Entered April 28, 1903, at Pickens, . ., as Second-Class Matter, Under Act of Congress of Marci 3.1879.
VOL. XXXVII. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 22, 19*08.- NO29
lews of baterest Geaned F
?RPARATIONS FOR STATE
The Ohamber of Commerce Has Many
Columbia, Special.-The Chamber
-of Commerce is progressing rapidly
with preparations for fair week. The
-contract for wiring for street light
ing has been awarded to the Perry
Electric company. The arrangements
.as to street lighting will be different
this year in that the material put up
will be the property 'of.the Chamber
-of Commerce and not rented as has
teen the custom in the past.
The Johnny Jones shows, which
will have the street attractions.
earry thir own electric lighting plant
and they are under contract with the
Chamber. of Commerce to present
their full capacity of lights and an
-equal number of lights will be in
stalled at the side shows by the
Chamber of Commerce in addition to
the ones used by the carnival.
Fun, But Not Rowdyism.
The Johnny J. Jones Carnival com
pany has arranged for the street
shows. Police will not permit
the sale of whips, rubber balls, con
letti, etc., and will rigidly enforce
the ordinance against the practice of
throwing these things around the
city. Every show that will be pre
sented is represented as a high class
attraction and no objectionable shows
will be offered.
The Chamber of Commerce will
not grant concessions to any one ex
cept with the express understanding
that bhere can be none of the ob
jectionable features. The idea of the
commi!tee having this matter in
charge is that the fair shall be full
of life and ginger with rowdiness
Old 'Nicholas Maleher, a veteran
of many fairs, will have charge of
the water supply. Barrels will be
placea at the corners on Main street
and ice water can be had by all de
- siring it. The barrels have. been
scalded and painted and are in read
iness to fill the functions required
of them. The city has granted the
use of the water.
Capt. U.J. Person, Jr., who can be
found at the B.-C. Electric company,
three doors from the transfer sta
tions, in charge of the information
bureau, and has perfected arrange
inents for handling the crowds. Mr.
Person in addition to his experience
and ability, is a West Point gradu
ate and ex-army officer and by rea
son of his military training, being
weli versed in matters of discipline,
is 'thought to be an ideal man for
the position he holds.
The Jonny J. Jones Carnival com
pany has nine shows and is the best
carnival that has ever exhibited in
Columbia. The management has just
secured a new show, "A Trip from
New York to the Nqrth Pole," which
is an entirely new production and
will probably show for the first time
'withI the carnival when they open
their engagement in Columbia.'
They have an animal show that is
pronounced the best ever seen in Co
l umbia, and a new trainer, who is,
now in charge of th'e animals, has
'fewv superiors in the animal business,
lind is no doubt the best wvithi any
cAlrnival company. This company is
also uinder contract to secure six
other high class shows and they must
he stcer attractions.
The hand with the carnival was in
Columbia last year and gave thorough
satisfaction. It consists of 16 pieces
and is an all-Italian hand. It will
give street concerts in the afternoon
andl niight. Two maerrv-gn-rounds will
be here, which, with the Ferris v-heel,
will make things look natural. Three
free attractions will be given on Main
street. A balloon ascension with a
Resoprces of the State.
fov. Ansel has appointed Mesers
E. J1. Watsort and A. C. Moore, of
Columbia, Earl Sloan of Charlestoi
andi J. EI/Sirrine of Greenville as a
'commit tee to prepare a statement of
facts, figures and tables on the re
sources of this State. These -facts
will bs'/presented at the 89uthern
-Commercia) consress, whieb astf in
NA NEWS ITEMS
m -AN Sections of the State and
patachute drop will be given once 'a
day. This is a most spectacular act.
Aq a4ral trapeze act will be given
twice a day. A hair-raising bicycle
act, looping the loop and jumping the
gap, will be given once a day.
Spe'eal Trains for State rair.
The transportation departments of
the Southern and Seaboard Air Line
roads have arranged for the fair
week crdwds. Announcements have
been made of special trains on all
lines of both roads and, in addition.
the regular passenger trains will all
carry several extra coaches.
For the Southern railway Mr. J. L.
Meek, th'e assistant general passenger
agent of that line, has sent out the
following letter to ll officials:
"Gentlemen: Our transportation
department -has arranged for extra
coaches to be handled on regular
trains between Augusta- and Colum
bia, October 26, ?7, 28, and 29, also
between Allendale and Columbia,
Charlotte and Columbia, Spartanburg
and Columbia, Greenville and Colum
bia and Charleston and Columbia, to
protect overflow travel on account
of the above occasion.
"In addition to regulpr train ser
vice, we have arranged for special
train service, October 27, and 28 and
29, to be operated from Winnsboro
to Columbia and to return from Co
lumbia to Charlotte; between Spar
tanburg and Columbia, October 28
and 29; between Anderson, Belton,
Abbeville and Columbia. October 28
and 29; between Allendale and Co
lumbia, October 28 and 29, and be
tween Branchville and. Columbia, Oe
tober 28, 29 and 30.'"
Assistant General Passenger AL-ent.
A special train 4vill be run Wednes
day, Thursday and Friday from
Branchville. leaving there at 7.15 a.
m. ad arriving here at 9.40. Special
trains will be run from Allendale
Wednesday and Thursday, leAving
there at 7 a. m. and arriving here at
10.15 o'clock. Special trains will be
run Wednesday and Thursday from
Anderson. leaving there at 5.30 a. m.
and arriving here at 11 o'clock. Re
turning these trains will leave at 7
o'elock in the evening arriving at
Anderson at midnight. Special trains
will be run from Spartanburg on
Wednesday and Thursday. leaving
there at 6.30 a. m. and arriving here
at 10.30. Ret urning these trains will
leave Columbia at 7.30 p. m. and ar
rive at Spartanburg at 11.30 p. m.
Special trains will be run from
Winnsboro Wednesday, Thursday and
Friday. leaving there at 7.30 a. m.
and arriving here at 9 o'clock. All
of these trains stop at every station
and are in addition to the two and
three daily on every line mentioned
The Seaboard Air Line will operate
special trains from Hamlet. N. C., on
Wednesday and Thursday. The trains
will leave Hamlet at 6 a. m. and ar
rive in Columbia at 9.45. Returnirg
the trains will leave Columbia at 5.30
in the afternoon. Specials w.,ill also
be operated from Fairfax on the
same .days, leaving Fairfax at 7
o'clock a. in., central time, or 8
o'clock eastern time, and arrive in
Columbia at 9.30. Returning the
train will leave Columbia at 5.30 p.
in., central time, or 0.30, easterni time.
The~ tickets are good on all trains
and go on sale on October 24 to 29
and limited to return until November
Stato News Items.
At Batesburg~ the fourth anual
fair of the Tri-County Fair asso-.
ciation was held last week under fa
vorable circumstances. All roads in
the threre counties led to Batesburg
fair, and( ever1y effort possible was
made to prevent disappointment to
Two Hangings in South Ca,roli'na.
-Columbia, S. C., Special--Lawrence
Hampton, colored, was hanged at
Greenwood Friday for the murder of
lIobert WVhite, also colored, in 1906.
llampton confessed his crime and said
that he wans prepared to die. At
Blainwell, Elliot Greene, -colored, w~as
hanged for the murder o.f 'Oliver
Smalls. also colored, in .February
ce confessed. his crime.
*4"t1 1II+++ +..-..-4
'Br Poor. WITIJAm H. HAND,
University of Sout.h CaroUna.
Paper Number Six.
Change of Teachers.-The frequent
change of teachers is a constant'break
and clog in the progress of the
schools. It robs them of anything ilke
an unbroken course of work and fix
edness of policy. Every new teacher
introduces some new feature into the
work of. the school-perhaps a good
feature in itself, yet no better than
what it displaces. It requires read
justment to install anything new, and
the time and friction are a loss, unless
the change is dccidedly for better.
Generally speaking, our best schools
are those which have the fewest
chianges in the teaching force. It re
quires at least one lull session for a
teacher to become acquainted with his
patrons. By bec6ming acquainted
with patrons for more than mere so
cial knowledge of them.' I mean an
appreciation of the tastes and their
ideals and * their ambitions, and a
knowledge of their peculiarities, if
you please. Until he understands
these he is not in a position to serve
them and to lead them, and a teacher
who can nt lead is of but little force.
Not until after a teacher has taught
from four to six years in a commun
ity is he prepared to give it his best
services. Yet how few teachers re.
main in one school three years.
Some places change teachers every
year simply because they have acquir
.ed the habit of doing so. Like any
other bail habit, this one grows upon
people. The trustees and the patrons
frequently realise that their school is
far inferior to sone other school, and
rush to the conclusi6n that they need
a chatige of.teaoeprs, when the truth
is that they have already injured their
school by too many changes. Have
any of my readars ever seen a pupil,
or an entire class set- to work in the
same place, in arithmetic for in
stance, at the beginning of each of
three succelsive sessions-each time
by a new teaqherl Is it probable
that this would have been done by
any one reasonable teacher. teaching
the school the three sessions?
This evil of change reians in the
town and country schools alike. I have
in mind one town in this State which
had six principals in eight years.
Change was the only remedy it knew,
and it believed in heroic doses. A
zreat many rural schools rarely have
the same teacher two years in suc
cession. Many of these changes, in
both town and country schools, are
due to the neighborhood jealousics
and quarrels already discussed. Many
a community has its chronic critics
of the schools, who are dyspeptic by
nature and sour by habit. A teacher
never satisfies them longer than one
year. They know all about schools,
and their own children are paragons
of perfection. If any teacher finds
one of these children ar.ything but a
paragon, straightwav there is trouble.
To listen to these disgruntled fathers
and mothers with their tales of woe
requires patience and grace. In their
eyes there is but one remedy-change
teachers. Not two months ago I
heard a man not for from sixty years
of age declare that he intended to
''break up'' the only school in his
district, unless the trustees dis
missed the present teacher . It had
never~ oecuredl to him that perhaps
the trnstees were in the right. Sneh
a man is in a small way an anarbiest.
In some instances fault finding and
dissatisfaction are unwit.tingly en.
eouraced by the board of trustees.
The' hoard, either ignorant of its
function or disposed to dlodke an un
pleasant dluty. asks the patrons to
elect the teacher. Such a course is
nn invitation to division andl the dis
ap)poinltmenlt conisequent to defeat.
and will inevilabhly bring about lis
c'ord. What is the hoard apoointed
for, if not to mannee the school h.
lersoniing thie occnsions for discord7
A good many towns make it a r-uke
to employ only yor,ng inexperienced
teachers, and at the endl of each
year drop those who have failed.
keeping the mor~e sunessful ones un
til they have become really service
able, then let thienm go because the
trustees and the pe(ople are unuwill
ing to pay for good teaching at par
value. Some places boast that their
schools are the gatewy to the promo
tion of their teachers. This may be
a 4redit to the'school. and a diserodil
to the people. It is not 'cr'editable,
if the people are simply letting e-fi
cient teachers pass out from their
schools lij exchange for crude, inex
perience, because the latter ischeap.
. A few town school boards are
given to the indefensible habit of
advertising every year for applicants
for position in the school, when the
board does not intend to ele6t a single
new teacher. The Eng who marched
his army up the hill, then marched
It down again, did no more childish
thing than these boards do. The
thing is not only indefensible, but'it
is hurtful to the school, tnjust to the
teachers and dishouest to possible ap
plicants. What meaning does such
advertisement convey to every teach
er in that school, no matter how ef,
fleient she may be? When the teach
ers ask for its meaning, they are
told that it is only a matter oflorm,
and that they need not be concerned.
Great big grown business men play
ing like children! Then what about
the innocent strangers who make
bona fide applications irr answer to
what they suppose is a bona fide ad
vertizement, only to be informed that
it is a mere form? What teacher
with any regard for ethics would ap
ply for one of these places, if lie
knew that no vacancy existed and
that the incumbent expected reelee
tion I Is the board playing a game in
diplomacy I Does it intend to see
if it can secure better teachers, but
if not, re-elect the incumbent l Such
game would be dislhgnoralle. If a
school board wishes to -change teach
ers for any legitimate reason, it has
a perfect legal and moral right to do
so. But the change should be made
in a manly straightforward mapner.
Let the board frankly tell the teacher
not to ask for re-election, deelare q
vacancy, then advertise for appli
eations-if that is the best, way to
Teachers themselves must bear
their part of the responsibility for so
many changw... , There are some teach
ers who ought not to expect any
school to keep them longer than one
year. The captious (sometimes mis
called spirited,) the eeelitrico the
frivolous, the giddy, and the ignorant
ones may expect to float about like
driftwood. Then there are some
teachers who have an'ineurable mania
for becoming birds of. passage. I
once knew a teacher to resign her
work to go elsewhere on the ground
that she had been in her present
position three years, Then there is
that class qf restless mortais who
have more ambition than ability.
They apply every time they hear of
a vacancy, .and if they hear of no
vacancy, they ask when the next one
is to be. They tell you very frankly
that they are worth a great deal more
than they are getting, and that they
are prostituting the profession when
they work for so little. Once more,
there is that foxy diplomat of a
teacher who seeks a place in March,
accepts it in June, and holds it until
about two weeks before the school is
to open, then telegraphs the board
that she has accepted elsewhere (at
two dollars a mcnth more salary.)
She calls this resianing; in law Pnd
commbn sense it is a violation of
contract. Such conduct under ordi
nary circumstances is reprehensible,
and wholly unworthy of an honest
man or woman.
Killed by rail From- Tree.
Monck's Corner, Speaal.-Mr. Geco.
Mims, a well known mechanic, met
with an accident which resulted in
his death a few hours later, lie 'n as
at a baptizing at Canal Bridge and
had climbed up a tree to get some
berries for the children, when a limub
broke and he fell a distance of 30
feet. D)r. W,. K. Fishbournec was hus
ily summoned, who usedl all medical
skill to revite him, hut wit hout a4vail.
His deathI is very much regretted.
Missionary to China Dies.
Laurenis, Special.-The Rev. S.
Charlton Todd, who was on a visit
lhere from ( hina, whuerc .he had been
engagedl in missiormry work' for five
years, died in this city last week at
the home of his mothier, Mrs. Junie
Todd Clarke, after a three-wveeks' at
tack of typhoid fever, HIe wvas :w
years old and is survived by his wil'
'who remained in China (luring h<
husband's visit home. The funcr
and interment took,,jlace here.
AUPUSJ F0D BWLETJN.
Interesting Figures Given on Preoei
itation During That XMontIL
In the montbly weather bulletin o
conditions in August, just issted/8eo'
tion Director Bauer gives some inter
estin'g figures oi the raiuQ)spo
ially at the time of' tfle greet flood,'
The report says:
"The 've.rage precipitation was>K
0.11 inches, which is 4.91 inche
above the normal. The greatest loeir -A'
monthly anoupt was 19.52 inches,. at ;'
Oreerlville; tA least was ',jp inchea,
at Yemassee. The greatest 24-hour
fall was 11.65 inches, at Anderson,
on the 24th-25th. 'The average nun
her of days with rain was 10, ranging
from six days at Blairs and Jackson
boro 'to 15 days at Effingham anO
"Excessive Precipitation.-At An
derson on the 24th-26th, 14.31 inches
in 34 hours; at Blairs on the 24th
26th, 8.64 iqees in 60 hours; -at Cal
houn Falls on, the 23d;26th, 9.62
inches in 63' hers9 ut Camden (1)
on the 25th-20th, 9.05 inches in 23
hours; at Catawba e 'the 23d-26th,
10.12 inches in- 65 hours; at Cheraw
.on the 24th-26th, 6.54 inches in 62
hours; at Clemson College on the
25th, 2.81 inches in 24 hours; at Col
umbia on th' 19tha 3-15 inches in 9
hours; at Conway an the 26th. 2.83
inches in: 14 hours; at Dillon on 'the
19th, 3.69 inches in 24' hours ;at
Greenville on the 23d-26th, 16.94
inches in 78 hours;-,at Greenwood on
the 24th-26th, 7.06 inches ,t 60
hours; at Jacksonboro on t_e 20th,
4.00 inches in 24 hours; at Kingstree
on the 27, 2.60 inches in about 14
hours; at Liberty en the 24th-26th,
11.12 inches in 24 hours; at Little
Mountain on the 19th, 3.21 inches in
24 hours; at Mt. Holly, N. C., on the
23d-26th, 11.19 inches in 58 hours;
.at Pelzer on the 24th-26th, 5.14 in
ches in 27 hours; at St. George on
the 20th, 2.60 inches in 4 hon-rs; at
Saluda on the 6th Z.60 inches in 24
hours; at Santuc on the 23d-25th,
10.83 inches in 58- hours; at Spartan
burg on the 24th-26th, 9.33 inches in
72 hours; at Ferguson on the 26th,
2.59 inches in 24 hours; at Walter
boro on the 10th, 2.51 inches in 16
hours; at Winnsboro on the 24th
25th, 7.85 inches in 48 hours: at Win
throp colleze on the 24th-25th, 7.10
inches in 48 hours.
Report on Tobacco.
Watson has received a summary of
the tobacco situation in this tSate;
prepared specialTy for the depart
ment by HIartwelt M. Ayer, as fol
"Amount produed in 1908, 24,000,
000 to 25.000,000 pounds. *
"Of this 75 per cent is bought by
the American Tobacco Company and
the Imperial Company. The former's
grades consist of eigarette and granu
lators (for smoking) and ;wrappers'
for Amer ican trade.
''The latter company's grades con
sist of cigarette end plurr tobae,oos,
which are all shipped to England.
''We have a very small per cent of
twist and plug tobaccos grown in cur
State.' We have ahout 20 per cent.
of a crop of semid-brightt strips (hat
are shipped to European markets,
mainly to England by ind(endent buy
era. The remnainder'. 5 petr cent of
the crop, consists -of' scrap tobaccos
that are manufacturted bt vthe Ameri
can trade into smoking~ tobaccos. The
independents buyw from ten to fifteen
per' cent, of the erop of' wrappers f,g
A merican Itrade, J)rinci.jpally ship1)ed(
West. This is as near' the informa
tion as we enn irive it. as all tobacco
arc manufeoltared' in Virpinia and the
West. What per cent of our' grades
and kinds ?goes into the dlifferent out
puswe canniot give yout.'
Edisto County is on the Way.
C'oumtbia, Special Giovernor An
sel Satturday issued a proclamation
Cot' an election on I he nestion of the
f'ormation of EdPNto couty tdf be held'
December 15. There hats been consid
Ierable contest over thie matter, the
aera o fthe proposed contit. being
formed out of portions of L4inigton~
Aiken and Orangeburg.
xml | txt