Newspaper Page Text
Entered April 23, 1903, srt Piciens, S. C., as Beoond-Olass Matter Under Act of Congress of Marh 3, 1879.
VOL. XXXVIII . PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, NO MBER 5. 1908.
Mews of Interest Gleaned fro
T=E GAI LAWS NOW IN
.Ziteresting Summary Prepazd by
Secretary Jas. H. Rice, Jr.
From The Columbia State.
The Audubon Society is in receipt
-of requests daily for copies of V^
game laws. These cannot be supphud
since the issue has been exhausted,
.giving conclusive evidence of the in
terest felt in the subject all over
South Carolina. The society has re
-quested that extra copies be returned.
Requests have come also from other
States. . To make the principal points
clear the following is a summary of
the more important laws as prepared
by Secretary Jas. Henry Rice, Jr.
The statute of 1905, passed two
46rs before the Audubon society
As chartered, defines what are game
birds and what are not. The game
birds are: Swans, wild geese, brant,
wild ducks, rails (marsh hens), coots,
-gallinules, surf birds, snipe, wood
-cock, quail, (partridge), rice bird,
black bird, dove, sand-pipers, upland
plover, curlew, wild turkey and pa
It is not known to the society why
prairie (pinnated grouse) hens were
put on this list, nor why Mongolian.
-or ring-necked pheasants and ruffed
grouse were left off. There are no
prairie chickens in South Carolina;
whereas there are both Morolian
phensants and ruffed grouse, but
such is thg law.
The above birds may be shot in
the seasons permitted by law, or
-taken in those seasons by any method
which the law allows.
API birds not on this list are non
-game birds within the meaning of the
law, and may not be killed at any
time; nor may their nests or eggs be
destroyed. It is a misdemeanor to
have i n possession any part- of a non
'game bird, such as feathers, body or
skin; and it is equnlly against (lie
law whehlier such bird wis killed
within or without the State.
The State Owns the Birds.
In the preamble to this act it is
-Stated: ''That all wild birds, whether
reidwnt. or migratory, in this State,
shall be, and are hereby, declared to
be the property of the State.'' That'
is the law of South Carolina.
Birds That Are Bxempted.
The net further recites 'that i lie
E,n!,-I,Ii sparrow, cooper's hawk (the
chick-en or hen hawk), the sharp
shinned hawk (known locally as the
"Bltue Darter''), the great horiod
'owl and all other birds which are hv
iature destructive of other birds, are
not included among the birds pro
'teted by this act, nor are the nests
'or eggs of these birds protected.
A person is allowed to kill crows
-on iis premises if they are destroy
ine crops, but lie is not allowed to
e11 them or their feathers.
No nou-game bird may be shipped
*ont of' the State nor may the eggs or
- eathers of such bird be shipped.
For Scientific Purposes.
Certifieates may be granted by the
~seoretary of state to any person of
the age of 15 or upward, who is
proner4y accredited, permitting the
holder to collect b)irds and their eggs
for "I ri'tly scientific nurposes. The
:appliennt must be endorsed by I wo
welt kniown ornithologists, and if it
is proved1 that the holder has taken
birds f'or other than se ,,tifie p-ir
'oses his certificate will be at once
eanneelled and not renewed. Besides
he will be liable to a fine of $101) or
- -800 (dava' imprisonmen't.
It wvill be seen that no woman- has
the right to wear the feather of a
liOn-eame bird on her' hat : it. is an
ihada~ble offense under th~e laiv's i"
Benth Carolina, and it. mieht he addt
ed that it is an indictable offense
Gaffney's Plower Show.
Cahfineiy, Special.-The annual f!ow
- r shiow was held Saturday evening at
-the residenece of Mrs. .1. 1). Wheat
and was largely attended. The event
V ~ wams given under the auspices of the
Ladies' Aid Society of Limestone
Presbyterian church. T)me receipts of
the evening wvere some '970 and the
ladies are well pleased wit2k t m. re
NlA NEWS IE MS
rn All Sections of the State and
under the laws of almost every civi
lized country in the world. There ire
150,000,000 birAs used up in the
plume trade -of Europe every year,
these birds being imported from Asia,
Africa and Polynesia. Many species
have become extinct through this
' The Open Season for Game.
According to the act of 1906 the
season for shooting partridges, wild.
turkey, woodcock, 'Mongolian or other
pleasants is )nade from November 15
to March 1, with the exception of
the following counties.
Beaufort, Hampton, Dorchester,
Colleton, Chaileston, Barnwe, Berk
Icy, Aiken, Oconce, Fairfield, Saluda,
Georgetown and Clarendon.
. These counties have fron Novem
ber 1 to April 1. Lexington was
formerly among the excepted coun
ties, but has been' taken off and the
season there is from November 15 to
The deer season is from September
1 to January 1, but the law applies
only to Ceorgetown county. The rest
are from August 1 to February 1.
Game Birds Not to be Sold.
The act of 1906 makes it a misde
meanor to sell, or offer or expose for
sale, to pothunt, net, or trap, or by
firelight to pursue with intent to
catch, kill or injur eany of the game
birds named in that section. The
handling, possession or ownership of
these birds is prima facie evidence
that they are being offered for sale.
The Jaw of the-Land.
These are the laws of the State of
South Carolina, made by the lawful
r6p.resellt~atives of the people and are
binding on every citizen whether he
thinks they are wise or unwise. The
first considpration is that they are
the laws of the land. Any person
has the constitutional right to make
represcitation to the legislature to
have any law changed, but whili it
is on the books lie is bound to obey
Big Verdict at Greenvillo.
Greenville, Special.-In the Fed
cral Court here a' verdict for two
hundred and sixty-liree thousalid,
four hundred and fifty-three dollars
flmd fiftv-three cents was returned
for the Southern Power Comnpany, of
Charlotte, in the suit against the
Catawba Power Company, of Rock
Hill, S. C. The suit was for the col
lection of some promissory notes.
The verdict was agreed upon by the
attorneys for the two companies.
Fire in Darlington Causes .$15,00b
Darlington, Special.-Fire on Wed
nesdav morning destroyed a large
tolneco warehouse on east Broad
street. This building had been used
for storing cotton and there were "204
bales of cotton in it at the tine of
the fire, all of which was destroyed.
The origin of The fire is unkuown.
The loss is about $15,000, which is
protected bv insurance. One'of the
Atlantic Coast Line passenger
coaches, which had been sent up as
a special for the dlelegaltes of the T.
P. A. to the, progress meeting at
Columbia, was burned.
Imperial Comopvly's Plpt at Mullins
is Destroyed by Fire.
Mullins, Speeial.-Fire dlestroved
1he three-story structure of the im.
perinl Tobaceo Comnanyv, ow'ned and1
ontrat.ed by .J. P. Sale & Co. The
fire w'as dliscovered in the redryin2
machinery, arnd itt a short time was
bevond control. About 290 neorro em..
ploves were at work in the biuildine,
and so rapidly did the fre gain head
way that several came near losiniu
their lives in getting out. 'Tn the
buildine~ were abn"t 300.000 nounuds
of leaf febosco. The loss is estimnat
ed at $400,000 mostly covered by in
Union County Votes Prohibition.
Union, Speeinl.-UTnion coidnty
ngain voted for prohibition by about
three hundred majority out of fifteen
hndred votes east. Dunring the past
I hiree vears of prohibition the ar
rests for drunkenness havo' dt4esed1
50 per cenit and property valuationsF
.in the coiunty~ are said to have in.
creased t wo million dlollars.
BY Pn'w. WIL,iAM Ii. HAND.
UniversIt,y of South Carolina.
taver Nrmber Eight.
POOR ATTENDANCE-Even with
insuflicient funds, poor school houses,'
short school terms, and incompetent
tevcherl, the people may still show
a commendable educational purpose.
by sending every child to school ev
cry day the schools are in session.
Mueh good may be got out of a %ery
inferior school, if the children at
tend it regularly and with the pur
posee of gtting the most possible otut
of it. I-low are the white children of
South Carolina attending the schools?
In 1907 the white enrollment in the
pubhlic schools of the State was 144,
66S, while the average ~attendance
was only 103,304. The federal cen
sus taken seven years before (1900)
gives South Carolina 217,972 white
children between the ages of 5 and 20
years, while our legal school age is
between 6 and 21 years. It is safe
sto assert that barely sixty per cent
of the white children of the State
are enrolled in any kind of school,
and not over forty per cent are in
aveage attendance. In 1900, thirty
six per cent of the white children
between the ages of 10 and 14 years
were not enrblled in any school, pub
lie or private. In the same year
Massachusetts had only six per cent
of her white children of the corre
ponding ages out of school. Connecti
cut had seven per cent pand Michigan
eight per cent.
In 1900 South Carolina had 54.177
native white illiterates over 1.0 years
of age, only 792 fewer white illiter
ates tlhan the State had in 1870, thir.
ty years previous. At the same ditto
Connecticut, with nearly twice the
white population of South Carolina.
had but 1,958 white illiterates over
10 years of age. Again, South Car
olina had 15,643 native white illiter
ates of the voting ages; Rhode Islaud,
with four-fiths the population of
South Carolina, had just 550. We
had 17,839 native white illitc'ates
between the ages of 10 and 19 years;
Michigan, with twice our population
had 1,141; Connecticut had 160, and
Rhode Island 100. Is it reasonable
:o hope for the South Carolina of
lomorrow, with her load of helplw's
illitcrate.;, to cope successfully with
those States and sections which have
freed themselves from the - bondage
of ignorance? The (lay is forever
Q1on1e from South Carolina when a
few highly .trained men of leisure
coid direct and control the destinies
of the people. This responsibility
has been shifted to the shoulders of
the mass3es, and now we are forced to
consider the training of the masses.
Only yesterday lon. 0. B. Martin
9ave this out: ''Several educatio'nal
leaders in New England frankly told
us that they are spending their mon
ey and building up their schools in
order to retanin and maintain their in
dustrial supremacy. They realized
that we have advantages and great
resources in the South, but they rwo
pose to keep the lead, if possible,
through the power of trained brains
and trai nedl hads' Intelligence and
skill wvill win every time in ev'ers'
race. WhIat is South Carolina doinrg
to meet this open challenge frcm
New En)gland '1,
WVhy l:e these South Carolina
children not in school, and why are
they nuot in school? Some are the
soins and1 dauighters of parents them
selves ignorant and unable tio appre
clate or to understand what edutI a
tion means to their children and to
he State;* some are the children 'f
fathers and mothers, greedy and scl
fish who aire more than willing to
make wnee-ea rners and bread-winnear's
out of their younaguntaulghtj offspriing;
au few iare t he children of par-ents op
posed to edneation, because they have
kupwn some educated scoundrel; a
very few nre the children of parents
who actually need ,he labor of t heir
childr1 en to eke out a living; anad
manv.~ are thle childr en of fathers en
grovmed in mtralh affairs and mothI
ers recreaunt toa dulv. Many of thlese
clihire are at work on the farnms, in
shurm s and shoeps at a few cen ts a day.
andl in the colt<nt mills making goodl
wafe ot clhlren, while hunidred1s
ofohers are roming.the street; and
coun rv m lanes-] lhe training grounds
for idlers, agr~gants andi enemies to
law, order anmd dlecency
'Two of the woirst enemies to cirild
heod and vI), ar" overwork az
idleness. Close confiwinent at man
ual labor is diling, stiflin. and (es
tructi've to clidhood; idleness .is
poiso-ous and ruinous to vouth. At
telidance upon school may be used as
a corrective for both erils. The
State. in order to protect at least
on* class of children ovainst. over
wotk, has passed a child-labor law.
Barri-ig some notable exceptions, the
abortiveness bf that law is a common
jest. To ilnstrate: In 1905, one of
our city school superintendents lost
more thn itwentv pupils from onc
school room within two months. In
company with ore of 'the cotton mill
superiitendcuts of that. town (a mai
in favor of schools). the school sup.
erintendent went from house to house
in the mill village enquiring for these
missing children. In one afternoon
he located twe!ve of them, every ope
of them uplawfiulv enga,ed at vork
in the mill, though only three of
their names appeared on the pay roll.
Now, the child of the lazy. greedy,
selfish parent is at work. and not in
school. The child of the ignorant
and indifferent parent is neither at
work nor in school: he is idlinz. Both
children uieed to b)e educated; the
State needs both of them; and the
State has already decreed that the
taxpayers shall establish and main
tain. sehcvls for hoth. There remains
but one lo-ical t1hing to do-compel
the ,parenis of both to s-nd their
hildren to school. There is but lit
tle loqie in compellin 01 people to pay
taxes to suppol t ile sehols, then per
mitting the pareofs of the children
who mos. need the schools deliber.
ateli to keen th- from the benofits
of the schools. The poorer the chili'
the vrn,n ; lie li-d for cnmpnllin
his parents to send him to school.
Compulsory attendance laws are aim
ed at the selfish and indifferent par
ent, not at the child. Of what ad
vantage are good teachers, long
school teims,- and fine school houses
unless the children attend the schools?
In a recent election to increase the
local school tax in a district in North
Carolina, where they have recently
enacted a kind of local option com
pulsory law, a certain taxpayer made
this declaration: "If you vote to
compel the children of this disi;iet
to go to school, increase my tax as
you please; if you are not going to
put the clilIren into the schools I am
Opposed to any furtrlie tax.'' That
man's arg-tument has iio,ansVr.
Some opponent to a compulsory
law says, "You have not enou-h
school houses anud teachecis to take
care of the thousands oL chilidren not
in school.'' That argumient is worth
less .unless we are willing to admit
that the white people of tile State are
actually unable to take (are of their
children. Let Sine outside philan
thropist offer to aid South Carolina
in natters edwneatIonal, tfhen you get
an answer to that (tuestion. Will the
school hou,es ever be built or the
teachers employed until there is a
need for them? Woul it. be wise for
a farmer to let a $500 crop waste in
the fields, rather than build a %,"100
house in which to store it.?
The last ar.gument of the cppon
ents to compulsory attendance it
that it cannot be enforced without
truant officers, and that truant of
ficers must he paid. Certainly. TIhe
present child labor lawv if this Roate
is a dead letter, h~anutse no provis
ion is m'adle for its eniforeeme(nt. And
the police of Ciharle.ston, Columbia,
and other places have to be0 paid,
hut it pays to pay them. We are
p)erfcetly willing to pay an orlicer of
the lawv to arrest lhitIe negro boys in
a 10-cent erap) game. but itI is too
much to pay anl ofiler' of1 thle law to
see t hat a lazy, sellish fat bor sendl' his
child to school. We are paying1 to
dlay in actual monev every year fire
times as muech in tib ute to the hi
dustriial suprNney of: New England
and other sections, :is it would eaost
us to put every white child in Ihe
State ini school far six mont hs in the
year. What eonomists we arc. And
what philosophers we t ry to he.
WILLIAM IL. HAND.
University of South Carolia.
Tt in A" g'od omn.~ii to the Th3ston
Hlerabi. that the legal professlon in
separably asoeat ed wihth the past
histo ry of pol it lea I andl soelal evolu
tion in this country should be sen
sItive to altered conditions wIthIn
andl wIthouit the profession, and to
crltlelinm. er whIch there has been, not
a little of late years.
Object to Abiding By D "
of the Powers
OFFICIAL POSITION Dilr N
Parliamentary Leaders Sy, tat'
Idea of an International Oog i
Will Be Abandoned--Foroign,
Slee . Says Negotiations Are.:
St. Petersburg, By. Cable.-Tnterest
in tWe Balkan situation is centeredlin
the positive statement of sever1
parlimehtary leaders that RuV.eiiu
has det9rmined to drop the idea ofk
the proploted ipternational congress
and will refuse to recognize the an
nexation by Austro-Hungary of Bo&
nia and Herzegovina.
This information, although pur
porting to be from official sources is
not entirely exact. Russia has finally
committed herself to the prineple
that the question of-the annexation
of the provinces may be discussed i1x*
a conference of the powers, and
Austria will permit the - status e
Herzegovina to be included in - the
programme, but only on. conditio
that the delegates will refrain fr6r$)
questioning her action, and conft
themselves with registering the Arl
gation of the article referring to thin V
matter in the Berlin treaty.
The Foreign Office states that
negotiations between Russia, Austria-l .
Hungary and other powers on this
question are still in progress and eon
siders that an acceptable formula for,
submission to the congress mayrL
ultimately be found. It is difficulty,
however, to foresee how a satisfactory
agreement may be reached ' without
one side or the other wit,hdrawing
Great Religious Parade.
Poston, Special.-What was prob
ably the greatest parade of a reli,7
gious char:cter in the history of New
ingland brought to a close Sunday
the centennary celebration of the
founding of the Roman. Catholic Dio.
cese of Boston which was begun on
Wednesday last. It is estimated that
fully 40,000 men representing the
lioly Name Societies of the Roman
Catholie churches in the flVe counties
which constitute the -Diocese, with
Over 150 priests, )articipated, march
ing to the music of 300 bands. Thous
aflds of spectators filled every point
of vantage along the line of march.
Passing before ' the arch-Episcopal
residence on Bay State road, the
parade was reviewed by Cadinal
Gibbons and Arebbishon William H.
O'Connell, iogether,vith a number of
Visiting nrlates, from a reviewiog
stan(d. The day was beg.n . with a
solemn pontifieal mass at tfh!Cthe
dIral of the Holy Cross. wit'h Arch
hishop O'Connelil as celebrn,ao
Cat-dinal Gibbous occuivying th'p4nr'
tificial throne wit hini ihln saidgrv; -6
.At night ias th'e sAme edifiee a te dentn- -4'
service was hel..
Fire DetM-Ls, n Florida. Phocphabte
-Mulberry. Fla.- Special.-F"ire d'~
st.royedi a large portion of the Muli
berry plant of the Praitie Pebble '
Phosphate Company. The fire was dia- :T4
covered at 8:30 a. mn. and the em
phe'Aes of the. company battled with
tlre fire for several hours before the
'flames could 1)e extinguished. The en
tire drymng plant, dry b)in and general
offlees of' the company, together wiT
a b)oardhing house, hotel and two pri
vate residences were burnedP'-to the
ground. Trhe loss is estimated at $100,
TragcGy ir. Blirmingham .
.Snllivp!n, wl'osu horre is in I)lls
'e:-.. wa~s shot an!d p)erh t'ps ftally
.I',ured( cn t hr son'hI side, and ...
t'ooley is un~derin ~ure.st charged wlt!i
thte erin.g. Rlhivan is not in condi
tion to talk nod~ (Codi.y refnsps to di
('uss the a%'rair. s'o that i flot l(nown
how t he eloiing m oc'..