, Aiken County, petit
lareeny, sentenced to five years in the
Reformatory.
Thos. 'Wells,. Laurens, manslaugh
-er, three years, from January, 1906.1
Robert Gunnells, Greenville, rape,
sentenced to eleven years in Septem
ber, 1903. The .case of Gunnells has
been before the governor and pardon
board before, having been referred to
the board by Governor Heyward first,
in September, 1906, and refused by
-the board the following January, and
again in September ,1907. Gunnels,
a young white Alan of excellent fam
ily, served in tie Philippines, and was
said to be mentally unhinged by his
life there. Returning to his old home
in'OGreerville ~ie committed an atro
eious crime. His mother has been un
tiring in her efforts to secure a par
d was here to press the
before the board.
The recommendations of the boanrd
of pardons is not binding on the gov
ernor, and he is not under the law
compelled to refer any case to the
board. the pardoning power being
vested in the governor solely under
-the law.
Aetna Mill Unsold.
Union, Special.-The Aetna Cotton
'Mill was advertised to be sold iast
Wednesday by the trustee in bank
raptcy, but the sale did not take place.
There were several prospective pur
-chasers, some of whom had deposited
the required certified check, but the
upse't price of $250,000, seems to have
'been larger than any one wanted to
bid as no one offered to pay it. The,
-sale was therefore called off. and the
property, which cost $450,000 and is
in -good condlition, will be -again of
-fered for sale about the middle of No
vember at a lower figare.
Verdict Against Souithern.
Spartanburg, Special.-In the suit
-against the Southern Railwvay for
-damages in the sum of $50,000
brought by J1. M. Turhvfill, adminis
trhater of the estate of Miss B. Hand,
the young school teacher who wans
'killed at Duncan last November while
-e. rossing the railway tracks, the jury
returned a verdict $5,000 dollars. Miss
) R~ and wvas on her way to visit sick
friends, and while crossing the tracks
was struck by No. 37, which was run
'ning iseveral hours late. The yobiu
ladly was a sister of Prof. Hand, of'
.&outh Carolina University.
Spartanbuirg May Get Orphanage.
Spartanburg, Special.-The comn
-mittee having in charge the matter of
-selecting a location for the Episcopal
Ophanage will visit Spartaniburg in
the near future to further denuider
the advisability of selecting Spardan
'burg. Well known~eitizens here b~ee
agreed :to -giva Bf~tjt eres of a '
lieisnudefordlodl
4ANEWS ITEMS
n All Sections of the State and
Busy Readers
Looks Like Infanticide.
Lexington, Special--What seems to t
be a clear case of infanticide came r
to light a few days ago, when the .1
body of an infant was found near a a
branch in the upper part of town. a
The discovery was made y a negro
woman, who was attracted to the A
scene by the terrible odor. The child ei
was wrapped in ootton, and had evi- n
dently been born a week, as the arms
was almost ready to drop off at the !
shoulders from decomposition. Those i
who saw it, say that it was impossible C
to discern whether the child died
from natural causes or whether it was
killed by the heartless parent and car
ried to the swamp with the hope of
covering up the crime. The supposi- B
tion is that the party who placed it
where it was found intended throw
ing it into the water, so that the dis- tj
covery would never be made. It has y
caused a great deal of talk among the I
negroes, but they are very cautious y
how they speak. It is said that the
child had been moved since it was a,
found as it could not be found later.
There has been no official 'action tpk- ir
en in the case, but it is one that a]
should be investigated, and it is very ri
likely that Coroner Clerk will look in- p
to the situation immediately. u
-.n
School Information Wanted,. Y
Superintendent of Education Mar- e
tin has requested the county superin- b
tendents of education to send him a A
brief description of school conditions f
in their respective counties, .and also \
an outline of the greatest needs of e
the schools, as they may appe-ar to
b
the county superintendents. Mr. Mar- i
t.i proposes to incorporate these -fi'- b
tieles in his last annual report, which t]
will be the fortieth annual report of "
the department of education. le be- r
lieves that this collection of short ar- "
ticles in addition to the statistical re- 0
ports from the county supe'intendents c
will be beneficial, not only to the leg- C
islature, but also to the future stu
dents of our educational development.
Covers the Field. it
t
A a purveyor of reliable news
The Calumbia State is easily in a 1
class by itself. With unsurpassed b
facilities for gathep-ing the world's -
happenings, added to its own staff of i
reliable and energetic special corres
pondents, both State and general
events are recorded with a degree of
exactness and detail that cannot be
surpassed. In this campaign year
when things are constantly happening r
to keep the public interest at concert
pitch'it is hardly to be conceived how
alyone who desires to he well in
formed and who lives within reach
of this fine' daily can afford to be
Without it.
General Cotton Market. t
These figur-es represent prices paid ~
for- spot middling at different points:
Char'lotte.. . .- . ... ... . 1-2 1
Columibia...-...-.-.....-.....81-2
Galveston....-.......-..-..-...
New Orleans.... ......... ...3-4..
Mobile.. . . .. . . 3...60
Savannah......-...-..--.....--A.60o
Char-leston......-..-....-......3..2
Wilmington...... ...... ....83-4
Nirfolk......-..-.-..-.-.....87-S
Baltimore..... ..............9
New Yor-k.....-...-...-.......-10
Boston......-..-.-.-..-...-....10
- Charlotte Produce.
Bkeon......-......-....-....111-2
Egard .. ..................2
Butter.... ......... .......15 to30O
Wright to speak in Eichmond.
Wiashiingt on, Special. - Sccretary
Wrijht has receivedl invitations from,
Norfolk and Lynchburg. Va.,' to
speak on behalf of Judge Taft before
the close of the campaign but has not
decided whether to accept. He willt
spealt at Richmond on the 2atb. kn,
o H said that he did in
kinTeninessee dunP~
WATERWAY ENDORSED
Wocnd D of the Great Waterway
Confownce Addressed By Colonel *
Brya aid Qthers.
Chicago, Special.-Addresses by .
Villiam J. Bryan and Gifford Pinchot
be latter'being chairman of the na
ional conservation commission, the C
eading of a letter from James J. a
i.1, short 'addresses by delegates, e
nd a 4*g..reception at the Coliseum c
t night"were the features of the sec- n
nd day of the convention of thie t
akes-to-the-Gulf Deep Waterways c
Issociation. Mr. Bryan, who - spoke a
irnestly in favor of deep waterways, r
ot only frorA the lakes to the gulf t]
ut in all other parts of the country, v
here increased transportation facil- p
ies were needed, was an enthusiasti- n
illy received, as was William H. p
aft when he opened the convention b
ie previous day. p
Mr. Bryan's Addrest. V
In addressing the convention Mr. *
ryan said in part: p
"You cannot give the people too e.
:od facilities for transportation of
ieir mer-handise. If you tell me i
on want to improve the Mississippi
tell you that is all right, I will help q
ou improve it just as far as you
lease, and make' the canal as wide
a you please and as deep .as . you 0
lease, and when you get to improv- h
ig the Mississippi I will start out all P
one if necessary to improve every
ver that empties into the Mississip- t
i. Water transportation is the nat
ral transportation. God made 'the 0
vers, man made the railroads. When t]
oU finish a river sufficiently deep for
ammerce, or a canal upon which t
oats can float, you make it possible t
or a man with smaill capital to act
thile the railroads make it possible t
or men, with large ceaptal to- act. 1
Vhere there is a river any man who I
an buil a boat can engage in trans- S
ortation, And if lie cannot build a t
ig boat lie can build a little boat und t
P you have a large number of little f
oats the big boat will have to meet F
ie rate that the little boat fixes. You e
'ill find it much easier to regulate f
ites on water than on land because e
)mpetition can be.much more active 0
n water than on land. We are an a
mporting nation. We send our agri- tl
iltural products to foreign markets,
nd when our wheat or our cotton Y
achcs the London market its price is a
xed there by the competition which It
meets. -If a bushel of wheat sells g
>r a (ollar in London and it takes Ir
fty cents to get it from the farm to 0
ondon the farmer gets fifty cents a e
ushel for his wheat. If you can so t
nprove transportation that the far- 0
icr can get his wheat from his farm il
) Lierpool for twenty-five cents you it
ave added twenty-five cents to the ir
armers' price for this wheat. It is ti
fact that is admitted that the rail- si
)ad cannot carry freight as cheaply b
s the boat can, and therefore evory a
armer is interested in establishing wa- g
,r communication wherever water ci
ommunication is possible. p
Believer in Waterways. t
"I believe in improving the water
rays everywhere, no matter whether
bese waterways are the rivers that Ib
nn down the mountainsides into the II
cean and the West or the waterways ri
hat converge in the Mississippi vail- IJ
>y and carry their floods to the gulf. I~
believe that it is the duty of those a
harged with the business of govern
ient to (develop these things upon
rhich a nationi's prosperity depends. ('
''If the work should be done, and I tl
elieve that it should, then you pee- 0
le who believe it should be (lone d
hould1( agree upon the best methods u~
y which to do it. But I repeult that t
ou must not he frightened heeause a
may require an investment. At St. T:
jois last fall they resolved that 0
500,000.000 spent in improving the a
v'aterways of the Mississippi valley b
vould bring an interest in the way q
f decreased cost of transportation I'
mounting to $180.000,000 a year h
.Vhy, my friends, if' it only saved "
~50,000,000 a year it would be teni e
>er cent. interest on1 the investment. (1
''I believe that the pla should be i:
ommenced nloW. I holieve that it i
hould be a compreheansive plan, that r
t should deal with the entire sub- t
cet and that it should be a perma- t
ient plan; that we should begin now (
o lay the foundation for the future e
creatness of this country, in the <
lev Z~ment ofa .These natural re-<
Olt~,these Gogven water comies
OUR. SCHOOLS
Ar Pnor. WILLIAM H. HAND,
llniversity of South Carolina.
Paper Number Five.
Inadequate Supervision.-In South
arolina there are three units. of
,hool administration-the State, tie
yunty, and the school district. "An
lucational system is a great busi
ess.") In every organized business
iere must be machinery; that ma
linery must be repaired, adjusted,
ad articulated; and some competent
!sponsible person must supervise
int machinery. A successful supet
isor must be a capable man, an ex
erienced man, and a courageous
ian. He must be reasonably well
aid, definitely responsible to some
3dy, and reasonably secure in his
Dsition as long as lie is efficient.
hat of the supervision of our edu
ttional system? What do we ex
eet, and what have ;- a right tc
cpect?
What does the fundamental law of
ie State require in the -office of the
tate Superintendent I Does it re
.ire that lie shall be Au educated
an. or a.man of experience in school
Tajrs,-br a man who knows anything
teaching and of teachers, or a man
imself qualifled to teachl He is ex
Dcted to direct the educational pol
y of a State, and to maintain a sys
,m of school for over three hundred
iousand children. What salary is
fered to a man big enough to f111
is position? Nineteen hundred dol
irs a year. How does this rank with
.ie salary offered a man big enough
>i run one cotton mill? How does
e get the position, and on what does
he security of it depend ? What is
ikely to be his reward for any dis
lay of courage in his office? Every
ecend year he is compelled to neglect
lift duties of his office for at least
wo months and to spend at least
Dur hundred dollars to get the op
ortunity to speak ten minutes in
ich county telling the dear (indif
nrent) people that lie should be re
lected. Under our present system
F electing the State Superintendent,
Ad with the two-year tenure of office
ic entire educational policy of the
tate may be reversed inside one
aar. In a recent editorial Th'e News
nd Courier pertinently says, "In
,te years the people have shown a
rowing improvement inl their esti
ate of the place of superintendent
i education, choosing as a rule, train
I teachers for it,. but
iere is no assurance so long as the
Tlce is filled by popiular vate thaf.
icapable men will not he elected to
solely because of their ingratiat
ig manner, or as a reward for poli
cal service. * The
iperintendent of education should
3 appointed by the governor or hv
commission, after thorough investi
ition and the salary should be sutfi
ent to conniand the services (if ex
erts, and at the same time remove
iem from temptation.'
A succession of able State supe-r
itendents could not build and main
uin a system of high-class schioos
iless the county supervision be good.
hie wisest policies of a State super
Itendlent woul'd avail bit~ little un
ss the county superintendenits were
le, willing andI courageous entmueh
carry these nolicies to siu'cess. In
ue matter of administration the
>unty superintendency is the~ key to
ue situation. What do we require
i tile county superint end~ent, w~hat
ri we expect. wvhat (10 we get, and
hat do we give.?-Do we require that
ie county superintendent shall be
a expert or experienced educator?
lihe required to have any knowledge
P schools oir of teaching? Ts there
avthing to prohibit an illiterate from
olding that offee? Hie is niot re
nired to bie com~npetent to tea'i(h, al
iouigh by law" he is required to give
is teachiers instruct ion in the art
nd methods of teaching. Does the
nunty demannd that its superinten
ent be at least the equnal of the saper
itendent in court house town? To be0
erfectly pla iand honest, have we
ot had meni elected and re-elected
a the office ot' county superintend~ett
o supervise t be wh'lole county, who
muld not have been eleated to any po
ition in the best schools of their
ounties? Manyv of them would not
saeay to to' h in the best schools of
her ueounties. They qgnderstand full
vei tat thie publie 44s no~ oxpeei
such fitness of them. That is O#I
fault, not' theirs. - The publie twind
does not think of a county fuppris
tendent as a man of edutio
perience; tact, arid leadprship inl
school matters. It thinks of him as
a man who listens to neigOborhood
quarrels about district 'lies, i d
about the appointment and r6movtal' "1
trustees, and who 'sits in his ofe
one day in the week to sign teacher
pay warrants.
In speaking thus of incompetent.
county superintendents, I.have no in
tention whatever Pf being personal.
I am happy to count among my best
friends in the State many of the
county superintendents. !funy. -of
them are competent and effiiert men,
sacrificing themselves oli the altar of
an unappreeiative public, for their
reward is contemptible. We ask for
ty-two qualified men to direct over
6.200 teachers, to act as guardians for
314.000 children, and to keep and to
disburse nearly a million and a half
dollars; we offer them an average -of
$684, an .insult to an efficient man!
The city of Greenville has convinced
itself 'that it is economy to pay its
superintendent $1.800 a year to sup
ervise the work of 44 teachers; while
Greenville county pays its superiten
dent $700 to supervise 275 teachers.
Sumter pays its city superintendent
$2,400 a year to dir'ect 36 teachers;
Sumter county offers its superinten
dent $900 to direct about 150 teach
ers. It is a source of wonder why we
have as many. efAicient county super-.
ilendents as we have. All honor to
the competent man patriotic enough
'to serve his county on a contemptible
salary I But shame upon a people
who compel patriotism to crawl in the
dust I
I know that we have some people
who claim that our schools are al
ready too much supervised. That de
pends entirely uyon what is meant by
supervision. If it means the constant.
meddling in petty details, or the
jealous interference with teachers in
matters concerning only themselves,
or the insistence upon teachers be
coming cheap imitators of a fad
fiend superintendent, then perhaps we
have too much. But if supervision
means the readiness an(d ability to
assist the teacher, the .power to in
spire her, the fact to prune and re
fIne and strengthen her, and the man
hood to sustain her (and it usually
does), then I dissent vehemently. All
over the State we have young men
and women who as teachers ought to
succeed, but who are failing because'
they have no one to advise them and
to support them in the crucial nio..
ments of trial. This is especially true
in the rural and village schools. Is
it any wonder that the young teach
ers flock to the towns?
The rural schools must have better
sipervison. Nearly seventy per cent.
of the white school ehildren of this
State are in thq rural schools. They
are tnfitled to as good and as close
supervision as are any other children.
Proper supervision Van not be given
as long as we multiply the one-teach
er schools with fifteen pupils each.
and permit- the popular election of
supervisors at a salary of $0S4. On
a salary of $6R4 what can a county
superintI iendenllt (1 toward the real
suipervision of' 150 teachers scattererl
all ovce' the county, in perhaps 100
school houses?
Require that the county superin
tendlent b~e an expert educator, let
him be appointed by a board and re
sponsible to that board, keep him in
oflnas long as he is eficeient and n~av
him an expert's salary. We shall
find the men prepared to (10 the
work. Then we shall stop frittering.
away the school funua, increase the
fund, and wye shalh get results. Soon
er of later our penole arc going to
c'ome to look at this mati "r some
3yhiat as did lion. .Tohna J. McMahani
in. his report for 1900t'.
.Russia Getting Her Fleet Ready.
St. Peter'Isbuirg, By Cabl.-Fearful
that Austraia intiiends to take advan-,
tage of the c'ommotion in Servia to
dciii the holdest blow of all-annexa
tion of Servia-the Czar has ordered
the mobilization of thle Black Sea
fleet. Russia stifl- insists upon an in
ternational conference to completely
revise the Berlin treaty, while thq
latest word from England is tlp she
has not receded froni her a
that only existing issuesj ~ be
ccnside~L. .

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