E. M. WILLIAMSON'S
"Southern Corn for the South"
For a number of years after I "be.
gan to farm, I followed the old-time
method of putting...the fertilizer all
under the corn, planting on a level
higher, six by three feet, pushing the
plant from the start and making a
big stalk, but the ears wore few, and,
frequently small. I planted much
corn in the spring and bought much
more corn the next spring, until fi
nally I was driven to the conclusion
that corn could not be made on up
lands in this section, certainly not by
the old method, except at a loss.
I did not give up, however, for I
knew that the farmer who did not
make his own corn never had sue
ceeded, and never would, so I began
to experiment. First I planted low
er, and the yield was better, but the
sta!k was still too large; so I discon
tinued altogether the application of
fertilizer before planting, and, know
ing that all crops should be fertilized
as a side application, and applied
the more soluble nitrate of soda later,
being guided in this by the excellent
results obtained from its use as a lop
dressing for oats. Still, the yield,
though regular, was not large, and
the smallness of the stalk itself now
suggested that they should be planted
thicker in the drill. This was done
the next year, with results so satis
factory that I continued from year to
year to increase the number of stalks
and the fertilizer with which to sus
tain them; also to apply nitrate of
soda at last plowing, and to lay by
early, sowing peas broadcast. This
method steadily increased the yield,
until year before last (1904), with
corn eleven inches apart in six-foot
rows, and $11 worth of fertilizer to
the acre, I made eighty-four -bushels
average to the aere, several of my
best acres making as much as 125
Last year (1905) I followed the
same method, planting the first week
in April, seventy acres which had
produced the year before 1.000 pounds
seed cotton per acre. This land is
sandy upland, somewhat rolling.
Seasons were unfavorable, owing to
the tremendous rains in May anld the
dry and extremely hot weather late -.
From June 12th to Julv 12th., th
time when it most needed moishml,
there was only five-eights of an i'"eh
of rainf'all here; yet with $7.011 cost
of fertilizer, my yield was 1fy-two
bushels per acre. Row. f were six
feet and corn sixtceririches in drill.
With this methodVon land that will
,arily produef 1,000 pounds of
otton wit,4^00 pounds of fer
fifty bfIshels of corn per acre
d b Kade by using 200 polinds
of cotton seed meal, 200 pounds of
eid phosphate, and 400 pounds of
ainit mixeo, or their equivalent in
ther fertiliker, and 125 pounds of
, tirpte of soda, all to be used as sideO
pplication as directed below.
On land 4hat will make a bale and
ne-half of (otton per acre when wecll
ertilized, ai hundred bushels of cor*n
hould be produced by doubling the
mount of fertilizer above, except
2at 300 pounds of nitrate of soda
ould beC used.
n each ease there should be left
and in corn stalks, peas, vines
ta from $12 to $16 worth
lir'ng material per acre, be
at benefit to the land
e an amount of vege
The place of this in
t improvement of land
taken by commercial
it is absolutely impos
lands rich as long as
ing in vegetable mat
be thoroughly and
for corn, and this is
system of rotation to
I. Cotton reqluires a
soil thian corn, and
il is essential to its
-,it ;;ill no,t produce
open land( where
1 will not only
than a shallow
s, but it will
as more dry
inder with i een chconned.
Pn4 in pea vines it will not choke or
Never plow land when it is wet. if
you expect ever to have any use for
Bed with turn plows in six-foot
rows. leaving five-ineh balk. When
ready to plant. break this out with
seotter, followimr in bottom of this
filrow deep with Dixie plow, wing
taken off. Ridre then on . this fur
row With Svlle plow, still going deep.
Wil, calii ' iter on this ridge, drop
.'bv ono Iratin overy fi ve or six
inches. P lt earlV, as soon as froqt
danzer ;3 1)'ast. sav first seasonable
siwll vfter Mareh 15th, in this section.
1-iweia!fy is earlv planting necessary
on very rich lands wherv stalks can
not btheiwise he nrevented from
Vrowi.,1V too in. Give first workimr
with harrow or any plow that will
not cover Io ' p!antI. For second
w-orkin.-.i use tenl or twelve-ineh
sweenl oil hot!, sides of Corn, wihielh
sh-oild now he aillt eit-ht illhes
bi ' Thin after this working. It is
not neeessary%' that the plants should
toe left all the saei distance apart
if the right, nunmber rerain to each
yard or row.
Corn should not lie worked we-ain
int il the hrov. a h hn.; beeni o ie arded
and tile !dt.k 'o hardened thmi it w I
never !!r!o. too Inre. This is the
MoNt diffiellt point inl the whole pro
C e s s . E !I v*:er i I c e n o t j id -ml ie i t e i
I(iired to kIoV ji-st how m10 h1 t h.
st:lk shilld be shinteq,. and plentN
of nerv is Ircquir-vl to hobl hok Vmw
C0111 Whven your n hbors. w fin
fi11ed ft pl ting time .a1- etl iv.f
ed rapidly, h-ve corn twie tI'O *i--n
of yours. (TheY are havin- their
fun now. Yours will come at harvest
time.) The richer th land fhe more
necessary it is tatiw v stunting pro
ee:s should be thorowhfv done.
When you are eoniviieed that vour
corn has been snf.iieir iv huili"Iteui.
you may becin to make the car. If
should nlow 1- forroy -,.
ecn inches hi<h. and look worse than
you have ever had any corn to look
Put half of y,our mixed fertilizer
(this being the first used at all) in
the old sweep-furrow on both sides
of every other middle. and cover byN
breaking out this middle wit hi t un
plow. About one week later trent
tihe other middle te same wvayv.
Within a few days side corn in fir;t
middle with sixteen-inch sween. Put
all your nitrate of soda in this f!r
rAw, if less than 150 pounms. If more
use ole-half of it now. Cover\ with
one furrow of filun plow. 11hen sow
r ense in the middle broade.st at the
rate of at least one bushel to the
acre, and finish breaking out.
In a few davs side eorn in other
Middle with same sweep, put balance
of nitrate of soda in this furrow if
it has been divided cover with irn
plow, sow peas arid break out. This
lays by your crop, with a good bed
ind pleitv of dir around your stalk.
This should be from .7une 10th to 20th
unless season is very late, and corn
should be hardly bunehing for tassel.
Lay by early. More corn is ruined
by late plowing than by lack of plow
ing. This is wh'len the ear is hur't.
Two good rains after taying b)y should
make you a good crop of corn. and
it w'ill certainly make with much less
rain than .was required in the old
The stalks thus raised are very
small and do not require anything
like the moisture even in propor'tion
to size, that is necessarv for large
sappy stalks. They may, therefore,
be left much thicker in the row. This
is no newv process. It has long been
a custom to cut back vines and trees
in order to increase the yield and
quality of fruit; and so long as you
do not bold back your corn, it will
go, like mi'ne so long went, all to
Do not be discouraged b)y lhe looks
of your corn during the pr,ocess of
cultivation. It will yield out of all
proportion to its ap)pearanlce. Large
stalks cannot make large yileds, ex
cept with extremely favorable sea
sons, for they cannot stand a lack of
moisture. Early applications of man
ure go to make large stalks, wvhich
you do not want, ando the plant food
is all thus used up before the ear:.
which you do want, is made. Talk
stalks not only will not. produce well~
themselves, but will not allow vou to
make-. the pea vines, so necessary t4
the improvement of laud. Corn raisi
edl by t his method should niever grows
over e~veni and one-half feet hIigh,1
and te ear should be near to the
I consider tihe final application of
uit.rate of soda an essenitial point in
this oar-making process. It should
4always be applied at last plowing
and unmixed with other fertilizers.
I am satisfied with one ear to the
stalk unless a prolifie variety is
planted, and leave a hundred stalks
for every bushel that I expect to
make. I fund the six-foot row easiest
to cultivate withbout injuring the corn.
For fifty bushels to the acre I leave
it sixteen inches apart; for seventy..
five bushels to the acre. -twelve in
ches nnart. nnr for one hiundrrna bnen..
els, eight inches apart. Corn should
be planted from four to six inches
below the level and hi, by from fonr
to six inches above. No hoeing should
be necessary. and middles may he
kent clean uutil time break olit, by
using harrow or by running one
shovel furrow in centre of' middle and
bedding on that with one or more
roinds of turn plow.
I would advise only a few acres
trind by this method the first year. or
until you are familiar with its atnli.
cation. Especially is it l'ard at. first.,
to fully Carry out tle sifinin" proves"
where a whole crop is involved, and
this is .the absolutely essential part
of f lie process.
This rellhod T have npplied. or
5een anplied succe'ssfIIlly to all
kinds of land in tlii- seetion. co-pi
wet land! anld moist bottoms, and I
am co'Ifident it can be nm11de of !rent
benefit thronirhout the entire Soith.
In thle middel West. whlere corn is
so mrolifie mnd profitahie. andl where.
1nnfortnunnelv for us. so much of oin,-s
ias been prodlmiod. thei stalk dues it,,
natuirallv grow -i1rtre. As we comlie
South its s.;.e ineress. 11 the ex
1on1se of the ear. nt0 if) ('uba. atnl
Me;eo. it is nwatly dil stac lk (wit nes
The puirlose ef' 11his ine-fLd is Ie
eliminato this Iecener of C-n
overgrowth at Ile e:)ense of yield itr
this Soifhern elimni.
By this mnetltod T have mnade mt,
corn erop more proftible than nili
ention crop. and mr neirhbors oi'
Friends wrho have vfIoWted it have
without exeoption, derved great ben
Plant your own seed. I wonld nw
advise a change of seed and metho'
the same yenr-. as yon will not tlie,
know from which you have derive,
th bene-fit. T have used three v:
riti.?s and ,ll have done well. T ha'
never us1ed this method for late plan'
in . Tn fiet, T do not advise t.
late pl!intnz of corn. unless it b
ilecessary for eold lowlands.
The increased cost of ilor an
lie high price of mnterin and lan
are rapidly makinz farming unprofi
fable, except to those who are zettin,
from one nere what they forme
got from two. We must make our
lands richer by plowing deep, plant
ing peas and other legumes, manuring
them with acid phiosphate and potash,
which are relatively cibep, and re
turning to the soil tile re.ultant vege
table matter rich in humus and ex
pensive nitrogen. The needs of our
soil are such that. tle South can nPT
er real) the full ieasure of prosperity
liat. should be hers until this is
I give this method as a farmer to
the farmers of the South, trusting
that thereby they may be benefitted
as I have 1-n.
E. L .LVER WILLIAMSON.
.Tohn T. Fay, mind reader, com
mitted suicide in Oakland. Cal.
Dr. Paul is to settle the disputes
between Venezuela and France and
Plans were made for America's
army of occupation to begin to evacu
Castro said he should put no obsta
ele in the way of Venezuela making
her peace with other nations.
Five hundred guests attended the
dinner of the Pan-American Scientific
Congress at Santiago de Chili.
The American Roentgen Ray So
ciety completed plans for its three
days' convention in New York City.
Advices from Caracas say that the
people in all parts of the country wel
come the policy of President Gomez.
Patrick T. Alexander, an English
experimenter, predicted that aero
nauts would learn to fly without mo
It was announced at Buffalo that
the foot and mouth dlisease quaran
tine in New York State had been mod
Eleven men were killed in a riot at
Tungan, twenty miles north of Amoy,
following an endeavor to enforce the
Venezuelans freed from political
prisons at Maracaibo touched at Car
acao on their way to Caracas and
were enthusinstienlty received.
Tihe Central Federated Union in
New York City passed resolutions pro0
esting against the sentencing of Gom
pers, Mitchell and Morrison to jail.
Fears of a Balkan outbreak are
'Aubsiding in London. The opinion is
expressed in authoritative quarters
that there will be no general election.
Jewish families are being expelled
from Finland, and a bill has been in
troduced in the Diet forbidding the
Hebrew method of slaughtering ani
Most people understand that the
flacing of a marble in a '<wttle pire
knts furring, but few seem to know
tat a large, clean marble boiledl
in\ milk, porridge, custards, sauces
or1 stews will autematicahl:y do the
stim'ring as the liquid cooks. Any
chance of burning will be prevented
and'l thus the fatigue of constani.ly
stirr\.ng and the cook's time can be
save< as bhy this means the cook 'aan
be at, ending to other things instead,
of ha1ving to give her wvho"m im/3
nn,crsboru ta one-I_rseinnP nr.
News of Interest Gleaned Pi(
itEcEiVER FOR SEMINOLE.
Judge Watts Hears Argument and
Sees no Other Way to Protect the
Cheraw, Special. - Judge Watts
Tuesday night, after hearinlg the ar
gu'ients, announced that he would
appoint receivers for the Seminole
Securities company ii acordance with
the request of .. C. Klugh. Ile stated
that on. the alle '-gations made lie was
satisfldi that there shouild be an in
vestipgatioln of the affairs that col
onilv be done by a receiver. 'It' il
be tiue,'' said Judge Watts, "t mt
these Commissions were paid, it shove!
my1N. ce-nscielee. Of (ourso, it is a
bad blow, bit I see io oiehel reieid v.'
Tie bond was fixed at $50.W10 Io
the reevivers and $150,000 fir II I
valze of tihe property. Messrs livne-er
ISinlkler anld Frantk G. Tornmpkinis werr
sugrstIed by tle attorneys for t1h
piinltitf.1fs and otli Ies ay be suig"ested
by the attorneYs for thi defendant.
W(dnecsday. The ease was a lontg one.
but very inter-estinig. The passen"ers
between the attornVs. the allegations
made an danswers retitrned, tle art
ments, were all listened to closelv
The argument of attorneys for Ki,ug1
was that the Seminole cotpany wa
a mere shell and for the protection of
the stockholders the receivers shioul
take charge. The argument, of attot
neys for the trustees was that th<
trustees were not responsible for th<
action of some of the agents and thai
no ease had been made out: also thai
there was protection inside the corn.
pany (hat had never been asked. Th<
argunient of Mr. Bellinger for ti
Seminole company was that the alle.
gations were irrelevant and there was
protection inside the company for tie
Judge Watts said in part: ''I ain
of the opinion that justice impera
lively demands that a receiver shnil
be appointed. I think that under
showing made that it is an xecep
to all cases that have been before
supreme court and the allegation I
is (lint. tlie stock was purchased f:
the Southern Life at an extravap
price, the price doubly more than
was, worth. and Ithink that mat
should be looked into and I unih
tatingly say that t lie commissi.
paid shoeks my conscience. If fl
are triue it is a shock to anY busil
man in tihe world. As to whether
not it is true I do not know. I
not saying that it is so or not. It is
an allegation mande here before ine
and I realize the fact thAt whlenev#i
you pit a corporation inl the hands of
a receiver you strike a1 bad blow bIut
the directors and president brlouht
this state of affairs oii themliselves,
and it is high time that the stro
hand of tile court, should interfere
and allow the matters to be investi
gated by a receiver- and( let whtatever
assets that cain be r-ecovered he put
in the hands oft the count for the
''I will hear nomninatijolts for the
Judge Watts Wednesday announne
ed the appointment of thtree trustees
for the Seminole Company: F. G.
Tompkins, E. J. Ether-idge and HIugei
The st ockholders on Wednesdas
met in Colnumbia and accepted Ih<t
resignation of thle 01(d directors. TIn
meeting adoptedi the following:
Resolved, Thait thle boar-d of diiree
tors to be elected today pr-oceedi at
once to collect all evidence of criminal
action on the par-t of any agent, otf
ficers or eml)oyes of' the Sieminoh
Seetuiities Comopanyi, anad lily thle sama
before the State's Attorney Geneail
and request thant wherever the evi
dence just ifies, criminial pr-oceedinags
Shot at Mark, Killed Boy.
Laneast er, Special-A negro boy
about e-ight y-ears (old, a sont of Nettlie
Evans, wias accident ly shot and kill
ed. in the subuirb)s of' townt Saturday
by Amon Lindsay, a yonig whlite'
main. MrI. Lindsay wvas shoot ing at
a mark, antd did no(t see the child.
Christmas at Walterboro.
passed off qurietly in~ Walterboro, with
noI enasualties i-eported so far. T.
closing of the dispensary b'. Ma.
JFishburnae forced t he .-. , .-i
people who at . ..Qt.'
ing ont this . b- ti oa
arid -onisequenic ' -
mans. Ont all . ~ wad
of c-ontnendaidticsad ae
by Mayior Fisl: - ~ithsb
ant e'xcellent I 'l ~ . ruet
The meireban ts - .idb'aia
businiess and r ttaseile
firistoI le -1~ . 4 ds wordsi.~
NA NEWS ITEMS
n All Sections of the State and.
be instituted; and that the directors
do give careful attention to pushing
The. body then elected as new diree
fors, R. T. Caston, Cheraw; amphell
Courteney, Newry; T. W. 1vrrry,
Latta; E. J. Etheridge, Leesvillv; A.
M. Kennedy, Williston -.1. B. \Vat
kins, of Florida; Julian S. Carr. of
North Carolina; S. M. Smith, of West
Virginia; C. M. Snelling . of Atliens,
Mnch blame is attached to the
trustees of the Seminole Coipany
whose nalmes gave con!blience to th
public. The examiaIt ion o f, t lie
Irustces revealed the fact lh:a Mr.
( lark had applied for L000 shares
01' stock but had never paid aii hi ig;
thIat Mr. Bryan never iad :Iv stocc
1111d that General Joies subscribed
tor only 200 shares. Alrea4lv at
toreii(ys are bin mployed 1to bring
imdividual suits against th thrve.
NEGRO CAUGHT SATURDAY.
Man Named Johnson Arrested on the
Charge of Committing Criminal
Assault at Hartsville.
,l1artsville, Special.- -I sem's that
tlie iegro brute who commit ted the
oItrage at this place on Moiday
iighit last, has been apprehended aid
is now within the p(nitentiary vwalls
It has been a terrible weekf. ,aiti
and disappointment to every 00
Citizen of lartsville a1s the daYs pass
ed 111d the maniy clues gave ino) re
silts and the niay s1uSt1s .' failed
to be indentified by the lady. Enirag
ed and determined tlhat the eriie
should not go unavenged if aniy hu
mai agency could acComplish Ihe (e
teetion and arrest of the criminal,
every man has felt more and more
hopeless and bafiled as each sieceed
m. A iiegro nuii(i .ofinson was
arrested at Effingliam Saturday morn
ing- by Shieriff Burch, of Floroince,
aeting Wilh Policeman Seegars oI' this
place and Mr. Ed Perry, a brother of
the victim's husband. The negro was
taken to Florence and thence to Dar
lingtoin, where he was turned over
Satuirday niight to Sheriff Blackwell
at 8 o'clock. It. was proposed to
bring him here for identIilien tion, hut
the authorities here fea red trouble
anid adlvisedl Sheriff Blackwell to kop
him at D)arlington. Later on, act ing
on further advics from here that a
threatening crowd was waiting to get
sight of the negro, Sheriff Blackw Il
dIrove to Florence at 2 0o'clock in the
moirning and there took the 4 o 'cr
t rain for Columbia. A crowd m.a e
train coming in here at 9 o 'clock Srgt
urday night arid it is p)rettfy certajn
would have made short work of the
niegroi at onice. Inideed(, many of them
belhieved( that fte negro( had been tak
eni (ff thle tra'ini oni the (liiskirts of'
town anid was soimewhe(re around, and
a1l1 nighnt andl all (lay Su 3(ny criowds
oft meni hav'e been coniigreigate id ar'omad
to1wnl aminaitinog developmtis anrd anx-.
ions3 to locate the brute. There Was
n1'eer any1 nt'tenio on01 3 the 1par t of
to lbe brouight herei'.
Fatal Christmas rrolic.
Lexiingt on, Sp', jd.- Gari'eld I
toi lies beneath the sod and11 'I h
('ra ft is laiguish ing behid t iiIhe
in thle Lexington jani! as a r'esoil
thle (Chi tmans frolic and the (h
mas31 dramn. A gloom hats been
oiver t wo households, wvhieb 'i ge'
tionts tcanniot wipei ou,i and1( t'he li
a yoiiig man on1ce so full of promise,.
has1 been b)lighi1id foreiver.
Shot His SIster to Dea.f.h.
Manning, SM :.. A whit e man
namerl :; .. Saturday shot
S a liour. Mrs.
. oi A (lli, but. had
b o v isit to her brot1her'. oii
Nt',tr WI. TI. L,essesine's place. Full
part icular's are iiot obtainau:ble. bit, i.t
is saiid thiere( had liii'i som)1. miS
un iderstaLndi ng bet ween thle parties
onl aceounmt. of a1 hors' that I)ri gerrs
had (, whii'I ieb blinged to hiis 8ister.
Mr's. Poseman hado c sa id tood1-bye arid
sta rtedi for hiomei when 1Dri'rere i~~shot
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